Ramadan 2021 – A Juz A Day #05 Justice and Mercy
Channel: Aarij Anwer
Series: Aarij Anwer - Ramadan 2021 - A Juz A Day
File Size: 63.65MB
Episode Transcript ©
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Although we like him initiate Juan rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah he was early. He was hobbema wala rubbish. He said he was still the Omri. bajo Dr. Millis Ernie of Kaku, quality of banana at enough atonia Hassan, Hassan phenol nada not Sara Marie Kumara to lucky what workout who everybody welcome to a juice a day. Today we are going to be covering the fifth juice. We will actually start a little bit before the fifth juice. We're going to start with the last part of the forges, and that would be where we pick up from the beginning of Surah Nisa. SOTA nessa is the fourth surah of the Quran, it is translated as a Nyssa is the plural
of, of woman.
So and the surah of women, that's how it translates Why is this named as such, it's named as such because it is the surah that speaks a lot about gender specific issues. And when it speaks about gender specific issues, then the it's aptly titled as certain Nyssa
and in the very beginning of this, the very first idea of the surah as you will see, there is this statement of Allah which goes as follows Yeah, you anassa Torah Baku mala v holla kakum enough sin wahida wahala comyn has jaha Baba thermen humare Jalan Kathy Rama Nisa what the hola hola Rita aluna he will or harm in Allah Hakuna alikoum but they were all mankind fear your Lord who created you from a single soul. And this is in reference to either Adam or Instagram or it is in reference to the parents of a person because a person has parents and you know that's the origin or that's where your source is from. Mahalo, come in has about seven humare Jalan kathira Juanita up and he created
it's made from it. And from the two of them he spread countless men and women throughout the earth. Sorry, excuse me, I made a mistake there when I said this could refer to both Karnataka ministry wahida single soul is actually referring to other Melissa lamb only. There's another instance of this is similar, similar idea where it could refer to either but in this instance, excuse me, it is only Adam Melissa Ram. So it is He created you from Adam. And from Adam. He created his, the mate for for him which was her work. And from that from these two, he spread countless men and women throughout the earth. And you know the word Nisa, and that's where the name of the surah comes from
fear of God in whose name you appeal to one another, and be mindful of your of your obligations in respect to ties of kinship. God is always watching over you, but the law lady does,
he will or harm. The idea here is this, you are people would say to each other people would mention that I asked you by Allah, Rs I, you know, by God helped me This is a statement that people would say, or I have asked you to help me in the name of God. So you ask each other for help in the name of God. And also you ask each other, for help in name of family, does that aluna be well or harm? You say we're family, you know, help me because I'm your family. These two things are linked together here in the introduction of the surah. The idea of Allah Subhana Allah and family, the linking of these two has a very beautiful subtlety. The subtlety here is that Allah subhana wa Taala
is the one who has created the bonds of family. He is the one who has made our families. He is the one who has chosen our families for us, you know, our parents, our brothers and sisters, our blood, relatives or harm. These are the choice of a loss counselor, we choose our spouse as her that's the Arabic word for it, the person you marry or the family you marry into, but you are harm you don't choose. So this is a you know, interesting relationship between the two. And these two themes will continue the whole, a lot of the surah will speak about family matters. And you know how we are to be, you know, just unkind to our family as I'm going to speak about this in a second. But before I
speak about that also noticed as very nice subtlety or ham which is ties of kin
Literally, this is the plural of the womb. Rahim is the singular, the plural plural is our ham. wombs. What is this referring to the womb is how you tie a family together, you know, brothers and sisters, you know, cousins. This is how you're related, right? But also the etymology of this is the raw heart and meme, right? Which is the same as the etymology of Rahman. And Rahim, Allah Subhana. Allah, this is a very beautiful connection, that it is a source of mercy, right. These are the room and family ties are supposed to be a source of mercy. And they are a they are derived from the name of Allah Rahman Al Rahim, the Most Merciful, the ultimately Merciful, the, the, the feelings of
mercy, we have no program programmed into us, towards our family, comes from a last panel dialogue, His mercy is a manifestation of His mercy. This is actually the theme that we have for today, the theme of justice, and mercy. That's the theme of Soto Nyssa. And you will see that from the introduction of the surah, or harm. And the concept of the idea is, be just
beamers go above and beyond. But if you can't be at least be just right. That's the two levels, be merciful, be loving, you know, do more than what you is wanting then more than what you were expected, or more than what is expected of you exceed expectations. But if you can't, then at least be just don't go beyond or below justice, because now you have become an oppressor. Okay, justice and mercy. This is something that this surah will begin to talk about, you know,
you know, people or groups of people that were historically oppressed by society, I'm going to maybe try to make this a little bit bigger here.
People who were historically oppressed by society, again, as I mentioned, it's from the same source, right? We are from the same source, we are all from the same human being. So we shouldn't be, you know, oppressing each other, we shouldn't, you know, condone injustice, it speaks about orphans or our toliet Amala home, give the orphans, the possessions that belong to them, and do not exchange good things with the bad and do not consume their property, adding it to your own. Surely this is a great crime, the idea of the orphans Is this the orphans are, are very easily very easy to exploit, they are related. Generally, what happens if a person dies, their orphan kids would be under the
care of a family member, the family member becomes their guardian, okay? So like the disease brother, or the disease, his his
cousin, or his sister or whoever, right? It's somebody from the family that becomes a guardian of this child. And of course, you know, the mother is also there, too. But assume for a minute that, you know, the Guardian is someone who is not the mother, right? The mother, maybe she has passed away as well. Or maybe the mother has remarried. And in a way moved on. The Guardian is formed within this family. Now what happens in this family is, it's easy to exploit this child because this child has inheritance. And you could take from this child's inheritance, no one's gonna say, hey, you are being wronged because you are the uncle and you are the cousin or you are the aunt, right?
No one will think about a twice so they're easily exploitable. And that is why they're mentioned here, because they're so easily exploitable. Don't do that. Fear Allah, you know, be watch and be conscious that Allah is watching over you. And don't let your ability to exploit
don't let that make you forget that Allah is watching you and gonna hold you accountable. It speaks about women. Okay, I number four, speaks about women who are too nice asado hottie Nana hella give the women, their doubters willingly. But if they, on their own accord, remit any part of it to you, then you may make use of it with pleasure and goodwill. The idea of this is as follows that women historically were exploited where underprivileged were, you know, taken advantage of. But here the Quran is given the clear instruction, particularly in the situation of marriage, that you make sure that you give the right of the woman to the right. And you don't shortchange that woman, the rights
My heart is the right of the woman. The dour is her right. So that should not be shortchanged in any way, shape or form. Again, speaking about being just an exceedingly being merciful, okay? also speaks about high number 19 to 21. about women This is an important idea yeah you alladhina amanu Leia Hello lachemann telephony Saqqara? This was a very evil practice of the of the pagan Arabs, what was the practice the practice was that they would inherit women, like say like a man passed away, his widows would become inheritance to the children, right? And then they would marry their stepmothers, which is a you know, abomination. In fact, the Quran speaks about this in either number
22 do not marry a woman whom your father's married. Okay, this is a shameful deed in Larnaca in Lima. cazzola. Except what has already taken place in the past, like what has happened in the past is done. But don't this is something that Islam now has banned forever. It is not allowed, because in the who can aphasia it's a shameful action. And it's a month on its lonesome, wasa Sabina, and an evil practice is number 22. But if you go back to IRA number 19, for a second, this is what they used to do. It would become, you know, these women would have no agency, they were just, you know, they were at the mercy of the person who inherited them. So this is a outrageous thing. And Allah
says this is not permissible, this is completely wrong. And he put an end to that while at Abu Dhabi Baldy ma de la de la before I shut the mobila.
And you should not detain them wrongfully, so that you may take away a part of what you've given them, unless they are guilty of something clearly outrageous, again, their rights are their rights, don't take them away from them, don't put them in a situation where you compromise them so that you can now justify taking away their rights. This is in reference to, you know, the dour again, but it applies to the idea of rights or women in general. Well, I actually have in my room when you're married, live with them in accordance with what is fair and kind again, justice and mercy be just and also in fact, you should aim to be kind and merciful and exceed the you know, justice, but at
least at the bare minimum be just this is a very important I actually
live with them in accordance with to what is fair, because this is something that
with regards to women, this they were someone that wasn't spoken of their rights were not advocated for before, and Islam in the ayat of Quran is advocating for that. Okay, it advocates for the rights of the needy I number five
hola to sofa Amala como la TJ Allahu la comme chiama or Zuko Humphrey havoc su mo kulula home, Allah ma roofer this is, you know, the people who are needy, give them what's, you know, what's what they need, give them provision, give them clothes, give them good advice, good words, but someone who is of a immature mind, someone who is foolish in the way they handle money, don't give them money to empower or enable their bad behavior. Don't do that. Okay? Be kind, be adjust. But don't be silly. Don't be, you know, unintelligent, don't forget that people are maybe going to try to take advantage of you. And this is an important idea. I always mentioned this to people when I go for armor or when
we used to go for armor. You know, there's people who were panhandlers that will try to come and they would come and they would, you know, try to rip you off. And they would say, Oh, I'm so poor. Oh, here's my baby, and she's sick. And then everybody who is coming from abroad would feel sorry. And we'll give the money right? These guys are con artists in a way. And I would say look, these people are taking they're making you out to be a fool. They are exploiting you don't get exploited. There are other more worthy people here is a beautiful people support them, give them money here. These are worthy recipients of your charity, but don't give a charity to people who are going to
take advantage of you. And this is an important aspect of being just and fair. So the Quran speaks about advocates for the needy and continues to do so in you know being intertwined with the orphans, orphans and needy.
You know are intertwined here. The
number eight is a variable
If other relatives orphans or needy people are present at the time of the division, then provide them out of it and speak kindly to them. And you know, this is something well as you know, wealth is being distributed inheritance or something is being given out, you know, people who may are who are missing out, don't let them feel like that they have missed out on for Zuko home men who provide them and speak kindly to them. This is the the instruction there. Okay, now we have inheritance, Divine Justice and Mercy with regards to money is number 11. I number 11 speaks about inheritance and how this is divine justice and it is a form of Divine Mercy with regards to money I number 11.
And number 12 is number 13. And number 14, they all speak about inheritance. Okay? What does it say? It says you seek them Allahu Allah DICOM concerning your children, God enjoins you, right, he is giving you instruction. And now these these instructions are very detailed. And there's a lot of these are these is very case by case scenario,
then there's a lot of fractions involved and the fractions are not your friend, you are going to struggle with this idea. Okay.
And this itself is a very large study in Islam, but I want to point out something to you, which is, you know, maybe two things, right? Because inheritance law is a very, very detailed study, you know, if you were to even go to like law school, inheritance law is like a very large portion of your studies, you can't just like, you know, get through law school without spending a lot of time and taking a lot of courses. Similarly, in the stomach law, if you were to study inheritance is going to take you many, many, you know, you have to spend a lot of hours studying it. But I want to point out a couple of things, okay, there is a base rule that needs to occur, you must know how they, how they
own, say, a male shall receive the equivalent of two females, why is this the base rule, the base rule is as such, because
the man in Islam has more financial responsibilities, they have more responsibilities and more liabilities. If a If a man, for example, His dad passes away, the mother, his mother, is financially going to be dependent on the sun as an example. Okay, so that isn't the case with the daughter, the daughter can obviously support and can help and whatnot. But who is liable? Who Allah? Who is it that the one that Allah can ask on the day of judgment? What did you do? And why did you take care of this person, that's the man. So because of that, the man is given more money, right? This is a holistic system, this is not just giving them the men more, and the women less, in fact, it is given
the men more because they have more liabilities. And the women, they get their share, of course, as well. And their sheer is completely there's total autonomy on the matter. Okay. So this is an important understanding to have, you know, for example,
that's number one, one thing I like to point out.
The other thing I like to point out is,
you know, there's certain groups of people that always get an inheritance, okay? So the, the parents always get inheritance, the kids always get inheritance, you know, you know, sons or daughters, they always get inheritance, okay? These are the two groups, the spouse always gets inheritance. These are three groups that will always be in line for inheritance. In the case where, you know, one of them is missing, you know, maybe there's no parents or maybe there's no kids, or maybe there's no parents, no kids, that's when other parties get involved. That's when brothers and sisters are brought into the picture. Okay, that's point number two point number three is Allah spotless as
about this 30 lotta mean Allah, this is a you know, fixing a portion is by God and He is all knowing and all wise, right? Allah Subhana Allah knows best. This is our belief. This is not just our you know, it's a belief not something that we just don't just say we we need to live with that we need to act that way we need to you know, conduct our way ourselves in a way that reflects this idea or in the lagana Lehman hakima he is all knowing and all wise and this is part of his wisdom and his knowledge that he has decreed these matters and he knows best okay. So there is that last part, the two more points. Second last part is you may look at the spouse is mentioned.
The the spouses right here welcome this sumatera as logical as watch your wives
you know whether Hoon or robobrew may matter to him and the wives are mentioned as well. Your wife should inherit one quarter of what you leave if you are childless, right so this is the parents, the children and spouse are always in line for inheritance. Okay, now, what happens is
here's an example in Canada, jus Radu, you will have to calculate and we Murat on Wallah, who often often, but equally why the men who must produce if a man or a woman has no direct heirs, neither children nor parents, but has a brother or sister, they shall each inherit one six, this is a complex case, where actually this brother or sister is, is a half brother or sister, it's a half brother and sister in the sense of, you know, you have the same mother, but you have different fathers. Okay? This is one of those instances where the brother and sister, man and woman get actually exactly the same share one instance, as an exception to the general rule. Remember, I
mentioned the general rule is twice as much as the, the boy gets twice as much as the girl. But here is an exception in the IRA. And other exceptions are present in the books of inheritance law, there are very more much more detailed, I'm just giving you a glimpse. Last point to mention here is member ID, we'll see it you saw, we have our dining law, that
after any payment, or payment of any requests or debts, so that no harm is done to anybody. This is a very beautiful part of the inheritance law, which is you give your you, the debts are paid off first, the requests are given out first, a bequest is something you can make to someone who is not your inheritor. And that's something that can be done. And once that is done, the rest of it is divided according to the Quran that I mentioned here. And this is again, Allah says, will love who I Li mon Halim, Allah is all knowing and all forbidden, is forbearing he knows exactly what he's doing. These are the limits set by God tilka who do the law, right? whoever obeys God and His
messenger will be admitted to gardens through which rivers flow to live there in forever, and that will be the supreme achievement. But whoever this obeys God and His Messenger and transgresses his limits shall be cast into a fire, where in he will abide forever and that initial have a humiliating punishment. So this is a glimpse of the Divine Justice and Mercy with regards to money. Again, the idea is that people are given equitably and people who are given more, they're given more because they have more responsibility, more liability. Okay.
Number 16 is very important.
When it comes to
when it comes to IRA number 16, let me just change the transition here a little bit gave
to the two who committed among you this honor them but with this, honor them both. Well, Lavanya tianyi haven't come for adieu, Huma, what is this I referring to? This is referring to two men and women who committed a man and a woman who committed adultery.
who committed adultery. The I before speaks about a wife cheating on her husband, okay. And there are this. That's part of the Penal Code of Islam, but less someone thinks that Okay, here only women are being targeted. What about when it is a man right? That is also mentioned there. A woman is honored them both. They're both punished. Equally, they're both punished equally, the genders mistakes are treated the same, in fact, in the Quran, and the Sunnah, the sin of Zina, the sin of adultery is equally egregious on either party, it's equally egregious on the account of the man and on the count of the woman, they're both equally or as grave at least sinful as the other what
actually makes the sin worse is if a person is married, in Islamic law, if a person is single, and they commit adultery, they are less their punishment is less man or woman, okay? When if a person is married, and they cheat on their spouse, that is way worse, and they are then punished in a more severe manner, but it is equal for the genders it's not based on the gender it's based on the circumstance married or not. Okay, so this is again, remember the theme is justice and mercy and the Quran is setting the you know, the setting the boundaries or setting the the these markers for what justice represents people, you know, who are under privilege they are taking care of money is
equitably both genders are treated when it comes to the penal code in a similar or same manner. And then
those who can never and then it goes to speaking about
speaking about the idea of marriage, and huruma Houma is sanctity people who you cannot marry. Okay, I number 22 I already spoke about that do not marry the woman that your father's married but also who is your Muharram as somebody is asking punished by who the punishment is given by the court of you know, it's an Islamic court. You know, it's not like a vigilante justice. It's not like that. Okay. It given by the courts. Okay, who is it I number 23 mentions is programa de la Kuma to come prohibited to you for marriage are your mother's Well, when are to comb your daughter's well how to comb your sisters? Well, I'm here to comb your father's sisters. We're a hot wahala to comb and your
mother sisters. And well by Natalie, aka your brother's daughters. Well binotto off to your sister's daughters. Well, Omaha como la de La Nina comb your milk mothers who nursed you meaning these are women who breastfed you when you were a baby. This was a thing that used to be done back in the day. Okay. And that woman who breastfeed you becomes your mother through breastfeeding okay. And all her kids are like your brothers and sisters you cannot marry them okay? You're an any other child is lady breastfed you can't marry them either. Your sisters through nursing, right? This is that example. They're your wives mothers law Amato, nissa, eco game they are all of these are listed here
permanently are your Mahara meaning you cannot ever be married to them. The categories listed he can ever never ever be married to them. They're permanently or McCallum. Even if you divorce your wife, your wife's mom is still your mom, you cannot marry her. And your stepdaughters under your guardianship born for all of your wives on to whom you have gone in. It's a very explicit translation. But what this means is that if you have a wife who had a child from another marriage, and once you and your wife have been intimate, then that door that Daughter of your your, your wife becomes your daughter, okay? And she is permanently you know, impossible for you to get made her
just like it is impossible for you to get married to your own daughter, she becomes exactly like that, okay? And,
but if you never got intimate with this woman, then there is no sin upon you. Okay? Also from prohibited are the wives of your sons who are from your own loins, meaning your, your blood sons, your kids from your own, your own children, children,
their wives, the moment they're intimate, that girl is like your daughter, and you can never be married to her, okay? And that you take in marriage, two sisters simultaneously at the same time, you cannot be married to two sisters. That is the thing. Now these are important I add, it actually lays out the rules, right? It's like the boundaries are being are being marked here in these IOD that these are women that you can ever marry. That means they don't have to wear hijab in front of you. That's the idea. You can be around them in a manner that's free, they don't have to wear hijab in front of you, you can be there and you know, they don't have to cover up and whatnot. These are
the boundaries that are set by the Quran. Okay. And then after that, the rest is all in Oh, hello la Kumara alikoum The rest is lawful to you are all others beyond these. This is the idea the rest all of the rest of the categories or anybody else who doesn't fall in these categories is permissible for you to get married to Okay, marriage is the entity that will be unwelcome. You do this seeking them in marriage with gifts from your property. Merci Nina Ramos in desiring chastity, not unlawful sexual intercourse, that there will be a modicum when you say top there will be a modicum giving them gifts from your property that is referring to the man that's referring to the dowry. Okay,
meaning if you want to get married, you have to give the dowry that's the right of the woman. And when you are getting married, your intention is to seek honest wedlock right? chastity merci Nein. You want to be protected. Not that this is an affair. Marriage is not just an affair. It's not like two people hooking up quickly. Mostly Nene. Actually the word comes from the word hesson ha sod and noon how saw the no one is a fortress and a person who was married. It's like they're in a fortress, their marriages, their fortress, they're secure in their marriage. That's the idea behind Mawson
That's how married is supposed to be is supposed to be a protector, just like a fort protects its inhabitants. The marriage protects the married person. And that's how that's the mindset. The person who goes into the marriage should have not that let me hook up with this girl that married or divorced her, then hook up with this girl and divorced her. You're really just, you know, you know, do it like this is a person who is sugarcoating Xena as marriage. And that goes contrary very much to the the spirit of marriage that the Quran mentions and again, justice and mercy is the theme. Sometimes people will take advantage but justice should always be served. And the baseline is what
these either establishing. Allah is merciful to us and wants to make our make our lives easy. Look at this, if you read the law, who liuba unilock whom I are 26 God wishes to explain things to you. And he wishes to guide you while you're here come soon. And alladhina amicably come to the ways of those who have gone before you where to buy, they come and he wants to turn to mercy, turn to you in mercy, he wants to forgive you, okay. He wants that if you have made a mistake, you turn to him for repentance, and for forgiveness, and he will accept your repentance because Allah is all knowing and all wise. This is
a very important idea in Islam that will love who you need to endure to barnacle he wishes to turn towards you in mercy. Again, this is an emphasis the expression repeats, but those who follow their own passions and their own whims, they want you to drift far away from the right path. antamina Malan avina Allah once to lighten your burdens, you need to lower your coffee for uncom the holy oil insano briefer because man has been created weak, this is something you notice in society, if these boundaries that Allah has said, if they are broken down, then there is chaos, what's what's, uh, what's gender, what's not, you know, a gender? What's this? Let's rethink the concept of this, let's
rethink the concept of marriage. Let's rethink the concept, the concept of family, all of a sudden, there is chaos. Well, Haleakala in Saudi Arabia, we can help we can we can bear this right long term human beings are going to suffer like some disaster, if they continue along this type of a path, but these rulings before establish the baseline of what is justice and then from there, everybody can go and exceed and be merciful and kind, but this is a lost way of lightening our burdens. This burden is not put on us as a society to figure out how you know the these these structures. Allah has provided us these structures, you the lower your coffee for income, okay? Very, very important that
we understand that the laws of the Quran and Sunnah are For this reason, they are there to make our lives simplified. Okay. Now, we move on to what could be barriers to justice and mercy. And the next part of the surah continues to talk about that. And then the last part will speak about establishing justice. Okay. So barriers to justice and mercy. One of the big barriers of justice to justice is financial corruption, and this is what I number 29 mentions. Yeah, you Alina amanu kulu Amala combinar. Campbell bouton, believers do not consume do not wrongfully consume each other's wealth, but trade with it by mutual consent. trading is good. Buying and selling is good, right? Unless
you're buying stocks, they're gonna flop.
