Islam and Britain – The Forgotten History
Channel: Adnan Rashid
File Size: 78.77MB
to belie some Isla de mina shaytani r rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem Omar sanaka, la Mata La La mean respected brothers and sisters in Islam. Today I will be talking about something we have ignored for a very long time living in Britain, with the Muslims of Britain
systematically ignored the history of Islam in Britain. We think our history begins in this island. In the 60s and the 70s. When many migrants economic migrants came to Britain,
and they started to work in factories, they started to work in restaurants, some of them own businesses. And this is when we think our real contribution as Muslims
began, as far as the British shoe civilization is concerned, perhaps in magnitude that is true, but not necessarily in influence.
And I'm about to make a very bold statement, I believe, when it comes to influence.
Our influence on the British civilization has never been so weak.
Despite the fact that we have large numbers living in Britain, we have over 3 million Muslims.
According to some
rough estimates, some people put it to up to 2 million people.
But our influence when it comes to education, when it comes to politics, when it comes to culture, things like that has been not very strong in the last 50 years, to say the least.
But if we study the history of Islam in Britain,
going beyond 1950s, when
Muslims turned up after the Second World War, when there was a shortage of labor in this country, because a lot of men were killed.
In the Second World War, many British men were killed.
And they will have a shortage of labor. That's why Britain opened its borders, to different countries around the world.
One of them was Pakistan, then
And even people when they had problems in Uganda, the Indians,
they ended up in Britain. So this is another topic in itself immigration to or migration to Britain in the 70s, or the 60s of the 50s. That's another topic. I would like to draw your attention to what happened before that when Muslims turned up in Britain in the hundreds of 1000s.
I'm going to talk about a period when Muslims are very few in numbers. Very, very little in numbers. But the influence on the British civilization was
huge, very, very prominent. As we'll see, inshallah,
it is impossible for me to address every single topic
in this short setting, but I will give you a brief summary so that you can do your own research and start looking into it. Now that we live in this country, this is home for us, and we cherish this country as a home. This is why we're here our children are going to school we have businesses that we work in, this is where we spend most of our time.
Those Muslims who are British citizens, this is where they spend the time. For that reason, it is very important for us to contribute to the civilization we are part of
in better ways. And that can be done when we understand what our civilization what we call the Muslim civilization or the Islamic civilization has done for the world at large and in particular, for Britain, for this island,
and our history or our contribution to the British civilization.
from time to time.
Our contribution has been cultural, it has been linguistic, it has been educational.
It has been
even moral and ethical, philosophical, scientific technology.
You name it. Muslims have been there from the very beginning. From the very start, let me state something
very clearly. Islam was here in Britain, before England was around,
you know Britain, what we call Great Britain or the United Kingdom.
It consists of four countries who is going to tell you what those four countries are.
Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland,
People think Britain is one country No, it consists of four countries. Right? And England happens to be the most important one because this is where the capital is London, London is the capital is the capital, financial capital of the world, not only of Britain. This is where most financial transactions take place. So London has been very important for almost 2000 years, Romans minted coins in London.
It was the Roman capital in Britain as well. There are coins minted by Romans in London.
This is before the Anglo Saxons were even about.
This is before there was any country called England.
England was made by a people called Anglo Saxons.
Anglo Saxons were a combination of angles and Saxons Saxons came from Germania, currently Germany, and angles came from Scandinavia. So collectively, they made an ethnicity called the Anglo Saxons in Britain.
And when the Anglo Saxons became powerful in the British Isles before going a bit, without going into too much history, without going into details, the Anglo Saxons formed different
states, different entities are principalities within
Britain, in current day England,
you see when you look at the Scottish border in the north New Castle,
from there onwards, coming down south, Anglo Saxons had made few states they call them countries.
And they were split into different clans, different clans were governed by different kings, and they minted coins in their own names, right, there was no such thing as England by them.
England, the early name of England was actually angle, land, angle land, because these people people were angles, as I told you earlier, they came from Scandinavian
angle and turned into England with I and G. And then later on, it became England with e n d, n, d, right. So there was no such thing as England by the eighth century or the ninth century. It only happened later on when Anglo Saxons are united under more powerful kings in the 10th and the 11th century.
But Islam was here, in some shape or form,
even before England. Now this may come as a surprise, you may be thinking, How is that possible? We think Muslims only came here. When we came here in the 60s and the 70s. In large numbers. This was when Islam actually made an impact on the British cultural, social landscape. But that's not true.
Islam had already made an impact on the British civilization. However it was
in existence at that time. Whatever the form of the British civilization was at that time, because Britain went through a lot of phases. Historically speaking, there were Kelsay there were Romans there, then there were Anglo Saxons there. Okay.
And then later on, we had
Normans. Vikings came here invading Normans came later. And then Normans govern and many families and many kingdoms and dynasties govern this land. Collectively, all of them are known as the British civilization of equality. I mean to put it in simple films.
the eighth century, we find the first physical evidence of Islam
Can anyone tell me what that was?
in the eighth century, just over a century after the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam come forward
over the Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away in 632 CDs
Yes 11 Hijri 630 to see on the 12th are available
just over a century later
or exactly a century later in 730 to see in the year 732 exactly a century later. The Muslims are already in France.
They had already taken Spain 711 was the year when the first Muslim army landed in Spain led by parekh, bizarre
parekh, bizarre, it took him about three to four years to subdue much of Spain. And after that there were incursions into France, as far as northern France, literally, about 500 miles from London here, where we sit right now, there is a place called tours. There was a battle of tours that took place in 730. To see.
And that battle was, you know, addressed by historians lavishly throughout the histories. I'm not going to go into the details, what happened and why the battle took place and all that. But I'm just trying to give you some chronology. The Muslims are here that early exactly a century later, the prophets, followers, who have potentially been some of the students of the Sahaba were already in France, some of them right. And there are graves of the third generation of Islam in France, I can tell you that with conviction, with confidence that there are graves of the tambourine. In France, there are unknown we don't know where they are, maybe somewhere in some field in point A or in
tours, where this battle took place between the Muslim army and Charles Martel.
And then an English historian
called Bede, the venerable. He was an Anglo Saxon historian who wrote the history of the Anglo Saxons. In 733. c, he wrote that the Saracens, ie the Arabs have already arrived in France. They didn't know anything about the religion of Islam. There was very little knowledge in these lines of Islam because Islam was still establishing itself in Spain, because the main focus of the Muslim existence in Europe at the time or in Western Europe was Spain. This is where the Muslim established their strongholds, and then some incursions took place into other lands. In fact, Mousavi nosier, the master of Tarik wizard, was even planning to go to Rome, buy land, take a military expedition
via land to Rome, not by sea. And that never happened. Of course, because historically we know.
In Damascus, the Kailash changed village bin Abdul Malik, he died in 96, sindri. And Suleiman bin Abdul Malik came to power and Solomon, he
basically collected all the establishment of rallied
back in Damascus, He punished some of the generals because he wanted to avenge humiliation on the part of the lead because there was some friction between the lead and Solomon. And this caused a huge, you know, damage to Muslim expansion at that time in China, in India, and as far as Spain. So the the effect of it stopped the expansion and the the forward going of Muslims in these lands. Now, there's another question that comes to mind that what were Muslims doing there in the first place? Why were these Muslim armies going there in the first place? Why are they forcing their way into these countries? That's a very interesting question. I'm actually currently writing a book on that.
Why were the Muslims in the first place? Why did the Muslims go into Persia? Why did the Muslims go into Roman territory? Why did they go into North Africa? Why did they even end up in Spain? This is a very interesting question. And what did they do after they ended up in these places after they occupied all these lands? What happened? And this is where the history of Muslim civilization comes in and brother you can come back and tell me what the first physical evidence of Islam was apart after beads mentioned bead the historian mentioned
the Muslims in France briefly, but then soon after bead had finished writing his history. We find a physical evidence of something is like in Britain What is that?
The King the queen or king. Okay.
no no it is early you're absolutely right so the brother Mashallah he
informed us that the first physical evidence of Islam or things Islamic
basically it the coin, it's a coin, it is a gold dinar it is an invitation, it is a copy of an ambassador dinar.
