Unveiling the Muslim Civilisation #3
Channel: Adnan Rashid
Series: Adnan Rashid – Unveiling the Muslim Civilisation
File Size: 62.60MB
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But I got to this will allow him to honor him. Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah hatami lumbee I was a little more slowly for Allah. He for us hobby elveril Miami for mandava, whom we found in Elijah Medina, a MOBA rubellite Samir elimina shaytani r rajim, Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem Rama are Sol naka de la Mata lira Allah means respected brothers and sisters in Islam. I am back with another episode of unveiling the Muslim civilization. Last week, we could not attend the lecture, because there was some
sort of I was busy somewhere. Unfortunately, I could not conduct this particular session last week because I was traveling, I was in another city, and it wasn't possible for me to conduct this session. And unless announced, otherwise, this particular series will continue every Saturday 7pm Pakistani time every Saturday 7pm and that would be 3pm. The UK time 3pm United Kingdom Standard Time, so unveiling the Muslim civilization, what are we dealing with here? We are talking about literally unveiling the Muslim civilization, Muslim civilization. Muslim civilization is basically the outcome of the teachings of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. The Muslim civilization is made by
the teachings of the Quran, a lot of the Koran as a mercy for humanity. And the teachings of the Quran then produced the Muslim civilization.
If you remember last week, or the week before, when I was talking about the Muslim civilization,
I was going to cover four points. Of course with the case of Islam, I talked about the four killers, then I talked about the expansion of Islam during those days. And then I mentioned that the coming week or the coming session, I will tell you about something very, very special and that is the golden chain of events. So today, in this session brothers and sisters, I will be addressing two very important points. Point number one will be the golden chain of events in the history of Islam. And when I explain it, you will know exactly what I'm talking about. Point number two, I will be addressing in this particular session in the series titled unveiling the Muslim civilization. Point
number two will be of the demand or the demeans or the non Muslims living within the domain of Islam historically speaking, okay, what happened to them? How much jizya did they have to pay? Were they mistreated? Were they are second class citizens were they kicked around as some islamophobes and Islam haters and propagandist, propagandists, and some unfortunate missionaries claim a lot of these islamophobes out there. And what purpose purposes brothers and sisters
of this particular series is to demystify some of the aspects of Islamic civilization. Basically, a lot of islamophobes well funded, well supported by the media, by the politicians, by journalists, even by some so called academic institutions. A lot of these islamophobes spread a lot of misconception about Islam. Spreading misconceptions about Islam is a multi million dollar business nowadays. I repeat, spreading misconceptions, in some cases outright lies about Islam is a multi million dollar business. In this business, you will see extremist atheists
making a lot of money, you will see some unfortunate Christian missionaries making money out of it. The Islamophobia industry, some politicians, some so called journalists, and even presidents are catching up on it. They do this what we call vote bank, politics. Okay. There are countries where presidential candidates or candidates for the highest office in the country, these people
During the election campaigns, they deliberately lie about Islam in order to spread hate against Islam and Muslims in these countries to get votes, unfortunately, and you, you may have some examples in mind without me mentioning them. So the purpose of this series, unveiling the Muslim civilization is to remove those misconceptions. And basically, do away with these misconceptions, these lies, these propaganda,
you know, attempts against Islam. That's why we need to talk about some of these topics, which I have addressed in previous episodes. So I was talking about the expansion of Islam, a lot of people talk about the expansion of Islam.
And they claim that the expansion of Islam was destructive. It basically destroyed the previous civilizations, and Muslims took the land. And they started,
you know, the process of subjugation of innocent people. And the Jews and the Christians were subdued, and they became second class citizens, and blah, blah, blah, the list goes on. And this is exactly why we are conducting these lectures so that we can talk about these questions and remove misconceptions. So unveiling the Muslim civilization will address many more questions like this in the coming episodes. In these coming episodes, I will be talking about many, many, many, many questions about the history of Islam, or the Muslim civilization in general, what the Muslims did historically, let's say in Spain, and the Ottoman lands in India, in Central Asia, and North Africa
and the Middle East. And all these lands, Muslims governed for over 1000 years. In some cases, what did the Muslims do? What did they produce? Were they violent outrightly as some islamophobes claim, that they go out for destruction, that Muslims go on a rampage, bombing people, or killing people, for that matter, burning towns and cities? Or did Muslims create a civilization of unprecedented scale? When they went into Iraq, let's say, Persia, India, North Africa, Spain, and Balkans and Central Asia, what did the Muslims produce? This is why we are doing these, these lectures or this series of lectures under the title unveiling the Muslim civilization. So today Get to the point, I
will be I will be briefly talking about the Islamic conquests in the first century, and then moving on to the golden chain of events. And then of course, all of them are the means or even the concept of jizya. What is it? Firstly, the Muslim conquest. If you have any questions, brothers and sisters, please put them forward so that I can address them. I can see your comments in the comments section.
There are many, many comments, and I will be sharing this particular live feed on my personal page as well. Some people might be joining us from that page. So bear with me while I do that, I am going to do that right now. Okay, this has been now shared on my private facebook page as well.
On whaling the Muslim civilization three so that people can join me from there as well in sha Allah. Okay.
Just bear with me for one minute brothers and sisters, unveiling the Muslim civilization.
