Abdul Nasir Jangda – Tafseer Of Surah Muminoon 10

Abdul Nasir Jangda
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Every summer I have the distinct pleasure of spending an entire month with people from all over the world here in Dallas, teaching the Arabic language or onic Arabic the language of the Quran and discussing and exploring the timeless lessons and wisdoms of the book of Allah. We call this experience for all intensive please check out begun smr.com that's be a y y i n ah summer.com to get more information sign up. I look forward to seeing you here in sha Allah at the Quran intensive

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are we to be like him in a shape on the raw gene

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for Oh hanaa la he unyson are in full cabbie our union our joaquina for either.

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Now have our new Rufus Luke fee.

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First Luke fee hammy.

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oj Nathan. Lakha illa sabak Ilana sobre la Hill Oh lumen home to heart ebene Phil leadin avala Mu in

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Roku for Esther wait

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for either stoate.

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guileful Keifa Polin, hamdu lillahi la Vina Jana Amina low mid volley mean well for rugby as in the masala

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z in Fida Nicola. I was in

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Italy telling

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al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa rahmatullah wa Sakina wa Salatu was Salam O Allah say did mousseline well Allah Allah He was a woman to be our homeboy Shannon Isla de sha Allah Today we'll be starting with Ayah number 27. And this will conclude the mention of new alayhis salam here in this particular sutra.

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So brief translation of it number 27. And so we revealed to him build the ark under our watchful eye and according to our revelation,

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when our command comes in water gushes up out of the earth.

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Take pairs of every species on board and your family except for those on whom the sentence has already been passed. Do not plead with me for the evildoers, they will be drowned.

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So there's a lot of very

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interesting vocabulary throughout the ayah. But due to the length of the ayah, will kind of address it as we're kind of progressing our way through. So Allah subhanaw taala says for ohana, Allah He that we then reveal to him now he has in the Arabic language basically means to kind of inspire or to send a message. And this this is a very interesting words obviously the word ye comes from this same root. And so what he which we often translated as revelation comes from the same root now, the topic of Revelation and even the word ye and this verb, this feral e ha Oh Ha, is the subject of some very fascinating conversation within the Quran itself. Simply because when we translate it as

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revelation, we're thinking of Scripture divine revelation, like that which is given to a prophet or a messenger. But the fact of the matter is that the Quran, mentions and utilizes the same word when talking about non messengers or nonprofits as well. The mother of Musab the mother of Moosa, which no scholar of the religious sciences, has ever held, the position that the mother Moosa was a prophet or a messenger, but Allah subhanho wa Taala says for ohana, Illa, Musa that we inspired to the mother of Moses, and out of the E to nurse him fader 50 Allah He then when you fear for his safety, for LTE feel yummy while at a coffee will then put them into the river and then do not fear

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nor should you grieve. Right so the mother of mousse Allah subhanaw taala is using the same word he ha, which again, we could roughly translate as to reveal. Similarly, and this is probably the most drastic example, Allah subhanaw taala says we're Ohara buka Ella Natalie, and it's actually demonology balluta. That's your master and your Lord Allah. He, again the word Oh Ha, he inspired or he revealed to the B

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to the B, the insect Bee, and it's a hiring manager valuta that you should go and make homes for yourself within the mountains.

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Right So Allah is now using that same word when talking about communicating with the bees, or teaching or telling the bees what to do. So, obviously, there's not even a question here of whether we're discussing Prophethood or Nobu or Rizal, or anything of that nature. So it does become a little bit of a more nuanced conversation, and we have to pay more attention to the actual meaning of the word, we it might have become a standard part of our terminology, Islamic, you know, legal or Islamic technical terminology, but that's exactly that that's a matter of terminology is still a hat as they're referred to, and the discussions within a particular science. But the Quran is obviously

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demonstrating the fact that the Quran uses it uses this particular word, and it's more literal, in linguistic meaning. And that is to inspire someone with some type of action, to inspire someone to take some type of action, that that is the core meaning of the word, to communicate to someone's heart, and to really inspire that action or the course of action within them. And that, of course, in Islamic legal discussions or Islamic technical discussions, now it takes on the meaning of Revelation and to reveal the Scripture and Prophethood and revelation to prophets and messengers. And this is something that even within the Islamic sciences, is not unheard of. There's something

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very familiar to us.

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When the most common examples of this particularly we share with the students is that the word Suna

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Now the word Sunnah, depending on within the Islamic sciences, it depends on which science you're discussing. Right, that determines the meaning of the word Sunnah. So a lot of times when they talk about my food or Suna within the science of seed, that is everything that comes from the profits a lot ism, and also the opinions of the Sahaba in regards to verses of the Quran, because the Sahaba and Allah subhanaw taala vouches for them in the Quran. And so in what we end the profits, a lot of the some vouched for them, so we know that the Sahaba would dare never comment really conclusively on the Quran, unless and until they had really heard this from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu

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alayhi wasallam. Unless, of course, then there's sometimes when you do hear, kind of maybe bizarre opinion attributed to Sahabi, you can usually debunk that, because it's not authentically attributed and connected to that Sahabi that companion, so within the science of deceit, it's anything the prophets a lot, or the companions of the messenger salatu salam commented in regards to an ayah now you shift over to the science of what we call Hadeeth. Now in the sciences, or Hadeeth, a sunako Luma get Allah pobeda Tina be sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, each and every single thing that relates that has anything to do with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So when we talk about the height, the

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height of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam, that is a part of the Sunnah.

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When we talk about the color of his hair, that he had 16 or 17 or 18, white hairs within his beard, that is a part of the Sunnah, when we talk about the shape of his eyes, that is a part of the Sunnah. But that's within Hadeeth sciences. Okay, now let's shift over to the scientific jurisprudence legal. Right. So if you go over to the Islamic legal framework, the word Suna the meaning of that term in that science is a recommended Act,

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or recommended act now look at how different

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all three definitions have already become. Right? First and foremost, anything that the Prophet tells him or his companions said about the Quran, intercede anything pertaining the height of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is sadhana in Hadith sciences. But in fifth is what is actually a recommended act.

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So it's not recommended to be of a particular height, obviously. So it's very different. And even I would go as far as that if you look at the science of arcada that the word cinema there is actually used almost as an antonym. It's used as an antonym. The opposite term for the word beta. Beta is an innovation or a perversion of the deen in the religion. So it's an act that is not native that is not intuitive to the religion. So Sunnah is all that which very naturally and intuitively, belongs within the religion, completely different term. So the, this is the nature of terminology, and that's why, you know, we have this discipline, we've maintained this discipline for the most part,

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for 1400 years, that, you know, this is not some exclusive, you know, issue or it's not some, you know, religious elitism or the IRS.

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Remember, are so on and so forth, that we're trying to hold Islamic knowledge back from people. But there is obviously there are prerequisites. And there is a course of study. And there's a system to approaching different discussions and different Islamic sciences, right? You have to familiarize yourself with these terminologies. Otherwise, you can get very, very quickly you can get lost, and you can become confused. So the word ye I was explaining that when we use it within Islamic discourse, we're talking about revelation to prophets and messengers. But the Quran uses it and it's more linguistic meaning and that is to inspire a course of action or action within any of God's

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creation, that when a light inspires them to action, as Allah subhanaw taala does with the prophets and the messengers, nonprofits and messengers, but remarkable people like the mother of Moses, Lake wa Salaam, and also even animals like a lot of talks about the bees. So just wanted to clarify a little bit about this word. So what four Oh, hanaa laiki. Now, obviously, we're talking about new alehissalaam. And that's why the translator has felt comfortable with the translation of revealed. But nevertheless, we can pay a little bit more attention to his literal meaning, then Allah says that we inspired to him to new, and we revealed to him and what did we reveal? What did we inspire

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to him, and this snarl fool can be our unit.

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So now in the Arabic language means to make to craft to build something. And it involves a certain amount to certain level of, I wouldn't quite say expertise. That's Mahara. That's a completely different word. But it still requires some level of skill and attention to detail to kind of know what you're doing. And a lot of us you don't have gone into lengthy discussions, even pulling on some of the Iliad, that was new carpenter, was he familiar with working with different types of raw materials and things like that. And that is, maybe that could be a fruitful discussion, but I didn't really feel that it was pertinent for us to delve into a lot of detail here, especially because

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there's a lot of conjecture, and it's a lot of guessing involved here. But nevertheless, Allah subhanaw taala told him to craft and

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as some of us, you know, like even caffeine and quota we say that, that discussion really becomes unnecessary when you read further in the ayah. And if you pay attention to what the is saying, so Allah says we, we commended him, we told him We inspired to him to build it's not it's a command form, that build a ship, be our unit. Now be our you, Nina, is a phrase kind of an expression in the Arabic language that is used a number of different places that gdb ru Nina, well, e to sa, ie, it's a it's a phrase or an expression that is used within the Arabic language. And it's even using the Quran a number of times, if you literally translated it means, you know, with our eyes, if you

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literally translated it word for word, kind of like we're using a dictionary, but obviously, that doesn't take into consideration that put together all three components, the bottom half of job is the plural of the word I am which means I and then now our i. So when you put it all three of them together in classical Arabic, and this is demonstrated within poetry as well, that it basically means under our guard under our watchful eye. Now what does that of course everything is happening under a loss of power tell us watchful eye, of course, as an expression meaning Allah subhanaw taala sees Oh, he told us he's bullied.

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He's bullied. Right unless he's all he knows all he hears also, of course, everything is happening under a lot of power. Tell us watch. Right But what does this exactly mean? That under our watchful eyes, so this is basically a las panatela promising his protection to new highly his salon because the lights telling you how to use a lamp to go and do something very drastic, right that they're in the middle of his people, especially amidst all the opposition that he's facing. Thompson go and start constructing a huge art, a huge ship that is going to obviously attract a lot of attention. There's going to be a lot of questions, a lot of discussion, a lot of debate a lot of taunting, and

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in fact, pseudo houde talks about exactly that.

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That Allah subhana wa Jalla mentions in sort of houden surah number 11.

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Which is not really fully This is number 38. From pseudo huzzah. Number 11 way it's not that he was building the ship. The Ark was acquitted Mr. Murali Holloman called me he and every single time a group of those elites, people passed by him, Sofitel Minh who they would mock Him, they would ridicule him they were jeer at him. Carla interessato mina finanace Carmen Come come at us when he said you can laugh and make fun and you know humiliate or try to

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embarrass or humiliate us as much as you want. But the truth of the matter is that one day we will point at you and points out your mistake, just as you are trying to do to us today. Right? So this is this is mentioned within the Quran as well. So obviously, new honey has Salam that naturally the question occurs that this could be a very problematic course of action amongst the people so less fun or whatever is telling him that don't worry, you'll be under our watchful eye. And we can compare this we can, we can compare this to when Allah subhanaw taala sent Musa alayhis salam on his mission. He told him he that'd be laughter on the inner who Tovar and Musa alayhis salam, of course

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presented before Allah subhanaw taala Allah knowing all but he's talking to Allah He presented before Allah that whenever Malaga Dumbledore I have to learn

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that I am wanted there for a crime that they've accused me of. And I'm afraid that if I show up there if I go back there and announce myself that they will kill me. And Allah subhanaw taala told Musa alayhis salaam in Anima Kuma smell wa I am with the both of you. I am listening and I am watching. And again that doesn't need to be said Allah sees all he knows all he listens to all. But it being specifically said within that context, communicates and conveys that confidence that Don't worry.

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I'll take care of you. And so this is the same idea here that construct the ark and the ship under our protection, what joaquina joaquina and constructors ship based on our instruction, under our protection, and according to our instruction one, again, the inspiration the instruction that we've given you, and that solves the question, we don't really have to figure out how can a neuron Naja *? Right was new, a carpenter nuts? How can a yachtie fu Asana I'm law, right? That all becomes an unnecessary conversation. Because the light is saying Allah inspires him the exact instruction as to what to do and how to go about doing that. And we can put that past Why Why is that so

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unfathomable? Why so that's so that's so difficult for us to imagine. For either Jamuna. Now Allah subhanaw taala is telling him and again, this is all kind of telling him what will transpire in the future. evac communicate something that will happen in the future for Elijah, I'm Luna. Then when our command arrives when it comes with our rotten noodle.

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We're Faraj at the noodle fodder for Ronald Mab basically refers to water gushing. All right, or just refers to something coming up something rising up to noon. Now here there's going to be a little bit of a discussion.

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The new the word, the * in the Arabic language literally means an oven. Like an oven that's built within the ground, to base to bake stuff or cook stuff like baking bread. All right. So

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some some of us who don't are of the opinion, that this is literally referring to an oven that was in the ground, that when water comes rushing up through that oven, like before it actually starts to rain down and before the earth starts to flood, miraculously, water will come gushing up through that oven, a place that is sealed off, obviously, to be an oven has to be sealed off. So there's no obvious outlet of water. Number two, it's a place where you burn fire. So you see the miraculousness of it. Right? When that that's going to be a sign that Everything's about to change. When water comes from where you put fire, the Earth is all about to become water and flooded. Right? So that's

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going to be a miraculous sign that will be given to you exclusively, and especially, so that now you can start making preparations and do what needs to be done. So that's the literal in the obvious meaning of it. However,

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some of them will fuss you don't have had other opinions and other positions. One of the opinions narrated from Abdullah bin Ibis, radi Allahu taala animals at a noodle what will that the noodle basically refers to the earth itself, that when the waters when when the ground itself where there's no water, when you start to notice a little bit of water there and it seems like where did water come come from? There's no water here. Right that when you start to kind of notice puddles and everything is starting to get wet, and water is slowly starting to rise up and now things are getting muddy, and so on so forth, then now's the time to move that it just refers to the earth in

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general Qatada, one of the students of the Sahaba and one of the main mufa soon, he says Ashraful moderne fell out of the AR now who this refers to a very specific high place that when you notice water there then now you know that this it's time to go. I live in a Vitaly but on the Allahu taala and who in opinion is attributed to him find out the noodle means Paula Alfredo

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That when mourning time comes now you should take the following course of action.

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And some of them will soon like the machete and Razi and others. Basically they argue that this is not completely bizarre like how do we go from an oven becoming filled with water to the sun rising up, because there are other expressions in the Arabic language very similar to this. So, for instance, when the sunrises up, like the early morning time, they refer to that time as human what these human wellies which basically means that the plate has become hot, the plate has become hot referring to the ground. So there are very figurative expressions of this nature within the Arabic language, so, it's not completely out of the realm of possibility that it could be interpreted in

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these ways. But

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of all people Razzie, actually, he kind of concludes the conversation by saying will always Oh, well, who was swab Leanna Lula Anil Hakata, ilma, Jasmine lady, delinda Jews, he says that however, the normal sound an interpretation understanding of without a noodle is the first one which that literally, you have this oven inside of your home, and it will just start to overflow with water. It'll just become filled up with water inexplicably. Right? That's literally what it means because he says that one of the principles that we operate under is that moving from the literal and obvious meaning of something to a more figurative meaning is not allowed unless or until there is some type

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of evidence or indication that that is the meaning the figurative meaning is intended here. And this is from the sciences of the interpretation of the Quran and the Sunnah of the prophets a lot easier. So that definitely does make a lot of sense here. So we'll fire up the noodle, that when the oven basically begins to overflow with water Now, some of them will soon have also talked about where was this oven? What was this the new? Where was this exactly located? There's even that level of a discussion. Very briefly. Xabi, one of the early scholars have to proceed, he says that this was located near the region of what we call Kufa and actually a Masjid is constructed. Now there were

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the house of new alayhis. Salam was based and, or rather, yes, where the house of new Holly salon was based in that's also near where he built his Ark. And then some others basically say that it's no, it's in Bilbao to Sham the area of the Levant in a place called, what are the there's even some opinions that say that it was in India? All right, so we get a little something. All right. So

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all right. So but again, there's there's obviously nothing conclusive in this regard. So it's really a discussion that Allah subhanaw taala didn't even really instruct us to have here. So we can leave it at that and there's even some opinions and of course, this is all based off of Elliot that some say this the * was actually originally dug and placed there and constructed by other alayhis salam himself and it was kind of the home was passed down through the family until new Holly Salaam, inherited it with luck with Allah Allah Musab Allah subhanaw taala knows best. So without the new when that oven begins to overflow with water, first look, now what should you do when you see that

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sign? First look fee ha, the fee has the highest going back to the full the ship. First Look, first look. Now the word Seneca in the Arabic language means to kind of carve out a path or to take a path. And when the word first look is used

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in kind of a transitive type, meaning it also means to kind of lead to lead or to take. Alright, so this is why Allah subhanaw taala is using this particular word here, instead of fun to

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like, enter into the ark in the ship the following here, Allah says lead, because obviously, the AI is going to tell us it's talking about animals, which is not just a matter of just kind of pointing at the ark and saying, Alright, go there, now, you're going to have to lead these animals in. So it's actually giving new Holly Salam an idea of the work that he has to look forward to that there's going to be a lot of work. So therefore you should prepare accordingly. And even make arrangements for leading these animals, because you might need different types of tools or resources in order to lead and guide some of these animals into the ark. So make preparations accordingly. So there's a

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lot of nuance built into desire, very remarkably, some of them will first you know, discuss that in pseudo houde Allah subhanaw taala says fact military carry in the, in the ark in the ship. So over there, Allah says carry in the ark and the ship here he says, lead them into the ark. Why the different wording why the different verbiage. And if you can already tell, right just through common sense. That's exactly accurate.

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Over there, Allah subhanaw taala is basically telling new Holly his salam, that that that conversation, the wording of that is specific to the time when the water had already started to gush forth, and now he's telling him now load them into the ship. Here, this is prior. So Allah subhanaw taala is actually telling him to start kind of rounding up these animals start rounding up these animals and start making preparations in order to lead them and guide them over to the ark. So again, you notice a nuance within the wording in the language of the Quran for Sophia, so lead into the ark into the ship. What meaning cool Lindsay? Oh, Jamie is naming mean Colin. So Jamie is naming

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now house in the Clara and the revive house. It's mean Colin, which Halloween? And so Jamie therefore is like a sofa of the word, Colin. However, the majority of the riots in the theater are the same, including Lisa Jamie. Men couldn't lease out and it's a buffer. Right, which, in essence, though, the meaning basically is achieved in either scenario.

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So mean, Colin, so Jamie, so from different pairs of animals, but then Allah says if naming

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is naming to, does it appear already mean to

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Yes or no? It's an English question. You can answer it confidently. Yes. appear already means to so we're saying a pair of animals. And then we're saying if they need to.

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Okay, so that am I missing something here? Or is it redundant? So the answer is I'm definitely missing something here. That in the Arabic language so Jamie is not just simply a pair, but specifically the word xojo. And so Jane, when it's used like that, it means opposites. Or mean cliche in Calacanis? Oh, Jain opposites. Because over there in sort of a scene where Allah says that what did he talk about prior to the sun in the moon, he talks about night and day, he talks about the sky and the earth.

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He talks about a man in Kufa believe in disbelief. So it actually is Oh, Jane, when it's used in that dual form, it actually means opposite. So it means male and female.

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Then why add the word is named again, somebody could sorry, Your brother still male and female, that still means to? here's the here's the thing to understand how this word is used in the Arabic language, because oftentimes, the English translation impacts our understanding of it. And our objection is coming from an English speaking perspective. But understand it from the Arabs perspective, it means the opposites male and female. That's all that the words oj means that look for males and look for females. If name was to put a limit, however, only two per species, meaning one male and one female, you understand the word if main means two from each species, the words Oh,

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Jane clarifies male and female. So like saying from all species, male and female, but only two per animal. And again, the Mufasa alone explained that Why? Because new alayhis salam possibly could have worried that well, what if one of the animals ends up dying?

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Or ends up getting ill or sick or something like that? What's the backup plan? Maybe we should take an extra pair as a backup plan. What did Allah already say earlier in the ayah, br umina. While we're

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under our protection, and with our according to our instruction, meaning Allah subhanaw taala telling him You will only take two per species, two per animal, one male and one female, and you will not worry about the backup plan. Allah is your backup plan. Alright, so that's, that's that so that's why you see what seems like to us repetition from an English speaking perspective, but it is actually very important and it's not redundant at all, what I like and as you lead these animals, to have each kind one male and one female into the ship, you will also lead your family with

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minus Illa minus except for men sobre la aalameen home except for the for those in regards to whom the decision has already been made.

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a verdict in a decision has already been given.

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Now, this is not necessarily saying that new highlight his salon was told prior to that, that these these these family members of yours are obviously doomed, that maybe it was apparent through some of their actions. But also what it's saying is that this is a knowledge of Allah, whom Allah subhanaw taala has made the decision in regards to but just sees him planting the thought within his mind, within his hearts, that it's possible to some of your family members will not accompany you on to the ark. So that idea has been given well as to how

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ebene Villa de novo and do not plead with me do not address me and this does not in any way remove or prohibits like da or question to either do it or Taleb mahatama is more of like a conversation like an argument like a discussion

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that do not debate me Do not debate me in regards to those people and letting those who have wronged and of course who does wrong more than the one who wrongs himself enforcer who has wronged themselves and Allah tells us that the greatest thing you can do to yourself is in a ship color

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is to not recognize Allah subhanaw taala has rights upon you. All right. So what are two hearty meaningful learning available in the homemaker upon because most definitely, they will be, they will drown. They are the people who will drum.

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So this is how Allah subhanho wa Taala addresses know how to use salam, first and foremost as we said, with the instruction from Allah subhanho wa Taala to construct the ark, and then exactly what to do in regards to who will exactly go on to the ark.

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And, you know,

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Allah subhanaw taala

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some of them will soon also go as far as mentioning that a little bit of the last part of the here where it talks about some of the family members who will not be on the ark of course that is addressed in a lot more detail in Sudoku than number 11 the famous story in regards to the son of new highly his Salam balarabe in Lebanon earlier in the radical Haku and hockey mean, right that Oh, oh allow my master, most definitely my son is from my family, and your promises the truth and you are the most wise of all those who carry any type of judgment or wisdom.

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And Allah subhanaw taala responded to him and I number 46 by saying no who lays him and Alec in a way

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that he is not from your family, because his actions do not speak accordingly his actions are not in accordance with that. And again in sort of the Diamond Sutra number 66 and I number 10. Allah subhanho wa Taala says that our beloved methyl le Latina cafaro merata knew him in Raja knowing that an example for though an example of a lag gives the example of those who disbelieve through the example of the wife of noon.

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And one Raja Luton and the wife of loot on a masala candidate,

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a ballerina Sally hain, that even though they were married to two very righteous slaves of Allah subhanho wa Taala, for HANA Tahoma. But unfortunately, they defied them. Well, I'm for Karnataka, Allah mulaney, Yanomami alakija joaquina una naramata healing, that ultimately they were told to enter into the fire with those who are entering into the fire. So the wife of new and the son of newer, and so one of the some of the commentary that some of them are first you don't have here is that, in general, we kind of know that there's something that runs deeper than blood. And that is basically a man and what we believe, and our actions and our ethics and our morality, that's

00:33:19 --> 00:33:59

something that runs even deeper than blood does. Right? And that's a stronger bond than even blood is even though Islam places a lot of regard and respect and emphasis on relations of blood, right, what's up with la la de la luna de Waal or ham. But notice Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about our home after the taqwa of Allah, that first your relationships will be interpreted by means of looking at your relationship with Allah subhana wa Taala. And then after that filter, initial filter is there, now you have a lot of respect and regard for the bonds of family and for relationships that are established through blood and other means, like marriage and nursing and whatnot. But that's the

00:33:59 --> 00:34:23

primary means is and the profits and the MBR more than anyone else, you know, because they're made to be role models. The profits are role models. Look at the Canon leconfield rasulillah. He owes Ratan Hazara, even though there is a certain school of thoughts, within a lot of you know, there's a certain school of thought within some Islamic discourse that finds it very hard

00:34:24 --> 00:34:32

to process the fact that somebody with a very close and deep like blood relation to a profit

00:34:33 --> 00:34:59

could not believe because they see it as almost like disrespectful or kind of discrediting a prophet or a messenger and that's where a lot of times the interpretation of what the Quran refers to with Allah Ibrahim will be as up at the top, Islam and Allah, that when Abraham said to his father, as are that you are taking idols as a god and a deity as gods and deities using idols as gods and deities

00:35:00 --> 00:35:42

that that wasn't actually his actual biological father, it was more of an uncle who was kind of like an adopted father who raised him, like a foster father who took care of him, so on and so forth. Similarly, there are a lot of times thoughts and opinions in regards to some of the family members of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, even though we won't talk about that in a lot of detail, just simply because at the end of the day, he monitor no human belief or no belief, one thing we do have to respect and one thing we do have to understand is that if I had somebody I deeply, profoundly cared about, loved very deeply. And obviously, that person didn't end up accepting Islam

00:35:42 --> 00:35:42

or believing

00:35:43 --> 00:36:06

I would not want other people to sit there, and almost very objectively talk about their eternal fate, and kind of deconstruct their status for all of eternity. Well, technically, since he didn't say, you know, the Shahada, then who have now, right, I would be so hurt and offended by that, just that conversation.

00:36:07 --> 00:36:11

That, whatever it is what it is, and maybe that's exactly what it is.

00:36:13 --> 00:36:59

But I just don't appreciate you having this conversation. You're talking about somebody I love, not the weather, that you're discussing it so casually. But nevertheless, scholars sometimes within these specific conversations have these discussions. But what I was saying, though, philosophically, more so is that the idea of a prophet, or a messenger, having somebody very close to him, not believe, while it can seem kind of maybe antithetical, or kind of contradictory to the status, and the position of a prophet in our messenger, but in fact, it's quite congruent with the position and the status that our Prophet is put in. And the reason for that is their role models.

00:37:01 --> 00:37:31

So if there are going to be people within the community and within the oma, who are going to have near and dear people, to them, not believe and even oppose their beliefs, then they have to have somebody that they can kind of look up to. And therefore you find the Abu lahab, in the life of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. All right, an older uncle, who especially in the absence of parents, Father, is supposed to assume kind of the position of guardian and, and almost like a

00:37:32 --> 00:38:10

father, but in fact, to be so aggressive and abusive towards the prophets, a lot of them. So it kind of gives you a little bit of an idea. And in fact, this whole idea of one's actions and beliefs, kind of interpreting these relationships and establishing these relationships, you found that you find a very beautiful and profound statement of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, at the time of the Battle of conduct the Battle of the trench. When the prophets Allah addressed sellman and faricy radi Allahu taala. And when he said sama domina elevates. That sermon belongs to my family, even though he was Persian,

00:38:11 --> 00:38:32

not even have the same race or ethnicity. But he's saying Solomon is from my family. So you really see prophets and messengers, having to almost make this sacrifice. So when we read about the story of no Holly Solomon sort of hood, where it's talking about his son, really read it, of course, not only learning the obvious lesson that Allah points out to us in the hallway seminar.

00:38:35 --> 00:38:50

But also, there's a secondary lesson there, there's another layer to it, really appreciate the sacrifice of the messengers and the profits, that they had to make these personal sacrifices. Right, the Prophet and the messenger their do eyes was the job they do is answered.

00:38:51 --> 00:38:58

So for provenant messenger bags before Allah subhanaw taala that Allah grant this specific person emaan

00:39:01 --> 00:39:04

I find it completely believable that Allah subhanaw taala will grant them their door.

00:39:05 --> 00:39:19

But it's like the prophet in the messenger knows, I am going to have to end up making some of these sacrifices so that others can then look to me for inspiration and for direction on how to handle these types of situations.

00:39:21 --> 00:39:42

So really, it tells you a lot about what some of the prophets and messengers really have to go to go through and it gives you another level of appreciation of their sacrifices. I am number 2840. That's the way to enter woman Monica Allen silky capulin hamdu Lillahi levena Jana minakami volume in a brief translation. And when you and your companions

00:39:43 --> 00:39:48

are settled on the ark, say Praise be to God who delivered us from the wicked people.

00:39:50 --> 00:39:59

So a little bit of a more kind of detailed conversation about this particular ayah Allah subhanaw taala says for either the waiter and our mama

00:40:00 --> 00:40:28

Is the why in the Arabic language means to basically get on top of something physically almost kind of climb something or board something right so obviously it's an island full so the word is the word oftentimes comes with the preposition the sila of Allah and there it means to position or to sit on top of or to climb on top of something. So it's a this is a waiter Alan Wilkie that when you have boarded the ship, when you have boarded the ship,

00:40:29 --> 00:40:33

but then almost kind of what Allah says antebellum America

00:40:34 --> 00:40:39

and women maraka that you and those who are with you

00:40:40 --> 00:40:56

so when you have boarded the ship and those you and those who are with you now this construction this way to kind of say what what how I just translated it. When you have boarded the ship, comma, you and those who are with you

00:40:58 --> 00:41:03

Can you maybe think of a shorter or more abbreviated way to say that

00:41:06 --> 00:41:09

y'all these people y'all Mashallah. Very good.

00:41:10 --> 00:41:18

Alright, so, but a faded away tune. unhelpful. For you. That's the way to Ireland.

00:41:19 --> 00:41:21

When all of you all right.

00:41:22 --> 00:41:28

When y'all have boarded the ship, that's it right there. It's all right there.

00:41:29 --> 00:41:34

But the question is, is that how Allah subhanaw taala said it? No.

00:41:36 --> 00:41:44

And of course, Will I ever be learned? Like it's unfathomable. But I'm just asking the obvious question for the purpose of understanding.

00:41:45 --> 00:42:10

Could Allah Spano which didn't Allah subhanaw taala know how to say it in this manner of fashion? But it hasn't been luck? Of course, Allah subhanaw taala is above and beyond us and our intellect and thoughts. So, but then why isn't it said like that even even especially when this real question when the salient feature of the Quranic languages to be very brief and consolidated and compact,

00:42:11 --> 00:42:21

and multi layered? Why is it not set that way for this, so at my level, when all of you have boarded the ship, why when you have boarded the ship, comma, you and those with you,

00:42:22 --> 00:42:38

that there is obviously some purpose and reason to this, and what many of them have assayed on, such as a machete Razi, even Kathy good to be sure, they all point out, is that this is demonstrating leadership.

00:42:39 --> 00:42:45

This is to demonstrate leadership because we're not just talking about some ordinary person. We're talking about our Prophet of Allah,

00:42:47 --> 00:42:48

a messenger of God.

00:42:49 --> 00:43:10

And so through his action, first of all, to him as an instruction, and then through his action, we are being taught what leadership is like when you born because now again, obvious, obviously think about it. Right. First of all, Raji mentioned something here and again, this is a lot of this is based upon the Iliad, so Allah knows best.

00:43:11 --> 00:43:28

But he mentioned that it is narrated from Abdullah bin Ibis, radi Allahu taala and Houma that can have its affinity Samana in southern that there were about 80 some odd people some narrations a bit on one time on Nina, that there were 80 some odd people upon

00:43:29 --> 00:43:54

in the arc on the ship, new. There was new Holly, his salon, and basically six or seven of his family members. And then that leaves so basically new Ali Salaam and his family members were about seven or eight individuals. So that leaves about 70 some odd believers. Were with new honey Hassan onboard his ship.

00:43:56 --> 00:44:21

Yes, so 70 some odd believers were with new holiday Salam upper aboard the ark. Now, we can again we don't know concretely but we can imagine it was a decent sized comb, group of people, hundreds, maybe 1000s. And from amongst all of them 7080 some odd people boarding into this huge contraption.

00:44:23 --> 00:44:39

There must have been a lot of nervousness and apprehension, what are we exactly doing? Why are we doing it? Are we sure this the right thing to do? What's gonna happen to us, right, so on and so forth. And this really becomes a moment where you have to demonstrate and you have to display leadership,

00:44:41 --> 00:44:48

that you have to be the first one to walk up those steps, and then turn and stand face to people and say come on.

00:44:50 --> 00:44:59

And this is very interesting. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, right when it came to the battlefield, he'd be the first one to walk out in front

00:45:00 --> 00:45:01


00:45:03 --> 00:45:22

But when it came to like traveling and returning home from the battlefield, then he was at the back of the army, picking up after everybody, making sure nobody was left behind. So just like leadership, we understand sometimes requires you to be at the back. Well, let's not forget about the fact that sometimes leadership requires you to be at the front.

00:45:23 --> 00:45:37

I live in a vitaliano the Allahu taala. And he talks about the prophets a lot. He said them on the day of better the Battle of the prophets a lot. He said the day the Battle of budder occurred. The Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was 55 years old.

00:45:38 --> 00:45:45

55 years old. And I live in a vitaliano the Allahu taala and we did a battle about the record. He was 25 years old.

00:45:47 --> 00:45:50

And Ali radi Allahu anhu said that I could not keep up with the Prophet sallahu

00:45:52 --> 00:45:58

wa Hoya? Yes, he will fit did he, it didn't even look like he was walking or running and looked like he was leaping.

00:45:59 --> 00:46:18

I could I could literally Ilana wasn't just it's not just a matter of age that he was half his age. I know the Allahu taala, who was known to be a very physically gifted human being. He's like what we would call in our, you know, kind of lingo like an athlete. He's a warrior. And he said, I could not keep up with him. I couldn't.

00:46:20 --> 00:46:29

So leadership sometimes requires you to, to literally quite literally lead be in front and kind of put everyone's mind at ease.

00:46:30 --> 00:46:32

Musa alayhis salam was the first one

00:46:34 --> 00:46:35

to step out into,

00:46:37 --> 00:46:41

to step out be in between the water when the seas parted.

00:46:42 --> 00:47:27

Because again, you can imagine the nervousness to complete the apprehension. So he led right to put everyone's mind at rest. So this is why Allah subhanaw taala says it in this remarkable fashion for this the waiter answer why mama garland full key that we knew have boarded the ark, comma, you and those who are with you for call. Now say and again. Why is it nothing for kulu? Then all of you should say, because now that you've established leadership, what happens when the Imam has stepped forward and said Allahu Akbar and established the leadership? When he says, well, a Pauline, does he have to turn around and say everybody say, I mean, does he have to do that? No. He says, Well, I

00:47:27 --> 00:47:31

Balint and everyone says, I mean, leadership is established now.

00:47:32 --> 00:47:41

So for cool, then you will just have to say you won't even have to tell them to say you will just have to say it out loud. Alhamdulillah he Lavina Jana.

00:47:42 --> 00:47:55

The ultimate praise was isn't will always be for Allah subhanaw taala alone, who rescued us who saved us? Meanwhile, Ahmed volumen from these terrible people or these wrongdoing, oppressive people.

00:48:03 --> 00:49:02

The next III anumber 29 Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to teach new holla his Salaam, another vocal and say rugby and zimny moons Allah Mubarak Anwar chillin very brief translation My Lord let me land with your blessing it is you who provides the best landings so Robbie and zeleni moons Allah Mubarak and once a Roman Chilean Robbie of course means my Lord My master and zeleni and zeleni means that allow me to reach a destination to kind of de plane to to de board. Alright, so allow me to land on zimny moons ln mubaraka and a blesseth landing at a blessed place. Allow me to settle and land at a very very blessed place. What antihydrogen Julian and you are the best of those who provide a

00:49:02 --> 00:49:04

landing spot

00:49:05 --> 00:49:16

or who provide a place to stay Alright, so this is the door either Allah subhanaw taala taught new hallelujah Salam. There's some discussion amongst Mufasa rune

00:49:17 --> 00:49:59

was this too I made after boarding the ship before like the ship, the art basically became a float. There was a more so talking about make the ship float properly. No most of the facilities and especially I'm going to make a little bit of Parana correlation here that most of them have assumed are of the opinion that this was the door that was set at the time when it was time for the art to basically settle down after the tufan in the flood was over and Allah subhanaw taala and sudo hewed in that very remarkable iorp layout or the Blair email a tea or swallow up your water will clean layout of a blurry murky way. SMR McCleary and oh sky lock up and seize up.

00:50:00 --> 00:50:09

was resolved, and then the water completely receded. Well, Toby, Andrew, and Alice will have been done.

00:50:11 --> 00:50:53

Right. So after that, basically when that command was given, and that began to transpire that at that time, now this is a new ad that was given to new Holly Sarah, this is a derogatory now and then obviously two believers with him, were following him and these two are Robbie anzani, Monza, llamo, Baraka and takenouchi. Now, again, why do we say that that this was made when it was basically time for the ark to settle, determining kind of where they would get off the ark and where they would basically find home and abode and whatnot, that in the Quran, incidentally, Surah Surah number 17. And number 80, Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches a very beautiful door to the Messenger of Allah

00:50:53 --> 00:51:06

Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in regards to the hinges on the migration made by the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were the prophets a lot the same was taught by a lot will call and say, Robbie or the Hindi mahallesi. The thing

00:51:08 --> 00:51:28

that oh my lord and master, enter me into a truth enter me in a good manner, like allow me to enter into the city in a respectable manner and fashion. Well, originally Maharaja sytropin, and allow me that when I do leave, to leave in a respectable manner,

00:51:29 --> 00:52:13

right, so this was the draw that was made by the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam at the time of the Hinderer as he was arriving within the city of Medina, so this demonstrates again that this was another place in the Quran in surah number 11 is number 48. Allah says Thalia No, it was said Oh no, it bit be Salaam Amina wa barakaatuh tiene una de la mubaraka. So can you see the correlation of the words a lot told no honey Salam that now you can go ahead and get off the ark peacefully and safely with safety provided by us. What about our cats in a lake with God's blessing showering down upon you what Allah amin mamak mina Mk. And also blessing showering down upon the people that are with

00:52:13 --> 00:52:16

you that are along with you. And so overall,

00:52:18 --> 00:52:30

that these are some of the ideas that we basically see that are being taught to us throughout the Quran. And this is a dog that can be said whenever we are arriving at a destination Robbie and zeleni moons and American

00:52:31 --> 00:52:54

chillin and I live in a Vitaly very beautifully. You might want to go to be Rahim Allahu taala narrates is that Alabama Vitaly radi Allahu Allah, Allahu Allahu gana Allah Masha Allah, Allah Allah Angela Angela Moroccan once a lumen Jolene, that whenever I you know the Ilana would enter into the machine This is the ad that he would make, basically saying that allow the machine to be my home.

00:52:55 --> 00:53:25

Let me be at home at the machine. Let my hearts be at home at the machine and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to kind of comment on that the prophets a lot even when he mentions in the Hadith, several Arjun mula Houma, la Kofi Lily Yama, la de la la de leeuw, that seven that God will shade them under his shade, on the day that there will be no shade other than his shade. That one of those people is what are called boom Allah Campbell machine, that a person whose hearts is permanently attached to the machine. May Allah subhanaw taala make us among seven.

00:53:27 --> 00:53:30

The last thing to kind of explain about this particular ayah

00:53:31 --> 00:54:06

is that what untitled one zeleni you are the best of those who provides kind of a landing spots? How do we exactly understand that when I was the only one who does that? We've already talked about this, where Allah said we last month I said Fatah barakallahu? sandal. Holly clean, what antihero Why do you think well, antihero, Magellan, that is kind of a construction thing. Even if anybody else could provide a home or a landing place or a place to settle. Nobody could ever do as remarkable and as you know, a more gracious

00:54:07 --> 00:54:19

nobody could ever do it more graciously than our last panel. We've done it this is number 30. Allah subhanaw taala says in a fee valic Allah it was in Quran Allah vitelline.

00:54:21 --> 00:54:27

So again, a brief translation there are signs in all this, we have always put people to the test.

00:54:29 --> 00:54:51

So in the view that there are two parts to the eye in the physiological II chin, that most definitely feed alika Now again, valleca is appointed word is militia. How do we translate the word valic everybody that but I told you all that whenever the word that vatika comes at the end of kind of like a discourse or a conversation, it means what?

00:54:52 --> 00:55:00

The aforementioned all of the above in the aforementioned in the passage that we just completed, right because we're going to be transitioned.

00:55:00 --> 00:55:24

To not maybe a whole different passage thematically, but kind of a subsection of the passage we're going to be transitioning in is number 31, within the same theme, but kind of a subsection within that passage. So Allah subhanaw taala says in the aforementioned in the abovementioned, is there are most definitely without a doubt, not a sign but signs of the IoT.

00:55:25 --> 00:55:30

And again being in the common form not yet, lol,

00:55:31 --> 00:55:59

lol IIT, bhilai chin, right, it's in a common form, meaning there are different different types of science are many very profound and very diverse lessons. If you read and you understand and you contemplate what you what you have just read, then there are some very profound life changing, perspective altering paradigm shifting signs and lessons within these dots, these past this desired these verses.

00:56:00 --> 00:56:12

So some of the and so let me go ahead and talk about I'll come back to this in just a second in just a moment, and I'll talk about some of the signs that are pointed out by some of them of US alone.

00:56:13 --> 00:56:15

We're in Kannada movie Tallinn

00:56:17 --> 00:56:22

when couldn't move Tallinn and most definitely we have always tested.

00:56:24 --> 00:56:48

We're in canal. Lee most definitely we have always tested. And I'll even further kind of comments on this just a little bit. But the idea of tests is also something that is very present Allah subhanaw taala talks about the different ways the patella, Ibrahima Rabu that remember, when Ibrahim's master Allah tested him tested Abraham.

00:56:49 --> 00:56:53

So the tests of all the profits, many of the profits are mentioned within the Quran.

00:56:54 --> 00:57:07

Similarly, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says in an authentic narration, I shouldn't be like lamb from ullamcorper lambson, the most severely tested of people are the prophets. And then whoever is the closest to them and the closest to them.

00:57:09 --> 00:57:09


00:57:11 --> 00:57:12

it's narrated

00:57:13 --> 00:57:14

in the

00:57:16 --> 00:57:43

incidents of an abusive Young was questioned by hit upon the emperor of Rome, when he was questioned about the profits, a lot of when he received the letter from the profits a lot. He said them, and it was soufiane was there on some business, and he basically summoned him to the courts. And he questioned him and asked him, and he was a knowledgeable man about scripture. And he questioned him and asked him about the profits a lot. He said them. And when he asked him that, you know,

00:57:44 --> 00:57:46

do you have you had conflict?

00:57:48 --> 00:57:56

And he said, Yes, we have. He said, Well, who comes out on top? Who wins? for lack of a better word? And he said, Well, sometimes we gain the upper hand, and sometimes they do.

00:57:57 --> 00:58:00

But they're no good. Sometimes they do. Sometimes we do.

00:58:01 --> 00:58:50

And before somebody could kind of try to extrapolate from that, that Oh, then it's obvious. He's not a real messenger. Otherwise, he would never, you know, suffer any type of loss in the battlefield or defeat in the battlefield, that hirako actually says kadala Columbia. That is exactly what happens with the mess with the profits to patella soo much akula akeeba. He said initially, they are tested through difficulty and adversity, but eventually they gain the upper hand. In eventuality, they have as we like to say the last laugh, they gained the upper hand. Right. But initially, there is there are some tests and trials will activate to limit something. Right? So this is a theme and a concept.

00:58:50 --> 00:59:02

And this is Allah subhanaw taala very conclusively talks about this in sort of to the ankle boots, where Allah subhanaw taala says, has he been natural and yusaku, Enya? pulu Amanda,

00:59:03 --> 00:59:18

that have people really assumed that they will be left after having said Amanda, we believe when I used to noon and they won't be tested. Right? So the issue of tests there were included Allah, Allah said, We have always test and we will always test.

00:59:20 --> 00:59:20


00:59:22 --> 00:59:59

now unless one of which Allah says in the feed Alec Allah is so kind of explore just very briefly, some of them have asked you know, I've kind of compiled some different thoughts and reflections and also kind of given it some thought myself, just a few thoughts to kind of share about some of the lessons that we can extrapolate from this, particularly the specific dynamics that are mentioned within this passage, these ions, and especially the elements of tests being talked about. So first and foremost is that Allah subhanaw taala has really, you know, laid out for us the fact that after a las panatela talks about creating human beings

01:00:00 --> 01:00:21

Creating the heavens in the earth that now is not just left to itself, creation is not left to itself. But there are two things. Allah subhanaw taala is Robin. He continues to look after take care, nourish and provide and protect the creation, even from itself.

01:00:22 --> 01:00:33

And secondly, there is a spiritual connection that remains that again Allah didn't just create creation and just leave it to run them up.

01:00:34 --> 01:00:38

But Allah holla cuckoo Alicia wala collision work working.

01:00:39 --> 01:00:47

God maintains a lust hunter Rotella maintains his position over the creation where we have spiritual obligations to Allah subhanaw taala.

01:00:48 --> 01:00:49

Number two,

01:00:50 --> 01:00:51

is that

01:00:53 --> 01:01:02

the message of the truth, prophets and messengers are revelation, the message the truth, always faces opposition.

01:01:03 --> 01:01:05

Always faces opposition.

01:01:07 --> 01:01:36

It's in Wellington to listen Attila hit Abdullah, this is a son of a lie. Right? I'm delivering Mr. odorata Allahu taala, who are very knowledgeable and very wise Companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He actually said that if somebody is doing what seems to be kind of like some Islamic work, if you want to call it that, and deals with no opposition at all.

01:01:38 --> 01:01:43

I fear that that person is actually making very egregious compromises

01:01:45 --> 01:01:47

within the Islamic values,

01:01:48 --> 01:02:01

that opposition has always been a part of the the the the test and the trial. It comes with the territory. Number three, is that

01:02:03 --> 01:02:19

eventually, like we talked about any eventuality, no matter how difficult it becomes, I mean, think about the makan era, beloved of the Allahu taala who is being dragged through the streets. Can you imagine a human being being tied to a horse, and he's being dragged around in the street?

01:02:22 --> 01:02:25

Like, just imagine what that does to a person.

01:02:26 --> 01:02:27


01:02:28 --> 01:02:29

radi Allahu taala and

01:02:31 --> 01:02:43

a fire being lit coals being put on that fire until they burn red. And then him him being put on that those hot burning coals his back being put on there and being dragged across it.

01:02:44 --> 01:02:45

It's unfathomable.

01:02:46 --> 01:02:54

I can't even process what that is what that would that would even be like, but that would even look like or sound like God forbid.

01:02:55 --> 01:02:57

Right. So think about the level of tests and trial.

01:02:59 --> 01:03:06

Right, a whole family just being murdered in the streets, Somalia and yasim or the Allahu taala. And

01:03:08 --> 01:03:16

so think about how bad things got Sahaba are like leaving their homes running away from their own homes in the middle of the night.

01:03:18 --> 01:03:23

As if they've committed some crime, and going and living as refugees in East Africa.

01:03:25 --> 01:03:27

The profits of love isn't being hunted down

01:03:29 --> 01:03:30

on the hedgerow from Mecca to Medina.

01:03:32 --> 01:03:34

like think about how bad things got.

01:03:36 --> 01:03:43

But ultimately, how did things end with such hamaca with the conquest of Makkah.

01:03:44 --> 01:03:49

So that is a part of the lesson in this passage, that any eventuality,

01:03:51 --> 01:03:56

the upper hand is given to the people of the truth. And we have to believe in that.

01:03:57 --> 01:03:58

And number four,

01:03:59 --> 01:04:02

number four, is that

01:04:09 --> 01:04:39

that number four is that these experiences something very interesting and very powerful. That the sharing of these experiences in and of itself, has always been and as you know, demonstrated by Allah subhanaw taala himself, that the sharing of these experiences and the telling of the stories and sharing experiences. This is a profound means of encouraging, motivating, inspiring and consoling people.

01:04:41 --> 01:04:52

And so just as the stories of the profits are shared with us to do with the profits allow the seller to comfort him to control him to inspire him, to motivate him to strengthen him, the new therapy for America

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and it inspires. Similarly the believers that we also have to remember that along with sharing the stories

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The profits, sharing the stories and the experiences of our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions in the believers in the followers, and even then sharing our own experiences and struggles and stories with other people, that this will be a profound means of encouraging and inspiring future generations of believers, who will then find the strength to persevere through difficulty and adversity. So all of these are some of the lessons that we extrapolate from this in Effie Delica to include nanopatterning and inshallah with that at number 30. will conclude, may Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything that's

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been said and heard, so kinda like you will be hungry he so Hannah columbium Nick, net Chateau La ilaha illa Anta the sock Furukawa to Bulik

Tafseer of Surah Muminoon – Part 10

April 19, 2017

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