Unveiling the Muslim Civilisation #8
Channel: Adnan Rashid
Series: Adnan Rashid – Unveiling the Muslim Civilisation
File Size: 58.13MB
Episode Transcript ©
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Salaam Alaikum everyone. I am live again with live Deen with another episode of unveiling the Muslim civilization. Brothers and sisters. I will begin in the name of Allah Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah thoughta Milan br was a little more Salli wa he was hobby he'll oral my amin woman who whom son and Eli Yama Dean about rubella his Cemil alumina shaped on the regime. Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim, ma also naka de la Mata Leela aalameen respected brothers and sisters in Islam, in Pakistan and Britain,
in the Middle East, in the Americas, wherever you may be, I welcome you all to another episode of unveiling the Muslim civilization.
particular series is absolutely crucial for people to learn about the Muslim civilization, more so for the Muslims than others, because the Muslims have been very, very ignorant. In the past decades, I would say in the last century, Muslims have unfortunately ignored knowledge of their own civilization and the achievements in the past. Okay. And the reason why we have to revive the knowledge of the Muslim civilization and the achievements of the past is to highlight the fact that that that that Islam came as a force to reform humanity. For for the best. Islam was one of the best things that happened to humans, okay, contrary to what islamophobes and haters, and propagandists
have been saying, since 911. Okay, if you see our recent history, since the year 2001, after 911, a lot of Western media outlets and politicians, and so called intellectual and academics have been tarnishing the name of Islam. They have been trying to link Islam with recent geopolitical, unfortunate unpleasant events in the Middle East and beyond. Okay, so all of these geopolitical events that have been directly caused by the politics of the day are being linked to Islam, okay, deliberately, it is quite deliberate. So, and this is happening for a reason this is happening for a reason, the reason is to somehow put Muslims to shame, okay? Or the Muslim youth to shame. If Muslim
youth will have nothing positive, or they will know nothing positive about Islam and the Muslim civilization, they will start to drift away from Islam slowly, they will start to become apologetic about Islam and being Muslim. Okay. And they will start to slowly abandon Islamic rites, Islamic principles, Islamic values, Islamic dress code, Islamic identity altogether, this is exactly what's happening today. Okay, the reason why Islam is being demonized and Muslims are being,
you know, tarnished and maligned around the world by the global media, the international media, which is, by the way owned by a few people, very few people in the Western world. The reason why this is happening, is to do exactly what I described. Okay? To put Islam on the backfoot
Take away any sense of pride and any sense of celebration
in the Muslim civilization or from the Muslim civilization, so that the Muslims start to feel ashamed about their faith and they start to drift away slowly. Okay? So it's not going to happen overnight. Of course, the ones who are doing it the islamophobes, or the Islamophobia industry knows that well, that is not going to happen overnight. The process will have to continue possibly for a century for 100 years, so slowly and steadily. What's happening right now is that Islam is being maligned Islam and the Muslim civilization is being accused of spreading, how can I put it maybe
divisions in the world, right? While the reality is completely otherwise it is. To the contrary, those islamophobes are the ones who are dividing the world. Muslims are nearly 25% of the world. Okay? Muslims cherish a magnificent civilization behind them. So the purpose of these lectures is to educate the masses about the achievements of the great, the magnificent Islamic civilization. That's why we titled The series unveiling the Muslim civilization. And the purpose is to educate people. And through this education, people, Muslim youth in particular, and then masses in general will come to realize that what the islamophobes or the Islamophobia industry is doing is all based upon lies,
misinformation, misconceptions, and deliberately spread hate around the world. And this hate causes violence. What's happening in America, rising Islamophobia in America in Western Europe. Okay, what have we learned from the Holocaust? What lessons were taken from the Holocaust? Why was Hitler evil? Why was he evil? Okay, he was evil because he killed systematically wiped out an entire community, from Germany. And how did Hitler get to that stage is the question. How did Hitler get to the stage? Hitler got to that stage by demonizing an entire community. It was a process of decades, anti semitism was
found in the foundations of the European society at the time in the 19th century was on the rise. And then, in the 20th century, it reached its peak and the outcome, the ultimate outcome, the final solution, what the Nazis call it called it, they called it, the final solution was extra extermination. I asked this question, what are the European governments doing today? In Europe, they are doing exactly that with the Muslims. They are doing this to the Muslim community. Okay.
Today, we got the news that Austrian leader,
Austrian Prime Minister, he has banned political Islam in Australia, sorry, in Austria, in Austria. He has banned political Islam without explaining what that is.
No explanation. Anything can be labeled as political Islam in Austria now hijaab, your Salah, you masajid your institutions, if you get organized in any form, if you want to do a protest, for example, in favor of, let's say, some oppressed Muslims around the world, you will be seen as political Muslims and you will be doing something illegal in Austria. Okay. France, the French president who came out and who made oddly statements about Islam and Muslims. He said Islam is in crisis. Why is Islam in crisis? Islam? If Islam is Islam isn't cry if Islam is in crisis, then what do we do with history of the Muslim civilization for 1000 years when Europe was in crisis and Islam
took it out of crisis and this is exactly what I will be addressing, in today's episode, inshallah, by the grace of Allah subhanaw taala. So we must not fall for propaganda, we must not fall for pressure and oppression from tyrannical fascist governments and politicians, the right wing. In other words, to put it in simple terms of racist islamophobes and xenophobes have come to power in some countries in Europe, and they are being pushed by the media. Media is pushing politicians to go that way. Now we need to find out who owns the media, who owns the media that that is doing it to perfectly peaceful societies. European societies at large are perfectly peaceful.
Who is causing these problems by spreading this hate in public, and marginalizing a community that has been flourishing for the last 50 years? You know,
and they put it down to these unfortunate events, these attacks done by some unfortunate evil, on educated, illiterate, drug addicted individuals, a lot of these people who are doing the stupid attacks, okay, are possibly working for some unknown entities. They're not working for Muslims, they don't benefit the Muslims in any way. They do not benefit Islam and Muslim in any way, right? They are benefiting the Islamophobia industry, the International Islamophobia industry, this has to be remembered. They're not working for the Muslims, how are they? How are they benefiting the Muslims in the West, there are 10 Muslims 10 million Muslims in Germany, there are six to 7 million Muslims
in France, there are three to 4 million Muslims in Britain.
And this is what's rocking the boat of xenophobes, and islamophobes and racist right wing politicians, because the numbers of Muslims are growing. And in order to diminish these numbers, they want to call some some sort of expulsion. They really want to ban Islam altogether, eventually, and how they do that is slowly gradually demonizing Islam and Muslims and in 20 to 30 years, 50 years, we may be facing a completely different situation. That's why education is very important. Hence, these lectures, unveiling the Muslim civilization. These lectures are absolutely crucial, they're very important for us to get to the bottom of all of this. So, those of you are watching it.
Brother, brothers and sisters, please share this particular lecture online. You know, keep sharing it with your contacts on your Facebook pages, wherever you wherever you may be watching, share this lecture so that other people can also watch this particular lecture. And if you have any comments and if you have any questions, please post them in the comment section. And I will try my best to read them and respond to them as I go along inshallah Allah. So today's episode, we will be talking about the progress part. Remember, I gave you the golden chain of events, the golden chain of events was basically four elements that made the golden chain of events, the revelation of the Quran,
justice that came from the Quran, and that justice gave peace and peace facilitated progress, right? So progress cannot be achieved by peace, peace, in the Islamic civilization could not be achieved by without the concept of justice that came from the Quran. The golden chain of events with four elements, remember, to simplify things, how all the achievements of the Muslim civilization can be directly attributed to the root cause. What was the root cause the Quran, the Quran gave rise to the Muslim civilization, the Islamic civilization. That's the point of it. Okay. The Koran number one is the root cause. Koran is at the root of it. Okay, all the great and positive and magnificent
achievements of the Muslim civilization, from coexistence, to consolidation of power and peace and harmony, and justice, and flourishing societies, and hustling and bustling markets, and book production and book markets and observatories and scientists and intellectuals and poets and authors.
And generals and governments and monetary systems. Okay. administration's from Spain to China. All of this was done by the revelation of the Quran, one, one root cause, because how does it work? There is no Muslim civilization or the Islamic civilization without Islam.
There is no Islam without the Quran. And the Quran is the root cause. The Quran is the root cause of all of it, the Book of Allah, it was revealed in the seventh century, and it taught a concept of justice.
It taught a concept of justice. And this concept of justice was then practiced by the adherence
of Islam. And then, from this concept of justice was established peace throughout the Muslim civilization from China to Spain, and why all this land was taken in the first place. I have discussed this topic in the first three to four episodes of unveiling the Muslim civilization these episodes can be found on this very page where you're watching this live, live beam page. And also these can be found on my YouTube channel of non Rashid. If you type of non Rashid in YouTube, you will see my channel subscribe.
And watch this series there. We upload videos on weekly basis, I will be answering some of your questions, inshallah in due course, so keep posting them inshallah, I will be answering them in due course. Okay, some people are posting some interesting questions. So do not forget to share this video this live feed with your contacts in Sharla.
Okay, sharing is caring brothers and sisters. Okay? So I invite you to quickly go on to
your Facebook pages and your social media pages and start sharing this live feed. So four chains, four elements in the chain four elements, okay, the golden chain of events. We have covered the religion of the Quran and justice that came from it, and peace that was established through justice. The fourth element was progress. This is what I started. In Episode Seven, which was the last episode today episode eight of the golden chain of events. We will be talking about episode eight of unveiling the Muslim civilization. I will be continuing with the progress part. In the last episode, I talked about how the Muslim rulers and Muslim establishments from Spain to China, they established
institutions, they established government centers, administrations, whereby people could live together the law of Islam was applied. The law of Sharia was applied in these lands. Okay. And this was not a utopia. I'm not claiming a utopia. utopia is a perfectly peaceful society where you see my little ponies flying around with rainbows. It wasn't like that it has never been like that for humans. Because humans are imperfect, our system can be perfect, but how it is applied is very important. But when we look at human history at large, and we see the system of Islam, we see one of the best models in human history, whereby people came together and lived in harmony, side by side in
peace without killing each other. Okay, the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims coexisted for over 1000 years within the domain of Islam Okay, the Muslims charges from the Christians and the Jews no doubt and we discussed this topic in the previous episodes, if you want to know about jizya go back to previous episodes in shoreline, you will find out what jizya is and how it was applied. Okay. After a blind jizya the Muslims were asked to pass a cart okay. So, the government was charging taxes respectively from different communities, these communities came together and they flourished and they produced a you know, a flourishing civilization okay. And I was talking about what happened
in Spain, Spain stood out as an example of advancement of coexistence of convivencia Okay, people live together and they produced amazing results.
So, today I will be focusing on book production throughout the Muslim civilization. So, we are still going through the progress part which is the fourth element of the golden chain of events, I want everyone to remember the golden chain of events, okay, this chain the golden chain of events will really enable you to do justice with
I will be sharing this very quickly this live feed so that other people can join us in Sharla okay.
Okay, so um
so um, today john and this episode we will be talking about book production but progress pot, the fourth element within the the golden chain of events, okay, so Quran gave justice, justice, gift, peace, peace gave progress, we are dealing with progress After establishing power. In this large chunk of chunk of land throughout the Muslim civilization. Muslims started to make progress progress, which was natural, which was a natural outcome of peace they had established, it wasn't perfect. Again, I want to emphasize the point it was not a utopia. We're not claiming paradise on earth. We're not claiming some sort of,
some sort of a perfect situation between communities. No, because disturbances were happening. They were rebellions. They were wars, they were battles. They were even massacres at some time. Okay, at some point throughout the Muslim civilization, the history I am talking about the history of 1000 years.
The general pattern of the history I'm not talking about specifics. I'm not talking about exceptions. I'm talking about the norm throughout the Muslim civilization. How did people live? What did they do from Spain to China? Muslims governed parts of Spain for over 700 years. Muslims governed land from China. When I say China, I mean northern China, right? What we call Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, okay, all these lands, Central Asia, what we call Central Asia, right? Muslims governed all this land
for close to 1000 years, and a lot of these lands are still governed by Muslims. Okay, all we had nominal Muslims, these lands are not being governed by the laws of Islam because of colonialism, and occupations. Okay, Russia occupied all of that Central Asian region. And a lot of these nations, unfortunately, a lot of these people, they became communist because of that influence. And then after colonialism, colonization of the Muslim lands in the Middle East and in India, and beyond.
Colonial influences are still founded. So the law of Islam is not fully applied in these lands, but the culture has survived. Islam is still very much alive. from Morocco to Bangladesh, it is still very much alive. It still lives as a civilization, albeit in a in a partial form, but it is there, right? So what I want you to understand is brothers and sisters, ladies and gentlemen, those of you are watching.
Progress came directly from that piece, which the Muslim established from China to Spain, okay. This piece was generally established for everyone, Christians, Jews, and Muslims lived side by side under the domain of Islam under the law of Islam. Law of Islam was applied by different dynasties at different times in different places, right? Okay, if you're talking about the Oh, my ears, the ambassador, the Ottomans, the you beat the models, the models were not very,
they couldn't apply the law of Islam in India, because they were a minority, the majority was Hindu. So they did what they could, they did introduce the civilization of Islam in its own
specific form. But Mughal India was never never fully governed by the laws of Islam, because it was practically impossible. The majority were Hindu. So it is not possible. And it is not even Islamic to apply the law of Islam on non Muslims. By the way, this is something very important I want to mention passingly.
The law of Islam is not applied on non Muslims, non Muslims are perfectly free. They are allowed to live by their own laws and their own regulations, what we call judicial economies, non Muslims, from Spain to China again, they were allowed the judicial Autonomy's and this was the consistent pattern of the Muslim civilization, whether it were a maid or a basket or the Ottomans, wherever the Muslims governed with the law of Islam, in whatever form, non Muslims are allowed to live by their own rules and the laws, okay, the Christians were governed by the bishops. The Jews were governed by the best Danes, they own rabbinic courts. There were many courts in Ottoman, Salonika, there were many courts
in Baghdad, there were many coats in Spain, so the pattern is consistent. Okay. It was not an accident to everybody coats in Spain, for example. And in other lands, they didn't exist. No. The law of Islam allowed the Jews and the Christians to live by their own rules and regulations. The Christians could farm pigs, they could drink wine, so long as they did not sell it to Muslims. That would be a crime, but they could produce wine. They could farm pigs, within the lens of Islam, by the way, under the law of Sharia, the Sharia law, okay, they could do all these things. And they lived side by side, with other communities living within their own rules. No secular country in the
world today, brothers and sisters, no secular nation allows judicial Autonomy's to other communities today in this world, even the most liberal of nations, okay. Austria banned political Islam today as we speak, they are banning there, they're going towards it. They're gonna ban it in December. They are already proposing it. Banning political Islam. In other words, you cannot have your own rules as Muslims. Muslims might not even be allowed to slaughter halaal you know, have halal meat. Muslims might not be able to have their you know, a mom's sitting over there.
They matters to do with divorce and marriage and things like that. That might, all of that might come under political Islam. But Muslims, Islamic civilization allowed judicial economies to all other communities to live by their own laws. And they did
their worship in the temples and the, in the synagogues in the churches, they live the flourish for over 1000 years. All of this was disturbed by the wars and the disturbances of the 20th century. This was all disturbed what what was happening in the Muslim civilization, the achievements of the civilization of Islam, were dismantled and disturbed and demolished by what European powers or Western powers did in the 20th century. And it still continues to happen, unfortunately, throughout the Muslim man's, okay, so brothers and sisters, it is very, very sad for us to talk about it, but it is true. Okay.
So progress that was achieved in the Muslim civilization was coexistence. And from this coexistence came a lot of literature, a lot of knowledge people, scholars from different parts of the world, they started to travel to the Muslim lands, they started to live there, they started to produce works. Greek works are translated, as I explained in the previous episode, a lot of Greek works are translated into the Arabic language in Baghdad, okay, from the time of Abu Jafar al Mansoor, the ambassador Caleb onwards on Matt moon, to get to a different level altogether, you know, way, this institution called beta Heckman was established and many Greek words were translated into the Arabic
language, with that translation movement came beneficial and non beneficial knowledge. So a lot of this knowledge was to do with medicine, with, you know, possibly architecture. A lot of this knowledge had to do with mathematics. Okay, so practical knowledge which was used for the benefit of humanity. With this knowledge came Aristotelian skepticism, and Greek Greek philosophy that kind of, you know, disturb the balance throughout the Muslim civilization for some time, until the tradition is or the Olimar or the the theme. Throughout the Muslim civilization were able to take back control from the mazzella from the rationalists, who were directly inspired by Greek philosophy, they
started to use the Greek philosophical lens to study Islam. So the Quran would only make sense if it fits into Greek philosophy to them to the rationalists, who were also called the matassa that the Quran which would only make sense, or the Quran can only be interpreted
by using ideas of Aristotle and Plato, for example, okay.
Hadees would only be accepted the tradition of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would only be accepted, if it makes rational sense according to the Greek philosophy. Okay, according to a Greek philosophy. This is why many thinkers many Muslim thinkers later on criticized Greek philosophy having studied it, Allah Casali was one of them among ghazali he wrote, The hospital philosopher incoherence of the philosophers for that particular purpose. It blew Tamia to live Asia for Islam, but later on also wrote a book or read element in
a refutation of rationalists. Basically, he wrote this particular book, and this book you can find it translated by while be Halak while be Halak has made a translation of eminent amias book around our little moment of him. So putting that aside, what happened after the translation movement, a lot of this knowledge, knowledge, knowledge of Islam, and knowledge of Greek sciences was translated into Arabic, okay. And a lot of this knowledge didn't contradict Islam, it was highly beneficial. The knowledge of Greek medicine, for example, many Muslim scholars who are theologians, as well as medical practitioners, they took this knowledge, they experimented on a lot of this knowledge, and
they corrected the Greeks where they were wrong. So a lot of people who claim that all Muslims can do nothing special. Muslims are just simply copying, you know, they were copiers, they simply copied plagiarize from the Greeks, and then move this knowledge forward to the Europeans and the Europeans of the ones who actually really benefited from this knowledge. This is all a lie. In fact, we can find a lot of this stuff refuted in this book. Okay, a lot of these ideas you can see dealt with in this particular book, titled The hidden debt to Islamic civilization, the hidden debt to Islamic civilization.
