Channel: Ammar Alshukry
The basic meaning of Khushu is the softness of the heart, its being gentle, still, submissive, broken, and yearning. The source of Khushu that takes place in the heart is the awareness of Allah’s Greatness, Magnifence and Perfection. The more awareness one develops, the more Khushu he has.
Ibn Rajab Al Hanbali wrote a treatise on developing Khushu in Salah, a short book beautifully translated into English. Learn deep lessons that will affect your prayer and your every day life.
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So we're going to be accela over the next couple of weeks
reading a book by irredeemable Hanbury Rahim Allah, which is an essay, really, it's not that long of a book, it's probably around 40 small pages
on a tour of his Salah, which is for sure is one of those phrases that it's kind of hard to just translate in one word, but for sure is translated as humility, concentration,
focus in prayer, as well as a number of other meanings. And the idea that we'll be doing a better job. Mr. Lau is a great scholar of the embodiment hub. And he wrote a number of essays that were translated into English
by particular, I think,
publisher called Data Center, and they have this series called the data center classics that have published different essays of illegible Hanbury on different topics, a wide variety of topics. So he has one on the meaning of law in the law, he has one on the desire of fame, and wealth. He has one on an essay on knowledge, the knowledge of the setup, versus the knowledge of the height of the knowledge of the early generations of Muslims versus the knowledge of the later generations, he has one on the Hadeeth of bass an essay on the explanation of the Hadith arena, bass were the prophets of the bison and told him to
preserve the commandments of a lion allow preserve you. So all of these books were translated. And so the idea in Charlotte Allah is that we're going to read over these books, once we finish one, we're just going to jump right into the next one. And so we get a variety of topics. But at the same time, we're able to progress in reading the essays of this particular scholar and becoming familiar with one of the great scholars of Islam. They've been a bit humble in his works. So
the books are pretty
concise Sharla. So I don't imagine that we're going to spend more than two months, or eight sessions on any one of the books, and we will be doing readings. In the class, we'll be reading over the book, because this book, I'm pretty sure any one of us could read in an afternoon, right, but we're going to kind of digest it over a longer period of time. And by the way, there's a lot of benefit to just reading, a lot of times
people expect when you attend them and you know, a class at the masjid to go over a book, you expect that you're going to read a line, a single line, and then the presenter or the shear whoever is not going to explain what Bismillah Alhamdulillah, he means for 25 minutes.
And that doesn't necessarily have to be the case.
A lot of times, you get a lot of benefit just from reading together. And
before someone says, Well, if we're just getting to read, then what's the point of me coming here, the point of coming is to ensure that you actually read, because you could have read these books on your own, you know, they've been on little Islamic library for the past 15 years, probably. So if you haven't read it in the past 15 years, and what makes you think you're going to read it now. And that reminds me of an African proverb that says if you want to go fast, then go alone. But if you want to go far, then go together. And I found that to be very, very true that when you're in a group going, that's why, you know, more people graduate from on site institutions, colleges and things
like that, but those who do online learning, right, because you're kind of doing it by yourself, and you're not part of a greater wave or a greater graduating class. You don't have that support system. And that's what part of this is the support system. I've, you know, read lots of books with my chefs, if we do this union, a lot of times it's just just reading, and he'll be like, just read. Okay, are you going to explain this to me? No, you understand English, right? Or you understand Arabic, you understand what the instructor is saying. But, of course, there'll be times where we'll stop and reflect over some issues with deeper meaning. So
usually, what we'll do is we'll just have, I don't know if this format is camera friendly, but just someone read, and then we have somebody else read and then somebody else can read as well. But it is a bit involved reading a child off so let's get to know the author. Let's let's begin at the author
Whenever you're reading,
one of the etiquettes that we've learned whenever you read from an author is at the beginning you say a thought and if Rahim Allah, or you say the author said, may Allah have mercy on him or her. Okay, so that's the first write that an author has, that we're now going to be consuming their knowledge and their effort, then the least that we can do for them is that we pray for them. That's the least that we can do. As one of them. They said IBM become a telco and now a lot of Dana, they said it's an evil thing. It's pretty awful of you that you learn from us and you don't seek mercy on us. Okay, so that's the first etiquette which is you say? The author said, may Allah have mercy on
that. So we come to
the author, which is Page Six, our page 12
page four, which is who's our reader
somebody with a booming voice?
Alright, let's go into
the beginning. Yeah.
The author of is a boo boo Faraj.
He is the Imam and half is Zeno, Dean of the rock man, even of the rock man.
Even al Hassan even Muhammad in Abu abode Baraka, Massoud and salami. unbeli imesh. T is agno Minh was up to Faraj. And his nickname was even Rajan, which was the nickname of his grandfather who was born in that month.
He was born in Buffalo dad in 736. h, and was raised by a knowledgeable and pious family. Okay, just stop right there. So the first thing that we learned is here, he's an office of wood polish. Does anybody know what a half is means? protector, protector. But the half with here, when you're talking about the historical scholars of Islam is completely different than when we say half.
A half of here is not related to memorizing the whole lot. Because that's not something special. In the sense of a scholar of Islam, you see, half of this here is with regards to memorizing of heidy. It's understood that a person who's a scholar of Islam of the caliber of up to a gym, or anyone much less than him, is a half is a whole lot. In fact, that was the first step in seeking knowledge. that's step number one. Right? It's like having that's like graduated from elementary school for that. So that's not something that's your big title. And how fifth is a person who's memorized around 100,000 Heidi, that's who they would call it halfway. So when you hear it half an image about
half with even hijab and half it at the heavy these names, it's referring to their head love Heidi, that's not referring to their head.
He learned and took knowledge from the greatest scholars of his time. In Damascus, he studied under even play game of Josie, Zeno Dean Rocky, in Annapolis, Muhammad Ismail Havas. That would have been Abraham allotter.
or Java or Java and ASP net even abdulhadi and many in Makkah, he heard from a father of man even use of new ad
in Jerusalem he heard from a half his ally in Egypt, he heard from Southern Southern dean of those but I will may do me and Sierra even Alberto. So we have here he was born in Buffalo.
But he moved to Damascus. And he studied under a lot of people and these are either his shoe for his contemporaries. So he has a little tamer Josie and the famous student of even taymiyah as one of his contemporaries.
and many, many others. And he is well had many students.
Liam is also one of the people of the well known scholars of the handling method as well. So
as well as you know, pay.
Okay, go ahead.
Many students of knowledge came to him to study under him. amongst the most famous of his students were the boss, even a co worker even early and many of dogfather hammered it.
Bin Nasser bin Ahmed, that will be eventually man Elmo CD of the Rockman. A bin Ahmed Mohammed Al Bukhari, Zeno dean of the Rotman events when a man event
are they allowed the event alarm, old belly and even sayfudine allow hamachi very good.
Even Roger devoted himself to knowledge and spent the vast majority of his time researching, writing, offering teaching and giving legal rulings.
Many scholars praised him for his vast knowledge, asceticism and expertise in the Hanbury school of thought, What does asceticism mean? You guys know what that means? asceticism, so he's being praised for his vast knowledge that I think that's understood. asceticism is one of those English words, that's a translation of an Arabic word,
where they translate the word and it doesn't really have any meaning in English, but Zoot is the Arabic word that and what is Zhu Zhu is not having an attachment to the dunya. That's what asceticism is a person not being attached to the dunya, he had turned away from the dunya. And, you know, these scholars, they basically lived their lives
in a very dignified way. But the dunya was just simply not their major concern. It was not there, you know, some of them to the point where they never got they never got married. Mm hmm. No, he, you know, commented about marriage. And he said, If I ever remember to do it, I would have done it. Like I wouldn't had a problem getting married, just, it wasn't something that was really on my mind. So they,
they did not really see, they saw the dunya as being a just they saw it as being a bridge that hooked up to the ACA, and that's all they wanted from the dunya.
They weren't completely impressed or unconcerned with what you're doing, you have to offer in a really unbelievable way, in a really unbelievable, and that might be part of why they were able to really accomplish the things that they did.
Even parties, Sherpa said of him, he read and became proficient in the various fields of science, engrossed himself with the issues of the mother until he mastered it. He devoted himself to the occupation of knowledge of the text effects and meanings of the Hadees. Okay, here, here's an important question. He
even read about him, buddy. he mastered the hamady method. That's what it says he mastered the Humvee method. This brings up the cool tangent or cool question, should you follow a method of Yes or no?
When you're trying to learn? Is it better for a person to sit there and say, Okay, I'm gonna learn according to the Hanafi madhhab, or the mighty med hub, or the shaft or the med hub, or the Humvee? mehtab? Or is it to just say, I'm going to learn according to the son of the Prophet cellulitis, and and I'm not going to follow him. And
what do you guys hold? Oh, four cohort of main center as
soon as better. Like, if you're a student, and you're trying to specialize, you would probably you it would be better to stick to one mother.
Until you master it, okay. Until you master it.
So any of you say, yes, until you master that method? And you say, not blindly. So does that mean you should follow a method or no, you should not follow that up. Okay. Great sisters. What do y'all say?
You should follow method. Which one?
Whichever one you want.
I mean, it's better, I think, to follow according to what most people in the society follow, because it's easier. Okay. Very good. So whatever is your local communities method? That's the method that you should go with. Okay. Very good.
Anybody say no, you should not just go with whatever method is convenient in your seat.
I think that's easy to say when you're living here, but if you're living
in different countries,
well, if you're living in a different country, shouldn't you follow them at that country? Yeah. But I mean, if you're, I don't know. I just I think that the sun is kind of the first for someone who's coming into song or being exposed, which for the first time, that should kind of be your baseline. Okay.
Yes, sir. I mean, with the with the emails did was disqualified. So it took to some, every method has that in it and it qualified it. So taking one of the bedheads is just actually a path. They put it into a system where you can follow it. So
If you take any particular book where you might start off with tobacco or something like that, it's formatted in a way that you can understand if you follow that way, it's a path for you to follow. Now, when you get to a certain level, then you can say that you're going to look at other schools, but you're using a school as a means of learning that, and you have the option of looking at whatever, like you said, local scholars, very good days, you have access to all of that wherever you are, in most most cities, and most places usually have access to people who have some knowledge. Very good. Did you guys hear what he said?
Not really. Are you guys hearing what I'm saying right now? Okay.
Sounds good. No reaction. So I didn't know what was happening. Okay, good. So what was your name, when he when he saw a leader saying is that the method is just a path they want, the scholars did have the myth that it is they qualified, the sudden it's not like they were making it up on their own, they were looking at the whole island this or not, and they were extracting from it, their school of thought their principles that ended up codifying their, their schools. And so when you are following a method, what you're doing is you are simply following that structured learning process that they've created for you. And
my experience has led me to believe that if a person simply is not a student of knowledge, they're just a person who wants to ask a fatwa. Then you just go, and you ask the person that you trusted the best. And the person who you believe has the most knowledge in the most top level law, you're still going to blindly follow. As long as you don't have knowledge and you're not learning, you're always going to be a blind follower, you're just going to choose who you're going to blindly follow. That's all I mean, whether you go and ask whoever chef at the end of the day, they're going to give you an idea. And they're going to give you a Heidi, and you're going to say okay, I believe you are
they're going to give you every eye on the topic, no. Are they going to give you every idea that's ever been narrowed on the topic? No. They're just gonna tell you this is what the photo is. And then you're gonna say, what's your proof? And he's gonna say, this is Heidi? And you're going to say Yes, okay. All right. He's not going to give you everything, or she's not going to give you everything, right, because you're not a student of knowledge. And so at some point, you have to submit that you're a blind follower. The question then becomes, who are you going to blindly follow? Are you going to blindly follow shifts, so and so from your message? But would you rather blindly following
my madaket? Yes. Are you I'm shafie. Remember, algo hanifa. And if you're going to blindly follow the people who say follow method, they'll say, Well, if you're gonna blindly follow the guy at your message, the mama your message, then why don't you follow someone whose scholarship has been accepted for the past 1400 years. And with the entire oma testify, as it says, This person is an email, might as well just follow it up? Why not? Right. So that's the argument of following up for a person who wants to study, like they actually want to progress year after year and become a fatigue, then following a method is the best way. And the best way is to follow the method of which you will
be able to be instructed. And so if you are living in a town or in a place where everybody is happy, and all of this you are happy, then it makes sense that you follow the height of your mother. And that's not that's the one that you use. It doesn't make sense that you'd be humbled in a place like that. Or if you are in a town or a place where everybody is humbling, then be humble, and learn through them. And then maybe later on, you'll reach a level where you'll be able to judge between different things. But people usually begin with the app and the information that they have accessible. And an important rule with regards to seeking knowledge is that if a person does not use
their local resources, they're not going to use international resources. There are some people who for years of their life,
are walking up to everybody saying, where's the best place to go study? where's the best place to go to university? So the university Mauritania,
Syria, where is the best place to go study? Right? And they're asking that question for a decade. And if they had just sat down for two years in Houston and memorize the whole dynamic, that is a slam Yeah, it would have been better for them. Right? And that's why they say you don't travel overseas to learn in a second. You don't you don't need to travel overseas to learn to dream, you can do that anywhere. And so the point being here, is that any
if you don't use up and learn, and that's what all other scholars did, they always benefited from what they had locally, they learned from the shield that they had locally. And then once they've absorbed that information, then they would go and they would travel. And allies again, no stress, okay.
Even harder said of him. He was highly proficient in the science of hobbies, in terms of the names of reporters, their biographies, their paths of narration, and awareness of their meanings. This is the other meaning of half of that, by the way. So one of the meanings
We set is a person who memorize 100,000 Hadith. The other is a person who has just reached the level of mastery of Heidi. So here he's he knows the names of the reporters, their biographies, their paths of narration and awareness of their meanings. So this is a person who's reached the level of mastery and Heidi
even muffler set again is the share the great scholar the half is the aesthetic, the shape of the handle the mother and he authored many beneficial works.
He wrote many beneficial works, some of them outstanding, such as a wide Cobra filfil which we'll talk about which it was said it is one of the wonders of this age is commentary to our democracy is said to be the most extensive and best ever written so much so that it all be about boom, even harder said he was the wonder of his age would ask for his help when compiling his own commentary to the same book.
Okay, so he wrote a commentary to it, Timothy.
He also has the next paragraph here says more ever, he has many valuable monographs explaining various ahaadeeth such as, I don't know what a monograph is. Does anybody know?
Now wait, a really short book about one specific topic. That sounds exactly right. Thank you.
you sound like you looked up the definition or immediately. Okay. So that's a very short book on one specific topic. And that's exactly what this book is, right? It's a monograph.
What are these books on Hadith madhvani. j, Salafi Elena. So this is the first one which is the Heidi, and these books, what we're talking about these essays are translated in this classic series. So these are the books that inshallah we're going to go over over time. The Hadith. The first one is
the explanation of the Hadith where the prophet SAW the light he has set himself to wolves that are hungry, and unleashed on
sheep is not more dangerous. So two wolves that are unleashed on on on sheep are not more dangerous than a person's desire for love and wealth.
Okay, that is the metaphor of the province the license that gives for the danger and the harm to a person spirituality and religiosity and afterlife of wealth and faith.
Okay, the second is STR and odesza. disarming meta Elana. So this is a long Hadith where he explains good deeds and since this hadith is a discussion the prophet SAW the lightest and says that he saw it in a dream, his Lord and His Lord told him he asked him a lot as we can ask the prophets I said I'm in the dream, what are admitted Allah what are the angels discussing debating? And the province of the lightest Adam says that God forgot the expectations and Adela jet and the things that are sent make you a cent. And the things they expect since it's a very beautiful Heidi and even Roger explains this Hadeeth then the next is normal if the batteries are hotseat, and maybe they even have
bass so this is an explanation of the hadith of Ibn Abbas the famous Hadith where the prophet SAW success preserve the commandment of Allah Allah will preserve you and maintain the commands of Allah you will find a lizer good with you and if you ask the nice camera payments and the three numbers and then you have
cash will corba fee was fee highly a little more about the removal of corba have difficulty in describing the condition of the people of the people who are considered the strangers so this is also an essay that you wrote, and there are a few essays that are not mentioned in this biography that are also translated that inshallah tada we're going to read of them is the explanation of Kadima to the last explanation of Layla have a lot
of them is the beautiful Hadith where the prophets on the lightest and it says none of you will enter Paradise through your actions. And then the companion said even you He also lied, he said even me unless a lot envelops me in his mercy, right so this whole aspect of the grace of Eliza yet this hadith is explained by a marriage of as well. Okay.
His works of defeat to seed include the Sultan of Colossus with the five titles, this was enough
his Hadeeth works so you see here that he's anytime that you see this scholar writing on lots of different topics that shows you their level of scholarship, it's very rare that you find a person who has more than one expertise and one of them more than one speciality. And so when you see someone writing on different topics, and they're all being accepted, and they're all considered
To be great works, then that is indicative of a rare scholar indeed and that's why maybe out of the 1000s and 1000s of scholars that have passed through the centuries, it is one who's so well known by him Oh my god. So it Hadeeth his works include shop in an activity for the body shops I had Buhari and Jeremy illuma sharp Ella Timothy, so he explained to me the he wrote a book called vertebral body Have you heard that word name before that's provided?
by Chopin falsehood body, which is the famous and the most famous and accepted commentary body
is not by a bit rigid is by even hedger, an Egyptian scholar who came later, but he used the same title, federal body, shops around Buhari and also the last commentary here on Hadeeth is jamming room with Jacob, the compendium of room of sciences and wisdom. And this book is explained as explained, translated. This book is translated into English in that title that I mentioned. And it is an explanation if it took you guys all know the you heard of the 40 Hadith of the Roman No, you're right.
What he did is he explained all 40 hadith of 42 Hadith, he did his own commentary on it. And then he added eight more to make it 50 no ease was 42 and it just says, These are a great 42 but I have eight more that I think would really complete and are just as important as the 42 that Mr. manoli mentioned and so he made them 50 and he called his workout I don't know when he come and it is a very very very popular explanation of the nollie Heidi's in fact his works included is to watch fiac and hot rods. So this is a book on Zika and Alcoa either to clear up or legal Maxim's and biographies is worse include the monumental there Alibaba Caitlyn Hannah Bella so the biographies of
the Hannah Bella scholars because that's his school of thought, and in exploitation meaning and meaning heart softeners in books on admonishments, his works include life and my minute the policemen enough policemen are not is a description of the Hellfire it's called invoking fear of the hellfire.
Okay, who is our reader in Charlotte out of chapter one
and he's somebody other than
I feel free to any of I was just reading and it's like, it was hurting my throat.
Just make sure you project
for sure. With the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful that is his aid that we seek and All praise is due to Allah Lord of the worlds the half is and Allah ma Zeno been given even our chef Shaykh
Abdullah boss, amended bin Raja mela, filled his life with blessing said, this is a treatise which we have written concerning humility or shoe and the hearts meekness and braking.
Insert in case off in kisser before the Lord.
All praise is due to Allah mender of the hearts which have broken for the for his sake and by His grace, forgiveness of the sins of the
anytime I testified that none has the right to be worshipped, save a lot alone. He has no partner and there's nothing like him. I testify that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. He sent him with the guidance and the religion of truth, that it may reign supreme over all religions. He gave him the choice of being a prophet, King, or a messenger servant and he chose the station of the
conservative couple with messenger ship.
He would say he's allowed them would say Allah make me live as one lowly and humble miskeen make me die as one lowly and humble and resurrect me amongst the ranks of the lowly and humble, thereby alluding to the nobility and excellence of this station. Peace and blessings be upon him, his family, his companions and those who titling who hold tightly to his rope after him.
In his book, a lot glorious and most high has commended. Those who are Meek
Mill a bit before him and those who have broken in the face of his grand year rendered submissive cardi and humble Kashi in its presence. He most high says, you know can use at your own if you play a lot you either win or not or whatever, walk out
they are did each other in good actions calling out to us and yearning and on humbling themselves to us in them to see me and honestly imagine what meaning and mean it will quantity in our carnita to Santino sidecar to Siberian or Sakurajima Pasha in order to solve the pain on the party. So I mean, oh, sorry, Matt, what half a liter of water what half of it with that kid in a locker theater would kill it at the level of muffuletta wager and I'll leave up here at the point being here is that alum mentions lots of different pairings of men and women and then he says the men and women who remember a lot much know the men and women who hace anal Hotshots, they have for sure and the woman will have
for sure. He describes the believers as those who have for sure in the best action of worship, they perform and perform diligently But definitely, you know, that is you know, if you Salatin class everyone, it is the believers who are successful those who are humbled in their prayers.
He describes those who have been granted knowledge as people having short when they hear his words rehearse to them in an Athena or to him and he is I use an IRA him for
carnie Suja. We are co owners of Hanover, Ghana in Novato. rabina Lemma for Ola Coronavirus, cornea, cornea is either home for sure, I certainly would it is recited to them. Those who are given knowledge fall on their faces and prostrations seeing Glory be to our Lord. The promise of our Lord is truly fulfilled weeping, they fall to the ground and prostration and increases them in their humidity.
Now you don't have to do.
The meaning of for sure. The basic meaning of a shoe is the softness of the heart. It's being gentle, still submissive, broken, and yearning, the Messenger of Allah Allah Islam said, of a surety there is a morsel of flesh in the body, if it is sound, the whole body will be sound, but if it is corrupt, the whole body will be corrupt. It is the heart, when the heart is humble, so to is the hearing, seeing head and face. Indeed, all the limbs and their actions are humbled even speech. This is why the proper prompts allows on would say in his bowing, Roku, my heart sight, bones and marrow are humbled to you. Another narration has and whatever my foot carries. But this is a natural
thicket of that a person makes when they go into the fourth
part of we're going to learn this, but part of what creates for sure in your prayer is when you vary all of the things that you do, just like when you learn a new surah. Like you have to focus so much in your prayer to be able to navigate through it, as opposed to go to allow hadn't followed another follow up on these things. You've been saying, since you were a kid, you automatically go on autopilot. When you're driving home.
You can do a million things when you're driving home. Why? Because you know the way so well. Right? You're talking to your friend on the phone. And you're just chit chatting, and then you realize you're lost. And then when you're lost, what do you say to your friend?
Let me call you back, right? Because now I don't know where I am. And I need to focus. And that's the exact same thing. We go into Silva, and we are so comfortable. Because everything goes on autopilot. I know this sutra. I know this decade that I'm going to do I know this, what I'm going to say and Senator, I've been doing it for years. One of the ways that puts you in that mode of let me call you back. Let me focus I need to be president right now is by going a different route. And going a different route means changing up the things that you do in the salon. That's why there are so many different Escalade that you can make. It's not just one we just stopped learning. After
Sunday school, nothing there's nothing stopping any one of us from learning. You don't have to memorize the Quran. Nobody says you have to memorize the Quran, you know, share them and do it with teachers on Sundays here. One of the most beautiful things he said to me
is he said not everybody has to memorize the Quran but who says that everybody has to stop learning put on it's not one or the other. Right go at your own pace but it should be a lifelong journey for everybody. I should learn a new school every year every whatever I should there's nothing stopping me. So and once you do that you are even just let me vary through my solos in a little bit more organized fashion. I don't have to go through my go twos
all the time. And once you do that it helps you focus in the prayer I learned who thicket so this this particular one my hearing sight bones and marrows are humble to you is something that you actually say when you're in court. You don't just say so how to bid I'll leave that record. There's lots of other things that a person can say. Also, when you come up from a little court, you don't just have to say banana contempt, handling cateel mobarak and fee you can add that bit as a mouse or mill automata machine to machine but you can add that listener or image the hopper mark it to
Golden Era cart and all of us are slave to you. You can add that. And you can add even more. When you're going to do it. There's so many variety of things that you can actually say. Institute, right all of that, to make you connect to the prayer of more and more variety more focused.
One of one of the celebs saw a man fidgeting in his prayer and remarked, if the heart of this person was humble, so to what his limbs be, this is reported from Dave, Dave, lot one and save they've been saved. And it is also reported from the profits of a lot less of them, but it is not authentic. So this statement is a true statement that if a person's heart is, again, humbled is just one manifestation of this word, for sure. But the word that's used in the actual statement is
if this person's heart had for sure this person's body would have for sure, if this person's heart wasn't fidgety, their body wouldn't be fidgety. And so when you notice about yourself that you're just
you're touching all over yourself that's assigned to you that I need to bring my heart back, and I need to refocus on this.
marsudi reports on the authority of a person who narrated to him that alley.
alley even with a little robot wander set concerning his saying, although the inner home feasts are letting him or her Hershey own those who are humble in their prayer, it refers to the humility of the heart that you often your shoulder for a Muslim praying next to you that you offer your soften sorry that you soften your shoulder for a Muslim praying next to you and that you do not look here and there in your prayer. Okay, so these are different definitions that different Sahaba or people from the setup for the setup, the setup are generally considered the first three generations of the Muslims. Those are who the setup are Sal AF, your companions, the generation that came after them
and the generation that came after them. And why do they have a life special status and Islamic religious thought because the prophet SAW Elias and appraise those generations in particular, he said fatale guru McCartney, so melody and a Luna Hamza millennial, Hunan Province, the ladies in them, he said that the best generation is my generation, and then those who came after them and those who came after them. So he mentioned three generations. And so generally we consider the first three generations of the Muslims to be the best, the most religious, the highest as a group.
The first three generations and so you have the Sahaba those Sahaba are those who met the Prophet cellulitis and Omar believing in him.
Then you have the tablet in those who follow. Those are the ones who never met the prophets of the lightest Senate, but they met a companion. Then you have tag at Abilene, which is the third generation, those who didn't meet
the companion companions, but they met those who met the companion. So those are your three generations.
I think there's some benefit to becoming familiar with some of these names just in case someone is not familiar for the fifth media man.
In the second paragraph from the top, it says that her they say the moon will say, or they firmly in your mind is a great companion, he was the secret keeper have also lost a little lightness and love. And he was a mohajir. He migrated with his father, but he didn't participate in the Battle of visit. Because
the de familia man did not participate in the Battle of the devil because him and his father were actually captured by the machete while he was on his way to Medina. And so the machete came they took a they said will release you on the condition that you do not fight with mammoth otherwise, you cannot join the Muslim army. And so are they fair and his father, both accepted and then they went, and then they went to the total School of Law. So I sent him to the prophet SAW Salem is either they met him on the way to bed or they met him at bed or somewhere in that vicinity. They told us law send them of the oath that they took. And then the prophet SAW the light of Sam said, fulfill your
vow and ally as you will support us over them.
You cannot fight he told her the for that. And this is something that's really important. This concept is very important because a lot as he commands us to fulfill vows of Covenant, you'll have people who go and
try to commit terrorist activities.
In the US, and they are American citizens and their green card holders and their visa holders, and they're all of these things. And we say to them, these actions are how long? They're absolutely hot off for you. And they say, What are you talking about? How can you tell me that this is how long? Don't you look at everything that's happening in the Muslim world in this place, and that place in this place in that place? And you're telling me that I can't go and shoot up this school, or I can't go and shoot up this army base, or I can't do all of these things. So yes, hold on. Why are you an American citizen? Yep. your green card holder? You have a student visa student visa expired doesn't
Why? Because you took an agreement.
You made an agreement. The minute you said, I'm an American citizen, or you agreed to that citizenship, the minute that you agreed to that green card, the minute that you agreed to that business visa, or tourist visa, or student visa, or whatever it was, that is an agreement and the agreement, whether are the unspoken agreement is you are going to be allowed to come and work freely or stay freely or travel freely through the United States. And we're going to be safe from us. What
is that? Not the understanding? When you go to any country? Does anybody travel to a country believing that their wealth and their family and all of that are going to be attacked and harmed or anything like that? No. Right? It's understood. So that is a covenant. That's an agreement. And so if someone says, well, it's justified, we say if there's ever been a breach of a treaty that was ever justified, it would have been who they followed the law, and we're fighting with total civil law says, and I'm at the Battle of bedeutet. Budget,
the greatest battle in the history of Islam ever. And the most, if you're going to say any battle is justified, religiously, it is the one that's being led by the Messenger of Allah, so I send them we only read it, it is the route that we do home. The Blue jabril takalua in our own hammered, one of the the poet's he said, on the day of bed, when their faces were repelled, and when she came on that day to breed was under our banner. And
they said, this was the most praiseworthy verse ever written by the Arabs. Imagine a person say, Oh, yeah, who was under our better? how miserable. I said in the end, you agreed to?
There's no dream team better than that.
Yeah. Are they familiar man and his father did not participate in. And the reason why is because they, not the others, but they had an agreement. Right? And so these covenants, these are called covenants of security. And it's very important that Muslims, everybody understands that, that when you have agreements with people that you have to
protect, and respect those agreements. So we come now back to I don't know how we got to that. But we were talking about the different media man. That's what are they from your madness. I don't even ever thought him, of course, is the cousin of a single loss of Alliance lm and the husband of Fatima, his daughter, and from 108. And he is the fourth lady. So
That is his definition of for sure. He says that you make your your shoulder soft, for the person sitting next to you. And that is an art that people forget about some people you pray next to them, and they're like they're trying to push you out of the rope. You try to make your soldier soft. You try to allow and give that person room as much as you can. That is
here part for sure, according to it, have never thought it and that you don't look here or there. And that you.
You don't look here, they're in your fair. I thought in the site the report on the authority of a person that I deal with the law and essential short refers to the humility of the heart and that you do not look left and right. I'd never thought he narrated that even at best said and commentary to the above work verse. Those who are fearful and still
have to live now. He's the cousin of Rasulullah sallallahu in Eastern Germany, and he is the great scholar of Tafseer of this oma. It will show the narrative that it hasn't whose it hasn't.
Was it hasn't
it hasn't diversity. Okay, good. Very good. Actually. Whenever you hear l has an impulsive Dempsey or Heidi or Phil, it's always talking about hustle and bustle. It's not talking about it has an Ignite.
