Tafseer Surah Al Mulk 01

Episode Notes

Tafseer of Ayahs 1 – 4 of Surah Mulk

Aug 23, 2010

Surah Mulk

Surah 67

30 Ayat

Theme: This surah has an overwhelming focus on the greatness of Allah, pondering and reflecting over that greatness and doing the dawah of the deen by referring to the signs of Allah.

Tone: One of strong warning reminding people of their purpose and that their actions have consequences.

General Overview:

Revealed during the early Makkan period where the focus was on warning the people to acknowledge Allah.

Focus is on teaching all to reflect on Allah’s creation.

Allah created the system of life and death to test those of us who are best in deeds.

67:1

Tabarak – comes from the root word ‘baraka’ but does not just mean blessing. Tabarak means blessing which is increasing, long-lasting and enduring. Allah is the source of this lasting blessing.

Allathee – who: Allah does not refer to himself directly because the word ‘allathee’ is used to make the reader or listener ponder and reflect over ‘who’ it is that is the owner.

Mulk – Is a broad term which means kingdom, dominion and also having ownership of it

‘Biyadihil Mulk’ used to catch the attention of the listener and persuade him to reflect.

Qadeer – from the root word ‘qudra’ meaning power and capability. It means having total ability to exercise power over everything in Allah’s dominion, over everything that He has created.

67:2

Maut – generally refers to death but can also mean lifelessness (Being in a state without deen) or the opposite of life so it is an implication of death.

Yabloo – is to be tested but contrary to its other form ‘ibalah – to be severely tested’ it means to be lightly tested. Allah uses the less severe from of the word as a preamble to Him mentioning his mercy in the coming verses. So because Allah is forgiving ‘Al Ghafoor’ Allah tests us but lightly. ‘Yabloo’ is in plural form as Allah is addressing everyone.

Ayukum – Plural is mentioned here again to instill a sense of competition among the people regarding doing good deeds.

Ahsan – Comparative form of ‘hasan’ meaning more excellent referring to the deeds of people. Allah tests us to see which of us is the best in deeds. ‘Ahsan’ also refers to something of quality because without quality even quantity has no meaning.

Ghaffoor – from the root word ‘ghafara’ which means to cover up something. Allah constantly forgives us and covers up our sins and he has the authority alone to do so.

67:3

As Sama – Literally means anything that is above you. Allah speaks about the ‘Seven Skies (heavens)’ so that we reflect on the vast creation of Allah. Allah limits the word ‘As Sama’ here by mentioning a number.

Tibaaqa – Superlative form of tabaqa which means to be stacked atop another in consistency or continuity. ‘Tibaaqa’ therefore meaning many layers stacked.

Tafaawut – In it you will find no inconsistency. Allah refers to the entire creation not just a part of it. There are NO inconsistencies ‘ fee khalqi Ar Rahman – in anything of what (Allah) The Most Merciful has created’

Ar Rahman – Allah alludes to Himself by using one of His beautiful names so that He creates a connection between us and Him. He is The Most Merciful to us, abundantly and in doing so creates a sense of obligation within us. So that we are more enthused to ponder, reflect and act.

Farji’I – from the word ‘return’ to go back to its original position. A command to go back – return – and repeat your pondering.

Basar – Vision that not only includes seeing but reflecting as well.

67:4

Karatayn – means two. Here it is an expression which provokes repeating something consistently in succession. Coupled with the word ‘basar’ it means to return and repeat this reflection often. It should become habit.

Haseer – Fatigued/ worn out. Comes after reflecting over a long time.

Khasi–an – humbled/ humiliated. This type of reflection will humble you so that you know your place. This type of reflection will change your perception.

© Transcript (Experimental)

Disclaimer: Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We rely on volunters to edit. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:00--> 00:00:13

Are you below him in a shape on your bra Jean Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem Jabbar Alcala de muku Allah Galicia

00:00:14--> 00:00:30

Casa de la de holla call moto al Hayat hijo de Luca, au km X and Y mela y la z Zhu Li D holla cassava awesome

00:00:32--> 00:00:37

Li ba Paul Matta Rafi Hello para anemia

00:00:39--> 00:00:45

would follow Jerry buss auto Hadassah fubu

00:00:48--> 00:00:50

Jerry buss Auto catterall Janie

00:00:51--> 00:00:54

Polly v la calabasa Rojas II

00:00:55--> 00:00:59

Yeah, ya call a calabasa Rojas II.

00:01:01--> 00:01:06

See? wala pa a Yun, Sam

00:01:07--> 00:01:15

dunya be masabi be masabi. Howard, you're on Hulu militia.

00:01:20--> 00:01:22

Sorry

00:01:24--> 00:01:26

hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen

00:01:27--> 00:01:34

wa Salatu was Salam ala l mursaleen. Wa aalihi Wa sahbihi be my mentor br whom be sending in a medium.

00:01:36--> 00:01:45

inshallah, today we're starting with sudo to mulk, which is Surah number 67. And this is the beginning of the 29th Jews as well.

00:01:46--> 00:02:26

Just a little bit of a note, and a little bit of a notice a heads up, inshallah, the sessions that we'll be conducting are also being recorded, to be put online, and to be podcasts it out. So because of that, for the brothers and sisters are going to be listening to this online, or going to be downloading this and listening to this. These sessions are not being conducted in a closed room in a studio, where I'm sitting by myself giving these sessions, they're being done at a live location with brothers and sisters in attendance. So if there's ever any type of an interruption, or there's any background noise or anything like that, it's because it's being conducted live, and that we feel

00:02:26--> 00:03:07

that adds to the quality of the sessions and the material that is being conducted live. Secondly, with the brothers and sisters who are here in attendance in person, handle, I've been conducting that the fear classes here for a few years now for a while. And so when hamdulillah normally in the sessions, it's a very casual, very informal arrangement. And what that means is that whenever anybody has a question, or any type of a comment, they interject their question or comment and it turns into a little discussion as well sometimes, just because there's materials being recorded for the benefit of a lot of other people. I'm humbly going to request that as much as possible, unless

00:03:07--> 00:03:26

it's absolutely necessary at that moment, but as much as possible. If you have any questions, please hold on to them, write them down, or anything like that. And rather than interspersing the questions throughout the session, I'll save time towards the end where we can thoroughly do a proper q&a and we can answer any and all questions inshallah there are there about the session.

00:03:27--> 00:04:09

So now talking about the 29th. Just before we get into the sutra, I want to kind of do an overview of the portion of the Quran that we are studying now, the 29th of June the beginning sudo to molk. From here begins the last and final group of sutras. Basically this is the seventh and last group of sutras thematically speaking, that if you categorize the sutras Are you bunch are grouped together based on the theme and the concepts. Then this is the seventh and the final. The last group of those sutras begins with sort of two milk goes all the way till the end of saltiness. And these sutras overwhelmingly focus on

00:04:10--> 00:04:55

talking about the greatness of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And focusing very heavily on Dawa spreading the message delivering the message of Islam, sharing this, the oneness of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the message the divine message being sent by Allah to share it with the rest of humanity. And it focuses on sharing this message and spreading the dour by concentrating on speaking of the greatness of Allah. So there's very vivid language, it's very descriptive of the elements of nature and what you see all around you, trying to make the human being understand that look around you all this that you witness around all the systems that are going on and concurrently moving about smoothly,

00:04:55--> 00:04:59

flawlessly. This should all lead you back to this or I'll point you in the direction

00:05:00--> 00:05:29

Enough, Allah subhanaw taala, recognizing him and devoting and dedicating yourself to Him, it also this these portion or this portion, these group of Sutras, they also very heavily focus on speaking about the life of the Hereafter, it talks about death, it talks about what will come after death, the fact that there is an afterlife that there is a life after the passing away in this world that people experience and what will occur in the day of judgment and what will be the conditions on the Day of Judgment, it very heavily focuses on this,

00:05:31--> 00:06:20

the unseen matters of faith, the very essentials of believing, and especially the issues that people normally have, first of all, recognizing the last panel wattana, the most natural form of introducing somebody to Allah, the most natural form of conveying the message of Islam to someone and making them understand that Allah is one alone and worthy of being worshipped. Introducing Islam to someone is by just letting them soak in what's going on all around them. It's the most natural form. And it's how it's how the Quran introduces us to EMA. It's how we even teach our children, how we are able to teach our children the necessity of believing in Allah. And similarly, this should

00:06:20--> 00:07:00

also be a very focal point of our Tao as well, just telling people to just reflect on their lives. Just take a look, stop for a moment, and just kind of look around you and see what you see going on. And then ponder on that for a minute and see if it doesn't lead you to Allah subhanaw taala. So that's what the overwhelming portion or the group of sutras is going to talk about. Now speaking more directly about the 29th Jews itself, then that, of course, similarly focuses on the Dharma, the 29th of Jews is overwhelmingly mucky. And so meaning that it is this revelation took place during the period in Mecca. So it doesn't really it doesn't have a lot to do with specific injunctions

00:07:00--> 00:07:42

giving you telling you, you know, pray this much, and you pay zakat this much, and things like that it doesn't really address those things. It addresses more of the core concepts of faith, the accountability, consequences of actions, life after death, these very fundamental concepts that are necessary to faith to believe to em on the first of these tools are suited to the MOOC. So little MOOC is a very, very comprehensive, very thorough, and a very strong sutra and its tone, very strong suit on its tone, by the tone of the suta. And also based on the narrations, and what the scholars have told us, and the narrations that we have about certain milk, it's very obvious as suited to the

00:07:42--> 00:08:27

milk was sent down was revealed during the early part of the mission of the prophets alleles from the early days of Islam, the early modern period. Why very specifically, because the very early part of the Dawa focused on what we call an Arabic in that, in that which means to warm. The very early part of the Dow focused on warning people like a wake up call, basically, we misunderstand that sometime not scaring people, but a wake up call. Like wake up, realize what's going on, snap out of it. Time, you know, you don't have forever. You need to realize what direction you're going in what direction you need to be going, that type of a wake up call. That was the tone of the early part of

00:08:27--> 00:09:06

the Tao of the prophet SAW Selim, as we see in the Quran itself, when the prophets alarmism came home and was wrapped up in a shawl. Allah addressed him and said, Yeah, you hit him with death it can stand up for under and warn people wake up call. Then on what did I say what up back Africa bear and proclaimed a greatness only of your master only of your Lord? I'll talk about that in a second. But remember that hold on to that. The other thing is even later on when the last panel Allah gave specific instructions to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on how to go about in this wakeup called his warning of the people. What did Allah subhanaw taala tellement. So to Shara, we're under

00:09:06--> 00:09:47

ic rasakan aka Robin and warn, give a wake up call warn the closest of your tribes, people, your relatives, the people that are related to you. So your extended family, your relatives, the closest amongst them, gather them together and warn them wait give them that wake up call. And that's when the prophets alleles and gathered them together and gave them the whole example what if I told you there were people behind this mountain and you're about to be attacked? And so that was that wake up call that was that warning message and listen, you don't have forever and time is of the essence. And you guys are going in the wrong direction. It's it's of the utmost importance that you realize

00:09:48--> 00:09:59

what direction you need to be going into and that you need to shift that you need to turn. So Sultan molk is very strong and it stone is from the early part of the Sierra and so therefore it focuses on the warning. We're going to

00:10:00--> 00:10:39

See in this sutra, that there are almost six or after the introductory portion of the sutra, where it's sort of the tone is set. And the basic the introduction is done, the basic message is presented after that there are about six or seven iaat, where Allah gives a very stern warning to people who make the wrong decision are going down the wrong path or making the wrong choice. And then in only in one ayah, Allah subhanaw taala talks about, well, what's awaiting the people who make the correct choice. So six or seven is of warning, one of giving, congratulating them, and giving good news to the people who are making the right choice. Once again, why because the tone of this particular

00:10:39--> 00:10:45

school is too warm. So it's very strong in its tone. And it sets the tone for the rest of the students to come.

00:10:46--> 00:11:26

So this is a little bit of the historical significance of the sutra and sort of where it's based in within the life of the prophets a lot a sentiment, as I talked about, sort of two milk, aside from being very strong in its tone, so little milk, as I mentioned, and from certain with death as well, when Allah gave the prophets a lot of instructions. He said, boom, stand up for and warn the people will backtrack a bit and proclaim the greatness only if your master only if your Lord and I was talking about how the the primary way of conveying the message to people making people realize their obligation to Allah is them simply taking a moment stopping for a second, and just looking at what's

00:11:26--> 00:12:08

going on around them looking at their lives, looking at everything they benefit from. And so that's what this sutra will focus on, making you understand the greatness of Allah, by observing the majesty and the magnificence, the perfection of his creation, that you see all around you look at the sky, look at the earth, look at everything he's created for you look at the perfect harmony, the consistency, the balance, and that will lead you to understanding how great and magnificent a las panatela is. The other thing is that this surah very heavily focuses on teaching people to reflect and this reflection once again upon the creation of Allah. So reflection is going to be a key point

00:12:08--> 00:12:15

here. And we'll be talking about in today's session, inshallah. The next thing that is very interesting here

00:12:16--> 00:12:49

is that there's also kind of an underlying trend, a theme or an emphasis on consistency, consistency, meaning that constantly you will see the consistency of Allah's creation. And so even those specific words within classical Arabic that are used here within the sutra, all kind of have this similar thread of consistency in the core meaning of the word. So that's another consistent theme throughout the sutra that we're gonna see here. And the net The last thing that I want to mention before we get into the actual study of the IOP, and the words, is that

00:12:51--> 00:13:30

one thing that's very important, and something we've always done in our classes here is looking at how one surah segues and transitions into the next and seeing the beauty of the composition of the forearm in the form that we have it. So the sooner that comes before certain milk is sold to him. Now, we haven't done a study of that sutra yet, but nevertheless, we can still appreciate the connection between these two schools. So what will will consider to the cream and how sort of very naturally transitions and segues into sort of two milk. So in the very beginning of sort of two milk, as we're gonna see here, it was kind of Rotella and I in the second ayah. He says, a lady

00:13:30--> 00:13:39

holofoil multiwell hyatts and the Abu ayoko. MLM that Allah is the one who created death and life,

00:13:40--> 00:14:25

Leah blue, so that he may test you a youcam that which amongst you who amongst you as an MLM would be the most excellent Indeed, the most excellent inaction. So what Ally's saying here is that this whole system of death and life and living and dying that we see going on all around us, that we are a part of as well, that we are experiencing ourselves. The purpose behind all of this is to test who would have the most excellent deeds and the most excellent actions. So in the previous run similar to him at the end of it lost power, tele practically shows us two categories of people. And that's actually a very powerful message within within zero to him. Allah shares with us the two categories

00:14:25--> 00:15:00

of people, some people when they are tested, they pass the test, they excel in the test and they are able to come out on the other side a lot better than they came into the test. The people that are lost with the the examples that Allah shares with us from that category are the wife of fit Emma to fit on how she was very severely tested, but she came out better for it. And similarly, Allah shares with us the example of Meridian, the mother of a PSA and a Santa how she was also very, very sick.

00:15:00--> 00:15:38

severely tested. But once again, she came out better for it. She was consistent. She was able to work through it and it worked out to her advantage. But on the other hand, you have another category of people who are also tested. But it doesn't always work out that way. They don't always come out better for eight on the other end. The two examples that Allah subhanaw taala shares with us and sort of theme of that category of people is, first of all, the wife of new, the wife of the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam, new Holly Salaam was a messenger of Allah, his wife, who was tested once again, she had to pick aside she had to place her loyalty somewhere. And she placed it with the

00:15:38--> 00:16:19

disbelieving people as even against her own husband. So how she came into as test but it worked out badly for her, she was not able to excel in detail, she failed the test. Similarly, a las panatela presents the example of the wife of loop on a Salaam, another messenger of Allah, she was also tested But once again, placed her loyalties with on the wrong side and she came out worse for it. So this surah in the beginning, toxic talks tells us the fact that the purpose of this life in this system of life that we see in the in this world is basically to test who would have the most excellent deeds and actions. Let's go ahead and Shall I get started with the very first ayah Allah

00:16:19--> 00:16:44

subhanho wa Taala says the borrower can levy via de lulc wha hoo Allah policia encoded to Baraka the very first word, it comes from the root of the word Baraka comes from the root of the word Buttercup, we know Buttercup means blessing. But the core of the word, the root, the origins of the word has two implications, has two implications. One thing as is as the other to increase, and the second thing is

00:16:45--> 00:17:30

to be long lasting, or even everlasting. So to be enduring, and increasing is the core of the meaning of this word Buttercup. And it's used in a lot of different contexts. There's many different usages for it in classical Arabic, for instance, in classical Arabic When there would be a big pond of water, not like a lake or a river or some huge body of water or moving water, but there's a pond of water that's been sitting around for a very long time. 567 810 years this pond of water has been there. So the Arabs would call that bitka because water has been there for so long. Sometimes in a camel, like a camel, if it becomes agitated, it sits down very stubbornly, it sits down, and it

00:17:30--> 00:17:39

refuses to budge or refuses to move. So the word that the Arabs would use for that type of a sitting of the camel where it gets angry, it's agitated is broken,

00:17:41--> 00:18:22

or barnacle buried, that the camel became agitated and the camel sat down, and it's stubborn, they won't budge, it won't move. It's gonna sit there for a long time. So they would use this word Baraka to elucidate that to give that meaning. So from that, we learned that Baraka just just does not mean blessing. It means blessings that are enduring, long lasting, and blessings are perpetually are increasing. Constantly, they continue to increase and they are also long lasting, enduring blessings. Now, one thing the Quran tells us is that these the source of these blessings is Allah Himself. And that's why it says the Baraka Baraka is the exaggerated form of the word as mobile of a

00:18:22--> 00:18:54

hyperbole. So, it means most blessing, the source of all blessing, any blessing that you see around can be is pointed back to is attributed back to Allah Himself. And so this is expressed over and over again throughout the Quran, Fatah Baraka, Allah tabarrok Allah the natural for Ponta Baraka, Lady via deal mug, this is constantly attributed back to Allah subhanaw taala. So, the Baraka means most bless it. Now, the next thing Allah says is the borrower can levy most blessing is the one who

00:18:55--> 00:19:11

Allah de means the one who, so it's not st mentioning the name of Allah Himself. Rather it refers to him it alludes to him that most blessing is the one who, but other places in the Quran we do see sometimes as his father botica Lago, a central polythene.

00:19:12--> 00:19:47

So sometimes it says directly that most blessing is Allah, even in some prophetic supplications we find a word to Baraka, most blessing Are you Oh Allah, directly addressing him, or the name of Allah lovely Jelena itself is mentioned that Allah is most blessing, but here it doesn't do that it says most blessing is the one who so the scholars even discussed to this extent, why is the name of Allah subhanaw taala mentioned directly? What are the benefits of alluding to him indirectly like this? Tabata can levy most blessing is the one who well there's a few different reasons.

00:19:48--> 00:19:58

The first thing is that as I mentioned that one very important message in the sutras reflection, and we'll see later on in DeSoto, as well in Ayah number

00:20:00--> 00:20:16

In it number 10. Allah subhanaw taala even tells us what palu that he when speaking about the people that will be sent to the fire of hell, the people who made the wrong decision the wrong choices, when they'll be sent to the hellfire. There, they will say well carlu, local nasma

00:20:18--> 00:20:23

local Nana smell on RT which basically means if we had listened,

00:20:25--> 00:21:04

and we had pondered, we had thought about it, only if we had listened, and we have thought about it. So here las panatela is giving them an opportunity to think about it. Because those people are basically now regretting if we would have just listened, and then thought about it. So utilize giving them the opportunity, it's not being handed to them, like just openly about our Cola, rather they're being set the Vatican, the most blessing is the one who so it gives them an opportunity, who is it talking about? So that's the first thing reflection. The next thing is if you read the next word Allah says via the hill will be at the hill moon. But in the Arabic language means many, many

00:21:04--> 00:21:54

different things. It has like 12 different usages. Here, it's bothered fear. It means like fi in, in B, B, A, D in his end, and milk. And milk in the Arabic language means like kingdom, the kingdom, the dominion, it's often translates kind of a complicated where we really don't know. But like the kingship, the kingdom, and B Kingdom al mulk naturally encompasses and includes Milk. Milk is one word milk is another word in Arabic, milk means kingdom. Milk means ownership. But milk obviously means that you already have ownership. It naturally implies milk to have the ownership by being the king of something. So milk is a very comprehensive word. So here Allah says BIA de el milk,

00:21:55--> 00:22:28

in his hand is the kingdom. Now the other thing that you have to pay attention to here is sentence structure. word order is something I've talked about in previous classes we've had here as well, like when we say that our call to Allah, or to Wakanda Allah Allah, we put our trust we put our reliance upon the law. But when you switch the order, when you say Allah, Allah He that will come to or Allah Allah He talkin now you see what I did, I just swapped it to a call to Allah or Allah, Allah.

00:22:29--> 00:22:43

Now Boudicca, we worship You, or we enslave ourselves to you. But then when we say yaka, Nabu, only you? Do we enslave ourselves to do we worship. So when you swap the order, when you flip flop it,

00:22:44--> 00:23:26

you basically create the meaning of exclusivity, if the sauce in Arabic is called exclusiveness, and you got to understand what this is, this is called abnormal sentence structure. If somebody says something abnormally, what's the first thing that if this is the if, if this is the Islamic association of mid cities, and somebody says, and everybody knows, that's the name of the organization, and somebody says Mitzi these Islamic Association, doesn't catch your attention? Like, wait a second, what would you say, brother? No, it's you correct them, or at least at the minimum, it catches your attention to swip swap the order to say something in reverse, it catches your

00:23:26--> 00:23:47

attention. That's the benefit of this. So two things not only does it create the meaning of exclusivity, but it also catches the attention of the listener, makes them say, wait a second, that sounded different. That's not how people normally say it. So normally, it would be said, to be a D, the kingdom is in his hand. But now it's a B or D.

00:23:48--> 00:23:53

in his hand, meaning only in his hand, is the kingdom.

00:23:55--> 00:24:37

Only in his hand is the kingdom is the dominion. So what it does is crazy meaning of exclusivity and catches the attention of the listener, because remember, I told you the focus of this surah is Dawa. This is from the early part of the early part of the Sierra, the beginning time of the period in Mecca. So what was very important here was to catch the attention of the listener. So you have these features within the language. This is this is what's meant when we say that the Quran is a miracle, see how precise the word usage is? how precise the sentence structure is, it's serving the purpose of that time catching the attention of the listener. So that's the thing. Now, the like I was

00:24:37--> 00:24:48

telling you before, why not take about a cola? Why does it say to American lady, because it says via the handbook, so most bless it is the one only in his hand, is the kingdom.

00:24:50--> 00:24:52

You don't really have to say a lead this point, do you?

00:24:53--> 00:25:00

Who's the one only in his hand is the kingdom? There's only one answer to run correct answer to this question. And that

00:25:00--> 00:25:37

There's a lot, so it doesn't need to be said. So that's the thing. So number one, it doesn't need to be said because it's already mentioning something that is specific to a law. Secondly, it's making the person think and ponder. So like I said, in Aisle number 10, those people in general are going to be complaining, crying, regretting remorseful, saying only if he would have listened. And we would have thought about it. Well, the just the first four words of this surah are making them pay attention or making them listen, because the language that these people spoke, it's presenting an abnormal sentence structure via the E element only in his hand, is the kingdom. And secondly, then

00:25:37--> 00:26:05

it's making them think now Who is the one in whose hand alone is the absolute kingdom? It makes him sit down and think for a while, and then they come to the natural conclusion that it is only alone. So the Vatican levy via the hinwil, most blessing is the one in whose hand alone is the kingdom wahoo Allah cliche in Paddy wahoo Allah condition Cody wahiawa and he who means he, Allah Cooney Shea in for de

00:26:06--> 00:26:53

la policia in means over each and every single thing, Cody, Cody, the word Kadir comes from the root of the word kodra. podra means to have the ability or the capability to do something, to have power, power over something control over something, the ability, the capability to do. And but this word for the order, it means the one who has ability, or the one who has power, the one who's capable bodied means the one who is constantly powerful constantly in a position of power, capability, authority, and the ability to exercise his power over each and every single thing. So that's what pudiera means. So once again, like I told you about before, the same thing applies here. The normal

00:26:53--> 00:26:57

sentence structure would be what are called Iran, Allah cliche.

00:26:58--> 00:27:15

But that's how the ISS, the ISS raha Allah cliche in the room swip, it swapped the normal sentence structure. So once again, it's abnormal. When it becomes abnormal, the sentence structure, then once again, it creates a meaning of exclusivity.

00:27:16--> 00:27:38

And only he is capable in control in power over each and every single thing only. He's the only one in this position. He's the only one who has that authority. Well, who are the one interesting thing as a reflection on the eye after we finished, a las panatela not only said he has the kingdom,

00:27:40--> 00:28:17

he has the ownership, or he's in the position of authority over each and every single over over everything, in his hand alone is the kingdom. Not only did Allah say that, but we've seen it in our time, just because somebody is in a position of authority. Does that mean that they have an absolute control over each and every single thing that apparently falls under their jurisdiction unnecessarily, there's a lot that goes on. So just because somebody's the king of an area of a region doesn't mean he has an absolute control and power over what everybody within his jurisdiction is doing. Knowing that doesn't that's not necessarily true. But alas, Panda is not that type of a

00:28:17--> 00:28:59

king. Unless such a king. Not only is everything in his hand, the total kingdom, the total dominion, the total authority, but at the same time, he's in control over each and every single thing. That's the type of Kingdom lies. That's how much in controller lies. So already the very first I have the surah is attributing not only a loving the source of all blessing in our lives around us in the entire world, all blessings traced back to Allah, but it's also establishing the fact that he's the one who's in total ownership of everything. He's the king over everything, and he's in complete control over everything is very impressive the first time it really makes the person sit down and

00:28:59--> 00:29:07

think it weighs very heavy on the mind of the person that this is what I'm dealing with. Now the next day our last panel autolysis Alevi

00:29:08--> 00:29:14

so we're being told him something else about our last panel attalla again, and levy. He is the one

00:29:18--> 00:29:25

who created he's the one he created a remote, which we normally translate as

00:29:26--> 00:29:59

death. But I want to explain this word to you. Death doesn't exactly mean, a boat, excuse me does not exactly mean death doesn't only mean death. Death is a part of the meaning and implication of the word boat. But it does it's not the the overall meaning and the only meaning that can be taken from the word emote mode has a broader application. The next word is well hyouta. Hyatt means life hierarchy means life mode is actually the antonym the opposite of life.

00:30:00--> 00:30:43

So it basically refers to lifelessness lifelessness. So not necessarily death as we understand it, because we understand death in a very specific context, mode is not just death mode is lifelessness. So that means before we were conceived and born into this world, before being conceived in our room being put into the womb of our mothers, the condition before that would also be defined as a type of mode. It was we did not have life in this world. So mode is a broader word that we understand it to be. So that's the first thing So Allah is the one who created mode, and Hyatt lifelessness and life

00:30:44--> 00:30:45

and even

00:30:47--> 00:30:50

in one tafsir, a scholar he's actually put together

00:30:52--> 00:31:00

an observation from the Quran different places in the Quran, where Allah uses the word death in various meanings. Allah subhanaw taala in Surah.

00:31:03--> 00:31:35

Allah subhanaw taala says, a woman can have a 10 for a now a woman can have a 10 for I know what that basically means is Allah saying that well, could it be the one who was lifeless, finding out who and then we gave him life? what this is talking about? This is talking about somebody who did not have him on and then Allah gave him hedaya, Allah gave him on so he went from being a disbeliever. To a believer, Allah describes a disbeliever has made 10 Now we will translate that as somebody, somebody who's dead,

00:31:37--> 00:32:00

the one who is dead, and then we gave him life. But of course we know that that life excuse me, we know that talking about being dead from the heart they emaan but that goes to show you that the word mode is not as simple as death as we understand it, biological death, but it can be used in a broader sense. So the spiritually not being alive, not having any man alone uses a word mode or mate to describe that person is going to

00:32:01--> 00:32:46

come in Sultan Bukhara, Allah subhanaw taala says quantum you were and Watson lifeless. Then he says, Jaco, then he gave you life from where you need to come, then he will give you lifelessness death again. filmer you up, come and then after that, he will give you life. So we see here again that was already talking about, look, you were lifeless. He gave you life, he'll give you death, and then he'll give you life. So we know that the condition even before birth, before life in this world, the law describes it as a mewat, mote dead. You hear about ammonia, Allah speaks about in salthill Hadith, the earth after it, it hasn't gotten rain, and a dries up and nothing can grow out

00:32:46--> 00:33:02

of the earth again, Allah uses uses the word mote to describe that condition of the earth, that Allah will revive the earth after it has died. So once again Mota is being used in a different way about talking about the Shahada. What does Allah subhanaw taala say? I'm watching Aveda.

00:33:04--> 00:33:52

Or rather, excuse me about the Shahada, Allah subhanaw taala says, but yeah, rather they are alive. Now biologically to us, we know that they're not alive. But still Allah subhanaw taala refers to them as being alive, even though biologically to us they've died. Allah still says they are alive. So there's a lot of the it's a very broad application of the word moat. That's important to understand. So here Allah says, Allah is the one who he created moat lifelessness, what he had in life, why did he create the system, Leah blue, aka, Leah lucam. This comes from the root of the word Bella, the Lamb in the beginning of it means because for the purpose of its to show the purpose of

00:33:52--> 00:34:00

your blue, your blue comes from the root of the word which means to test, to test to try to test.

00:34:02--> 00:34:08

And what's interesting here is that in other places in the Quran, Allah uses a more heavy,

00:34:09--> 00:34:52

a more heavy form of the word. Instead of Bella, Allah uses the word empty LA, empty LA, which means to very severely test very severely test, like in the same Jews, we're going to study later on, and sort of till insan sort of, sort of to dar Allah subhanaw taala says, never tell he never tell he that we tested the human being we will test him we will test this human being Why does Allah use the lighter form of Bella here and the heavier form of empty line in other places? So when you take a closer look at what we understand is, if you look at the end of this ayah Allah subhanaw taala says well, who Allah Aziz Allah for

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

Allah being a fool did necessitates that he would very likely test

00:35:00--> 00:35:12

form of muffet are a form of forgiving someone is to lighten the load off of someone. And in that sort of Dylan sunrella says we're very harshly Destin, what does Allah say for Jana who Semyon basura

00:35:13--> 00:35:52

I gave him the ability to hear, I gave him the ability to see a light even goes on to say in that heading now who's Sabine we guided him to the path. So their allies mentioning his favors upon this human being. We gave him so many of these abilities we gave him we basically served it to him on a silver platter. We're gonna hold them accountable. We're gonna test him, we're gonna make sure he sticks to it, what we've told him to do, but here alleged mentioning the fact that look, Eliza food, so uses a lighter word for testing, literally meaning that Allah will lightly test Leah blue welcome. So going back to the AI Allah subhanaw. taala says, he's the one who created moat, he's the

00:35:52--> 00:36:43

one who created had life lessons in life, so that he may test you come. Come is the plural, all of you. I'm pointing this out because it's going to be important in a second. What does Allah go on to say, a Yukon, who amongst all of you as an MLM isin comes from the root of the word which means excellence. So who amongst all of you would be the most excellent, more excellent son is a comparative form more excellent, I'm alone in his deeds in his actions. So now what Allah subhanaw taala said, is Elijah, one who created lifelessness, and life, so that he may test all of you to see who amongst all of you would be more excellent in his actions.

00:36:46--> 00:37:11

Who would be more excellent in his deeds in his actions? Well, who else has these over food and He is Allah Aziz is reserved from the root of it, it means to not just have power, but to be firm, and to be in a position of authority and power. So Allah is Aziz, he is firm, and he is powerful.

00:37:12--> 00:37:19

I love our food. This comes from the root of the word of mouth, or the root of the word buffalo is very interesting. It literally means to cover up something.

00:37:20--> 00:37:42

So forgiveness is called alpha because it says, If Allah covers the sin, not only does he forgive you, but nobody will ever know about it, nobody will ever see it. He hides it from everybody. So her food is the one who constantly forgives, constantly is and is forgiving people and has the authority to forgive has the ability to forgive. So another very interesting couple of interesting things in this ayah is

00:37:43--> 00:38:21

basis based on what I explained about the meaning of the word mode. People look at this I am, it says Allah, the holla pal Mota. Well, hayata. Allah created death and life. Doesn't it seem more logical that life should be mentioned before death? At least you would think so? You would think it would be more logical. But why does Allah mentioned the other way around? One reason I've already told you, because mold doesn't just mean death, it actually means a state of lifelessness. So even before we were conceived in this world, that could be considered mold as well. So now we make sense. The other thing is, who's speaking to who's always addressing people who are alive in the world

00:38:21--> 00:39:01

right now, right? What's the next thing that we're going to see right now in our life? Are we going to first see life, or first we're going to experience death, we will experience death. And then we will have a life after that. So based on who it's talking to people who are alive in this world right now. It's very logical, you will experience death next, and then after that you will experience life. And the third thing that's very important here, I mentioned that the theme of this sutra is one of the themes of this one is to reflect, it makes you think it makes you ponder, it makes you reflect. So, the point of this is to say, look, you better have good deeds, right so

00:39:01--> 00:39:10

Hamelin, excellent deeds, excellent actions. So trying to motivate you is trying to inspire you is trying to create a sense of urgency

00:39:11--> 00:39:57

what what creates a sense of urgency and people more than death does. Death is the ultimate motivator. That's why the process is set at zero min Vickery had him in love that. He said very frequently, abundantly. Remember, that thing which destroys the, the sweetness or the taste, the pleasure in things, meaning when you begin voluntary indulgences, you become kind of you start becoming distant and floating off, being completely drowning into your desires, what snaps you out of that what can break you out of that, remembering that I have to go so death is a motivator, creates a sense of urgency. So Allah mentions that which motivates us first. And mote a you don't

00:39:57--> 00:40:00

have a lot of time you better get to

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

There's no tomorrow you can't put it off for tomorrow. It's gonna happen now what's gonna happen here right now right here right now.

00:40:07--> 00:40:14

The next thing I want to mention then we have to inshallah, go for the Salah. I mentioned that a here last panel with Allah says Leah, Beluga comb,

00:40:15--> 00:40:53

so that he may test all of you, as a group. The reason why I emphasize that, that it's plural here, because in the coming out, when we study inshallah, next week, we'll see that Allah then switches to addressing as in the singular, but here is a he's addressing this in the plural. What's the purpose of the plural, because this condition of life and death, this equally applies to all of us. Every single person in this world will die, no exceptions. There's no exceptions to this. So it's something that's universally applied, something that we all share as an experience. The other thing is a newcomer,

00:40:55--> 00:41:01

who amongst all of you will have the more excellent actions, the more excellent deeds.

00:41:02--> 00:41:04

It's creating a sense of competition.

00:41:05--> 00:41:25

You know why? Because it's in our nature to compete with each other as it is. It's in our nature to compete with each other as the Quran tells us, he Allah minimal hyah to dunya know that this the life of this world no doubt is what led a boon will everyone play and wasting time Xena atone, vanity, beautification, and what does he say?

00:41:27--> 00:42:09

Xena to what the fofo Domenico showing off with one another. What the cartoon family will trying to gather and compete with each other and family and wealth. And how como takato Allah said this makes you useless this competing with each other. So competing with each other as human nature look all around you we see it everywhere. But Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us in the Quran, look, that's a part of your innate innate nature to compete with each other. Don't try to suppress that sense of competition. Rather apply that positively. How do you apply that positively? First, who compete with each other and doing good deeds. Sabu nama filati Mira become treadaway race with one another to the

00:42:09--> 00:42:39

forgiveness of Allah and two gentlemen to paradise Sadie Oh, rush race with each other. Well, phenolic affiliate and FSL matana very soon, let people compete with each other in that in general. So similarly here Allah saying look, you have competition built into you. You want to apply that positively. compete with one another. Allah is watching allies looking allies judging who amongst you will have the more excellent action. And the last thing here is Allah uses a word accent

00:42:40--> 00:42:41

which means excellence

00:42:43--> 00:42:45

right allegedly does not use the word AXA.

00:42:46--> 00:43:35

Allah uses a word that implies quality not quantity. quantity is not demanded of us not asked of us has no value on its own quantity is only significant after you have already applied quality. But quantity without quality is useless. So the word accident tells us that look get quality in your action. And that's something that's very important. For instance right here right now today. We sat down everybody made time came here said we're gonna study for an came here sat down for 45 minutes and we studied how many I add two is now you could go home feeling man we only did two is what's this. I'll die before we finish the Quran. Right? Or you can enjoy the fact that you understood it

00:43:35--> 00:43:43

was quality, you thoroughly understanding to is properly I attain. It's much much better than if we would have read 20

00:43:45--> 00:44:00

but without quality, praying to the gods with who should have nothing is better than praying. 20 gods of nephal but up and down, up and down, up and down. So quality is always important. That's what's being emphasized. inshallah, we'll go ahead and stop here for today.

00:44:01--> 00:44:37

Oh, I didn't realize oh, so hon Allah. Okay, so I've been rushing. So we'll go ahead and we'll go ahead and relax and we'll Shall I get some studying done? That's excellent. Okay. So, I let the holofoil mutual hayata He is the one who created lifelessness in life via blue icon, so that he may test all of you a Yukon, who amongst you send Ramadan is more excellent in his action, has better quality in his action. Well who will as he is, and he is Aziz and he is a food.

00:44:38--> 00:44:48

Even these two specific attributes of a law that are mentioned are very precisely and very specifically mentioned. Allah as ease implies the strength and the firmness of Allah.

00:44:49--> 00:44:54

And before implies or points to the forgiveness of Allah.

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

Why Because Allah subhanaw taala we we just talked about the previous

00:45:00--> 00:45:21

talks about the outcome of this test. Some people failed the test, like the wife of new hand the wife of loot Lake masala and some people pass the test like the wife of Freetown and Maria the mother Raisa alehissalaam. So, the people who failed the test with them Allah subhanaw taala is Allah Aziz? First firm, strong,

00:45:22--> 00:46:03

but the people who pass the test even though they had a little discrepancy, here and their shortcomings a little bit here and there because of being human, Allah subhanaw taala is filled with them. The other thing is scholars point out is Animoto will hired mote it the quality, the attribute of a love being alive as ease applies to mote death. Because death is something Allah subhanaw taala takes life. Meaning when the time comes along, you're gone, you have to go, no matter what your situation is, what your circumstances are, who you're leaving behind how sad it is. You ever hear about the death of someone and then just made you sad? Sometimes somebody passes away and they're 87

00:46:03--> 00:46:16

years old, and they saw their great grandchildren and they lived a full life and a person passed away, you're still sad, but you at least acknowledge that they lived a full life. And then the 20 year old passes away in a tragic car accident.

00:46:17--> 00:46:20

The mother of two small children passes away.

00:46:21--> 00:46:25

A small four year old dies and it breaks your heart.

00:46:26--> 00:46:36

But alas, wonder is disease. It's being done for their benefit via blue masala. How why when where exactly. Maybe we don't understand now.

00:46:37--> 00:46:47

But Ally's Ella Aziz his firm is going to happen it's going to pass because Allah has made that decision. And her food because of Hyatt

00:46:48--> 00:46:59

or food and Hyatt. Meaning during this lifetime we can constantly work towards the forgiveness of Allah piloten we invoke the forgiveness and the mercy of Allah. The next day I lost hundreds Allah now.

00:47:01--> 00:47:44

Allah The Hala pasaba Isaiah Martin de Vaca. Now this is where the reflection continues. So I told you how the previous ayah teaches us to reflect the first two ayat it doesn't mention the name of ally explicitly rather it tells you he's the one all the kingdom in his in his in his end, he alone is in control over everything so makes you think reflection is beginning. Hola como el Hiatt reflection, Leah blow comm au masama you look around you see where do you stand? Where do I stand what is the quality of my actions and my needs, so the reflection continues. Now reflecting on that which is around us. First we've reflected on what we go through what we experienced ourselves.

00:47:46--> 00:48:17

Suddenly him it anaphylactic shock Wolfie and Fusarium one other place Allah mentions about they we will show them our miraculous signs around them outside in the horizons. And then within them. Here we see that the person is first reflecting on himself life and death. There's something we're constantly experiencing somebody near dear to us is dying in passing, and children are being born every day. So first that reflection now reflecting around us, Allah The Hala Casa Martin Lee back off, that he is the one

00:48:18--> 00:48:34

who created Subbu somehow what, seven skies, or seven heavens as we normally translate a little bit about this word somehow what is the plural of the word summer, summer when literally in the Arabic language means anything that's above you.

00:48:36--> 00:48:37

Anything that's above you.

00:48:39--> 00:49:21

But then some places where las panatela limits the word semma either by mentioning a number for it. Like here's seven skies, or Allah subhanaw taala limited by mentioning a quality and adjective for it, like we're gonna see an ayah number five and similar to the MOOC, Allah subhanaw taala says was ans sama dunya the sky of the world a dunya. So sometimes Allah limited what he's talking about. So here's his sebata my what the seven heavens or seven skies, which of course is talked about all throughout the Quran, and the process has informed us about it as well. But then Allah mentions an attribute for the seven skies or the seven heavens, Allah subhanaw taala says please

00:49:23--> 00:49:44

leave back on. Now the back in the Arabic language comes from the root of the word Baba, which means for something to the implications, either for something to be one on top of another, one on top of another, or it also implies something being consistent.

00:49:46--> 00:49:59

Like masaba masaba, almost like my wife aka something being consistent, synchronized, consistent, or it refers to something being in layers or stages one on top of another

00:50:01--> 00:50:19

So here las panatela says that he created the seven skies, either one on top of another, which is one obvious meaning. Or it can also mean that he created seven skies. consistently, there's a there's a connection, there's continuity, there's consistency between them.

00:50:20--> 00:50:45

A comparison or rather, the opposite of this that we can observe within the Quran is when Allah speaks about the clouds. He says Fatah, las panatela speaks about the clouds by describing the clouds as we will common rule common common means like, they're kind of one on top of each other, but they're all scattered. Like you just randomly throw things together and they kind of pile up on each other but they're scattered. There's no consistency.

00:50:47--> 00:50:58

There's no alignment, playback on is not like that the Balkan is alignment consistent. One other discussion that the scholars have made here is somehow wet. It's a plural.

00:51:00--> 00:51:46

The adjective could have also been in the feminine plural form like semi what it should be. It could have also been tobacco savasana Ratan Tata cotton, but that's not how it's done here. It's really bad fun because taba cart is a plural. But the back end is not only just a plural, but it's a bigger plural, because he's talking about the seven heavens which are humongous, which are enormous, which are huge. So the larger plural is used not only that, but this is also the, the root of the word like the the the the idea behind the word in Arabic, the base, the base of the word, the IMG version of the word, which is like the idea behind the word, like we say running, or education, or to eat

00:51:46--> 00:52:28

IMG or to eat by adding to or education like an idea. So that's the base of the word in Arabic. The base here is also the word about so not only is this the base of the word, but it's also the larger plural, so it's more appropriate to use this. So Allah says Allah de la casa Martin livan Allah is the one who created the seven skies with consistency in layers and consistently with each other. Another thing the scholars mentioned about the consistency, we understand how they're in layers. So the first you have the first guy or the first habit and then the second one and third one, one on top of each other. That's fine. But even consistency, because Allah tells us in the Quran, look at

00:52:28--> 00:52:45

the consistency of the heavens in the skies. Allah tells us what sharpshooter he really mozzarella. The sun Sri has seen a lot tells us the sun, what does it do? It moves along a very fixed path that's been assigned to it. Well, America has a hotter article on June.

00:52:46--> 00:53:01

Allah says that the moon we fixed ages for it till it returns back to like into that Crescent form the little thin line. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, the orbiting of the planets, the solar system, the galaxy, everything is moving around.

00:53:03--> 00:53:31

But look how perfectly everything's moving around. Nothing collides with each other, everything is moving smoothly, going about everything is fixed. Look at the perfection, the flaw lessons of Allah system. Not only that, but the scientists tell us that the amount of moving things that are out there in space, and the sheer amount of the objects that are large enough, powerful enough moving fast enough, so that if they would collide with the earth, everything on this earth could be destroyed.

00:53:32--> 00:53:56

meteors and asteroids and planets and stars. It's uncommon, it's the it's unbelievable. The amount of things that are moving out there and how fast they're moving. And quickly they're moving and the amount of them but yet what happened. Nothing, nothing comes crashing into the earth. Nothing destroys us as we know it. This is a perfection of Allah system. to smooth it is how protected is how flawless it is.

00:53:58--> 00:54:04

Matter of Rockman now here this was what I was talking about law says you will not sci

00:54:05--> 00:54:08

fi Hulk era man in the creation

00:54:10--> 00:54:17

of a rock man meaning in his creation, what he's created, you will not see in what he has created. Minta wooden

00:54:18--> 00:54:24

any the word men here means any defy wood means inconsistency.

00:54:25--> 00:54:51

inconsistency like major in consistencies. You won't find any type of inconsistency like a lack of synchronization, any differences, any misalignment in consistencies you won't find. And the other word thing about the word of mouth is the word of mouth in the Arabic language and classical Arabic has a very negative connotation. Even the other forms of the word. Like if you say fatica amor means you missed out.

00:54:53--> 00:55:00

You missed out. So if there's a sale going on and said fatica you missed it, meaning you missed out on it's not coming back

00:55:00--> 00:55:24

Too bad you lose, you lost out. Tough luck. So it's a it's a very negative word. The firewood means any type. It's it's once again with hyperbole, with mobile over exaggerated, anytime even the smallest bit of inconsistency, you will not see it anywhere, min anywhere in that which a ramen has created.

00:55:25--> 00:55:30

Now a few things to focus on here in just this phrase alesund is part of the ALS is matthaei.

00:55:32--> 00:55:40

This is the singular, meaning he's saying you will not see but he's saying it in the singular, remembering the previous idea I pointed out the blue akun.

00:55:41--> 00:56:20

transition from plural to singular Why? Once again, the previous I was talking about something that applies to all of us, death and life. So we all share that experience that that applies equally to everybody. Everyone's got to die, and everyone will be brought back to life, regardless of who you are, and what your situation is. The other thing is, it was creating a sense of that competition there compete with each other in the excellence of your deeds. So it was collective. Here, it's talking about reflection. Right? That's we're saying right? Meaning you won't see in the creation of Allah and that which Allah subhanaw taala has created, or Rahman has created, you won't see any

00:56:20--> 00:56:55

inconsistency means sit down and look at it, ponder on it, reflect on it. reflection is a personal thing. reflection is not a collective thing. It's a personal thing. Somebody is more amazed by sitting out at night and looking at the stars. But somebody is equally amazing just by sitting there and looking at a tree. And somebody is more amazed by going to the zoo and looking at the animals. Seeing this is a last creation as well. Somebody more amazed when they look out at the ocean, they see the waves crashing, there's something different that inspires different people. So it's a personal thing to a lot of singing makes it speaks to us in the singular mean, go out there sit down

00:56:55--> 00:57:08

for a while, quietly and reflect. Ponder, think about it. So that's the first thing. The second thing is a loss in the first part of the process. He's the one who created the seven heavens in layers in stages.

00:57:10--> 00:57:11

With consistency,

00:57:12--> 00:57:30

then he says matter of aroma but you won't find in anything that was created. Why didn't Allah subhanaw taala say you won't find in that in the creation of this guy's any inconsistency. But he says anything that Allah has created, he generalized it he brought into the scope of this statement.

00:57:32--> 00:57:35

You know, this is something very interesting. The obvious reason is that

00:57:37--> 00:58:07

not if Allah would have said you won't find in the creation of the skies and inconsistency, somebody could make the argument, okay, there's no inconsistency in the sky, but inconsistency in the earth or in the mountains or in animals or in people? No, no, basically, anything that was created, you'll find inconsistency. Aside from that, this is broadening the scope of it, to make a connection between it number three and number two, I in number two, we talked about what life and death, the human experience is, number three is talking about the sky.

00:58:08--> 00:58:27

Allah subhanaw taala. constantly throughout the Quran, time and time again, place place again, Allah draws an analogy, a comparison, a parallel between the life of people, the human experience, the phases of life and the sky. There's a connection there, he always draws that parallel.

00:58:28--> 00:58:39

Incidentally, insha, Allah subhanaw taala, he says, follow presumably shafique he swears by the changing of the color and the horizons at the time of sunset

00:58:41--> 00:58:57

will lelee warmer was up. And then when the darkness starts to kind of spread, while covering, the full moon comes out, you see how we progressed. First, the sunsets and the color starts to change in the horizon, you see the red and the orange and the colors,

00:58:58--> 00:59:05

then the darkness starts to creep out and spread. And then eventually you see the moon fully risen. All you can see is the moon out there.

00:59:06--> 00:59:40

Allah says this, you see the phases of the night, what you observe in the sky, what does he say after that, that's our kabuna token on top. You will experience life in different stages in different phases. So just like this, you see the sky and the horizon and went from Red, orange to starting to get dark and eventually it's full black and the moon is out. Similarly through life, you will go through phases, difficulty and ease or childhood and then adult and then becoming old and then dying. Similarly here that same analogy, that same parallel is being drawn helical motor when

00:59:42--> 00:59:52

you have the different phases of life, you were not in existence, then Allah gave you life, then you will die again. Then he'll give you life again. Going to Martin Faria come to my

00:59:53--> 01:00:00

home. And then here he talks about the sky being consistent, being in layers being in stages. So just like the sky

01:00:00--> 01:00:33

stages, your life has stages. You were conceived in the womb of the mother, then you were given birth, you were helpless baby, then you started to walk on your own childhood, then you came into adulthood maturity, puberty, adolescence, and then you started to become intelligent, then you got married, and you were independent, then you had your own children, then you became old and feeble, and weak. And then eventually you die. Just like life has its phases and stages. This guy has phases and stages. And just like the stages of disguise are all synchronized. They're all consistent, this phases of life are consistent.

01:00:35--> 01:00:45

And the other thing is, like I talked about the stability of what we see in this guy, everything's moving around, but yet we're safe. Everything's okay. Everything continues on, it's better. Life goes on.

01:00:46--> 01:01:15

life continues on, and the last one to do so much. Aside from what we experienced. There's so much Allah protects us from in our day to day lives, we just don't realize it. I mean, it's not hard to understand, you know, if somebody from 500 years ago, wants to see us the way we drive around on the streets, they'd be terrified. I mean, if you sit down and think about it for a while, human beings moving around at the speeds of 70 miles per hour zooming past each other, a leper Texas,

01:01:16--> 01:01:40

air travel, I think about every weekend when I boarded the plane, I think about what an unnatural experience that I'm about to travel 800 miles in the next three hours. It's been the last month that protects us. So there's so much that he protects us from in our lives matter of healthcare reform. And in the next thing that scholars point out is, once again, why not say Mata Rafi Alcala,

01:01:41--> 01:02:11

you will not see in that which Allah has created, but rather that which a Rahman has created, why use the specific attribute of a rough man, because Allah subhanaw taala is letting us know who created all of this for us allotted? He is a rough man. He's so Abundantly Merciful, he's created all of this for you. He's given everything that you have, is to create a sense of obligation to him. You know, like if, if your uncle

01:02:12--> 01:02:13

is asking the favor of you.

01:02:15--> 01:02:17

And he's telling you to do something for him.

01:02:18--> 01:02:27

And you maybe he's doubtful if he will do it or not. How does he make you feel a sense of obligation? I'm your uncle. I'm asking you as your uncle.

01:02:28--> 01:02:29

That's your father.

01:02:30--> 01:02:40

To create that, like, how are you going to say no, you're gonna say no to your uncle, you're gonna say no to your father, to create that sense of obligation? Same thing, allies are a man.

01:02:41--> 01:02:56

Once again, that that pondering that reflection is continuing. You're really gonna deny him? Iraq, man, you're not gonna believe in him. You're gonna refuse him? He's unreal, man. He's giving you everything that you have. So then Allah says Pharaoh, GL basa

01:02:57--> 01:03:01

pharyngeal bazaar. So then what eerdere

01:03:02--> 01:03:06

allergy or excuse me, so then what allergy allergy means return.

01:03:07--> 01:03:11

Take back to its original position, meaning

01:03:12--> 01:03:18

ology means to return. So if I pick this bottle of water, this bottle of water is sitting here, and I move it

01:03:20--> 01:03:40

or reject to LG or who I will return it back to its original position. That's what it means. It doesn't just mean to return something. It means to return it back to its original position, place it back exactly where it was before. So far, Jerry basara bizarre normally we translated as vision, but it just doesn't mean vision.

01:03:42--> 01:04:29

It's the amount from Bob if your job, right? If so, buzzer just just mean vision or sight. It means vision in sight, which incorporates mental mentally pondering something, contemplating something to think about something. So not just looking at something blankly, but when you look at something and you contemplate it, you think about it, that's called bizarre. That's called bizarre. So Allah is saying return this site, and return your contemplation return your reflection back to where you started from meaning first a lot holders matter of Iraq man, look around in the creation of a lot. You won't find any inconsistency he's now he's saying now go back again.

01:04:30--> 01:04:37

commanding go back again and apply your vision apply your sight, apply your contemplation back again.

01:04:39--> 01:04:52

Meaning do the same process again. heltah Roman photo, do you see mean photo? Any type of photo basically means a gap to be in something. Football means a gap.

01:04:53--> 01:04:55

So do you find any type of a gap

01:04:56--> 01:04:59

any type of a rip any type of a tear?

01:05:00--> 01:05:20

Rip or a tear a gap you find any gaps in you don't find any is already established, you won't find any inconsistency, so you don't find any rips. The other thing about in consistencies. This could be one thing with another being consistent, but just each individual item itself. There's no rip, there's no tear, perfectly laid out, you won't find anything.

01:05:21--> 01:05:33

Then the next is is what Thumma filma filma in the Arabic language doesn't mean then just then we need to understand it properly, it implies a passage of time.

01:05:34--> 01:05:38

So then let some time pass. Or then some time has passed

01:05:39--> 01:05:58

filma Otto Jerry buss on film model Jerry buss on then return your reflection your contemplation back again, Governor attain Qatar attain. Let me explain this word gutter gutter in the Arabic language is also used for like a military attack a military strike,

01:05:59--> 01:06:03

a military strike or a military attack. And what it refers to is

01:06:04--> 01:06:08

when they make light strikes, or they are making attacks.

01:06:09--> 01:06:22

And they're successive attacks that are all similar in force in in blow, like one line after another line after another line, consistent one after another attacks of the same kind over and over again. That's called karma.

01:06:23--> 01:06:32

From this comes the car. To repeat something, it doesn't just mean to repeat something means to repeat something over and over again in the same manner

01:06:33--> 01:06:37

to repeat something in the same way over and over and over again.

01:06:38--> 01:06:44

That is what Korea means. Now in the Arabic language, guttural attain, it means twice.

01:06:45--> 01:06:51

But it doesn't literally mean twice. in any language, your figures of speech, their expressions.

01:06:53--> 01:07:33

Like in English, if I say there's dozens of books on my desk, that doesn't mean that there's literally 36 books Exactly. Because I said dozens that there has to be either 24 or 36 or 48. Exactly. No, no, that just means there's lots of books on my desk. It's an expression. Similarly, in Arabic, when you use something in the duel form, especially this word karate, it means over and over again, doesn't literally mean just twice. It means over and over and over and over again. repeatedly. To repeatedly do something. But I told you this word implies not to just repeatedly do something, but make sure there's consistency in how you're doing it

01:07:35--> 01:07:45

with the same quality with the same force to do it over and over again repeatedly. So Allah said thalma so first in the previous iOS Portela told us photo Jerry buss

01:07:46--> 01:08:22

returned back your gaze, your contemplation holtermann food you didn't find any gaps. Well guess what? Full Moto G elbasan. Then after some time has passed, return back your gaze your contemplation your reflection, returned it back again cutter attain over and over and over and over again repeatedly. Make sure this is something you normally do. Make sure this is something you consistently do. You have a regular habit of doing this, that you keep looking back, you keep reminding yourself you keep pondering what will happen if you're consistent with this. If you regularly do this, what will be the result of it young colleague.

01:08:24--> 01:08:34

Now we always have the word Raja Raja means return in caliber also means return but different. In caliber means when something returns back, or something turns in a different direction.

01:08:35--> 01:08:48

But the direction has changed. Something has changed in the situation. So Young and it means young, illogical, bizarre, your contemplation, the vision, the contemplation the reflection will return back to you.

01:08:49--> 01:09:00

changed. Meaning if you are consistent, you are regular. You regularly look out there you focus you think you contemplate you reflect your perspective will change.

01:09:01--> 01:09:30

It's what's giving us practical steps. Meaning it's impossible for you to be open minded, to be honest, sincere, truthful, look out there ponder upon the last creation. Think about it reflect on life and your perspective not to change it can happen. Young fallibility calabasa it will return back to your perspective will change hos e n cos E n kasi n in the Arabic language the root of the word has a very strong meaning to it. It means

01:09:32--> 01:09:52

to repel like it's used it was using classical Arabic to talk about like showing a dog away from you. Like if you're disgusted by a dog. You don't like a dog coming near you to shoo it away from you to throw a rock at it and kind of chase the dog away from you to not make it near come near you to kick a rock in its direction is

01:09:53--> 01:09:59

so classy and means you you're not your perspective will come back to you return back to you change causing

01:10:00--> 01:10:45

In a stage where you are now humbled, humiliated, meaning it will have put you in your place. What it Why are you showing that dog away because you want that doctor know which place it shouldn't come here near you, it should stay there. So you will, you will now know your place cause he will who has seen and he will be hasil hasil refers to somebody getting worn out, being fatigued, being tired, exhausted, and it specifically was used for getting tired, getting exhausted, getting fatigued of looking at something. If you sit there and you stare at something for a long time and then get tired. Now your head hurts and your eyes are sore, and you're just exhausted, you're tired. That's

01:10:45--> 01:11:26

called hazard hazard. So that's what will happen. You will be tired, you'll be fatigued, and you'll be completely worn out, humiliated, humbled and you'll know your place. So something very interesting here and we'll end with this is even the word usage, Allah uses a one Raja Raja Raja means to return back something to its original place. So keep returning back to that reflection. And if you keep applying that reflection, that contemplation consistently what will happen Allah uses the word young Felipe, your perspective will change color attain, but you have to be reflecting with the same level of quality, the same level of consistency and it will change your perspective. So

01:11:26--> 01:11:30

inshallah let's go ahead and stop here next week inshallah we'll continue on from here.

01:11:31--> 01:11:37

So Hanalei de swannack along with Nick naturally will La Ilaha Illa antenna software kawana to Lake

Tafseer Surah Al Mulk 01
32.99MB