Qur’an Tafseer #4 Consequences of Disbelievers
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
Series: Ahsan Hanif - Quran Tafseer
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Santa Monica rahmatullahi wa barakato Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa T but to be in order and dweller in Anil dolly mean, masha Allah, Allah Allah Allahu Allahu Allah Cherie Cara who either one Olina without feeling or should the internet be around Muhammad Abdul Rasulullah Mustafa Al Amin, la masala was Selim roboticle Abdullah Sonica Muhammad wa earlier he will be a drummer in my band. Welcome to another episode of our Tafseer page by page in which inshallah Tada we're going to go through each and every single page of the Quran a page at a time, making this the seal by crawling on the page that begins with verse number 17 and distinct of Allah subhanaw taala.
Concerning the category of the hypocrites that we began in the last episode, and that is Allah azza wa jal gives a number of descriptions concerning them and their attributes. In verse number 17, Allah subhana data sets forth a parable, a parable, concerning the hypocrites and Allah azza wa jal says, now we'll be learning mache ponder regime methylome care methylene ladies still are the naira philam Oba at Maha level they have Allahu minoli him. What are aka homefield automatically learn soon.
They are like people who labor to kindle a fire. When they lights up everything around them. Allah azza wa jal takes away their light, leaving them in utter darkness, unable to see. This is the example of the people of hypocrisy. Imagine a person who is in the middle of a desert, they have no nothing that they took with them in preparation for being in the middle of the desert, they just got stuck there. by no fault or by no means of their own. They're in the middle of the desert, and it's extremely dark. They have nothing to fire with. They have nothing to protect themselves from the bitter cold of the night of the desert. And so they're completely unprepared. And all of a sudden,
they find a fire that has already lit a fire that provides them with light that allows them to see their surroundings, that gives them a measure of safety and security that allows them to feel at ease. And there is also a fire that gives to them warmth, so that they can take from that fire and benefit from it. They can take from the fire in terms of cooking from that fire and taking warmth from the fire and allowing themselves to be able to see in their surroundings. And then with out any warning, the light is taken away from the fire. Allah azza wa jal says the light will be removed Allah subhanaw taala takes away the light. So the heat of the fire or the burning quality of the
fire is still there. But a fire that you cannot see that is raging with heat that cannot be seen is extremely dangerous, because you don't know how far you can go and how close you can go to it. You don't know if that fire is spreading and coming towards you, or if it is not moving towards you. And so the people are left in pitch darkness in a fire that is burning them or about to burn them or it's going to consume them. And they are in the darkness of the night with the darkness of the clouds with the darkness of the surroundings that they are left in. This is the example that Marzotto gives of the of the people of hypocrisy, because the people of hypocrisy didn't have Eman
did not know the meaning of la ilaha illallah didn't have didn't know who the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was. And then Allah subhanaw taala brought to them in the city of Medina, the Prophet of Allah salAllahu alayhi wa sallam. And they saw the benefits of Eman. They saw the lights of Eman in Medina, they saw salah, and they saw fasting and they saw it as a cat. And they saw all of the benefits they benefited by being in the you know, even if it was only outwardly by being in the group of the Muslims. They benefited from the wealth that came to the Muslims and the power and the prestige that the Muslims had by Allah's permission at the hands of the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam, but then that light was taken away or will be taken away from them when death comes and they will be left in utter darkness, darkness of the of the darkness of their sins, the darkness of their disbelief, the darkness of the hypocrisy and the darkness of the grave and his punishment and the darkness of the fire, that they will remain in thereafter. That is the example in the parable that Allah azza wa jal stands for hypocrisy that Allah has given to them. All of the things that should have given them guidance, they saw guidance, they heard guidance, they were surrounded by guidance, but they didn't benefit from it. So a person who doesn't benefit from the
light of the fire and doesn't benefit from the other elements of the fire that people can benefit from such as cooking, such as seen guide and taking a guide from the light of the fire and warmth and so on. Then those people only deserve to be burned by it. And that is what Allah azza wa jal says concerning the people of despair.
Believe and that is because Allah subhanaw taala as he goes on to describe them in verse number 18, that the hypocrites are some book Munoz, for whom Lyle June. They are deaf, dumb and blind. They will never return meaning to Allah subhanaw taala and find his guidance. This is not literally but figuratively speaking. They're not literally dumb, deaf and blind, but figuratively they are deaf. So they don't understand guidance. They can't hear guidance and the guidance doesn't settle within their hearts to the hearing. They are dumb mean that they can't speak what is good remembrance of Allah azza wa jal recitation of the Quran do vicar of Allah subhanaw taala and they are me they are
blind to seeing the signs of Allah subhanaw taala there are only random signs that they see of guidance signs that they see of Revelation, signs that you see in the universe in the creation of Allah subhanaw taala so if someone is figuratively speaking, therefore, deaf, dumb and blind, for whom lie of German, such people will never be able to find guidance. Such people will never come closer. Oh come close to Allah subhana wa Tada. Allah azza wa jal then gives another parable another example of the people of hypocrisy and he says in verse number 19 Oh, Casa UB minister, Santa Fe Hill no matter what doing work, you're generally known as sabia Humphrey than in Minnesota if you
had oral Milt Allahumma Heaton will caffeine or like a people who are under a cloudburst from the sky. With this darkness, thunder and lightning. They put their fingers into the ears to keep out the thunderclaps for fear of death. Indeed, Allah surrounds the disbelievers.
Allah azza wa jal gives another example. A person who's walking down the road or outside, and all of a sudden the dark rain clouds come upon them, even during the day. If dark rain clouds come, they bring with them darkness in the sky, they cover the sky with their darkness. So you have the darkness of the sky, and the darkness of the clouds. And then you have the darkness of the rain that descends from that cloud. And then you have the storm with its thunder and it's lightning that frighten people. You don't know how close that lightning strike is going to come. You have that constant fear that maybe that lightning will strike you and will burn you and will harm you. This
these are the people these are like the people of hypocrisy. Allah subhanaw taala says concerning them, they placed their fingers into their ears out of fear. They don't want to hear the loudness of the thunderclap. They don't want to see or they don't want to have the you know, the the the lightning snatched away their eyesight, and they fear death at that time or they fear harm at that particular time. Allah azza wa jal says in verse number 20, your car will have to absorb the lightning almost snatches away their site called Amma Abba Anna who Michelle fee will either Avila merrily him Bumble, whenever it flashes on them, they walk on, and When darkness falls around them,
they stand still.
These are the people that Allah azza wa jal gives the example of the people of hypocrisy. Allah subhanaw taala as describing them, when it comes to the, the way that they deal with the book of Allah azza wa jal in the Quran and the healing the Quran and they listen to the book of Allah subhanaw taala Allah azza wa jal gave to them the Quran and Allah subhanaw taala gave to them within the Quran guidance he gave to them commands and prohibitions and teachings, and mercy and blessings within his book Subhana wa Tada. This is like the example of a person who's walking and they're going to find signs that are clear around them as clear as the thunder and lightning, because the
thunder and lightning because of how loud they are because of how vivid they are the lightning and its and its power, and the thunder in its sound. The lightning in its light and the thunder and its sound, how vivid and clear they are. This is the example that Allah azza wa jal gives us the guidance of the Quran. The guidance of the Quran is so clear and it's science, so clear in its message, so clear in the stories in the commandments of Allah subhanaw taala as mentioned there in these people are there and they see everything within the Quran because they heard the recitation of the Quran. They heard in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam himself reciting the Quran, the companions of the believers reciting the book of Allah subhanaw taala. Maybe they themselves even reciting portions of the Quran. But what do they do with the book of Allah azza wa jal, they treat it like they will treat that thunder, lightning. They paste their fingers in their ears,
out of fear that some of it should settle in their heart. They don't listen to it. They don't want to know it. And this is exactly what the Qureshi used to say to the people of Makkah and the visitors that used to come in Makkah. In the early days of the message of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they would say to them, beware. Don't listen to this man. He's a sorcerer. He's a magician. He's a poet. He's crazy. He's a madman. If you listen to his words, that magic could influence you. If you listen to his words, his fortune telling and his and his his
sorcery will impact your heart, and He will make you leave your gods and your forefathers and their religion, and he will make you follow his way instead. So the Arabs would generally walk across the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, with their fingers in the ears less than they should hear the book of Allah subhanaw taala, they would sometimes go and they would please the world, within their ears. And there are stories of this that you will find in this era of very intelligent, literate, very eloquent leaders of different Arab tribes coming to Mecca to perform pilgrimage, or they on some business and trade, and the Meccans would see to them beware today or in these times, we have a
crazy man amongst us. We have a sorcerer amongst us, we have a poet, a madman amongst us. So if you're going to walk around the camera and around the streets of Mecca, take some cotton, place it in your ears, and then walk because if some of these words fall within your heart, or they come into your into your hearing, then you will perhaps leave the religion of your forefathers and follow His way instead. And so you would find those people doing that. Why, then, you know, this is why then are such people entitled to seek guidance, if this is the way that they are those people who are intelligent enough amongst those Arabs, they would realize the foolishness of this. And they would
realize that if someone is so powerful in their speech, so powerful in the message that they're giving, then most likely, it's not going to be sorcery, or the ramblings of a madman, or some poetry when the Arabs were the premier tribes or Premier people who were most literate of, you know, most literature when it came to Arabic poetry and Arabic literature.
And so they would ignore what the McCain said. But those people who were foolish enough to accept what the McCain said they would walk around with their fingers in the ears or with cotton wool within the ears. Allah subhanaw taala gives exactly the same example here. This is how the hypocrites treated the book of Allah azza wa jal walking around with their fingers in the ears, lest they should hear it. Hush it and more they fear death, as Allah azza wa jal says, as we mentioned, verse number 19, whether or not they fear death, as if this would come and it would harm them meaning the message of the Quran and the message of ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. And Allah azza wa jal
well, oh sha Allah Who loves her hobby summary him Bob sarin. And if Allah had willed, He could have taken away the hearing on the site meaning the actual hearing and the actual site. It's a warning to say that if Allah azza wa jal wanted to punish these people in this world, he could have made them death. He could have made them blind, and indeed Allah azza wa jal in Allah Allah cliche for the year. Indeed Allah has power over everything. But Allah subhanaw taala doesn't do so. Because Allah azza wa jal wants people to seek guidance once people wants people to receive guidance. Allah azza wa jal wants people to use the senses and the skills and the different talents that Allah azza wa
jal has given to them his blessings. He wants them to use them in a way that will bring them closer to him and of Eman in him. Subhana wa Tada. But this is the example that Allah azza wa jal gives him the parable that is set forth for the hypocrites in verse number 21. Allah subhanaw taala then gives to us after this description of these three categories that we've been speaking about the believers, the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Allah subhanaw taala then gives to us the first commandment of the Quran, the first order and the first commandment of the Quran is found in verse number 21. In surah, Al Baqarah Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, you Hannahs Oh, mankind, oh, people mean that
this is a directive, a command for all of humankind, for people. It's not just for the Muslims. It's not just for the Arabs. It's not just for the coloration of Mecca, or the family and tribes people of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it is something for all of mankind. What is that directive? What is that command? Or a Buddha or a Baku? Let the Halacha come? Well Levine I mean, publikum LA, con. worship your Lord who created you and created those who came before you? That you may attain? Taqwa? Allah azza wa jal gives to us the first directive in the Quran, and that is that everyone should worship Allah, the One who created everyone and everything. Surely the One who
created the universe, and everything within it has the right to be worshipped as the creator and Lord of the universe Subhana wa Tada as Allah azza wa jal, it says elsewhere in the Quran, in Surah, two there yet Rama Kolak to Jinnah will insert Ilaria Abu don't I have only created the jinn and the humans that they should worship Me alone. So Allah azza wa jal gives this first command of the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala says you have the Quran with all of its guidance. There are three types of people when it comes to the Quran. Those people who will believe who will use the Quran as a source of guidance, who will use the Quran to believe in what Allah azza wa jal has revealed and
come closer to him by their belief and through their actions. And then you have a category of people who disbelieve who turned away who have no interest who have sealed the
senses from receiving that guidance. And then there is the category of people who are also disbelievers. But they are hypocritical in nature. They show one thing and they hide another. What they show internally or what they conceal internally is different to that which they show externally. And they are dangerous because of this very fact. Allah subhanaw taala says commanding all of those groups, all of those people, Oh, you who believe I mean, all mankind rather, oh people, worship your Lord, why should you worship Allah azza wa jal, Allah subhanaw taala will give to us a number of reasons. The first of those reasons, because he's the one who created you, He created you
and equated those before you, your father, your grandfather, your great grandfather, everyone who came before you all the way down to our father at the mighty salatu salam, but not just humans, angels, jinn, every single type of creation, Allah subhanaw taala is the creator of it subhanho wa Tada LAN la quinta de Cohn. If you want to achieve a sense of piety, a level of God consciousness, a level of coming closer to Allah azza wa jal, and at the same time being safeguarded and saved from his punishment. Subhana wa Tada. This is the path to worship Allah azza wa jal alone, Allah subhanaw taala then in verse number 22, he gives us further reasons why he's deserving of being worshipped
alone, and see how Allah azza wa jal mentioned to us the signs that Allah azza wa jal gives us the hypocrites are people who see the signs of Allah and they ignore them. They see the signs of Allah does Dada as clear as the lightning strike or the thunderclap and they still ignore it. Allah subhanaw taala now says, these are some of the signs that I have given to you. In verse number 22. Allah azza wa jal says, Allah the Jarad hola como out of Russia, he is the one who spread out for you. The Earth, and it's spreading is one of the greatest signs of Allah azza wa jal. It is repeated numerous times in the Quran as a sign of Allah subhanaw taala. The earth is spread out, even though
