Muslim Spains Legacy 3 3 By 2

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Abdullah Hakim Quick

Channel: Abdullah Hakim Quick

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Arabic with Al Jazeera. So they say Al Jazeera and you go around to the town of Al Jazeera and it is from there, you can catch the train that will take you up to quarterback. So this is one of the fast ways to go. Also you can catch a boat over there which will take you to Morocco to tunja and I eventually came back down and took the boat from there Algiers and we went to to tunja and then from there into Morocco

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so after taking the train and getting off in Cordoba now we're coming to the city itself and this is a river on going out the

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quality of our if I'm if I'm pronouncing it wrong, anybody speaks Spanish

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Yeah, quarter buys the city but quite quality. I think it's called devout River. Anyhow, this is also like, it's a Muslim name, the name of the river. It's It's It's dry. It was it was a dry season.

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But you can see that the tower that's there, that's a morish that's Muslim. Also, you can see the architecture.

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And this is also right across the bridge from the main city. And this is a Muslim tower that was there. And a man by the name of Roger Garuda, he

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was a person who accepted Islam. He was given a large grant. And so he's he has a display inside of this tower No, which is a very interesting display.

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And this is from the roof of the tower. And you can see in the middle and aquaduck you can see the whole how they move the water

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or water wheel water wheel that's on the top of the tower too. So that takes you across and in the middle there. The big building in the middle is the cathedral, which used to be a Jamia this was the Jami main mosque and Cordova, which was originally built by object men of soccer. Now, the first major halifa was in the area there.

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So as you're going across the bridge, this is like some victory symbol that they were using there

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when they wanted to stand for the conquest.

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Now, it's interesting when you're encouraged by many of these cities, here to note the streets there. Now those of you who are from Muslim countries, it's like you're in Morocco. And you could be a lot of places. I mean, I remember being in a city called llamo, which is in Kenya, right? The Swahili coast is exactly like this. It's exactly the same type of narrow streets and the way that the buildings are built, because the buildings are built in such a way that the emphasis is not placed on the street, the emphasis is inside the building. Because the Muslim emphasis is that your home would have a big courtyard where your family can be, you know, inside there and relax

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themselves and have courtyard and have everything they want right inside the company, the house complex itself.

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And now we're coming to the cathedral. And when the Spanish took over,

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they converted this from the main Jamia mosque, which was probably the largest mosque in Europe at the time,

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they converted it to a cathedral.

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This is a shot from inside the the courtyard of the cathedral.

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Now you can see it's a little dark. But this is something left there on the wall, where you can see totally the Islamic doorway. And the designs and everything is still there left intact. This is what was left intact.

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But this is how they convert it. The door is there. And then you look on the top and you start to see other types of sculpturing. And they add on to it. This is what they did in terms of making the conversion. So you find this all over the structure itself.

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And now this is inside. And from what I was reading in one

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tract, that the people who took this place, they actually want to destroy everything, including the columns and everything. But the king at the time, had some appreciation for architecture and he said do not destroy the columns. So the columns are still there. That's the Islamic style

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column. But you see, if you look down on the bottom there you see the squares on the bottom. These are graves.

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The aristocrats were given portions of the cathedral to bury their family members in it. So these are graves all throughout it. You have sections where it has graves and they put gargoyles and all types of creatures and things on the wall and statues and images and unfortunately this is really for us that's really defacing a mosque because the graves are not supposed to be inside of the mouth.

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And you're not supposed to have statues and pictures and things inside of your master also.

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Now, this is the main merabh. And, you know,

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it really hurt me because he is dealing with the verses

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who Allahu Allah de la ilaha illa Allah baby with Shahada. And then at the end it says suparna la Yama, usually cool. Allah is glorified and above all that they associate with him. And in shirke is all inside this place. polytheism is all in the placement. And it really hurt to read those verses, you know, and there was a, there was a tour guide, who was was had a group of Spanish people, and they were touring and, and so I asked one of the brothers who was with me was and the Lucien Muslim was taking me around. So I asked the brother, I said, stand in the crowd, and just listen, tell me what he's saying to them. So, he stood in the crowd and he came back and he said, what they say is

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this is the mirror up and the Muslims believe that Mohammed lives in the mirror up.

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And so, if you do anything that you know, if you if you make too many evil or do anything, he will come up and get you.

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So he was saying that, so patola so this is really is really unfortunate, you know what is going on, and they will not let you make salata.

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Like some brothers want to make two haircuts, they will stop you, they'll pull you out of solid. And, um, God, you cannot pray inside the building.

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The ceiling right next to the mat, Rob, is still the Islamic design is still in there.

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Now, this is Medina to Zara and the halifa inositol. This is one of the later Khalif it's in the immediate period after object massacre. And this is when they started to get corrupt. He built a city outside of Cordoba. And he built it to keep his own capital there. And to keep his power, he did not want to be associated with the people in quota by itself. So he built this beautiful city outside in and they say it was one of the wonders of the world at the time. And

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you know, he had like a man made lake. And he has a sitting place in the middle of the lake with pearls and gems and water falling all around him and all types of wonders were inside of this place. But you know, they brought a shack one time from North Africa he was considered to be known for was what they call Zakat in Arabic desert, which means that you know, you don't, you're not into the material world. He was austere. And when the shack came here and saw this, he said in a poem or Medina to Zara, you know you every house in Andalusia has contributed to your building. And one day, you will help to build every house in Andalusia. And sure enough, within a few weeks after the shack

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made this prediction, there was an internal revolt that went on, and it was destroyed.

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And the people took all the riches, they couldn't take it anymore, because this is when the Muslims they have become corrupted.

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And so all that's left now of the city is the ruins. But you can see the complicated rooms and waterways and a number of things that are still left in the ruins.

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You always see these channels how they used to channel their water and

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they have an interesting system. And the channel goes from up to down it's like built in such a way that gravity carries the water.

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It carries it right to your apartment.

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Some of the ruins, Medina tizona.

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This This would have been his arm. His main court, they said was in this area.

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Now this is an artist's conception of the Khalifa himself. And there are European dignities were visiting the court of what intermediate Zahara could have looked like actually, when the halifa NASA was there.

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Now what is interesting by the mercy of Allah,

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that after centuries after the Inquisition, and after resistance continued in Granada for a long time.

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They have found now that the people maintain their faith, and that's actually what they call a Jimmy script, which is which is Spanish is a dialect of Spanish, written in Arabic. And so they they did what we call Tafseer explanations of Quran, Hadith, a number of books in this Arabic script which is accessible

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Spanish language. And they're finding them now in excavations underneath houses and buildings that they're bringing these these scripts up and as a doctor Ali caetani was written a book in Arabic and beyond Islam, Philander loose, and he has actually bringing these things to the surface and it's very interesting to see this, the script being used.

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So now what has happened when the Spanish government allowed freedom of religion?

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The anti Lucien people, and there was nationalism, so each province looked into its history. If you from Aragon Are you from Valencia, or Castilian, wherever you're from? Everybody looked at their own province, what is my history? So the anti Lucien people found that they were Muslim, like they didn't even know it, but when they really started looking, they found that they're probably descendants of Muslims. So now there are hundreds of them who are accepting Islam. And many of them have fallen members of the Communist Party. So they're like really good organizers.

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Really good organizers. They need some spirituality, though. You know, but are they really good organizers. And so they have organized here, and one of the brothers was there in this place. This is a restaurant. So it's a restaurant, you see al halaal maka Mata, so it's a restaurant and coffee house. And so the Spanish people come in here, and they upset if you really like it. They sell couscous and hummus and many different you know, Arabic Muslim foods, and you go inside and they also give you a bow. They they give you like the message of Islam and it's a very nice place. Inside here. This is the Jemaah islamiah bill Andalus. This is the Mr. There. That's how it looks on the

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inside.

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It's kind of a dock shot. It's not so clear. But this is what it looks like.

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Now as you go along another miracle, I would say is now the Muslims have their own Jamia their own mosque, again, right down the street from the cathedral.

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So as you turn the corner, in this small street, that's what you look at. And you look up the top, you can see it there. This is the master day. And all this is the complex where the Muslims are have reestablished themselves there in Cordova.

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So this is the most gentle Andalus and also it has International Islamic University,

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International Islamic University, and if there's anybody who's interested in contacting the Islamic University there, and they have some courses and they can teach you Spanish, and they have scholars coming from Morocco with teaching there also, they opened up in 1995. In the spring. In the fall, anybody who's interested in that I have

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a little brochure with me, which I can leave with Hasib and the brothers and sisters here. If anybody's interested in this, you can contact them you could even go to school, they're

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in closer. It's an International Islamic University.

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So this is the master data and I went to, we had Juma Ocelot. And the hottie gave the GPA in Arabic and Spanish,

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Arabic and Spanish.

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That's the masjid now hamdulillah. And they built it like a scale model of what the whole quota one was to very small, you know, but hamdulillah it's really well done, as well that they really use the space. Well, they, they economize on the space.

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Now, this is some shots, this is where the university is where the classes are, and dormitories and whatnot there.

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That's another shot on the inside, with the university.

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And the flag they're using actually is the flag used by the Muslim leaders in Al Andalus. While our haleiwa illa Allah, that's what they used to say, there is no conqueror or no irresistible force, except for Allah. And when you go to Castle homra, Alhambra, and many of the places you will find this written all over the place well out of all the but in the law, that was their, their, their theme in Andalusia. So and that now is the flag the brothers have and sisters have resurrected the flag. This is a very significant move that they make an excellent it's very significant.

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Now going on from from quality by now, these are just a few shots that I'm able to show you here because of time. Now as you go south Granada and Granada was the last stronghold of Islam. And I think part of the reason why Granada was able to resist is not just because the Muslims had some special army or something down there. It is because it is naturally

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protected by the mountains. It is protected by mountains on all sides. And it goes right down to the sea. And so you can see in the back, I think it's I don't know if it's a Sierra Nevada or no Sierra Nevada, but it's a big mountain range there. Look, it's it's snow on top of it. So all you got to do is guard the mountain pass. And so they were able to hold off Ferdinand and Isabella, for like, even I think it's about 150 years more than the other parts of our Andalusia.

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So Grenada was the last place in in 1492, Abu Abdullah, known as Bob dill, he signed, he surrendered Grenada. And what was sad is that in his treaty, and you can see written copies of the treaty,

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it was said that as long as you pay your taxes and you accept Ferdinand Isabella as your ruler, you can have your mosques, your women will be honored him addresses will continue within 20 years, they destroyed all the moss, raped the woman and ruined, ruined the schools. Totally. That was really sad. And they, they they, they even had to go back in the mountains again and resist. And they resisted for another 100 years after that. But they will finally put down and many of them went across. And they they settled in Morocco, in Libya, and Tunisia, in Cairo, Egypt. Even as far as Sarajevo, Bosnia, it was another cosmopolitan place, there was some andalusians that made all the

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way to Bosnia. So that they were like scattered all over the place. And probably a lot of them also came to America on the ships.

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So this is going now to Alhambra palace. And they they they didn't destroy this, I guess it was so beautiful. That they they didn't destroy this, but they destroyed the other machines and places in the city.

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Now when you're coming in, you can see the imposing size size of these doors and everything.

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And this is the fortress spot this they had a military pot on the outside to defend them. Look at the size of this others wallman see that doorway, they're

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sick Wally mate.

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As you look from the top down, this is where they kept their ammunition. And this is the military section. Well, they would defend it against people who are attacking.

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Then as you go inside, you're coming to the court of the lions. And this is one of the famous places inside.

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It was a very, it's an amazing building. It's an amazing book.

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You always find water, water was all around the place. And that is because Muslims have a preoccupation with taharah with purification, and so on water is there and you're always you finding the water being used, and then they had ways of running it in and running it out.

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Now, when you look at this, you also see how they have influenced Spanish architecture.

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And so if you go to California, even buildings here, you can sit right especially in Miami. Look at some of the houses, right, are they the roofs of the houses, the you know, the red roof. It's got those like tiles, that's from them. It's Muslim. This is the legacy

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hotel here.

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The Biltmore Biltmore Hotel if you go to to check the which part of Miami isn't it?

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It's right around here.

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The brother was with me, I'm on the right. And as a Portuguese brother, he left from he was sent by the Jamal in court about to take me to Granada. And so he's on the left there. He's originally Portuguese, he accepted Islam. And he's one of the students in the university there. And he's doing very well he's learning Arabic and he's doing very well in the studies now.

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This is a little niche where you keep your arm utensils and whatnot and you find these things all over.

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It's very everything as as as beautiful calligraphy and artwork all over the place. Really amazing man. Now this is a shot it shows like the bedroom bedrooms, places where they would you know, bedrooms and little niches. Everything is amaze is a maze of rooms and

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and this is a special part that I really used to like this picture here.

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I had this picture when I was in Medina and I always kept this picture with me and I finally made it to this picture with

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this is the quote of the lions.

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See the water in the middle, they move in the water around.

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I mean, part of this also shows actually, to be honest, part of this thing was it's a little bit too heavy. Part of it is, I mean, they want paradise on earth.

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You know? And so like, this is part of the reason why they went down. Because they went too far. I mean, it shows how artistic they were right? But really, I mean, a Muslim is supposed to want gender like he's supposed to want paradise man. They will you know, this, this is like you you're in this place, you think you're in Paradise, and somebody wanted to be in paradise before they died, actually, when they built this place, but as you go outside, you move to another section. I think it took us about four hours to walk to this place for hours. And we didn't see at all it's an amazing complex. So you look they have their olives growing there and oranges. They like especially citrus

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fruits, they you know, oranges grow really well in Spain and Portugal. And the word portugal is the Arabic word for oranges bought the call.

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So both the call Portugal

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out of the protocol, the land of the oranges, and up until now you get really good oranges that come from Spain and from Portugal.

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This is as you're walking along. You see these this is where the water flows. Where the darkness is you see it's going up to down and they are this is how they build right there. As you walk by that you hear the water trickling.

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So the water is moving all the time inside of the city. It's amazing waterworks

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and that's another section.

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Hacienda Hacienda all these things are comes from this

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you know, we used to watch zero, you know, zero, the Z

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all that chivalry riding on the horse and all that the Hacienda and the nobility show that's all from Islam. Talking Islam.

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This is what they call the summer section when they want it to go and relax. Especially in a nice weather. So this is this is another section altogether.

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It's a really beautiful section.

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He wanted to touch the yield, touch it even tuck the hill and harmony genda man agenda 2001 paradise Smith

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and this is the Islamic community in Spain xerostomia de Espana and that is in Granada. One of the places in Granada

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and this I want to show you mom's rajaraja got this for him. This is mustard taqwa. Your mom's Rogers the mom of much tougher in Brooklyn. I said the mom This is your chapter in Granada.

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It's Mesquita, a taqwa bc the Arabic Masjid a taco. So that's master tequila Grenada branch.

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Now, we left

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Grenada, we took a bus and went down by the coastline there and

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now we're crossing from Al Jazeera. We crossed over to tunja this is North Africa you're looking at and so you will find the Islamic cities amid like this, this is going close to tunja, Tangiers.

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This is the Straits of Gibraltar.

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Now, went to robot and then from there to Marrakech. I have a just a few shots here of Morocco. But again, you can see the continuity in terms of the buildings in Morocco and in Spain. Because, you know, the the people who are controlling Spain were also controlling North Africa. And they were controlling West Africa. So you will find also in Senegal and other places the same type of architecture. There was actually an interchange going on between Senegal, West Africa, North Africa and Spain. They were all they were constantly moving back and forth to people called the Moors.

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And this is the old time Cadillacs.

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They're near the wall of the camels in Marrakesh.

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What is interesting about

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the city there too, it's the red city because they use the local sand. It's like a reddish color. So the whole of Morocco is made from this red clay.

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They're very interesting.

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Now this type of structure here, you see the way they make the tower there. So the minarets in this structure. You find these this is how it was done in Spain, not and all over North Africa. And in Senegal also is the same

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This jmeter at Tech, and I was surprised when I went to speak at a University of Texas. The main center is like that. It took the same one, University of Texas and Stanford to Stanford.

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And the Biltmore

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that's where it comes from. So that's part of your legacy right there architecture.

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And this is a Masjid, there in Marrakech. Now, this one was built by Alma Robbie tune and Marathi tune, we're

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not into being too fancy.

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But they but they have a way of doing the architecture. It's simple, but it's still very artistically done. You know, it's got flavor to it, but it's not as overly ornate as some of the other people. Yeah.

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And this one was built by Elmo, he Dune that's the group that came after a mirabito they would say Elmo had this in English a almohadas. And they call him Robbie to almoravids.

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Allah wa he Dune

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they this was a place that was built by them. It was a training center, and also is a irrigation center. And they brought the water in is a huge lake, their manmade lake.

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And according to what they were telling us, what they would do, the people the Berbers were coming off the desert. And when you're in the desert, the only water you have you drink that water. So they don't know how to swim. And they were bringing recruits across the Straits of Gibraltar to go to Spain. So they bring you here and they teach you how to swim.

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So this is like the old the first swimming pools like I said, oh yes hold swimming pool. You take your swimming lessons in there.

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Get prepared for you know struggle. And then they take you up north to the Strait of Gibraltar cuz you gotta cross the strait Smith. If you can't swim from the desert, and you go across the streets, man, you gotta have a problem that lets you learn how to swim. So Mr. Hayden, we're using this as a and also it irrigates the land around there olive groves, and date palms, and many different fruits are growing there. It's an irrigation Center

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also is a very rich culture there in Marrakech, the crew feasts and caps and different types of work being done by the women there. This marketplace is a really nice marketplace, man. For those of you into marketplaces.

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There's a lot of stuff here man, you could stay here all day.

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And this is also another open market. I was there in the springtime and they have a special arm springtime season. It's like everybody from all over the country. All the young people come to Morocco. In the spring, it's like a spring break. Let me call spring break. So they come here for the spring break. And in this marketplace that night, it's really nice at nighttime because at nighttime the lights are on and they're making like kebabs like we call burgers like kebabs and you know different samosa and foods and couscous and barbecue and it's really nice at night, cane juice. And people are just like talking mingling with each other. And it's a nice atmosphere there in the

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evening. But they're also known for magic. The maracas people. They have some dangerous Voodoo.

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A Sahara

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and

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the Sahara and Morocco. This is a Moroccan tofi. Man. They have to say hi.

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And this is an amazing shot here, right? This is one of the side this is the side. These are live snakes, man.

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So I talked to him in Arabic. I said, What do you got? What do you got, man? So he said he pulled these snakes out. You see the snakes? They're alive. And he pulls them out to me. And he shows me the thing and he's carrying on and trying to scare me. You know that afterwards? He says he puts his hand says yellow hats loose. Give me some money.

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I said brother, I'm not giving you no money, man for pulling out the snake. Then he starts cursing me. May your children hate you at all. Stop. Stop for Allah. He's cursing me man. I said look, I'm not afraid of you man. I'm afraid of Allah. Not afraid of you. But some people will be really scared at this guy is like a obeah man or Voodoo man. They really scared of his curse like right.

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To dangerous guy.

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Look at it.

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real character.

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This is another good shot too. This is another character here. This is a water carrier.

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Now,

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right before seven up and Coca Cola and before ice cubes

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This man was a very important person, you know?

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That's why in all the Muslim cities because he carries water and 80 flavors, the water, you get like rose water and, you know, so he was like, he was like The Walking seven up Coca Cola man.

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And he still maintains the traditional dress. There are, it's very interesting on his dress.

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Then we went overland and we went to fests, and this office, this is also another very historic town. And one of the sense centers of Islamic culture was a famous centers of learning and knowledge in the Muslim world was in the city of fests not from the mountain overlooking Fest, you look right down into the city itself.

00:30:52--> 00:30:59

Now you see the design now is a little bit different here. And this wall is famous on one side, it's blue on the other side is green.

00:31:00--> 00:31:17

And there's different sections of Fes. And there are different quarters that people know the quarters and the sections of Fes. There are different people that are woodworking people living in one section silversmiths and the other section. Quran readers, you know, different types of people living in different sections of fis.

00:31:19--> 00:31:22

And again, you see the streets and and you think of Spain, right.

00:31:23--> 00:31:34

And that street there. And that's your taxi right there. That's the text. You have to ride donkey. You can't ride any cars and fifths because the streets are too narrow Right.

00:31:35--> 00:31:47

Which is good because no pollution and the things that that automobiles bill, if any of you know Kenya, Lhamo the city of La mo is just like this off the coast of Kenya. It's an island. It's exactly like this.

00:31:48--> 00:31:55

This is the old madressa Okay, Dhawan. This, this is one of the old centers of learning in

00:31:57--> 00:32:00

fez. And it's now it's

00:32:02--> 00:32:07

just for display now, because very old, but you can see that the architecture is still there.

00:32:09--> 00:32:14

It used to be a dormitory and school where the students would stay studying Islamic Studies.

00:32:16--> 00:32:25

This is now the modern architecture. This is part of the king's palace in FETs. And so he's taking the old style and put modern thing.

00:32:29--> 00:32:31

And this is a lot of famous masjids. They're also

00:32:32--> 00:32:33

in

00:32:37--> 00:32:43

the Moroccan flavor. That's what you make you will do you make your ablution there before the prayers in that place.

00:32:50--> 00:32:54

And this is another Masjid in Rabat. This is in Rabat.

00:32:55--> 00:33:07

And you and I took this one because it's a classical mosque. I mean, they have taken, you know, different forms of those of you who are into architecture and geometric design. This is a classical mosque.

00:33:08--> 00:33:15

Because they've taken the Andalusian style and the Moroccan style. And this is the heights. This is like the heights of a lot of their design in this particular mosque.

00:33:19--> 00:33:20

That's the inside

00:33:23--> 00:33:25

the merab is there with the mom stands is right there. And then

00:33:29--> 00:33:30

I look at the work they do on the walls.

00:33:33--> 00:33:36

It's amazing. It's an amazing set of work

00:33:37--> 00:33:38

is Arabic writing there and everything.

00:33:40--> 00:33:48

Now, those of you into geometrical designs and whatnot, you can look into this, you can like spend a long time looking in and you can see how they

00:33:50--> 00:33:52

move around. The objects

00:33:56--> 00:34:30

get lost inside of this. And the six pointed star actually the Star of David is was used, there was not a symbol of Zionism or anything, it was just actually they save after the time of Jesus. So they slam that many of the tribes of Israel migrated to North Africa. And so you will have an old tradition in the desert area and in Morocco, a very old tradition. So the Star of David is one of their normal symbols and you find it on the hats and a lot of the things but it does not have a political meaning at that point in time.

00:34:33--> 00:34:35

geometrical, just geometrical.

00:34:38--> 00:34:41

This is the same MOS showing the place for ablution.

00:34:44--> 00:34:51

Again, when you see the roof, then you can see a lot of the roofs and the houses here in Miami and whatnot. The style of building the roofing

00:34:54--> 00:34:57

and this is a person sorry the slide is backwards but this is

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

one of the people that Berbers

00:35:00--> 00:35:12

The desert that this is what the Mojave to look like. This is what that's what they look like. Tarik, you've been Ziad and whatnot. And they they cover their faces in the desert because the you know the sand and whatnot and

00:35:20--> 00:35:25

Ah, well I got the slide backwards. This is a slide of Mansa Musa.

00:35:26--> 00:35:28

Maybe I'll try to fix them.

00:36:14--> 00:36:37

Here it says the great African King Mansa Musa, King of medieval Mali, but also popularly known as King of the Moors. This map is taken from a European galleys of the 1600s. This African ruled in the 1300s the empire of Mali was larger than all of the states of Western Europe combined. It dwarfed the Holy Roman Empire

00:36:39--> 00:36:43

so this is a map that was made by the Europeans actually when they were

00:36:44--> 00:36:53

because gold was coming out of West Africa that's why they even called gold guineas were Guinea was originally being used. It's coming out of West Africa.

00:36:54--> 00:37:10

And this is the map I was talking about. Barry felt sorry, it's I got it backwards. It's changing. But this is the map the old map that they found out. We showed you just turn around your eyes but it shows on Hudson Bay in Panama. It's an early map of America.

00:37:14--> 00:37:15

Okay.

00:37:18--> 00:37:22

Okay. Any questions anybody has about anything?

00:37:24--> 00:37:26

Okay, so I want to thank you for your patience.

00:37:27--> 00:38:08

And inshallah I hope to see you again soon. And those of you who have come those non Muslims want to invite you to continue to come to the Islam Awareness Week. The some other very good speakers will be here your mom's Raja Hodge. And also, what's your brother's name? Rafael Rafael is a very interesting Spanish speaking person who is very, very, you know, spirited speaker. So if you can see him you really benefit from his approach, so political will become deconditioned Juan de la land istockphoto coda to blue lake Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Alas, interland Salafi hos, Ella Deena harmony ramita solly hat with tawassul. we'll hop over to Russell basalt. For some time I say that

00:38:08--> 00:38:17

I'm 100 rally. He was so happy he rocketed at 100 layerable alameen wa salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah Peace be upon you and have a safe journey home.

00:38:19--> 00:38:42

You have rights that women in this country never dreamed of, until perhaps this generation. He said, Prophet Muhammad, do not kill civilians. Virgin Mary is revered in the Quran. She works miracles, prophets, according to the Quran, we're all one brotherhood, because if you add something that is not essential, you're going to draw them away from the religion.

00:38:59--> 00:39:32

And one of the brothers was there in this place. This is a restaurant. So it's a restaurant. You see al halaal maka Mata so it's a restaurant a coffee house. And so the Spanish people come in here and they upset if you really like it. They sell couscous and hummus and many different you know, Arabic Muslim foods and you go inside and they also give you Tao. They they give you like the message of Islam and it's a very nice place. Inside here. This is the Jemaah islamiah bill Andalus. This is the Aqua. There. That's how it looks on the inside.

00:39:36--> 00:39:39

It's kind of a dark shot. It's not so clear. But this is what it looks like.

00:39:48--> 00:39:59

Now as you go along another miracle I would say is now the Muslims have their own Jamia their own mosque again, right down the street from the cathedral

00:40:01--> 00:40:14

So as you turn the corner, in this small street, that's what you look at. And you look up the top, you can see it there. This is the masjid there. And all this is the complex where the Muslims are, have reestablished themselves there in Cordova.

00:40:19--> 00:40:26

This is the most gentle Angeles. And also it has International Islamic University,

00:40:27--> 00:40:47

International Islamic University, and if there's anybody who's interested in contacting the Islamic University there, and they have some courses and they can teach you Spanish, and they have scholars coming from Morocco, we're teaching they're also they opened up in 1995. In the spring, in the fall, anybody who's interested in that I have

00:40:48--> 00:41:02

a little brochure with me, which I can leave with Hasib and the brothers and sisters here. If anybody's interested in this, you can contact them you can even go to school there. And of course, it's an International Islamic University.

00:41:04--> 00:41:13

So this is the master data and I went I went to, we had Juma Ocelot. And the hottie gave the football and Arabic and Spanish,

00:41:14--> 00:41:15

Arabic and Spanish.

00:41:18--> 00:41:33

That's the masjid now hamdulillah and they built it like a scale model of what the old kotoba one it was two, very small, you know, but hamdulillah it's really well done. Words well that they really use the space. Well, they, they economize on the space.

00:41:36--> 00:41:42

Now, this is some shots. This is where the university is where the classes are, and dormitories and whatnot there.

00:41:45--> 00:41:49

That's another shot on the inside with the university.

00:41:53--> 00:42:27

And the flag they're using actually is the flag used by the Muslim leaders in Al Andalus. While our haleiwa illallah that's what they used to say, there is no conqueror, or no irresistible force except for Allah. And when you go to carcillo Hamra Alhambra, and many of the places you will find is written all over the place well, out of all the but ilala that was their, their, their theme, in Andalusia. So and that now is the flag the brothers have, and sisters have resurrected the flag. This is a very significant move that they make an excellent, it's very significant.

00:42:30--> 00:43:15

Now going on from from quality, but now, these are just a few shots that I'm able to show you here because of time. Now as you go south Grenada, and Grenada was the last stronghold of Islam. And I think part of the reason why Granada was able to resist is not just because the Muslims had some special army or something down there. It is because it is naturally protected by the mountains. It is protected by mountains on all sides, and it goes right down to the sea. And so you can see in the back, I think it's I don't know if it's a Sierra Nevada or no Sierra Nevada, but it's a big mountain range there. Look, it's it's snow on top of it. So all you got to do is God the mountain pass. And

00:43:15--> 00:43:23

so they were able to hold off, Ferdinand and Isabella, for like, even I think it's about 150 years more than the other parts of our andalusi.

00:43:24--> 00:43:37

So Granada was the last place in in 1492, Abu Abdullah, known as Bob dill, he signed he surrendered Granada. And what was sad is that in his treaty, and you can see written copies of the treaty.

00:43:38--> 00:44:20

It was said that as long as you pay your taxes and you accept fernet Isabella as your ruler, you can have your mosques, your women will be honored him addresses will continue and within 20 years, they destroyed all the mosques, raped the women and ruined ruined the schools. Totally. And that was really sad. And they they they, they even had to go back in the mountains again and resist. And they resisted for another 100 years after that. But they will finally put down and many of them went across. And they they settled in Morocco, in Libya and Tunisia, in Cairo, Egypt. Even as far as Sarajevo, Bosnia, it was another cosmopolitan place. There were some evolutions that made all the

00:44:20--> 00:44:27

way to Bosnia. So that they were like scattered all over the place. And probably a lot of them also came to America on the ships.

00:44:31--> 00:44:47

So this is going now to Alhambra palace. And they they they didn't destroy this. I guess it was so beautiful. That they they didn't destroy this, but they destroyed the other mustards and places in the city.

00:44:48--> 00:44:53

Now when you're coming in, you can see the imposing size size of these doors and everything.

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

And this is the fortress pot this they had a military pot on the

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

Outside to defend them. Look at the size of this as wallman see that doorway, they're

00:45:06--> 00:45:08

sick Wally mate.

00:45:12--> 00:45:21

As you look from the top down, this is where they kept the ammunition. And this is the military section. Well, they would defend it against people who are attacking.

00:45:27--> 00:45:32

Then as you go inside, you come into the court of the lions. And this is one of the famous places inside.

00:45:34--> 00:45:37

It was a very, it's an amazing building is amazing, but

00:45:41--> 00:45:58

you always find water, water was all around the place. And that is because Muslims have a preoccupation with taharah with purification. And so water is there and you know, always you finding the water being us and then they had ways of running it in and running it out.

00:46:02--> 00:46:08

Now, when you look at this, you also see how they have influenced Spanish architecture.

00:46:09--> 00:46:25

And so if you go to California, even buildings here, you can sit right, especially in Miami, look at some of the houses, right? Are they the roofs of the houses do the red roof, it's got those like tiles, that's from them. It's Muslim, this is the legacy

00:46:26--> 00:46:27

hotel here.

00:46:32--> 00:46:37

The Biltmore Biltmore Hotel, if you go to to, to check that which part of Miami is that it

00:46:38--> 00:46:39

is right around here.

00:46:42--> 00:47:02

The brother was with me, I'm on the right. And as a Portuguese brother, he left from he was sent by the GMR in court about to take me to Grenada. And so he's on the left there. He's originally Portuguese, he accepted Islam. And he's one of the students in the university there. And he's doing very well. He's learning Arabic. And he's doing very well in his studies now.

00:47:07--> 00:47:13

This is a little niche, where you keep your arm utensils and whatnot. And you find these things all over.

00:47:14--> 00:47:32

It's very everything as as as beautiful calligraphy and artwork all over the place. Really amazing, man. Now, this is a shot, it shows like the bedroom bedrooms, places where they would you know, bedrooms and little niches, everything is amazed. It's a maze of rooms and

00:47:36--> 00:47:40

and this is a special part that I really used to like this picture here.

00:47:41--> 00:47:46

I had this picture when I was in Medina and I always kept this picture with me and I finally made it to this picture with

00:47:51--> 00:47:53

this is the court of the lions.

00:47:56--> 00:47:58

See the water in the middle there moving the water around.

00:48:02--> 00:48:12

I mean, part of this also shows actually, to be honest, part of this thing was it's a little bit too heavy. Part of it is I mean, they want paradise on earth.

00:48:13--> 00:48:44

You know, and so like this is part of the reason why they went down because they went too far. I mean, it shows how artistic they were right. But really, I mean a Muslim is supposed to want gender like he's supposed to want paradise man. They want you know this, this is like you you're in this place. You think you're in Paradise, and somebody wanted to be in paradise before they died, actually when they built this place, but as you go outside, you move to another section. I think it took us about four hours to walk through this place for hours. And we didn't see at all

00:48:45--> 00:48:59

it's an amazing complex. So you look they have their olives growing there and oranges. They like especially citrus fruits. They're you know, oranges grow really well in Spain and Portugal. And the word portugal is the Arabic word for oranges bought the call.

00:49:00--> 00:49:02

So bought a call Portugal

00:49:03--> 00:49:11

out of the burrata called the land of the oranges. And up until now you get really good oranges that come from Spain and from Portugal.

00:49:14--> 00:49:25

This is as you're walking along. You see these this is where all the water flows. Where the darkness is you see it's going up to down and they all this how they built right there. As you walk by that you hear the water trickling.

00:49:26--> 00:49:31

So the water is moving all the time inside of the city. It's amazing waterworks

00:49:34--> 00:49:35

and that's another section.

00:49:39--> 00:49:44

Hacienda Hacienda all these things are comes from this.

00:49:46--> 00:49:50

You know, we used to watch zero, you know, zero, the Z,

00:49:51--> 00:49:59

all that chivalry riding on the horse and all that the Hacienda and the nobility show that's all from Islam. It's all from Islam.

00:50:02--> 00:50:11

This is what they call the summer section when they want it to go and relax, especially in the nice weather. So this is another section altogether.

00:50:12--> 00:50:13

It's a really beautiful section.

00:50:16--> 00:50:25

He wanted to touch the yield, touch and even tuck the hill unharmed. genda man, agenda 2001 paradise Smith

00:50:28--> 00:50:36

and this is the Islamic community in Spain xerostomia de Espana and that is in Granada. One of the places in Granada

00:50:40--> 00:50:51

and this I want to show you mom's Raja Hodge. I got this for him. This is master taqwa. The mom's Rogers the mom of Marcia Tucker and Brooklyn. I sent an email this is your chapter in Granada.

00:50:52--> 00:50:57

It's Mesquita. A taqwa I see the Arabic Masjid.

00:50:58--> 00:51:00

So that's Masha tequila Grenada branch.

00:51:06--> 00:51:07

Now, we left

00:51:08--> 00:51:13

Grenada, we took a bus and went down by the coastline there and

00:51:14--> 00:51:31

now we're crossing from Al Jazeera. We crossed over to tunja. This is North Africa you're looking at and so you will find the Islamic cities amid like this, this is going close to tunja, Tangiers.

00:51:34--> 00:51:35

These are the Straits of Gibraltar.

00:51:39--> 00:52:13

Now, went to robot and then from there to Marrakech. I have a just a few shots here of Morocco. But again, you can see the continuity in terms of the buildings in Morocco and in Spain. Because, you know, the the people who were controlling Spain were also controlling North Africa. And they were controlling West Africa. So you will find also in Senegal and other places the same type of architecture. There was actually an interchange going on between Senegal, West Africa, North Africa and Spain. They were all they were constantly moving back and forth, the people called the moss.

00:52:15--> 00:52:17

And this is the old time Cadillacs.

00:52:18--> 00:52:21

They're near the wall of the camels in Marrakech.

00:52:24--> 00:52:25

What is interesting about

00:52:27--> 00:52:37

the city there too, it's the red city, because they use the local sand. It's like a reddish color. So the whole of Marrakech is made from this red clay.

00:52:38--> 00:52:39

They're very interesting.

00:52:42--> 00:53:07

Now this type of structure here, you see the way they make the tower there. So the minarets in this structure, you find these, this is how it was done in Spain, not and all over North Africa, and in Senegal also is the same dysmenorrhea type. And I was surprised when I went to speak in the University of Texas. The main center is like that. It took the same one putting the University of Texas and Stanford to Stanford

00:53:08--> 00:53:09

and the Biltmore

00:53:10--> 00:53:14

that's where it comes from. So that's part of your legacy, right there architecture.

00:53:17--> 00:53:25

And this is a Masjid, there in Marrakech. Now, this one was built by Alma Robbie tune, and manabi tune we're

00:53:26--> 00:53:28

not into being too fancy.

00:53:29--> 00:53:42

But they but they have a way of doing the architecture. It's simple, but it's still very artistically done. You know, it's got flavor to it, but it's not as overly ornate as some of the other people yeah.

00:53:46--> 00:53:59

And this one was built by Alma, he Dune. That's the group that came after a mirabito they would say Elmo holidays in English almohadas. And they call me Robbie to almoravids.

00:54:00--> 00:54:02

So Allah ye do.

00:54:04--> 00:54:16

They this was a place that was built by them. It was a training center. And also it's an irrigation center. And they brought the water in is a huge lake there, man made lake

00:54:17--> 00:54:30

and according to what they were telling us, what they would do the people, the Berbers were coming off the desert. And when you're in the desert, the only water you have you drink that water. So they don't know how to swim.

00:54:31--> 00:54:37

And they were bringing recruits across the Straits of Gibraltar to go to Spain. So they bring you here and they teach you how to swim.

00:54:38--> 00:54:44

So this is like all the first swimming pools, like I said, always holds for you take your swimming lessons in there.

00:54:45--> 00:54:59

Get prepared for your struggle, and then they take you up north to the streets of Japan because you gotta cross the streets, man. If you can't swim from the desert, and you go across the streets, man, you gotta have a problem that lets you learn how to swim.

00:55:00--> 00:55:12

So why don't we using this as a and also it irrigates the land around there olive groves, and date palms, and many different fruits are growing there. It's an irrigation Center

00:55:14--> 00:55:28

also is a very rich culture there in Marrakech, the crew fees, and caps and different types of work being done by the women there. This marketplace is a really nice marketplace, man for those of you into marketplaces.

00:55:30--> 00:55:32

There's a lot of stuff here, man, you could stay here all day.

00:55:36--> 00:56:19

And this is also another open market. I was there in the springtime and they have a special arm springtime season. It's like everybody from all over the country. All the young people come to Morocco. In the spring, it's like a spring break. Let me call spring break. So they come here for the spring break. And in this marketplace that night, it's really nice at nighttime because at nighttime the lights are on and they're making like kebabs like we call burgers like kebabs and you know different samosa and foods and couscous and barbecue and it's really nice at night, cane juice. And people are just like talking mingling with each other. And it's a nice atmosphere. They're an

00:56:19--> 00:56:21

evening, but they're also known for

00:56:22--> 00:56:27

magic. The maracas people. They have some dangerous Voodoo.

00:56:29--> 00:56:30

A Sahara

00:56:31--> 00:56:32

and

00:56:33--> 00:56:38

the Sahara and Morocco. And this is a Moroccan told me, man, they have to say,

00:56:39--> 00:56:45

and this is an amazing shot here, right? This is one of the side this is the side. These are live snakes, man.

00:56:47--> 00:57:06

So I talked to him in Arabic. I said, What do you got? What do you got, man? So he said, he pulled these snakes out. You see the snakes? They're alive. And he pulls them out to me. And he shows me the thing and he's carrying on and trying to scam me. You know that after the fish, he puts his hair and says yellow hats loose. Give me some money.

00:57:07--> 00:57:28

I said brother, I'm not giving you no money, man for pulling up the snake. Then he starts cursing me. May your children hate you at all. Stop. Stop for Allah. He's cursing me, man. I said look, I'm not afraid of you, man. I'm afraid of Allah. Not afraid of you. But some people will be really scared at this guy is like an obeah man or Voodoo man. They really scared of his curse like right?

00:57:31--> 00:57:32

To dangerous guy.

00:57:36--> 00:57:36

Look at a

00:57:37--> 00:57:38

real character.

00:57:40--> 00:57:45

This is another good shot too. This is another character here. This is a water carrier.

00:57:46--> 00:57:46

Now

00:57:47--> 00:57:56

right before seven up and Coca Cola. And before ice cubes this man was a very important person, you know?

00:57:57--> 00:58:10

That's right. And all the Muslim cities because he carries water and 80 flavors the water you get like rose water and he knows that he was like he was like The Walking seven up Coca Cola man.

00:58:12--> 00:58:20

And he still maintains the traditional dress there. It's very interesting on his dress.

00:58:23--> 00:58:45

Then we went overland and we went to fests and this are shells. This is also another very historic town. And one of the scent centers of Islamic culture was a famous centers of learning and knowledge in the Muslim world was in the city of Fes not from the mountain overlooking fest. You look right down into the city itself.

00:58:47--> 00:58:53

Now you see the design now is a little bit different here. And this wall is famous on one side it's blue on the other side is green.

00:58:55--> 00:59:11

And there's different sections of fests and there are different quarters that people know the quarters and the sections of fest. There are different people that are woodworking people living in one section silversmiths and the other section. Quran readers you know different types of people living in different sections of fifth

00:59:13--> 00:59:16

edition again you see the streets and then you think of Spain right.

00:59:17--> 00:59:28

And that street there and that's your taxi right there. That's the taxi you have to ride donkey you can't ride any cars and fifth because the streets are too narrow right

00:59:29--> 00:59:41

which is good cuz no pollution and the things that that automobiles bill, if any of you know Kenya Lambo, the city of Lambo is just like this off the coast of Kenya. It's an island is exactly like this.

00:59:43--> 00:59:49

This is the the old madressa Okay, the one this is this is one of the old centers of learning in

00:59:52--> 00:59:54

fez and it's now it's

00:59:56--> 00:59:59

just for display now, because very old, but you can see that

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

The architecture is still there.

01:00:03--> 01:00:08

It used to be a dormitory and school where the students would stay studying Islamic Studies.

01:00:10--> 01:00:19

This is now the modern architecture. This is part of the king's palace, in fits. And so he's taking the old style and put modern.

01:00:23--> 01:00:26

And this is a rather famous masjids, there also

01:00:27--> 01:00:27

infects

01:00:32--> 01:00:37

the Moroccan flavor, that's what you make you will do you make your ablution there before the pre is in that place.

01:00:45--> 01:00:48

And this is another mastered in robot, this isn't a robot.

01:00:49--> 01:01:01

And you know, and I took this one because it's a classical mosque, I mean, they have taken, you know, different forms of those of you who are into architecture and geometric design. This is a classical mosque,

01:01:02--> 01:01:09

because they've taken the Lucien style, and the Moroccan style and is this is the heights, this is like the heights of a lot of their design in this particular mosque.

01:01:14--> 01:01:15

That's the inside

01:01:17--> 01:01:20

the mihrab is there with the mom stands is right there and

01:01:23--> 01:01:25

look at the work they do on the walls.

01:01:28--> 01:01:30

It's amazing. It's an amazing set of work,

01:01:31--> 01:01:33

his Arabic writing there and everything.

01:01:34--> 01:01:43

Now, those of you into geometrical designs and whatnot, you can look into this, you can like spend a long time looking in and you can see how they

01:01:44--> 01:01:46

move around, the objects

01:01:50--> 01:02:24

get lost inside of this. And the six pointed star actually the Star of David is was was used, there was not a symbol of Zionism or anything, it was just actually they save after the time of Jesus. So they slam that many of the tribes of Israel migrated to North Africa. And so you will they have an old tradition in the desert area and in Morocco, a very old tradition. So the Star of David is one of their normal symbols and you find it on the hats and a lot of the things but it does not have a political meaning at that point in time.

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geometrical, just geometrical.

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This is the same map showing the place for ablution.

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Again, when you see the roof, then you can see a lot of the roofs and the houses here in Miami and whatnot. The style of building the roof

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and this is a person sorry the slide is backwards but this is

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one of the people that Berbers off the desert. This is what the manabi to look like this is what that's what they look like Tarik Gibbons yet and you know whatnot. And they cover their faces in the desert because the you know, the sand and whatnot and

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I got the slide backwards. This is a slide of Mansa Musa.

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Maybe I'll try to fix them.

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Here it says the great African King months and Musa king of medieval Mali, but also popularly known as King of the Moors. This map is taken from a European galleys of the 1600s. This African ruled in the 1300s. The Empire of Mali was larger than all of the states of Western Europe combined. It dwarfed the Holy Roman Empire.

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So this is a map that was made by the Europeans actually, when they were because gold was coming out of West Africa. That's why they even called gold guineas were Guinea was originally being used. It's coming out of West Africa.

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And this is the map I was talking about Barry felt sorry, it's it's it's I got it backwards. It's changing. But this is the map the old map that they found out. We showed you just turn it

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rolling your eyes but it shows Hudson Bay in Panama. It's an early map of America.

01:05:09--> 01:05:09

Okay.

01:05:13--> 01:05:16

Okay. Any questions anybody has about anything?

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Okay, so I want to thank you for your patience

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and inshallah I hope to see you again soon and those of you who have come those non Muslims I want to invite you to continue to come to the Islam Awareness Week The some other very good speakers will be here your mom's Raja Hodge. And also what's your brother's name? Rafael Rafael is a very interesting Spanish speaking person who is very, very, you know, spirited speaker. So if you can see him you really benefit from his approach, so polygala who would become deconditioned? When de la land istockphoto coda to blue lake Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, Allah, Allah and Salafi hosts in alladhina amanu Amina solly had to also will have to also basalt for some was a lot of Tyler I say

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that a Mohammed rally he was happy as marine rocketed at 100 layerable alameen wa salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah Peace be upon you and have a safe journey home.

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You have rights that women in this country never dreamed of, until perhaps this generation. He said, Prophet Muhammad, do not kill civilians. Virgin Mary is revered in the Quran. She works miracles, prophets, according to the Quran, we're all one brotherhood, because if you add something that is not essential, you're going to draw them away from the religion