But overall trading is good. You buy and sell by mutual consent under all the minco This is good. But what's not good is if you're ripping somebody off, you're, you know, being an oppressor, you are being unjust. And systemically you are exploiting people that is actually very wrong, that guru Amala koombana Campbell Belton. Now look at the current expression, don't eat your wealth between yourselves wrongfully. Right, like you hurt your brother or sister. You're really hurting yourself, aren't you? That's the idea that Quran wants to get get us to understand what not to do and foster come Don't kill yourselves. You kill your brother or sister. This is an egregious crime, one of the
greatest sins, but when you kill someone, you've actually killed a part of yourself as well. That is the understanding. Look at the mindset. The Quran wants you to understand you hurt someone, you've actually in a way hurt yourself, because that barrier that Allah had set up or that those boundaries of justice that Allah has has established
You have knocked them over. And eventually you will be on the receiving end of this as well. In the law, can I become rahima for God is most merciful to you the very, very important, you know, this is the barrier to justice, okay? And of course, the one who does this, oh my, if I lose Alec or the one and middleman, whoever does this, I have transgression and injustice, they're insisting upon it. They're like an unrepentant sinner for so financially. They are going to be the ultimate justice will be served on the Day of Judgment, we shall cast him in the fire, hey, maybe in the world, they'll get away with murder. Maybe in the world, they'll get away with ripping people off, but they
will not get away with it on the Day of Judgment, and that is easy for God. Now as as for us, Allah says, If you shun the great sins in touch, then he will cover Ramadan, Hannah and who look after uncomfy decom. If you shun the great sins that you have,
that you have been warned against, right, the great sins that you have been warned against are the major sins in Islam. Don't if you stay away from that, at all, everything else, all the major sins, Allah, all the minor sins, Allah will cancel out and admit you to a place of honor, this is a very beautiful thing. Avoid the major sins, this is the instruction, the major sins are shipped zinna adultery
you know, the the consuming of interest unlawfully, the drinking of alcohol, slaying or killing someone came
accusing a chase woman of being unchaste there are a few This is a list I'm sharing with you not an exhaustive list. But this is from a Heidi game. Jo line as an example, all of these major sins a person stays away from they don't engage in any of that, that in turn would do what all the other small sins that they commit, Allah will wipe the slate clean. That's the very easy, liberating way of thinking about the practices now stay away from the major since and our last module will take care of everything else if it's too complicated. If it's too too much detail, if there's a lot going on, just focus on this this is the one I underlined this in your in your Quran, please when you're
studying the Quran, this is the i a number 31 for surah four, if you're struggling with Islam, and you're like what is this and what is this and oh this and all that and too much? This is the I underline it and go back and read it. Leave the major since that's all you have to focus on. Okay, and then Allah will take care of the rest and they will admit you to the place of honor. Okay.
What's a barrier to justice and mercy is people being an envious and jealous, okay, being envious and jealous.
envious and jealous jealousy brings about resentment, resentment for others, and resentment towards God and welcome Allah give this person and didn't give me that doesn't bring about any good that no good comes from that kind of feeling. So one that is the case, right? Maybe let me turn off my thing here.
All right, when that is the case, when somebody is
consumed by that, then they can see any good that they have in life. So one at a time I know my father in law who ba ba, ba ba ba ba and number 32. Do not covet the bounties which God has bestowed more abundantly on some of you than others. Get don't cover that. Literally Jelena Cebu mementos, abou men shall be rewarded according to their needs, while in the Sir inoxydable Mema seven and women shall be rewarded according to their deeds. Right? The last part, Allah is the one who knows he is the one who judges he's the one who gives the reward. He understands, you know, the fully the picture is fully clear to him. don't envy this person or that person or this gender envying the
other gender. Don't be like that was an alum infallibly because you know, no good comes from that, when in fact, what you should focus on is ask God for His bounty father is my father Lamanna. Tom, what's left over after you've done eating your food leftovers are considered in linguistically forbidden which means what which means ask Allah for his grace and His bounty and He will give you enough and so much that you will have your needs taken care of and you will have enough afterwards you will have more right? Your needs are taken care of. You're completely full and satisfied and you will still have more left over that is what Allah is giving you asked for. That was a little lamb in
the in the law, how can I be kinesia in alima, because God
has knowledge of all things game. This is a very important idea. We have to be mindful of that. Also, it's important that there is a natural order of roles in the house. If that is switched around, then that becomes a barrier to justice and mercy. What is the natural order of roles are Rajah Luca Muna Allah nessa men are the protectors and guardians are women. Men are the ones who are the head of the household. This is an eye of the Quran that establishes this, this is not like some cultural construct. This is an eye of the Quran, there is culture and culture that we accept. And this culture that we put to the side, when when it's something that's textual, something that comes
from the Quran. That is something we accept an equivalent unequivocably, it's just there's no there's no doubt there for us there. And this is one of those instances of the Django kawaman Allah nessa men are the protectors of women, they are the ones who are put in charge of the household. Why two reasons me my father in law because God has made them Excel, others, some of them, Excel, others, God has made for global level by the homeowner about what this means is Allah has put them in that he's made them in this way. Number one, and number two will be mountain Sakuma, inviting him, and because they spend their wealth on their family, this is a two reasons you Islamic books of
faith in the books of jurisprudence, if a man is not spending his wealth on his family, he loses part of this role of being the protector, the leader of the household, did you know that this is something that's there, that so this is not like a blank state, a man can be like a bum, and he's still considered to be the head of the household. This is a qualified, you know, leadership role, but be in no doubt that the role that has been given to the man in the Quran, right? And it's qualified by these two qualifiers, that they are chosen by law for this purpose, and that they spend from their money. You see, that's the reason but if that spending is gone, then the man loses the
this role. And Henton forfeits this role, okay. So this is a very important idea, this is a barrier to justice and mercy. The eye also speaks about,
about, you know, inter marriage problems about what happens between marriages, how do you resolve disputes, and it is something that has a lot of detail, but at the end of it, it mentions that there is an element of justice that is established there. If you are fearing breach between the man and his wife, like if the justice is going to be breached, they're not the man is not being just, he's being abusive, okay, then, or maybe even before he becomes abusive, maybe he's just not being just and he's being unfair without hurting the woman, okay, then appoint an arbitrator from his family and one from her family. Let them figure out if they can bring them together, he would either
slowhand you were 50 level Bainimarama, if they won't want to set things right, God will bring about a reconciliation between them. Look how beautiful this is. Right? If they wanted, Allah will make it happen for them. But if they don't want it, it's not going to happen, I lost father will not allow them to reconcile a they will want to first my husband and wife have to want this reconciliation. And that is where the good will come from. So again, the establishment of justice and the establishment of in the encouragement towards mercy and excellence, you can see that here, barriers to
to justice and mercy. Mercy is a person who is doing ship, wherever the law how allowed to ship. This is the ultimate injustice. associating partners with God is the ultimate injustice that's mentioned here. A mentioned with God as I mentioned, the very beginning, right, Allah has mentioned and then the womb is mentioned families mentioned right here as you notice, Allah as mentioned, and right there after that we go to your parents and to your relatives, families mentioned because these two go hand in hand, but also be good to orphans, the needy, the neighbor, who is a kinsmen, neighborhood was your family. Maybe a neighbor was not related to you, your companions, the
wayfarers and on whom those whom you rightfully possess is talking about slaves. Gods did not does not like arrogant and boastful people.
the idea of a upright believer, this is number
36 speaks about what an upright believer support is supposed to look like someone
Who is worshiping Allah alone the foundation of his life is his, though heed the oneness of Allah that He man, and that now shows manifests itself in being kind to his inner circle parents and close relatives, and those will outer on the outside orphans, other relatives, neighbors, etc cetera His goodness extends from him all the way out. That's an upright person. And that's someone who is not arrogant, not boastful. That is the kind of person that Allah loves. And that's what he wants us to be like, he doesn't want us to be someone who's hypocritical, right? unifi akuna, Amala hamriyah and us who spending the other one is spending this one is spending, but this one is spending for the
sake of, you know, showing off for the sake of being known as a you know, as a as a magnificent person as a charitable person.
They're not doing it What are you mean, when I'm in LA what happened to me last night, it's not coming from the foundation of faith. And unfortunately, this is the kind of thing that is completely unacceptable. This is like a person who has taken the Satan as their companion, this is a barrier to justice and mercy. Now, let's talk about what is how do we like establish justice as mercy and before actually we get to that look at this I write
in the law of the moon with carnivora God does not wrong anyone, but as much as a greens weight loss partner is not going to be unjust even as small as that amount, a greens weight, okay. And if there is a good deed, he will repay it, and he will
repeat it twofold and bestow out of his own bounty and immense reward. So panela very, very important idea. Okay, now we move on. And the Quran pivots to
people who have
Historically, they had not kept their promise, okay.
And they have not kept their promise or trust to Allah, we're going to talk about what establishing justice means here. Let me just put this on the screen here.
Establishing justice being true to our trust and keeping our promise very important. before Allah speaks about this, he speaks about people who historically were given this responsibility, but they did not fulfill that responsibility. And that is referring to the Jewish community specifically, okay.
If you look at IR number 54 is number 54 here very important I am Yeah, so Luna NASA is at our home Allahu Minh Fahd Lee
Sorry, I'm just find my notes here. Where to go?
Yes, um, yeah, so Luna, NASA, Allah, Allahu Minh fogli. Do they envy others because of what God had given them out of his bounty, we have granted the house of Abraham the book and the and wisdom and we have granted them a great kingdom. So from them, some of them believed in it, and some held back from it, and hell will suffice as a blazing fire. This is a very stern morning, you, you know it community of believers, like the Jewish community is envying the community of believers, the Muslims for being having the last prophet. This is historically something that happened. And that is something that's interesting, because both are from the family of Ibrahim, and it is Allah who
chooses to give who receives revelation who receives profit, it is not a person's choice, it is the choice of Allah subhanaw taala. So this is the one who rejects the last choice, hell will suffice as a blazing fire for that person establishing justice. Allah speaks about that. I am number 58, in the La Jolla, Morocco and to Amati Illa Ania. God commands you to hand back your trust to the rightful owners. And when you judge between people, you judge with fairness in the law, not in their in my eyes, Lacombe God's instructions to you are excellent.
They're such excellent instructions. Indeed, Allah hears and sees all things. Again, establishing justice starts first with keeping your promises, keeping your trust on a personal level, but then on a societal level and to a man it Illa Allah, the people of merit should occupy positions that they deserve. It shouldn't be based on nepotism, it should be based on merit. And then when you judge
Right justice should be served at all times when this is in place, people are getting appointed by merit, people are getting justice, then you will have peace and you will have justice. Okay? the Sunnah of the messenger is also is the the vehicle that brings us justice all believers obey God and obey the messenger and those who have been entrusted
and those who have been entrusted with authority among you, but only am remain calm again and trusted authority among you the I before spoke about them being people a marriage, right, you can have like a unqualified clown ruling, you know, a community or running a community. And, you know, they're saying, Hey, I'm entrusted with authority, you know, you are not requalified originally to be in that position. But when you have the right people entrusted with authority, you accept their, their judgments, you accept their,
their rulings, okay. And if you are in dispute, it's not like that they are completely like, infallible, if you dispute them refer it back to God and His Messenger, bring it back to the point. So now, that's the best way that Liga heydo Asada, Mila this, this is the best way in this life, and they will get you the best result at the end. So this is establishing justice in society, very important. The framework of it is mentioned in this surah. Okay, now,
what the Sura pivots to is,
is like a little tangent about how the people, the hypocrites in Medina, they were, you know, they would say to the Prophet, we believe in you, but they actually were lying. And they would not actually do what the profits of some would tell the Sahaba to do. And the Quran clarifies all messengers were sent by Allah.
They were meant to be obeyed by the permission of God. That was their role, okay?
This is the rule of the prophets they were sent to be obeyed. And if people were to say, well, the prophet was this there for his time, well, they're actually saying something that is quite unacceptable. Okay. The Koran now speaks about also one of the things that speaks about that that's part of establishing justice is fighting for the weaker elements of society. Okay.
Let's look at the IR here. Ramallah Kula to hottie Luna number 75. Fighting for the weaker elements of society.
Well, my lacuna, Ducati, Luna feeds me, Linda, what is wrong with you? Literally, that's what it means. If you were to translate it correctly, what is wrong with you that you don't fight in the cause of God? Well, most of our foenum in originally when they saw it, well, we'll done and for the helpless, all men, women and children, I think the old here is kind of incorrect transition. You fight for the helpless men, women and children who say, All Lord, deliver us from the city of wrongdoers, and grant as a protector of your grace and grant as a supporter out of your grace. Okay.
So this is the idea. These are people most often they are oppressed, they are wronged, they are weak, they don't have anything or anyone. Why isn't that a capable group of people strong group of people who have established justice in their society? What is it that they're fighting for the cause of these people? This is actually a very important principle in Islam. You know, fighting in the Quran is mentioned war is mentioned. Peace is mentioned. But war is mentioned with qualifiers right? You fight in this for the sake of God in the sense that you are protecting yourself from oppression, you fight for the sake of God for the people who are weaker elements of society. You're not doing
this to build a you know, colonies, which is what the British and the French and the Dutch did, right? They fought to exploit and take resources and they took resources from everywhere in the world, okay, the Spanish, the Portuguese as they were, you can go and study the history of this from, you know, the time of the Industrial Revolution, right it's it's, it's insane. But here the reason for fighting is not to exploit but actually to support the weaker elements of society. Justice during war and peace is very important. Okay, let's look at this. Right. Justice during war and peace I number 92. Right. No believer shall kill another believer unless it be by mistake.
Whoever kills a believer
by mistake should free believing slave and play a pay blood money to the victim's relatives unless they forego it.
As an act of charity, if a victim belongs to the people who are war with you, but as a believer, then the composition is to free unbelieving slave because you took a life of somebody by mistake. So you free a person, like you give them a new lease of life. And if he belongs to a people with whom you have a treaty, then the blood money is handed over and to his relatives, and a believing slave should be set free. Okay, and anyone who lacks the means should fast for two consecutive months.
dobutamine Allah, such as the penance imposed by God, and God is all knowing and all wise, this is actually very interesting is there's a lot to unpack in the IRA. But I'll mentioned something very important here, which is that killing is completely impermissible in Islam as an act done by an individual, okay, the only time it's allowed is by a government, and rightfully not, like just like, you know, in unjustly through a process of law or as part of a war game. And that again, is after due process, not that vigilante war, okay. But if happens is manslaughter, you know, mistakenly a person was killed. By the way this is speaking about unbelievers you a up to the minute Illa Hata.
But it also speaks about,
you know, what happens if it's the only main Akuma who mythical, this is a person probably who's not a believer, if he belongs to people, people with whom you have a treaty, this is generally a non Muslim group that you will have a treaty with. So even in that case, you the exceptions, are mentioned here. But the hubby tells us the person who kills a believer or a disbeliever, without any reason meaning not through court of law, not in the rightful battle, will Lemierre to have a hot agenda will not smell the center paradise, right? They will be so far away from Paradise. Its scent travels 70,000 years far, like that's how strong its smell. Is this person wanting to smell the
scent of paradise? And if they're so far away from Paradise, where do you think they're going to be? Okay, so that's one important point. Now here it talks about manslaughter. And it talks about how, you know, if you are doing justice, you have a people that you have a treaty with. And by mistake one of your people killed somebody from their that group that could cause war that could cause a lot of bloodshed. So quickly address the matter first hand over blood money, right for the year to masala tea, that's the first thing to be done. And that unbelieving slave should be set free. This is part of establishing that justice in with people that you have treaties with, and even during
times of war times of war is mentioned in the IR before I number,
as 88. But I wanted to give you a glimpse of that, and the idea of accidental deaths and of course, whoever kills a believer deliberately. And I mentioned the Hadith about the disbeliever. But here's the idea about the believer, his reward, his punishment shall be eternal hell, and God will condemn condemn him and reject Him and prepare for him a terrible punishment. Look at this idea this was the justice in in during the time of peace treaties, right here is justice during war. I remember 94 believers when you go forth in the cause of God, make do investigation. But by you know, while other coolamon are caught in a coma Salaam molesta momina. And do not say to those who offer you the
greeting of peace, you are no believer, because you seek the good things of this life. This is talking about in the middle of a battle. You are fighting with a person and you're about to slay them. And this person is like no, no, I accept Islam eyeshadow, Allah, Allah, Allah, you are not allowed to say, Oh, no, you're not saying this, truthfully, you're saying this to save your life. And then you still continue to slay that person. You can do that. You can do that. That is justice, even in the middle of the battlefield. In fact, one of the Sahaba did this one of the Beloved of the Prophet Sonam, Osama bin Zayed who was like a grandson to the Prophet. He wasn't a blood relative,
but he was like up the prophets grandson, he was treated as such. He did that. And the problem was so upset. He said, Did you open up this man's heart and check and verify whether he really was a Muslim or not? How dare you? Right? And that's how difficult how stern he was with someone who, with someone like Osama who he loves so dearly. The point is, you are just in times of war and in times of peace and that's what the Quran here is teaching us. The Quran also teaches us that those who strive right for the sake of Allah for Allah who Mujahideen Abbey, Amani Hema unfussy Morocco, Idina Raja, that those who strive
With their goods and their persons have a higher rank than those who stay behind. If you work hard for the sake of Allah, you are exerting yourself. You're learning, you're teaching, you're giving back. You're donating, you're giving your time and your money. Yes, that is a person who's better than someone who just gives their time or someone who just gives their money. The one who does both is better. Well, coonawarra Allahu Allah, Allah has promised promised a good reward reward to everybody. Everyone's going to get a good reward from Allah, whoever does good, but the one who does you know max will get the max reward will follow the law Mujahideen Allah Idina as you, Angela
nazima, for greater is a reward of those who strive for him, dada jAgt high ranks confirmed by him as well as forgiveness and mercy and Goddess Forgiving and Merciful, okay.
It speaks also about, you know, being someone who, again, as an element of establishing justice sometimes is you might have to leave the place that you are living in, right, because you can get justice in the place we live in. So you emigrate or you immigrate whoever does so for the sake of Allah just fill out the Murrah man Kathy, you know what, sir, right? Allah will make the land of Allah is vast, you will go looking for a just place, a place where you can worship Allah, you know, in peace and security, that you will find a place in an Allah's land, and you will find plentiful provision you will find a way to sustain yourself as well. Okay.
The I have a member I told you there's only one ayah in the Quran that mentions the prayer right, the details, I number 102 without contacting him for comment, Allahu masala, the prayer that is sprayed in the middle of the battle, this is a number 102 very interesting. If people are praying, you're praying as a jamara. Half the people are praying half the people are guarding okay?
Fall Taekwondo for two men whom let only a part of them stand up along with you armed with their weapons. interesting note here, right? That there's two groups are praying one man is leaning. And then there's two people praying first is praying and the other is standing on guard. And then they swap. And then the ihram kind of waits into after one rocker and wait for them. They catch up their prayer, and then they finish their prayer. What's amazing is the Quran doesn't say You know what? You're going to be two groups. How about you have two imams what mm for one group while others are guarding? And then the next Imam for the next group while the others are guarding? No, no, the Imam
is still one. There's still one mm. Even in all these, you know, mechanics are done to make sure that you're being protected from your enemy, but you also praying together behind what he Ma'am, the importance of unity. This is a very, very deep idea, or there's a lot of fear there. So I'm not going to unpack it for you, but wanted to give you this little taste of what this is saying okay.
The Quran says in nanzan Nikhil keytab will hectoliter Marina Naseby Morocco, we've sent the book down to you with the truth so that you may judge among mankind's by a means of what God has shown you. You see, again, the book is sent down with the truth and that its truthfulness manifests in its justice the Takoma Marina Naseby Morocco Allah and then you here is the Prophet Salam. So the prophets of sun is the one who is showing us how to live the Quran is number one and five, you may want to underline this one and it's an very important idea that speaks about why the Prophet Sonam is an authority in our religion. Okay, now
you look at
this I this is a very beautiful eye right here, which is either number 135, or you who believe in most of them will end with this inshallah Yeah, you will. larina m n O you who believe punakha wamena budapesti Shahada, Linda, be strict in upholding justice, and bear witness for the sake of God. Even though wallow Allah unfussy comm even though it be against yourselves, I will validate your parents I will occur Rabin or your Kindred your family. He akun honey and oh for Kiran for LA who Oh Allah be Hema be their rich or poor. God knows better about them both. You know, somebody who's rich should not be able to buy justice, somebody who's poor should not always be on the short
end of receiving injustice. For that to be rule, Hawa and Angelou do not then follow your own desires. Lest you swerve from justice. Don't let your desires your prejudices and biases let you take take you away from justice. And if you were to consider
Seal the truth are invaded when Telugu otari lu for in Allah cannot be my Dharma Luna hubiera, then Allah is aware of what you did. You will get away from it. Maybe in this world you will get away, but not on the Day of Judgment. Not on the Day of Judgment you will not get away, but of being party to injustice on the Day of Judgment, you will not get away from with it with that.
This is so important. Oh no kawaman literally saying be those who stand. You know, the if a woman a woman came when it came to talking about husband and wife, the man is the guardian of the family. Yes, I'm above the women. Oh, wamena Bilkis here. You're supposed to be guardians of justice, guardians of justice, doing it for the sake of Allah now, because this is like a walk thing to do today. No, you're doing it for the sake of Allah. That's why you're doing it, you had that a little luck.
Even if it is against your own, against your own interests, it doesn't matter. This is what true justice is. An establishing that is a responsibility of the believer, because of their belief. That's why, right, and if you think any of you can do that, maybe you need to renew your faith, believe in God and His Messenger in the scripture he sent down and to his messenger as well as the scripture you sent down before. He denies God, His angels, his scriptures, his messengers, and the last day has surely gone far away. Maybe you don't have enough conviction in your faith to stand up for what's right. Maybe you have to renew that faith. Maybe a person is struggling with their faith.
So they believe and then this belief and believe in this disbelief, but this belief, thermos dadoo, cough run, then Allah, you know, he will keep the door open for a little bit, but for a person who is believing and apostates and then coming back and then upon stating, eventually when they are so much that duco from their, you know, disbelief, you know, grows too far. That's when the door shut.
That's when the doors shut. So, establish, renew your faith, be committed to it, and
when it manifested, by establishing justice, inshallah, we will end with that this is almost the end of the show tomorrow, we'll pick up from the sixth Jos. inshallah, speaking about the
unjust statements that were sent about a loss profits, Moosa and then Isa, we're going to speak about that in sha Allah and, and the consequences of the injustices is up one off Aaron, is there's a couple questions, let's take them why Allah choose some people as prophet among others. This is purely Allah's choice, very good question. Purely the choice of Allah, who he chooses as a prophet is not a other person's choice. Allah, Allah who is fluffy me that I'm Anika, Pharaoh, Sudan woman and ask God chooses people to be prophets. It's 100%, his choice. Part of it are our submission to him as accepting his choice of who he chooses as the Prophet. What's Blood Money? Blood Money is
money that's paid to the family of someone who was killed. You know, mistakenly like as manslaughter. So you pay, you know, the person that the perpetrator pays blood money to the family of the victim. And that is, you know, in Islam and Islamic law is 100 candles, okay? Not 100 physical candles, but the value of 100 candles. So that's the blood money and what the eye reference just showed you was speaking about how, you know, fairness and justice establish even when you are at times of war, or in times of peace, Allah wylam zakka window cleaner buddy, thank you very much for attending. I'll see you all again. Same time, same place tomorrow, Susana Coloma will be haniger
Michel de la Ilaha. Illa. anta Mr. Furukawa to like Sierra Madre Kumara la he won't get