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The Message of The Quran #26

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

Surahs Ṭur, Najm, Qamar, Rahman, Waqiah, and Hadid

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu Glory be to Allah to Whom belongs all serenity,

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dominion and power. He it is Who has created the sun and the earth and all energy and matter. He is the Lord of Gibraltar. He is Mika is Salafi, and angels countless and beyond number. It is to him that we raise our hands, bow our faces and our hearts do surrender. We seek refuge in Him on the day that the mountains will crumble and the heavens shall split asunder, and we send our Sadat upon the one whom he chose to be our Prophet and his final messenger. Today inshallah Tada, we have to do six surah. So we're gonna dive straight in. We begin with sudut tour and sort of tour. It is an early meccan surah. And it's a very short so all of the suitors today till the end of the Quran are

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relatively short, it is around two and a half pages 49 verses and the primary theme is the day of judgment and what will follow it is called food which means mountain because Allah begins the surah by what tour or the customer the oath on Mount Sinai, the mountain here is a reference to Mount Sinai and this surah and in fact, most of today's Sutras, they are symptomatic, they are clear examples of the fiery rhythmic short versus the powerful meanings that characterize all of the meccan revelations. And the sort of begins by as usual, mentioning some of the signs of Allah subhana wa tada and then immediately jumping to the day of judgment and the punishments for those

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who denied a lot. And then Allah subhana wa tada tells us of gender, and promises are some of the delights and one verse in particular should really make us urine Jen, verse number 21, one Latina Amen. What about Tom Doria to home big man, those who do good and their progeny and children follow them in faith? And how can I be him very yet a home We shall allow their children to join them in their ranks? Well not at that now who may nominate him in shape, and we're not going to cause their deeds to go to any waste. Every single person is accountable for what they have done. Subhana Allah, Allah is promising families will be together in gender. But who are those people? Verse number 26

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mentions that they used to say to one another, that we used to be in all of Allah azzawajal even amongst our families, and then for men, Allahu Elena Allah graced us and protected us from this painful term torment. This is a beautiful indication, a lot is saying families will be together in general, but only those families that even as they were together in this world, they worship Allah subhanho wa Taala beautiful indication here that those families that yes, there's love there's, there's of course that good bonds of family but their worldly matters did not distract them from the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so they are saying that in this world in Kunal Pablo, Lena

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was 15 we used to be with our families, and we had the fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala as well for Manila. Why Elena, because we had the fear of Allah in this world. Allah protected us from the fear and the punishment of the next world. So those families that worship together and those families that are upon piety in this world, they will inshallah be together in the next world as well, and then follows a powerful series of 15 rhetorical questions one after the other, that is meant to intellectually change

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allenge and then destroy completely those who worship false gods. And this surah as well has one particular verse that is one of my favorite in terms of the Islamic theology. And that is the verse, verse 35, which is the only verse that can be said that explicitly references the concept of atheism. Because atheism of course, is a concept if you study it historically, it is very modern concept and only goes back 250 years. And when the Quran came down, no society openly rejected God no society, though you had polytheistic but you didn't have atheistic atheism really is a very shallow intellectual recourse to deny God and it's a very relatively recent phenomenon, and

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therefore, for multiple reasons, the origin does not engage atheists directly. This is one verse that does reference the phenomenon of atheism, verse number 35. I'm holding a home in a lady Shay in Oklahoma Holly own, do they assume that nothing created them? They were created from nothing? Or do they assume that they created themselves because there's only three logical possibilities? A No creator, B, you created yourself see an external all powerful creator? And of course by asking the two rhetorical questions, and the answer is obvious. It is nonsensical to say we created we came from nothing. It is nonsensical to say I created myself so there's only one other possibility and

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Allah doesn't even ask it because it is understood. When you negate the first two, only one is left. Also the surah has a beautiful incident from the Sierra jailbait urban water in the sun of the famous chieftain multimillion it was captured prisoner in the Battle of budget, and he was brought to the Medina the masjid that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his hands were tied, and he was sitting in the masjid. And the first sight out that he heard Salatin Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went out and he led the Sahaba and he was a prisoner in the back of the masjid. And he said, I heard the Prophet salallahu it he was seldom recite surah to him, Salah tell

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Muslim, and when he came to this verse, I'm Holy omanisation, I'm home on holiday home. When he came to this verse, he said, My heart It was about to explode. It was about to just burst outside. And he goes, that was the first time that he man entered my heart. It was with this verse. So listen to this sutra. And it concludes this surah by reminding the prophets of the la vida he was sent him to worship a lot at night, and especially when the stars begin to fade. And by mentioning the stars, the next surah automatically begins when nedjma either Hawa suta najem begins by the custom on the stars when najem the last surah ends by mentioning worship Allah during the time that the stars are

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fading. And then the next pseudo begins directly with the last verse of the previous surah. And that is when Niger may either how uncertain najem was revealed, at a time of great trouble between the Muslims and the Mexicans, there was a lot of back and forth, and it is also the first suitor that was revealed that has a such depth in it. This is the first surah in the Quran, that has a search that there are around 15 says does depending on which method you follow, this actually might have specific the number of soldiers and certain najem was the first surah to be revealed that has essentially the in it, this sutra also played a key role in a very important incident of the Sierra.

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And it was perhaps the first time that all of the nobleman of the orange had gathered in front of the Kaaba and the Prophet sallallahu. wasallam was talking to them in a very auspicious occasion, a very, very historic incident. And he recited to them Seurat and najem, in front of the Kaaba and all of the ordination, all of the senior members of the chorus the nobility is listening to him and he recited in front of the cabinet this surah Allah Subhana Allah dear Muslims, you know, so many times I think I listen to these these Quran all the time, and I have my favorites of course, it is my number one favorite and then after him, I'm the last of them and shall we they occupy a very high

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level in my heart and then so many of the great Quran that come and Subhana Allah, they move you to the core when you listen to these great coura but you know, one thing I miss, you know, one thing that I'm looking forward to in the escolares was you to bless me with I want to listen to the teachings of the Quran from the tongue of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam Can you imagine hearing the Quran in the voice of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam how that is going to move us and then sort of the najem in particular, please You must listen to certain najem from a good color and again I have many favorite suit attended regimen in particular listen to chef Elijah me I

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met Elijah me listen to his solar energy was only seven minutes you'll find it on YouTube and then pause the my lecture here for if you're not listening live, listen to sudo and then come back and continue because this surah in particular, it is one of the most

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Magnificent and powerful sutras simply by listening to it and can you imagine the prophets of the law Horton was doing in our all the Mexicans are standing there sitting there and the Kava is in the vicinity. Just imagine that scene What is going on? And then if you follow along what is happening and it reaches a crescendo at the very end, and at the very end first Judo de la he wibu you prostrate to a line worship Him and the Prophet sallallahu I sent him prostrated and the entire people of naka de koresh, the pagan worshippers, the idol believers, they were so moved, they were so swayed that when they saw the Prophet sallallahu, I sent him prostrate almost to a man, they

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prostrate it with his prostration, the Muslims and the Muslims, they prostrated together in front of the Kaaba with the prophets of Allah while he was send them their leader their email. Can you imagine that scene? Can you imagine the impact of sooner than Najam for them to have done that the very enemies of Islam and this by the way, spread the rumor that slowly but surely, the rumor reached all the way to Abu Senia you know, 1000 miles away 700 miles away, and they heard that the Quran had accepted Islam What began as a such that the rumors spread, spread spread, and this is the reality of rumors isn't it starts small by the time it gets to Abyssinia. The rumor is the Quraysh

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have all converted and they're praying behind the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. So the Muslims in Abyssinia migrated back to Makkah, only to hear that it was just an exaggerated rumor. And so even more Muslims came back to the second migration there were two migrations to avicennia. And so when they came back even more Muslims went back. And this surah was the cause of the first batch to come back. So we know roughly when it was revealed around the fifth year, the fourth and fifth year of the Tao of the preaching of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the theme of certain najem like all Maki sutras is the same. However, in particular, it wants to show the status of the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the fact that he is a messenger and it challenges the notion that the angels are Daughters of Allah. And the sooner begins by the discussion of the miraculous Night Journey, the Israeli mirage of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the fact that Allah honored our nebby solo la jolla, he was setting them to be very close to God, God can acaba Hosseini Edina he was with him to a bow bows length. This is an Arabic expression in English we say you know to hand span away or two feet away. So it's an Arabic expression, the length of a bow, so he's just two bows length away kind of Cabo casino Edna. LLB, Hema Oh Ha Ha Ha, ha. So he inspired his servant

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with whatever he inspired kazaa Balfour Dumas what the chest saw no one he did not deny it and no one can deny it luck. I mean, to be here, Cobra, the Prophet salallahu it he was send them saw some of the greatest signs of his Lord. And what is this greatest sign to see God? To see God is such an honor that Allah mentions it in the Koran that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw God in His original form, and the cedrat alimenta is also mentioned by name in the surah. The Lotus tree which is considered to be the final of the creation of although the highest of the creation after that is the out of the arena. And the pseudo Terminator is where all of the good deeds ascend to and beyond

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that no creation has gone except our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and Allah azza wa jal mentions after this as well criticizing the kurush for their false beliefs in the gods he mentioned the only time in the Quran the three idols by name for a tumor lotta will RZA woman are to 30 certain Ohara he mentioned these three idols a lot a loser and may not and he criticizes the beliefs of the Quran with a very powerful verse in here in a smile on these are only names latter's them and not some may to move on to more about you and your forefathers are the ones who named them not under the law of your hand installed on a law did not reveal any authority for you. These are names that

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you have done. You have no guidance, your false knowledge, you're following your desires, this is what your souls want. There is no reality to alert and observe and manage. And you know Alhamdulillah by and large paganism has been eliminated from the oma, we thank Allah. But still, there are still concepts and ideas out there that those names we consider them to be shibboleths that cannot be challenged, we consider them to be icons of of Orthodoxy icons that are established at once they are mentioned, how lost you cannot say anything and all of these isms, and I'm not going to go into detail in this lecture, but we need to be very careful. Sometimes we have concepts

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that have become Vogue and are culturally acceptable once we pulled that card out. How often

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Everybody is silent. And sometimes I feel like I'm gonna have said this in my other lectures in here in a smartphone, some way to move on to more. But these are names you and your departments of the universities or your intellectuals have invented manzanilla will be installed by the Orient realities and concepts, you have constructed an ideology. And you think that that is valid. And I'm saying this because a lot of times we Muslims read these verses of idolatry, and we say, oh, they're not relevant to me. No, there is relevancy that can be established exactly like they invented an idea, the idea of a false god, we to have to ask ourselves, what are the potential imaginary gods

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that our minds have absorbed? What are the potential clashes that we have with the Quran, and in reality, there is no clash. We are invoking a false god that has no basis other than a name that we have absorbed from popular culture, and it doesn't actually have an existence. And so we have to think about that as we read these verses as well. And then allies origin mentions verse 31 onwards, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and earth and he will repay those who do evil according to their deeds, and recompense those who do good according to their deeds then a lot praises the righteous who are the righteous, those who avoid the major sins and the major in decencies. But the

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minor ones in the lemon, the lemon, okay, the lemon here is the minor sins those avoid the major sins and levena Yigit any Buddha era, if you will, for our LLM in Arabic Hua Cyril masala is most forgiving. So we really need to try our best to avoid the major sins in particular and ask for the minor sins. No one can be totally perfect this ayah this verse is not a carte blanche allowance to just go and commit as many minor sins as you want. What Allah is saying that the minor sins, how perfect can we be Allah saying, you will be forgiven if you repent generically, but the major sins we need to make a conscious point to make sure we do not cross that line and we ask Allah for his

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mouthfeel and his alfia. And then Allah says, fell out to Zaku and forsaken do not ascribe piety to yourselves who will be by the taco, he alone knows who is truly pious. So be careful. Do your Muslim, never, ever say, I am pious. Never say that I am a good God fearing person. Rather you say, I hope insha Allah, Allah makes me from the pious that I pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala makes me from the solder hain and the smiley hat as well. When you speak about somebody else as well do not make a categorical affirmation oh that guy he is a tepee. No, you say that person. I assume I feel him to be a person of taqwa. And Allah knows best. Be careful failure to Zaku enforcer comm do not

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ascribe piety to yourselves and by yourselves anyone amongst you. Allah alone knows who has taqwa. We seek Allah's refuge. How many are the people who have the illusion of taqwa but their hearts do not have the sort of law says when you ask Allah for taqwa, but don't become judges, ascribing taqwa to those you are not in charge, it is Allah alone. Who knows. And the conclusion of this surah is, for me, at least me personally, is one of the most powerful examples of mccunn eloquence. And again, I don't even want to go over it. It's so beautiful that cannot I cannot do justice. either. I do the whole thing, verse by verse, or I cannot do it in my Sierra. I attempted to briefly go over verse by

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verse, but I wasn't able to do an exhaustive seated, because again, that is another level altogether. But you need to listen to it and read the Tafseer in translation, and it's just so powerful, do they do they not know that they will return to a law the Lord the Most High, that he is the one who causes one to laugh and causes one to cry? That he is the one who gives life and causes to die? And he goes on and on and short, powerful verses. And then it concludes that this prophet is like one of the Warner's of old that which is near is approaching ever nearer. Are you not amazed? Are you amazed at this revelation, laughing instead of weeping, persisting in your heedlessness,

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instead, prostrate to Allah and worship Him. And at that stage, we're supposed to fall into stages. And that was when our Prophet sallallahu wasallam also fell into such that, so listen to this sooner in the Arabic definitely, and read it in English and then contextualize when was the pseudo revealed and the impact that it had to allow the leaders have the courage to prostrate the one and only time behind the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and marvel at the surah and I forgot to mention, of course, this is one of my favorite solos, sudo comma, the next surah, early makansutra as with most of the ones that we're doing today, and so with a comma is of course called the moon because it

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begins that allies origin is saying Katara the Serato one shall cover that the hour is near and the moon has split. And again, it is a small sutra, less than three pages 55 verses and it is a reference to the splitting of the moon that is referenced in the

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Books of Sierra in the early second phase. And when they saw this verse number two mentions whenever they see a miracle, they turn away and they say, Oh, this is continuous magic. So Allah tells the prophets of the law, why do you send them farewell and whom turn away from them on the day that the caller will call them to something that is very terrible. Let them be until judgment comes. And the surah then discusses the people of Norway and the people of our than the people of the mood and the people of loot, and around. And between each one of these stories, by the way, there's a continuous phrase here. And that phrase, one of the lines is one other. Yes, sir Mel coronelli Vickery for

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Hellman with Decker, we have made the Quran easy to be understood, we have made the Quran easy to understand. So who is there that is going to pay heed? Who is there that will try to understand and so throughout this verse throughout the surah, this verse is constantly repeated over and over again. Therefore, the question is, are you going to take up this question? Are you going to take up this challenge in the Quran, Allah is asking in this Koran, I've made the Quran easy to understand who is there that will understand it therefore from now and make it a intention in your heart that you know what for the rest of my life I will be a continual student of the Quran, I will begin to