We'll take you through that particular
reputation whereby this scholar
he actually explains how
this idea that Muslims are simply plagiarizes
and did not did not make any changes to the Greek knowledge is refuted is thoroughly refuted in this particular book, okay that idea. So, Muslims that took knowledge from the Greeks, they experimented, they conducted their own experiments, they
found many, many errors with the Greeks and they corrected the Greeks and then they started to teach this corrected researched revisited knowledge throughout the Muslim civilization. So, books are produced on a massive scale on an industrial scale, okay, books were produced in Arabic on these sciences for example outcoming which is called chemistry today, okay? And from alchemy came a lot of other knowledge that helped people produce medicines, okay, make other things for daily use. And Muslim civilization took production manufacture to a completely different level because of this new knowledge they found with other civilizations. So the Quran
drove Muslims to seek knowledge. The Quran took Muslims to
a level of understanding of the universe whereby they started to study it. It was it was the Quran that encouraged the Muslims to study. The first commandment in the Quran was to read Okay, it cannot be me Rebecca la de kala, kala Kala Asana and Allah Accra Booker acraman la de la bella column, Allah Allah Subhana Allah Allah, okay, the first five verses of the Quran, which can be found in chapter 96. Today, the first five verses were revealed about knowledge about reading and writing and studying and learning. Okay, for that reason, the Muslims started to learn, they started to study and they studied everything they studied the Quran, they studied Hadees, they studied, they studied
the Arabic language, they mastered Arabic poetry, after doing all that mastering the Islamic tradition, and the Islamic tradition open their minds to the natural phenomena. They started to study sciences, Greek sides, Greek mathematics, Greek alchemy, Greek medicine, for example. Okay, Greek geometry, okay. All these fields were studied by the Muslims, okay? And happily adopted from other civilizations, the Byzantines Empire had a lot of these works locked up in the library's in the book collections, and the Muslims acquired them. And after this acquisition, these books are translated. So all of these works are studied by Muslim theologians, Muslim scholars, some of the
people got heavily influenced by Greek philosophy and they became rationalists. Now you may think, what's wrong with becoming rationalist? Those rationalists are quite different. They were rationalist in the in the Greek sense, they would take Greek philosophy as be all and you know, basically everything, okay, it is the end. Greek philosophy is the best human achievement to them. Right, those rationalists they started to use the Greek philosophy to study Islam and that cause problem, but other people who were studying other practical, okay sciences, like mathematics, chemistry, Alka, you know,
books on medicine, and other fields, they started to translate these works into the Arabic language. And then these works are disseminated from China to Spain, as I talked about it last week that they were made.
Kings caylus, who were taking this knowledge through books, they were book collectors, how come the second, the Umayyad Caliph in Spain, he had accumulated a library of 400,000 volumes. He was such an avid book collector that he had half a million books in his library. This was possibly the largest library in the world at the time. Okay. This was probably
unless we find another collection like that, and that time in the 10th century, okay. This was probably the largest collection of books in the world at that time. Okay, how come the second is library in Spain in Cordoba in Costa Rica?
Okay 400,000 volumes in one place gathered for the cave. And of course these volumes consisted of commentaries on the Koran Hadees, poetry, literature, mathematics, alchemy, medicine. Okay. Astronomy, study of the heavens, heavenly bodies, stars, okay. planets, okay? And
fields, such as, you know,
optics, right? All the scientific fields, you can think about all the fields available at that time where the scholars were studying these fields were found in this particular library, you name it, it was all there, okay. And Muslim civilization pioneered book production. It took book production to a completely different level. At that time, this was the largest
enterprise when it comes to book manufacturing. Okay, of course, how were they producing books, books were entirely hand written. Okay, there were no printing presses at that time. Of course, the Chinese had started printing on paper, whatever paper they were using, at that time, whatever the form of the paper was at that time, but that technology was not generally known to humanity. So humans, generally speaking, or writing books on very expensive materials at that time when the Muslims came to power, when the Islamic civilization took hold of global politics, from China to Spain. At that time, the substance that was used to copy books was
vellum, skin leather, it was very expensive. This is why books were hardly available. So how did this knowledge became widely available? Because the Muslims made paper available, paper mills were produced, paperwork paper was produced on a massive scale on an industrial scale. You may be thinking, what did the paper of that time look like? I don't have paper from that time, but I have paper from much later on. This is what it might have looked like, Okay, this is a Quran
from possibly the 15th century, okay.
This is a 15th century Quran in my hand, and it is very, very old Subhan Allah. Okay. This is what paper look like at that time. Okay, so the Muslims started to establish paper mills, they start to do I mean, among other things Muslims are doing, they're conducting experiments, astronomical experiments, they were creating observatories, they are taken, of course, this knowledge from other civilizations, a lot of this impetus, this inspiration came from the Greeks, and the Persians and the Indians and other civilizations. Muslims took this knowledge, and they started to experiment on it, having studied the theology in depth, a lot of these people who were doing this work alama, they
were scholars, they were the theme. They were for kaha. Okay, they were points. They were intellectuals. At the same time, they took up science, they took off experiments. And the reason why I'm talking about science, and book production, is not to show that this was the only achievement of Islam and Muslims, or this was the greatest achievement, Islam and Muslim No, far from it. The greatest achievement of Islam and Muslim in the Muslim civilization was peaceful coexistence. They brought humanity together to do all of this. That was the greatest achievement, peace and harmony, established in societies. No hate against Jews. No hate against Christians. And whenever it was, it
managed to, you know, make its way through society. It caused destruction. They were pogroms. There were massacres of the Jewish people twice that happened in the Muslim history in Spain, only twice. Right. And that happened because this idea of hate was taken lightly. Okay. And that caused massacres, okay. But in the Christian world, it was taken very lightly, all the way. That's why the Jewish people could not easily live in Christendom. They had to move to the Muslim lands, to live in freedom, and live in peace. Okay, this is a completely different topic, Jews and Islam and how the Muslims treated the Jewish people. That's a completely different topic. In fact, some scholars
believe the Jewish people survived
expulsion and extermination throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, because the Muslims gave them refuge. Muslims gave the Jewish people refuge. So all of this was
The greatest achievement of Islam and Muslims right. So, book production is a side thing it is important, but it is a side thing. So you must understand brothers and sisters that
please do share this live feed with others those who may be interested in watching so that you can inshallah share this message and this, this content with other people online in Charlotte dollar. So if you're watching, share it in Charlotte with others, so brother sisters, book production coming back to it. paper was produced on an industrial scale. They were paper mills all over the Muslim world. Okay, so when paper was made available in the book markets that resulted in massive, massive massive book production volumes upon volumes for put together, okay, like this is another copy of the Quran you can see it is entirely handwritten, tiny script, okay, you can see it here. This paper
again is old, right? paper like this was produced
in tons in tons, right. And book copiers, authors, writers, scribes started to use paper to copy important books, right. So, previously, when books were written on vellum on parchment, when those books were being written on parchment, because of the cost, and because of the the labor that was required to produce produce a parchment or even a volume this thick, okay, so that it can be transcribed or so that it can be used for writing. They could only use one volume, okay, they could only choose basically, they options are very limited. So they had to write the most important works, okay? In these volumes that costed a lot of money. But when they were producing paper, now you had
options, you had so many books that needed to be written. And this is why the Muslim civilization by making paper easily available to throughout the world, from Spain to China, Muslim civilization.
