The Book Of Prayer Episode 21

Ahsan Hanif


Channel: Ahsan Hanif


File Size: 20.79MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Transcript ©

AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. Thus,no part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:00--> 00:00:07

Eau de la umina shavon Ilan z

00:00:08--> 00:00:10


00:00:17--> 00:00:17

R Rahman r Rahim.

00:00:19--> 00:01:10

sallallahu wasallam avacado La Jolla marine where I learned he was a woman sarana Sabina he when he was telling me Sonata he wanted to be a de la meteen seldom at the Sleeman kathira Umberto Kala emammal Hospital masala for a Hema home la hotevilla wanna be Geraldo hora de Allahu anhu Kala Kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Jerusalem, Mr. Mooney, maybe for ilica Baraka Baraka Baraka Kabir, whether Raka Raka Raka is upon a semi Allah Hanuman hamidah Paulo Allahumma Urbana lackland with associate studio studio Hector yes should weather solar power even for solo piano? What is a sala corydon for solo por una noche Marina Rama Buddha would love to have a say

00:01:11--> 00:01:48

on the forum, Shiva Buhari rhodiola one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Indeed the Imam is there to be followed. So when he makes it to be able to then make the bill and don't make the beer before his tech bill, and when he goes into record, then make record and don't go into record before he goes into record. And when he says to me Allah Hanuman Hamid didn't say, Allahu Mata banana kill him. And when he makes the such that then that makes such the, and don't make such the until he makes such. And if he stands, if you pray, standing, then pray standing. And if you pray, sitting, then all of you pray sitting and this is collected by a Buddha would with this

00:01:48--> 00:01:53

wedding, and it is also reported in Bukhari and Muslim with the similar wording.

00:01:54--> 00:02:31

So yesterday, we spoke about the opening part of this chapter, which is the chapter of congregational prayer and the chapter of Imam of being an Imam. And so yesterday, we dealt with the Hadith that related to the issue of the congregational primary said that the most important issue concerning that was the ruling of it, whether it is an obligation or not, and we mentioned the difference of opinion amongst the scholars of Islam. So those are mahalo, Thailand. I mentioned another aspect concerning congregational prayer, and that is, the Imam, the position of the Imam, the role of the Imam, the duties of the Imam, and other aspects concerning the Imam. And he begins

00:02:31--> 00:03:11

with this hadith of Abu huraira. The long run. And as I've as we've always mentioned, that also Rahim Allah, his methodology in his book, is that normally the first Hadith that he mentions about a certain issue, or at the beginning of a chapter is considered to be the title of the chapter, the most important principle with regards to that chapter. And so in this chapter, in this section of this chapter, he begins with this hadith of obovata rhodiola. One, which likewise is considered to be an * in this issue, and that is that the role of the Imam in congregational prayer is that he has been placed to be followed. So you don't proceed the Imam, you follow the Imam. And you don't

00:03:11--> 00:03:54

delay after the Imam meaning that you don't follow the Imam after a long delay, but you follow the Imam. And that's why the profits on the lower end he was seldom said in the majority let Mr. Morton you're attempting to be the mom is only there to be followed. And so some of the scholars even went to the extent of saying that even in your intention, it must be one, meaning that you can pray vote behind someone who's an Imam who's praying also. And you can pray for example, Russia, or you can pray for example, like a knuffle prayer behind someone who has intention of praying an obligatory prayer to that extent, some of this punishment based upon this Hadith, that this is how much you

00:03:54--> 00:04:32

follow the Imam. And as we will discuss then that there is narrations from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that show that you can differ in certain issues from the Imam. But those issues are inwardly there is a good reason for them a valid excuse for them while they are hidden for outwardly and apparently then you must follow the Imam. The Imam has been placed there to be followed. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said don't make the tech beam until he makes tech beam. And don't make your tech period before his tech bill. And don't make rocor until he makes record and only your record proceed his record. And likewise when money comes out from record when you go into

00:04:32--> 00:04:59

surgery, and all of the other positions of the prayer. So when you pray in congregation, the whole point of the Imam and the reason why the Imam stands alone at the front, whilst everyone else stand side by side in roles is that he is the one that you follow. He is the one that you follow. And so when the Imam comes and he says Allahu Akbar, then it is upon the people praying behind him in congregation to follow that Imam from beginning to end. So when

00:05:00--> 00:05:39

person is praying and congregation there are normally different ways that a person follows the Imam different types of people do different things that you see often in congregational prayer. And when you pray in Gemini you print congregation you find that often people have different timings when it comes to following the Imam, some people you will have precede the Imam, you will find some people who precede the Imam. So they will For example, when the Imam is about to go to record the lower rupee down, or as soon as they see him moving, they'll be there first. And so they often end up proceeding the Imam, anyone who proceeds the Imam intentionally, then their prayer is invalid. Their

00:05:39--> 00:05:46

prayer is invalid, they have broken their prayer. And if they do it unintentionally, then they have

00:05:47--> 00:06:05

done something which is extremely disliked within the prayer. And that is because no longer have they followed this principle of the profits on the lower end he was selling them that they should be following the Imam, they have preceded the Imam. The other extreme of this is a person who follows the Imam with a long delay.

00:06:06--> 00:06:43

And so what we mean by following the Imam is, isn't just that you don't precede the Imam. It is also that you don't go to the other extreme that you wait until the amount has gone into record, for example. And you're still standing there finishing off, you know the end of Baccarat or whatever so are you reciting. And then after you finished off a verse, or two or three, then you finally go into record. And then when he goes for example, you're in such and he comes out of such that you find out often people still stay in such that sometimes for 510 15 seconds more than and he's sitting there in the mountains into shadow, and he's still in sagitta. And then he finally comes out. That is also

00:06:43--> 00:07:20

that's the other extreme and that is also severely disliked. Why Because again, that you haven't followed the man that isn't called following the Imam. It's about emammal following the Imam means that as soon as the Imam says Allahu Akbar, and he goes into record, you follow him into record, there is a very slight delay, so you don't proceed him. He goes into record first. But as he does, so then you follow him as well. And likewise with sujood. Likewise, for all of the other positions of the prayer, that is the correct way to pray behind the Imam. And this is why one of the things that we mentioned when we were speaking about the pillars of the prayer, the obligatory aspects of

00:07:20--> 00:08:00

the prayer, the optional aspects of the prayer, we said that one of the benefits of knowing this is so that when you pray in congregation, you know, what takes precedence, what you give priority to, and being able to prioritize aspects of your prayer within the prayer is extremely important. So then that you don't follow found of any of these, a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us to do certain things, and we fall short in them. So for example, if you were, for example, standing in the prayer, and it's a silent prayer, let's say for example, it's aloha rasa. And you're praying and you're reciting to yourself and you're standing, you finished Fatiha, and

00:08:00--> 00:08:41

after factoring how you start, for example, with shamcey, we'll do her and you're starting to recite the surah and maybe you're halfway through or the flemons rockethub amandus. And then the Imam says Allah, but and he goes into quote, you don't know what the Imam is reciting. You don't know what surah he chose, and he doesn't know what surah you chose. And so he goes into rapport and you're more or less halfway through that surah. Now you have people doing a couple of different things, some people will stay with the sooner and finish it. Only two or 345 verses left. Take 1015 seconds, I'll finish it, and then I'll go into recall. That is a mistake. That is incorrect. That is not

00:08:41--> 00:09:22

called following the Imam. Why because we know that Surah Fatiha pillar, that's what you had to do. And you've done that you completed it, reciting the surah is optional. You should recite another surah. But now that the Imam, you following an Imam to follow him is also an obligation. And so now when you have a Sunnah, which is you finishing off your surah and obligation which is following the Imam then obviously you know how to prioritize. So when the Imam goes into record, even though you haven't finished your surah, you follow the Imam. Likewise, for example, you insert the we said that the bare minimum that you have to do is say Subhan, Allah bilenda once that is the bare minimum,

00:09:23--> 00:10:00

everything over that is optional. And so now for example, if you said Subhana, Allah, Allah even ones just say for the sake of argument, you only managed to say once, and then you finish saying it and the Imam says Allah Akbar, and he sets up, you don't carry on, sinks have handled a bit on a second, third, fourth, fifth time, you get up with the Imam. Why because now again, you have something which is optional, and an obligation and obligation always takes precedence. And so that's why it's extremely important to remember those past chapters that we've studied and those different components of the prayer that we spoke about in some detail, and this

00:10:00--> 00:10:11

is one of the greatest mistakes that a person makes when they come into the present. They don't follow the Imam. They either proceed the Imam, or, or another mistake that they perhaps make is that they,

00:10:12--> 00:10:49

they have the exact same timing as the Imam and that is also wrong. So for example, they go into record exactly at the same time as the Imam. So instead of following the Imam sort of there being a slight delay, both of them are equal in their record equaling the sujood, both of them respective time to each other. And normally this is especially for people who stand in the front row who can actually see the Imam, because for everyone else, they go by his thick beer, when he says a lot, but you know, he's going to record a suit. That's the only way that you know that the people in the first row can see the Imam as well. And so sometimes they see him going down before he says that

00:10:49--> 00:11:31

beer, and so they just follow Him, even though he didn't say Allahu Akbar. And so it is an extremely important issue. The other issue that is mentioned in this hadith is that you follow the Imam even to the extent that if he is sitting down and praying, then you sit down and pray as well. And this is according to some of the spellings of Islam. In the case of, for example, the normal Imam, the paid Imam, what is known in our because the Imam on Raw tip, who is the normal Imam of the masjid, if that Imam for whatever reason has an illness or the he has, for example, one day he is ill or he has a pain, or whatever it is the normal Imam of the masjid. And he needs to sit down when you pray

00:11:31--> 00:12:07

and you sit down alongside him. If he's not the normal Imam, then he shouldn't need the prayer. He shouldn't need the plan. Some of the scholars say that this is only allowed in optional prayers, but the correct opinion milanos best is that it is allowed in both optional and obligatory prayers if the normal Imam needs to sit down when you sit down with him. And if he doesn't need to sit down, obviously, then he should stand. And if he's not the moment Imam, then you shouldn't have any man who needs to sit down. So for example, the mom isn't present and you're looking for someone else to lead the prayer shouldn't be someone who has to sit down and lead the prayer. Because that is

00:12:07--> 00:12:15

something which the scholars don't recommend. And it's not something which should be done, unless there is a valid reason. And Allah knows best.

00:12:16--> 00:12:58

The next Hadith had this number 326 wanna be studied in an odd rhodiola one, and the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Rafi asabi hit ahora for Karnataka demo for 10 Moby Will you attempt to become Umberto kumanovo Muslim, and authority rhodiola one that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So some saw that some of his prayers of his companions were falling late or delaying in following him in the prayer. So he said, Come closer, and follow me. And let those who cannot see me follow you instead, directed by a Muslim. So obviously, in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't have microphones, they didn't have speakers and so on. And so what the prophet

00:12:58--> 00:13:36

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying to the companions, they should come closer and stand closer to the Imam. Why, because sometimes you can't hear the Imam, you don't hear the Imam, or, for example, sometimes the Imam, maybe you know when he says a lot, but it doesn't come out very loudly. And so you can also go by his physical action. So if you think that the man has gone into rapport, and he said out loud, well, then you follow him into record. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying to those people who come close, meaning they pray in the first row, but it's not only by listening to me, you also look at my action, you see, when I go into record, you see when I go into

00:13:36--> 00:14:16

Sudan, and as for those people who are behind you, then they should follow you. And so for example, if in this machine, we didn't have a microphone, or you're in a situation where you out, turn up in the open, you don't have a microphone, you don't have speakers, then you follow those people want in front of you, you follow those people in front of you. And that's why one of the definitions given to congregational prayer, is that people pray in congregation in the same place and at the same time, same place and same time. And one of the reasons for that is so that you can see those people before you. And that's why the scholars say for example, if you are home, have a TV on and they're

00:14:16--> 00:14:44

praying for example, or are we in Makkah, or in Medina? That is not correct, you don't follow the Imam in the TV praying behind him. taraweeh that's not considered premium congregation doesn't count. Why? Because congregation needs to be in the same place and at the same time, and you're not in the same place. You're not in Makkah, you're not in Medina, and so on and so forth. And so this is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was establishing for his companions as well. And Allah knows best.

00:14:46--> 00:14:59

Hadith number 327 Ramsay the beneath him are the Allahu anhu Paul de Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I heard Jonathan Rusafa for Salafi half at the top bar at the jell o jell o soluna. masala tea and Hadith

00:15:00--> 00:15:40

Well, we have done a solid model if EBT lol matoba moto finale on the authoritativeness abit rhodiola Wang who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had a room, which had straw roofing. And so he used to pray in it. And so people came, and they followed his prayer, and they would pray behind him. And also within this hadith it is mentioned that the best prayer that a person can pray is within their house except for the for the obligatory prayer and this is an Buhari and Muslim. The reason why the author Rahim Allah tala is bringing this hadith is because it is an important Hadith, in the sense that what the author is establishing is that even though

00:15:40--> 00:16:17

congregational prayer needs to be in the same place and at the same time, it is allowed for there to be a barrier between you and the Imam, or for some of the congregation, between parts of the congregation that being a barrier between them. So for example, like in this mission, often as is common, especially on the Juma prayer, and so on. turabian may be read prayer, you have some people praying in this world, you have sisters praying upstairs, maybe you have some people praying in the community or some people praying in the carpark, maybe some people praying in other places. And so they're not all, all on the same level, the number are all in the same room. Likewise, if you were

00:16:17--> 00:16:52

to go to Mecca, you find that the Imam is on the ground floor, you may be on the roof, someone else in the basement, someone else in the courtyard. And so they're not all in the same building at the same place. And so therefore, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in this how do you use to pray at home, have a room in which he used to pray, and that room was a room that had walls or curtains around it, it was blocked off, but the companions could hear him reciting out loud and they would come and they would pray behind him. And this is obviously knuffel prayer talking about optional prayers, but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray at home. And normally the Prophet

00:16:52--> 00:17:28

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as we mentioned before, when it came to option prayers, he would pray them at home, not in the masjid, he would prefer to pray them at home. So they would come and they would pray behind him. Even though there is some type of a barrier between them. They can't necessarily see him. They're not necessarily in the same room. And so that's why the author Mr. laterna, is bringing this issue here, or this hadith to show that it is allowed for people even though they're in one congregation for them, to sometimes be wolves between them, so long as they are part of that same place and that same time, and a large surgeon knows best.

00:17:30--> 00:17:46

had his number 328 Bon Jovi Madame de la de Allahumma. peninsula Miranda's hub in Asia for tavolara himcolin abusin Allahu alayhi, wa sallam Ettore to enter Kona Yamato fatahna either Atlanta NASA probably should be awesome. She will

00:17:47--> 00:18:22

be kallada Mira palaniuk shamatha con la he will not be Muslim on the authority of jabiru down below the Allahumma who said the Mara medela one would pray arratia with his people and he would prolong the prayer. So the profits on the long run he will seldom said oh my god, do you want to be a trial for the people when you are the Imam of the people then recite for shampoo haha subject matter because Arabic lady the yaksha and this is an Buhari and Muslim and this wedding is of Muslim. This is a famous Hadith and the How do you think of Morales rhodiola, one

00:18:23--> 00:19:01

mirandola one lived in today what is known as the area of Oba so if you go to Medina mustard Oba which is the famous Masjid, he was living in the area. And obviously as I think we've mentioned this before, but in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Medina was very small. So what you have today as mystery, the nabawi with all of its courtyard and so on that whole extension, that in the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, more or less was the city of Medina. And then you had all of these, like outside of Medina, all of these small villages you had people in early you have people in Oba you have people in all of these different parts of I mean, it's still

00:19:01--> 00:19:38

Medina, but it's outside of what you would call the city city center, if you like. And so Mara, the long run lived in Cuba, and he would come to the profits on a lower and he will send them as mustard, mustard, the number three and he would pray with the profits on the lower end he will sell them and he would spend time with him. And he would play Russia with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as part of the congregation and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the Imam, then he would go back to his people in Oba and he would leave them in Russia. So he would be the Imam and they would pray behind him. And so that automatically shows that it is allowed and this is one of

00:19:38--> 00:19:59

the things that I mentioned that even though you follow the Imam outwardly, it is allowed for there to be some differences in would be and one of them is the intention. It is allowed for the Imam to be praying knuffle and for the person behind them to be praying for it is allowed for the Imam to be praying photo and the person behind them to be praying. Nothing is wrong.

00:20:00--> 00:20:41

It has allowed for a person, the Imam to be praying, Russia or sorry, Vaughn, and the people behind them to be praying Assad and so on and so forth. So these small differences, it is allowed for them to happen so long as you know, outwardly change the prayer except in very small, very small cases, maybe some of them are mentioned a Tron. So it is allowed for some of those things to happen. So, for example, if you came in the month of Ramadan, and the Imam is leading the tarawih prayer, but you haven't played Russia, then you can pray behind the Imam with the intention of Russia. And after he finishes his two, you just stand up and you complete your two like you would normally if you had

00:20:41--> 00:21:18

missed two reoccurrence of Russia, you can pray like that and it's okay. And we mentioned the Hadith yesterday of those men, who even though there was a congregation going on, they didn't pray in the congregation, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam rebuked them and he said, Pray, and for you, it is optional. And so even though the prophet SAW Selim that Imam has the intention of it being an obligatory prayer is allowed for them to pay an optional prayer. So more about your loved one would do this. And this hadith is one of the evidences for that. However, miles rhodiola, one would prolong the prayer would make the prayer extremely long. And one of the durations of this

00:21:18--> 00:21:54

hadith one of the people that was praying behind more about your loved one, because of how long and lengthy his prayer was, he left, just broke the prayer and went, because it was too long for him. And maybe he had other things to do some other reason, and he just left broke the prayer and went, and so the next day he came, that man came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he complained about Morales. rhodiola one. And so you see from this, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't rebuke the man didn't say to him, he should have been patient didn't say to him, you know, where's your taco? I didn't say to him, you know, you're worshipping Allah, you should have

00:21:54--> 00:22:30

like, stayed. He didn't say to him, he should have enjoyed listening to the Quran to repeat the man for breaking the prayer and leaving the jamara. But he rebuked more of who is the Imam? And he said to him, Omar al, do you want to be a trial for the people? How is a trial for the people, because already shavon is trying to dissuade people from praying and congregation. Now if that person comes to maybe he had an appointment afterwards, maybe he has a job to go back to maybe there's other issues that he has going on. But now he knows that if I come to this machine and point behind this Imam, he's going to start from the middle of Baccarat. And it's going to say, two, three sides,

00:22:30--> 00:23:09

every rocker, and it's going to take 1520 2530 minutes before I just finished a single prayer or is going to do like make Laura so so long. And like it's going to take 1520 minutes. And so it becomes a fitna for him, doesn't come to the masjid for that reason. And so the Imam, part of his wisdom, part of his fifth part of his knowledge, and that's why the prophets of Salaam would choose the most knowledgeable companions, to be the Imam, to be the leaders to be the judges to be the rulers, the governors, why? Because they're the ones that are going to lead the people in prayer. And part of that knowledge and wisdom is to know that people are generally liked, you know, they have issues,

00:23:09--> 00:23:42

they have other things to go back to and so on. And so the prophets on a law while he was still a man, he was leading the people in prayer, he would shorten the prayer, even though there are narrations, there are times he would prolong the prayer and he would recite long parts, or long solos of the Quran. And we mentioned this previously, when he was speaking about the length of the prayers of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but as a general rule, he would make them short. But when he was praying individually, or when it was an optional prayer, even in congregation, like the night prayer is optional, if you want to stay calm and stay, if you want to go, you can go, then

00:23:42--> 00:24:21

the profits on a lower annual cillum will prolong the prayer. And so the professor became angry with me. And he said to him, rhodiola is one of the greatest, most noble, most illustrious, most knowledgeable companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but he became angry with him and he said, Oh, don't be a trial for the people. Instead, we say these types of Searles. And he's chose sutras which are very short or Shamsi will do. Haha, well, lady, lady, they actually these types of sources from the Quran. And we mentioned this before as well, that the prophets on a lower and he will sell them for Asia, he will normally recite from the beginning of the 30th, Jews up

00:24:21--> 00:24:59

until surah, to do have that type of length of surah, and format rape from Abrahamic to Sora, to nuts, the shorter sources for certain Muslim and for certain further, it would be the length of solos from Sora to gerat, until the 30th, chose that type of length. So this is how the profits on the long run He will send them would normally make the length of his prep. And so this hadith is important in the sense that he shows that the Imam has a responsibility and is the responsibility of the man that he showed us when he takes on this position to be aware of the issues and the circumstances of the people. And there will be other Hadith that will speak about this as well. How

00:24:59--> 00:24:59

do you think

00:25:00--> 00:25:41

A 329 one hour issue with your loved one her vehicle Sophie Salatu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Avinash Eva Marie Bukola Hector jela serrania Sadie Abby Becker fatahna usaully Vanessa Elisa, Abu bachlin, Karima Dr. De Ababa, clean besotted Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we often are so busy masala tea Rebecca Mustafa kanani and authority Rachel Yolanda in the story of the prayer of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam during his final industry said that the prophets on the lower end he was Selim came, and he sat on the left side of Abu Bakar. And he began to pray with the people whilst he was sitting in a cubicle was standing. So abubaker would follow the prayer

00:25:41--> 00:25:47

of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the people would follow the prayer of Abu Bakar and this is an El Barrio Muslim.

00:25:48--> 00:26:27

So this hadith is, is one of those last prayers that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam offered in congregation you know, that during those final days, the promises of them became extremely ill to the extent that he wouldn't leave his house wouldn't get up and go and lead the people in prayer. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam during that final innocentive on one or two occasions in which he felt that he had enough strength to go out and see the companions in the question. This is one of those instances. And I think that this is at the same time and that famous incident of when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said order abubaker three the people in prayer and

00:26:27--> 00:27:09

action on your loved one has said O Messenger of Allah. Boubacar is a man who cries is extremely emotional in his prayer towards someone else. But the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam refused to have anyone need except abubaker. So then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as the prayer began, and it started, he felt that he had enough strength. So out, and he came to the front, and he sat on the left side of Abubakar. And so basically, he is on the right abubaker the professor Salim is here and Abu Bakar is on the right of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And this shows the first issue in this hadith is that if a person is going to pray, and there are only two people in

00:27:10--> 00:27:48

the gym or two people in the gym and then the Imam stands on the left, and the person that's following the Imam stands on the right. That is how it works when you have just two people in a gym, so it doesn't stand behind the Imam. He stands next to him on the right side of the Imam. And that is how they pray. Or for example, if there is no space left in the masjid, there are no space in the rows. Or maybe there are too many people in the masjid. So someone has to come and stand by the Imam because there's no other space and likewise he stands on the right side of the Imam. So the profits on the long run you send them though in this hadith is sitting down and Abubakar is standing in the

00:27:48--> 00:28:27

previous Howdy. So the first Hadith that we took today of Abu huraira de la one, the prophet SAW Selim said that if the Imam is standing stand, and if the man was sitting, then sit. And so the way that the scholars reconcile between this hadith is that the the Imam initially was Abu Bakar, not the Allahu Allah and he was standing. And so because the prayer had begun standing, even though then the prophet SAW Selim came, and He then took over the prayer, the companions remain standing. Why, because that's how they started. And so because the press started off standing and Abubakar was the initial Imam and he was standing to companions continued in that way, even though the Prophet

00:28:27--> 00:28:45

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was unable to stand. And that is different to the hadith of Abu huraira. What the hadith of Abu huraira is saying is that if the Imam begins sitting down, then you also sit down and so, there is that slight difference in the Hadith, and that is why you have these two different durations.

00:28:46--> 00:28:57

There is how do you 331 to one and then the br sallallahu alayhi wa sallam upon either Maha to calmness for you have faith for in the Fie masala hemosol Kabira dari

00:28:58--> 00:29:35

Fado, sala de la sala de k fascia multifocal LA, on the Salt River Buhari rhodiola under the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, if one of you needs the people in prayer, then let him make it light. For indeed behind them are those people who are young and those people who are old and those people who are weak and those people who have needs to fulfill, but if one of you preys on his own election, pray as he wishes, and this isn't an Buhari and Muslim. So this hadith is similar to the Hadith that we were speaking of consenting more either of your loved one, but this hadith is more general and he lays down a general principle for the Imam and that is the generally the man should

00:29:35--> 00:29:59

lighten the prayer. Meaning that he should shorten the prayer. Make the prayer easy. Don't overburden the people in the prayer, especially the congregational prayer, but optional prayer is different. Because optional pray you have a choice, whether you attend or don't attend, or whether you want to sit down or you want to stand up and it's a different type of prayer, but the congregation obligatory congregational prayers, then the Imam should make it light

00:30:00--> 00:30:35

Because all of those people behind him have to pray that congregational prayers, not option prayer. They can't just leave if it becomes too long they have to pray. And so amongst those people will be someone who is young. Maybe someone will bring their child with them. Someone will bring someone who's young in age, you will have people who are elderly people who are old and the constant for so long. You have people who are weak and ill, then you have people who have needs to fulfill so maybe someone doesn't, is old, isn't young, isn't ill, isn't weak, but at the same time, they have time they have other things to do. They need to go back to work, they have an appointment, they have to

00:30:35--> 00:30:48

go and pick up their wife there. They have things to do. And so from the hikma and the wisdom of the Imam is that he doesn't prolong the prayer too much does overly prolong the prayer and make it difficult for the people and a lot most best.

00:30:49--> 00:31:11

How does number 331 random Armando Ebony salamati Allahu anhu Paula Paula Abby, J to come in in the Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Maha Papa Allah for us denardo como un Micromax otaku Khurana, Paula for Novato Phantom Nicola taxonomy Nippon and Papa demonio Antabuse tin ocbc, Nene, urahara, Buddha Buddha,

00:31:13--> 00:31:39

and the 40 Rahmani salamati, Allahu anhu said that. He said that I have come to you from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he said that when the time of prayer comes in at one of you make the event and let the one who has the most Koran lead you in prayer. So my father said, so sorry, the narrator said that they looked and they couldn't find anyone who memorize more under me. So they made me the Imam and I was only six or seven years old at that time. And this is afflicted by my own body. And

00:31:41--> 00:31:43

there are a few issues in this hadith

00:31:44--> 00:31:47

for why the authority molars water tip number one

00:31:48--> 00:32:24

is that at the time of the prayer for congregational prayer, that advance should be given. And so the amount should be given for a congregational parameter in the masjid outside of the masjid, unless the other has already been given in that locality. And so for example, if you're going to come in this Masjid and praying congregation, but you've already missed, the events already gone to the gym has already finished, you don't need to make another event again, because it's already been given. But if, for example, you were to go and pray, let's just say outside somewhere in a park, maybe like, you know, you stop on the side of the motor, and it's time to pray. And they're going to

00:32:24--> 00:33:00

pay the congregation than it is the sinner to give the other than to make the other. And then the one that leads the people in prayer is the one who memorizes the most. And also will bring another Hadith that speaks about this issue in more detail. But generally speaking, it is the person who has memorized the most for our nose, most of the concern. And the rest of the competitors are the laquan who would know that. It wasn't just simply about memorizing the verses, but it was with understanding. And they would understand the Quran and they would know what that means. So basically, the partial Salaam is saying the one with the most knowledge of the Quran, or the one

00:33:00--> 00:33:34

that's memorize the most important but that memorization should also have some meaning attached to it some understanding attached to it. And the Imam should be someone who also knows the fact of the prayer. He knows the rulings of the prayer, for example, such that if he makes a mistake, you should know when he has to make surgery or how he has to make surgery that you should know these types of rulings. Because otherwise, what's going to happen is that the Imam doesn't know. And he's going to put everyone else in a state of confusion. And I remember praying in certain massages at times where the Imam makes a mistake and he doesn't know what to do. And he'll just make the salami normally.

00:33:34--> 00:34:08

And then we'll turn around and he says he'll say I made the mistake. What do I do? And so he's asking everyone else, what do I do? And then someone will say this is what you do, and then he'll turn back and then he'll carry on. And I show that the man doesn't know, priests, the Imam of the masjid. And so part of the role of the Imam, part of the qualifications for the ihram is he should be knowledgeable of the issues of the people. Not only that we should be able to guide the people and direct the people as well. And that's why some of the scholars said that from the wisdoms of why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after you finished the prayer that he would turn around just

00:34:08--> 00:34:40

like today, and the Imam finishes the prayer, he turns around, doesn't carry on facing the Qibla he turns they say from those wisdoms is because after the prayer, the people will generally ask questions to the professor seldom, that was the time and they would seek knowledge. They would ask questions, they will learn about their religion, or the prophet SAW Selim would instruct them and he would give them advice, and it would give them some guidance about their religion. And so like once the Imam should be someone who has some knowledge that can advise the people he sees something that went wrong in the congregational press, someone made the mistake, someone did something that wasn't

00:34:40--> 00:34:42

right and so he can guide those people.

00:34:43--> 00:34:59

The second issue that is mentioned here is the issue of the Imam and the age of the email. So this one is I'm only going to send them out on the low one. He's saying that I was only six or seven and I became the Imam of the masjid. The scholars have differed over this issue some of the scholars

00:35:00--> 00:35:38

said that a child can't lead the prayer. And when we say a child, what we mean is that spellers divide a child into I mean, they divided like a young person into three categories. Number one is a child below the age of six or seven. And that is a child that they call her mama years. A child who can't distinguish doesn't know the difference between right and wrong. doesn't know the difference between these is just a very young child, like you have many four five year olds, three year olds, three year olds, they don't really know much, then you have the next stage of a young person and that is a child that is more manias. He has some understanding, he can appreciate the prayer, he

00:35:38--> 00:36:13

knows how to pray properly. He knows that before he prays, or she prays, they must have although they don't have to differentiate between right or wrong. They know that if they're praying, and they For example, passman, they will, they will know is broken, they understand these concepts. And so their moment years. And then the third category is obviously ballad, they've reached the age of maturity, puberty, they've become adult. And so these are the three types. So the child that is under the age of six or seven, by age, by consensus, he can't lead the people in prayer. So you can ask like your three or four year old child to come to the masjid and need the people in prayer or at

00:36:13--> 00:36:49

home can't lead the people in prayer doesn't know, you don't know whether the child has the widow or not. Even if they had the widow, you don't know if they broken the widow or you don't know. And so you stay away. As for the child that is mumias that has that ability to distinguish but they haven't reached the age of puberty. Obviously, if they reach the age of puberty, then by age matched by consensus, they can lead the prayer. But the issue then comes in this middle age range, right between like 7678 all the way to like 13 1415 until they reach puberty. A child of that age, some of the scholars said that they can't lead any prayer. It's not allowed for them to be the Imam they

00:36:49--> 00:37:27

can't need the prayer. Other said that they can need the prayer if it is an optional prayer, but not an obligatory prayer. So for example, they call it Ravi. But they couldn't need fudger or us or romagnoli Berisha, others said based on this hadith of Ramadan, selama, about the Allah one, that they can need both prayers option and obligatory and that seems to be the stronger of the opinions. However, if there is someone who within that congregation has like the same amount of porn or maybe even more on an or at least has the same amount of puranam, the older then they're given preference. Even if that younger child has a nicer voice is more, you know, maybe has a more melodious voice and

00:37:27--> 00:37:52

so on. The older person is given preference because you come out of the difference of opinion and that is safer. However, if that child is the only one so long as you're sure that that child has the ability to distinguish between these things, and you think that he has the ability to recognize the importance of Waldo and how long yours will do for and when he breaks his will do and so on these types of issues, then they can need an alarm surgeon knows best.

00:37:53--> 00:38:34

The next howdy 3321 of the most rhodiola one Kala Kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Yeoman como para home Nikita Bella fentanyl Phil, Phil karate sama and Ferragamo whom disana fentanyl facility Saba and Fatah, Mahindra fentanyl fajita rocky sama and Fatah musulman Wolfie rewired in cinah wala you Amanda rajala rajul official Pani Wanaka doofy Beatty, Allah crema tea lobbies, and the photobooth sorry, Obama's rhodiola one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the one who leads the people is the one who has the most knowledge of the Book of Allah. And then if they are all equal in their knowledge of the Book of Allah than the one with the most

00:38:34--> 00:38:59

knowledge of the Sunnah, and if they are equal in their knowledge of the sooner than the one who proceeded in migration, and if they are equal in migration, then the one who is oldest in age and a person cannot lead another person within his domain, nor is allowed for a person to come upon the table spread of another except with His permission. So this hadith is basically establishing who has preference when it comes to the Imam.

00:39:00--> 00:39:37

If the Imam has been set by the masjid like an email him you have an Imam relative that person is the Imam then he is the Imam. Okay, so this isn't that you just go to a machine and say, no, this person is moronic like cause fitna, if that person has been appointed as the main Imam, then that is the main aim. Even though there may be people who are more qualified within that communication, however, when it comes to choosing who that person should be, that should be the Imam of the masjid, then we have these four issues of criteria. Number one is the most memorization and knowledge of the Quran. So the person who has memorized the Quran the most and obviously with that memorization

00:39:37--> 00:39:59

should be understanding as well, but it is memorization of the Quran. The second is most knowledge of the Sunnah. So if you have a number of people who are equal, they've all memorized the Quran, then the most knowledgeable with regards to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The third issue then, is after this is the one who migrated before

00:40:00--> 00:40:36

So his are obviously in the time of the Prophet Selim The one who migrated earliest, that doesn't really apply anymore. And then the last one would be the, the person who is oldest in age. And so that is the four types of criteria. And so that is the way that you should choose the Imam. So for example scenario where you're traveling, and you, for example, there's a group of you and you stop to pray, then now you don't have like an official Imam. There's no appointed Imam who needs the prayer, the one who has memorized the Quran to stay equal than the one who has more knowledge of the celebrity equal than the eldest in age, the one who is older in age. And that's why one of the most

00:40:36--> 00:40:58

beautiful stories I heard is one of the scholars narrated about that when he was in Hawaii, and he was in Minar. And in the same camp or in that camp that he was attending was Chef mimbres Rahim Allah chef, a little Bernie and shamrock say mean, Rahim, Allah hotel, and they all happen to be there. And exactly the same time, the same place, and they were answering questions. And then the time of,

00:40:59--> 00:41:07

of Lord came in. And so now one of them actually the prayer who was going to need the prayer. And so

00:41:08--> 00:41:44

shuffler Benny said chuckling because usually the prayer chef members said no, he said, all of us are equal in all three of us have memorized the Quran, but you are the most knowledgeable when it comes to the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. So you need the prayer. And that is like beautiful etiquette shows his humility and humbleness Even though shacman buzz was the Mufti, more senior in age and so on, he allowed him to go and based on implementing this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And so this is the sooner when it comes to choosing the Imam, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, though made an exception, and that is that you don't need a

00:41:44--> 00:42:23

person in prayer within their domain, within their for example, if you like kingdom, right, which is what super means. And so for example, if you go to someone's house, that is their domain, you could be the most knowledgeable person on the face of the earth, but they have more right to lead in their house than you do. Unless they give up their rights and see, you lead. If you go to a Masjid, that is the Imams domain, that Imam that has been appointed, not allowed for you just to go and walk up to the mouse position and stop, not allowed. And so unless the Imam allows you to do so he appoints you and he says, Go ahead or he says I won't be there you lead. Otherwise God is not allowed.

00:42:23--> 00:42:44

Likewise, for example, the ruler, the halifa, has more right to lead than anyone else. So if he was to go to any Masjid, all of that is his domain. Right? He is the ruler of the Holy Land. So if he was to go, and he wanted to leave the prayer, he has more rights than anyone else. And that's why in the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, the prophet SAW Selim was the Imam

00:42:45--> 00:43:22

Abu Bakar, was the Imam of Rama Rama was the Imam and so on. The whole affair used to be the Imams as well, they were the ones that would lead the prayers. And so these people have that type of right. And then the prophets Allah where it was seldom said And likewise, you don't go to someone's house, and you don't eat from their food except with the Express permission. And so what it means by Tecla is, for example, the tables for you don't just go and invite yourself to someone's house to eat from their food to become a guest. Unless they give you that permission to do so. An alarm surgeon knows best. Okay, so inshallah, we're going to stop here today. From next week onwards in

00:43:22--> 00:43:44

sha Allah, there will only be one class a week, and it's going to move just the Wednesday class. So inshallah we will do only the Wednesday class, there won't be a Thursday class from now on. So it will only be every Wednesday inshallah between Muslim and Anisha. So if there's any questions, Shama we'll take them know, what the Imam does is, as soon as he makes the tech beer, then you can follow him.

00:43:46--> 00:43:53

So you won't you won't see the minister in the front row, you won't know when he's going into surgery that your nominee is going to record. So your

00:43:54--> 00:44:00

you know, your free sample signal, if you like, is his that is what he says. And so as soon as he says that, then you can go,

00:44:01--> 00:44:08

No, the Muslim doesn't have the same criteria as the Imam. And so that's why like one of the famous, like,

00:44:09--> 00:44:31

discussions of the scholars have is who has more virtue in enameled woven, as mentioned about the modern piano, they will have the tallest of next. But you don't have this type of virtue mentioned about the Imam that they have a certain type of virtue, from the other hand, the conditions for the Imam have far more stringent than for them again. And so the scholars have, like, you know, different over this.

00:44:33--> 00:44:36

That's not the same. Quite you okay.

00:44:48--> 00:44:54

Bismillah learn, you know, hey, me