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Lives Of The Sahaba 45 – Khalid Ibn Al-Waleed – PT 02

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

In this video, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi divulges more details on the military genius that was Khalid Ibn Al Waleed RA, also known as Sword of Allah (Saifullah) and his contribution in the major battles.

Another controversy relating to Khalid RA that is highlighted that happened after the death of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ during the time of Abu Bakr As Siddiq RA. This is in connection with the killing of Maalik ibn Nuwayrah and the subsequent marriage to his wife, Layla .

The tactics used by Khalid RA showcasing his military acumen during various battles fought under him, for instance, sending his people to the land which was to be conquered and gather details about the layout of the land so that he would have a better understanding on how to station his troops, are divulged into and make for an interesting listen.

The next topic that is touched base on is the Battle of Yarmouk that took place under the leadership of Khalid Ibn Al Waleed RA although Abu Ubaidah RA was the chieftain. Khalid RA had been demoted from his leadership domain after the death of Abu Bakr RA and the succession of Umar Ibn Al Khattab RA. This battle was magnanimous in its stature and showcased the military prowess of Khalid RA to its maximum potential and it resulted in the attainment of more than 30% of the land under the Byzantine empire.

On his deathbed, Khalid Al-Walid’s old friend visited him which is when Khalid began to show his battle scars to him. Khalid then questioned his friend, “All of these scars of wounds and yet I am not dead from the battlefield. Why could I not have died in battle?” Khalid’s friend then replied, “When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ named you Saifullah, Sword of Allah, he predetermined that you would not fall in battle. If you had been killed by an unbeliever it would have meant that Allah’s sword had been broken by an enemy of Allah; and that could never be.”

Listen intently as we witness the greatness of this exemplary warrior, Khalid Ibn Al Waleed RA.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah, who either Allah He will be a woman, whether hammerberg so today we'll finish up the story of highly demanded bodied adult, the Allahu taala. And, and I had mentioned the major controversy that took place in the life of the Prophet sallallahu it he was sending them. And I had explained that and then I said that there was one more incident that needs to be explained. But before we get there, just to context so now we have, of course, how did it lead in the time of the Buddha, Raj, you don't. And as soon as a woodworker has to do to charge what happened, the Battle of the war is over, it began to take place, and the Wars of the

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abubaker. So they assigned Harley definitively to take charge of the largest insurrection against the Muslim Empire at the time. And these were from people like to lay hand sad, like suggest, like the nature of the tribes. And of course, the most important was that of most Salem ellika that was Santa Monica that had the largest following from the tribes of mama and heart had been newly defeated them in the Battle of Yo Mama, and the Battle of Yamato, we mentioned many weeks ago, this was the battle that triggered the collection of the haoran. This was an 70 of the who follow the diet and above all could have decided to collect the Koran. So how did it know what was the primary

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general throughout the Wars of the reader? Now, the words of the did that have one very important incident that we need to explain and clarify. And it is perhaps the most controversial incident in the life of Khalid al Walid. It is perhaps the most controversial in the life of hydatid, Walid and this deals with the story of Malik in no way or automatic Illinois era. The story of Mark Cuban where who is Mark Cuban, and What year are we talking about? We're essentially talking about the 12th year of the digital. This is the first year of the caliphate of America. So Dave, and I will work to Cydia has sent Khalid to deal with the motet Dean. And if you remember, when the professor

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Sam passed away, the new tribes that had just embraced Islam, they began to break away from the oma and they broke away based on a number of premises. The worst amongst them were those who believed in false prophets. These were clearly motet, there's no question about that. The second category were those who denied the pain of Zika. And they said it's not a part of Islam. These two are muted because they're denying a part of Islam. The third category are those who said that we believe in Zakat, but we're not going to pay it to abubaker. Essentially, they're sinners. And they are not wanting to give their money away to a workers to do as a part of the collecting of the Zakah. And

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the third category are not kofod they are within the fold of Islam, because they they say that we should give the cap Well, there's a controversy I went over it was it last year now when we did that, there is actually a controversy a group of college scholars said that the one who does not give Zakat in an Islamic State

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and simply you know, does not want to fulfill that requirement. There is a position that that person is not a Muslim, but it is a very small position. The point being you have these three groups of people, most of the oma currently believes that the third category are Muslim, and the first two are not Muslim. That's the standard understanding. Now,

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one of the tribes from the tribes of Timmy Tamim is a massive tribe without quota. And underneath him you have lots of sub tribes. One of these sub tribes was led by Malik Illinois or his the chieftain, Malik, Eben Noah, and Malik Gibbon Noah had visited the profits a little while you send them in the year of the delegations and had outwardly accepted Islam. And he then went back to his people, he is in charge of his people, and he's collecting the Zika and he sends the Zika in the 10th year of the Hydra the final year of the profits of the loggers and of his life. Then the prophets are listed and passes Oh, Buck comes in charge. And Molly Gibbon Nomura essentially says,

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I'm not going to send zakat. Okay, so he returns the Zakat to his own people. And he says we're not sending zakat. This money is yours take it back now. And to make matters worse, molecules and nowhere have formed an alliance with one of the false prophets. He formed a treaty he made a treaty with one

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The false prophets and that false prophet was a prophet test, a suggestion was her name. And we talked about subject very briefly, she was the most famous female rmsa infamous female false prophet tests. So, Molly Gibbon Noah refuses to give Zika he forms an alliance with the False Prophet as such. Okay, so eventually Khalid after getting rid of one tribe, one tribe and tribe and giving them back to Islam. Now he turns his attention to Monica Benoit and his sub tribe. Now, what exactly happened? The exact version itself is subject to quite a lot of controversy.

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And the details are very sketchy. However, two facts are pretty much undisputed. The first is that eventually, molecule paranoia is executed

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at the commands of Hollywood, or maybe even at the hands of Hollywood. But both narratives basically say Hollywood or the loved one issued the command to execute. Malik Eben nowhere. And secondly, and this is where it gets even more controversial. Khalid ended up marrying the wife of Malik Eben Noire. Ah.

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Okay, he ended up marrying the wife of Malik Ivanova, and her name was Layla, and her name was Layla. Now, this story is complicated by many, many, many factors of them is the question was Malik a calf or not? Because if he was category three,

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and he was just being lazy or greedy, then he shouldn't have been killed. He should have just been told to repent and take the money and go. And one version of events says that he was a Muslim, and he was praying. And he excused his Alliance would suggest by saying this is just a military alliance against a common enemy, not against you guys. He has his own excuse. We have a third party that is going to attack us from up north. And this is just a political alliance that I have with her not a religious Alliance. So basically, he seems to have some excuses for all the things that he has done, and he's willing to return the Zakat that needs to be given. And

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the question then arises, why and how could Hollywood? Kill Maliki Benoit? That's the first question. And the second question, which is, of course even more difficult, and that is the issue of marrying the widow of

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the man mighty Cubano era. And you understand what rumors are going to start when this happens. Right? Do you understand now, the obvious legend or rumor that is going to start when this happens? And of course, the most extreme version of this. Now, pause your footnote, harder than what it is not popular amongst the non Sunni groups.

