Tafseer As Sa’di #17 Surah Ahzaab

Ahsan Hanif

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AI: Summary © The history and importance of Islam is discussed, including struggles with men who fulfill promised commitments, struggles with conservative men and women in political settings, and the use of symbolization in various context. The speakers stress the importance of not being too busy with small talk and instead focusing on teachings and their roles in various settings. They stress the importance of understanding the teachings and not obeying people in order to achieve great bounty.
AI: Transcript ©
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nomadic. nonhuman barakato Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Kleber to clean water Organa Illa Allah Lolly mean we should do Allah, Allah Allah Allahu Allah, Allah Shikara Elavil, Oberlin Allah He didn't want to end in a Vienna Muhammad Abdul who are pseudo Mustafa Al Amin. Allah Mussolini was sending Mubarak and artdeco to Saudi Arabia he was r&b Marine

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Band. So today is the 17th day of the reading on the commentary of this portion of the Book of the seal. The Cyril Kadima, Rama and fetus economically Memnon morphemes to notice that the receipt of a Saudi but the moment that Allah Muhammad Manasa Saudi, who died in the year 1376 of the hijra, Rahim Allah Tala dramatical wasa and we are currently towards the very end of the 21st joson surah Taha ZURB verse number 22

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Are we do we learn Umina showing up on your own?

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This is me learn how to wash manual washing while I'm out I mean, on and back or do we all know them? I don't know along what I saw no more. So I don't

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know why mines don't come in. Amen. And what this NEMA when they when the believer saw the Confederates, they said, This is what Allah and His messenger had promised us and the Promise of Allah and His Messenger is true, and he's only only increase them in faith and submission. Have you mentioned the attitude of the hypocrites at times of fear? Allah subhanaw taala now mentioned the attitude of the believers, as he says, When the believers saw the Confederate who had come together and taking up their positions outside of the unit, and fear was at its peak, they said, This is what Allah and His Messenger have promised us when he said, or do you think that you will enter paradise

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without Sir Charles or as came to those who passed away before you they encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit, that even when the messenger and the believers who were with them said, when would the help of Allah come rarely, the help of Allah is always new, and the Promise of Allah and His Messenger is true, for we have seen what He foretold. And it namely, this matter only increased them in faith

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in their hearts and submission in terms of their physical actions and surroundings, the Command of Allah that Allah subhanaw taala tells us after we began this surah yesterday, sort of hisab which speaks about some of the lessons that we can learn some of the principles from the battle of Allah Hassan, which took place in the 50 of the history of the Confederate armies that came and gathered and need siege the city of Medina and wanted to attack the Muslims and kill the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and instill in the verses that recovered Allah azza wa jal spoke about the way that hypocrites dealt with this issue. So when those armies came the hypocrites that were in Medina, as

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Allah Azza didn't mention in the verses that we covered yesterday we're seeing to the Muslims don't go and fight or it's too late or there's no hope. And so they were giving or encouraging them to give up and to surrender. The Muslims Allah azza wa jal investment tuna tells us how the believers responded when they saw this mass gathering of the armies coming to attack the Muslims and Islam. They said this is exactly what Allah promised, and all his prophets on Allah while he was still in promised, doesn't Allah Azza to tell us in the Quran elsewhere, that you will be tested, you will be tried that the enemies will gather against you that they will try to destroy your religion. They

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said this is what Allah promised what His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam promised and what they promised is not coming true when I said the home Illa Eman and what is nema. And so therefore for the believers, it only increased them in Eman and in submission to Allah azza wa jal, and that's what we said before Allah azza wa jal often says, and gives us examples of how the believers see something. And for them, it is a sign that connects them back to Allah azza wa jal, and disbelievers see the same thing. But for them, it's a sign for heedlessness for neglect for being negligence of Allah being negligent of Allah subhanaw taala

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meaning, meaning aresia

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The

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law highly, I mean,

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Cabo and a harbor, who I mean,

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why, why am i But Debbie de la. among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah. Some of them have fulfilled their pledge, and others are still waiting. And they have never wavered in the least. Having mentioned that the hypocrites gave their promise to Allah, not to turn and flee.

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But they broke that promise Allah now tells us how the believers for for the among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah. That is, they fulfilled their covenant perfectly and completely offering their souls in pursuit of his pleasure and in obedience to Him. Some of them have fulfilled their pledge that is their wish and goal by carrying out their duty and they were killed in the last cause, or they died having fulfilled their duties without falling short in any way, and others are still waiting to carry out their duties in full, for they are already engaged in carrying out their duties and filling their Coven, but they have not yet completed it.

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These people are hoping to complete and striving hard to attain that so Allah azza wa jal, he praises the believers because Allah subhanaw taala says that from amongst them are those who fulfill that pledge that they meet with Allah azza wa jal, what was the pledge, that they will sacrifice themselves and their wealth and their children for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala and to defend the prophets of Allah, Allah will send them and they did. Some of them did that, as is mentioned in a number of narrations concerning this verse from amongst those companions that is described as having fulfilled that pledge, in his most most in its most utmost way, is the companion and a

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similar another, but the Allah one from the uncles of NSEP medical the hola Juan and so when Malik said her little body, he said on the day of work, and it's been another was injured or he was found martyred. He had over 80 wounds on his body over 80 wounds. He said the only way we recognize him is because his sister had to come and recognize him by one of his fingers. That was only part of his body that was left and mutilated. She saw that and she said that's the finger of my brother and otherwise they cannot recognize him because of how many wounds he suffered on that day. Um, the remedy being offered the Allah one minister recite this verse is to say that from amongst the

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Companions who filled that pledge, was Musa women are amenable but the Allah one on the battlefield, he was also martyred. Most of you have been our mayor, in the time of Mecca before Islam was from the wealthiest of people. His family was extremely rich, used to say that if Muslim people normally walk clothes one day, the next day, he wouldn't wear the same clothes again, he never wore the same item of clothing twice. And if you walked somewhere, and you walked after him by half an hour, you could still smell his perfume because of how wealthy he wasn't how much he could afford to spend. But when he accepted Islam, his family shunned him, they took away his wife and he left with nothing

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except the clothes that were on his back. He died on the day of But a word of drama even outside that when we came from the Allahu Anhu. Jimmy and he said when we came to bury him on the debt, what we found that his clothing wasn't enough to cover him to shroud him with. If he covered his head, his feet would be bare, and if he covered his feet, his head would be bare. And so they were companions. Allah azza wa jal pleases them, because they left this dunya they sacrificed everything for what is more pleasing to Allah subhana wa Tada. And they have never wavered in the least, as others did. Rather they are, they are still adhering to the pledge and have never faltered or

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change. These are real men and others only appear outwardly to be men, as they have fallen short in terms of many characteristics. And the author says these are real men from the greatest attributes of a man or being a manliness or manhood is that you fulfill your pledges and your covenants. Your word means something. Your promise means something. When you see something and you agree to it, you do it to the best of your ability. That's what we find today. When people make pledges and they break them promises they break them providence and they ignore them contracts and they don't mean anything to them. That's not from the characteristics of a man alone from for a believing man.

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Leah Jesse alongside the Akina voc the more you are the better Munna 59

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We had to buy him in

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an awful lot.

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So trials are ordained, so that allow me reward those who are sincere for their sincerity and punish the hypocrites if he saw wills or turn to them in mercy and guide them to repentance. Where do Allah is oft forgiving, Most Merciful. Such trials are ordained so that Allah may reward those who are sincere for their sincerity. That is because of their sincerity in word and deed. And they're doing things for the sake of Allah and being the same, both outwardly and inwardly. Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us elsewhere, that he will say this is the day when the truth four will benefit from the truthfulness there is will be gardens through which rivers flow to abide there and forever. Allah is

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pleased with them, and they are pleased with him, and that is the supreme triumph. In other words, we ordain these turmoils, Charles and calamities in order to differentiate sincere from the insincere then Allah will reward the sincere for the sincerity and he will punish the hypocrites who changed their attitude and their actions at times of turmoil and did not fulfill the pledge that they had made to Allah. If you saw wills, that is, if it is his will to punish them, because it was because it was not his word to guide them. Rather, he knew that there was nothing good in them rather, therefore he did not guide them or turn to them in mercy by guiding them to repent and turn

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back to him. This is more likely to be the

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case because Allah is the most generous. Hence the verse ends with two divine names that are indicative of forgiveness, grace and kindness. As he says, Verily Allah is oft forgiving, Most Merciful. He forgives the sins of those who transgressed against themselves, even if they commit many sins, if they turn to him in repentance and he is most merciful

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to them as He enables them to repent, then he accepts that repentance from them and conceals the sins that they committed. And when Allah azza wa jal says that he will plan and punish the hypocrites if he so wills are turned to them in mercy. What it means for the hypocrites turning them to them in mercy is if they make Toba as officers and their Toba is to to do what to accept Islam. That is the job of the disbelievers. And so Allah Allah to this forgiving to the disbelievers, but on the condition that they make Toba like with the Muslims, Allah forgives them. The job of the Muslim is different though to the Toba of the non Muslims that are Muslims. Toba is to accept Islam,

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while their loved one and levena CAFO will be all over him. lemmya Anna Lou Honiara walkathon long

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walk and long call with your nice ease.

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And turn and Allah turn Allah turn back the disbelievers in the fury without any gains that Allah spared the believers from fighting Allah strong Almighty, Allah turned back the disbelievers in the fury without any gain, that as he turned them back empty handed, and they were not able to achieve their goal of defeating the Muslims, despite all their rage and fury, even though they had the capability to do that. And were certain that they would have the upper hand they were deceived by their large numbers. And were very proud of the Confederate confederacy that they had put together, they exalted in their numbers and equipment. But Allah said, why were they happy and proud of this

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confederacy because it was rare amongst the Arabs that they would unite upon a cause because it's all tribes and tribes have problems amongst themselves and there's bitter fighting and civil war, and so on. So when they gathered some of the major tribes of Arabia to come and attack the Muslims, they were proud and they said today, what are the Arabs are united, we will all go and we will demolish the Muslims. But Allah sin against them a mighty wind, which was the east wind, and it shook their camp, brought down their tents, overturn their cooking pots caused a great deal of disturbance and struck fear into their hearts. So they left disappointed. This was the hope that

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Allah granted his believing slaves. So there was very little fighting that took place on the day of the Battle of Serb and the siege lasted for a number of days, a number of days, they tried to enter the city of Medina and they weren't able to enter it. Number of Days this happened. And after a while, the coloration the Arabs were just getting fed up, directly came to when we came to fight, we came to conquer these people but when they arrived in Medina, so this trench and realize there's no way in now it's a waiting game. And so the Muslims are being patient, and they're getting more and more frustrated. And Allah Azza decrees that a wind is sent upon them a fierce wind and it blows

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away their tents blows away their animals blows away their horses and camels blows away everything that they have. And then the police are trying to gather the arrows back and saying it's okay, let's regroup let's stay. But people were fed up and they were frustrated even amongst the quotation. And so they start to leave until one of the armies disband and they go back and Allah azza wa jal gave the Muslims a victory in that way. Thus, Allah spare the believers from fighting by means of what he made available to them of ordinary means an extraordinary divine help. Allah has strong Almighty and no one opposes him, but he is defeated. No one seeks his help but he become victorious. Nothing is

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beyond him, if he wills it and power and my art of no avail to those who possess them, if Allah does not help them by His power, am I and that is what after this particular battle, the battle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then said as in the original Bihari, he said now after this, we will never allow the Arabs to come and attack us again in Medina. He said, Now we will go out and fight them. Because before that, a lot of is defensive. The best of the coming to Medina has Abner, they're coming to Medina again, the prophet some said never again, we won't let them come to us, we will go to them. And so after this, you have the treaty for the BIA and then you have the conquest

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of Mecca, under the battles that they pleased to book and so on all of them are when the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam goes out there alone as opposed to letting the enemy come towards the city of Medina.

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What is Allah letting you know

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kita Bamyan soil see him mean kita Bamyan soil see him wakad FFP Kulu be more raw waka Sofia colo the more raw basadi

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Taco to Luna water Sirona ferry recall he brought down from the fortresses those among the People of the Book who had supported them and cast her into the hearts so that so that some of them you killed and others you took CAC captive, he brought down from the fortresses, those among the People of the Book, namely the Jews who has supported them, that is helped them. They were defeated and were subjected to the war of Islam

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and cast terror into the hearts so they had no strength to fight rather they surrendered and submitted and were humiliated so that some of them

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You killed, namely the men of fighting age and other you took captive. This refers to the rest of them women and children. And so from amongst the things that happen in the Battle of Azov is that when the prophets of Allah or you set him first arrived in Medina, he made a pact with the Jewish tribes that lived in and around Medina, that they would support and defend him as well, because they live in the same area that shouldn't seem shared interests. But in the Battle of Amazon, a number of those tribes broke this pact and treaty with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they were trying to help the operation the Arabs find a way into Medina so that they could attack the Muslims.

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So after the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam finished from the special Gibreel Ali Salam came to the Prophet said when he said, Why are you taking off your armor? As for us, meaning the angels, we have not yet taken off our armor. He said, Oh Gibreel Where are we going? He said, we are going to want these tribes have been one of the European who go to yoga. They were the tribes of the Jews in Medina and so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went there and he, he exactly upon them the words of Allah azza wa jal, and then the rest of them he exiled from the city of Medina and told them to go elsewhere in the Arabian Peninsula, wherever they come out of the

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Delta who were canon law, while equity che,

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called the your, he calls you to inherit their land, their houses and their positions, and land on which you had not yet set for. And Allah has power of all things he called you to inherit, that is, he granted you granted to you as booty, their land, their houses and their positions and the land on which you have not yet set foot there is land which which because it was so dear to its owners, who had not set foot, then Allah made you victorious and cause them to be defeated. And he granted you their wealth as booty and you killed some of them and took took others captive, Allah and Allah has power over all things. Nothing is beyond him. And by his mind, he decreased for you what he

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decreased. And this group of the people of the of the book was the Jewish tribe of burning Cordoba, who lived in a town not far from Medina, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam migrated migrated to Medina, he made a treaty with them, that he will not fight them, and they will not fight him. And they would continue to follow their religion and nothing would change for them. But when on the day of 100, they saw the Confederates who had united against the Messenger of Allah, Lord Salam, and how numerous they were in comparison to the small numbers of the Muslims. They thought that they would eradicate the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the believers.

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This idea was reinforced by the lives of some of their leaders. So they broke the treaty that they had with the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and took the side of the polytheist in the fight against against him. When Allah defeated the polytheist, the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam focused on fighting these Jews. So he besieged them in their fortresses until they agreed to accept that the verdict of side even mouth or the Allah and his verdict was that they're fighting men were to be killed, their women and children were to be taken captive, and their wealth was to be seized as beauty and so they refuse to accept the command of the Prophet senemo his law

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judgment. And they said, We will only accept the judgment of Saudi being wild or the Allah one was from the leaders of the unsolved and that is because before he slammed the tribe of Saudi beforehand, and this tribe from amongst the Jews were very close to one another, because they're living together and for generations, and so he they thought that he would be kind and gentle with them, sadly been more of your loved one was injured in the Battle of Munduk. There was very little fighting but there was a row shooting between the two sides. And one of those arrows struck sadly been murdered the loved one. So Saturday morning it was ill he was being looked after in the mystery

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of the prophets of salaam they're often asked for tend to be set up in the masjid so that he could be treated there. And he was extremely ill. But when this issue came up, and they said we will only accept His Word, sadly, when wild came and he wrote towards them, and then when they came out, and they said, we accept your verdict, he judged by what Allah azza wa jal commanded, what the prophets Allah commanded. And that is what the prophets have said, Tomorrow, you have judged according to what Allah judges and then the Prophet Salam, exactly what you can see here that the author mentioned, and shortly after this Saudi Morales, but the Allah one passed away as well. He was one

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of the few casualties of that battle or the long run.

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Thus Allah completed his favor upon His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the believers and showered them with abundant blessing and gave them the joy of seeing their enemies humiliated with some of them killed and others taken captive for Allah is constantly kind his believing slaves. Yeah,

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you haven't maybe ukulele as well as you can in

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2d then and higher dunya was in

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Fatah, Lena uma Dr. Cohen said, can I say oh hi jameelah Oh Prophet say to your words, if you seek the life of this world and its splendor, then come I will give you a gift as compensation and let you go in an amicable manner.

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Now

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we're in

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Regina law How do I sue Levu what the

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law hi Delhi, Cena teaming can add your novel. But if you seek Allah and His messenger and the final abode, then Verily Allah has prepared for those among you who do good and intimate toward that when the wives of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi salam began to make demands on him with regard to maintenance and clothing, they asked for something that he was not able to do at the at the time. But they all persisted in their demands, which caused him some distress to the extent that he kept away from them for a month, Allah wanted to make things easier for his messenger Salallahu Alaihe Salam, and to raise his wife's in status and remove them, anything that could detract from the

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reward. Therefore, he instructed His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to give them the choice, as he said, Oh Prophet, set your watch, if you seek the life of this world and splendor, that is, if you have no desire, other than that, and your happiness is connected to having splendor, and your anger is connected to that not being available, then I have no need of you, if you are like that, and then come, I will give you a gift as compensation that is, I will give you something of what I possess of worldly goods, and let you go in an amicable manner. That is, I will separate from you without argument or trading insults. Rather, I will do it in an easy manner and willingly before the

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promise escalates to an inappropriate level. So here Allah azza wa jal begins in this verse, a passage now that will speak about the status of the wives of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam, their status in Islam, and some of the rules concerning them from those rulings is what happened in the time of the prophets that Allahu Allah will set them and that is as some of his wives, because as we know, the state of the Prophet Saddam was that he was extremely poor, like the vast majority of the Muslims didn't have much money to know much wealth. Sometimes it's actually what the Allahu Allah has said that they would survive just on dates and water. She said that sometimes a month or

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two would pass by wouldn't even like to fire for cooking, meaning they had very little in terms of food that was cooked, and sometimes used to say that the only meat we would eat is meat that will be gifted to us, from our neighbors and from others. And so that was the general state of the prophets on Allah, where it was Solomon, his livelihood, some of the wives asked the Prophet salam for more, because it's natural that you want to have a level of comfort and so on. And so everyone in the family wants a level of comfort and so on, because it's difficult otherwise, to be in extended state of poverty, difficulty and so on. And so the prophets of Allah when he was sitting when he received

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this request from some of his wives, Allah azza wa jal revealed these these verses, that in order for you to be with the prophets of Allah, where you set them you have a choice. If it's the dunya that you want, then the Prophet of Islam will give you a gift and he will divorce you, and you find someone else to marry and they will look after you in terms of these things, but the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has a greater goal and purpose and objective, and that is to serve the region of Allah azza wa jal and often serving the region of Allah means that it comes with the level of poverty. And therefore you if you want to be his wives need to be patient. And that is why

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the next verse will say that if you want Allah and the next life, then you must be patient with that which Allah azza wa jal has decreed upon you. And the scholars often take from this verse and these verses therefore, the same principle applies to many of the people of knowledge. Throughout the history, the vast majority of the scholars and people of knowledge are people who are generally poor. One of the things that we often forget is how their wives and their spouses and their children, their families also had to be very patient with that state. Because they have to also go through that same level of difficulty. And that is why amongst the setup, when someone is to come

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and say, I want to be a student of knowledge, they would say, then prepare for a life of poverty. That's one of the things that they would say, because if you don't have the patience upon that your family doesn't have a patience upon that your wife your child, difficult. If your wife saying to you, I can't do this. It's too difficult for me. It's difficult, what are you going to do so hard position to be in? So hey, Allah azza wa jal says, You have the choice to the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam choose one or choose the other, or the problem escalates in an inappropriate level. But if you seek Allah and His messenger and the final abode, that is, if these

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are your goals and ultimate aim, and if you prefer Allah and His Messenger, sallallahu alayhi, Salam and Paradise and you do not worry about whether you have plenty or little in this world, or if you have ease or hardship and you're content with whatever the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi salam can give you and you do not make demands on him and put pressure on him, then verily, Allah has prepared for those among you who do good an immense reward. The reward is connected to their being among those who do good because the promise of reward is connected to doing good, not being not to being the wives of the messenger. So the Lord is saying, simply being his wife is not enough.

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Rather, nothing is to any avail without doing good. So the messenger of allah sallallahu Sallam giving them a choice, and they all chose Allah and His Messenger SallAllahu Sallam in the final abode, and not one of them differed, may Allah be pleased with them all. So Allah azza wa jal chose these women to be the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and then chose turn to be patient with what Allah Azza Jeddah decreed for them and to hoping the reward of Allah subhanaw taala and that is when the Hadith general Buhari or I shall be

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The Allahu Allah has said that when these verses were revealed, the first of his wives that the prophets of Allah, why do you say them came to us to me? He went to Arusha first before all the other wives. And he recited these verses and he said, Allah has commanded me to go to every one of you and give you this choice. But don't make a choice. He said, Trisha, until you speak to your parents first. mean, go to your father, Abubakar, go to your mother, ask them. And she says in the narration, he only said this, because he knew that if I went to my parents, they would never tell me to leave the process of them. seek their advice, who which parents will say to their daughter leaves

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the process alone. He said, That's the only reason he said that to me. So I said to him, O Messenger of Allah, do I need to seek advice on an issue like this, I choose you and Allah and his and his reworded, Ophira. And then the Prophet settlement did the same with his other wives, and all of them chose the same.

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From the giving of his of this choice to his wives, we learned the Fallen Allah care for His Messenger, sallallahu alayhi salam and came to his aid because Allah did not want him to be in the, in this difficult situation with a lot of worldly demands from his wife, his wives.

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Allah wanted to keep him away from any wife who preferred this world to Allah, His Messenger SallAllahu Sallam and the final abode, and to prevent him from staying with such a wife. Allah wanted to save his, save his wives from sin, and from being exposed to the Wrath of Allah and His Messenger, salallahu Alaihe Salam, therefore he protected them, by giving them this choice from expressing discontent towards the messengers of Allah, Allah sent him, which would lead to him becoming displeased for that, for that will incur the wrath of Allah, and that would in turn lead to his punishment. And one of the important principles, therefore, is that everyone has their rights,

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terms of a husband, there's a right that is upon you in terms of what you provide for your family, your wife, your children, and so on. But what we benefit from this also, is that if the other party says or compromises or gives away some of those rights or is willing to negotiate some of those rights then or is permissible, because here the wives of the Prophet some have certain rights that they were asking for. Allah azza wa jal says, but you need to be patient and seek Allah's reward because for you, there's a greater golden objective, and they were happy to do so. So therefore, in marriages, often it is an issue of compromise and negotiation and hoping for Allah's reward and what

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is better in this life in the next this was a demonstration of their high status and high ambition because Allah, His Messenger SallAllahu Sallam in the final abode, where they go, now this world and its transit games, offering this choice prepare them to attain the most sublime levels in Paradise, and to be his wife's boss in this world. And hereafter demonstrated that there was compatibility between him and them, because he was the most perfect of people and Allah wanted his wife to be perfect, good and obedient. Good women offer good men and good men offer good women, this choice would bring about contentment by means of one

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by means of which one would feel at ease and comfortable, and it will take away stinginess and discontent that will lead to anxiety, grief and worry, this choice of theirs was a means of increasing and multiplying their reward

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and enabling them to reach a status that no other woman could attain. Hence, Allah Subhan Allah Allah subhanaw taala gave to the wives of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam a high status because they chose to be patient and they chose Allah, and the reward of Allah subhanaw taala. And this is the surah that most speaks about the status and the virtues of the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So some of those virtues have already proceeded from the beginning of the Surah, such as that being the Mothers of the Believers that title that station that they're given, that's from the result of this choice that they need for the sake of Allah azza wa jal, and

00:28:28--> 00:28:35

some of those virtues or special rulings will be mentioned in the rest of the surah in the forthcoming verses. Yeah, nice.

00:28:38--> 00:29:01

Maybe me teaming can I be fair, hey, shirting, anything Barfly the border our thing, work and as long as you're awarded the profit, if any of you were to be guilty of manifest manifestly immoral conduct, the punishment would be doubled for her. And that's easy for Allah.

00:29:02--> 00:29:36

When they chose Allah, His Messenger SallAllahu Sallam and the final abode, Allah mentioned that they would have a multiple multiple reward and that their burden of sin would be multiplied if they were to commit sin, so as to make them more cautious and more grateful to Allah subhanaw taala. Therefore, he or he ordained that if any of them were to be guilty of manifest immoral conduct, she will receive, she would receive double punishment, they receive a double punishment, because along with the higher status and a higher level of sanctity and honor, then if they sin and they commit to me just sin, then the reward did that the punishment is also double, just as the reward is doubled,

00:29:36--> 00:30:00

the punishment is also double. And that is a principle in the Sharia that we find, so to do haram in sacred areas at Sacred times, to break the sacred laws of Allah azza wa jal in those times and places it is worse than to do outside of that, and from them, for example is the sacred months to do haram in the sacred months is worse than to do it outside of them to do haram in the sanctuaries of Mecca and Medina is worse than to do outside of them because those

00:30:00--> 00:30:11

are places that Allah azza wa jal gave to them. And likewise here, the wives have a special status that was special sanctity or special honor, because of the opposition to the prophet or sudden so if the sin, so get more punishment

00:30:15--> 00:30:15

when I

00:30:16--> 00:30:23

mean can you also Rasulullah he watermelons Ali Han to

00:30:25--> 00:30:36

writing in your otter then this can carry Eema but whoever among you is devoutly obedient to Allah and His messenger and those righteous deeds, who will give her

00:30:37--> 00:31:11

a double award and we have prepared for a generous provision. But whoever among you This is addressed to the wives of the Prophet sallallaahu Selim, is devoutly obedient to Allah and His messenger and those righteous deeds, whether they are few or many, we will give her a double reward that is twice as many as is given to anyone else. And we have prepared for a generous provision, namely paradise, they were devoutly obedient to Allah Subhana Allah and His messenger Allah and Islam and they did write to these thus the extent of their reward is known and so therefore large region says and if they are patient, and they're with the Prophets tournament, they believe in Allah

00:31:11--> 00:31:19

and they do what is expected of them they will get double the reward as well just as the punishment is double that likewise the reward is also doubled Yeah Nice.

00:31:21--> 00:31:22

Maybe less to

00:31:23--> 00:31:26

a hiding and miss

00:31:27--> 00:31:35

any taco eaten a fella bar nebula Oh only for help on I let the fear call him out.

00:31:37--> 00:31:51

I'm out or, or whatever the Prophet you are not like other women provided that you fear Allah so do not speak too softly. Let's one in whose heart is a disease should be moved with desire to speak in an appropriate manner.

00:31:52--> 00:32:04

While called Nephi boo Deacon, about wodgina Dabba Raja ninja Hina yet ill Oh, well plainness Lola Tina's Zakka

00:32:05--> 00:32:11

la escuela in NEMA UD to law holy you the Hebrew

00:32:12--> 00:32:35

come and go religious level at what you will to hear or convert elbow here or stay in your homes and do not flaunt your charms as was done during the former times of ignorance established prayer and give us a call and obey Allah and His messenger Allah when he wants to keep all that is loathsome away from you and members of that prophets household and purify you thoroughly

00:32:36--> 00:33:19

what is called NEMA laffy boyo the gun I mean Antilla he will shake man in a long again and LTE fun hobby era. And remember, it was recited in your homes of the revelations of Allah and wisdom. Verily, Allah is Knower of subtleties or aware or whether the Prophet there is addressed to all of them. You are not like other women provided that you feel Allah. By doing so you will surpass all other women and no other woman will be able to catch up with you. So strive to perfect your fear of Allah by all possible means and achieve all the goals there have. Hence Allah instructed them to avoid all means that could lead to what is prohibited. And he said, as he said, so do not speak

00:33:19--> 00:33:54

softly. That is when addressing men or knowing that they can hear you by making your voice softer speaking in a gentle manner, which may cause one in whose heart is a disease, namely, the disease of desire for fornication, to be moved with desire. For such a person is always ready and watching out for the slightest move, that could stir his desire, stir that could stir desire, because his heart is not sound. The sound heart has no desire for that which Allah has prohibited and can hardly be moved or stirred or steered to desire, even when there is a reason for that, because it's free of sickness. So the words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are instructed them when they

00:33:54--> 00:34:25

speak to men, because people used to come and ask them questions, people used to come and study with them, people used to come and ask them about the prophets of Allah what it was to them, they should be careful in the way that they speak, the tone of their voice, and the intonation of their voice and the way that they speak and the manner should be appropriate. So that those people who may have an issue in their heart when it comes to this issue with opposite gender, those people won't be stuck to anything which is unbecoming of them. And that same ruling applies to men as well. But it was mentioned here, about women about the ones that the prophet has sent them because of their

00:34:25--> 00:34:35

status. But the same thing, that if you speak to someone of the opposite gender to make your voice, overly flirtatious or to speak in a way that's not becoming a befitting that something which goes against modesty

00:34:36--> 00:34:58

is in contrast to the one who is sick at heart who cannot cope with that which the the sound hard hearted person can cope with, and he cannot be patient like him. If there is the slightest reason that causes him to that which is prohibited he will respond to it and will not refrain from it. This indicates that the means come under the same rulings as the end speaking softly and gently is basically

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

is basically

00:35:00--> 00:35:39

permissible, but it is a means that leads to something prohibited then is not allowed. Therefore, when addressing men, women should not make their voices soft, because Allah forbid women to speak softly, it may be thought that they are instructed to make their voices harsh, in order to ward off this notion, Allah says, Speak in an appropriate manner, that is one that is not harsh or rough, just as is not soft or in alluring. Think about how Allah says, Do not speak too softly. And he did not say do not speak softly. Because what is prohibited is soft speech. There's a learning to men in such a manner that anyone who who hears it may be moved, maybe moved with desire. This is different

00:35:39--> 00:36:14

from speaking in a gentle manner in which there is no alluring softness. Rather, it has the quality of being confident and firm when dealing with an opponent. No one would be moved with desire when hearing this hence Allah praises messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for his gentleness, as he said, is when it is by the mercy of Allah, that you deal gently with them. And he said to Musa alayhis salam, and how to go both of you to Pharaoh, for he has indeed transgressed our bounds. But speak to him gently, so that perhaps he may he he may, he may pay heed, or fear Allah. And so there's a difference between speaking gently and softly. That's what the author is saying, to speak

00:36:14--> 00:36:52

normally in your normal tone. But to be gentle, in your words, to be kind to be courteous that's from Islam, but to change the tone of your voice to make it softer, to make it more alluring. That is what the Sharia tells us to stay away from. The fact that Allah says less one in his heart is a disease should be moved with desire, in conjunction with the command to restrain carnal desire, desires, and prays for men and women who do so as well as the prohibition on approaching or coming near unlawful sex indicates that if a person sees such an inclination in himself, and realize that he is tempted to commit prohibited deeds, when he sees or hears the words of someone to whom he is

00:36:52--> 00:37:18

attracted and finds himself and finds themselves motivated to do to do that, which is forbidden, he should remember that this is a disease. Therefore he should strive to combat this disease. Put an end to evil thoughts that may lead to trouble, strive to overcome this serious malady. And ask Allah to protect him and guide him. This is all included in the command to restrain carnal desires, stay in your homes, that is remain there, because that is safer and more protecting for you.

00:37:19--> 00:37:54

And do not flaunt your charms, as was done during the former times of ignorance, that is, do not go do not go out often wearing adornment or perfume, as was a customer of among the people of the former times of ignorance, who had no knowledge or religious commitment. All of this is aimed at warding off evil. And that which leads to so even though these verses are being addressed to the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it applies to all Muslim women, that these are articles that they should abide by. And the wives are being mentioned here because they are the best of the women of this ummah. And so if that is the level that they should be upon on the standard

00:37:54--> 00:38:24

that they should be upon an old believing women should strive to emulate them in this regard. And that is what ash about the Allahu Ana even when she wouldn't make it any better. And she would go, for example, for a camera, or she would go for her job and she wanted to make the wife should wait in the middle of the night, when all the men had left and there was only very few people there. And even then it was said in some generations that she would make tawaf far away from the Kaaba, she would go on the outer part of the path, she wouldn't get too close to the car, but because normally this meant that even at that time of night, people still trying to make the off touching the

00:38:24--> 00:38:58

Blackstone making going towards the door to the commons, so she would stay away from them. And she all of this is from the modesty that the Mothers of the Believers had or the Allahu guna having enjoyed them to fear him in general terms and to fear him with regard to issues that pertain to women in particular, Allah also enjoys them to obey him especially in terms of prayer Antica, which are deeds that everyone needs to do, for they are the greatest acts of worship and the noblest acts of obedience. Prayer involves sincerity and devotion to Allah and zuka involves his kindness to slaves, then Allah enjoys obedience in general terms, as he says in obey Allah and His Messenger,

00:38:59--> 00:39:35

obedience to Allah and his messenger SallAllahu Sallam involves everything that is enjoined, whether it is obligatory or recommended. Allah only wants by ordering these commands and prohibitions for you to keep all that is loathsome, that is evil and bad away from you, all members of that prophets household and to purify you thoroughly so that you will be pure and purified. In other words, praise your Lord and give thanks to him for these commands and prohibitions of which he has told you, for they are in your best interest and are purely for your benefit, Allah would never want to cause you any hardship or difficulty. Rather, the aim is to purify your souls and, and your conduct and

00:39:35--> 00:40:00

attitude, to make your deeds good and to increase your reward thereby, having commanded them to strive in His way, by means of the commands and prohibitions. Allah now tells, tells them to seek knowledge, and explain to them the way to attain that and remember what is reciting in your home of the revelations of Allah and wisdom. What is meant by the revelations of Allah is the Quran, and what is meant by wisdom is a subtle meanings thereof, or the Sunnah of His Messenger Salah

00:40:00--> 00:40:32

lobelias Selim, there are many benefits from this verse from those benefits is, number one that the ways that Allah azza wa jal honored the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that he had revelation being recited in their homes and that's an honor for revelation to come into your home and for the revelation to be recited in your home by the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, that is something which is an honor for that person who, who has this for them. From the benefits of this race also is that for the command for the Muslim women, that they should learn and seek knowledge Allah is releasing to the wives of the Prophet Sillim. Seek knowledge, learn what has been

00:40:32--> 00:41:03

recited in your homes of revelation of wisdom, meaning the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and so therefore, there is a general ruling that the Muslim women just as the men need to learn and seek knowledge of their religion, the women need to seek knowledge of their religion, they need to learn also, because the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam instructed to do so. And from that, then we find that because of this instruction, that many of the aspects of the life of the prophet saw Allah while he was sitting there what to do with his personal home life, we take from the wives, no one else knew this stuff. Know what none of the male companions, Abu

00:41:03--> 00:41:35

Huraira, even Amara, even they didn't know what was going on behind closed doors. All of those reasons we take from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, how he made also what he did with his wives, how he was at home, how how you stepped out all of this, a lot of this is taken from Arusha, from Salem, and from the wives of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam. And so there was a great deal of mercy in this destruction from Allah azza wa jal, because he preserved a great deal of knowledge for us as well. Allah commanded them to remember these things, which includes remembering the words reciting them remembering the means reflecting upon them and pondering them, deriving

00:41:35--> 00:42:13

rulings and wisdom from them, acting in accordance with them and interpreting them correctly. Verily, Allah is Nora of subtleties, all aware, he's aware of the subtleties and hidden meanings of things was hidden in people's hearts was hidden in the heavens and on earth, and deeds that are done both openly and in secret. His knowledge and awareness mean that he urges them to be sincere and keep doing these in secret that lower reward one of the meanings of the divine name a lot of translate here as know of subtleties is that he guides his slave to do good and protects him from evil in very subtle ways of which he is not aware. And he sends to him provision that he does not

00:42:13--> 00:42:44

expect, and guides him to take measures that are difficult, but will be the path by which he will attain the highest levels and whatever in the Quran. You come across this name of Allah azza wa jal Latif, which means the one who has knowledge and is all aware and does things in the most subtle of ways, in the verses in which it is mentioned. There is always a subtle meaning that Allah is referring to there is something hidden there from Allah's blessings and honors and rewards that has been mentioned like here, in his lessons about the Mothers of the Believers, Allah azza wa jal is saying that Allah will honor you and Allah preserve you and Allah will give you a status that you're

00:42:44--> 00:42:45

not even aware of.

00:42:46--> 00:42:51

However, do what Allah azza wa jal has commanded and the laws are to the music do it well the name and luckily

00:42:54--> 00:43:03

Muslim Muslim anti white meanie now I mean at Coin eating gone on the floor

00:43:04--> 00:43:43

was signed anything that was flawed your client and you want some bat you know some belong to one harsh hearing you know when launching it wondering what else on damping whether motors want damping whether the motors damp on to slaw or mean or imagine you want to have you're gonna have when have you been up from wujiang home? Why didn't have enough wounds? Yeah, one and a half him wanting wasn't good enough. My Cathy yield on Thank you a lot. I've done long. Uh huh. Melville Otto agilon. Now

00:43:45--> 00:44:19

for most of the men and Muslim women, believing men and believing women, obedient men and obedient women, truthful men and truthful women, patient men and patient women, humble men and humble women, charitable men and charitable women, men who fast and women who fast. Men who restrain their carnal desires and women who do likewise, men who remember Allah much and women who do likewise for them. Allah has prepared forgiveness in an immense reward. Having mentioned the reward of the wives of the messengers of Allah and send them and their punishment, if they do not comply, and stating that they are not like other women, Allah subhanaw taala now speaks of other women, Allah azza wa jal mentions

00:44:19--> 00:44:51

a verse in which he mentions the males and the females in all of these different aspects of Riba and Eman and so on. And that is because it is said in the Hadith that is in tune with the mu selama, or the Allah one one of the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that she said, O Messenger of Allah. Why is it that only the men are mentioned in the Quran and never the women? And so Allah azza wa jal revealed this verse, to show that when Allah azza wa jal is referring to the men in the Quran, the women are the equals when it comes to acts of worship and Eman and belief in Allah subhanaw taala. And so generally speaking, in the Arabic language, as in many other languages, when

00:44:51--> 00:44:59

the male form is used, the female form is included as well, but it lacks eloquence to keep repeating it every time he and she and he and she and not

00:45:00--> 00:45:33

From the eloquence of any language, especially from the eloquence of the Arabic language, and so unless there is a reason to show that that ruling is specific to men, that it's only specific to men from the context of the verse of the Hadith or whatever it may be, like, for example, that the one who leads the prayer is a man. Like for example, the one who stands behind the email in the congregation that that is the men that stand at the front of the women. There are Hadith and rulings. Therefore, we know this is specific to men. Otherwise, generally the Sharia or when it says do something is equal to men and women. And Allah azza wa jal in the few verses in the Quran, he

00:45:33--> 00:46:10

uses both male and females to show that in this principle that the general principle when it comes to a bad belief in Allah azza wa jal, the ability to and reward and Jana, men and women are equal in this. So yes, Allah azza wa jal has given to men certain privileges and certain responsibilities and duties, just as He gave to women, certain privileges and honors like the mother, she has an honor that even the Father doesn't have in Islam. So those are certain things that Allah gives to certain people. But when it comes to Riba and Eman and earning good deeds and reward, they are equal in terms of that Allah knows best, because the rulings on men and women are the same. Allah says, for

00:46:10--> 00:46:30

Muslim men and Muslim women, that is with regard to visible actions and rulings if they comply with them, believing men and believing women. This refers to inward actions, namely beliefs and deeds of the heart. Why does he make a differentiation here? The author, that Muslim men and women refers to visible actions believing men and women refers to in what actions? Why does he make that distinction?

00:46:34--> 00:46:36

As an Islam include both and Eman include both.

00:46:40--> 00:46:48

It'd be a Muslim if you don't believe in Allah and you just to Surah Can you be a moment if you only believe in Allah but you don't do surah? Why did you make the distinction

00:46:50--> 00:46:51

with this before?

00:46:53--> 00:46:54

Right

00:46:55--> 00:47:34

now nothing to the hypocrites something to do with the way the Sharia uses these terms. In the Sharia if the word Islam is used by itself, or the word Eman is used by itself, it means both. It's that means inward and outward actions by itself. And Eman means the same by itself. But when they use together, like in this context, then there's a differentiation. And that is the Islam refers to the physical pillars and actions. And Iman refers to the issues of belief. And we find that from the hadith of Gibreel Ali Salam, because he asked the Prophet Salam, What is Islam? And then he asks him, what is Iman and the Prophet said it differentiates the two in that way. But if they mentioned

00:47:34--> 00:48:06

the Muslims in general, that obviously includes belief as well, because you can't be a Muslim without or without the belief of the Muslim. And when the minima mentioned by themselves than introductions because you can't be a movement if you don't pray, how can you reach that level of humanity you don't pray? You don't fast you don't give us a call. And that is why the author here makes a distinction because Allah azza wa jal mentions both things together. Obedient men and obedient women who are obedient to Allah and his messenger SallAllahu sallam, truthful men and truth women who are true in their words and deeds. Patient, men and patient women are patient in varying

00:48:06--> 00:48:27

hardship and calamity, humble men and humble women who are humble in all circumstances, especially in worship, and especially in prayer, charitable men and charitable women who give in charity, both obligatory and voluntary. Men who fast and woman who fast, which includes both obligatory and supererogatory fats, men who is strained their carnal desires, and women who do likewise refrain from Zina.

00:48:28--> 00:48:46

And that which leads to it, men who remember a law much and women who do likewise, that is they remember him at most times, especially at times when a specific record is to be recited such as in the morning and afternoon and following the obligatory prayers, look at one of these descriptions that Allah azza wa jal gave now.

00:48:47--> 00:48:49

What is one difference between all of them?

00:48:51--> 00:48:55

There is a description here that Allah azza wa jal gives for one of them that it's not mentioned for the rest of them.

00:48:57--> 00:48:57

What is it?

00:48:59--> 00:49:00

This verse

00:49:03--> 00:49:04

What is it though?

00:49:06--> 00:49:07

Yeah, that could what?

00:49:08--> 00:49:09

Yeah.

00:49:10--> 00:49:11

What about them?

00:49:17--> 00:49:17

Now

00:49:19--> 00:49:20

we'll close for the new.

00:49:23--> 00:49:40

What's the one attribute that Elijah mentions about one of them that he doesn't mention about any others? Look at him, he says, obedient men, obedient women, truthful men to form impatient men, patient women, humble men, humble women, chart to women chart woman men who fast women who fast men who restrain themselves women restrain themselves, men who remember Allah.

00:49:41--> 00:49:42

What

00:49:43--> 00:49:59

if Iran much often doesn't say those who pray often, those who are often those who sadhaka often, those who pray often, but when it comes to the liquor of Allah Azza did he says those who do it often shows that liquor is an act of worship that you only find it

00:50:00--> 00:50:25

Through benefits when you do it regularly and continuously and constantly, unlike other acts of worship, and that is why liquor has a special place in this religion. But its true benefits only founders Allah's will often win. If you look throughout the Quran, you will see that when Allah Azza mentioned liquor, he always says cathedra with Corolla, the crumb cathedra always remember Allah often and much, and that is therefore from the attributes of the believers from larger dimensions here.

00:50:27--> 00:50:43

But then, there is for these people who are described in these glowing terms as possessing these noble characteristics, which include beliefs, deeds of the heart, physical deeds, spoken words and doing acts that may benefit oneself or others, as well as doing good deeds and refraining from evil deeds for the one who does these things.

00:50:44--> 00:51:12

As established a religion in the fullest sense, both outwardly and inwardly and has attained attained Islam Eman and ESA. Allah has prepared forgiveness, Allah will reward them for their deeds, with forgiveness of their sins, because good deeds erase baddies, and an immense reward that cannot be estimated except by the one who gives it of that which no I've seen no ear has heard nor has ever crossed in the mind of men. We ask Allah to make us among them.

00:51:13--> 00:51:28

One America in any medium minute in either call the last one is woohoo I'm running Hakuna Allah hormonal Fiora to mean Emery Him were many.

00:51:29--> 00:51:30

Also la,

00:51:31--> 00:51:31

la bella

00:51:33--> 00:52:11

movies is not fit fitting for any believing men or believing women, when Allah and His Messenger have decided concerning matter, to have any choice in that matter. However, this disobeyed Allah and His Messenger has clearly gone astray. That that is not appropriate. Alright for one who's a believer to do anything but eyston to that which pleases Allah and His Messenger, so blah, blah and even set him to shun what to shun that which angers Allah and His Messenger SallAllahu Sallam and to comply with their commands and heed their prohibitions is not befitting for the believer, for the believing men or the believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided concerning a matter

00:52:11--> 00:52:44

and have made it obligatory and binding, to have any choice in that matter. That is the choice of whether to comply or not, rather than believing men and believing women, and know that the messenger SallAllahu Sallam is closer to them than their own selves, and they do not let some of their whims and desires prevent them from obeying the command of Allah and His Messenger, sallallahu alayhi salam, whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has clearly Well, wherever disobeyed Allah and His Messenger has clearly gone astray, because he has forsaken the straight path that leads to Allah and His paradise and has chosen instead some other paths that leads to the punishment to painful

00:52:44--> 00:53:16

punishment. Allah mentions first of all, the reason why the believer should not object to the Command of Allah and His Messenger SallAllahu sallam, namely faith. Then he mentioned that which should prevent him from doing that, namely fear of being misguided which is connected to punishment and vengeance. And so therefore, it's not fitting for the believers that when Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam have ruled on an issue, they've given a command as part of the Sharia, that you should have any issue in terms of accepting the Command of Allah azza wa jal, you should find no no issue in your heart with accepting and submitting to those commands. Zubia in law,

00:53:16--> 00:53:49

one Radi Allahu Anhu said that I think that this verse was revealed concerning me and something that happened to me, and I'm gonna companion says that I think that it was revealed concerning me doesn't mean that necessarily was just something which he thinks may have been the case that the verse was revealed close to an incident that took place to him, as the Bible says that I used to have a farm and water would come into my farm, and I would benefit from it. And when I finished I will send it down to the next farm that belonged to a man from the unser, the man from the answer became angry. So it took me to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he said, O Messenger of Allah, your

00:53:49--> 00:54:17

cousin, because Zubayr is the first cousin of the Prophet Selim, he said your cousin, he takes the water, and then he gives me what's left. The Prophet Salam said to us, Zubayr Zubayr when the water comes to you, take from it what you need, and don't take any more. And then give the rest to your to your neighbor, mean, take your needs, and don't take it too long and then give the rest to him. The man became angry and he said, O Messenger of Allah, you only favored him because he's your cousin, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam said to Zubayr take all of the water and everything for him.

00:54:18--> 00:54:35

Take your old don't give him anything. And then he said Allah azza wa jal revealed this verse, the person was being fair to him. So it is very take what you need give the rest to him, but the man wasn't happy. And so the Muslim said Don't give him anything then because who is the person who's not happy with the with the command and the judgment of the prophets of Allah, what are the

00:54:37--> 00:54:54

what is telco lowly? The anomala Wiley he was an anti li am sick i Lagos Abuja, what 13 To 15 FC gamma law whom nobody what auction as

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

well law who are have gotten Daksha phelim called

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

was a

00:55:01--> 00:55:10

What was your Nangka Halle Cana ko na let me know how Rajan he as YG

00:55:11--> 00:55:57

him how Roger v as well as your area in either called Amin one out all Walker law he met Rolla and remember when you O Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam said to him, on whom Allah has had conferred fever of faith and you two had converted favor of Manumission keep your wife and fear Allah, you can feel it in your heart that which Allah was going to disclose you feared the criticism of the people, but it was more fitting that you should feel Allah when Zaid had completed the necessary formalities of divorce for from her and her had ended, we gave her to you in marriage, so that there would not be any restrictions on the believers with regard to marrying the ex wives of their adopted sons,

00:55:58--> 00:56:33

after they have completed the necessary formalities of divorce from their from them. And then there has ended and the decree of Allah is bound to be fulfilled. The reason for revelation of these verses was that Allah wanted to prescribe Allah that was applicable to all believers, which was their adopted sons do not come under the same rulings as real sons in all ways, and that there was no blame on those who had adopted them, if they married their ex wives. And this was one of the differences between Jackie Lee and between Islam. amongst your here your adopted son, as we said, was like your son in every respect, in every way he inherited from you. So therefore, his wife is

00:56:33--> 00:56:51

like your daughter in law, you can't marry her, even if it wasn't so and so. Allah azza wa jal said, No, the adopted son isn't like the real son. Yes, you favored him because you looked after him and he did good towards him. But it's not your real son doesn't inherit from you. And likewise, his daughter isn't your daughter in law in that way, because she's not your son from lineage.

00:56:52--> 00:57:26

This was something that was commonly practiced and could, could not be abolished except through a major event. So Allah wanted this law to be demonstrated by His messengers, Allah sent him in Word indeed, when Allah wills something he ordains a cause for it. They didn't hide it that was formally called as a demon. Because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had adopted him. So he was called after him until the words call them adopted sons after the rule fathers were revealed after which he was called as a demon Hadith and we mentioned the sister This is from the beginning was sort of a luxury of said don't call your adopted sons by your name is meaning the surname don't give him your

00:57:26--> 00:58:02

surname, but rather call them by the names of their real fathers. His merit is Xena beans Jesh Nadella Anna, the daughter of the paternal aunt of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi salam Zina been to Josh or the Allahu anha is the first cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam her mother is the aunt of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The prophets have had a number of paternal uncles and paternal aunts from his paternal uncles and yet 11 paternal uncles, 11 paternal uncles, the or nine some of them said, but anyway, he had a number of paternal uncles from amongst them how many became Muslim.

00:58:03--> 00:58:08

When one of his paternal uncles, his brothers, brothers whose fathers brothers

00:58:10--> 00:58:16

were not a military that is, as Mark said, only two those are the two that we know one is

00:58:18--> 00:58:24

our bass and Adonis, Hamza with the Allahu Anhu uma and he also had a number of paternal aunts.

00:58:26--> 00:58:27

The most famous of them being

00:58:28--> 00:59:09

Sophia, or the Allahu, and had the mother of Zubayr, about the Allah Wang. And then he had others Attica, Barbara Arwa, and from them was the mother of Xena. Her name was Amina, with Abdulmutallab omega is the mother of Xena. Omega is therefore the paternal aunt of the process and from them, the only one that is known to be Muslim is Sofia. And then the scholars different about some of them like Arwa and Artica. Did they accept Islam? There's a difference of opinion amongst the scholars. However, Sufi is well known to have accepted Islam. But anyway, the point here being that Xena was the daughter of Amina, had occurred to the messenger SallAllahu Sallam that if they divorced her, he

00:59:09--> 00:59:45

would marry her. Then Allah decreed that there should be no problem. There should be there should be some problem between her and Zaid that causes eight even harder to come to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and ask him his permission to divorce her. And remember when you are Muhammad Sallallahu sallam said to him, on whom Allah had conferred favor of faith by guiding him to Islam and you to add comfort favor of many mission by setting him free. When he came to consult you about divorcing her. You said to him advising him and telling him of that which was in the in his best interest, even though you wish that you could marry her, keep your wife that is do not divorce her and be

00:59:45--> 01:00:00

patient with her attitude towards you. And fear Allah with regard to your affairs in general and with regard to your wife in particular, fulfilling the law encourages and enjoys one to be patient and so the process is solid wanted to marry you Xena, but he's already she's already

01:00:00--> 01:00:32

marry to Z. And because of the general custom of the Arabs that you don't marry the wife of your adopted son, even if he divorces the process and them said Wednesday he said I don't want to stay with anymore. He said No, keep her keep her stay with her. And Allah is really saying that No, Allah Azza knew what was in your heart. And therefore he made her divorce a new Mariya some of the scholars said from here, that one of the things that we find from the etiquettes of this verse is how much Allah azza wa jal honored the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that even when the Prophet son wants something in his heart and it is concealed, Allah azza wa jal makes it happen in

01:00:32--> 01:00:41

such a way that he fulfills the wishes of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam and we have examples of this. One of the most famous being the changing of the qibla, from Jerusalem to to Mecca,

01:00:42--> 01:01:00

and Suez in your heart that which Allah was going to disclose what what he considered was the fact that if they divorced, divorced her, he would marry her, you feared the criticism of the people. And that is why you did not disclose what was in your heart, but it was more fitting that you should feel a lot and not pay attention to people.

01:01:01--> 01:01:38

When Zaid had completed the necessary form necessary formalities of divorce from her and her dad ended, we gave her to you in marriage, we only did that to serve a great purpose, which was so that there would not be any restrictions on the believers with regard to marrying the ex wives of their adopted sons, because they would have, they would have seen you marry the wife of the ex wife of Islam and Hadith, who had previously been called your son, because the words so that there would not be any restrictions on the believers with regard to marrying the ex wives of their adopted sons are general in meaning and are applicable to all situations. But there are there may be some cases in

01:01:38--> 01:02:13

which that is not possible, which isn't for before the necessary formalities of divorce have been completed. These general these general terms are restricted by the following by the following phrase, after they have completed the necessary formalities of divorce from them. And their idea has ended and a decree of Allah is bound to be fulfilled, that is, it must inevitably come to pass and no one can stand in its way and so after Allah azza wa jal revealed this verse, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam immediately entered upon Zainab bint Joshua the Allahu Allah as a husband. Because normally when you get married, what needs to take place first.

01:02:14--> 01:02:26

And you can write, and if a contract has to take place, you have to go through all of that witnesses Muharram zones of what, Willie and then you get married. The Prophet Selim didn't need to do that here.

01:02:27--> 01:02:30

Now in some regions, he didn't do it, why didn't you do it?

01:02:32--> 01:03:03

Because Allah Israel said the word Janaka we've married her to you doesn't need anyone else's permission doesn't need anyone else to contract to sign what Allah has really said in the Quran. We've married her to you. So in some generations it has said that she that he went and immediately entered upon as his wife. And that is why Xena will have the Allah Varna used to boast to the other wives and say, You were married by your parents by your fathers. They're the ones that are married to you. But as for me, Allah married me in the Quran. She used to boast about this one the Allahu anha learned a number of things from these verses which mentioned this story including the

01:03:03--> 01:03:42

following. Allah praises Adium and Hadith on two accounts. Firstly, Allah mentioned him by name in the Quran and he did not mention any others hobby, by name and that's a point that you should remember Z or the Allah one is the only companion of the prophets Allah mentioned by name in the Quran, others are mentioned by by attribute or by description or by story and incident. palisade is the only one who is mentioned by name explicitly called by his name. And the only one of the disbelievers to be mentioned by name in the Quran is from the time of the Prophet Abu Lahab. And so zero the Allah one, and that shows some of the scholar said, see how we'll have despite his lineage,

01:03:43--> 01:04:15

and his closest to the Prophet Salam, and everything else that he had of his wealth and his power, Allah Azza disgraces him in the Quran by name and say there's a free slave. an adopted son has no standing in amongst the correction, but Allah azza wa jal honored him in the Quran. Secondly, Allah told him that he had conferred favor upon him, namely, the blessing of Islam and faith. This is testimony from Allah that he was a Muslim and a believer, both outwardly and inwardly. Otherwise, there was no point in singling him out for favor. We're not that what is meant is a particular favor or blessing.

01:04:16--> 01:04:55

The one who is manumitted owes it to the one who is meant who manumitted him meaning that the one who flees someone else that slave now who is freed owes that personal freedom a debt. We call it an Arabic Allah. They give them the Alliance to allegiance. And that's because this person did them a great favor. This person was a Steve couldn't own anything, didn't have any say in anything, didn't have any. And someone came and freed them for the sake of Allah azza wa jal that personal freedom for the sake of Allah gave them the freedom has a great honor upon them and a great favor that the that they have upon them, it is permissible to marry the ex wife of one's adopted son. As is clearly

01:04:55--> 01:04:59

stated here. practical teaching is more effective than verbal teaching, especially

01:05:00--> 01:05:38

phase also occur, accompanied by words for that is Light upon light, having love in one's heart for someone other than one wife or concubine, so long as it does not, so long as it is not accompanied by any prohibited action is not seen, even if it's accompanied by wishes for the husband to divorce her, so that one may marry her without making any effort to cause separation between them or being the cause of trouble because Allah stated that the messenger salAllahu alayhi salam was conceding that in his heart, the general principle initially is that you're not held to account for your thoughts, so long as you do nothing with them. If the Haram thoughts. If you have a thought that

01:05:38--> 01:06:12

comes into your mind you when a desire and you dismiss it, you know how to account for it, but if you act upon it, you make a plan in your mind, you have conviction in your heart, you do an action, or a word towards it or something, then yes, then you're held accountable by Allah azza wa jal, but the Prophet Solomon said that Allah azza wa jal forgive my OMA for the thoughts in their mind, so long as they don't do anything with them. The messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam conveyed the message clearly and did not omit anything of that which was revolting, but he conveyed it. Even this matter in which there was a rebuke to him, is indicated that he is indeed the messenger of allah

01:06:12--> 01:06:18

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who did not say anything, but that which was riveting, and that his aim was not self

01:06:20--> 01:06:54

aggrandizement, aggrandizement, meaning that he wasn't looking for his own ego, the person is trying to pump himself up even when the Prophet or seller makes a mistake or there is something to be corrected Allah Israel cracks him in the Quran. And that is because there is within the lesson for the believers, the one whose advice is sought is in is in a position of trust, and he is obliged, if he is consulted about any matter, to give advice on the basis of what he knows, is in the best interest of the person who's asking him for advice. Even if it's contrary to his own desires, he should give precedence to the interests of the person seeking advice over his whims, over his own

01:06:54--> 01:07:28

whims and desires. And even if he is contrary to those whims and desires. Good advice to the one who seeks advice with regard to divorcing his wife includes advising him to keep her as much as possible, because that is better than separating. It is essential to give precedence to the fear of Allah over fear of people for that is more appropriate and it's better. We also learned the virtue of Xena Radi Allahu anha, the Mother of the Believers because Allah ordained her marriage to the prophets Allah sent them without any proposal, proposal or witness. Therefore she used to boast of that to the other words that the messenger of allah sallallahu Sallam saying your families give you

01:07:28--> 01:07:49

in marriage by logging me emerge from above seven heavens. If a woman has a husband is not permissible to marry her or to plan or to meet or to take measures to do so until her husband has completely divorced her as completed divorce proceedings with her divorce proceedings are not complete until the idea is over. Because before the idea ends, she still married

01:07:50--> 01:08:19

my UK and Ireland maybe even how Rajan FEMA follow the law. Hoonah so not a law he living in a hotter woman Coble work and I'm a lawyer coder, I'm Mikado. There's no blame on the Prophet with regard to what the what Allah has made lawful for him. Such was the way of Allah with those prophets who came before in the Command of Allah is a decree determined

01:08:21--> 01:08:23

a letting you know you Bellona is

01:08:24--> 01:09:06

he while Shona who shown I had and law, work ever I believe, he has he. This is Allah's way with those who who conveyed the Messages of Allah and who fear Him and they do not fear anyone except Allah and Allah is sufficient and taking account. This is warding off criticism of the messenger SallAllahu Sallam for having numerous wives, and explains that this is criticism, criticism that is baseless, there is no blame there is sin on the Prophet with regard to what Allah has made lawful for him. This is what Allah has allowed him of wives. This is something that Allah has committed to the prophet before him. And he says, such was the way of the of Allah with those prophets who came

01:09:06--> 01:09:46

before you who came before. And the Command of Allah is a decree determined that is, it will inevitably come to pass, then Allah state, who those states who those were, who came before him, and that was that this was their way and practice. They were those who convey the messages of Allah. So they recite to people the revelations of Allah and His proofs and evidence, and they call them to Allah, and who fear Him alone, with no partner or or associate and they do not fear anyone except Allah, meaning that Allah azza wa jal may give to His prophets and messengers, certain rulings that are specific to them. We call them in Arabic Kosice. These are the special attributes of the

01:09:46--> 01:09:59

prophets of Allah like the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam, an example that is given here, he was allowed to marry more than four wives that is only specific to him, so the law where it will sell him. So the prophets and messengers of Allah have certain special characteristics and some of them will be men.

01:10:00--> 01:10:29

In the Surah, if this was the way of the Infallible prophets who fulfilled their role in the most perfect manner, which was to call people to Allah offering Him alone, which requires doing everything that is enjoined, and refraining from everything that is prohibited, this indicates that there is nothing to criticize the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about and Allah is sufficient in taking account of his slaves for his watching their deeds from this is known that marriage is part of the way of the messengers Malka, Anna Mohan Madden

01:10:30--> 01:11:14

had in the journey Kumala Qian was Will Allah He won't Halterman maybe in work and along with equal initiating in Eileen Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is not the father of any man among you, where he is the messenger of Allah and the Last of Prophets. Allah has knowledge of all things. That is the messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam is not the father of any men among you are on an end and healing the connection of Zaid inheritor with him is included in that and that is because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the Father, as we know, to a number of daughters lived to adulthood, and a number of sons, but they all died in infancy. And some of the scholars said that

01:11:14--> 01:11:45

from the hikma of Allah azza wa jal and the wisdom of Allah subhanaw taala, that the Prophet said him had no surviving sons is that people then couldn't make this claim that they would be prophets after him that they will have successes that they continue, they inherited Prophet have profited after him. And so the larger the decree that the Prophet said about him, he survived, but any male no son would survive him. And so people wouldn't be able to come and go to extremes with regards to the sons of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam because people went to extremes with his grandsons, and therefore his daughter, so they went to extreme middle Hassan and Hussein as we know. So what if

01:11:46--> 01:12:21

the prophets and Mata had sons and from those sons are the sons grandsons, that would have been an open door for other people as well and Allah azza wa jal knows best, because because this is a general immune and applies to all situations. If we take the verse as it appears to be, it would mean that the Prophet salallahu Salam is not the father of any men, whether by blood or by adoption. However, it was previously established at the messenger Salallahu Alaihe. Salam is a father to all the believers and his wives Radi Allahu anha or their mother or their mothers. Therefore, in order to avoid any anyone thinking that there could be some contradiction because of the general meaning

01:12:21--> 01:12:38

of his statement, Allah says, but he is the messenger of Allah and the Last of the prophets that is, that is, this is his position, which is the position of one who must be obeyed and followed one through whose teachings and people are guided, one who is believed in, and presidents must be given to love,

01:12:39--> 01:13:14

to the love of Him, over love of anyone else. He is the one who is sincere towards the believers, and because of his sincerity and love towards them, is as if he were a father to them. So the prophets of Allah Azza wa sallam is the seal of the prophets, the last in a long line of prophets from the time of Adam it is center. And that is when the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim to Hadith whatever the Allah bang, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave the example he said, the example of me and all of the prophets is like the example of someone who builds a beautiful building. It's bricks of beautiful, everything around it is beautiful. But there is one brick

01:13:14--> 01:13:52

missing. So the people come and they look at this house and they walk around it and they were amazed by its beauty. But then they see that one brick missing and they say, If only someone fix that brick, phony, someone filled up that brick and then the house will be perfect. He said, I am that break. So the prophets of Allah were all sent, and he was the last of them. sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Allah has knowledge of all things that is his knowledge. Encompass encompasses all things and He knows with whom to place his message and who's fit to receive His favor and who is not. Yeah. You have nothing in common with guru law how the Quran Kathy or are you believe remember Allah with

01:13:52--> 01:14:01

much remember it was a bear who will Kurata what else Lila and glorify Him morning and afternoon. Well, lady will slowly

01:14:04--> 01:14:31

get to your courage. I mean, lumati Elan, no one can beat me now Rahim. For is he who sends blessings upon you and His angels ask him to bless you and forgive you so that he may bring you forth from the depths of darkness into light and he is most merciful to the believers. There he to whom ye whom I don't go now who saw

01:14:33--> 01:14:34

what I did or whom I

01:14:36--> 01:15:00

carry in. The reading on the day they meet him will be peace, and he has prepared for them a generous reward. Here Allah subhanaw taala instruct the believers to remember him with much remembrance such as daleel to Hamid to spear tech lead and other words that bring one closer to Allah. The minimum of that is regularly reciting the Dhikr for morning and afternoon following the five obligate obligatory prayers

01:15:00--> 01:15:37

And on various occasions when there are reasons to recite liquor and then this was also allowed us to drill as we said when he mentioned liquor again he says cathedra remember Allah often remember rematch as often in the Quran does what the court is mentioned alongside the need to do it often and consistently. Once you persist in doing that at all times, and in all situations by virtue of which do me advance without much effort for that will motivate him to love and know Allah, and it will help him to do good and will restrain his tongue from evil speech, Allah and glorify Him morning and afternoon, that is at the beginning and end of the day, because these are virtuous times and is easy

01:15:37--> 01:16:11

to do this at those times. Four is he who sends it blessings upon you and His angels, ask him to bless you and forgive you so that he may bring you forth from the depths of darkness into the light and he is most merciful to the believers, that is, by His mercy and kindness towards the believers by means of His blessings and prays for them. And the prayer and supplication of his angels. He brings them forth from the dark depths of sin and ignorance to the Light of Faith guide guidance and knowledge and good deeds. This is what is the salah of Allah azza wa jal, Allah Subhana Allah says that he sends his thoughts upon you, as well as the angels sending sloth upon you the sort of angels

01:16:11--> 01:16:45

and other Krishna is known as dua. For the believer they make dua for the believer, and that is their form of solid but Allah azza wa jal surah. There are different statements from amongst the scholars, but perhaps one of the best of them is the statement of some of the taboo in that they said that when Allah sinned Sadat upon his slaves, it means that he mentions them by name, with the noble Angels that are with him, that Allah mentions them by name, with the noble Angels that are with him. subhanho wa taala. This is the greatest blessing that He bestows upon his obedient slaves, which should make them be grateful and remember Allah a great deal, for he has shown kindness and

01:16:45--> 01:17:23

mercy to them. And he calls it the bearers of his throne, the best of the angels and those who are who are around the throne, to glorify and praise their Lord, and pray for forgiveness for those who believe. So they say, Our Lord, you encompass all things in your mercy, and not as so forgive those who repent and follow your path and protect them from the punishment of the blazing Fire our Lord and admit them to gardens of perpetual abode, which you have promised them and admit the righteous among their forebears, their spouses and their offspring, where you are the Almighty, the most wise, and protect them from the evil consequences of their sins, for whoever you protect from evil

01:17:23--> 01:17:50

consequences on that day, you will indeed have bestowed mercy upon them, and that is the supreme triumph. This is the mercy and blessing that He bestows upon them in this world, as for His mercy towards him in the Hereafter, is the greatest of mercy and the best reward namely, attaining the pleasure and beating of, of the Lord listening to his noble words gazing upon his beautiful countenance and attaining immense rewards of which no one knows the extent except those to whom He gives them

01:17:51--> 01:17:58

hence he says their greeting on that day they meet him will be peace and he has prepared for them a generous reward

01:17:59--> 01:18:04

yeah a your hand happen to be you in

01:18:06--> 01:18:32

Russia he didn't want Mubasher wrong one or the euro or profit very we have sent you as a witness a pair of clerics and a warner well there are you need a law he be evening What's your honor Jim O'Neill as one who calls people to Allah by His leave and as a lamp, spreading light well best shooting meaning Ibn Allah home Mina law he felt

01:18:33--> 01:18:39

cabbie are all and give glad tidings to the believers that they will have great bounty from Allah. While

01:18:40--> 01:19:19

feeding our Munna filthy you know, they're either water or law, work ever been. He were Keela do not yield to the disbelievers and hypocrites and pay no heed to their hurtful talk period trust in Allah for sufficient is Allah as a disposer of affairs. These descriptions that Allah gives of His messengers, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam reflect the purpose of his mission and its fundamental essence, which was unique to that message. There are five points to note. Firstly, he was sent as a witness to testify concerning his OMA and that they did what they did of good and evil as Allah subhanaw taala says elsewhere, that you might be witnesses over humankind, and the

01:19:19--> 01:19:44

messenger might be a witness over you, and how will it be when we bring witness from every nation and bring you O Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a witness against them. Therefore, he is he is he is a just an acceptable witness. Secondly, and thirdly, he is a bearer of glad tidings and a warner, which requires a definition of the recipients of those glad tidings and warnings, that those tidings and warnings are about

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what those glad tidings and warnings are about and the deeds expected of people in that context. The recipients of the glad tidings are the pious believers who combined faith and righteous deeds with refraining from sin, glad tidings are for them in the life of this world.

01:20:00--> 01:20:37

We have all kinds of rewards both worldly and spiritual, as a result of their faith and piety or fear of Allah, in the Hereafter they will enjoy eternal bliss. And all all of that requires an explanation of the deeds and piety that are in need that are needed in order to attain that reward and different types of reward the recipients of the warning or the evildoers and wrongdoers people of wickedness and ignorance. They are given the warning in this world of worldly and religious punishments that result from ignorance and wrongdoing in the Hereafter, they will have in the Hereafter they will have a severe and lengthy punishment. The details of all the above are to be

01:20:37--> 01:21:15

found in what the prophets of Allah is sent and brought of the Quran and Sunnah. Fourthly, he is one who calls upon to one who calls people to Allah, that is, Allah sent him to call people to their Lord, show them the way to Paradise and enjoy them and join them to worship Him, which is the purpose for which they were created. This requires him to adhere to that to which he is calling them and to describe in detail the message to which he is calling them by teaching them about their Lord and His divine attributes declaring declaring him to be far above that which is not befitting to His Majesty, describing all types of servitude to him, calling up people to Allah by the by the most

01:21:15--> 01:21:58

effective means giving each one who has a right his due and being sincere in calling them to Allah alone, not to himself or seeking any kind of self aggrandizement, as might, as might be the inclination of many people. All of that was by Allah's Leave, and by His word and decree. fiscally he is a lamp spreading light, which implies that all people are in the depths of darkness without any light, and without any knowledge to help them in their ignorance. Until Allah sent His noble Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, by means of whom he eliminated, eliminated the darkness granted knowledge to ignorant people and guided those who were lost to the straight path. Thus, the way

01:21:58--> 01:22:27

became clear to righteous people. And they marched behind that, behind that, behind that leader from whom they learned about good and evil, who is blessed and who is doomed. And through the light they, through the light that they received from him. They came to know who's worthy of worship, learning him, learning about Him through His praise, worthy attributes, perfect deeds and wise rulings, and give glad tidings to the believers that they will have great bounty from Allah. He Allah mentioned the recipients of the glad tidings,

01:22:28--> 01:23:04

namely, the believers when faith is mentioned on its own, it also includes righteous deeds. The subject of the glad tidings is the great bounty, namely immense abundance, which is so great that no one would be able to estimate it. That includes victory in this world that guidance, guidance, forgiveness of sins, relief of distress, abundant and increasing provision, granting of blessing and attaining the pleasure and reward of the Lord and being safe from his wrath and punishment. This motivates people to strive by telling them of the reward that Allah will bestow upon them for their good deeds, and it helps them to follow the street path. This is part of the wisdom of Islam. And

01:23:04--> 01:23:43

other aspects of his wisdom is that in the context of warning, mentioning it mentioning is mentioned is made of the, the punishment implied by that warning, this helps one to refrain from that which Allah has forbidden, because there are some people who are prepared to oppose the prophets and their followers who call people to Allah, namely the hypocrites who make an outward pretense pretence of being believers, when inwardly they are disbelievers and evildoers. And the disbelievers who disbelieve both outwardly and in both inwardly and outwardly, Allah forbade his messenger salovaara They've sent him to obey them and warn him against doing that, as he said, do not yield to the

01:23:43--> 01:24:11

disbelievers and hypocrites. That is in any matter that is opposed to the way of Allah, that does not mean actively harming them. Rather, what is meant is that he should not obey them or year to do to them and pay no heed to their hurtful talk for this may soften the hearts and encourage them to accept Islam, and it may put a stop to much of the harm that they do. to Islam and to his to his followers. Put your trust in Allah to grant you the upper hand and cause you cause your enemy to fail.

01:24:12--> 01:24:42

For sufficient is Allah as a disposal of affairs important matters are to be delegated to him so that he will take care of them and make it easy for his slave to achieve what he wants. Yeah, are you your head Levine? No either Naka, tomo Minette Ethan Palazzo go to moon Powderly and MS soon FMLA co Meiling. Ms. Corbelli

01:24:43--> 01:24:50

ms soon FMR. Nicole Meiling me night dating data do

01:24:52--> 01:24:59

your own no one said your 101 jameelah oh you believe if you

01:25:00--> 01:25:35

marry believing women and then divorce them before the marriage is consummated, you have no reason to ask them to observe any waiting period, but for you, so give them a gift as compensation and let them go in an amicable manner. Here Allah subhanho wa Taala tells the believers, and that if they marry believing women, then divorce them before consummating the marriage, those women do not have to observe the either, and the men have no reason to ask them to do so. Allah commands their husbands to give them a gift in this case, so as to console them for leaving them, and so that the separation may be amicable without any dispute trading of insults or making demands on one another.

01:25:36--> 01:25:40

And the like. This verse is quoted as evidence to support the view that divorce can only occur after marriage.

01:25:42--> 01:26:19

If a man divorces a woman before marrying her or makes divorce, conditional upon marrying her, it does not come because Allah says if you marry believe in women, and then divorce them, so is ordained that divorce can only come after marriage, which indicates that if it is done before marriage, it does not count as divorce is complete separation, which means that the separate spouse has become completely prohibited to one another, it cannot occur before marriage, therefore, is more is more appropriate to say that divorce by means of we have a law and the like also cannot be done before marriage. This is the correct scholarly view. Allah azza wa jal is speaking here and the

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author will go into some details concerning this verse, but Allah Subhana Allah is giving one of the rulings concerning divorce. And that is that if divorce takes place, before, before the the husband and the wife seclude themselves together, so they get married, and then they immediately the husband divorces or for one reason or another, or they've yet to meet and be secluded together he issues that he was then there is no because there is that the waiting period is to ensure that there's no pregnancy involved, that there is no child involved and so on. In this case, there's not going to be anything because they never even went together anywhere. They only had the marriage ceremony, each

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one is still the man the man the groom's with the men, the boys with the women, and then he divorces Allah Allah says that there is no need for such women.

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This verse also indicates that of divorce is permissible because Allah speaks of when the believers do that without blaming them or begging them for it. Even though the verse begins by addressing the believers it also indicated that it's permissible to issue a divorce before consummating the marriage. As Allah says elsewhere, there is no blame on you if you divorce women before marriage is contemplated before the marriage is consummated, and indicated that if a woman is divorced before consummation of the marriage, she is not required to observe, rather as soon as she is divorced is permissible for her to marry someone else because there is no impediment to doing so. But after

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consummation of the marriage she is required to observe in the event of divorce. But there's a buzzer does the word translate here as consummation refer specifically to intercourse as is agreed upon, or is being alone together to be regarded in the same way, even if no intercourse, intercourse takes place? The latter as was stated in that was issued by the Rightly Guided caliphs. And this the correct view. Allah azza wa jal says here that if you divorced one before you touch her, that's the literal meaning of the intimate, so on before you touch her. The scholar said, What does that mean before you touch her? It means that you two positions number one has already mentioned that it means

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you consummated the marriage. That's the first position or the second position is that you will secluded with her secluded means that the two of them together into a room together. That's not seclusion, they he and her are alone together that's called seclusion. That seclusion even if we didn't consummate the marriage, according to the majority of the scholars of Islam, that would be enough for confirmation here, in which case, the conscious divorce over there and that they go through a normal divorce. And so Elijah did when he says here before you touch it, it means that you don't even get to that point where you're secluded with her. And that was the photo of Abu Bakr and

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Omar documentary Rhodiola Varna many of the companions. And so other scholars said no, it means consideration. But the majority said no, even if we just spend time with the alone, that is enough. That is enough, because the whole issue here is one of that. Right? The whole issue of the reader is to make sure that she's not pregnant, and so on, so forth. So the fact that they were screwed together, even if they both deny that nothing happened, there was no consideration. There's still a level of data from other people from a future husband. When she gets remarried. She wants to get remarried. She says there's no point me I didn't come see me. They get married after a week, then

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she's pregnant after two three months now. So the Shediac always goes away from anything in which there is doubt and that is why the majority of this follows chose that position. If the husband has been alone with the wife, even if no intercourse took place, she must observe that in the event of divorce. Moreover, the woman who is divorced before consummation of the marriage is to be given a gift from one who is well off according to his means, and from one who is poor according to his means, but this applies if he did not specify amount though before. If he did specify her dowry, then if he divorces her, before consummation of the marriage, she used to be given half of them

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ahead, in which case there is no need for gift