It produced a revolution of education. Okay, this was a revolution of education, whereby throughout the Muslim civilization, whoever governed wherever people were governed, right, they started to produce books on a massive scale. All of these books were distributed. Okay. in libraries throughout the Muslim world. From again, Central Asia, to Spain. Okay. Baghdad, Damascus, summer con. Bukhara. Okay.
Nisha? Poor, for example, in Persia, okay. model, for example. Okay.
And cities like Baghdad, okay, in Iraq. Okay. in Makkah in Medina. Okay. Cara Juan Cairo, for example, in North Africa. And if you move on to Spain, Cordoba, okay, Toledo, right, Valencia, Seville. All of these cities, they became hubs of book markets, book markets were established. And book markets are the busiest places in the Muslim world throughout the Muslim civilization. Okay, you may have vegetable market, you may have meat market, you may have market like a supermarket. If you walk into a Walmart or Walmart, if you walk into Asda or Tesco if you live in Britain, okay. You can see everything there. Okay, I'm pretty sure there are markets in the Muslim world that had
things for daily use, right. But bookmarklets appeared to be the busiest places throughout the Muslim world. Okay. And people are buying books on these markets. And these books are being copied again and again and again, because paper was cheap. It was easily available. There were Mills, making paper in tons and tons. So now book production was not an elite enterprise rather, the society took full advantage of it. Jewish children, Christian children, and Muslim children. They started to learn, they started to learn the sciences of Islam. They started to learn, they started to read Muslim literature. Okay, they started to indulge in Muslim theology, Muslim poetry, then,
Greek works translated into Arabic written and corrected by Muslim scholars and non Muslim scholars for that matter. The Jewish scholars and the Christian scholars are all working together in this right
So, one of the interesting quotes, which I want to read in front of you with you to highlight how this book production had affected societies at that time is fascinating because some Christian students, they started to read Muslim works, they started to go into
Muslim literature. And there was
there was a Christian author called Paul Everest in the ninth century writing in Cordova, in 850s. In Cordova, he saw what was happening, and he wanted to pick on it, he wanted to talk about it. So
basically, I am looking for a quote, it is here with me right now and I will be reading it. Okay.
So the quote basically is Paul Everest. Yeah, here it is. Paul Everest was an author writing in Cordova in Cordova in 850s. Okay.
The omiya Caliphate has been established for nearly a century, okay. 850s is a very flourishing time. And Spain, okay, we're Christians, Muslims and Jews are living together and they're flourishing. And the Islamic Society is governed by the Muslim law, the Sharia law. And
a lot of good stuff is happening. There are academies, there are libraries that are schools, that Modarres. Okay. There are markets, there are homes that are policies. This is a flourishing City. In fact, Cordova was one of the largest cities in the world. In the 10th century, in particular, the time of the man the third, the most powerful, or my Caleb to have governed the land of Spain. At that time, Cordova are the largest city in the world. Paul Alvarez was a Catholic monk writing in Cordoba at that time. So what did this book production do? What did this achievement of book writing and book distribution do? Okay for Christians and Jews in particular. So he writes, and this is
again in the 850s in the ninth century, and I quote, the Christians love to read the poems and romances of the Arabs. They studied the Arab theologians and philosophers not to refute them, but to form a correct and elegant Arabic. Where is the layman who now reads the Latin commentaries on the Holy Scriptures? Or who studies the Gospels, prophets or apostles? Alas, all talented young Christians read and study with enthusiasm, Dr. Books, they gather immense libraries at great expense. they despise the Christian literature as unworthy of attention. They have forgotten their own language for every one who can write a letter in Latin to a friend, there are 1000 who can
express themselves in Arabic with elegance and write better points in his language than the Arabs themselves. Wow. Okay. Paul Alvarez was a clergy himself and his purpose in the above patches was to praise Islam and its effects Rather, he was bemoaning
his It was not to praise Islam By the way, he was not trying to praise Islam it he's basically bemoaning the Christian
inclinations towards the culture of Islam. So he was basically crying about it that Why are the Christian youngsters reading Muslim books and what he calls Muslim books were Arabic translations of Greeks of Persians. And, for example, Arabic poetry of Muslim points and non Muslim pre Islamic points, and Arabic poetry. So the Jewish points, Arabic poetry of the Christian points. So Arabic language had become the lingua franca, and all important literature was found in the Arabic language. So Paul elverys, in the ninth century in Cordoba in the city of Cordova, he's crying about the situation with the Christians are becoming heavily influenced
by the civilization of Islam. Okay, Jessica. A coupe is an author. She's a scholar, who has written a book titled, the martyrs of Cordova. Okay. In this book, she talks about a movement that came as a result, because Christian youngsters, were reading Muslim books that were easily available in the light libraries of Cordova. Okay. And the rest of the Muslim world. Okay. in Cordoba, particularly. There was a situation where a lot of these young Christians were getting influenced by Islam and its literature.
They were becoming inspired by the Muslim civilization. Okay? They were basically falling in love with the Muslim civilization, if you like, Okay. And the result was many of them were coming to Islam, many of them were becoming Muslims, okay? They were mass conversions in the ninth and the 10th century to Islam, Christians, and in some cases, Jewish authors, writers, intellectuals, okay, researchers were becoming Muslims, and those who were not authors and scholars, they were simply looking at the peace and justice of the Muslims and Islam. And they were coming to Islam. So they were inspired by the Muslim civilization, and the fear Jessica a coupe in her book, the martyrs of
Cordoba, she states, the worst fear of the radicals, and I'm quoting, was that Christians would not only work for Muslims and read Arabic literature, but but what eventually convert to Islam, they would eventually convert to Islam, a man who associated too long with Muslims was liable to turn into one himself. Jessica is a coupe in a book the martyrs of Cordoba, an excellent book, a must read, you must get a copy of this book, it's very difficult to find, I hope you can find a PDF somewhere. The martyrs of Cordoba, published in 2003, by Jessica iqoo. In this book, Jessica, talks about how the Christian mission you're not missionary, sorry, Christian,
clergy, and radical Christians, these extremist Christians, a lot of them were the problem with this phenomenon of many young Christians reading Arabic literature, and as a consequence, possibly becoming Muslims, they started to now come up with an idea. And the idea was to basically insult the prophet in front of the Muslims and Muslim judges, and get executed as a result, basically, this is the game they started to play. Because at that time, the law of Islam stipulated that no one can insult God and His prophets. Okay, so the law of Islam stipulated in Spain and elsewhere throughout the Muslim civilization, that you cannot insult God within the Muslim domain, okay, you may live in
peace, you may worship as you like in your synagogues, and churches, or you cannot insult God a lot, and any of his prophets to protect the honor and the sanctity. So they found the Christians found this loophole, and they started to curse the Prophet of Allah Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and criticize him and say very bad things about him in markets, okay. And they were, they would go to the the court, the Islamic court, and they would shout this insult. So obviously, the law would be applied, they would be arrested, and they will be punished for that reason. So for this reason, they were called the martyrs of Cordoba. Okay, and Jessica coupe. Sorry, Jessica, a coupe in this
book writes this fascinating history of this movement, and how it failed, eventually, to convince the majority of the Muslims who enjoyed the peace and harmony in underload, in Spain at that time, they, the majority of the Christians, they started to speak up against against this group of extremists who were doing this to turn the Christians away from Islam. So why they were doing it, because they will be punished, and they will be sympathy for them. And that sympathy will cause the Christians to become angry with the Muslims. It will cause them to become angry with the Muslims. And as a result, they will start to go away from Islam and Muslim and they will stop reading Islamic
literature, and Islamic philosophy and Islamic poetry and all of that. Okay, so to dilute to do this, this movement, the martyrs of Cordoba was initiated, but it failed miserably within 10 years, it was basically rejected by the majority of the Christians that were living in Cordoba, and
wider land of Spain. They rejected this movement and these bigots and these extremists, and they said, We are perfectly fine. They have nothing to do with us. We have nothing to do with them. Okay. So this was one of the aspects of the book production Muslims had achieved throughout the Muslim civilization. Okay, books were produced on a massive scale from China to Spain, Mills upon mills were created. And these mills were producing Paper Paper were turned a paper paper, this paper was put into volumes like this into empty volumes, and then these volumes were filled with writing. Okay, so printing was to come later, of course in Europe in the 15th century, during the Renaissance
period, right. But the Muslims have produced hundreds of thousands of volumes, millions of volumes, whereby scholars could easily access life
And they could study all these books
available in these libraries from northern China, to Spain, okay, these are public life. in Cordoba alone, there were 70 public libraries. This was the first time in history of humanity, when so many public libraries are available. Okay, people talk about the Library of Alexandria, in antiquity, of course, but there was only one library. And even that library was only open to the elite, to the philosophers, or to the rulers. It was not open for the masses for the public the way whereby they could walk in and start reading books. But in Cordova, there were 70 public libraries where people could walk in, pick up a volume, and start reading from it and learning from it. And there were
classes taking place in Cordova mosque, where scholars were teaching to Jewish Christian and Muslim students. So Cordoba produced a flourishing civilization whereby works of immense importance were produced, researches are conducted institutions, established, scholars were produced these scholars studied all these works produced throughout the Muslim civilization. And they started to write commentaries, they started to conduct experiments, they started to write the original works in the Arabic language. And then these works were disseminated throughout the Muslim world. So the Muslim world became a hub of learning. When I say the Muslim world, I mean, the world from northern China,
to Spain, this large stretch of land, if you were to take a flight today from China, for Spain, it would take you possibly 10 hours to get there. I don't know what the flying time would be. Okay. At that time, if you were to travel from Central Asia, let's say, you know, one of the countries next to China, let's say, Turkmenistan, or Kyrgyzstan, if you were to take that journey for Spain, you would probably get to Spain in two years. This is how large the stretch of land wars and Muslims I've taken all of it in the seventh century and after that, this happened Institute, institutional institutionalization of knowledge and learning and libraries have produced institutions have
produced throughout the Muslim civilization. Okay. So brothers and sisters, what do we learn today we learned today that this progress, we are talking about book production and book distribution and production of scholars and knowledge and institutionalization of knowledge and education. All of this was achieved by the Muslim civilization. Okay, inspiration for seeking knowledge came from the Quran directly Quran was directly responsible for producing all of this Okay, come on instigated this. And these work for mostly original works produced by Muslim scholars. Okay. So works like Java the works of Java Python, for example. Okay works of Evelyn affise. works on an Haytham. I will
works on all customers of Ravi for example, works of Edna rushed, for example, works on all of Azadi. All of these works, okay. All highlighted to me, for example, okay, all of these works, were distributed throughout the Muslim lands, and they were placed in Muslim libraries. That's why later on, European scholars appeared to be so deeply inspired by this knowledge. To an extent they were they were using Muslim scholars and the names as references in the books. later on. These names were latinized. They were latinized. And they can still be found in medieval Latin manuscripts that were translated from Arabic works. These Latin translations were made from Arabic in northern Spain for
the wider use of the Europeans later on, and this is the aspect of progress. I will be talking about next week inshallah Darla, I will be talking in episode nine of unveiling the Muslim civilization.
How this knowledge, this paper production, this book, production throughout the Muslim civilization, changed the history and the destiny of Western Europe in particular forever. Okay, how Europe is today, generally speaking, and I'm not saying all Europeans, the government's in particular, how they are promoting Islamophobia, how they are funding Islamophobia, how they are themselves, victims of Islamophobia is very, very sad if they knew what Islam and Muslims have done for Western Europe, in particular, how Islam civilized
the Western Europe, lands like Germany, France and Britain and Spain. If they were to know this, they would reconsider their positions and this is the point we will address
Insha Allah and next episode, episode eight of unveiling the Muslim civilization as to how this book production. These original works produced five Muslim scholars, these original researches, these original institutionalized, institutionalized
academic works, how they were brought to Europe, and how the Europeans took benefit from these works will be addressed insha Allah in the next episode, until then, salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. If you have any questions, please post them here so that I can respond to your questions in Sharla. Okay, please post your questions in the comment section, so that I can respond to them inshallah.
Okay, it seems that our whole question there, although is not directly related to this topic, the question is what people sometimes hear the answer is no. Okay. And if you want to see a detailed response to this, please go to my YouTube channel, there is a lecture on keto. So you can watch that lecture and you will get the answer there as well. Okay, if there are any questions, please post them in the comment section on live Dean page, and I will answer your questions in sha Allah is there are no questions, then the time is up. And I will end the talk for now. And inshallah we will meet with you next week, again, to discuss another aspect of the Muslim civilization under the
title, unveiling the Muslim civilization in sha Allah. Okay, I want to quickly check if there are any more questions on a different page.
Someone asked Sir, how can I understand the whole of Islamic history, you cannot possibly understand the whole of Islamic history or all of Islamic history, you will have to focus you can read general books, General introductions to the history of Islam. But you cannot possibly study all the history of Islam, because it's so vast, it's so much so you will have to read general introductions and then choose anything that interests you and master that I recommend that some people master certain aspects of Islamic history so that we can start teaching them in universities around the world in sha Allah.
Anyone else? Any more questions, please put them forward. And I will try my best to respond to those questions. Okay. I will see if there are any more questions on another page.
Right. Are there any questions on this page? It seems no.
So thank you very much, brother and sisters were watching. May Allah bless you, Allah subhanaw taala except from you, and I will see you for the ninth episode of unveiling the Muslim civilization next Saturday until then, salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa Al Hamdulillah. Bill alameen, wa, ala Dhawan and hunter hundred law here on Bella mean