Channel: Yaser Birjas
During the reign of Omar, peace and prosperity reigned supreme through the lands. Some have questioned that prosperity and how it was attained. Is it accurate to say Islam was spread by the sword? Is jizyah a penalty for being non-Muslim? How are non-Muslims supposed to be treated under Islamic law? This session will delve into these issues as well as some other rulings and sayings of Omar that we will analyze.
The Annual MAS-ICNA Convention is one of the largest and most diverse Islamic conventions in North America. The convention takes place in Chicago, Illinois every December during the winter holiday season.
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
Alhamdulillah. Allah means Allah wa salam Baraka, Vina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi errata mama bad. So tonight to shallow Tara or this evening we are going to be starting talking about omotola Katara de la terranova. Omar
my first question for you is before even going into the details of his life or what he has done, are they allowed to run or die? Just a simple question whenever you hear the name Omar, Omar, what comes to your mind? What is the image that pops into your mind? When we talk about Amr only hear the name? Omar of Nakata. What is it?
Justice. Justin strength Okay. Anything else?
Tough being tough. Okay. Uh huh. leader? Yes,
sir, again, really big. Is it a big is not a giant though. Yes.
The fearless. Uh huh.
None of the believers and many
Alfaro, the one who distinguish between falsehood and truth.
The shaitaan runs away from from amarante season, because you're just gonna run away from all of the love danada. Yes, empathy. Okay, wonderful. Now all these dinners you guys mentioned a tour about Amato, the Allahu talanoa. But when we talk about Omar, all these moments that you have in your mind is actually a moment you believe it's the legacy of Roma. So I don't know what you're going through in your life. But the legacy you have about Omar should be comprehensive. And this evening, inshallah, we're going to talk about the legacy of Omar over all these points that you mentioned justice, being you know, tough and rough, sometimes being gentle at some points as well. Being a
leader, the leader of the believers of the Allahu Akbar, there is so much we know about Omar rhodiola, one, but in one hour, obviously, we're not going to be able to talk about all of this, since we're talking about the sequence of the events in the life of the coda. The rightly guided ska lives of Islam. Amaro de la Jain came the second after our close a deal. You heard about overcapacity earlier during the day, and inshallah Donna now we're talking about Omar radi Allahu Allahu wa. Just to show you his status, how he has partnered with Allah, Allah has raised his status in Islam, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam One day, he was sitting in an area in a garden area where he
was guarded by some of the Sahaba of the Lord Rama bomb. And the one who was guarding the gate for the Prophet was Abu Salah Shadi. So some of the Sahaba they came asking permission to join. The first one was over close to deep. The second one was Omar. So when Omar came asking permission, the prophets Allah salam, he told about masari Who was that? He said, that Ahmadiyya Rasul Allah, Allah, then Allah who was sure who will Jenna says, Hello, give him permission to come in, and him good news that he will be entered into the agenda. So during his lifetime, this man was guaranteed paradise. And if no one is going to be given guaranteed to enter Paradise, what should they be doing
in their lives for the rest of their life? Well done. You know, I got a ticket, right? It's the golden ticket right now. So I should be partying, but we look at the life of armor of the law of the land. It's the life of a man who is deserving to be into an agenda. Because he proved it to himself. He proved to everybody. He proved it handled and his legacy that he is indeed a man who deserve to be in agenda. Omar rhodiola, Anwar de the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to show us how strong his was in his faith and his Eman like his Eman does not fluctuate as much as it does for us. his belief and his faith in Allah was so solid was so strong. It doesn't fluctuate as much as for many
of us these days. He said subtle I sent him a hot tub. like whoa, I've done a hot tub. Kala salatu salam wa ala in fcba de la unashamed en la casa de campo de jan de la casa general magic says Oh, no hot tub. Now you know, if the shaytan would would see you anywhere, like if you meet the shaitaan the devil walk in any path, he would turn away to go look for another path. Basically the presence of Omar Abdullah Juan scare the shaytan you know what somebody said is gonna develop me. The shaytan would be escaped from Amara de la land when he walks in anyway or the Allahu Allahu wa so who was he quickly to go over his life inshallah Allah His name was Mr. Nakata even afraid of not either we'll
call he he's originally from Croatia as well, which is a famous tribe and clan that was rolling
in Mecca Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He named him at some point in Islam as Al Farooq is being Alfaro, which means the man who Cree who distinguish between falsehood and bent between the truth. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam he was, he was sent as a matter of fact, one of the prophets that he was born 13 years after the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So when the Messenger of Allah was sent with this vulnerability, he was 27 years old. So this is 13 years difference is difference between him and the Prophet sallallahu sallam, I want you to imagine right now somebody are 27 years in his life, in a society that praises
of course its own kind of, you know, tribalism and that system. She was very loyal to his family, very loyal to his tribe, very loyal to his principles. So he was that's why he was tough. Because he was so strong was very young, very energetic, when he heard about, you know, Islam, and the Muslims in Mecca. He was harsh and tough against them, until one day, until one day when he was on his way to because you get fed up and tired with Muhammad and his followers. So he pulled his sword and he was looking for Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam to finish it like I want to finish them. And that's it. We're done with him. So on his way, he meets somebody who tells him whose name was named Abdullah.
He says, What are you going with your soul? Because I'm going to go after Mohammed to finish him. He says, You know what, you think that his family gonna let you do that? And then just get away with it? Why don't you start with your family first. And here's what I mean by family. So while your sister and her husband,
and that's what Amaro della Han was, was, of course, infuriated, he was so angry. He goes to the house of his sister, Fatima. And when he entered when he when he came closer to their house, he heard some humming that a citation of the Quran by one of the companions in the name kebab lotro, the Allahu taala norba. So when he dashed into the house, and he was kind of like coming and coming through kebab got so scared, he, he went hiding into the house of Fatima and her husband say the bunnies eat. So when he when he,
when he entered the house, what was that humming that you guys you have been eating in the house? She said there was nothing, because no, I was eating something. And then he said, he said, insisting on knowing what exactly was that all about? Then he realized it was a kuranda was being decided that he said have you became Muslims? So have you become Muslim? He said yes. And that's when he actually he pushed his sister he pushed her husband. And he she fell and she started bleeding. to that moment, he felt guilty that he would hurt his own sister. And then he told her Can I read what you've been what you've been at least reciting? That's what she had hoped in Islam. And she said,
Sure, I would love to but you need to, at least to wash up a little bit because you cannot hold the scrolls. You have to be cleaned before you do so. So he went into the shower, came back again. And he held these papers from Surah Taha baja manzanera, Khurana, Tasha, thereby the beginning of Soraka that we have not reviewed the Quran for you for to put hardship on you. So it's visually when he was deciding this. He goes in the Honda la Kowloon Karim. This is such a novel word novel statement of those beautiful words basically saying, and then that's when kebab he came out immediately he goes, if you want, I can even give you more. He said, I want to meet Mohammed, I want to meet Mohammed I
want to talk to him. And he then went to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Then since the back there, the Sahaba used to hide in the house or company outcome. And as they were hiding there, when he was knocking on the door, someone looked through the door. He saw Omar with his sword and he got scared. They said that there was Omar's coming carrying his sword with him. Hamza was there he said, he said, You know what, let him in. He was coming for good, then it's going to be good. Otherwise, I swear I'm gonna finish him with his own sword. They allow armor to come in. He meets with the prophets of Allah salon. He gives His Shahada. And here the prophet SAW said I'm saying to
be inside the house. And when the Buddha was doing that to be everybody knew what was going on. They knew that Omar gave his Shahada and the beards are blasting all over. Abdullah. Even Mr. Trudeau, the law of the land was one of those Sahaba humble Sahaba and it was in his in his physical appearance, he was tiny. So he was gonna it's easy to hurt him. He says we never dared praying inside the harem publicly inside the Haram until Omar became Muslim. When Omar became Muslim, he became the guardian of these Muslim in the early ones who were a little bit weak. They say about Amaro de la Han, when, you know when everybody used to become Muslim and Mecca time, they will hide
their Islam except for armor. When he became Muslim. He went knocking on everybody's door, everybody's door so just to let you know I become Muslim
publicly, so he made it clear to them that I'm a Muslim right now so that no one would dare to touch the Friends of Omar Ali. Allahu Allahu wa Tada. So this is the story of Omar Abdullah and being Muslim. And we think there's much more details into his life, but we're gonna focus on his legacy as a leader of the La La noir de la la la. Mashallah. So when Omar
became Muslim, Islam, of course, became stronger. And then one day he said with the prophet SAW some color rasulillah I was not only following the truth, because absolutely, because why are we hiding ourselves, then? Why would just go out and do it publicly? And that's when the Sahaba they became emboldened, became actually stronger. And they went into two lines into Mecca, marching, marching, and like, Can I want you to imagine this site that never probably been seen in Mecca? Like the Muslims, all of a sudden right now they have and hamdulillah the power and the energy to go publicly ensure there sighs suddenly, people realize also, all of these have become Muslims because people
didn't know that. But when they saw them all coming down, marching down the streets of Mecca towards the Kaaba, as they tried to stop them, but obviously because of the presence of Rama and Hamza, they will not until they reach the Kaaba. And that's from that day, the Muslims became actually so proud, so proud of themselves. Of course, you know, the books of Sita tells us what happened later, that the mushrikeen in Mecca, they try to overpower the Muslims in many different ways, in many, many different ways, but eventually,
slowly and gradually, Islam starts growing, the number of people start growing, they had to travel to Kenya, and then they came back from the scene into the hinterland to Medina and yesterday, all the way until Allah subhanho wa Taala blessed Islam with conquered Mecca afterwards. What do we know about Omar Omar was known for his
for his carriage for his might and his power or the Allahu taala norba
and by the way, he was so powerful that even sometimes his voice people they don't know if Rama when he speaks if he was angry with okay and and when a loss of hunter reveals sort of that Herat, latter fasciata can focus on auto nebby or you believe Don't raise your voices over the voice of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam Omar, he was actually was concerned and he was afraid that this ayah was revealed because of him. So when he was when he used to speak to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, he would lower his face his voice so much that the Prophet he would tell him Yeah, I must speak up a little bit.
Like he would lower his base of respect. But the public speaker a little bit I want to hear rhodiola terranova he was
he was very actually strong and powerful. They say that even his size with the tool the brother was talking about that he was a little bit too kind of big man. When he sits on his mule, or his on his horse has his feet or his legs actually reach the ground. Can you imagine how big that man is? As a man. He was also from a physical description. He was bald. And also I know some people might not have that visual image of Armando de la Juan and he was also lefty. So every time you hear the story of Omar carrying his sword, or carrying his his adura, which is the stuff that he usually threatens people would when you hear that, don't imagine at the right time, it's actually usually a left hand
for some people when I actually mentioned these stories, it's actually messes up the image of almost Oh, don't say that. I can't put my you know, in my mind right now anymore. He was lifted. So he was very powerful. And he was like it's called use this power for the sake of Allah azza wa jal
Amaro the law of the land.
When he became of course Muslim, he became one of the advisors of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and if you read the Bukhari Muslim books of Hadith, there is rarely there is rarely a hadith that you want here. The prophets of Assam saying come to an Outback and Omar was to Ana Abu Bakr, Norma that I was with overcoming trauma. I came with obika and Oman, even when Allah Allah, Ron was speaking to Omar, as Omar was on his deathbed. He came and he was so happy to mention that your legacy is enough for you. Remember that the prophets of Salaam always said I used to come with Oberg and Omar and I went with our banker a normal life is always with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and if
that is about Amaro de la and it gives them an advantage, that advantage is closest to the source of the of the Dawa. He's the closest to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam as an advisor, and at the same time, obviously, as a source of of the mission itself. He takes it directly from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was so eager to learn from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam already the knowledge he gained from the prophets enough to give him the credit, or at least that reputation that the prophet SAW some testified for. He said, sallAllahu wasallam I had a dream. In my dream, he said, I had a cup of milk and I had a sip from that milk.
From that mothership to men who for Atari to Fort Lee, Amara satara de la and when I was done drinking, I gave the rest of it to Rama to finish it. So when the Sahaba they asked the professor Samira sola ha in a Walter who, what do you what did you how do you interpret that Hadith? What does it mean exactly that dream? He said, LL knowledge. Which means what Omar took for me the most what Rama took from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is that knowledge and what is the knowledge of the prophets of Allah selama Gemma, it's divine.
That knowledge of the Prophet Salah Salem is divine, it's coming to jabril from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And if Omar takes anything from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he's taken the legacy of the Prophet, which is why the Messenger of Allah Allah, Allah Sam says lowchen Abadi, Nabila kannamma if there will be any prophet to come after me, who will be oma
there will be any profit who would be Roman and the profits or loss Adam says in the bottom row had the tune every oma every people, every nation before the Prophet Mohammed Salah la seven that existed, they had among them had the tune people who aren't inspired Allah subhanho wa Taala inspires them you knew, even though they're not prophets, but Allah Subhana one way or another, he sends them subtle inspirations. And he says, Well Mohamed, Omar, Omar and Omar is the one that Allah subhanaw taala sends him his subtle messages. Now we there is something called the automatic called Alma forgot. And this one for God is what the word God allotted. And in his statement, he kind of
like sent the prophet SAW some certain suggestions that Allah subhanho wa Taala agreed with the suggestions of Ramadan they allowed. One of them was the honeymoon comma, the prohibition of alcohol that was actually in provoked first by Rama de la vida as well, the hijab as one example, to not to pray over the graves of the funerals of the hypocrites and the one after thing. There's so many examples, but this example shows that the knowledge of Ramadan, the love the line is so profound, so profound, as if it is inspired. Just like the professor Sam said that he took the knowledge from Rasul Allah is Allah Salaam, indeed, it is somehow divine
wonder sort of Allah sallallahu Sallam passed away. Omar was one among the few people who didn't want to believe it. No matter how strong we are. And that's an example of some lesson we learn. No matter how tough we are, physically. When it comes to emotionally, we're human beings, we can we can be very fragile, and very soft. And that is almost moment when he heard the news about the Prophet salla. salon passing. He just didn't want to let go of his beloved. He did not want to believe that the Messenger of Allah Salaam is gone. So he refused. And he was standing there in the masjid among the crowd, raising his sword and threatening people and saying, whoever there said the Prophet,
Salah Salem is gone, I'm gonna finish him. No, he's not dead. He just went to meet with his Lord like musalla he said, I'm dead, and he will be back.
So one of the prophets of Allah Salaam is gone. And he just kept refusing, ever so how are they confused? Now? Who should we believe? Do we believe? You know, the family who said that he's dead or Omar, it was a very confusing moment. But there came across to decode the law. And I'm not sure if he had taken the story actually in the story of overkill study that shows a moment of leadership really a strong position of leadership. And that is very ironic, because during the time of the Prophet, Salah Salem alberca study was the one was always soft. And another one was always tough and strong. But in that moment, it turned completely opposite. Abu Bakr became the decisive one he says
that's it, we're done almost sit down, and I'm refusing to sit down. I went over Casa de announced the ayah Allah Subhana Allah says Mama, Mohammed and Laura soon Mohammed is a messenger like all the messages from before him as a matter of putting on karate mala kabhi come if he dies, or if he's killed, you will turn your back to Allah Subhana Allah so when he heard that, Rama he says as if I'm hitting this if for the first time in my life, and he collapsed. So I'm going to allow on one of the professors and passed away he just didn't want this, you know, to believe that so once again tells us that no matter how tough we are, or strong we are, we have that moment in our lives will become
emotionally fragile. And even Omar Abdullah had that moment he recalibrate afterwards and became the best advisor of workers to do for the Allahu taala nawalgarh. Fast forward. Omar became now the closest you know, ally of overclass to deal for the next two plus years, until Oba Casa de is feeling that he is dying. And that's when Omar became the halifa has become the Khalifa. This is now the transition of power in Islam throughout the Sahara Desert around the Holocaust.
ushered in every companion or every halifa came to his powers position through a different methodology. So what was the deal? It was a suggestion from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam like he kept hinting. You know what Morrow our current fellow Salinas lead over Casa de de Sala. And then he says that Allah Salaam, closed all the doors leading to the method except for the daughter of workers to do so. And he said, Yeah, Bella, what a pseudo Alibaba Allah and His messenger will refuse anyone but Rebecca. So the Prophet was sending all these hens to the people like a worker, so they should be the one after me. But then when a worker said he was now realizing his dying, he
wanted to leave a leader behind. He did not give any confusion to them. He says, I select Omar for you.
So Roman was chosen by selection, like a worker status as your leader should be Roman. Obviously, he gave them the option to reject that like he left a mark for them to do vote of confidence on him. That's the habit when they heard the word close the deal choosing Roma, they were shocked and surprised. And like said, anyone What
are you serious about the aroma? You only have to do the oma because I have no one better photo than Omar.
There were so scared but eventually they trusted over close to D. And he took his selection and accepted that so Omar was actually selected by our Casa de his predecessor. And then it was it was voted in eventually by those who have to accept the selection of workers. And he moved on to become the next Khalifa for the next 10 plus years. radi Allahu Allahu wa.
Salam, ala Juan becomes the Khalifa and in the reign of armor for 10 years, so many things happen in the Muslim ummah. We're going to focus on a few things in schelotto. But I'm going to go quickly over the 10 years within the ambit of the law, in the life of armor, the main incident that happened in his life, really
the expansion of the Islamic State, the expansion of the Islamic State, if you think of the time over close the deal, what do you guys could consider Bokassa deals reign or time for the maybe just two plus years after the time of the Prophet Salah Salem. What was he doing mostly during his reign in his time?
fighting the other states, but what is it exactly political? What was he trying to do?
So defying the state, he was busy solidifying the state. Yes, he led Osama bin Zayed go to the sham. And he had some also troops going into a Persia. But his main effort or work or study was solidifying the state like he's trying to keep everybody together. So by the time, by the time of Mercosur, they passed away and he died, the state was already strong, and the Muslim troops were already actually expanding outside of the Arabian Peninsula. When Omar came in, into the lava, he had already done for him, the state was already established for him. And he just continued with the expansion.
So during the time of Amara de la and the major, the major conquest took place, like for example, the fall, the fall of the Persian Empire, that was in the time of abracadabra de la land, and the famous battlefield of the battle that's called al Qaeda See, when this battle took place, and they conquered Persia, basically, the result of that is that the Persian Empire was never established after that day, during the time of
Egypt also came into the Muslim rule. In addition to that, a sham modern day Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, a Philistine and one particular city is actually Jerusalem. On top of the electron and the conquest of Jerusalem was in itself is another another evident evidence actually an incident that we can talk volumes about the way it was it was received, and how it happened. And we're going to mention a little bit about it in shallow water cortada, in a few minutes been the La zosen. During the time of Africa, Pavarotti allowed to run, the state was organized and reorganized and was established. It is the law of the land, who really made the state, as you know,
as strong and organized and helped it to move forward. So just to give examples, what he did rajala went to the state, Omar, he established a system called Adela win, which is basically more like,
modern day kind of like the ministry's documentation of everything that happens in the state back in the day, they didn't have documentation, but he established the following. So the documentation of the state affairs everything, including finances, recruitment, hiring, firing, all that stuff happened during the time of Alpha Kappa, broadly allowed.
And interestingly at the beginning, they were when they used to be written now
Actually in, in Persia, or in Persian language for some time, but then it was already but because the Arab as you know, when they first came out of the Arabian Peninsula, not so many people were learning not so people educated in terms of writing and reading. So they started with Persian, and then it went down back to the Arabic language afterwards, Omar Abdullah, Ron was the man who organized even the military system, because back in those days, when people go, you know, to fight, there was no limit. They go anytime and they want to come as they wish. But then he realized that, you know, it's not going to happen anymore. And a very famous incident, when he one time was doing
Alaska, like he was patrolling at night in the city of Medina, to Salah Salem. And you heard the lady who was given those beautiful no priority or lines of priority, longing for the meeting with her husband who's been gone. And on, on on the battlefield for so long, then, and she was saying she didn't see when he wasn't Haram, I would have committed the Haram but I feel as though gel
goes to his daughter have Sonny asked her how much time a lady would be able to stay away from her husband, or at least the maximum she said about maybe four, four months or so. So he made a limit on the soldiers that anyone who goes to the battlefield, after four months, they have to be sent back home.
They need to be sent back home for another period of time. And then they switch and they exchange. So you start organizing a lot of the things that we know, you know, as being an organized state,
Mr. delaughter, and he organized l buried, you know, today hamdulillah we have no problem receiving messages and sending emails and letters and this and that it's everything is an instant, instant messaging. Back in the day, they didn't have that system of instant messaging. But what they did they have the varied system in which they have stations on the on the in the desert all the way to the different territories where they wanted to root. And they had horsemen running between these different stations carrying the scrolls and carrying the letters. So he made sure that he is in control of everything going on in the battlefield or at least in the frontiers and everywhere else
away from his center of the state. And the distance should be for him 24 hours of our time, which means a day and a night. So everything that happens anywhere around the state during the time of Omaha top he received it after a day and a night meaning 24 hours, he would hear about it. Like the delay is 24 hours basically, that's how far you know it gets. But what what in our time machine everything is instant. When something happens, you get a tweet right away, right, or a text message or an email. Back then they didn't have that system, but he created a system at least would be so efficient, it will take a day for the news to come. So there was a day when the conquest of Persia
took place and they won the battle of ardisia which took three
days and nights of fighting. So when they won by the time the victory took place in 24 hours the news came to Omaha pub or the loved one who was done. So when Ahmad when the Persia was conquered by an incident just to remember,
sadness will Castro the louder and was the commander of the Muslim armies that conquered Persia. And when he entered the palace, the Palace of Al muda and the very famous big city, the capital of Persia at the time. When he entered there, he saw all the glory of such a great civilization, the decorations, the goal, the food and everything, the treasure that this country this at this stage civilization had, he started crying.
And when he cried, he started setting the ad from zero to 200. Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Come takumin Jonathan one was Roma calm and Kareem when I met him cannot be happy. avakin catolico our common offering from Albuquerque, Santa Monica Monterey. He says it speaking remembering the act of Allah subhana wa tada and he says can takumin Jonathan Look how much they've left behind of all these gardens and all these rivers and and waterfall
was ruined mama Carmen Corinne and trees and gardens and everything in a beautiful, comfortable lifestyle. When I met in Canada when blessings they had that did not pay attention to and they were just going to enjoying and happy with. And then Allah says we're calendrical our nakoma are horrendous. We have inherited other people to take it over from them. Mr. Beckett, Allahu Allah, like were the heavens and the earth right now to cry over them like that legacy no longer belong to them, belongs to other people. So Assad wrote the law and he cried. And when he cried, he reminded the people that there was a day he said when I was with the Prophet salallahu Salam during the siege
when the Sahaba were put for three years in a concentration camp in Mecca, known as chef Abu Talib. Remember that concentration
For three years, they didn't have anything to eat anymore. Sad. He said there was a day when I was so hungry, starving. I didn't have anything to eat for days. And I went out that night because I wasn't able to sleep because I was starving, so hungry. And I was walking. He said, I stepped on something soft. I bent down, I put it in my mouth. He said, until this day, I had no idea what was that.
This is how much hungry they were. And then he was the medicine these days as he was eating all this beautiful, amazing thing that they got from that civilization. So they got all the treasures and they send it to Medina, Amaro de la Ron, he actually he when he saw the treasure that came from Persia. He was he was so humbled by that. And he was so shocked at the same time, when he saw all of this speaking about his people that left there, he left there in Persia, he says, Carla in Coleman, ADO had alumina, people who deliver this treasure like without stealing it, or keeping it for themselves, I swear, they are omana they are trustworthy people.
Like this is for people who never had gold or silver or such a wealth. It can it can cause fitna for them lose their Eman and maybe just take over the country and never send anything drama. But for them to send it to him or the alarm. And he says these are people, the trustworthy people to send something like that. One of the things that's for amusement as a tangible thing, are to the attendant, they send him, they send them an elephant, by the way.
The Arabs in the Arabian Peninsula didn't know the elephants, you know, for many years, you know, they had during the time of the prophet SAW some birthday on it. But that generation never seen elephants before. So they sent them an elephant. And they call them they call them beast washes just like an animal they've never seen before. So when they bought them to Medina, they had to bring with him, of course, you know, the trainers to keep control of that elephant. And the people were amused by that creature and even some people that say I had a honkala like that's the creation of Allah is just like imagine in our time we see a dinosaur This is how exactly how it looked like for them back
But that animal ate so much food that Emma was afraid is not gonna leave anything for the people of Medina. So he said, send them back to where you got it from, send it back to Persia. So they took that elephant back to Persia didn't have zoos at the time to put it in there.
Now that was in Persia. Now in a sham. The same thing happened when I'm going to develop the nawada. He was in charge, of course, the Muslims running in the show over there. And that's when they took control of all the territories surrounding Jerusalem. But finally Jerusalem was now under siege to which they didn't want this to be conquered by force. And they asked that you know what, we're willing to surrender the city, but we have to give it to the leader of the Muslims. Like he himself needs to come and see the keys. And that was actually that the famous treaty that took place between Amara de la Dylan and the Christians of Jerusalem, in which he will be given them his word, you
know, in behalf of the Muslim and Muslims and the leaders who come after him, taking the word of Allah Subhana Allah in the Quran and the Hadith of the prophets, Allah salam, to protect Jerusalem and the people of Jerusalem, Muslims, Christians, Jews, whoever actually lives. They're known as a theocratic Maria, the Omar Dharma documents or almost documents basically that he left for them. And that document until now, it's still honored as a matter of fact, so until this day, as we speak, many of the keys of the sacred sites of Christianity in Jerusalem actually is in the hands of Muslims. So they open the doors and closing the doors, you know, for them, and honoring that deal
from since then, when Omar Abdullah did and he was called to come and take
the keys of Jerusalem. It was an unbelievable sight of our VEDA honorable Jarrah was the actual commander of Muslim armies during a sham when he came to see the law of the land. And Omar was taken turns with his servant who was riding with him on the same camera. They said happened that when they were arriving, it was almost turned to be walking and his servant to be on the back of the camera. It was very confusion for the Cardinals and the bishops and all these you know, priests who so this man just like wow, this is this is the man who scared the whole in the whole world. He's so humble, even if he had his his slippers or sandals under his arm, because he was crossing
some, some basic some some swamps on the way. And when he arrived, would feel humbleness. Obviously. He took these keys, and he refused to pray in the church out of fear that one day the Muslims might say, Hey, I'm afraid over here that belongs to us right now. He says no, keep this for you. And again, until this day, there is a massive small method called melodrama, blah, blah, blah, the plotline on the side of the main Christian side in Jerusalem.
Now these are just few words about the little
If Rama in terms of you know, his the state and his power and the expansion of the state, but the last thing I want to mention before we go to some of the major issues we will talk about the level of Rama is is that what happened to him
when Amara dylanglen became again, the commander of such a great state, taken over what once was the Persian Empire in Egypt, a sham Yemen, different territories. Obviously, not everybody was happy with the presence of Muslims in the in these lands, and some specifically the Persians, who once were the rulers of the East for many, many, many generations, before the Muslim came to Persia, and they were always the rivals of the Romans the Byzantines in particular. So for them to collapse like this on the hands of a bunch of Bedouins, that's how they always actually called the out of that the time, it was a shocking thing for them, some of them of course, they never, they never let go of
that of that hatred. So one of them was Abu al Medusa. Medusa was one of these slaves were brought from Persia as he was residing in El Medina. And
him he was under the service of one of the Sahaba delaughter and by the name of Madeira Pooja Raja lon. So him another man and the daughter of abou el Medusa. They were kind of like plotting against Amara de la Juan. And there is there was kind of like a planning for his assassination. So it happened that Omar Abdullah on a certain schedule, as he was preparing himself to lead solid and future
abou el Medusa in the darkness of the morning, obviously, back then didn't have lights like we have today. So while he was fixing the line out of the line, suddenly he stopped. And instead and they say 13 times, like, Can you imagine how fast would that be?
How fast will the person would hit someone with a dagger 13 times and eventually to ensure that he's gonna die. The Sahaba were confused. They don't know what's going on. They will just hurt but yelling and screaming and so on. And eventually somebody realized what was what was happening. So as a blue eyed Medusa was was traveling and trying to leave. I don't know how many people know but the other people who died on the scene when he was fleeing, he was leaving this desert. So he was he was stabbing right and left to avoid being captured. But when he was he tripped, and as he tripped, he realized is going to be captured, he killed himself. He killed himself in order to protect the other
people were actually in the plot itself, but even they were all discovered, and he survived three days after that, or the other one. And during those three days, he managed to manage to order
to convene a council of six Sahaba allowed on the sixth of hubub were assigned to become the next one of them to choose to become the next Khalifa he chose another system over Casa de, the prophet SAW Selim, he suggested him for the Sahaba for the oma Omar was assigned by a workers to do now, I didn't want to assign one in particular, instead, he gave them a committee of six people. Six people, one of them was Andromeda now.
I live in the US man. The six people obviously the three gave it to three. So the first three, they gave it to the other three, that's Andromeda now, I was man and Ali, and they said one of you should be the halifa. Abdur Rahman told us man and Ali, I would like to kind of like
take myself out of it. But give me the Give me that the decision I'll choose one of you one of you. Eventually, he chose automatic dilaudid I'm bewitched man became the halifa after after ANOVA Todd passed away or the Allahu Allahu wa. Now that's a different thing. We'll be talking more about this man. We're gonna discuss this in details inshallah. Xhosa. But now, two things I want to mention about the time of America that is very confusing for many people specific in our time. Number one, the expansion of the Muslim state during the time of America poverty a lot and the question that many, many people ask and want to have the answer for is, how did Islam really spread? It is spread
by the sword, or Islam spread by, you know, by the dollar. What do you guys think? The very famous question that people ask about?
Islam that is spread by the sword, or spread, you know, peacefully. What do you guys think?
How many of you say no Islam and hamdulillah did not spread by the sword Islam spread, you know, by the Dawa and peacefully Raise your hands.
How many of you say no slam spread by the sword?
So we have 123456 Okay, Mashallah. Okay, what about the others both? Okay. Now, that's a big debate. As a matter of fact, it's interestingly that the debate or most of the claim that Islam spread peacefully by the Dawa, believe it or not,
It's, it's not necessary for Muslim historians. This is actually from orientalist
orientalist spoke on behalf of Muslims and Islam saying Islam was spread by the Dawa not by the sword, although also other orientalist who came abroad the argument that Islam spread by the sword. So what's the point?
The point is that when people they were saying that Islam spread by the dour, they just want to completely let the Muslim during the time of imperialism obvious they say that you know Islam, Muslims should not defend themselves should not fight should not so basically kind of taken the Jihad out of the life of the believers. That's the point at the time. So what is the truth about Islam? Did it spread by the sword or spread by the devil? The answer to this is actually both.
Both and the loss of high made very clear in the Quran when he ordered the Sahaba of the electron home to go and to fight party to him. He the old cartoon which means fight, it's there in the Quran. You cannot deny that workato Hakuna fitna we're gonna do kulula and fighting so that there will be no fitna. In this case Clifford Miscavige, actually, and the deem to be for Allah subhanho wa Taala.
But how does how can we how can we reconcile between this and the AI and the parameter law somehow that says law ikura has a deal? What does that mean exactly? I want to take you back again first to why Islam even spread by the sword. You know, when the time of the Prophet at the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, when they conquered Mecca, when they conquered Mecca, Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam start spreading the dour out actually sort of before it before the conquest of Mecca after her debut, which means a peace treaty between Mecca and Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, there was a time when the messengers are sending all his invoices and all these letters inviting
people to Islam. He sent it to the Persians to the Egyptians to the Sham and Yemen, people replied politely and other part in a harsh way. So Persia
The Persian kisara or king, what did he do? You guys know what he did? To the invoice of the prophets, Allah Salah.
He received the letter, he was offended. Like, who is this man who's calling me to believe in Him and follow Him like he was offended so much that he broke what is considered as an international law? And what does that international law that the invoice should not be harmed? But what he did, he ripped the letter and he killed the invoice.
He killed the character of the letters. Now by modern terms, this is considered what an act of war
it's an act of war now. So the Prophet says I mean, basically realize, okay, so this war between us and the Persians, but that actual physical battle did not take place until later in the history of Islam. It took out it was taken later, just to even to add actually insert to that injury that killed the Persian king what he did he sent to Yemen, which was a Persian settlement, he centered Yemen to go and bring him that bedwin from the desert who claims to be a prophet. So when they arrived in Medina, to come and pick up the prophet SAW Selim to send them there. The Prophet system looked at them he goes Lola and Rasul Allah, tala cattle to Kuma, like he reminded them not like
their king, he says, You know what? If it wasn't that this invoice should not be killed, I would have actually finished over here like, how dare you? Like go back to the king and just finish him and by the time that as a matter of fact, the province has told this employee says, you know, when you go back, you realize that your kingdom has gone already, and the loss of Hannah what Allah has destroyed his kingdom, which indeed happened, he was assassinated, and actually the daughter took place after him Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam he did not have at that time the power yet maybe to go to Persia, but it took place after him during the time of overcapacity, and then Amaro de la de la
nueva. That's the first one. The second thing is regarding a sham. Similarly, when the prophet SAW Sam sent his invoice to a sham, the story was mentioned. So al Bukhari, so God loved Ronaldo. So I was a fan, he said that they will call before the Hercules to meet with him and talk about this man who sent him this letter Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. Eventually over I was john was shocked that the man the king of the of the Romans, was actually was so terrified. But then he did not accept Islam, or at least he was hiding his himself from that. But they wanted to make sure that they stay under control. And what they did, according to
the CR, is that they start sending the Arab Christians on the borders of the Arabian Peninsula, like provoking skirmishes and recruiting against the Prophet sallallahu sallam, which led to the very famous battle of Mota and tabuk. For those who still have history that Botha is one of the Sahaba a lot around they went that they were fighting, you know, a small number from the Sahaba with a huge number of the Romans, in which three leaders of the Sahaba they died. They
Jaffna butala and Abdullah Nabi raha. Then hydraulic took over and he retreated and he took that that army of 3000, only back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Then later on to stop the skirmishes, the prophet SAW Selim, he recruited more people to go against these people into book. So the battle already started in the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam before he died, the last mission was absurd, Osama bin Zayed to go and continue the fight. So it was nothing new. It's not like suddenly the Muslims went out fighting these people. It was going on even during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam Mali. So technically speaking, yes. At a time when expansion
was considered normal and natural for the state that was happening was they were going to have a gelato at home, they were fighting, they were expanding, it happened that they will, they're Muslims. And obviously when they travel, they carry the legacy with them. Are they allowed to run home? And our however, did the people were they forced to be Muslims? The answer is no, they were not forced to be Muslims. As a matter of fact, as I suggested reading for you, if you would like to read, interestingly, from the Christian point of view, about the presence of Islam during that time, a book by Philip Jenkins, it's called the lost history of Christianity. The Lost history of
Christianity 1000 years of Eastern Church or Eastern Christianity, in which the author is spoke about how Christianity back in the day when predominantly Middle East and Eastern Church before it turns into European or even Western European church, like in our time, so nowadays, the most popular of course, you know, a branch of Christianity is Catholicism. But according to the author that wasn't until relatively recent time in history of Christianity. Prior to this Christianity was Eastern Christianity. And many of these Christianity right now they're Christian, they're gone.
Even books if you want to read the books that have been has him or him Allah, Allah, even taymiyah bunkai him and others who refuted Christianity you'd be surprised like where are they getting this information from? Because they were refuting Christians of their time naramata many of them are Jacobites,
historians and so on. The jaguars which once existed in the in the region in the Middle East. They had their church in modern day a sham. But today because the church has shrunk completely, like almost disappeared completely. You know what station exactly?
The heart and the central the central Bishop basically of the Jacobites, the Eastern Church, you know what station exactly right now.
You don't know where Juma?
Like if we talk about Catholicism, what is the heart of Catholicism? Rome, right? If we talk about the Orthodox What is it? It's between Istanbul and and Russia or maybe Greece. But if you talk about the Jacobites, or the events, they were in a sham but today what is the the the main Church
on earth or exists in the world? What does exist?
You don't know where?
Yeah, it's here in Chicago. Because many have migrated in the past the past 100 years, will whoever left of the military so they start recruiting getting over here. So the main church is actually here, not too far away from you know, so that's basically in regards to the expansion in that book, Philip Jenkins was talking about how Muslims treated the as conquerors to the land. And he mentioned an interesting testimony from leaders of that time, when our provider of the law of the land, he took a jizya he was taking a juicer from the table of a sham, which is the tax that was taken from the People of the Book. At the time, he said when they were unable to defend them against the
Romans, before they removed battle, he returned all the money back to them is like you know what the deal was we defend you but we cannot so enjoy your monies back, we're gonna have to retreat. So as they were treating the people of hems at the time and other areas in Syria and a sham. They were so amazed by that editor not a lot. And I guess if it was for the Romans, they will never give us anything back. It didn't take probably even more. But they said they prayed for their victories they would they come back at least they will be under the leadership and the Christians in a sham at that time. They fought against the Romans with the Muslims against the Romans in order to to actually to
guarantee the return of our VEDA honorable Java. So we do believe as Muslims there is something called you have to tolerate and you have to differ. So there is a Jihad to initiate the battle that you had to defer to tala and there is also Jihad a defense is the defense self defense. So it's not always self defense is actually it was mentioned the Quran and the Sunnah of the prophets Allah salon, that fighting can be initiated the Messenger of Allah sensei Bukhari Muslim, no sorta barrages, masirah. Tasha, I was given victory just by your reputation by the distance of one month.
When people hear about the Muslims coming out, it was actually was not.
It was a very serious matter for them. And that's why a lot of the nation's power back in these days, they were conquered with through peace. There wasn't actual actual fighting, they surrendered, and they paid the jizya. The second thing that I wanted to talk about is Allah Raj Alvarado courage when
the Muslims, they conquered Persia, the Arab world, Bedouins, usually they're, they're not, they're not they don't know how to do to hold the territories and agricultural lands and agrarian societies around that stuff. And they're nomads, they travel a lot. So they're not going to be settling down in these small towns and villages, and so on. So what Omar did are the lavonne, he created a system in which he allowed the original owners of these lands to continue keeping the lands in their hands. So they take care of their own lands, but they have to pay the state, an amount that is called Mirage, a mirage is that percentage from the land, they'll be paid out as a product, of course on
that land, and they pay that for the Muslim Treasury. And from that, from that amount out of the law, he will actually distribute the wealth to the warriors and those who conquered participate in the conquering these lands. So alpha Raj is a system wasn't didn't exist at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, whenever they conquered the land, they will take and distribute it among the people. But with the Prophet sallallahu, wasallam.
He kept the land in his hand, or the law of the land, water and and their hands, and he allowed them to work to keep in their hand, but they share the profit with the Sahaba under Islamic Treasury
analgesia, which is the amount that many people that keep saying, you know what Islam, tax the people because they were not Muslims. Actually, it's not about taxing the people because when Muslims, this was an amount, it's more like back in the days, they didn't have any kind of, you know, legal documentation or agreement to sign treaties and contracts and have a passport of citizenship and all that stuff. And so on. This amount that people used to pay, they used to pay as a source of a sign of Allegiance. Like, if you pay, that means you are showing your allegiance to the state, even though you're not forced to be Muslim, you're not going to be forced to join the
military. So just basically, you're just showing your allegiance, you're allowing us to control take control over the land. And surely just by paying that amount, the amount that is called LG Xia. It was was not determined exactly why the poor and in terms of the the figure or the amount, it was left for the Khalifa and the amendment, the leader to decide. And it wasn't much. And it's usually weigh less than the amount of Zika.
So they would say, according to the figures that I read, actually in history, one dinar per person, I want to say per person only upon men who reached the age of puberty, and they're capable of carrying arms. So there is no jizya on women, no jizya on children, no jizya, even on clergy who are secluded, you know, for worship, and so on. Only those are supposed to be, you know, joining the military, but they're not. So therefore, they pay that amount as a sign again of Allegiance. And that amount of jizya was dropped, usually, if a person reaches certain age, and they're unable to pay. And as a matter of fact, if they reach, if it's, let's say an age where they're unable to work
or earn for themselves right now, that Gz amount will be dropped. And they will be they will be actually under the care of the Islamic State and the Treasury, they will receive what we know today as social security and the story of America. The law of the land one day he was in Medina and he saw an old man knocking on a door begging for people for food. So he asked him he says What's your story? What are you doing this for egos yummy especially says like, you know, I spent all what I had, you know, when I was given the jizya and now I'm too old for this. I can't you know, so I'm trying to collect my dizzy amount to pay it to the state. And he says got a lot amounts of now. You
know what? That's not fair, is it? It is a case that's not fair. So he made it a law that once a person reaches a certain age, they drop the jizya and when did this Jesus dropped so they don't have to pay anything. Instead they will be under the care of the Islamic State.
so there's more action on the subject, but I want to leave some time inshallah for questions, hopefully shallow data, we can have an answer for you any questions?
Such Some say
it's not required And is that something cultural? Can you please shed light on this issue? So the issue of the hijab like we said
Dylan Dylan, he is known for something called morpho. cod modificar is when his words will coincide with the last panel Dallas command. Like we said he's Muslim, meaning he has this kind of like subtle inspiration from Allah subhanho wa Taala. It was a time when Dylan was eating in the house of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam prior to the hijab being revealed or the art of the hijab, as he was eating seems that his hand in hand of the of the prophet SAW Selim as they're trying to get the food, kind of touched on the law, he pulled his hand and he felt awkward in that moment. And he said, Jolla, you know, I wish if it was for me, I would actually kind of put the hijab you know, to
kind of like separate between the wives and the wives of under and other people.
To which Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed, I added hijab expanding it also to the women of the believers, not just know the women's of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also women of the believers that the hijab was revealed. Now, does that mean it was our decision? No, it's not ours decision. It's Allah Hickman wisdom subhana wa Taala. But given a man like Rama status, that his Hickman his wisdom, and his knowledge is actually is profound. That's what it means. So for us when our became the, which is why the Prophet used him as an advisor, and workers to death as an advisor. And then he selected him as a halifa after me, because because I know his judgments is very, very sound. So
to say, the hijab is cultural and so on, that's not true, added to this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, how the women at the time of the prophet SAW some they perceived, you know, I added hijab as being a command that is immediately to be fulfilled. So they say, when the added hijab were revealed, a lot of women who were not wearing the hijab, they start trying to, you know, borrow some clothes from somebody, whom they were visiting at the time just to cover themselves up before they go home. Like they instantly wanted to establish that hijab upon themselves or their laughter and not fall down. Today, unfortunately, the hijab is becoming now the symbol of the war on
Islam and Muslim identity. I believe it's become one of the most visible within the Muslim society, frankly, many men they can blend in without being noticed to be Muslims. But for the sisters to be truly, truly a Muslim as of how much she's visibly Muslim, more than anybody else, who she wears the hijab, you can tell that she's Muslim. And that's why it's becoming right now an iconic thing and the fight over the hijab is just a
symbolic thing, really. It's not about the hijab as much as the Muslim identity and the power of the faith and Mr. melas power center, our sister bought me for the hijab, and the brothers to support the Michelle law now.
The one thing I know he didn't do, he didn't go to the gym every single day.
So if the brothers are thinking that going to the gym every day is going to make us strong enough to be like over the top. I doubt it. Because I see a lot of young men go to the gym on daily basis, but I don't see them at the method for failure.
No matter how big their muscles are, they're so weak they can't even get themselves out of bed for fragile Salalah Mustang. This is how how sad The situation is this so Puft Marshmallow, and they take pictures and photos and put on snapchats and muscles and so on. But then there's the missing from Southern fidget. And I keep telling them you want to prove that you're strong show up for Southern future. So what are they going to do in order for him to reach that level? Obviously, it's all about the heart means that the strength of his Eman rhodiola Ronaldo, and
even Kareem Rahim Allah speaking about the subject of Eman, he says when people are afflicted by calamities, yet totally insane and people completely they become completely healers of the knowledge. So don't think that being knowledgeable is going to make you strong enough to stand you know for the subject for matters of faith. No, he goes yet headedness and the only thing that helps people stay strong during times of fitna and calamities is the strength of the man. And the strength of the man comes from what from the practice of what they know.
So if you would like to surrender your demand and practice what you know, and here's the thing, you know, sort of the last one Allah subhanho wa Taala said to us, lol Idina, Amano amorosa, solid except for those who believe they do good deeds, and then they enjoy and Huck among themselves and sovereign patients as well. So it's establishment of our the story of our lives. This is our knowledge. And this is our practice.
No matter how much we try, we always going to have this kind of like this gap between what we know and what we practice. The rest of our life is trying to close this gap. Sometimes we get so close,
but then we get so weak.
And the larger the gap between what we know and what we practice or what we know, the more hypocritical we start feeling. You know, when you start feeling that you're a hypocrite, and you start feeling weak because
The gap between what you know what you're supposed to be practicing and what you're actually practicing is getting bigger.
So your struggle in this life is always to try to close this gap. When you start feeling weak, you realize you're doing less than what you're supposed to do. So, what do I do in the in this case I keep struggling and trying my best to close this gap, would I be able to close the gap? The answer is absolutely not. Really, why not work because if you do that you become an angel.
There is no such thing as perfection in terms of you know, the angel with perfection. So the strength of Mr. Mr. delaughter, on his the strength of his Eman, the practice of what they know. Now
Philip Jenkins book is called the lost history of Christianity, the lost history of Christianity 1000 years of Eastern Christianity. It's a very interesting books of Harlem I read actually a couple of times and there are certain even references to statements from bishops and cardinals and and a lot of leaders of that time that you won't find in any Arabic resources. So that's very important book
For Kids, here's the thing about reading Sahaba stories for kids my disappointment to be honest with you in our literature, we only focus on few names of the Sahaba and as a result, we create a completely unrealistic standard of practice for our children that they say Wow, this is awesome, but that's not me.
You know, if I asked you how many Sahaba Do you know by name How many of you you know 1000s of Javi by name, raise your hand if you know 1000s of happy by name.
You know, because our books of Sahaba they have about three 4000 names written and 100,000 people went with the professors and 400 the last hedge so how many people know 1000 Sahabi by name?
I don't, I don't Okay, how many of you know 100 So have you by name? Raise your hand.
Mashallah, that's good. So you had one? How about 50? servers by name?
Okay, more hands. How many of you know 20 hobbies by name?
Okay, we have a majority probably what do you say 20. So hobbies by name, right? But out of the 1000s of Sahaba. We only know 20 people whom we admire as be the most perfect example. And usually the most not necessary representing the reality of the Muslim society. Muslim society they will not always Allah and righteous and there's some of them were just farmers, Bedouins, some of them, they made mistakes, some of the committed sins even so the righteous society doesn't mean doesn't make mistakes. So when I say when we talk about reading stories for harvesters for our children, I want the parents to be balanced when they read these stories for their children. teaching your child
about it when I bass, Abdullah Ahmad unhardened lead, it's beautiful, amazing. But I don't want you to give an unrealistic expectation for your child that he realized he would never do enough to satisfy you as a parent because I'm never going to be like carbon Valley. So take it easy on demand shallow Tyler, is there any specific book on the Sahaba rhodiola ranum. In Arabic, there's so many obviously been in English, not really so many about the Sahaba Delano but the series of the turati salovey is very common karate salami has a series on the Sahaba because the de amarnath, Manali and others now