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Seerah 102 – The prisoners and spoils of war from Badr

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Abdul Nasir Jangda

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You're listening to the Calum Institute Podcast Series Syrah life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam column is pleased to announce that admissions for the next column seminary intake are now open. For more information, please visit olum institute.org

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Malachi William de la salatu salam ala rasulillah. Allah he was actually he edge mehreen cerametallic de La Habra, canto shala continuing with our series on the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, a siracha Nava We are the prophetic biography.

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In the last many sessions, actually, we've been talking about the Battle of bud, we started off by not only addressing what were some of the events or occurrences that led to the Battle of bud that we talked about the, you know, the setting up of the battle itself, we talked about the actual battlefield, if you want to call it the action that occurred in the actual battlefield. And then we talked about last week, we talked about, you know, the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Bhutan who had fallen within the battle, particularly amongst many of the leaders of the Declaration, and some of the comments of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam at that time, and just overall, what

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was the scene in the aftermath of the Battle of butter?

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A major event that took place here was right immediately after the Battle of whether there was the issue of the prisoners. What should be done about the prisoners there's a number of different narrations in my mathematical humbler, Allahu Allah, Allah has narrated a couple of these narrations in his Muslim Imam Bukhari Rahim, Allahu taala also has a narration. While many of the other scholars of Hadith have compiled narrations together, such as the Sahih, Muslim sunon, of Buddhahood, and Timothy, and so on, and so forth. So what I'll be presenting here will be primarily from a hadith that is found in Sahih, Muslim, Timothy

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and Buddhahood, along with the Muslim Ummah, Muhammad, but I'll also at the same time just be adding some of the elements, extra elements of the incident that we find in some of the other books of Hadith and also the books of Sierra.

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So in summary, what basically occurred was, there's a very, you know, I talked, I ended last week touching on the note that whenever we talk about the Battle of bud that we seen ourselves, we make the mistake of just painting it as, you know, maybe something we saw out of a movie, all these bloodthirsty people rushing, rushing to battle, and they're just murdering and butchering everyone with no concern for anyone, or in the orientalist telling of the Battle of blood that similarly is a very, very,

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you know, strange accounts of the Battle of Baba removing all the humanity from the profits a lot instead of the Sahaba, or the laguan, whom we ended the previous session by talking about how that was not the case at all, that the prophets a lot of them specifically kept an eye on the Sahaba, who had family members who had died within the Battle of bud that and he was keeping an eye on them. And the profits, a lot of them was going after them and pursuing them and consoling them one after another Zack locker. He was consoling them and comforting them and letting them know that everything will be okay. And more than anything, just listening to what they had to say. And so there was a

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very human moment there in the aftermath of the Battle of butter. There's a very touching incident that's narrated that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then the night afterwards, after they had captured all the captives, and they had tied them up and kept them in a place. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was not sleeping some of the Sahaba they came to check on the prophets, a lot of human they found him awake, and he seemed a little disturbed, he seemed a little upset. And so they specifically asked them that maybe chaos will allow what is the what is the you know, what is troubling you a messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, why are you not resting? Why are

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you not sleeping and the profits a lot he said him said, Samir Joe and Nina Omnibus, right mean without the E that I, I could hear my uncle on a bus because of course, it was a very small setup. And so maybe in a tent nearby or the area was nearby, and he said I specifically my uncle bass was tied up so tightly, I could hear him kind of grunting and complaining, because I busted out the language. Alan was very old at this time, obviously. So as an old man, he was very uncomfortable. And he says, I can hear him being uncomfortable. And it bothers me and it kept me awake. And so the Sahaba immediately were so upset that the prophets a lot. He was so upset by this, that they

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immediately went and they opened his ropes and of course, I bought some of the Allahu taala who didn't run away, but nevertheless, they untied The, the uncle of the Prophet. So some Ibis, radi Allahu taala and who was not Muslim at this time to comfort the profits a lot. So you see the profits a lot. He said, I'm feeling, you know, sympathy and sentiment towards a family member and this was the, you know, condition

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have many of the Sahaba at that time, and it was a very, very difficult moment for them to try to understand and reconcile. At the same time now, once all the prisoners of war had been collected and there's a number of different narrations which talked about,

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even Kathy Rahim Allahu taala, has compiled all generations together, human bayhealth Lee has collected them in his book, de la isla Nobu, Imam Ibn cathedra sorts through them. And so some of the narration say that there were 30 some odd Some say there were 40 some odd prisoners after the Battle of blood. However, the more authentic and the more authoritative narration say there was 70 there was 70 Plus, or a little a couple over 70 prisoners that were taken after the Battle of budget and that is the narration that he Mambo hottie mentions, and that he mumble hottie authenticates as well. So now that they have these prisoners of war, they were trying to figure out exactly what

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needs to be done. And so the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he consulted his companions. he consulted the Sahaba of the Allahu taala on him, and three of the Sahaba who specifically spoke up or rather three companions that the prophets a lot of them specifically called on and ask them their opinion about what should be done with the prisoners of war from the Battle of other war Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu honorable kebab and olive in evitar liberati Allahu taala, on whom? So these were the three that the prophets a lot of students specifically consulted. There's even a narration that Mr. Mohammed mentions in his Muslim ad, that the prophets a lot of these are

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made to Allah to Allah, Allah, what am I supposed to do with these prisoners of war, and gibreel alayhis salam came to the prophets a lot of the time and he said, Hey, you know, a Saba fill busara that give your companions the choice to choose what they would like to do with the prisoners of war, which is basically a way to say that, shall we at home, consult them and see what they have to say? And so Mr. Mohammed specifically mentioned generation that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked them, What should be done with the prisoners of war.

