A Date With Dr Zakir – Ep28
Channel: Zakir Naik
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dear brothers and sisters in Islam and humanity as salaam alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh May the peace, the mercy and the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala be on all of you. Welcome to the show, Ramadan, a date with Dr. Zakir I'm your host, Yousef chambers and today we will be discussing sighting of the moon
zacky salonica walakum wa salam rahmatullah wa barakato. Dr. Zakir could you first explain to us how is the beginning of the Islamic month determined Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah wa sahbihi Amma bad also Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman Rahim, rubbish Melissa de recently Embrey wa Hello, Melissa Neff. cocconi. We find that whenever the blessed month of Ramadan approaches, we find a lot of concerns, debates, arguments and difference of opinions as far as when does this month begin and end and we have different people giving their own opinions etc. But as far as the beginning of the Islamic men this concern Allah subhanaw taala is
very clear in the Quran, that it is based only and only on the sighting of the moon.
Moment inside the new moon, the Islamic man begins and Allah says in the Quran in surah baqarah chapter number two was number 189. They asked the concerning the new moons. See, these are signs marked fixed for a period of time for the affairs of men and for pilgrimage. So Allah is very clear that the moment you said the new moon the Islamic man begins and Houma Salah Salam has made it clear in various I heard it it's mentioned in say Buhari,
or number three in the book of fasting and it number 1909 Abu huraira Mela repeating he said governor Musleh solemn
obligation that will enter the name metal abbreviating, he said that fast when you see the crescent of Ramadan fast military the new moon that is from none and you stop fasting when you see the crescent that is the new moon of chawan
and if the sky is overcast that means you cannot see the moon then complete 30 days of Siobhan
and masala Salama very particular to count, especially the days in the month of Siobhan so that he could be sure when he's not going to begin. And it's mentioned insulin without warrant number two in the book of fasting habit number two three minute Hello Tasha min Lolita. She says that muscle loss alum was the most careful in counting the days of the month of Siobhan and whenever he saw the new moon of Ramadan, he's to start fasting and if
he could not see the new moon because of cloudy weather etc. Then he used to complete 30 days of Siobhan
must Ross was particular and counting the days of Shabbat so that he could know exactly when does the month of Ramadan start.
And as far as witnesses concerned, whether the moon site or not, the beloved Prophet Musa Rossum said, it's mentioned in sooner, say, fasting, added number to 118 the Prophet Muslim said
when to just Muslims side the moon when the Shahada then fast or stop your fast that means in to just Muslims give the verdict. You can start your fasting start the month of Ramadan, or stop your fasting in the month of Ramadan. Therefore two witnesses are required
Define the month of Ramadan is started or ended. But there are other group of scholars who also say the one witness is sufficient to start the month of Ramadan, based on the hadith of surah. Number
one, number two in the book of fasting, added number 235 were Abdullah Omar Melo please him. He said that when people were seeing the moon, trying to find the new moon from Dan,
I told to the Prophet that I had seen the new moon
the Prophet fasted, and he commanded all people to fast. So based on this one witness alone, most of the scholars they say that for the beginning of the month of Ramadan, one witness is sufficient, if that's preferable, but one sufficient, and for the end of the month of Ramadan, then two witnesses are required. Dr. sokkia you mentioned the issues of witnesses, what kind of a person's testimony will be accepted for sighting of the moon,
as the Beloved Prophet masala film said, as I mentioned earlier, in a book of fasting, Hadith number 2118, the beloved Prophet said that, if to just Muslims, just Muslims, if they said the moon, then you can start fasting or you can stop fasting. So the other criteria is it should be to just Muslims that they should be added, that'll be good, you will just add them, it comes from the root word, which means straight, which means upright, it's opposite of a crooked person and other is a person who does all obligate reacts or thrice, and he does not commit any major sins and He persistently does not commit any minuses. Complete. obligate TX includes the fast he plays, he gives a card etc,
etc. and does not do any major sins, which we discussed earlier in the previous episode of major sins, does not send does not back by etc. The person should be a good character, and should have good eyesight.
