In this outstanding lecture by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi, we delve into the life and times of another great name amongst the Sahabah – Zayd Ibn Thabit RA.
Zayd Ibn Thabit was an Ansar and he embraced Islam at the age of 11 years. He was learned and well versed in reading, writing and arithmetic. He was made to learn and master the Yahud language for easiness in understanding the letters that came to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ on his very insistence. He did so in a meager two weeks. He is known as Kuttab Ul Wahi and he was the first one to attain this honour.
He went on to become the primary scribe and secretary of the Prophet ﷺ. Whenever a portion of the Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet ﷺ, he would immediately call for Zayd and instruct him to bring the parchment, tablets and charcoal,shoulder blades of camels, papyrus or many other materials on which to write the Divine Revelation. He was among the youngest to participate in the Battle of Uhud though his main area of expertise was knowledge which covered two aspects – the Qur’an and Fiqh of inheritance – Ilm Al Faraid. Ibn Abbas RA had learned from Zayd Ibn Thabit RA.
In the Battle of Tabuk, precedence was given by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to carry the flag for the ones who knew the Qur’an and Zayd was the ideal and most apt choice.In the Battle of Yarmouk, distribution of war booty to all the 10000 sahabah was done under the able and appropriate guidance of Zayd Ibn Thabit RA.
The next major contribution by Zayd RA came in the form of compiling of the Qur’an for which he was placed on the editorial board of sorts. There were two stages of this compilation – the first in the time of Abu Bakr RA and the second in the time of Uthman RA separated by a span of 15 years. The Noble Qur’an is the best preserved noble Book till date as it was done just one year after the Messenger of Allah ﷺ left this world and so all the Sahabas of seniority were present to compile the Qur’an to perfection. And all of them unanimously agreed upon Zayd RA doing the coveted job to perfection. Zayd RA began to fully fathom the weighty responsibility which is when he said, “By Allah, if he (Abu Bakr RA) had ordered me to shift one of the mountains from its place, it would not have been harder for me than what he had ordered me concerning the collection of the Qur’an.”
There were many reasons behind choosing Zayd RA for this:
- He was the numero uno scribe of the Khatam un Nabiyeen RA.
- He was among the few who had memorized the entire Qur’an.
- He had the best education with expertise in reading and writing .
- He was young which was why his energy,zeal and enthusiasm would be unparalleled.
- His relationship with the Qur’an was from childhood.
- His integrity was beyond recognition and no one ever doubted him.
- He was present when the recitation of the entire Qur’an was done in Ramadan by the Prophet ﷺ and he was witness to the hearing of the entire book from start to finish.
Zayd Ibn Thabit had 30 children and most famous among them is Kharijah bin Zayd bin Thabit.
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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad
Ali he was on the edge of my Bible. So today inshallah tada we are going to do a Sahabi, whom each and every one of us, in fact, the entire Muslim Ummah owes an immense amount of gratitude to, and every single Muslim should know the details of his story, his life and times, and the blessings that Eliza has given us through him. And that is Zaid, even sabot, Alonso de Zaid, Ibn Sabbath and ansaldi. And the reason why every Muslim should be aware of his name is that it was because of a loss blessings through him that we have the Koran that we do today, the primary companion in charge of collecting the Quran of codifying it, of putting it in this order in this manuscript form was
none other than zayde admin Sabbath on Sati. And as emammal as a hobby when he wrote the biography was a metabolite. He said that all of the millions of the Quran that are were written in his time that they all go back to the blessings of zaidan Sabbath in his compilation of the Koran. And the same goes to every single printed copy of the Quran that Allah subhana wa tada blessed us with a person like Zaid and he was the one who was tasked as we're going to come to with the collection of the Quran. So in today's lecture, inshallah tada we're going to discuss what do we know about his life and times and also do his a hadith he has around 40 or 30 Hadith, we'll try to do at least 15
of them. inshallah, to Allah today is a Debian Sabbath. He was from the unsought he was not of the Maha genome. So he's born and raised in Medina, and he was from the sub tribe of the huzar Raj, and they didn't Sabbath his father passed away in the Civil War called the Wars of broth, if you remember the words of what took place around five years before the hedgerow and it was the primary gift that the Prophet system was given by Allah subhanho wa Taala. It was because of the Civil War in Medina, that the people of Medina wanted an outside leader, they were tired of the civil war between them, and they were looking for an outside leader. And that is why they were very happy to
find the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So in the civil wars Sabbath, the father of Zaid passes away, and he is raised an orphan. And they they've been stabbed. It was a very, very intelligent young man. He embraced Islam at a young age of 11 years old. And even before the migration of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he had memorized all of the suitors that were available to him, most likely from Muslim, they've been omitted, who was already present at the time. And it is said that and he himself never use this as we're going to come to that when the prophet SAW he said, A migrated to Medina, his tribe brought him as a young child as a token. And
they presented him to the Prophet system as their prized possession. And what was the prized possession that he had memorize the origin. And you could recite it with a good voice. And so they presented the child to the Prophet, little lahardee, who was setting them. And he they said to him, that this is our young boy, young man's at Urban Sabbath, and he has memorized either 12 or 15 photos or on and he is literate, now being literate at that age. And that stage is something that was very, very rare. It was almost unheard of that a young child would be literate in that civilization. And the Prophet system was very impressed when he heard the recitation of zayde. And
he was also very happy to hear that he had learned how to read and write. And so when he finished reciting the Koran, the prophecies and made the offer for him, and that
clearly lasted would say, until the end of his life, and when he found out that zayde could read and write, he asked Zaid, Eben sabot that, can you write the language of the hood? And Zaid said, No. So the Prophet says, Adam said that, learn it for me learn it for me, because I don't trust the messages that come to me. I need a secretary who can read their messages rather than one of them translating I wanted from one of my own. And so Zaid said, I dedicated myself to learning the language of the hood and I mastered it in two weeks. In two weeks, he became fluent in reading and writing and speaking the language. Now, in some narrations, it says Locatelli hood, and in other
narrations, the process of actually says do use Do you
Do you speak or read? Cydia Ania. And so DNA is not Hebrew it is Syriac. So there are four or five languages that are called Semitic languages you should know this is this is language information. Of course, the most common that you should all be aware of is Hebrew. And Hebrew is of course, the language that the Old Testament has been written in. In most of its times, however, there are variants there are sister languages, and of them is Aramaic, Jesus Christ spoke Aramaic, and of them is Syriac. And Syriac is a language, let's say between Arabic and Hebrew. And it was spoken in pockets of ancient Arabia, and also in Mesopotamia, and also in places like the Levant and Syria,
they would speak something called Syriac and Syriac is its own version of the Semitic languages. And it appears that the Jews of Medina, were speaking Syriac as well. And these languages are all gone. nobody speaks them anymore. They're completely gone. But there are there are departments when I was at DLR. Remember, there were students and the Graduate Studies in other departments not in Islamic Studies. But in ancient Christianity. There were students that were studying Syriac, there were students that were studying Aramaic. These were completely lost languages, but obviously at advanced levels, they are still around and they are taught one of my colleagues, who was interested in
ancient Christianity was studying Syriac. And he showed me you know, some things and it's similar to Arabic, just like Hebrew, ancient Hebrew is similar to Arabic. So to Syriac, Aramaic, they're all in the similar genre, but they have different alphabets different conjugations. So they they both have it, therefore mastered the language. Now, it is possible that he mastered two languages, because we do have two different reports. One of them he said, I mastered the language of the hood in two weeks. And then in another Hadith, which we're going to come to in the Muslim that the Prophet system said, Do you speak Syriac? He said, No. So he said, master it for me. So they said, I took 17
days to master it. So it appears in alumnos vest that it took he did he did two languages, Hebrew and Syriac. And it's not something that is surprising if they were to have done this. Now, we also learn from some reports, and this is not something you're going to hear in most of the Islamic books, but we find references here and there. And
it seems to be the case that zayde extended family before the coming of the prophets of Allah, why do you sell them? It appears that some of them converted to Judaism, some of the unsolved pre Islam. So let's say some of the people of yesterday, who were not Jews, by ethnicity, had adopted Judaism. We learned this from the Sierra and we find references to some of the unsought I shouldn't say on SOG because when I say outside, it means Muslims so scrapped that some of the people of Medina, who were not from the tribes of the Jews, had adopted Judaism converted to Judaism married into the faith, and were therefore adopted by the tribes of the Jews. It appears that one of David's uncle's
was one of these converts to Judaism. And because of this, he was given the permission to allow zayde to attend the Jewish madrasa. Okay, the Midrash numbers do the Jewish madrasa, there's a macabre madrasa you can call it, that was something that the Jews would would would basically teach their children in. And so it appears that they, as a young child, this is before Islam before it converted to Islam, he's studying in the Jewish madrasa system. And this would explain many things, because out of all of the Sahaba, Zaid was the one who seems to have mastered these languages, the easiest. And also he seems to have mastered the branch that we call mathematics. He wouldn't call it
mathematics. And we know this because he excelled in arithmetic and also in Division, and also in inheritance laws as we're going to come to. So this would explain a lot of things. And there are references that Zaid or the Allahu taala was raised in the culture of the Jews, not necessarily in the religion of the Jews, because his father had not converted, his mother had not converted, rather, his uncle had converted. And so he was studying in the the synagogue, if you like with an amid that our system the madrasa system of the Jews, and this explains his precociousness because obviously, at that time, children did not go to school. At that time, children did not study at that
time they're doing whatever their parents are doing and chores and whatnot, and Zaid has this opportunity to study. Otherwise, he's the only non Jew at this madrasa and therefore, when he converts to Islam, he has an education that nobody else has. And this would also explain why it only took him two weeks to then master the reading and writing maybe he understood some basic Hebrew, but then the reading and writing and the Syriac. He then mastered it and two weeks are in 15 days and this
explains quite a lot if we follow this narrative and and for reasons beyond the scope of today's class, let me just say that seems to be very clear narrative in shallow data. So eventually, they therefore became the primary scribe and the primary secretary of the prophets a little laquanda who was sent them so they it would be called to dictate letters to Zaid would write the Koran. There are reports and sahadi in every book of Hadith, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in Mohali, the version goes when Allah revealed such and such a verse, the Prophet says have said calls a dibbens habit for me and asked him to bring basically paper and pen obviously didn't say paper and
pen because neither is their paper, nor is their pen, but rather it is basically leather or parchment or the backbone, the shoulder blade of Campbell's this is what they would use, and basically some type of charcoal substance that they would use to write. So the Prophet sallallahu wasallam would say, calls a Timothy, tell him to bring basically the instruments of writing the tablets and the charcoal, and when they would come, the prophet system would say, look to write this down, and Zaid would write down the Koran directly in front of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this meek makes zayde amongst a small elite group of Sahaba that are called good tabel Ye,
this is a subset of the Sahaba kuttabul ye the secretaries of the Quran, the qutab the ones who are writing the way from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is obviously a small group. And of course, we have people like Ali of nebia we have been misrule, these are of the kuttabul ye and the foremost amongst them the number one amongst the kuttabul Why is he even Sabbath? So out of all of the scribes of the Quran, the one who did the most directly in front of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam was aid in habit. They was too young to have participated in the Battle of better, better comes and he's barely 13 years old, so he cannot participate in the Battle of better in the bottle
of oil in his Sham mentions him with a group of six young teenagers. And he says these the profitsystem bypassed and allowed to participate despite their age. So Zaid was the youngest batch of participants in the bottle of water if you remember the story of an armada as well. And there were others who were basically wanting to fight Abdullah bin Omar who was also young and he negotiated I'm willing to fight and the process allowed him and so these young people 1415 years old, Zaid is of the that that young batch that participates in the Battle of Oxford, and they they've been sabbat he dedicated his life to knowledge he does. He's not known to be of the Warriors
or the poets or the philanthropists, what He is known for his knowledge and in particular out of the branches of Islamic knowledge, two branches, number one, obviously the Quran And number two, and especially the fifth of inheritance, and it is in the fifth of inheritance that he excelled over most if not all of the Sahaba in fact in a famous Hadith and Sunnah Timothy the process I mentioned seven or eight Sahaba each one is saying this is the best and this this is the best in this so he said the Most Merciful is Abubakar, the most knowledgeable have had and how long is his
why they've been
the one who is the most knowledgeable of the recitation of the Quran Accra own Nikita Bella is
obey in this hadith obey each one is different By the way, it was through this praise in other ways, but in this Hadith, Alcala obey, and the one who is the most knowledgeable in inheritance is Zaid Evans habit. So in this Hadith, they Debian Sabbath is mentioned as the one who is the most knowledgeable of the science of Islam that is called l l l l l. l L. and fara L is the Islamic branch of inheritance, which is a very, very complicated branch, all of us who study Islam full time we had to study we had a whole year of foreign aid where we go over fractions and what happens if there's a half brother and a stepsister and an uncle and three aunts and whatnot is just very, very,
you know, your mind starts swirling, they didn't Sabbath was the one who mastered this field. And we're going to mention some things about this as well. There are also some indications of how much the prophets love it he was sending them loved him of them is that in the Battle of tabuk, when one of the husband Raj was carrying the banner of their tribe in the Battle of to book the Prophet system took the banner from this man, and he handed it to Zaid Ibn sabot. The man who from whom it was taken from Santiago sudo LA, have I done something wrong? Like are you taking it because I done something wrong?
The prophets have said no, not because of you, but we give precedence or respect to the Koran. Okay, no cut them we give tuck them to the one who has Koran. And this is throughout the Prophet systems life, he would always honor those who had the Koran, and they it was out of all of the hazards. He was the one who knew the Quran, the best and the most. And that's why he allowed Zaid to be the flag carrier in the Battle of the book, as as well we learned from a bit above the low tide and that had been advanced would wait outside the house of zaytoven Sabbath and the hot sun waiting for his aide to come out. And he would say that when he would see the the cousin of the process and he said Why
didn't you you know, call me Why didn't you knock on the door? And he said, this is how knowledge is sought, meaning I'm not going to bother you until you already and he would hold on to the Campbell of Zaida bins habit and guided like a like a servant would guide the camel and Zaid Woods would be embarrassed and he would say, oh cousin of the process of him stop. Yep. And I'm middle Sula, stop, don't do this, like you're embarrassing me. And even our boss would say it all the time, hacker that will milna enough Allah Buddha in now who is even a bus. He is the greatest scholar without any competition of the last generation of the Sahaba. Okay, in a bus. He is called the habit of the oma.
And the habit means the intellectual or the scholar of the oma, even Abbas was the greatest alum of the younger Sahaba. Okay, because he dies in the 70 plus hedgerow. He's a young man with the process of dies, when he's a young man who's he studying from the dibbens habit. And they learn to haoran sorry, Abbas learned the Koran from zedi with habit. So even Abbas has to seal and have been Abbas, his recitation is coming from zaytoven tablets. So this is then in our buses teacher. And that's why even our boss would hold on to the, the the animal of Zaid and he would respect they'd like this. And so panelo when he respected zayde, Allah subhanho wa Taala made people then respect urban advice
when his time was, was done. Those who are humble to others, eventually a large origin makes people humble to them, those who give respect to those who deserve it shall be given respect when they deserve it. And this is the story of an Ibis that I mentioned, when we did it in our bus last year, beautiful story of how humble he was, when he studied knowledge. Therefore, he became a scholar, he became the greatest scholar of his era, we already said that sades knowledge of Islamic law of fifth and especially of inheritance, made him famous amongst the Sahaba. And it's also clear that he was good, as we said, we were called mathematics and this is demonstrated by a number of of tasks that
he was given, for example, and what happened
when he reconquered high. But if you remember, if you remember how you bought the process and had allowed the who to stay there for a few years. And they stayed there. Then when it came to power, he said, we have no need now and the process and the last thing that he said before he died meaning on the last few days was a hurry Julia, who the one no Salam in Jazeera Tila out of expel the People of the Book from the Arabian Peninsula. So Omar understood from this, that we should no longer have non Muslim citizens of the Islamic empire in the Holy Land. In digital Arab, there shouldn't be non Muslim citizens. So therefore, he told the hood that we hope we will purchase your land from you.
And he gave them their price. And he asked them to basically leave and they want to read off in other places. And all of this land now is going to the Muslims, and it's a massive amount of land, he sent Zaid, even sabbat to basically distribute the land to those who deserved it from the Battle of cable. So they David sabet, would calculate each share figure out and then he would give it to the people based on his calculations, and an even bigger calculation. When the Battle of Yarmouk took place. And this is one of the largest battles in the history of the Sahaba against the Romans, the Battle of yoke, which took place in the time of Maha tabaka nombre de la tarde on home, one of
the largest battles that ever took place, when the booty had to be distributed, they sent Zaid to go figure out how to distribute amongst 10s of 1000s of Sahaba. And so this is something that requires an Excel worksheet. It requires mathematical calculations. And data with Abbott did it off the top of his head basically, figuring out the exact amount, how much everybody should get and then giving them that quantity. So again, this demonstrates what we would call an education demonstrates aptitude, of mathematics and of learning and cognition,
as well as a dimetapp rhodiola, Thailand
He played a very significant role when the prophets of the loggers and and passed away.
The very first incident that took place, as we know is the incident of the self Tifa. When the unsought and Maha junan there was some tension between them, if you remember the story, and initially there was a suggestion that the unsorted, we should take charge. And that wasn't going to happen. Then they said, Okay, let's have two leaders, one from us, and one from you. So let's have two leaders as be fair and square. and voices were raised and things became tense. Then they made and he was from the unsought. And that's why it's important to know this, they stood up and said, the prophets of the law where I said him himself was from them. Oh Ha, Joon. And we were his answer.
So our leader should be from them. Oh, ha Joon, and we will be his unsought as well. Okay, so the act of humility from one of their own leaders from one of their own, and everybody knew the palm of Zaid, everybody knew how blessed and respected and when he stands up and tells his own people that this is not our job. This is the job of the Maha junoon. And we will help to the profitsystem. We're going to help the on saw this is one
of our beta, they raise the hand of a worker and they said that a worker raise their hands. I said, No, we're going to give back to you. And so it was aide who calm the unsoldered down. And when he made his statement, then the unsought had no choice but to acquiesce and agree. And this was a very big blessing that David sabot had during the Life of Pablo de la.
Zaid was appointed as the main call the the main family of Medina. And in Oman, his son or my son, he mentioned that my father Omar would send so many of the Sahaba to the other lands to be full haha. But he kept Zaid Sabbath for himself in Medina. He kept a Sabbath for himself in Medina, and in the entire Muslim Ummah, Zayed was given the main position of solving complex inheritance problems anytime there was a cutting edge inheritance problem, they would go to Zaid, even sabot and therefore, it is true to say that Zaid admins habit really codify the science of Islamic inheritance. Now somebody can say, isn't this science in the Quran? We respond just like filters in
the Quran. And yet it wasn't codifies. Like if you look at the Quran and say, What are the kind of sada the Quran is not going to list these are the, these are the shuru these are the YG. But that's something that happened a century later. zaidan Sabbath was the one who extracted the principles because the Quran will cater to 90% of your average scenarios and situations, okay, and an average family, the problems come about those bizarre scenarios that you cannot cover, you know, in, in even a textbook, you know, as we said, half uncle's step sisters, you know, brothers from the mother only sisters from the Father, only uncles from this audience from that, and then you have this complex
situation and scenario, and you're wondering, who should get precedence over whom these are the principles that they establish? Now, I was wondering, should I go down this tangent and explain to you what some of the principles, then I realized, it's just not going to work because the inheritance laws are a whole different topic, suffice to say that there is a Master's dissertation done in one of the Islamic universities, an MA dissertation called the contributions of zeta metabo, to the laws of inheritance. It's something available in PDF and Arabic, obviously. And even when I did the laws of inheritance, I had a whole year of that in Medina. And when we did them, we studied
the opinions of zayde. They've been fabric in that class. And remember, clearly, this was the federal aid. So it became the principle of inheritance from that time onwards. And that's why the most famous color of the tab your own, without any exception, the most famous scholar of that generation, eventually have a zoete we should say his of the miners have their own. On the tablet tab, your administrator has already said we're it not for the fact that they can a lot canonized the laws of inheritance, I think the laws of inheritance would have disappeared from the people. So zayde was the one who really set the foundations and the structures for all of Islamic inheritance.
And in the time of obachan Omar Zayed was one of the six people who were appointed to give fatwas in Mecca and Medina, while the majority of the Sahaba are alive. zayde is one of them who can give fatawa
along with it, and more are just a handful of people. So they was one of those who was given fetch what during the time of Oh bucket and aroma, and it is also narrated that he did some minor political roles by and large
was not a politician. And he remained out of politics. He was a pure scholar. And he obviously sometimes he had to do something administrative. For example, more than once Omar al de la Juan appointed him to be the governor of Medina when Omar was not there, so when he would leave for hydro when he would leave for something, he would appoint a to basically take charge. And this shows you the trust that robot had in zayde, even Sabbath are they allowed to add on? Now we get to the main story of Zaid, what is his contribution to the oma other than fara. And that is, of course, his qualification of the Koran we owe them in sabots. beyond words can express for every single copy of
the Quran is essentially ullas gift to us through Zaid Ibn sabut. He was the one who structured it in this manner who put it together. Now we will say of course that he did this at the will of Allah subhana wa Tada. And he did this from what he heard of the prophet SAW some, but in the end of the day,
if the compilation of the Quran has an editor, it is a Debian sabots that's the way we'll phrase Okay, if there is a human editor now we firmly believe that Allah preserved the Koran, but he used people to preserve the Quran. This is what I'm trying to say, Okay, how was the Oregon collected, of course Allah had willed it to be collected. And of course, Allah had protected it. But in the end, it was entrusted to some human beings to physically do. And the main person to whom it was entrusted was eight Eman, Sabbath. And that is why we always ate as we said, an immense amount of gratitude that only Allah subhanho wa Taala can repay him back. So to summarize his story, what is the story
of Zaid and the compilation of the Quran? This story is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari in detail. So from the most authentic book, we get the story, and every book of Hadith mentions the story in some in some detail. And then you have the books of the original Koran that mentioned it in even more detail. And this, the the contribution of zayde is in fact, twofold. He contributed twice to the editorial board of basically compiling the Koran. And each of these has a significant impact on us today. The first of these isn't the time of abakada. So the UK, and the second of these isn't the time of earthman isn't fun at all the Allahu taala. And, and between these two compilations is the
timeframe of around 15 years. So he did edition one, then he did edition two, he did compilation, one compilation, two, and we'll talk about some of the differences between those very briefly. So what happened in the model of yamamah that took place against Mozilla Alakazam in the time of overcast do so this is basically 13 or 14 months after the death of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam very, very immediately after the death of the prophet SAW sent him the Battle of yamamah takes place and in that battle against masala the liar maceda Malika zap many of the who for whom the Muslims used to lead as imams as leaders of the prayer, they were killed as shitheads perhaps up to 71
version seven to her fault and one version had died a Shaheed and Omar began to wonder that if all of our fault die, what will happen to the Koran
because when the Prophet says and passed away, the Quran had not been written, as we all know, in one compilation in one book from Fatah had told us, it had not been written in one book, rather every time some Quran came the process and would dictate it to somebody and then that's it, life would go on. And obviously, in the Salah, the process would recite this surah, that sort of this sort of that sort of so collectively, the Sahaba had heard the whole Quran from the prophet SAW Salem, and had written it down in his presence. But no one had actually written down one copy of the Quran from the beginning to the end, that had never happened, because there was no need for it. And
because the war had continued to come until one week before the death. So how could you have a copy and then add and subtract. And then also abrogation is taking place, some verses are abrogated, as well, so it couldn't happen in the lifetime of the process. And it had to happen after the war, he finishes. And it is a loss of blessings to us that it happened barely a year after the death of the Profit System. This is such an amazing miracle. Compare this to Christianity 140 130 years after Jesus's timeframe compared to Judaism, maybe 1000 years after the time of Moses, maybe 1000 years. The first time the Old Testament is written down. Okay, Hinduism, we have no idea which millennia It
was written down much less with century, much less last year. We have no idea who the authors are, what their names are, is just found. And that's it.
So Subhan Allah, it is a lot of blessings. And that's why every fair minded researcher No matter how much they want to stir up doubt about the Quran, they come to this conclusion for sure. And that is, out of all of the holy books, the one that has been the most preserved, so much. So there's no competition with any other holy book is the Quran, because whatever you want to say, the fact that one year after the death of the process, and when every single senior so happy is alive, obachan is alive, Roman is alive, earthman is alive, it is alive all of the seniors to have and they collectively agree to the Quran, then that's pretty clear that, that it's a very authentic book, and
my own Professor ideal, who was not a Muslim, who was agnostic was an atheist, and obviously, I got to know him very well. And I asked him, so what do you think of the Quran? That is it something that has been preserved? And he told me, I think, by and large, and he's one of the most world famous, you know, Professor of Islamic Studies Tell me, I think, by and large, and his speciality also is the Quran, that by and large, whatever the Prophet said is, the Quran is what we have as the Koran. This was his analysis as well, and somebody who doesn't believe in, in nothing, who knows, and I think why not I would have to learn just by looking at the academic evidence was by and large, what
he claimed to be the Quran, this is what we have as the Quran because of how early it was compiled, and the people who did it. And again, this goes back to a lot of blessings through Zaid Evans habit. So the Battle of Yama takes place. And in the Battle of yamamah, many who fall are martyred. Omar rhodiola, one panics, and he says, what are we going to do? So he goes over to the studio. And he says that
my suggestion to you or worker is that we write a master copy of the Quran, such that even if the people's memory goes, we shall have the book with us, okay, we'll have a copy from beginning to end, we're not going to be worried because what if somebody had memorized a surah, and he dies, and nobody remembers that sort of other than Him, and we don't find the parchment It was written on wasn't going to happen, then it's too dangerous. If three or four people heard the process of recite such a sutra or such an ayah, then they all die one after the other in a few years, and maybe the one document is written on is never found was going to happen, then there's a fear that something
that the process and recite it as the Quran shall not be maintained as the Hold on. So a vaca Siddiq, when everybody is still alive, all of us are here, let's all come together and compile the master copy that we all know should be there. And I will walk around the level and said, I can't do this. How can I do something that the Prophet doesn't herself? Never did? This is something he never did it, how can I do it? And I will, but God was scared of falling into an innovation a beta. And he felt that if this is something that should have been done, then the profitsystem should have done it. And this goes back to the notion of what constitutes an innovation, what constitutes disobeying
the Profit System. And this is not an innovation because it's not as if it's prohibited to do this. You're not inventing a new principle, you are protecting knowledge. And this is something that should be done, and I will work with us to do then is convinced by Omar until he says, Okay, I think that this is a good idea. Then they discuss who should they put in charge of this task? Who should they put in charge and task, and the both of them come to the same name immediately. And this shows you the status of date, they had no difference of opinion, that the person that they should assign for this task is none other than Zaid, Eben sabot. So imagine, out of all of the Sahaba, the one
name that comes to both of their minds is none other than Zaid sabot. So they called for him. And they said to him, that yes, you are a young man, who is intelligent. And you used to write for the prophets, Allah sharp on African. So you're a smart young kid. So his intelligence, his education, they know it. As we mentioned, he is a very educated man for the time in place. Hardly anybody had gone through. In fact, none of the cyber that I knew went through that system that he had gone through. So you're an intelligent young man, and learn at the Himalaya, we don't doubt you, we trust you. And we want you to compile and gather the Quran from all of the Sahaba of Medina de all those
that heard it from him, and then present us with the master copy with the first initial copy, they rhodiola hota and said, if they had his telling this later on, and this is his body, hymns, his thoughts, he said, if they had asked me to pick up a mountain and move it from one place to another, that would have been an easier task in my mind than this one. The responsibility upon me, it would have been easier to tell me to pick up a mountain and move it to another place.
Then to compile the Koran. So this shows us his Eman and taqwa because those who want leadership should not get it. And those who are frightened of leadership are the ones who are the most qualified for it, he did not like it. And in fact, he initially declined. And the both of them continue to pressure him and continue to emotionally pressure him, which is what you should do to a real leader. The real leader runs away he doesn't want it until the others that are righteous that are pious, they keep on saying we need you there's nobody else and then after this, you accept a large degree and you move forward. And so eventually they did and fabric agreed to do this now. Why
did they choose a bad habit? we'll mention seven reasons why did they chose the the myth habit number one, that he is the primary scribe of the prophets of the Lord send them the number one secretary, the number one person who is known for being the the, the category ye of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And in fact, in one book, we learn one of the reasons why that is the case. One of the reasons was that
the the house of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the messenger of the Prophet system was in the section of the balloon ajar, and then it was from the balloon a job. So the house of Zaid was one of the closest houses to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And we learn this from an interesting tidbit that we find in some of the books and that is that zeds house well, we should say his father and mother's house his father's dead now, so his mother's living there, so the house was born and raised in xanes house had the tallest roof in that area. And when the event was first legislated, the profitsystem told Bella to stand on the roof of the house of zayde, before the roof of the house
of the masjid was finalized, and before that was made called firm firm, the initial place of the event for the masjid or the process of was the house of Zaid. So how close must it have been? you get my point. Okay, the plan is being given from the roof of the house of xid, which shows you It must be literally visual distance from the masjid. And therefore, when the Quran comes down, and the Prophet system needs a scribe, he's not going to call somebody who's 30 minutes away 20 minutes away. Zaid is three minutes away. So it is very common that he would say calls aid for me and say this right there and he would come. The second reason is that Zaid was one of the few who had
memorized the entire Quran, as I have said many, many times, most of the Sahaba were not performed, because they were worried about the responsibilities of being a Hatfield. Like if I memorize the Quran, what if I don't act upon it properly. And so they will not go forward like the way that we have which is just memorize memorize. for them. It was memorizing for the sake of acting, and they felt it was a big responsibility. So few of those few of the Sahaba had actually memorized the Quran, and especially in the life of the Prophet system, there were even fewer who would be eager to go and memorize every verse as it's coming down. Because think about it right? every few days a new
is coming, who is going to keep track. Zaid was one of those and we learned this from none other than NSF nomadic and I gave his biography. And so pneumatic said, for the people who memorize the Quran in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, which means, of course, there were more than four. But he's saying these are the most important four, which means they're making it a point to figure out what's being revealed to memorize it will be a bit more either Benjamin, and of them is a Debian Sabbath as well. So they it is of the whole fall in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The third reason, as we already mentioned, is that Zaid was an educated
person having gone through the school system that was typically reserved for the Jewish children. And therefore he has gone through reading and writing and arithmetic, as we would say, and none of the other unsought had gone through that system. Because again, he's the only non Jewish person there because of his uncle's context. Otherwise, it's something that the Jews do for their own educational system. And then it's nothing that the Muslims would have gone through. And so zayde is one of those. In fact, the only exception that we know, the fourth reason mentioned by aboubaker he says that you are Shaban arkell you are intelligent, we already mentioned intelligent young man. And
being young is very important. Because as we all know, especially those of us like myself who have gone through those young years and they're in the past now, the energy and the zeal that you have when you're in your 20s is not like when you're in your 40s 50s 60s Okay, and zayde at this stage is 22 years old 23 perfect age absolutely perfect. Like the zeal and enthusiasm that maybe you guys have on
Your first day of your first job. Hmm, I'm going to show the boss who I am. That zeal you're not gonna have when you're 65 years old
You're 39 Mashallah, Mashallah.
So it's not gonna happen when you're 22. This is an ideal age, ideal age, like you're going to be so dedicated and you're going to go overboard. That's what they did. And look at a woman and a worker. Both of them are in their 60s and 50s. They chose aid because he's a young man in the Quran, shabu. You're a young, energetic, intelligent man. So this is one of the reasons that they chose zayde events habit number five.
His relationship with the Quran goes back to his childhood.
What is the first story that we know about Zaid, he was brought to the process as a young child to recite the Quran. So panelists as if Allah had created this position for the first incident before this, we know nothing about Zaid, really, other than he studied in the system, but no incident. The first incident that we know about Zaid, he's brought as a young child to recite on in front of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The sixth reason is that again in the hadith of our learner to him, aka, we don't doubt you, nobody doubts you. Your track record is clear. Your integrity is beyond question. You are known to be sincere, and dedicated. And we see this even in the cicada
incident, that he told his own people to give up their power for the sake of Islam. That's a sign of sincerity, told his own people, you it's not our job, let them do it, and we'll be their helpers. So you are a person we do not doubt. And therefore he was trusted by all of the Sahaba and he was giving fatwa in Medina, as we know when a vocal number alive and he was one as a man himself said that my father Omar sent many of the Sahaba to other cities, but he kept zayde for himself in Medina. So he wanted to keep the best Fatih in his time to be giving fatwa in Medina. And then point number seven, and perhaps the most important point of all, they was present when it's called they're
out of a hero, the final time that the Prophet says and recited the Quran in his life. This is called a hero. What is allowed, allowed God is what would happen in the month of Ramadan, every Ramadan, as we learned from the hadith of unece, and others and Sahib Bahati that the Prophet system would meet Djibouti every night yet adara Sol Koran they will teach the Quran to one another means go back and forth Moraga. Okay, so some have said that Jubilee would recite and the process would recite back to him some have said the process and recite to gibreel some 100 gb recite to the process and Allah knows best but the point is Djibouti and the Prophet system would go over the
Quran cover to cover
and from this we get our Salah to Torah, we issue of dividing onto 30 ports and reciting when every single night as we said, and Ramadan is only six weeks away, so be prepared. Six weeks that's it was Milan and we're ready for it. Are we ready for Ramadan or not? Bismillah? So
zayde was present in the final Ramadan's recitation. And we learned this from one of the Tabby rune from Amanda salami, one of the tabular with the students of Zaid who said that zayde was present during the outlaw era. And this is of utmost importance. Why? Because from the outset, a hero from the final script, they would have learned that 13 of the sutras
because the 13th of the sutras is not something you can figure out from the Salah
if the process and recite in one suit on the first Sarkar and others would in the second regard, how does that the whole Quran how you're going to compile it together? Think about that. Right? How are you going to compile the whole Quran if you're not going to hear it, cover to cover. And then also another very important point, the concept of abrogation. And this is a deep concept, but we as listener, the Morteza denied this, and I think as well, the she I deny this as well, but the eldest son affirm something called abrogation or ness in the Quran. And ness is the concept of some verses having been lifted up for wisdoms that are
beyond the scope of this class. And in our books of Hadith, we find a number of instances of this that there were verses revealed, and then they were then abrogated, lifted back up, and this is mentioned in the Koran. My nan saffman is an Onan see how not to be hi
I'm in her home with Leah whenever abrogate a verse, or cause it to be forgotten, some verses a low cost to be forgotten, except that we bring something better than it or equal to it. So the concept of Venus is well known in our tradition. How then can we confirm what has been abrogated? Somebody must have heard the final recitation, and that is a Sabbath on Saudi. So they they miss Sabbath was the right person and nobody in all of Islam had all of these seven characteristics other than Him, no one, no one combined all of these characteristics other than Zaid bin sabot. And so they reluctantly agreed to the task and model the law one stood up in the member after most likely Juma
will assume this is after Juma because every major announcement is done after Juma and he announced that they are collecting the copies of the Quran and he said that Zaid is in charge everybody bring your poron your your Quran means what here whatever you've written, no, there is no must have. There is no must have, nobody has almost have no one. Some Sahaba had partial must haves 40% 50%. No one had a mill stuff. Nobody did it. Some Sahaba were more concerned about writing more portions of the Quran. But no one had a full copy of the Quran not even close. No one. And also, by the way, one of the reasons nobody had a full copy of the Quran. Can anybody guess why?
By resources, what do you mean?
What are you going to write it on? What are you going to write it on?
What would you write it on? There is no paper. I gave a lecture in this very Masjid seven years ago, I think about paper, leather, leather, one leather like you know your leather jacket. Okay, imagine if you were tried to put on your leather jacket.
Imagine how thick that would be. And that is why the earliest must haves are literally this big.
Literally like three feet by four feet. This is the earliest Muslims from the first century of Islam. Literally, I'm not exaggerating, and I've seen pictures of them, I have not been able to touch any because they're beyond the touch of the average person, you cannot go and touch them. But there are behind you know, glass doors and whatnot. Those are ons were literally that the number one number two, how much leather do you think you're going to need? How many 1000s of camel skins, right to write one copy of the hold on? Who can afford that, as an average person who can afford 1000s of leather skins Think about that. So you have to have the state to help you the Treasury to help you
not an individual person. So nobody had a copy of the Quran. So I'm literally stood up and said, anybody who has anything that he wrote in the presence of the prophets as a means dictated directly bring it and he commanded they to sit in the section of the masjid. And so they became the committee, the editorial committee, where people would come and tell him and for every verse that he found written down, he also required to her fault as well. So he required now scholars have different data required to written and to memory or one written and to memory and that's beside the scope of our class today, our talk today, he basically required something in writing and something
memorized. Somebody must have heard it from the Prophet system and somebody must have written it from the Prophet system, so that there's a corroboration. Okay. Somebody heard him recite it and some salad or something, and somebody had written it, so there's a corroboration. So, Zaid said, I began to utter jumble, like bits and pieces collect together, the Koran, from the leaves of date palms, and the shoulder blades of Campbell's, and the pyrite because there was a pirate there was prepared that they would get from they had their technique and they would also get it from the Egyptians. When somebody sent any document or letter, they would then wipe it away and then use it
again. It was something that they would you so they did have a concept of pirates that the Egyptians had invented pirates. It is somewhat thin, but not paper thin, but it fades very easily. And it wrinkles very fast, and it doesn't last too long. So I gave the lecture on paper, you can listen online, it's from MIT. The benefit of paper is not only that it is thin, but it lasts hundreds of years. 1000s of years if there's no moisture, this is why paper changed everything. Okay, and paper, as I told you in that lecture, it was first invented by the Chinese but they never used it. For some reason. They just didn't understand the significance. It was the Muslims who then adopted that
technology and made it a global technology. Then as with most things when the Europeans found it, initially they took it from the Muslim
And then they bettered it. And we were left behind and they went forward with the soap.
paper is not in the picture right now. They're just giving you this as something later on. So
they they've been habits that I began to compile the Quran from bits and pieces, literally, he's getting this from various sources, and he is then putting it in its proper order. Now, very deep question. I'm not going to go too deep into this because I don't want to confuse you. And it's not the lecture to do this today. Where does the order of the sutras come from? There's many opinions Believe it or not, the standard one, the easy one, the one that we all like is that this is a divine order, and it is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And it is from Jubilee to the prophet to the Sabbath. And that is a good opinion and hamdulillah. That's good. There's another opinion that the 13th of
the sutras is something that was decided by the Sahaba. Okay, and if this opinion is valid, and that also has some evidence for this opinion, then the primary person that is going to make this decision is eight. So if we follow the second opinion, right now, I'm not going to get into the pros and cons of both opinions. Let's just leave that for now. If we follow the second opinion, which is that the total tube or the arrangement of the surahs comments from the Sahaba, and that has some evidence for it as well, then the Totti primary person would be zeta metabones. So once again, zayde role in deciding which Surah Now he's going to be the initial editor, if you like, then the Sahaba will
approve, and then there's a jamaa. So either way, from an Islamic perspective, there is unanimous consensus of the Sahaba of the arrangement of the suitors, and in our study are the unanimous consensus of the Sahaba is a source of legislation. Is that clear? So really, in the end of the day, the net result is the same and that is the arrangement of the sewers is binding on us. We are not allowed to reprint the Koran and change the sewers for no reason we can have selections of the suitor no problem. We cannot print a full must must have and then we decide I want to put this outta there this sort of they're no we have to respect the law of the Sahaba or if you follow the first
opinion, we have to follow the 13th of Allah subhanahu wa tada So zayde has a very interesting Hadith I'm actually gonna jump to that Hadith right now and and then come back to this the book of Muslim Obama later on
day they've been sabbat says
the mecca tub to massage when I was writing the muscle I have to I attend to a smile Hammond rasulillah is awesome. I couldn't find one idea that I used to hear from the Prophet salallahu idea he was sent him now this is very important. Zaid is a half elf.
And he knows the whole Koran. And he's waiting for confirmation for his own memory. He could have written the arm from his own memory. And if he had done that, then nobody could have said anything. But he wanted confirmation from others. And he said I was waiting to find an eye I didn't find it with anybody. But I had heard it many times from the prophets alongside him until I only found it with one person who's aima Ansari. I only found it with Jose Manuel Ansari. And which is this minute minion Eddie Jordan Sadako ma de la la. There are those people who have fulfilled the promise that they made to Allah subhanho wa Taala and all the way to the end of the ayah. And Zaid says Jose Emma
was the one who was called Xu Shahada teen the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had said his Shahada is equal to two Shahada. So I took it and I put it in the most half. Now, this is such an interesting and bizarre tangent will lie It's a miracle. The only Sahabi whom the Prophet says that I'm said your testimony is equal to two is Jose another side because Emma and Zaid require two witnesses for every verse.
And he knows there's a verse he could not find it with anybody except this one Sahabi whom coincidentally you know, obviously Allah other the one Sahabi, whom the profitsystem said your Shahada is equal to two is the one for happy he finds this ayah with if this isn't a less other and miracle all setup than what is too much to to make it this precise, right? And who is presented by the way, just very briefly, because again, this is such an interesting story, whose aim is from the Zetas from the
hostage hoses from the house and he was from
participated in more than and what and what not. The story goes that was one of the better ones. And remember, the better ones didn't have a man, the better ones were most of them. Not really Muslims. And when African as Allah says, woman Arabi when after, who knows, you know that Allah says in the corner, one of these Bedouins comes. And he's buying and selling merchandise, and the profitsystem, purchased some goods from him. And he said, I'll get you the money, I'm going to get you the money. So the process is in the school, and he purchased some goods in the meantime. So the goods are there. In the meantime, another guy comes and offers more money.
So the veteran says, Okay, forget that. I'll just take this, I'll take yours. The process then comes back and says, Give me my goods, and gives him the money. The man says, Well, I already sold it. The problem is that I we already agreed. We had an agreement. So the better one says, Do you have witnesses? It's upon Allah. The better one says you have witnesses shall bring me your proof. So and this is the marketplace. So the profitsystem looks and says, has anybody witnessed what happened? as anybody who heard the initial transaction, like because he didn't know who was behind it, Who's there? And so when I look at the the humility of the profitsystem, like, he becomes just a regular
disputant against this man now, right? The man is saying, even though he's the leader of Medina, he's also the law, but the Bedouin saying, I used to be your witnesses. So the process of saying, okay, was anybody around when I agreed with this price and whatnot, and the Muslims are getting angry at the Bedouin? How dare you who is a result of law? And then Hosea says, I am a witness.
The prophets have said, Did you hear me and him? says no. So how can you be a witness? How are you witness when you didn't hear? So he said, You are Rasulullah and I believe you and everything. How can I deny this? Like you are the salt? I mean, how can I deny this? Of course, I believe you. So I'll be a witness. So the process of smiled and said, Your Shahada is equal to two Shahada is just like that, even though in this case, he didn't take it and apply it on the Bedouin. Like he just let it go. Because Okay, if he's gonna cheat, then call us let him cheat and Allah will deal with them, but just like to praise Jose Lima. He said your Shahada is equal to two Shahada Subhana Allah, what
an amazing incident right? That amazingly, it just
who I mean alone, you but who else knew that this hadith would become crucial to the preservation of the Quran, because they did not find this I except with Hosea urban Sabbath, on Friday, and
today, on my Facebook, I posted something about Hosea because they're gonna be doing all this research and I came across a beautiful hadith of Hosea, this is Jose my urban fabric, where Jose mas saw in a dream that he is doing such the, on the forehead of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So he came the next day and he said, you know, Sunil, I saw a dream that I'm doing such the, on the forehead on your forehead. So the process I'm held on to his head, and brought his head close to his head until the two foreheads touched, right, and he said, very early in the row, hello, row, and the row meets the row in the sleep, okay, that our rows met each other in the sleep, okay, and he then
physically did this without the two foreheads were touching one another. This is Jose, what an honor and blessing for Jose, and
Jose ma are the law of Thailand, as well, he, there are many blessings about Jose maybe it's habit. But again, the point here is that Subhanallah, the one person who Shahada is equal to two is Jose Ma, and he's the one that that I is found with now. Interesting point as well that Zaid is looking for this ayah, which means he's he's consciously basically putting and and, and and collecting the suitors that he knows another point, this hadith mentions follow along to haffi mecanica. I put it in its place, which is an evidence used by the first group of scholars who says that everything was in a place by a law by the prophet system. That's an evidence used by them. So again, there are
evidences on both sides, and we're not going to get into this one. So
this was the first if you like, receptacle, the first most half that was that was written and Zaid is the only person in charge one man committee is ada metabones. And that's it. And he gives this master copy to Abu Bakar. When Abu Bakar passes away, it is inherited by Omar because it's state property. When Omar is stabbed to death, then because it was no immediate clean after after him. So it was kept in the house of hafsa. Our mother because hafsa is his daughter until eventually, basically it was
destroyed at the commands of the early oma years for again reasons beyond the scope of this class. So it was something that lasted for around 15 years or so. This is the first committee of
ain't even thought but there's a second committee as well. And this takes place in the time of earthman. In the battles of Azerbaijan, these are probably 2122. Digital. Okay, so we're talking about around 1718 years after there are 19 years after the first compilation. Okay, so now his aid is in his 40s now, and in Azerbaijan, Muslims from Iraq met with Muslims from Syria, and Muslims from the ages. And the three of them, were reciting the Quran with different accents, different language. Now, again, this is a very deep concept. And we don't have time to get into it in detail in this thing, but every language has its tones. It's in in
inflections, how we speak English in America is not how it's spoken in England, or in Canada, or in Australia. In fact, even in America, how many different dialects exist, and you don't just have dialects, you have word substitutions as well, okay. You know, British and English, they have different words, okay? When I was learning in Serbia, but most of my peers were British students. So I picked up a lot of their words as well, you don't say I'm going to call yours, I'm going to ring you. Okay, so you're going to ring you with the phone. So these are things now, you know, so if I wanted to say I'm going to give you a call, if I said that to a British guy, he thinks I'm going to
shout at him. Because calling his shoutouts you don't say that, because I'm going to give you a ring is littered with this, I'm going to give you a ring, I'm going to ring you, we don't say that here is I'm gonna ring you. So what happened was some of these new converts, were substituting in new had it, you know, this and that. So you had a whole mess of this early, and they didn't understand you have to be strict, because these are new people. Some of them are non Arabs. Some of them are speaking Arabic in different dialects. So you had all of this hodgepodge going on complete chaos. So today, finally a man and I gave his biography three weeks ago today from new man the same day for
him the amount of new haccombe, that's imperative for the feminine the man, he saw a dispute in which two groups of Muslims, instead of fighting the enemy, they were almost about to fight each other over how to recite the Quran, that saying, this is the way this is the way that they first said, Unless we stop this, we have a bigger problem than those guys. So he left the jihad. And he returned to Medina, one of the senior most Sahaba that was in Azerbaijan, he returned to Medina, and he said to Earth motive, and I found that on Earth, man, you had better stop this dispute, before we split up, like the Jews and Christians split over their holy book. And he told them exactly what's
happening, that this is not gonna, you know, we need to we need to make sure this doesn't happen. So it's a man called a committee of all of the Sahaba and he said to her, they've told them what happened. So they've had said, this is what's happening, that people are reciting the Quran differently, you know, synonyms, substitutions, dialects, this and that, and it's not gonna, you know, we better stop this. So what should we do? So, suggestions were given here and there until finally, the suggestion was given that the, we will pronounce the Quran in the dialect of the whorish. Okay, we're going to use the ledger of the Quran, which is what we do to this day, to this
day, our scientific theory then everything is from the ledger of the orange, the other Arabs had different legette and they would substitute words and letters that we don't do in the Quran. So for example, the Hadith lay seminal bit of Sam if you suffer, one of the tribes would make substitutions and if that lays them in m m cm, so for Safa, they will change the meme to about to a meme, and they will do their job does the famous Hadith that some of the later scholars of Hadith also mispronounced it in their own ledger? And the scholars had to say this isn't the process of speaking this is the middle guy lays them in m cm for Safa lay seminal bit of cm of his suffer. And one of
the Hadith narrators said it in that way. So this was happening with the Koran.
And that's why the committee said, what we need to do is to go back to the original of the Debian tablets, the most probable backer and make master copies and send copies to every province along with the audit a teacher who's going to teach the Quran from the larger of the kurush because it came down in the ledger of the Quraysh. Okay, and they needed a group of editors now to make master copies, not just one copy. So once again, Zaid was called
and Zaid was given the task to produce master copies of the one master copy, right. And this time, though, they said we're going to add other people to the committee, because oh, Zaid, your ledger is from yesterday from Medina. Right your ledger is on solid, slight differences might have been there. And we want to make sure is the ledger of the Arabs and they chose
The most foreseer eloquent of the oroshi and his name was sorry the Manila house he was from the oma we can say the house was one of the younger Sahaba but he was known to be fussy be the sandal. He was very eloquent and the horseshoe dialect and they said oh sorry, did you recite the most half of eight like what you have you recite and they will write again, but this time, your lecture will be written down as well. Now, what is the difference we already actually know of a difference one difference is the word boot to boot to boot. You can write it with a term or Buta and you can write it with an actual tab
okay. And they would write it with a timer Buta and the array writing with data. And so this is a difference. How do you write the letter like you know, British English versus American English color CEO or CEO? Oh, you are okay humor. This is small differences in the very little things and Zaid had written it according to the writing style of Medina. Okay, and now I wanted to basically do a version of the writing style of the Quraysh slight differences here and there. But there's no difference in Ayah no difference in a surah is the same Koran. But what I make sure now that the the spelling that we use and the pronunciation is going to be preserved of the kurush and rather than
one copy, we need six copies, some said five Some said eight looks to be most likely six copies. So the committee then sat down and duplicated the master copy with if you like fixing the the Spelling's, okay? The Spelling's that were between Mecca and Medina, whatever between the larger of the onslaught, and the larger the porridge. And then these copies were sent around the provinces. And earthman then said that anybody who wants to recite the Quran and write the Koran, you need to come to these master copies and study with the guy that we're sending, the main guy that we're sending, and so these names are known. And that's their note, and anybody who owns your own personal
copy, you need to respectfully get rid of it. And respectfully getting rid of it meant that you either burnt it, or you throw it in the ocean, or you buried it deep, this is how we get rid of a mustache, right. And because this was done at the command of the halifa, so every province would basically collect the forearms, they would have hundreds of mishaps and then they would burn them, and burning them is not disrespecting them. As we know from our tradition, when non Muslims read this for the first time, when you burn a book in the Western tradition, there's a psychological difference when you burn a book in the Western tradition is because it's sacrilegious in the eastern
tradition in our religion, you burn it out of respect that you don't want the paper to go to nudges you don't want the paper to be trampled on. So you burn it to extinguish it so that it's not disrespected the exact opposite. You burn it out of respect so that people don't trample over it. So that doesn't go stuff with a lot to digest or something like this. So when the Westerners read this, they said, Oh earthman burned the most house because the psychologists know complete cultural misunderstanding of what happened, he burnt it out of respect, not out of disrespect. And with this, then every single must have in the world, then followed the arithmetic must have. And to this day,
our must have followed letter for letter, the most half of Earth man, even if it is called the arithmetic must have. But once again, who is the actual main editor? They the one who's writing sorry, it was dictating sorry, the mouse, Zaid was writing down, the spelling was taken by side but the scribe is none other than Zaid Evans, avid. So both of these
were done by Zaid in Sabbath, but all the Allahu taala. I know, some final points that you should also know by the way that even was rude, you should know this, I want you to hear it from me rather than somebody else. Even Massoud, he kind of felt left out and he had every right to feel left out that you didn't consult me. And I am somebody who studied directly with the process. I mean, if anybody has the right to feel left out, it's even muster. So again, look at it from his perspective. And when the command came to, you know, dispose of your personal must have. So he basically said, I'm this is Microsoft, I'm not going to dispose of it, I copied it directly. And again, he has a
right if you look at it, he has a right to that position. And he said Why should I listen to a young kid who when I came to Medina, he still had his two ponytails playing around you know, with the kids of the Jewish tribe. So you know, it was rude as a man as a as a young kid when he migrates but it was why should I listen to him? I learned the Quran from the Prophet system directly 70 suitors and this type of stuff is understandable. It is said that eventually even miss Rodin,
you know, acquiesced and whatnot, but initially there was some hesitation to do so.
finishing up the life of Zaid bin tabet. When Earth mundo de la Juan was surrounded by the mobs, they visited him and earth man said that you can help me more outside my house than inside my house. I mean, I appreciate the visit, but the people are outside. So they went outside and began negotiating with the mobsters with the with the rebellious crowd.
Some of the riffraff stood up and hit him. In which case, at which point some of the unsolved stood up and said, How dare you hit and harm they do not realize that if you kill Zaid, he said to the guy that was harming him, that if you kill Zaid, you wouldn't even know how to inherit your own inheritance. You wouldn't you would need to go to date for that. So Zaid negotiated with the mobs outside and some people left and and he himself was also attacked in defending earthman for the load data on and he said, standing outside the house of Earth man, yeah, en sobre la kulu Ensenada LA, so especially to the onslaught, and he succeeded in getting rid of some of the unsought who are outside
of the house. Yeah, on sobre la kulu en sobre la, be real on sight of Allah, and don't do this earth man's life is sacred. And so, some of the unsought then left when they told them to do so. And the Battle of between it, and while we are the last one, they was on the side of it, but he refused to participate and draw his sword. He was there in spirit, but he didn't participate with the sword until I might have been the acid was killed when he saw a mod killed, that is when he took off his sword, and he fought against them. Because he said that I heard the profitsystem say talk to local theater about here that the party is going to kill a mob. And he then lived in Medina until he died
in the year 45 hegira. And when he passed away, even agda said, this is how knowledge goes away. This is how scholars go away. Today, most of knowledge has been buried Woods eight, this has been a bus sink, right he died in the year 4500. I mean our bus lived for another 30 years. And when they died in a bus said this is how knowledge disappears. Today, knowledge is being buried most of knowledge is being buried today. Adil Medina, the teacher of the mount Bahati said there were only three companions who founded schools, Madeira says they they've been sabot in mustard and even Ibis. They found it means they had students and they had students. So as aid is one of those people who
did that. They had a large family he married many times, three or four wives and two or three overwatered. And he had perhaps around 30 children, but one of his children is the most famous scholars of the next generation. There are seven who are called an fuqaha, a sabar the seven scholars of the Tabby rune who are all in Medina at the same time, and all of our religion of Islam goes back to them. These are majority of them. Not all majority of them are children and grandchildren of the Sahaba. Okay, so for example, we have
an awesome a bin Mohammed in Vivica sudip. This is one of the folklore of Sabah we have Salim ibni Abdullah habanero moto hotdog is one of the folklores sabar we have a ban even earthman I've been a fan. Okay, so about Coronavirus, man they all have grandchildren or children that are from the fourth Saba and then we have Abu Salah even Abdul Rahman didn't have his son. Then we have our eminence development I won one of the Oklahoma Sabha and then we have hardage Eben Zaid Ibn sabot hardage Gibbons, eight immotile. And there are others as well. Simon will say it is not one of the sons of the Sahaba. So one or two were outside but the majority of them are children and
grandchildren are the Sahaba and one of those seven is hardage. Eben Zaid had been Sabbath so his son hodja became one of the main scholars of the next generation of Islam. And
with the death of Zayed obviously, the senior level of scholarship he was the last of the senior level of Sahaba to pass away then the next generation of Sahaba came like even Abbas and others. And with that we just want to I know it's time is limited, I just want to go over three or four I was going to do 15 minutes upon Allah, no time as usual always we get to the end of the time.
So I'll just do a few ahaadeeth from Zaid even sabot. So, and again this is Muslim by Mohammed and he has around 40 a hadith narrated so not a large number, not a small number. Most of is a hadith deal with fear and inheritance and foreign not surprisingly, okay, fifth and inheritance and hold on and again one of the reasons I do this so that we get the personality of
Sahaba through the narrations that they're narrating because what they're narrating is what they're interested in. So he has quite a lot of a hadith about buying and selling quite a lot of a hadith about inheritance and quite a lot of idea about the or on and how much the process of recited So, for example, Isaiah had been Sabbath, I ate this rule with the Prophet salallahu it who was sell them, then we went to the masjid and waited for the karma. Somebody asked him how much was the time between the circle and the farmer. He said, how long it takes to recite 50 verses of the Koran, how long it takes to recite 50 verses of the Koran. And so basically between the man and the farmer is
like 15 minutes or so how quickly was I 1550 versus is going to be like that.
One day they've been Sabbath. The Profit System said to me, Dorsey, no, sorry, Ania Do you speak or do you know how to read and write Syriac for books come to me and I want to read them or letters come to me and I want to read them? I said no. So he said, then learn it. So I learned it in 17 days, sebata shadowman. So say the same. I learned Syriac in 17 days. And another atheist said I learned Locatelli code in 15 days, which seems like I said he learned two languages Hebrew, and Syriac. And Aleksandra knows best. The next idea, beautiful habit. I really love this hadith that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said,
Whoever concentrates his desire in the for the Hereafter, then Allah will make all of his affair is easy for him. And Allah will give him riches in his heart, and this world will come to him subdued and submitted. But whoever makes this world his main Nia, then a law will dissipate his affairs, and a law will display his poverty in front of his eyes, and nothing of this world will come to him, except what has been decreed for him. In other words, aim for the Hara, and this dunya will come to you.
Aim for the dunya and it will not come to you. And this is zayde. That in reality, I did not mention that they lived we would call him an upper middle class life. He wasn't rich. But some handle on money came to him from sources like alleges bless him from the door of the process, what he's doing. And this hadith applies to him. And we need to learn from that as well. was a myth Sabbath. He said, I recited suta najem to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he did not do such. So he's reciting the Quran to the processor. The fact he doesn't do such that it is because it is not wise you HAVE to do such. So this hadith shows us he does not want you to do such that if you hear a
recitation of any verse that has surged in it, one other study that will do then one day they've been Sabbath and he said, I would write for the prophets of Allah, why do you send them the Koran? So one day he said to me, write this down. So that a nice average 95 law Yes, the way you do now, don't quote me, this is not the eye as we recited law yesterday. You do not well, Mujahideen, a FISA be the law, not equal are those who are sitting and doing jihad in the way of a law I wrote it down. Then Abdullah Al Maktoum came the blind Sahabi and he said Yasuda law. I also love jihad, FISA, Beatty law, but I have a disability disability, as you see, and I don't have my eyesight.
So meaning it's not fair that
I'm sitting back, and I cannot go but I want the other of the Mujahideen. So they said, I was sitting next to the prophets of the law, why do you set them and I could feel his thigh on me. And all of a sudden, his thigh became heavy on my thigh. So much so that I felt that his thigh would crack my thigh in half.
I felt a weight that was unbelievable. Then he opened his eyes and said, write this down. And then the verse changed.
minute me Nina, why you oral body, one Mujahidin a feasibility. So a layer or the body and also meaning was added into the verse that wasn't in the initial verse. And so it was specifically gifted to even remember to him and through him to all who have disabilities. What does the verse translate as not equal or those who sit down from the believers unless they have a legitimate excuse with those who do jihad in the way of Allah. So unless they have a legitimate excuse, and they have a man was revealed for even when they mocked him, and they said, that I am looking at as if I'm looking at the parchment that this
That I added on later auto body like you had to write it in the corner over there. Okay, so jabril came back down and and of course this allows others to basically you know, reaffirm the story for him to mimic doom.
One more had this beautiful Hadith here zaytoven Sabbath says one day I was sitting with the Prophet of the Lord YT who was sell them and I I mentioned this headed because of what's happening right now. And he said to buy the shampoo body shampoo body Sham, your other Sham if that will be headed to Bali Sham bless it are the people of Sham or Allah's blessings is a sham or Jenna is for the people of shampoo bar is a tree of gender It is said or it is blessings or good tidings. So I said, why the people of Sham and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said alamanda equal to Basu to engineer Hatta Allah Sham, the angels are covering a sham with their wings. Okay, and he said this
hadith when Sham was Roman territory.
He said this hadith when there were zero Muslims in Sham What do you think about now?
What what is happening is happening. So Toba, the Sham from even before Sham was Muslim, how about now when it is Muslim and obviously Sham of the process includes Syria and Jerusalem and Philistine all of this that whole land are the most that certainly Baraka Baraka, not hollow all of this is without a sham, and inshallah with that we will continue on it to go on but inshallah we'll finish off in shallow Thailand.