The Reality of Sin – Part 1

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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Tip number seven

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don't

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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah, he was like the 100. That's our regular sisters halaqa which is supposed to be in our sister section. But as you're aware, we are under lockdown mode right now. And so we are broadcasting from our green studio. The topic that wanted to do today is a topic that is relevant to all of us brothers and sisters. And it is a topic that deals with the issue of sins and the effects of sins. And this is going to be part one, there's also going to be a part two inshallah. Next time we have our sisters had o'clock. And I mentioned in my whole demo that I gave epic, last, not this Friday, but the Friday before that, that we do need

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to be frank and understand that what we are seeing now of this lockdown and of the spread of this virus, we have theological certainty that this is a generic type of punishment for our collective sins. Now, this doesn't mean that every one of us is guilty. It doesn't mean that every one of us is necessarily being punished at an individual level. Rather, the goal is that we want to come out protecting our individual level punishment, and the collective punishment will only be lifted when collectively we return to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So in today's talk, I wanted to discuss the reality of sin and what are the categories of sins and in order to get there we have to first of all

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begin by talking about the reality of Eman the reality of faith because since contradict faith, and of course Eman is the Quranic term for belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala. But Eman is more than just belief. And that's really something that deep down inside many of us understand, but very few of us have really studied in detail. EMR is more than just believing that there's a God out there. A man actually consists of many different facets, and included in that is of course, a knowledge of the heart and knowledge of the intellect that Allah is my Creator, that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is my prophet that the Koran is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. But that knowledge that is conceptual,

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that is theoretical, in and of itself, it does not equate to the Quranic term he man, and there are many, many, many evidences for this. But the most obvious evidence that really should be very clear to every Muslim out there is the reality of a police shape on himself. Because if you look at shavonne beliefs, in particular, the first shape on it because she had done is using generic term, if you look at at least at least knows that Allah exists, that Allah is the Holic that Allah is the rub. A police knows that there's a kiama In fact, he may do it to Allah, Allah. Allah, Allah, Allah allow me to live until the day of judgment. So he called Allah Rob and he made dua to Allah subhana

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wa Tada. And he believes in the AMA, and he believes in his heart I mean, he knows that Allah has sent to these prophets. And yet ever This is obviously not a movement. So if a man had only been acknowledging Allah knowing Allah subhana wa Tada, then a breeze would be number one in the mind, because he has seen what the majority of us have not seen. But he man as we said, is more than just theoretical belief. There is, of course, the belief in Allah, but there's also emotions that come with a man. So these emotions are also in the heart and soul. For example, love of Allah subhanho wa Taala for example, having some type of fear of Allah, for example, having some, you know, attachment

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to the Quran. These types of things that are there, they're called the emotions of the heart and there are many emotions of the heart. But the three main ones are love, fear and hope, love, fear and hope you love Allah subhana wa tada and you love what Allah loves and you love the Koran and you love the prophets of the locker I said, if you're scared at some level, every believer has to have some fear of the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala and of the anger of Allah, you're hopeful in Allah subhanho wa Taala you're hopeful for good and you're hopeful for forgiveness. These are the three main emotions and there are other emotions as well. So we said that a man consists of

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knowledge and belief. A man consists of emotions. Eman also consists of actions of the tongue for those that Allah has blessed to speak those that don't obviously they cannot then they are forgiven, but those that are able to verbalize, they need to verbalize the Kadima they need to do as God read Koran say certain things that demonstrate that they are

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Muslims and believers in Allah subhana wa Tada. And then there must also be pointing the next point after this is some actions of the body. In other words, if a person says that he or she is a believer in Allah subhanho wa Taala, that a man must have some impact on one's life and lifestyle. If that man has no impact whatsoever, then in reality, this is not technically a man, even if it is a type of knowledge. And as I said, a belief is the classic example of this that he knows in his brain in his heart, he knows, but he does not act upon it. And of course, that's scary for all of us. Because the question arises, I mean, what do you do when somebody says he or she is a Muslim,

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but then doesn't do anything of that Islam tells him or her to do. And the fact of the matter is, those who have abandoned Islam in totality, there is no slider, there is no Zakah there is no hedge or desire to go for hedge there is no fasting of animal bond, and they're committing every major sin in the book and they have no concept of a hereafter even if they say we believe in it. The fact of the matter is that type of person, frankly, his mind is under doubt whether he's actually has a man or an archer she has a mind or not. Now we're not talking about the one who commits a sin we'll get into that. We're talking about the one who flouts Islam and doesn't care. That's the one we're

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talking about. The one who his lifestyle or her lifestyle does not at all demonstrate an atom's bit of following the shediac of Allah subhanho wa Taala Can you imagine somebody never prays in his entire life never lowers his head to Allah subhanho wa Taala never answers the Juma or any Gemma never cares if it's Ramadan, that type of person, frankly, our scholars, many of them have said that that type of person, if there's no Sadat throughout his or her entire life, there's no symbol of religiosity. Many of our scholars have said this person, you know, at least from an athletic perspective, we're not talking about this world, in this world, we treat people based upon what they

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say if they say they're Muslim, they're going to be buried in the Muslim cemetery, you know, their marriage is valid, their inheritance will take place. But we're talking about the afro hokum or the ruling in the hereafter that theoretically speaking, we don't pass a judgement on individuals, theoretically speaking, anyone who completely completely abandons any semblance of Islam, and in particular, the Salah, and the zecca and the fasting of Ramadan. These are like the main pillars. And can you imagine a Muslim Ramadan is around the corner? Can you imagine a Muslim is eating and drinking without an excuse every single day of Ramadan? Not even once? Is he or she, you know,

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listening to the Koran or praying to Allah in the month of Ramadan? Not even once? Or is he or she concerned about any symbol of Islam? Then in reality, the question arises, what is their level of human is it acceptable in the eyes of Allah subhana wa Tada. And as I said, some of our some of our scholars of the past have said that that type of person in this world if you say, you're a Muslim, it's not our job to go and make a checklist. Did you pray? Did you find that Allah subhana wa, tada, and then the angels that are assigned, but in the next world, theoretically speaking, a number of our scholars have said that the one who abandons the Salah completely and the one who abandons all