Being idle is a must the person besides being idle, the person also should have good eyesight because only if he has good eyesight Can you set the mood, if he doesn't have a good eyesight only being idle is not sufficient, because then he may be deluded. So besides being other You should also have a good eyesight and the criteria that's always laid down by Allah subhanaw taala in the Quran, the person should be strong and should be trustworthy.
As Allah says in the Quran, in Surah, casas chapter number 28 was from Bernie six. The criteria for such type of people are that they should be strong and they should be trustworthy. Allah says in Surah casas chapter number 28 was
speaking about narration of the story of Musa alayhis salam, when one of the root or the Shibboleth Salam says that he should employ masala Salah, Oh my dear father, employ him on your wages. That means high masala Salaam, because you truly require a man to employ, who is strong and trustworthy strength and trustworthiness. These are two criteria which are required. And a similar method is repeated in Surah. Number chapter number 27 was number 39. When if read one of the djinns men is asked to get the throne of Queen Sheba and he says that, truly Indeed,
I have got strength. And maybe you can trust me, me is one of the jobs entrusted to him. He says you have got strength, and you can trust him. So trustworthiness and strength are the truth it acquired. So witness should be added that they should be trustworthy. That's what's important. Okay, thank you for the answer. Dr. Zakir, I'd like to further ask you regarding the sighting The moon is one allowed to use astronomical evidence, just like the moon and after isn't
done using a human witness as far as using astronomical evidence, astronomical calculation or competition for deciding with moon after Islamic moon this concern and the suggestions have been given very often. It's mainly used by those people who have lack of knowledge of Islam.
Because as far as astronomical calculations are concerned, they were there even at the time of the Prophet. And this edition was not given only lately. It has even been given as the name of the Prophet.
And when we did the dg come to know what the prophet said about it. It's mentioned in say Buhari or number three
The Book of fasting has it number 1913. where Mr. mellow presents him, he says that the Prophet peace be upon him said that we are an illiterate nation. And we do not
calculate, and will not do accounts, mainly relating to the month of fasting, indicating that we do not use astronomical calculation or competition, as far as calculating the Islamic month is concerned. And he said that it's only so and so and he did thrice 123. And third time he pressed his thumb, indicating it's either 29 days, or it is it It tastes like that. So and So indicating 30 days. Now, he said that we don't use astronomical evidence, astronomical calculation or competition. And immediately there's one more Hadith which is mentioned in Tanana without worm number two, in the book of fasting. I did number 2313. Where,
if no more male IPS with him, it is said that He fasted alone, along with the people, and did not rely on the astronomical evidence on astronomy to calculation.
From here we come to know that we have to rely only on sighting of the moon, with your eyes. That's important. And she gave me Tamia. He says, when the Prophet masilela solemn, said that we are an illiterate. Omar, what he meant was, he tried to praise us, based on saying that we are simple. And we don't rely on anything else. But the siding of the moon his own eyes, it was not a statement used to put them down, but offerif DOMA that we follow a simple religion. And Prophet Musa Lhasa lump purposely did not use this competition, because he wanted to be followed by the common human being. And he did not want to let this evidence of whether the man starts or not, to be in the hands of a
selected few people have knowledge, whether they're right or wrong is secondary. So based on that, the astronomy evidence is not used for setting of the moon, only thing with the eyes is sufficient setting of the moon and to rely whether the Islamic moon starts on further moon. It is the lack of knowledge of Arabic and Islam, that people suggest such things. And even if they may further says that the Arabic word Hillel, it actually means to see the moon or to announce
and if the moon is there, but if people don't see it, and people don't announce it, then that means the new moon hasn't started. The moon may be there. But because it's not seen by the people, it's not announced, so it's not started. Furthermore, the Arabic word for month is
Shahar it comes from the Arabic word Asher, which means same that means unless it becomes famous, or becomes known to the people, the month has started. Many people think that if the moon is there, irrespective whether people cite it or not, whether people know about it or not, whether it becomes famous or not, the month has started. No, it should also be seen by the people, and it should be made famous to the people, then the right Arabic words shall be known to the people, then can we say the Islamic month started? So based on this, therefore, the astronomik competition, whether right or wrong, it did not take into consideration because people should see it themselves. It should be
announced and to be made comment, then the Islamic man starts. I'm sure that that will help a lot of people to understand once you've given the derivation of the word Subhanallah it makes so much sense is like a like a Is it correct to confirm the testimony of a person that claims to have cited the moon via astronomical evidences or otherwise. Other mission earlier that using astronomical evidence
to know whether a man has started or not is totally wrong, even to use it as a reconfirmation for the testimony given by the Muslims is totally incorrect. And there are many reasons for this. Point number one, if the astronomy evidence goes against the people who have testified that means we are doubting those just Muslims and doubting adjust Muslim is against Quran the Sunnah. Point number two, if the astronomical evidence goes against the testimony, it may be that some of our acts of worship may be nullified, which will again create a problem
Point number three, which is the most
oppressed the sinner against the commandment of Prophet. The Prophet said that we are an illiterate nation. We do not use astronomy till evidence and competitions. So it goes against the Prophet which is the strongest reason and suffering for us to stay away from it. Why number four? Allah says no Quran in Surah Nisa, chapter number four was number 171 lotta goofy did not commit access in religion, not commit excesses, and the Beloved Prophet Musa Rasul himself. It's mentioned in Sona nissei book of monastic al Hajj, had this number 3059. The Prophet said, Do not exaggerate, because there were people in the past who have been destroyed because of exaggerations. Talking about the
Jews, similar finance talks about the Jews, that if you exaggerate, then the chances will be destroyed. So what the prophet said, Allah says, follow it. If we go too much into exaggeration, they will be destroyed. And furthermore,
the last reason that people fail to realize that the Prophet said that when you see the moon, then you start fasting. When you see it,
then you stop fasting, based on our deeds decoded earlier of SIBO. Heidi on number three, Book of fasting, and is number 1909. So the main thing is that you should see it. So true fasting begins when you see it with your eyes. Or some Muslims say today's and known to the people, if it's not seen with the eyes, and if it's not known to the people, then to fasting hasn't begun. So where's the question of astronomical evidence? And furthermore, we find its mission at the end of the Muslim
world number two, in the book of fasting, how did number two theanine three, that once there was a Saba, who was performing ombre, and before he reached Makkah, on his way, in one of the areas, he saw the moon, and it seemed to be a two or a three day old moon. So when they Tony met
him near Bassman library with him, and told him about this thing that you know, you'll have fasting from now now, but already sorted the moon with approximately 40 digital signature, Bassman lopatin replies that you start fasting when you see the moon. And if the moon is obscured, it's possible the moon was in sea, so complete 30 days. So with this, it's sufficient that we don't have to rely on astronomical evidence at all. Seeing it as important and making it known to the people that are important, then the month of Ramadan starts. If it's not seen, if it's not known, it doesn't stop.
