Matn Abu Shuja #25
Channel: Adnan Rajeh
Series: Adnan Rajeh - Matn Abu Shuja
File Size: 48.88MB
2018 2 8 LMM at 8pm -Chapter of Siyam
So CRM is probably the hardest one to teach. Because there's so many questions. So I'm going to ask you all to refrain from asking stuff that are usually asked regarding CRM. And at the end of the chapter, if there's still something that you did not hear the answer for, then you could you can ask me I'll give like a q&a. Just don't see I'm at the end of the of the chapter because easily there's going to turn into just a million questions. Is it okay? If I use this where I've been into this? What happens if this falls in and what is an endless, never ends? So I'll do my best in covering stuff. And then Inshallah, I'll give you guys some time for q&a. So we'll do we'll see me
and the conditions for CME
for CME to be obligatory are three things, there are three things that will make CME obligatory upon you, number one, and Islam. So if you want to be a Muslim, we don't ask non Muslims to fast number two al beluga Alberto wishes is reaching coming of age, mature age and maturity or puberty and I talked about the difference
between the concepts of blues, both religiously and linguistically, and in a modern context, earlier on, when we talked about salah, so blue, it can mean puberty. For the majority of scholars, that's what it means. But it can also mean maturity. And sometimes, puberty and maturity don't line up, especially nowadays, where maturity is coming in number of years after puberty, sin, Okay, number three will clue which is a sanity, meaning the person has to be more creative, you have to be religiously responsible or legally responsible, you can't ask someone who was mentally not seen too
fast, they're not obligated to do that. So it's three basic rules debate, the basic conditions, you have to you have to be a Muslim, you have to be a certain age which is blue down, you have to be mentally seen.
To have fun.
And the ability to fast the Imam sees a guru will often to be one thing. So becoming of age and having a mental sanity to be one thing. And then the third one to assume is the ability for you to fast meaning not to have the physical ability to fast Academy sick, if you have diabetes, if you have type one diabetes, then you probably will not be able to fast Ramadan or any other date, because you need to take your insulin shots, and you need to take insulin shots, you have to eat before that. So if you're taking you're taking insulin shots you're not eating before you can go into hypoglycemia, and you can you can die. And if you don't take your insulin shots, you can go die
for glycemia. And you can probably die as well. So diabetics need to make sure that they take their their insulin, and they have enough amount of food throughout the day in order for them to survive. And then other diseases like you know,
kidney failure, certain types of kidney failure failure need require the idea of the patient to drink fluids, and to eat many times and be nourished throughout the day in order for them to survive.
So put that on a song, it's a subjective issue to a certain extent, meaning being able having the ability to fast and some is somewhat subjective. But it's also objective, if we use medicine, or medical advice as the criteria to establish whether you can or cannot fast, which is the better way to do it, meaning a lot of what we're going to study now, when in the book of cm, is, is to a certain degree outdated, because the scholars who are talking about these issues are basing their understanding of it or they're basing the rulings on the medical science and information that existed at their time being they believed or they understood because they didn't understand how the
respiratory system works in terms of in contrast to the digestive system. They didn't know so they believed anything that entered any of the orifices of the body would all enter your your guts or will give you nourishment. They believe that even what went to the brain would cause nourishment. So many if you study books or films that are old, contemporary texts Shafia and Maliki specifically you'll find that they talk about Fen Dakka Dakka Dakka
foam if it enters the brain then it'll ruin your your your fasting, but that's a problem because what do you mean by entering the brain nothing really enters the brain advantages of being a problem he's gonna kill he's gonna kill you anyway. And does it cause nourishment enough so today the criteria for something ruining your fasting and not ringer fasting is based on a very much more advanced understanding of the human body and of medicine, which is what you're taking right now bringing you nourishment of any sort, is it entering fluids or food and whether whether solid or unsalted whether
or even water into the gut caught bringing the body any sort any any type of nourishment. So that's, that's the criteria that we should hold on to what we study right now in this text is very old. So certain things may not apply, and that's fine. No matter what text you're studying what or what method you're studying, you'll find stuff like that. I encourage everyone not to hold on to things that are no longer
no longer applies specifically from from a medical point perspective. So we'll continue to follow me on about us. Yeah, so first of all, we talked about the conditions right.
conditions for fasting.
So the first one Islam
second one is maturity
or sanity, you can ask someone who was not mature yet or not of age and seem to need to fast and their ability
And this is established through medicine.
Doctors have the ability to tell you if you have the ability, if you if you can fast or not, you can't say well, I can't fast, but there's nothing you're totally healthy, there's nothing wrong with you just don't want to faster the different view, you can, and you want, you have to be if you can fast too fast, even if you don't want to no one wants to fast, we all want to eat all the time. But that doesn't mean that we should. So the ability of fasting is something that is focused on whether fasting is going to harm you or not harm you short term or long term. And that's established through medicine, with an article so me, I'm about to share.
font, or the obligatory
obligations of fasting, so what's obligatory in order for fasting to work out, like if you remember, when I when I talk to you guys to kind of set up the pillars of prayer, when we talked about what what the things that you needed to do in order for your prayer to be valid. And we talked about obligations or obligatory aspects of fair use, you know, what it is that you need to do in order for your prayer to be valid on a different level. So we studied those things we talked about bajada on Hulu. So we had the pillars of Hulu will make you need to do in order for you to be accepted. So the pillars of fasting
me to share so four things are the pillars of fasting for the Sheffield, number one and Nia.
Now, the way that I see it, is that the intention is given every night. And then if you don't give the intention before, then your CM is now invalid. And that is the stance of the gym holder, meaning the majority, the vast majority of scholars agree to this.
This fact was only the medic here. And some of the 100 biller except one intention for the whole month. So the mighty key is specifically some of the high now I'm gonna say it's okay for you to have an intention at the beginning of the month. And then you should be good. If you require in sort of the gym who loses majority of scholars that you need to have an intention for fasting every single night. Now,
what does that really mean? So some people understand that that means I have to
say it again.
You have to declare what some of them believe means that you have to declare you're gonna fast at night. And if you forget to do that, then the next day you're not you're fasting is unacceptable. But that's not true with HIV, I mean, is that you have to be aware every night that the next day you're fasting, you have to have the consciousness and the awareness that every single night, you will remember that the next day you're fasting. So in terms of intention, what it means if you wake up one morning
of Ramadan, and you're like, oh, it's Ramadan. Oh, yeah, I'm fasting today, then you're fasting is not accepted for any of them. By the way, meaning if you didn't know is Ramadan, and someone reminded you and then you Oh, so you start fasting. That's not acceptable. But if you know tomorrow's Ramadan, you're praying for fasting for getting up for so who is an intention of fasting. Getting up for so is an intention of fasting your showing you don't actually have to verbalize and say no way to see the shadow. Even though if you say that that's fine. There's nothing wrong with that you're not being you're not making a mistake by doing it. However, you're not required to do
that every single night, as long as you know the next day that you're making sure you're doing Sam but I just thought that was worth maybe pointing out. So the first pillar
In all rituals, you will find this to be Yanni. Always a part of every action, you always have to have an intention. If you don't have an intention, and what you're doing doesn't count. If you don't know what you're doing, you're not doing it. Just because you didn't eat between pleasure and muscle doesn't mean you were fasting. You could have not eaten for 100 reasons you could be I don't know what you were doing. You didn't need doesn't mean you're fasting after the intention of fasting or whatever you got for you to get the idea of fasting. You have to make that intention before Fajr for every day of Ramadan, you have to make that intention before you make it after fajr doesn't count.
And that's important to know specifically for the days of Ramadan, but for another theta for an extra day.
You're doing optionally you can make that intention after failure. We'll talk about that more in detail later on. But you you're not to make it before your man Ramadan. If you wake up one day
let's say you didn't wake up preferred that didn't do so. And then around like nine o'clock you're like, oh, yeah, today, I'm fasting. No, you're not fasting you should you should have no you shouldn't decide the intention should have been made earlier. You should have known that today's fasting, you'd have to verbalize it, you'd have to make sure that you know the next day is Sam which is most of us sane human beings know what we're doing the next day we make sure what do we pray for you know, we know what we're doing. We know what month it is. Right? So that's that's what he means. The second one will Insert Coin clean, which should mean
well God, what time would
from eat and drink
All right. So the FAA has these four pillars of of CEM for them. So the first one is, the intention is that when you have to withhold from eating and drinking, and the third one you have to withhold from having sexual intercourse is what you're doing. Basically, that's what you'll see is based on, you have the intention of with a fasting and you're fasting from one to things, right. And the fourth one is not something that everyone agrees to. So this is more of a disagreement amongst scholars meaning even today, in a more in a more modern context, there's different difference of opinions in terms of voluntary vomiting, and what the point of it was or what the reason of it was,
there's difference of opinion whether whether it actually caused you to lose your CME or not, but the majority of scholars that you will lose your CMS to the four pillars with HIV. Yep. The fourth one is something of a difference of opinion. Okay, one of the you have to be here for him I shall have to share and what will cause the the person who was fasting to lose his CME to lose his fasting are 10 things for the Shafia Yeah, and then I'm going to talk about a number of other things that you don't lose sleep for and difference of opinions regarding it. So inshallah Oh yeah, you're all your questions or whatever you're thinking about, that will be answered by the way can I get Can I
have a tissue to wipe the board
beside the Jubilee tissue for the board?
For the first one masala and then either JioFi was whatever arrives into the guts into the, into the belly or into the head on purpose. Now, why why? Why did they add words here because like I told you from a medical perspective, in the Yanni the century that this was written, it was believed that whatever enters the head will bring nourishment to the body, whether whether what entered the head actually makes it which makes its way to the gut, or it doesn't. Some things if you put through because of the different passages that are connected from your ear, your your nose, whatever goes into those orifices, or even your eyes, they can make their way into the throat and into the guts,
but some of them can't, and some of them don't. And they still believe that if it entered that it will cause you to lose your OCM based on medical understanding of the time that today has changed quite dramatically. So
so we will study this topic with some discrepancy and some realization of of how things have differed in the last maybe number of years especially maybe last century or so
that some of these stuff don't apply as clearly as they used to apply. So move the raffles moved a lot
so in validators of fasting
count 10 things
first one masala and then you know JioFi what was
what enters gut the gut intentionally.
So if you intentionally try to put some food or nourishment or liquids or water into your into your gut, if you do it intentionally, then you lose your CM. They say what they said the head as an addition what they mean by that is whatever arrive goes to the head and then arrives into the gut later on. So now the brain because you don't really insert anything into your brain through your head that doesn't that's not how it works. The second one will help us to see the hardest hardest civilian civilian help now is any form of incitement whether it's water liquid, or it's or it's hard that enters the city lane is your whether you're your back exit or your front exits. So anything
that is inserted upwards, in either in either exits will cause you to lose, use your fasting
so when either
In either exits
now with difference of opinion, of course regarding I'm going to tell you what the Shafia you said. And then I'm going to give you guys what measures booklet Islami, the, the filter the the International Islamic jurisprudence gathering of 1997 said and then after that the one in Morocco, the new do a new deal for Kenya that happened in Morocco a number of years later, and they covered it covered through Yanni they had a conference that went on for a number of weeks, where they covered all these questions and they gave the answers regardless of them. Because along with that, about the same basics,
reasoning of why something is will invalidate your faster why something won't evaluate, the reasoning is the same. They just because the medicine at the time was different. They differed in their answers, but the reasoning is the same so today since we have from a medical perspective, we know what is nourishing what is not what actually brings you and then we have an ability to say what is going to cause you to lose your fasting and what doesn't and we can kind of universalize or standardize the answers for these questions a bit better. However, if you do end up studying one day if you let's say you specialize in one day and you want to study with them I had said on these
issues it will be in good six months of your life
six months just trying to understand what all the what they said about different stuff and the difference of opinion is so widespread and so difficult to actually comprehend understand, you won't even get you won't really benefit from it because their their reasoning behind things is so different than the reasoning that we have today based on our how we differ in terms of how we understand the human body and the way that it functions. So this third one will take London so voluntary
to voluntary vomiting
will take what I'm done after that will work wonderfully
is says intentional sexual intercourse but you should try and study the part of the books that talk about non intentional sexual intercourse and you're gonna have a good laugh because it's in Civ, the scenarios they give you a non intentional sexual intercourse is crazy, but it's actual intercourse I can't imagine it being an unintentional or at least I don't think I have many examples if you have an example when let me know about it. I would like to hear about it but I don't know it being except intentional. Will enzyme Ashara
so intentional ejaculation sorry
for the man and for the woman. So for the man for the woman. Ejaculation for men, you can say you can say
whatever there's different terms are used for for the female counterpart by the same thing. Any intentional form of ejaculation or Guinee orgasm is going to be considered as a millstone it'll cause you to lose your intentional if you're if you're asleep during the day of Ramadan and it happens you're fine if you're sleeping at night and you wake up for failure after you're young and you're Yanni you find out that you've done you'll see I'm it's fine you whatever happens it's unintentional doesn't only affect your fasting. Well how you do
so a lady
for Lady during when you facile.
Supports pardon bleeding. People after after lady gives birth she believes for a certain period of time, it goes up to 40 days, on average during those times she does not fast while Junoon over the two
and then Ryda which is based apostasy
if you in the middle of Ramadan, leave Islam you lose your fasting. Let's say you leave Islam alone and decide to come back also that days off for you even if you didn't need
not that I think that happens very often. But if it does, you lose your day you have to make up for it in sacks insanity. What I mean by that is so the loss of sanity is what it means is that let's say you're someone who
has a certain disease like epilepsy, for example, or maybe a psychiatric problem and you lose any you lose consciousness. Now for a certain period of time, your mind doesn't you come back then you lose your fasting for that day you continue that you have to make up for it. Now if you're someone who that's their problem, then there's different ways to fix that mean there's different ways different options you can you can do if you can't fast because again, one of the one of the pillars, one of the conditions of fasting is your ability to fast if you're someone who has a disease that doesn't allow you to you're not always seen during the day, you lose that every day first if for any
reason, then then you don't have to fast meaning there'll be different options for you in terms of how you make up for not fasting because if you don't fast you have to make up for it has to be some form of making up for it. Right? Yes.
So, epilepsy is usually someone who has different types of seizures or epilepsy.
generalized seizures Part C, or partial seizures are different. There's different types of seizures. And it's, we have to talk about in more detail. There's some types of seizures that are called petit mal, for example, where you just kind of just zone out for like five minutes to come back, I don't believe that will cause you to lose your fasting. But someone who has a generalized seizure or any or any form of loss of sanity, loss of mental acuity, then you have to that would cause you to lose your weight. So these are
the things that will cause you lose your fat, what is agreed upon within these. So apostasy is agreed upon obviously, Insanity, if it's full insanity, and it's full of loss of mental acuity, then yes, postpartum bleeding is agreed upon. menstruation is agreed upon.
Intentional ejaculation and sexual intercourse is also agreed upon.
