Tafseer Surah Al Mulk 02
Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
File Size: 32.81MB
Tafseer of Ayahs 5 – 11 of Surah Mulk
Oct 2, 2010
Recap: Verses 1 – 4
67:1 An introduction to Allah and his oneness as the King in control and has full power over what He possesses.
67:2 Allah is the owner of everything. The purpose of creation and its systems is a test for mankind who is naturally competitive. We need to properly channel our energies into doing good.
67:3 Reflect outwards – Looking at the perfect creation of Allah which have no inconsistencies.
67:4 Reflection needs to be a regular exercise of the believer.
– – – – – – – –
As Sama ad dunya – Is referring to the only sky we can see, this is the one we look toward for reflection.
As samaa – that which is near to us, lower (heavens). That which needs to be reflected upon so we gain closeness to Allah.
Zayyanna – (We) have adorned/ beautified. Allah uses the majestic plural for emphasis – to highlight the information even though He means Himself.
Bimasaabeeha – lanterns (Stars and celestial bodies we see in the sky)
Rujoom – thrown, cast away from Rajeem – (Shaytaan is the accursed one – cast aside).
So, Allah has beautified the the sky with lanterns (stars) that serve two purposes. While they are decorative they are also used to throw shaytaan from the lowest heaven, repelling them while they attempt to overhear the conversations of the Malaaikah to cause mischief.
‘Athaboo – from the root word ‘athbun meaning sweet. While ‘Athaab is opposite in meaning – punishment. In Arabic sometimes a derivative of the root takes on the opposite meaning or becomes a word on its own with its own meaning as is the case here. The punishment reserved here is jahannam
Sa’eer – a powerful word which describes not just any fire but a blazing fire that is reserved for the punishment of the jinn. Punish jinn with fire when they’re made of fire? This fire is sa’eer and harsher than what they’re made of. (Only iron cuts iron)
Walillatheena – Exclusively for the people – for those who disobey Allah.
Kafara – to hide, sounding similar to ghafara as both words mean to conceal. While ghafara from ghafoor has a positive meaning kafara has a negative meaning.
Kafaroo – to hide the blessings as from Allah. To deny Allah. To disbelieve
Rabb/ Rabbihim – Allah uses this word instead referring directly to Himself to create a connection with his slaves. He is *Your* Lord (The one who nurtures and fosters you).
Jahannam – The Hellfire
Maseer – A place where someone ends up. And certainly, Jahannam is the worst place anyone can end up.
Ulqoo – to be placed in (Jahannam)
Shaheeqan – Deep and menacing sound resembling breathing. Jahannam will make this sound as people are placed into it.
Tafoor – from the word ‘fawraan’ quick intense and fast. Jahannam has a body of water that will heat ever so quickly to the point of overboiling and then exploding.
Tamay-yazoo – blowing to bits. The water heats so quickly that it intensifies and eventually blows everywhere.
Ghayth – An extreme anger – more than ‘ghadab’- normal anger.
Fawj – used to describe an army contingent but means rows of people moving along quickly (ushered in a way the prisoners of hellfire would be ushered.
Sa alahum – Asking many a question.
Natheer – warner
Bala – Yes, certainty.
Fa kathabna – we denied them.
They will be asked if they received a warner. They will not deny that they had and that they rejected the warners. They were most astray.
Nasma’u – We should have listened
Na’qilu – We should have thought about it – from the root word ‘aql which means to restrain or restrict and is used to refer to intellect – that which should restrain and restrict you and make us remorseful.
Fa’tarafu – from I’tiraaf which means to admit guilt.
Bi thambihim – from ‘thanab’ a tail. For a sin – which follows us like a tail unless we make tawbah.
Suhqan – Disgusting!! To describe the companions (Ashaab) of the flaming fire (sa’eer)
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served in LA Medina Yoga shala This is our second session here for soulful monk. And we will be studying we'll be starting in Sharla from Ayah number five, and we will try our best to inshallah, complete it number 11. Today in sha Allah.
Previously in our first session, we had the introduction to sort of milk and just about in, in general.
And we also studied the first four is a photo,
I wanted to briefly recap,
you know some of what we discussed, just to kind of refresh everyone's memory. And to kind of reset the stage as to what we'll be discussing today. The first thing is that
I explained last time how, according to scholars who specialize in the area of the thematic study of the Quran, they tell us about the thematic divisions within the parameters. There are certain thematic portions of sutras or collections of suitors groups of suitors throughout the Quran. And just about axolotl monk is the beginning of the final portion of the Quran. From a thematical perspective, from a thematic perspective, the second thing is that this is very, very early revelation. So even though it's at the end of the run in terms of the organization of the most health, however, it is still from the early days of the revelation of the put on
some of the key concepts, some of the some of the key things that are covered within this, this final portion here just about UK, and Zama sort of so to move to sultanas
is the oneness of Allah subhana wa Tada. And that is, of course taught through what I like to call elementary he man, he man, one on one. And it's a very basic form of human education. And that is that people are asked to look around themselves, observe all the beauty and the magnificence of Allah's creation all around them, and let that lead them directly to a loss of power to Allah, the realization that there is a divine power in a divine being, and he's the only one who is worthy of our veneration and devotion, dedication and worship.
The sutras or rather this portion of the Quran also focuses on the alcohol, the life of the hereafter the fact that there is a life after death. And that of course deals with consequences of people's deeds and actions. So this these sutras have focused heavily on reminding the human being that listen, you're making choices right now in the life of this world, but there are consequences of the choices that you are making. This portion of the Quran also focuses on talking about the Day of Judgment, and that is in in turn talking about accountability. And so accountability is a very prominent theme. And it's sometimes just
alluded to, it's very briefly referenced, but there are certain surah certain portions of just about it that we're going to, inshallah eventually get to in our study, and that very vividly and graphically, and very powerfully, they talk about the concept of accountability, and how you reap what you sow, you're making choices in this world, and you'll have to deal and face those choices in the life of the hereafter. And, you know, this was, this was part of what was so troubling to the machine of Makkah. And this is why this is part of early revelation, because it's dispelling, or rather dealing with some very basic level issues, that the machine of Makkah had towards the message
of the prophets, a lot of them and what the Quran was addressing, and the machine of moko, we all know how to big problem with this talk of resurrection life after death. And the real reason behind that was accountability. That troubled them bothered them, they did not want to deal with the pressure and the responsibility of being held accountable because as they saw death wasn't was a way out. It was the it was filing for bankruptcy, it was basically cleaning your debt to you were just completely done. So you'd lived life, you did what you needed to you did whatever you felt like doing. And once you died, that's it, you became nothing. That's you, you just cease to exist, and
you were done with it. But now the Quran comes along the prophets validation comes along and says no, no, no, no, doesn't work that way. Rather, when you die, you go to the afterlife, there's life after death.
And there you'll have to answer and you'll be held accountable for everything you've done in this life. And that was very troubling. And they did not want to deal with that pressure. And so that was a very fundamental issue and problem that they had with the message of this early revelation of the Quran. Because, you know, it takes the comfort out of the sin. If you think about it, it takes the pleasure and the comfort out of the sin. Otherwise, a sinner knows I want to be held accountable for this, I have to pay the price for what I'm doing right now, it it takes the temptation or the the the draw of the sin it takes it away to quite an extent. So this was something that they did not
want to deal with. Another thing is that you know, when we talk about dollar, of course we know the ayat of the Quran, or the oil so with Arabic Allah hikmah will Mora that it has Anna Tao should always be done in a very compassionate and in a very wise and intelligent manner. And we are advised to focus on
inviting people using positive talk and positive methods before ever resorting to any form of negativity or,
or talking about consequences, but rather first trying to motivate them and inspire them to do what's right and to come up to a higher standard. However, when we read the soul as well, as we're going to inshallah read even today, the tone is very strong here. And remember, this is early revelation. So the tone is very strong in early revelation. Now, that begs the question that I thought we just said that Tao should be very kind and soft to begin with, and to be to be easier for people to accept and make some very difficult choices. But here we see that the tone is very strong. So this is the issue that is called in doubt. The prophets A lot has him in the beginning of his
hour, he was told what a back of a cabin he was hoping for. And then he was told to stand up and warn, warned people wonder Sheila tilaka, bingo warned the closest of your family members or tribes, members, tribe members. And so this is the issue of invalid, invalid means to warn. What it precisely means is to warn someone out of sincere concern for them of some of some danger, or something that is of a real danger to them. So to warn someone because you care for them, and you're warning them about something that is a real danger to them. And, you know, in sort of tscm Allah subhanaw taala tells the prophets a lot he's only been zero Poma mountain there are about four huafu
that you have been sent to warn a people and their forefathers had not been warmed. So because of that, as a consequence of that these people come from generation after generation after generation of people who have not been introduced to eemaan. And those people have lived a life that is devoid of any idea, any concept, any concern for accountability, and the choices that they're making. So that's why you will
I find these people to be very heedless, and to be completely detached from this reality of life and reality of the hereafter. And so therefore, these people need a very serious wake up call. Because these people are very deeply asleep, they're completely disconnected. You know, when you're sleeping really deep, or if you're a deep sleeper, then the alarm in your phone after a certain point, or the alarm in your watch it does it, it doesn't even do anything. The alarm clock, the alarm that you set in your phone doesn't work anymore, you get the little digital clock that beeps and you know, that didn't do much for you either. So you realize, okay, you're the kind of person that needs to buy
that old school alarm clock that's got two bells on top of it. And they're ringing so loud, that you know, it wakes up the neighbors.
And so you need that type of an alarm clock because of how deep your sleep is, and how you know, knocked out you are when you're sleeping. Similarly, these people were completely detached, these people were completely asleep, spiritually speaking. So they needed the alarm clock, they needed a loud sound, they needed something that would snap them
and bring snap them awake and bring them to reality. And that's why the tone of the Sooners will be very, very strong, it's the indoor, it's the warning, it's a strong tone. And the purpose of it is to wake them up, not to scare them, not to scare them off, or scare them away. But to wake them up because of their situation and the culture, the system, the climate that they have been raised in. Because of that they need the alarm clock with the two bells on top. So this is a little bit of an introduction to the theme and the layout of what we'll be studying. Now the next thing is that
the next thing that inshallah we're going to talk about is, every week, when we start off here in sha Allah, we're going to do a little bit of a recap, we're going to have a small little recap. The reason for that I'll explain as well, is that,
you know, when you study the small sodas from Zama, those are usually done in one session or two sessions at the most.
These are longer scooters, and as we go forward, the scooters are going to continue to get longer and longer. And what happens in that situation is that more time will pass between the beginning and the end of the sooner we'll have five or six sessions, possibly for even disorders and just about it. And so what occurs as a result of that is, you know, the message gets separated and segmented. Now, one thing that is very interesting is that, you know, at some level, we are studying it out, we're studying individual ideas, and trying to understand them and unlock the the meaning and the beauty and the lessons there in the wisdom in design at the next level of the study of the operands
to study passages, and how I had come together to create, you know, beautiful passages that are full of lessons and the teachers so many more lessons in contain so many more, so much more wisdom. And then the next level of the study of the study de in Surah in its entirety, how from beginning to end, it's a very conclusive discussion on a particular issue or topic or theme. And then of course, beyond that, you have the new and the inter pseudo relationship, that how sutras are related to one another, and how there is a beautiful transition from sutra sutra. And it's very once again, conclusively developing a concept, an idea, a theme and delivering it to humanity. So, inshallah,
the purpose of the recap will be to show you the continuity and the flow of this neuron shala. So last week, we talked about it number one to biotechnology via the hidden milk or hawala condition. And of course in this this is the introduction to Allah, that not only is he the one who isn't control, who is the King, who owns everything, but at the same time, he's not an owner or a king that does not have full control and power and capability over his possession Rather, he is fully capable fully in control along with being the owner and the sole, the sole owner of everything he is completely in control of everything. I am number two, a leather moto well Hialeah blue welcome as
well as is with a four iron number to demonstrate something very beautiful to us something very profound, and that is that when when we say that Allah subhanaw taala owns everything that doesn't that literally means that he owns everything. So there are certain intangibles certain things that
We don't consider that can be owned by someone or being under the control of someone such as lifelessness. And life like we talked about last time, you could call it life and death, but the more appropriate
you know, translation here in the sutra is lifelessness in life, and that something as intangible as that conditions, phases, state of minds, different situations that we experience. All of these are also under the control and ownership of Allah. Now, the next thing is that a loss montilla is specifically mentions life lessons lifelessness in life, death and life Why? What's the purpose? Why has Allah created the system as a test for humanity, Leah blue Acoma, Yocum as anomala, but not just a test, also, to drive and motivate us, because the human being, as I mentioned last time, is a competitive, naturally competitive creature. And that's manifest all around us, it doesn't really
need an explanation. I mean, you just have to look around you from sports, to materialistic things in the workplace.