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One narration mentions that our honorable Katara, the Allahu taala, and who said that, bring them forth, and we should execute them. So that people so that this is a very serious moment. And again, whenever this is told, and it's told without context, now, all of a sudden, it sounds very shocking, that you got prisoners instead of releasing them and showing them mercy. And what happened to Rahmatullah mean, and all of a sudden we're talking about executing prisoners. So the context is very important. The Allahu taala, who said, Look, we went through 13 years, many of you, you went through 13 years of difficulty, torture, anguish, right? They killed many of us, they tortured many

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of us, they destroyed families, they destroyed homes, they chased people out of their homes out of their city. And then they continue to harass us, they continue to torment us. And these are people that are not going to give up. Just because Allah subhanaw taala granted his victory here, they're going to be back the next opportunity as soon as the opportunity presents itself. And as we're going to learn go for going forward in this era, we'll see the Battle of offered in the Battle of boyhood was right at the doorstep of Medina, they knocked on the Muslims doors, right and knocked on the door of Medina and came right there at the bottom level hood. So he said this is a very serious

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situation. And whatever we do now can very well set the tone about what this dynamic is going to be going forward. And so many of these people that are captured are their leaders, some of the leadership has fallen, who may have been hauled off in automotive Nairobi, and shava shava took neurobion, Walid bin otzma and Abu Jamal and so on and so forth. They've all fallen in the battlefield. And that is a huge victory for us as a community, because those are the people most vehemently against us. But many of their leaders survive. And many of those leaders are here present amongst the prisoners of war, we have the opportunity to cut off the head of the snake so to speak,

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right. And so he's thinking about multiple things. He's saying that this is what's necessary for us to survive as a people in a community. We don't want to kill them, but they want to eradicate us from the face of the earth. And so this might be something very drastic, I'll be it's but something that might be the only thing that will that will ensure our survival. And at the same time they had a vision, right keep in mind that they had a vision the vision was the vision of the Quran, the vision of the prophets a lot he said them that we are meant to take this Deen and this religion, this truth manifest that all of humanity is in need of we are meant to take this to the entire

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world, all of mankind. And in order for us to be able to do that effectively, and to be able to provide safety and security to the people that will come into the fold of Islam. We need to let them know that they they don't have to fear the fact that if they become Muslim today, somebody hears the Koran and the truth of Islamic they want to enter into Islam. We have to be able to provide the safety and security

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Just by entering by virtue of entering into Islam, there won't be an army that will show up at their doorstep to just wipe them off the face of the earth. And so there's a lot at stake here. And so keeping all of that in mind, we need to execute these prisoners.

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And the narration of Mr. Muhammad specifically mentioned that the prophets allottee some turned his face away from Amato, the Ilana when he said that,

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and the Sahaba could sense could see on his face that he was very, not necessarily upset or angry, but it just seemed like he was very burdened by this decision. It was heavy on him. And this again, humanizes the prophets a lot he said

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that he didn't want to see unnecessary loss of life, particularly those people that many of the Muslims including himself had deep you know, relationships with. And so the Profit System kind of turned away to see if anyone had an opinion and he said, and then the profits a lot he some kind of invoke the fact he said that these many of these people are family members. You share blood with these people. What should we do? Murat you can

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answer Amaro Delano spoke up again and again said O Messenger of Allah, I feel this is necessary. And the process of again turned in the other direction saying, Is there anyone who has any opinion about what should we do with our brothers and our cousins, and our, you know,

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family members? And so Abu Bakr radi Allahu Allahu recognising the sensitivity of the situation. Abu Bakr radi Allahu taala and who specifically said that your Rasul Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Shira will be one.

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that these are the people who are related to us, many of them are cousins and our family members and even brothers were in the era and tell them in humble Vidya. And so I feel that you should take

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a ransom some type of a payment for release for a akuna maharatna who Atlanta Anil Kufa because I understand my brother Omar sentiment, that we this is a moment and an opportunity for us to really strengthen ourselves, right to be able to gain that safety and security and stability that has evaded us for 15 years. This is an opportunity. And so, but taking that, taking that payment that will shore us up and provide us with some fun, some very necessary funds, and those funds will be coming from their funds. So we will weaken them financially and strengthen ourselves financially both at the same time. So I feel that this is very appropriate for us to do Humala and I'm also

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hopeful that Allah will guide many of them for uliana Odin and then they of course will become supporters of ours. So the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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at that particular time asked, Is there anyone else who has any other opinions and from the unsought? The narrations mentioned that the only one to have an opinion or speak up because the unsoldered really felt that this is a situation where we really don't have, you know, this is shootouts consultation. But at the same time, I don't under I can never imagine what that must be like. I can't imagine what the Mahajan feel like because they're talking about their family members. Right to me, these people are complete and total strangers, but these are family members to them. So the unsought withheld their opinion. This again, shows the wisdom in that community. And it shows

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the sensitivity that they had towards one another. right that the sergeant just jump up and be like, yeah, okay, good execute and get rid of them. Because they understood these are not my family members, they're their family members. And that, again, shows the therapy of the profits a lot is how the profits allow the system trained them and raised them, that they didn't get caught up in the heat of the situation, but they understood the sensitivities involved in the sentiments and emotions that were involved there that were very, very delicate, is a very delicate situation, but I'm delivering roha hora de la hotel and he was the only one who spoke up and again, Abdullah bin Rojas.

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We know about him. And we'll talk about later in the cedaw. He was somebody who had a lot of expertise in war in battle, and he was somebody who was a veteran. For all intents and purposes, he was a veteran. He was like a veteran in general. And so Abdullah bin Ohara, the Allahu taala, who specifically said that I would also agree with the idea of executing them.

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So the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at that time, when Abu Bakr radi Allahu taala who gave his opinion? The narrations mentioned that it seemed like it lifted a burden off the shoulders of the prophets a lot. So the Sahaba say that, that we saw that as Allah Makana be what Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam Zara micanopy what he that whatever was kind of like the the look on his face that showed how heavy of a burden This was that was just released from him. And the Prophet of Allah salatu salam decided that this is exactly what we will do. We will take the video from them

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There are some narrations which also allude to the fact that because some of them could not afford the videos so at that time again at the suggestion of Abu Bakr radi Allahu taala, I knew they were given the opportunity that if somebody knew was literate, literate, knew how to read and write, they could teach 10 Muslim children how to read and writes. And that would also be a valid exchange of the video. And they could do that and then be released from captivity at the same time.

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Now, what would be the amount of the actual video? Right, what would be the amount that would be taken from them to release them from captivity? So that was another point of discussion. Some of the scholars even cathedra Allahu taala brings many references from Urbanus haften others, noting the fact that at that time in Arabia, the trend if you will, or the typical tribal custom or law, at that time was that the lowest amount of video that there was a precedent for was 400 than I need was 400. Deneuve's and and some actually say no, it was 400 did hums. Regardless, it mentions the number 400. That 400 of the currency, whether it was did home or dinar, silver or gold gold coins, which

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actually surprisingly, at that time,

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it had different calculations. But nevertheless, 400 was the lowest that there was a precedent for it. And the highest, that was acceptable and tribal custom in law was 4000. So think of it as $400 versus $4,000. That was the spectrum of the video, the ransom, the release payment that was accepted in pre Islamic Arabia at that time. So when the prophets a lot, one was informed of this, that here is what it would take to secure the release of a prisoner, the prophets, a lot of them chose the lowest possible, and he fixed the price at 400. So this is something else that a lot of times is not contextualized, that this wasn't just an opportunity for them to make money off of these prisoners.

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But the profits, a lot of these chose the lowest amount of the lowest amount possible. And actually, there's a there's narrations, which talk about there were some individuals amongst the prisoners, where there were three members of one family, a father and two sons, or a father and a son and a nephew. Right. So there were some individuals, some some individuals amongst the prisoners, where there were three members belonging to the same family, four members belonging to the same family and the profits, a lot of them allowed them to give 100 per prisoner,

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which was had even no precedent in tribal law or custom. So in which was considered like peanuts, it was pennies on the dollar. There was nothing in contrast to what could have been demanded and made. These were these were people from thrush, right? These were people of very high caliber, and very huge amounts of wealth is wealthy people. Right, but the profits, a lot of them took the lowest amount possible in terms of video, because again, the the objective wasn't to make a lot of money. But the objective was to do what was necessary in order to solidify the community. And at the same time, the profits, a lot of them also differed to the position or the opinion or the suggestion of

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Abu Bakar loving Allahu taala angle in order to preserve as much life as possible as well.

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There's a very interesting narration that is also mentioned here, about the this this video that was sent and when it was said in some of the conversations that occurred at that time, there's a narration that is also mentioned by Mr. Mohammed and his Muslim, that when honorable Abubakar of the Allahu taala gave the opinion that we take video and we release them as much as possible, and even let them earn their freedom, even if they can buy it, let them earn it, right by teaching to children, or teaching a trade or whatnot. And what are the Allahu taala and he was insistent on executing them, that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam specifically at that time

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commented it's a very well known narration is very famous comment the prophets a lot he said him said that

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he said in in the Lucha liuli new kulu berjalan fee he hated Hakuna Eliana Min 11 the prophets a lot. Some said that sometimes Allah softens the heart of some men, some people that they are even softer than milk, right that they are even softer than milk. What in the law halaya should do blueberry Jalan fee Hakuna Asha demeanor ijarah and some individuals Allah grants them such strength and conviction right that their hearts he doesn't mean it in a negative sense like the Koran says, but he just says that they have the convictions like of stone. So some people have the gentility in the softness of in the the gentleness of milk

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And some people have the conviction of stone and the prophets, a lot of them so we're in a method like a abubaker kamasan Ibrahim alayhis salam, he said you aboubaker you are like Ibrahim alayhis salaam parliamentarianism in the Khomeini Ibraheem alehissalaam famously Of course it's from the Quran. Ibrahim Alayhi Salam said that whoever follows me then that person is from me meaning that person is with me, woman asani then whoever whoever disobeys me for in the cover photo Rahim then Allah you are most forgiving and most merciful. Well Metallica, Ababa masala Isa and you obovata you remind me of esala his Salaam tala into the boom for in the humeri badak there are life you decide

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to punish them then they are your slaves were in some finlaggan but if you forgive them Allah for in naka anttila Aziz al Hakim, the most definitely without a doubt you and only you, Oh Allah, are the dominance in the mighty and the wise that you would forgive them even though you are dominant, you have dominance to do whatever you want, and because it is in your eternal wisdom, to forgive them, and he said he went into Metallica yarmulke Molyneux and he said Yo, you owe money you remind me of new holiday his Salah talara pinata lol rd Minal Katharina Dara there, my Lord My master Do not leave a single house of the disbelievers on the earth. We're in the masala yamaka masala Musa and

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you oma you remind me of musala he said I'm Kala robina masala Amalia him was to the Allah Kuru be him for me no ha Tiger ah believe that he said that. Our Lord our master, it's Mr. Allah and Wiley him completely extinguished their wealth was to the Allah pulumi him and seal their hearts and do not let them believe until they witness and realize a very painful punishment. And tamala tune, follow again. Follow again family 10am in Houma, Hayden Illa Beefeater in Azerbaijan, okay.