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recite the Quran, read the Koran understand the Quran, memorize the Quran, and that inshallah tada will hopefully allow us to enter agenda, our love for the Koran. And the story then, concludes by predicting the Battle of better when it was revealed, Muslims did not understand the reference but then on the day of the Battle of better some of the Sahaba said, I never understood Surah

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Surah to cover until I saw this verse, manifested on the date of better, verse number 45 that say you resemble Jesus jamberoo where you will Luna devore the multitudes will be defeated and they will turn their backs and run away. What does it mean the multitools will be defeated and they will turn their backs and flee that happened at the Battle of better Betty Sarah to Movado homosassa are two other what am are the hour is there a point to time and the hour is something that is far more disastrous and far more bitter than anything that they can imagine? And then verse 49, one of the fundamental principles of us mainstream orthodox Muslims, we believe in Canada and the Quran is very

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explicit in Kula Shay in high Laconia, who because we created everything with predetermination, nothing is random in the kingdom of Allah, nothing happens spontaneously that Allah did not plan. How can a powerful God allow spontaneity, Allah knows and Allah plans not a leaf falls except with his knowledge and wisdom in Kula shaken Hakuna, who the other and then Allah says while after the election of a Shia outcome family member Decker we have destroyed people just like you will any would not wonder and ponder. And Allah says everything has been written down in the books will colusa leader comedian Mustapha, every smart thing large or small has been written down everything

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has been written down in nim with delphina fugen not in one hour. Indeed, the righteous will be amidst gardens and rivers, FEMA call it a pseudo planner in them a leak in local attended at the seat of honor, in the presence of an omnipotent King, we ask a lot to be amongst those people. The next Surah Surah Rahman, and what will make us understand what to Sugata Rahman. And I don't need to tell you, of course, sutra, man is one of my favorite suitors. And as all of our favorite Surah Surah Rahman is a very early makansutra, maybe even the second year of the Dow, we're going back to the very beginning of Islam, and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would recite this surah

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insalata tahajjud regularly.

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Also, he recited the surah on the night of the gin, to the gin. And the night of the gin is a very interesting episode that I don't have time to get into. But briefly one night in Makkah, the Prophet sallallahu iru sort of went missing for an entire night, and even read through then the Sahaba panicked and then he came from the desert The next morning, and they said, Yeah, rasulillah Where were you? We spent the worst night of our lives trying to find you, where did you go? He said, when I went to sleep, a messenger from the jinn came to me and told me that there's a delegation that wants to talk to me. So I went outside, and I spent the whole night with them, speaking with them,

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teaching them. And so there are some jinn from the Sahaba. And the Djinn have been taught their special rulings and some of the Sharia that they know, sometimes they joke when I'm teaching my class, I say that the genes are not told to do will do, they don't do they're not going to extinguish themselves when they pray. So they have their separate account of bajada. And they're separate rulings of filk that our Prophet sallallahu Sallam taught them and of the things that he did that night. We learned this and how do you think Timothy that the prophets of the law has had and recited to them Seurat A lot of people say sort of virgin no

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He didn't say sort of Virgin. he recited pseudo ramen to the gin on the night of the gin. And whenever he said Fabi a lot your ob Kumar took out the ban, the gin would respond that lobby shea butter up because look at the IP that none Mishima Robin and look at them that we will reject none of the blessings of our Lord. And so the jinn heard Sunita Rahman from the voice of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they embraced Islam. And this is a beautiful anecdote about Surah Surah Ar Rahman also so it man, one of the reasons why we know that the pseudo was revealed so early is because even mushrooms rhodiola one he volunteered to read the Koran in front of the Gabba for the

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first time, this is way before sort of the Ninja maybe by three years that some of the Sahaba got together. And they said, you know, none of the Quran has heard the Quran being recited out loud. What if we were to recite the Quran out loud, and so they volunteered who would go even Massoud insisted I want to be the one that will be the first to recite the Quran in the whole valley of Mecca just to recite loudly tilawat. And nobody had done that in early Islam because they were being persecuted. So they couldn't do that. So even Massoud said, I want to do that. And so even Massoud stood in front of the garba and he began to recite which Surah Surah Rahman, and the people

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initially surrounded him mesmerized until some of the thugs came and began beating him until he was blue in the face until he went unconscious because of the beating and even as they were beating him, he continued to recite surah Ar Rahman so sumatera man has the distinct honor of being the first surah of the Quran that was recited with tilava in front of the Kaaba and the whole people have mcha heard. This is even more true the Profit System was as soon as the najem incident took place a few years after this. So soon after a man was revealed very early on, and some of the Sahaba they used to call Sunita Rahman Al haoran, the bride of the Quran, meaning by bride What do they mean? They

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mean the most decorated of the Quran and surterra man is a surah that deals with the name of Allah of Rama and it is as if the entire surah explains who is the right man, that is what the surah is, the whole surah is a Tafseer of the name of Allah or Rama and mentions one blessing after another. And that's why the phrase is repeated once the blessing is mentioned. So which of these listings are you going to negate into you're taking advantage of all of them for the Arabic Kuma to get the ban. And this surah has many unique things about it of the unique things about the surah is that this surah clearly displays a duality that firstly the speech is in the duality for the Arabic Kuma to

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catch the balcony and if you know your Arabic you know that Arabic has the single and the dual and the plural as for English it has single and plural there is no dual but Arabic has dual and the dual is very rarely invoke How often do you only speak to exactly two people and even modern arrows when they speak to two people, they just jump to the plural they say all of you rather than just the duality and the Quran or suta Rahman uses the dual but not just in this also throughout it that Hanukkah in San Juan aka john rubble mashup a horrible mockery Bane. So it's very clear there's a duality in Surah Ar Rahman. Also another thing unique about surah Ar Rahman is that it is the only

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surah in the Quran that begins with the name of Allah and that name of Allah is the ayah Ar Rahman that's it. So that is it. There's nothing there's that is the first verse and there is no other verse in the Quran that consists of the name of Allah in and of itself. And that is an honor to this Surah Surah Rahman. And of course everyone knows every single Muslim in the world knows that the one thing that makes it unique is the phrase Furby a, or B Kumar took as the ban which occur which occurs exactly 31 times in the surah. And the translation of course, is which of the Blessings which of the favors of your Lord, are you going to deny? And we're going to explain what this means to

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deny. Now the suit of course is very, very beautiful. As you all know, everyone knows that I'm on and of course look at the order of a human element Quranic Allah insha. Allah Holbein, he taught us the Quran He created man and then he taught us how to speak eloquently notice this beautiful order here. The Koran comes before our existence the Quran is more important than our existence. If Allah created us without the Quran, our existence would be meaningless, he would not create us without guidance. Our existence comes after the guidance. Therefore I lemon or anahola called insert and then I lemahieu by a lot of thought, a lot of thought man, them and through them all of us, Diane,

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and Diane is not just speech it is eloquent speech, no other species

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is no other creation has begun. Except for mankind. The animals have speech, they can communicate, they can tell danger here or food there, but they don't have Diane. Diane is poetry. Diane is philosophy beyond his deep thoughts, Diane is metacognition beyond is to know and to think about why you're here, how'd you get your knowledge from where do you have that Symbian is a whole different level. And by the way, beyond implies actually, because you cannot have eloquent speech and deep speech without without intellect. If Allah said, I gave him intellect, that would not have included by on. But if Allah says I gave him Diane baiyang includes intellect. And so it's a double, you get

00:40:41--> 00:41:19

one and you have another thing Incorporated. So by telling us that a lot of talk to us by Yann we are the only species that has eloquent speech. We're the only species that records our histories. We're the only species that thinks of abstract concepts. We're the only species that can contextualize as I said, the whole notion of metacognition, the awareness of our awareness, that is something that no other species has this species are aware, but they're aware at one dimensional level, or call it at a very linear level. As for us, Allah has given us a level of intellect that no other species has. And beyond is the ability to express that intellect automatically. And so look at

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the blessed the blessings of Allah, how can you deny these blessings for ba Larabee Kumar, to cut the bad and therefore, after this comes the issue of which of the failures of your Lord your Lord here to duality, meaning both men and jinn, both men and gender, by the grace of men, and the race, race of jinn, which of the Blessings of Allah with both of you deny How can you deny this? And the reality of denial? What does it mean to deny to cause the ban? What does it mean? There's levels of denial, there's levels of denial. And of course, the greatest or the worst type of denial is to deny that Allah subhanho wa Taala gave them in the first place. And this is what atheists do, or this is

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what people who don't believe in God do. There is another level of denial, and that is with the Qureshi of mcedit. Where they affirm that Allah gave it but then they thank and they worship other than Allah, and that is a level of denial. And then there is a third level of denial. And that third level, we have to be cognizant of that as Muslims and that is to affirm that Allah gave it but to not thank Allah. This is a type of technique. It's not as it's not to the level of the first two, but still it is a type of technique to appreciate and to acknowledge but then to fail to give thanks to Allah. This is a level of technique that is no doubt much less than the previous to but it is

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still there. And then Allah azza wa jal mentions eight blessings of this world eight blessings that He has given us and a powerful sutra that He created man He is the Lord of all directions, he brought the seas together he blessed us with ships. He taught us the beautiful descriptions of all that is on here and then khulumani and I have found all that is here a lot builds up how beautiful this world is. And then he says it shall go away kulu Manali have fun everyone will simply vanish fan is not just to it's not just to die to disappear, nothing will be left of us and this is so true. Where are the people of 1000 years ago we are and eventually even their bones will be gone

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when the Trumpet is blown. Whatever call What do you who are big and only Allah and the attributes of Allah will remain and that is why we need to remember we need a lot Yes Alou Memphis Mr. What you will have all that is in the heavens and earth, they asked him Kula Yeoman, every instance he is engaged in a matter of importance. After this follow seven threats of punishment and judgment and allies origin mentions that that was the hell that used to deny and go between that and the burning fire and the burning water, and then follow eight versus eight descriptions of a higher level of Paradise, and then eight of the lower level of paradise. So we have a grand total of eight

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blessings, followed by seven punishments followed by eight of the higher level agenda followed by eight of the lower level of agenda. You do the math eight plus eight plus seven plus eight, and you get exactly 31. And this is what the for ba LLB acumatica demand is coming after. And the levels of gender are parallel together. There's clearly two levels of gender here, there's the higher level versus 46 to 61. And then the lower level versus 62 to 78. The higher level is promised to what do you mean half Nakamoto. Between that and the one who had the fear of a law will get gender tan doesn't mean to gardens. It's a mistake really to translate it. So literally, gender tan, it

00:44:47--> 00:44:59

indicates plurality, because the output would sometimes indicate plurality by via duality. And so those who have the flesh of a lot will have two gardens and then later on in verse 62 or 63

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Woman dooney Hema agenda tan and lesser than those two are yet other series of gardens. So you have the higher level. And then you have the lower level and who is the highest level given to Hello Jessica. Sunny in the sun, verse 61. Here Hello, just not only sunny in the sun, what would be the reward of those who practice perfection other than to be given perfection? One of the scholars of the past said how infinitely merciful is a law, our attempt at perfection which must be imperfect, Allah xojo called your son. And Allah said, if we try to be perfect, he will give us his son His perfection. What a generous Lord, that when we try with our imperfect manner, he will call it your

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son and he will accept it as excellence, even though we can never be excellent. And then even if we tried and we're going to fail to be excellent, Allah will return to us that which is a sign which is the highest level and what do you think allas excellence is going to be? And so these two Gen these two levels of Gen as we said they are they are layered together if you go into it verse by verse, and so for the highest level that FEMA in the higher level, that Allah subhana wa tada says that there is a nun plenty of branches in the higher one and the lower one would have the water if not the water, if none is the higher level that the branches are plenty and the lower level would have

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met and they are luscious green, and then the rivers where does the water come from FEMA ionantha G and the higher one, the lower than FEMA, I need a baja tan, Nigerian, the two rivers are flowing in the middle. Now baja tan, they're bubbling no doubt the ones that are flowing are more than the ones that are both bubbling and then the fruits and the higher level fee human quality fact yet and so john, whatever fruit you can imagine there multiple varieties of it. In the lower level, it is a list fact you don't want to match a specific list which automatically indicates the variety is there but not to the level of the highest one, which is unlimited variety. Though notice as well, the

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couches in the higher level the couches, the Belton or the inside of it is the greatest luxurious silk establish, which is the highest level of silk brocades that man could even imagine Allah is saying the inner lining who describes couches with the inner lining a lie saying I can't even describe the outer lining in your language I can only tell you the inner lining is something that the max you can imagine that it is what is going to be this isn't the higher level and the lower level that allows it just says that they are there are sitting upon green crowd green couches and out Korean Hassan and beautiful rug. So again, there is good but not to the level of the higher one,

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the companions over there in the higher level. Eliza just says that also to toffee, they're lowering their own gaze and 100 yaku to Walmart Jan. They are like precious jewels and pearls and corals. And the other level is Hoda, Massoud alternifolia, which is again something that is good but again not to the level of the higher one. And by the way, the issue of the companions of gender requires a much longer lecture and it definitely does require that just realize one simple thing do brothers and sisters are prophets of the law who have said they sit for agenda the hours of No one shall be single in gender. To have full happiness we need to have a partner and Allah subhana wa tada will

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give partners to all of us in general, those who whose partners make inshallah We ask Allah all of us are like that they will have their partners in gender. And definitely there is one of these gender differences as well that men have something that women do not but the point is women will also have in their own gender, they will have things that are pleasing to them, in case a woman is single, then our Prophet system explicitly said there is no single person in gender. And so our scholars mentioned they shall have companions, either companions that Allah has created for them for gender, or a companion of this world whom Allah xojo will marry to them. In any case, this is

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something that it is understood from the context that no one is going to be single in gender. And the surah concludes with the ultimate praise tarbela cast smaller a bigger deal jewelry well Ekrem blessing is the name of your Lord, if the name of Allah is blessing, then how about Allah Himself Kabbalah gets smaller, bigger, the Lord full of majesty, the Lord full of honor. The next sort of sorted a walker despite being only three pages, it has 96 verses Can you imagine so all the verses are very small, resourceful Walker, it shows you how small they are, again, pure McCann style, powerful rhythmic, very easy pseudo to memorize as well. And the central theme of solitary Walker is

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a continuation of the previous categorization of Superman. We are told of the people of jahannam and then the two levels of gender and the same categorization continues.

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That Allah says in the Quran Welcome to as weijun filata in verse number seven and you shall be of three kinds, you have a sabya hoon the foremost you have, how will my manner the right hand you have us how will mesh ama the left hand. So, you have Mankind Divided into three categories and the foremost of them as sabbioni sabya own Allah says full Letterman I already know kalido minute Arthur in a large group from the earlier times and a smaller group from later people and what this shows this so true piety decreases over time, generally speaking, there was more piety earlier on, and Subhanallah dear Muslims, we're living at a time where piety is dwindling, still there is hope for

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us. Allah says, What can you do minute after in a small group of the later generations will also get to the savvy home? So why don't you aim for that and ask Allah to be amongst you. Amongst those may be a level of gratitude, your drawers, and their blessings are described the pleasures of Jen nice Murphy Hello, Juan Illa Illa Taylor and Solomon Salama, they're not going to hear any idle talk, they will only hear peace and self, this is a Sabbath on and then the right hand will also have many blessings. But once again, not as many as the first category. And as for the right hand, Allah says a large group from the past and a large group from the later people. So there will be a mediocre

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level of piety for until the end of times, and then the left hand people will be the people of punishments. Why, verse number 45, that before this, Allah says they weren't spoiled with luxuries, and what kind of pseudo knowledge, hints and alvim and they persisted in the worst of sins, and they would deny the hereafter Subhanallah this verse should be an eye opener to all of us. They were spoiled in their own luxuries, they persisted in their evil lifestyles, and they denied the hereafter. Now, once again, to be technical, this verse applies to those who committed should and denied the resurrection, still, dear Muslim, we have to think, do our lifestyles partially partially

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check the boxes on this verse, we are enjoying our luxurious lifestyles, we are persisting in our heedless ways and sins that we are doing. And we're not thinking and caring about the Hereafter, even if we deep down inside believe in it. So let's try to avoid no problem to enjoy the blessings you have, but not with persistence in sins, and not with not preparing for the hereafter. So be careful that even this verse partially applies to you. And then Allah brings in for obvious miracles of creation, to prove both that He is the Lord and that he is capable of bringing into here after verse number 57. Not gonna come falola to solve the own. We created you Why can't you believe? Why

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won't you believe? Then Allah asks for different paragraphs, different questions that did you create this fluid that you ejaculate the semen? Did you create it? Did you create life with it? Did you create your children in that manner? Do you? And then he says, Do you see the plants that you grow? Did you bring the crops out? Did you are the ones who cause all of that to grow? Then Allah asks us, do you see the water that you drink? Did you bring it down from the heavens? Or did we bring it down from the heaven? Then Allah says, Do you see the fire that you use to warm yourselves with? Did you cause the wood to grow of those trees? Or did we cause it to grow for you? And then Allah concludes,

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that non agenda has killed 10 woman. And we are the ones who have made this as a reminder and a temporary pleasure for all of those who are in this world beautiful reminders, especially in light of our knowledge of science, you know, these four questions we've had a lot these days, we can answer the how of every one of those questions we can tell you from the point of you know, ejaculation up until the giving of the birth, how this, this entity is created bit by bit how you know, the zygote is formed, and then the the child goes through the stages of evolution in the embryo and the embryo, the embryonic stage, until the delivery, we can tell you how but Allah is not

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asking, do you know how Allah is saying, did you cause it? We can explain the watercycle far better than the Arabs could in the seventh century? But unless say, Did you cause this watercycle? Or did we, we can explain where wood comes from and how wood is converted to fire. We can explain all of this. But you see, science cannot explain why it can only explain how and the brutal Fact of the matter. And let me say this as bluntly as I can. Modern science has given us a false sense of arrogance, as if because we understand how we can deny the why as if we can explain how we don't have to think about well, who created water to be like this, who created fire to be like this. And

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these are all new questions. Despite their simplicity. They are timeless and the sutra finishes by bringing in the majesty of the origin and reminding us of death and the last seconds of death.

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Fellow with a double comb that when it reaches the throat, the soul reaches the throat and all of you are looking on and we are closer to that person, but you do not see can you bring it back? No, you cannot bring the soul back. And so we are reminded of those three categories. Once again at the end of the sutra, the foremost the fortunate, the right hand, the left hand, Salam upon the fortunate and upon the right hand, but as for the left, how unfortunate they will be. And so the question to you and me, which of these categories Do you want to be in work for that the final sort of that we're going to do sulit al Hadid, so that Hadid actually there's a controversy is it McKee

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or Madani? Most likely, most likely, some of it is at least mucky and some of it is maddening. So it's one of those suitors that perhaps it was revealed in both places. Some have said it is all murky, some have said it is all muddy, and the surah is one of the five most said behat Sutras, there are five suitors in the Quran, that are called must be had because they begin with sub Baja. Or you said behold Lila he. And these five are Hadid and hasher and soft and Joomla unterhalb. And these five were in a similar place in the Koran, one after the other, or maybe one or two sort of separate, we're going to do the rest of them tomorrow. And so Hadid hasher soft Juma until hoburne

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called the was set behat surahs because they all began with either Sept baja de la he or you set bihu de la he and Surah Al Hadid is called iron because Allah mentions and references Iran at the end of this sort of the first six years of sort of heavy praise a law in a very beautiful manner, and then follow five that command people to believe and to give charity and this indicates to your Muslims, that the names of a law and a man in a law should in and of itself, bring about a sense of compassion and charity. Notice how Allah links, names and attributes with directly giving for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is a good reminder to those who are interested in Islamic

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theology students have asked either that Athena had better show in your lap and compassion, any leader any theology that does not teach compassion has failed in teaching or on exactly the point of mind for the advanced students. Verse number 10, Allah subhana wa tada says, lies to women come by an unfair formula public fat, halal cotton, they are not the same. Those who embraced Islam before the conquest of Mecca and fought versus those who gave after and what this shows context can really raise up people and diminish others, those who are persistent at times of difficulty, those of us who are leaving Islam, as minorities in non Muslim lands, Subhanallah, it is possible that a little

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bit of effort on our parts will be rewarded much more than those who are perhaps in much more sympathetic lands. And so context makes a lot of difference. And so a lot of say, those who embraced Islam when the going was tough before the conquest, they are not the same as those who embraced afterwards, let this be an encouragement for those of us that find ourselves in difficult circumstances and situations that perhaps our little bit whatever we do, will translate for great rewards in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. In verse 12, Allah mentions one of the aspects of the Day of Judgment, that light will be beaming out from righteous people, and there will be people

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who will not have any light. And so they will say to the people of light, hey, we used to meet up in this world, we don't have any light, let's follow you in this light on your way to gender. And of course, I mentioned this in my series on the Bible stuff. And also we'll be going over it again, in the series I'm doing on the day of judgment that Allah will grant all of us our personal lights that will guide us to gender our man will become literally light, the stronger was our human, the stronger will be our light. And there were people who don't have a man, so they won't have any light, but they used to interact with the Muslims. So they're gonna say, Hey, we used to be with

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you, let's go with you. We'll go with your light as well. And a lot will bring a barrier between them and then Allah xojo or the angels will say that verse number 14, yes, you are with them. What but you're physically with them. But while I can pretend to and forsaken, you tempted yourselves what are Boston and you Dilly dallied, you delayed, or tapetum? And you doubted while her Rajkumar Armani you and you deluded yourself by your false promises and hopes, until the judgment came until death came and it was too late. Notice this four step process number one, you tempted yourselves You're the ones who put yourselves where you shouldn't have you went where you shouldn't have gone

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you listen to people you shouldn't have listened to you dabbled in things you shouldn't have done. What happened them without them you delayed I'll repent later on. I'll do this now. I'll visit this person and do whatever I want to and then you know, repent whenever I'm older, this is not a Muslim. What's going to happen you keep on delaying what attempt them you begin to doubt Why does Islam tell me to lose it's not how long to drink to go out and party Why is this how I'm anyway what to do and then you start doubting yourself then what happens during your faith then what happens? Well Rajkumar Amani

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false promises delude you people surround you say oh Islam is mythology mythological Psalm is fairy tales. You're surrounded by evil people and you get your Echo Chamber of bias confirmation each one is confirming each others you did it yourself you walked down that path you delayed everything and then at the end you're gonna say Oh, I didn't listen Tough luck you you yourself began this entire process don't go down this path and that is why Allah says Allah Mia, needy Latina Amman untuck Shaku bola de la What a powerful verse, verse number 17 hasn't the time come? Is that the time dear Muslims that your hearts become soft at the remembrance of Allah. Allah warns us in this verse Don't

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be like the people of the Boku. After a long period of time, their hearts became hard. We don't want to do that verse number 28 animal animal had to do in your life. Don't wanna who know that the worldly life is playing and destruction and glitter. It's a matter of boasting amongst yourself in rival rivalry in wealth and in children. And Allah subhana wa, tada mentions as well in the surah, verse number 25, we sent our messengers with clear proofs, and we sent them with the book and with balance that humanity may uphold justice, and we sent down Iran, which is a violent force and benefits also for mankind. Allah mentions three things, the book and justice, and he links them

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together. And then he says, and we also sent Iran and Iran here, the reference is to the physical aspect of force and war, the book and justice can potentially exist without that. But a lot of times you need that to bring in. So the book and justice, a lot of things they need to be done. And we need to make sure that that is practiced in our personal lives. And as for Iran, well, then political circumstances are different, but a lot of saying sometimes it needs to be done. And we've gone over those verses in many sutras. And the sutra concludes by referencing some profits, and then a very interesting allusion to the practice of monasticism verse 27, that Allah zoa just says this

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monasticism that the Christians invented, we didn't tell them to do that. But they still did it for the sake of a law. Yet, even when they did it, they didn't do it properly. Nonetheless, Allah says, When all is said and done, I will give those who are really righteous amongst them, they reward but let it be noted that most of them were not good people. This is a very profound verse like a sine wave, it goes up and down. And I spoke about this in more detail in the topic I gave about the reality of innovation. And this verse shows us that sometimes ignorant people, ignorant people sincerely invent something that is wrong, we call it a bidder, and they should be criticized. When

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would they do that? Still, Allah subhanho wa Taala might reward them for their sincerity, even though that doesn't justify the innovation is a very powerful verse. And we talked about this in my other lecture, the suitor concludes, and this is our conclusion as well, by reminding us of that light on the Day of Judgment, we need to have a perfect light. How do we get it? Verse 28? Oh, you who believe fear Allah and believe in His Messenger, you can give Lainey Rama T which I look no runtime showing up? Well, Fiddler come He will give you a double portion of his mercy and He will give you a light by which you can walk and he will forgive you. Verily, Allah is Forgiving and

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Merciful. We want light. We want light in this world. We want light in our graves. And most importantly, we want light on the day of judgment to be guided to gender and Allah is telling us how to get that light, fear a lot. Worship Allah, believe in the messenger, follow the things of the messenger and you will get all of that light. May Allah subhana wa tada grant us that light and perfected for us, just like Milan Okay, and I'll see you tomorrow with Santa Monica warahmatullahi wabarakatuh