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Tafseer Surah Luqman – Episode 01 – Verse 01-05

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Asim Khan

Channel: Asim Khan

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Bismillah R Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala MB mursaleen. Vina Mohammed involved early. He was happy as a very insular modicum of law dearest brothers and sisters, and welcome to the beginning and Sharla of a journey that we were taking, learning and studying the Tafseer of one very beautiful surah in the Quran. Surah Lockman.

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Shall I will begin with the recitation before we make an introductory remarks.

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There will be laheem in ashamed banyuwangi Bismillah, Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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and if

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tilka tokita will hacky

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see me in

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the arena up Muna Sana, Tamayo and tunas.

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kiante, whom you

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right.

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Today inshallah we'll be discussing the overall course of the series. So look, man, we'll start by introducing the surah some introductory remarks. And we'll take the first five verses in Sharla. In today's lesson,

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now To begin, so look, man, this surah, which is composed of 34 verses,

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was revealed to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam in Makkah, this is something that the bassoon have agreed upon.

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Before actually going into the Revelation where when it was revealed, we just want to recap on what is the fear of Quran just to make it very clear, for everyone watching this and learning here today. That what do we mean when you say we will be doing the seal of Quran, the first leap of fear of foreign means to explain the miraculous words of Allah subhanho wa Taala as he intended them, a lot communicated to mankind, this amazing revelation. And he intended by those words, certain meanings, to understand what those meanings are, is to learn that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught his companions, what those words meant, they then relate them on to their children, and the

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generation that came after them, handed over that legacy of knowledge, which is the meanings of the Koran, for the rest of us to learn. This is something that Allah has preserved. So when we say we are doing to Pharaoh sort of look, man, what we are saying is we're going to read those words and expression that Allah revealed in this surah and then say, what do they mean according to those early Muslims? And that is why we said that the main book that we will be using to explain sort of look man, is that the seed of the Imam of all the mufa Syrian, who was a man, a mama w Rahim, Allah who died in 310 hijiri

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Ivana tabula rasa Mola was hailed as having the greatest work on proceed, because of one main reason

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that whenever he said, Allah said, and he meant by that this, he said, this was reported by certain person who was reported by another person and that chain went back to either a target a follower, meaning from a second or third generation or a companion, or the profits that Allahu Allah even sent him himself. That is a unique aspect of the deceit of poverty Rahim Allah that He said, I heard this while I was informed this by such and such, this person heard it from him and he heard it from this great turbie or from a companion or from the La Jolla center. So the authenticity of it is second to none. That is why I've been taming Rahim Allah when he was asked what is the best book of the scene

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out there? Because there are many books of this you know? He said it is that the field of imagery, Rahim Allah, so haha that is the most authentic of them and they

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is no beta in that book. There are no innovations meaning things that really were not understood by the early Muslims. Someone came later on and said Allah meant this by these words or these expressions. This is something that came later on as worth of seed of a managerial poverty regime or law. It was free of this and this might have been tamer from Alaska. This is the best book the most authentic book of the seat. We'll be adding to this with many other books that are seeded the fear of immigrated, unquote, to be of

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many recent history of Nashua, Russia mahoma so we will gather all those and add to what the jury already said. So, the shape of poverty will be the basis that we will layer on detail based on what he said from these other books that inshallah how we will try to deliver this food when we ask Allah subhana wa tada to aid us in this and to grant us sincerity for whoever is sincere to Allah, Allah will help him Allah will be by his side, Allahu Allah you live in. Allah is the friend, the help of those that believe meaning they are doing what they do for his sake alone.

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Okay, so going back to the context of Revelation, we said it was revealed So look, man in Makkah, this is something confirmed by an Airbus rhodiola hotel and oma.

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Now there's actually a story behind why this surah was revealed.

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The story is as follows some of the Quraysh they actually from the culture, they knew about this figure, Look, man, this great man who was known to be a wise man.

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They wanted to challenge the prophets that Allahu Allah have some to tell them, do you know about this man, man, tell us about him. In particular, tell us about the advice he gave his son.

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They wanted to test whether he really was a prophet. And so they challenging. And in response, Allah revealed this tool

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in our boss, in fact, has two opinions. The first is that the whole surah was revealed to the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam in Makkah.

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And the second is that all of it except verse 2728, and 29 was reviewed in Medina, in Medina. Now, this is actually been confirmed by other companions and other

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a poverty regime Allah will explaining verse number 27. He mentioned adoration from our bar, apart from the tabbing opposite, that this verse will know a number of demeaning shadow rot in a polar move. Well, this verse to the end was actually built in Medina because the yahood the Jews in Medina, they came to the Prophet Allah Solomon said, there was a verse revealed to you in Makkah, in Surah, surah, yes, alumina? Can. They ask you about the soul, this referred to the Jews in Makkah. And Allah said, that you have not been given knowledge of it in La polyfilla. You have not been given knowledge of it except a little.

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The Jews in Medina, they're asking the process of them. However, in the toll that we have, there is detailed knowledge of everything. They were challenging the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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They said, when you said, You have not been given except but a little of knowledge. Were you referring to yourself, meaning your people, or your friend to somebody else, and a venue that was about them. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam responded by saying all of us are intended by that meaning all of us have been given little knowledge

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here. So in response, they said, No, no, we have knowledge. In our book, we know everything. He said, even that, that plus what we know in light of what aloneness is, but little Look how the person responded. Everything that we know even if you say you know everything in there, even that is literal. Then Allah revealed this verse, amazing verse, although another form of dementia, that if all the trees on the face of this earth were taken as pens, and the sea was used as ink, plus another seven oceans filled that sea manaphy that Kalamata law, that the kalimat of a law the words of a law would never run dry, that they would never be enough to write down the knowledge of a law.

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I mean, that was blown their minds to think about the knowledge of a law all the trees in the world taken as pens, and this ocean the deep oceans, plus another seven on top of that, used as ink that would not suffice the world

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Allah subhanaw taala so the overall context is as follows. The Quran asked the professor tell us about lookman and saw the sutra was revealed, except for verse 2728 and 29 that was revealed in Medina due to the second questioning of the Jews there about the ayah in Surah Al Isra.

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Okay,

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that is a bit about the context of Revelation.

