From Morroco, To Spain, To The Americas #2
Channel: Abdullah Hakim Quick
Series: Abdullah Hakim Quick - From Morroco To Spain To The Americas
File Size: 79.79MB
Episode Transcript ©
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People are in
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim and 100 Euro bill Alameen
wa SallAllahu Taala Allah say that mousseline while he was happy about it because Allah, Allah praise are due to Allah, Lord of the worlds and peace and blessings be constantly showered upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad, on his family, his companions and all those who call to his way and establish his sunnah to the Day of Judgment. As to what follows my beloved brothers and sisters. I begin with the greeting words of the righteous as salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah
Alhamdulillah. This is another opportunity for us to delve into an extremely important part of history
and the importance of Al Andalus. And Morocco, what we now know is Spain and Portugal is not just for the people themself, or for the continent himself. But it is the fact that this history, which is living experience, is having an impact on us up until today.
And this is the purpose of studying history. For us, it is not just to look at facts and figures and to learn the names of kings and queens, but it is to understand the process
to get gems of wisdom, from the historical experience of human beings. And this is what we could call in a sense in a generic sense of the word sunnah. Sometimes the scholars say sunnah to Allah. So this is the way of Allah
in the same way that Allah has made for animals, instinct,
and for creation, there is a natural flow. And we living in the northern countries now witnessing the spring season
and witnessing the plants coming out and flowers and animals,
hibernation, and this movement is in a sense, we could call Sona to Allah. It is Allah's methodology in nature. It's the flow of nature, the flow of life. And so similarly, in human beings, in our experiences, there is a type of sunnah to Allah, in the sense that Allah subhanaw taala has put people through different experiences, negative positive ups and downs, in order to show us
right from wrong
in order to give us that ability to make the right choice, because human beings, there's a certain instinctual part about us. But there's also a choice.
And that choice, in many cases can override even our instinct.
Instinct can be telling us don't do this. This is against nature.
But what is in our mind, even if it's confusion in our mind, can actually take us away from a natural pattern that is set by the Creator of the heavens and the earth. And so, history then, when we look at history for the the, the movement for the transition, when we look at it for the wisdom, then we are able to extract and we can look at certain points in human experience, where they were great successes, and they were great failures. And this can give us in a sense, what we could call the rise and fall of civilization.
And this is of critical importance today. Because we are at a crossroads.
The human race is at a crossroad in terms of its physical ability to destroy.
Also the potential that we have to make the earth like a paradise, if we took the military budget, and put it towards the environment, put it towards medicine, we could be living a beautiful, comfortable life, in a sense. But there's a choice. And so
our mission, then our objective is to look at history, and to understand what to do and what not to do. And the history of Morocco or North Africa. And an end the loose is one of the most
is one of the clearest examples of the rise and fall of civilization. So you can literally look at time periods what the people did, what they experienced. And you can literally see a pattern that is there for those who are successful. And you can see a pattern for those who fell down. And so we have been studying the Muslims coming at 711 into the Iberian Peninsula.
Tada, Cubans, Deandra Rahima Hola. Coming in, and then Musa Bindo sia his Amir from North Africa. And then I'll end the loose being opened up. And after 40 years, we found up to a man, a Dakhil. He is of the the Omega dynasty, the great tireless leader, who set the foundation for an endless he was a tireless leader, he ruled by example. He did not force people to become Muslim. He provided free education for Jewish Christian Muslim, he provided upward mobility. He provided he focused on advancement of society, technological advancement, cultural advancements. And at the same time, he was a strong leader. And he kept order.
And so by setting these foundations, he was able to give Muslims in Al Andalus, an example that they could follow to raise themselves up.
And this continued for a period of time, to the point where Cordoba Cordoba by the year 1000, became one of the largest cities if not the largest on Earth, it was like the gym of the world. And it reached the point of technology that Paris and London took over 500 years to reach.
And that continued, and that in a sense, is the Sunda Tula, the Ibn Khaldoun theory that we spoke about the cycle, right when the people are following their principles, they rise in the circle, but the next generation gets a little weaker. And if there is no revival, then the next generation not born in the struggle born in the palace can get weaker.
And if they don't revive Islam, then they can actually deteriorate. And so we saw this happening until they broke up into over 22
merits. All over the place where a miss each one thought he was a mirror meaning
this led to a wave coming from North Africa. Hell Morabito and Almora be tune revived Islam in Atlanta loose, they push back, the Trinitarians who were coming from the north, and they were able to develop an Islamic society and to continue on the example that was there.
But unfortunately, time went by, and within 100 years, the theory of Ibn Khaldoun came to pass
us and they found themselves deteriorating. And this is where another group came in from Morocco Al Maghrib has Marois, he dune.
And they succeeded
to take over the lands of the Morabito to revive Islam again. And it rose up. And this took us to the point where around the year 1212 ad, that with the Trinitarian forces trying to come back from the north, there was a decisive battle. And this battle
the Muslims lost over 500,000 men. That's unbelievable number to think of. And when this happened, the cities of Atlanta loose and North Africa were drained of men.
They became deserts in some areas because nobody to really till event and nobody to really protect the borders. And with this, the cycle of even Khaldoon came in and Alamosa he doing deteriorated and they fell apart. And so it was another fitna in a sense that Emirates developed divisions came in and again we send we said we showed clearly with the sunnah to Allah. When the love of the dunya the love of the life of this world comes into the hearts of the people.
And the Prophet SAW Selim said in the liquid legal my fitna, or fitna to alma de el mal, every nation as a trial and test, and the trial and test of my nation is wealth.