So my brothers and sisters,
or the the great Arab conquests, as Hugh Kennedy call them, one of my teachers from so as from School of Oriental and African Studies, what did they do? Why did the Muslims come out in the first place? As I was explaining last week, that in many cases, Muslims were invited. In other cases, Muslims simply went on a rescue mission, okay. You can call it Operation Enduring Freedom, or enduring justice, enduring tolerance, and during coexistence, harmony, and this is exactly why Muslims went out the Quran commanded the Muslims to be a mercy for the world's Allah subhanaw taala when he revealed the Quran, one of the central messages God Allah gave to the Muslims in the Quran
in chapter 21 verse 107, was by Marcel naka de la Mata Lila Allah me. I will live in Lima shape on the regime. Mama
Sol Naka Lara Mata Allah Allah mean all Mohammed we sent you not accept as a mercy for the world's Oh Mohammed we sent you not accept as a mercy for the world and those of you who are joining us right now on live Deen page for unveiling the Muslim civilization. Please put your questions in the comments section I can see it and I will try my best to respond to those questions.
So my brothers and sisters,
Allah commanded the Muslims that the prophet of Islam was sent as a messenger of mercy. And this mercy was going to be manifested by his followers. And then Allah also promised in the Quran in chapter 24, verse 55, that the followers of Muhammad will basically take the land, they will take the land, okay. This is clearly stated in chapter 24, verse 55, of the Quran, where Allah said, it is a promise of a lot of those who believe among you, and do righteous deeds, that Allah God will grant you succession in the land.
So a lot tells the believers, the Muslims in the Quran, that Allah will give you succession in the land, so long, so long as you believe and do write his deeds, and do not commit *. Do not ascribe partners to Allah, God Almighty.
The only being worthy of worship, as long as you do not ascribe partners within a local branch of succession in the land. Now, amazingly, when Muslims went out conquering Iraq, Persia, for example, or parts of central Asia,
or parts of North Africa, Egypt,
the greater the land of greater Syria, for example, what we call the Levant, when Muslims went out conquering, what what were the Christians and the Jews saying about this conquest. One Christian writer, writing at the time of mahavihara de la, who are one of the successes of the Prophet, or one of his companions, who governed from the year 14 to the year 60. Mojave are governed for nearly 20 years.
Okay, during his reign, a man called john bar pinkoi. Writing in Syria, he wrote in Greek, that there is so much peace in the world, that our ancestors have never experienced something like it.
Everyone, everyone is in peace. He also writes that God, at this time has given the land into the hands of the Arabs, I am quoting a Christian writing in the seventh century, when the conquests were actually taking place. Pay attention, my brothers and sisters, you will find this very, very interesting. I am quoting john bar pinkeye. I hope I'm pronouncing his name correctly. He was writing in the time of mahavihara de la Juan. He wrote, God has given the land in the hands of the ishmaelites, the children of Hagar because those two empires mighty empires were oppressive, and tyrannical.
And if God had not given this land to these people, how else or how good otherwise, these naked, destitute,
ill equipped Arabs would be able to find these two mighty empires, the Rome, Romans and the Persians at the same time. This is what john Barr pinkeye states and his writings, how would these naked Arabs destitute coming from the Arabian Desert, would otherwise defeat the Persians and the Romans, if God was not on their side? And I'm pretty sure john was not quoting the Quran. He was simply he was simply stating his observation. This is what he observed. He saw these destitute people coming from the desert, Arabian Desert, and defeating two of the most powerful armies in the world, the Persians and the Romans.
And the Quran said exactly that. In chapter 24, verse 55, this is how and this is why the early Muslims, the followers of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, they fulfill the promise of God, which was made in chapter 24 verse 55 of the Quran.
That God will give you succession in the land like it was given to those who came before you so long as you believe and do righteous deeds, so long as you
are moral, you're ethical, you're merciful, you're compassionate, you're generous. You stick to your word, you pray, you do not ascribe partners to God.
Allah, God will give you succession in the land. And Subhana Allah, Allahu Akbar, Allah gave that succession to the Muslims in the land, the early Muslims, the companions of the Prophet, and then they, their followers and students, and then their followers and students, the first three generations of Islam. The first three generation generation generations of Islam are the ones that made a difference. They went out the conquered for nearly 100 years, the conquered land, from as far as northern China, to southern France, and the Prophet specifically prayed or praised these
three generations in an authentic report. Carlos who lives a la Walia, Salam photomask Academy from Allah Xena, yo Luna home, como la Vina Luna home, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that the best generation is mine. In other words, his companions, and the one that comes after that, and the one that comes after that, that would that would mean the prophets generation, ie his companions, and then the terrain, the students of the companions, and then Taka Marine, the third generation, which who who are the students of the companions?
Who are the students or the students of the companions, three generations, three early generations, the one, the ones we called solid,
pious predecessors, these first three generations are the sort of solid, okay, they are the pious predecessors of the Muslims. Now, these three generations systematically took the land from China to southern France, how would they do it without God's help?
It's phenomenon. It is a phenomenon. Western scholars, Western historians have talked about it extensively. Okay.
JOHN bar Pankaj have not been care. Okay. Someone wrote in the comment section, john Barton, john, ba, r, p a. Three PNK. A YE. Okay. This is how his name is spelt. Okay. I don't know how it's pronounced is probably Greek PNKY e, that's the surname of the person, john Barker. And Kyle, if you google him, he will see possibly something on him.
how did this generation or these three generations do this? How did it take so much land in such a short span of time, that in the year 92, Henry, almost eight years after the prophets, departure from this world, we see Muslims in India in sin. We see Muslims in northern China, we see Muslims in France. How did that happen? It's phenomenal. This expansion was absolutely phenomenal. It was miraculous. And historians To this day, people like Lawrence icon, people like Carol hellenbrand, people like Michael Warner and others who have written on early Islamic conquest, they still state that it is phenomenal. To to contemplate a people like the Arabs at the time, naked, destitute, ill
you know, not necessarily well organized.
How could these people take all this land, and no military, no army in the world stood in their way, if God was not on this side, to confirm John's words, john said, God has given the land to the ishmaelites I was talking about
naked, destitute, illiquid Arabs going out to conquer all these lands. This was a phenomenal thing. And even people alive at the time, could not fathom it. They could not make sense of it. They could not understand how can these naked destitute people actually take all this land. This is why john writing in Syria at the time
When mahavihara the old laguan was governing he wrote this, that the Israelites have been given this land. Now the question is brothers sisters, all of these conquests took place in the time of primarily, Ahmed Abu Bakar was still trying to consolidate the power left behind by the messenger of a loss by someone for the first two years, he was trying to consolidate the power of Muslims. in Medina and around Medina, I talked about these problems in a previous episode, then Omar came to power who govern for 10 years in the time of Amara conquests, exploded, exploded in the sense that the Muslims went into the land of Persia, the Battle of the CEA took place.
Literally four to five years after the prophets, departure from this world, and the Muslims were able to defeat one of the largest armies in the world, the Persians, the assassinated army, when the Emperor was just Jared, or just the guard, depending on how you want to pronounce it, literally, his name meant made by God. Yes, guard means made by God, just the guard, or Yes, the job was the emperor of Persia, who was related to cultural the second who had received the letter of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam apart, when the Prophet heard that he ripped his letter, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that Allah will rip his empire apart exactly how you ripped my letter apart. And
this is exactly what happened in the time of Omar. After the Battle of called the sia the Muslims were able to defeat the Persian army, one of the largest standing armies in the world. In fact, when roustan, the leader of the Persian army, saw the Muslims and saw how I saw how destitute how poor looking they were, he laughed at them. He said, why would you come to a civilized people like us? What do you want from us? Okay, we are one of the largest armies in the world. Do you think you will defeat us you? camel herders, you shepherds, you naked people from the desert, you think you will defeat us and rebel bin Amir, who happened to be the Companion of the Prophet talking to him, told
him that none of this glitter this pomp, all these curtains, all these golden rocks and robes, and these cases for swords made of gold, they're not going to save you in the battlefield. And this is exactly what happened because God, Allah was with these people, the Arabs, the Muslims, because Allah had chosen them to bring mercy to the world. They defeated the Persians in the Battle of cardassia. And that was the most decisive battle which started the process of
the conquest of greater Persia.
already almost all the way up to current day Pakistan, the land of kehrmann or the land of CG Stan, for example, currently Balochistan, this is how far some of the companions and the web had come conquering land, okay. I possessed personally, you know, coins from the time of Mardi Arabia lajuan, minted into the stone, minted in current day Balochistan part of Pakistan. And in the reign of mafia, the Muslims are reached that far. On the other hand, they had defeated the Romans, or the the Byzantines, or the Byzantines, depending on how you want to pronounce it, right. The Byzantines, who were the successors of the Romans, right? And this is why some time they were called the Romans,
they were called Romans, because they were the successor
dynasty of Rome, because they actually emanated from
So they were also defeated by early Muslims. And this decisive battle called the Battle of yarmuk, the Battle of Yarmouk and the Battle of cod, the sia were a few months apart, if not days, right. They were very close to each other, fought almost simultaneously. And in both battles, Muslims were able to despite all the weakness, in material strength, they were able to defeat these major empires, because Allah had promised this in the Koran. Allah had said it in chapter 24 verse 55, and I quote out of the Berliner shape on the rajim Bismillah Rahim, wa The Lahore ladina mahnomen. Come, Juana, Saleh hot lava stuffily for non combustible oven Latina men, probably him. It is a promise of
a lot to those who believe among you and do right is d
That Allah will grant your succession in the land. And indeed, these people, the companions, and the Tallinn and Tabata bean were given succession in the land as promised by a lion. This was even picked on by Christian writers at the time, as I mentioned, moving on. So now they have taken all this land in the time of Omar.
In the time of Earth man for the first year, six years conquests continued, and the last six years of man because of man been a founder of the law on the government for nearly 12 years. Okay.
And the last six years of man, we're full of turmoil and fitna and conquest for that reason had stopped. The first six years conquest continued, and after a man was killed the rodeo lower on in Medina, I live in a victaulic came to power. I live in a metallic taste a lot of problems in his four years rain. There were, you know, civil wars. There were wars against extremists like coverage. There were wars of battles taking place against the people who wanted justice for us, man. There was a lot of fitna taking place, by the way to summarize it.
And again, to see the details you must consult Dr. Elisa lobby's books. Dr. Ali a Celebi has written extensively on for kailis. He has written separate biographies for each of the Caleb's right he has a biography on abubaker he has a biography on Homer, one on earth man and another one on Ali and even on Hassan and Hussein. Okay, he has even written a history of mahavidya. He has written on the oma years and the Ottomans. So Ali a salami has written many, many beautiful books mostly in Arabic, some have been translated into the Urdu language, and others have been translated into the English language, so consult his books for details. So the reign of Alexander Vitali was full of turmoil and
no conquests could take place. Then came the reign of mafia cut long story short after Ali was killed by a hawara or by a fighter jet. In the city of Kufa, his name is Manuel Gianni, he killed the element of the pilot. And earlier the long run was monitored by him. And after him came to power, Alice son Hassan, who reigned for six months, and then Hasson decided to join hands with Mario, he made terms or he he basically
made peace with mafia and mafia subsequently, consequently became the Kalia of the Muslim world. So after a long time, Muslims united once again. And this unity brought a lot of prosperity, peace and justice in the world, at least for 20 years, and Mojave arraigned, and Cyprus was conquered, some Byzantine territory was taken a lot of land in Persian territory was taken once again. As I mentioned earlier, during the reign of Monrovia Muslims went as far as current day Pakistan, what we've what we call Pakistan today, some territory of Pakistan was taken during the reign of Malian city Stan, which is today called Balochistan. Right, so a lot of conquest took place during the
reign of Mario Golan, okay. And after Mario passed away, Roger lon, his son came to power yazeed for four years. His reign was also full of disasters and catastrophes. One such catastrophe war, catastrophe was the catastrophe of Karbala. I have done a lecture on this very topic, the catastrophe of Karbala it is on. It is on my YouTube channel, and it is on the same page live Dean page, if you scroll down, and if you go to the 10th of Muharram. You will see my lecture on the catastrophe of Karbala under unveiling the Muslim civilization.
So, after yazeed had died, but omiya came to power. The rest of the Caleb's who came to power was Marwan bin haccombe. Marwan when howcome was succeeded by his son, Abdullah Malik,
Abdul Malik bin Marwan, and then after Malik came Walid min of the Malik it was in the reign of Walid bin Abdul Malik to quote one year precisely the year 92 hijiri, the year 92 hijiri is very very important. Okay, I have coins from year 90 to 80 in my coin collection, perhaps I can show you one of those coins as a treat. next session inshallah. Okay.
In the year 92, Muslims are already in China, and in India and Spain. toric Punjab, landed in Spain in the year 92 eatery, when volley Walid bin Abdul Malik was the case
If leaders succeeded by his brother Solomon, Solomon was succeeded by Omar bin Abdulaziz, who was succeeded by Hassan bin Abdul Malik and the list goes on, but omiya governed until 130 200. Okay, so you can say one of Romania governed for almost 90 years. manomaya is a family which belonged to the tribe of Quraysh.
related to the prophet of Islam, you know, they were far distant cousins of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they're also related to manoharan
as distant cousins, so when omiya
had governed until 132 80, and after manomaya fell in 132 83, having governed for 90 days after the four caylus or the vote for rightly guided caliphs all fall apart, or Russia Dean after them came basically when omega manomaya govern for 98 until 132. And after that came into our bus, the bassheads Okay, buses, buses, government form 132 to 652, if I'm not mistaken 656 4636 when the last ambassade, Caleb, almost tasin, was killed by the Mongols, in Baghdad, by the Mongols in Baghdad. So my brothers and sisters, this was a very short summary of the Muslim dynasties that came one after another. What happened after these conquest? Earlier I mentioned the golden chain of events. I was
going to talk about the golden chain of events. What happened after these great conquests? Did the Muslims went or did the Muslims go brutalizing? savaging or ravaging lands and towns and villages? No. archaeology shows us that after Muslims took this territory, these towns prospered economically, financially, civilization really, right militarily, these lands became very prosperous, who tells us this archaeologists who have unearthed or have dug some of these cities, and they have come to realize that pottery became more cultured. Right? There are signs of bustling markets. There are signs of towns that became busier while before the Muslim conquest, for example, takes pain as an
example, just before the Muslim conquests during the period when some of these
you know, pre Islamic Spanish kings were governing. Spain was suffering, you know, Spain was declining economically. cities were being abandoned. Right? There was turmoil before the Muslim landed in Spain. And after Tarik menza, the Muslim in Israel took Spain. Spain became prosperous, please post your questions in the comments section. I can see your comments in the comment section. Those of you who are watching right now please share this video with your contacts. Okay, I know the live feed dropped earlier because of the loss of internet. But now we are back on 100 and I hope it continues for some minute I will be summarizing very quickly in Sharla so that we can finish this
session and share this feed with others so that others can join in and post your questions on the Islamic civilization or the Muslim civilization in the comment section. I can see your comments coming through inshallah. Right. So
what happened after these conquests after Muslims landed in Spain, for example, I was telling you about archaeology. Archaeologists have found that after the Muslims took over these lands, for example, Spain, North Africa, Central Asia, okay, because I have personally spoken to some of these archaeologists, okay. During my studies in London at the University of London. They tell you even the writing the journals that these cities prospered city of jerash, a Greek city in Jordan and currently Jordan, okay, it flourished. It flourished upon a lot and a lot of these people started to live prosperous lives. Likewise, there are Central Asian cities that flourished after Muslims took
off so Muslims did not go and pillage and burn and devastate Rather, they established peace and harmony. This can be seen in the treaties Muslim struck with the vanquished if you want to call them that. Okay. When Muslims went into Syria, Muslim struck treaties, okay. I was telling you about an incident that took place in Damascus, okay. When Muslims took the city of Damascus, half of it by force the other half by treaty. I was going to tell you
about an event that took place, and I stopped the last session at that point, because I want to give you that treat in this session. That event was basically an incident that took place when Muslims had to retreat for strategic reasons, leaving the city of Damascus when heraclius was coming back. Irakli is when he had lost the city of Damascus.
He wanted to come back and re conquer the land of Syria from the Arabs. Abu Zubaydah bin Jarrah was the leader of the Muslim army, who was now governing the city of Damascus. And the Christians of Damascus had already lived with Muslim for some months, they are seeing how the government they have seen the justice of the Muslims they are seeing the the the sense of
egalitarian ism of the Muslims, they have seen how Muslims were so just so when the Muslim leader Abu Zubaydah heard that iraklis is coming with a large army to defeat the Muslims again, he decided that they must abandon the city of Damascus and not fight a siege battle. Because if they are cornered, then they will have nowhere to escape. So they decided to fight an open pitch battle near the river yarmuk in current day, Jordan, and if they lose the battle, they can retreat to the desert and come back another time. And if the when they told the people of Damascus that we will have the same terms with you. So when they were retreating, this is the incident I was going to write. This
is the cherry on the cake, the justice of the Muslims, okay, when they were retreating from the city of Damascus, the leader of the Muslims, I'm obey them in JIRA. He commanded the treasure, the Muslim treasure, to return the jizya to return the GCR back to the Christians. jizya is a tax which is charged for non Muslims living in the domain of Islam for their protection. For example, there are Christians and Jews who happen to be a majority or a minority of Muslims came to power during the Middle Ages, they will charge them dizzier and dizzier was a tax. And this was not a discriminatory tax necessarily, rather, practically speaking, this tax was to protect them, although the Quran
states that you know those hostile non Muslims who fight you, you fight them back to defend yourself, if they are hostile towards you, because non hostile non Muslims are not to be fought, okay? They are to be respected, and you are to be kind with them. Who says so again, the Quran states that clearly in chapter 16 verse eight, in chapter 60 of the Quran, verse eight, Allah categorically states that those non Muslims, those disbelievers who do not fight you for your faith and do not drive you out, be kind to them. God does not forbid you from being kind to them. In other words, be kind to them. But those who fight you who are hostile, can fight back and if they are
defeated, then subdue them by charging them jizya, some islamophobes and Islam haters and propagandists, they say, you see, jizya is a discriminatory tax. But when you look at the practical side of it, when you see how jizya was applied practically, throughout the history of the Muslim civilization, you see that the non Muslims paid jizya. And they were guaranteed protection for the cattle for the land for the properties for the churches for the lives for the owner, no Muslim, or even a non Muslim could lay hands on the property of another non Muslim.
You know why? Because they were called the protected ones literally 100 of them, literally in the Arabic language. 100 of them are the protected ones. And In short, the recall demeans them means responsibility in the Arabic language. The word Dima, actually, when it's translated into the English language means responsibility. Right? So the people of responsibility, the protected ones, this is what they were called. Why? Because they paid jizya. So likewise, the people of Damascus had paid jizya to the Muslims for their protection. Now you've come to power Romans used to charge us our texts, and Roman taxes are very severe, very, very heavy. You have charges and how much money
was it is a good question. Some again, islamophobes in Islam haters, and a lot of these Christian missionaries and extremist atheists that claim out there that jizya was a backbreaking tax. It broke the backs of these non Muslims living in the Muslim domain. That may be the case exceptionally in some places where
people or rulers, you know, step outside of their
They're justified or their legal limits. But islamically speaking jizya is a set amount. A Jew or a Christian living within the domain of Islam throughout the Middle Ages would pay a set amount. Okay, while the Muslims when they would pay a tax to the state for charity, for example, it would be 2.5% of the savings. If a Muslim has a million pounds for example, million a million British pounds in his bank account on yearly basis, he would pay 25,000 pounds 25,000 pounds. And if a Jewish merchant happened to have the same amount of money, that Jewish merchant would pay one gold coin
one dinar which is approximately four grams of gold per year, a set amount he doesn't pay a percentage, rather it pays a set amount so a rich Jew or a Christian would pay one gold coin one gold coin, which is one dinar okay for almost approximately four grams of gold.
The the working middle class would pay 20 for silver coins. Okay? And the labor would pay 12 Durham's 12 silver coins 12 silver coins, okay, and those who are poor are suffering from poverty, I'm talking about non Muslims paying jizya Okay, suffering from poverty.
elderly women and children and monks in the monasteries would pay nothing they would pay nothing.
Is that clear? So I repeat jizya was one gold coin or 48 silver coins? Or they're humble, okay 48 silver coins they would pay and I can actually even show you
their hands from
my collection. So you can see what jizya are we talking about? Right? Okay, so you can see what am I talking about? I will very quickly show you a live example of it.
jizya was about
jizya was about
one for rich people for rich people one gold coin 48
can you bring my coins from that
little case in plastic cases
jizya was 48 of these coins I'm going to show you for the rich for the rich or equal of that was one dinar, one dinar one gold coin, which is four grams of gold. And for middle class working middle working class, it would be 24 of these coins. The ones I'm going to show you right now. Okay. And you will now see a demonstration of what jizya was. Okay. This is now and oh my ears Durham. Okay.
I will show you an Omega dyrham right for you can see what I'm talking about. Okay, this Amaya dyrham. You can see it in my hand is in a case for protection. This was minted in Damascus. This particular diagram. I'm pretty sure you can see it. I can bring it close to the camera. You can see there La ilaha illallah wa de la sharika in the middle. Okay, then reading anticlockwise from the top Bismillah Dora bajada dyrham bit Amish. Or be damash Sunnah f da warmia darwinia 101 101 Hijri. This their ham was minted in the time of Omar bin Abdulaziz. So a rich man or a Jew or a Christian would pay 48 of these thin coins very, very thin, almost three grams of silver. Okay, three grams of
silver 48 of these their hands would be paid by a rich Jew or a Christian to the state for their protection. Okay, the state would be the responsibility of the state to protect such a Jew or a Christian. Okay, the one who paid this amount. our middle class middle working class would be a lot actually take it out.
See how thin it is? It is very, very thin. You can see it's very thin. It's about three grams of silver between three to four grams of silver. Okay, it is this is called a dyrham. This is the Islamic dyrham early Muslim is used okay.
minted in Damascus in the year 101. Okay, so 48 of these for a rich Jew or a Christian. And that was the maximum amount or basically equivalent of that would be a dinar a gold dinar a gold coin, which weighed about four grounds. And for middle class working class 24 of these and laborers would pay 12 of these per year per year, which was nothing, virtually nothing. This amount for rich for a middle class and poor labor, they could easily afford it This was far from breaking the back of these people, okay. This was paid in jizya. These their hands, okay. These are the theorems Muslims are using in the early times, right. And the poor, the elderly, the monks, the women and children were
completely exempted. And those Christians or Jews who took part in war, helping the Muslims, they were exempted from jizya. So this jizya was paid by the people of Damascus,
the people of Damascus to obey the injera and the Muslims. And when Muslims were retreating for strategic reasons to fight an open pitch battle against the approaching Byzantine army, a large army according to some reports, nearly 200,000 men coming with hierarchal or heraclius
he decided to retreat and commodities Treasurer to return the GCR. To the Christians, I repeat, he commanded his Treasurer to return the GCR to the Christians who had given that jizya for their protection. Why? He said, because we are retreating. And for that reason, we will not be able to protect the Christians of Damascus. For that reason, we do not have the right to keep the money because the money was taken as a trust to protect them. And because we cannot protect them anymore. The money does not belong to us. Now brothers and sisters Tell me when does someone need money the most
when one is in war, when a nation when a people, when a military is in war, then you might be justified to keep that money.
And that would be the last situation when you would refund money to people. But I will obey that. I will obey the following Islamic principles following the Quran following the justice of the Quran. He said these non Muslims Christians
have trusted have trusted us with their money. Now because we have to leave the city to fight a battle with the Romans. We have to return the money, no matter how much loss financially we face. And when the money was given back to the to the to the Byzantine Christians, Greek speaking Christians and other Orthodox Christians in Damascus, they could not believe it. I hope you're listening to me brothers and sisters. They could not believe it. They could not believe it. Some of them cried that if the Romans were here. If they had our money, they would actually strip us they would strip us naked for more money because they are going to war and you are going to war. What
kind of people are you you are giving us the money you already possess which we have given to you. They were shocked. So when our VEDA was leaving with his army, some of the Christians were very, very sad. This is by the way, testified to by both sides, the Muslims and the Greek historians, Muslim historians, people like father who use have in his cartography rod in the book of taxes. He wrote that this is what happened in in Damascus when our beta in JIRA was retreating.
Dionysius of Tel Mario, Dionysius
de DIONY s IUS, Dionysius off. Tell Mari is spelled t L. And then another separate word and a h. r. e. Dinesh is of tomorrow who was a Greek historian. He also testified to this fact that when a giraffe was retreating from Damascus, he returned the money back to the Christians of Damascus a lot lower and then the Battle of yarmuk took place near the river yarmuk in Jordan, current Air Jordan and Allah gave victory to the Muslims and the Muslims crushed the Byzantines
Led by some of the most experienced, Byzantine or Roman generals, and the Romans are the Byzantines lost the land of Syria forever, they never came back to reclaim it. In fact, they lost a lot more territory when they were retreating from the land. Because of losing this battle. Muslims are outnumbered by far, according to some estimates, Muslims are 40,000. And the Byzantines were over 100,000. I mean, these estimates can always be exaggerated, according to conservative,
some modern, you know estimates, Muslims could have been easily somewhere between 20 to 30,000. And Romans would have been 60 to 70,000. According to some estimates, only Allah knows the true numbers. But the Romans were crushed, never to return again. And then hold on a second. Listen to this one. Now, what happened when Muslims returned to the city of Damascus, the first time when I was narrating the the first conquest, the people of Damascus were very, very skeptical about these scruffy looking people from the desert. We don't know what they're going to do to us. So some of them fought. And they resisted. But this time when they saw the Muslims coming back, having lived
with them, having dealt with them, the same people who returned the money, the tax they are charged them. They have come back now to take back the land of Damascus or the land of Syria. This time the Christians, the Christians of Damascus, they open the gates and they welcomed the Muslims with flowers and they cried. They cried. They were thanking God that Muslims came back to them, not the Byzantines, not the Romans, the ones who were Christians. The Romans were Christian they fall they followed a different denomination. Indeed, the people of Damascus did not like the Romans because they followed the Chelsea don't increase, while the the people of Damascus far followed a different
denomination, the Orthodox Greek Orthodox Syrian church. They did not like the Roman, but they cried. They cried, the thank Allah that the Muslims came back again, this is confirmed by Muslim historians as well as Greek historians, Dionysius confirmed this,
that they cried in happiness that the Muslims came back to take the land of Damascus, not the Romans, Allahu Akbar, same occurred in Syria when armor been asked with your loved one during the reign of American pub. Why am I talking about this? I am talking about this. Because this was the aftermath of the Muslim conquest. I have briefly talked about the Muslim conquest during the reign of the for caylus. And this was the aftermath what the Muslim, what the Muslims did to the people, the masses, how the masses felt, the masses felt protected, that protect free that surely they felt free. Under the domain of Islam. The Muslims went into these lands, Syria, Egypt, North Africa, some
parts of Persia and they said to all the Christians and the Jews and the Persians, and others, you may live in peace, follow your religions, as you like, do not fight each other, do not fight each other.
Keep your churches, they must remain in your possession and pay jizya and we will protect you. Okay. And by that virtue, Muslims have to protect even some of the pig farms. Because in the Christian tradition, it is perfectly okay to find pigs. And if
one of the dummies who owned pigs, okay.
No one could talk no one, no one could harm those pigs because they belonged to the Christians. They were the property of the Christians. So by the virtue of paying jizya, even pigs were being protected by the Muslim militaries and Muslim state, because that was the property of Christians. Likewise, the the Jewish places of worship the Christian places of worship, in fact, Thomas Arnold, in his book preaching of Islam, he argues that some of the minor Christian sects that were facing extinction at the hands of the Romans, the Greek Byzantine church, they survived because the Muslims came to power. Otherwise they would have been extinct, they would have been completely wiped out by
the Roman charter donchian denomination of Christianity. Okay, so Muslims actually ended up protecting some Christians. So rather This is this episode has gone on for long.
I want to quickly mention the golden chain of events and I want to talk about more. I want to talk more about what the Muslims did in these lands, what outcome Muslims brought with them, okay. And how will I talk about
this? I will talk about this explaining the golden chain of events which I talked about
Earlier what what is this golden chain of event? I will give you four particular
four particular occurrences or four particular events in the history of Muslims that created this golden chain of events. Number one event in the chain is the revelation of the Quran. Please remember number one is the revelation of the Quran. Number two is the justice that came from the teachings of the Quran. Number three was the piece that came from that justice, the peace that was facilitated by Justice. Number four is progress that was made because of peace. Okay, so I will repeat the golden chain of events in the history of Islam. Number one was the revelation of the Koran. Number two was the the concept of justice that came from the Quran. Number three was the
peace that came from justice, because there can be no peace without justice. Okay, so justice, gay peace, from peace came progress, because you can never make progress without peace. So progress came from peace, peace came from justice and justice came from the Quran. In the case of the Muslims, so Muslims went into these lands, they conquered these lands by force, defeating the Romans in the Persian. Having conquered these lands, they facilitated justice for the inhabitants, then inhabitants. When they lived under the domain of Islam, they testified to this justice, they testify to the justice, they confirm the justice. And then from that justice came piece. This piece gave the
incentive to the Jews and the Christians and the Muslims, three major faiths, three major Abrahamic faiths, to coexist in harmony in Spain, in North Africa and Egypt, in the Middle East, in parts of Persia, and Central Asia. And later on, of course, in other lands, Balkans and India and all the other places, right, they came together, and they created what we call the Muslim civilization. The Muslim civilization or the civilization of Islam was a product was a collective product of the Muslims,
the Jews and the Christians. So the Muslim civilization is not only a product of the Muslims, in fact, the Jews and the Christians are also enabled by the teachings of the Quran, the harmony and the justice in the peace they enjoyed given by the Quran, that they were able to help the Muslims to create the civilization of Islam, my brothers and sisters. So, next episode, I will I will elaborate more on
the Muslim civilization and even talk about GCR a bit more inshallah Allah and I will elaborate more about the Justice Muslims gave in the lands of Egypt, Syria, Spain, in particular, then, from that justice came peace, I will talk about that piece and that piece gave progress, progress in terms of education, in terms of advancement in knowledge, sciences, philosophy, poetry, you name it, and a flourishing society in all these countries I mentioned and this was, this is what we call in a nutshell the Muslim civilization, or unveiling the Islamic civilization. So next episode, I will talk about
this golden chain of events in more detail. Okay, so what are the four events I talked about the Quran,
justice that came from the Quran piece that came from that justice and progress that came from that piece? And these four
four events are interconnected, they are interlinked, they are intertwined. Okay. The Quran is the root of the Muslim civilization. There is no Muslim civilization. Without the Koran. There are no hospitals or libraries of Cordova without the Koran. There are no libraries above that there are no points in Syria, there would be no scientists working in the observatories of Central Asia. There would be no architects carving caligraphy caligraphy on on mosques and on places of worship, or on palaces, for example, in Alhambra, okay. in Granada, there would be no book collecting book making book binding book writing, if it was not for the Quran.
Because the Quran is the seed that gave us the tree called the Muslim civilization. Without the Quran, there is no Islam. And without Islam, there is no Islamic civilization, period. As simple as that. Without the Koran, the Muslims would not be able to give justice to the Jews and the Christians, which I will talk about in more detail in the next episode.
And I will quote Jewish and Christian testimonies verbatim so that you can see what the Jews and the Christians have to say about that justice and peace.
Without the Quran, there would be none of that. So inshallah next week, I will elaborate more upon more about
how the Jews and Christians enjoyed the dhimmi status under the domain of Islam, how they happily pay jizya how they enjoyed the fruits of the civilization of Islam that came directly from the Quran. In that episode next episode inshallah, we will send the exact bullet points in sha Allah tala on live Deen page inshallah, so that you can see exactly how we will proceed with the with the lecture next week,
unveiling the Muslim civilization series. So brothers sisters, I will stop here today for this lecture. I hope you learned something new today. inshallah, I will try to share a dinner with you next week as well so that you can see a dinner I have shown you and familiar deer hunt. Today, you have seen it in Sharla. You can go back to the video to look at it again more carefully. Okay, and inshallah I will continue to share more stuff in these lectures. I will stop now for this lecture. Walker O'Donnell Shangri La double alameen. If you have any, any questions, please post them in the comment section. And I will
try my best to answer them. There is a very good question Hassan Ahmed has asked question, were Christians allowed to trade in pork and wine? And if a tax was commissioned on this, was this legal?
The tax that was commissioned on the Christians was jizya. I repeat, the tax that was commissioned on Christians officially legally islamically was jizya. Anyone charging another tax on anything else was stepping outside of his line. They were breaking the law of Islam. So the only tax that the Christians pay to the state is jizya, which I've clearly stated what it was, it was basically for the rich. Again, for the rich, it was 1212 of these, okay, where is I wonder where that particular point is gone? The one I had earlier, yes, it is here, okay.
For the rich, sorry for the rich 48 of these silver coins.
for the middle class 24 silver coins, and for the laborer, 12 of these per year per annum. So 48 of these you're paying to the state, the rich man and his pigs, his wine factory is all of the stuff whatever the Christian wants to do, yes, the Christians would be forbidden to sell pork and wine to the Muslims, that would be a crime. They were not allowed to sell pork and wine to the Muslims. Christians could sell pork and wine between themselves, they could sell and buy from each other that was perfectly allowed under under the domain of Islam that was allowed in Spain that was allowed in Ottoman territories and other territories where Christians and Muslims lived together. Islam, the
rule of Islam, the law of Islam was never imposed upon Christians and Jews, the Christians and Jews had Autonomy's judicial economies, even their own affairs were governed by the rabbis and the priests. So when there was a major a dispute between the Jews, for example, on property or divorce or marriage, they would go to the rabbis instead of coming to the court of the kadhi although they had the choice to do so. But of course, they also have the option of going to the rabbis and the Christians have the option to go to the priests. This is the answer to your question. The on only tax commissioned on the Christians and the Jews was jizya and anything else was not legal
islamically speaking any more questions brothers and sisters? If you have more questions, please post them in the comment section and I will try my best to answer those inshallah.
If there are no more questions my brothers and sisters I will end I hope you enjoyed the session today and there's a lot more learning coming in the future episodes inshallah a lot more interesting questions about the Muslim civilization. I will be addressing them and I will be posting all these videos on my YouTube channel.
So, please join my YouTube channel and you can watch these videos there and you can watch them on live Dean. So, live being every Saturday 7pm Pakistan time Pakistan Standard Time unveiling the Muslim civilization will basically go on and UK time would be 3pm 3pm. UK time unless the time changes again we will announce when time changes and if we cannot do it, for some reason, we will also announce that this week
the session or the lecture will not go ahead for whatever reasons, we will apologize to you in advance and otherwise, the series will continue for as long as we have topics to talk about on Muslim civilization. Another question has come What is your optional could a leader decide not to implement to the tax? The jizya was obligatory tax on the non Muslims, the Jews and Christians if a leader decided for whatever reason, having consulted with the scholars of Islam, but jizya can be lifted in case for example, when Jews and Christians want to participate in war helping the Muslims than in that case it can be lifted. And of course, scholars can give other opinions on this matter.
Imam Alcor Toby
when he commented on the verse of chapter nine, verse 29, so Toba, verse 29. Mr. Kirby, when he commented on this verse, where jizya is discussed in the Quran, he gives a lot of beautiful details on the concept of jizya and how it is applied on non Muslims. Some beautiful details are there okay. For example, if non Muslims pay jizya, that it is incumbent incumbent upon the Muslim ruler to protect them. And if the Muslim ruler has to go to war to protect Christians and Jews
against any aggression, he must do so. And there are many more details. Mr. McCourt to be a mom Alcor Toby has given in his proceed of
that particular verse. Okay. 929 chapter nine of the Quran verse 29. Please check to see your quarter before that. Thank you so much for listening brother and sisters. Allah bless you all may Allah Spanish Allah accept from you and accept from us we will accept phone live Dean team for allowing this to happen for facilitating these lectures may have lost planet Allah bless all the live Dean volunteers and leaders who are doing this great work bringing this content to you and continue to watch this
content on live the channel
and until next week or next session subhanak a llama while the hammock mission en la ilaha illa and NuSTAR Paragon overlake but hungry layerable alameen wa Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh