Reflection On The First Hijra Untold Ethiopia

Abdullah Hakim Quick

Channel: Abdullah Hakim Quick

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It is a great privilege to be with you today, here in Bahrain. And I pray that Allah azza wa jal would make you successful. And especially here in the Discover Islam center, and the activities that Muslims are having, when we are reaching out to society. It is so important for Muslims to become part of the mainstream in society, and also to reach out to people of other faiths.

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We are in a very unique position in the world today. law as a gel has blessed us to have large numbers of people.

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We have maybe 26% of the earth's population. We have some of the richest people on earth.

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We have large armies. We have intellectuals, we are a young nation. Recent studies have shown that in many Muslim countries, 60% of the population are 25 years old and under.

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So this is a nation of the future

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is a nation of the future. And recently, during the Hajj season,

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on one of the International stations, a Muslim journalist and a non Muslim, were looking at Mecca. So they were looking through the camera at Mecca. And they saw millions of people

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around the Kaaba, some were making to laugh. Some were running it between Safa and Marwa. Some were drinking Zamzam water.

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Others were praying, talking to each other buying things. Everybody had an agenda.

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And the Muslim said to his friend and colleague, within the next 20 minutes,

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all of these people will stop what they are doing. They will stand shoulder to shoulder and they will pray behind one person.

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The non Muslim said this is impossible.

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That's not possible.

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Because in our pilgrimages, and our rock concerts,

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political demonstrations, when we gather together large numbers of people, it would take a long time, hour, maybe two, to marshal everybody and get them in rows and stand. This is not how you deal with people. And then the event went on.

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And within 20 minutes, the people had lined up and they were praying behind one EMA.

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And this was something that looked almost miraculous,

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to the person of another faith, to see people of different colors, different nationalities, different understandings in the world to come together in such unity. So within the Muslim Ummah, within all of us, there is an ability to unite.

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There is an ability, a feeling of submission,

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or desire to be part of one nation.

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And that is a great blessing.

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But at the same time when the salaat was over,

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then the people went back to their agendas. Now the question is, when the pilgrimage is, is finished, and the people returned home,

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will they be that united woman

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that has a strong foundation that has unity that follows its leadership?

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Or will they be

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here a disunited nation

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that the promises seldom spoke about would come near the end of time, and authentic IDs reported by so bad the Prophet peace be upon him said that the nation's will pounce upon you like somebody's calling their people to eat food.

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And so they said will it be because our numbers are small in those days, and the process of them said, well, Antonio might even come here.

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You will have large numbers back in the Congo sakuta sale you will be like the twigs and foam on the water.

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You look at the water and you see

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twigs and you see foam and it looks like a lot on the surface of the water, but it has no roots on the bottom. So if the water goes to the right and the form and stick score to the right, if the water goes to the left, it goes to the left.

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So it has a large appearance, but it has but it doesn't have a foundation.

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And so this is the Buddha say,

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the prophet peace be upon him said that Allah will take the natural fear and respect of you out of their hearts, and he would put a type of disease in your heart.

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And when they asked him, What is that disease, he said, a bit Junior worker, worker here to note that you will love the life of this world, and you would hate death, you'd be afraid to make the transition into the next world. And so this is the Crossroads that Muslims are at today, with such great potential that we have,

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with the great wealth, and with the great

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potential leadership. At the same time, there is great poverty,

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there is also a feeling of frustration on the ground.

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And so because of this, people are crying for change. We are crying for change.

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We want political change, we want economic change, social change. But Allah azzawajal tells us in Allahu Allah euroma be pohlmann

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amavi. And

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Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change that which is in themselves.

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That is the first change.

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And so the internal Muslim, a change needs to happen in our hearts. A change needs to happen in our very perspective of Islam. Who are we as Muslims?

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What is this faith?

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internal questions have to be asked. So that things like pride, and greed.

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And over an anger, getting anger can't we can't control emotions, and jealousy, conceit, these diseases of the inside need to be purged and clean from our hearts. So that we would be prepared to deal with this message.

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In order to do this, we need to purify ourselves and change our understanding.

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One of the ways to do this is that we look into the past, we look into our history, to try to take lessons from the history.

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And by doing that, we are able to see what happened before us and not make the same mistakes. And also, once Allah tells us in certain rock boxes in Casa casas boxes will cost us Allah, Allah homea, to

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tell them the stories in order that they would reflect

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when we look at the court, and we find that one third of the end is cost us one third of the court and his stories,

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the stories of the prophets, the stories of the righteous ones, the stories of societies that came, some rose up, some fell down

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the stories of achievements of human beings and also the mistakes that people make.

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And so in this light, we have been looking at the history of Muslims, trying to understand something else about our experience in the world. And for many Muslims living in the Arabian Peninsula, and living on the side on the eastern side of Iraq,

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and going behind the rivers, and above into the mountains and in Asia and Southeast Asia. For many Muslims living in that side of the world. They were not aware of what happened on the other side of Islam.

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And this is important for us to be able to center ourselves in Mecca, to center ourselves in the Prophet with and try to understand what happened to the believers in the early time and how Islam spread. Who were the players in the original community? What were some of their experiences? And so we have been studying we looked at an Andalus we look we were looking at the Golden Age of Islam. We were trying to understand what happened on the western side. This is a different way of looking because today we think in what is called eurocentrism we are centered in Europe.

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So now we say What time is it they say Greenwich Mean Time.

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So Greenwich is in London. It's a university there in London and just a little place. But somehow we base our thinking on Greenwich Mean Time when they say

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you are in the Middle East.

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Middle East means middle From where?

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If they say you're in the forest, what does that mean to you?

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A forest, China? Or okay, but if you live in China is China the forest?

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No, it's the center of the world. So it's far from Europe, you understand. So as centering itself, the way we think, has actually been distorted. So we need to change the way we are thinking. And instead of being euro centric, meaning centered in Europe, or Afro centric, centric, or indo centric, we need to be Mecca Center, where we center ourselves in Mecca itself. And in this light, you see the title, and we are using Islam in the near West. You see, that's turning it around Islam in the near West, near From where?

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Where is it near? Mecca. So we sent it back. And now we want to see

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where Islam went, who were the players? What was the situation in the early times, it is reported,

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that in the fifth year of the Prophet with the prophet SAW, Selim and his companions, were under extreme persecution, he brought the message of one God, he taught the people that they should not worship idols, that is no difference between Arab and non Arab,

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that the Quraysh, the rich are not the ones who should get most of the benefits, that there should be equality. And by teaching this message of tawheed of unity, they were persecuted. And the persecution reached a very terrible point. And so he told them, that they should seek refuge in the West, seek refuge in the West. And so they made a journey across the Red Sea. And this picture is taken from a journey that we took into Ethiopia itself a few years ago.

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And this will you you will begin to see as we travel across to in different sections in the field, so they left from Mecca, right up here. And they went across into what is now Eritrea and Ethiopia.

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And the premises seldom said, if you go to Abba, Sileo or Habesha, it would be better for you. In it, there is a king who will not tolerate oppression, it is a land of truth, hear out of the sick.

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It is a land of truth.

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And he told them go until such time as the last shall relieve you from your distress.

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So he did not send his followers to Palestine.

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He didn't send them to Yemen. He did not send them to Iraq, but he sent them west across the Red Sea. And he said there is a king in this area who does not tolerate oppression.

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It is a land of truth here are the set.

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This is an important statement. Because when the private seller makes a statement like this, then it is a serious statement because we know that the Quran was is telling us what our young people and how in what a law human you have.

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He does not speak from himself from his desires. He is a revelation revelation comes through him.

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And so he sent his followers there, into the western side to the empire of xo.

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And the extra mile Empire was a well known Empire at that time. This is an herbalist

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and the herbalist is a symbol of power and authority. Also,

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it is said that it is also used as a means of

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judging for math, and also for astronomy.

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And the largest obelisks in the world are in Ethiopia.

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We think about the pyramids, right and there are lists in Egypt, but the largest obelisk in the world is there in Ethiopia in the aksumite Empire. So this is a shot there in excellent which is higher in the Tigray region. And you can see the objects that are there.

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And so this is very high altitude

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where this is

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now

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the first migration

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It was 12 men and for women and this included with maghaberry a fan and will pay a bit Mohammed so seldom is the doctor

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of the prophet who was married to Earth men. And they went across and they made this journey. And they settled there in

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excellent. What is now Eritrea and Ethiopia, and they settled there, listening to what would happen, and this is an actual shot from that land as you are traveling through. It is something, an area something like this, that the companions of the Prophet peace be upon him must have been moving through.

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But at that time, information came to them, that the nobleman of Pradesh, that they had come down to the Kaaba, and the prophets of Salaam, had the revelation of certain najem.

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And he was reading the Koran and the police was with him. And it reaches the point where it said, prostrate to your Lord. It had mentioned Latin erza, the gods of the kadesh has merely as Gods

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trifling Gods not really the Creator. And it reached the point of frustration, and the kodesh, frustrated to get all frustrated with the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon. So the word started to spread. And it reached all the way into Ethiopia, it reached that they had actually accepted Islam.

