The Message of The Quran #5

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

share this pageShare Page

Surah al-Mā`idah

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:20--> 00:00:21

Bismillah

00:00:30--> 00:00:31

Zina

00:00:36--> 00:00:37

Hanlon

00:00:38--> 00:00:39

behemoth Toon

00:00:46--> 00:00:50

Boom in La Jolla

00:01:12--> 00:01:13

either one

00:01:25--> 00:01:26

what either

00:01:29--> 00:01:33

what a demon Shanna and Kamini

00:01:34--> 00:01:37

do Cumani misleading

00:01:39--> 00:01:41

data do what I

00:01:44--> 00:01:44

don't

00:01:45--> 00:01:46

wanna

00:01:52--> 00:01:52

what

00:02:03--> 00:02:05

a 10 to one demo Allah

00:02:10--> 00:02:11

e v

00:02:12--> 00:02:13

one

00:02:16--> 00:02:24

v v 112121212

00:02:26--> 00:02:28

Saguaro Illa

00:02:31--> 00:02:31

one

00:02:34--> 00:02:35

in

00:02:36--> 00:02:43

case you don't want to be Harlan Sumi one tiempo, z mubin.

00:02:46--> 00:02:51

Learning compass Elio Maya izanagi naka

00:02:53--> 00:02:53

de

00:02:58--> 00:03:02

la Omar Akmal to Lancome Deena como

00:03:05--> 00:03:06

de tola

00:03:08--> 00:03:09

Medina

00:03:11--> 00:03:21

Fernando bow female nail salon in LA Yamamoto jan de Li Min in no longer was

00:03:22--> 00:03:24

he

00:03:28--> 00:03:28

is

00:03:31--> 00:03:32

he

00:03:35--> 00:03:35

what

00:03:39--> 00:03:40

been healthy he's

00:03:44--> 00:03:45

been I mean I had him

00:03:49--> 00:03:50

on and

00:03:53--> 00:03:54

on

00:03:57--> 00:04:00

la mina de

00:04:02--> 00:04:02

la

00:04:04--> 00:04:05

de la

00:04:11--> 00:04:13

de la jolla

00:04:14--> 00:04:17

in me.

00:04:20--> 00:04:21

Me

00:04:23--> 00:04:24

me

00:04:28--> 00:04:30

me, me. Me

00:04:31--> 00:04:34

cool I mean I was having I

00:04:37--> 00:04:37

was

00:04:40--> 00:04:42

wanting me

00:04:46--> 00:04:47

to cut

00:04:50--> 00:04:53

Amina for Sydney

00:04:58--> 00:04:59

has been led

00:05:00--> 00:05:02

Rio gave you worries

00:05:03--> 00:05:05

he

00:05:06--> 00:05:06

called

00:05:10--> 00:05:12

an akuna misma

00:05:13--> 00:05:21

diva worry so nothing else the hominin dimmi

00:05:23--> 00:05:26

mean edgerly Danica Catarina

00:05:30--> 00:05:30

Isla

00:05:32--> 00:05:36

katella enough's enough Singh, alpha Sadie.

00:05:48--> 00:05:49

Woman

00:05:55--> 00:05:56

Jamie

00:06:00--> 00:06:01

Tommaso Luna

00:06:14--> 00:06:14

in

00:06:16--> 00:06:17

nykoping

00:06:18--> 00:06:19

de PUE.

00:06:22--> 00:06:23

In

00:06:28--> 00:06:33

buena long Noah Sula, who is gonna feel oh

00:06:36--> 00:06:40

well yes I wanna feel Oh, then a

00:06:43--> 00:06:44

coup

00:06:49--> 00:06:50

de la feeling

00:06:54--> 00:06:55

the

00:06:58--> 00:07:02

cydonia wala whom feel as you're on to

00:07:03--> 00:07:05

the

00:07:06--> 00:07:08

11 Levine and

00:07:21--> 00:07:23

he

00:07:25--> 00:08:05

said Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatu who would hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah we praise Allah subhanho wa Taala The one who knows what the hearts can seal and with the tongues shall not reveal the one to whom all shall appeal and in front to whom the believers kneel. And we send Sadat and Salaam upon the one whom are prophets, whom Allah subhanho wa Taala chose to be right motel did Allah mean the one whom even his opponents used to call a solid and an amine, and the one who will be our intercessor on yo Medina hamdulillah. We have now moved on to Seurat, Alma ADA, and Surah telma. Ada is one of the in fact some have said it is the final large pseudo revealed of the

00:08:05--> 00:08:45

entire Koran. And after the revelation of pseudo tilma, either, probably only a few small verses were revealed, such as sooner than nossal, Elijah and Astroboy, who had fatter and perhaps the last verse of Revelation. But so sutra tells me that therefore it does represent the final large revelation that came down to our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and in fact, many of the Sahaba would say about suta telma either, that nothing came after it to abrogate anything in it. There's a concept called abrogation nestled in the Quran, and sort of telma A that there is nothing in it that has been abrogated, because it is the final of the large sutras to be revealed, and the

00:08:45--> 00:09:23

majority of the surah even though some verses revealed early Medina, but the majority of the surah it was revealed around the time of the farewell pilgrimage, the final pilgrimage of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where he gave the farewell address, and then he returned back to Medina. And then he fell sick shortly after this, and then passed away. So the suta telma is bulk of it within two three months of the death of our prophets of the law while you sell him. This is one sort of 10 minute is being revealed. And in Surah, telma ada, we have that famous verse in the Quran that some have misunderstood to be the final verse. No, it's not the final verse, but it is one of the

00:09:23--> 00:10:00

final verses in which Allah says, today I have completed this religion for you and I have perfected by favours upon you, Leon McMurtry, locomole Islam, so that verse is inserted into and it came down, of course, in the hedger to where they are in the farewell pilgrimage of our Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. Now this surah because it came down so late. the Arabian Peninsula is Muslim are about to embrace Islam, paganism miraculously is a blessing has been all but eliminated from the Arabian Peninsula. small pockets are left and within a few years old

