Channel: Yasir Qadhi
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We have been told that the Prophet system was born on the 12th of a beard of wood and this is the commonly known date. Yet the fact of the matter is that our early historical textbooks mentioned a number of dates. And there is no unanimous agreed upon decision regarding the date of the Prophet solace items birth in the famous hadith of Sahih Muslim, the man asked the process of why do you fast on Mondays? He said, this was the day I was born on. And this was the day that revelation began to me. I came down on Monday. So we know for a fact he was born on a Monday. How about a year? There's a beautiful narration in which Earth might have been a fan asks one of the oldest Porsches
and his name is Paul bath initium. After the death of the Prophet system, he asks him and baru Minh Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Are you a borrower meaning older because he's an old old man. But of course Akbar also means bigger or grander, obeyed smiles and he goes, the prophets or cinema is Uk borromini. But I am older than him ascend Newman, who he changed the question because the question is alluding to the fact Are you bigger than the Prophet system? So he said, No, the processor is bigger than me. But I am older than him. The Profit System was born arm and feel, aha, we have a year now who was born in the year of the elephant. And as for me, I remember my mother
taking me outside of MK as a child. And I saw the dried up green dung that the elephants had left that he remembers the elephant's dung, which is basically the same year of the elephants, right. And the processor was born that year. So he's a little bit older than the Prophet seven, and the process was bigger than him.
With this hadith narrated in Timothy, somebody asked another Sahabi. So he didn't know roughly about the process of his birth. And he said, the prophet system and I were both born the same year, and feel the year of the elephant. So from both of these narrations, we can pretty much verify that the Prophet system was born in the year of the elephant. The vast majority of early historian said he was born in the year of the elephant. We already said the Arabs did not have a calendar that they would have a calendar based upon events. Okay, what is the year of the elephant? majority of historians say this corresponds to 570 of the Christian era 570 See, the prophets was sort of was
born, how about the month and the day of the month,
in his heart says without any chain of narrators, he's writing from himself, that the Prophet system was born on Monday, the 12th of the year and Oh, one in the year of the elephant. So this explains why this opinion is present. However, between him and the Prophet system, almost 200 years because remember, going back to the birth of the Prophet system is 53 before digital, and he doesn't tell us where he gets it from who's narrating this to him? What is the chain of narrators, when we look at the second earliest book, and this is called the double causative inside, which was written around 220 or so, it is said that the Prophet system was born on a Monday.
Some people say I quote, he was born on the 10th of a word.
Others say he was born on the second of the beard award, and quote, even abus also said the 10th of a beard would have been considered in his lb die when they hire says that the majority opinion is that the Prophet system was born in a world
and then scholars differed with regards to the date of his birth. One group said he was born on the second of revere and
even a few says this was the opinion of Abu Masha Cindy, a famous scholar of history died 171 it was also dependent even Abdullah Bara, a very famous scholar under this date for 63. It was also the opinion of Anwar Cody who died 207 and Walker is one of the most famous historians of early Islam because he goes on another opinion is that he was born on the eighth of Riviera.
He says this is the opinion of Eben hasm famous scholar and those Imam Malik even as you all know, Mr. Malik, the scholar of Medina.
And the opinion of Zhu Li who's again, I mean, I cannot explain how famous Suzuki is 128 eijiro and opinion of Mohammed bin Jabez even more time, because he moves on. A third opinion is that he was born on the 10th of the beard. Oh, he says this is the opinion of ebonized southcare. And the opinion of Jeff Otto sada is a descendant of the Prophet system and they shall consider him to be one of the Imams who says the fourth opinion is that he was born on the 12th of February oh one and this is the opinion of a bin is how but there is no it's not on this matter. Even Casio does say that this is the most popular opinion in his time. It had been Katia died 770 something way after.
In medieval Islam 12 there below is the most popular opinion and from medieval it's not up until our times is the most popular, but in earliest time, it was not the most popular. The fifth opinion, the 17th of who was the sixth opinion the 22nd of reviewed Oh well, the seventh opinion he was even born a debatable he was wondering Ramadan and his opinion of Zubaydah. Boubacar, who is the first scholar to ever write a history on maca, and he died 256 hijra. And then there are other opinions as well. To summarize, there are over 10 opinions in the earliest books of Islam, about the exact day that the Prophet system was born. None of them have solid evidence, all of them are the opinions of early
authors and narrators. And to be very academic, the opinion of the 12th of the bureau one seems to have much less weight than the second and the eighth and the 10th. Because these three have tab your own tab, a tab your own, they have descendants of the Prophet system, whereas the opinion of the 12th it is by
Urbanus, hap, who is 200 years after the birth of the Prophet system, and he doesn't have any chain. Why then is the opinion of the 12th review, or was the most popular, so much so that for many of you, it's shocking that I'm daring to go against this fact of history, right? Very easy to respond. Point number 190 percent of authors write about pseudo they only rely on evidence.
They just take it out and summarize it, redo it translated do this and that that's what they do. And it's a good book, but it's not the only book. The second reason why the 12th reveal is oldest became so popular. And this leads us to a controversial issue is that the first time that the prophets husband's birthday was celebrated as a public event, ie the Modi the Navy or the milada. Navy, as we call it. The authorities who celebrated it chose the 12th of the year. Now that's it, it just spread like wildfire, the day and the event and the customer. The first recorded instance that we have of anybody celebrating milada nebby is around 517, ie the sixth century of Islam. So for 500 years, the
concept of celebrating the birthday, the process is simply unknown to the Muslims, celebrating birthdays is not a custom that comes from Islam or from I'm not saying it's held on by the I'm saying it's not something that the Arabs would do. The concept of celebrating it is a very late addition. And the first group that celebrated it were the fatimids of Egypt. They are an extreme Shiri dynasty.
And of course, there's a reason why rulers have festivals, distracting the economy, people come and buy and sell popularity of the ruling family. And the Tim has had over 30 or 40 public festivals throughout the every few weeks there was a major event and festival and they celebrated it at home. They celebrated 10th of Muharram. These are all Shia festivals, they celebrated the birth of this Imam the death of that Imam. And of those celebrations It is said they celebrated the birthday of the Prophet Mohammed awesome. This is the first time in Islamic history that we come across the celebration of the birthday of the Prophet of Islam. When it was done in fatimid. Egypt, then 150
some sunny Governor's thought this was a good idea. And they imported this particular festival to Mosul, which is outside of of Baghdad. It's a place in Iraq, the first Sunni governor he was not a hottie for the first Sunni governor who celebrated the moded celebrated at around 670 or so. So for 670 years, this was unknown in the Muslim world. So it became literally a national festival in suddenly lands initially some scholars opposed it. Some scholars, you know, said well, if you do it with these conditions, it's okay. After a while under public pressure, just the floodgates opened and it became a very, very common festival. And you all know my opinion on this is that the way to
celebrate the birthday of the Prophet so simply if you really want it to celebrate it
Too fast on Mondays, because that's what he would do. We also know that there are changes of narrator's back to say who say who died 95 hedgerow. So there's a gap he didn't see the processing. But he said that it has been narrated to me that the Prophet system was born at high noon, say the normalcy of date 95. His father is over the age of the companions. And this is the only narration that we have about the timing of his birth. The Prophet system is saying that my mother saw a light, either in a dream or a physical light, she doesn't mention what coming from her that came all the way and illuminated the palaces of the cities of Busan in in Syria. Allah knows best but there's
some things that have been derived here that Syria is a blessing land and that is why Allah says in the Quran Subhana the astroglia de la la mina Masjid harami in LMS to the UK saw a lady Baraka hola who there is Barack around Mr. Oxon Sham, there is Baraka over there, and the prophecies and predicted that Sham will remain a fortress of Islam and Sham was the first province that was conquered after the Arabian Peninsula. And we also believe as Muslims that at 17 vodien will come down in Sham