Sources Of Knowledge In Islam

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Ali Albarghouthi

Channel: Ali Albarghouthi

Episode Notes

A khutbah (Muslim sermon) on the mystical and rational tendencies in interpreting religion, and the supremacy of the middle way

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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In Al Hamdulillah Muhammad who wants to know when to stop

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when we let him in Sheree and fusina will see Tia Marina Mejia de la palma de la. minute little fella howdy Allah. Why should you Allah Allah Allah Allah hula hula shriek Allah wa shadow Anna Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam I'm about to fire in a halal Hadith the Kitab Allah tala hora de huduma Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Mashallah Marina de to her wakulla modesetting beta wakulla de tiempo, la la, la la la Latina.

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All praise and thanks belong to Allah, the Exalted, the Most High, we thank him, and we seek His help and aid and we ask him that he forgives us.

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And we seek His refuge from the evil of ourselves and the sins that we commit. Indeed, whomsoever Allah guides, no one can lead us astray. And whomsoever Allah leads astray, no one can guide and ever witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah alone. And that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is his slave and messenger. The best of speech is the book of Allah. And the best of guidance is the guidance of Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the worst of religious matters are those that have been innovated, and every religious innovation is a bid on every bidder is misguidance. And every misguidance is in hellfire. My bad?

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What is the source of our religious knowledge?

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How do we know who Allah is?

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And how do we know

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what he wants from us?

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in detail?

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The answer from a Muslim and from a more men would immediately be

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we know it from the book that our creators sent to us.

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The Koran we know it from the statements and deeds of the Prophet that he had sent to us Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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almost unanimously, we will say, it lies in these sources. Yet, despite this statement, we find differences between us

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in the oma

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and how we approach religious knowledge, and how we interpret religious knowledge and what we consider to be an authority

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in religious knowledge.

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And this are these differences are not differences that arise between individuals due to the differences that Allah had instilled, or had put in every and each one of us differences based on

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different understandings, different levels of knowledge, these are differences that are foundational.

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They're at the foundation of what we consider to be authoritative, at the foundation of what we use to interpret the religious knowledge when we receive it.

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And when you look at people, you find that people are different.

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And one of these differences is that there are some people who are who emphasize emotions. More than the mind, they emphasize the heart more than the mind.

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Others do the opposite, they emphasize the mind more than more than the heart. And you can notice some of these differences among the genders. But let us not even generalize even within the same gender it find women and men who emphasize the heart more than the mind on others emphasize the mind more than the heart. Some go with what they feel.

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Others need hard facts.

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And when you consider religious knowledge, in fact, you'd find that this even plays itself in religious knowledge.

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And not only in Islam.

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But in fact, in all of the religions on the face of this earth, and in the way that you approach life itself. And today in sha Allah and very briefly, we want to examine these two opposites

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and how they relate to Islam.

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One is the rational approach. This is the one that emphasizes the mind. its opposite is the mystical approach. This emphasizes the emotion and they are different, yet there is some similarity between them. They're different in what they emphasize.

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But they are alike in the fact that they try to reach the truth in tools that are unique to them. They are

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In the fact that when they look at the other opposite, they put it down,

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the rationalist would put down the mystical experience, and the mystic would put down the rational experience.

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They are alike in how they in fact, deal with the revealed knowledge, and how they put next to it or above it something else, as we shall see.

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The mystical experience. This is not peculiar or unique in Islam, in fact, mysticism

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is universal, take any religion, there is mysticism in it, or a branch of mysticism in it. In brief, what does that mean mysticism or mystical experience.

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This is for someone to seek

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the truth, immediately.

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Without mediums,

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you involve yourself in purification. And if you're familiar with religions, in general, or with that part of Islam, that does that, you'll understand what I'm saying, you involve yourself in series of purifications, you starve yourself, maybe you seclude yourself, you sit in a dark place, whatever.

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But you train yourself until you are purified. And when you are purified, you reach a state of enlightenment.

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And when you reach that state of enlightenment, you have achieved, we can call it union with the divine communion with the divine, you're able to receive directly from Allah subhanho wa Taala, or from God or from whatever that religion would call God, you will receive directly from them.

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And you are able to actually

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project some of what you have received to other people,

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you're able to predict maybe the future, maybe you're able to tell what is in people's hearts and and their minds.

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And once you reach that level, of course, then you have arrived, whatever that level can be called.

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And within Islam, there is some part of that

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has been imported,

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then integrated in Islam.

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And so you'll find some Muslims in order to receive the truth, they do the same exact thing. Go into a process of purification, constant remembrance of Allah subhana wa Taala in seclusion in the dark, they may even be advised not to eat and to fast continuously for days until they reach that level. And when they reach that level, of course, all the gates, the floodgates of knowledge will open. So you'll be able to see and receive knowledge directly into your heart.

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You can be inspired, you can speak the truth. So, you can hear about people as I said, you can tell them what is going to happen tomorrow. And they may know and it actually may come true or they will point to someone and say this person thinks this and that they know what is in your heart or they have dreams and their dreams come true whatever. The list goes on and on.

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And what we want to study here very briefly again, is how authoritative this thing is, this method is and these tools are

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considered here that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam said at Cana Kenya kuno fumine kubla Khan Minal Imani mahad dasun for a year confirmative in Oman, hottap.

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He says before in the nations before you There used to be those who are more Hudson inspired.

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And if it were to be in my oma it would be a more of no ha Pavarotti allow and

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this daddies as is explained in this hadith in Bukhari and Muslim, this Daddy, what is this daddy? So this ends inspiration. They interpreted as that Allah subhanho wa Taala puts the truth in the heart of that person and on his tongue since the angel with the truth, so when that person thinks something, it's true. When he speaks something, it is true. That is the Hadith.

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And you know that Omar? radi Allahu Allah was famous for that wasn't he?

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On more than one occasion, several occasions he would say something, he would suggest something. And Allah subhana wa Taala would send down the revelation and a a in the Quran that testifies to what he is saying and sometimes repeats it exactly.

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That's

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the law.

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So if we were going to talk about inspiration and this is not Prophethood This is not revelation like the revelation of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam as we shall see inshallah, if we have time

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this is something different, less yet it is from Allah subhana wa tada

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But does this fact mean that that person who is deaf

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is protected from error is protected from mistakes? Can it

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was brought the Allahu anhu himself protected from error in judgment?

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No, he was not.

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And I'll give you examples.

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And this is in sha Allah not to criticize Mr. Malhotra the Allahu anhu. Who are we to criticize?

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This is to point or to illustrate the fact

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when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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in the treaty over a day BIA went through with the treaty honorable hobro the Allahu anhu came objecting to it,

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didn't he?

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And he asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam why and how and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam assured him that this is from Allah. And yet he went after that to Abu Bakr radi Allahu Allah when he said the same thing and wobec repeated the exact words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that this is from Allah.

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Omar is inspired Maha death,

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but he can make a mistake.

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Well, you can say well, this is during the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in opposition maybe to an opinion or to a revelation that was given to the Prophet.

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Well consider that.

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Immediately when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam died

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on mobile hotspot was standing there swearing by Allah subhanho wa Taala that the Prophet did not die. And he went to meet his Lord like Musashi Salaam went to meet his Lord and He is coming back and He will punish the hypocrites who are spreading that rumor.

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Until who came? Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu

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and he asked Omar radi Allahu anhu to sit down and then he ascended the pulpit, the minbar and he told the people his famous statement that the truly permits the law he was in them is dead. Consider Who are you worshiping Allah or Mohammed?

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And again, I'm Orville Hata. The inspired one

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was wrong then. And then third time.

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At the time on New York, they were wanting to fight or considering to fight those who would help desica unabomber crystal dia Claudia law one who insisted that this is the truth and Omar came arguing against it.

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Abu Bakr was writing about the law and who was not.

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And all of these incidents, what do we see? Never did he? What are the Allahu anhu meaning Omar, come to the people and say, Did you not hear that the Prophet said I was inspired. Listen to me.

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And never did they? This because companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say, Our Prophet said he was inspired we should listen to him.

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And never after. When he disagreed with people over religious matters, did he say submit to what I'm saying? I am inspired. All of them at all times, considered that God was infallible what was protected was the words of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the student of Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in his statements, anything else and anyone else is subject to error.

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Even

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the law on who now consider if he is the best of them who had this and the second best value of Allah subhana wa Taala after Abu Bakr, karate allow and Can anyone coming after him? who claims that he is inspired? We can see the future or he has a dream? Can he present us with something and for us to accept what he says or what she says all the time? as truth from Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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A person comes for instance, and he says, I saw Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the dream. I asked him about this book. He says this book is good. Just because he told us he saw Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam in the dream and he recommended a book should we accept that from him?

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He's not protected from error.

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And they say about this Ilham, this inspiration

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and about dreams.

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They say only the inspiration of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is protected.

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Right?

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And only the dreams of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are protected from the shade on. Everyone else can be inspired by the angel or by a sheath on what you feel in your heart. Could be coming from an angel of Allah.

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From a shapefile What do you see in your dream could be coming from an angel of Allah or from the Shaitaan? How would you know? If they see you take what you are not sure about, to what you are sure about.

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And what we were sure about is the book that Allah had revealed, and the son of his messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so you take your dream, whatever that dream is, or his dream, whoever he is, and you compare it to that, or are you compare it to this and that if it passes, it's a good dream. If it doesn't pass, it's not a good dream, no matter who has seen it, and whom does he claim he has seen, it does not matter.

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In fact, the mystical experience is very appealing, because he can cut through immediately to the divine.

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The problem with it is that the shade time is lurking behind.

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And you do not know what you are receiving.

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And the path that will take you to Allah subhanho wa Taala has been outlined in detail by Mohammed Salah while you earn He will send them so you cannot cut

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you cannot cut roads, you cannot cut through. You have to

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struggle and study and learn and follow the path of those who came before to achieve gender which is the our ultimate aim.

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There is more that we can say about this,

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about what can be interpreted as miraculous feats

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done by some and what that would impart on them.

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We can talk more about the story

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of Musa alayhis salaam.

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And this story between Musa and illiberalism is an important story.

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It's important because sometimes it is used to say that there are two paths or way to Allah subhana wa Taala. There is the path of the prophets of Allah, the path of the Sharia, and there is the other path, the hidden path, which is the path of all hydrolase.

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And scholars disagree,

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was a prophet or not a prophet.

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And the stronger opinion is that he is a prophet of Allah.

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And if you just consider what we just said, about inspiration, inshallah, this will soon become apparent of why he must be a profitable.

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The question arises, if he's not a prophet, How did he know what the things he knew?

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Specifically, How did he know that that boy is going to grow up and be a cafe?

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Consider,

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you say, Tell me inspired. Just he felt it in his heart or sight in a dream. I say the shaitaan could have played with him, he is not allowed. Nor is any person allowed to go and kill someone because of a dream that you've seen?

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Or because you felt that he is going to be an enemy of Allah.

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You're not allowed to do so. How did he know? And the scholars say, well mafatlal to who and Emory I did not do this on my own or of my own. He must have received it from Allah subhana wa Tada. And if you receive it from Allah, for him, to be sure, it must have been protected by angels and this only happens, this assurance is always there. When there is one he is a prophet of Allah. Deus, he must be a prophet of Allah subhana wa Tada.

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The difference between their situation and our situation is that allegedly he was not obligated to follow Musa La Silla Musa was sent to the children of Israel, he all of us, on the other hand, are obligated to follow Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wasallam there is no other way.

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So if you want to go to and reach Allah subhanho wa Taala. Your only path is the path of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there's no other prophet or no other Wali who can come and say, I have a different way

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to look only had our stuff in La

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen Hamden, Catherine Pavan Mubarak and Fie also li li Muhammad, wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam Am I bad

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the rationalist would pull in the other direction.

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And again this is not unique to Islam or Muslims. This is connected

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Or goes all the way back to the philosophers.

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And in every part of religion, you'll find the rationalist and the rationalist emphasizes the mind, the mind comes first are very is very prominent.

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It either comes sometimes and for a lot of people it comes before the revelation itself. So, whatever agrees with the mind must be accepted, what disagrees with the mind must be rejected or reinterpreted because the only way that you can achieve and know what truth is, is through your mind. That is the only way

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and so, you will find even some Muslims are saying the exact same thing, whatever from the Quran and the Sunnah agrees with the mind, we take. What disagrees with the mind must be rejected or reinterpreted. And some say, well we knew Allah when you were the Quran, we knew this soon to be true through our mind, if we are now going to neglect our mind, if we compare them to the statement of the Quran and the Sunnah, we're going to neglect the mind and put the revelation first, then this would put or would cast doubt upon the ability of the mind. And we used that tool to know Allah, so we cannot compromise it. I don't know if that made sense to you or not.

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But the mind is supreme.

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And here, we have to remember that Allah subhanho wa Taala had created us and we are limited,

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had created us.

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And we are unable to go beyond the limited knowledge we have in the experience. And even when we talk about the mind, we should ask, what mind are we talking about? Is it my mind or your mind?

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Because when you look at people today, it is ridiculous to assume that if you they just use their mind, all of them are going to come to the same conclusion.

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That will never happen.

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Each each one's mind is determined by his experience by his level of knowledge, by his desire. No mind exists in a vacuum.

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And we have a statement from someone from a genius like a chef Abraham Allah

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who said in any lafley had done and he can handle it little bit sorry, heading into Eli. He says mind has its limit like eyesight has its limit. And this again is coming from a genius not just any person. Scheffer, he was a true genius, with an incredible mind and he is saying, this mind of yours cannot transcend its bounds, its limits, like your eyesight, like everything else that you have.

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So the rationalist commit the grave mistake of putting the mind first and subjecting the revelation to it. Instead of trying to understand the revelation of Allah subhanaw taala through their mind, and then Aftermath after that submitting to it,

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in what it cannot understand in what it cannot reach and what Allah subhana wa Taala says and tells.

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And you will find them

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either because of their reliance upon the mind or because of the pressure that they feel because they're constantly defending Islam and when they defend Islam constantly.

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it weakens their position it embarrasses them and the longer that you stay among the kuffaar The greater the chances that this will happen. They start feeling embarrassed and they start having or feeling the urge to reinterpret some of these things in order to stand under a better light in the eyes of the non Muslims. So all of these familiar issues about Islam and Muslims that are raised, woman in Islam, the treatment of non Muslims in Islam, jihad in Islam and what have you are given a rationalist flavor to it.

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And the book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are reinterpreted or sometimes even ignored for that thick.

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And I'll just give you one example.

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Not to discuss the example but just an example.

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The treatment of boys who apostate and leave Islam.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in a clear statement, you'll find that in Al Bukhari men but the Latina who fought to know the one who changes his religion then kill him, meaning the Muslim who leaves his religion then kill him.

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And then the rationalist would come and say, Well, this contradicts the Koran

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goes against the Quran. And so because of that, I'm not going to accept it.

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Which verses of the Quran do you mean? He says, well, the verse Thurman chef, a human woman Shafilea for the other one that he could not have been.

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The first one means whoever wills let him believe in whatever wants let him this believe the other one says, very famous all of you know it, no compulsion in religion.

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And you wonder,

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for so many centuries, the scholars of Islam did not see any contradiction between this hadith and those verses. And they have a section in the books of film about Pokemon mortared

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the punishment of the apostate.

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Yet we discover in this age in this century, in these years a contradiction and so we reject that Hadith. Al Bukhari did not know Muslim did not know all the scholars of Hadith did not know yet we just discovered it. All of a sudden, these times

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the contradiction is not in Islam.

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As the scholars have said, there's gonna never be a contradiction between an authentic religion from Allah and a sound reasoning

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could never happened. Sound reasoning, Allah gave you this mind. So there's sound reasoning common sense, it will be an agreement with something that Allah has revealed. And there is a contradiction. The problem is that either this thing is not from Allah, or you did not understand it right? Or your reasoning is wrong.