Voluntary vomiting, the majority, the majority agrees to it, some of them don't. So the majority agrees that this is something that will cause you to lose your fast things. Some of them not only don't don't feel soil, but some of them have talked about that. Because why would you lose your fasting if something is leaving your body,
you lose your fasting something is Yanni. And so when they talked about this being a reason for you to lose your fasting, they're talking about it from above, but Rama, if you when you don't, why does a woman who was menstruating or postpartum bleeding, not fast? Because your body's already weak, she's already losing nourishment from her blood that she's bleeding. So we don't make it worse for her by asking her to fast. So if you voluntary voluntarily,
and you do it on purpose, then you lose your fast based on that. But then the question is, well, those who vomit non voluntary, you don't lose their faster, why isn't it applied to them? So there's a long argument here regarding this issue, the vast majority, they talked about it being because there's a Hadith of the Prophet as I said them.
If you do it intentionally, then you'll lose one of Mustafa who tries to do it loses his fasting, so they stick to the end. That's the reasoning behind it. No insertion
in either exits. Now, here's, here's a question mark. And whatever it gets in the gut intentionally, of course, it's the biggest reason of all, if you try and get food or liquid into your into your belly intentionally anyway, then you lost your fasting, you broke, you broke the basic reason of what you're doing, I have a concept of what you're doing, you know, altogether, okay.
Now, I'm going to know that you've read a number of things in the text so far, so I'm gonna stop for a moment. I'm gonna give you some information that
they'll probably help you later on, because I don't whenever my bank comes. Ask any chef who runs a masjid? What's the worst part of the year for him? He'll tell you the first few days. Firstly, the last couple of days before them alone the first few days of Ramadan? Because it's like deja vu every time is the same questions. It's like the first Ramadan ever. It's like no one's ever fasted before. And the same questions. He's bombarded with like million questions, and everyone who asks them online thinks they're entitled to an answer immediately. If you don't understand that this year has like 300 to 400 Different people texting him the same question. They probably answered on the member
on his just like a million times, every year for the last 15 years. But the same questions every year, I don't understand what what our problem is, as you learn, learn about CRM, you're going to do it, you're doing it for the next 3040 50 years, learn about it and stop asking me the same question. Whatever I'm doing to doing madonn Then what is it? Where were you in grade four, say I need to just kind of know these things. So there's two topics
that we have to understand. When it comes to I'll give you like ideas to kind of keep in mind when it comes to talking about cm. There's something called Chaos in MOBAs V. V.
The question is,
does the scholar draw an analogy for what is nourishing to what is not at nourishing in terms of entering the body? Do we do we limit? Do we limit to what causes you to lose your CEM to what is nourishing? Or do we say what is nourishing? Non nourishing is all the same, we draw analogies are all the same. So if you do see us in the Adelaida magazine in New York, you believe that what is nourishing and non nourishing in terms of losing Assam is the same that's a bit problematic now, right so this becomes an issue so no, we shouldn't we shouldn't draw analogies of what some of us do not because they're different we should we should differentiate between what is nourishing and what
is not nourishing. The other thing is does the Scholar
so Mara, a phone level man and makhoul
There's a scholar and scholars who see fasting to have a to have a logical understanding comprehension or is it is an act of worship that we don't have logic as a part of ever right so it differs with some scholars will look at cm and I believe that that's the way to do it. Whenever you're looking at anything Allah subhanaw taala commands you to do. There has to be a logical understanding of it if we're capable of breaking it down to its elements. So some people look at cm as an act of worship that has a mountain and Mark Poole has an has Allah
logical understanding or logical purpose behind it. So you can you can draw analogies, and others look at it as an act of worship that does not meet, that could defy logic or we don't have to apply logic to it all. That's why you do it. And that's why this is voluntary vomiting, for example, is something that has moved to because even if it doesn't make sense from the concept of why it's nothing going in, it's just, it doesn't have to. That's what he said. That's what we do. Right? So it depends on whether you're going to be able to see so yeah, my something that has a logical purpose and follow certain logic and irrational rules. Or if you just see it as an act of worship
that has rules and you don't even think about it. And there are things like that Islam, why do we pray Yanni and five times during those times? There's no man and makhoul for that there's no really there's no law, it's not following the logic. It's just this is what you do. You don't question it, you just pray to God and that's what it is. And other acts of worship, follow any acts of follow a certain logic so it depends on how they view fasting, those two concepts are extremely important when you listen to a scholar talking about fasting, so you should ask if you're asking for to her on CME for and from anyone ask him which went on these two issues. Do you? Do you see what is
nourishing and non nourishing to be equal in terms of entering the gut or entering any orifice of the body? And do you see fasting to have a logical purpose and a logical rationale attached to it?
So I'm not talking about eating, we're not talking about intentionally eating stuff. Like actually, why would you do that? If you ate like a pebble.
