Tafseer of Ayahs 5 – 11 of Surah Mulk
Oct 2, 2010
Recap: Verses 1 – 4
67:1 An introduction to Allah and his oneness as the King in control and has full power over what He possesses.
67:2 Allah is the owner of everything. The purpose of creation and its systems is a test for mankind who is naturally competitive. We need to properly channel our energies into doing good.
67:3 Reflect outwards – Looking at the perfect creation of Allah which have no inconsistencies.
67:4 Reflection needs to be a regular exercise of the believer.
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As Sama ad dunya – Is referring to the only sky we can see, this is the one we look toward for reflection.
As samaa – that which is near to us, lower (heavens). That which needs to be reflected upon so we gain closeness to Allah.
Zayyanna – (We) have adorned/ beautified. Allah uses the majestic plural for emphasis – to highlight the information even though He means Himself.
Bimasaabeeha – lanterns (Stars and celestial bodies we see in the sky)
Rujoom – thrown, cast away from Rajeem – (Shaytaan is the accursed one – cast aside).
So, Allah has beautified the the sky with lanterns (stars) that serve two purposes. While they are decorative they are also used to throw shaytaan from the lowest heaven, repelling them while they attempt to overhear the conversations of the Malaaikah to cause mischief.
‘Athaboo – from the root word ‘athbun meaning sweet. While ‘Athaab is opposite in meaning – punishment. In Arabic sometimes a derivative of the root takes on the opposite meaning or becomes a word on its own with its own meaning as is the case here. The punishment reserved here is jahannam
Sa’eer – a powerful word which describes not just any fire but a blazing fire that is reserved for the punishment of the jinn. Punish jinn with fire when they’re made of fire? This fire is sa’eer and harsher than what they’re made of. (Only iron cuts iron)
Walillatheena – Exclusively for the people – for those who disobey Allah.
Kafara – to hide, sounding similar to ghafara as both words mean to conceal. While ghafara from ghafoor has a positive meaning kafara has a negative meaning.
Kafaroo – to hide the blessings as from Allah. To deny Allah. To disbelieve
Rabb/ Rabbihim – Allah uses this word instead referring directly to Himself to create a connection with his slaves. He is *Your* Lord (The one who nurtures and fosters you).
Jahannam – The Hellfire
Maseer – A place where someone ends up. And certainly, Jahannam is the worst place anyone can end up.
Ulqoo – to be placed in (Jahannam)
Shaheeqan – Deep and menacing sound resembling breathing. Jahannam will make this sound as people are placed into it.
Tafoor – from the word ‘fawraan’ quick intense and fast. Jahannam has a body of water that will heat ever so quickly to the point of overboiling and then exploding.
Tamay-yazoo – blowing to bits. The water heats so quickly that it intensifies and eventually blows everywhere.
Ghayth – An extreme anger – more than ‘ghadab’- normal anger.
Fawj – used to describe an army contingent but means rows of people moving along quickly (ushered in a way the prisoners of hellfire would be ushered.
Sa alahum – Asking many a question.
Natheer – warner
Bala – Yes, certainty.
Fa kathabna – we denied them.
They will be asked if they received a warner. They will not deny that they had and that they rejected the warners. They were most astray.
Nasma’u – We should have listened
Na’qilu – We should have thought about it – from the root word ‘aql which means to restrain or restrict and is used to refer to intellect – that which should restrain and restrict you and make us remorseful.
Fa’tarafu – from I’tiraaf which means to admit guilt.
Bi thambihim – from ‘thanab’ a tail. For a sin – which follows us like a tail unless we make tawbah.
Suhqan – Disgusting!! To describe the companions (Ashaab) of the flaming fire (sa’eer)