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of the the symbols of Islam, that this person is not considered a Muslim and that's something that should bring us pause. Now, we also know from our religion, the Quran and Sunnah is very clear. And this is something we actually experienced. We don't even need evidences from the Quran and Sunnah because we know this in our own daily lives. We know that our man in a lot, it goes through phases, right? It's not stagnant. There are times when we are far more religious. And there are times when we're not that religious. There are times when we're much more conscious of Allah we are we are we are trying our best we're praying regularly. And then there are times some of us get lazy and we are

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falling short of our obligations. So imagine increases and demand decreases. And of course this is very explicit in the Quran. Allah subhana wa tada mentions, for example, in sort of the unfurl verse two in mineral alladhina, either Bukit Allahu wa Jalla Hulu or either totally, utterly him as to who's the tune imana the believers are those who when Allah is mentioned, their hearts tremble. And when the verses of the Quran are recited to them, their Eman goes up, their Eva goes up. So Allah explicitly says Eman is going up. And this of course means that it must have been down in the first place for it to go up. And of course there are many other verses in the Quran. Was it the now whom

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would we increase their guidance that allows or just says that whoever at the end of the second it feels physically, mentally as a man and my email to him, he has sent down the Sakina upon the hearts of the believers so that they can increase their Eman from the amount that they had. And so it is very clear that in mind is of levels in our profits. A lot more

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Who seldom said that whoever is able to change an evil with his hand, let him do that, if he cannot do it, let him change it with his tongue. And he cannot even do that. Let him hate the evil in his heart. And then he said, without an awful emotion, and that is the weakest level of emotion. So he clearly is saying, a man is strong, and the man is weak, that is the weakest level of a man. And so a man increases and decreases. And the reason why all of this is important is that obviously, because one of the main factors that causes a man to go down is the concept of sins. And that's what we're going to all of this is an introduction to the reality of sins, that we need to be careful of

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the sins that we commit. And we need to understand what a sin is, we need to understand the repercussions of the sins. And that's why I'm beginning by talking about a man that as a man increases, sins decrease. And that's something that is common sense. And the Koran is very explicit about this. And as a man decreases since increased, so they have a inverse causal relationship, the more the one is, the less the other is going to be. So a man is a various levels, any man has many stages and data. And our goal is to have obviously, the highest level of events. And the highest levels of demand means that our lifestyles will have the minimal, minimal, minimal number of sins.

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And that's really the goal of this lecture today. Now,

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we said that we're going to have this topic about the reality of sin and the dangers of sins. Before we get there, we have to understand what is a sin and what are the categories of sins? Well, sins are of different categories. And the Quran mentions two primary categories of sins. The Quran classifies sins or disobedience to Allah subhanho wa Taala in two primary categories. So the suta najem, verse 32, Allah subhanho wa Taala says in the Quran that the righteous the good people that are going to Agenda they are those who are Latina, Elijah 21 at Cava, Iran, if me well for Waukesha in the lemon, they are those who avoid Kava or Islam, they avoid the major sins and they avoid the

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shameful deeds. As for the lemon, and the lemon, it means a touch type of thing. Like it literally just means like a touch type of thing, which is the expression that Allah is using for the minor sins. So Allah is saying there's something called kabbah era Kabira and there's something called yonny. The Quran does not mention in this verse, but another verse mentions Sahara. So the distinction in the Quran there's something called a major sin, and there's something called a minor sin. And in sort of a Nyssa verse 31, Allah subhanho wa Taala says in the Quran, in touch Danny bookcover era Martin hona and who knew kefir and come say your article

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mullholland Kadima. This is a very, very important verse, I want you to ponder over look it up again sooner than Nyssa verse 31. Look it up, read it and understand it. Allah is saying, if you avoid the Kaaba in the big sins, then we shall cause your smaller sins to be forgiven, we will overlook the small sins Nuka fear anklam say it, one of the hillicon Motherland Karima and we will cause you to enter Jannah a noble abode. This verse is very optimistic it should make us happy that if we avoid the major sins, if we avoid the Cabal, it insha Allah, there is a guarantee from Allah subhanho wa Taala that we will not enter jahannam Now this does not mean there will not be any punishment.

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Because there might be other punishments. There's punishments in this world. There's punishments at the time of death. There's punishments in the grave. There's punishments at resurrection, there's punishments on glioma itself, there's punishments while crossing over those set off. All of these are punishments that might be for crimes that we have done that we have not repented from. But Allah is promising us that the worst punishment and that is a punishment of jahannam the worst punishment will not be given to those who conscientiously avoided the major sins. And therefore it becomes imperative on all of us to know these major sins, and then to avoid them to know what they are and

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then to avoid them. Now, the issue of major and minor sin, perhaps the most explicit verse in the Quran is suited alkaff verse 49. This is perhaps the most explicit that there are two categories of sins, there's something called a Kabira and of course Kabir in Arabic means big Kabira feminine because the sins in Arabic are feminine and sahira. So a minor

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In a major sin and a minor sin, what is the verse? Verse 49? Allah subhana wa tada says, what will be the kita and the book shall be placed federal Mooji Amina Michelle Peter Murphy. So the sinners are going to be terrified in what is in it. Were your Luna yawei Latina Maddie has Al Kitab de la hora de Rosa de Ratan wala cabbie Ratan in la isla, and they will say, what is this book? What is the problem with this book? Why is this book here? I don't want this book here. There is not a single Kabira or a sadirah except that I see it in this book. What would you do if you held the rock and whatever they themselves did, they will find it in that book. This book is not anything other

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than you are the author. You can't blame anybody else. On the day of judgment, you will see that book and that book will be brought in front of you and you will recognize it as your own book. You are the actual author of it. And you will say Molly Haddad kita Oh, the sinner shall say we seek Allah's refuge that we are amongst those people. We don't want to be amongst those people, but they will and because some of us inshallah, we will be amongst them to be forgiven, but those that are not going to be forgiven, those whose punishments will be based upon everything that they have done, they will say Molly Haddad kitabi la u-haul Doodle, so hero 10 wala can be rotten Illa I saw how