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So then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that, look, one of two things will happen. Either we will accept the ransom, or we will have to execute them. There's no third option here. And he said unto

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you right now, as a Muslim community, you are desperately in need of some resources. Right? We've talked we talked about in the beginning of the battle of butter, the condition that the Sahaba were when they came to the battle, to camel to two camels in the entire army of 300 Plus, right, the fact that there were some Sahaba were holding sticks, not even swords.

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There were there were like 20, some odd armors that were distributed amongst them. This is your situation you barely have food to eat. You have no supplies, no resources. So think about what obviously makes a lot of sense for you here.

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Another narration very interestingly, before I mentioned the ayat of the Quran, and kind of the verdict that came from Allah subhanaw taala.

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That when this decision was made, about the fact that okay, we will

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take the ransom from them.

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When the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam abass radi Allahu talanoa batsman, Abdul muttalib, when he was informed of the decision that this is the payment that you have to make our best out of the Allahu taala, knowing that he had a soft place, that the profitsystem had a soft spot in his heart for him. He's the uncle of the prophets a lot. He said them. So he tried to negotiate with the prophets a lot. He said them. So he said, You know, this is a lot of money and I don't have a lot of money and things like that. And so the prophets a lot of them said what happened to all the money? What happened to all the treasure that you and when will father Omen father was

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the mother of abass radi Allahu taala. Abdullah been a bass, excuse me. She was a mother of she was the wife of a bass and a mother of Abdullah bonobos. So the art of the prophets a lot, he said. So he said that what happened to all the wealth that you and will father had buried had hidden over there in Mecca. And our bus of the Allahu taala got really quiet and looked at the prophets, a lot of them and he goes, I know that you are a prophet. I know that you are a prophet. He said, Why? He said, because nobody, nobody besides me. Normal father knows about that. Our children do not know about that money. How did you know about that? And the prophets, a lot of them said, make the

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payment. All right. And so this was very interesting exchange. Another similar exchange was one of the individuals who was taken prisoner in the Battle of Baghdad.

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And he would accept that he would accept Islam later on, he would become Muslim. You know, many years later, and the day that he when he became Muslim, and the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw him and he met him.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his name was kooba been a Shem a lazy Koba.

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I've been ashamed and lazy, and the who shahida. below my brother, my alma shrieking. He participated in the Battle of butter with the machine with the Porsche. And he sets and he says that on that day, when I saw the Muslims, and then the tide just turned in the immediate victory in the battlefield, he says George Akerlof enough See,

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I started to think to myself, Mara Mithra, has a memory forum in who Elon Lisa,

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that he said that women folk wouldn't even run from the battlefield, the way that we were running from the battlefield.

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The women folk wouldn't even run from the battlefield, the way that we are running from the battlefield just thinking to himself, and he said that if the women of the Qureshi were here, they would have fought more bravely than our men did today. Right, the women at that time not participating in battle and not being a part of, you know, any type of military activity. In spite of all of that he said, our women would have done much better in the battlefield than we did.

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And so he says, I became Muslim. After the Battle of duck.

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I became Muslim after the Battle of the trench, and I came to Medina to meet the Prophet salallahu alaihe Salam wakawaka off in FCL Islam, for them to have an ultra anhu for color for color who has a coffee Lillian Merci de Mola in US Javi. I said, Where can I find the profits, a lot of these seven, they pointed that the masjid itself, the wall of the machines used to cast the shade, and the profits a lot. So after after prayer, a lot of times, he would go and he would sit in the shade of the wall of the masjid. And so he was sitting there with a group of Sahaba, the Allahu taala on him for a day to who and allottee for whom invading us hobby. This is a very common comments. He was

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from Makkah, he knew who the Prophet says and was, but he said the way the prophets A lot of us who used to sit with the people and mingle with the people, it's not like the process of just like thrown that he would sit on and all the subjects would very humbly sit at his feet. Right that this idea that is present today, in the this elitist idea, whether it be leadership, political leadership, or governmental leadership, or even unfortunately, very unfortunately, in many religious dynamics, the same idea kind of exists. Let big chef sitting up on top and all the peasants sitting at his feet trying to get some droplets of Baraka. Right, the profits a lot of a sudden didn't

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didn't behave that way. It's as clean out for some nights against the some of the profits, a lot of them, right. And I even apologize at sitting here on the chair, while everybody sits on the machine on the ground is just for purposes of visibility. But the ideal scenario is sitting with the people mingling with the people. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would such kind of mix up and sit with everyone where he says that I'm from Makkah, I know Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam but I could not recognize from a distance who he was amongst a crowd until I got near. And when I got near enough that I saw him by face and I sell them to and I said Salaam to him for polyakova has

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been a sham jacoba ignatian he said oh bath and silica illuma Baba.

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You said on the day of Baba Mara a tomato had an MD for men who Ellen Lisa.

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You said that the women folk would have done a lot better in the battlefield and amended. You're the one who said that on the day of budget for call to shadow Anika Rasulullah. So first things first you are the Messenger of God.

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Right First things first is shadow line, lower shadow Anika Rasulullah. And he said the shocking thing is, for in a hovel Amira Maharaja Mineola hadn't

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I have never said those words to anyone. While at the ROM ROM to be volatile ROM ROM to be with ROM ROM basically means that how to cartoon 500 cotton from

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like, my lips have not even met I haven't even mouthed those words. My mouth hasn't even like made the shape of uttering those words. My tongue has not even moved with those words, let alone saying it to somebody else. Illa Shay and her death to be enough See, this is something I thought to myself on the day for Lola and not gonna be noon ma o'clock Allah who if you have to be a prophet, because Allah is the only one that could know that I felt this on that day and Allah told you, so therefore you are the Messenger of Allah. Right? So very beautiful. You know, and then he said that

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Hello, ma Baba Yaga lol Islamic Islam too. And he said, so I said, Please give me your hand so I can hurry up and accept Islam, and I became Muslim on that day. So this was some of the interaction that occurred with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and some of the issues pertaining to what to do with the prisoners of war in the battle above that. There's a

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Another very interesting narration

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that is kind of mentioned here about later on in Medina that remember now, the uncle of the prophets a lot from Ibis, radi Allahu taala on who he paid ransom for himself. And he paid ransom for his. For his nephew for two of his nephews, I feel bin Abi Talib and nofal yBnL Hadith Ibn Abdul muttalib so abass radi Allahu taala and Juan de de Ubud paid ransom for himself and both of his nephews. So this, the narrations mentioned in mumble hottie mentions his narration that later on in the days of Medina and this is after our best or the Allahu taala Anu had accepted Islam had migrated to Medina that a lot of wealth the Muslim Muslim people had accepted Islam and the place of Bahrain. People

00:30:54--> 00:31:34

had accepted Islam into place a behind and that was actually the first satellite Juma location that was established after Medina after the Juma was established in Medina, the the people that lived even outside of Medina as far as Buddha used to come to Medina to pray Juma prayer room every week with the prophecies of the first Juma our location outside of Medina that was established was in Bahrain actually. So the Muslims had accepted as people had accepted Islam that there was a Muslim community there. And they were very well to do so they had sent a lot of wealth to Medina, to supply the beta Nile and to alleviate some of the difficulty in Medina and to help out the Muslim community

00:31:34--> 00:31:55

in Medina, their brothers and sisters. So when that money was brought to the profits, a lot of them, they said, what should we do with this? And so he said, whoo hoo, Phil machine, just put all the money in the machine. Just leave it in the machine, anybody that needs it will come and take it. And Kevin gives you an idea again about the morality and the ethics and, you know, the honesty and trustworthiness of that community

00:31:56--> 00:32:34

for kind of extra money to be Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. It was the most money that was ever brought to the prophets. A lot of him in the life of the Prophet says that I'm the Sahaba I'd never seen that much money, no spoils of war, no nothing. That was the largest amount of money that Medina had seen during the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is Joshua abass. So the uncle of the process of asking Tim for Kala jasola ottimi. He said, O Messenger of Allah, please, you know, give me some of this money for any Faraday tuneups, sci fi data appealing, because if you remember, I had to get video for myself and I had to get video for my nephew, your cousin.

00:32:36--> 00:32:56

And so for fatherhood, the profits a lot take for his Effie Toby thermadata buy up Lou. So the ambassador the Allahu talana, like took off his show. And he scooped up as much money as he could in it. And then he tried to pick it up and carry it out and felonious stuff there.

00:32:57--> 00:33:33

And he was not able to write about some of the Allahu chillan was like a mountain of a man. Right, I mentioned this earlier, but there are some narrations which talk about the fact that a bus or the Allahu taala, and who, when he would sit on a horse, sometimes like his feet would be very close to touching the ground. And we're not talking about him sitting on like a pony. We're talking about him sitting on a horse, right? So and you can kind of envy talk about it as well that once he had become Muslim, and they when they would go into battlefield, then I busted out the love of the promises and would have a basket of the arm to make the announcements because he was so tall. So you can kind of

00:33:33--> 00:34:02

aloof and the process in itself was a little bit taller than the average person. So if the Prophet said someone six feet tall, I Buster the Allahu talana was even taller. abasa de la jolla new might have been like around something like seven feet tall. There's a huge man. And so he gathers up as much as he can in his jaw and he tried to lift it up there, he was unable to follow more bada boom, your fou Ilya. So he said to the process alum, can you please tell some guys to help me follow the processes. And now

00:34:03--> 00:34:06

he said what I can do is for firewall anti aleja.

00:34:08--> 00:34:34

Right, I'll help you carry it. I'm not gonna tell somebody else. And again, it shows you the process and wasn't just if anybody could ever tell somebody to do something. It's the profits alone. It's kind of his job. Right? But the profits, a lot of them said no, you are my uncle, and you want money, and I'm giving it to you. That is something that I'm not going to tell somebody else to do. That's too self serving. You see the the ethics of the profits.

00:34:35--> 00:35:00

It's too self serving. I can tell somebody else to go and do hit most of the people to go serve the people to go do something for the dean. But to tell people to load up money and carry it to my uncle's house is way too self serving for me. So I will help you carry it. And of course, I basaltic Allahu taala who said no, your messenger of Allah, I'm not going to tell you to carry my money to my house. So now they're kind of saying

00:35:00--> 00:35:23

Can dislike other tug of war, right? This ethical tug of war. And so he kind of dumped out some of the money and he tried to lift it from him yesterday, he wasn't able to. So he said, Please tell some of them to help me. And the process. I'm said no, for firewall, Talia here, I'll help you carry it. Right. And again, he said, No, I can't make you carry it. So then he took some more out.

00:35:24--> 00:36:00

And then finally he lifted up and he was able to carry it on his back. And, you know, he walked away from there. And he just kind of kept glancing over his shoulder as he was walking away at the profits a lot isn't making sure that the process was that upset with him. Right. And he just kind of walked away in that sense. So it just kind of Mr. McCarty mentioned this narration as well talking about the idea, the fact that basler, the local talanoa paid video, and then he was asking the profits a lot. He said him if he could have some of this wealth, you know, to compensate for the video. The other thing that I wanted to mention specifically about the video, the ransom payment, or

00:36:00--> 00:36:14

the release payment before I go forward is many of the mannequins many of the parish who were willing to pay the video did not have the money immediately. And so many of them to what I do,

00:36:15--> 00:36:24

they basically made a promise. They promised the profits a lot he said them that let me get back to my car, and I will gather the money and I will send it your way.

00:36:26--> 00:36:42

I will send it your way. And Allah and the profits, a lot of them said, Okay, fine. I'll take your word for it, though. And Allah subhanaw taala specifically told the prophets a lot of the time what he would do he Antarctica, if they're trying to lie to you, if they're trying to trick you, for the Han Lama and

00:36:44--> 00:36:46

then they lied to God a long time ago.

00:36:47--> 00:36:56

If they're gonna lie to you, they like to go a long time ago for uncut I mean home, but what happened? Allah gave you dominance over them, right? I'll put them in your hands. So let them lie.

00:36:57--> 00:37:23

take their word for it and release it and let them mind if they're lying again. Allah will just put them in your hands again, will level out even Hakeem because Allah, Allah knows everything and allies always. Right? So Allah subhanaw taala is keeping very, very close tabs on them. So don't worry about that you release him if you have to. Now the difficult thing that I wanted to kind of talk about here towards the end, the prophets A lot of us who conducted shoot off by the command of a last panel Shall we don't.

00:37:25--> 00:38:01

And the profits allowed him conducted the consultation, he asked everybody there was some very strong sentiments at play here. We see that many of you sada abutter like the uncle of the profits a lot he said among among others, would become Muslim later on. So we see the wisdom in that. But at the same time, the profits a lot of the some deferred to the suggestion of Abu Bakr radi Allahu taala and who that was also what was closer to his heart in deciding to take the ransom money and release them. But Allah subhanaw taala at that time revealed the IRS and sorbitol and file. And I'm not going to get into a lot of detail about the IRS here because as I mentioned, what we're going to

00:38:01--> 00:38:29

do in the next following session, is that we're going to go through pseudo till and fall and kind of see the entire battle of bud that laid out in the sutra. So after having studied the sutra for you know, however many weeks and sessions we've been, excuse me, the Battle of button, however many weeks in sessions we've been studying, it will go through the entire school and kind of see how Allah subhanaw taala pieces it all together in this powerful beautiful suit of the Quran. Surah

00:38:31--> 00:38:54

Surah number eight, so Allah subhanaw taala at that time, part of the sutra is Allah said Makana, Lena McKenna Lena begin. It is not fitting it is not appropriate. Again, he does not say that is not permissible. It is just not appropriate for a prophet and he akuna Allahu Allah, that he have prisoners. Right hotter use cleaner fill up until blood is shed within the earth.

00:38:55--> 00:39:35

that some of these prisoners were such problematic individuals that it actually would have served the community very well going forward that some of them should have been executed to redo another dunya and of course, Allah subhanaw taala now speaking to the entire community, again, reprimanding them saying to the donor, the dunya, that you crave material things that things of this world the resources of this world, well luckily de la sera but Allah wants to live for the hereafter for you will likewise even Hakeem and allies dominance and wise, Lola kitanomine Allah, if this was not already in decreed by Allah subhanaw taala. This was just a note going forward, that if you deal

00:39:35--> 00:39:59

with this type of a situation again, be willing to make the difficult decision and a difficult choice in situation. And as we see going forward in the seat of the promises some something we'll talk about binuclear eva derocker so this was something that was addressed at the time of brother Lola kita domina law, but if this was not already decreed by Allah subhanaw taala sobre la la kitanomine Allah He sabak if this was not already decided and proceeded la masa

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

FEMA occurred to me

00:40:03--> 00:40:43

that a great punishment would have come upon you because of the choice and the decision that you made for khulumani into halaal antiva. But now what was decided was decided and what's good is good. So now you are allowed to take and consume from what you have gained from the spoils of war that is pure and permissible for you. What's up with law? Be conscious of Allah, however, in the love literal Rahim because Allah subhanho wa Taala is Forgiving and Merciful. And then Allah subhanaw taala tells the prophets a lot he said, I'm bogeyman fi ad communal Salah, you make sure that you let these prisoners know before you release them, IANA Mullah who failed to become hi Ron, that if

00:40:43--> 00:41:20

Allah sees good in your hearts, that if you were able to go back to Morocco without the hatred of Muslims, and Islam in your heart, you can hate on me my freedom income alone will give you something better than what was taken from you. You might have had to pay 400 than I need or did humps that are him. But Allah will give you something much better and success in this life. In the next we have Phil accom and he will forgive your sins will la foto Rahim Allah will give you Islam, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. And then Allah told the prophets Allah He sent him that let these people go give them this advice to seriously think about Islam, and then release them even with the promise of

00:41:20--> 00:41:37

payment later on, to try to bring them closer to Islam. Why would you redo Hanna Taka Han Allah Mohammed Al Franken Amina la volumen. Hakeem, if they're going to lie to you, then guess what they lied to God a long time ago. So don't be bothered or worried about that that is not really your concern.

00:41:38--> 00:41:59

And basically, this concluded the issue in regards to what to do with the prisoners of the Battle of budget. The last thing that I will mention here, before we wrap up for today, because I'd like to kind of go ahead and conclude with this today is that the spoils of war, what should be done with the spoils of war. That was the next issue that came up now.

00:42:01--> 00:42:14

Even as Hawk and many other scholars of the Sierra say that the Sahaba act as the as the batter butter was concluding the Sahaba were distributed distributed into three groups.

00:42:15--> 00:42:35

One group amongst them, as the moose raccoon, as a parish ran from the battlefield that went after them, pursuing them, capturing them as prisoners of war and just kind of chasing them off. That's something you have to do, you have to kind of make sure you, as we say, you know, in sports analogy, like close out the game,

00:42:36--> 00:43:09

you got to close out the game, you can't just take it easy, right, so you got to close out the game. So then some part of the army has to pursue the enemy out of the battlefield, a group of the Muslims started gathering up in again, as they're running from the battlefield, they have to lighten their load and try to run faster. So they're dumping out their their weapons and their armor and their supplies and just trying to get out of there as fast as they can. So then a group of Muslims is now stopping and collecting all the spoils of war, all the goods.

00:43:10--> 00:43:54

And another group amongst the army went back and just basically formed a barrier around the profits, a lot of them just in case at some Renegade, some, you know, individual or a couple of people that just kind of floated away from the army of the Quraysh might not come back because this was also something that would occur, sometimes people would become so enticed by spoils of war, that they would run out to gather spoils of war and the leadership of the Army or some, you know, a key individuals would be left kind of at the back, unguarded, or off guard, and you could come from the back and strike from behind, and really cause some serious blowing damage. Even in a in a in a loss.

00:43:54--> 00:44:28

Like you could get a little minor win within a loss in that way. And of course, the death of the profits, a lot of them will either below would have been a major loss, right? So many of us have immediately retreated at that moment and just found a barrier around the profits a lot easier to keep vigilance, like a vigilant guard to get around the prophets a lot. He said them. So now they're distributed in these three groups. By the time everything was said and done, they had chased the Quraysh far away to the point where they were now well on their way to Mecca. And those people started to return back the people that were gathering spoils of war i'd gathered everything and

00:44:28--> 00:44:57

brought it back in the people that were defending the profits a lot, etc. could finally now you know, let their guard down. And they came all back and so in Java leads in generally at times, right in pre Islamic times. The culture was that whatever you picked up, you know, Finders keepers, losers weepers right. So that was the idea. You picked it up, it's yours you pick the you you keep whatever you picked up. That was the idea. So not that they came back.

00:44:59--> 00:45:00

You know, some

00:45:00--> 00:45:06

The Sahaba relates I believe it's about the terminus. AMITA radi Allahu taala. And who he says that

00:45:07--> 00:45:15

this kind of tell us nothing nothing. We started fighting about the spoils of war wasafi of lacuna

00:45:17--> 00:45:19

and we misbehaved with one another.

00:45:20--> 00:45:28

Right again, it kind of shows you, right and this is a little reminder not to criticize the Sahaba they were much more ethical than we can ever dream to be.

00:45:29--> 00:45:51

But this is a very powerful reminder. These are the three Sahaba us haba that we talked about their virtues, the profits, a lot of them said it doesn't matter what they do from here on out is whether are forgiven. Now olaleye Allah, Allah, Allah bad, right. So these are us habits. These are the buttery Sahaba right, they are the pinnacle of the of that generation.

00:45:53--> 00:46:10

But it goes to show you that wealth and money, we always like to try to justify things and make a lot of excuses for ourself, wealth and money have gained permissive permissibly is permissible. If gained legitimately it is permissible, no doubt about that fact. But there's a reason why Locke calls it a fitna.

00:46:11--> 00:46:41

It will always tempt a human being. And the second a person thinks that they are immune to the temptation of wealth. I can sit here and juggle gold coins, and it's not going to mess with me at all. Right, then you are deluding yourself that is proof of the fact that it has gotten to you that you have fallen into such deep delusions. You are You are denying your own humanity and certain real human realities. Right. So that's problematic. So he says,

00:46:43--> 00:47:00

for NASA, I would love them in a dinner. So a lot to get out of our hands. And Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed the ayah the beginning of sorbitol and far, yes aluna Anil and family Pauline and Family Law Havasu. They asked you what to do which pose the board told them they belong to align this messenger.

00:47:01--> 00:47:02

Right

00:47:03--> 00:47:21

of Pauline and follow Lila Eros and fetch choco la ciudad Sabina come, you don't need to worry about what's going to happen with dispose of or you need to worry about two things. You need to make sure you have things right with you and God. And you need to make sure you have right thing with you things rights, you need to make sure you are correct. with you and your brothers.

00:47:22--> 00:47:43

Don't worry about where to dispose of horrible footstep law as to who that's of a nickel, keep things right, keep things good with God, and make sure things are correct with your brothers. That's what you got to worry about. For example, on Cinco de de binnacle, well to LA Sula, who include the meaning do whatever a line is messenger asked you to do if you are actually believers.

00:47:44--> 00:47:54

Right. And so that was the ayah that came down. And he said, it was like a slap in the face. We all put everything down and step back and said, Send me on Alibaba.

00:47:55--> 00:48:06

And Allah sent the prophets, a lot of the ads and again, like I said, we're gonna be talking about this next week in sha Allah. But Allah subhanaw taala told the prophets a lot is for an ally, who's who,

00:48:07--> 00:48:47

right, so that there was a homeless, which is one fifth, one fifth would be set aside. And the homeless was for Allah for the Messenger of Allah for the poor, the karate uttama, the Masaki. So that one fifth would be put aside for as like a government fund, that could be used for the affairs of the state. It could be used by the profits a lot. He said him and his own the expenses of his home and his family. Because the process him didn't have time to conduct business, who's going to run the oma and preach all of mankind and humanity and the prophets a lot. easterns family is not permitted, he himself and his family are not permitted to take the gods. So who takes care of the

00:48:47--> 00:49:02

family of the process, so it would come from the homes and then the profits, a lot of them would use it to take care of deploying the needy in the community. And then the rest of it the profits, a lot of them are equally distributed amongst every single participant of the battle but

00:49:04--> 00:49:39

he equally participated at that time and in fact, it said that in the homes that came to the profits, a lot of them for the government fund, that is where the sort of the promises and the famous sort of the problem of Volvo car, that's when he got that sword. And it said that a camel that used to belong to a boo Jan also came to the profits a lot he's him at that time. There's a famous story about I live in a Vitaly radi Allahu talana. And his two camels that were unfortunately killed later on. And it's an incident we'll talk about later on in the CETA. But one of the camels of the Allahu taala also came to him at that time and about the brothers. So there were a lot of

00:49:39--> 00:49:59

remnants of that and the Sahaba that what they received during the Battle of butter was like, was very sentimental to them. Right. It was very sensitive. They were very sentimental about what they received in budget. Right. So at that time, the prophet system equally distributed the spoils of war amongst all the companions, who participated in the Battle of budget.

00:50:00--> 00:50:14

There's a famous Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, where he also alludes to this fact, where the prophets a lot, he seldom says that I was given five things that no prophet before me was ever given.

00:50:15--> 00:50:55

And the prophets, a lot of them specifically mentioned, amongst those five things that are hidden, let's leave Elena in, that the spoils of war were made permissible for me. And they were not made permissible for any of the profits that came before me. And then the profits a lot of these inventions, a few other things such as jewelry, like Leonardo machine to hurrah, that similarly, the entire Earth was made a place of prayer, and also a source of purification. Of course, he's talking about the Tammam and a number of different things of prophets, a lot of some talks about that narration, but specifically one thing that he mentions there, and that narration is that the spoils

00:50:55--> 00:51:35

of war are made permissible for me and they were not made permissible for any of the profits, or the messengers that came before me. But spoils of war would basically all have would have to be donated and dedicated in the previous shutdown air in the previous shut er, would all have to be dedicated and donated. And this was made permissible for the prophets a lot he summoned for the Muslims, obviously, because it needed necessity. But there's a very interesting, and again, these types of things, very conveniently are left out of some of the non Muslim accounts or the orientalist accounts of the life of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. There's a hadith in the jammy Imam Timothy,

00:51:35--> 00:51:42

and some other books of narration as well, that mentioned that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam can they get crumble and fall?

00:51:44--> 00:51:48

The prophets Elijah used to hate spoils of war. He used to hate it,

00:51:50--> 00:51:53

because he said that this pollutes the intentions.

00:51:54--> 00:52:32

And he specifically used to have to go out of his way to remind the Sahaba and to make sure that this would not corrupt their intentions, but the process of absolutely hated spoils of war. He despised it, he disliked it, it was more of something that was needed necessity. And so they would engage in it as much as nice and neat and necessity would require and the proper system used to advise on the way back from a battle, the proper system used to give to leave and he then used to advise the Sahaba that when they get back to Medina, to distribute as much of their spoils of war as they could, amongst fat, needy family members, and even the poor in the Corrado Masaki as much as

00:52:32--> 00:53:10

possible, give it away, give it away. Right after all that sacrifice, give it away. Because the profits, a lot of them did not want their intentions to be polluted in the least bit. It's very, very powerful thing that is necessary to mention. And then the last thing that I mentioned here about the Battle of butter, the Battle of butter, of course was this powerful, this remarkable incidents and events from the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and it is it occurred we talked about this in the beginning of the battle of Buddha. It occurred on the 17th day of the month of Ramadan. And because of that, actually, some of the Sahaba radi Allahu anhu used to

00:53:10--> 00:53:27

actually swear when they would be asked about when is Laila to other some of the Sahaba used to swear that Laila to the other is on the 17th of the month of Ramadan?

00:53:28--> 00:53:30

They used to swear Yes, this scenario. Zaid bin

00:53:32--> 00:53:56

Zayed bin Arkham radi Allahu taala. And you swear that the Battle of butter is the 17th of Ramadan. And again, that's not the preferred position, obviously, because we have a ton of other narrations that talk about it during the lesson nights. But it just goes to show you that battle of butter was such a powerful event that the Sahaba used to say 17th of Ramadan, that's the day that that's the day the Battle of butter happened. That was Laila to other for us.

00:53:57--> 00:54:34

Right? I don't know about you, but Layla 200 for us, was the 17th of Ramadan. Because that night before brother hours do I was accepted, and the Dr. The prophecy was accepted. And we saw the help of Allah subhanaw taala on that day, so it's a very powerful, remarkable life changing and world changing event from the life of the prophets a lot. He said, um, and inshallah, like I said, in the next session, we'll talk about not only the return of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, back to the city of Medina along with the companions victoriously, but then we'll also go through sutil and fun, and just kind of see how Allah subhana wa tada has pieced it together in that one beautiful

00:54:34--> 00:54:49

suit of the Quran. Surah number eight, so total and fun. May Allah subhanho wa Taala give us all the ability to practice everything that was said and heard. So hamelech will be humble. He's 100 columbium dek Mashallah La ilaha illa Anta the sufferer want to relate