Seerah – 91 Battle of Tabuk 4

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Topics: Hadith,Seerah

Episode Notes

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Shaykh Yasir Qadhi now discusses the happenings on leaving Madinah enroute the Battle of Tabuk by the Prophet ﷺ.

Post passing the Thaniyat Al Wada, the Prophet ﷺ paused to organise the troops into battalions, leaders, sub-leaders and many more such divisions. Mu’adh ibn Jabal RA narrated that the Prophet ﷺ prayed Fajr on the way to Tabuk where he stayed for 20 days and the people were on their camels. An incident happened there relating the camels which makes for an interesting listen. The Prophet ﷺ gave a Khutbah the first thing in the morning of their arrival to Tabuk.

In addition to the above incident, he also sent Khalid ibn Waleed with a small entourage on a mini expedition to one of the neighbouring tribes in Tabuk called Jomatul Jandan which was a very famous and one of the largest Christian Arab tribes in Arabia. They were on amicable terms with the then emperor of Rome and were renowned for their bravery and warriorship,

The Prophet ﷺ gave clear instructions to Khalid Ibn Waleed RA of the whereabouts of their chieftain – Ookaydil and how he ought to be captured.he followed the instructions to the tee. Though it was a bit odd, Khalid RA achieved success and the emperor was captured and brought to the Prophet SAW where he agreed to sever all ties with the Romans, pay the jizya to the Prophet ﷺ, and not harm the Muslims. In a similar fashion, other tribe leaders also agreed to side with the Muslims and hence, imminent victory against the Romans was a given.

 

Episode Transcript

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Mr Heyman hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad Anwar Ali, he was a big Marina Marburg, my voice has still not fully recovered. So I apologize, my voice might be more monotone than usual, but I have a bit of a sore throat. So inshallah without that we were still talking about the Battle of two book. And as I said the Battle of the book is so many lessons, and there is no battle we're just talking about various things here and there around and so many incidents and today, we will continue talking about a number of incidents that took place during the Battle of tibble Canal, realize we haven't even left Medina yet, like for the last three weeks or

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four weeks when we're doing the Battle of Tupac, we haven't actually left Medina, we're talking about things that happen in Medina. So today, let us and hamdulillah depart from Medina. And then we're going to spend a few more lessons going back and forth in what happened in the journey. Now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he left behind Mohammed bin muslimah as the person in charge of the affairs of Medina. So whenever he would leave, he would appoint a

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person in charge, obviously, to run the affairs. And he told it

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that you must stay behind you will take charge of my family, because it is his son in law. So I leave Natalia is the person that will manage the Omaha's and more money in the his immediate family, because after all, this journey is going to take more than a month and a half, almost two months, the whole journey, and somebody has to take care of the household affairs. So the process I'm told,

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you will stay behind to protect my family to take care of their needs and whatnot. And when the process of them said this, the munaf your own began mocking it even a Vitaly that he is a burden. He's not worthy of fighting, that the process that doesn't want him to come because he's not a capable warrior. So he just made this excuse to let him remain behind. And of course, Ali is well known for his bravery, his courage, his fighting prowess. And he is a young man. And this type of taunting really affected him. And so he put on his armor, and he put on his he put, he took his sword in his hand. And he caught up with the army of the process of them when they were outside the

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city. He caught up with them. And he said, Yeah, rasulillah are you leaving me with the women and children, while the men I feel who are mocking me. And they're saying that, you know, you have only left me behind because you don't think because I am not qualified to be fighting in the battlefield. So I really, really felt It's so embarrassing to remain behind with the women and children when everybody is out in the battlefield. So he tried to have one more opportunity to beg the process and to let him go. And Subhanallah This is the real man. That's the people of Eman wanted to go so much. So they're crying to go and will not feel porn are mocking them. The monasticon are mocking it.

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They're the ones remaining behind with false excuses. And they have the audacity to accuse it and the others of cowardice, right. And this is the reality that we went after home to this day that they accused their the other people of the crimes that they themselves are guilty of. So the profitsystem consoled me. And he said, Are you not content to be with me like how old was with Musa This is a very famous Hadith that is used by especially the Shia group. So we need to really just pause a few minutes to explain this right? Are you not content? And these are in our so authentic identities and our Sunni traditions as well? Are you not content? Yeah, I mean, who cares what the

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manakin are saying, Are you not happy that our relationship is like the relationship of heroin and Moosa except that there is no nebby after me, so don't take it like the heroin or Moosa, literally, because how old was the Prophet after Musa there is known to be after me, but you have that close bond and the bond that I have with one that I have with you, and the process that I'm said they are liars, for I have only left you to be in charge of those who might have left behind meaning my family, so don't worry about them, I have left you in charge to be

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in charge of my family. Now. This is one of the main evidences that is used by the the the CIO to say that it was intended to be the halifa after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And we as Sunni Muslims, we affirm every single blessing for Allah including this one, but we also take into account all the other evidences and this narration does not suggest that it was indicated to become the next halifa

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Rather, even in this incident, Ali was not left in charge of the city.

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Rather Mohammed when a Muslim was left in charge of the city, and Ali was chosen because he is within, we all affirm Sunni and Shia, that it is of the debate, we all affirm, who is going to take care of the elevator stranger, of course, not a son in law, somebody that is well aware of, you know, the family circumstances, somebody who was married to the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and that is exactly what our processor himself said, I am leaving you to take charge of those who might have left behind you meeting my family. And therefore, even the context of the narration does not indicate that what this relationship of how donor Moosa is, is the relationship

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of political authority. The Hadith indicates the closeness that's how close I am to you, just like moose and how long we're so close together, there will almost like brothers, I'm sorry, they were like brothers, excuse me, we are almost like brothers. That's the point here that as close as they two were, so two are we and that is definitely a blessing and a felida that we affirm to it, even a B polyp. But that does not mean that the Prophet system was indicated he should be the halifa after me, and there are many evidences that we will come to insha Allah when we come to our the process of them as explicitly as possible, indicating that Abu Bakar or the law of the land was supposed to be

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the next Khalifa after him in any case. So the process of continued going until he reached a very famous place of Medina, that all of you have heard of, but none of you are aware of. All of you have heard the name, but very few of you are even aware it is a place. And this is the place of 70 year old Wada. saniya. To watch. All of you every one of you has heard of this location. But Elena Min saniya Tila da, this is the place saniya to the water. Now, what is teny yoshua saniya todo de saniya is a hill is a mound and what that means goodbye.

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And north of Medina,

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North north east of Medina, north of the how long I should say the measure the number we northerly direction, there was a small amount that the people who the family members of any caravan that was going up north would walk with the caravan to wave goodbye to hug to you know what? Give the best wishes until they all climbed up to San Diego to LA, then the family would remain and the others would go on. And the people would wave goodbye saniya what are the mounds of waving goodbye. That's what any sort of a DA means. Okay? So they want to send me to Wada.

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And by the way, I'll jump the gun here and tell you a very sad reality, the famous poem that we all love, and rejoice and whatnot. It is not a poem that occurred at the hedgerow. In fact, it is geographically impossible. And even content wise, it is impossible that it occurred at the hedgerow because when the process of emigrated the majority of Medina was not even Muslim. Right. And when he emigrated, which direction is he coming from? south, right. So we'll come to this I kind of jumped the gun. But now that we're talking about it, the point of thought,

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where did this happen and When did it happen? When the processing came back from

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this is when it happened. And they went out to the Nia Tila de Paula Albert ralina Minh city, yada, yada. So the butter is coming up. The processor is now rising from the saniya to Wada, right, whichever chakra Elena. So now they're all Muslims. And now they are rejoicing. The Return of the Prophet says I'm in Santa yada, yada. So after the process and passed by Zenyatta Wada, in the northern part of the city, then he paused the camp, and he rearranged all of the troops. We already mentioned that the number of the people participating into work is something that is a guesstimate nobody counted. And some books say 30,000 of early assumption, it just stuck. And I said I am

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somewhat skeptical of this high figure. But even if it's 15,000 it is a large number. It has the largest number ever that went out. So the profitsystem paused here and reorganized, he assigned battalions he assigned leaders to the subdivisions, and this demonstrates as usual, the extreme competence of the process of the organizational skills, the management skills, even though he never trained in in, in military academy, yet somehow Allah Allah xojo obviously gave him this knowledge and he assigned each battalion a leader, each one had a flag like military commanders do, and I'll walk it in his mouth.

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In the famous book, he goes into pages of details of which tribe had which leader. And that's not going to be of much benefit to us at this level. But do realize that, as usual, our process of divided them based upon their tribes, and again and again, I bring this point up, because

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to bring it make it relevant and whatnot to make it useful in that, some how to learn no doubt our religion came to eliminate partisanship and and whatnot. Yet, it is human nature that birds of a feather flock together, that people have one ethnicity, people have one region, people have one language, they'll have some affinity, and Islam does not obliterate those ties. And that's why even in battle, it is convenient to have the people that you know, and the people you feel most comfortable in your small group. And in our case, for example, the issues of the nation state, that there's nothing wrong with affirming certain ties with the nation state, your nationality. If you're

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in a strange land, and you meet somebody from your city, from your village, from your town from your country, you feel an affinity that is based on nothing other than your nationality. And there's nothing wrong with this. And I say this because again, we have these extremist elements as usual, they deny these things, and there's nothing wrong with it if it is kept in a healthy check. So the Profit System then departed out and on the journey, a number of things happened today we'll mention one or two, and inshallah, in the future classes we will continue and one of the things that happened is actually narrowed in the books of Hadith. So today actually brought the book of Hadith

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with me because it's a very beautiful Hadith I found it to be very beneficial. This is a hadith in the Muslim Imam Ahmed. And I told you the Muslim Ummah is a very large book, it is the largest compilation of Hadith that is present

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in our times, and it is now published in 50 volumes. So this is volume number 36 of Mr. diva Mohammed is number 22,122. And it is a beautiful narration Now again,

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the incident of the book, it has miscellaneous incidents like this. So today's Hadeeth this one, the first one is just an incident that took place and it's very beautiful. So we just want to pause here, talk about this hadith and then move on to another Hadith as I said, it's not like one battle like butter or like, it's just lots of small things. So this hadith goes back to more I live in Java robiola hotel under the magma narrates from another from Abdulhamid from Shahar from even even the woman from the mighty Benjamin and we all know why they've been jumping, that why they've been jumping narrated, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went out towards to book in the

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Battle of a book, that after he had prayed with the people on the way to the book, one day, he's praying for God. So the people then went back on their camels. And when the sun began to rise up, the people began falling asleep on their mounts. So they're getting sleepy, they must have had a long night, and even though they're on the camels, but there are people are getting sleepy, and more as rhodiola Allen said that he is following the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them but as the people fell asleep, their camels began splitting up here and there and more I've tried to keep up with the Campbell of the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them and miles camel

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almost tripped. So my dad said that I jerked back you know with the reins, I jerked the camel back and it went up on is behind you know the how the the rear forward and it scared the camel of the Prophet sallallahu it who was sent them so it scared the camel of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and the coward process of them ran forward. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was wearing his turban around his face. So he took it off and he looked that who has done this? Right so who has irritated the camel and he saw me? Why have they been jumping? So the President said yeah, more eyes. So what I'd said the bakery and the viola and the process we said, Oh no, do not come

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here. So my dad said I came close to him until our saddles were touching one another. So Pamela right. This is a simple, beautiful headache just like vivid detail that in the middle of the desert. There are now walking wide doors on his camel the process of is on his camel and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that

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I didn't realize that the people are so separated from us because everyone is here and they're so my dad said Yana Viola. The people became sleepy, and their camels took them Helter Skelter. So when you're sleeping on the camel, the camel is more interested in food than following a straight path. And it's no big deal. They're all wondering you know, I mean, you can imagine, you know

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How it would have been for many days of walking alone knows what day this is maybe the 15 day alohar them, everybody's tired. They're on the way to the book. So two people are just tired after a budget and some of them are asleep. The cameras are here and there. So the processing I don't I didn't realize that people are so far away more it makes an excuse era sudo Allah they fell asleep. They got tired on their camels. So the prophets, Allah, so the prophets I said him said, and I too, was sleeping. And when you did this, it was sleeping. So he too, was sleeping on the camel. So then more ad said, When I saw that I am so close to the profit, so I sell them. And there's nobody else except

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the two of us, viola, how like they are waiting for this opportunity. They want to be just what the prophet says that and I said, Yeah, rasulillah give me permission to ask you something. It's kind of like, I mean, it's so much AdMob. Right, so much manners, that he is all alone with him. And they are on a long journey. And he's so happy that what are they saying? I finally have some private time with the Prophet says, and so he's asking permission, yada, yada, give me and Can I ask a question for you? And this question has caused me to think and ponder until I felt sick thinking about it. What a What a beautiful howdy theoret. You see why I wanted to this tangent because will lie. It's

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such a powerful Hadith. And I have given an entire heart that are just on this hadith in other places. So beautiful Hadith, but now we link it to the book because it happened during the book. So the Prophet system said, Sir Lama should ask whatever you want to go ahead and ask. So he said, Yeah, and it'd be a law had this neighbor, I'm telling you the hidden agenda to Allah, Luca and Shay and Clara who, what a beautiful Hadith Tell me what I can do to enter Jannah something that only you can tell me. I don't have to ask anybody else. So more or this saying Yasuda LA, I have a question thinking about it made me fall sick. I'm thinking and thinking and thinking and it's driving me

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crazy. I'm going crazy. Literally. That's what he's saying. I want to know the answer. What do I need to do to enter this panel? This is the question he has that what is what do I need to do to get to gender? So the prophets of Salaam said back in bah, bah, bah. And this is not translatable into English, but it's an expression that is used to indicate good fortune. Like,

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I don't even know any English equivalent, I don't know. But it's like, Great or what a noble thing. It is used to indicate like expression of a job like amazement, like, maybe something like something like wow, but I mean, that's not even the meaning here. But it doesn't really it's not translatable, that the process is praising more either bingeable for what a great question, but in ba ba, ba la consulta they are when you have asked a great matter, you have asked a great matter you have asked a great man so he repeated that three times. And

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and he said what in the Himalayas you don't either man or the hula hoop Allah height. And it is an easy thing if Allah once Good for you. And he repeated that three times as well. And more ad said he would always repeat the important things three times. So he said to him, you've asked a big question. And he said that three times. Then he said, but it is an easy answer for whomever Allah wants to make it easy. And he repeated that three times. Okay, so then he said that the prophets of Salaam said that how can you enter Jenna to minnow Bella he will Yeoman. You believe in Allah. And the last day were to clean masala and you offer the Salah this goes back to our yesterday's lecture,

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by the way, about Salah being a part of Laila. Hi Lola, and you offer your Salah, and you worship Allah alone. And you do this until you die upon this, that you believe in Allah and the women are hell, and you're praying your prayers, and you do not worship any but Allah. So what are the bingeable said, O Messenger of Allah repeat this for me. So he repeated it again. Then the Prophet says that I'm said if you want or more alive, then I will inform you about Roxy has an AMA walkie huami has an armor was here what is sin? I will tell you about the head of this matter. Now the head means of course the most important part. What can you what means the pillar? The backbone? Was it

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what was sin? And there were two sinner means the pinnacle. So there's a head there is a backbone and then there is the jewel at the top two crowns at the top let's say right. So this is what the process was saying. What is the what is the the crux of the matter? What is the backbone or the gist? And what is the the jewel at the top is saying these three things. So the more either been Shabbat said yes of course May my mother and father be given

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In your ransom, the answer will meet your rasulillah and this is how they would address our profit so seldom that I will give my mother and father in ransom for you. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in Sahaja amor, the head of all of this meaning by by head means what the most important thing, right the head is what the most important thing thoughts of this matter is, and Tasha de la ilaha illallah wa ala de cada Wanda Mohammed Abu rasuluh that's really what the head of Islam is the Shahada simple enough okay. The dam, the backbone of this whole matter. Is it almost sala wakita is praying and giving Sokka This is the backbone that they want with it what to send.

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And the jewels the crown jewels, the head that is really the the pinnacle is LG how to fee Sabina and remember they are on Jihad Fie Sevilla right now, they're going to the book, and they did not know what's going to meet them there. They're expecting a Roman army, they're expecting a large group. So there's no doubt this hadith is very pertinent in the Battle of tabuk. And,

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and there was a and then he said, What in them and I have been commanded to do kitaen of the people until they establish the salah, and they give the Zika and they testify that either had Allah Muhammad Rasulullah. And if they do that, then their lives and properties are protected in the rights of a large panel with Allah. Now this Hadith, of course, is the famous hadith of I have been commanded to do cater to the people. And this hadith has been commonly misinterpreted by many of the islamophobes. Today, to imply that our religion is all about devastation and destruction, rather, the process of them is telling us Why is he going to book Allah has commanded me to fight these

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people. And when he says when he says anass, so this means the people in the context of what he is talking about. And that is why the majority of scholars have held the view that you can, that the Islamic State is not obliged to be waging war against everybody until the day of judgment. And that's why historically speaking, the Ibis is the oma years, the Ottomans, they had boundaries, and they weren't always at war with everybody outside of those boundaries. So, we need to understand this hadith in that light and our processing them, then goes on, that I swear by the one in whose hands is my soul, no face becomes tired, nor does a foot become dusty, in any deed, that will raise

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it higher in Jenna.

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After the followed sila, like jihad in the way of Allah Subhana, WA Tada. So, face becoming tired and the,

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the feet becoming dusty. So and again, this is being said in the context of,

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of the Battle of table cry. So this is an encouragement for a legitimate jihad, FISA Beatty law. And the process of them said that nothing makes the mazon the skills heavier, like spending money upon an animal that is in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala, or carrying people in the way of Allah. So this beautiful Hadith. Now you understand the Hadith is, it happened in a book, but it's not quite, you know, it's just an incident that happened that more than the process, and we're alone. And so it's something beautiful to mention over here. So the process of continued marching towards the book, and he arrived in to book we don't have the exact dates in the Sierra books for when he

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arrived and whatnot. But we know that he stayed into book for 20 days. He stayed in to book for 20 days, and he prayed causal throughout all of this 20 days. And this issue is narrated in so many books of Hadith that for all 20 days, he remained praying closer to God, he never prayed before, the full for record for the for prayers. And this, of course, led to a huge controversy in early Islam, that how long can you remain McLean at a location and pray and the majority of scholars and all of the former that hip scholars, so the Hanafi Shafi, Maliki humbly, they all said, this hadith only applies to the state of war.

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You cannot extrapolate from this hadith 20 days. And it is only legitimate when you do not know how many days you will remain at a location.

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When the enemy might attack at any time, then you may do a puzzle for 20 days or for six months. If you're literally on the battlefield.

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And you don't know when you're going to come back or when the enemy will attack, then there is no time limit, because every day is uncertain. So the majority of scholars said this narration is irrelevant to the musasa who's going to New York or London or Toronto or Timbuktu and staying there for five days and he knows his stuff.

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for five days, you cannot apply this Hadeeth, you understand why? You understand or

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it's the state of war. So you don't know how long every day you wake up and you don't know, or there's an enemy attack or not. And this is the form of die. Other schools have there are, by the way more than four schools of law and there were more scholars than just the four scholars. So other scholars, they said, No, this indicates that you may remain up to 20 days as a musafir.

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If you remain at a place for 20 days, then you may do puzzles. And this is an opinion that some of the scholars held that are outside of the form of time, right. And

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even to me and others, they held the view that there is no time limit for how long you remain as a traveler, as long as you are a legitimate traveler, it depends on circumstance and not on timeframe. And this is the opinion of nozari and even Kodama also seems to lean towards this, but even Tamia is the one who will champion it. But the majority of scholars, they say that four days is the time limit, and hanafy say 15 days is the time limit. So Maliki Chavez and humbly say, four days is the time limit, if you know you're going to stay more than four days, or according to one month have more than 21 solar. So don't count the days count the number of solar, if you arrive after photo,

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start counting from Lord and count 20 solar, if you stay 20 solar or less, you can do and as the Maliki method, this count by Salah if you say $20 to do, it is more than 20 you cannot do it. And that's the Maliki Shafi humbly position. And the Hanafi position says, as all of us Hanafi is no, the Hanafi position says, What 15 days, half a month, you remain as a musafir. And the facts are the correct opinion. And Allah knows best is that there is no particular number of days, it rather goes back to your circumstance, that if you are a genuine bona fide traveler, and you know what as a traveler, you're living out of a suitcase, you're not in, you're in awkward circumstances, you don't

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have a muskan or a house, then it can prolong for 567 days, no problem. And if you are not a traveler, that even if it's two days, if you go to your parents house, let's say and is you just there for two days and you are at home, this is your home you feel at home, then even if it's two days, then you will not be considered a musafir or it is possible. Some rich people have two houses, they have a summer house or they have some other house, there's some so it is possible that you go to you know the vacation house, you can have that. So it is possible to have multiple houses. And if you go to another house, and you feel that that is your house now and you that is psychologically

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your house, then you're not going to do suffer there. In any case, that's the fifth issue here. The point is that

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the process of camped for 20 days, and the Prophet sallallahu sallam, it is reported in one of the books of Hadith. And that is the the book

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of

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the law in the world go well be happy that anabol be happy. He reported a hope but that the process Lim gave the morning that they arrived at the hospital

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and this hotel is reported with a weak chain. So realize this is a added that is not fully authentic. But some wordings of it are reported in authentic change. And the narration is very beautiful. And it gives us a glimpse into the profit systems hold the bus how eloquent so I decided to actually read the entire hotel for you. He gave a hotel but to offer the whole army The morning of the book. When they first arrived the table I reiterate the isnaad or the chain of narrators as is most of the Syrah I have said many times the CLR narrations are not as preserved as the laws of Islam. I've said this many times. Right. So this is one of the Sierra narrations and therefore,

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there is no howtos there's no harm in narrating it but do realize that the we don't derive our laws from this, but it gives us a glimpse and by the way, some of the phrases of this hadith are authentic, for sure. The Hadith is very long, it's beautiful, many paragraphs, and some of them are authentic, but all put together. This is a holdover of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So

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it is narrated by Mohammed Al Giovanni that when they arrived at a book, they woke up and after that, they prayed the Salah, they spent the night into book after they prayed the prayer, the process of them stood up and praised Allah with what Allah deserves to be praised. And then he said, You are not so bad. And this is the son of every single hauteville you begin by praising Allah, you begin by some type of Vicar and Hamed and center, and then he would say, I'm Bart. And this is to indicate that the praise is now over. Let me now get on to what I want to tell you. So bad is like a Fossella is like a marker between

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The introduction and the actual speech for in our stuff on Hadith eatable law. The most truthful of all speech is the book of Allah. Will osako Laura Kadima to taqwa, and the firmest. handhold is the speech of taqwa. Now, the kalama to taqwa could mean that Illa Illa Allah and that is one meaning of kilometer taqwa. And it could also mean any righteous word. Any word that encourages people to be good is the firm handhold while Hyrule Milla Lee Miller to Ibrahim, the best of all paths, and Miller's ways body, of course, is the path of Ibrahim alayhis salam. And Allah says in the Quran, what tiberiu Mendota Ibrahim hanifa. So the best middle is the middle of Ibrahim war hierro Sunni

00:30:52--> 00:31:35

Sunni to Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and the best son is the son of Muhammad Sallallahu it he was selling them. Well, Ashraful Hadith is the crow law. Now notice you already get a taste of the whole tuba, short, sweet, to the point, every single phrase is profound. And this is the general hotspot of the process of them. That short the whole football lasted maybe three minutes if we did in Arabic, right. But each word or each sentence is in and of itself, you can give an entire lecture about you know the, the the profundity of each of these phrases. So the the best Hadees is the vicar of law. The best thing you can say is the vicar of Allah, wa sono cos he has Al Quran. The best of

00:31:35--> 00:31:58

all stories are those in the Koran. Well, Hyrule ohmori ahwazi. Maha was Sharon moody more data to have. The best of all these are the ones that are done with the most sincere and the most dedication. And the worst of all deeds are those that are innovations. And the best guidance is the guidance of the prophets. And the best death is the death of a martyr.

00:32:00--> 00:32:07

And the most blind of blindnesses is to be misguided after Allah has guided you.

00:32:08--> 00:32:24

So once you are guided, how can you basically not be guided after that. And the best of deeds is that which benefits you in this world and the next. And the best knowledge is that which is followed.

00:32:25--> 00:32:38

Now looks like each phrase here is just so beautiful, right? And the worst blindness so the first phrase was the most blindness of the blind. This the worst blindness is the blindness of the bulb,

00:32:39--> 00:33:18

or shall rule ama ama called the worst blindness is the blindness of the heart. And the higher hand is better than the lower hand while you're doing earlier. hierro middle the other souffle. And of course this is a beautiful metaphor Kenai in Arabic, that the hand that gives money is better than the hand that receives money while you're doing it earlier. Hi, Romania. So fla wama la vaca for hire me MacArthur, and by the way, even the wordings is rhythmic is beautiful. And that which is literal and suffices you money wise is better than that, which is a lot and distracts you.

00:33:19--> 00:33:49

So having a little bit which is enough, is better than having a lot which distracts hieromartyr through Allah. And the worst excuse is the excuse that you give at the time of death spiral, how beautiful. The worst excuse is the one you give at the time of death. Why did I do this? Why did you make your excuses at the time of death? And the most evil of regrets? Is the regret on the Day of Judgment.

00:33:50--> 00:34:03

What use will it be? As Allah says in the Quran, that Yama idiota Dakotan? insano What anila who Vicar on that day every man will feel, but Of what use is that feeling on that day?

00:34:05--> 00:34:59

And there are those people who don't come to Joomla at all, except on rare occasions, so the process was criticizing them. And there are those who don't do thicker of a law, except, again, abandoned Lee or not enthusiastically. And the word or of the worst of all sins is a lying tongue. of the worst of all sins is Elisa and Alka lube. The guy who's always lying This is of the worst people. And the best richness is the richness of the heart. Well, Hydra Lena Lena knifes. If your heart feels rich, that's the best richness. Why you rosat a taqwa. And the best of all, Azad does not have an English word. Azad is what a traveler would take

00:35:00--> 00:35:26

For the journey is the backpack. Like you, you know what you have for the journey. There is no one English word, some say provisions. But the xad is what you take for your journey. So the processing the best baggage is a taqwa. What should hikmah and the pinnacle of wisdom is to fear Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is the pinnacle of wisdom to have the fear of a law. And

00:35:28--> 00:36:15

the best thing that settles in the heart is yaqeen. To settle in the heart, you think that is the best thing. And humble, which is alcohol is Jima, lithium, or one can say the mother of all evil, or all evil comes through Homer, the one who drinks everything else follows after that. And we're lucky this society knows this. And everybody knows this as well, the amount of problems and pain and suffering that drinking produces. And women are the four Bringers of shaitaan for men, meaning getting involved too much with them will bring shed on to the men. And the worst of all, income is the income of Riba.

00:36:16--> 00:36:24

The worst of all income is the income of Riba. And the worst thing to eat is the property of an orphan.

00:36:25--> 00:36:38

And the lucky person, or the fortunate person is the one who learns from the mistakes of others. So if somebody does something wrong, then you should learn from that mistake.

00:36:39--> 00:36:42

And the list goes on. And it's very beautiful here, but again, so much as

00:36:43--> 00:36:55

has to go on. But one of the things that I want to mention so and he said, and this, for example, this phrase here is and so I bought and so I'm Muslim, to curse, a believer is a sin, and to fight him is Cofer.

00:36:57--> 00:37:05

And to eat of his flesh is a mouse ear backbiting. And the sanctity of his money is like the sanctity of his blood.

00:37:06--> 00:37:53

Meaning to steal his property and to take from it is just like killing him. And whoever asks for forgiveness, Allah will forgive. And whoever controls his anger, Allah will reward and whoever is patient at a calamity, Allah will give him better than what was taken away. And whoever wants to show off, a law will show meaning punishment through him. Whoever wants to show off, Allah will show through him and whoever is patient, Allah will give him more. And then he concluded a lot more freely with the Almighty Allah forgive me in my own my own love, forgive me in my own my own love, forgive me on my own. And then he said istockphoto la Li walakum, which is how hood bazaar ended,

00:37:53--> 00:38:34

may ask Allah for forgiveness for me, and for all of you. Now it's a beautiful narration which kind of gives us a mini, if you like highlight into the whole purpose of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what else happened during those 22. So this happened on the first day. What else happened during those 20 days, lots of incidents. We'll talk about some of them today and will continue later on of the things that happen that are of a political nature. He sent Holly who lead with a few 100 of the Sahaba on a mini expedition to one of the neighboring tribes in that region of tabuk in a neighboring small area called delma tiljander domata agenda, which in our time is in the modern

00:38:34--> 00:39:14

Saudi province of a joke, and there's a city there called stacker, I know it's a strange name, but that's what is the name is caca SK aka you can look it up on Google Maps stacker, the city of skalka is where this expedition took place I've done with agenda. It is up north close to the Syrian border in our time. So Saudi Arabia, as you know, all the way north is connected to Syria. So that region of a joke that is the northernmost province of the modern country of Saudi Arabia, the North one of the most northern cities is the city of skalka. So this is where Hardiman and Walid went. And there was a tribe there a very famous tribe by the name of Tinder, and their name has come up before. It's

00:39:14--> 00:39:40

a very one of the largest tribes they originate in Yemen. But one branch of them went up north, and so they're now living next to Syria. And the tribe of kingda was a Christian Arab tribe. The tribe of kingda was a Christian Arab tribe, and they were one of the most prestigious tribes and they had a strong relationship with heraclius with the Caesar of Rome, and they were a tribe that were known for their

00:39:41--> 00:39:59

bravery and their warriorship and also one of the few tribes whose chieftain was called a king Malik. And this is, as we know, in the Arabs was rare to have a king and a kingdom, but the kingdom was one of the few tribes that they would call their chieftain, the king and it would go from

00:40:00--> 00:40:21

To son and he was considered to be a king. So the process that I'm sent Khalid and he said that you will find the chieftain and the chieftains name is rather strange for our tongues It is okay did okay did that was his name King okay did Allah medic okay did so the process that I'm set to harder than ever lead you will find okay they're

00:40:23--> 00:40:27

away from his entourage in the midst of some cows

00:40:28--> 00:41:09

like a king away from his army in the midst of some cows like a bizarre scenario and the process of told hotter than worried you will find okay then basically you will be able to capture him away from his army away for in the midst of is going to be with cows and some how to load the books of Sierra mentioned that it's so happened on one evening that okay there was in his palace when his herd of cows and bulls came to the door of the palace and began barging against the door all night long, just smacking their heads on the door. And his wife got fed up and said you have to stop this commotion and racket, how are you going to go to sleep? So okay, they said, Okay, I will take care

00:41:09--> 00:41:50

of it. So he went down with three or four of the servants. And he thought that they must be hungry. So in the middle of the night or before Friday, he just he himself with some of the servants, not his army went to take the the cows out to graze in the land and one thing leads to another, and lo and behold, hearted imminent will lead with 350 Sahaba comes upon the king, okay did in the middle of nowhere, with a bunch of cows and some of his servants. That's all it was. And so, he is captured, and he is brought in front of the prophets of the law while he was setting them. And okay, there agrees to, he doesn't convert. At the time, it is said that he converted later, but at this

00:41:50--> 00:42:36

time, he does not convert, he agrees to pay the jizya, he agrees to break off the relationship with the Romans, and to pay the jizya to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and to not attack the Muslims. So this was one of the big successes of the Battle of the book. And to follow that success up. Three, four other such relationships were done with the northern most tribes of the Arabs. So what in effect happened was, the northern barrier was sealed against the Romans. And perhaps this was the greatest political wisdom for why Allah will do battle after book, that there's a huge army sitting into book and people like okay, that others cannot fight it against it single handedly. So

00:42:36--> 00:43:01

when they see this massive army, basically all of the northern tribes and the number of are mentioned, we have not heard their names before. And I'm not going to bore you with the names, but a number of northern tribes basically decided it's in their best interest to break off relationships with Rome, and to pay the jizya to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and when they were camped at the book, okay, they sent a lot of gifts.

00:43:03--> 00:43:08

It is also said, By the way that Khalid captured much of aneema when he captured okay there, so he had

00:43:10--> 00:43:57

some small entourage and he had all of the cows and flocks and whatnot. So it just said that he captured that as liniment. But then, okay, they're sent some gifts afterwards, to show that I am now a loyal, you know, not to serve him because he's not a Muslim, but a vassal like an ally, and a loyal ally. And he sent the prophets Allah sent him it is said, a hula shawl that the likes of which they had never seen. And there was even gold threaded onto the shawl, gold threading, and the processor more this beautiful, magnificent shawl, and the Sahaba were just amazed at the shawl how beautiful it was, according to one narration, they're like walking around, they haven't seen

00:43:57--> 00:44:30

anything like it. And again, we need to understand that the poverty of the Arabs at that time, especially the ages, and he realized they didn't even have water other than Zamzam. How can they have civilization? Right? You need to understand the Sahaba or in the Arabs at the time the Hejazi arrows are importing everything from Yemen and from Syria. And from our end, they don't even as we have said from the beginning, they don't have their own script. They don't have libraries, they don't have two story buildings, they don't have their own currency. The currency they're using is Roman currency, and they're not wrong. Or they're using

00:44:31--> 00:44:59

the the problems of of the, the, the the kisara the Persians, right, so they're using Persian and Roman currency, they don't have their own currency. So you have to understand they are seeing now what we would say is let's say Italian tailor made suit, right? Coming to some village in the middle of nowhere they've never seen amazed and they're walking around it. So the Prophet system said attach a boon I mean hada you are impressed with this. For Allah He lemon de la

00:45:00--> 00:45:10

Sadly, many more Artefill agenda. The handkerchief that sadly been wired has no agenda is more precious than this entire show that you are seeing. So

00:45:11--> 00:45:44

the It is also said that he established a treaty with another king of the Arab tribes, they're the king of ala and the king of a lot also sent him gifts and many other tribes as well, the local tribes of the province of tabuk all basically had peace treaties with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And the final incident I will mention for today is one of my favorite stories of this era. And in fact, I have said this story two and a half or three years ago, but Mashallah, since all of you take such good notes and students remember everything

00:45:46--> 00:46:32

then we might as well just refresh your notes in sha Allah and redirect you to the story that has already been said. But it is one of my favorite stories really of the Sierra it's such a beautiful story that took place actor book. So the Prophet sallallahu and this story is found once again in the Muslim books, the books of Sierra just reference it, this is one of the things you actually find more of the details in the books of Heidi. So it is actually found in the Muslim by Mohammed and volume 24. So we will read it directly, Hadith number 15,655. So, and this is the famous incident of heraclius quizzing the Prophet system through a messenger and let us go straight to the Hadeeth that

00:46:32--> 00:46:40

there was a man from the tribe have a new home so he's called the 10. Okay. The one from the tribe have attended we don't even know his name

00:46:42--> 00:47:05

that used to live in hymns. him says, of course, Syria, may Allah subhana wa tada free that time from the tyrant that is currently occupying it, and from the tyrannical forces that are fighting within it, there is a tyrant on top and then there are tyrannical extremists on the bottom. May Allah azza wa jal freedom min benei photoaffinity demin inshallah Tada. So,

00:47:07--> 00:47:30

Satan never actually said, I met the 10, new he, the one whom Iraq was sent to the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam in hymns, and he was a neighbor of mine, in the vicinity, a neighbor of mine, very old, having reached almost 100 years of age or close to that.

00:47:31--> 00:48:18

So I asked him, can't you tell me meaning Please tell me of the letter that hierarchal sent to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam Tell me the story. So this is not a Sahabi His name is Syed Darshan. So he said, I met this man. And in another version, he says, I met him in the church of him. So he went to the church to meet this man, this newly so and I said, Can you tell me directly the story of the of hirako sending you to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so that I know he said, Yes, I will tell you, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to tabuk. So he sent down here and Kelby two helical. So this is the second letter to Huracan. He's already sent a letter to

00:48:18--> 00:48:33

him before, and I have talked about that with what was soufiane back and forth with Abu sufian. That's the first letter, then this is a second letter that he sends him, right. And when the messenger, meaning dear here came to

00:48:34--> 00:48:36

Huracan hirakata, called the

00:48:37--> 00:48:51

Botha and the streets of Rome, the methodical is the patriarchs, portada, the patriarchs, and this is the, the priests, so the priest and the patriarchs of Rome, he called them all together, and he locked the door.

00:48:52--> 00:49:13

And he said to this is now the elite of the religious clergyman. And he said to them, You have seen the status of this man and his affairs, where he has reached meaning, since he has sent me the first letter. Now he's conquered so much look at now his affairs. And he has now sent me a letter inviting me to one of three things.

00:49:15--> 00:49:30

And this shows us a second letter, because the first letter which is recorded and it doesn't have this, that's the first letter. This is the second letter, and he's invited me to one of three things, number one, either follow his religion, or number two, what will be the second choice?

00:49:31--> 00:49:37

Give money, give him money, and we keep our land. Or number three, we fight him.

00:49:38--> 00:49:52

These are the standard three choices. And hirako says, you know, from what we have read our scriptures, that he will eventually control what is underneath our feet.

00:49:54--> 00:49:57

So why don't we follow him and his religion now.

00:49:58--> 00:49:59

So Hereafter is off.

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

To convert.

00:50:03--> 00:50:11

Or if you refuse this, then at least let's have peace with him and give him the money. Meaning let's not go to war because he is a true prophet.

00:50:13--> 00:50:18

So when they heard this, they all bolted and they rush to the door

00:50:19--> 00:51:01

attempt to attempting to get out and tell the people that hit Apple is willing to give up Christianity. And remember how Apple is supposed to be. It's a it's a religious figurehead as well. I mean, to this day, in the Anglican Church, the king or the queen, technically is still the head of the church, right? This is how it was. This is now technically back then this was like a god given right. As the head of the the the political system, you are appointed by God to defend the church. That's what they would understand. So to suggest that I'm going to become a Muslim, this is too much for them. So they rushed to the door, they found it bolted. So then he said that, and then they said

00:51:01--> 00:51:49

to him, Are you telling us to give up Christianity or to become servants to a Bedouin coming from the ages, or the the layout or B and German ages, you want us the Roman civilization to become servants to this to the Bedouins from Hijaz. So when he saw that they would not give up their position. He then said to them, this was only a test I am trying and testing you to see how firm you are. So he got rid of them, then hierarchal called one of the Arabs of his entourage of then Assad Arab. And he said to me, find for me, a man who is out to be you listen, he speaks Arabic. And he is a good messenger to memorize what is going to say, I want to send a book to or a message or a

00:51:49--> 00:52:22

reseller to this man. So this Arab bought me that a notary to hierarchal clear now, right? So the middleman basically brings the Tanuki here's a guy you can trust. So he brings me to Huracan. And Huracan gave me a message of parchment, you know, the, the, the the reseller and he said, Take this to that man. And whatever you forget of his speech and conversation, just pick and memorize three things.

00:52:24--> 00:52:29

The whole conversation Who can forget? just memorize for me three things. Number one,

00:52:30--> 00:52:31

number one,

00:52:32--> 00:52:46

sir, see or check? Does he mentioned the letters that he wrote to me? The previous letters, does he mention that? Does he mentioned the letters that he has written to me?

00:52:47--> 00:52:51

Number two, when he reads this letter of mine,

00:52:52--> 00:53:40

see if he will mention anything to do with night and darkness. So there's some test question in the letter. Write if he reads the letter, just see if he's gonna mention the night or the darkness. And number three, see on his back, is there something that causes you to be alarmed something different that should not be on the back of any man? See on his back. So from this, we learn that there are three signs that are mentioned in the classical books of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So the turnoff, he said, I went to his book with sorry with his dishonor until I arrived at the book. Now, the book is literally one day's journey from the Syrian border of our times, literally, I mean,

00:53:40--> 00:54:14

in our times, it's like an hour's drive in the car, it's used of the Northern most place. So you know, the decided day goes up, then this man comes down, okay, so he comes and he sees the Profit System at the book. And he was sitting amongst all of his companions, and at the well of tabuk. So that's what they were that they were there at the world of tabuk. So when I saw all of them there, I went up and I said, Where is your leader? So they pointed and he said, How who are that he is over there. And this demonstrates that the process was not wearing garments and clothes that made him

00:54:15--> 00:54:41

stand up from the rest of the crowd. So you cannot be all of them are dressed similarly. So which one is the leader? So they pointed, so he went out? He said, I went walking towards him until I sat down in front of him. And I gave him the book and I went to hook it away. I gave him the book. So he put it aside, he didn't read the book. He didn't read the letter, he put it aside, and he said, Where are you from?

00:54:42--> 00:54:59

I said, I am from the tribe of Toronto. I am from Toronto. So he said, Why don't you embrace Islam? The hiney fear the middle of your father Abraham, you're an Arab. Your father is Ibrahim, embrace Islam and that is the way of your father

00:55:00--> 00:55:39

Ibrahim. So the Tanuki said, I am an ambassador of a nation right now. And my people have their religion, he is also a Christian. And I will not embrace another religion as an ambassador of mine. And I will go back and think about this matter, and that therefore Some people say he embraced Islam later on. And some people say he remained a Christian and one version mentioned he was in a church. Another version doesn't mention that. So there's a bit of drifted out, did that or no, he embraced Islam or not? There's a bit of a controversy over that. But basically, he said, I'm an ambassador and I represent the Roman Empire right now. And it's not appropriate for me to convert as an

00:55:39--> 00:56:32

ambassador, some perverted logic he has, right. So the process of them laughed at this robotic interview, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he recite His apostles, verse 56, you do not guide those whom you love, but rather Allah guides those whom he pleases. Then the profitsystem said, Oh, you person have to know he has an open the letter yet. All you person have to know. I wrote a letter to the kisser law of Persia, and he ripped my letter apart. So Allah will rip his kingdom apart. And I wrote my letter to you to the Najafi, and he ripped it apart. So Allah will rip his kingdom apart. I'll explain this in a while. I know what you're all thinking. And I wrote my letter to your

00:56:32--> 00:56:34

companion, meaning

00:56:36--> 00:56:37

heraclea iraklis.

00:56:39--> 00:56:42

So he kept it safe.

00:56:43--> 00:57:33

And so people will continue to see his strength heraclius his strength, as long as there is some good to life, meaning his kingdom will remain for a long time. Now pause here, we all know the story of kisara and he tore it up. As for the story of the joshy, we need to realize that this is not the joshy that is the first no joshy the first Naja she died, and our process and praise Allah over him. Then the process of sent another letter to his son and his son toward that letter up. And the magnificent KINGDOM OF THE Abyssinian haberdasher dissolved after that point in time. And we still have to this day there are remnants and their civilization and their heritage, but the kingdom

00:57:33--> 00:58:01

dissolve. There was a civil war after the death of our new joshy. And this son basically started the Civil War with another faction. And this as the process of them said that he told my letter up so Allah will tear his kingdom up, and your companion heraclius preserve my letter. So Allah will preserve his kingdom, as long as there is good in the people. So the new he said, this is the first of the three.

00:58:02--> 00:58:12

You understand? He mentioned letter, the first of the three. And he said, I took out an arrow from my server. What do you call the thing again?

00:58:13--> 00:58:38

quiver call this reverse, he shows us shows you have never had some real hunting experience, you should take me one day hunting. So from my quiver, and I carved out on the parchment Mini, so I don't forget, so they don't have pen and ink. So he's actually taking the arrowhead, and he's carving into leather, whatever he wants to carve, like the first point is done. Okay, so he did this, then

00:58:40--> 00:59:26

the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So I said to the Prophet system, to nucleus, and I said to him, Who is your secretary that will read to you? who reads many read the letter? So the process of them said, Where are we? And where are we is one of the qutab and why he's one of the people who would read and write the revelation and be an ambassador or a scribe. So why are we so why are we always called while we are then reads the letter? And inside the letter? There was a question heraclius is sending to the Prophet system clear? Right? So in that letter, heraclius is saying, You pretend to invite me to a heaven that is as broad as the heaven and the earth, gender and Aldo has somehow to a

00:59:26--> 00:59:43

lot or a token, you are saying there is agenda that is as big as the heavens and earth that is prepared for them with nothing. So if that is the case that heaven is as big as the heaven and earth. Where then is hell?

00:59:45--> 00:59:46

This is the question the trick question.

00:59:47--> 00:59:58

Don't look at me. heraclius. Right. This is the trick question. If Heaven is so big that it takes up, Jonathan Aldo has somehow to work out right. Where is hell?

00:59:59--> 00:59:59

So our

01:00:00--> 01:00:05

prothesis Adam said Subhana Allah, wa aina laolu, either acapella na.

01:00:07--> 01:00:11

So how to Allah? Where does the night go? when the day comes?

01:00:12--> 01:00:13

So what just happens here?

01:00:14--> 01:00:15

Question two,

01:00:16--> 01:00:39

right? So the Tanuki says, This is the second. And later on, he takes out his arrow and he scribes on his leather parchment, what he needs to scribe down that I, the second thing is done. Then, when he finished reading the letter, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You are an ambassador, and you have a right over us as an ambassador.

01:00:40--> 01:01:19

And if we had something to give you, we would have given you, but right now we are in travel, and I don't have anything. So he's excusing himself that ambassadors deserve gifts, you know, it is the nature of all, you know, customs of the world that when the ambassador comes, you give the ambassador a gift, right? This is the nature of all political, you know, realities. And the Profit System is conforming to those political customs. There's nothing wrong with conforming to political custom. But he is saying, We are now in a suffer. And we don't have anything to give you I'm sorry, I can't give you a gift. Because I'm not at home now. And this shows us the poverty of the Sahaba,

01:01:19--> 01:01:59

and of the people that they don't have even these gifts. So somebody stood up and said, Dr. rasulillah, I will give him a gift. And he went to his tent, and he came back and he gave him a yellow garment turned us off software and he gifted it to me. So the narrator says, who was the man who gave you the gift, so the tunnel he says, it was rough man, if enough fun, it was worth it. But I found that one the process of excused himself I don't have anything Earth man felt bad, he said, I will give him on your behalf. So as mine gave one of his own garments to the to nuclear, so the process and then said, Who amongst you will host this man for the night. So whenever the unsought

01:01:59--> 01:02:44

stood up, and he said, I will host him so I stayed with the man for the night. Then when it was time for me to go back because he's a messenger, he's gonna go back to the next day. So I stood up to leave. And I went out from the modulus and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to a halt, no, come here, oh man from 10 No, come here, or person have to know. So I came rushing towards him until when I was standing in front of him, he pulled back his garment. And he said, Come and look at what your Lord or your master has told you to look at. And so that no he said, I went behind him. And I saw a heart I'm a seal

01:02:45--> 01:03:32

in between the two shoulder blades, like a like a circular, you know, ball or seal over there. And we learned from other traditions that it was a type of hair of an unusual color. We learn from you and other traditions it was as small as a pigeons egg which is literally like this A pigeons egg, small thing and it was perfectly in between the shoulder blades and it was a physical hair growth of hair in a small manner in a color that is not typical, the color of some say green, some say other colors that say hair that is an unusual color, you know, color that is beautiful to look at, and it is in between the catchy or the shoulder blades of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So he

01:03:32--> 01:03:54

said I went back having all three of the questions answered. And this is a beautiful narration you must admit it's a such a is one of my favorite stories of the man from the new and what happens to the man have to know and this also occurs in the Battle of the book, and inshallah hoteller. With that, we conclude today's halaqaat and before I