Shaykh Yasir Qadhi explains and touches base on the topic of Usool Al Hadith in the second part of the three part series.
The process of consolidation of the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ was established during the Prophet’s ﷺ lifetime. The concept of travelling in the quest for knowledge made a primary base for the preservation of Sunnah. Muwatta Imam Malik wrote the first physical book of hadith almost 120 years after the death of the Prophet ﷺ.
Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim have all the Hadith inside them of pure authenticity. The main 6 works of the Sunan are the following:
- Sahih Bukhari
- Sahih Muslim
- Sunan al-Nasa’i
- Sunan Abu Dawud
- Sunan al-Tirmidhi
- Sunan Ibn Majah
Mishkat al-Masabih , Forty Hadith of An Nawawi, Riyad As Saliheen, Kanz -ul- Ummal are the most common referenced books for Hadith. But they are not the books with Isnad. For the Isnad, one has to go back to the Sahih books.
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we're gonna move on to the second part of the three series, we're going to briefly talk about the history of the composition of the swindler in sha Allah, and mentioned the more important works. Now the purpose here really it is impossible in 40 minutes or 15 minutes, to give you a history of the of the competition, the sooner because that is something that spans over three, four centuries. And there's so much detail and so much topics to be discussed. All I want to do is point out the fact that it is a science in and of itself, that there's plenty of knowledge that needs to be learned about this. And the main thing, the goal of this lecture is at least so that you get an idea of the
main books that are present and available of the Sun of Hades, such that when you see something referenced and you see a footnote, and it says For example, Muslim dad me, you have an idea of what this book is or where it's coming from. Okay, or it says the anti cancer a murder or you know, certainly was that he? What is this talking about? Do you basic ideas assault, you really can't go into too much detail of the disabled, the preservation of the Sunnah and a short lecture like this, but inshallah we'll try to at least give a basic idea of what occurred. Now, contrary to popular belief, the Sunnah of the Prophet. So the love is the num
was written down, right? The process was started during his lifetime. This is something that most people don't know. The fact that the prophet SAW them sooner was being written down while he was still alive, is established beyond the shadow of a doubt.
it's so happy that our beloved nominative in the house when he used to write down the Hadith of the Prophet serum, adult came to him that should I write everything he says, even when he jokes should I write this down or not? Okay, so the process of him said when he went to the process, and he said the rule of law, should I write everything down from you, even when you should write that down. So the processor pointed to his tongue, like this. And he said, Look to write, for I swear by Allah, nothing comes from this tongue except the truth. In other words, even when he jokes, he jokes, the truth. Okay. So Abdullah even
asked us to write down a Hadith of the Prophet SAW the law while he was setting them during his lifetime. Just as a side point, the prophets jokes are also the truth. There are a number of jokes in the process that he did. All of them are the truth, all of them, you can benefit from of them is the Joker it is to the old woman that most of you know, that came to him and said, he also will upgrade to 11 to intergender, this reporting activity, so the processor said, Don't you know that old women will never enter gender. So the old woman started crying and willing is that I'm never going to enter again. So the process Don't call me back and said old wound will never enter gender.
But when you enter Jannah, Allah will transform you into a young woman into a virgin girl, and then you will engine so she became happy. So the process of what he said was the truth old women and old men will not enter gender. When a person enters gender, he will be acquitted some 3030 3030 years of age, and it was at the prime of his youth. Likewise, in one Hadith, another joke was a prophet to phenom.
He said to Ayesha, or actually I said to him, right before his death by a few days,
he was sick with a fever, and he was facing the pangs of death. Okay, so both of them were sick and ill. So the profitsystem said, or I just said, Walter, my head, in other words, my head is really hurting. So the process of instead, rather, my head is hurting more than yours. Okay. So I should said, are in the process of, excuse me, or be tired today, the process that have said, What would be the matter? Why would you despair, if you were to die in my lifetime? In other words, a prophet is talking to us just listening. He's saying, if you were to die, why would you be sad? I would pray for you. And I would wash your body. And I would, you know, bury you. So what greater blessing could
you have done this? Okay, so he's trying to teaser is that even if you know, even though he was dying, right, he's trying to teach her is that what's the big deal? Why are you so depressed and sad? If you were to die now, I would wash your body and bury you. So the Ayesha responded, I'm sure you'd be very happy because then you could play with your other ones. Okay. So this is an idea of the profits of
the 50 benefits that the scholars derive from it is that it is allowed for a Muslim to wash the body of his dead wife and to bury that body. Obviously, it is preferable that women take over the washing of the bodies of women and men over the wash but washing the bodies of men, but in this joke, that the
processor himself, the fuqaha derived benefit, the scholars of Islam derive benefit in detail it is allowed to wash the body of a woman as long as it is allowed for the husband to wash the body of his wife. Okay? Now this is a joke of the process from yet, like the president said, Nothing comes from this except the truth. So how true it was look at what he told me don't even write my jokes don't. Because I say nothing but the truth. And it is because of this, that we have these jokes and we can benefit from them. 50 wise an athlete that was the first editable woman dealt with athletes, a woman will not enter old woman and old men will not antigen. The second have you dealt with that a man and
woman can watch each other's bodies after death, as long as they were married each other in this way. Okay. So how these were being written down during the prophets lifetime. Likewise, the prophets listener himself commanded certain companions to write down his ideas, a man came up to the process and gave a whole book and he says, I want this to be written down. So the President said, look towards the amisha, write down for a blue shirt with his name, write it down for him, so to have a road down with the process of engaging with the hope that he gave, and they gave it to this man, and there are other instances that the profit system would have his statements written down.
There, It is reported that over 60, companions of the Prophet system would act as the scribes. He had, if you like secretaries 60, of the PDF of the Sahaba, they would write during the prophets lifetimes as a foreigner or Heidi, they would write for the prophets of the Law Center directly
after the prophets death,
the companions understood the responsibility in preserving these narrations as in narrating the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and we find therefore that the major Sahaba narrated hundreds, in fact, 1000s of a Haji. In other words, they didn't they did not keep this knowledge to themselves. Rather, they would give us they would give their head office, they would have their circles and they would nourish these Africa. And the most, there are four or 500 that have narrated more than 1000 100 of them is Jab Jab, Jab,
Jab, Right Hook now, Abdullah Abdullah in our bus. I share the life of the prophet SAW Selim RS diplomatic the servants of the prophets of the Lord send them Abdullah even oma and the hobby that narrated the most Hadith ever that we have in our times today is Wu hora de Allahu taala. And Abu hurayrah narrated more than 4000 of the profits ahead is no Sahabi narrated this many a dislike of overdoses. And there are many reasons for that of them is that the profit that kind of made a special draw for him. This is authentically narrative that he made a special two out of water they came and complained to him. He said yeah, don't sue the law. I memorize your headings but I forget
them. So pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala makes me memorize them and not forget them. So the process of made a special droppable formula that he would not forget the profits that Heidi
likewise when someone was asked one of the companions was
asked, how can you elaborate more than many companions yet you will only Sahabi for three years ago Herrera came to Medina around 788 at any cost, the prophet said three years. So I said, As for the other Sahaba they had their businesses and they have their farms. So they would come and then they would go back us for me I would live eat and sleep in the masjid. He was of the people of the suffering that the Prophet mercy assembly would have had a section in the back for poor people on a sofa, they would not have any specific jobs except to accompany the Prophet they have given up their worldly possessions. And they just wanted to live with the prophecies and see what he did. So I will
forever because 24 hours a day, he would be with the profits of freedom in that manner. Therefore, he narrated I was one of the reasons he narrated one of the most prolific cannae narratives of addicts, and also one of the reasons was that he died and he passed away at a later date and many other other companions. He passed away 5757 after the Hydra, and many of the competitors died within the first 30 years of nature have lived a long life. So that was another factor that aided avalara in reaching the status. The point is that the companies understood this responsibility. And therefore, they spend their time and energy in collecting ideas and then narrating them to the
tabular into the generation after them. So it is not surprising then that each of the major companions established his own school. When we say school, we don't mean a physical structure in a building with a titan aboard outside, we mean that they had students that were well known. For example, Ayesha has only five or six students that are well known that whenever you hear their names, the first thing that comes to mind are the students. Likewise, even the above. Likewise, judges likewise, likewise, so even your almost all of these companions, right, they had students that they had groomed, trained. And this what we mean by school is that they formed a core group of
students that became well known to be the associate diploma through it. For example,
Okay, I think that'd be funny. So many of the companions, they formed their own mothers, if you like that people would come to them and learn from them. So they realize this responsibility and likewise is have your own up to them realize this responsibility.
And this is also during the time of the campaign or the later Sahaba, when the science of Hades, the actual science started to develop, okay, you have to realize the science of it said developed legislative science as a field and everything else like was the sciences of how do you develop, it was during this time, primarily, the top of your own and the tablets of your own, the generation after them, when the sciences of Hades reached their peak and reach there, it flourished during these times. Another phenomenon of this era, is that
it became understood that if you wanted to learn as he would have to travel,
in other words, traveling for knowledge became a standard amongst the people of this time, if you wanted to become an alum, or a pilot, and you're not going to sit at home, you're going to go Firstly, you're going to study from your own aroma in your city. And then you're going to leave your city, perhaps to come back towards the end of your life. Which is why, for example, Bukhari and Muslim and these people, none of them, stayed at home and wrote their books. All of them went around the entire western world, because it was in the depths of, of Boko Haram, you know, where bajada is, and some of the fundamental states of Russia. He went all the way to Iraq, and the Arabian Peninsula
and Egypt and here and there, all over the Muslim countries, Yemen, everywhere he went, and then towards the end of his life, he went back to his home country, obviously in the middle also he went back but to settle there, he went back to his end of his life was the major amount of their times. So the point was this phenomenon of traveling to seek knowledge develop, and this had a primary effect on the preservation of the sooner
obviously, because each companion went to different places. Okay, we had companions that remained in Medina, we had companions that left for Makkah left for Iraq, okay, went to Egypt, they went to Yemen. So therefore the Hajji through the process of them got scattered and all of these places. Now when the traveling for search of knowledge came, then Bukhari, for example, could quote from all over the Muslim world, and Muslim widows and Timothy, and so many other people they could call from all over the world. However, the actual writing down of hygiene for books
to form a book, it did not start until Mr. Marley came and wrote his album walk.
understand what I'm saying here, I'm not saying these were not written before this. I'm saying, the people that will be hiding before this, they meant it to be their own personal notebook, note coffee. They didn't want us to be published, if you like mass distributed, they didn't intend that had these written in the prophets lifetime. These were written by the Sahaba by the by the tobacco Bureau, but none of them intended to have a book for mass distribution.
The first person to think of this was Mr. Malik in Medina, he died 100 and 79th century, but his more thought was written around 130 years old. So roughly, one 100 years after 120 years after the prophets have a very short span of time. The first actual physical book meant to be a book was written as for the first different now, what were they written down again?
When was the first ideas written down during the prophets lifetime? This is an easy refutation of those that say that, well, it came 250 years after the processor. You say yes, Buhari came to refer to us, but the shape of the shape of the chef and the chef and the chef of the Mojave, they started writing their ad during the prophets lifetime.
But like we said, the first one to write a book and intended for distribution was and what remained Malik.
Now, there is a PhD dissertation done by chef Mohammad Mustafa allomi, a modern scholar, he did it in Cambridge University. It's called an is printed in English studies and early Heidi future in this work, which is, by the way, amazingly, one of the few works that was written in English, and then translated into Arabic because of its benefits. Okay, usually the books are written in Arabic and then tries to every language has other majors are located. He's also the one that did the task of
Zaman, many, many, many books of Hadith, Mashallah, he's still alive to this day.
His his PhD was so unique and interesting and beneficial. It was actually translated into Arabic, and it is our standard reference for modern students of knowledge. What did you do in this book, in this book, his PhD, he combined he compiled the names of hundreds, hundreds of people that wrote down a hadith in the first 200 years of Islam, before Bukhari and Muslim,
the Sahaba nanocarrier owned in the cemetery.
He compiled the name and the authors and how their books were and some of them are still in existence, all of them the person manuscripts that they used to write down, who did it amongst the earliest scholars, in order to refute the idea that had these were not written down for the first 300 years. Because Because the Catholic orientalist and the modern Muslim, the modernist Muslims, they say that Hadees have not been preserved for 250 years or 300 years. So she must have an album he when he did his PhD. He
refuted by proving beyond a shadow of a doubt that there are hundreds, in fact, 1000s of works that were written down during the first few centuries of Islam. Now the question arises, what happened to these works? Where did they go? Right now in our times, we don't have that many?
The answer is very easy. Firstly, because of the fact that there were personal manuscripts are not going to be preserved like a book. Okay? It's a different thing, when you have a personal copy, you know, the children, the grandchildren, after a while, it will just get lost or not, you know, preserved after that. But more importantly, more importantly, these works, were absorbed into later works, so that there was no need for the earlier works. Let me repeat that. Suppose for example, once you had a few handouts or flyers like this, okay, 10 pages of a headache, another share, hire another 10 pages, or 15 pages, remember, it comes along and studies from both of this year, and he
gets all of this,
then he's going to include all of this in his body. Now, why would a student of body go back to these little 10 pages or 15 pages, when all of these ideas have been preserved in sight? So therefore, what happened was the smaller works of the first few centuries on the first to the first one or two centuries, they were absorbed, if you like, into the later works of the third and fourth centuries of the hero. And the greatest proofs for this there is one manuscript here which must be mentioned. It is known as this behavior of handyman, even Manabe, okay, this means the manuscripts are the small any tractor you'd like a small book of hammer even whenever. Now, as we know a winner
of the last one was one of the founders of or one of the one of the people that founded his own school hammer they wound up it was one of his main students. So Hammami even went up they wrote down the hadith of Abu Varela.
And it is round 180 that he recorded in a few sittings that he had with him over. Okay, I'm not even more of a guide in 110.
So how long he would have been wrote down this track. Amazingly, this track exists to this day,
what he wrote down from Abu hurayrah it exists to this day and he died 110.
Now, a modern scholar by the name of Hamad Hamidullah, who is also still alive, probably reaching his 100th anniversary a year now, I mean, he's over 100 years old, 90 something or something, or he passed away when I didn't even know last year. Okay, I have Allah May Allah forgive him.
He had he was in his 90s 9697 when he passed away,
he discovered this manuscript in the early part of this century 1920s 1930s it was in the museum of France, he discovered it. And the amazing thing was that this manuscripts these 110 houses, every single one of them was founded Bukhari Muslim
when did have been would have been died 110 When did you write this tract probably in the 60s 70s of the hedgerow, okay, in fact, probably would have bought it already. So nobody was allowed to move even early to the 40s or 50s of the age of one big Bukhari and Muslim lived 250 260. This is now beyond the shadow of a doubt we have a physical manuscript, okay. of her mom even went up by that his track not not in the management of a hater honeymoon a bit, and we have around 110 120 Heidi's, every single one of these a hadith is narrated by either Bihari or Muslim or both.
And the amazing thing is, for example, if a Muslim narrative Hadith, he will narrate it mentioning that this is from the Python,
again, proven beyond a shadow of a doubt that it existed in his time, he saw it and he benefited from it. And the final, if you like, piece of the puzzle is email, it is Muslim. He narrated these 110 Hadith as a whole as one little booklet. In other words, he just took that booklet of phenomena when a bit and put it in his Muslim. So this proves them in that same order as for Bukhari Muslim, as we're going to discuss a little while, they were concerned with the text of the Hadees. So they had 50 arrangements, Qatar was set up first and then Zika, and then Hajj. So they didn't place the 100 candidates in that order, as remount. He wasn't concerned with the fifth he was concerned with
collecting and the order of the Sahaba. So he plays to this whole track this whole cipher, as it is, he took it and he put it in his book, with the same sound hit back to hammarby. And with a bit from a Beretta, from the Prophet solo.
So what does this show you? It shows beyond the shadow of a doubt that the earlier works of hygiene, they were incorporated into later work, such that there was no need to then to narrate or to preserve the earlier works. But amazingly, this type of human wouldn't be worth preserved as a proof that this is what occurred. Okay, so what this is what occurred, and
the flourishing or the peak of the science of Heidi's history, it reached its peak in the third century of the hero, the third century meaning 200 to 300%.
As a hitter 200 to 300. This is when the habit sciences of Hades reached its peak. And this is during this timeframe, most of the books of Hadith were written.
So inshallah, we're going to discuss some of the ways in which these books were written some of the methodologies that were employed by the an AMA, because you have to realize how little processing, it's a huge field. The question arises, how are you going to write about it? Are you going to arrange them? According to who narrated? Are you going to arrange them according to who you heard it from? Are you going to arrange it according to what it's talking about? Or how you can arrange it. So based on this, the AMA, they had different methodologies for arranging the added to the process of lower I send them the earliest to appear. The earliest methodology after the multimatic asked for
the more thought It is beyond classification, because it is appeared before all of this, because it was the first you cannot really nicely categorize it into any of these categories. It's a little bit of everything. Okay. But we'll talk about some of the ways that they were written Firstly, the earliest thing that really appeared was the Muslim Ed works. Muslim, m us an ad, Muslim, the works in English, the Muslims works, they wish to arrange the Hadith according to the Sahaba, who narrated them.
So for example, you start off with, for example, a worker, all of his Hadees, then all of this has been done, but not all of it, and then it and then all of the habitats, any universe, okay. The most famous Muslim is by
a Muslim, Muslim, Imam, and Muslim. Remember that right, and when you say the term Muslim, like just like that, the first thing that comes to everyone's mind is you must work with compiled over 13,000. Heidi, it is one of the largest collections ever to be written of original source heavy,
one of the largest collections, and it is obviously in print, and 100 of that ship now has started a topic of literary critical editing of it, it has reached almost 43rd volume, and there's still another six or seven to go, perhaps in 50, or something volumes is going to be complete. Of course, there's going to be a detailed
and critical study of it as to the book itself, you can get it even in eight or nine volumes, or 10 volumes depending on the the the text, but it is a large amount. 30,000 heavy.
Another famous Muslim is a Muslim, of the pale, even Muslim who died 276 this Muslim was the largest book of Hadith ever written, far surpassing that of Imam Ahmed.
I speak in the past tense, because this Muslim is not available in our times it is missing. It was written many different amounts, the past talked about it, some of them quoted from it. But in our times, we don't have a full copy of this Muslim. Especially after the crowfall came and invaded our land and they took away the manuscripts, you might ask how can we have so many manuscripts in France and in Germany, specifically, most most manuscripts outside of the Muslim world are in Germany right now. Okay. Why? Because they were the ones after world war two and other other battles. Even World War One, they started to steal the manuscript for the Muslims, and they took them away to their
countries. Therefore, we have manuscripts in Princeton and Harvard. We have manuscripts in England at Oxford University and the School of Oriental and African Studies is a very large collection of manuscripts. We have manuscripts, so many different places in the world. Holland, can you believe Holland has so many many? Okay, this happened because they stole it away from the Muslims when they invaded their lands, and then they left and they took it all away. Some Some people say that this was that is still in their hands, because we had it recently. I think there was a reference 200 years ago show Kenya I believe References So the fact is that recently this this Mr. Wood, it was in
existence, but we haven't seen a copy of it in our times. So May Allah strengthen it and he caused me to see the light of day this is a Muslim who works there other Muslim works, but these are the these are the Muslim mathema is the most famous and the Muslim
is also famous, but because it doesn't exist not many people know of it. After this another if you like category of books started to appear that have
only sahadi that the author's intended by this work to include only Sahaja and leave out all of the body for fabricated all of these highly. Okay, again, there are many works written, but two of them, which everyone knows occupies status above the rest, and Jamia ahead of Muhammadu Buhari, who died in 256 digital sign of Buhari 256 in Asia, and likewise up to here as a Muslim even as a judge of Australia Mr. Puri, who died in 261. Okay, these are the two famous books of Sahih Sahih Bukhari and Sahih. Muslim. Okay, which of the two is more authentic? Sahih Bukhari is more authentic. Which of the two is better?
organization by Muslim is better. Okay, if you want to find a hadith it's much more convenient to look it up and say Muslim because I Buhari was not arranged as easily as a Muslim and the repetitions are far more assignable. However, you can have one as it may be mentioned 1015 times in different chapters, okay, whereas a Muslim, it's very rare for a petition to occur, put it as a primary place. So both of these two words are authentic. If you ever find the Hadith and xibo, Holly or Sahih, Muslim, no and have full certainty, that 110% of these two books, every single editing is authentic beyond a shadow of a doubt. Okay, some of the amount of the past two or three and maybe
one or two of the present they have tried to
talk about from maybe like five or 10, hundreds of Muslim and Bukhari. But really, they are not correct in this. The fact of the matter is that Bahati and Muslim, the vast majority of the roadmap, apart from these four or five people in Islamic history, have accepted that every single Hadith without exception is authentic beyond the shadow of a doubt. Okay, and this is really the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala upon this movement that he has even granted them such a hadith and it is a blessing upon the Mambo Hadith in my Muslim, but after the book of Allah, their names are mentioned. And if you read their life and their struggles for compiling the ad, you will see why and
inshallah they were so sincere, and the trials and tribulations that Buhari faced in his whole life was so great, that in the NVR, to pray for his death, because of the difficulty that he was facing by his enemies. And so we see that even though he and he might have died in his situation, yet Allah wrote for him acceptance amongst the Muslim such that the book of Allah is not mentioned except the cyber qualities mentioned right after it. And this is really the blessing of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Other works of so here are some studied Nakajima, Hosea,
he died 311 HD, okay, even though Jose Ma.
This survey was written, obviously, complete, but within a short period after the author's death,
a lot of which went missing, perhaps three fourths of it. So even for example, even hajra, who came 852 He says, I haven't come across a complete copy of it yet. I've only come across one fourth of it. Okay. Now, many, many centuries went by, and the people thought that this must or this is now missing totally, it is not exist in the manuscripts are gone. Amazingly, Sherif Ali, who we talked about in the last lecture, by the miracle in the world of Allah subhanho wa Taala, he happened to be in Turkey, looking up another manuscript, where he found within the pages of one manuscripts, he found another page there. Okay, so I'll flipping through, he came across the page that wasn't meant
to be there. Missing, it was like shuffled up in the wrong place. Upon pondering over this page, he thought that it might be a fragment of even the Hosea this you can only get through in threes this level. Okay, so this gave him an incentive to search further in this library in Turkey. And amazingly, he found the 1405, Nicolas Emma, that even hydroset I only came across one fourth of it,
shipped an album in our time, he came across this one fourth, this was in the 70s, roughly, and he published it for the first time, after hundreds of years, hundreds of years, decided nazima was published. So it's available the one fourth of it in four volumes, not every idea has the same look whose aim is authentic, because even Hosanna was not as few like picky as Bukhari and Muslim, but a large amount. For example, any in general, if you see a hadith inside Nakajima, the general rule is that it is authentic, but it is not 100%. You had another idea, a workbook of advisors was a student, even if he had been given a bank data 354 hijiri. And he wrote it for him in his bank.
This is a very large work. It is printed now in 16 volumes. So hidden, hidden, is printed and arranged by one of our latest color. Once again, not every bit of naked done is authentic. But but the majority of them are. The reason being that even Jose right, and if they had gone both of them, they had a very strange or not strange but unique idea. And that is that if someone is mentioned in the chain, and you don't know anything about him, that he's okay, he's acceptable. You might not know who he is, and you know, what is his level of hedis as long as no one said anything bad about him. But no one said anything good either is acceptable. Now, none of the relevant parties agreed
with this. But because of this position of theirs, they made a lot of headway ahead, which we're not saying. So this was the main point that both of them fell into. So because of these, this reason, not every had a society of uzima as well are suffering. And there are other words also, after this came yet another concept and that was the concept of sooner, the sooner works.
In the student works. The author is wanted to emphasize the 50 aspects.
They want to talk
About the thick of the headings, so they arranged it according to the chapters are starting off with, for example, washing for hotter than with hotter than with the car than with hydrogen with Jihad than with transactions than with marriage. In other words, they try to try to get a logical sequence of chapters to understand easier and they compile the ideas and put them in those appropriate places of the future. As soon as the important Sooners are as soon as
a dad me who died 255 engineer
soon enough, Buddha would be standing the famous sooner who died 275 at the tsunami of 100 years either be the manager who died 300 or the magic I 279 sorry. And as soon as I have administrative unnecessary, unnecessary, some people say unnecessary, but another is a stronger way for me to say who died 303 100
this week tsunami of a data hophni who died 385 and as soon as they happy who died 458. Now as for the center of activity, the proper name is not as soon as it is Jamia Jamia but in reality, it is closer to the sun than it is two other words so many of your LMS data forsan meaning student avida would write soon and telemedicine activity manager and sooner
undecide these four sooner.
Another category of heady literature is more Jim works. Another margin works in general are arranged according to the shapes you heard them from. So for example, I go to Iraq and I listen to one ship to ship three ship for ship arises ID number one then number two, the number three number four, then I'll go to Syria. Right, the ships I heard there, and I'll go to Yemen. So I'll arrange it according to the chef's that I heard it from. Okay, this is a general way of more human some there. There are some exceptions.
The item who made this way famous there was one item, he wrote three books, and he called all of them and more Jim, how do you set them apart, he said are more enjoyable and more enjoyable also than the original Soviet. Okay, the big margin, the medium, the medium margin and the small margin. All of these the works are in print and available, the margin of the computers in 22 or 27 volumes is pretty much that much. Okay. The margins you will also see is 10 volumes, and the margin was 32 volumes and print. Okay. So this was a scholar, like we said by the name of Paul Bharani, he died 360 hitter. So these are the three mortgages of a Bharani. So when you say for example, a more
German it could be a double Pavani you know what he's talking about his largest collection. Now, this doesn't mean anything when it comes to the house. It could be it could be life, it could be fabricated, because of the quantity of a heavy module COVID has, I think 20,000 I mean, a huge amount of it, obviously,
is basically his whole collection of heavy avantis. Okay.
There are other ways there are other methodologies of compiling it. But these are the four main ones and what's known as the tsunami and the origin. These are the four main ones and there are other ways as well. I just like to point out that
when we say the six books, right, in reality, these six books don't have any special status over the other books that we mentioned here. Except the fact that if you want to look up a name of one of the narrator's it's easier to do. So that's all it is.
In reality, when we say for example, soon in a city movie, or we say it's in most of the data as soon as the media is of the six books, does everyone know what the six books are? we'll mention them quickly. Bukhari and Muslim. These are the two sign books. Okay. Then I would I would attend Mary and Lisa and imagine
you know, it's common to say six books, six books, these are the six books without any desire even imagine. Okay, in reality, there is no preference acceptable hardy Muslim over any of the other works, in the sense that it is possible that I've had it since I was in Sweden, widowhood will be so high or like, it is possible that I
had it in Muslim didomi or as soon as a theocracy or have a more general thought on you might decide. You're not going to gain this knowledge except from Dr. ohanian sai Muslim. The fact of the matter though, is that these six books, Allah subhanaw taala has written for them acceptance the most the Muslims, it doesn't mean that these are the only books that many people misunderstand or miss. mistakenly think that these are the only books of similar No, they are the most important works Yes, without a doubt.
And Allah has written for them except us in the sense that if you wanted to buy a copy of a Timothy, you probably find it here even in this city. What if you wanted to buy a copy of a savani you probably would have to go to Arabia or Egypt or someplace. Okay. So the point is, Allah has made these books acceptable to the people and so many people have discussed them, talked about them, explain them in detail, written large commentaries about their hobbies, talked about their men, the region
Other people in the chain and a greater detail in other words, but don't think that these are the only books of the sooner.
Yes, without if you wanted to start studying, the sooner you study these six works first. Okay, these six works, you start off with them, and then you go you branch out, but doesn't mean that if you find it, for example, in botany, or in biology or in a diet, I mean, it's not a headache.
So, make sure you understand this point, there are hundreds of works of heddy, written in the first four or five centuries, Allah has put these six words along with them more, but what the Imam Malik, the most famous of all of them, but there are still other works. And the fact of the matter is that in general, you will not find the Hadith in the other works, except that the meaning of it is found in the six books. Okay, for example, you're not, you're hardly ever going to find the heavies that has an extra 50 points that you won't find in these six books. There is there's a reason that they were so famous, and that is their comprehensiveness that if you put all of these six books together,
basically, for the most part, you have the sooner preservative. Understand this point.
I just want to mention before we move on, that a lot of times you'll see references in English and older books also, which are not source references. What do I mean by a source reference? A source reference is a reference that when you go back to it, it is the first time that that had it has been compiled, and it hasn't it's not a student, it will tell you, I heard it from so. And so we heard it from so and so heard from so and so we're reading from the profits below Center. This is a source reference, unfortunately, because of the fact that many people who are not qualified to write write
about Islam, many times they reference books that are not source references. So for example, they say 40 he says No way. 40 hadith of no way is not a book that you reference. Do you see why? Because if you were to go back to this book, and no one will tell you I got this idea from a cinema. And I got this heavy from a boy and I got this heavy from winnemucca. And I got this from Mr. Batman.
And he won't go to the sun.
Also, I know we went did he died 600 something, right. So it is not proper to reference a hadith to a non source work the work that existed or was written a long time ago.
I mean, a long time after this. Likewise, for example, this one, one book actually made a note 40 Hadith. Another book that is commonly references and know with which other work did you work?
To find out Hey, okay, I know Israel, the father in these two is a very beautiful book, but it's not a source book, you don't reference this book. Okay. It's a book that it is very beautiful, and it is one of the most comprehensive books that every Muslim should have on his shelf. And in fact, if you were to ask me, What do I recommend that everyday Muslim reserve Hadees? I would say we do the following. It's available in English in many translations.
I really don't I'm not a physician say which translation is the best, but there are many translations available. And this is without about one of the most practical and beneficial books for every Muslim to read at the same time, it is not a book that you reference, why for the exact same reason, no, we said I took this hadith from here I took it from there. So whenever you see a person referencing to real dishonor he know that he is not really scholarly in what he is doing. Another book that is famous is Michigan and Wisconsin wasabia. And this is by island by the name of activity z activities he also lived in the sixth seventh century. Again not a source book is a book written
and is a compilation of books later on. Likewise, another book is among various accelerators. Why am I mentioning these names again, because many times you see these names referenced in the footnotes and these names are not source work so realize them when you see someone saying quoted in a country with an E accelerate What could he have a Missouri once again, this is not a source book, this island came and he compiled a lot of the headings from the books that he raised them like in order to compile a book now of heavy Okay, it's not appropriate to reference me quoted in you know, as we'll call this book on this subject, no, you have to go back to the source book and quote from
there and the last book that I want to mention that is not not a source book, but yet is commonly found in English literature is the case in in Hindi is consumed from consumer math. Because math is the largest collection of Hadith under two covers.
Considered Amal consists of over
20 or 30,000, Eddie's arranged topically arranged by topic, okay, so to reference the head is to consider a mouth doesn't mean anything. Because the author tried to make an encyclopedia of all of the ideas ever to come before him. He tried to make it a comprehensive encyclopedia. So you see, what's the point of referencing it because the number doesn't mean anything. yet. It is so common. You're reading a book, and you see where it says have you found found in consumer consumerism
In over 40 volumes in print, and it is really a book that is meant for the scholars. It's not a book that the average person goes back to and quotes from. So the fact that you see this book, always, by the way, we have so many books in English one of the ways to tell scholarly books apart from non scholarly one is when you see the reference given to the classical sources, you see someone saying go back to autonomy, the Volume One a 361, had it number 6000, or, or 4029. This shows you this guy has done some research. Whereas if you see, go back to the other partition of nowhere, this guy is just, you know, taking up a book and writing his own study. And if you look at the, you know, the
scholarly works, you find this as a way to tell them apart. Those are one of the ways those that are referencing to the scholarly works and those that are referencing to non source works. Okay, quick topic before we conclude and open up the floor for questions. How do you search for hiding? someone tells you a Hadith, how do you know where to find it? Well, frankly, this you need to be a student of knowledge, but I just want to give you some idea, okay, a person that doesn't speak Arabic or is not aware of the science of hygiene cannot do this.
But just to give you an idea, there are many ways to search for a healthy, the most common you can say there are four ways. Firstly, by the narrator or by the it's not, if you know that about whatever for example, or even you might,
for example, a chef or even a homer or job but if not Abdullah for whoever narrated the Hadith, there are certain books you can go to, for example, Mr. McMahon's mustard or there are other books written by imagine others, where they arranged all of the headings by the habit. So and in certain ways that if you go back to it, even under the house, for example, where it has so many 1000s of how do you look under him, you look over at who narrative is it
then likewise under that you will find chapter one, Emami will not pay for chapter two, even a city in California Chapter three so and so from Ohio. So if you have the slides in front of you, it's very easy to find where the head is if you go back to these works, and then they will tell you this is found here this and this is found there. Okay. The second way is that you can look it up according to the method or the the texts of the IDS alphabetically.
And there is a number of books out for example, the suit his book, he has a book on genre genre, where he raised the Hadith, all of them like 1000, over 20,000, alphabetically.
First start off with Hamza, then you go to bar, then you go to the top and alphabetical one after the other. Okay, so you have the metal of the Hadith, the exact Arabic phrase, you can look it up alphabetically as well. And chef mouth has been banished by Rahim Allah, he has done a topic of this Jeremiah service. And it's available now Sahil, Janice COVID and life are generously which every student of knowledge really needs to have if he's interested in looking up.
The third way to look up headings, which is a longer way is by topic. So if a for certain headings deals with, for example, how often to give the car on agricultural products, then long drawn out ways you look up
books of Hadith as you go through it with them, and so and so or the faster than that, you go to certain works written by the football, for example, Google monologues that are specially meant to talk about it. Okay, talks about sada talks about Hajj talks about fasting, there are certain books that I wrote, that dealt with only 50. So you look up these works, and you look up the chapter that this, this has, it will come under. And then once you find that it has it, for example, the guru in Milan, which has been translated, he will tell you this had a desire, he didn't assume that he for example, so then you'll be able to go back and look it up yourself. Yet another way, the fourth way,
is by any word in the body. And there's only one book that talks about this, it is called as more German mafara available in nine volumes in Arabic obviously, what
the project that was envisioned
in the early part of the 20th century by a group of non Muslim scholars, gaffer's was to compile a concordance of the words of the Prophet Heidi slowloris. And why so that if they wanted to find the Hadees all they need to know is one word. For example, in the mail and Albania, you can look up this Hadith, in inilah, in Amman, or in a near you just need to know one word, then you go. You go to this book, and it will tell you that this headset is narrowed in here, here, here and here. Okay. Now the question arises, why would a group of coppers you know, scholars, paid by certain governments well known which governments paid them and finance them be interested in doing such a
thing? Can anyone guess?
to refute Islam,
to refuse the heading to the processor center. Look at the passion and the journey, if you like,
Germans, or what's the good word for doing the efforts that they put in
To do this work, it took them you know how long it took them, it took them over 35 years to do this work, obviously, it's going to be a big thing. 35 years to do this work, team after team, a whole generation died, another generation came every book every six, seven years, and one volume was released, until finally in the 1960s, the last volume was released the ninth volume. And this book is so good that it is a standard reference for Muslims. Now.
I have it in my library, every student of Hadith needs to have it in his library, it's not possible to be a student of it in our modern times, except that you have to rely on this work of kofod because it's that accurate language.
It is called as more German bufala followed
by a group of Oriental they didn't put there. They have a group of Oriental listening. Okay. And how was this discovered, by the way, it's amazing. They didn't intend it for mass distribution, however, one out and while he was visiting the doctor, while he was visiting Germany and other countries, he happened to come across this project. Okay. And obviously, those people were in dire need of some experts. Mohammed was up he was an expert in specially categorization, and even heavy, okay, this puppy lived around 67 years ago, recently in our times this century, so they were in need of him. So he said, I'll help you out, just give me this amount of money. So they thought he's gonna help them
not just for the money. What he did was, he took one copy of the manuscript, he took one copy or one collection, he managed to get one set of it, and he went immediately to Lebanon, right, because at that time that went on was the place where printing occurred, and he started printing this book out, or else the actual goal was that this book was not meant to fall into the hands of the Muslims. It was meant specially for scientists and scholars of the Kufa to call them scholars or to Harlem, ignorant people of the Kufa that they wanted to refute and attack Islam, but it was the will of Allah that Allah expose them. And the Muslims benefit the most from this book in our times, the
kuffar hardly know how to use the references will only be really any scholarly amongst initially, as to the average Muslim Student of knowledge, he has this book and he benefits and he references it, even though is the Godfather that wrote it. So look how Allah subhana wa, tada changed the planet, the kofax use it against them, they wrote it to defend or to attack Islam. And now the scholars and the students of Islam are using it to defend Islam. Okay, so really the story, here's an interesting story, someone should really write an article, even a book on it to see how this book was written and exposed. But like I said, if you want to look up a Hadith, and you know any of the words of the
Hadith, any of them, you can look it up in this work. And more generally, it will tell you that this has this narrative here, or here or here, and then you can look it up there. The last way, is the easy way out. You look it up by computer.
Obviously, the scholars of Hades didn't have it this way. But people like me, we need to use it. You buy a nice, fancy CD, make sure you have a computer that has a CD player, and then you type in the word and you press enter. That's not that difficult, okay. But obviously, you need to have some background has to understand when it references how it references, and when it takes you back to. There's many, many programs that unfortunately, problem is most of these programs are written by non scholars, they're written by people that just want to make a quick buck or two. So what happens was you get you, what happens is you get a lot of mistakes, a lot of misspellings, you might type in a
word, because they didn't type it in properly, or they didn't scan it in properly, he won't come out the way you want it. So it's not a guarantee. Therefore speaking from experience here, the computer age is not going to revolutionize Islamic,
you know, fought or law or anything, it's not going to for the simple reason that the people that are doing it are not tearing them up. And there are certain things again, it was a bit complicated, but you just cannot, you just cannot put in onto a CD, the way that it needs to be in your head. This is a miracle of a lost presenter, all of the facts come together in your head, they cannot come together in the CD. Suppose you want to look up a certain headache, but you only know one wording of it, then we'll have this we'll be able to tell you 10 2030 pages that are related to it, but not without wording. If you did that CD search, you might be able to find two headings with that word in
it but you will never find the headers that meaning. Okay, you need to have intellect in the brain. And this is why really the computer age is not going to revolutionize the way Islam is learnt or studied or taught nothing. Yes, you benefit from it, I benefit from it. But at the end of the day, I still have to go back to the classical ways of finding it. I use it as a stepping stool as a tool that I cannot rely upon the computer and no no no one can rely upon the computer to do exhaustive searching of the headings. One last point before we conclude How do we know has its authenticity? You know we hear lots of heads we hear this and that. Okay, well how do we know I didn't
authenticity. Frankly speaking, there is no simple way. If the Hadith in Bukhari Muslim, your job is done for you.
If it's in
other books frankly speaking there is no simple way to confirm that it is authentic or not. But there is a certain priority that the books as soon as have for example as soon as even a
pseudonym is that he is the most authentic of the students in terms of authenticity followed by student visa route followed by the john Mary Timothy followed by even imagine So, even if you have this idea in your in your head when you see a hideous incident and is it the chance that it is vice are much less than if it is for example, imagine Okay, likewise the other words after them Muslim ambassador for the most part, for the most part, it is authentic, but it has many ahadeeth which are very slightly weak, not even there are so biased but they're not by a virgin. So that doesn't help you a lot. In reality, the student of our times he needs to rely upon the works of the ruler of the
past what did he say okay, what did the unknown we say what is it what did so and so say obviously in our time is your chef and his buddy has done a lot of work in it. And again, no student of knowledge really can afford to be without his work. So our times he has discussed over 50,000 ideas in detail you know 50,000 ideas in detail and you will only appreciate his knowledge if you benefit from it directly. Because this person illustrates that I've revised through him the sciences of Hades of our times and there's a lot that he has done a lot of hidden a lot of work that he has done, but there is no simple way to check if a healthy person or not you need to firstly be able to
speak or read Arabic. Secondly have the books to go back to if you have a little bit of knowledge it's not that difficult, but at a zero knowledge level or you know beginning English student of knowledge level it is practically impossible except by asking the people of knowledge. So what this shows you the importance of relying upon important authentic books Okay, relying upon it or not, for example, some of them I have a man who is actually a bunny he is not going to quote a hadith except
that his way that he's not going to quote any advice any any editing course in any of his works in his opinion is authentic okay. Or if you're in hospitality, he also made this joke he made this condition and he has a quote in his body and I don't mention his base is at least acceptable hazardous okay. So, again, there are certain tricks of the trade, but in reality there is no simple easy way to know if it has his life or not, except by asking a student of knowledge or an item and this is what we need to do other than Of course, relying upon authentic material body wisdom and then books that people that you know that the only talks about authentic it
without inshallah will conclude this talk and the next talk will be about basic hygiene terminology, what is the what is life? What is you know, how do we know the different categories of it, it is a bit more advanced than what what has preceded so someone has something to do with Sharla is no big deal if they take a break now because this is a bit more advanced the sciences of Hadith. Also, if there's any question or anything that is vague inshallah we'll take it now. subhanak Aloha.
Will sudden the fact that Zack was a student of Abu huraira was founded data 253 Ah, this is quoted in a lot is the copy published authentic. What do you say about this? Well, in general, I'm gonna zap with was not a student, a verbal writer, rather, he was of the teachers of body and his life as a result of Yemen lived around 200 fidgety, he passed away around that time, I have already passed away 56 issues, so there's a big gap between them. And the result was not a student of Abu huraira. But he has a book called Amazon now. This is one category of heavy literature that we didn't talk about, we talked about as soon as masala is yet another category you want to write this down if you
want. It deals mainly with the actions of the Sahaba today,
if you wanted to know what a worker thought of an idea of 50 or more, it's minor highly overrated or so and so the first place to go back to are the muslin networks. And there are two works that are the most famous and Masonic works. muslin. nefab grows up and muslin, the Tivoli Abbey shaver both of them are in print. Okay, these works they primarily deal with the actions of the setup. Okay, again, both of them are huge, some of them The result is 12 volumes will finally be shaver.
The Indian printing is 10 big volumes, big volumes. Okay. So, these are huge big works. They primarily deal with actions of the Sahaba and the sort of after them
Why do many consider avoiding a liar example she are simple. If you can, if you click out over her, you click on half of the sooner okay. If you if you if you make a boveda out to be an evil or a bad person, then you have basically succeeded in destroying the sun now the profit solar center, I wonder is the preserver and the defender of the center. Therefore, do you know that sacrifice is hilarious? The orientalist goes on and on and people they say about her
As a figment of the imagination, he never really existed. Okay? And when you study and you study whoever it is, the tactic that the Cabal will resort to to destroy the sooner are actually hilarious. Okay? Whenever we know so much about him and his mother even, and the Hadees that he narrated, and people have written, my shift
allows me another alchemy, not that alchemy, he had a PhD and I'm
all about him, his life, his times and his works. Okay, now for the sculptors. He's got the guts to come along and say he was a figment of the imagination. It's really ludicrous. It's it's Do you see how desperate they are? Just to get rid of this one. So we find that a bajada is a source of attack, that she has attacked him, and the kofod attack him and the modernists attack him. Everyone attacks him. Why? Because by attacking him, you attack half of this, okay?
By saying that it's hard to tell the Hadith is authentic or not, and what's the status and benefit of your regarding? Please be careful to what I said. I didn't say it's hard like this, I said, It is hard for the layman or the one that has no knowledge. As for the students of knowledge, as for someone who studied hygiene, as for the scholar of Hadith, it shouldn't say sophisticated, but it is easy. It's not that difficult, especially to look up with your LMS said, I can do this, you give me pretty much any edits that you find in the works out today, within 510 1520 minutes, depending on what the as he says, I can look up where it's narrated, who said what about it, that easy to do. But
for the average layman who doesn't have the books who even if he had the books, he doesn't know how to use them? This is almost impossible. So you know, be careful what I say is not possible in our times instead, for the one that has no knowledge or for the ones that can't read Arabic for example, there is no way that he can do do it to an advanced level.
The other side that he should be in shelf but not for reference. What does it means that why do we keep it?
When I said it is not a primary source of reference? I mean, that when you quote a hadith don't say you found it in the other hand, say that it is narrated by Timothy of Nehemiah and Buhari because he Mama, no, we will tell you where it was narrated. This is what I mean. I don't mean don't use it. I mean, when you do use it.
Follow what I know. We said no, we will say in the mme Albania narrated by, for example, as we'll call it, when you caught that headache, you might have gotten it from No way. Right, say from behind.
Don't say from the other side. Because the other part is not a source reference. I'm not saying it's not a reference you don't have on your shelf. I'm saying it's not a source reference that you quote.
I said the source reference the primary versus secondary. I mentioned that some books have secondary references. Like a no is rather funny. It's secondary. You don't call this you cause the primary references like we'll call it Muslim without remedies. And imagine these are the ones that you want to demonstrate soon. And and gentlemen, the difference which we didn't get into because of time constraints is that the john mayer is more comprehensive than the sooner the sooner and only talks about legal aspects. Fifth, why is the German would include for example, Sierra, for example, that is, for example, the fifth with the sun and works will not talk about the seat because the seat is
beyond them. They are only concerned with they're only concerned with the fifth legal German, a very sad thing Mary and also genre well, Bukhari they they're not only restricted to film,
they talk about a lot of topics, you know, study of CS history EMA and a lot of stuff. That's why john madden is comprehensive. Everything is included here.