So during gum, so is chewing gum, whatever is in it, usually there's glucose in it, so you're actually bringing nourishment into your body. So if you're eating dirt, and it's not nourishing, then probably one of the conditions of of CME sanity, you probably don't qualify any already so it doesn't really matter anymore. So talking about so we have to be able to talk about this rationally in terms of what we mean but those two questions the answer of them will dictate how the jurist will view certain issues on CME so what they did in 1997 so this is this is what happened in 1997
Ledger's itself penis learning
they gathered up I can't remember where they got it up for this I think in Kuwait I can't remember anymore but there was two gatherings this 119 87 and other ones often Morocco
it was unusual for Kenyan Islamia.
I think it was a couple of years later I can't remember in detail I just know the results of these two gatherings and what they talked about so they went through all the issues that will cause you to be moved on and not move during what will break your fast and what will not break your fast so they came to a number of
a number of conclusions in terms of what breaks your fast and what doesn't I will talk about what doesn't break your fast first Okay, so what doesn't break your fast
this is what the agreement
everyone there and you're talking I need there's at least 45 If not more scholars, prominent scholars from all over the Islamic world
it's funny I used to watch these things when I was younger
Oh yeah, thank you
spelling is not my strong skill and what doesn't break your fast so they came to agreement on what doesn't break your fast and there's a number of issues that will come for you I wrote them down today because I wanted to make sure and if we're getting to the first one
what is it called? So when you when you're taking dropping dropped
droplets or what is it called? I need to sort of drops the enter the eyes, the ears or the nose as long as you don't swallow it because it all comes to the posterior part of your of your throat and then it'll either go down or not you get to choose if you want to allow it going down. If it goes down by mistake then you still lose your fast but if you if you don't mean you take the eyedropper that your drugs or any any form of drops that don't aren't swallow don't break your fast so ear
corn No soy e and t drops
so long as they're not swallowed that doesn't cause you to lose to lose your fast anything medication
under the tongue
or through the female reproductive system
to see that as
improperly as possible
so if you're in a say someone's
he's on a natural
was urine, right because he has problems with arteries. So he puts a tablet right under his tongue that doesn't go to the gut that goes to any to a circulatory system that takes it immediately doesn't go through the delivery at all, doesn't even go to the liver, it goes immediately to the heart. So that is not considered something that may use your fast or anything that is a goes for the lady. Sometimes they need to take certain liquids or
certain medications to the reproductive system, that doesn't mean cause them to lose fast a lot. If you're just study again the the Shafi method will say no, this will cause you to lose your fast because for them, they didn't know medicine wasn't advanced enough for them to know that this for them, this is going into the gut, it was going to the gut thing and lose your fast and it cost some form of nourishment, but it doesn't we don't know from form of nourishment whatsoever. So if it doesn't bring anything into the digestive system, or anything into the blood stream that will cause nourish and bring any form of energy. So it doesn't increase the ATP in your in your body
whatsoever, then you don't lose then you don't lose your CME for it right? Because that's what we're trying to withhold from now after that it's
your drop. So So quite often, if you can still you can stop it from going in when it goes through but sometimes not and depends on how much so if you squirt the whole thing in your eye, you're probably not able to control it. But if it's one drop in each then usually doesn't actually make it into the into the Eustachian
tube and doesn't end up going into your gut. These are things again if it does then you lose your fast but if it does, you don't swallow it then you say you're not swallowed here there's an actual condition. The rest I'm talking about there's no condition here's the condition if you swallow it you lose your fast Yes.
Move on. So after that any insertion
into the urethra you go to the hospital and they need to insert a catheter because you can't
you can't pee or they they flooded with fluids sometimes sometimes they need to flood the
bladder with fluid in order for it to because a stone just something that doesn't make it use your fast either because obviously whoever is going through that is quite sick leave doesn't want to be as fast you didn't do anything to break his fast yet. Again back in the day they thought that the bladder was also waiting for nourishment I mean they still thought that there was some way for what enters the bladder to bring some form of nourishment to the body but that meant from a medical perspective we know for sure that that's not not the case
work on teeth so if you're if you go to a dentist and he's working on working on your teeth, you don't lose your CM unless you swallow something during the session like if he's putting in the water and you end up you know baking a big gulp of it philosophy of last year you'll see him but if you didn't then messing around with the teeth or cleaning the teeth right that none of that will cause you to lose to lose you'll see him
so mud Maga
you know MOBA is right. And a lot of
so when you if you have a mouthwash and you gargle so if you gargle water, goggled the mouthwash and spit it out then you don't lose your CEM unless you unless you actually have it enter the into your stomach
so if you're brushing your teeth unless you are actually swallowing the the toothpaste or unintentionally you're only putting the toothpaste on your tongue to taste it then you should be okay. Don't so when you brush your teeth during Ramadan you can brush your teeth just make sure that the toothpaste is applied only to the teeth not to the tongue and then you you take a bit more time cleaning the mouth and spitting out any residue of the toothpaste and it's okay to both of you brush your teeth again either things every year will lie every year I got money the amount of money that a million a million times and I have to defend these I don't know I just know the stuff and make
everyone's life easier. Yes
Yeah, so it's not it's not the taste is the
is the maintenance is the fragrance really is not the taste of it. And even if you take something with your tongue, but you don't actually swallow it or it doesn't turn into something that dissolves later on then you swallow it into your into your into your gut that you don't lose you'll see I'm like ladies it's my crew. But ladies can can taste their what you what they're cooking to their cooking something. And there she has a husband who was very picky in terms of how much salt is in something. So if you taste it with with their tongue, and then takes a few minutes to to wash off the you take the time it takes time and you have to take when you brush your teeth and so yeah, I'm
gonna take time to spend like usually what takes you What 40 seconds and take it two and a half minutes. To brush your teeth during sample you have to make sure that none of the tooth spaces left inside. You have to really rinse it out and wash it out so you're not swallowing anything and nothing's going in it a lady can taste what she what she said.
In some of what she cooked, because she has to go as you wash it off off her tongue and spit it out. And that's something that you know, is no, but it's still left on her tongue. And then she puts it with the saliva and then she swallows it, and then she loses docm. So you have to be very careful, I mean, these things don't make you lose your sanity, if you're, if you're careful in terms of how we're going to use them and deal with them.
any form of needles, if you're any, if you're taking vaccinations, or if you're, if you're taking insulin, none of that, unless, unless you're taking drugs, then that's a different story, I need them. So I'll use your fast for that. Or if you have an IV with nourishment, so so some people who can't who have diseases sometimes will take an IV and within the IV, it will be they'll be taking either Loctite or taking fluid that will bring some level of nourishment and that will break your fast but if you're taking anything else, that it doesn't cause you to lose your fast so if you're taking a vitamin B or
even an IV, even IV as long as not nourishment, as long as you're not putting in something that will bring up the fluid levels. So sometimes you'll go if you're taking if you're having the surgery, when you walk out they'll put you on an IV like a liter of
as many as my fluid fluid now that that will cause you to lose your fast because that is bringing fluid into your body it's nourishing is filling up your your veins so that you won't fast that day. Obviously usually you're sick that day so you don't have to fast but in case you want to when that happens it takes away your fast so you can continue anyway and then creams
that I need the dermatological creams. So anything you put on a plot applicable on the on the skin of any sort, then you lose your you don't lose your fast but that doesn't cause you lose your fast whatever you're rubbing on your on your buddy. Alright, so this is what they agreed upon. They disagreed on a number of other other issues. But then those issues that they disagreed upon here they agreed upon in about a couple of years later when when they brought them up
the asthma inhaler.
So if you have asthma and you're you have an inhaler doesn't cause you to lose your fast if you use the inhaler because it goes into your respiratory system doesn't make any nourishment whatsoever just allows you to breathe Hey Gemma
so know what jam is
when the the cups and the take out the blood? Privates I think we should do that during his times. Now I've never done it. I don't maybe some of you have done it. Maybe not. It's it was a prank was a medical practice of the time the prophets I send them participated in all medical practices that existed in this time that were beneficial. He practices he participated in this, there is some medical evidence to say that it's helpful. I'm not 100% sure about it, I'm very comfortable with it yet, like in terms of what I think but but many people do it, I've never seen anyone being harmed of it. So if you're of the intention to do it one day, you can do it and it's one of the things that
they differ a bit upon, but the later on it's not doesn't cause you to, to my to my to my medical knowledge there are no surprise stories that are that are that are nourish there are nourishing operatory system of the rectum doesn't take anything to the liver, it doesn't take it to the to the bloodstream. Sorry, one more blood samples.
So giving blood getting blood doesn't make it use your fast blood samples don't
giving away half a liter of blood, that's a different that's a different issue. So if you give a half a liter of blood that they differ on that whether that will cause you to lose your fat, your fasting, at least when I'm talking about these two major juris prudence meetings where they talked about these things in detail. We'll talk about blood donation and show love money and probably next time, but this is this is what I have so far. And in terms of what won't cause you to lose your fasting so these things don't cause you to lose your fasting. What about swallowing
swallowing your saliva
do you lose your fasting causing no do you don't lose fasting solid? soiling saliva? What about when there's blood in the saliva?
Shafia yanda Hanabi let's say that if you swallow blue slime and then you lose it and if you make it say no then Ohama then Oklahoma is like Forgive me if you have anything in your sump you know the old guys when they start making the those pleasant noises in the morning and they're usually honey cleaning up there. Yeah, so the phlegm that exists in the posterior nasal sockets of your of your face. So when you take some days, sometimes there's there's actual substance so swelling that for the chef and the anatomy to also will cause you to lose your fasting for the medicine and if they don't seem to cause you to lose your face or the difference of opinion here amongst them without him
in terms of that. It's better you're better off of it. Of course.
I need you spitting that out or putting it
so bleeding does waiting cause you to lose your fasting
No but squabbling blood See, you've got a bleeding is not one of the issues that will cause you to lose your fasting leaning is not one of them.
However, swallowing blood for this afternoon will cause you if it was for the NFP and the Medicare if it's large amounts, you lose your you lose it as well. If it's a mouthful of blood, then you lose your, you lose your fasting as well. But they're talking of this small like if there's a small injury to your knee to the gum and you swelling further. And then when it gets fine for the chef, no, no, no, you have to you have to, you have to spit it out. So be careful. So if you are very, very sensitive gums, and don't brush your teeth in the morning, but that also applies to see work. So we're supposed to use them as swag. And it's obvious using miswak and use it almost all day
You remember no, we said you shouldn't do it after a while. But then he he left at the Sheffield lifted opinion and adopted the pain that you can do at any time during Ramadan. But if you're going to use it and you're going to injure your your gum and bleed, then the same thing is gonna apply to you as well. So you have to be be Be careful. So these are the things that don't cause you. No one took any notes. But no one's going to ask me any questions about these horrible outcomes next year. So if you ask me one question, I will hunt you down. And I will
do not ask me about any of these things next year, these things don't break as fast and I answer them. And these are things that we need. But again, when you study them without him, they differ a bit on these things. Why? Because their understanding of them from a medical perspective was very different. Because they didn't know how the body worked under percent now we have a much more clear understanding of what nourishes and what doesn't nourish what brings ATP or ADP into into your into your into your body and energy and what doesn't. So we base it on that and things that don't bring any nourishment to the body that we do not. Yeah, it doesn't cause you to lose your
question a couple of days ago that if someone from juicers live intentionally, yeah.
You don't lose your fasting. You still don't lose your fasting but it's mcru and some in some scholars will some scholars will call it will see that it does. So there's a difference of opinion almost within each method regarding you filling your mouth with a large amount of your own saliva but generally speaking is something you're not bringing anything outside I mean, this is all within you're still not bringing external nourishment so it doesn't apply
when you're doing what we're doing
so so accidentally is fine is intentionally that you're not allowed to be very very careful when you making will do so you're required to be careful if you're being careless on purpose then that's basically intention you can't fool God and when it comes to your intentions, so if whatever happens accidentally is accidental is accidental it's fine and what doesn't have it accidentally there was an intention behind it then you lose your fasting based on this just be careful in terms of what your intention was.
But also the blood is also part of the body but how come
there's no nourishment in saliva.
There's nourishment in blood so blood when it goes into the stomach is actually there's elements in it there's different things that can cause it and bring it back and re nourish the body to a certain extent. So it's a bit different Yeah.
They will talk about when we talk about blood donation, we'll talk about that inshallah. We're going to there'll be its own section inshallah
what Where is bleeding
right there's no bleeding so trying to keep in mind that bleeding does not cause you to lose your will do or lose your your OCM however bleeding blood has to be removed from the clothing so on your body so you can do Salah and excessive bleeding can cause you to need to probably die in your last thing to think about when you're bleeding is if you're actually bleeding is whether I find fasting enough that no no try not to die today and then we'll talk about your fasting until next time but yeah small amounts of course does nothing but large amounts that's different
will just read one more sentence in Sharla
we used to have a song that added to Asha and three things are recommended during during cm so
two recommended actions of fasting
so the first one to add to it feel free
so tell you and feel free is breaking
breaking your fast as early as possible.
What I mean by that I don't mean look at a timer awesome I mean at mostly when the mother goes off break your fast immediately immediately don't don't wait for later on the earlier do it the more a gentleman that's out of the Rama because this is where bedarra comes up. So fasting is good so fasting for how long is good fasting for 12 hours is awesome. See we start from fajita we go to modem well how about fasting 14 hours for that right? Then we start this non ending cycle of fasting we're going to I can do 16 I can do 24 I can fast for a week I can vouch for him I know immediately the Design mode because I've immediately hit break your fast break and don't don't play around with
Allah supposed to ask you what he wants you to do. Do it not asking for more. You know ask you to push
limits on these things that actually there's harm in it. So just fast and intimate. And by the way, intermittent fasting, you know, if you guys keep up with these things today, when it comes from it from a, from a fitness perspective, from a health perspective, intermittent fasting is becoming more and more of the benefits of it is being studied more and more. So it's actually fasting is healthy, it's very healthy. Now, why don't we benefit from as Muslims? Why do we become fatter after Ramadan because we don't really fast we just overeat at night. So the fasting is one thing over eating at night is a different thing. What we do is we overeat at night we don't really fast we just we just
be patient right until a small bit of time and then we eat like never before we eat like we've never eaten before we just eat a huge consume huge amounts of food, which is not the point of fasting the point of fasting is that you actually listen your your your food intake, and your your solid and fluid intake of the day, you bring it down a bit you start functioning and living on less nourishment, you prove yourself that you can do with it as a human being you like to eat what you like and want is different than what you need. What you need is much less than what you actually take intake every day. So Ramadan is a is a it helps you train yourself to know that you don't what
you want, what you need are different things. Sometimes you have to stick to what you need and that will strengthen your spirit strengthen your NIFS strengthen your body and strengthen your your your mind. And we don't really do that very much. But try I give this I tell this every single year to everyone I know whenever Milan comes don't break your fast immediately. So have the dates and have the water.
Don't eat until after. After dinner we try it. Try it and then talk to me when you've tried it. You haven't tried it? No, it's not impossible. You're just
kind of going in a food, you can easily do it. It's not very hard. Just don't
you die. You died.
Just trying to just do when people try it, you will grow from it actually will break. It's like a glass glass ceiling will falling in your life, you will stop fasting just for him. Because he's like, Oh, I'm not gonna get him out of anyway. So whatever, you stopped thinking about food, he started fasting for a different reason. And I've been doing it for like maybe 1819 years because I It wasn't out of choice. It was out of necessity because I couldn't do telawi If I ate in first two days of me doing celery, I ate my rib. And then I stood for and you didn't you don't notice it. But you burp between 220 50 times in the next two hours after you eat. I found that out the hard way
like we were trying to read out and 30 How in the middle of it like five verbs coming out to be quiet and then wait until they all come out. And then everyone's
gonna study I know is he gonna give me a second? I can't breathe. Yes. I know what the next idea is. I just need a minute. And then it doesn't work out and you start forgetting because you didn't memorize because Jani, when your stomach is full, you have less energy and your memorization. Your mental acuity kind of decreases and plummets. So when you don't eat too, you're much more energetic and you can do it. So I stopped eating. At 14 I start eating after dinner, we have been doing it ever since they should try it's actually very, it's a very healthy habit. I'm not very healthy. Don't Don't use me as the paradigm of this. But actually, it's very it is a very healthy habit to
try. So the first one is that you don't eat breakfast immediately don't play around second one
having supper so what is the meal we have? Right before
as late as possible. So you don't have to either have it as close as possible to to failure time like look when failure actually starts have as close as possible to measure the third disana with Oracle,
column which is do not use improper improper language or don't Don't be don't be offensive. So be. So this is a linguistic issue is a matter of manners. So having good manners not not being offensive not using improper language.
obviously not. But the idea here is especially especially when you're fasting, make sure that you're not being explicit, you're not being rude, not being obscene, being improperly not being unkind to people, because that will cause you to lose a lot of the adjuster that you potentially will get from from you'll see him because what you're doing when you when you when you're acting like that we're actually doing is you're using fasting as an excuse to be to be unkind, like you're using fasting as an excuse for you not to be a good person. The whole point of fasting is to improve your ability to be a good person, meaning because you're listening, you're lessening your food intake, you're no
longer functioning on those primitive and instinctive levels, you're trying to kind of rise beyond the above them. So if you're if you're if your focus is always on any, if you're always being unkind and screaming and yelling and mistreating people, and you're always on the edge and you have a bad temper, then you're not really doing fasting properly. You're not understanding the point of it. So make sure that you you kind of consider that when you're fasting
What so what Maria Medina said um did
know like what is it gonna Yeah, it was pertaining to like what kind of speech like whether you should restrict the amount of speaking that you do so because because cm and Kedah meaning not talking which is what we have like in the Quran we talked about Zika I see it as a clearly said I'm doing say that Emory MIT SLM also doing we don't have it as a part of the rituals of Islamic faith. What we do have an extent is this basically talking about the refraining from using certain phrases or talking in certain ways. Not talking too much is is a general sunnah of the Prophet. So I said, um, so if you talk, if you study his his description, and you start to see them for kinda get some
tea. Yeah, I mean, you would spend a long period of time not speaking to speak unless it was necessary. So we didn't talk just for the for the benefit of talking, we only talk when it was necessary to talk about conversation when the conversation was of importance. And when it wasn't, he would he would withhold from from speaking at least AutoSum. So those are the rules that we generally have in terms of, you know, a conference and conversing and talking, but
fasting from speaking is not a part of the rituals of the deen. However, scholars do not many of them because it's in the Quran, they don't,
they don't have a problem with people taking vows of silence for themselves. Meaning if you choose to take a vow of silence for a certain period, for a certain purpose as something to train yourself, they don't see that problematic because it's in line it's aligned with with the Quranic narrative of what Prophets have done before.
Of course, saying that, that's an issue of differences of opinion among scholars, because we don't have something specific. We don't have a specific command to us as Muslims to practice that, nor did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam ever practice it with within the frame of not speaking at all for a day or two or whatever, we're telling the Sahaba to do it, but if you take it upon yourself, and you have a purpose for it, and your idea here is to follow what other prophets have done before with with the purpose of improving maybe your own self control, then then many scholars have no problem with it. And I've actually participated in that at a certain point when I was younger, it's funny
the other day he just it just came up. I was walking to the Halacha this kids are sitting over there so I talked to one of the kids and I gave said he didn't answer me.
And I told him Are you okay? Like if something wrong and they wrote for me on the paper that he took a vow of silence for a day right so I told him Okay, good, are you gonna be fine? At least he said, Yeah, I'll read Quran and he wrote to me I didn't say
that he wrote I'll recall I mean nothing else and then finally you this is the day you have the most pleasure from your tongue ever the day where you said nothing but the word of Allah subhana wa Tada so you'll be very rewarded for it. So I think I think it's a matter of just kind of self control more than anything but I hope that kind of offered some and so if he's not gonna knock it will end with with this and next time we'll start about what were the days that are haram to faster we'll talk about blood transfusion and other other issues and things like that okay, so I'm gonna
be exterminated Muhammad Allah