Intro To The Sciences Of The Quran 01
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
File Size: 47.97MB
This lecture/talk was given at the Green Lane Masjid on January 29, 2017.
Salam Alikum warahmatu Allahi wa barakato
La Romana Rahim hamdulillah hinterland
narrow below him Cerulean fusina woman see a tiara Marina Mija de la la la la
la la la la la la la la la la sharika wash. Mohammed Abu hora solo Sophie Julio sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira I'm about to finance the call Hadith the Kitab line Tara Hello Buddha Buddha Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Mashallah Maury Machado to have a column in VEDA Hakuna Matata, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah And for now,
as always, we begin by praising our Lord and create a loss of Hannah hautala and thanking him for his many blessings upon us and upon our families. And we ask Allah azza wa jal to send his salatu salam, upon our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and upon his family and his companions, and all those who follow in their footsteps.
Welcome to this what is going to be an intensive three to four hour session on the sciences of aluminum.
The purpose behind the seminar inshallah it will be the first in a series of seminars, in which we will look at and study the various sciences of Islam, the various sciences of Islam, the overarching view of those sciences of Islam.
The purpose of the seminar and seminars, then inshallah will come in the future, in a similar regard is to firstly give you an appreciation of the efforts that the scholars of Islam monthly took into preserving this religion. When the scholars of Islam, they spent their life studying this religion, seeking knowledge, learning about the Quran and the Sunnah, traveling various distances to learn from the scholars of their times. And then they conveyed that knowledge on to the next generation to their students and to those who came after them. And they prescribed that knowledge of the inscribed into books, they authored many volumes, and they systematically placed down for us the foundations
and principles of our Islamic sciences. Often today, when we come to, you know, a local Imam, you go to your chef, you listen to someone on on radio, or see someone on TV or you read a photo on the internet. And someone's asked a question as follows ask the question, and the answer is often very difficult for the vast majority of us to understand the work and the effort that's gone into that solid being able to give an answer to say that something is halal or haram. Or to understand where did the scholar take his knowledge from? How did the scholar derive that ruling from the Quran? Or from the Sunnah of the Prophet? salallahu alayhi wasallam? Why do we have four methods? How do they
come about? What do we do with them? How do we use them, so on and so forth? All of these are questions that we have, primarily because of a lack of understanding and a lack of knowledge. Because the vast majority of us are not students of knowledge. In that sense. We haven't studied Islamic sciences, we don't go and study abroad, the Islamic sciences, we've heard the terms and we've heard the names but we're not overly familiar with them. But one of the things that Mashallah this seminar and the series of seminars strives to do is to enlighten you in this regard, to put forth to the different sciences that we have, so that you can see the effort that goes into
conveying and seeking knowledge. So when you come to the bananas we will discuss today, it's not just a simple issue of opening the book of Allah and reading a verse, and then somehow miraculously deriving a ruling from it. Nor is there an issue of just reading a book of Tafseer or reading the translation of the meanings of the Quran. But rather, there are so many different sciences that go into showing us how we, how we deal with the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala how we extrapolate rulings from the book of Allah azza wa jal, how we understand the Quran. And then the same is said for the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. It's not just about learning his life and
his biography, but there are many sciences that go into his statements and his actions and his tacit approvals. And then, you know, you can like continue to widen the scope and go
To the many other sciences that we have in Islam. So the point of these series of seminars is to inshallah enlighten you, to some extent, with regards to some of those more famous, more well known sciences. So the ones that we'll be covering, and that we will be discussing on the sciences that you've heard of before, that you're familiar with the terms and the names, that perhaps you don't really know what they mean, and what the scholars during those sciences and what they refer to sciences like today, or alumina, or on the sciences of the Quran, who sold the principles of the science of, or normal Hadith and the scientists of Hadith, or Luma, Tafseer, or solid to seal the
principles of the seal. All of these are sciences, the terms we're familiar with. But in terms of the detail, it's not something that we have much knowledge concerning.
So the point of the seminar therefore, is not for it to be comprehensive to the extent that by the end of this three or four hours, you will be a verified scholar in the sciences of the Quran, or the you'll have mastered the science obviously, we know that something beyond the scope and realm of the seminar. But what it will do in shallow Thailand, what it aims to do, is to give you some appreciation, so the next time that you pick up the book of alarm, so you realize that from the miraculous nature of the Quran, is not just the words of the Quran, but how one large Xhosa preserved it with all of the sciences that the scholars have put into place over the centuries. And
that when then next you come to a scholar who gives you a verse of the Quran or extrapolated from a verse of the Quran a ruling or give you some other benefits that you found in the Quran, you know how much work and effort went into that over the centuries of Islamic and Muslim scholarship. So there is the point that is what we are aiming to do over these series of seminars evening like Tyler, we will aim to have a vanilla one a month, in which we can spend three, four hours coming together and studying a single science of Islam and escolares xojo that he places Baraka in this inshallah so today's topic as you know, and you're aware of the sciences of origin, or normal
origin, when we come to the book of Allah subhanaw taala you pick up the Quran and you open it, or you read it from memory, we hear someone reciting the Quran we had in the Salah Surah Al Fatiha we had the Imam reciting from other pieces of the Quran, you recite from the Quran and you recite those sources that you know, you open the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala gave us an as a means of guidance. He gave us the Quran so that we would know how to live our lives in this world, and how we would be able to use those lives to come closer to him Subhana Allah to benefit us in the end in the next life. So when you open the online, and you look at that one and you read the Quran, it is not just
about the words that are contained on that page that you may or may not understand. But rather it is all about the way that Alonzo jewel has preserved the Quran as well as Allah subhanho wa Taala says in
the Kra or in Allahu Allah haffi alone, one of the miracles of the Quran, and something that makes the Quran different to the other divinely revealed books that came before it is that the Koran is preserved a lot as the Witcher has preserved it from tampering has preserved it from people adding or subtracting to it has preserved it from any type of weakness or contradiction or mistake. From the ways that a large soldier has preserved that urn is all of these different sciences that come to aid the preservation of the Quran by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received the Quran from Allah subhana wa Taala through the intelligibility his
Sunnah. And he would recite the Quran to his companions of the love language Marine who memorize the Quran, and they even conveyed it to the generation that came after them, and that they conveyed it to the generation that came after them. But also along with the recitation of the Quran, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would also convey to the companions, the meaning of the Quran, what those verses refer to, and the rulings that you can take from the Koran. So it wasn't just about the words being recited from the Quran wasn't just about memorizing the verses of the sutras. It was about understanding and appreciating the meaning of the Quran as well. So the companions when they
would study the Quran, they wouldn't just memorize it, but they would learn its explanation as well. As Abdullah bin Miss rhodiola. One said that we will often not take more than 10 verses of the Quran at a time. We would read them, we would memorize them, we would understand them fully and completely and apply them and then we would move on to the next surah and that's why I'm delivering the Allahumma said concerning himself and the same is reported also from his father, Armando de la Juan. They said that it took them 10 years to memorize Sora to Baccarat.
10 years to memorize a single sort of the Quran. Why? Because the preoccupation was about finishing. The goal wasn't just to finish wasn't about how many times can we complete the recitation of the Quran, but it was about reading the Quran, with understanding and with contemplation, thinking about what Allah subhana wa Taala has revealed. So the companion just to take the Koran, and they would take with it from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam its meanings, and a sybian Malik, or the Allahu Akbar, the famous weed Companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was also his servant. He said that form amongst us the companions, one of us memorized and Bukhara, and earlier
imraan the two longest soldiers of the Quran, someone memorized the Quran earlier in Milan, Jet dafina, we would consider them to be senior amongst us, the companions would consider it a measure of seniority that someone had memorized Baqarah an earlier
today in our time, you know, not many people have memorized.
But we have many children that have memorized Baccarat, near Milan, that are memorizing the Quran, memorized, it is no longer a rank of seniority is no longer something that you consider someone to be senior in their knowledge of Islam because they memorize those two sources, but in the time of the companions once, because they would study it and they would learn it and they would take the meanings along with it. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would read the Quran and he would explain the Quran. Sometimes that explanation would be from the profits on a low while he was still him. He would mention a verse of the Quran and he would tell them at the same time, what the Quran
means. And other times it was the companions asking the prophets on a low outing or send them when something didn't understand when something didn't make sense to them, or they didn't fully understand the meaning of something that was mentioned in the Quran. Even though for the vast majority of the Quran, the companions understood it by virtue of the Arabic language by the pristine Arabic language they would understand the Quran. But sometimes or at times, there would be a verse that would confuse them. Like I'm delighted Mr. Rotella the alarm said
that when a large village will reveal diverse and levena Armand
de su imana, whom Allah Allahu Allahu Mata Dune, those who believe, and they don't mix so confused that he man with oppression, those are the people who will have safety and they are the guiding. The companion said, O Messenger of Allah, this verse is difficult for us. He asked them why they said because there is no one who doesn't mix the man with oppression. Everyone wrongs, everyone commits sin. Everyone oppresses someone else at one point or another within their lives, largely speaking about those people who mix oppression with belief. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, that is not the question that Allah is referring to in this verse, but it is the question that the
slave of Allah meaning no man mentioned in the Quran, in the Chicago una Halim verily schilke associating others in the last worship, that is a great oppression. That is the oppression that Allah is referring to meaning that those people who have belief and then they go to sherco they mix it with sharp, they will have no reward from Allah azza wa jal, nor will they be given safety in this life or the next from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So large xojo the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at times, would be asked by the companions, and he would explain the meaning of the Quran. Those companions when they would hear the banana being recited, and they would memorize it. At the
same time, they would listen to everything that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam explained from the Koran, and they would memorize it as well. Well, they would write it down. And at the same time, they would pay attention to when a verse was revealed, where it was revealed, in which context it was revealed. What was the reason behind its revelation, all of these different factors and elements that surround a verse of the Quran. This is everything that they would ask the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they would learn it and memorize it. And then they pass it on to those people who came after them. That collective knowledge, everything that the companions talk
about, that is today called alumina or on the sciences of the Quran. So in the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. It wasn't as we have today, you know, we're going to study to see are we going to study Sierra, because study, everything was taught by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he was taught all together, but then the companions would come and they would decipher and they would divide and he would categorize, and they will teach you to the companions within those categories. And that's where the sciences begin. The scientists begin, and then from there, those people who came after them, the scholars came after them, they systemized that learning or
of learning and seeking knowledge. So the companions, the point being didn't just learn the memorization of the Quran. So one of the difficulties that we face and one of the benefits of studying the science today is that when we learn the Quran, when we read the Quran, we only take the words, if you're going to memorize, we memorize the words. And that doesn't mean that you shouldn't, because obviously you should under as much virtual reward in memorizing the Quran, or we read the Quran. And again, that is something which in which there is much reward. But we read the Koran, and that's where it stops. We read the Arabic we read the page, two pages of Joseph, Joseph, and we
finish and stop there. We don't take that knowledge or understanding along with the recitation. We don't take both. And that's where the problem lies. So the companions will take everything. Mujahid Rahim Allah tala was one of the students of Abdullah bin ambass. He would say, he said about himself, that I went over the whole on an with Abdullah bin Abbas what the Allahu anhu has three times or twice, all over the Quran from verse one to the last verse from Fatiha tunas. And every single verse, I stopped him, and I asked him concerning it, every verse, I stopped him, and I would ask him, what does this mean? Where was it revealed? Why was it revealed? Was there a reason for its
revelation? What was the context, and this is how the scholars learned from the Quran, the whole on every verse, I would stop him. And that's why I'm delighted when I burst out of the long run humans, which I also narrates, in the morning after fudger after he made his car and the sun had risen, he would go home, and he would say to his students go outside, because they were throngs of people, droves of people waiting outside his door, he would say, Go outside and see to the people, whoever has a question about the origin, let them enter. So they would go and announce who has a question about the people who put their hands up, they would say yes, they would enter and he would answer
the questions. They would leave and he would say to students now go and ask people who has a question about, about physical about rulings, halal and haram, let them enter. And they would come and they would ask their questions and leave. And then he would say to students now asked was a question about inheritance, let him enter and they would enter. And in this way, he would deal with the people's questions, and he would give them knowledge. So the companions of the Allahu anhu they took all of this from the Quran. They then passed it on to those followers who came after them, the generation that we call the tapir in those who followed the companions and from amongst those
scholars of Orion or the companions, who became one known scholars of the Quran of three primarily, the first is I'm delighted Ibis, radi Allahu Allah, and he resided in mechanics where he would pass away of the Allahumma Abdullah bin Ibis, as we know, is the son of the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, which makes him the first cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was from amongst the younger companions. He came to
me said that he accepted Islam and he was young before the conquest of Mecca. But he only came to Medina and spent time in the company of the prophets and allowed to sell them after the conquest of Mecca. The conquest of Mecca took place in the ether of the euro. The profits on a low rd was selling them died in near 10, or the beginning of year 11. So you only had two years and a few months that he actually spent as a student accompany the profits on a low hourly or salary. And he was young generation. Some of them say that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam died, he was only 12 or 13 or 14 years old, very young in age, but I'm delighted I burst out of the Allahu
anhu, whom I took from those two years, the knowledge that he could from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the profits on a low while he was sending me to I flew him and he said, Aloma Dean
will overleg give him understanding of this religion and teach him the meaning of the Quran, the explanation of the Quran the interpretation of the Quran, so this, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made for even our bus was a blessing while saving our bus after the death of the prophets on a low Arlene will send them started going to the major Senior Companions and seeking knowledge from them. And he began to learn and he continued to learn didn't just stop because the prophets on a lower level sentiment passed away. But he continued to learn and seek knowledge until he became from amongst the most knowledgeable of the companions, because he was from the younger
companions. He also lived for a number of years for a long time for decades after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and so in Mecca, he had many students from amongst them is Mujahid, from amongst them is Rick crema, from amongst them is bar warson. Sorry, the blue Jumeirah and many others are AHIMA whom Allah tala from the great and illustrious scholars of Mecca. Those
of Makkah, as a side note, many of them were free slaves. They were people who weren't Arabs, by virtue of birth. They weren't people who were Arabs by virtue of ancestry. They didn't come from the tribe of Quraysh. But even so, those scholars would become from amongst the most knowledgeable of the companions concerning the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala was which was revealed to the Arabs, which shows that this isn't just for the Arabs. It's not just for a person who comes from Arab heritage, or someone who's an Arab, but also someone who speaks Arabic it is open to everyone, but you have to put in the time and effort to study and to learn and to come closer to Allah subhanho wa
Taala with a correct intention, and you can become from the scholars of the Quran. So Abdullah bin Ibis was one of those three that were known for teaching the Quran and its sciences. The second from amongst those three was the Companion of the library, Miss Ruth Brody, Allahu anhu. Later go on and he will live in Iraq in Kufa, and that's where he would pass away. And Abdullah bin Massoud rhodiola, one would have many students in in, in Kufa in Iraq from amongst the most famous of them are the likes of Al Hassan al bossley Rahim Allah, Allah and masukkan many others under my bed Miss ruidos, from the early companions from the early Muslims from the senior Mahajan from those who
accepted Islam at the beginning of the revelation at the beginning of prophethood. And he was known for his seniority and he was known for his knowledge and the profits on a low while he was selling us to see whoever wants to read the Quran. They let him read it for the recitation of Eben only. Abraham Yeah, but was the name of or another name or a title of our beloved mushroom rhodiola one, whoever wants to read the Quran let him read it with his recitation because he was known to be a scholar of the Quran and he was a scholar from amongst the companions in general. Anyway, the prophets on the lower lingual system also from his virtues, is that even miss Rhodes was a man who
was extremely thin, small instruction thin boonie. So the profits on a low hourly was seldom was once with the companions and the saw even mushroom would reveal a part of his leg and his leg was extremely bony, very thin, very, very thin. So the companions began to laugh at him. The profits on a lower limb was seldom said to you laugh at the leg of human muscle growth. It is heavier in the sight of a law than the motion of word, because of his knowledge and because of his virtue in Islam, and audio of the loved one when he became the believer and people used to come to him from Kufa with questions. And he would ask them, where are you from? And they would say were from Iraq were from
were able muzzleloaders. He would say to them, why don't you come to me when you have a big Massoud amongst you go back and ask him instead. So even amongst the companions, he was well known rhodiola rhodiola, who I'm used to say about himself, there's not a single verse of the Quran, except that I know when it was revealed and why it was revealed, and the meaning of the verse, And if there was someone upon the face of the earth, who had more knowledge than me concerning the Quran, I would travel to the ends of the world to meet them, meaning that he himself and this isn't to boast about himself out of arrogance, but to show how much he had learned about the Quran and his knowledge of
the Quran. He sing that I am from amongst the most knowledgeable of the companions concerning the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
The third companion was also known and from where we take the sciences of the Quran, or many of the sciences of Khan and come from is the illustrious companion obeah bluecard of the long run was from the companions of the unsub from the people of Medina. And obiano carrboro The Allahu and was,
even though he was older in age, he wasn't a young companion like Abdullah Arbus, but he spent his time learning the Quran. And he became well known for the recitation of the Quran and the sciences and the memorization of the Quran. And he was one of those people that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he would receive revelation, he would go to the Bablu cabin, he would recite to him, because he would memorize it instantly. He was one of those people who would memorize the Quran, and one of those people that will teach the Quran in the time of the Prophet sallallahu. I mean, he was sending them and he was also from the kuttabul way, from the people who would write down the scribes
of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would write down the revelation of the Quran during that time. And he was one of the few out of those three that we mentioned will be even characters the only one there Abu Bakr, radi Allahu, and included in the group that would come to later compiled or on the completion of the Quran, will be able to carve was one of those people that was chosen because of his knowledge of the Quran. The prophets on a low while he was still amongst received revelation of a surah. And he came to a baby who cannot be alone. And then he said, ob, I receive revelation of a surah today and Allah commanded me to come to you and recite it to you,
which is a great virtue in an office.
