Seerah 122 – Banu Nadir
Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
File Size: 27.73MB
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smell like you will have the love of salatu salam ala rasulillah who Allah Allah He was happy as marine shala continuing with our study of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a siracha number we are the prophetic biography.
Previously, we were talking about the beginning of the fourth year of digital, which is the fourth year of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his residents in the city of Medina. Now to kind of provide a little bit of context exactly what we're talking about, but not to go over everything in detail. This is basically the period of post war hood. So in the second year of Hitler, of course, you had the very famous battle of budget. And in the towards the end of the third year, of the profits, a lot of them stay in the city of Medina, you had the Battle of boyhood, not the Battle of war hood was a very major event. It was very traumatic, both on the Muslim side and on the Mexican
side. And a lot of these events that are transpiring now are you can look at them as a consequence of the Battle of boyhood and the aftermath of the Battle of boyhood. Now, previously, we discuss the issue that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. There were expeditions that were sent by the prophets a lot he said them, there was the tragedy, which we discussed previously have been madrona, in which someone came under the guise of wanting to take teachers, to their people in order for them to possibly accept Islam and learn about the deen and the religion. And very tragically, they stopped on the way there. And there was a massacre that occurred in about 70 Sahaba, who were
students of the prophets, a lot of them they were not, you know, all Sahaba were students of the Prophet Sal said, um, but these were individuals that were dedicated to learning the deen and the religion, they were full time students of knowledge. And they were very brutally massacred at that place, a beat of my own Now,
one of the individuals who was able to escape that tragedy, I'm going to be in omega abundante. On the way back to the city of Medina, what ended up happening was, we talked about this previously, obviously, you can imagine seeing, you know, 67, or 68 of your companions, your comrades, your brothers, being massacred brutally. And, you know, seeing their dead bodies left out there, tragically, he was very traumatized, he was very shaken up and kind of on edge. his nerves were very, very on edge, he came across a couple of individuals, and he, you know, kind of interacted with them. And he found out that they belonged to the tribe of the individual who had recruited the
Sahaba and taken them to begin with, even though that man's tribe was not a part of this, what we call hada, this deception, but nevertheless, he himself acted of his own accord individually, his tribe did not cooperate with him. But you can still imagine that the Sahabi hearing that they belong to that tribe, he immediately, you know, was was shaken up by that he went on the offensive. And he waited till these two individuals like down kind of got off their guard because they were stopped where people would stop while traveling. And then he killed both of them before he thought that they would try to kill him or capture him.
When he arrives back in the city of Medina, he informs about what basically happened in the profits, a lot of them at that time, tells him that the people the tribe, they are not our enemy. They did not do this. In fact, we have an alliance and a peace treaty with them. And so the prophets, a lot of them said no worries, no concern. I understand the circumstances that you were in you had just seen, you know, nearly 70 of your brothers get massacred.
Terribly, and so I understand your own personal circumstance, however, we will be fair
We will compensate these individuals and we will pay basically the retribution for these individuals to their family into their tribe, the what's called the DIA the blood money, the retribution.
Now, this is where and it's a very interesting incident occurs that is mentioned within the Quran very prominently.
There was a tribe of you know, before we talked about earlier in the sessions where we talked about the prophet SAW some arriving in Medina, that there were some very key strategic Jewish tribes that lived in and around Medina Yamanaka, buena de Bono pureza. These were the major Jewish tribes that lived in and around the city of Medina, one of those tribes that lived right outside the city of Medina would now would be pretty much inside the boundaries of the modern day, Medina, but at that time, it was right outside of the old Medina was banana lead.
And so the prophets, a lot of them had a pact, and a treaty with banana lead. And the pact in the treaty was that if an accidental killing or an accidental death occurs, and the retribution, right, the the the blood money has to be paid to those individuals, then you will help us in the paying of that blood money, that and similarly, if you face a similar circumstance, then we will also aid and help you. So that agreement was in place, that if you find yourself in this type of a difficult position financially, we will aid you and if we find ourselves in such a difficult position financially, you will aid us, we are partners, just like we will share the benefits of our
partnership, we will share the losses of our partnership. And this, by the way, was not an unreasonable term in their agreement. This was standard operating procedure of him and of the treaty that would be that would exist between different tribes. So this was very standard operating procedure. So the prophets Allah Leeson reached out to the people of banana leaf.
And he said that, you know, we have such and such situation. And two of the individuals of bonucci lab, were accidentally mistakenly killed by one of our people. And we now find ourselves in a very difficult financial position where we have to pay the two families, right, the typical amount was like 100 camels per person. So it's a very exuberant amount, it was a very large amount, which is only fair. But because of our peace treaty, if the roles would have been reversed, we'd be willing to help. So I expect you to also play your part and play your role and aid us in paying this amount. They said, well, they were a little hesitant. They were a little reluctant. And they said, Why don't
we talk about this? So the profits a lot of them said absolutely. Now, I want to present all the facts of this situation so that you can get a proper picture. Because a lot of times the you know, the the European and orientalist, reading and telling of deceit of the prophets a lot he talks about it like one day, the prophet SAW some of the Sahaba just went out to bend and ulead laid siege to them burned the place to the ground and kicked them all out of town. And that was the end of that day. I want you to understand the circumstances. So you understand there is a treaty and they have to comply with the terms of the treaty. Now when they say you know they're a little reluctant a
little hesitant and so the profits a lot of them detailed the process and why don't we talking about this approximate services? Absolutely. And the profits a lot ism displays the humility. We're him, Abubakar, Omar Ali, radi Allahu taala and him the Kibo Sahaba the major companions, a whole group of them accompany the prophets Allah to him they go outside of Medina to balloon aliy to their neighborhood, and they go and visit them there they come and see them and say that we are here because you express some reluctance. And so we came to you to try to, you know, settle this issue and to you know, satisfy any curiosity or any questions you might have. So the process of displaces
humility, and they go and they sit down in their neighborhood in an area and where they sit down, they basically sit down, leaning against a wall because it's like the afternoon time, so the wall is casting a shade. So they sit down in that shade leaning against a wall.
It's at that particular time, that
some of them they basically say that in a comb lanta do or Rajan, Allah Miss Lee Halley, he had he was who likes a lot ism Elijah I'm big daddy min booty Arden for man Roger Lune Yeah, Allah Allah has a bait for you Dr. Lee Salatin when you read, I mean when they say that you are not going to
Find this man. In this type of a situation again, that's a literal translation what that means more so like in our languages, this is the perfect opportunity. You are not going to get another chance like this. He's in our neighborhood, sitting with his back against a wall. unsuspecting. He thinks of us as allies. So they're not armed. They're not alert, they're not expecting anything. So they a group of them get together and they say, who is willing to go climb up onto this house, the wall of which he's leaning against and take a big rock and drop it on his head and kill him, assassinate him
so that we don't have to deal with this issue anymore. funtana ballindalloch amaroo new geohash even can be one of the individuals that have been geohash he volunteers he says Anneliese Alec I'll take care of it. For sorry Delucchi Elisa cotton come upon. So he gets a big old rock some narrations mentioned that he got like the millstone, the big stone that they would use to kind of grind out flour and things like that. So it's quite heavy. You can imagine that he takes that he climbs up on top of the house to basically drop the rock on to the profits. A lot of the summer will either be like trying to assassinate him kill him for rasulillah. He's a legend in Asana.
And right at the moment, gibreel Allahi Salam comes to the prophets a lot. He says you have to leave right now.
You have to leave right now because this is what they're planning to do for Allah, Raja Raja and Elijah Medina. And in the middle of the gathering, as they're still waiting for the for the leaders of the lead, to come and sit down with them and have the talks, right? They're still sitting there waiting. But of course, where are they they're out behind the house, trying to figure out who's gonna climb on top and drop this rock on top of the profits a lot. He sent him that and his news comes to the profits a lot. So he just gets up and he just walks just quietly without saying anything. He immediately gets up and he just starts walking.
The Sahaba rhodiola Anima, Baccarat, Murali rhodiola Quantum and some of the others for myself fn obeah, sala de somos hibu. They sit there for a little while, like, just, you know, again, maybe the profits, a lot of them had something to take care of, maybe had to relieve himself. Maybe he had to go take care of something. They sit there quietly, right after some time goes by, they become kind of curious, so they get up to go look for him. They said we should go look where he is. Falco. Rajan McQueen belong in El Medina, they see a man coming from the direction of Medina, for salah and who they asked the man, have you seen the prophets, a lot of them and he says, Who the hell no Medina, I
saw him just enter into the city of Medina.
So the Sahaba, they go to the prophets, a lot of Islam, they catch up with him in Medina, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam informs them of the plan that they had.
Now it is at this particular time that the prophets, a lot of the seven gets together with the Sahaba. And, you know, they discuss basically what has just happened and transpired, these people that are supposed to be our allies, who are supposed to be helping us in this case, heard the terms of our agreement and treaty, right, in fact, forget about helping us out, they turned around and tried to assassinate the profits, a lot of them. And so they they think about what to do also there is a directive from Allah subhanaw taala, which I will talk about in just a minute. So the prophets, Allah says Mohammed, he sends Mohammed bin muslimah radi Allahu taala, and who is Sahabi, who was
from Medina, and had some, you know, connections in relations from the pre Islamic period with some of the Jewish tribes. So he tells them to go and inform banana lead, that they are to evacuate the area where they live outside of Medina, per the terms of the agreement in the treaty, because the treaty had said, If anyone violates these terms, if anyone commits an act of aggression towards the other, they will have to evacuate the premises, they can no longer be trusted to be neighbors. So they have to evacuate the premises. So part of the terms of the agreement, you have to go, he goes and he informs them that I've come with a message from the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And what's
very fascinating, was very fascinating is that when he goes in, he informs them that you try to assassinate the prophets or something, there was no denial on their part. That is also very fascinating. Right? So that means that there is an acceptance of their guilt. And he said, and they immediately start taking aggressive military or defensive measures about how are we going to fight
Muhammad salatu salam now, instead of like trying to, you know, if this was some Muslim paranoia, if this was some trickery on the part of the Muslims, which we know it's not, there will be some type of conversation about what are you talking about? We didn't do anything. How could you do this? Why are you saying this? There was none of that there was immediately a taking of arms. And so he goes in, he informs them at the same time you had another dynamic that had been playing out for quite some time that we've talked about previously. And that was Abdullah being obeyed in saloon and the group of the mafia tune the hypocrites. And the enemy within that basically pretended acted claimed
to be Muslim, but they were really constantly conspiring against the prophets, a lot of them, they were in cahoots, they were in, you know, cooperation with the operation Mecca, also constantly in contact with the Jewish tribes. And they were always looking for some type of, you know, a plan to be able to undercut the prophets a lot he summoned the Muslims. They send were to Bernadine who said, between of whom, where you had to do
Where were you doing? Where are you doing the humaneness?
So they send word to them similarly saying, Listen, stand your ground, don't give in. Fight Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam, if you have to, we are here for you.
And again, we'll talk about that when we read through the sutra. At the end of our conversation here, we'll see that they were promising them that look, what if you have to fight them will fight with you. The worst case scenario, if they kick you out, they asked you, we will come with you. We will leave Medina with you. We are with you in this fight. So don't you give up and don't you give in.
So because of their encouragement, and I've deliberately begun saloon just again substantiate the fact kind of recall something we've talked about in the past, he was the same individual who had come who had initially promised to participate in the Battle of a herd
with 300 of his people, and then at the last minute ended up retreating and leaving with 300 of his people trying to leave the Muslim army high and dry. And so that's the nature of this individual. And he was promising that I have 2000 men at my disposal.
And I will fight by your side and we will eradicate the Muslims.
But of course, when everything came to pass, he was nowhere to be found. So finally, they issued them a warning. They said you have 10 days
to do whatever you need to do. But you have to evacuate the premises, you have to leave the territory. All right, you have 10 days to make all arrangements and do whatever you need to do. They send word back, we're not going anywhere. We'll fight you if we have to. So finally, the prophets a lot he sent them along with, you know, the Sahaba the prophets, a lot of them came out from the city of Medina and proceeded towards the area but an elite
is Hark Rahim Allahu taala, the famous historian and scholar of this era. He says that this was in the month of Robert Irwin.
And so the prophets a lot of input, Abdullah Al Maktoum, the elderly, blind Sahaba, who was also more admin of Medina, he put him in charge of, you know, watching over the city of Medina and running the affairs of Medina. And the prophets, Allah Himself along with his companions proceeded to lead when they arrived out to banana lead, banana lead, they had a very strategic setup. What they had was they had fields. So again, it was not very easy terrain for an army to kind of march through. They had huge fields. After that they had very they had an orchard, if you will, like a date orchard that was very, very dense with day pumps. So again, an army really couldn't walk
through, couldn't march through. And it was just a huge area of just eight pumps. And after right behind those deep pumps, they had a huge fort like a castle with big walls. So what they did was they retreated back into their forte into their castle, if you will, locked up the doors position themselves along the wall. And now what they had was they had this dense foilage almost like a forest in front of them. After that there were fields. And so as the Muslim armies approaching through the fields, which slowed them down and kind of started to scatter them and disperse them, and break up the ranks, that made them prime targets to shoot arrows from up on the wall, and then
once they would enter into the forest, the trees that would further disperse and break up the ranks in the army. So that now they're like individual, they're separated and again, they had a strategic vantage point from on top, where they could shoot down arrows at them and kind of pick them off.
One after the other. So it's very, very treacherous.
So the prophets, a lot of them came to the edge of that those fields, the farmland that they had, and they camped out there kind of like a standoff. And a whopping the, he says that they stayed there for 15 days, they camped out there for 15 days. So there's a lot of restraint.
There's a lot of restraint and a lot of patience being practiced on the part of the process. And so in that whole 15 days, the message was sent to them that the previous offer still stands.
We had an agreement, you violated the agreement very egregiously, you can still pack up your stuff and leave and no one will be harmed, no one will be touched. We're not interested in bloodshed here.
But if you don't, you know, desist, then we will have to take measures.
And after 15 days, finally, the profits, a lot of a sudden, they tried to proceed. But then they were again met with that whole strategic plan that they'd had of shooting down arrows and kind of, you know, starting to pick off, you know, individuals from the army. so in this situation, the prophets, a lot of them took the necessary measures. And the necessary measures the prophets a lot SLM took was that the prophets a lot of them ordered, that the trees that the first of all, a lot of the fields should be raised
and burned, to level the land so that they could walk through it, and then those trees should be chopped down, cut down and burned down, so that it would clear path for the army all the way up to the fort.
And that's what the prophets Allah commanded the Sahaba to do at that time. And that's exactly what was done. Now, this is one of the key components,
or one of the key talking points when it comes to the incidence of banana leaf. Because the criticism that was brought against the profits a lot of a sudden, by the mafia home, the hypocrites Abdullah bin Laden's rule, and these individuals were Dr. Malik, sway dice, these were all leaders of the hypocrites. They said that
you know, how are you doing this? They said, Yeah, Muhammad
couldn't attend Hi, Anil facade.
What you're able to Allah Montana, who said that you tell us not to cause chaos and wreak havoc on the earth. And you say people who do such things are bad people from Caterina nephila.
So how are you tearing down these trees and burning these trees down? How are you going about and doing that?
The profits, a lot of them did not respond to them. Because for anyone who is there, it was obvious that this was not being done for sport. This was not being done for fun. This is not the classical scenario that we may be kind of heard of, or we've read about how different armies behave, or even seen in movies, or whatever it was, this was not like pillaging, where they're just going around randomly burning villages to the ground with people inside of their homes. This is not that, in fact, in fact, Quite to the contrary, many of the historians like even this half and be happy and others have also documented the fact that the majority of the trees and the crops and things in that
area were not burned.
Actually, afterwards, if you took a survey of that land of banana, the only a very small area of those trees were burned. And those were the ones that were in the path of the army that was strategically set up by banana lead as a defense protocol as a defense strategy. So even this criticism that was made by the by the mafia, the hypocrites, and later on much later on the same criticism would be made by orientalist and today by islamophobes online and individuals like that. It's completely unfounded because the vast overwhelming majority of the lands were not burned.
In fact, a very small area was burned and that was the one that was directly in the path of the army.
And again, the profits a lot decent didn't necessarily respond to them. The reason why because the last panel Rotella responds within the Quran, and we're going to talk about that in just a minute inshallah. So finally, the profits A lot of you simply arrive up to the when they see that they burned down the trees that were in the path, their defense kind of strategy is gone. And they've marched right up to the wall at that time, but no lead finally realized, this is not going the way that we planned. And so they surrendered and they came down
and they told the profits a lot. He said fine, we give in we will leave and even after all, everything that has transpired two weeks
of waiting it out, first giving them 10 days, then then rejecting the offer, then two weeks of waiting it out and giving them another opportunity. And then them still, you know being defiant. After all that the prophets a lot, he said, I'm still said, You have three days,
you have three days, you can leave every individual, every individual. And it said that there are about 600 individuals, every individual can have a camel with them. And they can take whatever they can load onto a camel.
Right. And in terms of what you can load onto a camel, think about it like everyone gets, you know, to be able to take like,
like a container with them. Everyone can pack up a van individually, each individual can pack up a van and take whatever they can take with them. And they packed up all their personal belongings, so much so that it's also said that some of them even, you know, removed like fixtures from their homes.
Some of them were seeing even taking like doors off of their homes, loading it onto the camels, like they were able to take most of what they owned, the only thing that they were told they were not allowed to take or weapons for obvious reason.
And then they were they left from there. And that's why when you read about the incidence of an athlete, most of what the Muslims recovered, after Bernadine had left the area where basically the weapons most of what was recovered was weapons there was not much left beyond that.
And so this is the incidents have been unloaded. And this is how basically they were dispersed. Now what happened to these individuals.
The narration says that the majority of them actually went to the place of labor.
And they were welcomed and labeled with like a huge welcome because one of the leaders have been an athlete his name was haven after he was considered like a very respectable individual amongst the Jewish tribes. And so they were welcomed and labeled with a lot of you know, parade and welcome and things like that. And they basically resigned in haven until the incident of cable would occur because from haven they would plot and plan the revenge against Medina and against Muslims. But nevertheless, majority of them went to the place of clay but some of them are also documented to have split off from the group and gone to the area of the Levant belonged to Shang and they
basically settled over there. And so this basically concluded the incidents of banana lead. A couple of things that are mentioned here about this particular incident is there were two individuals from banana lead who became Muslim.
One of them was the was the nephew of the individual who had tried to go and drop the rock on the officer some and assassinate him had been had geohash
his nephew whose name was yameen, even or made him and Kava he became Muslim, and the other individuals abou sad even when they both became Muslim, and because of them becoming Muslim, the prophets a lot of them said you are allowed to stay, you are allowed to retain all your wealth, and you are welcomed into our community and there's nothing held against you. And so they ended up basically staying with the Muslims at that time. Another interesting kind of anecdote or fact about this incident of Bernadine is that the during those that time of the day, while the siege was being laid against the lead, that is the time during which the ayah about the prohibition of wine of
alcohol came down Meza letter, hey Mohammed,
we have he saw that that is when the prohibition of wine and alcohol was revealed by Allah subhanaw taala. And that's a whole nother conversation. I'm not going to get into it here. But it's a very fascinating element of Islamic law in Islamic history, about how wine and alcohol was prohibited by Allah subhanaw taala, that it was done in three stages. This we call this a Deadwood, fishery, right at
a tertiary, that this is the gradual legislation by Allah subhanaw taala. And it displays and it shows the wisdom of Islamic law. And it also teaches us a very powerful element of data began to alene that how do you go about and really removing evil from people that it is a process, that it is a process and we should always remember that process and learn from that process? But basically, first, initially, awareness was brought. Secondly, then a partial prohibition was instituted, that you cannot pray while you are under the influence. And ultimately, it was completely outlawed and prohibited, eventually, and that was during this time as well. The other thing that I wanted to
mention here is that there is also a narration
that talks about the aftermath of the incident of vanilla lead, that one of the individuals are binuclear Reva another Jewish tribe that would end up having a very serious incident with the Muslims.
We are going to talk about later.
One of their individuals whose name is Ahmed bin sad. karate. He was one of the leaders have been called Eva. And he passed by the area banana lead, everyone had heard about what happened with banana lead, and he went through there and he kind of, you know, visited that area. And he saw that it was completely abandoned. It had basically become a ghost town. It was completely abandoned. He goes back to the area but no puedo he finds most of the people worshipping in the temple in the synagogue at that time. And what he does is he basically goes and he blows the horn, he makes an announcement, the entire bundle Pereda, congregates and gathers together. And they asked him that,
you know, where have you been? Because this individual had been sad. He was known to spend most of his time at the synagogue. He was considered to be a very devout worshipper. And they said, We haven't seen you here all day today. And he said that I have a very,
I have some very important news to share with you, he says, that are at Loma abran, but a bit not behind. I have seen something today that we should learn a lesson from, right at Manasa. Juana Halligan bar datacolor is well jelly. Banana D was always considered to be more powerful, more dominant, more well established, who was and he says in spite of the fact that they were like the big brother tribe.
I have seen their area their neighborhoods completely abandoned. It's like a ghost town out there after what they used any said they left their homes and they've gone. And this was all because of their, you know,
because of their deception that they practiced with the Muslims, and because of their combativeness and their defiance against the Muslims. So he said, we should really learn a lesson from this. And we should correct our ways and we should really think about what we're doing
anything finally appeals to them. Very interestingly, he says that, yeah, Tommy kodra hmri you know what the deal is for appear only which I learned to be a Mohammedan. So he says, Come on, follow me. And we should believe in Muhammad and follow Muhammad Ali Salim for liking Nikola Tesla Mona hoonah began because he says we all know that he is the prophets. But the bus shenana be he will be angry he ignorant heyburn abou from a rush. He basically refers back to two elderly, knowledgeable scholars of the Jews of the Jews of the Jewish tribes. And he says both of them had told us that this prophet was coming. And he fits every single description that they gave to us. So you know,
when I know that he's the Prophet, well, who
they knew a lot more than we do. Jana Yutaka funny who Duma who they told us that he was coming. Well, Marana btbr he they told us to follow him. Jah Jana in Baden macness. They spent extended time a beta noctus in Jerusalem studying ancient scripture. They knew what they were talking what Mr. Marana a nuclear whom in Houma salam, and they died before the appearance of Mohammed Salah he said them before he became a prophet and he came to us and they had written and there was sia, there be quest there will they had told us not only to follow him, but to give him their silence, that if they were alive, they would have followed him as well. You know that this is a fact because he was a
worshiper, right? He was like he was he was also like a somewhat of a scholar amongst the Jews. thermometer Allah De Lima but they died before Mohammed Salah the sun came with the funnel Houma be Hara Tina Javi. And we buried them here in our land for us catolico flamita kilometer column. When he says this when he makes this appeal to them, they all remain quiet and nobody speaks through my other huddle, Kayla. Then he says her all over again, trying to appeal to them. We'll have a phone bill how to be with Seba. Well, Jenna, and he tells him He says, Look, this is not going to end well. You keep wanting to fight him. He is the prophet of God. He has divine help and divine
intervention. This is only going to end with war with you losing and you being ousted from your lands.
one of the individuals he speaks up and he says that I have read in the Torah exactly what you were saying. I have read the description of Mohammed salatu salam within the Quran to see photography Kitab fixed avatara like I've read his description
In the total,
so, at that time
God knew I said another one of the Jews. He says to this leader who spoke hubzu Baden Botha, who says I've read in the total his description he says, Mike, I'm not okay. Yeah. Man minniti Barry.
He says that, why don't you believe in Him? If you say you read and it confirms everything very Why don't you believe in him? He says until I don't believe in Him because of you. He says, What do you mean, right? What what how am I present preventing you? He says that because he says to capital asset, but until Sahiba Dena Dena, for me.
He says, Oh cabinet, I said, the leader of the Jews, he says that you are our leader. If you follow Him, if you believe in Him, we will follow and we will believe as well when a beta abena but if you refuse to believe in Him and follow Him, we will also refuse. So I'm going to bin sada, who had come with the news, who had seen the area but in the lead, he turns to this individual, the leader, gob Kabak, no acid, and he says that,
why do you not believe them?
Right? Everyone is deferring to you now.
I have spoken from the knowledge I have zubaid the other scholar amongst our tribe has also confirmed that he finds in the Torah to confirm believing in Mohammed salatu salam, but you're the leader. And everyone is deferring to you. So what's Why do you not believe? So he says Martin de Lama.
He says that I don't have a good reason to give you why I don't believe I have only one reason but it's not a good reason. And that is moto t Boone FC and asita tambien.
I am a leader. I can't be a follower.
I'm a leader. I can't be a follower. My knifes will not accept me, deferring to someone else. giving my authority to someone else. I can't do it. And this narration is found in Bay hupy in the la luna boo is also found in Ebony's Hawk is also found in even Kathy and finally that is how benaco radar ultimately decided, Okay, fine, we're not gonna believe we're gonna fight this out. And we'll we'll we'll see how things go. So this was another very interesting incident in the aftermath of the incident have been another
one of the final things I wanted to share here. Before we just take a look at the Sudan, we go through the sutra.
The sutra also talks about bernadina was another incidents where now we had the situation of what's called manual fate.
We know about manual honeymoon, model honeymoon is what is collected, what is gathered what is acquired after combat.
After combat, like brotherhood, things like that.
Marlin phase is where there's there's no combat. There's no fighting that occurs. But somehow an agreement happens.
Right? There's an agreement and someone leaves. And so now you have weapons or property or goods that are acquired not as a result of combat, but they're surrendered. That is called Malin fate.
Now, this is where the situation of Marlin faking and the sutra the Quran, and so too harsh and it speaks about this particular situation but I'll just kind of explain it to you and then we'll we'll go through the sutra and see these things laid out within the sutra. But the command from Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is also a narration in the Sahih hain. I remember hiding my Muslim from Katara the Allahu taala and who and that is Canada Manu Bernina de ma Allahu Allah Rasool E. ma le MUJI Phil Muslim una Allah He behaved in volare cabin, that the goods are the property of Luna de is what was acquired as fate meaning that it was not the result of combat, what Allah subhanaw taala
commanded in regards to that was *a nets Li rasulillah, he has written it belongs to the state c manual of aneema. When it is acquired, it is distributed amongst those who fought
and as we talked about,
in the aftermath of the Battle of burger from Surah two and found
that a fifth of it homeless 20% of it a fifth of it belongs to the state, which at that time is of course the messengers allottee some and he uses it for the fukada Masaki
The timer and the affairs of the state, right different state institutions like welfare, taking care of the poor, the needy, and so on and so forth. But modern fe that is not the result of combat in its entirety is at the discretion of the state, it belongs to the state. And so now the state can basically utilize those goods for state related affairs. And that's basically what the prophet SAW some did it belong to it went to the discretion of the profits, a lot of the profits, a lot of them took a small portion of it, utilizing it to provide a years worth of sustenance,
you know, food, nourishment provision for his family for his homes. And the rest of it was basically used in regards to just the different needs of the city of Medina, as a whole difficult, rather Masaki in the poor, the needy, the destitute, the orphans, the different institutions of the welfare institutions.
Similarly, it's kind of mentioned at that time that a couple of Sahaba from the Tabby own, excuse me from the unsought excuse me a couple of Sahaba from the unsired, abou Gianna and others, they came to the prophets, a lot of these women, they basically were able to bring their needs that we find ourselves in very difficult financial circumstances we find ourselves in financial hardship, and at that time, the prophets loves him also gave it to anyone who was in this type of a difficult situation. So it was given out in this particular manner. The last thing that I mentioned about this incident who did and this is almost kind of a, an academic point
of kind of a technical detail, and then inshallah we'll go through the sutra and take a look at the sutra.
sutra number 59. Is that there is some discussion amongst the historians and the scholars about when did this incident of banana lead actually occur? Some of the historians like they have the walkie the and others. These are some of the early individuals to document the Sierra the life of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. They said that the incidents of Bernadine happened prior to the Battle of of Frodo as well.
But even his half even he shall even concede, and the vast overwhelming majority of the scholars who know what happened after the Battle of LaHood, in the month of February, we'll have the fourth year of hedger. And that is, of course, it makes sense as well, because as I explained, this was all in the aftermath of the Battle of boyhood. That's just kind of the last technical point and even concede, but I'm Allahu taala really provides a thorough explanation in this regard. And now to kind of move on to the final portion and the final part of it.
And that is that the at the conclusion of this incidence of Bernadine, the entirety of surah number 59. So total Hashem was revealed at this time, the entirety of the sooner was revealed, and this is why Abdullah bin abass radi Allahu taala and Kumar used to refer to Sultan Hashanah, the gathering, right because it talks about the gathering of individual of people on the Day of Judgment. He also used to refer to the sutra as similar to banana lead, the surah about banana deed. Alright, but this pseudo was revealed at this time. I'm just very briefly going to go through the pseudo I'm just translating it just kind of so you can see the sutra talking about this entire incidents. Allah
subhanaw taala says severely lacking MFI similar to marfin Rd, what will Aziz Hakim, that everything in the heavens in the earth praises and glorifies Allah subhanaw taala speaks of His perfection. And the last panel which Allah is the dominance and the one who is wise and authoritative, will levy a fragile vena cava Roman alakija be miniata him leoben Hassan that he Allah is the one who ousted those who disbelieve from the advocates up from their homes at the first gathering, mother Angela
Louie Marhaba, you free Buddha Buddha who may be more meaning for our facade and Allah says you did not think that they would leave you assume that they are never going to leave. And they thought that their fortresses would protect them from Allah. But Allah subhanaw taala came at them and undid all their plans from a place where they could in a way that they couldn't have never even imagined. And the last panel it's gonna put the fear and the intimidation of the Muslims within their hearts. And those individuals they themselves, destroyed their own homes. And by that, and also by their homes were destroyed by the hands of the believers, as meaning that of course, they were overtaken by
Believers, but they before they left and this one the things I didn't mention that many of these individuals have been alluded to before they left their homes, they actually burned down and tore down even some of their own homes. So Allah says that look at this, they were the ones tearing down their own homes for Leila bizarre so Allah said, if you have any type of sense, in any type of understanding, to learn a lesson from this, will Oda and catch up a level Anakin will gela
that anyone who wants to sit here and say, Oh, how terrible was their fate, that they had to leave their lands, if they hadn't left their land something much, much, far worse would have happened to them. And of course, the punishment of the Fire in the life of the hereafter awaits him if they don't change their ways vanliga Vietnam sharp law Rasulullah this was a consequence of the fact that they behave defiantly
and oppose the line is messengers a lot of them they're the ones who have the plot to assassinate the prophecy Awesome. Well, mainly shocking not having
anyone who opposes Allah then Allah is very harsh and dealing with them. maka Tata Molina Tino terracotta Maha imagine Allah Zulia from intellectually obscene fasciae clean there any trees that you cut down or any trees that you left in their place that was all by the permission and the license granted to you by Allah subhanaw taala so don't tolerate anyone's criticism. Don't be ashamed of what you did. This was by the permission and the license granted to you by Allah subhanho wa Taala will not allow Souleymane home from our family human hating on it the cabin when I came to LA you suddenly to lucilla who Allah Masha Allah Allah condition that this wealth that was acquired
is Malin faith
and he was not the consequence of combat, but rather Allah gave his messenger Allah gives His messengers dominance over whomsoever He wills. My
camera FileZilla will a lawsuit will lead Ababa Tama with masa Kini, Wabi Sabi, that wealth or goods that are acquired through this process, non non combat, right, they are solely and exclusively the property of Allah, at the disposal of Allah and His messenger and they are meant to be utilized for the family members of the messenger for the orphans, for the poor, for the destitute, the needy, why and this is a very powerful lesson that is contained therein within this sutra and within this institution of fate, that is very relevant today and Alesis gala lacuna doula john bainer Anya iminco, so that wealth does not remain perpetually just moving about amongst the wealthy, the
powerful the 1% of society.
So that wealth does not remain solely in the hands exchanging hands between the 1% of society, but this will serve the public institutions.
This will serve the orphans this will serve the poor, the widows, the needy, the destitute, because that is an equitable economic and social system that Islam has established. What am I talking about? rasuluh and if the messenger gives you something then take it when
the messenger tells you not to do something then don't do it. What's up line luscher needed a pup linfoot para la mahadji Nina Latina regimen dare him. What I'm wanting him. Yep, tahuna Amina la What did wanna answer Luna La la la sala de como se, this world can also be used to provide some stability to those poor immigrants who had left their homes and their wealth and their properties behind them in Makkah, and had come to the city of Medina and even though they've lived in the city of Medina for three years, they still find themselves very financially unstable. This wealth can also be used to provide them some level of stability. Why? Because they made all those sacrifices
solely seeking the pleasure of Allah.
And they went on to Luna lava Sula, they did it they did this to aid alignments messenger means to strengthen the deen of Allah will I call Masada when they are truthful, sincere, honest people of integrity. When Levine it's about what will data will email them in public him. And also if you find similarly in a situation of financial instability, the residents of the city of Medina who opened their homes in their hearts, to their believing brothers and sisters, you bounnam and hajra lay him. They love these people, their brothers and sisters who have left their homes and come to them when I get to do an official duty hajat ama
and they never ask for anything back in return. They have never kept track. They have never given receipts or invoices. Hey, I hosted your family in my home for six months. Therefore this is how much rent you owe me. This is the grocery bill that you owed. They've never done that. They've never had
Without any invoices. We use the rune Allah and Fujimoto cannot be masasa. They given the given the gift even when they don't have anything for themselves. When you put your hand up see for like a muffler home, when you can avoid the covetousness. The stinginess, the greed of the soul, then you will find yourself in a position of success
will levena job whom embody him and even those who came after that? Yoku Luna Robin a Filipina only one in a Latina Saba una bella and they say Oh Allah forgive us, and our brothers who have preceded us in faith will add to the future novena Helen a Latina, Aminu, robina in Nakuru for him and never allow there for there to be any hatred or resentment in our hearts for the people who believe.
lm Tara and now so that talks about what transpired and what to do with the wealth and how to exactly distribute it in the community in an equitable fair economic fashion.
Now Allah speaks about the the negative elements that lives within the community. lm para la Latina Saku Yoku una de Molina kitabi lleno Luciana Morocco? Well, I'm going to add an avatar when the input is to learn surana como la, la casa de boon that have you not taken a look at those individuals who are hypocrites. They lie about what they really believe that they said to these friends of theirs, the disbelievers, the donkey, tell them that if you are ousted, then we will leave with you. We will never join forces with Mohammed against you with anyone, let alone Mohammed salatu salam, and if you fight, then we will help you we will fight by your side. And Allah says
that God is a witness to the fact that they are liars that they are nothing but liars. They know so no, July 9 of July, I applaud you know
that if they are kicked out, they will not leave with them. When the input you will input again soon. And if they end up in a fight, they are not going to come and help them well.
Even if they initially started to come out to fight with them that they would turn around and they would run from the battlefield because that's exactly what they did before as well. So there'd be nobody to help them. Angela shadow Robert anfi sudo Rahim Allah that
Allah subhanho wa Taala is implanted the intimidation of you within their chests that it can be an uncommon life for him because these are people who don't understand the reality of things. Now you Artie Luna come Jimmy elaphiti Rama Hassan at Nomura, Judo, bassoon bainham Sinead Dasa boo, Jimmy lacuna boom shakalaka minako Malaya, Allah subhanho wa Taala says Don't worry, these people will never come out and fight you in the open because at first for a while some of the Muslims were concerned but on the lead is pretty huge and strong. And then they have a nuclear radar and what have been upgraded consider eight as well. And what if some of them are gonna come to their aid as
well? This could become a real problem, a real situation for us. If they decide that they want to fight a lesson. No, no, they will never fight you. They will never fight you. They're going to go and hide in their forts. They will stand behind walls and throw rocks at you. They themselves can get along with each other. You think that they're all together but they hate each other. Blue shatter. Their hearts are disjointed because they don't have any intelligence. They lack thought they lack intelligence methylene ladina macabre him Caribbean Zaku Rama dabolim because this there they are just like the people that have dealt with a similar situation before them. But okay, no
car. And Allah subhanaw taala says that there is a very painful punishment reserved for them. And then Allah subhanho wa Taala says come after the shape one, they are like shape on is all in such an awkward shape and tells the human being disbelief, disbelief in Allah filarmonica when a human being disbelieved in a lush Avon says anybody who mink I got nothing to do with this
image. And I fear God, the mafia corner the same way they keep telling the good fight Muhammad fight Mohammed fight Mohammed salatu salam, but the second they come out and fight them when African will be nowhere to be found. Now don't listen to these people for kind of arguments Akuma and Omar, both these people like of the Kitab in these menampilkan both their fates are the same, that they will both end up in the fire of hell holiday and if you have for all of eternity, that gets us out of Valley mean that is how Allah subhanaw taala that is the outcome and the recompense for people who live this type of life. And then Allah subhanaw taala concludes in a very powerful fashion. I'll go
through this quickly and then we'll end here. Yeah, you had Latina ammonoosuc law was done don't have some academic
balloon that oh you who believe be conscious of
God and let every soul ponder and contemplate what it has said ahead for itself, center head for itself, excuse me. And remember continue to be conscious of God of Allah. Because Allah subhanaw taala is always informed about what you are doing. Well, that's a conical Nadine and so love and sacrament soon, will not be like those people who neglected God, Allah in their lives. So Allah caused them to be neglectful towards their own souls and their own salvation.
That Allah subhana wa Taala allowed them to become self destructive,
self destructive, because those are the people that are truly sinful and defiant and disobedient ly Yes, that we as humanity was 100 people of hell and the people of Paradise will never be equal, are never the same. They don't operate in the same way. They don't think the same way. They don't see the world in the same way as when genetically modified isn't. Because people of Paradise are people who think about the outcome of their actions. No answer, no huddle Quran, Allah Javelin. Now Allah says, How can you make sure that you don't make the same mistakes that these people are making. And you can stay the course that focus on the book have a lot of power on that if we would have sent
down the score on upon a mountain you would have seen it crumble, fall to pieces from the fear and the greatness and the magnitude of Allah. These are examples that Allah says we give to people so that they contemplate and they continue to think and ponder them. And then finally, Allah concludes in a very beautiful, powerful fashion, that is the root of all of this, that is a solution to all of these issues and problems. And that is, recognize who Allah is, and then build a relationship with the last panel with Allah, according to His greatness, who a lovely lady La Ilaha Illa, who here lies the wonder is absolutely positively no one nothing worthy of worship except for him. Animals.
He was Shahada, he knows both the unseen and the singing, who are among Rahim he is the abundant, the Merciful, the constantly merciful, who are L'Aquila, De La Ilaha, Illa, who Allah molecule producer, salaamu Mohammed Al Aziz al Jabbar, motika Bear, that Allah subhanaw taala is the King. Allah is the sanctified Allah subhanho wa Taala is the grantor of peace and security. Allah subhanaw taala is the one who gives contentment and satisfaction. Allah subhanaw taala is the one who watches over and governs and protects. Allah is dominant, Allah subhanaw taala is powerful. And Allah subhanaw taala is in control in greater than everything. So behind Allah He usually gone that Allah
is above and beyond perfect, above and beyond what they ascribe and what they say about Allah, Who Allahu hollywell baddie Olmos so with that he Allah is the one who created and then Allah subhanaw taala is the one who intricately designed and then ultimately fashioned
perfectly. Everything that will smell will snap that exclusively To Him belongs these most beautiful and excellent remarkable names. You said be hula hula for some hour to an hour, and everything in the heavens and the earth continues to proclaim His greatness in his mind and his purity. What will as easily Hakeem and he is dominance, and the one who possesses all wisdom and authority.
And so you see the sutra concluding in the way that it began. And of course, we saw the different elements of the incident have been added, kind of deconstructed within the sutra from the confrontation, the ousting of those individuals, the military necessary measures that the Muslims took that the profits a lot of them took what was to be done with the wealth or the goods that were acquired afterwards, how to view the monastic wound and their presence within the Muslim community. And then ultimately, this is a very important lesson, because this is the crux of our Deen and religion. When these situations arise, these are necessary measures that have to be taken. Very
difficult, unfortunate, necessary measures, but the crux of our Deen and religion comes back to our souls and the condition of our hearts and our relationship with Allah. And that's why Allah subhanaw taala says, through thick and thin through good times and bad through difficulty and ease. Constantly maintain your relationship with the book of Allah
and never lose sight of who Allah is and what Allah subhanaw taala provides for you and what he should mean to you. And always maintain your relationship with Allah whether you find yourself in a situation of peace, or you find yourself in a situation of war. What's up law, live a life of God consciousness, know who Allah is, and conduct yourself accordingly. May Allah subhanaw taala grant us all the ability to practice everything that was said and heard some kind of like you will be hungry he subhanak along behenic nashoba la ilaha illa Anta sakana to