And this particular coin was minted in England, in Britain by an Anglo Saxon King, his name was king offer offer Oh f fa, he governed from the year 756 to 796 how many years is that 40 years. So he was governing in the eighth century See, very close to the time of beat the venerable bead was writing in 730s 756 offer comes to power and offer is known for a number of things. First thing is known for is that he was the most powerful Anglo Saxon king. He had managed to occupy a large territory within Britain. current day England, okay. And then another thing he's known for his office died of has died is a ditch. He had dug around
a large territory to protect himself against invaders from outside in this case, but possibly from the Welsh, right. And he's also known for maintaining an Islamic dinar Okay, now, alpha was definitely a Christian. There's no doubt about that. A lot of Muslims that go out of their way to claim quite ignorantly unfortunately that offer might have been a secret Muslim. This is why he mentioned that there are no there is no such such thing. Because offer was definitely a Christian. There is plenty of evidence for that. There are coins minted by offer with a cross on those coins okay. But why would he meant this coin is the question and what did the coin
have on it? What was written on the coin? Now if you pick up an a basket dinar, minted by kellyville Mansoor Almanzo, who was a believer from bonobos, who had come to power after Safar. Safar was the first Caliph of bonobos
who came to power in 130 to 332 Hijri is the year when the umayyads fell
omiya lost their power, and about it replaced them. And a batteries came to power in 132. And so far, the first kale is governed for four years. So until 136, it was Safar 436. All the way to 158. It was Ullman sewer,
the Khalifa at the time of Mr. Mobile and he for a holiday.
So when Mr. myko hanifa was alive in Baghdad,
it was at the time but the city of Dallas called Daraa Salaam, sorry, Medina to salam, not dar salam, Medina de salam, the city of peace.
And there are coins minted by alum almanzora from Baghdad. And if you pick up a dinar mentored by Al Mansoor, from the year 150 757, Saba welcome seen warmia if you google almanzora, in our office copy was an exact copy of that particular part of that year. So scholars think that that particular dinar was copied by offer in England, between 774 and 790. Within 15 years, 15 to 16 years, this particular coin was copied by offer because that's an offer government right. Question is, why would offer copy an Islamic dinar and what was written on it?
There is one particular example of it in the British Museum.
How many of you been to the British Museum?
Put your hands up higher so that I can see clearly. Okay, I would say majority most of us haven't seen the British Museum.
Allah subhanaw taala told us in the Quran, Allah will lie Michigander rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem siru Phil art
fund Guru kafer karna aka Tomoko Devi. Yes, go in the land and see what happened to those who came before you. Those who deny the last $100
Okay, but amazingly London
is a place where you don't have to go all over the world to see that you can go to one place and see everything. You can go to one place in one building and you will see the the outcome of all the previous civilizations and people who denied a las panatela you will see an Egyptian gallery, you will see a Greek gallery, usually a Roman gallery, you will see all the galleries of these previous empires and dynasties and you will see and you will take lessons from them. So the purpose of history is to teach you lessons so that you can fix up.
This is why we're having this lecture today. So that we realize as Muslims that we have been part of this civilization from the very beginning, from from before there was anything called England. Before the English identity was even formed, we had a presence in some shape or form in Britain. And it starts with this particular coin I'm talking about so somehow offer and his moneymakers is die makers, they felt
they felt the need to imitate the dinar. Now there are many theories about that. Why would you do that? One of the reasons I have come to learn is that a bassitt gold was the best in the world. The abandoned currency.
It was the purest in metal, the silver and the gold of the acids. Because they were a superpower. ambassadors were the largest political power in the world at the time. This particular Empire had risen from the ashes of the Persian and the Byzantine Empire. The Armenians laid the foundations no doubt the Americans laid the foundation because before the oma years, it were the Sahaba Of course, qualify Rashid in the fall Caleb's in there times, a lot of these conquests took place. And then an order was established in these lands in Persia and in the Byzantine territories, Roman territory and then domains came to power mahavihara the law and government for 20 years and established peace
after some turmoil, which took place during the time of Hassan and Ali rhodiola, Noma and mafia came to power of the Lord and He established on peace throughout the Muslim world for 20 years he governed and then after him came other omega caliphs who continued the expansion, the military expansion of Islam. And to put it in simple terms, to put it very briefly why they did that was to actually establish order in these lands. A lot of people argue that it was for economic reasons. But I don't believe that because
the Arabs did not have the ability to do it for economic reasons, they did not have the ability to fight the Romans and the Persians. simultaneously. This was done for two reasons. Number one reason was for their own defense, because the Persians and the Romans are both threatening this new, this new emergence of a new idea, a new faith within the Arabian Peninsula, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had already been in correspondence with the Persian Emperor, and the Roman Emperor. And we know for certain that both of these empires are hostile to the Muslims. So the Muslims fought defensive battles against to these two major empires. So they had no choice but to confront these two major
empires, for their own existence for their own survival. But once these empires had been defeated, the Muslims had to go into the lands because they were being simply being invited by the people. It happened in Syria. The Orthodox Syrian Christians invited the Muslims to come and rescue them.
The Orthodox Christians of Egypt, the cops, the cops, the Coptic Christian church, inviting the Muslims so that they can come in and liberate the Egyptian Christians from the tyranny of the Romans. And, believe me, when I'm making these statements or making them responsibly, you want me to give the references and the histories and the page numbers, I have all of that, wait for my book inshallah. It will be soon I have already written it, but I'm
putting more evidence to it, it will be published very soon inshallah all the references will be there.
So the masses on the ground in these countries, they sided with the Muslims.
When the Muslims came into Syria, the Syrians First they fought them.
But when the Muslims are taken power, the Syrians came to realize hold on the majority were Christian By the way, as late as the two
the majority in Syria and Egypt what Christians, people think Christian, you know, Egypt and Syria has always been Muslim No, no. People converted voluntarily, voluntarily. They were not forced into Islam, people of these lands were not there what they voluntarily converted. And by the 12th century, or by the 13th century, the balance was tilted. The majority of the masses became Muslims, voluntarily. But until the 12th century, the majority are still Christian. In other words, for nearly four to five centuries, Muslims did not force these people into Islam.
Muslims allowed them to live in peace, go and live in your churches, your synagogues, and your places of worship, you may live you as you like, and the evidence is there.
So Muslims are being invited, even in Spain, the Jewish people, when Muslims landed in Spain, the Jewish people welcomed them as liberated.
Because the Jews in Spain were facing heavy persecution at the hands of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church in Spain was forcefully converting Jewish children, your children would be taken away, snatched away from Jewish parents, and they would be forced into Christianity, who says so forth Council of Toledo, that took place in 633 seats in the city of Toledo, a church council took place where the priests and the clergy decided that the Jewish people are to be deprived of the children. And these children are to be raised as Catholics. So when Muslims came in the Jews were the happiest people in the world. And that's why they join the ranks of the most. So this is why a
lot of the historians believe that the reason why these Islamic expansions or Islamic conquests were so success successful was not because of military strength, or military powers of Muslims. Rather, it was what the Muslims brought with them, Muslims brought freedom and tolerance and peace with them. That's what they brought with them and justice, more importantly, justice.
And this in itself is a huge topic. So coming back to our fine is coin. So why would offer copy that coin in the eighth century, now, European gold was not generally accepted in the international markets, the Mediterranean best, you know, the, the Mediterranean region was the main
business hub of the civilized world at the time, whoever controlled the Mediterranean Sea controlled the economy of the world. Like today, whoever controls the banks, controls the media, and controls the politics simple. It's very simple. whoever controls the money controls, everything to do with this world. It is very simple. You don't have to be a rocket science scientist to know that right? whoever controls money, and this is not new today. It has been the case from the beginning, whoever has the gold or the silver previously had the power. Today, whoever controls the money, the monetary system, the financial system, has the power symbol is that like it or lump it, this is how it is and
this is how it has been. So when the Muslims controlled the flow of gold and silver
in the Mediterranean region.
Their currency was the best. It was the dollar of the time. So this is why you know, the English and the French kings, they started to copy. They started to use their own gold, but the design would be dinner.
And this is your homework. When you go home. Google offers dinner, just two words offer. Oh, FFA dinner offers dinner, you will see the pictures of this dinner I'm talking about you'll be shocked when like when you see it You will be shocked. Okay, and do google images you will see the images of this dinner Okay. What does the dinar say is the question now it is an exact copy. In design as far as the design is concerned of the dinar of all Mansoor but it has errors, the Arabic spellings of the verse, which is on the dinar and the inscription that gives you the date. The Spelling's are incorrect. This is why scholars believe this is the reason why they believe that this particular
coin was actually made the dye not the coin. The gold was of course made. I mean it was fun it was in Britain, but the dye that struck the coin because previously they used to use dyes made of hard metal, they would put soft metal with
Between the dice and they would hammer it. And then the coins would be inscribed I wish I could have
could have brought an example to show you. I have plenty of them. Hopefully when we edit this video, we will put all these examples on the screen for you to look at. So the dye maker was actually an English man.
Because he did a very good job by the way in copying. It looks very similar, but the Spelling's are wrong. So when you read the verse, Mohammed Rasulullah sallallahu bello Dawa dealhack liyu hirahara de Nikolay walo karela silicone Allahu Akbar he was copying this verse. An English man in the eighth century in Britain in England, was copying this verse on a dime.
Okay, then on the other side of the coin, you read, Muhammad Rasul Allah.
It says, Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and in between Muhammad Rasul Allah, you have written in Latin offer Rex towards offer Rex, which literally means King offer.
So this is how we know this coin was minted by the money makers of King Arthur. But they had no idea what they were copying. They were staunch Christians. In fact, some scholars believe that offer minted these gold dinars
to pay tax to the pope in Rome. Because this particular dinner I'm talking about there's only one in the world, which can be found in the British Museum. There's only one example it was actually found in Italy.
And scholars argue that this was the tax offer paid to Pope and the pope is receiving tax in dinars, a basket dinars. And those dinar have Muhammad Rasul Allah.
Neither the pope nor an offer and not even offers moneymaker know that they were actually copying the very formula of Islam on the coins. So this was the first emergence of Islam the physical evidence of Islam in Britain. Okay, we're in an English King copied and a battered dinar okay with the Islamic Shahada on it Mohammed Rasul Allah. Okay, on the other side, you read La ilaha illallah wa la sharika lah, on this very coin,
the obverse has La ilaha illallah wa, la sharika la. On the other side, it says Muhammad Rasul Allah, you can clearly read it, you can even Google it now.
Give it to me.
This is the coin so that you can see it.
So for that, you can see it on the screen as well there.
You see, if you if you put it like this, it says Muhammad Rasul Allah. If you turn it upside down, you read the Latin of wrecks, so they didn't even know which side is up or which side is down because it was Arabic, so they had no idea.
The point I'm making here is that Islam had already made its impact economically on Britain, economically, the king of Britain felt
it necessary that we have to copy the ambassador dinar for our currency to be accepted in the international market, because our currency would be rejected. For example, you know how Somalia I'm going to give you a crude example, how you go and buy a bag of potatoes in Somalia? How much how do you take the money? Hmm.
Sorry. No, no, you take it in.
In a trolley
because inflation has caused the money. For example, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe, you have currency nodes, trillion dollars.
Okay, a trillion. Have you ever seen a trillion? Okay.
So this is how it worked. Their currency at the time was not acceptable. So they copied the dinar. So most people, when they would be looking at the dinar, they wouldn't look so close to see the differences they would see is gold, and it looks like an ambassador not accepted. Okay, this is this was the game.
So, at that time, obviously,
the British King
was under the influence of Islamic economic system, Islamic financial system. That's why he felt compelled to copy that particular design that particular currency for him to pay the tax or to
Pay for whoever for whatever reason, have actually copied it. This is a fact. This cannot be doubted this cannot be questioned.
It doesn't stop there. In the ninth century in the 10th century,
we start to see
a Basset dinars appearing mostly in East Anglia, where does he stand layup knowledge?
Okay, North Eastern England, right? Very close to Scandinavian territory, you know, you know, Amsterdam, Holland is just across the channel, you know that right? From East Anglia? Right? So, in the East Andean region,
recently, they have found many holes, you know, what a hold is a hold is a collection of coins put together in one place, possibly in a pot, or in a container left? You know, they had no cases at that time they had no What do you call it lock lockers at that time to place the so what how people would hide things, gold and silver, they would find a spot, okay, they would dig the earth, they would place the pot in there. And then they would, you know, put it there without anyone knowing about it. That was the way they hid their money, right. And sometimes people died in wars or they died in disease or famine or whatever. They were not able to retrieve that money. And now that money
is found by metal detectors, archaeologists and historians digging for all these things. So in East Anglia region, they have found
many, many, many hoards of a basket coins, silver, a basket coins, and now historians are thinking where are these coins coming from? From the eighth century, from the ninth century and from the 10th century
and not only Scandinavia, so not only East Anglia, also in Scandinavia, such hordes have been found in Norway. They have been found in Sweden, they have they have been found in Denmark. Even there, the Basset Dirham is found in the earth. Now, I asked you this question, who is doing it and why they're doing it?
Give me a theory.
Let me see if your history is good.
What is the connection of Scandinavia and Britain in the ninth and the 10th century?
What was common about two places?
The Vikings. Vikings came from Scandinavia. They came from Sweden and Norway and these places, right? Okay. So Vikings were Raiders. They went in the small ships, they boats they had everywhere. They traded with a lot of people around the world. Okay. And one of the
travelers, even for lon. I don't know if you watch this movie called the 13th. Warrior. Have you watched it? It is mostly based upon legend, by the way, but yes. And Antonia 20. Mendez. Yes, it is a story of a Muslim traveler who traveled with the Vikings and the 10th century. And he describes their culture, their religion, how they lived. Okay, the movie is mostly, you know, sensationalized to make it a movie basically yet, but if you read him and for the larger narrative, it is very, very interesting. It is true, even for lon was a traveler who traveled with the Vikings. At that time the Vikings were coming to the Middle East, okay, from different channels traveling through rivers and
seas, and they were trading with Muslims, they would bring far from Europe, the European and European slaves are in, in, in what do you call it in demand in these lands, and in return, they would be given these hoards of silver their homes. So Vikings would bring these silver hordes with them, having sold whatever commodities they had to offer, they would come back to their countries and they would bury them in the earth. And this is why To this day, historians and archaeologists are unearthing these treasures. East Anglia is full of Viking hordes.
It's full of Viking hordes,
with their hands, a basket Islamic their hands with the names of the kailis. So this is another homework you have to do. You can
the hordes of Islamic coins in Britain. Okay, this is how simple it is. hordes of Islamic coin hoard is spelled h o a rd, hordes of Islamic coins in Britain and you will see a map you will see dots on the map where hordes have been found with how many coins so this is clearly an indication of the might of the Muslim
financial system at the time that bassins had completely dominated the world financially, economically, to an extent that their currency was found in the remotest of areas in the world.
And you will find people dealing in dollars.
Right? That's true, if you go to the remotest areas in the world, the one currency that will be accepted is what currency, dollars, right? Even pound will fail in some places, right? But dollar will be accepted dollar is the currency of the world today. Right. And which is what America is using to its advantage, America has economically dominated the world. And the advantage is that your currency will be accepted everywhere. Likewise via bassetts.
Will that power in these three centuries eight, ninth, the 10th century, the ambassador dominated the world economically, to an extent that their currency was being imitated it was being copied, it was being hoarded, it was being cherished, because that was the best currency. So this is how Britain, you know, had physical evidence of economic activity as far as Islam and Muslims were concerned. Also, there is a book I would like you to look at. It is titled, Anglo Saxon perceptions of the Islamic world, Anglo Saxon perceptions of the Islamic world. In this book, this caller discusses how Anglo Saxons, the early English people, they interacted with the Muslims, some of them
traveled to the Middle East as pilgrims, they went to, they went to the city of Jerusalem, to visit the holy shrine, where it was taught that Jesus was crucified. And the Holy Sepulchre is called a lot of Anglo Saxon travelers, they went to the lands, and they actually praised the Muslims. They praised the Muslims. They said, the peace and justice we find in these lands is absolutely amazing. So these Anglo Saxon travelers who had come from Britain, all the way to the Middle East, to visit the holy places, they actually saw who was governing at the time in these these lands, the ambassadors, the ambassadors, and when they came to these places, they said, there is peace here,
there is justice here, no one will harm you. There is no crime here. In fact, one of the French travelers, his name was Bernard the wise, who traveled to Jerusalem in the ninth century, he wrote that there is so much peace in the city of Jerusalem, that if you were to leave your belongings, no one one place, you come back, after some time, it will be untouched, your belongings will be untouched, no one will touch your belongings in the city of Jerusalem during the ambassade period. In the ninth century 850. We're talking about 850s 60s 860s. Bernard, the wise, his name was today, imagine if you were to leave a bag
in in London or New York or Paris, Okay, forget about the bag, they'll pick the person with the bag. If someone knows there is $100,000 or 100,000 pounds in your bag. If If you announce it,
right, if people get to know for example, you know, recently in London,
one of the Omani students, he was from Oman from a rich family, right? Where was he killed? Do you know where he was killed?
Knightsbridge is one of the most secure areas in the country. Are you listening my brothers?
I am only trying to give you a contrast. In the Middle Ages.
The world was barbaric.
There was no peace and justice.
And Islamic lands had such level of security and peace, that a French traveler, who has no reason to praise the Muslims, is saying that if I left my luggage in one place, and I came back,
it would be untouched. And don't get me wrong today in the Muslim world. Of course, same thing, you know,
the whole world is messed up. The whole world is messed up. You cannot leave your luggage in the Muslim world today, even in the Muslim world. So it's not about only Britain or America or France. I'm talking about the whole world is messed up. We have lost the plot ethically and morally right. So if you were to leave your belongings somewhere in Cairo, or somewhere in Morocco, or somewhere in Karachi or something, you know, it, forget about the luggage, you will disappear if someone finds out you have something valuable. Even Saudi Arabia, which was very secure until very recently, but Saudi Arabia is still Alhamdulillah you know, comparatively is better than other countries. Yeah.