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Now, as we said the question of the Quraysh tell us about Lockman was the reason why this was revealed that is, gives us an indication as to the message of the surah Yeah, what is the overall theme of this surah the overall theme of this surah is connected to the story. And that is why the name of the surah is locked man after the figure this great man Hello named this surah Look, man,

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what the look man do he advise his son about a number of things? Yeah, advice and about a number of things of them was the oneness of Allah belief in the towhead of a lot of them was the danger of associating partners with a lot of them was having upright character, being good towards your parents.

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And in the whole advice, there was lessons for all of us as parents as children, as

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do art as people who are doing that our to others. So the theme is connected to that story. So they boil it down to two things that the overall theme of Surah lokman is sugar and our sugar and our recognizing the blessings of Allah upon you.

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Like Look, man recognize the blessing of hikmah wisdom that he was given, and then calling others to show sugar to Allah. And the best sugar a man can make to Allah is to worship him soprano. Okay, so the whole surah revolves around this central theme, having sugar and our sugar and our

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now in your course notebooks you have if you turn to the front cover, before we even go inside, the series would look man with a special focus on learning theological lessons. What we will attempt to do in Sharma is not only that the CEO of the surah, but to take elements of plida lessons about a pita that we can derive from the deceit and to try and elaborate on that because the story of lokman has many points to do with Toshi and ship. Okay, so we will learn about the hidden ship, as mentioned here in the Quran. Now there is a special benefit that comes from learning up either directly from the Quran. And that is that you get to understand how a lot taught mankind about hate

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how Allah warned mankind not to go near.

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So the concept of believing in a law as the one and only true day to worship is being learned not how it's been broken down by others later on, though that is correct, but you're going right to the very source, how did Allah teach mankind about the hate?

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Did you see the difference? In the books you will read the hate for example, as we broken down into these categories, the hater will be a hula here, now I see fat, okay, but this is of course true. But is this the way Allah taught mankind in the Quran? No, it is different, okay. So, let us look here, what do we find here that we can gain more knowledge amount and deeper understanding the shallow so that is a second, if you like aspect of this course that we will try to learn some lessons now.

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Just to go through this course book.

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In the beginning, we have this introductory point. So we've covered the context.

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That we said it's murky in the head ether in our bass was mentioned. Then the naming of the surah was related to the very reason it was revealed, which was the Porsche asking about the story of lokman and the advice he gave his son, then we have here the virtue. Now, this is a very systematic approach to doing I've seen that many of them facility news, they first talk about where it was revealed, which builds the context, then they speak about, is there any virtue now what they mean?

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By any virtue is Is there any special unique thing about this surah that makes it more virtuous than it already is? In being one of the sort of the Quran? Did you get that? It doesn't mean that it is an ordinary thing unless there is a special virtue attached to it. Everything from the Quran is virtuous, but what they are saying is there's a particular thing that makes it even more virtuous. And here you have the hadith of bra Ignazio for the lowdown on this Hades is said to be derived by Shivani Rahim Allah but other scholars class it has hasn't meaning it is good and acceptable.

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But I'd rather loud Alan reported that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could be heard during his abode Salah reciting some IOPS what were they I heard from lokman and as that yet

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from lachemann, yet, now Serato is allowed. So now it is acquired solo. so quiet solo. So how did they manage to hear the person reciting, and recognize that this was in fact from this world?

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It is because sometimes the prophets that Allahu alayhi wa sallam would

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occasionally

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part of the recitation in his silent prayer who would make it loud, not like you recite to get very loud, but just enough so others could hear. And one of the benefits of that is, they began to realize and learn that in this genre, it is preferred to go to read these type of sewer, these type of length, and maybe even this particular surah as well. So the person was teaching his companions about what to recite insalata bajada. NASA by occasionally reciting it aloud and that is why some of the fukuhara said, it is recommended that the Imam on occasions recites loudly, meaning not the full surah loudly, but just he raised his voice a little bit here, ready for me.

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And then he says to

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his loved one, and then he goes quiet again and he's reciting it to him so so the people behind the get to know me they learn and that is why it is reported by Abner basler, the larger animal that once he recited the whole of Salatu janaza out loud

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out loud.

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Why, because people that were new to Islam, they never knew how to pray slotum janaza So, when he recited it out loud, they learnt okay through his practice. So, there was this is ignoramus, implementing what he learned from the profits or loss and the fourth thing was the central theme and we discussed that it was about sugar. And there are if you turn the page over now,

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we have this color coded thematic breakdown of Surah lukeman.

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Now, we spoke about the central theme, however

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Mufasa rune some of them went a level further and they said hang on the surah some of the verses taken together have their own unique theme as well. They speak about different things a subject comes and is addressed by these three verses and then another subject comes in, in sort of the scene. We try to mention this, that okay, this was a subject now about Jenna. Now it is about for example, misguidance, what is the link between the two, the Manasa remember this. So this, if you like, comes from this, breaking it down, thematically, even more so. You have their

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number 125 which we'll be studying today, inshallah, we said that the

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the theme of these five verses is about the mercy known, who are they what are the traits and the reward that Allah has installed for them. And if you're in the notes, what you'll find is that we actually color coded those five verses, I add one to five in that blue color. So you can see that this is one thing and then if you keep turning the page, you come to iron number six, and then the color changes and becomes red. And at the very top, you'll have a heading, which gives you the theme for that section. So I had 67 the party that divert others that is if you like the subject matter changing.

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Also if you look at the notes, you have this breakdown, you have the Arabic Ayah

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then you have the translation, and then you have vocab

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they have vocab. So, what we intend to do is we will take one ayah that we will say okay, particular words that are difficult to understand let us linguistically first understand those words. Okay, like I number five here, what will occur homophily

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We said a lovely home. What does muffler home actually mean for us linguistically? How can we explain that now we'll go to the seed, what does the whole passage mean? What is that the seed of that passage? Then we finish the scene at the end you have lessons learnt, what lessons can we take from that deceit? Here, when we reflect over the meaning, what lessons can we take what deeper meanings are the verses so inshallah This is the methodology we will try to use when doing this. Let's see, we'll go through the linguistic wording, and then inshallah we'll take with the feed and then after we will try and derive some lessons in shall not

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smother him. I mean, cauliflower meme is one of those heroes apart one of those disjointed letters that a number of sources begin with.

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And sort of the our scene, we first stated that the best translation of an art is the disjointed letters. This is a point to note because many people have their own translations for this and the translations give wrong meaning. Okay, make it difficult to understand and explain what these letters are. So disjointed letters seems to be the most accurate translation.

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Then we explained the views concerning and how often are these disjointed letters. But before we explained the views, we stated one fact, who remembers that particular linguistic fact that we said, we need to bear this in mind before even delving into what these letters disjointed letters mean? Does anyone remember this is going right, the way back to the beginning of sort of our scene spoke about just a linguistic perspective. And in terms of language, what we said, Did you want to add something you wanted to say something?

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Very good, very good. Any a very basic fact, letters by themselves don't have any meaning. A, B, C, they have no meaning. Yeah, Alif

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Lam Meem letters, they themselves have no intrinsic meaning it's only well let us come together to form a word. Do they take meaning? Okay, so when you say it is incorrect, therefore, to ask the question, What does Alif Lam Meem mean? What does yacine mean? Because they let us he let us don't have any meaning. The real question is, what do they symbolize? If anything? What do they refer to? what purpose do they serve? As a technical point, but believe me,

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it helps in explaining this to Muslims and non Muslims. I'll give you an example of a question that non Muslim can ask you. You said that the Koran is a message to mankind. Yet I read in the Quran Alif Lam, Meem. Yeah, seen calf her.

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These are letters that don't have any meaning. So how can this book be a book of guidance when there are some things in it that don't make any sense?

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Did you get the question?

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He's saying that you said that the Quran is a book of Goddess, but I have found words in it that have no meaning, or don't make sense. So I can then be a book of guidance.

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Yeah, a shuba. We maybe will answer this later time. But the very fundamental point is, letters don't have meaning. We're not saying that letters have meaning. What we are saying is that these letters are symbolic of something. These letters can refer to something, these letters do serve a purpose. Okay. That is the first one. Now the views coming from the early Muslims. The first view, which is attributed to Abu Bakr, Siddiq, Oliveira the alarm to Alan and if necessary, would not be allowed on his law. You first Sir, we don't make the feel of these letters.

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What did they intend by that? what they said what what they were saying is that when we explained the Quran, we will not even attempt to say Alif Lam Meem refers to this or this or this. We believe you shouldn't do that. This was the view

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you Foster.

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However, the majority of scholars did make the seat they did attempt to answer the question what do they symbolize? they differed into four views, four views

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the first view is that each

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letter in the disjointed letters refers to something. For example, noon, one column E warmer yesterday, noon, they said it

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symbolic of the ink pot.

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imagery, the input and that's why Allah said no one Ptolemy, and the pen the pen used with the ink to write, each letter symbolically refers to something. First view.

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The second view is that no the letters come together to symbolize something Alif Lam Meem er seen together as a collective refer to something, either they said to a name of Allah, or to the name of the surah?

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Are you following brothers? Second view, to a to be here, collectively they refer to something. The third view, no, these letters, all of them together are merely a way of starting a speech that the ancient Arabs used to use, they use this style when they were bound to make a great speech, they would say Alif Lam Meem kya sin they would use that as like this, to grab the attention of the audience, and to impress upon them the significance of the words that are about to come, it is something known to them, maybe it is strange to us, but it is known to them as being one of the styles of the language.

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View number four, as the brother mentioned, is that all of these letters together symbolize something they symbolize the miraculous nature of the Quran. How so? Because it is if a lie saying Alif laam Meem these are the letters that you have with you. As for me, I have used the very same letters to reveal to you this miraculous book. Can you use those letters to produce something like it if you cannot, you better submit to it. It is like a challenge from Allah. These are the letters that you know and that you use. We too are using them but look at what we have produced the Quran, the miraculous Quran, can you do that too? If you cannot, then submit yourself to this. And as the

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brother mentioned, what strengthens this particular view is that all the sources that began with a heroin Moka pot, immediately were followed by a reference to the Quran Alif laam Meem tilka to Kitab al Hakim in Surah Al Baqarah Alif laam Meem that he killed kita that is the book or there is the book again reference upon he has seen

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one for hacking. Yeah, so this last view is actually due to even Tamia Rahim Allah. And many latest scholars said this seems to be a very strong view.

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Okay, so that is Alif Lam. Meem This is the Messiah makes sense. Health macapa the letters we don't say letters have meanings, but what we're saying is that they symbolize something and then they differed into what they symbolize. That is why when you answer this question, it becomes very easy. Okay. Firstly, the question is not even a reasonable question. Because how many verses in the Quran are there?

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Approximately 6400 and something versus 6442? I think. So all the 6600 and something versus 22 verses are a hell of a mock apart. In terms of percentage, what you are saying is that you read 6000 something versus 22 of them didn't make sense which is approximately naught point naught 2%. And on that basis, you said the Quran is not a book of guidance. The question is not even reasonable in the first place. Secondly, those letters do carry a message of meaning and then we relate to them these different views here to show that they do serve a purpose and they do symbolize something. So that's just how to answer that question. Okay, let's continue inshallah.

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Allah then said, to look, to kita will hacking tilka these are the verses of the book, which is then described as hacking. So they are seen a similar verse will put on hacking, what do we say I'll hecky meant they're

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very good, clear and precise. Hakeem can take two meanings. It can mean hikma or

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Wisdom oh I can mean more clear precise detailed of poverty Ramallah India scene segment Welcome again in here in Salt Lake man he's saying that Al Hakim here means more sunlight saying

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these are the verses of the book that is clear, precise, detailed in its message here.

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However, here many others have as soon said it can refer to both they can refer to wise meaning these are the verses that are carry wisdom, very wise, or at the very same time they are clear and precise and accurate. Now in the context of revelation in our Shu Rahim Allah makes a very important point two said that if you look at these verses, in light of the reason why they were viewed, we can understand something else a lightning tilka

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Firstly, the use of tilka instead of heavy tilka is to say they are at a distance, whereas how he is to say here, of course, these verses are right here. But why the reference of tilka a shadow of something far away? He said there are two benefits to that.

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Firstly, number one is that tilaka refers to the story of Luqman that is about to come. It is about to come shortly, we'll follow from verse 12 onwards, this story that you were questioning about, it is about to come. tilaka also doesn't just refer to something far away but something lofty, something high tilaka they are lofty versus they are high versus.