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The non Sunni groups don't like Hadith as they don't like so many Sahaba. So some of the earliest historians are non Sunni, you understand by what I say non Sunni. Some of the earliest historians are non Sunni. And they have a field trip with this story.

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And if you read their version of events, it's clearly complete Hawk concoctions. The most extreme version states that Layla and Khalid were in love together. And they conspired to kill Malik and then they got married after murdering. And this is ludicrous because Khalid and Layla never met never met until the day of the battle after the battle. But basically, there is no previous history between the two of them. They're geographically different locations they've never met. This is the most bizarre and nobody actually believes that except if you're non Sunni, and you want to believe that about these legends. But nonetheless, even our Sunni books have big question marks

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inside and Walkley and others, they mentioned that the killing of Malik and the marriage of Khalid to Layla brought about immediate condemnation, even within some of the army members of HUDs Regiment, some of the Sahaba criticized him, and one of them Abu Qatada refused to participate anymore, and he rushed back to obovata. So death and he told him exactly what happened. That Moloch was killed, even though we think he's a Muslim. He seemed to be a Muslim. He said the Shahada, he was wanting to pray. He was praying, and carted married his wife, Laila, And to make matters even more complicated if it wasn't bad enough. Some versions seem to indicate that the marriage took

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place the same day as the execution

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Now think about that.

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Okay, and some because obviously that would be very, very wrong. Right? It would be haram Haram. Okay, understand that there is no taking place, nothing's happening. So all of these stories are now basically surrounding highly dependable lead and what is happening now.

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I did the research that I was able to do, obviously, these are very, very complicated issues. And the fact of the matter is that no early textbook that I could find mentions the date of the nicca

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what we learn is that Moloch is executed and somehow eventually, at some time, we don't know when Khalid marries Layla and

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later Sunni theologians and historians then point out that really, because there's no date involved, we cannot assume that harlot marries later before her it finishes, because it would simply be too bizarre and too unreal. And how could this happen publicly in front of all of the Sahaba and, and the marriage is taking place? Because such a marriage would be bought? It wouldn't even be allowed. If the woman is in her head that you cannot get married her. There is no nigga when she's in her head. How can the new guy take place? So even hedgerows hate me, he gives a number of interpretations about what might have happened. And then he says whatever is the case, it is simply

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not possible for Holly limited Waleed, whose piety is well established, that he would have done such a vulgar deed, what is the vulgar deed? marrying a woman in her nikka, even an average Muslim cannot do that. So how can this word of a law do that, and in fact, another early scholar of Islam and murder we, Alma de Tao, he has a totally different interpretation. And he says that Khalid considered Malik and his entire tribe as non Muslims in the first place. So after executing Malik, he took Laila not as a wife, but as a milky amine, which changes the fifth and changes the dynamics, and you don't have the four months and 10 days, right, rather you have the aid of one cycle. And

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whenever the cycle finishes, then the middle can mean can take place, whatever seems to have occurred.

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What happens is that caught it is brought back to Medina. And Omar Abdullah hapa, who is his cousin, as we mentioned, is very angry at him. And he says, How dare you kill a Muslim and then marry his wife. And I will walk us through the demands a response and a story and the explanation, and Khalid gives the story and his interpretation of events, and then Abu Bakar. So Derek, says to Khalid, that you made a mistake, and we shall reimburse the family of Malik the blood money. So he plays pays the blood money to Malik's family that this was not he should not have been killed. And he did not approve of the marriage. But he did not nullify it either. He did not approve, but he's not notified

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of the marriage. And he then let Harley the annuity resumed his position or post. Now, the fact of the matter is, so that is the story of Mark Cuban Noida and Hollywood lead. The fact of the matter is, and we are not ashamed to say this, we have to acknowledge what I would call our biases. There's nothing wrong with this, every one of us is biased. There's no such thing as being totally unbiased, we have certain assumptions. We have assumptions, and other groups have their assumptions. This is the reality of human existence. And we have a paradigm we have a framework. And we should be honest about that paradigm and framework, we must assume things that are not explicit. And because we trust

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the Sahaba. And because we cannot conceive of somebody as great as harder than the elite stop for the luck committing blatant murder, in order to get at a woman This is honestly if you know, the stories of Hadith as we're going to come to as we have mentioned, and we have mentioned, and we will mention, even an average Muslim will not go and kill a person. Even an average Muslim who's even a below average Muslim, will not marry a woman in her ADA. This is something that goes against even the basics of email. So there is a bias that we have and that bias is a Sahabi cannot do this. It's a valid bias. It's a halaal bias. It's an Islamic bias. This bias it and I call it a bias. We can

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call it a presumption as well, that is a presumption. This presumption forces us to reinterpret the story in a very simple manner. And the simplest thing we can say is that harder than anyone need, made an assumption that Malik was not a Muslim, and this assumption was incorrect. And abubaker chastised him for it and the

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had to be paid that the 100 camels had to be given to the family of magic. And Khalid decides to marry the wife of Moloch. And after that, he then marries her. This version of events is the version we're going to have to adopt simply because we cannot believe any Sahabi much less somebody like Harley Davidson. Waleed would do anything contrary to this. And we also have another indication of this, and that is Abu Bakr and Omar and all of them heard Honda's version and story and essentially rebuked him but did not punish him and let him go back and resume command, which essentially means you made a mistake, but it was a mistake done with a good intention. It wasn't done intentionally.

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This is because when you make a mistake, if you intended to make the mistake, and that's the the the assumption that is there, you have to pay the penalty. But if the mistake was based on an incorrect, he had you made an assumption. So Khalid made an assumption that Malik's not a Muslim, and he acted on that assumption. So then the state has to take the penalty. And Harlan Waleed was chastised by Obama, and others. And he was then basically he continued on in the Wars of the debt. So this is the controversial story of Mark Cuban Noah, and highly definitively.

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And it took place during the Wars of the reader, once the words of that had subsided, and especially the biggest one, the largest one, which is the Battle of yamamah, under musella, Melaka dub, and the amount that takes place in Niger in central Arabia. As soon as yamamah finishes, Abu Bakar then sends a letter to harden Walid, and says you have to go and fight the Persians. So from Central Arabia, Khalid goes to Persia to fight the Persians. And here is where Honda's ascent to fame truly begins up until this point in time, Hollywood is an above average. And he's doing great work. It is in the next two, three years. And it is literally in two, three years, all of this going to take

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place where he fights over 40 battles, each one of them is greater than the previous one. And he opens up the doors of two superpowers of the time. And it's going to begin right now with the sending of harder than early to sassanid Persia and in the year 633.

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A C sorry, 633 c, which is 22. Ah,

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this is the the year now that harder than what it is now. Battling in the province of what is now Iraq, what is now southern Iraq, and a number of battles takes place, I have decided not to go over each and every battle because that would honestly get very boring and very technical. But we're just going to mention two or three famous incidents in particular, or two or three tactics that Khalid used in the battles that he participated in in Iraq, and the battles in Iraq with they conquered the major cities on the borders of Arabian Iraq, and the province of Amber, the city of hero. All of these were conquered in the first year that haunted is sent to Iraq. And in the very first of these

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battles is called the Battle of chains the Battle of change the the Marika to sell acid, and why is it called the Battle of chains is called the Battle of chains that to sell us ill because the Roman sorry, the Persian Empire decided to chain their soldiers up in ranks all together so that they could act like a fortress together. So all of the Persian soldiers were actually chained together to form a solid block, now called its forces were much smaller than those of the sassanids the Persians and the assassins were better equipped. They were better armed. They had thicker armor as well. This is Persian artillery, Persian warfare, Persian armor. So what did tactic did, how did that employ?

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How did that are they allowed to add on in this battle, one of the first battles. What he did was a very interesting tactic. And when I see some of these tactics done throughout the battles, he began

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marching from one fortress to another, and not actually meeting the enemy. So he would go from one fortress to another, and the sassanid army would come and try to fight him in this fortress, hollywood then go to that fortress, so they would then go and try to meet him in this fortress, and then he would go to a third fortress, and each time he would go, the Persian army is worried that if we don't protect that fortress, he's going to conquer it, but by the time they get there, he moves on to another one. What's going on here? hotter, the blue lead is wearing out the Persian troops. Why? Because the Persian troops are heavier

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and they are more sedentary.

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They don't travel as much as the Arabs and they don't have the horses that the Arabs do, and they're not used to the warfare and the Bedouin lifestyle of eating, little drinking little traveling far. The Persians are spoiled. They're rich, they are, they are overweight in many ways. But overweight and obese, their stomachs are weird. I mean, their their baggage. I mean, their armor, right? They are bogged down is a better term. Whereas the Arabs are light armor, they have the horses, they're going back and forth. So how did that what he essentially wore them down until finally when he met them, they were so tired of traveling, they were so worn out that Khalid had the upper hand over

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them. This is one tactic that was used in the tactic and the Battle of that to set acid and the leader of the Persians his name was homeless, and hormoz was killed in a one on one with hotter than what he called a challenge him to a duel. And this was another tactic of Khalid because the Arabs had this tactic of duels. So Khalid will always challenge one of their leaders. And obviously, Khalid being who he is, he manages to kill the leader, even though By the way, who almost tried to do a sly plot, which was illegal, and that is to have some of his armed guards attack caught it technically is supposed to be one on one you're not supposed to, you know, bring anybody else in,

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that would be cheating. But hormoz had told his elite bodyguards that look, I'm just gonna stand there you guys come and you basically deal with audit evidence, what do you basically it's treachery. Because that's not the rules of the game, you know, when you have arm to arm combat, supposed to be one on one, but but home was decided to betrayed this. And I would have known us and others, they saw this from afar that something is happening. So they essentially brought a contingent, and they defeated the armed guards before they came, and hormoz and Khalid had a one on one and horribles could not win against hot lead, and Hollywood ended up killing hormones. And with

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the death of hormones, the entire sassaman army was obviously traumatized, taken into chaos. And they were tied hand to hand, foot to foot. So they have nowhere to run. And so harlots forces decimated them, there was a massive victory for the ranks of the Muslims. And another interesting thing that took place is that the prisoners of war in the Battle of Hormuz, which was sorry, in the Battle of that to sell acid sorry, one was is the the general, a lot of the prisoners of war ended up converting to Islam. And this is a photo or a victory from Allah subhana wa tada that we see over and over again, from the early period in Makkah, and throughout the entire Islamic history, where

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the enemy ends up converting and becoming the best friend and ally. So Persian soldiers converted to Islam. And when they converted to Islam, what are they going to do?

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join the army, and how is that going to benefit?

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How will it especially benefit when the Persians join the army?

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techniques, warfare, armor, intelligence, ways routes, route roads, they know the layout of the land better than anybody else. And this was a massive victory for the Muslims to gain 1000s of soldiers on their side. And these new Muslims are now loyal allies to the Islamic State. And somehow that this is the reality of Allah's help that it comes in such ways that you cannot even predict as Allah says that whoever puts his trust in Allah, Allah will help him from ways he did not even expect. And this led harlot to the next battle. And this is called the Battle of that to narrow the Battle of the river. And,

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again, interesting tactics were used. One of the tactics that Khalid used in this battle was that he utilized the element of surprise. Essentially, he arrived at the battlefield before the army had mobilised only one parts of the army had come, he managed to travel nonstop, and get to the area of the battle, before the rest of the army had arrived. And the army is still setting up their camps, their battalions, their fortresses, their their, their magenic, which is there a catapult, they're sending all of these up and hot it gets there before the army finishes even setting up much less arriving. And obviously the full army isn't even there. So how did manage to gain another victory as

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well, and this is called the Battle of the river. A third battle, the Battle of what are all of these are battles that are leading to Odyssey Odyssey is going to come out this is the big battle, and Hollywood is paving the way and the Battle of what Elijah. This is where Khalid imminent will lead is credited with one of his most genius moves, the Battle of what was one of the decisive battles in which the Roman Emperor kisara is sending in one of the largest armies that has yet fought the Muslims and hotter than what he did bear

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Had a third, some say even a fourth, some say even a fifth of the army of the Persians, always the Muslims are less than the Persians and even the Romans, and hardly been awarded undertakes a tactic that is actually a well known and well studied tactic to this day, and the annals of war. And the books of history of war actually have a name for this tactic, and this is called the pincer movement, pincer movement and this pincer movement. It is mentioned by many famous military tactician is going back to Sun Tzu and the art of war if you know the famous Chinese

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general who wrote one of the first military books ever written in the history of mankind. It's called Sun Tzu's Art of War. And in the art of war, he actually mentioned this pincer tactic. He doesn't call it the pincer tactic, but he discourages and he says this is a dangerous tactic, because it is likely that your army will flee before the end of the battle. It's that dangerous, your own army will flee, so he discourages it. Historically speaking, this tactic has also been used by some of the greatest military commanders in the history of mankind. Alexander the Great use this tactic Hannibal The Conqueror who fought against the Romans Hannibal, the famous Hannibal, one of

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the most famous military generals in history, who fought against the Romans and won them. He also won using this tactic, which is the pincer tactic. And to this day, in every book of war, you have chapters detailing the pincer tactic and what it was used, and Harley Davidson Waleed is mentioned as one of the people who use this tactic as well in this battle of one. Now what is interesting, yes, this tactic is studied at Sandhurst, it is studied at West Point. But how did what he did not go through centers? He didn't go through West Point he did not study Sun Tzu's Art of War. He did not study Hannibal's you know, tactics. How did he come across this honestly, we have to say Allah

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azza wa jal blessed him with it. He did not go through these trainings. And yet he came across that tactic. Now what exactly is the tactical dimensioning? The pincer, tactical long? What exactly is it? Well, I'm not an expert in these fields. But just to in simple layman's terms, I am a layman. And I think all of us are layman here when it comes to military tactics. So in layman's terms from one layman to the rest of you all, this move is basically called the pincer tactic because the goal is to pinch the army to spread yourself thin. And to encircle or at least pinch the army from multiple sides. Now, this is a huge risk and gamble, because in order to do that, you have to spread

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extra thin. So if you are fortified, and you have rows of 100, let's say, to do the pincer tactic, you're gonna have to go down to rows of 20 maybe. So you have to spread very thin. And what this means is your casualties will be great. And that's why it's Wenzhou said, it should not really be done because it will lead to a lot of

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massacres or your your troops might flee. But what is the positive, the positive is that you're able to maximize a small group against a larger group. And you throw the larger group into chaos, because they are not expecting to be attacked from the sides. They're expecting to be attacked from the front, all armies lineup to attack from the front back. And they have their techniques and their tactics and they have the the arrows in the back and the Lance's in the front and the sores in the middle. They have a role in this matter, right? The pincer tactic essentially disrupts the layers of an army. And it brings about a chaos by attacking from the sides rather than from the front. And

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this is very dangerous, because as I said, you have to make yourself very thin in order to maximize your potential against the army. Well, in this case, it worked. And it was a resounding victory, it was a resounding victory. And therefore this battle becomes one of the standard battles that is studied to this day in many books have histories of battles and War Tactics about how to use the pincer effect to the maximum advantage. And again, it's interesting, how did he'd never studied this, it just was something that Allah blessed him with.

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And one of the battles as well it was the Battle of relays, which was really, they said this was the bloodiest battle ever fought up until that point in time in Islamic history. It was a fierce battle, and harder than when he decided to do something that was to prove controversial amongst some later historians, but at the time, it makes complete sense. He basically said after he won the battle, no prisoners of war, and what does that mean?

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Everybody was executed. What's the point of doing that at this point in time? What is the wisdom this is meant to inflict fear in the ranks of

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sassanids cuz he has a he has an he has an empire to conquer. Remember, we still haven't even come to cloud to see, this is pretty hard to see. Right. And he's winning 123456 Mini battles, and his troops are not enough to take on the entire sassanid Empire, he needs to send a message. And in this battle, the no doubt there is no doubt that a lot of people were killed after hearted one, the standard tactic is to take prisoners of war now the Shetty. Now, we talked about this many times, let's look at Islamic law is different from modern warfare. And what should a modern Muslim country do and modern warfare is something that modern scholars have to discuss. And it is my opinion that

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yes, we are allowed to go and rethink through these laws, no problem. Nowadays, we have a United Nations Charter nowadays we have techniques, and we have legislation that we are bound, we have the Geneva Convention. Well, those things didn't exist back in the past. And there was no Geneva Convention about what to do with the people left on the battlefield. Now there is so we are not it's not a problem islamically to adopt the Geneva Convention, but when Khalid is fighting, there is no Geneva Convention. And both sides use tactics that will go against the Geneva Convention. Well, this is one of those things that essentially when the Muslims one candidate said no, no prisoners this

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time, this time no prisoners. So essentially, maybe 10,000 people. And these are all by the way, these are not civilians, these are clearly army people. I mean, that's not we're not talking about killing civilians. But nonetheless, the Geneva Convention would say once the war is over, what should you do? Take them prisoners, treat them humanely, until whatever needs to be done, you know, to imprison them and then hand them back whatever needs to be done. Well, that's the Geneva Convention pre Geneva Convention there was no there was no such law in place and hardly there'll be a law one bit initially held which is fully legitimate for the time in place, and it had the desired

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impact. Even kisara

00:32:02--> 00:32:31

retreated back into the land it had the desired impact that you're sending the message that we are not a trivial force barely a year ago, it was the Roman Emperor sorry, it was the Persian general that was saying to saddam Navy will cause What are you doing here go back remember he was the one What are you doing here go back we're gonna ignore this ever happened. Now the Muslims are here and they're sending the message that we are going to we are going to stay so higher than what it essentially opens the way up

00:32:33--> 00:32:42

to conquer the the capital of the assassin Empire and Please, everybody should know what is the capital of this acid of empire

00:32:43--> 00:33:36

muda in which is an English test on telephone. Okay, my telephone, this is the capital of the sassanid Empire telephone. And how do they normally paves the way to capture telephone medallion? But he shall not have that honor. Why? What happens side of Navy war costs is taking on the Romans and he's surrounded and he's in a dire situation and he sends to a workers to do we need help workers to do sends a message to hire the new lead. As soon as you get my message leave Persia take your entire group of around 10,000 and March as fast as you can decide who costs they are in trouble. Okay, so

00:33:37--> 00:33:54

muda in was not conquered by Harley Davidson Waleed rather harder than Waleed had to make his way to a sham to Syria because aborto Bader was in serious sorry side was in side was in sight was in medallion award.

00:33:55--> 00:34:28

Avengers was in was in hiding the other way around side was the one who conquered Estefan medallion and above obey the medieval era was in was in Sham and abort obey. There was the one sending the message sorry, so sad was the one who went on to conquer telephone and abort away there was in a sham at the time. So boveda was surrounded by the Romans side went on to conquer as we mentioned, a few weeks ago, I mentioned the story side went on to concrete Estefan side was the one who opened up the treasures of Israel, along with Sandman and Farsi. We did that story a few weeks ago that Saturday will cost

00:34:29--> 00:34:59

Hollywood it is not here. He has gone by this time. Where is he? He is marching to a sham below the Sham because about obey the is in serious trouble. Now. The news or the letter came that he needs help immediately. Make your way as fast as you can. And here is where hottie the vanetta Walid did one of those bizarre tactics that literally it seems as if it's coming out of some type of drama, some type of Hollywood movie, you can't believe these things actually happened. But Hollywood did it.

00:35:00--> 00:35:03

And that was instead of taking the standard route,

00:35:04--> 00:35:27

which would have taken an extra week, he decided to march straight through the desert, there was a large desert, basically, which is in northern Syria now. And you would have to go all the way around it to get to where a motivator was, but time was of the essence. So he decided to march straight through the desert with 10,000 men.

00:35:28--> 00:35:55

And despite all of the water canisters that they had, they ran out of water, more than halfway through, and there was way too much time or too much distance left. And it was almost a dire situation, but hardly available. It had already taken this into account and he had a backup plan. What was the backup plan, the backup plan was before they entered the desert, harder than Waleed had

00:35:57--> 00:36:39

fed the Campbell's surplus water. Now pause here, the better ones have figured out a technique of how to stuff the camels with water, and to make them drink even an abnormal amount of water. And you know, the water of the camels is stored in some type of sack is some type of inner chamber and harder than Waleed had forced the camels. I mean, he had had the, the people in charge of the Campbells do this to the camels, that this would be a backup plan in case we ran out of water in the desert, which is exactly what happened. And so in the middle of the desert, little bit more than halfway through, they ran out of all of their water. So they had to sacrifice some of the camels and

00:36:39--> 00:37:01

eat the meat of the camels along with getting the water from the camels, even then, they ran out of water, and they still had two days left to get to the end of the desert. And so it is said for two days they marched non stop without a drop of water. We have problems in Ramadan, with our air conditioner for 16 hours.

00:37:03--> 00:37:49

Imagine in the middle of the Syrian desert walking for two days non stop, they did not have a drop of water. And these are the sacrifices of the early Muslims to get these conquests that they did. And eventually they get to the the the Oasis that they needed. And from there, they then move on to meet our VEDA army who rose army. And from then onwards, once again, we have a whole list of battles. And again, we don't have time to go into each and every one of these battles. But one of the tactics that caught it in what he used to his advantage was the fact that he would send out scouts, and the scouts would come back and tell him the layout of the land,

00:37:50--> 00:38:37

especially in Syria, which is full of valleys and ravines and you know, rivers and whatnot, cognitively used the layout of the land to figure out where should I station my troops? Where should we attack from where should our base be. And he managed to do a better job than the people living in the land itself, which is the Romans. And he managed to maximize a small group that he had to be more effective against a larger group. Also, one of the tactics that Khalid used very well was the pure Bedouin tactic unknown or unpracticed by the Romans. So the Bedouins had a tactic that they would employ in a very small scale, which is a firewall, firewall, firewall car, which is basically

00:38:37--> 00:38:50

to lead a small group in, cause some damage and then bring the group back then bring another small group cause damage, bring it back, whereas the Romans are used to marching in battalions in straight rows, and they're going to go all out together.

00:38:51--> 00:39:34

How did use the tactic of essentially decimation a bit by bit, you just carve out bit by bit. And he would do this at night, especially surprised attacks at night, which is a pure Bedouin tactic. And this surprise attack is not meant to kill all of them. It's meant to get rid of some and then come back and then get rid of some and then come back and inflict terror and fear. So hot are the law. One, he's using these new tactics at a much larger scale that has been unprecedented for the Romans to see. And of course, one of the main reasons as well of their victory, and is the blessing that Allah gave them through the Arabian stallion, read the Arabian stallion, the horses of the Arabs. To

00:39:34--> 00:40:00

this day, as we know, the Arabian stallions are the world's best horses by and large. And so imagine now the Arabs have the best horses and the Romans do not have anything similar to this as well. How did the new lead also utilize what we would call spies, he was very well aware and well informed about the maneuvers of the opposing army. And of course throughout all of this, we can never, ever

00:40:00--> 00:40:15

Forget the most important element and that is a man and taqwa and the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But the point is when you look at the battles of Hollywood and you realize it's not just a man and taqwa, it's also military genius.

00:40:16--> 00:40:56

If you don't have the military genius, nothing's gonna happen. If you don't have the amount of talk, what alone won't help you? You need the both of them together, hardly even know what its tactics are still studied to this day. There are books written by military historians about the tactics of how to deal with it. I have one of them at home and you go over it, it's it's advanced for us, even for me, I'm not it's not my forte, diagrams and charts and what he did and whatnot. But the fact that a person from Makkah, who was untrained in the arts of war, could take on the two greatest superpowers. And his military strategies are studied to this day at some of the most important

00:40:56--> 00:41:38

institutions of military genius. To this day, Sanders and West Point and whatnot, they study some of the battles of holiday and Waleed, what does that tell you about who this person was? So the military genius and the acumen of Hardin Valley was indeed a blessing from a law to our oma. And it also shows us that Allah will help you when you also have the necessary means. To many Muslims. They think, oh, all we need is just religiosity and taqwa that's one of the two legs needed. Religious antiqua is more important and it is the more important we agree it is the more important but there is another leg we need to stand on as well. And that is the leg of the leg of what

00:41:40--> 00:42:13

action preparation, what doula who must be prepared for them as much as you can be prepared. So in any battle that we're fighting, whether it's military, whether it's intellectual, whether it's media, whether it's politics, yes, we need a man and taqwa but we also need hardly the mineral lead or the equivalence of holidaylender lead, and that is the genius of employing the media employing politics employing this and that and figuring out how best to do whatever needs to be done. So all of these as we said,

00:42:14--> 00:42:52

the the mini battles continue to take place under a waterway, the Ombudsman JIRA, and finally hotter than Walid captures the city of Well, before he went there. He captured buzzer not Buzzer Buzzer keep on saying buzzer is not Buzzer Buzzer is in Sham and basura is in Iraq. Basra is the ancient city where our Prophet system himself traveled to with the caravans of Khadija that's where he went Basra, which is outside of Damascus is still there to this day, and he captures the city of Buzzer Buzzer is the gateway to Damascus. Missouri is like an hour and a half from Damascus. Correct? hour and a half or more.

00:42:54--> 00:43:36

Yeah, so an hour hour and a half. from Damascus resident down, down south down south. boser is the gateway of Damascus, right. But of course Damascus is the fortified city. Damascus is the major city of a sham, that is the gateway to Jerusalem then, because that's the big fortress city for the Arabs. They can't get to Jerusalem without getting through the city of Damascus. So what does he do? He begins by eliminating the smaller cities, the smaller fortresses around Damascus, such as Basra and other battles are fought such as the Battle of Nadine. And this is one of the most decisive battles. On the one side you had Theodore the brother in law of heraclius. And on the other sides,

00:43:36--> 00:44:16

you had hardly been worried. And the Battle of as Nadine was another decisive victory. And eventually I'm not going to go over every one of these battles, eventually, harder than a lead along with aborto VEDA they get to the walls of the city of Damascus, and they lay siege to the city of Damascus. And it is in those days of the siege of Damascus that the news reaches them that Abu Bakar so the UK has passed away over calcidiol has passed away and Bob comes to power. And one of the first things that Omar does is what we all know the story

00:44:17--> 00:44:26

removes Harley Davidson Waleed from from leadership, right now. Remember hotter than Armando were

00:44:28--> 00:44:59

cousins. They were essentially cousins and when they're actually second cousins wants to move. The point is they're cousins and they treated each other like cousins. Why did Omar relieve harlot of his post? Well, this is now an advanced class, we're not going to sugarcoat and go into the the Sunday school kindergarten version of events. We have to be honest here. The fact of the matter is there seems to be some clear tensions between cognitive elite and our moral hottub over how hard it was.

00:45:00--> 00:45:14

running his policies. And these tensions go back to a series of incidents, including the killing of Mark Cuban nueva, that Armando hapa was very irritated. And there were other things that took place as well.

00:45:16--> 00:45:41

A poet had praised audible and Walid and hardened, gave him a gift of 10,000 dirhams. And when Omar found out, he made this drummer, a poet praises you. And you know, the poets were sure Otto interborough Mohan and you give him 10,000. And he said, if this 10,000 is from the Bay tomorrow of the Muslim in,

00:45:42--> 00:45:44

well, then if it's from the Bay tomorrow, what does that mean?

00:45:47--> 00:45:57

What loud, it's not hard as money, he's in trouble, he's going to be punished if it's from his own money, even though he's a truffle, because it's this rough.

00:45:58--> 00:46:12

Like Romanos armor, this armor, you gave a poet 10,000 pounds or $10,000 because he praised you. And so many other things like you know, there are things that I mean, Omar has armor, and he's monitoring what is going on. And he's not happy

00:46:14--> 00:46:40

about a number of things that are taking place. Now, some people mentioned even taymiyah actually mentioned, this is an interesting point, that it is true. If you look at the books of history, or whatever, Bob had advised Abu Bakar to get to get rid of Harvard as a military commander, to get rid of means keep them as a soldier. Don't put him in charge. And he was telling a worker this many times, and I will book her kept on saying no, I need Hadith. Khalid is my military guy.

00:46:41--> 00:47:07

So when Omar comes to power, one of the first things he does is he demotes Khalid throw the old one, and it becomes a foot soldier. Even Tamia mentions that the oma needs the opposite tensions, you know, the Chinese call it the Yin Yang, you need the harshness and the softness to contrast with one another. When you have Abu Bakar as the halifa. You need a hard military general.

00:47:08--> 00:47:27

That's Khalid Khalid was hard. We mentioned a number of things, and they're much more than I didn't mention. I mean, this is a part of being a military guy. You don't have to do things that are there or not, you know, they're not the softest of things. That's the being a success, right. But when Omar comes as the halifa, or Omar is strict, holiday strict, that's not good.

00:47:28--> 00:47:34

Now you need a softer guy. And aborto VEDA was put in charge and I will obey that was the exact opposite of Omar

00:47:35--> 00:47:52

abora is the supreme military commander. And he would remain the commander. And the tumble of Holland never became the Supreme Commander again, he he did rise up but not to that level ever again in the time Obama he passes away at a time when he passes away. So

00:47:53--> 00:48:16

even taymiyah mentions the oma benefits. When you have this contrast, you need some people that are strict, he needs some people that are gentle, and the best combination is to have both of them simultaneously keeping each other in check. And that's what happened with obok going on holiday and then about an harlot, that Holly could not be a military so that we can abort Aveda in his in his stead.

00:48:18--> 00:48:30

Yet other so so what so what happened was the command came from Obama called Bob to relieve harlot of his post and send him back, tied up.

00:48:32--> 00:48:34

But not with chains,

00:48:35--> 00:48:52

tied up with his own turban. The hand is to be tied up with his own turban to indicate that he's not like a prisoner of war, but he has to be held accountable. So being tied with your own turban is not as undignified as being tied up with chains.

00:48:53--> 00:49:14

Okay, is just like you're going to have to report to me, what did you do? And how did and Bilaal came to the army to report that honorable COP is now the halifa and he is telling you to avoid obey that he's telling you to send us highly than a lead, you know, tied up in his turban

00:49:15--> 00:49:58

and our VEDA did not know what to do. So he says to be lad, why don't you go to it okay. You can go do it and bring take it even in volley back. And so Bella is beloved he goes up to holiday tells him and harder than Waleed agrees. And he comes back to Medina and he responds to each and every one of the charges against him. And he is released without any without any punishment. So pause here this is not the first time this is happening to hide it. Right. So we have to be now fair and Frank. We're not doing an advanced class. This isn't a Sunday school to teenagers class. This is not we're doing an advanced class. Fact of the matter is harder little deal law one. Some of his tactics were

00:49:58--> 00:50:00

dubious. Some of his

00:50:00--> 00:50:48

tactics, raised eyebrows. And he's been called multiple times. And this shows us Yes, it's possible for a military genius, and he wasn't a military genius. In fact, I would say, this is the theory that I have that you really can't get to that level without, without having certain things that are, you know, I mean, let's just leave it at that, you know, the what? Yeah, I mean, you have to think outside the box. I mean, that's the fact of the matter, right? Every super successful guy, every genius, has to have things that are just not the way other people do them. That's why he is the genius, right? So I really don't have any problem. It's understandable that people like Obama are

00:50:48--> 00:51:25

like, worried what is going on? Why is he doing this? I mean, it's understandable. So he comes, and he responds to his charges. And then I'm going to go hotel releases, and without any punishment, because he's able to defend himself. He says, this was my money, and I have the right to spend my money, the money is the money to the poet, right. And he has a point like, it's my money, I have the right to spend, if you think it's his job, that's your business, it's not, I have the right to spend it. If it's my money, I didn't take the Muslim almost money, whatnot. So he defends himself on each of the charges. And Bob has no reason to keep him after that. So he releases him back. And he sends

00:51:25--> 00:52:11

him back now as a person of the army. He doesn't send him back as a leader, as the military commander. And here is where some books mentioned. And they are mentioned so mostly remote that I'm not going to cast doubt on the intensity, but some books mentioned. But I found them in medieval books, primarily, some books mentioned that Omar said that the reason that I took Khalid out was because people began using him as their reason for his innocence. And it is Allah who gives his innocence. Okay. Okay, this is mentioned in some later medieval textbooks. But let's also be a little bit more academic and truthful to the sources. And I keep on saying, it is better you hear

00:52:11--> 00:52:52

this from me, rather than from some other non Muslim out there who's going to give you a twisted version of events, hear it from me, and put it in context. It is simply not true. To make this the only reason? Frankly, it makes no sense if it's the only reason. It also makes no sense that the first act Omar does when he becomes the halifa is to tell kind of unwilling to come back. I mean, if he thinks that there's a good luck charm effect. Okay. There are other things to do, we'll get there and shall eventually write, and why tell him to come back immediately. And why tell him to come back with his hands tied up. And why put him to a basically a try again, so we have to be a little bit

00:52:52--> 00:53:33

more academic. Now. We're moving on beyond grade school and Sunday school, we have to present the facts as they are. And the facts as they are, indicate that there were multiple reasons for a minimal hot Bob, to demote hotter than Walid, the main one being that Omar simply felt he didn't agree with his style of leadership, as simple as that. And that's the prerogative of the of the leader of any country. That's the prerogative of the leader that Look, I don't know what happened, what's happening right now in our own country, right? This new guy is getting rid of everybody from the old administration, bringing in a new set of weirdos, right, that agree with his, I don't know,

00:53:33--> 00:54:10

is it a box? Or is it a square circle that they're thinking? They're not even thinking outside of any boxes, the problem, so they're just going to do what they're going to do. But anyway, let me not start on that point here. So the point is that it's the reality of every leader. Nothing is strange here. I remember how Paul comes to power he doesn't agree with what his philosophy of running an army, so he'd rather have our VEDA. So he puts a debater in charge, as it was before, before harder, they got to sham. So aborda is now in charge of a sham. And harlot goes back as a regular foot soldier, and will lie in this we really see the colossal quality No need. There's no question about

00:54:10--> 00:54:33

it. There's no question about a person who has tasted leadership is very, very difficult, if not impossible, to go back down to the bottom of the ranks. It's very difficult, if not impossible, the only person who can do that without a graduate is someone who has lost for the sake of Allah.

00:54:34--> 00:55:00

And the fact that hearted did this and did it with the same dedication and passion is enough of an indication of his Eman and taqwa shall have done. He's not doing this for the fame. He is doing this because he genuinely wants there is a for Islam. So he goes back and he rejoins the army, but aboard obey the needs Khalid. So what does he do? Well, his rank in the

00:55:00--> 00:55:38

Brooks is still a foot soldier. But aboard obey that takes him and brings him into the VIP tent basically. Okay. So Harvard becomes the primary advisor, and eventually is going to keep on rising, rising, rising, rising until essentially, he is the brains if not entitle in reality. And abort Aveda was the man for the job because he was a gentle, easygoing soul. He didn't need or care about the limelight at all, he wanted to get the job done. So he gave that job to Hollywood, even though technically he is still in charge.

00:55:39--> 00:56:18

Right. So this is the the beauty of the situation that slowly Harley to get back gets back in. And he continues to rise in the ranks until finally, basically, we're not going to go every single battle time is also finishing up. But the point is, eventually, within a few months after this, or a year or so after this, on the 15th of August in the year 636 seeeeee. The greatest battle that Harley literally ever fought in his life is going to take place. It is one of the most decisive battles of Islam, and one of the most important battles of human history in the entire history of humanity. This is one of those decisive battles that changes the course of history, technically

00:56:18--> 00:57:08

aboard obeyed as the commander realistically hired as the commander. Okay. And that is the Battle of your book, The Battle of your book, the biggest and most decisive battle that the Muslims have ever fought, that was to open up the world the way to conquer more than 30% of the Byzantine Empire. More than 30% of the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire was conquered by the Muslims. And these are, of course below the Sham, right? This is the modern countries of now Syria and Jordan and Palestine. And of course, for Jerusalem. All of this is going to come with the Battle of the Yarmouk. And it was in this battle, essentially, that hardly the noble elite truly manifested his acumen, his

00:57:08--> 00:57:45

military genius. The battle lasted six days, I went over the details of the battle a few weeks ago. So we're not going to do that. Now, we already did this, when we talked about a boy beta. We went over the entire six days very quickly, we did that. But if you look at this, we've had a lot and holiday is about to pass away a year or two after this, right. It's as if Allah subhana wa tada is giving him all the experience he needs. It's as if he's going through all of these different routes to finally reach his acumen and the most important battle in early Islam. And that is the Battle of the MOOC. And of course, your MOOC was a decisive victory, after the Muslims thought they would

00:57:45--> 00:58:26

lose. It was one of those battles that was very close, very close, but Allah azza wa jal, and it allowed the Muslims through the genius of harder than earlier than I mentioned some of the tactics last time, so we're not going to go over them now to eventually conquer the Byzantine Empire. And this eventually led to the conquest of Jerusalem and the entire province of Sham of Syria. As I said, it is today Syria and Lebanon and Jordan and Palestine, that entire region was conquered in the reign of Abu Bakar and Ramallah Katara de la one, under the command of hotter than a lead, even though obey there was the technical commander, but it was harder than what it was the primary

00:58:26--> 00:58:48

military genius, and in fact, harder than it actually even moved on to what is now Armenia and the beginnings of Anatolia. Anatolia is what is Turkey, Anatolia is the first province of Turkey from Syria. And some historians say and this is Allah's knowledge, some historians say that two factors caused the Muslims to stop

00:58:49--> 00:59:33

marching upwards into what is now Turkey, if they had done that, we might have had any Anatolia way before 1453 when the Ottomans came, but of course, all of this is how that a lot. What are the two factors? Number one is the plague that took place for Unum was the plague that took place. The plague that we talked about this, it was a mini Black Death, right, you know, the disease that kills people. The it's spread by, you know, the, the rats and all this. So the plague took place, and hundreds and 1000s of people died. And of course, that caused everything to stop. And the second reason was that Harley Davidson worried was demoted and eventually he passes away in actual death.

00:59:33--> 00:59:59

The rumor or the theory goes, and again, although this isn't a lot of knowledge, if it had been the one in charge, he would not have stopped, he would have gone forward, but we accept a less credit we just we don't open the door of if we accept the lowest credit, and we have no complaints whatever Allah has given us, and whenever he gave it to the woman hamdulillah it was given at the right time and the right place. It was barely a year or two after this in the 21st year of the digital

01:00:00--> 01:00:49

outside of the city of hemps, where hot lead fell ill Some people say he died in Medina. But the correct position of the predominant position is that he died in blood, the Sham, he died in below the sham. And he felt severely sick. And it was clear that he was about to die. So the pangs of death began on him, and he realized he's about to die, and a person visited him on his deathbed. And he began to cry, even though he began to cry. So the man tried to console him and said, Why are you crying, you have done this and this and you have done this and this. And so he said to his visitor, look at my body, you will not find a single inch or any finger span, except that there is a wound or

01:00:49--> 01:00:50

a stab or a mark on it.

01:00:52--> 01:00:56

But now I am dying in my bed.

01:00:57--> 01:00:58

Like

01:00:59--> 01:01:26

a woman or a civilian or something. Yeah, and he is crying because he wants to die. A Shaheed is crying because he's dying on his deathbed because of a disease. And he feels that it's not befitting that I'm dying on my deathbed, after living life in battle. Right, so he died on his bed. And he is very still to this day, there is a Masjid called Memorial Hospital,

01:01:27--> 01:01:30

which is in which city now? Which I mean, it's inside Hampshire outside as well.

01:01:36--> 01:01:37

Okay.

01:01:38--> 01:02:14

So the old city of hymns has a region has a quarter called holiday. Yeah. And the other is in that the mausoleum over there. Everybody knows that to this day, that he is varied in that location. So he died on his deathbed. And he was buried over there. And the number of women and children that he had, or daughters that he had, and was that hit is actually not known. The early books of history did not record in that much detail. But we know the names of at least six children of his It is said that the majority of his children died in the plague.

01:02:16--> 01:02:57

The majority of that turned out to plague and it is also said that he did not leave any progeny after that, that within a generation or two, all of his progeny passed away from natural causes and whatnot. Some people they just they just stopped, you know, they don't have So, there are no people in our times that claim descent from how to dividend will lead his progeny basically, fizzled out. Now, how did the Nova lead our scholars mentioned and this is mentioned even inside an earlier books, our scholars mentioned that hardly the elite had to die on his bed. It was something that was necessary for him to die a natural death, that he could not have died in the battle. And the reason

01:02:57--> 01:03:42

for this is obvious. And that is because he is the sword of Allah, as mentioned by our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Remember the hadith of say for law occurs inside a body. It says hi Bahasa Bukhari Hadith that the prophet SAW said him said, until one of the swords of Allah, this is the Battle of mortar, until one of the swords of a lot took the banner and Allah gave victory at his hands. So a law called or sorry, the profitsystem called him safe, safe for law. This isn't the body of the civil law. So if he is safer law, for him to die in battle means somebody has conquered safer law. Somebody has broken, safer law.

01:03:43--> 01:04:03

Somebody has vanquished safer law and safer law cannot be vanquished. It has to be put back in the cabinet of the one who owns it. The only way Khalid can leave is when the owner of the sword puts the sword back when the owner wants to put it back. And this is a natural death.

01:04:04--> 01:04:33

And that's why even harder did not understand this. He's crying because he wants to die Shaheed, but he doesn't understand that his status is higher, his status is higher, he cannot die on the battlefield. Because that would mean the sword of Allah was conquered by the enemy of Allah and the sword of Allah can never be conquered by the enemy of Allah. So how did the nobody dies a natural death, and that is the only way he could have died. And Khalid fought

01:04:34--> 01:05:00

in over 100 skirmishes. 50 of them are battles. Around a dozen of them are what we would call decisive or major battles in early Islamic history. And highly limited Walid is the most famous commander in the history of Islam. Obviously after our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam there is nobody that is even partially equivalent to him.

01:05:00--> 01:05:43

Nobody took on both of the superpowers at the same time, marching between one superpower to the other, to destroy them at the same month. Think about that. I mean, well, I think about that destroying the sassette is over there, traveling through the desert, and then marching all the way to Sham, and then starting a series of victories in Sham. What I mean, what is the we used to have? Now? What is Sham? And what is Iran? And what is going on some how to look at how things have changed, you know, but what is that, that we used to have, that a time we saw this in our history, were harder than what he wrote the allaahu attack on is taking on the greatest challenges of the

01:05:43--> 01:05:57

time, and the greatest superpowers, and he's winning them and defeating them in the most decisive battles, there's going to open the way for the Muslim oma one final point, and then we'll conclude that

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one of the early books of Roman history and I mentioned this one, I did the Syrah so you can find more details over there when we did the Battle of mortar, go look at this up and this year on the YouTube. I did this back then, that enrollment Chronicles in Roman Chronicles, written by early Latin historians, we come across the Battle of Mata mentioned, the Battle of Malta is mentioned in a early Latin history. And

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the the historian

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Theosophy is, if I'm not mistaken, mentions that in such and such a battle, so this military commander came and he fought against the the Arabs, and we were about to win over them completely, until one of their lead and we kill the son of their false prophet, it says this, and that son is who

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is eight, right? It says this in the early Latin. Now, by the way, when I read this, in another book, I said, Come on, this can't be true. I did not believe this. I actually looked when I was at Yale at the time, when I first read this, I went to the library right then and there, I found this book, translated, I don't read Latin, I found the translated book in English. And I looked it up myself. I looked this up, and I read the quote directly from this early Chronicle, written in the eighth century, it's one of the earliest books of Byzantine history. And there's just a small paragraph in it about this. It's not called the Battle of Malta, as it has its own name. We call it

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the Battle of what they call, and it says in there, and I read this with my own two eyes, it says in there, that we were about to win over them, until one of their commanders, whom they call the sword of God,

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took charge, and managed to extricate the Muslims, you know, and cause them to recede to safety. Even

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the enemies of Islam, at that time, knew who say follow us. They didn't know his name. They said one of their commanders whom they call the sword of God, that is absolutely amazing. That the title of holiday Noah lead was spread even to the enemies of Islam, and they knew him as safer law. And one of the things that I really benefit from the story of Hollywood Walid is that Subhan Allah look at who he was before Islam and what he did, and who he was after Islam.

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What did he do at Oxford? You know, we we tend to forget all of those painful stories about our profit system, who caused them, we tend to overlook that because we we concentrate on that side, we know that Harvard is going to become a hero. So we kind of sort of don't mention his role offered.

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Because we know what his fate is going to become. But some handler when that happened, nobody knew his fate. When that happened, he was the one who did it. He was the one who brought back those 200 people and caused the havoc and Hamza and our Prophet solar system. And, and, and, and yet, what was to be his fate, so Subhanallah one of the things we learn,

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don't decide your future by your past. Don't let your past dictate your future. Whatever you've done, is the past. And it can't be as bad as what Khalid did in the bottle of water, there is no way

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Sahaba were killed, our Prophet system was injured hamdulillah and you can't do anything of that. Don't allow your past to dictate your future. Don't be bogged down by what happened in what you yourself might have done because you could eventually become safer law. Even though what happened at what happened at the hands of harlot. Also one of the things we learned and I say this all the time.

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time that we all have a role to play. Nobody can be a polymath and a genius and everything, nobody can master everything. Nobody is good at each and every discipline hardly definitely is not known for anything other than military battle.

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number of heads narrated is literally 234. That's it. He's not known for, for Tafseer for his of the Quran, he's not known for any, because we didn't need him for that. We didn't need him to become a 40. We had more other than Java. We didn't need him for Abu huraira. We didn't need we had all of them. Each one had a role. And Hollywood's role was totally different than the role of Abu huraira.

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So you might not be good at whatever leading on what was the rules? Okay, that's not the end of the world. Khalid was not able to recite Quran that fluently by the way. I mean, there are things that are again, even at advanced classes is best not to mention, but he wasn't known for him, let me just put it that way. And he had a bad memory, let me put it this way, which is fun, people have bad memories, he's making mistakes. So they're trying to say, no problem. That's not what he's good at. Okay, Allah is not going to punish him when when he can't have the the court inhibitor the strong health, that's not a big deal. But he didn't allow his his negatives to affect his positives. Okay,

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he can do this no big deal, he can do something else. Each one of us has talents, that are our strong points, and we have to have those talents. That's how Allah created us. We don't

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let ourselves be defined by the negatives. We're defined by our positives. And also, we mentioned this in passing. And we'll leave it you know, generic link. But along with great achievements, there also comes some slips. Again, in hot his life rhodiola one, we've seen this, in the time of the process of them, in the time of America, in the time of Oman, things are happening in all three of them. All three of them, the profitsystem himself has to say and I mentioned this two weeks ago, that all law I'm innocent of what Harvard has done and it is in Bali, and I will worker has to bring it back and I'm what has to be called it back.

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Okay. That's also reality. You can't be perfect, and people are going to disagree with things that you do. Again, Khalid was never bogged down. He didn't define himself by these misunderstandings or whatever it was, he kept on doing what he was good at. And was he good at what that was so somehow to Allah look at were highly venerated one, despite all of these other things that took place. And really for us, there is so much of a lesson to learn from all of this. And with this, we conclude and we pray that Allah subhana wa tada reunites us with these great legends that we are studying and allows us to be with them and Janata for those that are going to hear from them directly, the

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stories that we only read about and to hear from them, you know, the incidents in more detail than anything that we can see over here and share a lot with the other next week we'll move on to our next Sahabi who that is even I don't know yet we'll see who I feel like doing inshallah with data and then we'll come again for one more week and then we'll take a break for the the December break and then come back and shoulder in January. So we have two weeks inshallah, that we're going to be doing, inshallah, any quick questions or announcements?

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Yes.

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Because he was in southern Iraq, and Aveda was in southern Syria.

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And

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people may think that that's just the normal pathway, she has to go across from south to south to really think about what normally happens. you fast forward to 30 years later, when another army wanted to meet another army in South Korea. That's the army of fighting an army of Malia, Malia was in Damascus. It wasn't

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where they need. They need the northern Syria. doesn't make any sense if you think about it, in the very far north. Why is that? Because armies move along the river.

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The army moves around the lungs.

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And the Syrian army moves along the orange and put it in Mojave to meet with the army. They actually they're both in the south. But they had to fight in the north. Because that's what River State College didn't have the luxury to follow that route. About three months,

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army all the way to the north and then back to the south across enemy territory. And what he did was unprecedented and very relevant history and that's why you see almost every book of

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What is that area called? Right now? That desert

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so it's just called the desert of Sham by the ocean okay?

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okay

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and still to this day there's no no civilization

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Subhan Allah Subhan Allah when you look back at it amazing Allah He amazing how Allah zoologia blessed this this person to think about this tactic even Who would have thought of these tactics along with Stan May Allah azzawajal allow us to meet with harder than gender so we can make inshallah, Shall we continue next Wednesday shall the Bismillah