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they will say what is the matter with this book? Why is this book here? It has captured every celerra and every Kabira. And it has put them in their charts, s la ha it's all tabulated for us. It's all been, you know, put there for us. And this is of course, very explicit that there are two types of sins Kabira and Salida. The notion of Kabira on celerra major and minor sins is also found in the Sahara and the authentic Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, for example, in the Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari, our Prophet so I said him said min al Qaeda, idi of de Kabira of the major sins is a man cursing his own father, so impetuous young man, if he gets angry, and he utters

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curses at his own father, this is not a minor thing anymore. This is a major sin. But notice the first phrase, we're interested right now in the concept, our profits instead of the major sins, which means there are something called major sins. And there are something called minor sins, we also learn that minor sins, generally speaking minor sins, they can be forgiven with our regular good deeds. And that's a very, very positive point. Minor sins can be expropriated cafaro, they can be washed away, they can be cleansed by our regular performance of the rituals of Islam. And this makes perfect sense because Allah is saying that if you avoid the major sins, then you will come on

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the day of judgment and your minor sins will not cause you to go to jahannam. And I will make sure when we the halo komoot Highland Canyon, I will make sure that you enter the normal place of gender. So what's going to happen to the minor sins when they're not going to be problematic on the Day of Judgment necessarily, we're going to get to that obviously, all of what I'm saying is a introduction. We're going to get to the more detailed nitty gritty in a while, what is going to happen to the minor sins. Well for the righteous, the minor sins will be absolved by their good deeds, the good deeds that they do, will serve as a mechanism to forgive the minor sins. And the

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evidences for this are many. For example, in the Hadith that I want everybody to understand and memorize our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the five Salah watts and one Juma to the next Juma and one Romo bond to the next level lawn is a forgiveness for all the sins that is done between them as long as the major sins are avoided. So the five prayers that we pray, and Joomla to Joomla are going one July to the next one. And we ask Allah to lift this wobba and this plague upon us because these days we're not able to even perform our Juma prayers but of course we are forgiven Allah knows our intention, and Allah knows we want to pray tomorrow. And in the meantime, Albania,

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so from one tomorrow to the next Juma and Ramadan to the next Ramadan fasting. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, they shall forgive a cafaro all of the sins between them, as long as the major sins are avoided. This is a very, very important Hadith it is in Bukhari and Muslim, the one who prays five times a day, the one who prays five times a day, the prayer itself shall act as a cleansing for his minor sense

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The one who goes regularly to Jumeirah. The one who fasts Ramadan and eagerly waits for the next rumbled on the one who is a practicing Muslim. In our vernacular, we say the practicing Muslim, the one who is observing the observant Muslim, we call this person, the one who is observing the rituals by the fact that he or she is observing the rituals in and of itself, it will be a cleansing of all of these minor sins, which indicates By the way, that a major sin is not forgiven simply by doing the rituals. So if you do volume to somebody else, if you steal somebody's money, we're going to come to the the issue of major sins and what they are, you know, if you're allowed to murder

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somebody or you slander somebody, these types of sins are not forgiven. By simply doing the rituals, doing the rituals is not going to get you off the hook for the major sins that you have done. That is a separate issue, that how do we get rid of major sins? We're going to talk about this inshallah in part two, but right now, just to briefly, understand that major sins can only be forgiven with a specific Toba or repentance that is done for that major sin minor sins. You don't need a specific though. delva. You need a generic Toba. You need a Toba that is broad that Oh Allah I've done a lot of sins. Forgive me that is generic though. But you don't have to list every single sin that you've

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done. That's minor in nature, you know, a nuisance or maybe as lustful gazes is an example of a minor sin, right? That, you know, you did something that you shouldn't have done, that your thoughts wandered, and your eyes wandered, and you did something you saw something you shouldn't have seen. And it's not good to do that. It's definitely not good to do that. But that's not the same as killing somebody Is it right? It's not of the same list as that right? So what our Prophet sallallahu Sallam is saying is that you know, if you have a slip that's of a minor nature, and you are regular in your Salah, this is not an excuse to commit the slip up as we're going to come to but

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we're saying somebody who's done a minor sin, then you pray regularly, you do we'll do you fast stumbled on those ones, then you raise your hands to Atlanta say, Oh, well, I have a lot of sins Forgive me. So in your mind, you don't have to think of every single time you just overall Oh Allah, I have a lot of sense. Now, the same does not apply, when there is a major sin, a major sin cannot be forgiven with just doing will do and praying a major sin requires a specific act of repentance for that major sin. And in case somebody has been taken in case you have hurt somebody harm somebody embezzled from somebody stolen from somebody or another person is involved, then you also need to

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make up to that person as well in order for your acceptance doba to be accepted by Allah subhana wa Tada. So, understand that a major sin cannot be forgiven with the rituals. Now, what exactly is a major sin versus a minor sin? What exactly is a major versus a minor sin? And the reality is that this topic is one in which you have quite a lot of technical definitions. You have a lot of scholars discussing

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advanced issues and I don't want to go into the different opinions out there. I'm going to be very generic and say, some group of allama has defined a major sin as that sin in which Allah subhana wa tada has sent down a punishment that is explicit, or that Allah azza wa jal links with his liner or his job or his either job. So any punishment that Allah subhana wa tada has said, there is a worldly any sin excuse me, in which Allah has said there's a worldly punishment for so for example, for when you kill somebody, a murder, there is a worldly punishment, right? You're the you will go to the court of law and the court of law will then enact the punishment against you, you know, if you

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slander in a very evil manner, and of course, slander humans to accuse chaste people have indecent and lewd deeds. If you accuse a person, male or female, of engaging in a type of you know, like, basically adultery or whatnot and you don't have the witnesses or you don't have evidence for this, then this is a type of slander and the shady I will punish you for slander. There are laws that are in place, if you steal, you break and enter and you steal and you terrify somebody. So, by the way, the shadow a punishment for for theft, it is only enacted after a lot of conditions are met, which most people gloss over and of those conditions according to the stronger position and opinion out

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there. There must be an act of intimidation or there must be something that is done that you are breaking and entering and you're causing people to be terrified and scared highway robbery is another example that

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punished and you literally stopped. In those days when there was caravans going between cities, you would have gangs called them the mafia, right? This is basically what it is where you will stop the caravan. And you will take out a weapon or something as they hand over your stuff that is highway robbery. And the shady is very explicit that the punishment for highway robbery is very, very clear and very harsh. These are major sins. You cannot compare a lustful gaze or you said something that was untrue. That's definitely a sin to say something that is untrue. You know, to tell a lie, that is definitely a sin. And you have to answer to Allah azza wa jal for that sin. And it is something

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that is not good. And it is something that is leading to janome. And it's a sign of a bad character. And somebody who does this a lot is on his way to hypocrisy. All of this is right. But in the end of the day, if you say something that is not true, it is a sin. But it's not the same as highway robbery is it it's not the same as murder is it? So this is why our shediac has come with gradations of sins, not all the sins are the same. And we need to be very, very clear. Saying that sins are minor, doesn't mean that they are trivial, not at all. It simply means that compared to the major sins, relative to murder, if you say a lie that is minor, that's really what it is about right

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relative to murdering somebody relative to highway robbery. You know, lustful gaze is not healthy, you shouldn't do that. And it is overall a very bad thing, but it's not in the same category. So it is a minor sin in comparison to the major one, it is not minor in the sense that you don't have to worry about it. And our scholars have said that don't look at the gravity of the sin, look at the McCombe or the status of the one against whom you have sinned. Don't look at whether it's mine, don't worry about these technicalities that's for for the spiritual side, look at the fact that you have disobeyed the one that who created you so we need to be careful about this issue of major and

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minor, it does not mean at all that a minor sin is negligible is overlooked that we can ignore it. Also we said it's reserved for the shady identified sins into major and minor. Within major There are also there's a category that is called the most major of the major sins about Kabbalah and some of them have also called them that the Hadeeth term is I'll move apart or the seven deadly sins so even within major sins not all sins, even within the major ones are of the same level, there are the seven extra deadly sins, I'll move your cart and of course, we will talk about all of these inshallah tada over the course of this lecture and the next lecture inshallah as well. So, for

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example, the greatest sin out of all sins, and there is no sin, that is a greater sin than this is the sin of Shiva, of worshipping other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this sin is, even though it is a major sin, in reality, it has its own category, because that sin is so big, that you cannot remain a Muslim and worship other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. So surely because of categories, and to believe in another god besides a lot, to believe in another creator besides a lot

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to give an act of worship to another entity knowing it is an act of worship, intending it to be an act of worship, this is [???]. And obviously for a Muslim, we firmly believe that the one unforgivable sin in Islam, if you die in that state is the sin of schicke So the biggest of all big sins is Shaykh Akbar Al Qaeda or number of the president said Alicia rock will lie to Allah is committing ship with Allah subhana wa Tada. So that is not anything that is at the same level, even as other sins. And we believe that a Muslim can commit a major sin and remain a Muslim there are bad Muslim there are Muslim that has to repent to Allah subhanho wa Taala. But there's still a Muslim,

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the one sin that if a person does it, he or she leaves the fold of Islam is this category of essentially shipped with Allah subhana wa Taala. And of course, she has many categories and types. And this is not the place to get into this. And there are things that a person can do that are symptomatic of Schick and they would be considered expelling one from Islam if it is done intentionally, and our scholars give examples of this that the very mentioning of these examples should make our skin stand on end and our hearts skip a beat and we fear even the mentioning of it should make us terrified. For example, our scholar has mentioned that if a person or with a beloved

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or with a beloved for even saying this or to take the Quran knowing it is the Quran and intentionally disrespect the

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Hold on, intentionally, our hearts should stand on our Harish was done on and The very thought of somebody doing this because you are challenging the status of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the nobility of the speech of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now somebody can say this isn't technically should you're not worshiping other than a law. And the response is, it's you are technically correct that it's not sure if you disrespect the Quran, but it is good for and Cofer and shake are. The technical term is Motorola's the man or one of them leads to the other end. Let's leave that for maybe another class discussion. But for now, I just wanted to say we're talking about categories of

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sins. And we said there's something called major and there's something called minor. And I said within major, there is the worst of all categories. And that is should. And you can also say Cofer over here, this is the worst category of sin. And it is different than other categories of major sin because if I'm Muslim intentionally, I always say intentionally, because if I didn't know that this was the Quran, and I accidentally dropped it, obviously we all know, accidentally not intending is a different thing. So that's why I say intentionally committed an act of gopher intentionally does something that is displeasing a challenge to the authority of Allah subhana wa Tada. And there are

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many examples of this, that if a person does that, then this is no longer just to sin. It's one thing to commit a sin, for lust, for power, for money for anything, and that is a sin. And it does not negate a man in Allah subhanho wa Taala. And it is another thing to do something knowing that it is should can Cofer and knowing what it is. And in that case, we say this person has left the fold of Islam. And if they want to repent, this requires a new Shahada and a new re entering into Islam. So the concept therefore of a major sin itself, there's something called a major sin that leads to or that it should go for. And then there are other major sins as well. Now, another issue that is

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very commonly said

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is that somebody who commits a habitual minor sin, somebody who is addicted to a minor sin, some of our scholars have said that a habitual minor sin is considered a major sin. Now, this is an opinion out there. And many famous scholars have said this, but technically speaking, a habitual minor sin does not necessarily become a major sin. And it is possible for a habitual minor sin to remain a minor sin. And it is also possible that habitual minor sin, if you're addicted to something that is a minor sin, and you are always doing this, does that make you a major sinner? Does that lead you to the level of Kabira or not? And the position that I follow? Is that, potentially Yes, but also

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potentially, no. And it really depends on the person's state of mind and frame of mind. So if a person becomes completely lackadaisical in his heart, he feels no big deal. He feels a complete lack of any sense of hierarchy of any sense of guilt of any sense of I'm committing a sin, then it is very possible that a habitual minor sin becomes a major sin not because of the minor sin, but because of the somewhat arrogance that comes in the heart because that arrogance is the major sin not the sin itself. And it is possible that if a person commits a minor sin and feels guilty and knows it is a minor sin, and asked Allah for repentance, and then falls into it again and then falls

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into it again, that this person remains in the realm of committing minor sins and Allah subhana wa Taala knows best also our scholars have mentioned even if it is one of those who goes into this in a lot of detail, that sins are really also performed for different reasons. So, you have a sin that is performed out of lust, out of desire, and, and then you have a sin that is performed out of arrogance. And between the two, there is no question that the sin that is done for lust, the sin that is unfair desire is a lesser sin than the sin that is done out of arrogance. And the classic example is a beliefs and Adam a beliefs and Adam, the both of them disobeyed Allah subhana wa Tada.

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One of them our father, Adam, he is our father. He, why did he do what he did? We understand exactly why he did because we were all his children. He wanted something. There was a desire in him to live a long life, right? It was the desire to live a long life and he lusted for a turn ality and he committed the sin

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that is a sin and a

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Forgive him,

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it believes committed the sin. And what was the reason for a police committing the sin? Why did a police commit the sin that he did? it believes committed the sin out of arrogance out of pride. Allah says in the Quran was that kabara what kind of mineral caffeine, he believes was arrogant and he rejected and he became of the caffeine. So the sin of Adam alayhis salam was the sin of desire and lust in Arabic, we call it Sha one. And that's bad. But much worse than this is the sin of arrogance. And that is the worst category of sins. And if you look at most of the sense that most Muslims do, they are done out of lust and desire. And that's something that is definitely bad, we

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crave a sensual pleasure, we crave intimacy, when we should not be having it with somebody, we crave drinking something that is how long for us to drink. You know, these are Shahada, and they're definitely not good, it should not be done. But these are a dynamic since these are sins that our father Adam, that type of genre we're talking about, which is the shower. And the other example of this is the sin of the beliefs and the sin of a belief is the sin of I don't care what Allah says, I don't care. Allah said to me, these bow down to Adam, and they believe said, No, I'm not going to bow down, I'm better than him. And that is the sin of arrogance. And that is very, very, very

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difficult to imagine coming from a Muslim, a Muslim, a true genuine person of a man might commit sins of Shahada, but the sin of Kibera, the sin of arrogance, this is the sin that comes from those who reject God, reject religion, reject religiosity, that is a sin that is unforgivable in the eyes of Allah subhana wa Tada. Now, we also said, that sins in and of themselves, you can be a Muslim, and you can commit major sins. And this is something that is very, very important to point out that

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sins that are major or minor, do not expel one from being a Muslim, unless we go to that category that is called [???]can. Cofer that we already mentioned. Right? worshipping other than Allah, or rejecting Allah or rejecting something about Allah subhana wa tada and knowing it is from Allah, that is a sin that it is inconceivable that comes from a Muslim. However, the major sins that we're all familiar with, like drinking or gambling or drugs, or you know, all these types of sins, you know, sensual pleasures, these are all major sins when they're done in an improper manner. Drinking alcohol or you know, these types of things. These are major sins.

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A person who does these sins still remains a Muslim. No one has the right to call a sinner or with a biller, a coffee or with a biller, because that sinner remains a Muslim. And there are many, many evidences for this of them is the very famous

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evidence which is we just quoted it that sort of in this verse 48, that Allah subhanho wa Taala says, in the law hola yo Pharaoh unusual Raka behaved well junuh Daddy, Caledonia Sha, Allah will never forgive the sin of [???], but a law may forgive anything lesser than shirk, this is very explicit. So drinking is lesser than gambling is lesser than schicke, sensual pleasures is lesser than schilke. So Allah is saying if I want I can forgive this, which clearly shows that this person remains a Muslim and has the potential to enter enter gender. Also, there are so many narrations that mentioned this the famous one Abu huraira the last one that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi

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wasallam said that whoever says La Ilaha Illa law from his heart shall enter Jun, our scholars say this man shall eventually enter gender. And Abu huraira said Dr. rasulillah, even if he drinks alcohol, and even if he commits Zina or fornication, and the President said, even if he drinks alcohol and commits no meaning eventually because some of those people will enter jahannam and then enter Jen and some shall be forgiven because of their repentance to Allah, and some shall be forgiven because of their good deeds. And some shall be forgiven because of the shutdown. All of this is, again, we've covered in other lectures and I'm just going over it quickly enough. But the

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Hadith, Abu hurayrah said, O Messenger of Allah, what if he drank? And what if he fornicated and the President said even if he shall eventually enter agenda, what if he drank it for a second time, even if the third time abou Herrera said this? Our Prophet system said that even if he did this, and even if Abu huraira doesn't want him to enter meaning of water, you can object as much as you want, the Muslim shall eventually be forgiven. Now. This should not be taken as an excuse to say Oh, in that case,

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They go and drink and let me go and fornicate. On the contrary, those who take this as an excuse, or exemplifying the sin of arrogance, which is the bigger sin in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala than This in itself, bigger than drinking is the sin of arrogance. I don't care what Allah set bigger than the sin of fornication is the sin of care, not even caring that it is how long that is the bigger sin. And so the one who embraces this lifestyle and doesn't feel anything in his or her heart, this person has committed a bigger sin by the nature of being disconnected from Allah subhana wa tada as well as well. Even if the one the the the person who commits the sin remains a Muslim,

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this does not mean that they will not be punished in the hereafter. Because we know from many traditions in Sahih, Bukhari and Muslim we know from many traditions, that there shall be people who were Muslims, and they shall enter the fire of hell. We seek Allah's refuge for major sins that they have could remember, minor sins, minor sins, can never cause a person to enter jahannam minor sins, whatever punishment is done, it's not going to be punished in jahannam, but a major sin potentially will be punished in Janda. Now the question to any one of us here. Would you like to even consider and contemplate being in that place of jahannam even for a fraction of time? Is it worth 10 minutes

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of pleasure? 50 minutes of pleasure, a lifetime of pleasure to remain even 100 years or 50 or a half a day? Remember, one day is 1000 years. So a half a day is 500 years, right? Is it worth that pleasure to be facing Allah's punishment on the Day of Judgment for that period of time, and obviously every sane and rational person will say it is not worth that punishment. And so from this we get to the point which is again very, very explicit in the Quran and Sunnah. The one who commits a major sin that is not confidential, such as stealing, such as gambling, such as drugs, such as fornication, even such as murder, murder is the worst worst worst sin you can do, and still remain a

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Muslim murder is the worst thing you can do. And we learn in the famous Hadith inside Bahati that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there was a man who killed 99 people in his lifetime. 99 people is a mass murder of the worst type. And then he decided to repent to Allah subhanho wa Taala and turn over a new leaf. And long story short, he kills 100% people and then he journeys away from that land and he wants to repent and turn over a new leaf and he's sincerely guilty for what he has done. And on the way to turn over a new leaf he dies and the angels come to take his soul, the angels of punishment come they want to punish him, the angels forgiveness come they want to forgive

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him and eventually, basically, Allah subhana wa tada forgives this person, even though he had killed 100 people, but he had genuine repentance genuine, I want to be a better person. May Allah forgive me, he wants to turn over and the one way that causes any sin to be forgiven, even the sin of shidduch by the way, because when Allah says, Allah shall not forgive the sin of schicke what he means, which is clear in the Koran, and from the lifetimes of the Sahaba Allah shall not forgive the sin of schilke if you don't repent from schicke How do you repent from schilke by embracing Islam, many of the Sahaba were idol worshippers before they accepted Islam ALLAH forgive their sins and

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made them the best of the best. How many amongst us are converts, they would worship a false god they worship an idol they will worship a human being and then they accepted the kalama has not Allah forgiven their [???], of course. So Allah forgives the sin of shidduch when the person himself or herself asks for forgiveness, and that is accepting Islam. If a person does not and remains worshipping a false god and dies in that state, then that sin shall never be forgiven. So back to our point of major sins are up to Allah. If Allah wants to forgive Allah will forgive and if Allah wants to punish, Allah will punish but the person remains a Muslim of the evidences for this is the

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famous hadith of Aruba, even a sommet roba even a sommet that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took an oath of allegiance from the the first batch of Muslim women that converted and he said to them, give me your oath of allegiance, that you will not commit shift and that you will not steal and that you will not fornicate, and that you will not kill your offspring. Remember, they would bury their daughters alive. And then he said that whoever fulfills this and manages to pass the test you're rewarded is with Allah subhana wa Tada. Whoever falls into any of these sins, so you're not gonna

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For indicate or murderers or steel, whoever falls into any of this since our prophecies have said, and is punished in this world, that punishment shall be a cafaro. If you are caught and you are punished, that's a cafaro. And whoever commits these sins secretly, we don't catch you, you will be left to Allah subhana wa to Allah. if Allah wills he shall forgive. And if Allah wills, He shall punish this hadith in Sahih Bukhari and it is as explicit as humanly possible. Those people who committed major sins and they didn't repent. Again, all of this is for not repenting, dear Muslims, I've said this five times, I'll say it again. Repentance, forgives all sins, all of them even shift

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course the question arises, have you fully repented, and that's something you always are going to be Have I done enough to make up for what I've done. That's definitely a fear and attention. That should always remain until we die. But theoretically, conceptually, repentance forgives all sins, the person who does not repent. Let's give a standard example. There are those who are addicted to drinking wine every once in a while, they'll drink and they'll drink and they'll drink and they have in their houses. May Allah protect us or the villa, they have in their houses, yani, you know, mini bars, and they have a shot up in their houses, and they're drinking till the day they die, and the

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janazah is done. And in their house is their beer and their wine are with a Valera with a villa. So they didn't repent. Clearly they're still there. What is their fate? this hadith ever bother even a psalm it remember it? Whoever commits a sin, and is between them and Allah, we don't, we're not obliged to go open his house and see what he's doing is between him and Allah subhana wa Taala. Our Prophet system said, It is up to a law. If Allah once he shall forgive, why would ALLAH forgive, maybe just maybe this person did a lot of good deeds, and they know they're a sinner. And they recognize, you know, what I know, I'm a drunkard. I know I'm addicted to alcohol. And because of

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that, I have to do extra work. And I'm going to sponsor an orphan every month, I'm going to build a hospital, I'm going to make sure that I'm extra good to my relatives and parents and whatever it might be. Allah knows the struggle that he has, in himself, you don't know, I don't know. And Allah knows what he's going through. And Allah knows he feels very guilty for his sin. And he knows it's a major sin, and he tries to make up in other ways, we never know a lot is the judge, not me, not you, and so on. On the day of judgment, Allah will say to this person, you are a major sinner, and you deserve to go to jahannam. But in light of all that you have done, I shall forgive you. And he might

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be forgiven and enter agenda, even though he was a drunkard in this world, that's up to Allah, or the other, the process of said, and if Allah once, he might be punished as well, so this person can be brought, and Allah will say to him that you drank, and you don't have any semblance of guilt, and you're a regular drunkard, and he might be punished for a while in jahannam. But if he was a Muslim, and he had soda, and he had Zika, and he had swam, and he's doing some basic, minimal things of Islam, and he has a man in his heart, as our Prophet system said, Whoever has an atom's weight of a man shall eventually be taken out. So he shall be in jahannam, for as long as his punishment was to

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be in jahannam. And then he shall enter Jen after that. And this is again very clear that you can commit a major sin and still remain a Muslim. And that's something that when, unfortunately, unfortunately, some people they are too hasty, and in their ignorance, they will say things that are very, very dangerous to say, and they'll make accusations against other Muslims, and they're going to call other Muslims. Oh, you're not a Muslim, because you're doing this in a row that will allow you to be less sins, no matter how many they are, do not expel one from Islam. Unless the sin is confidential. That's something else as we said, otherwise, the generic sins do not expel one from

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Islam. And I'm going to conclude with two traditions and inshallah our time is up. of the evidences that sins do not expel one from Islam are multiple things of them. Number one, the famous Hadith and SIBO hottie that abou de ellos fit radi Allahu Allah and he addressed, beloved even of Europa, he addressed belagavi raba with a very derogatory term, as you know, be lad was a person who was of an African background and heritage. And a Buddha was from what was considered to be a noble heritage. And one time without got very angry, I'd be loud. And he said, a slur a very bad thing. And he said, You son of a black lady, or with a video with a Bella, you say

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Have a black lady. This is a major sin to be arrogant, and to be a racist if this was the first racist, to think that you are better than somebody else, or who the beloved, this is a major sin, and to think that your race is better than somebody else's race, and then to make fun of and to denigrate a person because of another race with the Billa. Our Prophet says and passed by, and a Buddha was saying this to be

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the profitsystem said to a Buddha. I used to be angry on me in the camera on FECA helia. Did you criticize him because of his mother, you put to demean him because of the skin color of his mother. You are a man that has giant helliya inside of you. This was the verdict, harsh, immediate, but it was not Cofer. It was not schilke you can be a racist, and a bad person, but you're still within Islam. You can be a person who is drunkard, but still within Islam, by the way, when the Prophet says some said this, a Buddha began crying. He literally literally fell down on the ground and put his cheek on the sand. And he lifted below his head. And he said put it here and I asked for your

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forgiveness. Vilas foot, sorry, he literally begged for Bella's forgiveness in front of him. And Bilal kissed him on the forehead and said, I'm not going to put my feet on you kissed him. And he put him up. And that's why Bilal is the noble Villa that he is that he forgave. It was an after that I would have never returned to this. This is this is exactly what the Mothman does. He falls into a sin, He recognizes the sin. And he turns over a new leaf that was a one off mistake without a did it. And he never returned to it after that. That is the essence of email. All of us make mistakes. The true believer, once that mistake is done, you recognize it and say no, I'm not going to do this

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again. And you turn over a new leaf. So this is an evidence that clearly indicates that you can commit a major sin and still be a Muslim because of without our Prophet system said to him, you still have elements of Jamelia, which means elements of copper, but he didn't call them a Kaffir. That's the meat. The key point here. You're a person who has these elements of gopher, but he didn't call them a cafe. And the final evidence I'm going to mention, which shows you the dangers of thinking yourself better than other people. I did this as a Muslim, that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said that there was once two people two neighbors, one of them would go to the

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mosque or the the temple. This was in the Benny Israeli time. So he's going to the temple all the time, he's going to the synagogue all the time. And the other one was a drunkard. And every time the guy from the going to the masjid back and forth would pass by, he would see him drinking. Okay, so he would say to him, leave your drink, stop drinking, and he would go back and forth, back and forth. And then one day, the guy who was drinking got irritated at the guy going to the question all the time, listen to this, this is really eye opening. And it is terrifying for any one of us who thinks that we are better than other people. The guy who was drinking, got irritated at the one

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going to the masjid all the time and said, Why don't you leave me mind my own business? Who are you telling me all the time to give up drinking? Go Mind your own business? Did Allah make you my manager? Now he was being rude, no doubt about it being rude. And on top of that he is drinking. These are two major sins, the contemptuous pneus of like, Just mind your own business and his own drinking. But what was the response of the mustard gore? What was the response of the guy who was not drinking, and who was giving advice, he became arrogant. And he said, one lie he, you are so evil, Allah will never forgive you. Subhana Allah, the sin of the first person now became his own

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ego. I am the one I'm going to Jenna. And you're going to Javelin? You see, sometimes a little bit of worship causes your ego to become so big that you forget you're also a sinner. So this man, when he got irritated at the drunkard, and the drunkard responded back with rudeness, it was rude it wasn't good for it was harsh, but it was still within the realm of back and forth and minors. His his his drinking is a major sin and then his irritation is a minor is like saying get out of you. Who are you to mind your own business, right. But the first man, the one who is the master of the core and whatnot, right? What he said infringed on a laws, right? Who are you, oh, son of Adam, to

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assign heaven and hell. And that is exactly what our Profit System said.

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When demand said this, a law said, Did you use my name? You said what law he did you use my name to deprive him of my own punishment and reward? Who are you to speak in my name. This is what the Hadith says, Who are you to make a promise that will lie, Allah is not going to forgive you. And because of your arrogance, Allah says in the Hadith, because of that, all of your good deeds have gone to vain. And I have forgiven the drunkard meaning the drunkard was a drunkard. But deep down inside, there's still a level of I'm a sinner. I know I'm a bad person, I hope Allah forgives me. Whereas the first person had lost humility, and he had become arrogant. And the sin of arrogance is

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a bigger sin than the sin of drinking. That's the point here that we know the point, of course, I'm going to the other tangent which we need to go into this tangent. But the point here, the drunkard did not cease being a Muslim simply because he was a drunkard. And in the Hadith, Hadith is authentic. And so a Muslim, Allah himself says, I shall forgive the drunkard, but you, oh, son of Adam, who has used my name, to speak on my behalf, who appointed you to pretend to be God. And so that person is not going to be forgiven, even though outwardly he was the religious man, the righteous man going back and forth to the masjid and whatnot. But in his heart, there was that level

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of arrogance. That is the bigger sin than the sin of drinking. The point here, of course, that we were saying is that drinking in and of itself is a sin, but it doesn't expel you from Islam. We've come to the conclusion of part one. There are some questions here inshallah, to Allah, and I'll do some of them and it will continue inshallah, in our next halaqaat In this regard, that the first question we have, is that you said that the greatest major sin is shooting and worshipping others in Allah subhana wa, tada, how about atheism, when what one doesn't believe in anything. So atheism is a type of shirk, atheism is a type of [???]. And that is because when you assign the powers of

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creation, and of Hulk to other than a law, you are essentially creating a god besides a law, even if you don't call that God God. So when you say that nature created all of us, right, then in your minds, you have stripped away the heck of a law and you have given it to the another entity that you have created. And of course, as Allah says, of the idols, these are mere names that you have said, there is no reality to them in here, smartphone, some may to move into what about when you call upon a lot a minute, Allah is saying they don't really exist, they're simply names. So when modern atheists say science tells us this nature, what is science in nature? What is it you have mentioned

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these names, you have to remove a lot from the picture and you have to say something else, according to the laws of nature, what are the laws of nature, who decided these laws, you can remove God verbally, but you have to assign something else in his place. And so you use these words. So from the technical standpoint, an atheist has committed [???] because they have taken away the heck of a law and they have given that help to another entity that is a false word is just a name that has no existence, just like the majestic has done as well. question we have over here is that

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somebody is very irritated we have closed the masjid so he said is closing the mustard shift. They're very angry that the masjid has been closed. May Allah reward you for your sincerity dear brother or sister.

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Closing the masjid is a major sin when it is done with the intention of preventing people from worshipping Allah without any reason. Allah says in the Quran, woman of lemuel mimma men and massage the law he who does more volume than the one who shuts down the massage and prevents people from coming there. This is an act of volume. As for us shutting the massage down, it is not done for volume, it is done for your protection and my protection, it is done for the protection of the Muslim ummah. And Allah says in the Quran, one or two will be a de comida lucrative and do not cause your own destruction with your own hands. And that is why, dear Muslim, I understand your pain will

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lie all of us are pained. And yet I say to you, that this is the fatwa not just of myself and the fifth council North America but across the globe, from Morocco to Turkey, to Emirates to sort of de Roma across the globe who know this religion better than me and you they have understood we are not telling people to not worship Allah. Neither are we telling people to not do Java in their homes amongst family members. We are saying now that we understand what the dangers are of congregating and the fact that this virus is potentially lethal, and that this is going to be a major problem that it is not true.

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In fact, it is sinful to flout this ban. So I understand your concern, but it is not in its place. We'll take one more question then inshallah we'll continue next time, as well. That

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what happens if you feel that you are not worthy of Allah's forgiveness and you become anxious and paralyzed, that you're always worried that Allah will not forgive me. So two things. Number one, this is from the greatest tricks of shape, one of the greatest tricks of shape on is to make you feel you're not worthy of being forgiven. And number two, to persist in this. And to make it something that you believe eventually it's one thing to feel that way and fight it which is fine. It's one thing to be overcome by doubt. And then you fight those doubts and you see, close repentance is another, to allow those doubts, to seep into your heart and to then start believing

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I'm too guilty. Allah can never forgive me. Allah is never gonna forgive me. If you actually believe this, then our Oh the villa with a villa you have committed one of the biggest of all sins, which is to accuse Allah Ma, of being insufficient for you. I mean, Subhana Allah, dear, Luke, dear created being, who are you and all of your sins, to challenge the vibe of a lot? Do you understand how foolish it is, frankly, how arrogant it is to say, my sins are so much that a law cannot forgive them. You are dealing with a Rahman r Rahim, our hammer raw he mean, you are dealing with the one who is Rama was divided into 100 parts, one of which was sent down to this world and all of Rama

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from the beginning of the creation to the end of the creation is manifested in that one out of 99. And Allah says on the Day of Judgment, all of that 99 will be used up for my creation. And then you come along single handedly and you say, I am to sinful Allah cannot forgive me. So Allah, Who are you? And what are your sins in comparison to the Rama of Allah, that very attitude itself is a bigger sin than all of the sins that you have ever committed? And that's why our Prophet system said Hadith is in the Muslim environment. And listen to this act. bowral Kaaba, anish Rocco Bella, hit Allah, while Hulu to Morocco Mattila heater Allah, the biggest of all sins, number one, to worship

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other than a law number two, to give up hope of Allah Rama. Think about that this is a Muslim ama authentic IDs, the biggest of all sins is number one to worship a false god. Number two, to say that the real God Allah subhanho wa Taala cannot forgive me that is linked to the sin of Sheikh because by limiting Allah Rama, you have shown an arrogance and impetuousness, that is truly mind boggling. Allah can forgive you and an infinite amount of you and his Rama would still be infinite. So for you to come along and say I am too sinful. On the contrary, that in and of itself is a bigger sin than all of your sin sins and that is why Allah says in the Quran, that what I think asuma rohilla do not

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give up hope of the help of Allah subhana wa tada in Nola Asura, La Palma vardaman illa public capital and the only people who give up hope of Allah's mercy are the home of Voldemort and the humble Catherine and we are not from the human capital and dear Muslim sister, dear sister in Islam, never ever, ever, ever give up hope of Allah's mercy. Allah forgives all sins. I'll conclude this part by reminding ourselves in the Quran, that polio Eva De La Nina sort of wild and footsy him LA or not Omar Rahmatullah. Allah is speaking to those of us who have committed sins upon sins upon sins. And Allah says, Don't give up hope of Allah Rama. In the law, her yellow food was an all by

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jermy. Allah can and will forgive all sins if you ask us forgiveness. So we ask Allah to forgive all of our sins, the big of them, the small of them, the major of them, the minor of them, we ask Allah subhana wa tada to absolve us of all that we have ever done and all that we're going to do, we ask Allah subhana wa Taala to allow our good deeds to be brought our side up and ours and our fasting and our liquid and our Koran and our will do We ask Allah subhana wa tada that he we that we leave this world without any sin of ours that we are cleansed, like a white cloth is cleansed as a prophet system said that just like a white cloth you don't even leave any trace on it. That is the type of

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of cleansing that we want. We ask Allah subhana wa tada that our evil is actually converted into good and we'll talk about that in the next lesson how that is possible. We ask Allah subhana wa tada that a word or him or Amanda Rahim, they are humble Rahimi We ask Allah subhana wa tada for his infinite

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Welcome and mellifera We ask Allah subhana wa tada to be of those whom Allah subhanaw taala mentions in the Quran that those who repent and do good deeds Allah shall convert their evil into good and inshallah I will continue this In our next lesson when we will talk about the types of sins and some of the examples of sins and also we'll talk about the dangers of committing sins and until then somebody can refer to law he

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