Quran Tafseer – Page 79 – Inheritance Rules

Ahsan Hanif

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AI: Summary © The issue of inheritance is a complex issue that is dependent on personal and family history. It is not right to inheriting wealth and anyone with debts or past deaths should be included in the process. It is important to write a will before passing away to avoid legal issues and to ensure proper coverage for anyone with debts or past deaths. The distribution of wealth is based on fixed shares of the spouses, husband, and wife, and it is necessary to read the laws and obey them.
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Muhammad.

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Welcome to another episode of tafsir page by

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page And InshaAllah Ta'ala today we are on

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page number 79,

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which is the 3rd page in Surah Al

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Nisa

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in the 4th juz.

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In the previous episode, we mentioned a number

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of issues

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regarding and relating to the issue of inheritance

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and as we said this was one of

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those

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points or one of those issues and subject

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matters which in the time of Arabia or

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the Arabs of Jahiliyyah before the coming of

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the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. And to

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be very frank even after that time even

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until our time today it is an issue

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even amongst Muslims

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that is still an issue and a great

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cause of oppression and injustice.

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And that is because many people

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don't study and understand how inheritance works under

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Islamic law and unfortunately there are some people

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who don't really care about how it works,

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they will simply want that wealth by hook

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or by crook. So we mentioned in the

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last episode that Allah Azzawajal said that everyone

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has their fair share and right to inheritance

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whether you are male or female. If you

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are from amongst those relatives, those

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close relatives that Allah

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has determined has the right to inheritance, then

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that right belongs to you.

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And we said that those rights of inheritance

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doesn't necessarily mean that you will inherit because

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that is also dependent upon who else is

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living or not at that time. So usually

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the people that are closest to the deceased

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which are their parents,

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spouse and children will always inherit.

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And as for everyone else who may inherit

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such as siblings,

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grandparents,

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grandchildren, paternal uncles and so on, those people

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may inherit depending upon who else is living

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or who is not. In the previous episode

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we mentioned the verse, 'but you live in

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which Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala spoke to us

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and told us concerning

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some of those fixtures that we have. The

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way that inheritance works is that we have

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a group of close relatives

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that have a fixed share. These people are

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called as habul furook.

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Those people who have fixed shares are the

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ones that Allah mentions

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and that we spoke about in verse number

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11 and the first verse that we will

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speak about today verse number 12 Such as

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for example, the mother,

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the daughters,

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the maternal brothers, the husband, the wife, these

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people have fixed shares

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in Islam. Whatever is left after they have

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taken their fixed shares is given to the

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second group of people who are normally their

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male close relatives and these people are called

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Asaba.

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So the people

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who are taking the fixtures are usually female

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relatives with a couple of exceptions like the

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husband and sometimes the father.

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And the people who take what remains

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are the Asaba and usually are the male

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relatives. So for example, sons and brothers and

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uncles like full brothers or brothers that are

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paternal brothers and uncles and so on.

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Sometimes what remains

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is

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more and sometimes what remains

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is less

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and sometimes what remains is nothing. And so

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those people just take whatever remains and that

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is the prophet told us

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that the hadith of Abu Bakr Abbas

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give to the fixed share people their shares

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and whatever remains then it goes to the

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closest male relative.

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And so therefore we have the division of

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these two categories of relatives,

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the people who are fixed shares, who are

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usually speaking, the male or female relatives and

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then the male relatives and whoever gets it,

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they get whatever essentially

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remains from that. So sometimes it is more.

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So for example, in the case of the

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son, he's a male relative, he takes whatever

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is remaining And if there are daughters, he

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will take more than the daughters because as

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we said, he gets double their portion.

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However, if it's only a daughter, one daughter

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she gets half,

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2 or more daughters they get 2 thirds

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and so on and so forth.

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So here in verse number 12 now Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala

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will continue

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upon this issue continue with this issue of

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of inheritance

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and again it is something which we have

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to understand

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and as we said in the previous episode,

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the best and easiest way

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is to go and to simply go to

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a Muslim imam,

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your local scholar imam and so on and

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ask them how to do this. A common

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mistake that is made unfortunately within our communities

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is that we don't

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do the due diligence on these issues until

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after the death takes place. And then there

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is a great deal of

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raw emotion

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of people being really upset obviously at the

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passing of their loved one and what people's

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expectations

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are rightly or wrongly because that's what they

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thought would happen. And then all of a

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sudden they're told, no, actually this is what

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the Sharia says. Also at the same time,

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you have to acknowledge as Muslims living in

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the West that the

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UK law, for example, or the law of

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the US or whichever country you're living in

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may not necessarily be the same as Islamic

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law. So therefore, a person may go and

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dispute that issue if you don't have this

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stuff written down as your own will and

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so on. So the person when they pass

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away should write a will or before they

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pass away rather, should always have their will

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ready. And within it, they should mention issues

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like, for example, the issues concerning their burial

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and their funeral

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arrangements. They should mention any deaths that they

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have there in because that is extremely important.