We're very competitive. We we see competition, we, we crave competition. So the school is number two actually tells us that the purpose of this creation of the system of life and death is to drive us in this competitive spirit that we have the AU Kumasi, Rama, that which amongst us will be the most, who amongst us will be the most excellent in his actions and deeds. So it's teaching us to properly channel our energy towards doing good deeds, things that are pleasing to Allah. The next thing it also emphasizes this ayah teaches us is the art the concept of quality versus quantity. That without quality, quantity is useless. quantity is only and only desirable. In a situation where quality has
already been established. Otherwise, quantity is pointless. It is all about the quality that is a first and foremost thing and that's why Allah says the avenue accom au comm San Juan Milan, not at federal homina not who has more deeds or more actions, or other The one who has the most, the better action, the more excellent action I number three then tells us unless the Holocaust unless levy holla savasana was simply a matter of monumenta forward for Jerry buss or Raman photo. That is number three tells us that after reflecting inwards, and number two, who does the better deeds, now it's teaching us to reflect outwards, to look at that which is around us. So we began by looking at
the sky. And Allah subhanaw taala tells us to appreciate the consistency of the sky. You know, last week, I was actually in Southern California. And so some of the hosts there, the brothers that had invited me for the program in the lecture there took me to the Griffith Observatory Observatory in Southern California. And it was fascinating. You know, it's an opportunity to study a lot of, you know, what's out there in outer space and the solar system and the galaxies. And they had these exhibits, and they had these very smoothly moving
exhibits or small scale models, if you will. And the point of, of this one very elaborate display that they had, was to show how everything is moving precisely. And there's consistency in regards to that. And that if something was to move just a little bit, just a little bit off, of course, it would basically bring the entire system crashing down. And it's Han Allah, I had been reading the surah. And you know, looking up the Tafseer of the of these ions, and it hit me like a ton of bricks that Subhan Allah that is the consistency that I was talking about here, the backline
matter of your health management forward. Now one other thing before we go there is that a loss, there's a point of reflection here as well, that just like we observed, the different stages of the sky, the different levels, the BOP, and the different levels of the sky, where it's telling us to reflect on the different stages of life as well, how you went from being conceived to being born, given birth to and went from a helpless infant to a toddler and child and young man and your young woman. And you eventually reach adulthood had a family of your own and a person grows old and eventually died. So all these phases of life, it's just no it's no different than all the different
stages that we see the sky and as well. Matter of your health. There are many many of our than the interesting thing we saw there is first allies addressing us in the plural here. Now he addresses this when talking about reflection. He addresses us in the singular because reflection is a singular exercise. It's something we need to learn to do by ourselves.
And this is part of that connection to Allah that we're supposed to experience and we're supposed to build
Allah subhanaw taala when telling us to reflect, says photo Grl busser photo Grl basa uses the word bustle. And the word bizarre in the Arabic language isn't just to look at something, but it's to look at something and then contemplate it and reflect on it. And then finally, I am number four, Gerald basada karate, young caliber legal Bizarro hottie and World War has seen.
So many Arabic language basically means and then again and again, it basically says after some time, so for mine, the Arabic language literally means after some time, through modern gel basara karate, now karate means again and again, over and over. So what this what this word itself is telling us what this is teaching us is, reflection needs to be a regular exercise of the believer. And also the workout routine also has the meaning of consistency built into it, that it needs to be with the same
consistency there needs to be the maintaining a focus and concentration and commitment to this reflection, regular reflection that we have. And if a person is able to have this level of discipline, and be regular and responsible in regards to this last panel with Allah says young colleague, a little bizarre, that young colleague, you have to call it doesn't mean for something to just return. It means for something to turn around and go in a different direction. Meaning that your reflection will return back to you will turn around with a different conclusion. Basically, you'll come out of this better than you went in into this process of reflection yellowbelly will
akel bustled your your your contemplation reflection will return back to you hoshea and and we talked about hockey and the best way to describe your Know your place you'll know your place in this greater system. And what we're has seen and basically you'll be fatigued and exhausted overwhelmed by what you've just understood what you realize and what you've experienced. Now inshallah we're gonna get into it number five.
In it number five, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Well, apodization sama dunia be masabi Hi john. How Raja militia been? chillin Allahu Mahadeva sorry.
Now real quickly I in number five is originally it's better fits with the first four I had. And I had originally intended to discuss it number five last week, but we were short on time so we weren't able to now unless us after he's told us to look up at the sky and seven lay
out the seven heavens in seven skies.
But Allah subhanaw taala is telling us to reflect, to look to ponder. And that's why Allah subhanaw taala is now tells us calls our attention to a semi dunya the sky of this world, the sky that we see, because actual for actual reflection and to be able to look for it to be practical. the practicality of the matter is that we can only see this guide that is right there in front of us above us. And so that's what Allah subhanaw taala is talking about now, and that is what he is addressing. So there's a switch that has just occurred here.
Now Allah subhanho wa Taala says well upon is a Ghana Well, there's two level of emphasis two levels of emphasis here law called now law says a yen now we have beautified a semi dunya. The sky of this world now the word dunya refers to something that is either near or something that is lower. So both the sky of this world is near to us. And it's also lower. So both of these words, the word and both of its implications apply here. Be masabi ha with lanterns. So ally saying here that most definitely no doubt. We have beautified we have adorned dezign from Xena to make something beautiful, to make it attractive and appealing to adorn something we have adorned the sky of this world using lanterns.
Now one thing I want to point out here is a lost power. Donna says is a yen now we have so there's two issues here. The first issue is that this is the ally speaking in the plural, he's saying we have adorned. So this is a very basic issue. Most people might be aware of this. Nevertheless, I feel like I should clarify just in case someone's listening. But someone could have the question why is Allah speaking in a plural? Well, this is what we call the majestic plural or the Royal we and this is an established part of the Arabic language this is was present even in pre Islamic Arabic poetry literature. And this is even found in other languages as well, that when a higher authority
speaks to his subordinates and the people under
His control in that higher authority speaks in this majestic plural, or the Royal we, and it addresses them addresses himself the power in the plural. So this is a very established power language. And this especially occurs when some blessings are being recounted to those individuals. So those people, so this is called 80 fat. Or rather, this is the majestic we in the Royal plural. The second issue here that we have is that if you look at the first few, the first four Ally's talking about himself to Baraka Lesiba Donald Alavi, he created,
so ally speaking about himself, which is third person here, he says, again, that we have, so this is first person. So basically, there's a transition that is occurred from third person to first person. Now, how do we reconcile that? How do we figure that out? Because
a lot of orientalist Western academics, they have basically picked on this issue, that the Quran is inconsistent, and that it switches between these tenses. It goes from third person to first person to second person, and that this is an inconsistency within the Quran. So the answer to this is that this is actually an established part of Arabic literature. Once again, it's a literary feature of the language called an empty fat. It's called transitioning. And the purpose of this transition is to highlight something, to highlight something.
And this is particularly insightful, when we understand that Arabic is a primarily spoken language and not a written language, especially in the early days, when this revelation is coming down. It is predominantly a spoken language and not a written language. So the purpose of a highlight is like for instance, when you're typing up an email, and also you bold a couple of words, because you want to call so when you when you're saying that the fear is after sort out the negative. So after motive prayer, you highlight those words, because you want to call the reader's attention to it the people who are going to receive this email, but in a spoken language, you can't physically, literally on
paper, highlight something. So how do you go about highlighting it? So they created a system Arabic, the Arabic language, the ancient form of the language has the system that is already incorporated, that basically highlights a word so that even when it's spoken, there's a highlight there. So you realize the reader, the listener, the one who is aware and conscious of what is being said, obviously sees or hears the fact that we just went from third person to first person, there must be something that needs to be highlighted here and we need to understand and pay attention. And what that basically is what the purpose of the highlight is, throughout the Quran. Whenever Allah
subhanho wa Taala talks about beautifying the sky and adorning the heavens, he always switches to the first person and sort of facilita losses, is talking about himself other homeless about some art for your main one Oh, half equally sama namaha that basically he completed them into seven skies in two days, well, half equally some Anambra, and he divinely inspired IID sky, its role and its purpose and what it was supposed to do was a an SMR dunya be masabi, hover, hover, and then we adorned or beautified the sky of this world using lanterns and for the purposes of protection. So once again, you see when Allah is talking about creating the seven heavens, and he's talking about
giving each heaven or each sky its role, its third person, but then when Allah subhanaw taala transitions to talking about beautifying this guy, he transitions the first person similarly in sort of soft that last panel was on a is an IE number six he says in law he'd most definitely your Lord your master, the one that is worthy of your veneration and worship, the one he is one is singular.
Rob somehow it will have been Omar Masaryk. He is the master of the heavens and the earth and all that which is between them opening Masada and the master of all the different directions the east and the west. in ASEAN SMR dunya buzina tiene el Tovar cube, and we have beautified the sky. In nothing in this dunya the sky of this world be Xena tiene el kawaki by the beauty of the stars. So once again when the less talking about being the Lord and the one word of your worship, and being the master and the Creator of the heavens and the earth and all that which is between them speaking in third person as soon as he talks about beautifying the sky that is closest to us. He once again
does it in the first person. So this is the reason why the high
Light exists and the highlight is there. Because this is where we're supposed to be focused on we're supposed to be appreciating this great blessing of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Another reason for the highlight that the scholars point out is the sky is something that Allah subhanaw taala has taught us, presented to us a very systematic form of reflecting upon and realizing its beauty and its magnificence and letting it basically take us and reconnect us to Allah Spano. Tata. First Allah says fillet under Luna
LSR ek for opiate, Allah subhanaw taala tells us Don't you see how this guy has been raised above your heads. So you can look up at the sky that our law tells us which I'm a sucker for my folder. And guess what he's created. Allah says we've created the sky, sucker for Mafalda as a protective ceiling over your head. And when you start thinking about a ceiling,
obviously, one thing that you look at, or one thing that you look for is the walls or the pillars that are holding up the ceiling and that's where a lot tells us or of our semi ytb lady Ahmed in Tirana, that basically he has raised the sky above our heads behind him and in Toronto without any pillars that you can see. So the sky is something to be appreciated and is a true manifestation of the greatness and the power and the magnitude of a lost power tada and his ability as a creator.
So now here, Allah subhanaw taala says, Well, I can see in this imaginary masabi ha. So we have adorned or we have beautified this guy using lanterns masabi. This is the plural of the word Misbah comes from the root of the word sober, and even thought is from amongst the more classical linguist, he says that the word mizpah Super, the root of this word feel humble. It has the implication of something being read. And that's why in the morning time, you see after sunrise, that basically the sky is red. And so even a lantern because there's a fire burning inside a small flame, it's more detached redness to it. Be masabi Ha, ha ha rodeo militia.
Now after we look up at the sky, we appreciate it. And we look at its beauty and magnificence. The next thing is a law tells us which I know how to do militia been and we have made it.
Now this hard is it this domain, this pronoun could either be talking about the lanterns that we have made these lanterns up in the sky. And of course, I didn't explain this. But when we talk about masabi, the lanterns in the sky This is of course referring to the stars and the different the other celestial bodies that we see up in the sky. You know, when I was at the observatory last week, something very fascinating and interesting was that these really super powerful telescopes set up outside for the visitors to be able to look through. And because Saturn was visible. And so they had all these telescopes, pointed at Saturn and we lined up and we were able to take a look inside. And
Subhanallah one thing that was very funny was one of my friends who was in line ahead of me when you look through the telescope, and he looked away the other way he looked in the telescope and when he stood back up again, he said that it looks like it's supposed to
and and the made that made all of us laugh and I was I I asked him What do you mean, it looks like it's supposed to? So he said no, you know, how you see it in textbooks, and how it's drawn, and how we've seen it and maybe movies or whatever it is on television, you know, based on the imagination of people, but it literally looks just like that. And when I when I got my turn to look through the telescope Subhanallah I was amazed. You know, the rings of Saturn is what is one thing everybody knows about Saturn. And it's very fascinating Subhanallah those rings were so visible. And they were so vivid and colorful. And literally you could see the layers of the rings, you can see the
different color variations of the rings. And so Hanalei was extremely beautiful. And that's when I realized what he was talking about, that it was just so
beautiful and vivid and colorful, just like we've grown to appreciate and we see it painted in walls or drawn in textbooks or CGI, you know, created in in a in a movie or on television. And it literally is not just as beautiful but even more beautiful. The actual witnessing of this, this creation of Allah. So now Allah says that we're done now how to do militia thing and we made it so this it could be referring to the stars, though and these masabi these lanterns in the sky. And of course some of the scholars some of them are fussing over the opinion. This could be talking about the sky itself.