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And also Hakeem the choice of describing the Koran with hikma as it is about to relate to them the story of Al Hakim, the very wise man look man, do you see the connection? He's making it? All revolving around the reason for revelation you asked about Look man, I'm going to now reveal to you a verses in shrouded in wisdom about the wise man and that is tilka that is about to come.

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Okay,

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the next verse, who downwash metal machine.

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Now, here will explain the word Buddha.

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Buddha.

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Buddha comes from the root of head, their head their head, they can refer to guide knowing someone takes you on a journey. He's the guide. It can refer to the vanguard, the vanguard is the soldier the soldiers that are at the very forefront of the rest of the army. So this is Vanguard, they are directing the rest of the army, the rest of the people behind them they are they are their direction.

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It can also refer to daylight to daylight

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and to explain

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Okay, that is why the mo D the motor D

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is referring to a man that came to the right decision. He is more that the meaning he came to the right decision, he was able to discern what was the right thing to do here. So Huda, which is the verbal noun the muster means guiding, it is guiding and showing the right way. So Allah continues to describe his book and Koran with two more attributes. Number one, houda that these are yards that are full of wisdom, they are also guiding here, that is why houda and urashima 10 is mitsuba it is man sube because it is in the state of hand what does that mean? It means that it is guiding and immersi referring to the nature of the Quran, what is the heart of the Quran? What is the nature of

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it, what Allah tells us to particular nature's it has this guiding nature and it has this compassionate nature. Okay, so the seeds now, as a poverty Rahim Allah mentioned is that a lie saying this, I have mine, guide a person.

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They guide a person to adhere to my commandments, and to stay clear of my prohibitions to do all those things that I have commanded you. And to stay clear of those things I have prohibited you That is how they become a mercy.

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for that person, which type of people gain the guidance and the compassion, the mercy of the Quran, Lin masini. For the moistening. The good doers is the translation help.

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More mazzini a povery then explained a little more, he said, wasini are those that try the very best to adhere to the commandments of a lot.

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They have this extra level of struggle and strive to try and do those things that alone wants them to do, and to try and stay away from those things that Allah has prohibited them from.

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Kidney, Kathy Rahim Allah said, it means that they follow the Sharia of Allah to the best of their ability, to the best of their ability. And this links Now, back to the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the hadith of gibreel, where the breed is ramez, you know, came to the president and he asked him three questions. What is Islam? What is a man what is

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mostly known is about those that do, son, the process sort of explained what is his son,

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and terrible de la ha, can Nikita for inlanta contura, who for in New York, he said that it is to worship Allah as if you see hymns panela. And if you cannot bring yourself to that level, which is the meaning if you cannot do that, then know that a law without a shadow of a doubt sees you.

00:36:42--> 00:36:50

Now, the heavy was actually showing us three levels of faith, the very basic level is

00:36:51--> 00:37:00

Islam. Then you have one stage of Eman And then you have the very Pinnacle, the apex of belief, which is

00:37:04--> 00:37:04

now

00:37:05--> 00:37:07

to take some lessons from this stuff. See, you know,

00:37:09--> 00:37:13

what, these verses are very similar to the verses of which surah

00:37:15--> 00:37:17

which sort of begins in a very similar way.

00:37:19--> 00:37:28

So Baccarat Alif Lam Meem, their little kita, boo Lowery, Buffy, who then lil Turpin, who then took him

00:37:30--> 00:37:53

over there, Allah said that this is the book in which there is no doubt and he said it is a guidance, but he never said it is a mercy. So just one thing mentioned there and he didn't say it's for the more senior he said it's for the majority, these two differences we will look at them why Hooda was not there and why it was moved up in there and not machining.

00:37:55--> 00:37:59

Firstly, the context where it was sort of Baccarat reviewed.

00:38:01--> 00:38:24

It was revealed in in Medina, in Medina, in Medina, you had a different group of Muslims, you had the muhajir on the companions, who were the very elite who migrated from Makkah and made his way to Medina, you had the unsolved, which are also extremely devout Muslims yet they were never going to be as good as Mahajan.

00:38:25--> 00:38:40

And also you had amongst them, the munafo, the hypocrites, those that are masquerading to be Muslims, yet inside of them, there was nothing but Kufa. So we had a whole different mix of people.

00:38:41--> 00:39:03

As for local man, so tokuma that was revealed in Makkah, who did you have there? He only had the very cream of the crop, you had the very best of the best, you had the companions like Abu Bakar Ali armor for the allowed around him, they were the mursaleen they were the best

00:39:04--> 00:39:24

as for Medina, then there is many different people here now. So the advice here is try to be clean, try to clean water clean is of a lower level than machining. So do you see how the context is perhaps the reason why different words are being used?

00:39:25--> 00:39:59

That gives us in an indication that a motor key is different to a machine. And what the key they said is somebody who is trying to protect shield himself from the anger and the punishment of a loss of power than what that is in essence what he is doing. He is going about his daily life trying to avoid anything that will end him up in the hellfire. Yeah, like Allah subhanaw taala said, Yeah, you're living in boo, boo boo Sakuma Hakuna poo Savior.

00:40:00--> 00:40:31

come from the same route as Dakota. Yeah, same route as taqwa. As for the Morrison. He not only wants to protect himself from the fire, but he wants to do a son to others. He wants to also help others he wants to go a level further, he helping himself, but now he wants to help others as well. That is why alone he used the word ehsaan. He used it referring to doing a good deed for somebody else. What bill Wiley daini

00:40:33--> 00:40:36

do good to your parents.

00:40:37--> 00:40:52

In Canada accent Allahu elink Lawson and sort of passes us in be good. Like Allah has been good to you, the seed be good to others. So Hassan is being used to be a higher grade than just taqwa.

00:40:54--> 00:41:20

And the person confirmed that the sound is very height peak of a man. That is why we never just got holder in this verse, we also got Russia. If you do if you're a turkey, you'll get something you will get guidance. But if you are more than you do more, if you do more, we will give you more. We'll give you what

00:41:21--> 00:41:26

you need, we'll give you guidance, and we will give you urashima.

00:41:28--> 00:41:40

Here, they explained how exactly guidance brings about what is the link between hedaya and Rama? The link is quite simple.

00:41:41--> 00:42:25

hedaya refers to an inward thing, a non tangible thing, guidance, it is something that Allah bestows upon a person. But that guidance makes someone do something. When a person is guided, he starts to behave differently, right? When he is guided, he didn't know now he knows he's guided. So he behaved differently. he worships law. He does good deeds. He prays to Allah more than before. That is how guidance impacts a person to make them a better worship of Allah. When they worship Allah more, they earn more deeds when they earn more deeds. They earn the rahama of Allah and by the Russian Baba law, do his slaves and to paradise.

00:42:27--> 00:42:48

So they were watching. And so Allah gave them guidance. And on top of that, that guidance made them worshiping more and so they received Rama as well. Okay, that is one lesson comparing between Surah Al Baqarah and surah Pokemon. The second lesson is a question.

00:42:50--> 00:43:01

If Allah said who don't want Mata, Lil mercy mean, then that means that they will already Martini? Why then do they need guidance?

00:43:03--> 00:43:08

If they are already watching him, What is the need for them to have guidance.

00:43:10--> 00:43:16

It is a cyclic process. It goes around like a cycle.

00:43:17--> 00:43:55

You believe in Allah. You read his words, and they impact you. They guide you. When you become guided you grow closer to Allah until you worship Him more that worshiping Him more entails you learning more about him. So when you find out more, you increase in guidance and so you grow further closer to Allah. And the way you go further is you learn more. The more you learn, the more guidance you get, the more guidance you get, the more actions you do. And so slowly, you go up and up and up in this cyclic way, like a lot like we say to Allah in a Siracusa pin

00:43:56--> 00:44:01

praying, you're asking Allah to guide you regarding Mashallah you're praying law.

00:44:02--> 00:44:32

You want to grow in that guidance. And the way you grow in that guidance is by asking Allah for more guidance. Here you only increase in your rank before Allah by asking and searching for more guidance, the more guidance you get the closer you get to Allah. But the closer you get to Allah The more you want more guidance, it is like a cyclic process. So when you say the NA Siracusa team,

00:44:33--> 00:44:59

what you are saying is that Allah you guided me guide me more you guided me now guide me more he guided me Hegarty more even Tamara mala has a beautiful explanation he said that this slave needs guidance from Allah and every moment of his life every moment and that is why you keep asking Allah guide me here and here and here and here. Hello. How we are

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

A lot we are hopelessly in need of Allah.

00:45:04--> 00:45:07

We are hopelessly in need of a line his guidance

00:45:08--> 00:45:14

okay. So that is one answer that we came across

00:45:19--> 00:45:27

comparing it to sort of Baccarat before we go on to the next verse any questions about these verses any clarifications needed about these verses always continuing channel

00:45:30--> 00:45:31

Okay, the next verse

00:45:34--> 00:45:40

alladhina up Muna salata you tuna zeca hoon bill karate whom you know

00:45:41--> 00:46:40

two words to explain first you up moon up Mona Sara is an expression that we come across many times in the Koran. The word up Mona comes from the root of our ma our ma karma refers to some thing that stands or rises, that can also mean someone who resists someone who resists you Ki Moon is someone who are people that are establishing something here when you stand, you stand firm, when you You came, that person is establishing something else making something else stand making something else firm. What is that other thing that they are making firm and establish up Muna Sala they are not praying sada they are establishing the Salah in their lives, they are making it a fixed point in

00:46:40--> 00:46:41

their daily life.

00:46:43--> 00:46:44

You Ki Moon of surah

00:46:45--> 00:46:55

then we have the second word which is you clean own. You clean own comes from the root of your corner your corner means to be certain.

00:46:56--> 00:46:58

It also means to verify

00:47:00--> 00:47:11

and to have conviction and an unshakable belief in something when you have conviction and an unshakable belief in something you have seen or upon.

00:47:13--> 00:47:22

So Allah said about them that with regards to the the life to come, they have this unshakable faith. Now regardless of

00:47:23--> 00:47:32

Allah subhanho wa Taala here is giving us a further description of the machine first to give a description of what

00:47:33--> 00:47:59

the Koran that is who the watchman and hacking. Now he's giving a description of machining, machining, to three things are mentioned about them. They have three distinct attributes. Number one up mode of slaughter, a poverty ration Marois set that means to offer the Salah in its correct time, according to its guidelines.

00:48:01--> 00:48:11

Yeah, to pray the Salah, cognisant of all of the guidelines that come together to make this Salah a proper Salah

00:48:12--> 00:48:58

guidelines pertaining to the inward dimension that you are supposed to be mindful of that prayer. Have who assure humility before Allah and mindful of the outer dimensions that I should be doing the actions properly, taking my time and not rushing it as well as praying it on time with the widow etc etc. If Nicosia Rahim Allah what further up Manasa doesn't just refer to the obligatory Salawat he said it refers also to the raw tiba. The raw tibba are the voluntary prays that are prayed alongside the obligatory prayers like you have the two before the fall before too after too often

00:48:59--> 00:49:05

and too after Asia. These are the erotica. So the mercy noon

00:49:07--> 00:49:12

they never ever abandon these 12 karate back in the day.

00:49:14--> 00:49:15

That is one of the attributes

00:49:17--> 00:49:21

number two you Ki Moon or salata or you tune as

00:49:22--> 00:49:29

a poverty said you tune as the car means that they give the obligatory amount

00:49:30--> 00:49:41

of wealth that Allah asks of the give the obligatory amount of wealth that Allah asks of them. Now the wording of a public document law indicates something

00:49:42--> 00:49:45

you see sort of Lockman was revealed in Makkah,

00:49:46--> 00:49:59

way was occurred. When was the cut enjoined upon the Muslim community? Was it in Makkah was it in Medina? Medina, this is a Maki surah Dona zeca

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

How can it be?

00:50:01--> 00:50:06

We know that God was legislated in the second injury year of Medina.

00:50:08--> 00:50:10

Does anyone know the answer to this?

00:50:13--> 00:50:14

You have not

00:50:18--> 00:50:18

performed.

00:50:22--> 00:50:26

You said in order to give them an indication that it is about to come.

00:50:27--> 00:50:41

So when it comes easy for them now because this is about a description of actual believers at that time, little mercy need, they are there. And I'm just telling them how they behave and how they worship Him. So it is about a reality.

00:50:43--> 00:51:36

The answer is, as depicted mentioned, that God was actually obliged upon the Muslims in Makkah, but in a very general way, it was that you must give something to poor people, you must give some sadaqa not recommended, obliged, when it came now in to Medina in the second year, a lot then codify that gave more guidelines, it is this much money, this much percentage on this type of wealth to be given. at this particular time, the guidelines of Zakat were reviewed, meaning the whole legislation came down in Medina, but the general obligation actually came in Makkah, that's why in Surah, Milan is where we have the reference to advocate, this is how they made the reconciliation. So a poverty

00:51:36--> 00:51:52

rahimullah That is why he said it in that way that they give what Allah has obliged them to give up their wealth, with these words that he encompass this reconciliation, MCE they are still obliged in Medina they obliged with further guidelines.

00:51:53--> 00:51:57

Now the last portion were hornbill authority whom you can own

00:51:58--> 00:52:02

they are concerning the Acura you can own

00:52:04--> 00:52:14

you can own that have seen is that they are certain that Allah will reward them for the good deeds that they are doing now.

00:52:15--> 00:52:32

Whatever good that they are striving to do. And they are not just striving they are trying their very best that in their minds and in their heart is a conviction that one day, one day will come in the era where Allah will reward me for all of this.

00:52:33--> 00:52:48

That is what I probably mentioned, this is a very good example, where Tafseer is different to the linguistic understanding. Well, humble Assa T, whom you clean on linguistically means that when it comes to the latest thing, they have conviction,

00:52:49--> 00:53:16

maybe someone could say Acura, we know from the general context refers to life to come, but to say that they are certain that there is a reward awaiting them. This is another level of knowledge, which is something coming from the prophets of Allah. He taught them that what we're hoping that New Canaan means is that they are certain, they have a conviction that Allah will reward them in the era, what they are doing here now of good deeds.

00:53:18--> 00:53:21

Because Allah added to that, he said that

00:53:22--> 00:53:50

humble Astra to whom you can own means they are not doing it for any other reason except Allah alone. They are not doing any mentioned three things, they are not doing it for the respect of other people. They're not praying, going around doing charitable work for the respect of their friends, colleagues and neighbors, they are not doing it for a wage, they're not doing it so they can get some financial benefit.

00:53:51--> 00:54:11

financial benefit, you know, financial benefit, and in many ways, financial benefits can come with someone hands you some money for teaching them Islam, or for advising them or for anything related to that. But it can also come when you offered a job. So hey, somebody needs a job.

00:54:12--> 00:54:42

Okay, if you teach me something of the dean, I will give you a job. This is not money per se, but this is to a financial benefit. It can also be through some other means. And he your wife needs some particular items. And this person has them and so if you do this person a favor This person will then handle with these items. So no, they don't want any of that directly or indirectly are not in it for the money.

00:54:43--> 00:54:59

And then he mentioned the third spawn law. He said they are not even doing it for sugar. They're not even doing it. So somebody will say thank you. I was starving. You fed me and my family. Thank you for that. They don't even want that. They don't want

00:55:00--> 00:55:17

Anything well whom will accurately come up? No, it is for the time doing this. I only doing it for alarm or doing it for anyone else. There is no worldly dimension to my intention rather it is purely for the hereafter.

00:55:19--> 00:55:22

Okay, that's it the seed now there's one lesson here.

00:55:25--> 00:55:26

There's one lesson here.

00:55:27--> 00:55:34

Again comparing it to a Baccarat in Surah Baqarah. Allah said what Bill Hirata whom you clean.

00:55:35--> 00:55:38

Very similar to what Allah said here but hey, Allah said,

00:55:39--> 00:55:46

Wow, home, Bill irati home Ukrainian, Allah said home twice here,

00:55:47--> 00:56:22

that they are regarding the hereafter them yes then you can own have an unshakeable faith. So twice home was mentioned and double emphasis on their belief in the hereafter. This teaches us that yaqeen is of different levels. The occasion is of different levels. You know, Ibrahim Alayhi Salam he asked Allah show me Allah gave Toshi lhota How do you bring back to life that that?

00:56:23--> 00:56:43

Allah say, What took me Do you not believe? He said, No, I do. But I want to give my heart dissatisfaction. The scholars explaining this words of Abraham I want to get my heart satisfaction said he wanted to move from El Bulli clean to clean

00:56:44--> 00:57:01

and knowledge which brings about certainty because on one level, but when you see it with your own eyes, that's another level of conviction. True. Anyone you see the ARCA with your own eyes, then you will be that conviction will permeate every single part of your body. Oh my god.

00:57:02--> 00:57:03

reality.

00:57:04--> 00:57:18

So your pain is of different levels. Allah said about the mercy mean the level of yaqeen conviction the Hereafter is even greater than that of the 13 then that of the motto clean.

00:57:22--> 00:57:25

Okay, one last lesson inshallah we'll stop here.

00:57:27--> 00:57:30

Maybe after the Salah, we can take the last, the last verse in Sharla.

00:57:31--> 00:57:50

The last lesson is, why did Allah mentioned in particular these two acts of worship, praying and giving Zakat could have mentioned anything could have mentioned fasting, commercial arm or hedge could have mentioned being good to your parents could have met so many good use by.

00:57:51--> 00:57:53

So why these two particular good deeds.

00:57:54--> 00:58:53

In fact, when it came to the moon after Kuhn, Allah also selected this particular deed to highlight their hypocrisy. Allah said about them were either kaaboo enough sadati call macusa that when they stand for their prayer, and the way the standards with laziness, with stubbornness, not wanting begrudging, Allah selected the Salah deed, to highlight the hypocrisy. Why? Because the Salah is the greatest act of worship anybody can do. That is why Allah chose Allah to attribute it to the mercy need. They are sitting in and the truth to their son is the fact that they pray to me. They have established that sorta they have made it part and parcel of their everyday lives. They're not just

00:58:53--> 00:58:57

doing any good deeds, they do the best and the best is Allah

00:58:58--> 00:59:28

Salah is different to the cat salaat is a different type of worship. As for Salah, this is between you and unlock, it is a personal, physical act of worship. It is a spiritual and a physical act of worship, you inwardly are praying to a law and your body is moving as fast as the cat it is different in that it is a financial act of worship, you are handing over money. And that transaction

00:59:29--> 01:00:00

is the monetary form a very bad, Allah said you have to give this much of your money to the poor. And so I gave that money, giving away that money was a different type of worship or financial type. Another difference between the two is that as for Salah, you are benefitting yourself, as a cat, you're benefiting from this. So these two acts of worship come together to illustrate that this believer he is the best to Allah and he

01:00:00--> 01:00:04

is the best to his creatures. He is a comprehensive human being

01:00:05--> 01:00:27

cognizant of his relationship with Allah as well as mindful of his relationship with the creatures of Allah, his family, his friends, his colleagues and his neighbors. Okay, so that is why these two deeds were mentioned specifically inshallah we'll stop here and after Salah we'll take one more verse you won't take any too much more time inshallah.

01:00:29--> 01:00:29

Allah

01:00:33--> 01:00:47

Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or, salat wa salam O Allah attorney, Kelowna, clearly calcula he he married the VENA Mohammedan while he was so happy as married. Okay, so let's continue inshallah

01:00:48--> 01:00:59

with verse number five. Because one interesting point about the biography of poverty, Rahim Allah, I wanted to mention to you brothers, I came across it just recently.

01:01:00--> 01:01:05

It is said that a popular mama passed away what year 310.

01:01:07--> 01:01:12

He began writing this book of the seeds in 270. In 270.

01:01:13--> 01:01:20

He took him they said around 26 years to complete this book.

01:01:22--> 01:01:35

Probably rahamallah was not just a professor, he was a historian. He was he in fact, he was a much the head. I mean, he was a polymath. he mastered the many sciences of Islam.

01:01:36--> 01:01:49

Now, when he wanted to write his book of the seas, he said to his students, that I'm thinking of writing a book on topsheet, because it seems now that people the knowledge of the series becoming last and there is a need.

01:01:50--> 01:01:51

They said to him,

01:01:53--> 01:02:01

how big will this book be? He said, I'm thinking of 300,000 pages.

01:02:02--> 01:02:04

They said, Oh, that's going to be too long.

01:02:06--> 01:02:30

So if at all doable. I will summarize that into 3000 pages. That is the manuscript that we have with us now. That summarized version of the fear of poverty, what he authored in 217. And he completed well last submission is what we have had imagined the knowledge of those people's panel amazing.

01:02:31--> 01:02:36

Rahim Allah. Okay, so verse number five, hula,

01:02:38--> 01:02:40

hula, aka humble muffler.

01:02:42--> 01:02:45

The word reflection, it comes from the root of

01:02:46--> 01:02:53

further her, interestingly refers to the cultivator, the cultivator of plants and crops the farmer

01:02:55--> 01:03:21

fella means to succeed or to achieve. Now the connection between the route referring to the farmer, the cultivator and the word fella, muffler is the one who succeeds muffler shown is a plural the ones that succeed is as follows they said that the cultivator the farmer, look at his life, he takes the seed and before he plants it, he has to

01:03:23--> 01:04:08

he has to take care of the soil. Here he has to cultivate the soil. Then he plants the seed after planting the seed, he has to water it, he has to add fertilizer. Then he worries, what about drought? What about those insects and so we maybe have to spray some pesticide on them. Then he worries about the drought. What if it doesn't rain? What if, what if too much sun comes and it burns the crops? So every day he comes he looks at the green shoots and then those green shoots grow into the plants and he waters them He cares for them. And then finally at the end, when the fruits begin to ripen fell out, he achieved something in the end of the toil, the labor the hard work, he managed

01:04:08--> 01:04:20

to achieve something that is why they call him the farmer the cultivator because in the end, after all of this hard work fellow he achieves he succeeds something beautifully shown

01:04:21--> 01:04:26

is those people that achieve those people that succeed

01:04:27--> 01:04:31

succeed because of the hard work. So that the seed now

01:04:33--> 01:04:59

hula Allahu de Moura, Bhima eco homophone. Mama said, the mercy known those that have these traits of praying on time with the proper guidelines of giving the obligatory wealth in South Africa has occurred to those that are deserving of it, of having this unshakable belief in the era. The

01:05:00--> 01:05:23

O's are the trades of those people that in the end will be given a reward. And that will be the success of everything that they worked for. That is the success of everything that they worked with Allah subhanho wa Taala on your will piano will give them the reward that they were so eagerly anticipating.

01:05:25--> 01:05:55

replica theory said roughly shown Actually, it's more broader than say they will succeed in the day after both were shown means that they will succeed in the dunya. And after the leavers in Allah, who understand his religion and practice as it ought to be practiced, will not only be successful in the era, but they will also be successful in the dunya they will also be successful in the dunya.

01:05:57--> 01:06:37

Now, that's a very insightful, you know, point that he's making. He's saying that it is not that Muslims who live in this world like everybody else, and going about their daily lives facing the same problems as everybody else know, if they implement the Sharia law, then without a shadow of a doubt, they will not face the same levels of problems as others, like poverty. Poverty in our times is rampant. Poverty is widespread. There are only a few that live above the poverty line. Most people in the world live below the poverty line.

01:06:38--> 01:06:50

Had the institution of of Zakat been implemented like it was in the early days of Islam, this would not be the case, they will be roughly shown from this perspective in the dunya.

01:06:51--> 01:06:59

If people are married and divorced according to the the rulings of the sheary are,

01:07:00--> 01:07:38

they would be more successful marriages. We believe this, that there is success in this dunya and Hera by practicing this religion of Islam, and we challenge anybody who says that there is an aspect of Islam that is of a detriment to the individual to the community or to the nation rather, every aspect of Islam is successful and brings about success in a worldly and in the hereafter sense. That is why it is a comprehensive way of life and that is a challenge that we offer to anyone.

01:07:39--> 01:07:40

Okay.

01:07:41--> 01:07:44

Now just to end with one lesson,

01:07:48--> 01:07:49

one lesson here.

01:07:50--> 01:08:07

The lesson is as follows Allah subhanaw taala. In his passage, one to five is setting if you like the mandate, the roadmap to success, it is simple. I sent a message with this man hammer to the La Jolla center. It is Hoda and the hammer,

01:08:09--> 01:08:21

but not for everyone. Which is the irony here. Because why did surah Look, man are these verses be revealed? Because of the question of the moose raccoon.

01:08:23--> 01:08:44

They questioning triggered the revelation. The revelation came with the Buddha and Rama but not for those ones that questioned it. Not the ones that were asking for it rather it benefited others. In fact, it was against them. They asked for it. But the answer never benefited them it benefited Marcy noon.

01:08:45--> 01:09:02

So it is then the mandate is follows. I send this message to Mohammed Hassan, it has guidance and mercy for you. If you follow it and adhere to it, you will be successful in the Hereafter, you will be successful in a very simple

01:09:03--> 01:09:08

what guidance, this specific gardens till

01:09:09--> 01:09:24

till keytab hacking. This is the source of guidance. This is the goddess with a capital T. There is no external forms of enlightenment out there for man except this.

01:09:25--> 01:09:38

Now there are two nations that came before that thought that they were two other external forms of enlightenment other than revelation, they were the Christians and the Jews.

01:09:40--> 01:09:48

As for the Christians, they thought that mysticism, mysticism was another source of enlightenment.

01:09:49--> 01:09:59

That is somehow spiritually venerate the saints was a way of guidance. It's not there in the revelation center inside so

01:10:00--> 01:10:17

But they thought it was the extreme Sophie's of our time, also believe that there is Sharia. But there is something else as well. There is mysticism, there is a way to Allah, that is when we learn even better than this.

01:10:18--> 01:10:27

And the basis of this belief, in fact, they claim it is from the Quran. Have you not heard of the story of Musashi Salaam and the

01:10:28--> 01:10:52

Buddha was upon the Sharia, as he was upon something else, he was upon a higher level of knowledge. That is what we are upon this spiritual secret, unknown type of knowledge, mysticism, this is something else another form of guidance, this is our way. So claim the extreme sufia.

01:10:53--> 01:10:55

This is in line with the Christians.

01:10:56--> 01:11:24

As for the other extreme, that that is of the Jews, that they misguidance came when they thought that the source of enlightenment for man is the mind itself, independent of Revelation, we don't really need to see what Allah said, in the Quran. We can work it out our own selves, we have it in us to know what is right and wrong, we don't need revelation.

01:11:25--> 01:11:28

And so they went off on their own tangent.

01:11:29--> 01:11:54

And that is why they used to say, very evil things about Allah say a lot of stuff for Allah, who have families. And he is poor one national Alinea and we are rich. Some of them said in the time of the Prophet that I sort of they Apple led them to say this Why? Because they said, Look, people are poor. A lot cannot feed them what we learn. And as far as we are rich national Alinea.

01:11:55--> 01:12:18

The intellect taking the internet as a source of guidance is what led them on their path of misguidance. We have the same shade of people from that particular mindset. And that is the Tesla, the Tesla We're a group of Muslims that arose in the second century of Islam.

01:12:19--> 01:12:36

They began their journey exiting Islam, an area that we love by saying and claiming essence, that the reality is that this app can discern what is right and wrong, independent of the revelation we can work it out our own selves

01:12:37--> 01:12:39

that led them to say,

01:12:40--> 01:12:48

What is their reality? What is the ruling rather on someone who commits a major sin? Someone will

01:12:49--> 01:12:50

commit Zina?

01:12:51--> 01:12:57

What is his fate in the UK? It is clear from the revelation that committing a major sin

01:12:58--> 01:13:03

requires repentance requires someone to turn back to a law and he will be forgiven.

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Rather, they said no, we believe that in the Hereafter, he will be in the Hellfire once you do a major sin you in the hellfire. Why? Well, this is what our intellect tells us. This is how we see it. And we believe that the intellect is the first primary source of guidance. And then they came up with many other views. But the root of all of those views is this assumption, not till through Kitab al Hakim that this is the source of guidance, love. The source of guidance is actually our outcome and the revelation is merely a secondary form of guidance. Do you see the two extremes. On this side you have those that champion the role of the the outcome. In reality, they are not even championing

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the role of the intellect. Rather, they are championing their own preconceived ideas. They were influenced by the Greek philosophies, the ancient Greek philosophers, and they began to think differently. When they began to think differently. They then read the Koran differently. When they read the Quran differently, they came to other understandings. So it wasn't the intellect that Allah gave every single one of us rather it was the own corrupted, preconceived ideas that led them to those conclusions. So even by saying that they are rationalist, or they, they champion the reasoning of man, it is false, rather than championing their own preconceived ideas. As for the mind, Allah

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gave human beings, the pure mind, it can see the truth of this revelation, and can submit itself knowing that I need these revelation in my life. I need this to know how to live my life, how to live as a decent human being for the hereafter.

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So

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These are the two extremes. As for us, Muslims, we have always believed that Allah gave us an outcome in order to recognize the truth in this world, and the greatest truth in this world is the existence of Allah and his right to be worshipped. The second greatest truth is that a man Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sent with a message, and that message is the true way to live your life. Allah gave us this apple in order to recognize the truth in that and submit to it that is the role of the intellect of human in human beings. Okay, that is the roll. And this is the middle way between the two extremes of the Jews and of the Christians. And this is the Prophet sallallahu

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alayhi wa sallam explaining this, when he said, the words of Allah, ie real mahamadou be either him or ball lean, though don't make us of those who earned your anger. The professor Some said refers to the Jews. As for those that went by lean went astray, the process of said they refer to the Christians.

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They earned two types of punishment. The two types of punishment, anger, and misguidance were based on the way of misguidance they went astray by heading towards mysticism. As for the Jews, they went astray by

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championing and overstating the role of alcohol in human beings and the role and the purpose in life. Okay, so here we learn,

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that the reality is that no man is in need of this revelation. Once he turns this revelation, he becomes guided, he becomes a recipient of Allah urashima and that helps him do those things that he needs to do the best of them up moon a solar tunas. And then he lives he lives for the hereafter. Well, home Bill irati whom you know, he lives for that time and Allah subhanho wa Taala will reward him for every thing that he did in this life in Sharma This brings us to the end of this lesson of sort of Lockman, panic alarm or alert you know, not really