Yeah. Because the penalty is very harsh. The penalty is very harsh for theft in Saudi Arabia, as you know. So
Bernard Why just saying that in the seventh century, we had this.
But today in London in a 21st century, and we think we are modern, we are civilized, we have better our societies are better. No, if that's the case, then those Islamic societies, you know, people read about it in 1001 nights, those stories about dad, and Aladdin, and all that. Yeah, those times, they seem to be better, right? What we read about those times, because sense of security was so tough, the government the law was so hard. No one good day touch your belongings, even though they had no more than devices to catch the thieves, no CCTV, no forensics.
None of these things, but people were in such fear of law, that they would not dare touch your belongings today.
With all the CCTVs with all the forensics with all the DNA is and all that we cannot control crime.
So there is an issue here. The issue is not with how tough the law is. The issue is with moral training of people.
How are we nurturing our people? How are we educating them? What are we teaching them in schools? What is the society teaching them? When you give your children GTA to play with Grand Theft Auto, a game that glorifies robberies, killings, promiscuity? Okay, when you're giving your children games to play the way you're killing each other.
Right, when you give them movies, like Godfather, the American Gangster
right? or heat, for example. Okay, where you are glorifying gangsters. Yeah, you make a love story out of a gangster. And when he dies, you play this very touching music in the background, making people sorry for the gangster but he is a scumbag who has sold drugs to people who has killed so many people and you're glorifying him in a movie.
So that radicalizes people that radicalizes people to such an extent, radicalization doesn't only go one way. It doesn't cause people to commit acts of violence and terrorism. It can go the other way as well. Right?
When you talk about radicalization, people are being radicalized by certain religious groups.
It is very important to talk about it. It is very important to prevent it no doubt because people commit acts of violence. And it is abhorrent to allow people to go and preach violence and hatred in societies so that they can commit acts of violence. Likewise, if we are glorifying gangsters, criminals,
in movies, in games, in documentaries, there is a movie on El Chapo.
There is a movie on Pablo Escobar Come on what's wrong with you? It's like making a movie about body.
Make, you know there is no difference if you make a movie about Baghdadi and glorify him and make him look like a you know, very, make a love story out of him on Bergdahl, he was love his love with with a girl and then he falls in love. And then he goes and he makes love with her. And then there's a party and then he's sniffing cocaine, and he's the dadada. And then he commits acts of violence and then you justify those acts of violence. You show the human side of it, you show his reasons why he's like committing acts of you are actually glorifying and sensationalizing a terrorist, right? Yes. Why doesn't that work with against us? Why doesn't that work? I mean, sorry, I'm going on a
tangent here. You know, this is me, my social
scientists coming out
in this case, so we have to look at societies consistently you cannot allow one
type of radicalization to exist and banned the other you should ban all forms of radicalization in the sense that when something is harming society, whether it's religious radicalization, or cultural Radek, radicalization, or criminal radicalization, or criminal influences, you must stop all of them all forms of hate all forms of
ideas that promote violence, okay, against innocent people has to be stopped. It has to be stopped.
So coming back to the issue of crime. You see a lot of Anglo Saxon travelers, they traveled to the Muslim lands and they praised the security there. Now, this was a brief summary of economic influences of the Muslim financial system on Israel.
In particular in Britain, right, I will now talk about some social and cultural influences, even educational influences. So, remember I talked about Muslims in Spain,
Muslims had created a magnificent civilization in London rose in Spain, after the land of Spain was taken, Muslims did not destroy, exploit burn kill, like colonial powers did later on Okay, they did not drain the masses dry okay for example, there is a book you must read by William Dalrymple. He talks about the East India Company this book is titled The Anunnaki okay. The unagi is a story of the East India Company in India, when it came to power immediately after it took power. It caused the famine, whereby millions of people died in Bengal, millions of people died in Bengal, due to a famine caused by the East India Company in 1770s. colonialism, no such thing happened in the Muslim
lands. Muslims never ever deliberately harmed the masses that governed In fact, they created civilizations in Spain, the Muslims established institutions, Muslim established library libraries, Muslims established
labs where people would come and study subjects like you know, astronomy, physics, even the science of medicine, right? And these Muslims are not only
you know, studying these human sciences, rather, they were also studying theology. So some of these Muslim scholars who would be teaching in the mosque of Karnataka, for example, Karnataka is Cordova today, okay? They would be teaching in the mosque, they would be classrooms, open classrooms, okay. So there would be a circle in one corner of astronomy, where a Muslim scholar with a turban with a beard a theologian, who is a who is a mechanic, who is muhaddith, who is a hockey, and also a scientist, teaching in a corner, and in his class, in a circle who is sitting, who is sitting Muslims, Jews and Christians, the Jews, the Christians don't pray, because they're not Muslims, but
they are sitting in the masjid learning from the Muslim Muslims. And when it's time for Salah, all the Muslims, Allahu Akbar, is called The Economist called the stand for Salah. This was the situation in Spain, there were 17 public libraries for public use in Cordoba. This happened for the first time in human history. There were libraries before, there were libraries in Greece, there were libraries in Roman cities, there was a library in Alexandria, where before Islam before even the Prophet was born, but these libraries were, they were for the elite, only the most powerful, only the most influential, would be able to access these libraries.
But in the case of
in the case of Cordova, this was a public library
70 public libraries where people would walk in, and they would pick up the books. So what does this have to do with Britain? You may be thinking, now Now comes the point. After establishing all these libraries, institutions, where the Muslim scientists, the Arab scientists, the reason why I say the Arab scientist is because even the Jews and the Christians spoke Arabic in Spain. Okay, so Muslims Lead the Way, they lead the path. And they enable the Jews and the Christians to learn from the Muslims, all the sciences, right? So the Muslims are the masters of philosophy. They were the Masters of Science, generally speaking, whether it's the science of medicine, whether it's in
science, science of astronomy, whether it's the science of hydraulics, whatever it may be physics, okay.
And they were also writing works on poetry. They were theologians at the same time, right? So, the Jewish people, and the Christian would learn. Some of these people who came to learn in Spain were Englishman, specifically English men. Okay, they had learned the Arabic language, because without Arabic, you could not study those works. Today, the status the English language has in the world today, the English language is the lingua franca of the world. It is the most common language spoken in the world, right? At least with educated people. Likewise, the Arabic language for five centuries, maybe you don't know this, and you need to know this. The Arabic language was the lingua
franca of the civilized world for five centuries, from the eighth to the 13th century. If you didn't know the Arabic language, you were not considered educated.
So Germans, French and English scholars
We're not only learning Latin, they were learning the Arabic language. There came a time in Spain in the ninth century in 850s, that a Christian man called Paul Alberto's complained that the Christian youngsters are reading the Arabic books more than they own Latin commentaries on the Bible. And that is causing an effect that is causing them to become more close to Islam. Okay, they can say better poetry than the Arabs can because of the Arabic language. Okay, he was complaining about it,
that our youngsters have left the commentaries on the Bible. They are now reading in Arabic books.
Okay, so this impact impacted England as well. So they were people like Eddie Lord of bath, there's a city called bath near Bristol. You know, there was a man called a delight. In the 12th century, he traveled to Spain, Sicily in the Middle East. So he travelled for many years, in the early
decades of the 12th century 1115 1116 1120s he was traveling, okay, this time, the King of England was Henry the first addolorata bath had learned the Arabic language. And he came back
to England having traveled having learned astronomy, having learned, you know,
you know this instrument called astrolabe in the Arabic language it was called a strobe
astrolabe. It was called astrolabe. Okay, astrolabe was an instrument that was used to study distances, it was used to navigate, it was used for calculations, it was it looked like a plate, it looked like a clock, okay.
And if you look at it, it has numbers and
pointers on it. And it was a very, very genius device, which was used by the Muslims Muslims pioneered it, and the Europeans are fascinated by it. So Adam out of Bath brought that particular device device back to England. Okay. So he was a close associate of the king and King Henry the first. In fact, Adelaide had learned the the art of record keeping, for example, you know, financial record keeping the Exchequer, the British exchequer, right, is actually originally the Diwan system, which analog learned in Sicily, right? So a lot, wrote in his works in the Latin language, about the Arabs, how much he praised the Arabs, and how he loved the the knowledge he had acquired from the
Muslim world is fascinating. One book in particular, I, again, strongly advise for you is a must read. And it is the matter of Arabic In medieval England, the matter of Arabic In medieval England. And the author is Dorothy Magnitsky is a Jewish lady who has written this book, and she talks about the influence of Arabic sciences. In England in particular, she's not talking about Germany, France and the rest of Europe. She's talking about England, only how the Muslim sciences or the Arabic sciences influenced directly what was happening in England on the higher educational level.