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The Prophet told us

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that a person after they pass away, will

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be in suspense until

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their debts have been paid. And the Prophet

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before Janazah was brought out and he learnt

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that that person had debts upon them, he

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wouldn't lead their janazah and he would tell

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the companions to pray over them instead. And

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that's because that person is in suspense. Why

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are they in suspense?

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Because they have taken the rights of others

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by borrowing their money and they have yet

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to fulfill that right. So those debts have

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to be

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recorded, have to be written down and known

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so that those people can be given their

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rights back otherwise that person who has passed

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away it continues to be upon them.

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Number 3, any bequests that they have. So

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they want to give some of their wealth

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for charity as we mentioned in the last

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episode, they want to give some of it

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away in charity, they want to help certain

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people, certain organizations, certain causes and so on

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especially for those of us that are living

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in the west where we don't necessarily have

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government support for our institutions,

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for our masjids and so on and so

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forth. It is it may be that someone

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may want to give some of that wealth

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to their local masjid, to a Muslim school,

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to for example, the orphans that are living

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within the community or the widows and so

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on and so forth. They want to do

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some good and that is something which is

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permissible and then they write down the shares

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that they have. I know that I have

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these children, and I have my wife, and

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I have my parents, and my siblings. These

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are the people that are living, and these

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are the shares that they will have, and

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this is how it will be distributed after

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I have sought obviously

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advice from someone who is qualified. And that

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may require a result of updating

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as people are born and people pass away

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and circumstances

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change. And so that is from good practice

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that a person should do that so that

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they don't leave their

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affairs in a mess. That once they pass

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away, their family members now have to come

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and they have to fight and they have

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to battle and they have to argue and

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debate and sometimes those issues go to court

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and if they don't go to court then

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it leads to whole families breaking up. So

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that person who passed away left behind wealth

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as inheritance

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rather than being a mercy as it should

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be because people are benefiting from their legacy,

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the wealth and the efforts they made in

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this life, to help their family members after

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they have passed away, and now becomes a

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source of tension

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and a source of break up in the

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family because that wealth that they left behind

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is being something which everyone is fighting over.

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And also because unfortunately now we live in

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unfortunately in the case of of many of

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us we are very

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very materialistic

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and we're very wealth centered.

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And so therefore, when we know that for

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example, I may or I could receive £10,000

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from this person, I will fight over that

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money. And if it means that I have

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to trample over my own parents, my own

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siblings, my own children, I will do so

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because that's something which I want.

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One of the other things to remember as

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we mentioned in the previous episode and again

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I want to stress upon this because these,

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tafsir classes

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are not Fiqh lessons. So we are not

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going through all of the laws of inheritance

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and so on that would make this discussion

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extremely long and it would make it detailed

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and this is meant to be a general,

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Insha'Allah Ta'al, accessible tafsir for everyone.

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But there are a few points that are

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important to mention that I just want to

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highlight because for many of us, we don't

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really study these issues. We don't look into

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them. And until the issue arises, because it

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is the reality now that we have to

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face, most of us don't really do any,

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preemptive,

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research or seeking knowledge about these issues.

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One of the other things that we will,

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that we mentioned in the previous episode and

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that it is important to to remember again

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is the issue of mutual consent.

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If all of the heirs

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agree upon something, then it is permissible, generally

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speaking. So long as obviously they are not

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breaking a law from the laws of Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala. So for example, as we

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said in the previous episode,

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a person can give up to a third

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of their wealth in charity. They can bequeath

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it as a Sadaqah for someone as long

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as that someone isn't an heir. So I

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can't bequeath it to my son because my

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son inherits. I can't bequeath it to my

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wife because she inherits. I can't bequeath it

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to my daughter because they inherit.

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However, I have a distant relative

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who does not inherit. They are not for

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my immediate family and they are poor and

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needy and I wish to give them for

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example a 5th of my estate to help

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them and their affairs and so on. That

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is permissible.

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However, if I want to give it to

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one of those people who do inherit, so

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for example, one of my daughters is struggling,

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I want to give to a third of

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my estate over and above what she will

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receive anyway

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of her inheritance.

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And I gather my family members together, all

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of those people that would inherit from me,

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and I sit them down and I say,

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look, this is your sister

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or your daughter or whoever she is in

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terms of a relationship to you my daughter

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she's like your sister to my other children

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and so on. I say this is our

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family member she's struggling Allah has blessed you

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with wealth the rest of you are fine

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you're comfortable but she's struggling she's having a

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hard time she needs extra help she needs

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extra support So if this is what I

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plan to do, what do you think? As

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long as they willingly agree because sometimes people

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are manipulated into the situation

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or forced, That isn't something which should be

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done. They are given free consent to say

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no, I don't agree. And if they say

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no, then so be it. But if they

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all agree happily and they say yes, we

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are willing to help them and so on,

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and this is often the case in families

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where these discussions happen beforehand

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and people are mature and sensible, people will

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often do this. They know that for example,

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this person

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needs more. They need some extra support, they

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need some extra help and so therefore we

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will give them that extra help and they

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have that reward insha Allah ta'ala from Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala.

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So mutual consent is something which then allows

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people to agree on something which otherwise normally

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wouldn't be allowed. And likewise, for example, up

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to a third you can give, but if

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they agree altogether mutually, then we will give

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a half, that's fine. As long as they

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agree mutually

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and

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it is given their full and free and

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open consent. Otherwise, the laws of Allah Subhanahu

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Wa Ta'ala are there to be established as

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we said in the previous episode that Allah

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says that Allah has established these laws for

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you because otherwise you wouldn't know who has

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more right over you than others. Who has

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more rights over you than others. So some

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people for example maybe wouldn't give to their

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parents anything

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because they'd be like oh they're old they

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don't really need my help, I want to

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give it all to my children.

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But Allah Azzawajal said no they have a

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right because of their status,

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because of what they did for you, because

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of their service towards you and when people

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get old it doesn't mean that they don't

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need money.

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Sometimes they need more support because they have

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less ability to go out and earn and

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to help themselves and to be financially independent

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and so on. And so Allah subhanahu wa

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ta'ala is from his Hikmah

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and his wisdom that Allah has given to

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all of these people their shares. And Allah

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has given to them different shares

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depending on their circumstances.

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So sometimes the daughter may receive half and

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sometimes as we said when she is with

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her brother she may receive less

00:12:51--> 00:12:53

and so this is dependent upon each person

00:12:53--> 00:12:55

and their shares they may differ as well

00:12:56--> 00:12:57

concerning or dependent

00:12:58--> 00:13:00

upon the situation that they find themselves in.

00:13:00--> 00:13:01

So in

00:13:02--> 00:13:04

verse number 12 Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala continues

00:13:04--> 00:13:06

with the fixed shares of other people that

00:13:06--> 00:13:09

we have yet to mention so far and

00:13:09--> 00:13:10

that is the statement of Allah

00:14:10--> 00:14:13

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says, you inherit half

00:14:13--> 00:14:15

of what your wives leave if they have

00:14:15--> 00:14:17

no children. And if they have children, you

00:14:17--> 00:14:20

inherit a quarter. In all cases, the distribution

00:14:20--> 00:14:22

comes after payment of any bequests or debts.

00:14:23--> 00:14:25

And if you have no children, your wife's

00:14:25--> 00:14:27

share is a quarter. And if you have

00:14:27--> 00:14:29

children, your wives get an 8th. In all

00:14:29--> 00:14:31

cases, the distribution comes after payment of any

00:14:31--> 00:14:34

bequests or debts. If a man or woman

00:14:34--> 00:14:36

dies, leaving no children or parents, but a

00:14:36--> 00:14:39

single brother or sister, he or she should

00:14:39--> 00:14:41

take 1 sixth of the inheritance. If there

00:14:41--> 00:14:43

are more siblings, they share 1 third between

00:14:43--> 00:14:46

them. In all cases, the distribution comes after

00:14:46--> 00:14:48

payment of any bequests or debts with no

00:14:48--> 00:14:50

harm done to anyone. This is the commandment

00:14:50--> 00:14:53

from Allah and indeed Allah is all knowing

00:14:53--> 00:14:55

and He is all forbearing. Allah

00:14:56--> 00:14:59

'Azza wa Jal therefore begins this verse number

00:14:59--> 00:15:02

12 with the fixtures of the spouses,

00:15:02--> 00:15:04

the husband and the wife. Allah subhanahu wa

00:15:04--> 00:15:05

ta'ala says to the husband,

00:15:06--> 00:15:08

you have half of what your wives leave

00:15:08--> 00:15:10

so long as there are no children in

00:15:10--> 00:15:11

the equation.

00:15:11--> 00:15:12

Your wife had no children.

00:15:13--> 00:15:15

If she has a child either from that

00:15:15--> 00:15:18

husband or a previous husband, then

00:15:19--> 00:15:21

this existing husband now, the one that she

00:15:21--> 00:15:24

is currently married to, he gets a quarter.

00:15:24--> 00:15:25

So if there's no children,

00:15:26--> 00:15:29

half. And if there are children, quarter. But

00:15:29--> 00:15:31

again as Allah Azzawajal repeated as we mentioned

00:15:31--> 00:15:33

in the last verse, verse number 11, Allah

00:15:33--> 00:15:35

Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says once all debts

00:15:35--> 00:15:37

and all bequests have been fulfilled.

00:15:37--> 00:15:40

So therefore, the shares of inheritance or the

00:15:40--> 00:15:42

distribution of the estate in terms of inheritance

00:15:42--> 00:15:43

is

00:15:43--> 00:15:45

the last thing that is done once all

00:15:45--> 00:15:47

of these other rights have been fulfilled. As

00:15:47--> 00:15:49

we said, for example, the rights of the

00:15:49--> 00:15:49

funeral

00:15:50--> 00:15:52

burial, right, the funeral arrangements. That's the first

00:15:52--> 00:15:54

right that's taken out. The right of debts,

00:15:55--> 00:15:56

the right of the bequests up to a

00:15:56--> 00:15:59

third. All of these are fulfilled first and

00:15:59--> 00:16:01

foremost. Once they have been done, that is

00:16:01--> 00:16:03

when these shares then come and that is

00:16:03--> 00:16:04

when they are given. And that's why as

00:16:04--> 00:16:06

we said last week, if a person doesn't

00:16:06--> 00:16:08

have a great deal of wealth, it is

00:16:08--> 00:16:09

not a good thing

00:16:09--> 00:16:11

or a good practice for them to give

00:16:11--> 00:16:13

some of their wealth away in charity because

00:16:13--> 00:16:15

they have very little. As the Prophet said

00:16:15--> 00:16:17

salallahu alaihi wa sallam to the famous companion

00:16:17--> 00:16:20

Saad ibn Abi Waqqas radiAllahu an, he said

00:16:20--> 00:16:23

it is better for you to leave your

00:16:23--> 00:16:24

your heirs, your children

00:16:25--> 00:16:25

wealthy

00:16:26--> 00:16:28

than to leave them poor that they still

00:16:28--> 00:16:29

have to go and ask from other people.

00:16:29--> 00:16:32

So someone only has a small amount, give

00:16:32--> 00:16:34

it to your family rather than giving some

00:16:34--> 00:16:36

of it in charity and then they have

00:16:36--> 00:16:38

very little and they still need other people's

00:16:38--> 00:16:40

support and other people's financial help.

00:16:41--> 00:16:43

So those are the fixtures of the husband.

00:16:43--> 00:16:45

When it comes to the wife,

00:16:46--> 00:16:48

if the husband had no children, so the

00:16:48--> 00:16:50

wife is now the survivor, the husband passed

00:16:50--> 00:16:53

away, if the husband has no children, she

00:16:53--> 00:16:56

gets a quarter. And if he had children,

00:16:56--> 00:16:58

whether from her or from any other wife,

00:16:58--> 00:17:00

then she receives an 8th.

00:17:00--> 00:17:02

And this is irrespective of whether there is

00:17:02--> 00:17:04

one wife that is currently married to or

00:17:04--> 00:17:07

more than 1. They would share that particular

00:17:07--> 00:17:09

or they would take the portion of that

00:17:09--> 00:17:12

particular share. So it still stays to a

00:17:12--> 00:17:14

quarter or an 8th. And again as Allah

00:17:14--> 00:17:14

says,

00:17:15--> 00:17:17

in all cases, the distribution comes after the

00:17:17--> 00:17:19

payment of any bequests or debts.

00:17:20--> 00:17:21

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala then says,

00:17:24--> 00:17:24

if a person

00:17:25--> 00:17:26

is going to inherit

00:17:28--> 00:17:30

as Kalala and this will be mentioned in

00:17:30--> 00:17:32

the final verse of Surah Al Nisa as

00:17:32--> 00:17:35

well. Kalala is the situation where a person

00:17:35--> 00:17:36

passes away

00:17:36--> 00:17:39

and they have neither descendants living nor descendants.

00:17:39--> 00:17:42

No parents or grandparents living. No children or

00:17:42--> 00:17:43

grandchildren living.

00:17:44--> 00:17:46

So therefore, the next closest people to them

00:17:46--> 00:17:47

are their siblings.

00:17:48--> 00:17:48

After, obviously,

00:17:49--> 00:17:51

they may have had wives and so on

00:17:51--> 00:17:54

and and but their next closest ones are

00:17:54--> 00:17:55

their siblings.

00:17:55--> 00:17:57

Here Allah says

00:17:59--> 00:18:01

and they have a single brother or they

00:18:01--> 00:18:02

have a single sister

00:18:03--> 00:18:04

then that person

00:18:05--> 00:18:07

will receive or that brother will receive that

00:18:07--> 00:18:10

man will receive a 6th of the inheritance

00:18:10--> 00:18:11

and if there is more than one, they

00:18:11--> 00:18:12

receive a third.

00:18:13--> 00:18:15

This is referring to maternal brothers. What is

00:18:15--> 00:18:17

the maternal brother? The maternal brother is the

00:18:17--> 00:18:19

one that you and him share the same

00:18:19--> 00:18:21

mother but you have different fathers. That is

00:18:21--> 00:18:25

called a maternal brother or maternal sister. A

00:18:25--> 00:18:27

paternal brother or sister is where you share

00:18:27--> 00:18:29

the same father with them but you have

00:18:29--> 00:18:32

different mothers and a full brother or sister

00:18:32--> 00:18:34

is that you share both the same father

00:18:34--> 00:18:35

and the same sister.

00:18:35--> 00:18:37

So here Allah Azawajal when he speaks about

00:18:37--> 00:18:39

the share, one of them gets a 6th

00:18:40--> 00:18:41

or more than 1. If there's 2 or

00:18:41--> 00:18:43

more, they get a share of the 3rd.

00:18:43--> 00:18:45

This is referring to maternal brothers and that

00:18:45--> 00:18:47

is even though it is not stipulated or

00:18:47--> 00:18:49

mentioned explicitly in the verse, it is by

00:18:49--> 00:18:52

Ijma' of the scholars of Islam that Allah

00:18:52--> 00:18:54

ajna in this particular verse is referring to

00:18:54--> 00:18:55

the maternal brothers.

00:18:56--> 00:18:57

So usually speaking,

00:18:58--> 00:18:59

the

00:18:59--> 00:19:01

inheritance as we said is always done through

00:19:01--> 00:19:02

the male line.

00:19:05--> 00:19:08

And so everyone that inherits from you are

00:19:08--> 00:19:11

your male relatives meaning from your father's line

00:19:11--> 00:19:13

or from your own line through your male

00:19:13--> 00:19:13

descendants.

00:19:14--> 00:19:15

So your

00:19:15--> 00:19:17

son and daughter will inherit. But when it

00:19:17--> 00:19:18

comes to grandchildren,

00:19:19--> 00:19:21

it is only the grandchildren from your sons,

00:19:21--> 00:19:22

not from your daughters.

00:19:23--> 00:19:26

Because your daughters children will inherit from their

00:19:26--> 00:19:27

father's side

00:19:27--> 00:19:29

and so on and so forth.

00:19:29--> 00:19:31

One of the few that do inherit from

00:19:31--> 00:19:34

the maternal side though is maternal brothers and

00:19:34--> 00:19:35

that is because they are siblings.

00:19:37--> 00:19:37

However,

00:19:37--> 00:19:40

they are siblings to your mother as opposed

00:19:40--> 00:19:43

to through your father. Surah Allah says that

00:19:43--> 00:19:44

in this case, if there is 1 of

00:19:44--> 00:19:46

them they will receive a 6th, if there

00:19:46--> 00:19:48

is more than 1, 2 or more they

00:19:48--> 00:19:50

will receive their share of a 3rd

00:19:51--> 00:19:53

and again that is after the payment of

00:19:53--> 00:19:56

any bequests or debts and Allah repeats this

00:19:56--> 00:19:58

now 4 times in verses 11 and 12

00:19:58--> 00:20:00

4 times this issue has been repeated and

00:20:00--> 00:20:02

that is to stress the importance of these

00:20:02--> 00:20:03

issues.

00:20:03--> 00:20:05

The issue of debt as we said because

00:20:05--> 00:20:07

of the rights that people have to their

00:20:07--> 00:20:09

wealth that they borrow to the individual that

00:20:09--> 00:20:11

has now passed away and bequest because this

00:20:11--> 00:20:13

is what the person who has now passed

00:20:13--> 00:20:16

away, the deceased wanted to do with their

00:20:16--> 00:20:18

wealth and they wanted to give some of

00:20:18--> 00:20:20

it in a cause that is

00:20:21--> 00:20:23

good or that is, inshaAllah Ta'ala, charitable and

00:20:23--> 00:20:24

will help them.

00:20:24--> 00:20:27

Allah says, this is the commandment from Allah

00:20:27--> 00:20:28

Subhanahu Ta'ala and Allah

00:20:29--> 00:20:31

is all knowing and Allah is all forebearing.

00:20:33--> 00:20:35

Allah in verse number 13 he then says,

00:20:49--> 00:20:51

These are the bounds set

00:20:51--> 00:20:52

by Allah

00:20:53--> 00:20:54

and Allah

00:20:54--> 00:20:56

will admit those who obey him and his

00:20:56--> 00:20:59

Messenger to gardens graced with flowing streams and

00:20:59--> 00:21:01

there they will stay. That is indeed the

00:21:01--> 00:21:02

supreme triumph.

00:21:02--> 00:21:05

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says that these are

00:21:05--> 00:21:07

the laws of Allah that Allah has set

00:21:07--> 00:21:08

in terms of inheritance

00:21:08--> 00:21:09

and so therefore

00:21:10--> 00:21:12

and obviously there are as we said

00:21:12--> 00:21:14

a lot more discussion that needs to be

00:21:14--> 00:21:16

had and a number of

00:21:16--> 00:21:18

other details that need to be mentioned and

00:21:18--> 00:21:19

studied before

00:21:19--> 00:21:22

someone truly understands inheritance.

00:21:22--> 00:21:25

For us, we just wanted people to understand

00:21:25--> 00:21:25

the general,

00:21:26--> 00:21:28

the general scope of inheritance and its general

00:21:28--> 00:21:31

the general way that it works. Clearly, the

00:21:31--> 00:21:33

details are studied in the books of fiqh

00:21:33--> 00:21:35

and practically speaking, when a person comes to

00:21:36--> 00:21:38

determining their own issues of inheritance, they need

00:21:38--> 00:21:40

to seek advice from someone who is qualified.

00:21:40--> 00:21:42

But Allah says here that these are the

00:21:42--> 00:21:43

laws of Allah

00:21:44--> 00:21:46

so therefore it is not permissible for a

00:21:46--> 00:21:47

person to come and change those laws by

00:21:47--> 00:21:49

saying that I want to give all of

00:21:49--> 00:21:50

my wealth to 1 person or I am

00:21:50--> 00:21:52

going to give it to this person as

00:21:52--> 00:21:54

a greater share than what they receive in

00:21:54--> 00:21:55

the Quran and the sunnah and so on

00:21:55--> 00:21:57

because that is a form of oppression and

00:21:57--> 00:21:58

that is what Allah says,

00:22:01--> 00:22:03

if you obey Allah and obey his messenger,

00:22:03--> 00:22:06

then Allah will give you rewards whether it

00:22:06--> 00:22:07

is in this issue or another issue. The

00:22:07--> 00:22:10

laws that Allah has set down, the laws

00:22:10--> 00:22:13

that Allah has established and that Allah has

00:22:13--> 00:22:15

set, those have to be obeyed whether I

00:22:15--> 00:22:17

like it or I don't like it, whether

00:22:17--> 00:22:19

it's something which works for me or it

00:22:19--> 00:22:21

doesn't work for me. Those are the laws

00:22:21--> 00:22:23

that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala has said. And

00:22:23--> 00:22:25

so sometimes people find this difficult because sometimes

00:22:25--> 00:22:29

unfortunately in families, there is animosity and rancor

00:22:29--> 00:22:30

and ill feelings sometimes between

00:22:31--> 00:22:32

very close relations

00:22:33--> 00:22:34

between parents and their children,

00:22:35--> 00:22:36

between siblings

00:22:36--> 00:22:39

and so on. And so therefore sometimes people

00:22:39--> 00:22:41

find it difficult but Allah Azzawajal is saying

00:22:41--> 00:22:43

that these are the laws of Allah Subhanahu

00:22:43--> 00:22:45

Wa Ta'ala and these are the laws that

00:22:45--> 00:22:47

you should abide by. And so therefore it

00:22:47--> 00:22:49

is the practice of the Muslims to submit

00:22:49--> 00:22:50

to Allah

00:22:51--> 00:22:53

to submit to the commands of Allah

00:22:53--> 00:22:55

and by doing so,

00:22:55--> 00:22:57

even if it is something which you don't

00:22:57--> 00:22:58

find necessarily

00:22:59--> 00:23:01

easy to do, Allah gives you the great

00:23:01--> 00:23:03

reward of Jannah and that is the true

00:23:03--> 00:23:04

triumph.

00:23:04--> 00:23:06

And no one should want to come on

00:23:06--> 00:23:09

the Day of Judgement holding any oppression or

00:23:10--> 00:23:11

having any oppression

00:23:12--> 00:23:14

in their scale of deeds. No one wants

00:23:14--> 00:23:16

to come and stand before Allah Azza wa

00:23:16--> 00:23:18

Jal having oppressed others, having withheld their

00:23:19--> 00:23:21

rights, being held to account for that type

00:23:21--> 00:23:23

of harm that they may have done. And

00:23:23--> 00:23:24

so therefore

00:23:24--> 00:23:26

if Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala has commanded something,

00:23:27--> 00:23:29

you simply do as Allah

00:23:29--> 00:23:32

has commanded because in that way lies success

00:23:33--> 00:23:35

as Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says that is

00:23:35--> 00:23:36

the supreme triumph.

00:23:36--> 00:23:38

In the final verse on this page, verse

00:23:38--> 00:23:39

number 14,

00:23:40--> 00:23:41

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala then says,

00:23:51--> 00:23:54

But those who disobey Allah and His Messenger

00:23:54--> 00:23:57

and overstep His limits will be consigned by

00:23:57--> 00:23:59

Allah to the fire and there they will

00:23:59--> 00:24:03

stay a humiliating torment awaits them. So Allah

00:24:03--> 00:24:04

said to obey Allah

00:24:04--> 00:24:07

in his commands, therein lies success and to

00:24:07--> 00:24:10

disobey Allah and his messenger salallahu alaihi wa

00:24:10--> 00:24:13

sallam and to overstep the boundaries that Allah

00:24:13--> 00:24:15

has set or to ignore the laws that

00:24:15--> 00:24:17

Allah has set or to change the laws

00:24:17--> 00:24:17

that Allah

00:24:18--> 00:24:18

has established,

00:24:19--> 00:24:20

therein lies destruction

00:24:21--> 00:24:21

and humiliation

00:24:22--> 00:24:24

and punishment. And so therefore Allah 'Azza wa

00:24:24--> 00:24:26

Jal mentions these two points here after these

00:24:26--> 00:24:29

verses of inheritance because as we said, this

00:24:29--> 00:24:30

was one of the most common ways of

00:24:30--> 00:24:31

oppression

00:24:31--> 00:24:33

that people used to have before the time

00:24:33--> 00:24:36

of Islam and unfortunately it has continued even

00:24:36--> 00:24:39

into our time today, where in many communities,

00:24:39--> 00:24:41

in many Muslim families, there is still an

00:24:41--> 00:24:43

element of oppression that takes place when it

00:24:43--> 00:24:44

comes to this issue of

00:24:46--> 00:24:47

inheritance. So we ask Allah

00:24:48--> 00:24:50

that he gives us the ability to know

00:24:50--> 00:24:52

the truth and to follow it. That Allah

00:24:52--> 00:24:54

safeguards us all from oppression and from harming

00:24:54--> 00:24:56

others and that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala gives

00:24:56--> 00:24:58

us the ability to fulfill the rights of

00:24:58--> 00:25:01

others and to be fair and just with

00:25:01--> 00:25:01

all.

00:25:02--> 00:25:03

of today's episode.

00:25:02--> 00:25:03

of today's episode.