After the postal system comes to you and chooses you and recites the plan to you because he wants you to learn it and memorize it and will be able to capsule messenger of Allah did a lot take my name meaning he commanded you to come to me by name didn't say just go to a companion. Go to someone read the Quran to someone with sighted someone. He mentioned me by name on the profits on a low earnings sillim said yes, it will be. He mentioned you by name. And that's why he was from amongst those people who are more liberal hottub rhodiola Huang during history Laffer, he would call him see you the Muslim era mill meaning amuro meaning means the leader of the believers, that is the title
that is often given to the halifa from the time of Rama until every single halifa that existed after that they were called amuro meaning it's the title that they given. But remember, the alarm rang during his khilafah even though he was the halifa. They were companions that he would choose and select because of the honor and their virtue of their knowledge and their status and he would call them a mirror meaning from amongst them was for example Bilaal for the long run used to call him see you the Muslim in the mirror meaning and from amongst them was a big blue cab rhodiola one, one of the scholars of the tourbillion he said that I once traveled to Medina during the time of Rama and I
arrived just before the time of Salah. So he went to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his mischief for the time of salah and I found that it was empty. So I went to the first row and he stood right behind the Imam right just strike here. You know whether your members need to stand, stood in the front row, waiting for Salah, then was given his waiting the farmer is given Rama rhodiola when it comes to need, as the economy finishes and armor is about to begin the Salah. The scholar says someone came from behind me grabbed me by my shoulders, took me from the line and stood in my place. Omar said Allahu Akbar and the Salah began. So he said, I squeezed into the second
line, squeezed my way somewhere and prayed and after the Salah, I said to them, after the Salah, he was upset. I said to this man, who are you and how dare you pull me from the line? I can just take someone up from the line and pull me away. Who do you think you are? So Amaro de la Juan replied, and he said, quote you Don't you know who this is? This is a mural meaning obey blucon rhodiola Juan, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to say to us, that those who stand directly behind me be from amongst the people of knowledge, meaning that if the man makes a mistake, they correct him. If the man Brooks's will do they know what to do, and they go and stand in his place,
like what happened when Amara de la Juan was martyred during the Salah, I'm standing there ready to know because he knows the rulings of what to do in that situation, that those of knowledge stand behind me. So
rhodiola one was from amongst those select few that Amara de la Han had appointed to that position, that he would stand behind the halifa and obviously, this man was a traveler, the scholar but the people of Medina knew that's his place.
So the point of all of this is that these three companions were illustrious, in their knowledge of the ponen. And one of them stayed in Medina obey even though cab ignore bus went to Mecca, Abdullah road went to Iraq. And from there they had students and from there that knowledge began. From that knowledge beginning and as it went on the scholars of Hadith during the time when the Hadith was starting to be written down and starting to be recorded into books and so on. The scholar is also used to record whole chapters concerning Tafseer and the poor and and its sciences, the virtues of the Quran, and the virtues of of learning, the Koran and so on and so forth. And so scholars began
to write the report in the way of the scholars of Hadith, mentioning or recording the statements of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And it was only after this approximately in the third century of Islam, that we have the first full completion of the seal. And that was the Book of Enoch Baba Rahim, Allah tala, the first book of the year in the sense that it's the earliest one that we still have in existence. Otherwise, there are books that were written before it is even said that Mangia hit the center the student of urban Arbus wrote to the field. But those books were lost over time. So remember, poverty Rahim Allah who died in the year 310 hingedly. He has a book of
difficile. And after him, the scholars came and they began to write books in the different various sciences of Islam. sciences of rather, so some of them would write about the the parables that Allah mentions in the Quran, and others will write about the stories of the Quran, Quran and others would write about abrogated verses in the Quran. And others will write, they will take a science, one science of Islam of the Quran, and they would write a book about it. And this continued also for many centuries of Islam. And it is said that the earliest scholar who wrote
A book concerning or in which he gathered all of these different sizes of the Quran, and he brought them together is a scholar by the name of houfy Rahim Allah tala who died in the year 433. He wrote a book it is said that it was 25 to 30 volumes, which you wrote all of the signs of the Quran and he compiled. Most of the book I don't think is in existence anymore, but it is mentioned by some scholars here and there. And then you have scholars who came after him from amongst the most famous books that we have today concerning the sciences of the Quran is a conference or an Imam Geraldine asuci Rahim Allah tala who died in the year 911 or 910. He or he mahalo, Tyler. And from that time,
and before him, there were many of the scholars who wrote concerning the science or the science of Roman Koran,
or his Roman or and therefore, as we've mentioned, it is every science that pertains to the Quran. So tafsir, technically is aluminum or on the juried is aluminum or on pure art is aluminum or on the even the translation of the meanings of the Quran is by virtue of being connected to the Koran, a science of the Quran, the whole science of how do you translate the meanings of the Quran, and what constitutes a translation of the meanings of the Quran and so on and so forth. Anything connected to the Quran, therefore, the etiquettes of recitation of the Quran, and so on and so forth. Scholars wrote whole books about Hamill, that Mohammedan Koran, the etiquettes of those who carry the Quran,
those who read the Quran, those who memorize the Quran, those who teach on the etiquettes. And the rights of those people have anything connected to the Quran falls under this general scope of loom Al Quran. And that is why it is a vast, vast subject. And something which has, like each one of those small sciences you could take as a tangent, and you could make it into a whole full blown seminar, by in and of itself. So what we're going to do the shala, we're going to go through the main science scholars speak about them, we're going to give an introduction to as many of them as we can, so that we can at least have some understanding at a basic level of what those sciences are and
what they speak about.
There are two categories of sciences of Quran, you can categorize them roughly speaking into two broad categories, those categories that pertain to the scientists surrounding the Quran. So they look directly at the source at the verses of the Quran, but they studied the elements surrounding and pertaining to those sources and to the Quran. Like for example, where was the surah revealed? Right is immaculate Medina. That's not something which Allah mentions in the verses of the Quran. Allah doesn't begin by saying that this surah is murky or Madani. But it's something that the scholar studied and something that they wrote down. So it's a science connected to the Quran. But
it's not directly taken from the Quran itself, meaning that it's not something that you read in its recitation. And then you have other sciences similar to that as well. Like for example, what was the first verse of the Quran revealed? What is the last verse? None of this is mentioned in the Quran. But the scholars took it from the Hadith of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam, or from the statements of the companions of your love language, Marian. So that's the first category. The second category then are the sciences that deal with the actual text of the Quran, like the seal. like looking at our last panel, Darla sometimes gives a ruling that his arm that is general and then he
specifies is this specifies the same ruling in a different part of the Quran. I am will Hoss these types of things are actually taken from the Quran itself. The scholars therefore they studied both. They studied both of them. They studied those sciences that don't particularly or they're not directly to do with the verses of the Quran, but they are from the sciences of the Quran, like their art, like Tajweed and so on and so forth. And then they also study the sciences of the Quran itself. The first thing that we need to do and the first thing that the scholars discuss, is they describe the Oman itself. What is the Quran? And how do we define the Quran? The Quran in the Arabic language
comes from the word Cora, which means to read. And it is technically or the technical definition of the arm is the words and the speech of Allah subhana wa Taala that you revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, by way of gibreel alayhis salam. And it is something which if you recite it, you're rewarded for its presentation. It is an act of worship, in and of itself. And that then differentiates it from a hobbyist Pudsey differentiates it from a normal Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Because the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has seen his actions, his approvals. There are things which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself
did. You're not you don't get you don't get rewarded for reading a Hadith of the Prophet Sunnah, meaning for every letter of every word of the Hadith
The Quran is different in that regard. And the Hadith and Pudsey is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam narrates from Allah subhanho wa Taala. He says that my Lord said to me, while Larissa what Jill said, and then he narrates the Hadith. But that is also different from the Quran because number one again, you're not rewarded for its recitation, meaning it's not like the Quran every word you get 10 rewards, nor is the wording and the meaning from Allah, the Quran the word and the meaning is from Allah subhana wa tada a hadith and the wording is from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the meaning is from Allah subhanahu wa tada and the normal Hadith the wording
and the meaning is from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So therefore this definition is that it is the speech of Allah meaning it is the actual speech of Allah subhana wa tada that he spoke with that Jubilee Ravi Sallam hurt, and then conveyed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and if you recite it, it is an act of worship, and You are rewarded for it. Allah subhana wa tada in the Quran he calls the Quran by a number of means. The most famous of them is obviously Quran in huddle Khurana de la te raquan. This foreign guides to that which is most upright, but Alonzo mentioned in the Quran also gives the Quran many other descriptions and many of the names and
amongst the Arabs, it was considered to be a sign of importance when a single thing has many many different meanings. So the Arabs if they considered something to be important amongst them, they would give it many many different names. Like for example, in Arabic, they would give many different names to horses and to war and these types of things because they were people of warfare, and they were people who used to fight and so they would give it many different names. So long subtitle data took that same customer of the Arabs in that same linguistic style, and he applied it to Islam as well. So the Quran has many names, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has many names, the day
of judgment, human cuyama has many names. So all of these things because of their names, how firepower dies, so on, because of their maiden names in the Arabic language denotes important, so from amongst other names that Alonzo which are called upon by his Kitab, the book, Allah subhanaw taala says the vertical key taboo, Laurie, Buffy, this is the book in which there is no doubt the book meaning the Quran, the Book of Allah subhana wa tada alaric xojo also calls it and for Khan, as he says, subhana wa Taala tabernacle arenas general for Karna Allah Abdi, glory and bliss etc, who revealed the other four con and the fourth one means a criterion that distinguishes between truth
and falsehood. He is the one who revealed the for upon to his servant meaning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the photon is another name of the Quran. A Vicar or the remembrance is in the name of the Quran, Allah Subhana Allah says in nationalism the decra we're in Allahu Allah Hafiz one. Indeed we have revealed to you the reminder and we will preserve it to remind the beam the Quran the book of Allah azza wa jal from amongst the names of the Quran is Tenzin las panatela says one in the whole Latin zero or below al Ameen. And indeed, this is the revelation of the Lord of all of the worlds Tenzin being the name that a large religion also gives to the Quran. And Alonzo, which
also describes the Quran in many, many different ways. And the and one of the benefits of these descriptions is that the Koran should be doing this for you. When a large budget says For example, that the Quran helps you to distinguish between right and wrong, but then you're constantly confused any way in your life you don't know what's right and what's wrong shows that your connection with the Koran isn't as strong as it should be. Whether you don't study the Quran, you don't return to the Quran as much as you should.
