Channel: Yasir Qadhi
In this video, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi enlists and explicitly explains the accomplishments of Uthman Ibn ‘Affan RA.
Some that deserve a fair mention amongst many are the discussions on the political conquests of Uthman RA (Sassanian empire, Azerbaijan, Turks, Russian Republic). Many more can be heard in the above video.
Perhaps, the potentially significant accomplishment has to be the uniting of the entire Muslim Ummah via a single Mushaf (compilation and preservation of the Noble Qur’an) which is used till date by Muslims the world over. He maintained the “ahruf” [wording] and dialect of the tribe of Quraysh in this Mushaf.
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Bismillah Mohammed hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Germain.
So inshallah Today we will finish up the accomplishments of earthworm rhodiola one. And then next week we will begin the rather difficult and awkward portion regarding the beginning of the end of the glorious reign of the first 20 years of Islam and talk about the death of Earth man and the assassination of Earth man, or the LA hotel and the beginning of the fitna that took place in the early Muslim oma, that will be next week today inshallah Tada, still, the positive we're still basically sailing from the time of the middle hottub and all of these conquests are taking place. So today we'll briefly summarize the main accomplishments of Earth Mount rhodiola, one militarily and
inshallah tada as well, his greatest achievement for the oma the biggest blessing that he gave the oma and that is the arithmetic must have. So, we'll begin with the political conquest of Earth man, I've been a fan of the Allahu taala. And, and as I had mentioned last time, it is well known that the first six years of the life of Earth man, Earth man rule for 12 years, the first six years were a continuation of the glory years of modafinil, hottub, rhodiola hota, Alon, and the conquest continued in each and every direction, north and east and west, there is no south of Arabia, north, east and west. So in the east, in the east, the main conquest that took place were the complete
collapse, finally of the assassinate or the Persian Empire, and there was a full assault on what is now Azerbaijan in the year 24. Ah, now,
today's lecture is not going to be all the details of the battles really, that is not something that most Muslims find interesting what happened in each battle and whatnot. I'm just going to overall talk about these geographic regions. Realize that the sassanid Empire the Persian Empire, was divided into many provinces, many mini kingdoms, and the empires of old did not have the type of control that let's say, the modern country of America has over its states rather, there was one major Empire and then there were many kingdoms that would give nominal allegiance, they would give small amount of tax and there would be some type of loyalty given so consider it a type of loose
federal states and frankly, the Muslim omo was the same. The Basilica did not actually control and micromanage each and every promise province, it will be too much. Rather, each province has its own kingdom, but it's not quite a kingdom, its governorship kingdom, each province has its own rulers, which are hereditary, but they are nominally under the I buses or the Obama years or the Ottomans. So the same is happening in the Persian Empire. So with the collapse of the Persian king, that doesn't mean the mini dynasties are all gonna join the Muslim Ummah, rather, these mini dynasties want to fight back. And that's what the zenith of earthman saw that each one of these small
dynasties, each one of these mini kingdoms. Technically, they're not an independent kingdom. Technically they are provinces that are ruled by the sassanid Empire. But when the assassin Empire collapses, these provinces don't want to be ruled by the Muslim, so each one of them engages in war against the Muslim Ummah, as the Muslim Omar continues on forth and Azerbaijan at this time was predominantly Christian. Unlike the sassanids, who are Zoroastrian and Azerbaijan, there was a lot of back and forth between the Muslims and between the Azerbaijani forces and the Muslims had to call for reinforcements multiple times. And eventually, the famous Sahabi, Allah shot in place, finally
conquered the entire region of Azerbaijan, and he decided to help ease the conversion process. I live in a place, by the way, is a famous Sahabi, who also has some royalty in his blood, because his ancestors were the kings of Yemen. So he is a well known companion because he was in effect a prince who converted to Islam, Allah Shatta Wale case, and he became eventually the the governor and the ruler of this region. At this point in time, he's still conquering the region and he decides to facilitate conversion. So he said that the Azerbaijan Azerbaijani population is rebelling too much. So he decided to send hundreds of Islamic scholars to art or of the Quran, to settle in the lands
and to preach Islam. And slowly but surely, the people began to embrace Islam bit by bit
Until today Alhamdulillah, the majority of that region is indeed Muslim. Today 95% of the region is Muslim 5% are still Orthodox Christian, by the way. So again, all of this shows us that Muslims never forced their religion on the people if they did, we wouldn't have still minorities remaining. As we, as I said many times the coptics, the coptics of Egypt are still 10% 10% is a huge amount, one out of every 10 Egyptians is still following the religion of pre Islam. If Muslims forced their religion down, the Azerbaijanis down the Egyptians, there would not be any other religion. So slowly, but surely the people of Azerbaijan converted, until as I said, Today, there are around 95%
of the people are, are Muslim, by the way, FYI. So obviously, a lot of things happen in the meantime, of the things that happened in Azerbaijan, is that they came under the rule of Iran in the 1500s. And Iran in the 1500s, was ruled by the safavids. And the safavids. Were a Shiri dynasty. This is something that all of you should be aware of, if you do not know it, then learn it. This is a very important fact of our history. Iran was historically the backbone of Sunni Islam. Some of the greatest odema of our tradition came from Iran, including a number of body including among Muslim including Imam telemovie, including a mama ghazali. His Iranian Imam Hassan II spoke Persian better
than he spoke Arabic, right. So one of the most prominent Sunni theologians you have well as Ali is Iranian, by blood, by ethnicity, by language, and so many, I mean, the father of the Arabic language, cebo is Iranian, believe it or not sleep away, who is considered to be the founder of Arabic grammar, who literally sat down and garden. He wrote down, he figured out he's Iranian. So Iran was always a bastion of Sunni Islam. What happened? How is it now the only she a state this goes back to one incident in history, and that is the safavid Empire, the safavid Empire, the safavid Empire came into power in the 1500s is made assefa v who himself was a Sunni, and he wanted
to break away from the Ottomans and the other Sunni empires. And as we know, in Sunni Islam, technically, there should be only one Qaeda, technically, theoretically, there should be one hell of a. So it's my the safavi did not want to be under the the Sunni halifa. So he converted himself he was so neat background, he converted to twelver, Shiism, and then he began a brutal reign of forcing the people of Iran to convert to Shiri Islam. Okay. And for the next 100 years or so I'm being very simplistic here. And just just so that we get back to Azerbaijan, for the next 100 years or so, there was a brutal campaign launched to eliminate some neuroma to eliminate Sunni modalities to give
incentive to those who converted to twelver Shia Islam to build establishments and seminaries of twelver Shia Islam to cause the harvest to be delivered only by the twelver. Shia and to eliminate so bit by bit slowly, but surely, the population continued to basically convert to and forced to convert. There was of course, killings, there was of course, assassinations, executions, imprisonment, and there was bribes at the same time to convert lots of things took place at this point in time. Well, no, I'm not making this up. Go look this up yourself. Iran was never associated with Shia Islam, for the first 800 years had nothing to do with sheer ism, Shia Islam was always an
Iraq a phenomenon. It was a cufon phenomenon from the very beginning, Shia Islam was Iraq. He always Iran is very recent in human history only a few 300 or 400 years ago. So the service came to power, they converted Iran. And by the way to this day, it is said nobody knows statistics, because the government doesn't publish these. It is said that still 20% of Iran is Sunni 20% It is said they are not the ones in power. They are not the ones in government. They're not the ones in Tehran, typically, most, most of them are in other provinces. So it wasn't full conversion. And there's still tensions, obviously, between the Sunni and the Shia in Iran itself, by the way, and I have
some new friends. Now, again, this is very controversial. People get very emotional about this. Allah knows best. I've never visited Iran. I have plenty of friends that are Sunni from Iran that have told me horror stories from their site. And when I speak to the Shia, Iran, they say no, no, this is all a lie that we have public massages that are Sunni, and I have never been I don't know myself, but I have heard stories from both sides. How is this relevant? So Azerbaijan was under the safavid Empire.
And therefore Azerbaijan, which was a Sunni land itself was forced to be converted. Okay, in the 1550s to the
1600 1615 was forced to be converted until the majority of Azerbaijan currently is Shiri. So one of the very few countries in the world where the majority are Shia is Azerbaijan. So 85% of the Muslims are sheary and 15% are Sunni. And very interestingly as well in Azerbaijan, there are small pockets of his smart Alicia seven or she are To this day, right? To this day, there are small pockets of seven or is my Alicia from the days of the ultimate Empire, the ultimate sent their colors, their preachers, there's there's a lot and there are pockets of tribes in Azerbaijan, that are still following the DAO of the ultimate Empire because it was cut off from the rest of society. So we
still have entire tribes that are still following seven or botany smiley shear ism, but these are small pockets. The majority of Azerbaijanis are 12 over 15% are Sunni. All of them have been influenced by the modern Russian Republic, the 95 years of forced secularism, forced communism, forced atheism. And so Islam is very weak anyway, so he or she are the Muslims themselves are rediscovering their identity, because as we know, for 90 plus years, the Russians did not allow, of course Azerbaijan was under Russia, up until Gorbachev's era. So Azerbaijan is now simply coming out. But of course, the current rulers of all of these regions are repressing their peoples and
there's a big tension and battle in every one of these Republic's every one of the Russian republics from Azerbaijan, to Turkistan to Kurdistan to all Dagestan, all of these Western countries. We're going to talk about some of them today. They're facing a lot of tensions between the governments and the peoples about the role of religion, how Muslims should, how much Muslims should we be how much Islamic activism is allowed. All of this is now undergoing a lot of tension. For our purposes, Azerbaijan is conquered in a time of Earth man, I've been I've found the Muslims then go on to the next region. It's called Baba Stan. And again, Papa Stan is a modern province in Iran. And this
province as well remained non Muslim for many, many decades, until finally in the time of the ibises, they converted to Islam. This is also the first era in the time of Earth minded but I found that the Muslim is engaged with the group that is called the Turks, the Turks. Now, this is an interesting point as well. The Turks, technically are not from Turkey. The Turks are not from this land, that is called Turkey. The Turks are actually related to the Russians dissertations, the Turks are related to the Russians, and they are from the steppes of Russia from the Caucasus Mountains from that region. And they are not from the land of Turkey, obviously, if, obviously, because Turkey
was conquered by the Muslims by the Turks, they weren't there before they conquered it. Right, ethnically, they go back many, many centuries ago, 1000 years ago, to what are now the Russian steps, okay. And they are related ethnically, biologically to the CoC, the caucus people, the Russians, and the Muslims engage with the Turks for the very first time. Now, just pause here footnote, there are a number of ahaadeeth in our traditions that mentioned the Prophet system warning us from fighting the Turks. Okay, these are honeyeater mentioning a widow Dyneema mustard, and so he would throw collateral kamatera qoocam. Leave the Turks alone, as long as they leave you
alone with Roku itraq Amata Roku comm right. And the reason for this, according to these ahaadeeth is that when you engage them, eventually they will take over you and they will become your rulers. Now. That is exactly what happened. That as we know the khilafah was taken away from the herbicides and taken by the Ottoman Turks. The Ottoman Turks are one branch of Turks that's why they called Earth Monday, June, the Ottoman Turks who had the seljuk Turks, you have various branches of the Turk tribes and the Ottoman Turks eventually became the the whole of the representing the Muslim ummah. So the first time the Muslims engaged with the Turks and this group of Turks are called the
hustlers, the hustlers and this is the region of what is now daghestan Pakistan, and the hustlers were another mighty proud dynasty. And again, the Muslims engage with them back and forth. And to this day, not all of them are Muslim, these regions are not 100% Muslim, this region is around 80% Muslim and still 20% remain on the ancient religion. Some of them are still on the ancient religions, pre Islam, many most of them are Christians, and there are even other Muslim Ian's and others very small religious groups over there. So the point is one after the other. I'm not going to go over every battle. As I said, I skipped over this, just know that the major provinces of this
region, the major cities
For the up Jews john Tavares down to how to stand all of these that are now in essence, provinces in Iran and Afghanistan and the Federated, the fried Russian republics, this entire region is now being conquered in the time of Earth man, I've been a fan. So in summary, the eastern conquests, in essence, the sassanid, Empire collapses. And the mini dynasties or the mini provinces attempt to fight the Muslims. But each one is now independent, they're not going to rely on the big guys, the sassanids. And each one is busy with its own defense. So it's only a matter of time before the entire Empire is absorbed by the Muslim ummah. And there is no remnant whatsoever of the power and
the glory of the Persian Empire. And I already told you some weeks ago about the death of the St. Joe the third the final assassinate Empire. And this is in the reign of Earth man, I gave you the story then because I wanted to just talk about the the conquest of
the assassin Empire. And remember that he fled from his castle and he became a, he disguised himself. And he just entered a strange town without telling anybody who he was. And he asked shelter from the baker, the Miller, and the Miller didn't know who he was. And the Miller was an evil person, he kills him in his own house, steals his stuff, and he opens the bag, and he finds the crown of yours, the judge. So a baker of flour person, you know, ones who does the bakery, that's the person who killed the as the agenda third, what a ignoble in glorious death at the hands of the last tyrant of assassinate, this took place in the reign of Earth man. This takes place in the reign
of Earth man, even iPhone. So in essence and the reign of Earth man, the entire region of the what is now the Russian republics is conquered. In the north, going up north, what happens in the north? Well, in the north, not much conquest took place because the robot had already done all of it, the land of a sham Syria, in essence, it has been conquered. But what happens is that the Romans launched an offensive to regain control over certain key provinces, and they successfully take it back from the Muslims in the early time of Earth, mine a bit of fun. So in the time of Earth, man, those lands are reconquered not for the first time for the second time. Okay, so recommanded been I
found, then goes and re conquers a series of cities and provinces in Syria, and not that much more is gained than what was gained in the time of Omar. The difference, though, is that this is now solidified, the borders are now fortified. So now the Muslims have complete control. But the main success against the Byzantine Empire was the small island of COVID of Cyprus. That is the main success that took place in the time of Earth man, I've been a fan. Now. Cyprus had always been a has always been still to this day, a very key Island is a very important Island, because, in essence, whoever controls Cyprus controls the passage ways around it. In the modern world that we live in.
You have Greece on one side, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, all of these countries are basically less than 100 miles from this little key island of Cyprus. So whoever has access to Cyprus, has access to the water routes, can get supplies for the ships can dock their ships and basically is very strategically important. And it is still strategically important to this date. And more are We are the military commander and he was no doubt a politician of the highest order. He was definitely Yani see us around in his blood, there's no doubt about it. They'll think there's nothing negative about that. He's coming from a background of a politician. And he knows how to rule even as a young man,
when are multiple hip hop appointees in the governor of Syria in his 20s while he was appointed by the governor of Syria, in his 20s, Moscow, he writes a letter he wants to conquer Cyprus. He wants to go and conquer. Why, because now we are realized one of our biggest weaknesses was that we don't have a naval force. One of the biggest strengths of the Byzantine Empire is that they can send a massive amounts of troops of supplies via water. And we how are we going to send our troops and supplies? desert land, right. And of course, when you're going via water, you can go faster, you can have larger surprise supplies and you land refreshed while relatively refreshed. You're not walking
in the desert. You're sitting in a cabin for two weeks, and then you come and you're ready to fight. Unlike if you're coming from a city you're walking for weeks or days on end, then you have to engage in battle. So while we always felt that the oma needed a naval force, so he wrote a letter to me,
he writes a letter to Mr. Moon called Bob
And he says all middle Mooney, we need a naval force help, please finance allow me permission to finance and we will attack the visiting Empire. Now the Arabs, the pre Islamic Arabs, and then also the Sahaba themselves, because they are coming from that generation, understandably, they are people of the land and the desert. And they had a fear of the ocean, a type of, of mistrust of riding on the waves, and it's understandable. And so Armando hottub, wrote a letter to ombudsman allows an hour, whatever else was one of the most well traveled of the Sahaba. He had been on ships many times, remember, he's the one who went to negotiate with, with who, within the joshy has been to the
Byzantine Empire many times, he's traded with the Romans with the Persians, Ahmed had been asked as well traveled, and he's been on ships many times. So he writes a letter to somebody else.
And he says, What do you think, should we should we build our own ships? Should we have a naval force, and somebody else writes a very, very scary letter back to the Arabic is, in fact, very powerful, somewhat eloquent, but it's very terrifying. And I've just translated bits and phrases of it. He says that I have experienced small creatures, writing massive structures, people writing massive ships, like worms on a log,
worms on a log, okay, if the ship goes forward, the heart is rendered 100. If the ship goes right and left, the mind goes crazy. And he goes on and on, like he's terrified. Like being on a ship. It's something that is absolutely terrifying. And he describes in vivid detail, the dangers of riding on a ship. Okay, now, of course, Omar Abdullah, and others, many of them have never really been on long journeys, and in fact, Omar did not even immigrate to Habesha. Okay, so he hasn't even been to the smallest. Now even Habesha, by the way is what is literally from Jeddah to hairbrushes. Literally just a one to one journey away, even that he hasn't done. So. I'm gonna I'll send back his
letter, he basically says, This is not a good idea. And so I'm gonna I'm gonna hop right back to Maui. And he says, the life of one Muslim is more precious to me than all the lands of the Romans. Do not start a naval force. Do not start a naval expedition. We don't want any ships. So, Malia, has to listen. Omar dies. Now his cousin Earth man is in power. And he then writes a letter to Earth man. And he says we need to have a naval force. earthman writes back, I was there when Omar wrote that letter to you. Don't bring it up again. Okay. Don't tell me I know you already tried this. Okay. I was there. Omar made much more with us. We know what Omar said. But earthman is not like
Omar in his in his
strength or not in his strictness, I wanted to say, and more are we is very close to Earth man, because they are from the same tribe. They are second cousins. And so while we are writing another letter of pleading with earthman, telling him the benefits of the naval, the importance of having a naval fleet, and begging him or pleading with him that we need to do this in order to because especially Cyprus, so the Byzantine Empire would send it ships from what is now Europe, and they would rest at Cyprus, get the water supplies, get the fruits and the need to get the food and then go and attack the Muslims for defense. So Cyprus needed to be eliminated. He wanted to control
Cyprus. So he begs, like, man, allow me permission, I need to go in and conquer this island. So earthman then responds back, and he's basically gives in, but he but he put some conditions. He says, Only if you take your wife with you, then I will allow you to go
Can anybody explain this condition?
He wants to make sure that it's safe.
Like if you are that confident, then take your wife with you. Like what an amazing condition, right? Like, are you that confident that it's the ship is going to be now again, and somehow and this is a very sensitive topic. So Muslims really,
you know, misunderstand and Miss construct, and will lie. There's nothing that is stuck for a lot of derogatory or putting the Sahaba don't know how to refer to the villa, but they were human beings. And the fears that they had are understandable. The Sahaba are not divine. They are human beings. And
mobile hottub felt that a naval force is not a good idea. That's his he had and we love it.
respect him, even if we don't have to agree with each and every he had, and he was the greatest a billion times better than all of us combined. But that doesn't mean every he had of his was absolutely 100%. Correct. He made an he had and who cares whether it was right or wrong, he is an honorable hotpot. But he's a human being a human as well made and he had and while we are convinced them otherwise. And we now obviously hindsight is 2020. Of course, you need a naval force, how can you have an empire without having an evil force, right? But this hesitation of the Sahaba. And again, I mean, some Muslims are very sensitive when it gets to the issue of anyhow disagreeing with
the Sahaba know, the Sahaba human beings. Yes, they are lovely Allahu anhu. And they are the best of the best, there's no question. This does not mean that every one of their political decisions or military decisions is from Allah Subhana, WA, tada, they are human beings, and they make mistakes, like the humans of their times. So I'm gonna, I'm gonna hop off did not want and they will force it didn't happen in his lifetime. earthman initially didn't want it, while we it convinces him. And even then he puts conditions, take your wife with you, make sure there are women on the ship that you can trust, therefore, that the ship is going to be is going to be safe. And he also says that
nobody should be forced to go, nobody should be told to go, you should not draw lots for the people on the ship, it must be volunteer based. Now again, there is this terrifying paranoia on this title on the on the from the pre Islamic Arabs about writing and ships, we understand it, we understand that it's completely, you know, nothing is, but it's not the way forward for a civilization. So Alhamdulillah eventually, while we as and this is one of the greatest credits to Maui, rhodiola, one, one of the greatest credits to Maui to the low on forward thinking, he understands that you need to have changes, and this isn't going to be the only major change that he does. He has some
very major changes he does to restructure the the course of Islamic civilization. So of the conditions that Earth man places as well, is that people have to go voluntarily, you cannot force the people to go or assign them to go, you must tell them the stakes that you're going on a ship. And they have to sign up on their own free accord. And so while we allow the loved one agrees to this condition, and he wrote to the port town of Akka, which is now acre in the country of Israel, he wrote the port town of Akka. And he commanded the the Muslims there to get the help of the locals to build an entire military expedition, sorry, a naval force and naval expedition. This is the first
time ever that the Muslims are building ships. The first time ever, the Muslims are building ships, but of course with the help of the local population. And again, this shows the forward thinking of the Muslims, they didn't care. The Muslims don't know how to build ships. That's not their domain. And subpanel, a few 100 years later, and the Muslims will be the world experts in shipbuilding. And even Christopher Columbus will need the help of the descendants of the Muslims and the descendants of the Arabs to build ships and to navigate them. Somehow things are going to change right now, they don't know. But they're open minded enough to take the help of the best people who know and they
have a naval expedition and prefer to invade. Cypress Cypress, of course, is very close to the coast of serious literally less than 50 miles off the coast of Syria, by the way, still, that's why some Syrian refugees are attempting to flee to Cyprus. But of course, political conditions, they're, the Cypriots don't want them. So that's why they're preventing them from coming. And they're not giving citizenship, unlike the Greek islands, which are giving EU passes, which is why the Syrians are wanting to go to the EU. The islands are the Greek the Greek islands, but Cyprus is physically closer. But politically, they don't have the same privileges. So therefore the refugees are not that
enthused to go to Cyprus, nonetheless, there has also been waves of refugees to Cyprus as well, in any case, back to our point here. So where are we announces he's going to have a military campaign against the Byzantine Empire and against the province of Cyprus. Now, the Cypriots were
indeed under the Byzantine Empire, but they were not pure. Again, these are mini dynasties, slight differences in ethnicity and language. And to this day, the Cypriots speak a slightly different accent and language than people on the mainland. To this day, there is that distinction. And even there was there was not it's not as if these are the pure Byzantines living on the island of Cyprus. There are tensions there are their own mini kingdoms that they have, and they have not full independence. They're under the Byzantine Empire, but they have basically somewhat of an independence and they have a relationship with the Byzantine Empire.
So where are we announces he's going to basically engage with Cyprus and a number of prominent Sahaba agreed to join the expedition. Of course, Maui is leading it, and he has to take his wife along, and his wife has been to hora, and he takes his wife along because Earth man, mandated you have to take your wife along.
Along with more outerwear. We also have robotic sommet and robotic arm. It also took his wife on her arm, Binti mill hand, and we have a tube alongside it. And I would love that and up with her as a family and shed that evening, and another dozen or so Sahaba. So we have around a dozen of the Sahaba, who physically landed in Cyprus and will lie. Unfortunately, we don't have any of the details of what happened to each one of these Sahaba other than Omen, Mohandas will mention one bit of enhance, but we'll let you just imagine you have a tube alongside the host of the prophet SAW Selim, you have him landing in Cyprus, seeing the Greek structures over there, walking on the very
land that is considered to be one of the main provinces of the Roman Empire. I mean, will not be mind boggling how quickly things are changing some of the very people who are starving in Medina because there's no food who are surrounded by the kurush not even knowing what's going to happen. Some of them participated in but now we have them walking on the lands of literally Byzantine soil. Well light from where to where mind boggling this is I need the the blessings of Allah subhana wa Tada. But of course here we have to pause and give the famous story of Omaha ROM Benjamin Han. Okay, that's really the main thrust or the main, the moral of the story, the beautiful prediction of the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about how long and only How long is the full sister of Omitsu lame the mother of Anna's mnemonic. So unassuming Malik's mother is a missile name and an acid maddix Carla is oma How long? Okay, so, Omaha Roman only surname are sisters, and unecessarily Malik narrates the famous Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim motif Akali the famous Hadith Bukhari and Muslim that the prophets of Salaam would visit Omaha robbinsville. Han and she would give him food and she was married to Obama even a summit. So one day he came and had his food he had his lunch and then took a nap. And Omaha Ron began to clear his hair from lice. Now the headache goes on I have to
pause here. Two things.
The first How is Omaha from touching the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a moment No, he says there is a Juma that Omaha ROM is a Muharram to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam there's not that she is a Muharram. But the scholars of lineage differ on how she became a mom. How she is a macro, so only her mom is a mom. Okay. How is she a Muharram? One opinion says that she was his holla by foster feeding. One opinion says he was his color by foster feeding. Okay. And another opinion says that she was the hoarder of his father or grandfather, because Abdulmutallab his mother was from banana jar and omega minhang sarcoma How long was also from the bundle? Naja. Okay, so he
is either his father's Honda or his grandfather's cada. That's the second opinion, the first opinion through foster feeding, he becomes the Hala. So in either case, she is a full Muharram of the Profit System because your father's color is your holla. Right. Or it's a type of Foster, which means the same lady. And of course in those days, there were a few tribes that were well known for feeding children, as we know, from the seat of the process of them, there were a few tribes that were known for taking care of children. So however it happens, we don't know the details. It is possible that the same lady who may be fed Abdullah, the father of the processor, or maybe even Amina, we don't
know we don't know also fed or Muharram. In either case, there is a Muharram relationship. And so the profitsystem would visit
only her on as if she is a holla because she is Macron and he would
take lunch with her. And at times he would sleep in their house yesterday. They had a habit as we know in those days. Still, to this day, many Arab countries they have a habit of sleeping in the afternoon. right this is the siesta and the process was sometimes sleep over there. So on this day as well. He went to sleep over there so that is the first controversy. How is she touching the processes
To clear, the second controversy, the Hadith explicitly mentions that she was doing fellas and fellas means as we all know, in countries that some of us grew up in, you go through the hair, and you find the
you find the woman, the lice, right. Now, this raises another controversy, which is even more awkward, which is what?
How? How can the process of comedy,
right, and this raises the very difficult subject that again, throughout the Sierra has always been somewhat source of attention. The Muslims have always
idealized the Prophet system. And that's good to do.
And at times, that idealization makes him superhuman.
At times, it goes beyond what is what is normal. So, one opinion, which is the most obvious one, he eats a lot, I sell him he drinks, he has the same pangs and the same sicknesses that human beings do. And therefore, he will also have the same issues that other people do. And that is one interpretation of the Hadith.
Those who refuse to accept this, and there are many say that the Hadith, she says she was looking for lice, it doesn't say she found them.
J, it. Okay, that's another interpretation. And frankly, it doesn't really change our aqidah. Either way, those who want to make some type of colouful follow the second position, those who will take the obvious will follow the first position. In any case, our profit system is the best role model. But he's a human being simple as that. He is the greatest role model. And he is called what and he is a mom and more setting and say, but he is also a human being. And he eats and he drinks and he marries and he has children, and he falls sick. And he as well lives and dies as all prophets do. And in the course of that, if other things happen that other people happen to and again, if you
listen to my Sierra, so many times we have this type of tension, if you go back to so many episodes,
our two so word of the process from our reading in our wanting to view them in a certain way. Whereas the texts seem to suggest that at least in some things, we're kind of maybe reading in too much. But in any case, whichever position you want to follow, the point is Omaha ROM is sitting and going through the hair of the professor, whether she finds something or not, it is true that it is not mentioned that. So let's move on now. So now that we've done the two awkward things, let's move on. So he is sleeping, she is doing this act, and he wakes up and he smiles and laughs So my mom says, May my mother and father be sacrificed for years sutala Why are you laughing? What is so
funny? Like what's this happiness that I see? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that I saw a dream, and we know the dreams of the prophets are true. I saw a dream that my some of my followers were on a hustla on a military expedition on the way of Allah subhana wa tada riding the waves of the oceans mukaan added acelera Kings upon saddles, ie as if the ships become saddles, rather than riding horses, they're riding ships, and they are controlling the ships, maruchan Allah, etc. They are the kings upon the saddles. And on Muharram said, The rasulillah, Buddha, Allah and the Giada Niemann home
will lay this is one of the most amazing predictions, okay? And Allah knows best if the processing hadn't made, maybe more, or we wouldn't have had to do a naval force that quickly. Yeah, and Allah is answering the door of the Prophet says Adam, by forcing, if you like not forcing is a harsh word, but by allowing more out of the loan to have a naval expedition to Cyprus, in the lifetime of the Sahaba. Otherwise, the fact of the matter, the Muslims didn't have a powerful naval force for another 100 years. They had the beginnings. They had the beginnings, but of a full fledged naval force. And then for them to rule the oceans. Actually, that took place, the time of the Ottomans.
Even the buses did not have the naval force that was superior to others. It was the early Ottomans and the others that did this so Allah knows best in a case when she says hola Sula, make dua that Allah makes me mean whom he says, You are from them
and you're from them.
Then he goes to sleep again. He wakes up laughing and
asked the same question. And he says that I saw a group of my followers riding an expeditions to faraway lands basically not the same thing as another dream. So on her arm says Yasuda LA, make do either I'm on this group.
The problem said no, you're from the first group
can't have both you from the first group. Okay? You're not going to be in that expedition, wherever it was, we don't know you are from the first group. And so she volunteers to go on this expedition with her husband robota, even a sommet and SubhanAllah. As soon as the ships landed in Cyprus, Omar Hassan was amongst the first people to walk out onto the island of Cyprus, and her horse or her mule was brought out of the ship. And Allah knows best maybe the animal wasn't feeling well after the ride or whatever. When she rides on it, the animal rears back and she falls out and hits her head straight on the rock or this, the the hard surface, and she passes away, instantaneously, barely
coming out of the ship. And right then and there, she passes away, and she dies on the spot. And today, there is a large Masjid over there called Hala Sultan tikki messages. It is also called the masjid of Omaha ROM, and it is near the modern city of Larnaca on the island of Cyprus. And you can find it to this day. And the Ottomans built a very beautiful complex, which is still to this day, somewhat similar, unfortunately, because of we're not going to get into this whole Greek Turkish dispute over Cyprus. That's definitely not a part of our class over here. But because there's a lot of tensions, you should be aware of modern issues. The Greeks and the Turks are in basically a lot
of tension between Cyprus. Unfortunately, the masjid has become involved in this politics as well. And unfortunately, some gangs have attempted to destroy the best yet they've thrown bombs on to the masjid because it's a symbol, it's a symbol of the Muslim presence there. And unfortunately, things have happened. But hamdulillah The machine has been rebuilt and whatnot and it's still there to this day. And behind the masjid is the cupboard to this day. And it is right on the shore. Literally, literally, there are pictures that wish I was if I had the setup and what I would have showed up just google it the message of the Omaha Roman Cypress Google it and you will find pictures literally
the mustard is on the shore because obviously that's where this took place. So so panela I need to this day the place is known and now there is a mustard over there. Again sadly for a while, the masjid was somewhat abandoned because there were no Muslims on the island because they had been expelled. But Alhamdulillah now there are modern immigrants there right there's there are waves of Muslims around the European world. So now there are modern Muslims. They're not Muslims from descendents from ancient times, but modern immigrants from Pakistan from Arab lands. Now they're the ones praying in this Mr. hamdulillah. Otherwise, for a long period of time, the masjid was quite
literally abandoned. Nobody's praying there, because there are no Muslims there. So at Hamdulillah, there has been a revival now. So if anybody does go to Cyprus, make sure that you pray to that message and tell us praying that much of them tell us about the situation of that Masjid. In any case, back to our invasion of the the conquest of Cyprus, so the Muslim army lands in Cyprus, and they make their way to the the capital of Cyprus. Cyprus is a rather large island, they may make their way to the capital and surround the capital. And eventually, the Cypriots agree to surrender. They agree to surrender. So there wasn't really a major battle, the Cypriots agree to surrender. And
to be honest, it seems as if they weren't too keen on Roman rule. Remember the Romans the Byzantines are themselves harsh rulers, they charge excessive taxation, and they have a lot of their own boom that they're doing. And that's one of the main reasons why the Muslims had so much easy conquest, even in Jerusalem, if you remember that the patriarch of Jerusalem, appreciated the fact that he didn't have to convert to Catholicism, because they weren't Catholics. They didn't have to convert to Roman Catholicism or the it's called melkite Christianity. So whatever the reason, the Cypriots agreed to basically surrender. And they put some conditions the Muslims put some conditions and they
agree to a treaty for our purposes, the one main condition that we need to mention, which is going to be broken soon, the Muslim said, you can never help who
the Byzantines you cannot help the Byzantines ever. And your island can never provide them comfort and solace because that's the main reason for conquering. Okay, so the Cypriots agreed to this condition. However, four years later, the Romans attempt to attack Syria again without the Sham, they want to reconquer what the Muslims have taken and they land in Cyprus and the Cypriots help them whether willingly whether by force we don't know. But help and aid is given. So the treaty is broken. As soon as the Muslims deal with the Romans and kick them out. Then where are we ascends five
100 ships to the small little island of Cyprus, there is no way they can they can withstand this, and completely re conquerors. And yes, indeed, harshly, I mean, you need to send the message, don't do this again. And to this day, there's a lot of bitterness from the local people there. These are stories that are well known. And frankly, this is the reality of conquering they betrayed the treaty. They helped the Romans, then when the Muslims conquered, punishment was meted out. That's the reality of life in that time, they weren't treated with roses, they were treated the way that traders are dealt with, and there was indeed, some destruction and bloodshed and whatnot. And
eventually, the Muslims re conquered Cyprus completely and
ruled over them. Now, here's an interesting point. Cyprus, unlike almost every other Muslim conquered land, was not inhabited predominantly by Muslims, perhaps because it was an island, perhaps because it was still very early on. Cyprus, by and large was not
engulfed by Muslim immigration. Rather, by and large, the population remained as they were and Muslims came and went. And then to make matters even more interesting and bizarre. In 688 See, the oma yet. Howdy, fabuland. Medic, Eben Marwan, Abdul Malik, Eben Marwan, had to negotiate with the Byzantine emperor for a number of things. And the Emperor put a condition that Cyprus cannot be under Muslim control.
Because he wanted to basically have a auto Muslim control. So I had to make a minimum one agreed to a neutral agreement, which was very interesting. Cyprus will neither be Muslim nor Byzantine, neither married nor Byzantine, it will be shared by the both of us. And neither of us will have the final say, really interesting, very rare in human history. Has this happened, that a land has been shared by two enemies peacefully. So the Cypriots were never taken to war, and they pay taxes for two 300 years. And the taxes were divided 5050 between the Muslims and the Christians, between the Byzantines and the oma? Yes, so for 300 years, Cyprus remained somewhat awkwardly independent,
neither fully ruled by the oma yet nor fully ruled by the Byzantines. And because of this, Islam never spread completely. Because of this, Cyprus was never a direct rule of the Muslims. And we need to know this because unlike under loose unlike some other places, Malta, unlike
Sicily, which was directly under Muslim control, Cyprus was never fully maybe for 2030 years. But that's it. And even those 2030 years, it's not as if Islam flourished and spread, the people of the island did not convert and mass. And therefore, Islam wasn't expelled from Cyprus, the way that it was expelled from Andalusia or Sicily. Cyprus has a very interesting story to it. And eventually, in the 10th century, the Normans and the Byzantine remnants of the Roman Empire, basically get rid of the treaty, once they get rid of the treaty. There's no Muslim rule in Cyprus, until the Ottomans come very recently. And that begins a whole different chapter. Okay, so we should just be aware that
Cyprus has a rather interesting, a typical, I don't know of any other land that Muslims have controlled, I don't know of any other land and the early times, Cyprus was never fully under the control of the Muslims. So this is on the northern side of the Byzantine Empire, on the western side, what's happening on the western side. So we know that in the western side, Egypt has been conquered in the reign of Bob, and under the command of General humblebundle. us and the Byzantine emperor tries to and successfully re conquerors Alexandria from the Muslims in the time of Earth man. So Omar conquest Alexandria, then the Byzantine Empire launches and offensive via the ocean via
the ocean. Another reason why we wanted a naval expedition and re conquers Alexandria. So earthman sends the same general again to reconquer the city again, interesting, the same generalist and I would have been in the house, he's already concreted before he's now sent again to be concrete, and he lays siege to the city. And after a number of battles, and again, we don't have to go to the details. Alexandria is reconquered by the Muslims, and it has remained in Muslim hands up until our times and from that From then on, he then proceeds even further westward, and also southward, he goes to the lands that are called Nubia, okay, the Nubian lands, and these are lands that are now
basically Sudan and underneath Sudan, and he conquers very small strips, not that much more. And these are basically the borders of Egypt and Sudan right now. Okay, we get into the borders of Egypt and Sudan.
The Muslims encounter ferocious fighting from the local nubians. And the nubians had a mastered a very bizarre and interesting tactic. They would target through special bows and arrows, they would target the eyes of the fighters on the other side.
And they became proficient in this tactic of war, no matter what armor you're wearing, you need to have eyes open, right. And they had mastered whatever it was special arrows and special techniques. Many Muslims became blind and lost their eyesight. And somebody else decided after writing to Earth man, that there's no point continuing down south. So they stopped. And as well, down south was not there wasn't the wealth of civilization as it was up north. So the Muslims didn't feel the need to go down south anymore. And of course, that is where the map of Islam ends, right? Even to this day, South Sudan, North Sudan, even to this day, there is this, you know, clear divide, because that's
where the Muslims stopped in the time of the Sahaba. They stop there. And in essence, that's where the land of Islam stop. Now, by the way, of course, there were conversions at the border. You know, people, traders and missionaries and whatnot do either going, but by and large, where the Sahaba stopped was where Islam stopped. And therefore, even to this day, you have regions that are fully Muslim regions that are fully Christian. And this goes back to the time of the Sahaba. So Nubia was then left other than small portions, which is now portions of Sudan, and Muslims continued westward, and they went on to what is now called Libya, the countries of Libya, and Tunisia. And this was the
region that now is going to pause, and then the fifth 10 are going to happen with it with with Maui and algae and whatnot, then, in the time of the oma yards, this region will spark a little bit, just a little bit, and will flare until it reaches the tip of North Africa, and then goes into Europe. Okay, this is what the Omega is, most significantly did just a little bit of pushing at this point over here. But in the time of Earth, man, not all of the tip of North Africa. But basically up until Tunisia, parts of Algeria, that's where the
Hutu had or the conquests stopped. And then things started happening in the seat of the caliphate in Medina, in Iraq, in Syria, that caused the conquest to basically pause. And in the time of the lohana, there really was no conquest at all because things were going on. And then the Romanians began again, and there were minor conquest, nothing compared to what happens in the time of the Sahaba. And some bits of land here and there were conquered. And the time of the Ibis it's by and large, hardly any major conquest is done, and the time of the Ottomans a few interesting and significant portions, most importantly, Constantinople, Istanbul, but by and large, and then we have
one more section before it's still out there. Asia, by and large, truly amazing. The bulk of Islamic conquests were done in the reign of the Sahaba and the early tabula. And, ironically, for us, not ironic, but from a purely materialistic standpoint, it makes the least amount of sense, the Sahaba, in terms of political might, and training, in terms of skills, were not anywhere,
competitors to the civilizations of the Byzantines and the sassanids. And for them to have done the most conquest, truly, from our perspective is a miracle from Allah. There's no sugarcoating there's no way around this, it is impossible to explain this in any other way. And again, I have skipped over all of these battles. But in each one of these battles, smaller groups of Muslims, with lesser training, fewer arms, fewer weapons, are engaging the mightiest empires of their time. And yes, there's a lot of bloodshed. Yes, Muslims lose some battles. But by and large, the gain is absolutely phenomenal. And in these, especially 16 years, the 10 years of Omar and the six years of Earth Man,
these 16 years, these are the most glorious political conquests in the history of Islam. And they took place with groups of people who by and large, were not even trained in the arts of war, some of them many of them could not even read and write.
And yet Allah zoologia bless them, not because of their military training or lack thereof, but because they had genuine eemaan and tawakkol in Allah subhana wa Tada. The final point that we're going to do, and will light this deserves an entire lecture, but I've given this lecture so many times, and it's online. So I'm just going to zoom over it in 510 minutes. It's a very important topic, but I've talked about it many times, and that
The biggest accomplishment of Earth man is not the military conquests. No, the biggest accomplishment of Earth man in his head alpha is the arithmetic most have. This is something that we shall eternally be grateful to the third halifa Earth man, I've been a fan for having done. And again, this one topic is worthy of an entire hour and a half lecture. But I have spoken about this. I've written books about omachron have given this lecture many times online, in many venues, you will find it just a very brief summary. And if you guys want If you insist on it, we can also have a whole class I don't mind, but I've done this before is the point, a brief summary.
And that is that I already mentioned that a worker study for the law one was the first person to compile a copy of the Quran from beginning to end. And he did this because the aura and her father were dying. So he wanted to physically preserve the Quran. So we talked about that story. Now what's happening now, the famous narration disciple hottie with a family a man was fighting in Azerbaijan. The Hadith says in Azerbaijan, I didn't know how he says he was fighting in Azerbaijan, this 24 hedgerow, and groups of Sahaba from Iraq and from Syria, groups of Muslims not Sahaba had joined ranks and are fighting the Azerbaijanis.
And they started reciting the Quran in their camps and tents. And they're reciting the Quran differently.
The Muslims from Iraq, and the Muslims from Syria are reciting the Quran differently. And each one of them is saying my Quran is better than your Quran.
And my Quran is right and your Quran is wrong. And at times, some people amongst them or not of the Sahaba, there are new converts, they might even want to get physical, they might want to and this is common, I'm better, I'm better than you get angry than stand up and whatnot. So they follow the law, one sees all this, he calms them down. And he leaves the Jihad on the front line, and he rushes back to Medina. He leaves the Jihad because there's something more important and he rushes back to Medina. And he says immediately, in fact, the books mentioned that he didn't even stop home. He literally when he came back to Medina in his state, he rushes into the masjid, to address with
management often, and he says, oh, man, the alojado middlemen in America deal Oh man, it just make sure you catch hold of this oma before it leaves before what happened to the hood and Masada happens to it. Make sure you prevent what has happened to the hidden assaulter happened to the Muslims. And then he tells the whole story that I came, and the Muslims are fighting about the Quran. And this is not good. This is
laying the foundations for dividing the Ummah up into different manuscripts, different copies of the Koran, we need to have one Koran. So if man or your loved one called all over the Sahaba together the senior Sahaba. And he said are they for tell them what you saw? Or they for tells the whole story? And he says, What do you think we should do? What is the solution to this, that Muslims are going to be maybe fighting over the Quran? What should be done? So one of them suggests that why don't we combine all of the Muslims on one must have?
And the Sahaba unanimously agreed What an amazing idea. And that is why
seven, eight years later, or sorry, a 10 years later, when he was surrounded by the riffraff from the rebels. And one of the things that they criticize her for was that he burned our Qurans was to get to that point, one of the Sahaba said, Do not criticize earthman for this firewall law. He he only did this after we all unanimously agreed all the Sahaba agree this isn't earthmen only. We all agreed that there should be one must have and everybody should copy from that must have. Okay, so as man, somebody suggested this to him, some said was early, and some say we don't know the name, they suggested that the Quran should be compiled into one must have. So it might have been I found called
Zaid, who was the original compiler. He calls aid. And he called three other people from the Quran.
And he said, Bring me the most half of abubaker Bring me the most have a worker and who had the most half half salad. How did how to have it. I mentioned this before, when Abu Bakar died, it went to Omar when Omar died, the halifa hadn't been decided. And so everything in the house of rumble was inherited by half son. So it remained in the house of health so nobody needed it. So when earthman becomes halifa hafsa has the most half of a worker because of this chain of events. So the most of a worker is brought and mantella
them to make a specific number of copies, either four or five or six. Some even say more, but most likely it was five most likely five copies. So make five copies directly from the original, from the most available backer make five copies. And he says to the team, if Zaid and you three differ about how to spell a word, let the Quraysh have the trump card over Zaid, because these three are kurachi. And you are unsightly. And we are going to have now the recitation of the Quran. So they copied the must have five times or six or four but Allah knows how many and they sent each one of these to one of the major cities, Kufa and basura. And Yama each one is going to the major city and along with
the most half, they sent a audit, they sent somebody to recite it. And therefore after this, the governors and the rulers were told that all copies of the Quran that are private must be confiscated and disposed of properly. And anybody who wants a copy should copy directly from the original. And we all know in our Shetty are, the only way to dispose of something easily is by burning it.
So when the command came to burn the Quran, one needs to understand and the non Muslim mind, you burn a book because you disrespect it. And in our minds, we burn the Quran because we respect it and we don't want to throw it in the garbage. So we respected by incinerating it. We need to understand the cultural paradigm when Muslims say earthman ordered the Quran to be burned. This is like you go in front of a protest and you burn something in our country. Right? You burn the book, you burn an effigy you burn the flag, then this is a demonstration that you're hating something. Right? This is our culture or the Western culture. In the Muslim and Arab culture burning the Koran is not
disrespecting it, it is in fact respecting it. We need to understand the mentality difference that non Muslims when they read this point. So if Manuel de la Juan commanded all of the Muslims to be gathered up, and then incinerated, and then anybody who wants a copy of the Quran should get it directly from the master copy that he himself has commissioned. Now, because of this Alhamdulillah we thank Allah azza wa jal that our oma has never differed over the Quran, no matter what your sect or group, no matter where you're coming from, and the irony, even the group that doesn't like Earth man is following his Koran. The irony of ironies, even the group that does not like Earth might have
been a fan there Korans and their must haves are the most have a bit of fun. And this is the beauty of preserving the Horan, even the groups that don't agree with many things that hamdulillah we have one copy of the Quran, and that is universal across the Muslim globe. And at hamdulillah. We don't have various receptions and versions and differences that the other groups do. Now the big question which we don't have time to get into,
which is really the matter of a lot of confusion. And it is more to do with the sciences of the Quran than with history. The big question that everybody asks, What were these differences? And how come the Muslims of Iraq were slightly different than the the Muslims of Syria? And what is this notion of the language of the Quran, so this whole issue, the fact of the matter is, is not related to the caliphate of recommand directly. This goes to another topic related to the sciences of the Quran, the lumen Koran, and it goes back to something called the roof or the modes of recitation. And our process of them said the Quran has been revealed in multiple, seven ashgrove. And I'll be
very, very simplistic. Hence, Mandala much can be said, in the end of the day, nobody knows for sure. Because we don't have the other sort of anymore, they're gone. Nobody knows for sure. But what seems to be the case was that in early Islam, when the Quran was being revealed,
Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed it in all of the dialects of the major Arab tribes.
So that somebody from kindra or housing, or the talent level or any of the tribes would be able to recite the Quran, in a vocabulary and language. This is from the process of them, that they are more used to realize Arabic had not been standardized. And even now, if you look, listen to some accents of Arabic, they are radically different than other accents of Arabic. Okay. The Arabic of the Syrians is not like the Arabic of the Yemenis. And as for the Arabic of the Moroccans, I don't even consider Arabic with my respect to the Moroccans and Algerians, right, but that's besides the point. So there's various differences even to this day. In those days. It was even
more pronounced of a difference even more pronounced, because language has not been standardized. There are no printed books. These are geographic regions. So what appears to be the case, Allah revealed the Koran simultaneously in these dialects. And so the Sahaba memorized it in their dialects, and they go to their lands. So the new Muslims that have their own interpreter have their own, they learn the Quran, in the dialect that Allah revealed to that particular tribe. Now, in each region, that's fine. What's going to happen when they meet with one another?
This is what happened Azerbaijan. And these new converts didn't understand the original. The Sahaba didn't fight. They know what's going on. They didn't understand what's going on. And they felt Oh, I heard this from this Sahabi and the others I heard it from That's it? No, no, mine is right, Yoda is wrong. So the purpose of revealing in multiple growth is gone. Now. That was in early Islam. So what appears to be the case, and this is the position of the bar and poverty and it seems to be what are the strongest one Now, if you look back at it,
as a matter of the law, one understood that the wisdom of having multiple growth no longer is needed. We are now the dominant superpower. We don't need to have dialects. Let's go back to the dialect of the Qureshi.
And let's eliminate the other dialects. let's eliminate everything else we have no need of them anymore. And in essence, they're the same thing is just how you recite it how you pronounce it, you might have a synonym word. So we know for example, in one roof instead of a gentleman fukkatsu filmin fouche. Okay, and so, and these days, modern Arabs know sufa they don't know and okay, but the origin or I should call it in color in in metaphors. And in his suit because Superman which is one of the art of Okay, so that's actually a difference in a sort of a different word is used. We no longer say call Superman, who's doing we say color Hyndman fouche. But in one of the arrows It was
called Superman fouche. So clearly there were different now all of these are coming from the Prophet system, Allah azza wa jal revealed, so if man understood there is no need. So he eliminated all of the other growth and Alhamdulillah he united, the oma on the must have, which is in the dialect of the koresh, which is the original of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Sahaba all agreed to this, and therefore, there has never been any controversy in our history. There was a slight controversy in the temple with man slate, and that's it, it was gone. And and hamdulillah the oma has never deferred up until our times and the copies of Earth man's must haves to remain for
many, many centuries. But as with all things, eventually nothing lasts forever. Other than Allah subhanho wa Taala he is at Berkeley, everything else goes kulu Manali have fun and these manuscripts as well eventually faded away. How long will leather last? They were written on leather. They're written on camel leather. And how long will camel leather last? The fact of the matter? contrary to what many of you believe we do not have any of the earth. Mandich must have in our times, it would not be even humanly possible to retain them unless they were kept in a vacuum for hundreds of years. And that was not done. Over time. They eventually faded out were worn out. Over time, we know for a
fact one or two of them were destroyed in medieval fires, and 800 900 Digital fires took place in this ministry that must should end the libraries went down and in that library was one of the copies for example. So we do not have any of those original arithmetic must haves anymore. What you see in top copy the pictures you see of other must haves. These are old must haves but they are not arithmetic must haves. These go back maybe even to the first century, but they are not arithmetic mishaps. And all you need to do is look at the script. The script that is used is ancient qu fix script with man did not write in ancient Gothic script. Think about it Kufa is not what the people
of Medina used. The most ancient most has that most of you see. The folios of is written ancient coup fix trip. This is early oma yet. This is early oma yet, if at best. Now, we do have some pages of the Quran that date back to the time of the Sahaba fragments, not full copies. And this is what is logical. The full copy is going to fade away. But you have half a page here, some pages there. And recently, you know, there was a carbon 14 dating that was done on on the manuscript and University of Birmingham, and it was authentically dated back to the era of the Sahaba 30 or 40 Hydra. So this is right after its man's time, and it's a very early time frame. As for the original
must have suffered
Man, we no longer have them. The earliest complete mishaps we have really dates back to the end of the first and the beginning of the second century, the beginning of the second century. And the famous some of and most have, and I have a facsimile copy of it at home, maybe I should, I should, I should have bought it I didn't think of it have a copy of the summer must have at home a festival copy of it, the summer conda must have, which is probably the most famous one. And the Topkapi one is the second most famous one. If you just look at it, you will see there are markings there are at endings, the script of it does not date to the time of Earth man, it dates to the early May yet
timings. So these are ancient must haves that definitely date back to the era of maybe a head judge or somebody of this nature, but definitely not to the era of Earth man, even our fun. Nonetheless, we do have
pages and fragments from the time of the Sahaba. And most importantly, even if we don't have the original arithmetic, the point is, all of these ancient most halfs conformed with one another. All of them overlap, all of them are helping one another. There's no variations in them, which clearly proves and hemmed in that, that in nano nacinda decorah. in Idaho, the half you don't and this is the greatest blessing that responded when I found give to the woman by the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala to unify the oma upon a must have and that is why the must have is called must have with man, the must have is called must have earthman as an honor to him. And indeed it is the
greatest honor that allows which is bestowed upon earth man to allow him to be the protector of the holy book, inshallah to Allah with that next Wednesday, we'll begin the very, very difficult and awkward topic of the assassination of Earth man, and it's a sad tragedy, which is the beginning of the fitna of between the Sahaba will begin this inshallah Tada, next Wednesday. Any quick questions before we break for today?
Unfortunately, I am
more academically inclined and I don't just believe in tails of this nature. Unfortunately, unfortunately, I can't. Yes, this is what I had heard growing up. These are the fables and legends we love to hear. But it simply goes against facts. The claim that the original that earthman was reading and his bloodstains are still there.
I mean, what can I say I can
it's just not something that is believable. And if you go to Topkapi Museum, and I've been there three times that the museum and you walk into that room,
firstly, the entire selection of items there before you see the most of Ruth man, you will see Mashallah to botica law, the bow and arrow of Sulaiman.
Before that, you will see the actual staff of Moosa that he used to open up the the sea with Mashallah to Bala cola. Okay. And you will see the shroud of I don't know what you will see. So if you believe all of that, then the next in line is this as well. Okay, so I mean, Yanni, I find it awkward to mention these types of things, but this is the reality. And then you will see the actual cloak of the Prophet system which very strangely resembles the cloak of a noble Turkish men of 16th century. I mean, again, you know, it's like, and then when you look at the arithmetic must have the alleged arithmetic must have again, you just have to have a basic knowledge of manuscripts and
writings which at Hamdulillah, I do a very bit You don't have to have been expert, the script, the parchment, the the writings on it, the no potential skill, which Okay, they were added on later, nonetheless. So the writing style, the fact that you have the markings at the end of the ayat in a certain way, this is not from the Sahaba.
at all, you just have to have, I would say an undergraduate knowledge and that's basically all that I have multiple thought and and writing. I'm not an expert, but I have that basic knowledge. You just look at it. And you know, this is not the Sahaba wrote in a script that is called hottel ma le ma il script. And there are some manuscripts pages of them
that are in my manuscript. This is what the Sahaba wrote in the Sahaba. Retirement I found did not write in CoffeeScript CoffeeScript was not invented in
25 Pedro, that they will be writing in config script, right? So the notion that and also I mean, you know, you're a doctor, how long does leather last?
I mean, you tell me how long is the leather skin going to last? Given the fact that this was preserved, not in any Museum, not in a vacuum. It was preserved in the moistest conditions in the harshest conditions. It was taken from desert to storm to this and that it was transported by camel, how long is it going to last? Right? You tell me. So I mean, I'm sorry, I cannot. I know a lot here. The Muslims love to hear these things. If I said this to you, I know it wouldn't be true. And that's not me.
Just look at the artifacts yourself, and use your common sense to judge them. Simple as that. Okay, that's all I can say. And we don't have the delay, we don't need the original arithmetic anymore. That's the point. We don't need it. The very fact that the entire oma has agreed on the Quran
clearly demonstrates there was one assume that everybody's coming from right. So another point I have to mention this again, the main method of preserving the Quran is not via the book anyway. It's via HIV. You don't even need the book. Any if somehow the entire must have so the world cease to exist? Every city of the world would be able to write the most have itself correct. Even here in small little town of Memphis, how many Muslims are there compared to the rest of the oma? How many? How far do we have all of us who fought could come together half the size here and other office out there, I'm Office of all office comes together, we will be able to write the Quran from our own
health. I mean, this is how the Quran is preserved. So when Muslims are taught these types of stories, then they find out it's not true, will lie. The problem is in us that we had to teach them these fables in the first place, right? So that's why I am somebody who's very, very cautious. You know, when you build your faith on shaky foundations,
you are calling into account the faith itself. And that's our problem. That's why you hear me speak and I try my best. That's why even about the Sierra the processor to portray him as a human will lie. It is better in the long run. Because when you read the Sierra, he is a human soul is Allah to make him superhuman, then you read the Sierra, then you own a man will come into doubt. Because the image you made is not the image found in the Sierra, which is why it's better to be honest and speak the truth about these issues. The same goes for the preservation of the Quran, the original Earth monic We don't need it, and it's not there. And we haven't had it for the longest time. For
centuries, we haven't had the original. And we would, again, do your research. How long does the leather parchment last? It doesn't last more than a few centuries. So do we really think for 14 and a half centuries, the entire bulk you must have would still be around? It doesn't make any sense. So
that's the reality. No, there is no original must have. There is no blood of Earth man in the Topkapi manuscript, there will be smudges there. And if you want to read in that, that's blood. That's your prerogative, but it is not the blood of Rickman in those manuscripts and allows origin knows best. Sorry to disappoint you, but
that is what I have to do when it comes to the truth inshallah we'll continue next Wednesday, inshallah sokolova.