And grammatically speaking, that would be acceptable because the sky of semma in the Arabic language is a, it's a feminine word. And so this could also be talking about that which on ha, so now it's referring to the Macan. The place that we basically we've made it the sky a place when we do manly shopping. Buju in the Arabic language comes from Rajan. Rajan basically means to throw rocks, or to cast aside to toss away and has a very negative connotation to it. That's why Chevron is called the regime shift on the regime. And that's what I explained often to people's Rajim also has the implication of something just sort of being tossed aside, it's not like throwing a ball or with some
aim, or some purposes, when you sort of just throw some trash away, that is a Rajim as well. So room basically means a means that which is thrown the room refers to those things that are being thrown lisha think that these are, these are the things that are thrown at the shouting. What this is referring to is a very basics, you know, learning in a very basic teaching within the Quran, something that we learn from the Quran, and that is that before the, you know, the prophets, a lot of time, the Shaolin would sneak and eavesdrop basically on the melodica
and the heavens, and they would bring this news back that they are hurt. So basically, angels being given the responsibilities that such person needs will get sick, or that person will get a new job. And the Sheldonian would rush back down with this information, and they would offer it up to people. And these were fortune tellers or soothsayers and people would come to them and this is how they would create problems, and basically distort the belief system of people. And so when the Prophet Sessoms time came, then this practice was discontinued. Last panatela appointed angels and they would literally throw like fireballs at the shell Tina would gather up there. And this is referred
to in the Quran with somebody what brought it out rock methodical, Ninja methodical. And so this was a way to repel the shouting and protect and keep safe. The message of the Prophet Salamis him and the owner of the prophets a lot a setup. So this is what this could be referring to, that the stars in the sky, you know, because, you know, let's find out as we beautified the sky using the stars. And you know, when you beautify something in your house, you put a painting on the wall. Sure, it looks pretty, it looks nice, it's fantastic, but what practical purpose does it serves not much. And then when you put some hooks on a wall, so you can hang things on is a very practical thing to do.
But from a beauty or beautification,
you know, decorating perspective, it's not the most desirable thing to have on your wallets, a bit of an eyesore. So, but Allah subhanaw taala his ability and power as a creator is much much beyond ours and beyond our scope. And this is what Allah is demonstrating to us. alesso perfect of a creator. He not only created these stars as a means to beautify the sky, but at the same time, they have a very practical purpose that they serve, and that they are a means by which Allah subhanaw taala takes out the shouting, and does not allow them to eavesdrop and listen on the conversation of the angels, and then go back and confusion harass the people.
Another possible interpretation of the word or do militia clean is that a regime in the Arabic language I can sort of gafa rajamangala vibe refers to conjecture refers to coming to conclusions, kind of not based on anything just taking random shots in the dark taking random guesses making random guesses. So rule militia thing, it becomes an opportunity, a place a time a situation where the shouting can shortly engage people into this behavior of confusion and superstition and shake and just making random guesses about things and educated you know conclusions coming to an educated conclusions about different things. And so, and for this we know that there are two types of
shouting, shouting the Djinn which we talked about before and shouting Olins, some people, they just this is how they made trouble and they make trouble in their communities or their families. So this could also be possible meaning of the word
drama shouting that lost power tala has put these beautified this guy with these lanterns his lambs boo masabi how it allowed him a shotgun and made them in
Means of repelling the Shaolin or made them a means of further testing,
further testing to people by making given creating in the sky and by means of the stars and opportunity for people, certain people who are committed to confusing people, and ruining their emaan and ruining their beliefs, that this becomes an opportunity for them to practice this shift and confuse people about what they should believe in and what they should not believe in. So this is one also possible interpretation of design. catanzaro himolla finally says Haleakala who had the new Juma litho lathan, that basically Allah has created these stars for three main purposes. The first one is Xena to the summer, that is a means to beautify the sky. The second is a room Alicia clean,
and that this is a means by which the shouting are repelled. And then thirdly, and finally alama tune you have to that be, oh, that these are signs that the traveler can use to guide himself on his journey, and that the stars have always classically traditionally been a been a means of finding one's direction when one is out there in the open, especially at night, he can look up at the sky, find the Northstar figure out his direction, and know which direction that he needs to go to that he should be going in. So this is some basic, these are some basic things that come from this. So Allah subhanaw taala says we'll up and sing in this Mr. Miyagi masabi how to how to do militia at
home either, but sorry, that Allah subhana wa Taala says, Wow, tendon Allah home, and we have prepared for them, the shouting these people who have, either the people or the agenda have committed themselves to confusing people, and creating a problem between people. So Allah says, are attending Allah home that we have prepared for them. That but sorry, the word that means punishment, but it's a very interesting word from a
linguistic perspective, because there's two, the word AI that comes from the root of the word iPhone, which means for something to be very sweet, but that means punishment. So the explanation is one of two things. The first thing is that the word on tab is from that group of words that sometimes the derivative takes on the opposite meaning of the root of the word. So even though the root meant something very sweet, either means punishment, or punished. The other possible explanations are sometimes a derivative of all root word basic word spins off into its own meaning. And that is also a possible explanation here as well, that the word average is sort of taken on a
meaning of itself, and it's become its own word. Well
read a salaried route comes from CR, which basically refers to a fire that is blazing or flaming. So fire that is blazing or flaming. That's why a solar flare comes from the same root of the word as well, because of the fire that shoots out of there, even Seattle bomb. What's also very interesting is that the price of food, the word for that also comes from this same root, because you have to have your own way I do. Because the price of food continues to go up and up higher and higher, just like that flame keeps increasing. So that's the connection between the meaning of the word and to analyze, very interesting, very profound. Now. So a sorry, meat doesn't mean just any fire, it means
a fire that is flaming and blazing, a blazing flaming fire.
And that is the meaning of the word married. Now Allah subhanaw taala saying that this is the punishment for the share of lien.
But what's a possible objection here? Is that the shower clean are made from fire. So how is fire being punished with fire? How does that work? Doesn't it just further feed the fire? So that's where you know that's why Allah subhanaw taala did not say why I did not Ahmad Abu Johanna Morocco narissa. Sorry, because it's a more exaggerated form of the word he's going in.
It's this is why I lost pinata didn't see either one da da da Jan me saying adversary, because it's a more powerful word. That is not just any fire, not just any punishment, but a flaming blazing fire, that they will be tormented and they'll be punished within. And this is part of the answer for this is the answer for that objection that I presented as well. Because, like there's a saying in Arabic la lucha de Bella Hadid that the only thing that cuts iron is iron. So a lot of times, the thing that can overcome it is something that
is more stronger and more powerful than it. So even though the shouting that are gin might be created for fire, but this is talking about a greater fire a more stronger fire. And this is the beauty of the Quran as well. And whenever Allah subhanaw taala talks about punishing the jinn throughout the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala uses the word salaried because it's a greater fire of fire integrator fire will therefore cause them pain and that torment, and that torture which is the purpose of putting them there. So last panel went on so two subclasses omega zyflamend home and MD de novo human out of the episode, sort of thought that I in number six, Allah says in the my
daughter or his bow that she's on basically calls his group of people via Poonam and has homicide so that they may eventually become one day from the group of people from the companions of us have a sorry that Blasi flaming fire, which is in that which is in hell to hellfire.
Now, for my number six, the first five, as I mentioned, were talking about the introduction to a law, the purpose of this life. The next nine I had talked about not the choice remember, there was a choice presented to us and number two, Liam local manual. So based on the choice that the person has made, I am number six through nine will now folk or rather, excuse me, the next nine I had the I had six through 14 will now focus on the consequences of making that choice. The first six ayat will focus on the person who makes the wrong choice. And then there's one ayah that talks about the people who make the right choice. So once again, why is it throughout the Quran even though we see
the pattern is that it talks about the reward more than talks about the punishment that we're on typically speaking, and the profit so seldom speaks more about the reward than the punishment. But why here are there six I out about two people who mess up make the wrong choice, and one is about the people who make the right choice. Remember, I told you that the tone of the suit is strong because this is the wake up call. So that's why you have these type of
organization of ions and thoughts and concepts here in DeSoto.
Now inshallah, we'll move into iron number six.
Now hear from number six Allah subhanaw taala talks about this nefarious group of people who have made the wrong choice. And Allah subhanaw taala starts this by saying, well in lending in a cafe Robbie, Robbie Hamada Johanna, Moby said Massoud. So after talking about the punishment that is going to be levied against these Jin, Allah now talks about the human being.
And he says we're a little Latina. And for the ones who this is, by the way, that what's occurring here is this, this is an attachment when they levena. And so they should be coming later on in normal sentence structure. But it occurs here, prior it occurs earlier in the beginning. So it's out of sequence. This is abnormal sentence structure, which in the Arabic in literary terms is called a duckling with the heat forwarding and delaying the normal sentence structure, basically abnormal sentence structure. And the purpose of this is to show that this is an this is exclusively in regards to these people exclusivity is the key here is the point here. So exclusively, we're living
in a cafaro exclusively for the people who have disbelieved or were ungrateful.
The word Cofer in the Arabic language comes from the root of the word, the root of the word has the meaning, or as the implication of hiding something cafaro, to hide something. And that's why in classical Arabic, the farmer, the person on the farmer would have the responsibility of planting the seeds, sowing the seeds, that person will be called Kapha.
Now, when you listen Kapha on the haftorah, do they sound a lot of like? Yes, they do. This is not a coincidence, by the way. So holla This is the beauty of the language of offer also means to cover up something but the offer has a positive connotation to it. That's why it's used for forgiveness. Capital has a negative connotation to it, and that's why it's used for ungratefulness. So Kapha refers to being ungrateful because that person is hiding the blessing of Allah, not showing and admitting and speaking of the blessing of Allah, the obvious blessing of Allah in his life, but then it also further goes on to mean to disbelieve, because now this person is baring his fitrah, his
true inclination towards the worship in the obedience and the recognition of a lost power Tada.
So, these people have made the wrong choice and they have denied and refuse to believe in some
The most basic concept of Allah Spano tala, and who he is and his attributes his goodra, his power, his justice, His mercy, and the fact that he is our Creator and master and sustainer. They've disbelieved in rejected all of these ideas, while letting the cafaro be robbing him. What have they disbelieved in? Or who are they ungrateful to be robbing him with their own master their own Lord, now, like uses the word Rob here, and attributes are up to them, their Lord, their master. And this is very interesting, very beautiful. Allah subhanaw taala didn't say what little Edina cafaro Bella.
Rather, he says, bear up, be him.
So first of all, the word rub is being used because the word rub makes you feel a sense of obligation to Allah. You know, when your mother tells you take your girl, give your brother a ride gold, drop him off your gold, do something for him. And you say, No, I don't want to do it. I don't want to go. And your mother says you can't even do that for your own brother.
Now she doesn't use your brother's name. She says your own brother to make you feel that sense of obligation that this is my brother, I should take care of him, I should do this for him. Similarly, here, the word Arab is being used to make this person feel the sense of obligation that he did this with. This is your Lord that you did this with. You're the one who created you and sustains you and provided you and protecting you and guided you, the one who did everything for you did this with him. And not only is he just the Lord, you're their own Lord, he's your Lord he did all of this for you. Well in letting him either butanna we talked about the word for them is what is exclusively
reserved for them either. sabudana the punishment of janam janam is the name of the Hellfire itself. So the punishment of jahannam the punishment in the Hellfire will be sent mostly and this is the worst of places to end up Elma seed refers to where someone ends up where somebody ends up. So this is a worse place somebody could have ended up and this was of course by their own choice and by their own doing it number seven Allah Montana further elaborates on this Nanana we're not done. Remember this is a wake up call. So now Allah subhanaw taala elaborates on this. He that will all be her. Sammy Ola hace con we're here to food. When the word is that means when not if but when so
either means it's not a question of if it's just a question of when. So when they will be placed, or they will be placed fee her in it.
And it'll all literally means to like put something in a jar to place something there. So it's like being picked up and put inside of a jar like you put a bug like you know, some kid would put a bug in a jar. So it shows humiliation and helplessness that will be here when they will be placed in it meaning Johanna semi or Ola they will hear for it for Johanna basically they will hear that Jana itself will have a sound and what will that sound be Shahi
shake Shahid Khan means to inhale very heavily and to make a loud sound while inhaling.
So it's a very fierce, very animalistic, like sound of like a big beast inhaling something and making a sound wallets into healing. It shows it shows intensity and anger. It's almost like as if it's groundling. And this is something that's addressed even in other places. So to the last panel, talking about jahannam says a fee run we're sure he on that how we'll be exhaling. And then inhaling the fire of hell itself will be exhaling and inhaling like a beast. An angry hungry beast that is sitting there grounding at its prey. And in breathing very, very heavily about to pounce and just completely devoured spray. And the connection here is even sort of took off or lost power tada talks
about Yeoman napoletana hallym tala. That day we will say to Johanna Malik de la te Have you become full? Have you filled up with the whole bow? How will how respond? how we respond by saying Hello. Is there any more is there any more Bring it on, give me more. So it's like this hungry beast. So I want you to imagine this is the imagery of the Koran. So these people are standing there standing before the hellfire. It's frightening as it is. And then the Hellfire is literally growling at them snorting and breathing heavy and just like an animal ready to eat them and devour them.
We're here to food and not only that the food come from the comes from
Hold on it means it the root of the word actually means to be very quick and fast. And it refers to water that is that boils very, very quickly. So it's kind of like you preheat the stove. As soon as you put the water it immediately starts to boil up. So immediately like that the Hellfire, not only will it be that intense, but it will literally be over boiling with all of the intensity and the heat and the torment that is within Adobe as if it's just over boiling, it will be so intense that it will just it's like water rising to the top and boiling over and this wave does the the heat and the torment and the intensity of the Hellfire would literally be boiling over a last panel with
Allah Now further elaborates Now see, even this elaboration is giving you a better and better picture of the frightening scene and the horror of john, and this is a wake up call to Kakadu Tamiya zoomin Lv, Allah says about the fire that it's very close, that it would just completely explode. To me. Yes, the Mei is in the Arabic language means when something explodes in such a way that all of its parts, they separate the scatter around. So when something just completely blows to bits, like we say.
So the Hellfire is so intense, you know, like the last is said it's like boiling over that it's about to just completely explode and just blow to bits mean a leaf. From just this, this anger, the word of eighth is even more stronger of a word than the other other means anger is even more than that is literally like when you talk about your blood is boiling. So the whole fire is so intense, so mean that it's about to just completely explode.
The character magnesium and elevate cool nama will pay a fee how folgen that each and every single time a huge troop of people. And the word foliage is used here for a couple of reasons. First thing is that the word foliage is also used for like a contingent like an army contingent. And so it refers to huge crowds of people. Secondly is that when they're marching together, they're very noticeable. They're visible. So same way Allah subhanaw taala is basically saying that these will be huge crowds of people, and they'll be lined up and they'll be visible. And you know, just like the army, the rows of the army are moved along very, very quickly. They have to keep moving along these
people we moved along quickly, these new prisoners for the Hellfire calama will be half Odin each and every single time a huge group of people like this are put into it. Santa's home kasana to her Guess what? The punishment and torment of the Hellfire for these people who make this choice. It won't just be physical, there'll be emotional torment as well. You know, sometimes when you mess up, you know, your mom or your dad told you don't do this, and you did it. And you messed up and you suffered because of it. That's bad. That sucks. But you know what's even worse than that? is sometimes the I told you so. Did I tell you not to do that? Did I tell you that was bad for you? So
that sometimes is even more painful than the failure that you've experienced itself. And so these people will be emotionally tortured as well. So I love
that the gatekeeper, The Guardian, the gatekeeper of janam will ask them and let me tell them Naveed didn't somebody come to warn you and he'll call this person, the
somebody who's very invested into warning you and making sure that you didn't make these these big blunders and these mistakes, didn't somebody come to you and try to warn you about all of this?
All over albala, Khadija and another. Of course, these people in their defeated state, they'll completely admit they'll say yes, no doubt. Absolutely. But I absolutely can't deny it. But but the Jana the most definitely a warner did come to a somebody who was warning us and cared about us did come to us. What did we do, though, for governor? we rejected Him, we refused, and we called him a liar, raccoon and we said man has allowed me to not send down anything. In antimalaria galarian COVID you people are just completely lost openly in grave error.
And so meaning you're just completely drowning in this foolishness, this error this this, these lies that you live and
Allah subhanaw taala then in the next ayah he tells us that what is the level of the remorse that these people feel will follow? They will say that they said they have said meaning they will say lacuna. And one thing I should explain here is that because this whole passage started with this, either.
So this is talking about the future, but it's using the past tense verb to talk about the future, all. The reason for that is is that even though this will all transpire in the future by using the present
tense verb it shows the confirm the Confirm nature of these events and these things will happen, they will come to pass have no doubt about it will call you, they will say, loco Nana smell oh now illuma couldn't have said that if only my local Nana smell, only we have just we would have just listened ohnaka or thought about it for a second mark would not feel sorry, sorry, sorry, today we would not have been among, in the middle of all of these companions, these people who are in this blazing flaming fire of help. Now let me explain a few things here. First of all the language of the ayah Allah says we'll call you lacuna, ness, smell, nice smell, if we would have just listened. This
is very interesting. The fact that well, I'll talk about the word first and the smell now pulu me explain the word article. Before we get into further into our discussion the word often in the Arabic language, the root of the word means to restrain or to restrict something. And that's why a call is the rope that's used to tie up the camel. Machiavelli often refers to a mountain is for like a, like a fortress in the mountain. And so the word Apple itself means to restrain and to tie down something to restrict something and that's why the human mind the brain is called the aka the ability to think and our intellect is called the opposite because our intellect is supposed to
restrict and restrain us but if somehow life you look at it today the aka listen select is becoming the cause and the reason behind people running wild and living life like animals. When this is the opposite our intellect was supposed to restrict us and restrain us and keep us tied down and keep us
keep us legit keep us keep us within certain bounds and limits and and boundaries that today is the complete opposite. So they're saying loan local Nana smell are now below food have just listened or thought pondered upon. Now, this is something that occurs time and time again in the Quran. That the first thing they're saying is we would have just listened. And you know, because a lot of times the dowel when you even read about the story of new highly sallam, they wouldn't even listen to him. Jolly wasabi hongfa Danny they will put their fingers in their ears. A lot tells us and so little and fun.
will lead to cuca Latina colusa miana homeless man Don't be like those people who
they say follows me and they say we've heard well Himalayas mount but they haven't heard anything. They don't listen to anything. Allah subhanaw taala tells us in sort of jatha will you liquidly effect in a theme that allows my pity is upon all those types of people who are just slanders and liars and sinful people. Yes Maduro, it nah they hear the the miraculous signs of Allah subhanaw taala to Allah Allah he being recited upon him firmly you said almost like barren, but he goes on walking arrogantly just walks right by me a smile as if he never even heard anything for Bashir, who have been Aleem last panel went on and says give him the good news of a most torment thing and
and then the next level is way the Alamo Minaya Tina Shay and let's say he listened a little bit and he kind of picked up something from our IOD just even a little thing it to how the house then does he think on it, ponder on it. No, he turns it into a big joke. Even in Sook lokmanya last panel with Allah tells us we that to Claire Alia tuna Willa Masek Bianca la misma that basically when our ions are miraculous signs are recited upon him, will Lamaze aquilani turns away arrogantly condemning smiles if he didn't even hear it. And that's why instead of to zoom in our last panel which Ana praises the people for budgetary bad, caused them the most obedient slaves of Allah give them good
news. Who are these people are loving the SME owner code? First of all, when the Quran is recited, they listen very attentively and very carefully. Then after they're done listening to it, what do they do? You send your own little cola for yet to be honest, then they follow it to the best of their ability to give that some thought. They they apply their intellect and they figure it out. And they live it they breathe it.
These people will say, though, couldn't Dennis Murphy would have just listened. Some of them did listen a little bit, but what did they do after they listen to it in one ear out the other or they made it a joke. They made fun of it. They discredited they criticized it. They didn't care about they were apathetic towards it. Oh, no clue, then we would have thought about it. We would have used our brains and used our intellect to think about it and to live it and let it manifest itself.
Within our lives, my nephew's habit sorry, we would not be right now among the companions of the blazing flaming fire of hell. Now, a loss of power typically when a law talks about people being from a group of people, he says many of us have from the companions of such and such are from the people of so and so, of such and such place. here Allah subhanaw taala says fee, min means from fee means in, like inside of in the middle of. So it's literally like it's saying makena, we would have not, we would not have been fee among. So it's showing you that not only will these people end up in the Hellfire, but there'll be in the company of other such wretched people. So misery loves company,
and these people will have the worst of company, the most miserable company. Not only that, the scholars also explained the fact that the word fee is being used, it shows us if they are there right now, all of this conversation, all of this regret and remorse is being expressed by these people, as you're standing there in the Hellfire looking around them in this miserable horrible company that they find themselves in. And then just basically, finding, having pity on themselves. And and regretting and being remorseful about the decisions and the choices that they have made. Finally, here nine number 11, losses fight off will be them be him for so badly as herbicide for
food. Here it comes from the root of the word arafa, which means to recognize something, yeah, it sort of is used oftentimes when talking about the admission of guilt, admitting something. So these people have admitted their guilt in it's in the past tense form. So they've accepted the fact that felt awful. David accepted the fact that they are criminals, be them be him. they've accepted their sin, what sin is talking about, of course, the sin that was mentioned, and I in number six, when he lived in a cathedral built by him, the fact that they were ungrateful and disbelieving in their Lord and their master, their Creator, their provider, their sustainer, their maintainer, their nurture
the disbelieved in Him, they were ungrateful to him. That's the ultimate sin. And the word them in the Arabic language is an interesting word itself, that it comes from the root of the same root of the word venom, which means tail, what's the connection there? The fact is that, you know, when you see a cat and a mouse running, what's following it everywhere it goes, it still exactly, it still follows or wherever it goes. So the sin of the person is like his tail, because he the mindset, the psychology of the center is, he creates his comfort zone for himself where he commits a sin and then he goes away, he goes somewhere else. And he thinks he creates this, this delusion for himself, that
he has left to sin behind. His sin is no longer with him. And so it creates this level of comfort for the sinner. But the word reminds us of the simple fact, once you commit a sin and you go forward from there, it's like your tail, it follows you wherever you go. It's with you.
And what's the only way to get rid of the tail of the animal to cut it off? Similarly, the sinner has to cut off his sin. And what is the way to cut it off? That is doba repentance, father of forbidden by him for so only us habit, sorry. So
it's, it's from the Arabic language. It's a word that is used to
talk about how disgusting something is, it's even worse than saying just get away from me, it's it's like an even more exaggerated form of saying just get away. That's just, that's gross. Leave me alone, get away, get away from me. So not only that, but then it's in the root of the words, the linguist stay in the lexicons it mentions that it basically means something that is, it's used for something that is devoid of any type of good, any type of blessing. And then, so if you hear that, and at the end of it, this is my own mukluk grammatically speaking, if you know what that means, you know what it means if you don't, it's very easy to understand. This is the Arabic classical Arabic
equivalent of an exclamation point.
it's like So is this the exclamation point? The disgust is supposed to be expressed in the voice for so long as habits, aid for those people
who are now the companions, the inhabitants of that blazing flaming fire of hell, for sure.
So it's just completely just saying that how disgusting them pit pathetic these people are, that they ended up here when they had every choice, every opportunity and every chance in the world to make a different choice and this admission
of guilt that is being talked about. This will won't help them at this point at all. Robin Alba somehow was semi infj on Amazon and now moving on to such and countless places. Talk about this. Oh our Lord. Now we've seen now we've heard returned us back, we will do now.
One thing that's good in mo Kenan, we most definitely believe now, but they won't be afforded that opportunity here. And now like the Hadith of the Prophet says, and tells us, my lamb, you heard her, as long as a person's soul hasn't left and exited his body, that he has that opportunity to recognize and realize now and repent and change his or her ways and make things better. And that is basically where we'll continue on from next week. The next is talks about making the right choice, you'll be known to believe and inshallah we'll talk about that when we get there. We have lost our data give us all the ability to practice everything that's been said and heard from Hanalei, who
have the use of 100 Colombia handpick the Chateau La La Land on the soccer corner to willick