Tafsir Surah Fatiha – Part 8
Channel: Asim Khan
File Size: 20.04MB
RIC brings to you an 8 part in-depth intensive Tafsir, Linguistic analysis and lessons learnt from Surah Fatiha with Ustadh Asim Khan
Episode Transcript ©
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Alhamdulillah de Lyonne me, man,
Monica woman de
he cannot he cannot stand ID
Nabina Muhammad Ali he was a humanist analyst on anti human DNA from Nevada. salaam aleikum. Wa barakato, my dearest brothers and sisters.
This is the final, the final episode to the course. The fear of soul to Fattah has the eighth lesson now. And hamdulillah we think a lot that he has brought us to the end of this journey.
Personally, it's a time of mixed feelings for me of the love very pleased with the amount that we've covered the level of depth as well, but at the same time sad that it comes to an end as well. But this is lovely, isn't it? All things come to an end.
So last week, we covered the verse Indian sort of Mr. Pym. So I think this is a bit loud
Last week, we covered a bit of Serato supreme
this my brother's
is the first bar in the Quran, isn't it? It's the first application in the Quran. And what is that application it is guide us to a Surat almost a Pim, a Surat, we mentioned it's not just any pathway. It is a pathway that is vast.
And that makes sense because it can accommodate all the believers is a path that is clearly demarcated. It is clearly laid out. Which means that people that want to find this path, it's easy for them. It's not obscure, somewhere hidden, it's very clear that this is the path and also been tamer. What I mentioned is a path that goes upwards remember this is the work reality done. Why because this path is leading you to where to Allah subhanho wa Taala and his pleasure.
And when you think about that, a number of things come to mind. The fact that is the first door in the Quran means what means that it is the most important though, that you could possibly know that's the first point isn't it? And this is compounded by the fact that Allah made it obligatory to say in every single Salah what the font or nothing, isn't it?
Plus, even Tamar, Allah said not only is it fun to say in every single salon is fun to say in every single rock app of every salon, every single unit. And that means how much time is there between one Raka and the next? A matter of minutes, right?
For some people number of seconds.
But another matter of minutes between saying Hey, Mr. Payne and then saying it again in a circle, Mr. Payne, what does that mean? It means that we are in need of hedaya so much so that the time between one urraca and the next rocker is too long.
To not ask a lot more hidden, because we need hedaya in every moment of our lives. So every time I said it is the most it is the greatest drop of the Quran. And number two, it is the most beneficial because the one who has this though are accepted. Allah will place him on a Scirocco stuck in the straight pathway that has no crookedness and enable him therefore, to live in a laws the obedience and to stay clay of that which is disobedience to Allah and be protected from every evil in this life and the next. So is the most beneficial to art as well. And then he said,
either you are on the straight path, or or what?
Oh, you are either one of two types of people.
whom there is anger? Or a bar lien? Those who are straight, there is no other option. Either you are on a team, or you are someone who is subject to anger, or you are someone who is misguided. So Panama.
So this is the first one, it is the most important to have the plan. It is a first draft of the Quran, it is most beneficial throughout the Quran.
A slot is that path, or is that paths?
Is that path? Always a paths? path? What does that mean?
How many paths are there?
There's only one.
What does that mean? If there's only one path?
Okay, the destination is one but sometimes you can reach the same place, taking many different roads, right?
So what does it mean? There's only one path?
There is no alternative route. Very good.
What else anything more than this? Yes.
It's easy to get misguided know.
What does it mean if there's only one path? And that path leads to Allah and His pleasure? And besides that, either you're going to be someone who's earning anger or someone who is misguided. What does that mean about one path? Yes.
It's hard to achieve
is a Quranic roadmap. Okay, interesting.
