5 Pillars Made Plain – Who Should Fast
Channel: Abdullah Oduro
File Size: 6.65MB
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah here. But to catch him in the Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you all. I'm Abdullah oduro. And welcome, who is fasting obligatory upon.
We say fasting is obligatory upon every sane, mature Muslim. And we talked about that the one that is sane, mature, and Muslim, because when Allah subhanaw taala starts off the verse that we talked about earlier, when he says, Oh, you who believe that fasting has been prescribed upon you, as it was upon the people before you, perhaps you may be of the mindful ones. So when looking at this, we divided into three categories of the ones that are sane, mature, and Muslim. There are three general exceptions. The first category is of those that are allowed to break their fast but must make it up. Now those are of types. The first one is the traveler. The second is the sick person. And the third
can be the one who is pregnant and breastfeeding at the same time. So when we look at the sick, the one that is sick, it's a sickness that is unbearable, you know, the sickness that would make you call into work truthfully, the one that a migraine headache, you know, something that you cannot handle, if you have the flu, the common cold that has reached an unbearable level, that is where you are allowed to break your fast, but you must make it up, the timeframe that you have for making up these fasts are the rest of the 11 months after the month of Ramadan. So if you've, you know, broke your fast for three, four days or a week, then you have seven days to make up, you have the 11
months till the next Ramadan. To make that up, the traveler is the second category, and the traveler is the one that goes to another city. And what what constitutes traveling is where a person leaves their civilization or their habitat, which is generally characterized by the absence of buildings and of residential homes. So when you're traveling, for instance, you know, we're in a city in the south, if you were to go to, you know, from Dallas to Houston, when you see the absence of buildings, and you see wilderness, you see mountains, you see gas stations that, you know, no one lives around there. Now you know that you are a traveler, to where in praying, you're able to
shorten your prayers. And here in the month of Ramadan, you do not have to fast you can break your fast, even when you reach your destination that you are traveling to, you don't have to fast you can be someone that eats and drinks regularly and be intimate regularly. The third category is the person that is pregnant or breastfeeding, if they fear for themselves, or if they fear for their child, or if they fear for both themselves and their child, if they were to fast, primarily, ideally, if it is confirmed by a physician not to do so then they can break their fast but they have to make it up and the remainder of the 11 months, if possible. inshallah Tada. The second group of
people are the ones that are not allowed to fast, and they do have to make it up. And those are the primarily the women that are on their menses, during the time of their menses, as we know, they are not allowed to pray, and they don't have to make their prayers up. But for Ramadan, the days that they missed in Ramadan, they, they are not allowed to fast and they have to make those days up. They're not allowed to fast and they have to make those days up. And also any individual that is have an unbearable sickness, they're not allowed to fast because Allah Subhana Allah mentions that you should not use your hands for your own destruction. If more than one reliable physician tells
you, you cannot fast do not fast, then in this situation, you are not allowed to fast and you should make those days up. The third category are the individuals that it is allowed to break your fast and you don't have to make those days up and depending on the condition, then you may it may not be allowed for you too fast, you may fall into the second category depending what do we mean by that the elderly person is the first category The one who is elderly and has been told by a physician that you cannot fast because of your your chronic condition your situation to where you will have to eat you have to get your sugar intake, you know, whatever the case may be to reconfirm that you have
to take a certain amount of medicine, maybe insulin or something of this nature, some type of something that gives you nourishes you, then you cannot fast or it's allowed for you to not fast, but you do not have to make the days up but you have to feed a poor person.
Every day missed, it's preferable to feed the poor person upon the commencement of Missouri prayer when people are breaking their fast, that is when you can go and feed a poor person for everyday miss being 30 days now, the way that you can do that are numerous. You can either wait till the end of Ramadan and feed 34 people and have a feast at your home and feed 30 poor people or you can feed a person for every day at the end of that particular day.
Or you can feed one person, the amount of 30 people in food. Now this is another good opportunity for you to give dour or tell people about Islam and telling them that this is what Islam orders me to do. This is what is prescribed upon me. And this is how I come closer to God and show thanks and gratitude towards him. So in summary, those are the three categorizations of the people that have to fast firstly we said it it has to be a mature sane Muslim, and of those three that are the exceptions that in this categories are the one that is allowed to break their fast but they have to make up the one that is obliged to break their fast and they have to make them up and the one that
is allowed to break their fast and they don't have to make it up they have to feed a poor person for everyday missed We ask Allah subhana wa tada to make you have those that abide by his Sharia by the law of Islam and understand that the law of Islam is a means of coming closer to him in this beautiful beautiful month as salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Thank you