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And

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these verses here,

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this situation, were the verses that inspired a very evil person. His name is Salman Rushdie. Some of you may have heard of Selman Rushdie, he wrote a book called Satanic Verses. And this appeared in the 90s. And it caused a major confusion in the world in this book, Satanic Verses. He's actually this is the theme of the book itself. So the book is about this, it describes Mecca. And it describes these verses. But even though he is coming from a Muslim family, and he's a good writer, he did a very evil thing, because he described the mecca at the time, and he made terrible attacks on Islam. He said that when the Prophet received revelation, that the angel vomited on him.

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He described Pulau the great Ethiopian rather than in racial terms, using racial terms against him. He described the wives of the Prophet and sell them in a very terrible way. He described each one of them as prostitutes in Mecca, and showing, you know, making a perfect description of them. So the book was really bad. And that's the reason why there was a reaction from the Muslim world. And I unfortunately, I had to read the book, in order to respond to him in the situation we were facing in Canada, but the showerhead here the witness gets, this is the Satanic Verses. This is the time but according to the great scholars of Islam,

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the prophet peace be upon him, he did not compromise Islam during that time. He did not say that Latin was a godsend, and play a game with the polish. He was merely reading certain najem which mentions Latin Brazil as the trifling gods of the Polish, any frustrated and they frustrated, along with

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following this?

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The people who went to Mecca

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they found out that the kodesh had not accepted Islam. And it became worse for them. And they were being tortured again. So they had to go back to Ethiopia again.

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Okay, so it's like a, it's considered the first digital but it's like the second part of it. And in this case, 83 men and 19 women went across some very important Sahaba went across Jaffa, you cannot be totally absorbed management. Abdullah ibn Masood are the law and it's very important companions of the process. Allah made this hegira this migration across into Alibaba there. And this is another shot of the land that they were traveling through. And they sought refuge with the king. His name was us Hama.

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Now the title that we hear under joshy

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or the naked in English, the gash, it would say in the gash, but the title that we hear on the joshy this is only his title, like Emperor or Caesar, like kissflow pizza. So on the judge, his name was us hammer.

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Okay, so there were many other new judges also, that were there. He was a righteous one. And the process of going through revelation knew that although he was a Christian, is a Christian King. Although he was a Christian, he was a righteous person believing in one God. And we have understood that from the time of the Council of nice nicea in 325

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Christians divided into Unitarians, who believed in one God, and they followed areas, and many of the teachers of one God and trinitarians, who believed in three, the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit. And the Roman Emperor Constantine, in 325, chose the Trinity

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as the doctrine of the Church, but there were Christians all over the known world, who still believed in one God.

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And they were righteous people trying to hang on to the original message.

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The Quraysh then, the leaders of Mecca, sent their companions or sent a delegation, led by Mr. everlasting Abdullah, even Abby rivia.

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And they went across in order to bring the Muslims back.

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And they went to a sama, under Joshi.

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And they explained to him, these people are rebels from the land. They don't accept our gods, they have broken away from their, their families and their traditions. They disrespect even your religion. They say Jesus is not the Son of God. And so they were using tricks to try to turn the Christians against

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the Muslim Mahajan.

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And Jaffa Ibn Abi taalib, the cousin of the of the prophets of Salaam, Rajaraman, he

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read from Surah Merriam, the chapter of Mary. And when he, when he read from this chapter, the najat, he cried, and the people in his court cried, and the joshy said, drew a line, he said, there's nothing in between me and you, but just this little area where the same, you're safe. And it gave them a place of sanctuary, that they would stay there in Ethiopia.

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So there are many things inside of this land.

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It is an interesting country to visit this year. For those our delegation here from Ethiopia, and our friends, this is the Ark of the Covenant. And this is an axiom. And they believe that the Ark of the Covenant, that from the time of sulit, Solomon, Solomon, that Sulaiman that act, the chest that carried, you know, the dddd 10 commandments and the scrolls and the power of Israel, they believe the Ark of the Covenant is here. And up until now, they believe that and nobody goes inside of this building, except one man, he lives inside.

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It just how serious these people are.

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One man lives inside of this building, all of his life. And when he's about to die, he,

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he chooses a successor, and he goes inside, and it stays for the rest of his life.

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And we have a problem with 10 days of getting

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in the masjid, his whole life,

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inside of the place, that's how serious they are. So they're very serious people. When we check this out, though, the historian said it probably not really on the Ark of the Covenant, why would sue the man give away the source of the power, they put something is in there is something of value. historical value is inside of this building.

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Getting back to our points, however, as Homer wept, and he said, You are safe in my lens. So the first sanctuary for Islam,

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outside of Mecca was not Medina.

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It was not yesterday, the first sanctuary for Islam was inhabited.

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This is a very important point to understand. Because when we think about Ethiopia, we generally think only of one person go out for the long run. We don't understand what is in back of the law. We don't understand the importance of this section of the Muslim world, and the history and the things that happen.

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And the prophets of Salaam sent a letter to Allah Joshi and he secretly embraced Islam. And he sent his son out Ummah, with 60 writers to announce their Islam to the Prophet peace be upon him, but our mind is right is when they were going across the parish inside of the Red Sea. So they never actually made it across. But this letter that was sent in the joshy is an extremely important that this is a letter the Prophet dictated and sent over to the joshy. And we have

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this copy here is from a copy from the original top copy Museum in Istanbul is where they house the document and the

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letter is basically saying in the name of a lot of magnificent the merciful from Mohammed, the Messenger of Allah to the joshy sama interval how Bashar peace be upon he follows the guidance as to what follows.

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Apparently for you, I praise Allah, the one whom there is no deity except Him, the soul King, the holy, the source of peace, the protector and the guardian. Now look at this letter.

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You see, it is a letter, it is a brotherly letter.

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It is a letter, his reasoning with him.

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So he starting off with tawheed,

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is given the name some of the descriptions of Allah subhanaw taala. This is a lesson in how you discuss the great leader of Islam discussion with the Christian, trying to bring the toe heat out of him and give him guidance.

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Then he says, I bear witness that Jesus, the son of Miriam is the spirit belonging to Allah and His word, which he cast into the chase, an excellent virgin Miriam, she just became pregnant by means of his spirit, and his inspiration with Jesus, in the same manner, that he created Adam with his hand.

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Now look at the reasoning now,

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he shows him that Marian, she's a virgin. Now, that's one of the beliefs of the Christians.

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And that God cast his Word and His Spirit into her.

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That's one of their beliefs.

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And she had the child with no father.

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But he sets conditions.

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He said in the same way, as Adam, as the Quran says, In the method that he said in the law, he committed the Adam hamaca human. So Rob makalah, who

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has a call and says that the example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like Adam, He created him from clay. And then he said, Be and it is. So in other words, the argument that sometimes comes by certain people of Christianity, they will say, Okay, if Jesus was, was born with no father, or Mary was the mother, then God was the father, right?

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Because somebody's got to be the father. You see the reasoning? So your answer is, okay. If that's the case, then Adam had no father and no mother. So what is he?

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He would have to be a god. And then what is he if she had a father and no mother?

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He came from the rebirth of Adam. You see, so what Allah azza wa jal shows this, he creates other with no father and no mother.

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And then Eve with a father and no mother. And then

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Isa, Jesus with a mother and no father, we chose Allah subhanaw taala creates in all different ways.

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But it does not show divinity of Jesus.

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See the argument. So the prophets of Salaam is now reasoning with him, showing him the tawheed the names and descriptions of Allah, showing him the creation of Jesus, but qualifying this, and saying that even though he was created with no father is not God.

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He's a messenger.

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Following this, he said, verily, I invite I invite you to Allah, the One who has no partners, and to friendship and allegiance, and in obedience to Him.

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So he's inviting him to friendship and allegiance.

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This is an interesting point, because he says, verily, I invite you and your Armed Forces, to allow the most high

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dose I have delivered the message and given you counsel, therefore accept my counsel, peace be upon he who follows the guidance. This is serious, because if you remember the life of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. He was born in the year called Ahmed feel the year of the elephants. And that is when abraha, the general from Ethiopia, they had taken over Yemen, and they attacked Mecca, and they had elephants. And by using elephants in warfare, that's a totally different way of fighting. It's the same way as in World War One. World War Two, they start putting tanks. When tanks came into warfare, it totally changed it around.

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Then now they had helicopter gunships. It changed the level of what now they're using drones. You see, so in those days, the elephant was like a tank.

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What this meant is that the army of excellent the aksumite army

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was one of the most powerful armies

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I

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want you to think about this process of them is inviting him and Jude

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and your forces to it's not if they accepted Islam with the power of the elephants, and it's over, that would have been it because they would have swept over over over Mecca swept over the Arabian Peninsula. So this is a very serious letter that is being sent from many different angles from the Prophet peace be upon him. It is a brotherly letter. You'll see later on he sends letters to different things at different points in time. But this is a very unique, the Jesse's response

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is the Peace be upon you or prophet of Allah and mercy and blessings from Allah. Surely there is no deity but Allah, as to what follows your message has reached me, for messenger of Allah and that which you mentioned concerning Jesus is exactly as you have stated, We have understood your message to us have gotten close to your cousin Joshua.

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And his companions, I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah. And I have confirmed that truth. I have pledged allegiance to you and your cousin that's supposed to be I have embraced Islam on his hands for Allah, the Lord of all the rooms. Okay.

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Now Following this, the Muslim stayed there in Alibaba for a period of time.

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Okay, so this is another part of Islamic history. We don't have a lot of details about what actually happened there, but they interacted with the people. And the struggle going on and Christendom at the time was a struggle between trinitarians and Unitarians. Keep this in mind because you will see the same struggle. When you go north into Palestine, Syria, you'll see the same struggle in Egypt, the Coptic Christians, and the Aryans leave isn't one God, they assisted the Muslim against the Romans. So this is Unitarians versus Trinitarian. It's very important theme.

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You see the same thing when the Muslims went into North Africa.

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You see the same thing Al Andalus. In Spain and Portugal, Unitarians versus Trinitarian.

00:32:21--> 00:32:51

Because Islam when we're talking about Islam, we are not just talking about the religion of Mohammed Salah. We're talking about the religion of all the prophets. So therefore, the true original followers of Ibrahim Alayhi, salaam are Muslims, the followers of Moses musala, Islam were Muslims, the followers of Jesus easily Islam and Muslims. All of them is our Muslims in a general sense of the term a Muslim is one who submits to Allah.

00:32:52--> 00:33:00

Okay, it does not mean your your urine Arab, does not mean to cover the Middle East, however you want to call it

00:33:02--> 00:33:03

It means you submit to Allah.

00:33:04--> 00:33:20

And so by this definition, then the those who were embracing from an Habesha, this was the first early community outside of Mecca that was actually embracing Islam so Islam there, it will have a shot is a very old history very long.

00:33:21--> 00:33:25

And it's something that a lot of people do not realize, when they

00:33:27--> 00:33:28

look at the history.

00:33:29--> 00:33:49

So when the joshy he died as a Muslim, and the proof of that is that the Protestant solemn when he found in Revelation that this man had died, he called his followers together. And he said a righteous your brother, a righteous Muslim has died. lineup and let us pray for him. So he made a lot of Jenna's janaza lilavati.

00:33:50--> 00:34:06

He made janaza for an absent person, it was the first time in Islamic history that janazah of funeral prayer was ever made for a person who was not there. And that was proof agreed upon by the scholars and the historians that he had embraced.

00:34:07--> 00:34:24

Okay, so this is a very old phenomenon. And this is a picture actually from the gash itself in the Tigray highlights. And this is where the Naja she is actually buried there in the north. This is Masjid and majestic.

00:34:25--> 00:34:33

That's another interesting place to visit. Once you made your husband, your omura and whatnot. right this is another interesting place.

00:34:34--> 00:34:42

They want to go to Paris or Disneyland in America or you know, whatever. These are the places that we need to know. We need to go to pay the one

00:34:43--> 00:34:51

the western capital of Islam. We need to go to mustard Najafi martial book by Eben afia

00:34:52--> 00:34:59

right under loose. Granada. Go to the important capitals of Islam all over the world.

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Understand the experiences Muslim have

00:35:03--> 00:35:50

because of this in response to some criticisms that came of this janazah some people wonder why you're going to pray for these people, they're over on the other side, then Allah subhanaw taala reveals, and there are certainly among the People of the Book, those who believe in Allah in the revelation to you and the revelation to them bowing in humility to Allah, they will not sell the signs of Allah for a miserable price for them as a reward with their Lord. And Allah is swift in account. This is in Surah Al e Imran verse 199 15, sahabas died. And you can go into theater or even a sock. And you'll see the names written. The 15 died in this time. And they are very now they're in

00:35:50--> 00:36:24

this area of the gash and it's very interesting thing in the province there. And you can see the writing here this is the Arabic and mechanics on a Saudi Hill is Malik al habashi A sama see an agenda? Right? This is the east, right? This is Ethiopian language. Right and this is the ancient script. If you look at Arabic When it first was written, they didn't have shut down and that TA and these things, they didn't have this. So this is also a Semitic language.

00:36:25--> 00:36:44

And so this is an interesting writing because you have is the Arabic and you have the English and this is the sign of the community there is the the those of you who are studying Arabic Now see the noon that's the dot. Naja, she says

00:36:45--> 00:36:56

follow my writing see the dots. Naja. She is like a boat Safina it's in the joshy it is a boat of the jassi and Charlotte it will take you to Jenna.

00:36:57--> 00:37:02

See so this is a beautiful sign for us. That we have a showing

00:37:06--> 00:37:10

of the companions of the Prophet SAW them many of them Ethiopians made higit

00:37:11--> 00:37:14

to Medina. Do you know that Bilbao had a brother

00:37:15--> 00:37:16

you know below.

00:37:18--> 00:37:19

You know he had a brother.

00:37:20--> 00:37:21

He had a brother.

00:37:22--> 00:37:37

Look at some of the names of the companions that had just happened habashi Abu Bakr Al habashi, Chaparral habashi to MathML habashi jumada al habashi du de john Dumas habashi Khalid al Hadi Khalid even raba

00:37:39--> 00:37:40

the brother of Villa

00:37:42--> 00:37:50

Khalid bin robot, people don't brag about their families and talk I mean, do you know about the brothers and sisters of Abu Bakr Siddiq?

00:37:51--> 00:37:51

No.

00:37:53--> 00:37:56

People don't brag about their family but this is interesting point.

00:37:57--> 00:38:01

Because when people think about Ethiopian Muslim Palau

00:38:02--> 00:38:50

and they stop but there is more than this. And that's the type of thinking that we have we have to expand our thinking that we understand all of the Muslims and the role that they play. Also Aslam saya Aslam, Hillel watchi He is the one remember the story of the killing of Hamza Padilla. And in the Battle of puppet he was watching he was hired by Hynde, the wife of Abu sufian that if he would kill Hamza, uncle and also sell them he would be free. And he waited and he did he threw his spear. And he killed hums over the long run. And then he left the battery. He accepted Islam. When he came to Medina, the province of Salaam was so upset. He reminded him of Hamza, he accepted him, but then

00:38:50--> 00:39:00

he said, okay, you know, just, you know, I don't want to be reminded, but he accepted him in the community. And after the death of the Prophet peace be upon him. It was a false prophet named musei, Lima.

00:39:02--> 00:39:03

And musei Lima,

00:39:04--> 00:39:09

he came out and he said, he was a prophet. Like Muhammad, you're a prophet. I'm a prophet too.

00:39:11--> 00:39:20

Okay, so the Muslim struggled against him. And it is said, after the death of the purpose of sell them, when they were fighting, c'est la vie, she took his spear and he and he killed him.

00:39:21--> 00:39:36

And they said, Now why she feels that he has made up he was Muslim, all the sins are forgiven, but he felt bad but now the spirit has been used to do something for Islam. And so that is

00:39:38--> 00:39:40

you know that we allow had a sister

00:39:42--> 00:39:42

You know, this

00:39:44--> 00:39:55

law had a system. These are some of the females to have yet boom, amen Buttercup, the dry nurse of the province of Sangeeta Baraka, the servants of home Habiba Fira bint raba.

00:39:56--> 00:39:58

The sister of Gilad

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

This is

00:40:02--> 00:40:04

another this book here

00:40:06--> 00:40:43

when holla at Shan Shan say a Gibbon sadakazu 2001. This now is the definitive book in Arabic where you will get your proof. He is taking his information from hibben Cassia from Saudi Qatar body and from some of the major texts, but this is the text written by a scholar in Ethiopia. That is the one if you want to get the book I think it's in the bookstore here. If you can ask for this book, it would be in Mecca and Medina, but an Arabic That is the one where you get the details. I got this book in Ethiopia itself but I believe it is available here in the Arabic right.

00:40:46--> 00:40:50

So it is recorded that 32 abyssinians

00:40:51--> 00:41:12

migrated to Medina with Jaffa Ivanovich 32. But they became part of the community and they are integrated together and they were part of of the early companions of the Prophet peace be fun. We were writing in our car going to Exxon. When we left the gash, they were going up, right. And we're traveling here you see the road there.

00:41:13--> 00:41:16

There it is. That's the road.

00:41:17--> 00:41:19

And we're way high in the mountains here.

00:41:20--> 00:41:24

And you better hope he takes a good left turn when he hits that corner to death.

00:41:27--> 00:41:38

And my driver was from Yemen. I advise you if you're in a mountain get a Yemeni for your driver Yemenis are good drivers and mountainsmith right? Get a Yemeni to drive.

00:41:39--> 00:41:40

I think he was chewing clock.

00:41:41--> 00:42:02

I said okay, I normally don't allow clock but this time, we want to keep him awake. So here it is here now. high in the mountains. This is where they migrated. And this is the valley here with the Italian Army was defeated by the Ethiopians on this value. Very important place there. The history of that land.

00:42:04--> 00:42:05

Here is a sign

00:42:08--> 00:42:14

which is our slogan you see it noon is your gene that's the dot for the gene right?

00:42:15--> 00:42:20

Naja yushin Naja, she sees

00:42:23--> 00:42:32

the joshy. Right? There's yoga ease there. And there's the gash the Tigray is the gap.

00:42:33--> 00:42:35

Right, very interesting.

00:42:36--> 00:42:44

sign for that area. So it is our hope inshallah, what do we get out of this number one,

00:42:46--> 00:42:56

that the first migration made in Islam was not to Palestine, it was not to Yemen, not to Iraq, but it was to

00:42:58--> 00:43:00

presently Iran, Syria and you

00:43:01--> 00:43:02

to be

00:43:03--> 00:43:05

that the Prophet said here out of the sit,

00:43:06--> 00:43:08

it is a land of truth.

00:43:09--> 00:43:15

The King does not oppress anyone he will not allow oppression

00:43:16--> 00:43:23

means is a very important place. And the process of them later on said leads the people have had a shot of hubba

00:43:24--> 00:43:32

hubba matava cuckoo, or chemical Lisa to leave them alone as long as they leave you alone.

00:43:34--> 00:43:48

So this became a very important place. But what is the showerhead? Here? It is the prophet of Islam. You know, some people say Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Right? If you say this, and this is a Muslim, who is reaching out to a Christian,

00:43:50--> 00:43:52

is he attacking the Christian? No.

00:43:53--> 00:43:54

He sends his people

00:43:56--> 00:44:02

to seek sanctuary from a Christian leader. And the Christian leader takes them in. He protects them.

00:44:03--> 00:44:05

And he accepts Islam himself.

00:44:06--> 00:44:11

You see, so this is a unity between the believers in one God.

00:44:12--> 00:44:30

And that is the original way that Islam approached other monotheists reason with them, show them the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala show them that Jesus was born without a father. Show them that Mary was a virgin.

00:44:31--> 00:44:34

But show them the fact he was born without a father does not mean that he's God.

00:44:36--> 00:44:57

You see, so we're reasoning with them not, but we show them respect. And by showing respect, we will have an important reason. Also for those of you who study African history, generally when they speak about Islam and Africa, and this is one of the things they attack us with. They speak of Islam and Africa they say slavery.

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

They say the Arabs came with

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

curved sides to attack the Africans. That's a lie.

00:45:05--> 00:45:12

Because the first entrance that the Muslims came was as refugees Seeking Safety,

00:45:14--> 00:45:15

and the African continent took them in.

00:45:17--> 00:45:44

Okay, and societies were closed. The third, another important point is that really, there wasn't that much difference. If you look at the territory of the Red Sea. If you go back in that, you will see there's not much difference between the cultures of the people in Yemen. And in Iraq, Syria and Somalia, this area's Sudan, there's not that much difference between the cultures of the people, they've been going back and forth for 1000s of years.

00:45:45--> 00:45:51

So really, to say one side is Africa and the other side is Asia. This is not the way we define.

00:45:53--> 00:46:11

We define it by the nations that are living there and by the practice of Islam, or the practice of other religions, but not by these racial definitions to try to divide people up African, Asian European, this and that, dividing up the children of Adam Elisa.

00:46:12--> 00:46:19

So this history is a very important one. And it's it shows the struggle that the Muslims went through.

00:46:20--> 00:46:43

And it shows the perseverance of the people later on. During the Philippines, of course, man given the affair and during that time, many of the Ashraf II the nobles from the family of the Prophet so seldom, many of them traveled to have that amount in the south. And some of them went into what is now known as Somaliland. And they landed in a place called Zilla.

00:46:45--> 00:46:55

The wetland zillah from Zilla, they went up into the highlights. And they found that the city they're called hada. The city of harder

00:46:56--> 00:47:00

put the word harder in Google's ha are a

00:47:02--> 00:47:07

Google that name. I was surprised because they came up with said the fourth holiest city in Islam.

00:47:09--> 00:47:18

I've never heard of anything like this in my life, the fourth holiest city in Islam. What did they mean by that? They didn't mean holy in a holy sense. They're talking about protected city.

00:47:20--> 00:47:25

Because only Muslims entered the city for a long period, maybe 500 years long period,

00:47:26--> 00:48:11

the city of bulama of Scotts high in the mountains. Okay, so these are some important places, and some important movements of Islam that we should be aware of, which will help us to broaden our understanding of this religion. And the more we understand Islam in different parts of the world, we can take lessons from the people, we can learn from the culture. And we see how beautiful Islam is that it goes to all different peoples, all different colors, all different nationalities. So I leave you with these thoughts, and I asked a lot to have mercy on me and you akula polyhedra was thoughtful lolly. walakum wa salaamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. I want to open up the floor

00:48:11--> 00:48:18

just for any questions that anybody may have. Any feedback and questions? It may be some new new things that you've heard.

00:48:20--> 00:48:20

Yes, yes.

00:48:21--> 00:48:35

Okay. Now, will you hear in the beginning of the talk? Okay, in the beginning of the talk, what I what I began by saying is that a large group of people in Mecca, right? You have the wijaya of Mecca millions of people.

00:48:36--> 00:48:56

So these people, if they are solidly practicing Islam, if they take the spirit of Hajj, if they take their religion seriously, and they can become the best nation ever raised for humanity, if they do not remember what I said, then they will become without a sale.

00:48:57--> 00:49:11

Who was not a sale without a sale? Is the process of described that the Muslims would be pounced on by from all different angles, right? And they would be large numbers, but they would have no wait.

00:49:12--> 00:49:29

You see, so one we have different we can go in either other directions. If we take Islam serious if we make internal changes within ourselves, remember what I said in the beginning in Allahu Allah you're very Roma be comin.

00:49:30--> 00:49:36

Roma be unforeseeable, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change that which is in themselves.

00:49:37--> 00:49:48

So we do not change what is in our hearts, pride, arrogance, jealousy, then there will be no change if we change it.

00:49:50--> 00:49:59

You see, and a great one of the great scholars of Islam Ibn khaldoun and his mo Padma is introduction to the history of the world. He showed that when Muslims are practicing Islam is like us.

00:50:00--> 00:50:11

circle right? When you practice Islam and his humility and love and tolerance, and you practicing the Sunnah Allah gives you authority when you leave your morals,

00:50:12--> 00:50:18

and you drink wine, and you gamble, and you have tribalism, and it starts to go back down.

00:50:19--> 00:50:28

So this is the this is the cycle of Islam. Right now inshallah we're on the way back up. We've been sleeping for a long time, around the way up.

00:50:29--> 00:50:56

And we're coming slowly, but surely, it is getting better and better. It seems like confusion out there. But there are more and more Muslims who are serious about their faith. There are more people who are taken to the hijab, and to the higher their modesty, right? More and more people study in court and we get better and better and better. But it is not until Islam becomes a reality on the ground.

00:50:57--> 00:51:04

In the land itself, that we can expect the help of Allah azza wa jal, but it begins inside of our hearts.

00:51:05--> 00:51:38

It begins inside this understanding Now, one of the ways that we can change our hearts and our thinking is to look for knowledge of the past as it said, and sir, to use it laqad canopy pasa see him here, but not only Alba. In these stories, there are lessons for those who reflect you need lessons, right? You need some inspiration, motivation for reflection. So in other words, when we study the history, we don't just study to say, Oh, this is a nice story.

00:51:40--> 00:51:46

We study in order to revive Islam within ourselves, and to implement Islam in our lives.

00:51:47--> 00:51:48

You see,

00:51:49--> 00:51:57

the other general questions or comments? Anybody has? Laura's open. So now everybody knows Bilbao had a brother, right?

00:51:58--> 00:51:58

He had a brother.

00:52:00--> 00:52:03

And a sister too. Right. Interesting point.

00:52:05--> 00:52:06

You learn something new today, right?

00:52:09--> 00:52:10

Okay, so I think yes, but

00:52:12--> 00:52:17

yeah, you know, one of the scholars of Islam came to South Africa.

00:52:18--> 00:52:22

And they asked him about the Muslim world. And he said, ulmerton Islamia.

00:52:24--> 00:52:32

He said, the Muslim world is in good condition. And they said, How can you say this? But he said, if you look at the history of Islam,

00:52:33--> 00:53:16

if you look at the liar prophets who came in the time of the process, Allah and just after him, if you look at the apostates, people who left Islam and tried to destroy it, if you look at the fitness and the confusion, that that that, you know, that came afterwards, if you look at the invasions that came into the Muslim world, look at the Mongol invasion, look at the Crusaders who came and took over the Muslim world for a long period of time. Look at the colonial period, when our countries were colonized. People made slaves, we should have been finished a long time ago. It should be reading about us in ancient history in a museum like, see those were the Muslims that used to live

00:53:16--> 00:53:23

long time ago. They were very nice people. But we can't see them today. But by the mercy of Allah, we're still here.

00:53:25--> 00:53:26

We're still here.

00:53:27--> 00:53:42

But the challenge is now to revive Islam within ourselves. And as I say, you need to travel in the Muslim world, you will see it is getting better. We're actually getting better, you can't see it. If you listen to the news. It's all bad news.

00:53:43--> 00:54:27

That's because they want to give you the bad news, right? They don't tell you the good news. Okay, but if you listen on our own means of communications. Right, if you travel in the land, you will see that there are more and more Muslims around it is the consciousness is rising. It will take us some time. So we have to have patience in the law, Hamas sabally. Allow us with those who have patience. We have to have patience now in this very confusing period in international history. But we are rising now. Just by appeal by sheer numbers. You know by people coming into Islam accepting Islam were rising. It will take us some time to get out direction. And we only pray that Allah subhanaw

00:54:27--> 00:54:59

taala would unite the oma of Muhammad so saddam would protect us protect the children of the womb of Mohammed so solemn, will not protect the women in the womb of Mohammed Salah will not protect the men in the families and Omar Mohamed so seldom May Allah unite us and give us that understanding that we can take Islam for those who don't understand it, and we can give direction for the rest of the people on the face of the planet. May Allah help us that our last words would be our best words, that our last word would be kelemen La ilaha illAllah Muhammad

00:55:00--> 00:55:31

Rasulullah sallallahu I leave you with these words and I asked a lot to have mercy on me and you akula Kali hatha was Dr. lolly Welcome to particle and will be humbucker Chateau La ilaha illa Anta istockphoto Guna tuber lake. This Villa Manor imulast in lowland Santa lucky hos lil Edina amanu Mohammed Ali has to also be awkward to also the Saba or sallallahu taala say that Mohammed Valley he will suck big money, aka Juana and 100 a la la bella mean, a salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah he

00:55:35--> 00:55:40

tell them the stories in order that they would reflect

00:55:42--> 00:55:51

when we look at the court, and we find that one third of the court and is cost us one third of the court and his stories,

00:55:53--> 00:56:01

the stories of the prophets, the stories of the righteous ones, the stories of societies that came, some rose up, some fell down

00:56:03--> 00:56:09

the stories of achievements of human beings and also the the the mistakes that people make.

00:56:10--> 00:56:31

And so in this light, we have been looking at the history of Muslims, trying to understand something else about our experience in the world. And for many Muslims living in the Arabian Peninsula, and living on the side, on the eastern side of Iraq,

00:56:32--> 00:56:46

and going behind the rivers, and above, into the mountains and in Asia and Southeast Asia. For many Muslims living in that side of the world, they were not aware of what happened on the other side of Islam.

00:56:48--> 00:57:31

And this is important for us to be able to center ourselves in Mecca, to center ourselves in the Prophet with and try to understand what happened to the believers in the early time and how Islam spread. Who were the players in the in the original community? What were some of their experiences. And so we have been studying, we looked at an endless we look, we were looking at the Golden Age of Islam, we were trying to understand what happened on the western side. This is a different way of looking. Because today, we think in what is called eurocentrism. We are centered in Europe.

00:57:33--> 00:57:36

So now we say What time is it they say Greenwich Mean Time.

00:57:37--> 00:57:49

So Greenwich is in London, it's a university there in London and just a little place. But somehow we base our thinking on Greenwich Mean Time, when they say

00:57:50--> 00:57:52

you are in the Middle East.

00:57:54--> 00:57:56

Middle East means middle From where?

00:57:58--> 00:58:01

If they say you're in the Far East, what does that mean to you?

00:58:03--> 00:58:09

A forest. China are okay. But if you live in China, is China the forest?

00:58:11--> 00:58:50

No, it's the center of the world. So it's far from Europe, you understand? So as centering itself, the way we think, has actually been distorted. So we need to change the way we are thinking. And instead of being Eurocentric meaning centered in Europe, or Afro centric, centric, or indo centric, we need to be Mecca Center, where we center ourselves in Mecca itself. And in this light, you see the title, and we are using Islam in the near West. You see, that's turning it around Islam in the near West, near From where?

00:58:52--> 00:58:59

Where is it near? Mecca. So we're centered in Mecca. And now we want to see

00:59:00--> 00:59:07

where Islam went, who were the players? What was the situation in the early times, it is reported

00:59:08--> 00:59:26

that in the fifth year of the Prophet with the prophet SAW, Selim and his companions, were under extreme persecution, he brought the message of one God, he taught the people that they should not worship idols, that is no difference between Arab and non Arab,

00:59:27--> 00:59:59

that the Quraysh the rich are not the ones who should get most of the benefits, that they should be equality. And by teaching this message of tawheed of unity, they were persecuted. And the persecution reached a very terrible point. And so he told them, that they should seek refuge in the West, seek refuge in the West. And so they made a journey across the Red Sea. And this picture is taken from a journey that we took

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

to Ethiopia itself a few years ago.

01:00:04--> 01:00:21

And this will you, you will begin to see as we travel across two different sections that they left from Mecca right up here. And they went across into what is now Eritrea and Ethiopia.

01:00:22--> 01:00:39

And the premises seldom said, if you go to Abba, Sileo or Habesha, it would be better for you. For in it there is a king who will not tolerate oppression. It is a land of truth here out of the sick.

01:00:41--> 01:00:42

It is a land of truth.

01:00:45--> 01:00:50

And he told them, go until such time as Allah shall relieve you from your distress.

01:00:52--> 01:00:54

So he did not send his followers to Palestine.

01:00:56--> 01:00:57

He didn't send them to Yemen.

01:00:58--> 01:01:12

He did not send them to Iraq. But he sent them west across the Red Sea. And he said there is a king in this area, who does not tolerate oppression.

01:01:14--> 01:01:16

It is a land of truth here are the set.

01:01:18--> 01:01:31

This is an important statement. Because when the premises someone makes a statement like this, then it is a serious statement because we know that the Quran was is telling us when our young people in who are ill or what you have.

01:01:32--> 01:01:39

He does not speak from himself from his desires. He is a revelation revelation comes through him.

01:01:40--> 01:01:49

And so he sent his followers there, into the western side to the empire of xo.

01:01:51--> 01:01:56

And the extra mile Empire was a well known Empire at that time. This is an herbalist

01:01:57--> 01:02:01

and the herbalist is a symbol of power and authority also,

01:02:02--> 01:02:05

it is said that it is also used as a means of

01:02:06--> 01:02:10

judging for math and also for astronomy.

01:02:11--> 01:02:15

And the largest obelisks in the world are in Ethiopia.

01:02:16--> 01:02:34

We think about the pyramids right and there are other lists in Egypt, but the largest publisher in the world is there in Ethiopia in the aksumite Empire. So this is a shot there in excellent which is higher in the Tigray region. And you can see the objects that are there.

01:02:35--> 01:02:38

And so, this is very high altitude,

01:02:39--> 01:02:40

where this is

01:02:42--> 01:02:43

now,

01:02:44--> 01:02:46

the first migration

01:02:47--> 01:03:03

It was 12 men and for women and this included with man, give me a fan and we will pay a bit Mohammed so seldom is the daughter of the Prophet was married to both men. And they went across and they made this journey and they settled there in

01:03:04--> 01:03:25

Aksum, what is now Eritrea and Ethiopia. And they settled there, listening to what would happen, and this is an actual shot from that land as you are traveling through. It is something an area something like this, that the companions of the Prophet peace be upon him must have been moving through.

01:03:26--> 01:03:39

But at that time, information came to them, that the nobleman of Pradesh, that they had come down to the Kaaba, and the prophets of Salaam, had the revelation of certain najem.

01:03:40--> 01:03:54

And he was reading the Koran and the police was with him. And it reaches the point where it said, prostrate to your Lord. It had mentioned Latin was the gods of the kadesh has merely as God's

01:03:55--> 01:04:15

trifling God's not really the Creator. And it reached the point of frustration, and the kodesh, frustrated to get all frustrated with the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon. So the word started to spread. And it reached all the way into Ethiopia, it reached that they had actually accepted Islam.

01:04:16--> 01:04:17

And

01:04:18--> 01:04:19

these verses here,

01:04:21--> 01:05:00

this situation, were the verses that inspired a very evil person. His name is Salman Rushdie. Some of you may have heard of sell man rishtey, he wrote a book called Satanic Verses. And this appeared in the 90s. And it caused a major confusion in the world in this book, Satanic Verses, is actually this is the theme of the book itself. So the book is about this, it describes Mecca, and it describes these verses. But even though he is coming from a Muslim family, and he's a good writer, he did a very evil thing because he

01:05:00--> 01:05:09

Describe the mecca at the time, and he made terrible attacks on Islam. He said that when the Prophet received revelation that the angel vomited on him.

01:05:11--> 01:05:52

He described pilau the great Ethiopian rather than in racial terms, using racial terms against him. He described the wives of the prophets and sell them in a very terrible way. He described each one of them as prostitutes in Mecca, and showing, you know, making a perfect description of them. So the book was really bad. And that's the reason why there was a reaction from the Muslim world. And I unfortunately, I had to read the book, in order to respond to him in the situation we were facing in Canada, but the showerhead here the witness gets, this is the Satanic Verses. This is the time but according to the great scholars of Islam,

01:05:53--> 01:06:15

the prophet peace be upon him, he did not compromise Islam during that time. He did not say that Latin was a godsend, and play a game with the polish. He was merely reading certain najem which mentions Latin Brazil as the traveling gods of the kadesh any frustrated and they frustrated along with

01:06:16--> 01:06:17

following this?

01:06:20--> 01:06:21

The people who went to Mecca

01:06:23--> 01:06:33

they found out that the pradesh had not accepted Islam, and it became worse for them. And they were being tortured again. So they had to go back to Ethiopia again.

01:06:34--> 01:07:09

Okay, so it's like a, it's considered the first digital but it's like the second part of it. And in this case, 83 men and 19 women went across some very important Sahaba went across Jaffa panopticon. Abdullah Abdullah ibn Masood are the law on this very important companions of process Allah made this hegira this migration across into a barber shop there. And this is another shot of the land that they were traveling through. And they sought refuge with the king. His name was us hammer.

01:07:11--> 01:07:13

Now the title that we hear under joshy

01:07:15--> 01:07:30

or the naked in English the gash it would say in the Tigray the gash, but the title that we hear on the joshy this is only his title, like Emperor, or Caesar, like kissflow pizza. So on the judge, his name was a sama.

01:07:32--> 01:08:15

Okay, so there were many other new judges also, that were there, he was a righteous one. And the process of them through revelation knew that, although he was a Christian, is a Christian King. Although he was a Christian, he was a righteous person believing in one God. And we have understood that from the time of the Council of nice nicea in 325, the Christians divided into Unitarians, who believed in one God, and they followed areas, and many of the teachers of one God and trinitarians, who believed in three, the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit. And the Roman Emperor Constantine, in 325, chose the Trinity

01:08:16--> 01:08:25

as the doctrine of the Church, but there were Christians all over the known world, who still believed in one God.

01:08:26--> 01:08:30

And they were righteous people trying to hang on to the original message.

01:08:31--> 01:08:41

The Quraysh then, the leaders of Mecca, sent their companions or sent a delegation led by Mr. Eben Lawson, Abdullah Gibbon, Abby rabea.

01:08:43--> 01:08:46

And they went across in order to bring the Muslims back.

01:08:47--> 01:08:51

And they went to the to a sama, under joshy.

01:08:53--> 01:09:14

And they explained to him these people are rebels from the land. They don't accept our gods, they have broken away from their, their families and their traditions. They disrespect even your religion. They say Jesus is not the Son of God. And so they were using tricks to try to turn the Christians against

01:09:16--> 01:09:17

the Muslim Mahajan.

01:09:19--> 01:09:26

And Jaffa Ibn Abi taalib, the cousin of the of the prophets of Salaam rhodiola. When he

01:09:28--> 01:09:52

read from Surah Merriam, the chapter of Mary, and when he when he read from this chapter, the najat, he cried, and the people in his court cried and the joshy said drew a line he said, there's nothing in between me and you. But this this little area where the same, you're safe, and it gave them a place of sanctuary, that they would stay there in Ethiopia.

01:09:53--> 01:09:56

So there are many things inside of this land.

01:09:58--> 01:09:59

It is an interesting country to

01:10:00--> 01:10:35

Visit this here. For those who are delegation here from Ethiopia and our friends, this is the Ark of the Covenant. And this is an axiom. And they believe that the Ark of the Covenant, that from the time of sulit, Solomon, Solomon, that's Sulaiman that act, the chest that carried, you know, the dddd, the 10 commandments and the scrolls and the power of Israel, they believe the Ark of the Covenant is here. And up until now, they believe that and nobody goes inside of this building, except one man, he lives inside.

01:10:36--> 01:10:38

It is how serious these people are.

01:10:39--> 01:10:47

One man lives inside of this building, all of his life. And when he's about to die, he,

01:10:48--> 01:10:54

he chooses a successor, and he goes inside, and it stays for the rest of his life.

01:10:56--> 01:11:02

And we have a problem with 10 days of getting fat in the masjid, his whole life,

01:11:03--> 01:11:27

inside of the place, that's how serious they are. So they're very serious people. When we check this out, though, the historian said it probably not really on the Ark of the Covenant, why would Sulaiman give away, the source of the power there, but something is in there is something of value. historical value is inside of this building.

01:11:28--> 01:11:39

Getting back to our point, however, as hammer weapons wept, and he said, You are safe in my lens. So the first sanctuary for Islam,

01:11:41--> 01:11:43

outside of Mecca was not Medina.

01:11:44--> 01:11:48

It was not yesterday, the first sanctuary for Islam was a

01:11:50--> 01:12:09

this is a very important point to understand. Because when we think about Ethiopia, we generally think only of one person go out for the long run, we don't understand what is in back of the law. We don't understand the importance of this section of the Muslim world, and the history and the things that happen.

01:12:10--> 01:12:43

And the prophets of Salaam sent a letter to Allah Joshi and he secretly embraced Islam. And he sent his son Alma with 60 writers to announce their Islam to the Prophet peace be upon him, but out of mine, his writers when they were going across a parish inside of the Red Sea, so they never actually made it across. But this letter that was sent in the joshy is an extremely important that this is a letter of the Prophet dictated and sent over to the joshy. And we have

01:12:44--> 01:13:06

this copy here is from a copy from the original top Capitol Museum in Istanbul, is where they house the document. And the letter is basically saying in the name of a lot of beneficence, the Merciful from Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah to the joshy asama. Emperor Valhalla, Bashar, peace be upon who follows the guidance as to what follows.

01:13:07--> 01:13:17

Currently for you, I praise Allah, the one whom there is no deity except Him, the soul King, the holy, the source of peace, the protector and the guardian. Now look at this letter.

01:13:20--> 01:13:23

You see, it is a letter, it is a brotherly letter.

01:13:24--> 01:13:26

It is a letter his reasoning with him.

01:13:27--> 01:13:29

So he starting off with tau, he

01:13:30--> 01:13:46

is given the name some of the descriptions of Allah subhanaw taala. This is a lesson in how you discuss the great leader of Islam discussion with the Christian, trying to bring the toe heat out of him and give him guidance.

01:13:47--> 01:14:09

Then he says, I bear witness that Jesus, the son of Miriam is the spirit belonging to Allah and His word, which he casts into the chase, an excellent virgin Miriam. She just became pregnant by means of his spirit, and his inspiration with Jesus, in the same manner, that he created Adam with his hat. Now look at the reasoning now,

01:14:10--> 01:14:16

he shows him that Miriam, she's a virgin. Now, that's one of the beliefs of the Christians.

01:14:18--> 01:14:22

And that God cast his Word and His Spirit into

01:14:23--> 01:14:24

that's one of the beliefs

01:14:25--> 01:14:28

and she had the child with no father.

01:14:29--> 01:14:32

But he sets conditions.

01:14:33--> 01:14:44

He said, in the same way, as Adam as the answers. In the method Isa and de la, he conducted the Adam hamaca, who mentor Rob makalah, who

01:14:46--> 01:15:00

has a quote and says, that the example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like Adam, He created him from clay. And then he said, Be and it is. So in other words, the argument that something

01:15:00--> 01:15:10

times comes by certain people of Christianity they will say, okay if Jesus was, was born with no father of Mary was the mother, then God was the father, right?

01:15:12--> 01:15:24

Because somebody's got to be the father. You see the reasoning? So your answer is, okay. If that's the case, then Adam had no father and no mother. So what is he?

01:15:26--> 01:15:30

He would have to be a god. And then what is he if she had a father and no mother,

01:15:32--> 01:15:39

he came from the rebirth of Adam. You see, so what Allah azza wa jal shows this, he creates Adam with no father, no mother,

01:15:40--> 01:15:52

and then Eve with a father and no mother. And then Isa, Jesus with a mother and no father, we chose Allah subhanaw taala creates in all different ways.

01:15:54--> 01:15:57

But it does not show divinity of Jesus.

01:15:58--> 01:16:15

See the argument. So the prophets are seldom is now reasoning with him, showing him the tawheed the names and descriptions of Allah, showing him the creation of Jesus, but qualifying this, and saying that even though he was created with no father is not God.

01:16:17--> 01:16:18

He's a messenger.

01:16:20--> 01:16:32

Following this, he said, verily, I invite I invite you to Allah, the One who has no partners, and to friendship and allegiance, and in obedience to Him.

01:16:34--> 01:16:38

So he's inviting him to friendship and allegiance.

01:16:39--> 01:16:48

This is an interesting point, because he says, verily, I invite you and your Armed Forces, to allow the most high

01:16:49--> 01:17:30

dose I have delivered the message and given you counsel, therefore accept my counsel, peace be upon he who follows the guidance. This is serious, because if you remember the life of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, he was born in the year called arm will feel the year of the elephants. And that is when abraha, the general from Ethiopia, they had taken over Yemen, and they attacked Mecca. And they had elephants. And by using elephants in warfare, that's a totally different way of fighting. It's the same way as in World War One, World War Two, they start with tanks. When tanks came into warfare, it totally changed it around.

01:17:32--> 01:17:44

Then now they had helicopter gunships. It changed the level of what now they're using drones. You see, so in those days, the elephant was like a tank.

01:17:46--> 01:17:50

What this meant is that the army of excellent, the aksumite army

01:17:52--> 01:17:54

was one of the most powerful armies but I

01:17:55--> 01:18:00

want you to think about this process of them is inviting him and Jude.

01:18:01--> 01:18:34

And your forces do it's not if they accepted Islam, with the power of the elephants, and it's over. That would have been it. Because they would have swept over over over Mecca swept over the Arabian Peninsula. So this is a very serious letter that is being sent from many different angles, from the Prophet peace be upon him. It is a brotherly letter. You'll see later on he sends letters to different things at different points in time. But this is a very unique gesture, his response?

01:18:35--> 01:19:10

Is that Peace be upon you or prophet of Allah and mercy and blessings of Allah. Surely there is no deity but Allah as to what follows your message has reached me, for messenger of Allah and that which you mentioned concerning Jesus is exactly as you have stated, We have understood your message to us have gotten close to your cousin Java color, and his companions, I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah. And I have confirmed that truth. I have pledged allegiance to you and your cousin that's supposed to be I have embraced Islam on his hands for Allah the Lord.

01:19:12--> 01:19:12

Okay.

01:19:13--> 01:19:19

Now Following this, the Muslims stayed there in a lava for a period of time.

01:19:21--> 01:19:59

So this is another part of Islamic history. We don't have a lot of details about what actually happened there, but they interacted with the people. And the struggle going on in Christendom at the time was a struggle between trinitarians and Unitarians. Keep this in mind because you will see the same struggle. When you go north into Palestine, Syria. You'll see the same struggle in Egypt. The Coptic Christians, and the ariens leave isn't one god they assisted the Muslims against the Romans. So this is Unitarians versus Trinitarian.

01:20:00--> 01:20:02

Very important theme.

01:20:03--> 01:20:06

You see the same thing when the Muslims went into North Africa.

01:20:07--> 01:20:14

You see the same thing in Al Andalus. In Spain and Portugal, Unitarians versus trinitarians.

01:20:15--> 01:20:45

Because Islam when we're talking about Islam, we are not just talking about the religion of Mohammed Salah. We're talking about the religion of all the prophets. So therefore, the true original followers of Ibrahim Alayhi, salaam are Muslims, the followers of Moses musala, Islam were Muslims, the followers of Jesus easily Islam and Muslims. All of them is our Muslims in a general sense of the term a Muslim is one who submits to Allah.

01:20:46--> 01:20:55

Okay, it does not mean your your urine Arab, does not mean you come from the Middle East, or however you want to call it.

01:20:56--> 01:20:57

It means you submit to Allah.

01:20:58--> 01:21:15

And so by this definition, then the those who are embracing from an Habesha, this was the first early community outside of Mecca that was actually embracing Islam. So Islam there, it will have a shot is a very old history very long.

01:21:16--> 01:21:20

And it's something that a lot of people do not realize, when they

01:21:21--> 01:21:23

look at the history there.

01:21:24--> 01:21:43

So in the joshy, he died as a Muslim. And the proof of that is that the Protestant solemn when he found in Revelation that this man had died, he called his followers together. And he said, a righteous your brother, a righteous Muslim has died. lineup and let us pray for him. So he made a lot of Jenna's janaza lilavati.

01:21:45--> 01:22:00

He made janaza for an absent person, it was the first time in Islamic history that janazah a funeral prayer was ever made for a person who was not there. And that was proof agreed upon by the scholars and the historians that he had embraced.

01:22:02--> 01:22:18

Okay, so this is a very old phenomenon. And this is a picture actually from the gash itself in the Tigray highlights. And this is where the new joshy is actually buried. There in the north. This is Masjid and majestic.

01:22:20--> 01:22:27

That's another interesting place to visit. Once you made your husband, your ombre and whatnot, right, this is another interesting place.

01:22:28--> 01:22:36

They want to go to Paris or Disneyland in America or, you know, whatever. These are the places that we need to know. We need to go to pay the one

01:22:37--> 01:22:45

the western capital of Islam, we need to go to mustard, Najafi martial art by Eben afia.

01:22:47--> 01:22:57

Right under loose Renata go to the important capitals of Islam all over the world and understand the experiences Muslim have

01:22:58--> 01:23:43

because of this in response to some criticisms that came of this janaza. For some people wonder why you're going to pray for these people. They're over on the other side. Then Allah subhanaw taala reveals and there are certainly among the People of the Book, those who believe in Allah in the revelation to you and the revelation to them bowing and humility to Allah, they will not sell the signs of Allah for a miserable price for them as a reward with their Lord. And Allah is swift in account. This is in Surah Al e Imran verse 199 15 Sahaba has died. And you can go into Sierra given this hack. And you'll see the names written. The 15th died in this time. And they are very now

01:23:43--> 01:23:58

they're in this area of the gash. And it's a very interesting thing in the province there. And you can see the writing here this is the Arabic and mechanics it is Malik al habashi asama. See,

01:24:00--> 01:24:19

right, this is the east, right? This is Ethiopian language. Right and this is the ancient script. If you look at Arabic When it first was written, they didn't have shut down and that TA and these things, they didn't have this. So this is also a Semitic language.

01:24:20--> 01:24:50

And so this is an interesting writing because you have is the Arabic and you have the English and this is the sign of the community there. You see the those of you who are studying Arabic Now see the noon that's a dot Naja, she says follow my writing see the dots. Naja. She is like a boat Safina it's in the jassi it is the boat of the Jessie and Charlotte will take you to Gen

01:24:51--> 01:24:56

Z so this is a beautiful sign for us that we have showing

01:25:00--> 01:25:04

of the companions of the Prophet SAW them many of them Ethiopians made his way

01:25:05--> 01:25:08

to to Medina. Do you know that Bilbao had a brother?

01:25:10--> 01:25:10

You know below.

01:25:12--> 01:25:13

You know he had a brother.

01:25:14--> 01:25:15

He had a brother.

01:25:16--> 01:25:31

Look at some of the names of the companions benhadad habashi, Abu Bakr Al habashi, Chaparral habashi to MathML habashi jumada al habashi. Duda john, do monohybrid habashi Khalid, Abel, Hawaii, Khalid, even raba

01:25:33--> 01:25:34

the brother of Villa

01:25:36--> 01:25:44

Khalid bin robot, people don't brag about their families and talk. I mean, do you know about the brothers and sisters of Abu Bakr as a deep?

01:25:45--> 01:25:46

No.

01:25:47--> 01:25:50

People don't brag about their family but this is interesting point.

01:25:52--> 01:25:55

Because when people think about Ethiopian Muslim pilau

01:25:56--> 01:26:43

and they stop, but there is more than this. And that's the type of thinking that we have. We have to expand our thinking that we understand all of the Muslims and the role that they play. Also Islam sa USA Islam, Allah washy. He is the one remember the story of the killing of Hamza brotherly love. In the battle apart. It was washed, he was hired by Hynde, the wife of apostrophe n, that if he would kill Hamza, uncle, the process of them he would be free. And he waited and he did he threw his spear. And he killed hums over the long run. And then he left the battery. He accepted Islam. When he came to Medina, the province of Salaam was so upset. He reminded him of Hamza, he accepted him,

01:26:44--> 01:26:54

but then he said, okay, you know, just, you know, I don't want to be reminded, but he accepted him in the community. And after the death of the Prophet peace be upon him. It was a false prophet name was Salima.

01:26:56--> 01:26:57

And musei Lima,

01:26:59--> 01:27:03

he came out and he said he was a prophet. Like Mohammed, you're a prophet. I'm a prophet.

01:27:05--> 01:27:14

Okay, so the Muslim struggled against him. And he said, after the death of the pro sell them when they were fighting with Salem, awash, he took his fear, and he and he killed him.

01:27:15--> 01:27:30

And they said, Now why she feels that he has made up. He was Muslim, all the sins are forgiven, but he felt bad, but now the spear has been used to do something for Islam. And so that is,

01:27:32--> 01:27:34

you know, that we allow had a sister.

01:27:36--> 01:27:37

Do you notice

01:27:38--> 01:27:49

a lot had a sister. He's a some of the female Sahaba yet from Ayman Baraka, the dryness of the process of Sangeeta Baraka, the service of Habiba Fira bint raba.

01:27:51--> 01:27:52

The sister of Villa

01:27:54--> 01:27:55

that is

01:27:56--> 01:27:58

another this book here

01:28:00--> 01:28:37

when Helen a champ Italia fatale can Shan say a Gibbon sada, callaloo. 2001. This now is the definitive book in Arabic where you will get your proof. He is taking his information from Yvan Cassia from Saudi, Saudi, and from some of the major texts but this is the text written by a scholar in Ethiopia. That is the one if you want to get the book, I think it's in the bookstore here. If you can ask for this book, it would be in Mecca and Medina, but an Arabic That is the one where you get the details. Yeah, I got this book in Ethiopia itself, but I believe it is available here in the Arabic right.

01:28:41--> 01:28:44

So it is recorded that 32 of the Syrians

01:28:45--> 01:29:06

migrated to Medina, with Jaffa even at the top 32. But they became part of the community. And they are integrated together and they were part of the early companions of the Prophet peace be part. We were riding in our car going to Exxon. We left the gash, they were going up. Right. And we're traveling here you see the road there.

01:29:07--> 01:29:10

There it is. That's the road.

01:29:11--> 01:29:13

And we're way high in the mountains here.

01:29:15--> 01:29:19

And you better hope he takes a good left turn when he hits that gauntlet to death.

01:29:21--> 01:29:32

And my driver was from Yemen. I advise you if you're in a mountain get a Yemeni for your driver Yemenis are good drivers and mountainsmith right? Get a Yemeni to drive.

01:29:33--> 01:29:57

I think he was chewing cut through it. I said okay, I normally don't allow thought but this time, we want to keep him awake. So here it is here now. high in the mountains. This is where they migrated. And this is the valley here with the Italian Army was defeated by the Ethiopians on this value. Very important place there in the history of that land.

01:29:58--> 01:29:59

Here is our sign

01:30:02--> 01:30:08

Which is our slogan you see it noon? Is your gene that's the dot for the gene right?

01:30:09--> 01:30:15

Now Jabba yushin Naja, she says

01:30:16--> 01:30:16

they are they did

01:30:17--> 01:30:19

the joshy.

01:30:20--> 01:30:26

Right? There's yoga ease there. And there's the gash. The theory is in the gap.

01:30:28--> 01:30:29

Right, very interesting

01:30:31--> 01:30:38

sign for that area. So it is our hope inshallah, what do we get out of this number one,

01:30:40--> 01:30:50

that the first migration made in Islam was not to Palestine, it was not to Yemen, not to Iraq, but it was to

01:30:52--> 01:30:55

present day Iran, Syria, and due

01:30:56--> 01:30:56

to

01:30:57--> 01:30:59

that, the prophet said, here out of the sit,

01:31:01--> 01:31:02

it is a land of truth.

01:31:04--> 01:31:09

The King does not oppress anyone he will not allow oppression

01:31:11--> 01:31:18

means is a very important place. And because of some later onset leads, people have had a shot of hubba

01:31:19--> 01:31:26

hubba, Matata, Coco, Coca Cola to leave them alone, as long as they leave you alone.

01:31:28--> 01:31:42

So this became a very important place. But what is the showerhead? Here? It is the prophet of Islam. You know, some people say Judaism, Christianity and Islam, right? If you say this, and this is a Muslim, who is reaching out to a Christian,

01:31:44--> 01:31:46

is he attacking the Christian? No.

01:31:47--> 01:31:49

He sends his people

01:31:50--> 01:31:52

to seek sanctuary from a Christian leader.

01:31:53--> 01:31:56

And the Christian leader takes them in, he protects them.

01:31:58--> 01:31:59

And he accepts Islam himself.

01:32:01--> 01:32:05

You see, so this is a unity between the believers in one God.

01:32:06--> 01:32:11

And that is the original way that Islam approached other monotheists

01:32:12--> 01:32:13

reason with them,

01:32:14--> 01:32:24

show them the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala, show them that Jesus was born without a father, show them that Mary was a virgin.

01:32:25--> 01:32:29

But show them the fact he was born without a father does not mean that he's got.

01:32:30--> 01:32:51

You see, so we're reasoning with them now. But we show them respect. And by showing respect, we will have an important reason. Also, for those of you who study African history, generally when they speak about Islam and Africa, and this is one of the things they attack us with. They speak of Islam and Africa, they say slavery.

01:32:52--> 01:32:57

They say the Arabs came with curved swords to attack the Africans. That's a lie.

01:32:59--> 01:33:06

Because the first entrance that the Muslims came was as refugees Seeking Safety.

01:33:08--> 01:33:10

And the African continent took them in.

01:33:11--> 01:33:38

Okay, and the societies were close. The third, another important point is that really, there wasn't that much difference. If you look at the territory of the Red Sea. If you go back in that, you will see there's not much difference between the cultures of the people in Yemen, and in Eritrea, and Somalia is areas Sudan is not that much difference between the cultures of the people. They've been going back and forth for 1000s of years.

01:33:39--> 01:33:45

So really, to say one side is Africa and the other side is Asia. This is not the way we define.

01:33:47--> 01:34:05

We define it by the nations that are living there and by the practice of Islam, or the practice of other religions, but not by these racial definitions that tried to divide people up African, Asian European, this and that, dividing up the children of Adam alayhis salaam.

01:34:06--> 01:34:13

So this history is a very important one. And it's it shows the struggle that the Muslims went through.

01:34:14--> 01:34:38

And it shows the perseverance of the people later on during the Philippines of prismatic Ebony a fan and during that time, many of the Ashraf Ed nobles from the family of the Prophet Sal Sal them, many of them traveled to huddle amount in the south. And some of them went into what is now known as Somaliland. And they landed in a place called zillah.

01:34:40--> 01:34:49

zillah zillah. They went up into the highlights and they found that the city they're called hada. The city of harder

01:34:50--> 01:34:55

put the word hot off in Google's ha ra our

01:34:56--> 01:34:59

Google that name. I was surprised because it came up that said

01:35:00--> 01:35:02

The fourth holiest city in Islam.

01:35:03--> 01:35:13

I've never heard of anything like this in my life, the fourth holiest city in Islam. What did they mean by that? They didn't mean holy in a holy sense. They're talking about protected city.

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Because only Muslims entered the city for a long period, maybe 500 years long period,

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the city of balama of scholars high in the mountains. Okay, so these are some important places, and some important movements of Islam that we should be aware of, which will help us to broaden our understanding of this religion. And the more we understand Islam in different parts of the world, we can take lessons from the people, we can learn from the culture. And we see how beautiful Islam is that it goes to all different peoples, all different colors, all different nationalities. So I leave you with these thoughts, and I asked a lot to have mercy on me and you, Apollo polyhedra was stopped for lolly walakum wa salaamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. I want to open up the floor just

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for any questions that anybody may have. Any feedback and questions? It may be some new new things that you've heard.

01:36:14--> 01:36:14

Yes, yes.

01:36:15--> 01:36:30

Okay. Now, will you hear in the beginning of the talk? Okay, in the beginning of the talk, what I what I began by saying is that a large group of people in Mecca, right? You have the good judge of Mecca millions of people.

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So these people, if they are solidly practicing Islam, if they take the spirit of Hajj, if they take their religion seriously, then they can become the best nation ever raised for humanity. If they do not remember what I said, and they will become without a sale.

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A sale without a sale is the process of described that the Muslims would be pounced on by from all different angles, right? And they would be large numbers, but they would have no wait.

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You see, so one we have different, we can go in either other directions. If we take Islam serious, if we make internal changes within ourselves. Remember what I said in the beginning, in Allah Allah, you're very Roma Coleman, tell you here you know, maybe enforcing a law will not change the condition of a people until they change that which is in themselves.

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So if we do not change what is in our hearts, pride, arrogance, jealousy, then there will be no change if we change it.

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You see, and the great one of the great scholars of Islam, Ibn khaldoun. And his mo Padma is introduction to the history of the world. He showed that when Muslims are practicing Islam, it's like a circle, right? When you practice Islam and humility and love and tolerance, and you practicing, the sooner Allah gives you authority, when you leave your morals,

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and you drink wine, and you gamble, and you have tribalism, and it starts to go back down.

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So this is the this is the cycle of Islam. Right now inshallah we're on the way back up. We've been sleeping for a long time, around the way up.

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And we're coming slowly, but surely, it is getting better and better. It seems like confusion out there. But there are more and more Muslims who are serious about their faith. There are more people who are taken to the hijab, and to the higher the modesty, right? More and more people study in court and we get better and better and better. But it is not until Islam becomes a reality on the ground.

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In the land itself that we can expect the help of Allah azza wa jal, but it begins inside of our hearts.

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It begins inside this understanding Now, one of the ways that we can change our hearts and our thinking is to look for knowledge of the past, as it said, and serve the use of Lacan can have the pastor see him able not only hulan Alba, in these stories, there are lessons for those who reflect you need lessons,

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right? You need some inspiration, motivation, or reflection. So in other words, when we study the history, we don't just study to say, Oh, this is a nice story.

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We study in order to revive Islam within ourselves, and to implement Islam in our lives.

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You see,

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the other are general questions or comments. Anybody has was open. So now everybody knows Bilal had a brother, right?

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He had a brother

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or a sister too, right? Interesting point.

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You learn something

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Today, right? Mashallah.

01:40:03--> 01:40:05

Okay, so I think yes, but

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yeah, you know, one of the scholars of Islam came to South Africa.

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And they asked him about the Muslim world. And he said, an ohmmeter. Islamia.

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He said, the Muslim world is in good condition. And they said, How can you say this? But he said, if you look at the history of Islam,

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if you look at the liar prophets who came in the time of the process, Allah and just after him, if you look at the apostates, people who left Islam and tried to destroy it, if you look at the fitness and the confusion, that that that, you know, that came afterwards, if you look at the invasions that came into the Muslim world, look at the Mongol invasion, look at the Crusaders who came and took over the Muslim world for a long period of time. Look at the colonial period, when our countries were colonized. People made slaves, we should have been finished a long time ago. It should be reading about us in ancient history in a museum like, see those were the Muslims that used to live

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long time ago. They were very nice people. But we can't see them today. But by the mercy of Allah, we're still here.

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We're still here.

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But the challenge is now to revive Islam within ourselves. And as I say, you need to travel in the Muslim world, you will see it is getting better. We're actually getting better. You can't see it. If you listen to the news. It's all bad news.

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That's because they want to give you the bad news, right? They don't tell you the good news. Okay, but if you listen on our own means of communications. Right? If you travel in Atlanta, you will see that there are more and more Muslims around it is the consciousness is rising. It will take us some time. So we have to have patience in the law, Hamas sobre la, allow us with those who have patience. We have to have patience now in this very confusing period in international history. But we are rising now. Just by appeal by sheer numbers. You know, by people coming into Islam, accepting Islam, we're rising, and it will take us some time to get our direction. And we only pray that Allah

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subhanaw taala would unite the oma of Muhammad Salam would protect us protect the children of the Omar Mohammed Al Salam will not protect the women in the Omar Mohamed Salah will not protect the men in the families and Omar Mohamed so seldom May Allah unite us and give us that understanding that we can take Islam to those who don't understand it, and we can give direction for the rest of the people on the face of the planet. May Allah help us that our last words would be our best words that our last word would be? kelemen La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu I leave you with these words and I asked a lot to have mercy on me and you akula Kali ha that was stuck with lolly

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Welcome to Peninsula, deca and Chateau la isla Hill enter the stock rucola to blue lake is the lair of memory palace in London Santa lucky hosts Villa Dena amanu Amita solly had to also build up what was so the Saba or sallallahu taala say that Mohammed Valley he was a big marine after the dot one and 100 Allahu la Ville alameen wa Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh