The Beauty of Iron – Tafsir of Surah al-Hadid – Episode 01
Channel: Asim Khan
Series: Asim Khan - The Beauty of Iron
File Size: 25.77MB
An explanation of one powerful chapter of the Qur’an: Surah al-Hadid – The beauty of Iron.
Episode Transcript ©
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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or salat wa salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi una de la Yomi de some bad Santa Monica la hora Catherine brothers and sisters welcome this is the first of many parts in the study of the 57th chapter of the Quran Surah Al Hadid we we started this course last year in fact but but then Allah we never managed to finish it while a lot of heartache there
we started this course last year, but that alone we never managed to finish it so we're restarting it now again
and we will continue in Sharla in Ramadan most probably in the last 10 days we will try to do a session every day and with a loss permission help we will try to complete the whole surah by the end of Ramadan inshallah. So, let us begin
studying this Surah Surah headin So, the name of the surah is the chapter
the chapter of iron, yes after the the metal, iron and the name of the surah it is connected to the meaning of the surah is something when it come to later on but before I begin, begin that I want to share with you just something about the Quran itself the beauty of studying the Quran is a module on a citizen in SoCal Gas Olo Canon barrameda then Li kalimat Europe bead and a fiddle barrel cabela and fadak Halima Torabi, while LG Nabi Miss Li muda. Allah says to the profits of the long haul, and some say that if the entire ocean was brought and made into ink for the words of Allah, that ink would run dry before the words of Allah, even if we brought another ocean in its place. So panela,
the caromont of Allah, the words of Allah refer to Allah as knowledge and his wisdom. And part of the wisdom and knowledge of a lot is this book in front of us right now, or on an album. So thinking about this idea about the port on the ocean, and knowledge, we can actually learn quite a lot. I remember, this was 2010. The first time I went to Egypt, the brothers after some time studying Arabic, we went on a little holiday to the hub to resort and the Red Sea. And there we went snorkeling. And I remember the first time we went snorkeling, some of the brothers had already been so they said to me that you know, when you put this gear on, and you go under the water, the first
thing you will say is what Subhanallah so I thought to myself, okay, you've told me now so you spoiled
the port on the snorkeling gear. And when we dived into the water, and the first thing I saw, was this brand new world. Never had I ever seen or experienced it before. And just like he said, I put my head right back up and I said Subhan Allah. Honestly, I could not believe the beauty of the coral reef and the fish and the colors and everything was just amazing. And I thought to myself so badly if I, if anyone were to spend their whole life trying to
venture into the depths of the ocean to discover all of it, would they be able to uncover
all of its beauty. And all of its wonders. They wouldn't would they? Even if all of humanity wanted to become deep sea divers and try to explore the whole ocean? Would they be able to master its knowledge they would not. And Alice hunter said that if we brought this whole ocean and tried to write the words of Allah, this ocean will become depleted anywhere if we bought another one in its place. What does that mean then? It means that a person who studies the Koran, he embarks on a journey of discovery. And he will see many wonderful, amazing things, things that will inspire him things that will move him things that will change the way he looks at the world that he lives in.
And the beauty is because it's the words of Allah, you could not ever master them and complete and come to the end of the beauty, the Korans meaning and it's
the truth that he has to offer is inexhaustible. A person can never master it, even if he spent his whole life doing it. But the amazing thing about it is the more you dive into the Koran, the more you will discover the more you will be amazed and that is why every single one of us should try to become students of the book of a lot students or the book of Allah meeting people who are committed to wanting to study each and every surah in the Quran, not just our favorite ones but every single surah in the Quran and have that as a lifelong project that in some way, shape or form, Oh Allah please allow me and enable me to get an education from your book and to study it may Allah Subhana
makers all the students of the Quran alum mean.
So we are going to study one sort of the Quran, certain Hadid, the 57th chapter and so that it is part of a group of suitors known as Alamosa. behat. There are seven of these suitors or together the most up we had our sewers that begin on a note of glorification this be That's why they call them sub behat and
implica theory mentioned that about liveness earlier, what are the companions related that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to recite a Muslim behad Papa in your cart before he used to go to sleep, all of them before he used to go to sleep. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said that in Muslim behat is a verse that is more virtuous than 1000 verses. It contains a verse that is more virtuous than 1000 verses and implica feed he commented on this saying that what seems to be the case to me is that the verse that is better than 1000 is inside Sunil Hadid and it is in fact a third verse who will overrule
belting well, who will be cliche not him with a larger law says that he is the first the last, the most high and the closest and he is with All Things knowledgeable. This verse is that worse according to Edna concealed, so let us speak a little bit more sub behat First of all, how many soldiers are make up the most of behat?
Seven? I already mentioned that? I didn't
seven okay what is the first of them sub behat?
Which surah begins on a note of this B from the very beginning of the put on? Yes.
not to be
something that begins with sub baja de la or you said behold in LA whoa Subhana Allah
so Allah, so that Allah is the last of them. That's the last one. Very good as the last one was the first one.
Elise ra Subhana Allah de esta la brb De La La Miran, Misty, the harem eternal mesothelial uposatha Surah Surah begins on a note of the speed it is the first of the seven. And the verse is Glory be to the one who took his slave on a night journey from Masjid in Makkah to the masjid in Jerusalem. Yes, that's the first one. The second one is circle Hadid this one here and it begins Subhanallah he Murphy somehow it well.
That everything in the skies and Earth is glorifying a lot. Now what does this mean? It's good to make a note of this this be the the root word, okay? Or the root meaning of the spear is birth to distance to distance. And when applied to a loss of Hannah with Allah what it means is
To distance a law from every negative thing that you can think of. So when, for example, atheists and
critics of religion, they say obnoxious things about Allah, and about the last day and everything else, the kind of things that comedian says well, mocking religion, we say what do you say Suhana law. What that means that everything that they just said, a lot is far removed from that Allah has nothing to do what they said. A lot transcends the silly things that people say about him. Like the machete cool that they claim that they are others beneath Allah deserved deserving of worship Subhana Allah any allies beyond having rivals Allah is beyond having a son when the Christians say that he said his mom is a son of Allah subhana wa tada
yeah far removed is allowed from such a foolish claim.
So Subhana Allah the root meaning of the spear is to distance yeah to distance to distance Allah from the silly things that people say or that they do. So the first of the most of the Heart Sutra is wrong, the second is SoTL howdy The third is
Subhana Allah Hema is somehow it were murfin have a slightly different sort of headings. Then the fourth one is sort of stuff which begins how
very good sub bahala he Murphy sumati. Well, Murphy out odd.
Then after sort of soft comes surah.
Al Juma how does that begin?
You said visually let him fly the movie.
Then comes after sort of Juma? Sort of The Hobbit the same sort of demand. And the lastly as uncle mention surah Allah, how does that begin?
sub B is not bigger lady Allah. Now notice the difference between all of these wordings, the different spellings. As for the first it is the verbal noun expressing the idea of glorification, the idea that Allah is far beyond flows and these negative things people do and say, is the idea. Okay? So in the beginning, the Quran introduces you to the idea that Allah He is far beyond these lowly foolish things that people do and say, following me. The second mention is sosele hellion. hasher is about sub Baja, which is the past tense to say that everything in the skies and Earth, literally speaking, was glorifying Allah and declaring his perfection was. So the idea. Then the
pasterns then Surah Al Juma
used to be him, which is the present tense, as if to say, and right now,
the skies and the earth is glorifying a lot declaring that he is perfect, flawless.
And then right at the end, sebaceous Mara, because Allah is the command to glorify Allah. Now, if you think about that, there seems to be some kind of correlation.
If a person was reading it in sequence, the first thing they would hear is about the idea that Allah deserves to be glorified. And then they hear that you know what, everything has always been glorifying Allah in the skies and the earth, and then they hear actually everything right now is doing as well.
What should come as a consequence of knowing all of this, when you realize everything is glorifying Allah and always has been glorifying Allah and glorification is deserving of Allah. The next step is for you as a human being to say, you know what, I should glorify Allah. So the last of the Messiah behat is an older subject matter beginner, go ahead and glorify the name of your Lord the most Hi, yes, this seems to be a possible correlation between the Muslim behat
Okay, so, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he used to recite these before he used to sleep according to one aeration. And in it is is in it is that verse which is more virtuous than 1000 is what? Now what I want to do is try to break down the surah certain how do you even do different sections because it's quite a
large swathes, they got 1234 sides, yes. 29 versus if somebody wanted to quickly understand
The surah one of the easy ways of doing it is to try and break this sort of down into sections. So in the Quran, you find that different themes that the, the surah can be broken down into different themes, and they all linked to one another. But by breaking them down into themes, you make it into bite sized chunks. Yeah, so certainly, it can be broken down into five sections. And there is a beautiful way that they're all linked together. So as for the five sections, the first of the five sections, is about our belief in Allah subhana wa Tada. So in the beginning, Allah says, Subhana, Allah haemaphysalis, that everything in the skies in the earth is has been glorifying Allah that
Allah is the one who deserves to be glorified. And then Allah gives us the verse who will overload on earth to avoid what about and that he's the first and the last, the most time and the closest This is again, our belief in Allah being the greatest and also being close to us as well. And that allows knowledge is supreme.
Also Allah mentions that he is the one who created the skies and the earth, our belief in Allah as the creator.
Now the first section is about our belief in Allah The last section, section number five.
It complements it because the last section is about our belief in the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam
Yeah, you will Edina I'm gonna topple law How're you Nubira su li Yong ki Slaney, Marathi. Allah says in the last section, believers, be cautious of Allah and believe in his messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Yes, because in those in when it was revealed, there were Christians and Jews that still refuse to take this man Mohammed Abdullah said Allahu Allah isn't as the final prophet as is what continues today. So Allah makes a declaration that you need to not only believe in Allah, but you need to believe in his prophet as well. And if you look at that, section one and section five, are like the Kalima Shahada law. In the law, Muhammad Rasul Allah, section one and
section five are linked like this. Section two and section four are also linked. Because section two, Allah Subhana Allah speaks about faith and charity.
Billa he was a Sunni he was unfaithful me Morocco. mustafina fee Allah says, believe in Allah and His messenger and spend from that which Allah has made you successes over or inheritors of, or trustees have your money. Ally saying it's a mess, it's a matter of succession. It came to you from somebody else, it will leave you to go to somewhere else. So spend it in the cause of Allah. So section number two is about a man faith and charity. Guess what section number four is about?
section number four is about the man and charity as well. section number four Allah says in Alamosa, Alamosa, Colorado law harden has those who truly believe from the men and women and give a lot of good liloan this is faith and charity. Except that in Section four Allah goes further to condemn people for being miserly. Allah Dena Yamaha, Luna ye morona NASA bill Booker, this always gets to me Allah says that people who are stingy and encourage others to be stingy as it wasn't enough for you to be stingy, you have to go around telling other people to be stingy. So, you know seriously a kind of evil person I law says, Look at these people, instead of giving, they tell other people not to
give, they are condemned for their miserliness. So section two and section four are like a mirror image of one another.
Now, here's the beautiful part. How many sections left?
One, the one right in the middle, right?
What do we call people who don't really believe and never give any money for the sake of Allah?
They don't actually believe and they say you don't give any money to charity. What do you call those people? hypocrites. Guess what section number three is about? The hypocrites. Allah says. Yo ma yaku Manasa poonawalla monaca tonin Latina Armando omura Nakata. Bisbee Noriko. This is amazing, I must say that on the Day of Judgment, this is an amazing scene that Allah depicts that the believers will, they will they will have light that streams out of their chests and their right hand side and that light it navigates them to the gates of paradise. That's how they will be walking here with the light shining forward. And then Allah say is that on the same at the same time, the hypocrites will
lose their light and they will say on Drona wait for us wait for us. We just want to follow your life.
To get into paradise as well, when they do that, they were told, go back to the dunya and find your own light. And then a wall will be erected between them, and the believers and they won't be able to go any further. In fact, when they turn around, they realize that behind them is the punishment of Allah. Johanna, may Allah protect and preserve us all. So the third
section is about the consequences of not listening to the advice in the first and second and the fourth and fifth, like if you don't truly believe in Allah, and you don't show you really believe by giving your money for a loss sake and his cause, then you know what you risk you run the risk of becoming a hypocrite. And if you become a hypocrite, then your fate in the Hereafter is going to be horrific. On thinkable Yes. So this is how SoTL had it can be understood in these five sections.
The other interesting thing about so that
it speaks about something never not mentioned anywhere else in the quote on
something called raw baniya. You know, Ravana is monasticism. You know monasticism is monasticism is what the Christian monks practice when they live in the monastery. They never get married, and they divorce themselves from the world. So in the surah, Allah spoke about the law said they are the people who are robinia to Liberty, they are Oh Ha mercabarna hollein. They invented monasticism. We never legislated that for them. Yes, we never legislated that for them, you don't say is next firmado happy idea. And they never they never gave it its do as it deserves to be given us. Do you. Think about that for a moment? Allah said, first of all, shame on you. You invented this. And
secondly, shame on you. You didn't do it properly.
Honesty always gets to me.
Like unless condemning them twice over, you invented a made up type of worship. And secondly, you didn't even do it properly. Like was, was with?
Yeah, so this is the only place in the last book where robinia How comes? How comes?
It seems as all sorts of had the the one of its core meanings, sorry, core messages is Muslims. Do not go to extremes. Don't go to the extreme of being so strict, that you invent extracts of worship like the Christians do. And then you end up failing.
And also don't be like other people. Like the Jewish communities, who became so worldly. For kosaku boom, Allah says that they hearts became hard like stone.
Yeah. You know, the thing is, when a person becomes very materialistic, and he loses all spiritual connection with Allah, his heart becomes hard. You may have noticed that in your own life, if you go shopping a bit too much. You don't feel that spiritual anymore. Yeah, so much window shopping, and helaas you've lost your soul.
So this surah addresses those two extremes. The extreme of monasticism, which is all the doing work, worship of Allah,
by inventing even more. And the opposite extreme is to go so far away from Allah that you just become obsessed with the world. And you lose your soul, your heart becomes hard, hard like stone. Now, here, this is, if this is the central message. So for Heidi, then To be honest, it is a very important message for us all because how many Muslims how many of us
go to one of these extremes? Now To be honest, Muslims go to both extremes. On one extreme, like the Christians, there are some amongst us who make up many extra acts of worship that are not being prescribed by Allah. And the Prophet that along with Islam, you know, what they called? Not the people sorry, the actors of
is called a bit. And the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, well, could you be the admin Bala every single invented? Act is a misguidance. And is the wisdom behind that wording because what it means is that you may think that making up some act of worship has the benefit is kind of good. But the person was saying you know, even if you think they aren't telling you is Delilah is misguidance. So this is one extreme the other extreme which is probably where a
A lot more Muslims are is becoming very worldly and obsessed with the dunya becoming very materialistic. Yeah, becoming very materialistic.
I remember, just a few days ago, I read in the newspaper I was
I was researching art, materialism. And this article came up in The Guardian. Okay. So when the iPhone x came out, right, you probably saw that many of the Apple stores, loads of queues, you know, queues that go around the block here. Obviously, you saw in the news, you weren't there. Obviously, it was like, you would never do such a thing. But you saw other people doing it crazy. Now there in the article, they mentioned this 21 year old college student in Tokyo, okay. That he is interviewed as he leaves the store, with his iPhone, clutched in his hand, Okay, next to his chest. And they said to him, what are you going to do? Now? He goes, you know, how can't wait to go home and open
this phone and start using it. I waited five days outside the store to get my phone five days, unbelievable. Five days to spend more than 1000 pounds on a phone.
At what is that? Except for delusion, man? Seriously, for and they said behind him? Were 523 other people
533 other people? What? Seriously? But honestly, how? How many of us suffer from an element of that obsession with the dunya?
You see, somebody asked a question.
Are you saying that we should, you know we should turn our back on the world, like you know, live as monks not buy anything.
You know, just live a very, very simple life. Is that what you are saying?
To be honest, the best way to understand it is by the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu. It was said he said couldn't fit dunya Kanika hurry. Boone arrabida. surreal. The professor LaHood has some said live in this world as if you are a stranger, or a person on a journey. Yes, an amazing statement, honestly. Because you know, a stranger, I don't know if you've ever been a stranger somewhere. But how do you feel when you're a stranger?
Who said that you feel out of place, right? And how what does that feeling make you want to do?
Does it make you want to stay longer, makes you want to leave and makes you want to leave? See the wisdom of the person center. He said live in this world like you're a stranger, a stranger doesn't want to stay for a long time. In fact, he wants to leave at the first possible moment right or wrong?
Yes, that's right. So the process of said that you should live in this dunya like you are stranger, therefore, built building our understanding on that. When we ask ourselves how much of the dunya is good to have? And when does it become bad? We can use this as a standard. That if we are getting so comfortable with the world with all the luxuries and comforts that we buy and acquire that we no longer feel like we're strangers, but we feel like we want to live here forever. That's when it's going too far. Does that make sense? So I've been telling him a lot. He said. Amazing statement. He said that it is a must that every person he treats the dunya like he treats his donkey. Yes. Meaning
he uses a donkey just to ride. I mean, that's it. He doesn't use the donkey for anything else other than to right now if the donkey became sick,
what would you do? When he cries? Isaiah
requires Isaiah and say, You know what? This is the end of me. My donkey just died. Okay, maybe he'd be slightly touched by the donkey.
Would that be the end of his life? Or would he get another donkey?
Man I need to go to work. Give me another donkey. See his heart would not be attached to the donkey number one. Number two, he only uses it as much as he needs. He doesn't do like some people get in the car and go up and down grocery on a day.
That's usually how many times are you gonna go up another road honestly, like why do you need to go for another road for
that? If there are things that he commented on what he said and he said
now this is exactly the way a person should should live in this life. However today. He said money has become the goal and not the means. So today he said you find that
money has become the ride
And they have become the donkey.
Amazingly, he said, he said that people become so obsessed with money, they made it into the end itself, not the means so that in reality, what's happening is that the money has become the rider. And they have become the donkey.
Yeah. And as that's pretty deep upon law, and if you feel like the world and the dunya, and worldliness is getting the better of you, then you are going to an extreme. And the consequences are extreme is many. One of them is that your heart becomes hard like stone. And then as a consequence, you can't be touched by the words of Allah, you find it difficult to read the Quran, you find it difficult to say Subhana, Allah Subhana, Allah subhanaw, taala 33 times after Islam is very difficult.
It happens to us all. Yeah, it happens to us all. For example,
when a person works a lot when he's doing overtime, and that work, the environment is amongst non Muslims, he will find that after a week of intensive work, maybe his work 60 hours a week or 70 hours a week amongst such company, that by the end of it, he feels pretty empty inside true or not. Or someone who watches a very long episode of something, or maybe all of Lord of the Rings back to back
his brother found a practicing brother, he went on Facebook. And he was bragging that he just watched all of Lord of the Rings back to back but tell me how many hours is that?
Seriously, how many hours is that?
More than nine hours?
nine hours sitting in front of the screen watching this because
honestly, what is going to happen to your heart after that seriously, you are going to feel so empty and hollow inside on you.
You're going to feel like your soul has been gutted.
You weren't created for that. Now, okay. Somebody will say yeah, okay, that's an extreme. Okay, that's an extreme. That's what we're talking about. Some people are going to extremes. How many people I've heard loads of people, they talk about series on Netflix, and they become addicted, then you have to watch them one after the other. And then think about next week's day fixes that after you watch one countdown big, isn't it? Five.
Then you think you know I go this is HIPAA law. This is fitting arena. And you succumb Yeah. See this. This is a portion of the hardness of your heart.
And it needs to stop and hamdulillah Ramadan is around the corner, May Allah give us life, it is a chance to break bad habits. That's what it is a chance to break bad habits. And so you should be planning from now that you should put your subscription on Netflix on any pause. Can you do that? Can you suspend it?
You don't have obviously, yes. Do you know someone who has you could
suspend your Netflix account. Okay. Just take it easy because Ramadan is special. Ayanna do that few days. You don't want to waste it. Okay, so to summarize what I'm saying about sort of headed and we probably end on this point is well, we are saying that certain deeds, one of its key messages is to be between the two extremes. What are the two extremes? One side materialism and the other side monasticism? Remember the two M's, okay, materialism and monasticism, but how does the name of the surah fit into this understanding?
Okay, this is where it becomes quite interesting. So the name of the sutra is iron,
iron, metal. And that word iron is mentioned inside the surah. So what ends and then Heidi de Bateson sheds, Allah says and so the Hadith and we sent down iron
fi but essentially in it is the potential to inflict great harm in it is a potential to inflict great harm. As a side note to some recent commentators of the Quran. They say that in this is a scientific miracle, because Allah said ones and now we sent it down. And some astronomers claimed that I am all originally came down in the form of meteorites that hit the Earth's crust and became embedded within it. So when Allah said and we sent it down, it kind of fits into that theory. But in reality, Allah knows best when we come to this verse inshallah we'll discuss scientific miracles and the Quran in more detail then, putting that to one side. How does this word this name or this word
are fit in with this message of
Don't be extreme between the dhobi in Don't be on the extreme of materialism ominous ism, it is possible to understand it because what is in the verse Allah spoke of iron in terms of its use to be used for making weaponry in order to be used in the path of Allah to be used for a just cause for fighting oppression, okay
to fighting the enemies of Allah, so on and so forth. So it is a material object iron being used in a spiritual way,
yes to be used in order to raise high the word of Allah.
Now, if that is the balance itself, because you are not saying no to materialism? No, are you using materialism for worldly reasons, you're using the material for godly reasons, for spiritual reasons, for religious reasons. And that is the balance right there. In Hadid in iron. When looked at in the context of surah, eight strikes the balance between the two evil extremes because people who use the material iron for this religious reason, they are the ones who have struck the balance. Yes. So it's possible to understand that the surah the name of it, links in with this overall message. But in reality, Allah subhanaw taala knows best. This is the conclusion of some scholars and other scholars
that said, quote, they have a different theory on the on the general message of the surah. So Allah subhanaw taala he knows best we don't say is a definitive thing.
Okay, I think this is enough of an introduction and be the law. We will stop here as well. Next week, we'll continue with the verses the first verse in fact and we'll try to complete it like I said, By the end of Ramadan in sha Allah