Very good accent It is the only path acceptable in the eyes of Allah subhanaw taala. No other path leads to Allah, only this path. What does that mean? Therefore, it means that this idea that's being pushed by modernists and progressives, Muslims, they call themselves that all paths lead to God, You must have heard this before, is absolutely incorrect. From the very beginning of the Quran, Allah makes a very clear and then again and again in the dean and the law he al Islam. The religion with a law is which one, Islam This is the only one that Allah accepts. And this in a more technical terminology, the academics call it the idea of salvific exclusivity. salvific exclusivity means that
salvation is exclusive to one religion. The opposite of this is what's called perennialism. And perennialism. Is this idea that salvation doesn't lie in just one religion. any religion, or certain religions can provide you with that. This is absolutely incorrect. There's only one part that Allah subhanaw taala has laid down to reach him and that is Islam. Okay. Now the thing is, while I was thinking about this, why isn't it enough for us to say it must have been mean?
You ask Allah to guide you to the straight path. There's only one path and it must have came straight. No crookedness. Hello. I mean,
why do we then say so often the dean and Anjali The path of those who you blessed? Not the path of those who anger is upon? Or who went astray? Isn't that like, already obvious? Why don't you just say Guide us to the straight path? Full stop? Yes.
No, this is incorrect, because the straight path already implies is leading to a desired destination. And that desired destination is one of happiness. Yeah, that's what we said about a good attempt but not the right answer. Yes.
He's gone. He left the strip.
No problem. Yes.
Right. A lot of people that came before. Why is that necessary?
Okay, so some people obviously didn't go right down the right path. They went down the wrong path.
But you already asked a lot guide me to the the straight path, isn't it?
They thought that it was the right path. Okay, interesting. So let's say that there is someone who's Christian sitting as someone who's a Jew sitting in someone who's a Hindu sitting here, and I say let us pray to God.
He was 13
Guide us all, to the straight path without any crookedness. What do they say? Amen.
Hindus thinking, yeah, this one,
the Jewish versus the Yeah, my one, the Christian is saying, Hey, you know, my one
is theoretic, theoretical, isn't it? It's theoretical. It could be a straight path. And you think that refers to something else? I think of something else. It's theoretical. It's open to
interpretation, isn't it open to interpretation? What is how you see isn't I mean, it's relative to you, that's a straight path. To me. This is a straight path, it's relative.
That is why the next verse, Allah makes it go from being theoretical to being practical. Because once you say, guide me to the straight path,
and then you say, No, no, not just any path, that path that was already
traversed by certain individuals, which you can point to and analyze their life, then those people will start saying, What do you mean, it will say, Who are these people? By the way? Just before I say amen to this, who are those people that you say that God blessed? We say the prophets is this farrakhan agree with? Isn't it? Yeah. As for the others, they say, which people I say is the Prophet, the last of the prophets
and his companions, will they say army?
Will they say I mean, they will say army, they disagree with that. Now, you took it from being theoretical to being practical. Yeah. So let us look at this verse in detail. You say, so often Latina and I'm telling the path of those whom you an amateur or lady who you blessed, an amateur, in, this is the root word in arm it means to bless. Okay, it means to place the word in and come to the root of Nana and nama is someone who lived in comfort and luxury and has another root word which is neuroma, which means relaxation and comfort. And that is why is quite interesting that the Arabs would call the grazing livestock, the cows and the sheep anyone know what they called?
you know, why? Because what are the cows and sheep do lay along, relax, eat grass all day long, no care in the world, as opposed to animals of prey, which are always tense looking to hunt, and same root word. So Allah says that the path of those whom Allah you
did in Adam, have you blessed question?
Hasn't Allah blessed all people?
Hasn't Allah bless even the disbelievers? No, don't they have food only have conflict in their life? So what does this mean? Does it include everyone
who can help me understand this?
Yes. What's your name first? What Ryan?
Oh, how was john so
you know, probably a nice as I can to the youngsters. Well, Kanzi, that's a good answer.
The ones who bless with the dean, the ones he plays with the dean, okay. Anyone got a different answer?
Those who are
not cursed. Okay. But you haven't even got there yet. You just you're just asking about the ones who allow you blessed. We will bless No.
Okay, blessed short term because in the dunya binaca.
Villa, they are not getting blessed. Okay, good. Yes.
Bless with Islam. Yes. Just as the other brother said less of Islam.
Their religious blessing. Yeah. Not the worldly blessing, the religious blessing, which one is greater?
The religious blessing. Because if you are religiously blessed, it means that not only did you find comfort in this life, but you find it in the next lens upon which I found amazing because you said to Allah, guide me to the straight path, isn't it? You said you all saw what he Daya then you never said The path of those who you guided. You didn't.
You said The path of those who
You blessed. Why?
if you're guided, you're blessed clay
but the root word of
neuroma to be in a state of relaxation and comfort. That is the consequence of being guided.
Allah be the karela he takoma indoor, kulu. Allah says in the remembrance of largely the hearts find this ultimate Nan comfort. They find this serenity upon Allah. So you say salata, levena and Adam to Allah him who bless these people.
Allah sauropod larina and amta. You know, this time, it means you? Yeah. So you said, You bless those people, no one else. And that teaches us that Allah has ownership over hedaya no one can guide another person.
Only Allah can guide a person, only Allah holds guidance. And he gives it to those who are seeking it. And he doesn't give it to those who don't want it. And I'm telling him, now if you wanted to say, but who exactly are these people? I want to know. Allah answers this question. In another place in the Quran in surah truma EDA, where he says, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, Allah aka man, Dena Anam along.
Those are the ones with
those who are law the nrhm have blessed meaning that the Gina was the detainer was she had, he was Salim four types of people I mentioned. The first of them are the profits because they are the best of the best. Who is the second type of people are sick they attain?
Those who are excellent in bearing truth to their belief.
When you say a Cydia thing, which simply comes to your mind,
because they are Mashallah vivocity questions
about Casa de
la said that this verse is a proof that what are the Sunnah believe about Abu Bakar being the rightful halifa, after the promises selam is true. As opposed to what the other people say, Why? Because you asked Allah guide us to the people that you blessed, who are those people, the profits, then directly after them our asset, the pain after the person passes away? who shouldn't be the one who comes in charge? abubaker, acidic? Yeah, a sick day. Tina was shuhada. It was solid him, then the martyrs, male lawmakers from those people? And then those that are righteous question, can you go and find out about the lives of such people? Can you go and find out about the lives of the
you know, the life of our profits
is the most, there is the most detailed account of the life of the person so much so that there is no other human being whose life is known in more detail than the purpose of a longer setup.
So now it's not theoretical anymore. Now, it's very practical. And that's a big lesson for us. My brother's A lot of people ask, especially when to start practicing. There are so many groups in Islam.
I don't know which ones right? Which group is the right group? Have you ever asked this question to yourself?
The simple answer is to know the right
people who are following the authentic Islam. You need to learn who Allah said, are the people who he blessed with Islam.
Once you know those people, you will know how to be
like them. And you will know those around you who are upon the authentic Islam. That's how you know,
you know, by studying the lives of those who Allah said, we're guided, then you know who is good? Yeah, then you know who's got it. So So out the Latina naantali. Those are the people allow me to clear who those people are, and you can study their lives. And you can ask to be like them. serrata Latina and I'm telling one of the lesson It teaches us is that the real role models for us, my brothers and sisters are not the people who are living amongst us. The real role models for us are the people that have already come and gone. How, how does this verse prove this? That the real role models for me and you to look up to and to aspire to be like, are not the people who we think are
great in this world, even though they may be
proud? It's the people that have already come and gone. How is this verse proving this point?
Excellent martial arts
so I'm gonna attempt to threat is smilla because Allah said it in the past tense, so often Latina and untidy, which is the ones that you blessed, not the ones you you are blessing. Do you get this in the past tense? Okay, very good.
Now let's look at the rest of the verse art asking Allah to make you
upon the straight path, a path who people have already come and gone. The prophets, the city in the Shahada sila hain. Then you say, no, no. And on top of this, I don't want to be like these people. Yeah. And I was thinking about this Apollo.
If you if you if you think of it like a path, yeah. Then imagine a scenario like this. A brother is getting married.
And on the way to his wedding hall, he gets lost a lot.
There's a brother who's gonna get married tomorrow, man, listen, we're talking about him Sharma
he gets lost on the way to the waiting room.
Okay, now he's looking around. The phone's not working. As far as not working long stop.
getting very tense. wait a long time to get mad? Yeah. So now he's lost. This is like, what can I do?
He looks out the window is crying. He says I need to find someone who's gonna give me directions. That's what he's gonna do. He sees a guy who's got camera slung over his shoulder. And he's looking down at a map.
He's gonna ask him, is he gonna ask a tourist how to get to his destination? No, it's good. We've already lost this guy.
We could ask another person. People that were coming with him
to get to the wedding hall also got lost? Is it a good idea to ask those people as well?
They've already lost as though they're trying to get to where you want to get to? But they haven't got there yet. So you're not going to say to those people? How should we get there? I'm stuck right now. What are you gonna do? You're going to ask the people that already reached there, isn't it? The people are already got there, you're gonna follow them up? Or you're gonna try and connect them? You started exactly where I started. How do you get to where you've got to
see in life, my brothers, when we take important decisions. There's many factors that come into play. One of the things which is really important to us, when we get to decide is we want to get expert opinion, before we make our decisions, isn't it, say someone who wants to be rich, he wants to start a business. And he wants to, he wants to get rich. Okay? So he's really passionate about this, do whatever it takes. And so he says, You know what, I'm going to read up on how to, and how to make a fantastic business. He goes into water songs and all the books, picks them up all the people saying, You know what, I got a PhD, in how to become a millionaire, like a Pac Man how to
become a millionaire. This is good. But you know what?
What's better than someone who knows how to be a billionaire? Is someone who is a billionaire, is
they're gonna say that I'm gonna ask, I'm gonna ask the guy who tells me he knows how to become rich, and ask the one who is rich.
And somehow this is the same thing here. You're asking Allah to make you on the path of those who already succeeded? Because they are the experts, Allah made them the experts in guidance, isn't it? And that is the prophets of Allah subhanaw taala. So it makes it makes a lot of sense the even the flow of the surah then you say slaughter Medina, and I'm sorry to be a member of barley.
Then you say I don't want to be
in brackets on the path. This is emitted because it's obvious on the path of those number one who did what's the translation about the Buddha, Allah him? The halal number two?
Some people translate it as not the path of those who earned
your anger, isn't it? But this is incorrect translation. Because no way does Allah say,
those who earned your anger
rather, Allah says those that
anger was upon those who anger was upon. What is the difference my brothers and sisters between saying, The path of those who earned your anger versus the path of those who anger was upon?
What's the difference?
Okay, but they both earned anger, the one that
You're saying was anger?
No, both of both of the constants was the one who earned your anger. The ones who anger is upon. Okay, I see this one is more like president pasture. Okay. Anything else though, was a key difference? Yes.
Anger was imposed on them. Okay.
If I said, you know, this is a brother here is sleeping.
And I'm very angry with him.
Oh, I say this a brother is sleeping and
anger is on him.
What's the difference?
Giving a child? Yes.
Is passive yes is passive. What does that mean that it is passive?
What would you say something passive means something unknown. What is unknown?
Oh, good. You don't know whose anger is upon them, isn't it? The whole idea of passive is that you took away the the dua is unknown, who is angry, anger is upon them who is angry with you guys, isn't it.
And that could mean a number of things. The first is that it is not just the anger of one entity on them. Many people are angry with them. Along he's angels, and the prophets and all righteous people. They are the anger is upon them.
You see this. And secondly,
when you take away the person or the doula, as if you're saying this person doesn't want his name, to be associated with them
to get this, Allah doesn't want his name to be associated with those people, because they earn so much anger and became so despicable. Allah doesn't want anything to do with them.
So Allah took his name away from them. But when it came to good people, you said The path of those who you blessed when it came to bad people, those who anger was upon Allah His name is not mentioned here. Allah doesn't want anything to do with Panama. Okay, who are these people? The second group of people are balling. Here, a Bali is a proof of Bond. Bond linguistically means someone who's lost again, look at the connection between a pathway and being lost. Something was lost. But in terms of the seeds, a ball, even a national asset, and please listen to this.
He said a ball is the one who doesn't know the truth
is ignorant of it, but thinks he is upon the truth.
Who is it? doesn't know the truth? is ignorant of it, but thinks he is on the truth. Okay. I think this is called compounded ignorance, isn't it? Sure. I think that's a technical term. As for malubay him, those who angle was upon even tamer who said they are the wrong.
Why did he say that? Allow He is the one who follows his desires.
And the hallway is a one, technically he said is the one who follows his whims and desires and does things contrary to the truth. Once knowing what the truth is.
He follows his whims and desires to do things contrary the truth even though he knows what the truth is. I'll give you an example to summarize this. Imagine you have two children, okay? And you leave them in the function and these guests gonna come so what you do is you know, the function you sometimes you leave this case in the cookies and everything because the guests are gonna come. So what do you say to your two kids?
Don't eat the cookies, right?
Sorry for pointing at you then.
Don't eat the cookies. You leave the room, you come back, no cookies.
Okay, now one of your children
wants to be a bit small.
I didn't need them.
And I don't know what happened to them.
The other child says, You know, I will mistake it the more you can see my face.
Which one is going to be windy with?
The first one, isn't it? Why? Because he knows and he's trying to cover it up. The second one just failed and then try to do
Try to be smarter. Yes, this is the this is the example. Which one is worse?
The first one? Which one does Allah mentioned first? The one who is misguided, or the one who angers upon
Because they the worst of the two. What else? But we know that the process I'm told us as for the ones who angle was upon they were the followers of Judaism.
As for Bali, they were the Christians and to follow when you read in the Koran, the way Allah describes a benissa in
it fits this description I've been saying, Allah gave that they are allowing follows of the desires doing things which are wrong, though they know it's right. Like Allah says in Surah Baqarah verse number 72 What sorry, what further can affiliate comin home? Yes, merona Kala mulai FOMO you Henry foreigner who means bad Dima anyone know
mean bad Dima Upolu homie, Allah moon
Allah says, and a party of them, meaning companies that are in they heard the speech of God when they decided to distort it, after they fully understood it, and they knew what they were doing all along. You see,
and despite all the other negative traits, like killing their profits,
killing their profits, I mean,
if it's aptly with the description, I'm lucky enough to be here, those who angles upon us for the Christians, Allah says in the Koran, that from all of the people, the ones that are closest to you, Muslims are an assault on the Christians. Okay. But the thing is my brothers
if they're ignorant,
and they thought they were right. Why are they going to be punished?
Isn't it if you're ignorant? You don't know then you're excused.
Okay, fair enough. The other people they knew and then despite knowing they chose to do things wrong, those other people you said they didn't know the truth?
Who can answer this question? Does the question Make sense? Yeah.
Okay, this is gonna be a prize. Yeah.
Think the taste is
the brother said they had an opportunity to know the truth but they
didn't perceive Okay. Yes.
Didn't have a prophet
didn't have a scripture
didn't have the desire to.
another place in the Quran Haji Allah describes and Asara he said about them in sort of the Hadith.
Wa bernia. He better marquetta when Allah him in Liberty law, it is one Illa Allah says about the Christians that they invented monasticism, you know monasticism is, is when the person says hello to the world, I'm going to live in a monastery, not gonna get married, not gonna have any luxuries in my life. Allah said that was an innovation, that they did not have an IRA. We did not prescribe that on them in Liberty law, or guanella.
According to one to save, a lot told us the motivation, their motivation was to seek God's pleasure.
Yeah, the motivation initially was to seek God's pleasure. That's why they invented this data of monasticism. So they had the desire.
Why then, are the people who failed
and are being condemned from the very beginning of the forum? Yes.
Oh, okay. This is good. They didn't follow their profit. ACLs.
Good, closer, but it's more than that.
That's even close. They this believed in the hammer salons. Very good. This is half the answer though.
Okay, very similar to what the person
The moment another person is mentioned in LNG when they believe in when he came while the brother mentioned, they still have the answer, though. What do you think?
I think come to your mind. Yes.
Okay, because they believe in the Trinity. So this is like them, you know, they misguidance Yeah, but we think that they don't know the truth, the ignorant of it, but they think they own the tree.
Okay, let me ask another question. Is it really possible for a human being to believe that they are three gods?
Or that God exists in three entities? Or that God has a son? Or you can? Is it possible for a sensible human being to believe this?
As it says, Is it possible for a person now to still be a Christian, even though he doesn't know where the Bible came from?
doesn't even know what language is original Bible
is not possible is it?
I told you the story, that Jehovah's Witness, and they came to my house recently. I've mentioned this.
They came just a few months ago, opened the door by accident. And they said, they were nice. They always nice.
There was an old lady and a man the man was speaking. And he said,
he said, What do you think about climate change? This is a trick question. Because No, no. What do you think? I think it's not good. What? What do you think? He says, You know what God said about the climate? He's about to quote some acid. How do you know God said this?
He said, it's in the Bible. I said, How do you know that this is the real Bible?
What do you mean? I said, Is this exactly what the Bible says, oh, is a translation. This is a translation. I said, Okay. So what is the original language of the Bible? He said, I don't know.
What you don't know.
He says that this is a transient acid. So if I want to believe what you're saying,
and ask, why is the original source, you're saying you don't know where the original sources? You don't even know what language the original sources? He said? No, no, it's in Aramaic. I said, Okay, so if it was in Aramaic, then can I? Can I see it? Because it doesn't exist anymore.
So it doesn't exist anymore. And you're not sure what language is in? So how then can you say with confidence that God said anything?
You don't know the source? Or where God said what he said?
The lady jumped in. She said, No, it was an Arabic. I said, Arabic Then we speak it back then. She goes, sorry, my mistake.
Then they said, we'll come back to you next week. Yeah, this is exactly they said, we'll come back to next week.
So Danny, being cleaning ignorant, is never can is not the justification, when the evidence is so huge, isn't it?
Like it happens every time someone goes down and no entry? Okay? He's missed the sign. All the cars are pointing the other way. People are saying Hang on.
And then the cop have stopped him. And what do you say? I didn't really know what was gonna say is it explained that to the judge, isn't it? So ignorance is not always an excuse. Okay, especially when the evidence is so huge. Okay. That is why they failed. They too found I did not do barely mana bar in both of them failed. Now they've been taken out from law said, and they said to summarize that the sales of the sons of Adam fit into one of these two are that they are done by a ball. Someone who thinks he knows but he doesn't know. Or someone who is always someone who is just following his desires and whims. And this relates then not just to the people follows of Judaism,
and Christianity, but all people
that all people are being categorized under these two categories. And sometimes my brothers and sisters, it is us that are behaving like this, isn't it? Sometimes we pretend that we don't know. Or sometimes we know and we still do the wrong thing.
And that is why we asked a law so often Allah guide us and make us like those who you said succeeded in their life. Don't make us like these people who anger was upon or they went astray. We don't want to be anything like that. And then what is left mean? What does army mean?
Along with the gym, it means a lot except see now when you realize the power of the power and the importance and the benefit when you say I mean, you say from the heart, isn't it as part of that in the Hadith and say body to body or the alotta the process of said, when the mom says mean, say mean for whoever has his mean coincide with the mean of
the angels. See, he never said that the mom. What does that mean? It means when the a mom is saying our mean angels are around and saying amen to
so whoever coincides his army with the meat of the angels will have his previous sins forgiven.
And we do that as a minimum of 17 times a day. Yeah, this my brothers and sisters bring us end of the dose and of course we ask the laws of Canada to accept it from us to reward us to forgive us for our shortcomings and our mistakes. And we ask Allah subhanaw taala makers, people of the Quran, people who seek to understand it, and to live by it and to call others to the message of the Quran being critical or have the
answer stuff you've got to Hoylake which is cool now, Hayden, I believe we have something now. A program.
I think there isn't Sharla some program for food for everyone. So just stay put in Sharla
anyone has any questions? They can ask questions. Few minutes. Yes.
In the song, and even when you hear it without a lot still because you say
Okay, so the first word is Narayana, this is the verbal root and well and the nominal root is neuroma. neuroma.
Comfort, relaxation and comfort.
So Aloha, we
have wine Alif. Wow. Yeah.
As if the three sisters can ask question.
If they leave you at this stage, we can go. Okay, this is if you want to ask questions, leave them on a piece of paper at the bottom of the stairs, we'll collect a national list.
Yes, it's true that the asphalt people follows a few days and they've historically been around longer. They've had more profit sent to them, and they will experience more miracles as opposed to the Christians. Yes, it's true. It's good point. Good point. Yes, sir.