So Lars described in a number of ways, from amongst those descriptions is that it is a light the Quran is known. On Mars the origin says one zelner la Kimura, Medina and we will reveal to you a clear light meaning that the Quran should guide you and it should allow you to see the straight path from amongst the names that are larger which gives to the Quran is Huda guidance. And she found that it is a cure Marilla that it is a reminder
that it is a source of mercy allarakha which is combining all of those names together yeah you Hannah's are the jet como river to Nairobi coma Shiva, Lima fish odour wahoo the word meaning all mankind that has come to you from your Lord. A reminder reminds you of Allah reminds you of your purpose in life. We want you to come closer to a lot to work for the Acura when she felt when the Mephisto door and there is a cure for what is in the heart. Just as our bodies need nourishment, we need food and drink then I was sold
And our hearts need nourishment, and the nourishment of our souls and hearts is the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala and his speech was Buddha and it is a guidance wahama and it is a source of mercy for the believers. Also from the descriptions that Allah gives for the Quran is that it is blessing. Allah subhanaw taala says, we'll have the Kitab on Angelina who mobarak This is the book that we reveal to you. And it is blessing. Also from amongst those names or descriptions that Allah gives in the Quran is that it is mubin it is clear. Allah says in the Quran or he describes the Quran as Kitab mubin a clear Koran mean that there is no confusion, no ambiguity over the Quran. Allah
describes the Quran has been mighty and honorable. When the hola Kitab una Aziz the Quran is an honorable and book of of power. And Eliza will describe describes the Quran has been holy, and he says, Majeed that the Quran is a book that is holy. All of these are names and descriptions that are large that when Jill mentioned in the Quran himself subhana wa Taala. And all of this goes to show the importance of the Quran and how much of our time it needs.
The Quran therefore, is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was given in terms of Revelation and revelation that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is given comprises the Quran and comprises other than the Quran, because everything with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam legislated in Islam, it is from Revelation of Allah Subhana Allah inspired to him, it is something which Allah agreed with us Allah says in the Quran, Mama Yom Kippur Anil Hawa, in who you have the profits on a low hourly will sell them does not speak from his own desires. But rather it is revelation that was given unto him an alarm syllable His revelation
that he gives not only to the profits on a low earnings synonym, but he also gives it to all of the prophets and messengers of Allah. It is when a lion soldier speaks to them and he inspires within them in a way that is unknown to other people. It's not something which other people know or hear or a part of, is exclusive for those people that are lost the panel dialogue gives it to larger audiences in the Quran in our Hina ilica commando Hina illusion ebina member de
la Brahimi is Mariela was Hathaway our Uber was about where is our Uber? Well, you know sahasranama Suleyman. What In other words, abora Allah azza wa jal says that indeed we revealed to you just as you reveal to those prophets that will be revealed just as you were revealed to the prophet in law, and the other prophets who came after him. We gave this revelation to Ibrahim and his Marineland to your own, and to the children of Jacobian. Teresa yoba, in unison, her own enslavement, and we gave to the woods, the song's soul of the prophets of Allah, they received revelation. But revelation in the panarin is mentioned in a number of contexts. There is revelation that is inspiration that
Alliance shall complete within any person. And that is the inspiration that you feel in yourself when you feel strongly within your heart, that something is right and something is wrong. Whether you're inclined to a certain way, there isn't the revelation that is given us Prophethood or messenger ship, but it is an inspiration that a lot of places within your heart that you feel a certain way, like armato, the Allahu Akbar famously, he would have many opinions, and many suggestions that he would give to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that alarm soldier would then confirm and affirm in the Koran Amara, the Allahu Akbar isn't a prophet of Allah doesn't
receive revelation, Jubilee rally. Sam didn't come to him. But it was inspiration. He felt a strong way. And he felt that it's something that should be done. And Allah agreed with him a lot as though Joel mentioned this in the Quran, in the story of the mother of Musashi ceram Well, hayner elomi musashino de la says, and we inspired to the mother of Moses, that she should settle him for either 50 or leave at least leaf will Yamuna to hafi while it has any. And when you fear for his life, then take him and cast him into the river. And don't fear no despair. In naraku, la keywatcher Illumina more serene, we will return him to you and make him from amongst the messengers. The mother of Musa
isn't a prophet of Allah. She doesn't receive revelation, but she felt strongly within herself that the way that she can save the son, her son Musashi Sallam wants to use the baby from the army of Pharaoh and his soldiers who were coming to kill every newborn male child of bunnies Rabin was that when they would approach you would take him place him in a cradle and cast him into the river Nile. So laryngeal causes inspiration from amongst inspiration that Allah mentions in the Quran that also isn't given to the
Prophets is the inspiration that is given within every single living creature in terms of its own survival. The fact that you need to eat you need to drink the animals have this instinct of survival. That is a type of inspiration and losses in the Quran o Hara, buka anatomy and Immunology belly Buta wamena szegedi, when we may audition, and we inspired to the be very should take its homes in the trees and in the mountaintops. That's a piece of abode that a lot inspired it, that this is the place that he should live in.
Also, from amongst the inspiration that Alonzo, what you mentioned in the Quran, is when you signal to someone signaling to someone is a type of inspiration. Again, not an inspiration exclusive to the prophets of Allah. But it's mentioned in the term in the Koran. When the Prophet Zachary de Sena was given his son, Yahya de Sena. And he was told by a lot that he had to fast for three days, three days he couldn't speak, that is fast, that he doesn't speak and he doesn't talk to anyone. Except for signals he could sign ferrata Yamini lonza he could signal to people marzotto says, Raja Allah told me him and Robbie fell had he lay him and said, Behold, bhakra Tamasha when the courier left
his place of prayer, and he came out to his people over her ilium he signaled to them that they should praise and glorify a lot in the morning and in the evening. The word used his way, but it doesn't mean the revelation that is given to a prophet of Allah, even what the Sharia didn't do, what the devils do when they conspire with one another secretly, to oppose the prophets of Allah, Allah calls it a type of revelational way in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal says, In the Quran,
Allah, una Isla, de mujer de Rue calm, and indeed the devils they conspire. They inspire one another, so that they can argue with you, they can overcome Islam, all of these types of words that are used in the Quran. But when it comes to the way that is given to the profits online, including our profits on a low hourly or sell them, it is the revelation that Allah subhanho wa Taala gives to them. That is exclusively for them. It's not something which everyone will seem so everyone is privy to, it is exclusive for them, and it is done in a way that makes it exclusive for them as well. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received this revelation from that revelation is the Koran.
And from that little revelation, it's other than the Quran, what we find within the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to receive revelation in two main ways. One was by way of jabril Rodriguez salatu salam, and one was without gibreel it is Sara without any Angel. So for example, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would see dreams, dreams that would come true dreams that would give him inspirational revelation of commandments. asociado The Allahu anhu mentions the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim. She says that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam first began to receive the revelation of the revelation, in general
revelation, it was through dreams, it was through dreams, and the Prophet told us sallallahu alayhi wa sallam thereafter, Prophet would is removed or is lifted up meaning after the death of the prophets on a low it will send them they will only remain remnants of it from those remnants, his righteous dreams, righteous dreams. So even the believers have righteous dreams you don't know whether it's true or it's not true, but sometimes the believe the dreams of the believers become true. And one of the signs of Yama, Yama, is that the dreams of the righteous believers become more and more true as time goes on and as Yama Yama approaches, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam used to see dreams, that was a form of Revelation, also from the forms of revelation given to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam is when Allah spoke to him directly on this run mirage. When the prophets on the lower it was sentiment on the night journey, and you send it to the heavens and he spoke to Allah subhana wa Tada. Allah spoke to him directly. And so that speech that is direct without jabril Ali Salaam without any Angel, that is a form of revelation that is given to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then Allah subhanaw taala used to use gibril Ali Salaam, also revelation and there is this type of Revelation, that consensus that relates to the Quran. That
revelation sometimes would come and it would be difficult upon the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam asociado the Allahu anhu mentions in the Hadith, that sometimes revelation would come upon the prophets of Allah while he will send them like a ringing bound like extremely loud and heavy. And that was something which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would find most difficult to bear to
They extend that even on a cold day, he would be sweating sweat would come upon his forehead sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because of how difficult and burdensome it was to receive that type of Revelation. One of the companions once mentioned that he was sitting with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the neat part of the leg of the profits on a lower it was silom was on his leg, he was leaning on his leg. And at that moment, revelation came upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the companion says that his leg, his whole body became so heavy, that I thought that he would break my leg, I thought that he would break my leg because of the weight. So the
profits on the lower alley or send them would have this type of Revelation. Or another type of revelation that would come to him is that sometimes you would take the form of a human, and he would come and he would speak to the prophets on a lower and he will sell him and he would, and he would give him revelation. And that's why the companions used to say that the companion that jabril Ali Salaam used to most resemble in his human form, and he would take a human form is the companion they're here to kill me. And when the sentiments came, and he was speaking to the prophets of Salaam in the time of Khadija rhodiola, and when he left, she said, O Messenger of Allah, Who was that? He
replied, he was gibreel, and he came to convey a Los Alamos Jew, even Los Alamos Jew. So he would come sometimes in the form of a human, and we know in the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, a Hadith, where the professor told the stories of the angels taking human form, and meeting with people and having discussions with them. All of this is an introduction to the scholars mentioned all of this by way of introduction to the Quran. What is revelation? What is the point on how do we understand what the Quran is? What is the difference between the Orion and between the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And this brings us on to our first science from the sciences of the Quran. And that science is what is determined as being a Mackie or madonie surah what is mucky, and what is Madani? This is a science the scholar spent a lot of time discussing and they went into into a lot of detail, breaking it down and categorizing it and sub categorizing it because of the amount of time and effort they put into it. To understand what is mucky and what is maddening. Scholars differ over the definition of the word McKeon Madani from the outset, what is murky in its aura and what is Madani? In terms of a sort of some scholars said that McKee is what is revealed in Mecca, Medina is what is revealed in
Medina. But this raises the issue of the question of what about what isn't revealed in Mecca or Medina, it's revealed elsewhere and autofocus revealed in pif was revealed when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling. So this follows different over these definitions, but the strongest and most one known probably most used today have those definitions is that the MKII is anything which was revealed before his run before the hero even if it was revealed outside of Makkah. So maca is before his euro, even if it wasn't in Mecca if the profit center was in five, when he was on his night journey, or the profits on the long run, he was cinnamons traveling
somewhere. Mackey's everything revealed before he joined and Madani is everything therefore revealed after the hedger of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, even if it was revealed in Mecca, like the hunch, like the conquest of Mecca, even if it was revealed in Mecca, eras still classified as Madani. The scholars, when they came to discuss this issue of McKeon Madani they categorized it into 14 separate issues. And I want to list those 14 for you, simply so that you can understand and I'm not going to go into each one in detail. But just so that you understand how much detail is Allah's went into? There are whole books that speak just about which of the urn is mucky. And which of the
Quran is muddy. The first of those 14 categories is determining what was revealed in Makkah. So all of the verses that are revealed in Makkah, and once the scholars do this, they make these categorizations then they look for themes and patterns, that you look for things that make that are unique traits and characteristics of the revelation that was in Makkah. So what was revealed in Mecca. Number two, the second category, what was revealed in Medina, so what was revealed in Mecca and what was revealed in Medina. Number three, what the scholars differ over is it murky or mundane? So we're talking about sources right. Some sources we know that they were revealed in Mecca. No
other opinion was mentioned from amongst the companions, except that it was revealed in Makkah, and the vast majority of the Quran is a mucky Surah At approximately 70 to 80. Sources of the Quran are mucky, they are read upon their murky surah of the Quran and understood
was a maddening and we know that they made any and salsa mentioned them at any like bacala and Allium Ron and aneesa. These are soldiers that were revealed after the hegira they are Melanie Searles. But the third category is what the scholars different over what this one is different over and we'll come on to this inshallah in slightly more detail.
Number four the fourth category is what is mucky, what was revealed in the Medina surah. So the verse was revealed in Mecca, even though the surah is a Madani surah because you can imagine some of those sources 100 200 200 odd versus a mucky surah means that the majority of it was revealed before Hydra and Medina sola means that the vast majority was revealed after Hydra. So then what the scholars did was those exceptions to the rule, you have a surah post Hydra, but that particular verse was revealed before the history of meaning in the murky period. The scholars define what was the chosen and the mentioned and as mentioned also in the books of Tafseer. Number five, what is
Madani? The opposite what is madonia News revealed in a murky surah
number six, what is Mackie but its style is the style of Madani. So it's a Mackie versus revealed before his raw, but the way that it is on a larger one Jones versus the way that the verse is, its style is similar to the style that would lead to come in the mezzanine period, and number seven will be the opposite was revealed. Post Phaedra is Madani, but his style is in the Maquis period.
is what is what seems or scholars said seems to be murky and muddy has both of them within the same verse
what the companions took from Mecca to Medina. So before he dropped those companions or traveled with them, and they went to Medina, they went to other places and they took the Koran, the scholars define those verses. Number 11 is the opposite was revealed post Phaedra in Medina, and this follows took it and the companions took it and they traveled to it with it to Mecca or to other places. Number
What was revealed by day and was revealed by night for the scholars where they could determine the verses that were even though the majority of the Quran was revealed by daylight in daylight, there are verses of the Quran that revealed by night, and they mentioned this as well. Number 12 or 13 is was revealed in winter and summer was revealed in winter. And in summer, and the last category it was revealed when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was resident, and what was revealed when he was traveling all of these categories 1314 however many categories they are, all of this is what the scholars broke it down into. So it wasn't just a simple thing. You know, like today, you open
the door and you look at the index, it says fat, the heart is murky. This is maddening. And that's the end of the story. No, the scholars went into so much detail, looking at individual verses and even trying to determine where they quote the time of day or the place that all of this was revealed. So let's give some examples of this. The mckeehan The madonie are well known those mucky Soros, generally speaking are the murky ones that you find in the Koran, sutras that you normally find the smaller sources of the Quran, Dr. Mahmoud fear Allah. All of these Sooners are murky sources of the Quran. The Madani Soros post hedgerows of the sources that are revealed, like Bukhara
and le Ron and Nisa, and other sources of the Quran. These are Madani Soros and Farrell, Toba. These are sources that were revealed post hydro. When the scholars looked at the two they found that the mercury sources they were sources are generally had shorter verses. They were more poetic in the way that they are. meaning they're often the ending lines or the you know, there's a similar ending to those verses they are short, they are strong in their impact. They deal with a man yet they deal with issues of Eman and belief and strengthening the person's connection with Allah. So the Speaker of the day of judgment about paradise about how fire they speak about those things that the Muslims
needed in the early days of Islam. And then the many sources are those sources are generally have verses that are longer, that are more detail that speak about more aspects of laws that speak about do's and don'ts, halal and haram. So when the scholars categorize the two they then start to look for differences and similarities between the two. For most categories, as we said, is what the scholars differed over. So there are sorts of the poor under the scholars differ over where it was revealed. The most famous example of this is Surah Fatiha is Surah Fatiha macky Madani the scholars different to the extent that some of the scholars
said that it was revealed twice once in McCann once in Medina trying to reconcile between the two opinions. So often when you go to the books of Tafseer if you for example, open up even caffeine and you go to some of the sort of like even Solanas sorafenib other sources of the Quran, the scholars differ sarara the scholars differ over whether they are matki or madonie. So, what you have in the Quran today when you open it up and it tells you McKeon Madani, that is what the scholars have said is a stronger opinion, are they considered to be stronger opinion, but in the books of Tafseer, you will find that amongst the classical scholars of Tafseer, even the companions at times, they
differed over certain sources, some of the scholars said there are top sources of the Koran that fall under this category, that the scholars differ over are the Maquis or are they Madani? Like Sunil Fatiha? Was it revealed in Mecca? Or was it revealed in Medina meaning before his draw, or after he dropped?
Another one of those categories that we mentioned is a mucky verse that is found in the madonie surah, meaning a post digital surah is revealed after the Prophet Solomon Hydra. But the verse is about something which took place before.
So the sutras the verses of the Quran, as you know, generally speaking, the Quran was revealed versus at a time. Rarely was the whole solar revealed completely. So therefore, when the verses of the Quran were revealed, some of those verses were before hinterland and some of them were after hilldrup. So it's very possible that you have a surah that inside the macchio madonie in this regard, but some of its verses come from the other era, either before or after he dropped. So for example, in solar and fan Soran fan is a Medina surah. It was revealed after the Hydra, but a large zildjian mentions within this sort of diverse way of young Kuru became levena cafaro Youth be Touka
William Corona, William Kuru La La McKean. And when they plotted against you mean the profits on a lot while he was tell them, that they should change up meaning imprison you, or they should kill you, or they should exile you. And they plot and plan and Allah plots and plans as well. This verse is revealed in an fal, which is after the hedgerow in Medina. But the incident that it's referring to is before the history of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam when the people of orange gathered, and they didn't know what to do with the profit center after the death of obatala, should they kill him? Should they exile him? What should they do, and they had this big argument amongst
the chieftains and the tribal leaders of orange. And then she came to them in the form of a man and he said, I have an option for you, you kill him. But rather than one person taking responsibility, choose the person from every family of origin. And all of them commit murder together. That way, no one family is responsible, and the family or the relatives of the prophets on a lower army will send them they can't fight all of orange, they will have to accept blood money from you or something else instead. So this verse reveals or refers to something before the hero, even though it is mentioned in the sort of the old that is considered to be post digital. And then likewise, you have, you have
the opposite as well. You have the opposite as well, where you have verses that were revealed after the drop of the surah is McKee before he dropped, like Soraka. Some of the scholars said that the three verses in Surah three can have even though the surah was revealed before he dropped the prophets on a lower it was seldom said concerning sola telegraph. It was from the early revolutions hoonah millet, allotey Surah Surah calf morion Baja, these were from the earlier revolutions.
But three verses according to some scholars of Tafseer were revealed after the Hydra, meaning that they are Madani from amongst them is the verse on low camel barrameda Lika Lima to be Lana fiddleback orocobre and 10 for the Karima Robbie malo, Gina be Miss Lee muda say to them that if all of the oceans of the earth were to be inked with which to write, and then you were to bring more oceans upon them and more and more Still, the words of Allah will not exhaust they will never finish. You could bring as many oceans and make them ink on laws, words are never ending subhana wa Tada. This verse according to some of the spellings of Tafseer, was revealed after the hijra, even
though the Sadat was before the hero.
Also from amongst the examples that you can give,
or that the scholars mentioned,
is what is mentioned by day or was revealed by day and what was revealed by night. So for example, the Hadeeth of caring about your loved one cabin Malik, the famous story of the Battle of two book when three of the companions didn't go upon the bathroom and they came they told the prophets on a low where it was selling
They had no excuse and the Muslim community boycotted them for 40 days. 40 days no Muslims came and spoke to them and then eventually a large so we would accept their repentance and Allah revealed verses in the Quran in Surah Tauba can be a bit nomadic and so on Bukhari, he says, consoling those concerning those verses, they will reveal to me during the night, they will reveal to me or they will revealed in the last third of the night, cabin Malik says they will reveal to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam during the last third of the night. So, he says specifically, that it's something which took place during the night. And so the prophets on a low wire it was sillim
received that revelation during the night.
Also the Hadith of the Allahu and also Buhari, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to his companions and he said, Today I received or last night, I received revelation that is more precious or more joyous to me than anything else in this world. And it was the first verse of Sora to fetch enough for tamina. We have given you a manifest victory was revealed after the Treaty of the BIA where the Muslims had to agree to a treaty that wasn't in their favor. The companions were happy and allow reveal this verse showing that a treaty was actually a victory, and that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam what he agreed to what he did was correct. This verse was also revealed
during the night. You have then verses that were revealed in Makkah, and other categories verses revealed in Makkah, and they were carried to Medina. So an example of this is the heritable bride, Nora zebra Viola one Buhari also, when he says that the first people to migrate from Mecca to Medina, was Mousavi are male. And then after him they came others like the land like Saudi Arabia waqqas like American vinyasa, and their Amara de la grande came with a group of companions, and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came, but before the prophet SAW Selim came, we had finished memorizing surah Allah and similar Sooners of the Quran. So before the prophet SAW Selim came that
time period the companions of Medina were learning from the revolution that was brought to them or you have the opposite. Something's revealed in Medina to the prophet of Salaam, and is taken to the Muslims of Mecca. Like the verses of hunch, in the in the year that Abu Bakr radiallahu and led the Hajj delegation verses were revealed in Surah to Toba. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told early rhodiola one to write and to make Hajj and to give those verses and proclaim them and lead to Abu Bakr rhodiola, one and two, the companions. And then you have for example, under the category was revealed, in the summer was revealed in the winter, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam and he went on the birth of a book. That battle was in the summer. So the scholars mentioned that this was the verses that were revealed concerning that battle in the book are revealed in the summer and a large soldier mentioned in the Quran, the statement of the hypocrites avacado Latin fulfill her when the hypocrites said to the companions to the Muslims, why are you travelling in the heat, meaning in the summer, it's too hot to travel all the way to the book. So this is a verse For example, that was revealed in the summer. And then you have verses that were revealed in the winter, like the slander of ALMA, the Irish or the laquan had the verses that were revealed in sort of note
that speak about the incident of slander and how a large social proclaims the innocence. She says. In her narration of that incident, she says that they were revealed On a winter's day on an extremely cold day, you know, when today so what this one is did is that that you went not just only to the end, but all of those a Hadith of the Prophet Selim, all of those statements of the companions, all of those statements of the scholars and they tried to see what was revealed in all of those different sub categories that we have mentioned. So what is the benefit of learning? What is McKeon? What is madonie? Number one, it helps you to understand the Quran helps you to understand
the Quran, so that you know what was revealed earlier, one, who was revealed later one shows you how Alonso changed the way that he spoke to people or the way that he revealed the plan to the companions in the early periods of Islam, as opposed to the later periods of Islam. And then as a second benefit is also teaches you how to give that power to others. When you have someone who's weakened Eman or they renew Muslim, or there's someone that requires sprinting the man they're not the type of people that you struggling into details of heroin, heroin, that you start mentioning the different opinions of fifth, and the different modalities and so on. But rather than learn so much,
and listen to these are people that require you to strengthen the man, you spend time speaking to them about Allah subhanaw taala bringing them closer to a large religion, reminding them of human tiama teaching them about how fun paradise as Allah subhanho wa Taala does within the Quran. And then there are other many benefits as well that you can find
From this from amongst them is to ascertain what was a late revelation. What was an early revelation. So you know which of those rulings of the Quran is the one that stood, which one came earlier which one came later? All of this is important to know. So that you know the rulings of the Quran that Allah subhanho wa Taala wants us to abide by. For example, in the issue of alcohol, wine zildjian mentions three different verses. Allah says yes, aluna can will humbly will miss him olfi Hema if mon Kabir Romana Pharaoh Nina's with mahoma borromini rahima they asked me concerning wine, alcohol and gambling. See to them there is much sin in it but there is also some benefit. So the
companions when they heard this verse, They said that we won't drink a lot of it, but we can still drink but the verse is saying don't drink it in large quantities. Okay, then a large zildjian revealed another verse. Yeah, you live in Amanullah Prabhu salata, one two sakara are you believe, don't come to the prayer in a state of being drunk. So the companion said, okay, that means that we don't drink alcohol close to the time of Salah before so I have to swallow you don't drink, but other times it's still allowed. And then we have the third revolution, which allow me to haraam in the malham roll Miss roll on sabula Islam ridgestone Menominee Shivani fetch Danny boo La La come to
freehold stay away from them, they are the handiwork of shippon if you want to be successful meaning now it is a complete and total ban it is haram. So the scholars by knowing what came first and what came later, when everything was revealed, not only in terms of sources, but even individual verses are able then to determine which of those rulings of Islam that we have to apply and what it is that we have to look at. And also the team to this is another science which is connected to McKeon Madani but some scholars mentioned it as a completely different science, or an offshoot or branch of the science is looking at what was first revealed from the Quran. And what was last revealed from the
plan and trying to determine where plan began from and some of the spoilers even have, for example, in their books of Tafseer tafsir. According to chronological order, the chronological revelation of the Quran, even though the order of the sources of the Quran is the order in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave it to us. Because the Quran is not meant to be chronological. It's not a storybook, it's not a biography, that you need it to be in chronological order, rather than on his move for its lessons and wisdoms. So it's order isn't to do with chronology, but some of the scholars just to see the chronological order or just to take the lessons from it, or to relate to
the seer of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam so that you can see how Alonso or Jill mentioned the Sierra through the Koran. So you look at the way that the Quran was revealed chronologically, because that then links to in pertains to the different stages and events during the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So they also studied it from this aspect. So we know for example, that the first verse of the Quran to be revealed was, the crop is Mira because he had read in the name of YOLO, that cretin mentioned, other than aeration, say that the festival from the first surah so parts of the Quran to be revealed was sort of a death film, sort of Muzammil and so
on. From the benefits of the silence of some of the scholars have been able to determine which of the soldiers of the Koran first spoke about the stories of the prophets. So which sort of first started mentioning the stories of the prophets of Allah. So some of the scholars said that it is sort of sod sort of sod is the first time that the story of one of the past prophets is mentioned. And the story of Adam is also mentioned that he sent them in Surah. Under this hadith said nobody Sourav surah are off came before sort of sorta sort of sod came before off. The scholars looked at this, which came first, because these are sort of the first start to speak about the stories of the
past nations and the past prophets. As for the last verse that was revealed in the Quran, than it is what Allah subhanaw taala mentioned. In surah baqarah what's up yo yo, mentor Jamuna Fie Illa Allah and fear the day upon which you will return to Allah from A to Africa Luna FSI maka Sabbath, boom La Jolla, moon and then everyone will be given in full that which they did mean that they will be rewarded or punished accordingly for it, and they will not be oppressed and this is in Surah Baqarah. And the scholars look at all of this to see what was revealed early on was revealed later on from the Quran. For example, Sora Nasir Elijah, Allah who will factor is one of the latest
revelations of the Orion is one of the latest revelations of the Quran, the verse of the Quran and Muhammad mantoloking Dina come today, religion is complete. I've perfected my favor upon you have chosen Islam
As your way of life as your religion is one of the later verses of the Quran was revealed in the farewell hunt of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam meaning only a few months before the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So this follows look at all of this, and they take many lessons and benefits from it as well. From amongst the sciences of the Quran
that the spellers also study and they spend a lot of time and effort studying is the science of a suburban new zone, reasons of causes of Revelation, the Quran,
the vast majority of it was revealed by Allah subhanaw taala. Without cause and without reason, a large religion would simply give the revelation to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would take that revolution, and he would pass it on to his companions. But sometimes a large soldier there would be a cause or a reason or an event or an incident that will take place. And then Allah subhanaw taala would reveal the Quran. So either something would happen in the community amongst the Muslims in the ummah. And then Allah revealed the Quran, or one of the companions would come to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with a
question, they would come and they would have a question. They would have something that they want to know, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wouldn't know the answer, because revelation has yet to come on this issue. And so he would tell them to wait, he would tell them to wait. And then a larger version would give him revelation and descended upon him.
So for example, the first one
where something takes place, and then Allah reveals the one and there are many examples of this in the Quran. Perhaps one of the most famous is Surah lab surah lab Tabitha Abdullah habima. It has mentioned authentically that the story took place at the beginning of Islam when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stood on the Mount mountain of a Safa and he gathered his people to arrange. And he said to them, that if I was to warn you about an impending impeding army, coming to attack you, would you believe me? And they said, Yes. He said, so I've come with you with something more important. I warn you about the coming punishment of Allah, if you don't believe. So Buddha was
the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he stood up and he said, Is this why you gathered us terrible luck? May you be perished? May you be destroyed. Is this why you gathered us? So alaric xojo. From this, he revealed the surah Tabitha Abdullah have been what made the two hands of Abu lahab be perished. So an incident takes place. And then a large soldier reveals the verses, and this is common in the Quran. The Battle of battle takes place a lot reveals verses about the Battle of battle.
Battle takes place versus about the Battle of the Battle of Azov takes place versus about the Battle of love of the Treaty of the BIA versus about the feet of the beer. This is often in the Quran, an incident takes place something happens. those verses are then revealed after it wherein Allah subhana wa Taala speaks about the lessons and the benefits from that particular incident. So again, the Quran is not a storybook doesn't speak about the details, what happened, what did happen, who came with it and came, all of that is found in the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, through narrations. But what Allah will do is speak about the lessons to be taken from those
incidents. So that's the first type of Babel mazoon cause of Revelation, the second type of Babel new zone and again, this is something which the scholars did with all of the put under a whole books that have been authored simply on this man was up he has a book on an unstable news on causes of Revelation. And he says himself in the introduction that this is the most comprehensive book on us Babylon was one that's been written to date when he lived or died around the 911. Rocky mahalo Tada. But the point is that he would go and they would mention every single narration that they could find concerning where the verses of the Quran revealed why they were revealed if there was a cause of
Revelation, as they've been Miss rhodiola, Juan said, and we mentioned this earlier, I used to know about every single verse of the Quran when it was revealed, and how it was revealed on why it was revealed. So the companions is to have that knowledge. So the second type, of course of Revelation is where there's a question posed or an issue comes up. And the Prophet son alone while he was sillim, doesn't know doesn't yet have the answer. Revelation has yet to come on this issue. And then the last panel Tyler reveals concerning it. So for example, this sometimes would be questions from the Muslim kin from the disbelievers, they would come and they would ask questions, and often in the
Quran, you find that a lot begins versus with Yes, lunak. They asked you concerning. This is a question that is posed, where the profits are lower, it will set them doesn't necessarily know the answer, and then Allah will respond. Yes, aluna can
They asked me concerning the soul the Spirit, Holy Roman, Emily Robbie, say that it is from the affairs of my Lord. The harita mentions this particular verse, even though the scholars differed over its authenticity, is that some of the people of Mecca when they couldn't fight the panono, they couldn't come up with something like the one on the went to the Jews of Medina. And they asked him for questions that they found in their scripture, the Torah, that they could then ask the prophets on a lot while he was still him, that he wouldn't know the answer of the Arabs didn't know this stuff. So from the questions that they gave, was asked them concerning the soul asked him concerning
the soul. So he came back and he asked concerning the soul. And in the process, and I'm quoting some narrations revelation didn't come for a number of days until he finally came, and some of the verses of surah to have out in this regard as well. One of the questions was asked him about the story of the people of the cave, asked him about the king of the world's meaning earning, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is asked a question, if the question is from the disbelievers or from the Muslims. And then revelation comes. An example of a question from amongst the Muslims is the story of Hola. Binti found about the Allahu anhu in the Medina and period. Whereas Chateau de la 100
rich that I was in the house with the profits on a low while it was seldom when whole lot of the long run her cane, and she was complaining about her husband, because the husband had divorced in a certain way that was common amongst the Arabs of that time. When he was a divorce, there wasn't explicit in divorce, Punahou would allow for a husband and a wife to remain together. The Arabs used to say a man would say to his wife, you are like my mother to me. You are like my sister to me. And these are people that it's not allowed for you to marry. So that statement you like my mother means that I've kind of divorced you, meaning that we're no longer husband and wife, but it's not
divorced. She hasn't said you're free to go you're divorced. So it was what they used to call my luck. She's in a suspended Street between two she's not been divorced. But she's not no longer a wife either. And they would do this as a means of oppression and and harming another person. So it was still allowed. It was some it wasn't something with * the laws of Islam had spoken about. But when it happened to this companion, whole lot of the Allahu anhu she came, she complained to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Aristotle the Allahu anhu says, they were speaking about this in hushed tones, meaning whispering to one another, on the other side of the house. And I was on the
other side, and we know that the rooms, or the houses of the animal extremely small, like our house is different rooms, big, different floors. It's a single room. They were speaking but I couldn't make out what they were seeing. But Allah heard what they were singing in reveal the verses of sort of genre, but semi Allahu allottee to john De Luca feasel. Jia watashi Illa Allah who Yes, marathahalli our Akuma Allah has heard the speech of the one who is complaining about her husband, she complains of her husband and Allah heard your conversation meaning hertz and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because the process of send them said to her, I don't know. Allah
hasn't given me revelation. I don't know the ruling. And she was upset because she's in the state and she needs an answer. So a lot of social then revealed the verses for them. And this is common if you look at the books of Tafseer, you will find many of their spab a new zone. For example, another urban rural or suburban new zone is the verse of Tmm when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling with his companions and army, and along with him was his wife, Erin Chateau de la Juana. And as they were returning, they stopped in a place to rest. And as they were resting, an archer of the Allahu anhu was resting she lost a necklace or some type of jewelry. She lost it, she
misplaced it. So when the army was getting ready to leave, everyone had packed up their belongings they were ready to move, she realized that something was missing. So she said O Messenger of Allah, I've lost something. So she so the process of sending waited for her to search and to look and the people started helping her to look and time went on. And dark darkness came upon them the light was coming in. So the companions now who already unlimited Russians, they've been traveling, they've had an army of battle to fight and now they're returning to Medina had very little Russians Anyway, now the Russians finished and they have to spend the night. So Boubacar Viola Juan came and he was upset
with Irish about the White House. And he said, This is all because of you and your jewelry. The whole army now must wait no one can move. No one can go there's no water left. People are hungry, they're tired, they want to go and see their families. And because of your jewelry, everyone has stopped and stuck here. So they run out of water with which they could make widow. And that is when a large division reveal the verses of tmo that you use just to use the ground if you don't have water. So these are ASVAB news. All the scholars went through it. They found those no
regions, and they put them together. And those narrations collectively make up a sebab, a new zone. And some of the scholars of our times more current or contemporary scholars, they've worked through those books and they've deciphered what is authentic and what is weak and so on. Because there are many ahaadeeth some of them are weak in the chain of narration and so on some of them, there's quite as difficult for the authenticity and so on and so forth. So, they determine which of them is authentic and which of them is weak. But this is also something which the sponsors, the sponsors do as well. This follows research and from amongst the benefits of, of, of studying this is the you
know, again the reason the context as to why something was revealed in the Quran. What is the reasoning as to why something was revealed the Quran helps you to understand the Quran helps you to appreciate the circumstances, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the companions we're living in.
But which take one more shallow Momo sense of the Quran and then we'll break for Serato inertia.
And that sounds of the Quran that the scholars also spoke about and discussed in detail is what is called general Koran, the completion of the Quran. So the scholars went through and they studied and they looked at to how the Quran was compiled during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam after the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So as we mentioned before, during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would receive the revelation of the Quran from jabril Ali Salaam, and he would memorize the Quran. And Allah azza wa jal made it easy to memorize the Quran for him. The Arabs generally were,
generally speaking, we're a group of people who are illiterate, they weren't verse they were educated, they couldn't read and they couldn't write from amongst them. There were people who were literate and educated, of course, but the vast majority of them were illiterate, they couldn't read and they couldn't write. But what they could do and what they were known for, was memory. People with extremely strong memory, they could memorize, and they would memorize, you know, like verses and verses of poetry. They would memorize the linear genealogy they will know off the top of their head, they will know who was related to who and how and they would go back to their family trees and
the different tribes and so on. So for example, a Baccarat Viola one had memorized the genealogy of the Arabs, he was in a sub A genealogist and that is why when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam we for the hedgerow would go and he would scout out to different tribes of Arabia, asking them if they were willing to give asylum to the Muslims. If the Muslims made Israel to their lands, he would take Abubakar of the Allah one. And Abubakar will look at the trial when he will learn where they were from. And then he would tell the profits on a low while he was selling what that tribe is known for. This tribe is from such and such a place on messenger of Allah. They don't for
courage. They're known for loyalty. They're known for trust, or the opposite that his tribe, you know, it's known for like being bandits and highway robbers and thievery, and they're dishonest in the way that they are. So he was in a cell. The Arabs had strong memory, to the extent that even the Bedouin, Arab used to live in the desert, did a mix when anyone would be able to come and he would be able to spout out poetry that he had memorized, or he would be able to make poetry on the spot. So these two have in Macau what is known as Super rock of this festival, where people used to come and they would have jewels of poetry, and people would speak in poetry and so on. The Bedouins would
come and they were people who never used to come to Mecca unless it was for something like this. And they would come and they would speak in the eloquent poetry.
So the Romans were known for their memorization. so large that would tell us to tell the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam as is mentioned in the Koran, don't haste in your tongue. With the Quran, we will make it easy for you to memorize. And that is one of the reasons why a large social didn't reveal the Koran as a single, as a single complete revelation brought the Alonzo church and dispersed it over 23 years was revealed in stages, so that it would be easier to learn and easier to memorize. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would receive this revelation, he would then recite it to the companions, in Salah, outside of Salah, sometimes to one companion, sometimes to
group of them, and those companions would then go on and they would
convey that revelation to other companions. And in this way, the revelation was in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So either they would memorize the Quran, so the companions would hear it and they would instantly memorize the Quran as we gave the example of avaible cab rhodiola when he was the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was told to go and give and recite the revelation to and there were other companions from amongst them are what are known as the seven famous for
the seven famous or route from amongst the companions.
Seven famous recitals or recitals of the Quran and memorises from amongst the companions, and they are Abdullah bin Masood rhodiola one number one. Number two Salim the freed slave of
certain defeats later slave of halifa was also from the the companions of Mecca. margerine. Number three was more out of the blue Jebel or the last one the famous illustrious companion, the scholar from amongst the companions.
Number four was will be blue cab rhodiola one who we spoke about earlier. Number five was at Blue tab. It says immunotherapy for the loved one was also from the younger companions from the people of the unserved when the profits on a low while he was selling made his run he came to Medina, the mother of zayde, even Tabitha the Allahu anhu and her, she bought him to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a young boy. And she said O Messenger of Allah, this is my son, Zaid is extremely intelligent, so use him in something that will benefit you. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will read the Quran to him, and he would make him a scribe, he will write down the
revelation as well as even a fair bit of the language and upon instruction from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam learned other languages as well. He learned the languages of the Roman Empire and so on, so that when the professor Selim would come to write and correspond with their rulers and their kings, he was one of those people who could translate and understand and write in those languages, extremely intelligent companion, or the loved one and he is the companion that was used by a man of the land for the completion of the Quran during his time, as we will mention inshallah tada a great and illustrious companion and because of his young age, he also lived for
many years in Medina after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Number six, the sixth of those seven famous for raw and memorizes and recitals of the Quran is a companion by the name of Abu Zaid. Abizaid was from the ansara, from the tribe of banana jar.
And he was known as the Mahabharata, him Allah mentions in his, in his book, he is known as the reciter. Even amongst the companions, he was known as a part of the reciter. And he passed away and he was from the relatives of NSE been Malik, from the same tribe and the relatives, the uncles of nsmb nomadic rhodiola one, and he passed away and he didn't have any children didn't leave anyone behind, which is why he's not so famous abou z. And the seventh and final from amongst them is the illustrious famous companion of Buddha, Buddha rhodiola. One who liked to go and he would take the knowledge of the Quran to Sham to Damascus, into Syria in that area. May Allah azzawajal make life
easy for those people in those areas. So he would go and he would go to shaman, the scholars of their art he mentioned that his one of his main students is one of the famous Puranas will come on to later a man by the name of armor. So the Allahu, and after thorough prayer, he would go into the German of the mosque, he would go to the main Mosque of Damascus. And he would have all of the people that would want to learn or on, he would gather them into groups of 10 circles of 10. And upon each one of them, he would have a teacher. So each one each circle of 10 would have a teacher, and they would read and the teacher would correct the recitation, and they would memorize with him.
And Abu Dhabi Allah used to go, and he would sit on the minbar. He would wait. Because if one of those teachers in one of those groups of 10, didn't know wasn't sure, made a mistake was unaware, he would then go to a Buddha of the long run, and the Buddha would correct him. So this is how he would teach people in Damascus. And after he passed away, environmental became
one of the famous poorer, he took his place in Damascus. So these were the seven that were known to memorize the Quran and he became people have scholars of the Quran, and that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is mentioned in a number of Hadith but he said that if you want to take the Koran, then take it from the likes of Salim and take it from the likes of Abdullah bin Massoud and so on and so forth. And also during that time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they would write down revelation, they would write down fragments of Revelation, meaning that each person would write a verse and a verse there. It wasn't compiled into a single book, but it was verses that
were revealed and people would write it down. From amongst those people who would write it is over a blue capital the long run z even if everything was scribes of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as well as being people who would memorize they will also scribes, also from amongst them is already rhodiola one the famous halifa who needs no introduction and no biography. And also from amongst them is more Alia, able to be soufiane rhodiola one woman who later go on to found the Omega dynasty, the Armenian Empire, and will later become one of the leaders of the Muslims. The son of Abu Sufyan the leader of Polish era said that when the Prophet sallallaahu
Was seldom accepted about Sofia and Islam when Abu Sufyan accepted Islam rather, the professor Sonam asked him what he wanted that he could have anything he asked for. So from the things that he asked for, was the only one you taken as a scribe, you were taken as a scribe, and he would write the revelation of the Quran. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam agreed, somewhere I was from amongst those people who would write down the revelation. So this is how in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. The Quran was memorized and it was learnt. It was done primarily through memorization through his through memory, but also it was written down, but it was written down on
fragments, someone will write it down on a parchment or on a leaf or on a bone or on some kind of skin. And each person would have different parts of the ground that they would write down. But it wasn't compiled during the time of the Prophet Solomon the way that we are familiar with, as we would call today, the Koran or the Muslim. Then after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we come to the second stage of completion. And that is the time of abubaker the Allah in the 12th year of the hero, the trophy of the hero, there was a battle that took place by the name of alia Mama. And in the Battle of yamamah, many hundreds of companions were martyred. And from amongst
those hundreds of companions that were martyred 70 were from the scholars of Quran from the Senior Companions who are well versed and known for the Quran. So, remember, the Allahu anhu was a close advisor, companion friend of a worker of the Allahu Akbar. And he said to abubaker that I fear that if this continues, all of these major components of the Quran die and they die out who will teach the Quran so why don't you compile the different portions of Quran and bring it together so at least we have a copy that people can refer to they don't have to rely on people's memories and memorization because if they die, that knowledge dies with them.
Abubakar de la Juan is is mentioned in the narration he didn't initially agree disagreed, didn't think that it was something that should be done. Parramatta de la Greg mentioned it to him over and over until he became content. So he called Obi Wan acaba de la Juan de the Sabbath and other companions. And he mentioned this to them, that I think that we should compile the Koran. And they also disagreed initially until they finally agreed. So Rebecca the Allahu Allah told us at metabones to go and to find a way vocab to go on to find all of these different parchments of the Quran, and to bring them together. And it was obviously by memory, the companions had memorized the pronoun so
they know the verses of the Quran and they know it's correct water, and they would bring it together and bring all of those parchments into a single compilation into a single compilation. And that is known as the gathering or the compilation of the Quran during the time of Abu Bakar. In the long run, that compilation was kept by Abu Bakar the Allahu Allah Himself. After he passed away, he gave him a parameter the Allahu Akbar as the halifa. And after Omar Abdullah one passed away, he went to his daughter, the wife of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, have some rhodiola Juana, and she kept it with her during her time, and I was lucky enough of her as a mom of your loved one will
become the third and final completion of the Quran. And it is that completion that still exists to our time. The third and final completion during the time of man of the law, one took place approximately in the year 25 HD. And it was that relief for the a loved one who was a senior companion, a major companion. He is the companion and will often narrate hadith of trials from the prophets of Salaam. And he's to say about himself that the companions is to ask about the good and I would ask about the evil out of fear that it would strike me so many of the of the Hadith about trials and Yokoyama and so on, a number of them are generated by the Spirit companion. For the for
the unlock Wang said that I was fighting on the frontier lands. And we were in Azerbaijan in that area. Today, the like the Soviet, former Soviet republics, that type of part of the world.
And I found that people were accepting Islam and they were people who were reciting the Koran in ways that were incorrect, because they weren't Arabs. They don't know how to read the Koran. Sometimes their accents wouldn't allow them to recite the Quran correctly. And so people were differing amongst themselves in terms of how to recite the Quran or how to read the Quran. And because of the difference, they were having infighting, they were disagreeing amongst themselves. One would say no, this is right. They don't say no, that's wrong, and they would disagree amongst themselves. So when they followed the law, one saw this he came back to Medina and he went to us man
on the ground and he said to him on earth man, save the oma before he destroys itself, Othman said What do you mean? Horace Mann had heard about this, but he was very literal in Medina. He said that I've just come from a place where the people of different over the Quran they don't know the correct way to read the Quran. They don't know which one which way is correct. So if we were to have a single copy the role of the Muslims would have the completion of trouble
Becker was just kept for him. It's a master copy, but it's not spread out. But if you had a copy of the Quran that you compiled and that you sent to the other lands, that's what they use and that's what everyone learns from, then you would find that everyone is united upon the way that the Prophet Solomon gave was the Quran. So as the man of the Allahu Akbar agreed, and he gathered for companions in the booth habit of the lightness zubayr sorry, the Coronavirus and Adorama, bullheaded evolution, these four companions, he gathered them, too, from the unsolved truth from the Menagerie. And he told them to compile the Quran again, told them to compile the Quran, and to write it out, and that
they should write it by the language of Polish because it was revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, who came to Quraysh. So this is what he did. And then he was the man of the Allah one made a number of copies, and he sent it to the different Muslim lands. And he ordered the governance of those lands to burn every other parchment of Quran, every other copy of the Quran, so that they couldn't be any differences when it came to the Quran. And that is what is known as the third and final compilation of the Quran. And there is that completion that then continued from his time, to the time that came, the times and the generations that came subsequently after him until
our time today. And that's why when you look at the anon, it is normally called luciferase money, there is money or an after a man of the Illa one. And the script that it's written in is called Roswell with money. That was manuscript, all of it from Earth man, or the alarm rang because he was the one who compiled it, or it was compiled during his time, or the allow one. The final issue in this regard before we take a break, and we break for solid Russia, is when it comes to the order of the poor and the order of the sources and the order of the versus the order of the verses of the Koran. All of it came from a loss of paradigm from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So even
though the verses may have been revealed a different time separately, some in Mecca and Medina, when they were put together in a single surah, when they will compile or put together in a in a set order from a single surah. This was from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the scholars have agreed upon this. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he would have to believe that he said, I'm coming revise the Quran with him, he will revise it with him in order. And in the year that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam died, he revised the Quran with him in Ramadan twice. So he was done in order. As for the order of the surahs, not the verses, the verses are in order,
the order of the sutras of the Quran. This is where the scholars different. Some of the scholars said that it was also from God meaning that it's also something which Allah set down and the Prophet sent him established that we start with Al Fatiha and that's why it's not in chronological order. We don't start with under modesta muslimeen. We start with fattier, and then back on an earlier imraan. This was the order given by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And this is an opinion that is accepted by many scholars. And others said that it is the companions who placed it in that order, the companions from the understanding and knowledge of the Koran, they set the order themselves. And
even if they did, then it's something which becomes each method is something which the scholars or the companions and the oma have agreed upon. But the first opinion on Lionel's best seems to be stronger than when Julius Malema would come he will revise the Quran with him in order and that means not only the order of verses, but the order of the sutras of the Quran as well. And Allah subhana wa Taala knows best. So inshallah we'll stop there for select Russia. The van is about to go and then inshallah we'll come back after Russia. And we have a few chapters left with law that we will speak about Sutton law. Mohammed wired early, he became