So these people actually very much fascinated by Arabic sciences. There was another man called Daniel of Morley, who had also traveled to Spain. First he went to France, and he found it disappointing that these monks, the clergy, the Catholic clergy, who are teaching in the universities were
as ignorant as they, you know, pretended to be learned, basically. Right. So what he
did was he made his way to Spain, and he went to study with a man called Gerard of Cremona. Gerard of Cremona, was given the task to translate all the Arabic works that were found in the library of Toledo, into Latin. So Girard alone, translated over 80 works from Arabic to Latin, okay, for the benefit of the Europeans, because the Europeans, were still reading in Latin language, because the commentaries the Bible, all the religious works were in Latin. So in order for these works to get to them, because they were not going to learn the Arabic language, due to the religious reasons or their bias or prejudice, so these books are translated into Latin from Arabic so that they can read
So Daniel Morley was an English man was a disciple of Gerard of Cremona. And he had taken a lot of knowledge and he came back to England.
And then he wrote a book titled filosofia.
And in this book in the previous he writes, how he is proud of the knowledge he has taken from the atoms. Okay? An English man in the 12th century writing this is again, you can find these references in that book I mentioned the matter of araby in medieval England, right. So, there was another man called Robert Scott, by the way, Daniel immorally. got together with the Bishop of knowledge, Bishop, john,
what time is a shusher? Okay, I have time. Okay. Okay, so I'll try to speed up so that we can get as much content as possible in short time. I don't know how long I've been speaking for almost 30 years upon a lot, one hour, a lot of work. I didn't even realize okay, so we have to speed up inshallah. So Gerard of Cremona had transit, Daniel Amala, came back to England, he got together with a man called Bishop john, who was the Bishop of knowledge in 1170s. Right. And they made schools of philosophy in Oxford. Are you listening? schools of philosophy in Oxford?
Daniel took knowledge from the Arabs in Spain.
Arabs and students of Arabs, people like get out of Cremona came back to England got together with with Bishop of knowledge, Bishop john, and made a school of philosophy in Oxford. And these schools later on grew in numbers and what did they become?
The Oxford University lo and behold,
the first science ever taught in the University of Oxford was the science of astronomy.
The science of astronomy, which came directly from the Muslim lands,
and some of the earliest manuscripts in the Oxford University in the Bodleian Library are from that period. Some of them are Arabic manuscripts brought by the scholars. There was another man called Robert of Catan. Robert of Catan was the first man who translated the Quran into Latin.
Okay, and he was told to do so by a French
clergy I forgot his name, Peter the venerable if he's not Peter, the venerable is cluding some someone from Clooney
I forgot the name of the of the of the clergy who actually commanded Robert Scott to translate the Quran into Latin. Okay, this was the first time when the Quran was translated into a European language, okay. And the Quran was entirely translated into Latin. And this very Quran was being published as late as the 16th century. In places like Venice, where the Quran was being printed, when printed start when printing started, they started to print this very Quran for the European benefit so that they can study the sciences, or the religion of the Muslims who gave all this science to the Europeans. So there are many books in this regard. In fact, some scholars actually
argue that the European Renaissance, what happened in Europe in the 15th, and the 16th century, the European Renaissance, the revolution of science that took place in Europe. And that revolution caused the rise of colonialism because a lot of power was acquired in these times. The European Renaissance was directly inspired by the Arabs or the Arabic works. And the book you can read in this regard is
the Arabic origins of the European Renaissance. It is authored by a man called George Saliba, George Saliba, who is an Arab Christian who has written this book, The Arabic origins of the European Renaissance. So very important book it was published by Columbia University Press. So these books I am mentioning are not by the way of propaganda, Muslim propaganda books published by Medallia's or the
University of Jamia Al Mahdi. These books are not published by Alaska. These books are actually published by Western institutions where they are actually acknowledging the debt owed to the Muslim civilization for what we have in Britain today. Right? It doesn't stop there. There are many Englishman who traveled to the Muslim lands in Spain in Sicily, and then later on even as far as the Middle East Syria, Damascus, even Egypt to learn knowledge from the Arabs and the Muslims and they came back and established institution, so all major institutions in Europe for
three to four centuries, possibly more. for longer than that we're teaching Arabic works
either directly from Arabic, or Latin translations of Arabic works. All major institutions in Europe.
Schools of Oxford schools of Cambridge schools of Naples
schools of Germany all the schools and universities institutions in Germany were teaching directly from the Arabic works not only in England
so it doesn't stop them other influences I mean, this is where education stops and the even the numerals the current numerals we use on the clock there are actually Arabic numerals. Previously the Europeans used to use Roman numerals and row Roman numerals are painfully long. In order for you to write 888 you would have to write this long Okay, this long, but in Arabic numerals, it would take three digits. So the Europeans adopted these Arabic numerals. So these numerals are actually
what we call in the Arabic language Hindi, right? These are the Arabic numerals and they were adopted at that time. Even the Arabic language influenced the the formation formation of English language. There are words in the English language that come directly from the Arabic language words like what camel was jumbo
mirror is mirror atone.
Okay, sugar is Sucre. tat is fit
Alcohol, yes. alchimia is alchemy as alchemy or chemistry. Okay. And other I mean, apart from I'm talking about words used daily in our daily lives, we don't realize I mean, these are some of the words you use the words word is using a scientific words, they only known to scholars, I am talking about the language we speak at home. On the street. People don't realize that these words come directly from the Arabic language. Earth, the planet Earth.
The word is the Arabic word or it's in the Quran. Yes.
algorithm, of course, alcoholics from alcoholism, right. So all of these words a lot. I mean, if you start to look at the etymology of these words, some of these words in the English language Seriously, this is why the reason why I'm delivering this lecture today, my brothers and sisters, online and offline, I want you to understand is that you can take this knowledge to those people who feel bitter, bitter, and disgruntled about Muslims in this country. There's a lot of racism and xenophobia and Islamophobia in this country, unfortunately, because of the irresponsible statements of politicians.
Some of them
who hold the highest position in the land, journalists, even to in some cases, you know,
agenda driven academics, right? So all of them are at it. Islamophobia is a multi million dollar industry, it pays well, you want to make quick money. You want to get rich and famous. Right?
Start to claim your an ex Muslim, and start making speeches against Islam. Simple as that, it is very quick to get famous. It's very quick. I'm not telling you to out the villa. But this is how it's happening today. Unfortunately, you want to get famous quick. You want to make some quick money, right?
You want to be on the media,
on BBC and CNN and Fox News and NBC. Yep.
Start to hate on Islam start to write books on Islam without research. Could all the lies in there start to write books on how barbaric Islamic or backward Islam is? How misogynistic Islam is. The list goes on. And you think this is happening because we are ignorant.
Because we don't understand the history of our civilization. We don't know how to convey if we talk to the people who feel xenophobic about us in this land. By the way, if it was another country,
we would have been wiped out by now. The Muslims. Let me tell you something about Britain, Britain, is one of the best countries in the world. Some of the people in Britain are some of the, you know, most loving and compassionate people here. They don't easily get conditioned by propaganda, some do, no doubt. And those Some are in hundreds of 1000s unfortunately, right, but the majority, they don't fall for false propaganda, right.
How do we know this? How do we know this? For the last 20 years, the media
and the politicians have been added.
They have been spreading Islamophobia directly and indirectly. Do you agree? Am I making Am I exaggerating? This is
This is a this is an open open news. Now this is academics have written books on it.
There are research journals out there saying this, that politicians, journalists, and the media is deliberately pumping Islamophobia for whatever reasons.
For the last 20 years since 2011 911, since 911,
and we are still
living here, we are still
in relative peace and harmony. This shows us that these people are very kind, and generous people, they haven't, they haven't given into this propaganda they're facing on daily basis. And now it is our job to reach out to them. It is our job to reach out to these people out there. Okay. We are not here to sit in our homes and eat curry and pakoras and biryanis. And sleep. This is not why we should be here. We should here we should be here to reach out to the British people and, and have that same influence our predecessors had in these lands in education
and morals and ethics, even politics, right, we should be seen on the front line. When it comes to doing well. We should leave a good legacy behind
when we die. People should remember that these Muslims are the most civilized people here they were the most ethically morally upright people here, right. And we can do that by getting involved socially.