That's our test.
And so you could see it happening to them.
And you could see them falling apart, greed coming in, and then tribalism.
One Arab tribe against another against Amazon, the Berber against African against Persian.
And so division comes in and then arguing and fighting over trivia. Even the scholars of Islam, they began to argue over minor points.
Divisions come in, then the enemy's take over. So this is in a sense is sunnah Tala. For the fall of civilization. And
the Trinitarians came back, they were coming back from the northern part of Spain. That's Leone, right when you look at your maps, also France. So they were coming in from France as well.
Taking territories, and one of the worst things that could possibly happen is that one Muslim Amir, because there were many MPs would actually join the Christians against his brother.
The Christian would accept this. And then once they defeated the other Muslim, he would defeat the first one.
And so it continued like this village by village until
we see the territories. And this on your map shows you around 1200 where they were, they started losing. In 1236.
Okay. And 1238
If you look back at your map, you can see Cordoba in the middle, right, and you see Valencia on the top right.
Okay, so these are key places in the section and you see Seville, which became the capital of the mojito. That's the capital Elmo had this is what they called an English.
Okay, so these three major cities fell to the Trinitarians. And they were bringing in a strange type of belief.
And for some innocent people,
no Muslim or somebody who is sincere in Christianity. It would be strange when they find out that we believe in all of the prophets, we accept Mary as a virgin, may Allah be pleased with her. Jesus DeVaughn are born with a divine conception.
But somehow, the mixture of nature worship and even Satanism
that came in and developed a new type of faith
That literally destroyed everything around it. And this picture here, I took from the Great Mosque of Cordoba, el jamea, which was converted into a cathedral. Now look at that picture very closely. And you will see the woman there. Who would that woman be? Who do you think that woman is? That would be married the mother of Jesus, but look at the picture close.
There's a dagger in her heart. So there is literally having that church marry with a dagger in her heart.
And when you go around that cathedral, you will see satanic images, Masonic images, you will see people's graves and it has skull and crossbones.
And the skull and crossbones is a Freemason sign.
And so these Illuminati Freemason groups without worship God,
and they have their own gods, more than likely shaitan.
Okay, they permeate it, they still permeate the cathedral.
And so it's it's a strange experience when you're there in Cordoba, that fell in 1236 strange experience. They, the king thought about, and some of his fanatical people, they wanted to destroy the mosque. This was one of the wonders of the world at the time. And they wanted to break it down to beautiful arches, famous arches, of course.
But the people themselves came out. And they said, No,
because it's easy to break something down. But to build something like this, it's almost impossible. So he kept it. And they put a monstrosity in the middle of a cathedral in the middle. And so when you go in there today, you will find both, you'll still find the mihrab of the Imam on one side, and then you'll find the cathedral in the middle. Okay, so this is the strange thing that they were doing when they were taking over these territories.
And so the people who had to leave from Valencia, from Seville from Cordoba, they ran south.
The people of Toledo go a little higher. And you'll see all the way up all the places that used to be Islamic
cities, and they were conquered those who could make it South went south.
And they ended up in Granada
and saw Granada and you see it there and the green was the last stronghold for the Muslims in Al Andalus.
For 250 years,
and in the province of Granada.
There, there is Malka, which is now Malaga city on the coast, held Maria and is a town called at now. And then Granada and is a town called Granada. So when you talk about the province of Granada around the top of that province, there it sits on a mountain range. So literally when you enter any of the areas that surround Grenada, you have to cross a mountain range. So it is a natural barrier.
And of course, they did not have technology like today, they had to ride their horses. They had to walk and it's very high and it's cold.
Easy to defend.
So this area
consisted of about 15% of a landless
and so it became the sanctuary for the Muslims. And people from all over Al Andalus. Even what is now Portugal
would flee there if they possibly could.
And for that period of time, it was controlled by the NASA did dynasty Bennell athma. Right the children of athma. This is Muhammad Nasir. And he's called an armor because His beard was red
and his round 1238 Muhammad ibn Yusuf Abel atma.
And they were descendants of one of the answers of Medina. You know, you have the Mohabbatein and the answers Sadie better or better.
So they had a linear
Should Arab lineage going back to Medina. And that is a nobility that is a shutoff. And people had great respect for the Nasrid dynasty. But the problem is that they were politicians.
And sometimes you have to make a choice. And for politicians, it's very difficult. I remember people spoke about Nelson Mandela.
And when Nelson Mandela had had been in jail for 27 years, and his people were about to make an armed revolt.
And the Afrikaners, the Dutch apartheid, oppresses, they had nuclear weapons, they had high powered,
modern equipment. If the African people fought them, they would have been a bloodbath. Maybe 50 60% of Africans have already been killed. So Mandela made
a compromise. And he said that we will not we will be in charge of the government, but you keep your property
that the whites you keep your property, and we will be in charge of the government. And so his plan was that, you know, with time, things would change. And because the majority were the African population, they would eventually take over.
But the whites to a certain extent, you could say outsmarted him.
He had to make a decision.
Should I do this or not? And as a person who love these people, and as a wise person, I had the opportunity to actually meet him personally, in Cape Town, and wise leader, humble person, genius in terms of understanding, you know, his nation. He decided, no, save my people's lives and go step by step. But the problem was,
is that the wealth remained in the hands of the whites. And one of the great scholars are African scholars, Dr. Halima, Zooey Rahimullah. He's a Kenyan scholar, one of the greatest in the 20th century. And he was visiting
South Africa. And I knew him I had done some programs with him in the United States and Binghamton, upstate New York. And he was in Durban, and I met him. And I asked him about his experience. And he said, that the people, the press came to me and said, Give us your
understanding your analysis of the present condition of South Africa.
Because he has this ability to like, bring deep political understanding, in simple words, this is what this man was a genius and doing. And you know what he said?
He said, the white man put the crown of authority on the head of the black population.
But he took out the jewels
and tried to understand the statement is a deep statement.
He put the crown on his head,
but there's no jewels in it. So you're king, but you don't have economic power.
So really, in a sense, you're not fully in control.
And that has not been dealt with up until today. The country is being mismanaged. It's about to have another revolution.
But my the showerhead here, the witness is the decision that Mandela had to make.
So to look at the bento AMA, in a positive sense, they were surrounded by
armies were coming from all over Portugal, Spain, France, they were the last stronghold. And they wanted to have a place where Muslims could live
in peace, relative peace. They could pray, they could fast they could die as believers.
They didn't have the territories they had before. But at least they were living in a sense in a state of Islam.
But to do that, he had to make a compromise. And so he agreed to a number of concessions. One he paid 150,000 gold dinars yearly to the Trinitarian this today would be like millions of dollars. He had to pay them off
to he surrendered strategic forts on the coast.
He surrendered those
For those forts,
to the Christians, and three, he promised to assist King Ferdinand in his battles against other Muslims,
whenever he was called. Now, that is really strange. But if you look at some of our countries today, and you see what they're doing, in terms of their relationship, you know, to the west or the relationship to the Russians, or whatever it may be,
they send out their own people in a sense to survive.
Okay, that's the danger of the politics without strong faith in Allah subhanaw taala.
And so this was the condition you could call it, Independence under subjugation.
Okay, so you're, you're independent, but you're being controlled. And so there's your dinars. And with this wealth, that was still there, and being given out.
The Trinitarian areas were enriched.
they're getting stronger strategically. And so the Muslims were just in a sense, just holding on,
just holding on.
And that was the condition that they were in.
And in the south, was a group from Morocco called bento Marine.
In English, he says the marionettes and bento Marine, they were amazi for the Berbers, right? And they were times Zanatta. There's another ama zyk. And they were first underneath Elmo hidden.
They were soldiers for them and farmers. But when and why are you doing got weak? Remember that great battle and all those 500,000 men are lost some more, I don't have no strength left.
And they became corrupted. They started pressing the people. And so the bento Marine,
took over the territories of Morocco.
And eventually, they became the rulers of Morocco. And Algeria, they actually came from over on the Algerian side, there was no border of Morocco and Algeria at the time.
they became famous, they made their capital Fez, remember the capital of the Almora Batoon. And tell me what I was doing was my Rakesh.
Right. And that's where the name Morocco comes from, from Marrakech, which is a Berber word mode Akash.
And but fests
this depend on money made made festa capital.
And it was established already, but because of the influence that they put on it, and they built my dresses, they encouraged scholars to come in. They they encouraged commerce. And so fez rose, in terms of its culture, its learning its population. And during this period, this is between the, the 13th, to the 15th century, right in the middle of that our FES was considered to be one of the largest cities in the world
And it's an amazing city up until now, if you get a chance to visit FES is something worthwhile seeing it still has a lot of its cultural places, and it's an amazing city, but it was the better money that really made it famous. Okay, so that's one of the great contributions. And when you go too fast, you will see the addresses of the bedroom Marine and the forts and you know, some of the things that still left. So, so one of the leaders Jacobi Bellman saw Al Marini was a great leader, and he actually even came in and push back to Christians outside of Grenada for a period of time. And eventually that was taken back.
But what he was able to do with the Nasir, it's, they protected the South. Okay, and if you look at the map itself, this is a map that shows you
the territory of the BETO Medina. So if you look at the red color there,
and you'll see the territory
Al Maghrib, right. And you can see where Granada is, you know, we're the province of Grenada. And so all along that southern region there, that's Gibraltar and all along the coastline. There was control
By the battle money, so therefore, even if they were armies or navies, trying to attack the Muslim from Lisbon, you see Portugal there. And Lisbon was the Muslim naval base. And anywhere you see the Muslims made progress in a certain area, the Christians when they took off, they made progress because they inherited from us, directly from us. And Lisbon was the main naval base. And so Lisbon became the main port for the Portuguese, who became the first seafaring nation of the Europeans was the Portuguese. So if they decided that they wanted to attack going along the coast, through Gibraltar, bear no money in is there.
Better money control the area?
If somebody wanted to attack from the other side, you see it says Aragon in that area. Because you have Castile Yeah, and Aragon. They couldn't Benalmadena is there also.
So that's the defense depend on money, you know, put up and this is the great contribution that they made, you know, toward the believers.
But what was happening now, was a major movement is actually started from the 11th century. And that is what we now know as the Crusades. And the Crusades, which started in Claremont, with Pope Urban in the 11th century. And you know, he called to the Christians to attack
the holy lands, saying that they had they had controlling the true cost of Christ.
Okay, so this was, and he said, God wills it. They kept saying God wills it. And so the Crusaders went forward.
And the famous crusades, that we know are the Crusades to the east, to the point where
they would call the Muslims cerasus. And Saracen means Sharpie, Yun, Sharpie, Saracen, which means easterner Sharpie means is sharp is Eastern Arabic. So they looked at Muslims as easterners. But then what a lot of people don't realize is that there was also a Western crusade.
So there was an Eastern crusade, there was a Western crusade.
The western crusade has not spoken about so much. But it was just as vicious if I would say even more vicious than the one that went to the east.
in the east, the Trinitarians were looking for the wealth of the society.
And they wanted to take the lands to take the wealth, bring it back, they wanted to live inside the lands, right, educate themselves, take what they could take, and then bring it back, you know, to their lands in order to enrich themselves.
Okay, but to the west,
it was a little bit different because the territory was not a large territory, it was just horrendous.
And the Muslims at that time,
they were the people have skills. The Muslims had skills at all different levels. Muslims were farmers, Muslims were craftsmen.
Muslims were, you know, into all types of trades. You could say the trade skills, all your building skills, all of your masonry, all of your silversmith, all of your work that is being done in the society. The Muslims were excellent in this and the Muslims tended. They did hard labor. But Muslims focused on trades that had skills, they're into skills. And every man and woman tried to have a skill and that is part of the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW Salem and you will see the great scholars of Islam. They actually had skills, the great Imam, Abu Hanifa and Imam Malik. You see many of they were business people, they were silversmiths, whatnot, they made they had traits. Okay, so Muslims
are very much into trade. And it's a business as well. Also, Alia hood, the Jewish people who had been there for centuries, and who had come from
Jerusalem, and this is six 586 BCE, around that time, and they came with wealth because it was the elite fleeing from the Babylonians. So they came
Even with wealth, and they established themselves in trading centers, especially on the gold roots, even the roots in Africa and whatnot, so they establish themselves well, and so they were very well entrenched. They were there. So the difference in the Crusades were, the Crusades from the east was more about destruction.
They would destroy the population, totally country. But for the West, they couldn't destroy it. Because they needed the skills.
They did not have the skills and the skills level of Al Andalus, as we had learned, it was the most organized civilized
cities city in the world, Cordoba, Valencia, Toledo, Seville.
And so the skills they needed the skills. So this was the struggle.
But the symbol that they used was the cross. So that same Red Cross that came about first from Constantine. And in the beginning of our sessions, we learned about Constantine 325 ad, right when he established Trinitarian Christianity. So they use that Red Cross as their symbol. Now,
when the Trinitarians took over an area now, they defeated the military.
Some people either died or they had to flee. But now they controlled a territory and the skills in the territory, were basically Muslims. The business
So how are you going to make How are you going to, like, control the area, but gain the skills? Now, I want you to think about this very closely, relative to what's happening today, think about apartheid in South Africa. Think about Jim Crow, in the United States, you know, think about what's happening to Palestinians, you will see this happening in different parts of the world. It's a form of subjugation. Okay, and it is even said that of some extreme elements in India, fanatical Hindus, actually went to Spain, and studied the system.
They studied, and they want to know, how did you wipe out the Muslim population completely?
What was the methodology?
Okay, so what we're looking at, is the methodology. And of course, it's a long period of time. But we want to get some general ideas about how this subjugation came about.
So they controlled an area.
And they required
the Muslims and the Jews, that you have to wear badges, you got to wear like a yellow badge of some need to be identified. And you had special facilities. Remember, now in the United States, and in South Africa, you had toilets for whites, and you had toilet for colored?
Okay, so the whites go in their toilets, the whites have the restaurants, the whites to sit in the front of the bus. Right and the people of color, Africans, especially still in the back of the bus.
Okay, this is where it comes from. This is where it comes from, in an organized fashion. So special badges, facilities,
special clothing, they start making them wear. This is the first wave of what we could call a persecution.
And in order to control the population,
they diminished their lineage. In other words, there were Arabs there, there was Amazon, if there were Europeans who embraced Islam, the majority of the Muslims. At that time, if you did a DNA check, they would actually be Europeans. And this is shocking to a lot of people. And I want you again, to go to the documentary of Bethany use, when the when the Moors ruled in Spain. Bethany use Hu G H. E. S, go online, you can get it.
This is a British journalist. And she is showing
that the majority of the people in Spain and Portugal Muslims after a period of time, they were not Arabs. They were not purpose. They were not African, Persian. They were actually Europeans.
who had embraced Islam? Wallets? In some points they call them wallets. You know, it was like new Muslims coming in they were part of the society
in order to control the population,
you get a generic name. See this is part of the psychological control.
So they use the name Moore's. They said the Moore's, so are you people are most. And the word was, actually comes from Latin models, which means a person of color, a dark skinned person,
just like in the United States,
when they wanted to diminish the backgrounds and destroy the lineage of African American people, they said you are negros. So they use the term negro. And Negro is from the Spanish word negro. Which means black.
So, you say you're now just a negro. What is the Negro?
You can say, Irish American. They come from Ireland. You say Italian American.
Okay. But then Negro American with Neverland. Think about it. There is no dig rollin. So you have taken away the lineage of people who were once from the man, dingoes from the Fulanis, the Ashanti, the Yoruba, Cora, manti. So many powerful nations in West Africa going down into Central Africa.
You wiped it away with a name.
And they use the name, the Moors. And this is important, especially for my brothers and sisters in the United States. Because there are movements in America called the Moorish Science Temple. And there are people right now, and they're heavy on lie, they call themselves Moors, and they wear red feathers. And they say we are the Moors. Okay, and they say that's the real name of black people. But this is a misunderstanding.
Because the original term, Moore's was used to degrade people.
And to put you into a generic group that has no lineage, it has no set language, it has no history. Okay, so that's where the word Maus comes from, it may be used here and there. But this is a general term to use. Now in the subjugated areas, remember the first wave now
you have these people living in their ghettos,
and but they got all the skills, you need crafts people, you need all types of skills to run your society. And so the term was being used, called Muda. Harris
with the Harris which meant sort of like a Muslim servant. And this word may have originally come from some historians believe it came from actually from other Muslims
because the other Muslims were living in Granada, they put out the word to everybody come to us make Ijarah
and the same way that the process Salim said people make his way to Medina. Right. So they said make higit so the people who did not make it
and they were satisfied, or appear to be satisfied with living under the Trinitarians, they call them with that gel
with that gel. And with that gel, you know that Zhao so the gel is a liar and an imposter. So, um, with that gel is a Muslim who's an imposter. They're living a false life underneath, they are subjugated.
And they live underneath the other people.
And that's not totally fair to say that because some people just couldn't make it is very, very difficult. And we'll see what was happening to the people that the time but the Spanish word is muda Harris, okay, because they don't pronounce the J.
So underneath this system of apartheid, Jim Crow, look at what they were doing.
These are some of the decrees that were put out there for the Jews and Muslims.
Just some of them. One, they could not hold office. So they could never be elected as any official or anything official and they could not possess titles. So you could not have deeds to land. You could not even have any title as being, you know, in any type of preference or anything.
If you're you're a subjugated class, in other words, you don't have upward mobility
to, you could not change your home.
So if you live there a certain address, that's where you're always going to live.
You can't struggle and then get a better house or move to another area. No, you're, you're like a slave. So you can three
you were excluded from trades, like groceries, carpenters, tailors, witches, and this is especially toward the Muslims. So what they were doing was, they would learn the trade from the Muslims, they would learn the trade, and then not let them have the trade. See how dirty and low this is? Okay, so they actually reached the point where they would not allow the Muslims, you know, to have traits.
Next, you could not bear arms. In other words, you could not have a weapon at all.
And that's obvious subjugation. Next, you could not hire Christians. So you could not hire Christians.
Next, you could not eat, drink, bathe, or even talk to Christians. Now, this is apartheid. That's what was happening in the United States in the South. That's what was happening, especially South Africa became famous for apartheid. This is where it came from. This is organized apartheid. You see, this is so not Allah, we're learning now. And this is what the fanatical Hindus want to study.
Okay, how are you going to control the Muslim population?
Right, how are you going to destroy them.
And the next was,
you can only wear cross clothes. You can only wear couldn't wear nice clothes.
Okay, so you can see what they were doing. And this is the way it was in the Jim Crow area in the United States. After slavery was abolished. The southern states put in certain laws, which kept people in a state of like slavery, you couldn't look into a white man couldn't talk in his face. You couldn't ride on the front of the bus. You couldn't, you know, be the the certain area, right, these are the Jim Crow law. So this is the where Jim Crow comes from right
They kept going south more and more and more, until they was surrounding the area of Granada. And it reached the point where they wanted to go to another level of repression. And this is what is known as the Spanish Inquisition.
And the Spanish Inquisition was very important, subject to study. It's difficult, but important. It began around 1483. Now, there were other inquisitions that happened before in medieval time, medieval times. They were forms of Inquisition, but this was
something which was sanctioned by Rome.
And it was a means of weeding out Jews, Muslims and Unitarian Christians.
So now, they weren't sure.
You have Motorhead as people who are living within the Concord areas, but you want to know, okay, we can't take this anymore.
Okay, we want you to be Catholics.
Okay, you got to be a Catholic. You can't even be a Christian who believes in one God, you have to be a Catholic.
And so the Inquisitor, who is a bishop, a holy person, the Inquisitor,
his job was to domesticate the heretic slaves of northern Spain.
So he is weeding out people, any revolutionary elements that are amongst them. He's reasoned about, and finally, to subdue the Muslims who were taking refuge in Granada. And pictures like this. It's not that clear. But you get pictures of the Inquisition, the different tools that they actually used. It's unbelievable the things that they were doing.
Then they started to openly baptize people
see this? Another way to check is okay, now, you can't be a Muslim anymore.
We're going to baptize you.
Okay. You can't be Jewish anymore. We're going to baptize you. Okay. And so, either you baptize or you die.
for those who fought killed
Those who died, or those who survived, survived and refused to be baptized.
They were tortured and killed. And one of the worst forms of this torture was to be burned at the stake. And this is what the Inquisition is famous for. You burn people alive. And you know, killing somebody by burning them is probably one of the most excruciating forms of death. And, but they organized this. They organized it. Now. This is the second wave.
Some people, they couldn't take it. So they baptized
and the Muslim who baptized
what you would call a Christian more.
They were known as Moriscos.
Don't forget these names because these names pop up in different places. They were known as Moriscos.
It's a Christian more.
Okay, so the muda holidays, could still be a Muslim. Remember, the domesticated Muslim is just an imposter. But now in the next wave, you have no choice.
The Jewish people are called Moreno's. Moreno's or Converse us. So you see these two names being used. Marino's and conversos.
Right? They're baptized Jews. Remember these names? I remember, just recently, the president of one of the countries in Latin America. You know, his last name is Moreno.
I say oh, okay, Moreno. See once you know the name, he has a Jewish lineage. He's not he might not be saying it to you. But um, Moreno was somebody who has their Judaism in their heart. But they say I'm a Catholic.
The Moresco is inside Muslim.
But he says openly.
I'm a Catholic.
And by this process
1000s of people were being tortured. All across the country. The inquisitors were setting up.
the butter burning at the stake. This is a terrible thing. And it was said that two classes of people qualified to be burned alive. One is an unrepentant heretic.
So you bring this person and you say, Do you believe in the Father, Son and the Holy Ghost? He says La ilaha illAllah. That's unrepentant.
That one's burned.
Or relapsed heretic. So this is a person who said yes, yes, I believe in the Trinity. And then they started doing Islamic things or whatever. So they relapsed, right? So they catch you a couple of times, then they'll burn you alive.
Now, some historians estimate that in the years up to 1490, up to 1490, the Inquisition had burned about 2000 people recorded.
Okay, that's about five per week, were being burnt. Now, people are being killed and other ways to be tortured to being killed, you know, whatever. But this burning thing, this is the worst.
This is the worst way. Okay. And it was really bad time.
You know, we feel bad about we're living in a society that's Islamophobia, right? So somebody looks at you a little mean, because you gotta Koofi on your head or hijab.
Or they might make fun of you and cut their eyes.
You know, we feel bad. Sometimes you might get pushed.
Look what happened to these people. There is a case a famous recorded case of a Christian woman named Elvira.
She did not eat pork.
She changed her linens on Saturday.
And because of that, she was tortured and imprisoned. Now, the question, you gotta ask yourself, what is this? You might have another case of a person.
takes a bath on Thursday night.
If you take a bath on Thursday night,
or on Friday morning, they could get you and burn you alive. Why?
Why do you think, right because that's something left from Joomla, right? Because remember, Joomla begins in the evening later to Joomla Joomla starts after markup.
So if you took your Ghosal for Joomla, I have to manage it, or after fajr. So this is a Christian now,
Father, Son, Holy Ghost, we're in a cross, but they take a bath, the remnant of Islam, is to take a bath on Thursday night,
or not eating pork,
or changing their linens on Saturday.
That's enough to be tortured.
Look how strict look how serious the repression was gone. And one of the worst things that was happening is is is is what is called the edicts of grace. And the effects of grace was that if an individual is caught, and they tell on their family, they say, like my father, my brother, he's making a lot.
You know, if you squeal like we would say, you tell on your family so they can let you go.
So by that
date, like they say, the eyes have walls, even your own family members you couldn't trust. Now, think about this with the Nazis in Germany. Think about this, you know, at different points, you know, if you understand repression, the level of repression that was happening in Spain, all over the country.
Just Just think about the insecurity that that people had living in that society.
I traveled many for many years, and saw many different things, some very interesting things you find number one, you will find in many shops up until today,
you will find that in the shop, he might be selling cloth or jewelry, but he has a leg of pork hanging from from the side.
Now today, because porque smells anyway, right? They have but they still have a tradition. And they have wax, it's made of wax, but it looks like a leg of pork. And he hangs it in his shop. It just tradition. Somebody might not even know why. But that was a sign
that you're a Christian, because you eat pork, or you're not a Muslim, not a Jew.
And if you look at Spanish cuisine,
you will see that in just about every meal, they drink wine, and they eat pork.
So you're not going to have Spanish cuisine without some wine. So if you're Muslim, and you don't drink, you got a problem.
They're going to watch you to see whether you drink or whether you eat that pork.
Another one we found, which was really, really deep, to show you the level of oppression.
We came into a house that was supposed to be the house of the Moriscos people and
you come in and to the left is a stand on the wall and has a book on it a Bible they are the thing.
So you say okay, what is that for? That is because if a person wants to read Quran,
or do something as make dua, he would stand on the wall. So you can't see from the outside. And when the Christians barge in, because they'll come in at any moment. When they come in, there's a Bible layer, you can start reading the Bible.
See the level that they had to go to? So you can start reading the Bible. And today, they don't know why but they still have that Bible on the wall next to the door.
Okay, there's the level of oppression. What was the Islamic response? The Islamic response that came from the Allah MA in this oppression right from the beginning the first wave, the second wave was number one was jihad. And that means resistance. You resist.
Okay, if you cannot resist physically against them.
Then you make hijra,
you make migration,
to escape persecution.
And for those who could not leave, they were encouraged to resist silently.
Now this is one of the deepest fatwas
that I've ever seen before.
This is a fatwa made from the Mufti of Wuhan. That's an Algeria Ahmed Buju Juma Al Baqarah. Was it it was made in 1504. Okay, 1504 and I actually have this fatwa in Arabic.
And what he is saying in words was, you know, I know
But you're under oppression and use the example of a my vinyasa de la one. And the Sahaba is who was suffering. Yo, in the fact you know, one time a Mark came to the Prophet SAW Salem and said, I have committed disbelief
because that they were torturing them. So bad that, you know, as a human, you say anything to get out of the torture. There's one Sahabi we were there torturing him so bad. He's on the ground and a dung beetle comes next to him.
The dung beetle pushing waist. And they said, is that your Lord?
He said yes.
Now you know the level of torture that you're under, for something like that. So our Ma came to the palace of Solomon said, I have destroyed myself. When he was asked why he said I said Kalama to cover
the province of salem said How was your heart? He said My heart was with my inbuilt Eman. He was strong and faith. Then the Prophet Salam said in words. You're still on the path. Yeah, okay.
So based upon this, the Mufti
in Wuhan and Algeria. He said to the people,
you keep your faith.
When you want to make salah, walk down the road. Tap the wall.
Que make Nia for dry weather, right? Tap the wall. Make salad with your eyes.
You can't make any movements of Salon, pray with your eyes. For the cat.
Give somebody a gift. Merry Christmas.
But you're near is a cat.
Okay, you want to get married, you first marry in the Christian church.
And then in darkness of night, you have indica
the janazah you got to do a Christian burial, but a darkness of night you mix a lot of janazah. So he gave them a methodology, how to resist under the most difficult circumstances. And this is a lesson for us. May Allah forbid
it's already reached Muslims in some parts of the world
that we could be living under something like this. But yeah, the biller
look at the methodologies that they use. These are some pictures of Inquisition, you know, waterboarding and the rack where your body is stretched.
And all of this, much of this is coming from the Inquisition.
They specialized in pain and bringing out pain in the human body.
And there's some horrible pitches of there's a Inquisition Museum in Granada. If you ever go to Spain.
And because of this approximations of 2 million Jews, 3 million Muslims were killed or exiled.
Right during this time, these are estimates.
Muslims probably even be more.
Granada was surrounded
and there was no way out.
And Abu Abdullah, known as Bob dill, he surrendered Granada to the king and queen of Castile and Aragon, whose name was Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492. And this is a famous picture.
As you can see, on the right side, you see Fernand Isabella, and then you see the Emir is the last emir of Grenada. And but a lot of people don't realize there was a treaty that was made. So he didn't just give it up.
But he made a treaty.
And this is a key moment in history.
And it is so important to the Spanish. And it's shocking, because it is recorded that Abu Abdullah Abu Abdullah, the next morning,
he was leaving, he couldn't take it anymore. So he left Grenada, and on the mountain pass, he looked back at the city and he start crying.
And his mother said, Do not weep like a woman for what you could not defend as a man. This deep, okay? And a Spanish it's so important to them. If you're driving out of Granada,
right and then you're moving north. Then you will see a sign
that says el ultimo. suspiro dimauro.
It's on the road. The last psi of the more today it's there.
That's the place where
Abu Abdullah cried. That's how important that is for them up until today,
the last side of the war.
Now, the treaty
the treaty was was broken
within 20 years. And this
is so key to us. It is so important to us it is a key moment in history.
Why do I say this? Because people say if you say to people, what's important about 1492? What did people say?
Columbus discovered America 1492.
But now, people are realizing he didn't discover America, he was lost. And he bumped into America on his way to India.
So that's not an important part about that day. The importance is when Grenada was surrendered, it was the last stronghold of Islam. In Europe. That's it. The power of Islam as a state was gone.
So it is a key time. And in the year 9092.
They had ceremonies, one was called the quincentenary is 500 years of discovery, voyages of discovery. They had this in America.
Because there's more cities named Columbus than maybe any other city in America.
but then they also had the World Fair, was in Spain.
was in Spain,
major international events were in Spain that year.
Because for those who understand history,
1492 was a critical point.
That is where they could shut the door.
On Muslim has 781 years of Islamic rule inside of their lands. And this was an important part of European history.
And so I want to close down here now. And here open up the floor for questions.
With the surrender of Grenada, with Abu Abdullah,
so the floor is open for any questions that anybody may have flowers open. Yeah. So during this old time until the 14th, I need to learn like a few 100 years of crusades that were in the eastern part of the Western world, but it seems like the east and the west didn't really interact at all.
Very little. Is that true? Okay, well, this is something that we will be studying in more details a little bit later. But just to answer your question
when the Muslims were fleeing out of Spain, because we're going to see that they had to go across into Morocco, Algeria. And at that time, the Ottoman Empire, it was the height of the Ottomans. Okay. And I was in Turkey. And I went to a Turkish historian. I asked them the question. I said, why was it that the Sultan did not deal with these Christians over there.
And he said, they really wanted to, but they were so busy on the Eastern Front, because they were facing the Serbians. And, you know, the, all the different groups are Romanians, and that Christian crusade over that side was major war that they were fighting. They couldn't have taken the troops and sent all of that everything was over there.
But what they did do, they sent boats,
and they ferried the people across. So those who wanted to go to Morocco, those who wanted to go to Egypt, the Ottoman Navy, and the is famous.
Navy people Barbarossa Barbarossa is one of the famous naval commanders.
You know, the Europeans say the Barbary pirates,
right, but Barbarossa and the most and the Ottomans, they were controlling the Mediterranean. They control the ocean.
And so they were able to, you know, stop the Spanish, fight them off ferry people, you know, whatever, but they did not have the military strength
to really go in there so they were aware of what was happening. And actually they opened up sections of
There's actually a Jewish Quarter in Istanbul that dates back to this time. They even gave a place for the Jews to live. And they're there up until now. You go to Istanbul, you see the Jewish section there from that time they had come and and the loosens also there, especially Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, then you will see, you know, the sections that are there. Any questions are online coming to us from the chat?
Yeah, what is some of the comments?
Oh, shut up watching from Belize watching from Thailand.
Very important. Very interesting.
Okay. Hamdulillah. So we have people coming in from Thailand, from Belize, you know, from other parts of the world?
You know, this is a very important subject. Question. Yeah. So you mentioned the message rates, they in order to avoid death in the picture, we would read a fight of the Muslims. Yeah. I mean, Islamic perspective, you're in that situation? What should you do? Because you're gonna die. Either way, I guess, if you refuse, or you fight back? Yeah, that's a test that requires a knowledge of the circumstances, you know, the situation, you can look at the life of the processor. Sometimes, compromises are made, for good reasons, like who they be, or when the muscle was supposed to make an ombre. And the Quraysh stopped them, and said, you can't make it but you can come back next year.
So that seemed like a defeat. But it wasn't because they actually came back the next year stronger, when it to Mecca with no fighting, and anything and that really signaled the end of Kadesh.
And certain facts was revealed, you know, you know, because of this, it was a great victory for them. So sometimes you make compromises, and it's a good reason. Other times, Muslims may compromise that they should not have made the compromise. It will be better, you know, to go to Allah subhanaw taala you know, that dentists surrender the dignity of, you know, Islam and Muslims, to other people. You know, so but that requires, you know, decisions that have to be made by the leaders, you know, at the time. And the circumstances the NASA did,
situation, you know, for a while, it may have been good to hold them back.
Maybe paying them a certain amount of money just to hold them back. Okay.
sending soldiers to fight other Muslims. I don't I don't agree with that one. They, they should never have done that. That's too far. Okay. But in order to save your people's life, you might have to, you know, give them tribute to hold them back.
That may be a decision, but finding other Muslims now.
Now, we have a question, question.
What is the position towards Islam on the current Spanish?
Yes, so the Spanish government then, you know, they wiped out the name of Islam until their senses, even in the 20th century, they had zero Muslims. Zero.
And, but with the 20th century coming in, and they suffered under civil wars and fascist dictators, and they had what is called, they, they became a modern state, where they had freedom of religion.
So, democracy and freedom of religion meant that they had to recognize Muslims. So Muslims started to come in from Morocco and Algeria, especially working.
You know, in the south,
the Saudi kings, especially in some other rich Arab Emirates, they built palaces along the coast of the soul, like coastline there.
Marbella, and whatnot. They have big palaces, big masjids, you know, were built there. And so, the Spanish government,
they take a neutral position now, in because they say they're secular, but still within the society, they have special ceremonies, where they celebrate the defeat of the Moors. And I remember one time I was there, I was in Malaga. When they had this ceremony, and they marched through the streets, and the address some of them are dressed like most like most Muslims, and the other one there fire in these shotguns, those with loud guns, and then like, it's like a pantomime, they're playing this thing where they defeat the boss. So they still reenact
the defeat of the Muslims. You know, they're so
But in the southern part of Spain, Granada, Cordoba, Seville, especially Granada, Cordoba, people are much more positive. And they even did some DNA studies. This came out to, and some of the people in the South have Muslim blood, because they were the ones that were ESCOs. And they said, they're Christians, but they're actually inside Muslims. And the government let the Jews come back to Toledo. Because Toledo was the base. So they let Jewish people come back to Toledo, and whatnot. They haven't let Muslims come back like they're supposed to, because of international politics. But the government takes like a neutral stance now. And surprisingly enough, a few years ago. They even
you know, there was so many Muslims visiting, because you have the Alhambra Palace. You have to Jami mosque in Cordoba, that they even had halal food in some of the gas stations along the road. Let's see in Ramadan, you will get your dates and things never existed before before it was pork and wine. But now because business,
they have halal food, they even have Halal tourism.
Like that, Al Hamdulillah, we're going to study a little bit more. There's even some Spanish people now who are embracing Islam. So this is x. So it's it's turning around. But it's moving very slow. Because you know, they have this history of, you know, animosity against this law.
And really, you know, for a lot of the people, it's a shock to them. It's a shock to their systems, because what it means is for almost 800 years, they were ruled by Muslims, their civilization come from muscle, if you look at their culture.
The most famous meal in Spain is called Paya.
And the Pioneer is a mixture of
foods, you know, like when you have leftover foods, and you put it together. And, you know, everybody has a form of this. And it actually comes from the word bacteria.
And bacteria basically means what's leftover. It's a leftovers meal
is bacteria. So the Muslims used to take their all their leftovers, and spice it up and make another meal. So now they call it by Esther national dish.
Don Quixote, who is one of the most famous people in the literature. If you look closely at his story, he was actually like a Muslim.
The most visited place in their country is the Alhambra Palace in Granada. It is the most is maybe the second most visited place in Europe.
If you don't include Turkey,
is the Alhambra. So there's so much that they owe to Muslims, but they tried to hide it right? They tried to hide it because they're young people are gonna realize
they should be Muslims, and is more and more Spanish, who actually embracing Islam now. And what is happening now Al Hamdulillah is that that Tino Muslims, you know, in this part of the world are realizing this to
through their connection, although they are mainly native people from Central America, you know, Mexico, South America, but that Spanish connection, they realized is Islam and net.
And this is what we will be studying Inshallah, as we go further on, like the last part of our course is from his Morocco, Spain to the Americas. So we're going to show the connection with the Americas inshallah and the other any other questions online there
was somebody in Singapore that says check out the different groups on tour? Spain
mashallah, he's here by the Tarak. Muhammad is he and I are very close.
And, you know, we ran the heritage tour, you know, for a while, you know, good 11 years, and he's still running trips to Morocco, and inshallah on the 24th. We will be taking another trip, May 24. Inshallah. We're going to Morocco first.
And then the group will go on to Spain. I will be just in the Morocco site, because I have to come back.
But if there's anybody who's still interested in going on this trip, then Saba S A B A Saba travels. Okay, it's an amazing trip, which will include Morocco, Spain and Portugal.
Okay and Tarak for the Tata key will be there for the spring.
In you know section I will be you know for the record section, and then they'll stop and Portugal on the way back and Charles Saba travels S A B A travels or Halal getaways Halal getaways.com That's Torrox website Hello getaways.com And then you can find out about the trip it's still not too late to join onto the trip, inshallah.
Okay, so we're going to end here and inshallah next week we will continue on to find out what happened to the Muslims, you know, after 1492 after Abu Abdullah surrendered, and may Allah subhanaw taala have mercy upon all those Muslims who suffered in the Inquisition and in Guantanamo Bay, and in any of the places where we are still suffering from inquisitions today. Subhan Allah, Allah who will be humbucker and shadow in La ilaha illa, Anta and stop for Luke on a tubular lake, or SallAllahu Taala say that on Muhammad Ali, he was happy he went medical Salam, aka Juana and Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salam Wa alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh