Character of the 4 Caliphs

Abdullah Hakeem

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Channel: Abdullah Hakeem

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The importance of praise and thanking Showid as a member of Islam's hierarchy is discussed, as well as the historical context of the first Islamist, praised for his generous behavior and willingness to take small loans. The importance of being rich and Muslims to gain wealth is also emphasized, along with the historical context of the Mahdi's actions, including his bravery and willingness to face personal and professional challenges. The importance of learning about the Mahdi's life and leaving one's emotions to be the only thing differentiates them is emphasized.

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Muhammad

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Allah

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All praise is due to Allah subhanahu wa

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ta'ala.

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We praise him,

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we seek his help,

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and we ask for his forgiveness.

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We should all praise

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and thank Allah

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for once again allowing us all to be

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gathered here today

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for salatuljumu'ah.

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I ask Allah

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to reward each and every one of us.

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And we should also praise Allah and thank

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Allah

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for keeping us alive in this blessed day

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of today.

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For those who follow

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as today being the day of Ashura,

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and also for those who have it for

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tomorrow.

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It is a special day.

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It is a day that we know

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Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala saved

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Musa alaihi salaam

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and the Muslims

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from Firaoun

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and his army.

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And the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam mentioned

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that the one who fasts on the day

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of Ashura,

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then I hope that Allah ta'ala forgives 1

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year of his sins.

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So for those of you who are fasting

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or will be fasting tomorrow, I ask Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala

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to forgive your sins and our sins. Amen.

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I was thinking of what to discuss today,

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what to talk about in the chutzpah. There's

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a few topics we can talk about.

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We were thinking about maybe the story of

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Musa,

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the story

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about Al Ashura,

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and then we were, this week, discussing

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the theme which is following the sunnah of

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the prophet

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and following the sunnah of the rightly guided

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palace.

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So inshallah, because

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we have heard in the morning assembly quite

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a bit about and

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the story of Musa, so today I thought,

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let's discuss

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some stories

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from the companions of the prophet, sallallahu alaihi

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wa sallam,

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who were the Khalifas, the 4 the rightly

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guided caliphs. And we can learn some lessons

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from their stories, Insha'Allah.

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Firstly, as we know,

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from the rightly guarded caliphs we have 4.

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There's Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and we have

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Ali.

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And there are so many things that we

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can learn from their stories. So inshallah, with

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a few minutes that we have, we will

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try to cover certain aspects of their life,

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what they were known as. I mean these

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companions,

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you can cover an entire

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akhlaq of these companions and you will keep

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on writing about them. SubhanAllah.

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There's so many things to discuss about each

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and every one of these companions.

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But if we look at Abu Bakr, if

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we were to summarize Abu Bakr

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from what he was, which we can say

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so many things,

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he was a man of action.

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Abu Bakr

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was a man of action.

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He never used to wait for certain things.

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Whenever he saw a moment that he could

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gain hasanat from Allah,

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he did it.

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He went out of his way and he

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did it. And Abu Bakr

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wasn't a wealthy man like some other companions.

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He had a good amount for himself and

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his family,

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but yet he would spend on the path

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of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

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And we know Umar Radiallahu and tried to

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compete with Abu Bakr,

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and we know when the prophet asked

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for donation of the expedition,

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and Umar radiAllahu an brought half of his

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wealth thinking that today I'm going to beat

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Abu Bakr. And then when Abu Bakr

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came and he brought

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his entire wealth, Umar said,

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I can never beat Abu Bakr. There is

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no way that I can beat Abu Bakr.

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There's no way that I can compete with

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Abu Bakr Radiallahu An. He was definitely a

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man of action.

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Abu Bakr radiallahuwan

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through that action gave so much dawah.

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He was the one that embraced Islam first.

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He was the one who helped others to

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embrace Islam

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in the early stages,

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and from the 10 companions that were guaranteed

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paradise,

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it was through Abu Bakr's dawah that majority

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of them embraced Islam.

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This is the amount of effort that he

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put in to spread the deen of Allah

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Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.

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He was very very generous.

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Whatever he had he would give. For

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example, when the slaves were being tortured, when

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the Muslims were being persecuted,

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Abu Bakr radiallahu an, from whatever money that

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he had, he would go and buy those

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slaves, and would set them free, subhanAllah.

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And it was through his generosity

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that Bilal radiAllahu an, was bought and was

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set free, subhanAllah.

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Even Abu Bakr's own father would say to

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him, why are you spending your money on

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these slaves? They're not going to benefit you,

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they're so weak, They're about to die. But

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Abu Bakr knew where the benefit is. The

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benefit is in the akhirah.

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And of course we can see that he

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freed these slaves and they became great giants

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of Islam. Look at Bilal radiAllahu an, becoming

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the Mu'adhin

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of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam, and inshallah,

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Abu Bakr will be getting the hasanat for

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that. A man of action. Abu Bakr radiAllahu

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an, when he was Khalifa,

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at that position,

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such a high position,

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yet he would secretly,

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every fajr, after every fajr, would go to

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a widow's house,

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an old woman who was taking care of

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orphans, and he would go and help her

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clean the house. He would cook them food,

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he would wash their clothes, and he would

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make sure that the children were fed, and

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he would leave, and he would never tell

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that lady who he was. He would never

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tell that I am the khalifa. No. He

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did it for the sake of Allah Subhanahu

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Wa Ta'ala. That was a man of action,

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and we learned that from Abu Bakr radiAllahu

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an. If we want to follow his sunnah,

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let's follow him and become people of action.

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Umar

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was

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known as the one who was just,

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the criterias,

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the distinguisher between good and bad.

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Umar

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when he realized the truth of Islam,

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immediately he embraced it.

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In the beginning, he was the biggest enemy

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of Islam, the staunchest enemy. But as soon

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as the realization came into his mind,

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immediately,

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he embraced Islam.

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From the enemy of the prophet to the

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one who loved the prophet.

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And on that day, when he embraced Islam,

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he went to the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa

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sallam and he said,

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are we not on the correct path?

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Are we not on the path that Allah

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Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala is on our side? And

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the prophet

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said yes. And now imagine he just embraced

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Islam,

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and he said then why are we hiding?

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Why are we in secret here? Let's go

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out and give dawah. Let's show the people

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Islam.

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Let's show them their beauty.

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And that was why he was given the

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name Al Farooq,

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the one who distinguishes between right and wrong.

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That was Umar radhiallahu an. Umar

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when he was Khalifa

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and this shows his justice.

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There was

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a governor of Egypt,

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His name was Amr ibn al-'Aas radiallahu an.

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And his son,

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he had a stock of horses

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and he would race these horses.

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And there was a Coptic Christian in Egypt

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and he said to the son of the

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governor that let's have a race.

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My horse versus your horse.

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And they did that.

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And it was the Coptic Christian that won

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that race. His horse won that race. And

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of course, imagine the son of the governor,

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you have got a high status. He was

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feeling down and everyone was looking at him.

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He got angry, and he went and beat

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up that man for no reason.

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And that man was so upset

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that he came all the way from Egypt

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to Madinah

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to complain to Umar radiAllahu an about

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that Muslim.

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And what did Umar do? Oh, don't worry.

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He's a Muslim. It's alright. It's all good.

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No. He didn't do that.

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Umar radiAllahu an summoned him.

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Come. I want to see you. And not

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only you, your father as well, the governor,

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Umar. Come and see me. And they came

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all the way

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from Egypt to come and see Umar radhiallahu

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an in Madinah.

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And Umar radhiallahuhan asked them, did you do

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this? He had to admit, yes, I did

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this.

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I did,

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I did do this. And and Umar

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gave this stick to the Coptic Christian and

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told him take your revenge.

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Take your revenge because that's the truth. If

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he did that to you, this is now

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in the courts and it's been established that

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he is guilty. Now you take the revenge.

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So he took his revenge. And not only

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that, Umar Radiallahu when he said, now take

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your revenge on on his father. Because his

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father for his status, his son acted like

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this. But the man said no, I've got

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nothing against the father. I've got nothing against

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the father, I'm not going to do that.

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Umar radiAllahu an it didn't matter if he

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was a Muslim or a non Muslim. He

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was just with the law of Islam. So

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that is Umar

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and we'll continue inshallah with Uthman and Ali,

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in the next

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We continue, inshallah, with the and

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now we are talking about Usman

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Afan.

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Usman ibn Afan is known as someone who

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was very wealthy.

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He was very rich, but he was generous.

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He was one of the most generous sahabas,

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subhanAllah.

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And and Uthman radiAllahu an, because he was

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so wealthy,

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he made sure he gains jannah through his

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wealth. That he would give that in the

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path of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. So one

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thing we learned, there's nothing wrong being rich.

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It's actually a good thing that you're going

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out there, you are working hard, you are

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earning a living, you are making money. It's

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a good thing to be rich and Muslims

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should be wealthy,

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but at the same time use that wealth

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wisely, for giving it in the sake of

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala in the right causes.

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There are so many things we can talk

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about Uthman and his wealth. But just one,

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Insha'Allah.

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Uthman radhiallahuwan,

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during the time of Umar

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Umar, radiallahuwan, when Umar was Khalifa,

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there was a time of famine.

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A time of famine. There wasn't much rain

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coming, so crops weren't growing. Animals were dying.

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People of Madinah didn't have enough food. People

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were starving.

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Muslims were dying.

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And they couldn't go to places to find

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food. They couldn't buy food.

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The businessmen of Madina, they had money, but

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they couldn't go to shops to buy any

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food. There was nothing there to sell.

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And then all of a sudden,

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the Muslims in Medina saw a massive caravan

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of camels coming. About a 100 camels coming

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and all these camels had a full load

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of food.

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SubhanAllah. Imagine,

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100 camels full of goods and food, and

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he was coming to Madinah, and they were

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getting excited. Where is this food coming from?

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Whose caravan does it belong to?

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And he went straight to the residence of

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Uthman ibn Affan Now

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the businessmen of Medina,

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they came to Uthman and they said, do

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these belong to you? He said yes. They

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said we'll buy it for you. From whatever

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you want to sell it, we'll give you

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double. They were desperate. They had money but

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no They couldn't buy anywhere.

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We will give you double.

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He said,

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No.

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But I have made a better deal.

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I have made a better deal.

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Then you're thinking, who made a better deal?

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Alright. We will give you triple.

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We will give you triple that.

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And of Samadhi Allah, he said, no. I've

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got a better deal but thank you. They

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said, we'll give you 4 times. No. I've

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got a better deal. 5 times

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more. He said, no.

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I have got a better deal.

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And the businessman of Medina was stunned. They

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said, we're the businessman of Medina. We know

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the market.

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Who is buying this off you for more

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than what it's worth?

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And then Uthman radiallahu, he said that I

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have sold this to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.

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I have made this business transaction with Allah.

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Everything that you can see on these camels

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belong to the Muslims.

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He gave everything for the sake of Allah

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to every Muslim in Madinah.

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That is how generous

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Uthman is. Not only that, Uthman bought a

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well in Madinah

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when there was no other wells having water.

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He bought that well.

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Muslims and non muslims were drinking for free.

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Before that they had to pay money to

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the person who owned it.

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Today that well still exists.

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Today that well is still generating money and

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it made so much money that of they

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had to open up the Saudi government had

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to open up a bank account

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under the name of Osman.

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And not only that, the money was so

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huge they build they build buildings

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in the name of Osman, hotels in the

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name of Osman.

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And all the money that is generated is

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given to the poor and the needy.

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Imagine Uthman is in his grave at the

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moment,

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1400 or so years ago he passed away,

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yet he is reaping the reward of his

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generosity.

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So if we were to learn one thing

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from Uthman,

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that is to be generous. No matter how

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much you have. The prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam,

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he said

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that see the fire of Jahannam even if

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you have to give half a date in

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charity.

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So give for the sake of Allah and

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be generous.

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Lastly,

00:15:17--> 00:15:18

Ali radiAllahu an.

00:15:18--> 00:15:22

Ali radiAllahu an, the 4th Khalifa from the

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rightly guarded caliph.

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He was known as someone who was brave,

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strong,

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courageous.

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And he was known for that. His bravery.

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Every time there was something happening, a skirmish,

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a battle, Ali radhiallahuhan would be up there

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first ready to go. And it didn't start

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when he was older but he started when

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he was young. He was only a child

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when he embraced Islam.

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I want you all to

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think. Those of you who are here, the

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age of maybe 10 to 15, think about

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this for a moment.

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That at your age, at the moment, what

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do you think about regularly?

00:15:58--> 00:16:01

What's your thought processes? Maybe certain games you

00:16:01--> 00:16:03

wanna play, certain sports you wanna play, certain

00:16:03--> 00:16:05

movies you wanna watch. Right? These are our

00:16:05--> 00:16:07

thoughts on a regular basis.

00:16:07--> 00:16:10

Alir radiallahu an at that age, all he

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would think about is the deen of Allah.

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All he would think about is being brave

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and strong so that he can serve the

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Muslims. He can serve Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:16:19--> 00:16:22

That was his thought process at that age,

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and he grew up in the household of

00:16:25--> 00:16:27

the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

00:16:27--> 00:16:30

He was so brave subhanallah that there is

00:16:30--> 00:16:32

a story in the battle of handak and

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I want you to listen to this story

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because it's not just about being strong and

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being able to cause destruction of the opposing

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party. No. It's also about his heart.

00:16:43--> 00:16:46

During the battle of Khandak, although there wasn't

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a major battle that happened,

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but there were skirmishes that happened around.

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There was a disbeliever by the name of

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by the name of Amar ibn Abdul Wood

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and he was able to cross the handak

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and he came to the other side.

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And he was so strong. He was known

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from the Quraysh to be one of the

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strongest

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who can take on so many people.

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And he came up very proudly. He will

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say, who is there to fight me? Who

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is there to fight me? Who wants

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who wants their mother to be left without

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a child? Who wants to quickly go to

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Jannah? He would say these things

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and he would try to egg on the

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Muslims

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and no one was getting up. They were

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quite afraid. This is this is Amr ibn

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Abdul Wood, one of the strongest.

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But who got up? Ali radiAllahu. He stood

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up. He said, you Rasulullah,

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let me go.

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And And the prophet told

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him, do do you know who he is?

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This is Amr ibn Abdul Wood. Sit down.

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So he sat down. Then again, he is

00:17:50--> 00:17:52

saying, who is there? Anyone wants to challenge

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me? He stood up again. He said, give

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me a chance. Let me go.

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And again, the prophet said, this is Umar

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ibn Abdul. Sit down. So he sat down.

00:18:03--> 00:18:05

And then he turned around. Umrah turned around.

00:18:05--> 00:18:06

No one's gonna fight me.

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Allah is on our side. Give me a

00:18:15--> 00:18:16

chance. So the prophet

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allowed him to go. And as the battle

00:18:19--> 00:18:21

was happening between the 2,

00:18:22--> 00:18:25

Ali radhiallahu was able to put Amr on

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his knees.

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And he was about

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to kill him.

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But at that moment,

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armor spat on his face.

00:18:34--> 00:18:34

Armor spat

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on the face of Ali radiAllahu an. And

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because of that, now I want you to

00:18:39--> 00:18:41

think, at that moment you would get even

00:18:41--> 00:18:42

more angry.

00:18:42--> 00:18:44

You will get even more angry and you

00:18:44--> 00:18:46

would cause so much harm. But when that

00:18:46--> 00:18:46

happened,

00:18:47--> 00:18:50

Ali radiAllahu an, put his sword down, turned

00:18:50--> 00:18:51

around and walked away.

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And as he was walking away,

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some narration mentioned that Umar attacked him and

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that is when Ali radhiallahu was able to

00:19:00--> 00:19:00

be victorious.

00:19:01--> 00:19:03

The sahabas asked Ali, why did you do

00:19:03--> 00:19:04

that?

00:19:04--> 00:19:06

Why did you You had the opportunity. Why

00:19:06--> 00:19:07

did you walk away?

00:19:08--> 00:19:10

He said because when I was fighting, I

00:19:10--> 00:19:12

was doing that for the sake of Allah.

00:19:12--> 00:19:14

But as he spat on my face,

00:19:14--> 00:19:16

it became personal.

00:19:17--> 00:19:19

It became personal and I didn't want to

00:19:19--> 00:19:21

do this for my sake. I wanted to

00:19:21--> 00:19:23

do it for the sake of Allah.

00:19:23--> 00:19:25

So that's why I didn't. So can you

00:19:25--> 00:19:26

see his heart?

00:19:26--> 00:19:28

He wasn't doing things for his sake, but

00:19:28--> 00:19:30

he was doing things for the sake of

00:19:30--> 00:19:30

Allah.

00:19:31--> 00:19:32

So we learn a lot of things from

00:19:32--> 00:19:34

these sabers, these companions.

00:19:34--> 00:19:36

And just to recap, inshallah,

00:19:36--> 00:19:38

it is really important to know the 4

00:19:38--> 00:19:39

khalifas.

00:19:39--> 00:19:40

Learn about their life.

00:19:41--> 00:19:44

Learn about their life. Learn about their stories.

00:19:44--> 00:19:45

And inshallah,

00:19:45--> 00:19:48

we ask Allah to be just like them.

00:19:48--> 00:19:50

Abu Bakr, a man of action.

00:19:50--> 00:19:53

Omar radiallahu and the distinguisher, the criterion

00:19:53--> 00:19:56

between good and bad. Osman, he was rich

00:19:56--> 00:19:58

and he was generous. And Ali radiallahu and

00:19:58--> 00:20:01

brave and he was strong. We ask Allah

00:20:01--> 00:20:04

to give us all these characteristics. Ameen. We

00:20:04--> 00:20:05

ask Allah

00:20:06--> 00:20:07

to make us

00:20:07--> 00:20:08

become generous,

00:20:09--> 00:20:11

become brave, become people of action,

00:20:11--> 00:20:14

and become those who distinguish between right and

00:20:14--> 00:20:17

wrong. Amin. We ask Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

00:20:17--> 00:20:20

to reward all of those who are fasting

00:20:20--> 00:20:22

today and tomorrow, and we ask Allah subhanahu

00:20:22--> 00:20:24

wa ta'ala to forgive all of our sins.

00:20:24--> 00:20:26

We ask Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala to give

00:20:26--> 00:20:27

Please stand up. Make yourself.

00:20:26--> 00:20:27

Please stand up. Make yourself.