We can have institutions we can have, open your mosques, invite the neighbors, invite the neighbors tell them come and have food with a sick with us talk to us. These mustards are not only for Salah
therefore thou open them for Dawa. invite people and let people hear the word of Islam. So very quickly, moving on inshallah. So, in the Middle Ages, the influences were there, educationally, a lot of education was inspired by Muslims. Okay. A lot of words from the Arabic language are translated in to the Latin language. One book in particular I highly recommend is an insight Encyclopedia of information. You must read it, it is titled hidden debt to Islamic civilization, hidden debt to his Islamic civilization. Okay, it isn't it's like inside of it will blow your minds away. Voila. When you read this book, you will be shocked to see the evidence as to how much
influence Islam and Muslims had for so many centuries. on Western minds. It is unbelievable. unimaginable amount of evidence in this book, okay. Hidden debt to Islamic civilization moving moving on very quickly. So even militarily, Islam had influence on Britain. So when some of the kings
went for crusades, they were English kings. They went for crusades to the Middle East. One of them was Richard the Lionheart Richard Co. De Leon. Okay, the one who fought Sultan Salahuddin a UB right. This is also an influence. You may be thinking how is that an influence? Watch. So Dan Salahuddin, by his character, by his moral uprightness by his Islamic
a long way
So I will continue my brothers.
So, with regards to
ethical and moral influence of Islam and Muslims in Britain
when Richard went on a crusade
who was the king of England at the time
he was there to destroy and kill. He was there to take back the city of Jerusalem from the Muslims. Sultan Salahuddin had taken the city of Jerusalem from the Crusaders in 1187 ce II in the month of July, after a very long, hard campaign,
trying to unite the Muslims under one umbrella so that they can take back the city of Jerusalem. Now, when that happened, the pope
encouraged another crusade to reclaim or re take the city of Jerusalem.
So tangela up was a small town then cut the long story short, Richard having travelled for nearly a year arrived in acre. And as soon as he took the city, there was a battle between the Sultan and him. And there was Richard had 3000 Muslims as his prisoners, and all 3000 of them were slaughtered in one day
because of tantalum beam could not arrange for the ransom in time. Right. So this went down on Richards profile, it will remain on his profile until the day of judgment, photons aladino, you'll be never forgiven for that. But despite all that, there are
there are reports so Don Saladino, you'll be found out that Richard was ill.
He was feeling sick. At one point so pan offered his own personal physician to Richard, you know, the fact that Phil Don was fighting a battle for the survival of Muslims in the Middle East. That did not take him away from Moore's law, the concept of Moore's Law, you know, what we call courtesy in the English language, the loose translation of the term, the term Marula is courtesy. Your photon Saladino, UV was so courteous with such a barbaric enemy. Like Richard Richard was a very first character. Right? And he had shown how barbaric he was by killing 3000 Muslims an acre, right? Despite that the Sultan was so kind to him. And he even offered him you know, fresh fruits if he
needed actually he did send him fresh, fresh fruits from his territory, and also offered him his physician, physician, personal physician, and they were they were these exchanges between which not only that photons, alladhina, UV had to lie lay after Richard had failed to take the city. He was six miles away, six miles away from the city of Jerusalem. When the Sultan was actually inside the city, and the generals are Sultan, they came to him and they said, leave the city. Okay. And, you know, if the city is taken again, we can go and we can try to take it back. So Tom said I will never leave the people of the city. Never. After seeing what happened in Aker, I will not leave the city
of Jerusalem alone. So the teacher of Sultan Salahuddin up, he
advised him in fact, the Sultan asked him what shall I do in this situation? Richard was six miles away. And where did Richard come from? He came from England, England and France. That's where his army came from, because he governed both territories parts of both part part of England and part of France was governed by Richard he had come this far 1000s of miles away, traveling for years and six miles away from the city. So Tom, and the population is worried that Richard if he takes the city he will do exactly what happened in 1099 when the Crusaders took the city for the first time, they massacred the entire population.
Right so so town approached his teacher, Chef Bao Dini been shut down
body, dot advised him that who gives victory?
Who He asked him who gives victory he said Allah, is it okay, go and ask Allah subhanaw taala ask Allah Subhana Allah for his fight,
and bow the the matcha dad who wrote a biography of futons alladhina Ub, you must read it. The biography of photons alladhina uv, okay, is written by Baudrillard which he writes in his biography, the Sultan went to the masjid Al Aqsa, and he stood on the
masala and he cried to such an extent that the place of such that was wet with his tears. He was, it is beyond me now, the Crusader King. He's a vicious character, he has come with a barbaric army, and we don't know what they're going to do. It is in your hands. For some reason. Richard turned around six miles away from the city of Jerusalem and he goes back does not even attack the city doesn't even attack the city. Now, historians give a number of reasons why he did that.
Whatever those reasons are,
we know that there are photons ladina up was accepted by law abala imagine Can you imagine? Can you imagine someone came six miles away from you? And turn turns around and goes back to France and dies in France. Daniela saved the Muslims from his fitrah.
But after the city of Jerusalem was taken, what did photons alladhina up do to the people?
They do what happened in 1099.
The Crusaders killed even animals, let alone humans. The Jews were killed. The Muslims are killed and the Armenian Christians were killed in the city of Jerusalem. Everyone was massacred.
Sometimes Latina up when he took the city, some of his hawkish generals
they were of the opinion that we should do what happened to the Muslims said never they are not our teachers. The Crusaders are not our teachers, we have our own principles, we will stand by our principles. This is what we are proud of. This is what Islamic civilization stands for. This is what we cherish. This is why we turn around and say to the haters and islamophobes No matter how much you try to link Islam with barbarity and backwardness and,
and other you know unpleasant things we will never believe you because we have a history to look up to. We have characters like Phil town Salahuddin, we have our Prophet sallallahu sallam, we have his companions, we have the terrain, we have our automa our, our hue, we have our teachers to look up to, they have taught us to be civilized, they have taught us to be merciful, be compassionate. Even when you are in power. Your true reality comes to light when you are in power. So sometimes on how do you be paid from his own pocket send people back on his expense to places like France and Britain. So when people came back to Britain,
you know, so Tom Saladino, you be with in his life, he became a legend. He become a legend, Christians in Britain in England, they were saying good things, it was impossible at that time to praise a Muslim in Europe.
If you did, that the catholic church would be on you. How can you praise the infidel? The Infidel we're fighting against is the enemy of the Christians. This is how things were black and white. And amazingly, if you want to read books on this topic, how the Europeans viewed the Muslims during the Middle Ages. A very important book I recommend is
Islam and the West, making of an image Islam and the West making of an image
authored by Daniel Norman, Daniel Norman, a must read for anyone interested in how Islam was viewed, and how Islam was, you know, tarnished and maligned and, you know, completely, you know, lied against throughout the Middle Ages and nothing has changed. Again, the media is doing the same thing today. Today, it is not the Catholic Church. It is not the the clergy, the monks, writing Chronicles, it is the secular monks or other monks who have come in different guys to spread lies and hate against Islam and Muslims. But Alhamdulillah we have a history we have our characters, we have our examples to this day, to follow of mercy, compassion and justice. So sometimes alladhina Ub
had a lot of influence in Britain at that time because of his good gesture of letting people go in one day. So Tanja Lavina you be, you know, freed 1000s of people from slavery, people who are captured after Jerusalem was taken. Right. So tonsil, how do you be was remembered in good words, by the European throughout the Middle Ages? It doesn't stop there. Even after that.
Muslim architecture came to Britain due to the crusades, King Edward the first.
Okay, who governed in
the latter part of the 13th century 1217 1280s ad with the first governing ad with the launch hack. Have you seen this movie Braveheart?
Mel Gibson. Some of you may be too young because it came out came out in 1994
depict this very cruel English king called advert the launch jack, okay, who was trying to occupy Scotland, at the same time he had occupied wheels. If you go to Wales, North Wales, there are Welsh castles made by Edward the first, that architecture, that design is directly borrowed from the castles of the Middle East.
The castles made by Muslims in Palestine in Egypt, right? A lot of the designs in these castles today standing in worlds, the design and some of the technology was directly borrowed from the masters or even in architecture. Some of the best stone castles in Britain, were made upon the model adopted from the Middle East, which people like Edward the first and his experts had brought with them. It doesn't stop there go further. Okay, the influence of Islam continued. Even during the Renaissance period, I have to end very soon because I'm going on for very long, so I want to quickly move on, because I simply, as I said, don't have time to go through all these details. There are
many interesting facts I have mentioned, you have to go and research further into this topic. There are some books I strongly recommend actually one of the authors is Nabila matar, Nabeel matar
Nabeel NaVi l matar na ta are his books on this topic of very interesting. He has actually written a book titled Islam in Britain, of Britain and Islam, something like that very, very interesting book.
You can find many interesting ideas in that book as well. Are those books he has written a few books on this topic.
So coming to the Tudor period come further. I mean, the reason why I'm telling you all these things is that Islam has always been there always in some shape or form. The influence of Islam is at the root of the British civilization. Islam was there in the making of the British civilization culturally, socially, militarily, educationally, morally, ethically, okay? Historically, you name it, you name it, technologically, Islam was there. For example, if you go to salt rica Teatro, which is the cathedral from the 12th century, it is a it is a magnificent building in salt debris in the city of Salisbury. If you go and look at the beams in the loft, right, beams have Arabic numerals
written on them.
these beams are the building was built by someone who had taken knowledge from the Arabs, or someone who was taught by the Arabs, whether it's architecture, whether it's, you know, mathematics to do with, you know, architecture, all that civil engineering, whatever it may be, there are so there are so many signs of Islam, direct and indirect in Britain, all over the place throughout.
Throughout all this period, we have just discussed from the very advent of Islam, Islam made an impact on the British Isles, and positive impact. Positive people usually talk about colonialism, Islam, Islam, you know, Muslim interaction with the Britain during the colonial period in India, for example, or what happened in the Middle East, the creation of Israel crusades, people talk about these things. These are very well known things right. But people don't talk about is how positively Islam was there from the beginning, making what the British civilization is today. A lot of people focus on the conflict side of it. They focus on the wars during the Middle Ages, the crusades, which
are actually waged by the European powers. crusades are not the doing of Muslims, by the way, in any shape or form. Unfortunately, even the recent wars in the Middle East,
are not the doing of Muslims. They're not doing all Muslims.
So it is very clear that Islam and Muslims are there from the very start. During the Tudor period, even Henry the Eighth, amazingly,
the big fat King, the cruel King, he's known as the cruel King, right, who killed his wife, you must have studied him in school, right? Six Wives of Henry the Eighth, right. And most of them were killed right?
When he broke away from the Catholic Church, he sanctioned his own Bible, the English translation, the great Bible, of Henry the Eighth. And one of the ways kings did propaganda at the time was to put themselves on the title page of the Bible, because, you know, people were religious, and people who taught religion but clergy and clergy would teach it from the Bible. And when you would look at the Bible, the first thing you look at is the title page. On the title page, you have the king sitting in the middle as the head of the church. So King Henry the Eighth great Bible, the English
Translation. Amazingly, ironically, he actually killed people for translating the Bible into English. When he was not excommunicated by the church, the only reason he was excommunicated by the church is because the church was not
rubber stamping his divorces. The church was not allowing him to divorce. So he had to kill his wife. In order to get married again, he had to kill his wife, okay, and he became so sick of killing, that he said, stuff this church, I don't want this church anymore. I will make my own church. So he made the Anglican Church, the English church, right. So he became the head of the church. He became the head of the state as well as the head of the church. And
amazingly, there was a scholar called William tiller, Tyndale. William Tyndale
had translated the Bible into the English language. Okay.
was at William Tyndale, there were two translations of the Bible. One was in the 15th century, William Tyndale. And there was another one before that.
How can I forget the name?
Two translations? One of them, but I'm pretty sure it was William Tyndale, consent, anyone Google William Tyndale, and tell me what his date of death was. I think he's 1535 when he was burned alive. 1535. Right. Sorry.
1536. It was William Tyndale. Good. Did you just check. Good. Okay. So it was William Tyndale. William Tyndale was an English man who had translated the New Testament into the English language. King Henry the Eighth started to hunt him. Okay, Catholic church started to hunt him. And they found him and they burnt him at stake with his Bibles. But later on, few years later, because King Henry broke away from the Catholic Church, he made his own English Bible. He said, Okay, this is the best way to taunt the church.
This is the best way to turn the church. Now we have our own Bible now. Go on, you can do what you want. Okay, I am the king in England. It is my country, it is my religion, I will make my own Bible. So the English Bible, and a lot of the New Testament was actually borrowed from tin Dale's translation, who was actually burnt alive for doing exactly what King Henry the Eighth did later on, amazingly.
So on the title page, you see the king sitting, and then under the king, you see his subjects among the subjects. On the right hand side corner, you see a man with a turban
you see a man with a turban, this is these are some subtle points, you will see how Islam and Muslims have always been there, right.
And they've been part of the British society, in some cases, in a very minor way, but they were there. So what is this man with turban doing? Among the subjects of King Henry the Eighth.
It is clearly a Muslim man, because that's the Muslim dress code. And it is very, very well known to historians, that Muslims from Morocco, and from the Ottoman lands, were doing trade, and they were here for diplomatic reasons, and they will walk in the market of London even during the Tudor period. In fact, Elizabeth the first King Henry, the eighth daughter, she had communicated with the Ottomans directly because she was facing threats from the Catholic Church. In fact, Spain, the biggest power, representing the Catholics attacked Britain in 1588. It was the Spanish Armada, which the which the British defeated successfully, Elizabeth the first had direct interactions with the
Moroccans. Okay, there was a Moroccan Ambassador named Abdul Wahid in London.
And there are paintings of him you can go to the National Portrait Gallery, you will see a painting of him. Okay. Nabeel matar has written a book on this very issue. Right. And on the title page, you see of the white standing with the sword turban with the Moroccan clothes, you know, there was an ambassador. Actually, it doesn't stop there. One thing I forgot to mention very quickly, I want to mention something very interesting, which English historians noted.
King john was the younger brother of Richard the Lionheart, Richard was killed in France.
During a siege, a minor Siege of a castle and arrow hitter many died. JOHN became the king of England. john was problematic. He was despotic, he was tyrannical, so his parents cut the long story short and rebelled against him the church the church started to back the barons against King john. JOHN became so disgruntled by the church that according to some English historians, writing at the time, he sent he sent an envoy, an emissary to the king of Morocco.
At that time, this is we're talking about early 13th century 1212 1216 1215, when Magna Carta was written, right? So, this
delegate, or this ambassador of King john went to the kingdom, Morocco. And he said to him, if you send an army to defend john against these barons and the church, john will become Muslim. Are you listening?
King john of England will become Muslim and not only Him, He will make England a Muslim country. So the king of Morocco. Now historians doubt the story. They think this is not true story, but it is documented by historians at the time. Okay. One of the historians have documented it was Roger, a Wendover, Roger or Matthew Paris.
Okay. Matthew Paris, and Roger Wendover, their histories are kind of intertwined. So stories are still in two minds who, which one wrote, What part? Right? So
he wrote this, that the Moroccan King said, if your king was not loyal to the church and his own balance, what guarantee is there that I send my army and he massacred my army to score points with the church to get the church on his side? Because anyone who would do a crusade like that would be on good side of the church. So king of Morocco was a very astute man. He said, No, I'm not going to help you. I'm not going to send an army to someone like that. Okay. So this is something I wanted to quickly mention passingly, even Elizabeth the first later on when she was facing immense pressure from the Catholic Church, and Spain. And remember, Spain at the time, in 1518 1519, and 1600, was
heavily persecuting the Muslims in Spain. These people were called moriscos. They had been forced full force, they have been forced into Catholicism, they were they were forcefully converted. When Isabella and Ferdinand in 1492 took the last stronghold for Muslims, or nada, nada. They forced the entire Muslim population, they went against all the agreements, they made agreements that Muslims will be allowed to keep the churches, their religion, they will be allowed to live in peace. We just want to conquer all of Spain. So Muslims were forced to sign this agreement. But then immediately after the takeover, the agreement was broken, and the entire Muslim population was forced into
Christianity or die. So people pretended to save their lives, they pretended right? And in secret, they would this ally and they will do the celebration in return in secret. And while I there are books written on this topic, books written on the plight of moriscos how they were brutalized, it is a it is so painful reading the story is unbelievable. We Muslims are so ignorant of our history will lie. If we were to read history, we would learn lessons.
The state of the moriscos for one century, it was so painful that it is unbelievable. The pace they went through to keep the religion and their identity.
And they even rebelled at times. They were rebellions against the Catholic government in Spain, because the Muslims are being cornered again and again, they were being brutalized.
The Inquisition was on the case. They were not allowed to keep the religion they wouldn't even burn candles at the time of fudger because they would be watching. The spies would be watching.
So Muslims in Spain for one century was seen as the fifth column. Because the Ottoman power grew after photon Mohammed Al Fatah took Constantinople in 1453. And the Ottomans became a very big power in the Mediterranean Sea, the Spanish, they started to feel threatened by the Muslims within Spain, because they felt that if Ottomans attacked us from outside, which the Ottomans were already threatening, the Muslims will attack of practice from inside. So Muslims are facing a lot of oppression in Spain at the time. And this is why in 1609 in the year 1609, Philip the third the king of Spain, he picked up all the Muslims in Spain, and they were exiled to North Africa, Morocco and
Algeria. They were all sent. Even today, you will have families in Morocco. They are originally Spanish. And amazingly these people who were thrown out of Spain are not Barbara's are Arabs, barbers and Arabs are very few in Spain, always always. The majority of Spanish Muslims are native Spanish. They were Hispanic. They were Spaniards. They were either Basque or they were other Spanish ethnicities. They were native Spanish, hundreds of 1000s of them were thrown out because of the religion.
You know, what was used against them
Demographics The fear, which is being used today to inflate Islamophobia, in Britain, in Europe, in America as well as India, as well as India, same propaganda used by Islamophobic establishments then is being used today.
These Muslims are breeding too fast, they will outnumber us. And then we will be put on the backfoot therefore do something about this about them. Okay, stop the immigration, stop bringing them in, stop their mosques, stop their culture, stop their religion, some, you know, slowly and steadily is getting there.
Laws are being passed in France, in Austin, you know, you these these, you know, imagine? Imagine 20 years ago, we could not imagine that the politicians will be using this language against Muslims. We could not imagine this, just like we could not imagine. Can we imagine anyone using that language today against the Jewish people? We don't want anyone to use that language against anyone.
But why is this language being used against the Muslim people throughout Europe, laws are being passed, same card was used by the Spanish King, and he's advises that if you leave Muslims long enough in Spain, the Spanish are not producing enough children because some of them become celibate, because of Catholicism because their religious, others join the church. Others go on wars, so very few children. And Muslims are breeding very fast, so they will outnumber us. So the solution was throw them out. Hundreds of 1000s of them, they perished on the way to the coast. They were robbed, they were brutalized, they were starved, they died in the ships, ships drowned when they travel
through the land. So, this is why I want you to read books on moriscos. One book in particular is by Henry Charles Lee, Henry Charles Lee Lee is le a is called the moriscos read the book and you will realize what the Muslims at that time in Spain had to go through and amazingly the charge was exactly the same India today, the BJP government in India today is using the same rhetoric the Muslims, they are breeding fast, they will outnumber Hindus, it is impossible to do that it is impossible to outnumber Hindus, in fact, Hindus are having more children than Muslims. But this propaganda false propaganda to spread fear Okay, that Muslims large number of Muslims on our
culture, our culture will be extinct. Our culture will be will will will go it will it will disappear. So therefore, we have to do something about the Muslim threat. That demographic Muslim threat, this is exactly what's happening in Europe, in Britain. Okay. A lot of these xenophobic Islamophobic political parties are using this rhetoric, okay, don't think this is something new, this is historic, it was used in a number of places again, to commit genocide against the Muslim people. And if we do not learn about this and do something about this, then again, they will be genocides Allah forbid. Again, they will be genocides. So,
so far a lot. Again, I'm going on for too long. So my brothers, I think I will have to stop I have talked about a lot of it. It's been nearly two hours, I'm sure you have been exhausted by this information. And I had a lot more to talk about, but I cannot do it maybe a part of Part two is necessary inshallah, what happened after the Tudors after Elizabeth the first her interactions with the Muslims with the Ottomans, she wanted to ally with the Ottomans against against against the Spanish and what happened there, what was the Moroccan Ambassador doing in in Britain at the time, what was and even it was in this time, when the East India Company was established, and English
merchants, they started to trade with the Indians and who was governing India at the time, the Mughals and other Muslim dynasty the Mughals directly influenced and benefited Indian economy and the East India Company became the largest the biggest economic entity, financial entity in Britain, it became the after the state after the throne
you know itself the East India Company became the largest economic entity in Britain and it remained so for almost three to four centuries Okay. Then onwards.
And this happened again, by the privileges this company was able to get from the Mughals in India. So there are Forman's decrees from the Mughal kings, allowing British merchants to trade in places like Madras, Calcutta, and Bombay. And they started with small factories and these friends
factories turned into fortresses. And then the fortress, these fortresses was used to take advantage of the political chaos that took place in the 18th century in India when the Mughals declined, they lost the power, the East India Company, which was a company, which was actually a trading company, and it had a private army. So this private army was used to conquer territories. So in 1757, cut the long story short, the British East India company's army led by Clive
defeated the Mughal army in Bengal. And, as a consequence, it managed to take Bengal Orissa and Bihar, the three most fertile provinces of the Mughal Empire from the Mughals and Mughals lost the breadbasket, they lost their revenue. And after that, slowly and steadily, East India Company used mobile and non moguls and Hindus and the Muslim kings. And, you know, you know, all the wife, all the petty states that came about after the decline of the Mongols, they use them against each other. And then eventually, India became
a colony of Britain, and Britain established his rule over India. And a lot of interaction, a lot of positive interaction took place between the British Empire at that time and the Muslims in India. And this in itself is another history to a lot to make the last point before I end, even in the First and the Second World War, did you know hundreds of 1000s of Muslims gave their lives for the freedom and the honor of Britain?
This is something we don't know. Okay.
Britain, the British government, after the First World War issued medals, silver medals, and hundreds of 1000s. And these medals were given to soldiers who took part to fight for Britain, to protect Britain against enemies, right. And these medals can be found today. In Pakistan, in India, in France, and even in Morocco, I'm pretty sure in Algeria, you know, soldiers were given these medals, but you know, because hundreds of 1000s of Muslims, they died. Okay, and even more fought and lived. So the medals I possess some of them I have in my personal collection, right? How do you know Muslims, these medals are given to Muslims. The medals are all the same, the design is the
same. The king, King George the fifth on one side. On the other side, you see St. George slaying the dragon. But when you look at the rim, the rim will have the name of the soldier and his company and his rank. So the rim will have named like me and Mohammed Otto Hahn. Okay. Or Cassie Valley, there are names like this on the range.
And it doesn't stop there. Some who died.
In the war, were given plaques made of bronze, bronze plaques there were as big as this like a small plate. And on those plaques, it was written, he died for freedom, an honor. And the name is there. Mohammed amin, for example, the one I possess in my collection. It has the name Mohammed Amin. He died for honor and freedom, whose honor and whose freedom is the question whose honor and whose freedom is the question.
Okay, how can the British people not tank the Muslims? Okay, whether they did it rightly or wrongly, whether they fight for a colonial power? Okay, was right or wrong is another question altogether. But they did give their lives and hundreds of 1000s you know, those corporate plaques? How many of them were made 1.4 million. That means 1.4 million soldiers died in the First World War.
Okay. And hundreds of 1000s of them were given to Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in North Africa. Okay. Why? Why?
Because these people died to protect Britain against her enemies. So, the British people, if anything, must have a huge feeling of gratitude towards Muslims, who have always always played a very positive role in the making of the British Empire, not the British Empire sorry, the British civilization. The British Empire we do not agree with we do not agree with we will never agree with because it was oppressive. The British Empire was very oppressive, the British civilization when it comes to social influences when it comes to education. When it comes to moral issues. Muslims have always played a positive role. Thank you so much for listening, my brothers
ancestors are Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. Who did not come along here and if there are any questions, please put them forward and I will do my best to answer them very quickly. inshallah any questions anything you want to say or add very quickly inshallah?
I guess not. Yes, please.
the brother asked the question that is it true that Queen Elizabeth the Second has
some blood journey, she's just she's somehow descended from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, or LA he I haven't looked into it. I don't know if it's true.
I will have to look into it. Although I am aware of this claim. It was mentioned recently somewhere in a report. I don't know whether it's true or not, because sometimes these things are thrown around without any substance. There is no doubt that her genealogy goes back all the way to Plantagenets, you know, the family of King Richard the line and so there is a line that can be traced back to even William.
You only I wouldn't be surprised if that was true, because people married into married and married again and all those things happened historically. So it would be very possible if there was some link somewhere, but we even if that link is not there, we have so much what I did today, in two hours, nearly two hours is a summary. It is not even scratching the surface. It is it is superficial, what I talked about was just touching the surface. If you start reading books I mentioned you will be completely you you will think where were we all this time? Why didn't we know this stuff. And once we know this stuff, we need to educate the masses out there, we need to tell
them that Muslims and Islam have always played a positive role in the making of the British civilization. And we intend to, we intend we intend to continue in that spirit. We always intend to continue that we as the Muslims, we believe that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was sent as a mercy for the words. Okay, wherever we are, wherever we may be, we have to manifest that mercy, that compassion and that justice wherever maybe, whatever the land is, whatever the circumstances are, whatever age we are living in, we have to hold our principles. We have to stand by our principles.
Daniel, normal Daniel Norman.
The author is Daniel Norman Islam in the West making of an image. He has other interesting books as well. So look at his other books as well. inshallah, yes.
How did I get all these metals, because I am interested.
The first thing is the interest if you are interested in your history, and you want to go and look for things just like people find cars, just like they managed to find the right wife for themselves. That's just like, they managed to do the business the right way. Just like they managed to find the right clothes, just like that. I managed to find these metals, but I found them in different places. I mainly found them in Pakistan, okay, because a lot of these soldiers they came from Pakistan, right. And what happens is when they die, their descendants, the children, they sell these medals to jewelers for the metal value. So the best place to go and ask for these metals is is the jewelers.
So I go to jewelers sometimes I find Islamic coins with them these metals with them and and we need to collect this history so that we can teach it in Sharla anywhere else
is Akuma lokeren
Subhana Allah Mohammed ik Michigan Lai la nostra the federal governor to Gallego Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.