we know that we live on the earth, and that the Earth is round. But the way that we reside upon it is is as if it has been spread out and it is flat. Meaning that when you walk from one side of your land to the other side, if you were to walk from one continent, from one side of a continent to the other side of the continent, even though the Earth is a physical in nature, or in reality, the way that you walk is as if it is flat and spread out. You don't ever go to a part of the Earth where you think you're going to fall off the edge. Then you come into the end, you come into a precipice, and there's nothing there for you. The earth is spread out with its mountains and its rivers and it's
oceans, Allah subhanaw taala spread that Earth in such a way that you can live upon it, reside upon it, travel upon it, use it in terms of your vegetation, and your crops, and your livestock and animals that you eat from and graze and so on and so forth. Everything you can use, when it comes to the earth, Allah azza wa jal has made flat and spread out for that exact purpose was sama Bina and Allah azza wa jal built for you, the sky above you with all of its beauty, and everything that it contains of clouds of stars of the sun, and the moon. Everything that you see in the heavens from the science of Allah subhanaw taala the sun that gives you the ability to live and reside through
its rays through its light through the warmth and the heat that it provides the moon with what it does in terms of providing light at night and guidance and you measure your worship and your actions through Moon sighting and through the phases of the moon, the stars that people use as lamps, and they use as guides and as landmarks and by knowing the way of how to navigate through the earth and upon upon the sea, Allah azza wa jal has placed all of that upon the in the heavens. And Allah azza wa jal then continues and says, Well Enza, Lemina sama Imam, and then Allah azza wa jal caused water to pour forth from that very sky, the clouds when they form and the rain that is given, which is the
life of the earth, that comes and as a result of it, Allah azza wa jal says Faraja behemoths, Emirati, this Pelech them, that with water they produce he produced for you things for your sustenance, so you use the water to drink from, but you use that rainwater also for all of your crops and for everything that you grow. And Alonzo did then allowed you to grow from it, fruit and vegetation and plantation, and herbage and all of those things that you use to survive and to live upon. Isn't the beauty of the earth in its greenery isn't the beauty of the earth whichever part of the world that you live in, when the rain descends and people benefit from it and the animals that
benefit from it. Even in the desert, the life of that desert comes in the rainy season, where those animals and the people living there will find some respite and find for them some sustenance that Allah azza wa jal has given to them as a result of that. So Allah subhanaw taala then says, fanatic only Allah He then
We turn them on. So do not knowing this setup rivals besides Allah azza wa jal in worship, if this is the case that Allah created you, and Allah created everything that came before you, and Allah azza wa jal created the universe around you, then therefore he has the right to be worshipped alone. Subhana wa Tada. And so Allah azza wa jal gives the directive of worshiping alone. And then at the end of verse number 22, the prohibition of worshipping anything besides him subhanaw taala and that is essentially what though heat is for the believer to hate. It's affirmation and negation, to negate worship from everything besides Allah, to affirm it for Allah azza wa jal alone, that is the
meaning of la ilaha illa Allah, La Ilaha none has the right to be worshipped, negated from everything, whether that person is human, whether there is a creature or whether there is an angel or a human or a prophet or a messenger, whether it's some type of creations such as the sun or the moon when it is negated from everything in Allah. And then we affirm it only from Allah azza wa jal alone, and so Allah subhanaw taala in verses 21 and 22, Allah azza wa jal gives that directive worship Allah azza wa jal alone, and stay away from worshiping or anything besides Allah subhanaw taala for the signs and the reasons that Allah azza wa jal mentions and if you do so, you will
achieve taqwa, you will achieve that state of piety and safeguarding and safety. You will become from the people of Taqwa if you worship Allah azza wa jal alone, and the Bane subhanaw taala and stay away from every type of ship. And by doing so, then Allah azza wa jal saves you from his punishment. And so the meaning of Taqwa is that you increase in piety. You increase in closeness to Allah azza wa jal, you increase in your consciousness of Allah subhanaw taala in every time and in every place. And the meaning of Taqwa also, is that then as a result of that, Allah azza wa jal protects you and safeguards you from his punishment. subhanho wa Taala Anna.
In the last two verses, on this particular page, Allah azza wa jal then goes on to say we're in quantum theory, be mana Zina Adina to be surah. Timothy, what the OSHA had
done in law he in coming from Saudi 18, in verse number 23, if you have doubts about the revelation We have sent down to our servant, meaning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then produced a single Surah like it, in list whatever support is you have besides Allah, if you truly think that you can, Allah azza wa jal after given that directive, worshiping Him alone, shows to us that the path to understanding how to worship Him alone subhanaw taala is through the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the revelation that you will receive of the Quran and verse 23, and 24 will speak about the sign of the book of Allah azza wa jal, and the truthfulness of what the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam brought, and from those signs is his challenge that Allah azza wa jal gave, and there is this man amongst you, me speaking to the Quraysh of that time, this man amongst you meaning the Prophet, sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam is a man who was born amongst you, he is known to you, his family is known to you. He grew up amongst you, you saw his traits, his characteristics, his attributes, you know, his character, you know, his truthfulness, you know, his honesty and his integrity. And now he's come to you and he said that he has a message from Allah subhanaw taala. And that message is one that only calls to God. It tells you to be kind, and to be generous, and to be
forgiving. It tells you to help the poor and the needy and those who are oppressed. It tells you to worship Allah azza wa jal alone, and not to worship gods that you created your sounds besides him Subhana wa Tada. It commands and calls to every good and it takes you away and prevents you from everything which is evil. So if you have any doubt concerning this man, and therefore this shows the difference between the people who have doubt, and those people that we spoke about a couple of episodes ago that Allah azza wa jal said, are the categories of the disbelievers whose hearts are sealed. Those people have come so far, that they have no doubt anymore. They just entrenched in
their disbelief. But if you have doubt, if you're unsure, if you don't know and you question, fear, AB mana Zelina you have questions concerning this revelation, then bring something like bring the single Surah a single chapter like and we know that the shortest Surah of the Quran is three verses Surah we'll go from Surah to Lhasa Surah to fit this is the shortest Surah that you will have in the Quran bring three verses like it. These verses are a challenge that Allah azza wa jal gave to the people of Quraysh and the Arabs in general, who were extremely eloquent and were masters of poetry and Arab literature, and the is to see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam because it was
well known that he was an unlettered, unread man illiterate in his own way, son, Allahu alayhi wa sallam he couldn't read or write, let alone be one of the most prolific literalist and or one of the most prolific scholars of literature and poets amongst the Arabs. So Allah azza wa jal
says that if you think that this man is, is fake, if this man is a sorcerer, if this man is a poet or whatever else it may be, then bring even three verses similar to it. And this is the second of the three stages in this challenge that Allah azza wa jal mentioned in the Quran, the first of them is Allah subhanaw taala and we'll come onto this and sorted surah Allah azza wa jal told the Quraysh to bring in the Arabs to bring a Quran like the Quran, bring a book like this book, and then Allah azza wa jal made the easy and he said to them, bring 10 sorrows in Surah Hood, Allah says bring 10 chapters, like the Quran, you don't have to bring 114 ringtone chapters, any cites three verses is
the minimum so 30 verses and then now Allah azza wa jal says in this verse in Surah, Baqarah bring a single verse to be Surah Timothy, just one single Surah single sort of three verses, like the book of Allah azza wa jal, and bring whoever you want to help you. It doesn't have to be a single endeavor, a single person doing this, you can call all of the help that you need, besides Allah as diligent, as many people, as many helpers, to bring a Quran like this. And don't think for one moment that the Arabs didn't try. Don't think that the Kurdish and the other Arab tribes of the whole Arabian Peninsula Do not try amongst themselves to bring something similar to the book of
Allah subhanaw taala but they were unable to do so. And that is why Allah azza wa jal says in verse number 24, for them to find a woman to follow, and if you cannot do this, and you will never be able to do this, but on narrow Leti we're all doing a NASA Ijarah then beware of the fire that has been prepared for the disbelievers was fuel is metal and stones were integral caffeine it has been prepared for the disbelievers. Allah azza wa jal says, You cannot do this, the Arabs with all of the of the scholars of literature and poetry with all of the history of the poetry that they had in all of their tribes across the whole peninsula, we're able to bring anything like the book of Allah
subhanaw taala. And so Allah azza wa jal says that if you cannot do so, then know that the punishment of rejecting the science of Allah of rejecting Islam, or rejecting the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam in the Quran, is that Allah azza wa jal has prepared for you a fire that will be your eternal punishment, it has been prepared for the disbelievers. Inshallah, we come to the end of this page today and inshallah we begin the next page with the glad tidings that Allah azza wa jal then gives to those people who do believe in the Quran and in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that is the glad tidings of Jana May Allah azza wa jal quantas old Jana Baraka lofi como Solana
give them hamadryad he he was gonna be engineering was set up my alley, but Allah he will Baraka