Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Bismillah yo, yo Rafi
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I said, Allah hamdulillah salat wa salam ala Rasulillah why the early he was happy woman Why am I bad? We will continue on our journey of regarding the story of our father Adam it his Salam. In our last lesson, I had mentioned the story of helwa, our mother and the controversies over her role in the expulsion. Today, Inshallah, we'll move on and talk about a number of specific questions regarding the expulsion of our father, and mother helwa from gender. And the first question that we have for today is How long were they in gender? How long was our father and mother were our father and mother in gender, we know that Allah subhana wa, tada created them outside of gender. And this
is the majority position and I went over that controversy. In a previous lecture, some scholars did say that he was created inside Jen. We also went over the controversy of which Jen was he in, although this has been done, the conclusion that we have reached in these series, and of course, feel free to disagree is that our Father, our family, his salon was created outside of Jana, in some celestial region up there. And then after creating his wife, how what the two of them were then asked to enter the actual gender age and not to add in the gender that we want to go to. So they were asked to enter Jenner. And we know that our Father was created on the day of Jumeirah, and that
he was asked to enter paradise on the day of tomorrow, and that he was expelled from paradise on the day of Juma and that he came down to this earth on the day of Juma. We know this from a number of traditions of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam of them is the famous Hadith in Tirmidhi. The best day that the sunrise is is Friday, because on it, Adam was created and honored, he was asked to live in Jenna, and on a tea came down to this earth. And on it, the day of judgment shall take place. So he was created on Friday, the angels were asked to bow down on Friday, he entered Jenna on Friday, and he was expelled on Friday. Question, is it the same Friday? All of this happened on one
day? Or is it a different Friday? So this question, if you look at our classical books of Tafseer, and you look at our earlier traditions and our books of history, we find many many, many opinions about this. However, almost all of them centered around the reality that the presumption that our father Adam, was created, and enter Jannah and expelled on the same day. However, they all add, or many of them add that a day in the hereafter is like 1000 years of our reckoning. We're in the Yeoman in the Arabic Elfi Senate, a matter of doing a day in the eyes of your Lord in the sight of your Lord is like 1000 years of your reckoning. And so, a day might be a day for agenda. But if we
were to assume that timeframe, that day becomes 1000 years, hence, a timeframe of that day becomes a few 100 years and this seems to be the default position of our earlier scholars and the tab your own tab a tab your own and there are a number of reports for example, in the Musetta recovered hack him he has it it's not even a bus that had been a bust says that Adam only lived in Jannah between salata and also until sunset a little bit before sunset. So Adam was asked to enter Jannah after also salah the equivalent of after acid and he was expelled from Jenna right before mohareb Salah on the Friday and so between Elsa and mother and it is also reported by an Oza, who narrated from
Hassan that Adam lived in Geneva for 100 years and another report for 60 years and then has another boss it said Levita either movie Genetti sa tem Mina how Adam only lived in Jenna for one hour of the day time one hour of the afternoon. What till Casa and that hour is me attune with Salah Buena Center 100
130 years of your timeframe, 130 years of your timeframe. So 130 years of your timeframe that so the point being that today said that this one hour is not one hour, it is the equivalent of 130 years. So if you look at the early books, you find many positions, I'll go over some of them very quickly without dwelling on them, so that you understand the diversity of opinion. You have some of the earliest scholars who said that he stayed one hour in Jannah. And that is equal to some said, 130. And some said, at three years and four months, or they're trying to be very precise about that 1000 years. And this is the position of Imam autobody, the great historian, the greatest historian of the
first three centuries of Islam, where a man autobody the historian writes in his history that our father Adam, the soul was blown blown into him in the afternoon on the day of Juma and, and he lived in Jana Avila aurubis Shamcey from before the sunset on that day, and he came down to earth on that day on the very last day of the week, which is Juma and he then says that and that day is 1000 years of our reckoning at that date is 1000 years of our reckoning. Another position reported by Mujahid is that Adam it his Salam spent two hours in general not one hour, and he then doubled that timeframe 84 To make a double that and 100 and say 90 Something to get that two year, that two hour
timeframe again, the point being that some are being mathematical that when Allah says a day in the sight of your Lord is 1000 years so then they try to say okay that 24 hours into 1000 years how much is one hour going to be so they try to calculate the number of years in our timeframe one hour of Jen would be a Ruby and then NS another scholar of the tab your own tab a tab your own said that Adam it his Salam spent three hours in Jenna. I will Alia the famous Dabiri with Alia said that he spent five hours in gender. And he mentioned that the Malik is Salam was expelled from Jenna Assata dassia will actually he knows the timeframe, the ninth or the 10th hour, and he came down to this
earth for when there were only nine hours remaining of that date. And so he remained in Genda. He says for five hours again, this is a good idea. His position will have been wound up being one of the body you and those who would give a lot of stories in the past he says it was six hours and other scholars mentioned half a day. It is also reported from even ABIs that he said, Adam it has salaam spent half a day in Jannah. And that half a day was equivalent to 500 years. And this is also the position of even sad in his taba caught inside in his novel called The famous historian. Even sadder than the author of the early book of chronologies double caught he mentioned it is that half
a day or 500 years. Now, once again, the point being that all of these reports, they seem to indicate that Adam Alayhis Salam spent a relatively short period of time in Jenna hours. And that short period of time in general hours is the same as many hundreds of years of our times whether it's one or three or five, that because one day in Jannah equals 1000 years. So a few hours equals a few 100 years. This is the Ongoing presumption. And the origin of this opinion does not seem to be clear. We do not know where they're getting this from none of them quoted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And we also don't have such explicit reports from what we have of the Judeo
Christian sources. In other words, the Old Testament the Israeli yet they don't really have the level of details that these reports have. So where are they getting these reports from? Allah azza wa jal knows best. And we also have to realize that, and this is again, a well known position, that the self when they talk about history, it is not something that we need to take as coming from Allah subhanho wa taala, that when they mentioned the stories of the past, when they mentioned anything to do of this world, they are basing it on their knowledge, and they have the right to tell us what they believe is true, but their position and their opinion is not binding on us whatsoever. And we
see this even in all of these statements in this regard. So the default position seems to be that our father Adam alayhis, salaam, lived in Ghana for less than a day of its timeframe. And they understood all of these great authorities. They
understood that when our prophets Allahu Allah, he was sent them said them was created on Friday, and the angels bowed down on Friday, and he was asked to enter Jenna on Friday, and he was expelled from Jenna on Friday. Even though the Hadith does not say the same Friday, it is as if they understood that it is the same Friday. And so all of these events that we talked about for the last few weeks in our seminars that we're doing in this, in this series, all of these events occurred in one day, but that one day of Gen is not the same as our 24 hours, that one day of Jenner is equal to 1000 years. And based upon that, they said that this 1000 year time frame, from our understanding
would be for Adam it has set up in gender. This is not the only opinion out there are even Kathy and others mentioned that we do not know for certain how long he remained in Jenna. And he says that it appears that Adam live for a very long time, a very long time. Because Allah says in the Quran, that fantasy Adam forgot. And even Kathir says that a person does not forget in a short period of time. So it would make more sense that Adam Alayhis Salam lived a long period of time in gender. And because he lived a long period of time, because of this, he forgot. And when he forgot, then the Westwater of Shavonne came to him and he slipped into that. Now, before we move on my own thoughts
on this issue that obviously on the one hand, it is clear to say that Allah knows best, and we do not know for certain how long Adam Alayhis Salam was engender. And also the the, the reality as well that can be added is that how long he remained does not really have a major impact or effect on the moral of the story. And this is one of the beauties and the perks and the benefits of the Quranic stories. Unlike the Bible and the Old Testament narrative, we are not bogged down in superfluous details, we do not get lost in the minutiae of the story. If you read, many Muslims have obviously not read the Old Testament, if you ever happen to do that, if you ever do this, you will see that it
is very difficult reading for us who are accustomed to the Quran, it's very difficult to understand, because the level of detail becomes too much overwhelming, and so and so begat so and so and so and so went here, and they did this and did that, and the moral of the story is lost, whereas the Quran, one of the beauties of the Quranic stories I mentioned this way back when I started talking about stories is that the level of details is extremely minimal. It is as if the default is that no name is mentioned, and no dates are mentioned. Rather, what happened, who did what you have the simple skeletal story. And so from this, you can derive the morality of the story, we are not told the
names of anybody else other than them it is set up in the story of Musa we are not even told the name of Fidel and fit on becomes the title in the story of use of we do not know the names of any of the characters, the two prisoners said this, the brother said is the oldest brother said this, the youngest brother said that not even the names of the brothers are mentioned much less dates, much less locations, just generic muscle, you know, Egypt or whatnot. So the same goes here. We are not told the number of hours or days that Adam Alayhis Salam spent in Jannah. And therefore clearly it is not integral to the story and to the morality of the story. That having been said, I cannot help
but sympathize with this default position. That yes, indeed, everything did occur on the same day. And it is a presumption that I have based upon the Hadith of the Prophet system, and also based upon the fact that this is the default position of pretty much all of the scholars of the turbulence of a taboo and then they differed how long one hour, two hour, three hours, four hours half a day. Be that a dismay one hour to half a day. The default is that it is the same day. That's the key point here that he was asked to enter Jenner, and on the same day of Friday, even if it is a few 100 years of our reckoning, but in the reckoning of gender. It is the same day that our father Adam Alayhis
Salam did what he did, and he was asked to
leave Jana and come down to this earth. And this also perhaps might be indicated, perhaps might be indicated in the Hadith that our Prophet sallallahu i You said I mentioned that and our father Adam, was caused to go down to Earth on the Friday in the very last hour of the Friday in the very last bit
The Friday. So this is a special time for us. It is a special time for us. We were asked to make extra dua in this timeframe, just like perhaps had that time our father Adam was making dua for forgiveness as he's coming down, as we're going to come to right now, the forgiveness. So the fact that the Prophet system says that Adam came down at the very end of Friday, it is as if and again, I know this is a weak as if but still, it's better than nothing. It is as if we were being told that all of this happened. And then at the very end of Friday, right at the very last minutes of Friday, our father Adam came down have Jen, so Allah knows best. But it appears that the day that Adam was
created was the day that the angels were asked to bow down. That was the day that Adam was told to enter Jenna with his wife, that was the day that they ate and drank freely in the gardens of Jana. And when Friday was about to finish the same day that Adam was created, but again, that day was one day in Genda. But in our lifespan, it might be hundreds of years, 500 years, whatever it might be. And so Adam was wondering, Jen, in our understanding how we understand time, for hundreds of years, or maybe more than 100 years, he was wandering and enjoying Jenna. So in that timeframe, can you imagine that we forget things in a day, in a year in 10 years? How much do you remember of the
details of what happened to you five years ago, 10 years ago, and so imagine 100 plus years, 200 years, 500 years, in the timeframe of our dunya in the Adamic timeframe, it is one day, but in the time frame of this dunya. All of these centuries go by and a bliss is constant and doing what he is doing. And then a bliss seduces and West WESA and whispers to Adam and Hawa. And so they forget the strictness of the covenant. They forget you know, that commandment, the level that they should have. And by forget, of course, we mean here, they remembered Allah told them not deed, that's why they were hesitant to eat from the tree. The forgetfulness here is not a forgetfulness of memory, it is a
forgetfulness of action. As I have said in the previous lectures that I mentioned in this regard, when Allah says Adam, for God, he does not mean that Adam forgot we commanded him because that would mean that he is sinless. Rather, Adam forgot here means he neglected because the word NESEA can also mean to neglect and not necessarily to not remember.
And if this is the case, that our father Adam, that our father Adam, came down the same day he was created, then this is in conformity with what Allah says in the Quran, that man is ever hasty, polyalkylene salam, an agile, that man is impatient. And it also fits into the description of our father, Adam Alayhis Salam wanting to stand up even before the rule is blown into him. And it also conforms with other a hadith and yet, that man does not have that level of patience that is required of him, that when good happens, that he is content and happy when the slightest bad happens, he becomes very impatient, and simply cannot last or bear with that impatience. So it kind of
underscores this reality, of the fragility of man and of how impetuous man is that on the same day, all of this is happening. And we are asked to come down on the very day that we are created. And indeed, in the end, Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. Now, of course, the next point here, which is the most obvious in chronological order, is that when our father Adam, is coming down quite a bit, amen. Hi, Jamie. And Allah said that both of you get out of here, meaning Adam and Hawa and Adam and how on the one side, and Emily's, on the other, it had built for both of you is a bliss and Adam and Howard that all of you come down. So when our father Adam was coming down to this earth, it
was at that stage, the only thing that we know of that what happened is that he asked Allah's forgiveness. And he turned to Allah subhana wa taala, wanting to be forgiven. And this is one of the fundamental differences between Islam and between mainstream Christianity, because mainstream Christianity views our father Adam, as having committed a sin, and then having never been forgiven for that sin. Whereas we firmly believe all groups of Muslims believe that our father Adam repented, and that Allah subhanho wa Taala accepted that repentance and this is something that there is no controversy over so we can state it as a categorical fact. Allah mentioned in the Quran for Talaq or
Adam mill rugby curry Martin fatawa ID.
Adam received some words from his Lord and His Lord excellent
to his repentance This is SUTA Baqarah verse 37, the first pages of Surah Baqarah. Allah azza wa jal tells us Fatah valley in the water web Rahim. Allah repented him upon him accepted as repentance. Allah is indeed the toe Werb and the Rahim notice as well for Tara Paul, demo rugby Kelly Martin,
received from his Lord words Subhanallah This is one of the most profound aspects of this Adamic story. And I cannot underscore this enough, even though it is one simple fact I wish we could expound upon this more and more and more so that you understand the beautiful point over here. Can you imagine how our father Adam was feeling at that time? Can you imagine the the the shame and the guilt? Can you imagine the reality of how he was feeling and they are being you know, coming down to this earth, right. And again, we have as well in the Quran.
We have as well in the Quran, that when our father Adam ate from the tree, and our mother Hawa ate from the tree, the clothes of Jenna that they were wearing, that they left them, and they were exposed, the nakedness was exposed because the clothes was a blessing from Allah. So when you eat haram, and drink, haram, those blessings disappear and vanish, especially the blessings of gender. And so those clothes that Adam and how what we're wearing, that they were no longer befitting, of those that had sinned, and so those clothes took were taken off of them. And so they covered themselves with by themselves. So those clothes were Allah's blessings, those clothes were there,
because Allah commanded those clothes to be there. When those clothes went off, then they took whatever they could and they covered themselves in their own embarrassment and their own nakedness. And this is again, a manner of great regret and shame. Nobody likes this. It is a very humiliating reality. We seek Allah's refuge, which, you know, tyrannical regimes or what not do that they stripped down to prisoners in their cells or whatnot, or maybe even occasionally, in in history, tyrants have done this in public to people that were supposed to be respected to humiliate them. This is the reality of our ingrain high up in gender, it wasn't the same there was nobody to watch
them in the first place. No, the angels are all you know, they have no desires or what not. This was not a type of humiliation to anybody else. It was the reality of disobeying Allah. So we have to understand here when the clothes left Adam and how well this is not meant to humiliate, in front of anybody. That's not the reality of this. But what it is is an indication that Allah's blessings are given to those who deserve them. And when Haram is eaten and drunk, and when people do haram, then those blessings may be stripped away. We seek Allah's refuge from our own sins and ask Allah to forgive us for all the sins that we have done, and to not humiliate us in this role or the author.
So our father and our mother held up that Akela minha Ferber that Lahoma. So to whom their private parts became clear to them right PhotoFiltre Josefa Ernie Isley Hema, Minh what are called agenda, they began covering themselves they picked up the leaves of Jen, so the beautiful clothes of gender, the beautiful robes and the fine garments, they were stripped away from them automatically, because those garments are not worthy. And so they took the leaves of gender and they put it upon themselves. And then And then Allah subhana wa Tada says that why did you disobeyed me? And why did you eat from this tree? And this was when they were told to it will mean Hajj me on that get down
from here you have disobeyed the one commandment I had you disobeyed that now my question to you which is a very deep and profound one. Put yourself in the shoes of our father Adam Alayhis Salam put yourself in how much shame and guilt and regret and imagine now you are plummeting down to this earth. And you do not know what the future is, you know that is going to be a terrifying future. You know that from now on. You will not have access to fruits and water and vegetable to the beauties of gender, you know that you're going to have a very, very, very difficult life, you know that you have earned the displeasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala right. I want you to imagine that timeframe. And I
want you to imagine plummeting down you know, Allah knows that what speed and you know, the state and whatnot. And even during that timeframe, Allah subhanho wa Taala did not forget our father Adam, ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada taught him directly, and he put some things into his heart and he ingrained in Adam or his Salaam. This is how you ask for my forgiveness. So
panela how Rahman Al Rahim and her food and as far is Allah, how Karim is Allah? How Karim is Allah? That after our father did what he did and during the plummeting to this earth during the lowest of the low, Allah was there and Allah azza wa jal told him something, and the one who told him how to ask forgiveness wants him to be forgiven. For if Allah did not want him to be forgiven, Allah would not have taught him how to ask for forgiveness. So Allah wanted him to be forgiven, even though he had just committed the sin. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala taught our father Adam, specifically what words to say, Adam did not know. Adam was too innocent. Adam had never had to ask for forgiveness.
He's never done anything wrong. And if Allah had willed, He would have let Adam go down and he would have caused him to do whatever but No, Allah wanted Adam to be honored. And Allah had this all planned out. And so when Adam is feeling the lowest of the low, ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada inspires him fatahna demo tilaka It was literally given to him he obtained this directly from Allah Mirabai Kelly Martin, Allah taught him those kalimat what are those kalimat Surah Baqarah tells us they were sentences. And we learned in certain hour off what those sentences were. And this is an example of the Quran explaining itself. What is concise in one place is mentioned in detail in another. Those
words are mentioned as sort of out off verse 23. Or Rob Burnett. vollum and husana We're in them tell fildena What are Hamner then Akula nemmeno ha sitting on Rob by now alumna and fusina, William Delfield, and our Amna then akuna minal haason. This was the DUA that Allah azza wa jal taught our father and mother directly He taught Adam Alayhis Salam, and the two of them then uttered these statements as they are coming down to this earth. And these statements embody the reality of still far. They embody the reality of how we ask Allah's forgiveness. Allah subhanho wa Taala begins this dua he teaches Adam by saying Rob banner, that's how we begin the DUA, you are our Rob, Rob, no
matter what I've done, you are my Lord, my Creator, my Sustainer you're the one who will take care of me, no matter how and what position I am in, it doesn't change the fact that you are my job, and I have no source of hope and no source of aid other than you are our banner, you are our rugby varam enforcer, we begin this dua by making the statement. In fact, all the sins I have done, it's my fault. It's me, I did it. And these days sins don't hurt you. They hurt me. While I'm not an fusina. I have shortchanged myself, because gluten means to short change to do injustice. And when I commit a sin, I am doing injustice to whom to myself, I am shortchanging my own potential, my own dignity
in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala I'm diminishing the status that I otherwise deserve. And I am the one harming myself because of myself. So Rob banner of alumni info center. Yeah, Rob, I have wronged myself, we have wronged our own cells. And then what Ilam tell Finland What are Hamner if you Europe do not forgive us and do not have pity and mercy and compassion on us. So forgiveness and then mercy there are two separate things and yet they overlap, forgiveness for our sins and mercy for our well being. We need the forgiveness to get rid of the sins and then we need the mercy to live and to flourish and to raise our ranks. So we're in them tell fildena What are Hamner if you
are not going to forgive us for the wrongs that we've done, and then have mercy on us. Lennar Coonan. Amina ha sitting we would have lost everything will be the worst of the worst and those who have lost everything. There is no loss greater than the loss of Allah's Rama and Allah's Mo Farah and the phrases here are phrases of pleading and begging they indicate a level of need, that is embodying what it means to believe in Allah when we ask Allah we ask from the depths of the heart, we ask as if we are in a state of desperation. Because Allah we are in a state of desperation and there's nothing wrong to be desperate in front of Allah. In fact, that is the essence of belief in
Allah. If you're not going to be desperate in front of Allah, if you're not going to beg Allah for everything that you need, that who will you beg, rather, you should beg none other than Allah and you should only plead your case in front of Allah subhanho wa taala. So Rob banner of alumna and fusina. Were in them tell fildena What are Hamner lekuton nominal kasidy This is what they said it when a bus added here that Adam also pleaded with Allah that oh my lord did
Do not create me with your hands and Allah said yes. And Oh Allah, did you not blow the spirit into me? Allah will say yes. Oh ALLAH did you not cause me to have agenda? Allah? Allah says yes. Oh Allah isn't your mercy always overcoming your anger? Allah says yes. And so Adam says, Oh Allah will you allow me to re enter Jenna if I repent? And Allah said, Yes, this is a bus's interpretation of the soap, the point being that the words that our father Adam uttered are explicitly mentioned in the forearms.
Now, there is another narration, which has caused a lot of discussion amongst our scholars, and it has gone down different tangents which today's lecture, we don't have time to go down all of those different interesting tangents, even though otherwise, I love to spend time on these things. But knowledge is infinite brothers and sisters knowledge is infinite. And the more deeper you go, the more you can go here and there. And if we were to if we were to do this, we would never come back to the original topic. Nonetheless, there must be made over here mention of a interesting narration that has generated immense amount of discussion in the books of theology and amongst the various
schisms and sects of Islam. And it is a Hadith reported in them was dubbed the rock of Al Hajj Kim almost recovered how Kim al Hakim died for all five hedgerow it is one of the later books written of the original books of Hadith. So the original books of Hadith if they were pretty much finished compiling by around the fifth century, this is when the original compilation stopped, and then a new series began. So the first book is the motto of Imam Malik, which is basically 179 Hegira. And the last of these books is around, you know, the Masada recovered Hopkins timeframe, you have a few more of we Island, whatnot, you have a few more coming after this. But basically, you know, from around
200, to around 300 is the Golden Age before 200 hijra, you had a few after 300, you had a significant amount, not an insignificant and after 400, you just had a very few. So the monster the recovered hacking is one of the final of the great books compiled. But it is not of the six books and it is nowhere near the six books and it contains many bizarre narrations and many fabrications. To me, everybody knows this is well known that it is one of the tertiary books some I mean, I say tertiary but still, it's not. It's not one of the main source books nonetheless, it is a very interesting book. And it has in it this narration, which has, as I said, generated a lot of
discussion when Adam so this is a chain
that goes through the Roman numerals even even Islam from his father from his grandfather, who was a freed servant of unwitting middle hop, Bob. So Abdul Rahman urbanisation Islam from his father is a dibny Esna from his grandfather, Islam, and Islam was a slave of original Hapa whom hombre had freed and so he remained in the companionship of Omar as what is called a freed slave Imola that Omoto. Bob said that when Adam committed his sin, Adam said, Oh, my Lord, I ask you by the rights and status of Muhammad Sallallahu it he was send them to forgive me. Yeah, Robbie, Luca, be hacked a Mohammedan. I asked you by the hack of Muhammad, that you forgive me. This narration goes on. Allah
says, oh, Adam, how do you know who is Muhammad Sallallahu I said, when I have not yet created him, so he says, My Lord, because when you created me with your hands, and you blew the soul into me, I raised my head. And I saw upon the pillars of your throne written La ilaha illallah, Muhammad Rasulullah. And I recognized that you would never have a name at this place and location that you put on this location, except that it is the most beloved name to you. So Allah responds so Dr. Adam, you are speaking the truth. Oh, Adam, for indeed he meaning Hama SallAllahu Sallam is the most beloved of the creation to me. And since you have asked me by his right, I have forgiven you. While
hola Mohammedan ma halacha Touka were it not for Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I would not have created you and quote of this narration. Now.
This narration is obviously extremely interesting to say the least. And in it we learn that on the thrones of our humans, on the pillars of the thrones of our human are written La ilaha illallah, Muhammad Rasool Allah apparently, and that our father Adam begged Allah to forgive him using this
name of Muhammad Sallallahu it he would send them yeah Rob I ask you buy the rights of Muhammad by the status of Muhammad by the owner of Muhammad Sallallahu it he would send them and that ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala says because you said to me by Mohammed awesome I shall forgive you and that ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada says word not for Mohamed so some I would not have created you. Now, this hadith is a solitary Hadith it is only narrated by this chain. And it is this person that I have said Abdul Rahman, even Muhammad ibn Zayd, even a slum and this person, pretty much, pretty much unanimously he is considered to be a weak or very weak or almost discredited individual, either because of his
memory, or because he was simply not somebody who can be trusted. And because of this, most scholars of repute, consider this narration to be
completely wrong. Now, for those who are not aware of the sciences of Hadith, realize that the scholars of Hadith are divided into multiple categories. There are the Giants and the big names. And then there are those that are mediocre and then there are those that are called them with Asahi rune, the easygoing where they basically allowed everything when it comes to this hadith is a classic case study of the differences between these groups. And it is factual to point out that generally speaking, the giants of this field, consider this hadith to be either weak or very weak or fabricated, whereas those that are considered to be with a Sahin are easygoing. They said it to be
permissible or okay, this hadith meaning Okay, so for example, I'll hack him himself, who is well known to be of the most lacks, said this is a sahih Hadith and as a hobby, who is the critic of Al Hakim and he has footnotes in Al Hakim. He has a commentary of a hacker's mustard rock that
they have he himself mentions that, no, it is not. So hey, it is fabricated. It is mold door bell mold door. And he mentioned two problems with this chain and beyond the scope of our class over here. And even hedger in his dishonor visa also said that this harbor is belted this harbor is belted Belton means it has no basis to it. And I'll be healthy. Writing in his book, he mentions this narration. And he says that in this chain is Abdurahman the resident Islam. And this is a body of Hadith it is not an authentic hadith and Ibn katheer. In his bi when they hire also says the same thing. Now, if you know these people who they are, that hubby had been hijacked, even Cathy you know
that these are the Giants and these are the big names. In contrast to this, you have people like a silty, and you have people like Alex Leilani and Azura, Ani, in an mawatha ladonia and a sub key who are any known for other, you know, a different methodology. And half of them hate me also, they all considered that even if the chain is weak, the content is authentic, they wanted to make this content authentic. And so they said this hadith is
even something it's not this week, but the meaning is so hey, that's what they a number of them said, and a few of them said these not is sahih as well. Now, to be fair here, and I try my best to be fair, I think it is obvious that the is not is very weak, and the meanings are even weaker than the isnaad. And this is because we don't have this type of concept or this type of understanding in the Quran itself, or in the winter water authentic hadith. This notion of the entire creation has been created, you know for the sake of our Prophet sallallahu it he will send them no doubt we love our professor most of them no doubt he is the best of the creation. But to say that our father Adam
was created for him, and to say that this entire world was created for him. That contradicts what the Quran says WOMMA halacha agenda will insert Illa Alia boon I have only created men engine in order to worship me. So we exalt Allah and the creation was created to worship Allah subhana wa Tada. And no doubt our Prophet system is the best of creation. And if the creation were to take his example, then it would be definitely rising higher in ranks. But the creation was created not for an individual but to worship Allah subhanho wa taala. And also, the primary issue that this this narration brings is the issue of
what is called tawassul. asking Allah by the rights of and this is why this hadith becomes so controversial as well. I asked you our law by the rights of Muhammad
Till the last while he was set up I asked Gupta how they Mohamed and this narration is one of around a dozen narrations that are used. There are many narrations that are used to prove, according to one School of Theology, the permissibility of making dua by saying, Allah, I ask you by the jaw, or the status of Mohammed system by the rights of Muhammad system by the men Zilla Mahama system to give me this. And this is the position of a number of scholars, most famously a super key and others of that of that interpretation. In contrast to this, you had Ibn Taymiyyah in his school, who basically said, it is not allowed to ask Allah by the rights of any of the creation of Allah, that we ask
Allah by His rights and by His names and we ask Allah by other mechanisms that are mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah. But we do not ask Allah by the rights of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So this is a, an early controversy. By early I mean, here, we first see this in the third fourth centuries dimension of it, and it becomes a bitter controversy in the seventh century of the hedgerow, right. So amongst the Sahaba and tebboune, as with most issues, we don't find any detailed discussion of this, whether they did this or not, is itself subject to tissue to dispute if you ask one school of Islamic theology, and generally speaking, this is the school that is more Ghazali and more MUSAWAH.
They say the Sahaba and tebboune did this practice and they have their evidences for it. And they call this hadith amongst their evidences, if you ask the other school, and this is the T Mian school, the 30 school and whatnot, they say the sahaba. And Tyrone did not do this. And anything that the other group quotes, they find a different interpretation of that. And they also come back to this narration. And they say this narration is forged it is molded, or it is not something that we can rely upon. And so they reject this. So it is a very interesting topic.
I have no problem is giving a much longer detailed discussion, maybe one day I will doing a q&a, or maybe doing a library chat that I do about the reality of tawassul. And what is and is not allowed. Right now for this topic of our father Adam alayhis. Salam, I don't want to go down that tangent because it's not directly relevant. However, to be very clear, this particular narration, I think it is obvious that it is very weak in the very least, and that it cannot be used as evidence. So this I want to say right now, we want to bring other evidence that could be discussed in another occasion and lecture. But this narration that Adam Alayhis Salam said that oh, well, I asked you by the
rights of Mohammed, Yanni it actually contradicts the Quran because the Quran says Rob Bunnell alumna fusina, while I'm not feeling our homina, then it couldn't have been a hot city. So I don't want to go down the route of tawassul now and what isn't isn't allowed. I have an entire paper in Arabic, an entire Mini, you know, booklet that was written long time ago when I was a graduate student. And so I have done quite a lot of research in this issue of the West soon. No need to go down that now. But I want to say this evidence cannot be used because it is very weak, if not actually fabricated so we can put that aside. Our Father Adam Addison did not invoke the name of the
Prophet system. That's not been confirmed. He said Rob Bunnell, Valentina husana. While I'm not filling out without having identical nominal capacity now, very quickly before we move on the notion of Adam Alayhis Salam, asking Allah for forgiveness and being forgiven. This is in contradistinction to Christian notions of the original sin. both Catholic and Protestant Christianity have notions of the original sin even though there's some difference between them. And the first person to introduce this notion was the one who began Christianity as we know it, not Jesus Christ, Paul, Christianity, as we know it is an invention of Paul, not Jesus Christ, Paul, and then later on. The church fathers
are one by one they continue to add until the Nicene Creed in the year 325. So Paul was the first person to introduce this notion, it is not a Jewish notion. Jews do not believe in the original sin, even though it's in the Bible, the notion of Adam sinning. They did not believe that the children of Adam inherited that sin. This is a distinctly Christian notion, and it is a notion that was invented by Paul and then developed later on by St. Augustine died 430 BCE, and St. Augustine's view, all of humanity could be assumed to be embodied by Adam it is as if when Adam sinned, all of mankind sinned, that Adam represented humanity. And so the sin of Adam becomes the sin of mankind. And the
and then he mentions as well excuse me for the explicitness here, but this is what Augustine mentions in Augustine is that the mechanism by which the sin is inherited is the male semen, the male sperm, therefore, the only entity that was created without male sperm that's Jesus Christ does not have the original sin. This is St. Paul.
Augustine's understanding that the only entity in all of creation that was born without Original Sin was Jesus Christ because there was no male sperm involved in this. This is St. Augustine, Martin Luther as well the founder of Protestant Christianity. He claims that all of mankind inherits the ad the guilt of Adam the Adamic guilt, from the moment of conception, they are conceived in sin and born in sin. He writes in his Augsburg confession, and I quote, it is also taught amongst us that since the fall of Adam, all men who are born according to the course of nature, meaning a natural birth, are conceived and born in sin, that is, all men are full of evil, lust and inclinations from
their mother's wombs, and are unable by nature to have a true fear of God and a true faith in God. Moreover, this inborn sickness and hereditary sin is truly sin, and condemned to the eternal wrath of God, all those who are not born again through baptism, and the Holy Spirit and quote, in other words, the sin of Adam is so evil, that every child that is born is born in upon sin and evil and guilt that can never be forgiven, unless they convert to Christianity or they are baptized. That's the key point here. So the notion of baptism, forgiving the original sin is a mainstream of most Protestant and even many Catholic interpretations of this, of this ritual. Now contrast this of
course with the Quran Fatale, than was forgiven this is by unanimous consensus, and the Quran also mentions well attested was rotten, was it okra, no soul shall bear the burden of another. Allah says that no father shall bear the burden of the son no son shall bear the burden of the Father. This is very clear in the Quran. So we have made a massive difference between the Adamic story in the Quran versus the Adamic story in the Bible. We now move to the final point of today's lecture, and that is our father Adam is coming down, where did he come down on this earth? Where did he come down on this earth? So there are two main opinions.
And we can add a third one, so two and a half or three opinions, the first opinion is narrated by from Ibn Abbas and Ibn Omar, that he came down in Makkah or around Makkah. And it is mentioned by some that he came down on the spot of the Blackstone or on the MACOM or Adam came down on suffer and what came down on Marwa. This is one opinion mentioned in poverty and others the opinion that is mentioned by the majority of Tabby rune and some Sahaba as well and there is even an aberration in the most of the recovered hacking is that he came down in Bilodeau, Hynde, India, he came down in India, and in fact, there was even a narration to Olive, olive that says this, And autobody the
historian considers to be a given, he goes and Adam came down to India call us as if there is no second opinion about this. And the great scholar Indian scholar said it hasn't Han. He writes, there are numerous reports that Adam came from heavens to the land of Hynde. And he lived here because he's writing in India for a while, and
this notion of him coming to India, one can, one can add here that some say how what also came to India as well, the third opinion, which is a subset really of the second one in some ways, because for the Arabs, it was one large land. They said they said that Adam came down to the land of southern deep
and southern deep is considered to be a region of Ceylon or Sri Lanka. And to this day, there is a mountain there called the mountain of Adam, in which they say they see the footsteps of Adam over there and people make pilgrimages Christians and Muslims. They go to this dis mountain thinking it is holy, and thinking that Adam came down to Sri Lanka. When I visited Sri Lanka, I did not have time to just physically go there. Not that I think it is holy, but just to see it. But my host said to me, if you had time we would go and it's a beautiful place to go and see anyway. So the third opinions that he came down in Sri Lanka, as for our mother halwa Some say that she came with Adam to
Makkah, some say she came with Adam to India, and most say she came to Judah. And that's why the Arabic folklore says Judah has the connotation of Jeddah, Jeddah tea which is my grandmother. This is folkloric, it is not Hadith ik per se, but one finds this folklore amongst many Arabs and especially people of that region, that Jeddah or Judah because they originally was Judah. Judah is called the Judah Jetta is called Jeddah because it is the grandmother. This is folkloric To be honest, but it is found and to this day, the folkloric interpretation of Muslims is that Adam came to Sri Lanka and what came to Jeddah
And the two of them were searching for each other for many years or decades, and they finally met in Makkah, or around Makkah, and maybe even on Jabba Rama, where they embraced one another and hugged and crowd cry for 100 years. And then Allah forgave them whatnot in the end of the day, okay, so all of this, you can see, I'm where I'm heading with this, you can perhaps tell with my tone, we do not know where Adam came down. And there is no benefit in this knowledge. And to be brutally honest, it is fanciful. That's a polite word I'm saying I want to say something even more harsh, but it is fanciful, to presume with any sense of integrity and honesty that we know where Adam came down
question, who was there to witness this? Who chronicled it? Who reported it at this timeframe? Even Adam and Howard did not have children. So who is going to tell us where they came down? How is this gonna come to us? Where did they live, we have no such knowledge. And all of this is presumptions. So in the end of the day, where Adam came down is unknown completely. And even if we find folklore and legends, in books written in the second or third century, even the second or third century, between the authors of this book and Adam, Allah knows how many 10s of 1000s of years. So all of this is simply folklore, there's not Quran, it's not Hadith, Allah did not tell us the process and
did not tell us and it does not have any shred of academic evidence whatsoever. And so, we do not know where Adam came down. We do not know where how what came down, we do not know how long they wondered whether they even were last whether they were together or not all of this is unknown unto us. And whatever has been mentioned is merely tales that people say and we in this lecture series, I might mention the tails but I will point out that there are tails and we do not make heads or tails of those very tails and with this inshallah we will pause for today and continue our next class until then JazakAllah head, Saira Malik, MURAMATSU Llahi wabarakatuh.
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