It has an has an event it is who is the grandson of a civil law senator, and has an embassy is a Tabby scholar who grew up in the house of Omar who grew up or learn in the house of homestead Emma, the wife of Rasulullah said that he never met the prophet SAW the light they said no but he
He lived in Buffalo. And buffalo was a city that was built by the Muslims during the Roman era. Right. It was originally a fort that became a city. And it has an bacillary. His he was a person who was described as speaking the speech of prophets. This guy has so many quotables in Islamic literature, it's unbelievable. Pamela, he's just were, his words are golden. So it hasn't been busted. He is someone who you'll find throughout Islamic, you know, the Islamic sciences. It hasn't. And he is the person when you hear
something interesting about him. He's the master preacher. He's the master preacher, and hasn't lived in a bustle in a time of extreme opulence and extravagance. And the people have basically been, you know, bustling with the happening city in a lot. And so it has an obviously has a lot of quotes that remind people about the hereafter. And he is somebody really to read about, that helps you kind of get through the world that we live in, because we live that same experience where the bustle of the 21st century where the bustle and now and he lived during the bustle then and so he really spoke a lot against the dunya Zoo and the importance of the hereafter.
He said humility had taken roots in their hearts. So their gazes were lowered and their limbs became subservient. Their gaze was lowered and their
limbs became subservient. Monsoor reported that Mujahid said the foundation of Georgia is a famous students we've been at best, the foundation of for sure is in the heart and quietude in the prayer. The foundation of for sure is in the heart and quietude in the prayer layth and Leith is Nathan inside. Nathan besides is the focus of Egypt. He was a contemporary of Imam Malik. By the way don't think that there were only four methods during Islamic history. There were many more methods. There were over 10 maps by different scholars but their methods died out. And these methods for whatever reason,
ended up lasting for 14 centuries. So at Lacey Melissa was the contemporary remand medic I might warn you guys with this or is this too much?
So I let him decide. So for example, let's take him out medics time in my mind if you're talking about he's after Abu hanifa
Imam Abu hanifa died in 150, which is the same year that you mama Shafi was born your mom Malik dies in 179. So you're talking about 29 years after your mama chef is a student of the mathematic. He dies in 204. And the mom is a student of Imam Shafi and he dies in 240. So you have a span of around 100 years here from 150 to 240. These are the four maps. They had contemporaries throughout Imam Abu hanifa was where
he's in Iraq right. Then you have Imam Malik who's where Medina for sure he never even left except to go to Hajj he just stayed in Medina.
While Mr. Malik was prominent and alive, you had a moment ozotic who was in Syria.
The mama knows that you had Imam soufiane authority who was in Iraq as well. Okay. So if you're under 30 is a contemporary remember. Then you had a daisy besides in Egypt.
These are all contemporaries and these are all giants. But soufiane authorities filk dies. And Nathan decide. In fact Imam Shafi who went and studied with him America until Mr. Malik died, then at some point in time went to Egypt. He didn't meet Lacey beside but he met his students. And he made his famous Facebook famous
a laser in the upcoming marriage. He said to me, late is even better in film than Malik.
But his students lost his knowledge. Part of what kept people going. Part of what kept people's knowledge was the popularity of their students, and the energy of their students. And the work of their students. Their students had to carry them to the next generations and their students had to take them across into different regions. And so a lithium inside did not have the students that Mr. Malik had. So in mathematic, school state, so
my point here is when you hear layth layth is a great Greek figure in Islamic history, at least in the side. He was the king of Egypt during his time.
He narrated that Mujahid said, and we said majority of the students were given a bus. Part of it is that the limbs be subservient and the gaze be lowered. When the Muslim would stand for prayer. The fear of his Lord would prevent him from turning left and right. So this is just a reminder for us to conceptualize if you take away nothing. This week, between this week and next week when you're standing in salaat. You are standing
You have an audience with a live soldier, the King of kings. That is when you're facing when your insula
every single time, your insula, that is what you're facing. The fear of his logo prevents him or her from turning left and right.
I thought I saw it, he said, for sure, it refers to the humility of the heart, and the subservience of the lips. When your heart is, has for sure, your limbs will have for sure as well.
Pay attention to that, when you go into salaat. You should try as much as you can don't go into the guilty discussions of how many movements are allowed in my prayer for my salad to be valid. Don't do that. Think about why I need to move at all. Right when I'm in the presence of a lot as Why am I being distracted? hold yourself accountable for every distraction. You're supposed to be distracted in prayer. What do I mean by that? I recently heard, you know, a chef discussing this concept of why is it that when I read on, forget insula, when I read Quran just I opened up my must have or I opened up with the app on my phone. Haven't you noticed that as soon as you open it up, a million
thoughts come into your mind. Right, like, as soon as you start reading, hold on, it's like,
all of these things are coming into your head. Meanwhile, when you're watching a YouTube video, nothing comes into your head, you're just
but as soon as you open up the must have in particular, and as soon as you enter into sulla, in particular, why? Because shavon knows that these two items, in particular give you the greatest return on investment. So Allah is the greatest act of worship that you do after entering into this Allah. And Allah is the best vehicle period.
And the scholars, they say whoever wants to hear their Lord, speak to them, then let them read the whole lot. And whoever wants to speak to their Lord, then let them enter into Salah.
Those are the two directions. Allah is communicating to you through the Koran, and you're communicating to a lot of solar. And so shaytaan recognizing that these two are the greatest things that you offer and have the greatest benefits to you. Those are the things where he throws in your haymakers. That's where he throws in his haymakers. Right That's where he's trying to just knock you out. And that is where you and that's we're going to get to this inshallah, when we talk about for sure, but that's one of the reasons why when you begin reciting the Quran into the Salah, you say, Oh, the laminations ology messy confusion a lot from saying that the outcast, because you recognize
that as soon as you enter into sola, you're not entering into a battleground. For those four guys or three doctors or to doctors, it is going to be a battle between me and Shay thought. And I need a lot as we just help to survive this battle. If you come out of the solo, like I have no idea whether I predicted on either three, or what the amount you decided, I don't know. That means you got knocked out.
The rough is counting to 10.
Come in, you're done. Okay, but you know what, you get better the second time. But my point is, for this week, you just need to be conscious of these things. And you need to know why. That when I read for and the reason why I'm getting distracted is because shavon is attacking me. And that's why when I read or odd, I'm commanded to say Ruby laminaria Thunder he
and I entrust us the lie say that also, right? Because a lot as I get is the only one who could help me guys shave off.
We're almost done with this chapter. Are we almost done with this chapter? We're almost done. And then I'll just kind of read through it. And then we'll be done in five minutes. We'll be at
the top of page 21 zoom in. He said, he said he said, my resume is a great, great, great email. Okay, great email.
He is the first person to compile Heidi. And he was commanded to do so or advise to do so by
the diocese. So you're talking about the beginning of the first you're still in the first century here. And the monsoon is the shape of your magmatic and everybody else in Amazonia is a big node of Hades, meaning all of the chains of narration of Islam. Go through a bit you have a story maybe not all but a very high percentage go through this particular individual. He is a great great, great scholar of Hadith. Okay, as soon as he said it is the quietude of the servants in his prayer. It is the quietude of the servants of despair. The set of the heart refers to fear and lowering the gaze in prayer.
Even Abu Jain narrated that Mujahid may Allah have mercy on him set concerning the words of a lot Most High will kind of identify it in and they humble themselves to us. being humble and meek with the wallet being meek a lot of the Most High has described the earth as having for sure it has hurt his words. We made it and MacArthur
among His Signs is that you see the earth hatia laid bare and when we send out a water on a quivers and swells, the meaning of his quivering and swelling is that it's bareness and stillness is for sure has been removed, and in its place vegetation grows. This then shows that the whole sure that it had was stillness, loneliness and lack of growth. The same applies to the heart when it has for sure. Its basic desires and thoughts arising from the following of carnal lust are laid to rest and it breaks and submits to a lot. The Mighty and magnificent, for sure replaces the hearts remoteness, hardiness, arrogance, loneliness. When it settles in the heart, the limbs, organs and motions even
the voice are still a lot of the most hype sated that voices have for sure and his words were Harsha de la sua, to manifest artist mo Illa. Hamza. So the author here is showing all of the different ways for sure. As mentioned in the foreigner in the suddenness of the Earth is called horseshoe What does that mean?
The voices will have to shoot on the Day of Judgment, voices will have for sure before the All Merciful and nothing but a whisper will be heard speaking about the Day of Judgment. The horseshoe of voices refers to there being still and quiet it after being clamors. In a similar vein, Allah has described the faces and the sight of the disbelievers which I'm sure on the Day of Judgment. This then proves that all of these limbs can have for sure so your face can have for sure your tongue Can I for sure your limbs cannot for sure. The last part here is hypocritical humility. What is hypocritical humility. We'll just read this part and then we're done. hypercritical humility. When a
person affects the shoe at displaying it on his limbs while his heart is devoid of it has fallen prey to hypocritical for sure, for sure. In fact, and this is what the setup would seek refuge from one of them would say take refuge with Allah with hypocrite from hypocritical. Sure. When asked what it was, he replied, that you see the body humble and submissive while the heart is not. So it's the person who's like this in the prayer. Say, dude, are you gonna fall over and relax?
Right? That's not that's not quite for sure. It's where a person is. No, you stand straight, like you're supposed to in their prayer, for sure is where it's the heart, the presence of the heart. And that's where I'm going to hop out of the library said, you know, he saw some people walking like this, you know, all like humbled and broken in the streets and he said, You guys are killing our religion. May Allah kill you.
You told him that. He said, You guys are killing our religion. What is this walking like this? That's not how you're supposed to walk, walk like a person walk with confidence. That's not you know. That's not that's not humility. Humility is in Mark. So he says my office right here. I'm delighted he saw a person with his Lord and said, Oh, such and such Raise your head for sure it does not extend beyond what is in the heart. Whoever outwardly displays more for sure than is present in his heart is guilty of hypocrisy on top of hypocrisy. Right so you know your place and you don't you don't make the kind of you don't try to force push your that you don't have.
We end here in sha Allah Allah, Allah Allah This
is an interesting look at a lot. A lot as a young he says to me, this Savio Salatin has to be able to elaborate harshly Allah says and seek help in patience and prayer. And so patience and prayer are sources of help for the believers in their daily lives. And a lot as it says, well in the halakha, viola Illa, Allah partially, but patience and the prayer are both very difficult, except for the people who have for sure.
Okay, so that is important because depending on who your president is going to be tomorrow, we're gonna need a lot of support and a lot of
a lot tonight.
We usually have an Arabic class after this. So if anybody is interested in stay silent, you're very welcome. Otherwise,
see you next week.
We have some more books. If anybody wants to