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Right? It's not from Allah, it's fabricated. So go and check your sources or it is from Allah. But he did not understand that right or third, your way of thinking is wrong, you need to adjust it. And here in this example, when Allah says women should have a new man woman should affiliate for this is a threat.

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This is not a permission was not given permission.

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You go to the living Kathy and poverty annual quarterly and read their the statement, all of them repeating it. This is not to give people permission to believe or disbelieve, this is a threat from Allah subhanho wa Taala. To believe for people, like you say to someone,

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I'm strong, you want to try me Do whatever you want, right? This is not giving him permission. This is threatening him that I'm going to punish you. If you do something to upset me. And you look at the wall in hakomi Robbie, come and say this is the truth from your Lord sumava wants to believe let him believe. And whoever wants to disbelieve, let him just believe in Ballymena narrow, we have prepared for the transgressors, a fire. Just look at the eye itself. It tells you that it's a threat,

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and that he did no compulsion in religion, you go back to the trc.

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And you find that it is revealed apart about forcing people to accept Islam

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cannot force anybody to accept Islam. And even if you understand from this area that you shouldn't force anybody to apostate from Islam comes the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to correct your understanding.

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We're not talking here about why this should be how we should explain it to the kuffar talking about how we should accept it, how we should understand it, how we should submit to the laws of Allah subhanho wa Taala first before we try to explain it to incidents at the time of the Sahaba of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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one during the time of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam when he sent modern algebra to Yemen,

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and will finish in sha Allah with these two stories and conclude the hotbot.

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He sent me a new job at 3am. And he found out about Musashi in Yemen. He didn't he found a person who was tied with ropes. He asked Who is this first and he said he's a Jew who accepted Islam. Then he went back to Judaism.

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And he had a we had been tied or imprisoned like that for a month. More other than Jebel on his horse or on his mount, he said, I will not dismount until you kill him.

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I will not step down until you kill him that judgment of Allah and His Prophet sallallahu it was hitting him so he actually executed him.

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That's one at the time of Allah, you know, I'll be totally aware of the Allahu anhu he was brought at people who are past stated and left Islam. He burned them with fire.

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And then we'll do our best and that's the part that you will find in Buhari all of it actually. And then, best of all, the Allahu anhu when he heard that he said, If I were him, I would not have burned them with fire because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has forbidden that we burned people with fire, I would have killed them, because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Man but that Edina have to live the one who changes his religion then kill him.

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These are the clearest statements in Islam in the most authentic books, the Koran and Sahil Buhari and onward

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and then you are presented with the way of understanding this either you will understand it the rational way.

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elu understand it and you see

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The mystical way

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or you will understand it the way that the companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam understood it and practiced it. And the choices here, between you in front of you.

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Either you will go back to their understanding and their way and the last panel what Allah will bless you, or you will try other ways and will remain lost. Until somehow we learn a lesson, that there is no path to Allah subhanho wa Taala except their path and no way except their way.

00:30:31--> 00:31:09

So I asked Allah subhanho wa Taala to forgive us all of our sins, and all of our mistakes and all of our transgressions. And I asked him a lot to teach us our religion, and our love teachers our religion and do not make us of those who are ignorant. Allah help us to follow the path of your prophet Sall Allahu Allah who was in them, and the path of your companions of your Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam or Allah has established us upon this faith, all law strengthen a man in our hearts well a lot renew a man in our hearts while law renew a man in our hearts while law increase a man in our hearts. Well I increase your love in our hearts and increase your fear in our

00:31:09--> 00:31:44

hearts. Allah bless us and bless our families. Well unite the Muslims upon your soccer it'd be about your book and the son of your messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or a lack load them and feed them or laugh protect them from their enemies while I give the Muslims victory against their enemies while I give the Muslims victory against their enemies. Or like if the Muslims victory against their enemies. Allah we ask you that you plot against the enemies of the Muslims. Allah we ask you that you destroy the enemies of the Muslims or Allah we ask you that you protect us from the harm of the enemies of the Muslims allow minister local higher akula who are not only becoming a shared equally

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