00:10:00--> 00:10:39

This will be gone. And what like what an amazing miracle. It's truly one of those miraculous issues about this religion, where an entire land immersed in paganism. And within a decade, all of it is gone. And there are no more pagans in that race or in that area or in that land. And so this Surah Surah tilma is that it does not reference idolatry and paganism at all. It does not reference what earlier makansutra has referenced. And in fact, the bulk of the sutra is about Judaism, and especially Christianity, it is as if the Muslims are getting prepared that after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they're now going to face the Byzantine Empire, the Roman

00:10:39--> 00:11:15

Empire, and of course, they're going to be dealing with Christianity, because in the lifetime of the Prophet salallahu, alaihe salam, they were not large groups of Christians, the the the delegation from Iran that came this was the largest group, and they were coming to visit, but sort of dilemma either it is as if it is making the Muslim oma aware that we're now going to be facing the next major civilization. And that's going to be of a Christian background. So it's a lot of Christianity of Jesus Christ of Christian theology, we're going to be talking a little bit about that today, as well. And of course, because it is the final revelation, there are a lot of laws in Surah, Allah

00:11:15--> 00:11:52

either there are around two dozen specific laws and suited either and the bulk of which are not found in any other sutra. So it's as if the laws are now being finished, if you like, and the final touches are being put into the Sharia of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Of course, the word of mouth adapt. I said yesterday, I was joking is going to be a juicy topic. I meant Of course, those are a lot of you understood what I meant is of course, the matter here is a table that is laden with food. That's what a mighty that means. So I'm it's a juicy topic, meaning is going to be a lot of food that was about the pond, I said yesterday. And what I meant was that the whole sutra is called the

00:11:52--> 00:12:30

surah of the banquet. Why is it called the banquet sutra, because, of course, the reference is to the meal or the banquet that rissa Jesus asks from Allah to send down to his disciples. And it is said that that is the final supper in Christian folklore, and whether it is or not as a separate issue altogether. But there is a famous dinner that is mentioned in the New Testament. And the Quran mentions this as well. So a lot of people have linked the two together, even though technically speaking, there's no direct overlap between the two stories other than the fact that they shared a meal. But this is where the name comes from. And that is not either. And the overall theme of soda

00:12:30--> 00:13:13

telma either. The overall, the gist of the surah is that Muslims need to be faithful to their contracts and to live up to their commitments, and not just your contracts with each other. But the biggest contract of all, and that is when you say la ilaha illAllah you have undertaken a contract with a law that you will worship a law the way that a low wants you to worship Him. And that is the biggest contract that we have the biggest ad or the mythos that we have, it is with Allah subhana wa Tada. And so the very first suit, the very first idea, it sets the tone that Yeah, you already know armano Ofu eurocode Oh, you who believe fulfill your covenants fulfill your promises. You say you're

00:13:13--> 00:13:52

a Muslim, you say la ilaha illAllah fulfill that, make sure you follow that up. And then the rest of the surah is the finer details of theology and laws. Make sure you know your religion and practice it to the best of your extent that is the number one meaning of fulfill your covenant. And then of course, you fulfill your contracts mean any promises you made any contracts that you have fulfilled them because you have done so in the name of a lots of Hannah, who were to Allah. And it's interesting to note that sort of the Nisa the previous surah It began with yohannes and sort of Selma ADA, yeah, you will live in armano. So, there is a slightly different the beginning of Sultan

00:13:52--> 00:14:34

and Nisa is for all of mankind. So till now either it is oh you who believe and the entire surah therefore is directed especially to the believers even though of course the message of the Quran is always open to all of mankind. And the first page of that surah it begins talking about hedge because obviously it was revealed during Hajj and there are a number of verses pertaining to Hajj pertaining to the sacraments of Hajj, the rituals of Hajj and respecting the signs and the symbols of Hajj. And from this we learned a very simple point. And that is that when Allah subhana wa tada has made something sacred. When Allah has made something blesses, when Allah has declared something

00:14:34--> 00:15:00

to be important. It is a sign of a man to honor the sacred and to show respect to that which is important and that is why Allah subhana wa tada says in the second verse yet you will know the nominal law to him Lucia Illallah, he will Shahada karamo al Hadi, Allah O you who believe do not violate to Hulu is the opposite of to heroin. We are Iran. So the reason why the Haram and

00:15:00--> 00:15:40

How long is called a harem? And how long is because we have taken on an element of sanctity, a lot of non actors when they hear the word how mucky and how long they think of the word how long as if something bad and evil. And that that's not a direct linkage here, the harem here with how much it means the sacred hold on the sacred that which is in violate that which you might be allowed to do outside you cannot do inside. That's why it's called Hold on. So Allah is saying, Do not trivialize or do not violate that which Allah has made sacred, not the SEC sacraments of a law, not the sacred months, not the animals that Allah azza wa jal has dedicated that they're going to be going to the

00:15:40--> 00:16:23

Kava to be sacrificed there. And this shows us therefore that of the signs of Eman is that when Allah subhana wa Taala has made something sacred, we show that sacredness and sanctity in our dealings and this is something of hamdulillah it has seeped into our culture. And we thank Allah for that. We show actual outer respect to the Koran to the cab to the month of Ramadan. And this is something that is manifesting our inner faith in another chapter, not a certain amount either. Allah says that woman you alvim Sha, Allah, whoever shows respect to the signs of a law, that is an indication of the piety of their heart. In other words, unfortunately, there are some in our times

00:16:23--> 00:17:03

that think it's okay to joke and trivialize about everything. No, we do not make a joke about a law and about the religion of Allah and about that which Allah has made sacred and that which Allah has made sacrosanct to trivialize the sacred indicates that it is not sacred in our hearts. No, that's not the way Yes, it's good to be funny. In the right time and situation is good to crack jokes with your family and friends, our Prophet system would always smile he would himself crack jokes in a legitimate manner, but we do not make fun of the commandments of Allah, we do not make fun of that which Allah has made sacred. So in the month of Ramadan, we all raise the bar, we show respect when

00:17:03--> 00:17:39

we're in front of the camera, but we don't do any sin that we might be doing outside of the cabinet, even though that's not right. But in front of the cabinet, we have an even more sacred sense here. And all of this is a part of our religion. And it is explicitly mentioned in Surah, Al Qaeda and other sources as well. And in the same verse here as well, a lot of the widget reminds the Muslims that now that they have the upper hand, now that they've conquered all of Arabia, and there's still pockets of pagans, paganism is going to be eliminated, but there's still some people that haven't embraced Islam. Allah is saying, what are your dreamin? No, come on, oh, man on so do come to the

00:17:39--> 00:18:23

army and tactic do. Do not let the hatred of a group of people that have stopped you from coming to the masjid of heroin in the previous years, do not allow that hatred, to incite you to aggression to do something that you should not do. And in verse number eight as well, Allah has a similar commandment that wala is remained the commissioner and we'll come in and attack you do not allow the hatred of a certain people that you might have to prevent you from acting justly act, just sleep for that is the essence of piety. It is so important, dear Muslims, it is so important. So panela, the Muslims were persecuted they had the underhand now that they have the upper hand, Allah says, Don't

00:18:23--> 00:19:05

let your power get to you don't become corrupted now that now that you have the upper hand, and that you can, let's say, kill the pagans for no reason or you can act unjustly? No, Allah says, Now that you have the power, you might have had a hatred, that hatred is legitimate, they tried to kill you, they did everything to okay, but now the situation has turned and now you are in charge. So Allah is saying, Be careful that your hatred does not cause you to go blind to justice. act justly, even when you're in power is especially when you're in power at just sleep. That is the essence of piety. That is the essence of fearing Allah subhanho wa Taala. And what a beautiful passage here that even

00:19:05--> 00:19:46

though we're not applying it in our lives to pagans versus Muslims, we're applying it in our own, let's say daily lives, our family lives. Maybe somebody says something we don't like maybe our cousin or relative said something and we become incensed with anger, then, some time later, we can have the opportunity to do something against him or her and allies the widget is telling us in the Koran, don't allow the hatred that you have of another person to, to make you act in an unjust manner, act justly act in the essence of piety that is indeed what Allah subhana wa Taala once so this verse reminds us to take our prejudices and biases into account to be self reflective all the

00:19:46--> 00:20:00

time, and to make sure that we are acting in a fair and just manner especially especially when we have some something in our hearts against another person. We have to monitor ourselves even more so that we are doing it truly for the

00:20:00--> 00:20:43

sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala verses three to five, eliminate dimensions inserted into the permissible and impermissible marriage marriages with the advocate of is permissible, the food what types of animals, the animals that are allowed to eat, that are not allowed to eat the meat of the idea Kitab Allah subhanaw taala has made it allowed in this verse with conditions that are found in books of filth. And in this section as well. We have the famous part, the famous verse that someone remarked to a rabbi he remarked dermatomal hottub, he said that, oh amirul momineen. If we the Jews had such a verse in our books, we would have taken the day of its revelation as a day of

00:20:43--> 00:21:25

festivities, Omar said, What verse are you talking about? He then quoted this verse of surah, Allah either a Yom Kippur to local Medina come today, I have perfected your religion for you. Today I have completed my favorites upon you and I have approved of and chosen Islam as your religion as your way of life. So this verse was revealed. During the farewell pilgrimage It is said in the books of, of Tafseer of history, that when this verse came down, our Prophet system was on a camel, it was so heavy that the camel which can take so many so many people, three, four or five people that can go hunt a camel, the camel had to sit down because of the weight of the revelation of this verse. So

00:21:25--> 00:22:06

this verse was an auspicious verse. It was a magnificent verse. And a Jewish person remarked to Omar, how fortunate you are that you have this verse in your book today I have perfected your religion for you. We have a perfect religion. That which is perfect, does not need to be tinkered with that which is perfect. We don't tamper with it. There is no you know, a lot of people outside the faith they say, when will Islam undergo his reformation? As if we have to undergo the ways of others? No, there is no need for a radical reformation. Yes, it is true. The shediac comes with internal fine tuning mechanisms. And I've spoken about this in many lectures. But overall, Aloma

00:22:06--> 00:22:51

committed to lacantina. Religion is Campbell, the religion is full, and it is absolutely complete, and it is perfect. And that which is perfect, does not need to be updated and changed through the interpretations of scholars a lot of times needs to be updated and change, but not the religion itself. So this is a very clear verse in that regard. In the sutra, as well, verse number six, it is the one and only the explicit verse about the will do about the rulings of the will do and then also and then tambem. And all of this is mentioned in the context of remembering Allah favors upon all of us in this regard. And then from verse 12, to the end of the surah, there are stories of the Prophet

00:22:51--> 00:23:33

Musa and the Prophet Isa and some other stories all the way to the end, interspersed with laws interspersed with commandments and ethical values. And so how to, like I said yesterday as well, truly, when you read the Quran, in its original Arabic and you listen to the Quran, the topics are so varied, and yet this the the the mechanism of transmission, the recitation, the language, the syntax, it is so smooth, it is impossible that a human can write such a book, because when you try to read a poor translation, it's very common that you get bogged down what is going on from this verse to that verse, how is this transition happening, and at times the translation is indeed

00:23:33--> 00:24:14

problematic for our mindset. But when you read the original Arabic and you look at again, the style and the syntax, it is absolutely stupendous. It is, it is divine. That's all that I can say because it is divine, only Allah subhanho wa tada can put together speech in this manner that is moving from all different topics. And as you read it, you're not bored. Your mind is fully it's going through through in the translation, sometimes it's problematic, but the Arabic is absolutely smooth. And this is why we see all of this interest Persian going on, that we have interwoven, the stories of Musa the stories of Isa, the stories of the table of Isa that's going to come the stories of Cain

00:24:14--> 00:24:58

and Abel, all of these along with commandments and and rulings from the Sharia. So in the rest of our 40 minutes today 35 minutes today, I want to summarize some of the main motifs, obviously of the main motifs of the surah is the advice to the Jews and the Christians and especially the Christians. Allah subhana wa tada tells the Kitab overall, a number of things Firstly, one of the main mini motifs under this is that the people of the book are Jews and Christians. You are not being faithful to your own laws and your own profits. You are not being faithful before you criticize us before you make fun of us. Look at yourselves. You are not living up to the expectations of your own profits.

00:24:58--> 00:25:00

You are not following

00:25:00--> 00:25:44

Your own revelations. In fact, in verse number 13, Allah subhanho wa Taala accuses them of you, Henry foon and kalama they're distorting their messages of forgetting and neglecting portions of your own book in verse number 47. Allah subhana wa Taala commands the Christians faith in God Well, yeah ngdp madonsela lo fi, let the people of the Injeel of the Gospels, let them act upon and rule by what Allah gave them. For, Indeed, those who not do not rule, according to the laws of a law are indeed sinful people. In verse number 68, Allah is very explicit, only 100 kita be less than either shade, say, or people of the book, you have no basis to stand upon, you have no grounds to criticize

00:25:44--> 00:26:23

us, until you yourselves uphold the Torah, and until you yourselves uphold the integrity of the gospel, and you act upon what Allah gave to you Subhana Allah, how Frank and only a law can say this, then who else has the authority to say this, Allah is telling them that you're not even living up to your own laws, you're not even link up the living up to your own profits? How can you criticize other civilizations and other faith traditions, first, fulfill your own obligations that you had, then after that, and then a lot of social also has this theme throughout certain is that Allah subhanaw taala also tells them by the way, that if you had been been faithful, that Allah

00:26:23--> 00:27:04

would have blessed you in this world. And in the next world of verse 66, Allah says, well, unknown accommo Toronto will in Gila, if they had truly acted upon and established the Torah and the engine, and if they had lived up to the laws that Allah had given them, then they would have been blessed from all around and even from beneath their feet, when in fact, they are drilling him blessings would have just come upon them. They would have lived a comfortable life, they would have had the blessings of everything. And Allah says, min home oma Tomoko tassa amongst them, there are a good folk it is true, what Cathedral mean home, but many of them, they are doing evil. So Allah azza wa

00:27:04--> 00:27:39

jal is telling us the reality that yes, indeed, amongst these faith communities, there are people who are upright, they truly believe. And we have to say this is you know, these days is politically incorrect to talk like this. But this is the Koran it is their Lord, our Lord telling us that, you know, you are not even living up to your own books, you are not even living up to your own standards. What right do you have to criticize other people what the Prophet Jesus said, what the prophet Moses said, you are picking and choosing, you're neglecting your distorting, you're conveniently forgetting what they themselves said, then you come and you accuse others of being this

00:27:39--> 00:28:20

and doing that Allah is saying, you have no ground to stand upon. Now, all of this is good. Now that is also look at our own lives, we as well had better be firm in our own faith. Before we say anything about anybody else. We don't want these verses to apply to us as well. So before we accuse others, before we criticize others, we should try our best as well to live up to our own examples that we have. So Allah azza wa jal tells the advocate up in a very good number of verses that they need to live up to their own guidelines. Then another good number of verses and other motifs, he tells them that if you lived up to your guidelines, and if you really understood your message, you

00:28:20--> 00:29:02

would actually embrace Islam. So Allah subhana wa tada is then telling them that true Christianity and true Judaism is to go back to the beliefs of Jesus and Moses. And that is exactly the belief of Ibrahim and that is the belief of our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Allah appeals to the righteous of their head Nikita to use their minds and intellect and to think about the truth and the veracity of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, verse number 15 yahad Al Kitab are people of the Book of Allah speaking to them directly, Allah is addressing them directly. And therefore whenever we have, you know, righteous Christian friends, Jewish friends, we should bring

00:29:02--> 00:29:36

up these in polite conversations when the time is right. And so, you know, interesting the passages in the Quran, you know, you should bring them up to them. And that's our job to be positive role models, obviously with wisdom and at the right time, but all too often, too many of us are too shy to speak about religion, and Subhanallah it is supposed to be the most important part of conversation that takes place there's nothing more important than why we are here who is our Creator, what is going to happen to us after death? These are questions that all of us should be thinking about. So Allah says in the Quran, yeah, Nikita Bo People of the Book, our messenger has

00:29:36--> 00:30:00

come to you, clarifying to you and for you, much of what you yourselves forgot are kept hidden and forgiving much as well of what you had done in the past. A light has come to you from Allah and the clear book. So Allah is addressing the etiquette of verse 19. Yeah, Nikita, do people have the book called chakra sooner that our messenger has come to you Do you have a connection

00:30:00--> 00:30:41

make things clear to you either fertility Minoru soon after there was a pause in profits coming Subhan Allah there was no profit from Jesus to Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam around 600 years or 560 years to be more precise, there were no profits. And Allah References This, that there have not been profits for a while I left fertility minerals soon, but now a profit has come to you so that you don't have an excuse. You cannot say magic and the machine will end the deal. No preacher preacher has come no warner has come to us. No, Allah is saying a preacher has come to you and a warner has come to you. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala invites them to embrace Islam. And in verse

00:30:41--> 00:31:27

number 48, Allah says, and we have revealed to you a book with truth, confirming the previous scriptures, the Quran confirms the truth of the Jewish and the Christian faith traditions. And then Allah says one more Hey minion, Allah. This is a very important verse, and it is superseding it, the Quran, the Torah and the Injeel are not all equal. The Quran confirms and then the Quran supersedes the Quran eclipses the Quran envelopes it. The Quran is the final revelation in case of a clash. We go with the Koran there are not all three equal one more Haman en la so then Allah says, judge between them in accordance with a law has given you in verse 59. Allah azzawajal criticizes some of

00:31:27--> 00:32:07

the advocates. And Allah says Kalia handed Kitab SEO People of the Book, do you resent us? Do you have something in your heart against us? Why? Only because we have believed in Allah, because we have believed in a revelation, because we have revealed in your revelations as well. Are you criticizing us despite the fact that most of you are sinners, one authentic and fasciae one, most of you are not living up to your own law. And you're criticizing us. It is so awkward, but true. And this verse exposes them, like only the creator can expose them. Sometimes when people accuse others of crimes, they themselves are guilty of that crime. And their guilt causes them to read that crime

00:32:07--> 00:32:52

into other people. So Allah is saying, Are you are you resentful that you see the truth in us, and then there's something in you that Oh, I wish I had it as well. So instead of embracing and instead of accepting, and instead of becoming one, you have, in fact a jealousy or resentment, you recognize the truth, and you don't even follow your own truth. And this makes you somewhat arrogant. This is of course, a group amongst them as the Quran is very clear that a group amongst them is good, and many of them have lost the path of their own prophet. So verse number 59, is a very psychological expose a of the mentality of some groups of people amongst them. And verse 50, mentions as well, and

00:32:52--> 00:33:32

also 4445 47, and 50. All of these, it mentions the concept of judging by the laws of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And whoever does not judge by the laws of law, they are from the car food on the volume on the foster home, they are from those who have rejected those that are tyrannous, those that are evil, sinful people. And Eliza just says in verse number 50, if you don't judge by the laws of a law, the only alternative will be the laws of ignorance of a hook manager, helia tibolone, who is better than a law to be the judge for people who are really certain about meeting a law. And so these verses they demonstrate for us once again, a fact and a reality that we see over and over

00:33:32--> 00:34:14

again, that ethical moral truths laws, a lot of xojo is the one who is going to tell us what is right and wrong, we ourselves are not even qualified to come together and decide what is ethical and what is not what is moral and what is not. Because we are ourselves biased, our own our our own desires are going to get the best of us. And that is what Allah is saying, if you're not going to follow the laws of law, then you're going to end up following the laws of God Lee, so we take our values, we take our codes, we take our laws, from Allah subhanahu wa Tada, because he knows best. So Allah says, and of course, this clearly shows, by the way as well, that there is no such thing as an

00:34:14--> 00:34:52

Islam without laws. There are small, you know, movements in our times. They're trying to go down the path of a radical reformation movement, and they're trying to remove the laws of Islam, or they're saying Islam is just basic theology. You believe in one God, and you go and pray and you don't get involved in the Jedi. Just leave the shipyards outdated. And there is no such thing as a religion and a way of life that does not have laws. That's something that is impossible, the one who created you, the one who told you who he is, he will also tell you how to live. That's the whole purpose or one of the purposes of laws revelation, and this is what sort of dilemma either very clearly

00:34:52--> 00:34:59

demonstrates, and that's why there's such an emphasis on laws on the perfection of Islam on much of either being rituals

00:35:00--> 00:35:26

theology and morality and actual rulings and verdicts do this don't do this, eat this, don't eat that marry this don't marry that these are specific laws and they are for our own betterment. They make us better in this world and they will they are pleasing to Allah and they are going to be rewarded in the next world as well. So all of this is about a type of criticism to some of the Aliki tab, sort of reminder also has a lot of verses

00:35:28--> 00:36:17

criticizing aspects of Christian theology, and in fact, dare I say that there is no surah in the Quran that is more explicit and more exhaustive about taking on the challenges of Christian theology and of taking and dissecting one by one and in one verse. In one segment of verses. Allah subhanho wa Taala uses the tactic of reminding the Christians that Jesus Himself never said any of these things, and that Jesus himself or Isa is a mortal person. So for example, in verse 72, Allah says, the other Catherine Medina, kalu, in Allahu Allah mercy huben Imodium, those who say that Jesus, the Messiah, the Son of Mary is God, they have disbelieved to say that Jesus is God or that God is

00:36:17--> 00:37:01

Jesus. That's, that's Cofer. That's not Islam. And then look at the tactic allow us we're calling and mercy who the Messiah himself said, Yeah, Bani Israel. hora de la hora be what have become, oh children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord, whoever associates partners with Allah, Allah has made genda forbidden for him. Jesus Himself is preaching monotheism to this day that the New Testament despite the fact that we don't fully believe it was preserved, to this day, the New Testament as it exists, there is not a single verse in the entire New Testament, where Jesus Himself is preaching any mainstream doctrine of modern Christianity, whether it is the Trinity, whether it

00:37:01--> 00:37:41

is the redemption, whether is the concept salvation, whether it is life after that of his of his own resurrection. After that he himself does not preach a single aspect of mainstream modern Christianity. And the Quran references this beautifully. Allah says, Look at what Jesus Himself said, Jesus didn't say to worship Him. Jesus didn't say that he is God. Jesus Himself said, Oh, children of Israel, worship the one who is up there. And this is something we find that throughout the New Testament, so this is one way that Allah azzawajal takes on Christian theology. Another way that he does this is by very frankly stating that Jesus is a mortal, Jesus is a human being. And

00:37:41--> 00:38:22

again, this is under a number of ways. Verse number 17. Those who say that Jesus is God have disbelieved. Then listen to this as a powerful verse, and only Allah could say this, anybody else says this, we would tremble. Only Allah can say this, a lot is saying to them, who can prevent a law if allow one to to destroy Jesus, the son of Mary and his mother and everyone on earth? In other words, you think Jesus is God? No, if allow one to two he could, obviously he didn't. But he's saying who could have prevented this? What Allah He Mukesh? sumati will have to Allah belongs the dominion, the serenity of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, he creates

00:38:22--> 00:39:08

whatever he wishes in verse 75, look at how Allah proves the mortality of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ, the son of Mary was only a messenger, many were the messengers who came before him. And his mother was a virtuous lady. Can ya kulani? Tom, the both of them would eat food. So they're being reminded, how can a God be eating food? And of course, when you eat food, it has to come out? How can a God be doing that? Look at the beautiful, powerful way that a lot is just appealing to the person. You don't need to have a PhD in advanced theology to understand the theology of the Quran. The theology of the Quran, even as in challenges other theologies is so obvious it is. So it appeals

00:39:08--> 00:39:49

to every person of a sound mind and into like Jesus would eat How can Jesus be God, his mother would eat? Why would you pray to her when she is a mortal? She is not God, nor is she the Mother of God. And then Allah says, Look at how clear we make the revelations to them. And yet look how diluted they are. How clear can we be they used to eat, how could they be God, and yet, they're still insisting that they're going to worship, they're going to draw images, they're going to bow down to a created being. And in verse number 73, a law references the Trinity, that those who say a lot is one out of three or you can also translate as that, that Allah is a trinity. Those who say this,

00:39:49--> 00:40:00

they have disbelieved. There is no god except for one god woman, Anita inaho, wide. And as we all know, the Trinity is simply words that do not make sense. There are

00:40:00--> 00:40:40

No three that are one than one can be three. There is no such thing you can string together a series of words and it can be nonsensical. No Christian with my utmost respect to them can explain the Trinity and they end up saying it is a mystery. It is something that we cannot understand. And Allah is saying, There is no such thing there is but one God and Jesus is created. He is not God. And one verse inserted into it that I find extremely profound, this verse, I find it mind boggling, earth shattering. I don't even have better adjectives to use. Every time I come across this verse, the more I study, the more this verse really, it really shakes me to the core, and it really

00:40:40--> 00:41:28

demonstrates amongst so many other evidences. The fact that the Quran is from Allah subhana wa tada verse number 77. Hola, hola. kitabi se O People of the Scripture, do not exaggerate in your religion, beyond the truth. don't invent things don't don't go beyond what is the truth. And what at the table are what our common core who do not follow the false beliefs and desires of groups of people who went astray before and who misled many, even as they themselves were misguided. Now, what this verse is saying, it is something that would be utterly impossible for anyone in seventh century Arabia, Christian, Muslim, Jew, or pagan to know. And that is Christian doctrine is not based on the

00:41:28--> 00:42:10

teachings of Jesus, it didn't even come from the earliest disciples of Jesus know, the Koran is explicitly saying that Christian doctrine is something that was developed over time by different groups of people, different councils have come together. And this is, of course, now, every academic knows this. But we need to understand the level of literacy and knowledge of the average worshipper. In the fifth and sixth centuries of the Christian era. Even Christians would not have known this simple fact that we now take for granted, and that is that of course, Christianity evolved over time. And the doctrines that are now mainstream Christianity were unknown to the earliest

00:42:10--> 00:42:52

Christians. It was Paul who first claimed that Jesus died for the sins of men. And even Paul never claimed the Trinity. Never once did Paul bring up the concept of Trinity, the first notion of Trinity it came in the second or third century of the Christian era. And it was then introduced by the Church Fathers of the third century, late second century, we can say, and then codify in the famous Nicene Creed in the year 325, ce II, and then a series of ecumenical councils continued to develop Christian theology. All of this aside, the average Christian would not know any of this stuff. And the Quran is saying, why are you believing something that was constructed by the whims of

00:42:52--> 00:43:30

groups of people who themselves were misguided and they were misguiding others. The Quran is saying these doctrines of the divinity of Jesus of the trinity of the redemption of dying for one since these doctrines of not following the law. These doctrines were unknown to Jesus himself. And they were developed multiple times. In other words, they were formulated and then they continued to grow and grow a comb in parallel lumen public groups of people and that's exactly what the council's were. And that's exactly what happened later on. And to me, as I said, this is absolutely mind boggling. And I rarely do this, but I will encourage those of you that are interested in one

00:43:30--> 00:44:12

particular book and one author in particular, Bart Ehrman ba r t. e. h. r. m. A and Bart Ehrman, he has written many best selling books, he himself was a fundamentalist Christian. And then in his own research, he discovered that none of modern Christianity can go back to Jesus Christ. So he left Christianity and his books, they resonate completely with the Quranic ideal, this verse, every book of his I read, it only made this verse even much more clear to me because he's going into all of these details. And he has a particularly good known bestseller, well known bestseller called how Jesus became God, I do encourage those that are interested to read that book anyway. So this is sort

00:44:12--> 00:44:53

of about criticizing Christian theology, theology. And then of course, Allah asks them multiple times to embrace Islam, verse number 74, FLIR tupuna illa law, why don't they repent to Allah? Why don't they ask Allah forgiveness, Allah shall forgive them. Allah is Forgiving, Allah is merciful. Christians and Jews are being invited. Use your intellect. Go back to your own scripture. Read your own histories. Look at what your own Prophet said, stand firm on your own faith traditions. And if you do so, you will see the truth of Islam. What a beautiful way of preaching, go back to your own sources. Go back to your own profits, and you're going to see the truth of our profit. So panelo

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

what greater proof do you need when Allah Zoysia this confidently saying Go back to your own profit centers?

00:45:00--> 00:45:44

scriptures go back to what they themselves have said. And when you do that, you will see that we are telling the truth and that Islam is indeed a continuation. And this prophet is being sent by the same prophet by the same Lord that sent Moosa and Isa as well. So all of this is a quick summary of the issues of Christianity and Christian theology, theology. Also in this surah we have small sections about Jewish history as well and the history of the Bani Israel. And in particular, verses 20 to 26. They mentioned the reason why the Israelites, the children of Israel, they had to wander for 40 years. It was a punishment for them, when they refuse to enter the Holy Land, the Holy Land

00:45:44--> 00:46:22

that Allah gave them. We Muslims firmly believe that Allah subhanho wa Taala gifted them a holy land, the Holy Land, and it was theirs when they deserved it. But that was lifted up when they broke the covenant of Allah subhanho wa Taala. The promise is no longer active. We actually believe that the land was theirs, but the past tense, that's what we believe, but not anymore because they reneged on their promise. They broke their own covenants, they did not live up to the law. That is what we believe, theologically. So this verse, verse 2226, it tells us that Moosa is telling the people enter the promised land, enter the land that Allah has led cuttable love welcome this land

00:46:22--> 00:47:00

Allah has written for you. We Muslims believe that that land was past tense written for them, it was theirs when they deserved it. And Subhana Allah, when Allah gifted it to them, what did they do? They said, oh, we're not going to enter that land. There are giants. There are large people, there were giants here means strong people. That's what they meant. We're too scared to enter. And a lot of praises in verse 23. And we need to benefit from this a lot praises to righteous people. Two people stood up and said, Allah says, regarding them, the two people whom Allah blessed, encouraged their followers and they said, Go, Go enter the gate. When you have entered it, you will prevail,

00:47:01--> 00:47:40

put your trust in Allah, if you are believers, Subhana Allah, this is such a beautiful, beautiful verse here. When Allah wants you to do something, outwardly might be daunting, you're gonna see those giants over there. And the two righteous people are saying, stand up, enter the gate, and Allah will help you miracles will happen. But you have to take the first step, the difficulty will be made easy, the impossible will become possible, but only when you put in the effort and you put your trust in Allah subhana wa Tada. And that's a beautiful message that we get, of course, they did not do that, and they mock the commandment. And because of that, Allah said, You shall wander for 40

00:47:40--> 00:48:21

years. So Moses died wandering in the deserts of Sinai, and he was buried over there. And then the next generation Joshua came and entered the promised land. And that's the sort of the Baccarat also in this pseudo pseudo dilemma. We have the two sons of Adam, and the first death ever to take place on earth to panela will lay so sad, so sad. The first time, the medical most visited this earth to take the life of a human, it was because of murder. No one even died in natural death before the first murder occurred. And this is of course, the story of hobbies and hobbies are Cain and Abel as they're called in the Bible. And this was the murder of two sons of Adam, one brother murdered

00:48:21--> 00:49:05

another brother, because of what because of jealousy because he was jealous and Subhanallah how evil is jealous jealousy blinds a person jealousy makes a person act in an irrational manner. When you find your heart. You know feeling something for another person's fame or wealth or prestige or beauty or success. When you find your heart cringing, because of the success of another person. realize you're at fault regardless of what the other person is or isn't. realize you have a problem with your own issue of jealousy and better you better keep it in check because the jealous person acts in a very, very irrational manner. The jealous person lashes out the jealous person as we're

00:49:05--> 00:49:44

going to come to in a few days will throw his own brother into a well when the story of use of the jealous person will kill his own blood brother, as we see right here in the story of sudut Alma ADA, and so the first son of Adam dies, he doesn't know how to bury him. So Allah sends a CRO and Allah azza wa jal demonstrates the CRO deking. And as the CRO is digging, it covers up a seed a kernel. And so the other brother says how I wrote to me, why didn't I, you know, learn from this crow. So he dug the grave. That's how he learned how to dig a grave. He didn't even know the concept of a burial until Allah sent him and these are some of the signs of Allah that Allah sent him the crow to show

00:49:44--> 00:49:59

him how to dig and that digging covers up something else. And this is why in verse number 32, it occurs that famous passage, that whoever kills one person, it is as if he has killed all of mankind. And of course, it's such a profound

00:50:00--> 00:50:40

We say this all the time, whoever saves a person, it is as if you have saved all of mankind, one son of Adam, one son of Adam, was killed if that son had not been killed. Can you imagine how many billions and billions of people would now be here? Right? literally one son of Adam's death, because of and of course, all other we accept a lot of that. But can you imagine that if that son had had progeny, you do the math, if you understand, you know, how, you know, ascendance and descendants increase, right? I mean, within five generations, you can get around 600 descendants, by the way, five generations on average, five to 600. dissenters, if you do the math on average, right. So if

00:50:40--> 00:51:23

you do the math for 5000 10,000 50,000 years, we're talking about billions of people because it is exponential. So Allah is saying that when if that person had lived, and nations would have come, that person has died, it is as if he has destroyed all of mankind. So it might as well it has many rulings, I'm not going to go over all of them, but of them verse number 33. It establishes the strict penalties for highway robbery or high crimes, you know, what we call mass murderers or gangs, anything that is destroying civil society in order Allah azzawajal allows some very the harshest punishments in the entire Koran, including crucifixion, by the way, it's in the Koran for those if a

00:51:23--> 00:51:59

person without the will is like a mass murderer, or is going and killing innocent people rampaging, you know, highway robbery as well. So imagine going between two cities, and there's deserts in the middle, there is no government back then. And if somebody has a gang, that they're operating and preying on these, which was, by the way, very, very common for most of human history, that to go from one city to another, as a mortal as a very dangerous thing, people that utilize that they need to the message needs to be sent. So that is a very harsh punishment for them. In verse number 38, the punishment for stealing is mentioned. And of course, the Hadith mentions other conditions as

00:51:59--> 00:52:37

well, there must be breaking and entering. Some people, some Buddha said a small minority opinion it says there must be a threatening as well, you must threaten. There's other conditions, the quantity, the quality, the the, the price of what you have stolen, so there's multiple conditions, but the punishment is there as well. Also, in verse number 45, we have the law of precise or accurate retribution, an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. And then Allah says very interestingly, Allah says, We wrote this for them in the Torah, as well. And it is still found in Deuteronomy, chapter 19, verse 21, that an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth and, and a hand for a hand or

00:52:37--> 00:53:16

foot for foot, that's what the enemy says. And the Quran is very similar language to life for life and an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. And that is exact same phrase, you find it in Deuteronomy as well. So Allah so Allah is referencing, and we find it in Deuteronomy. And of course, the Old Testament was not translated in Arabic at the time. And again, all of this is clearly a miracle. Also in sort of dilemma either, verse 89, is the penalty for breaking one's oath verse 90 to 91, the final prohibition of alcohol, alcohol is now completely banned. Gambling has been prohibited and Allah mentions the wisdom. The reason is that shavon wants you to fight and to waste

00:53:16--> 00:53:52

your money. shavon wants you to get into these issues between one another and so Allah has banded and this shows us whenever a lot ban something makes something how long it is for our own good even if we don't understand it, and other rulings as well the penalties for hunting and a harem, and the issue of seafood being had Alhamdulillah seafood is halal. I love seafood personally. So verse 96 is the majority interpretation the majority of men have is they say all seafood is valid. By the way this is seafood means the food in the sea not seafood. I seafood I eat no not that seafood, that seafood. It depends case by case but seafood in the ocean. The three men have say all of it is

00:53:52--> 00:54:13

halal. And they use this word of mouth either. Verse number 96. Of course, the hanafis have a different and that's their prerogative. Just FYI. And before we conclude, before we conclude we have five minutes left, I want to draw our attention to three specific verses that I think are especially especially useful and then inshallah the last verse of the surah

00:54:15--> 00:54:57

verse number 87, or you who believe, do not prohibit the good things that a law has allowed you and do not go to access for Allah does not love those who go to access. We do have both types of fanaticism. And especially in the generally speaking the the the more ultra righteous people, they try to make things out on that might be helpful. And in the more not so righteous or practicing. They try to make highlight what Allah has made, how long So Allah is being very explicit here that you have to be in the middle here. And this is why people have knowledge people have genuine knowledge, not superficial knowledge. They're so necessary and useful. A little bit of knowledge

00:54:57--> 00:55:00

generally speaking, it leads us to fanaticism, and extreme

00:55:00--> 00:55:43

Islam and that's the reality we all know and we see And Allah is saying, Do not prohibit what Allah has made halon If Allah has made it permissible, keep it permissible, but don't go to extremes as well. Something permissible should not become the main, sometimes it is good in a little bit and a lot of it might be harmful. So in this verse, we learn moderation. Verse number 100, is a very useful verse for us, given the times we live in a lot is saying, the good and the bad are never equal. A lot is saying the pure and the filthy, are never the same. Yes, they will have to walk by you, the pure and the filthy, are never the same. Even if the abundance of that which is filthy, it

00:55:43--> 00:56:32

bedazzles you It makes you lost, you cannot concentrate, maybe even you're impressed whenever rj birkirkara to hubbies. Allah is saying, just because the filthy is as prevalent just because the evil is surrounding you. It doesn't make the evil good. And this is so necessary to remind ourselves from because in these days, morality, decency higher modesty is almost unheard of. And when a person comes and tries to practice or preach Islamic values, human values, they're looked down upon, times have changed. Now everything is out this and that. And a lot reminds us, the good and the bad are never the same. Even if the preponderance of the bad it'd be dazzles you, it makes you you're not be

00:56:32--> 00:57:14

able to think straight, Allah says doesn't matter. Look through it. Understand that evil shall always be evil, even if the whole world ratifies it. Even if your government passes laws about it doesn't matter. morality is not based upon majority vote, morality remains morality, and that's not based upon what our society say. It comes from Allah subhanho wa Taala, verse number 105 is also very important because we feel sometimes so alone in this world when we preach our values, and Allah is saying, Oh, you who believe I lay come and forsaken, you are only responsible for your own cells, He who has gone astray will not harm you, as long as you are rightly guided. So we do now this

00:57:14--> 00:57:54

doesn't mean we're selfish, because part of being rightly guided is to be role models, and to preach and teach. But a lot is saying that look, as long as you do your job. And as long as you live up to your expectations. Even if all of mankind goes astray. You have to be the role model, preach to them in a wise manner, embody the values of Islam in your life, and then their evil is not going to harm you. Your piety will inshallah to Allah save you most importantly in the next life, what you love about eurocom Jamie on to a lot is returned to all of you, then he will tell you of what you used to do. Now we get to the conclusion passage of sodoma ada, and it goes back to recept. Imodium and

00:57:54--> 00:58:35

Jesus Christ and a lot reminds Jesus of the favours he has given him and a lot of so a gel reminds him of all the miracles and blessings he has done. And then of course, comes the story of the table spread where the disciples of Jesus were always very highly praised. None of the disciples of Jesus began Christian theology, the actual disciples Paul never saw Jesus Paul is a different person, the disciples of Jesus did not begin that bizarre theology. And the Quran praises the disciples and the disciples were one day hungry and they said that make dua to Allah to send a man either the table doubt. And so Risa, Yanni wrote reluctantly agrees to this request. And so Allah then sends down a

00:58:35--> 00:58:43

man either, can you imagine what would be on a table coming from Heaven? Can you imagine the delectable delights that the disciples of Jesus

00:58:45--> 00:59:24

tasted on that day only, and the only Allah knows a table comes down from heaven, and they all eat now is this the Last Supper or not? Allah knows best it might be it might be, but there's nothing in commonality per se, except for the fact that Christians make a very big deal of something called The Last Supper. And the Quran mentions a supper that they had. So maybe the Christian version is kind of based on this, and that's my gut instinct or feeling but Allah knows best, but it does appear that there is some commonality in this regard. And Eliza gel reminds the people upon whom the table came down, that you had better be extra grateful. And if you then reject after this, that after you

00:59:24--> 00:59:59

have seen this sign and eaten from heaven, basically, if you then reject Allah says, I'm going to punish you like I have punished nobody else. And from this, it's a bit of a scary point here. With blessings comes responsibility, with extra privilege, extra power, extra wealth, extra security, whatever blessing we have. It also comes with extra responsibility and extra accountability. Those who saw the heavens sent down a table and they ate from the fruits of gender, a lie saying you can never ever, ever leave

01:00:00--> 01:00:37

Islam now you have seen it. Okay, we didn't see that the table come down. But still the concept of whoever is blessed, it has more responsibilities, that is very clear as well. And the ending of the surah is a powerful message to the Christians that Allah is going to say to Jesus, did you tell the people to worship You, your mother? And he will say, I never said this over law. I never said it. How could I say what I have no right to say, if I said it, you would No, I only say what you told me to say, I told them to worship my Lord and your Lord, and, and to take you as God not as me. And I was a witness over them when I was amongst them. But when you took me up, you became the watcher

01:00:37--> 01:01:17

over them. And then he says, Love for his people. And of course, you should have love for his people who's shown even on the Day of Judgment, he asks a lot to forgive them. If you punish a law, they are Your servants. But if you forgive you are the mighty and wise His love is still there, even if they went to stray and look at Allah's response. Allah will say on the Day of Judgment, this is the day when the truthful shall be rewarded for their truthfulness when the honest when they're sincere, will gain the rewards of their sincerity. And those people alone will be pleased with them, and they're pleased with him. And that is the great blessing and gift. And we firmly believe that

01:01:17--> 01:01:56

sincere sincere sincere Christians who never heard of Islam, and they live their lives faithfully, truly thinking that the worshiping God, even if they were very misguided, it is very possible that their sincerity will save them if they had never heard of Islam. As for the one who has heard of Islam and knows it's not been rejected, that is a different fate altogether. But a lot is saying about Christians, and anyone really who is never heard of Islam, whoever was sincere and really wanted to worship in their own manner. Allah is saying their sincerity will benefit them today. And we leave it at that that is the best and we don't talk too much beyond this. We leave it at that we

01:01:56--> 01:02:31

firmly believe that there is hope of salvation for those who never heard of Islam and who lived committed lives and we don't speak specifics we speak in generalities. And the sutra concludes with the powerful verse. The law he Maluku sama, what will I'll do my fee him to Allah belongs the serenity, the kingdom of all that is in the heavens and earth and all that is in between them and Indeed Allah has power over everything. This was the summary of surah Allah insha Allah Tada. We will continue tomorrow within Allahu taala. Until then send Amaya conformer to law