Okay, once again, you're reaffirming what you've said. I mean, it really is all about us, seeing it with our own eyes. But just one last question on
instrumentation, if you like, is one allowed to use a telescope to sight the moon. As far as using a telescope for citing the moon, it's permissible. Because Finally, you have to use your eyes. So telescope, it only makes it easier for you to see it brings the object closer to you, it seems to be closer the object is there, the moon is dead, the moon doesn't come closer, but it seems closer. And it's easily seen. So using the telescope is permissible, it does not at all go against the Sharia against the saying of the Prophet. There are some people who do object to it, but they fail to realize that then if the object using telescope will have to update you will see with the
spectacles. When a person sees the spectacle, like when I see I'm using the spectacles, it's nothing but a glass. It's making you direction in my eyesight. And I can see clearly. So if you object using the telescope that is our objective and using the spectacles. telescope is nothing but there are some lenses and glasses put so that it helps you in see. So as long as you see with your eyes, it helps you in seeing there's no problem. So the scholar the unanimous in this that using telescope is permissible if you want to use it, but it will make a little bit different, not much not much different. Because when the moon is there, and if it is a cloudy sky with the telescope also
concede. And if you have good eyesight without the scope, if the moon is to be sighted, it will be seen, but someone wants to use it, he can use it, it's possible. Now it makes sense to me. Dr. Zakir, if a person starts fast in one country, he then travels to a second country
in that country, the month has started two days after his country of origin
end his fast according to the country that he's traveled to?
This would mean of course, that he would end up fasting 31 or even 32 days. Is this correct for him to do that, as far as a person will start fasting in one country and when he travels to another country.
And that country has started maybe two days late. And if you continue then he ends his month of Ramadan. According to second Gandhi various traveled, it may be that he may end up fasting 31 days or 32 days. So
Be fast to the end of the questionnaire, continue with the country of origin. And when they finish the ramen, they should finish after this question is concerned, as the last prophet has clearly mentioned, in the last say, body, word number three, aka fasting, number 1907, and 1909, that a prophet said that when you see the new moon, you start fasting. And when you see the new moon, you stop fasting. So based on this, but natural and another Hadith of
the book of fasting, added number 697, the beloved Prophet said,
the fast is the day, you all fast.
And the breaking of the fast is the day when you all break the fast. And the day of sacrifice is the day when you are sacrificed, indicating it should be done in congregation, it should be in JAMA, it can be done individually. So because the person when you shift from one country to another country, he should follow the rules and regulations as the people of that country were staying. So if he stays in a country where they start fasting early, he should start fasting early with them. And if he goes to a country where the fasting is delayed, the month of Ramadan is delayed by two days, you should continue with them. Even if he has to fast one or two days more, he has to continue doing
that. Because he has to be with the chairman, he has to be with the people. It cannot be that the other people are fasting and he's not fasting, he should maintain the JAMA
that as what the people are doing in the country living should continue doing that, even if he has to fast one or two days more. And in the month of Ramadan either has 29 days or 30 days. But since has to follow the Hadith, that the fast is the day when all the people fast. And the breaking of the fast is the day when all the people break the fast. So it should continue and break the first only when all the people break, even if you have to find one or two days more. And similarly if a person when he starts fasting,
and if it has to enter the country. And maybe the sunset is about two hours late. So he has to fast to as he comes to the country of origin The sun was setting at six o'clock, and you're setting eight o'clock. So I will fast to as less no the same way. As far as setting on the moon is concerned he has to do extra days.
If it's the vice versa. If a person starts fasting, if a person starts the month of Ramadan in a country
and then goes to a country, which has already started the month of Ramadan, two days earlier than the country of origin,
or one day earlier than the country of origin. In this case, also he has to continue fasting with the people of the area. Even though he may have to fast one day less, maybe he'll have to foster in 28 days, but in this case, since a month cannot be 28 days, he has to celebrate it with the people of that country. But later on he should compensate for the fast he has missed because the month of Ramadan cannot have 20 days. So, if both the country's very started and ended both of which 30 days and if you fasted for 28 days, then you have to compensate two days. But if the country of origin had 29 days or the country have to just travel has 29 days, then he has the option of only firstly
important and then he has to make up only one fast, but he has to complete at least I know 30 days depending upon the country of origin and destination. And maybe if you want to get more award and you have to travel east.
Dr. Zakir perhaps you could shed some light on the issue of why it is that the Muslims of the world are not united as regards to the fasting and the celebration of it'll fit in either latter.
As far as Muslims toward the world be united in tagliamento from non ending the month of Ramadan and celebrating it.
There are scholars which are divided in one group of scholars who say that toward the world if it followed the timing of maka, maka start the month of Ramadan. Everyone thought the world was following him that if Maka einzelnen then everyone thought the world would end and then at MOCA celebrated then everyone else in the world would celebrate it
and this is the view even of
check been buzz, and a person asked him that you're the Saudi who traveled to Spain and he said that I have been fasting according to the
fasting I started fasting spin off into maca and ended fasting or NACA and 711 maka, is it right and shaved in mustard. There's no problem it is right, because the holy city
but the other group of scholars, they disagree and they say that the time means should be according to the area. There should be time zones, as well as isn't different in Surah Baqarah chapter number two
was number 185. That
if you cite the moon, so those who cite the moon those who witnessed the moon,
although the president at home in the month, they should fast
and a beloved partner through samosa said mentioned say Buhari, or number three in the book of fasting is number 1907 and 109. The Prophet said that
when you see the new moon of Ramadan, then you start to fast and when you see the new moon, Russia while then you end the fast. So based on this, the people of that area should see
the moon. And if that area is common, it may be one city, it may be a full country or a couple of countries together. That is writerly. And she gave me Tamia says that you cannot have that all together.
You cannot have all Muslims in the world fastened together. And he also faith that even according to scientific evidence, even according to astronomical levels, it's not possible that all the Muslim throughout the world can fast on Monday, because the moon cannot be sited all together on Monday, there has to be difference. So it's illogical to say that we should fast all together. And the beloved partner seldom said it mentioned in the book of fasting hate number 697. That
the fast is when you all fast.
And the breaking of fast is when you all break the fast. And the day of sacrifice is an all the people sacrifice. So as long as people have that area, they first it is sufficient that the fasting and when people have that area, that locality that city or country is the big the first big the first because as we see that, there is no difference of opinion, as far as the timings of sun is concerned. As far as starting of the each day, as far as when the day starts and the day ends. There's no difference of opinion. It's mentioned around in Surah Baqarah. Chapter number two was number 87. It says that eat and drink until the White Throne of Dawn is distinguished from the black
thread and fast in the night falls until the sunsets. So here in each part of the world, the sunsets earlier, that does not mean because in Malaysia, the sunsets earlier in Bombay, I will end my fast earlier. So that the pre market session ended early.
And if in the Western world, the sunset is a bit late, and also NFS. Late, the anatomist agreement throughout the world, that you have to follow the timing of the Sun according to local timing. If the sunsets in your area, then you start fasting and you can eat. If the dawn breaks in your area, then you stop eating and you start fasting, there is no different opinion. So as we follow the sun, we should even follow the moon the same way. Imagine if we felt a bit easy. If the new moon of Shahada sited in Makkah, and we celebrate it.
Maybe in America, in the West, the moon may have been said one day earlier. That means they have to celebrate it one day later. And in Pakistan or India, the new moon will be cited one or two days later. So does it mean that they have to celebrate in
in the month of Ramadan.
And imagine those people if they're for a market, I mean, they'll have to fast even on the day of faith in America, where the moon, maybe it's in Mongolia that means they will have to fast on the day of invasion ham Prophet said you cannot fast on the day of aid.
So here we realized that we have to follow the same rule as the former from
the dictators and it will not be practically possible. And many people will say that, you know, how is it possible that you know Muslims in different parts of the world have been on different days? It's normal. We are used to having different timings in the sun. The morning time when it's daytime, in India, it is nighttime in America.
We don't say how the nighttime then daytime here. When it's nighttime you had daytime they don't say Oh, what a stupid thing that people aren't united, because that's the way it is. The diamond of the Sun differ and the timing of the sun in the full world. It differs by 24 hours, zero minute to 24 hours. It depends upon which longitude is your area. If it is the same longitude, the time it would be same.
And the world is divided with 360 degrees 360 longitudes each longitude differ by four minutes. So it should travel by 15 longitudes, then there'll be a difference of one to 360 miles an hour for come to 1440 minutes. That's equal to one full day. So the world is divided.
zones. Now, just for the betterment, for ease, what we do that though India has got more than 15 degrees, longitude, yet the time has come in, they take a center point. And they say whether it's Bombay, or Gujarat, one end of India, or whether it's Assam, the other end of India, the breath, yet default the same time, the day the central time. But in countries like USA, the width is much more. That is more than 30 degrees, the timing metaphor the more than two hours, but they have approximately four time zones, the time in Los Angeles is two hours earlier than that I'm in New York. So the first so there it will be imagined person from from New York to Los Angeles. And even
though that there that was earlier, but this is how the time goes, I know I did. And people are living with it. The same way people fail to realize that as far as scientific evidence for Moon is concerned, the new moon can differ by one or two days, it is scientific.
It's not possible that the new moon can occur throughout the world on the same day, it's not possible. It is unscientific. And I had just spoken to a scientist was especially in the field of astronomy, there's London and been there. And he told me that one or two days is common. Sometimes they can even be difference of three days.
Setting the moon, one part of the world, the other part of it can be a difference even of three days. And once in a blue moon, it can even go up to four days. It may happen at a once in 1000 years, I don't know if calculation will understand. But normally differing by one or two days is common. It is scientific. The new moon cannot be cited on the same day throughout the world. How the sun cannot rise on the same path throughout the world. So your people fail to realize that celebrating same day throughout the world will be unscientific. And honest slamming also.
Because when you have to have two witnesses to cite only when two witnesses cite as the Beloved Prophet said, Can the people of that area celebrate what we can have for convenience. People in a few cities in one area setting the moon or one full country can have one common area of sighting the moon or a couple of countries if they're close and fall in the same area they can have, but towards the world. It's not possible. And it is not even scientific. So I agree we should get a mention of what they mean, when they say that it's not possible to decide to go move toward the wall on the same day.
So from your answer Dr. Zakir, it's clear that there can be some differences from country to country in regarding the sighting of the moon, following the ease and starting and the end of Ramadan. Alhamdulillah. What's the ruling regarding people in the same city differing regarding eat, and Ramadan, etc. As far as people differing in the same city, the beloved partner lesson was very clear. It's clearly mentioned in the
first six number seven profitably.
The Fast is the day when you all fast with the whole Muslim community fast.
And the break of fast is the day when you break the fast and the day of sacrifice is the day you sacrifice all of your sacrifice, indicating that it should be in congregation people of the same city cannot differ because the city is not that big, where the sighting of moon will differ. So the aerial sighting of the moon has to cover at least one city I don't know of any city in the world, which is so big that covers you know a very large area, they can be occasions when few cities can be clubbed together and they can have the same aerial setting of moon or the full country can as I mentioned earlier in the same setting of moon or they can be a few countries close to each other,
you know, may have the same sighting of moon. But as far as the city is concerned, they should have the same sighting of moon, a person cannot differ. Like in the same city, one person starting them on today, other person starting tomorrow, it's not permissible all have to start running together and run together and celebrate it together.
It is very logical and straightforward. It's not rocket science.
Dr. Zakir there are many non Muslims, no doubt and I have met some of them who are confused and they often ask themselves what sort of a religion is this? in which people of the same city you know, are not united? upon this wonderful day, this celebration of EAD and also the beginning and the ending of Ramadan? I would really appreciate it if you could comment on that.
I do agree with you that many a time. We Muslims make a laughingstock of ourselves, that the wonder what sort of religion is this Islam a villain united in the same city? You have two different days of feed. Sometimes you have three days. Three different days the feed
today tomorrow, day after tomorrow
see different days of it. So they wonder what sort of religion to this. And for this, as I explained to you in the earlier two answers, Islam is very clear. There is the ultimate decision but we Muslim not to blame. It is not Islam, we Muslim not to blame, because the person must listen, we're very clear that we should be united the Quran is very clear, it is the Muslims are to blame that we are divided. The problem is not an Islam problem is in us Muslims. The problem is that we have many Hillel committees, many, one city has three four law committees or many time there is one entire committee, but there are subdivisions each belong to one group. So, the problem is in us Muslims, we
have many law committees, each belong to one group, one sect
each fighting among themselves or one law committee having subdivisions. So, what happens that this ego problem between them and that happens in many parts of the world, whether it be USA, whether it be UK, whether it be Pakistan, whether it be India and in Bombay, it has happened several times that it is celebrated on two different days, sometimes even three different days. And what happens that there we go problem, that if the witness of group or healer, committee a is there, and in our community B gets angry, or maybe they want that visual announced first, and I fill out a committee a announces first be out of the way will defer to prove that we are stronger, and they want to show
who has a bigger following. So this is a big fitna and because of their own ego, the problem we have with Muslim Omar is that we Muslims, we are being troubled and we are not able to follow our Deen because of these groups. So, the main problem is the Hillel committees, because the ego problem between themselves and it has happened several times in several parts of the world that they purposely differ a group and honestly group we will go out of the way to differ. So you know what we should have we should get together and no problem for the betterment of the oma we should let our ego down. And we should come together on a common platform. And we'll have more collectively no
problem. As long as you noted the celebrate the eighth as the Prophet said, you fast and all the people fast you break the fast and all the people bring the fact to celebrate either all the people celebrated. So if you let the ego be reduced, and let us come together and see to celebrate the together then this problem otherwise this problem will never be solved. And previously, they used to be two different dates. Now third, it has cropped up because of the people following Saudi, which I discussed in earlier two answers that you know, now they say that okay, we will follow the demo of Saudi Arabia, that's another problem. And that has cropped up recently it has become more and we
find that in Canada and UK. In USA there are three days of it. The infighting among the local committee one problem and some people say will follow us out there but there's another problem. So they have an increasing problem. So we must assumption
rope of Allah, Quran and the Hadith, which had been divided
what we need to do is bring back the logic of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi Salaam and when he was placing the Blackstone remember the the story if we could have that back that'd be great. And we see this problem is very little in the Gulf countries in Saudi Arabia only one committee with whatever they say everyone follows and fortunately even the countries around them whether it be UAE whether it be bad in the forests of the river because the fall in the same area, it's not that big countries so there there is no problem and we are a laughingstock they celebrities on Monday when they announced everyone follows it said when they said I'm not everyone follows so they are the best
example the Gulf countries we Muslims in the non Muslim country we have a problem with I do show off and ego etc. I do differ that is a problem. So we should follow the example of the Gulf countries Alhamdulillah the united and the one at least as far as the sighting of the moon is concerned, inshallah it should improve the more educated our our youth get
in trouble taking over the place and shantala into
well, Doctor, I'm afraid that's all we got time for it regarding the interview section. Now we're going to move on to the question and answers on the topic of sighting of the moon.
Right, well, the first question we have from one of our respective viewers is why do Muslims follow the lunar calendar instead of the solar calendar? There are various reasons why we follow a calendar and following euro candle is much more beneficial as compared to solo calendar because Allah says in the Quran in surah baqarah chapter number two was the 189 that when they asked the concerning humans
They are Signs for marking the fixed period of time as far as the affairs of mental concern and pilgrimage. So, in lunar calendar, what we have that every year, the time and the climate, if you follow the solo calendar, for example, Ramadan will come in the same season, it will come in the same month of the solar calendar, but the season will be the same it will not change. But if we for the lunar calendar, if the lunar month is the same, it keeps on changing the climate. So, because the difference between the lunar and the solar calendar 11 days approximately, the lunar calendar is 11 days less than solo calendar. So if we for the solo calendar, if suppose a man comes in a country
in winter, throughout his life, a man recommend winter if in one part of the world, and then summer throughout the world will be in summer so it will be a disadvantage. Someone we compete Allah subhanaw taala Why am I living in a country where I'm learning always in summer, or someone who sounds good, I'm not always in winter, some people will fast the full Ramadan the full life always having long days, some people have short days. So when we follow the lunar calendar in approximately three three years of your life, we have the man coming in all this season of the year. Sometimes it will be in some sometimes in winter, sometimes not. Sometimes days will be short sometimes they will
be wrong or it will be average throughout your life. So this is 100 scientific to do for the lunar Canada is beneficial we have hydrolyses will we have among all the seasons they have eaten all the seasons, so no one can complete our last one Oh ALLAH and they have taste of all the seasons to follow Ramadan and to keep the fast and as well as to celebrate it. So it most undefeated for the lunar calendar as compared to falling the Sultan Jazakallah takasaki. Next question, is it permissible for Muslims who are living in a non Islamic country to form a committee to confirm the sighting of the new moon for Ramadan show while and the ledger as far as forming a Hillel committee,
a committee for studying the moon
in a non Muslim country, it's not permissible, it is in fact, preferable or it may become compulsory
that there should be if there are many Muslims living in that country, so that Muslims are united, it is mazahub it's preferable that this formula committee so that the Muslims of that area, whether living in USA or living in UK or in India, they have common point of reference, but as I mentioned earlier, they are a combination of United they should not be fragmented, they should be one committee, they should not be many committees, otherwise we live on separate days as I discussed earlier, they should be but one come in committee foreign currency just for the short answer.
Next question and how unfortunately today last question, can the testimony of a woman be accepted with regards to sighting of the moon for Ramadan, as far as accepting the testimony of woman for setting of moon is concerned the difference of opinion according
to the HANA fees
100 school of thought. If it's a cloudy day, then the testimony of a woman can be accepted. Additional a woman can also be accepted by the families and one group of sharpedo sexually distant Mini. Whereas the other group of Shafi they say that testimony of the woman cannot be accepted and the Maliki's are unanimous that destined reform and cannot be accepted the two groups of scholars, one group says that it can be accepted one they say it can be accepted and check with me. May Allah have mercy on him. He says that the detriment of woman cannot be accepted. And he gives reasons for that. He says that because the Quran says that there should be two just witnesses. And that'll be a
word used in the hadith of telomere de Vaca. Fasting added number to 118. It says shahadat in two, he says the woman is the Shahada, not a showerhead. So based on that argument, he says that woman testimony cannot be accepted.
The other Google Scholar, they said can be accepted. And as far the Arabic word is concerned that many a time when the male word is used, the woman is included to do just pick on the word and say that so the other group of scholars say that's not right click on the word and say, because it's Shahid, then a woman can be accepted. And furthermore, they say the group has said that woman testimony can be accepted. They say that when we ask a woman that reaches the direction of Qibla, and the woman shows the direction, but naturally follow it, and we can ask the timings of Salah Roman if you go to foreign land, that what is the timing of salah and she does the timing it's
accepted. So when we accept this Why can we accept the sighting of the moon? That for the argue, and further they argue that many of the deed has been narrated only by one Narrator The chain of narration and holiday Sherman Lupita. The wife of the Prophet she alone has narrated no less than 2220 Hadith. So in her alone, witness
excepted even just handed on the side of the moon
very strong, you know that when we can accept the other
side of the mood and we accept that this Why can't be said when she said that she's in the mood. So the proof we say that woman testimony can be accepted is much more acceptable though there are different opinion in this aspect.
Just a hair for your excellent answers today Dr. Zack and i and i think it's a very controversial issue amongst many Muslims and I pray and I ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to help us less than the the difficulties and the differences between us so we can all celebrate each and each city we can all celebrate eat together, and we won't be the laughingstock of any non Muslims or such like inshallah is like a like a brothers and sisters do Join us again tomorrow at the same time when we will be discussing the topic, so cut off until then. Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh