Tafsir Series – Intro to Ibn Kathir
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Hello Hello man Allah him
in Alhamdulillah here in a meadow who want to stay you know who want to stay
when I was a biller, even surely unforeseen woman say Dr. Molina
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What should I do and Illa la de la sharika
wash had one now Mohammed Abu who was a solo
or a Solo Solo Solo Solo Tyler bill hockey Bashir on one of the other
weather in Illinois. He beats me he will say Roger Manjula. sallalahu It was early he was happy he jumped in.
Indeed All praise is due to a loss of Hannah Montana.
And may the peace and blessings be upon his final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Salaam Alaikum, lovers and sisters,
to what is I hope that you can relate to either
the beginning of what will be
a source of blessings from Allah subhanaw taala. In that, on this night of a rumor and a little rumor, that we will
go through the words of our Lord Allah subhanaw taala
and that there is no greater speech than the speech of Allah subhanaw taala
and Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed alpha n,
not just for one particular people, but Allah subhanaw taala revealed an urn, Lin nursey Kapha for the whole of mankind for everybody.
Now there are people who are heedless, there are people who are ignorant about the speech of Allah subhanaw taala even though the kurama of Allah subhana wa tada if a person follows it, and believes in it and understands it will be a source of guidance for that person in this life and in the Hereafter.
There are lots of penalty alluvium revealed this keytab as a new as a light for us, as a farrakhan as a criterion for us.
And as upon every be a believer, to follow this and adhere to the book of Allah subhanaw taala.
So there are those who are heedless of this, and there are those who know. And those people who know and those people who don't know that they are not the same, and cannot expect the same treatment in the hereafter from Allah subhanaw taala
those who submitted those who pondered those who worshiped and strived for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala then they will have their reward with a loss of pinata. And those were heedless, those were ignorant, those were arrogant and had pride in their hearts and they turned away from Allah subhanaw taala then they can only expect the justice of Allah subhanaw taala
we don't mean they just say that they will only expect the mere punishment of Allah subhanaw taala but Allah Jalla wa Taala his punishment is his and his His justice.
So for all of us, how many of us that we have been encouraged to, to go through and recite and memorize or an
there are projects, there are lessons that are set up from one place to the next to go through the hole and some of these projects are 10 1520 years long.
May Allah subhanaw taala give all of those who undertake such an endeavor to complete a blessing endeavor? Because there's nothing better than any one of us wanting to really know what Allah subhanaw taala wants from us.
That this this mortgage is this miracle that was given to an Obi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam What is this reality? What does it mean?
When you are a Muslim and you say that Allah, Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah, when you make that declaration of faith
and you accept a Quran as your book of guidance, what does that really mean to you?
So I hope inshallah to Allah and I, for myself, I asked Allah subhanaw taala to give us a class to give us a sincerity and purity of heart that he's a pinata and allows us to benefit and ponder over his words for us to reach an understanding and in a state of knowing what does Allah subhanaw taala want from me?
Because that is definitely it. That is exactly what Tafseer is nothing more and nothing less than that. The when you read the ayah to Allah subhanaw taala
you want to know the intended meaning? What does Allah subhanaw taala What is he telling me? What is he telling me in this verse?
That you seek refuge in Allah? subhanaw taala Do you read it from the
Got an and that you understand something else that allows or doesn't want that from you?
For this reason you find the Sahaba radi Allahu anhu
that they would be constantly in touch with a Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there when the revelation was being revealed, asking questions about the meanings of the order n, so that nothing would pass them by
and in different durations that they would memorize five, eight, and they wouldn't go past those five until that they had benefited and learned all that was in those five yet, and in other narrations that they were 10am
so they were a people are the Allahu anhu domestica wiki tabulator they held on strongly
to the keytab onto the book of Allah subhanaw taala
and the stronger the hold you have,
the more engaged you are with the book of Allah subhanaw taala
The greater the difference that you will find in your life.
The further you are away from the book of Allah subhanaw taala The further you are away from really truly worshiping and submitting to Allah subhanaw taala.
So May Allah subhanaw taala allow us to benefit from this tough set of Eben Cassio Rahim Allah tala, which we will use as a primary source of trying to understand what Allah subhanaw taala has informed us
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so our intended meaning, or the intention behind the studying such a subject like TFC, it is for us to understand
the intended meaning behind what Allah Subhana Allah has informed us of and that you don't want to understand something which is not what Allah subhanaw taala wants from you.
And for based upon this that many of the early map from them imams are planning, as are corny, and also up to modern day scholars like manaakitanga, amatola Halim, that when in defining what Tafseer really is,
that they say lbn morato cunnamulla that is the clarification of the speech of Allah subhanaw taala
anything that comes extra then that that gives you benefits that you may take from the area, then this is not the core of what really TFC it is, of course tafsir can be tackled from a number of different ways. But the source and the core of what FC it is, is for you understand what our last panel is telling us.
So as we have mentioned that we're going to use tafsir ibn cassiel now there are many,
many, many tifosi and many of them that they went through the unexplained in different different ways. However, mm hmm Casio or hamanaka is one of those at home his DFC It is one of the most widely read and widely accepted def series.
Because you find FFC, which may be many people know about it. Maybe there's another tafsir, which is a very famous, like tafsir, Ibn katheer or tafsir, a poverty or tafsir. And currently, these are very famous Deaf seers. And they've always been written throughout Islamic scholarship throughout the centuries.
We have chosen this particular
Tafseer for a number of reasons, in that it has been translated into the English language, at least a concise version of Deaf syllable Kathy it, this is one of the volumes and it comes in 10 volumes like this 10 and it's an English hamdulillah.
So most of what the abunda Theatre Mr. Lata Allah had mentioned has been translated into a language that all of us we understand.
So something that you can follow. It's something that you can maybe you can for the following week, you could read ahead, so that when you come to the lesson, if you happen to come to the lesson, you have an idea of what we're going to discuss with each other in Charlottetown. And maybe there's something you don't understand. So, this is something that you can use to go along with the lessons in Sharla Taylor.
So, a mom, even Cassius
romolo, to add it was an item who is of course, not somebody
who was from all times
he was born more than 700 years ago. In fact, he was born in the year 701, off the hedgerow
in a place called bussola, which is in Syria.
While he was young, about four or five, his father, he passed away at Motorola and he was an eyelid within himself. So he was an orphan.
So even conceived
Rahim Allah tala, then of the age of five was moved to the mosque, Damascus.
And there he studied
and he studied all the Islamic sciences until he grew up.
Now, he had many great teachers. Even Cassius Rahim Allah tala, whose name was Abdullah Abdullah Frieda is smiling even a behalfs she had with Dean Armando even casier. At the missionary, Rahim Allah to Allah had many famous teachers.
when the scholars have given his biography they mentioned 1517 very famous, or well known scholars at the time for many of them, but we don't know who they are.
But I tried to choose maybe six or seven that maybe we've heard the name before.
For example, emammal mid, mo mo mo de la Mola, di is a very famous book and a short film. Kamala cam.
Also from his teachers, was Imam Al mizzi. Very famous scholar Mmm, Izzy. In fact,
you could hear him a lot. He married the daughter of emammal mizzi of Motorola and also a member of the Hubby, very famous alum, a member of Swanee,
a blue circle, who's a very famous book called Tommy 34 dimensions,
the history of Syria, Damascus, Radha and also shaken Islam, even taymiyah.
They were all from the teachers have even concealed as well as other great dilemma.
the teachers that he had our alum, well known teachers, well known scholars from Islamic history,
even conceived within himself within his knowledge base was a great alum in if anyone wants to ask you, what was even considered what was his if you like speciality, you may say stiff, stiff, because that's maybe his famous most famous book. But in fact, what even kissy Ronaldo was extremely knowledgeable and strong in was the Hadith,
the knowledge of Hadith.
And in fact, even harder, even 100 Ls learning
that he praised, he praised even considered for the amount of knowledge that he had in in Hadith.
For example, He said, even casier that he worked extensively on the subject of, of Hadith, especially in the area of Mattoon of texts, that he would be very aware of the texts of the hadiths, as well as the chains.
And he had an excellent memory. And his books became popular in his lifetime. And people benefit benefited from them after he passed away.
So this is a great statement from him, even hajat attorney talking about even cassiel.
And when looking at his death, when we're going through the tafsir even case here you will find that when talking about Earth and he brings a hadith you can see that they've been cathedra hamato, Tara has extensive knowledge on Hadith,
extensive knowledge, because it goes into if you go to because this is what you have in English is a concise version.
ie that if you find an a verse, but even Cassia might mention 567 10 a hadith talking about that.
When the person who shortened it because he didn't mention or 10 it might have mentioned two or three narrations so that it doesn't become too big hamaca
so when looking at his left side, you can see that he was a great element in one Hadith.
So he had great teachers. And
as even hotjar by malata, Allah He mentioned that he authored a number of books and they became popular in his life as well as after he passed away, as is well known that we're going to go through his tafsir ibn katheer. Also he has a book called albida to one neerja to the beginning and the end. This book is a history book.
And this is a history book from when,
but it will help from the beginning of creation. In casilda Hamilton, he wrote a history book. The history book begins from when Allah subhanaw taala created the creation until his time and it is one of the most excellent books on history.
What makes a history book an excellent history book, isn't it just merely facts isn't merely the person just saying this happened, and then that happened. And then he came and then he went and then this happened and
They lost this and that they found that isn't just facts. Isn't that what history is?
Possibly, however, you find many historians, that they will have their take, or their view on how history panned out and why it happened.
that this happened. Party a they came along, and they had an argument with party B Group B. And there was an argument between the two because Group B, they were troublemakers. This the historians point of view, he mentioned that there was an incident between two groups as an example I'm giving you There was an incident between Group A and Group B, Group B, they were the troublemakers and they overcame and they beat Group A, which was an unfortunate happening and cause great fitna.
Now I've given a moral judgment on what happened there. Not only have I mentioned what happened, but I've given my a couple of pence as to why I think this was right or wrong.
Now Eben Cassio Rahim Allah Allah was very far from given his own point of view, why he thought we should be like this or why it shouldn't have been like that. It was very much this is how it was, without any of his own influence on the reader. This is the
most beautiful book on history. Also, there's another book called alchemical victories, by even a fear by malata and is also a very excellent book on on history.
other books that even considered Mr. Lowe to odor that he
that he wrote, he wrote a book called alpha soul fisi or tiraspol like chapters or stations through the life of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu heinessen is a one volume.
He also you know, he wrote other books and numbering more than 20 different books on different subjects.
Now, we know that he adhered to
a sharpie, in his mouth had been filled in amateur theatre him, I will have to say he was a sharpie. However, this doesn't mean that he was a staunch adherent to Imam Shafi smarthub, that whenever there was an issue, that this is the correct opinion, and everything else is wrong. And these are the evidences that we have. And even though they have those evidences, they didn't understand those evidences properly. No, he doesn't come across like this in his Tafseer. Because when he's talking about Ayatollah kam,
when he was talking about verses of rulings, he doesn't say, this is the opinion of remember sheffy and this is the correct opinion and everybody else is wrong.
But we do know that he did adhere to the method, remember chef mo law, because he has a number of books that he wrote, talking about the aroma of enamel Shafi, who adhere to that particular method.
And he wrote some other works.
According to that method.
Imam Azhar Kashi Imam Azhar Kashi was a great alum. Also, I'll have heirarchy, another great Imam. These were two of the students of Imam Ibn Cathedral.
Now, when you look historically, and you find an alum, he appears throughout history, you find that more often than not, that they have great teachers.
And then more often than not, that they will have great students as well. So throughout time, Islamic scholarship has this chain.
People don't just pop up from nowhere and suddenly become an earning doesn't happen like this. You find that there was a citizen as a chain that this person studied from that person, and that the person study from that person.
And you can see that there's a rich scholarship within Islam.
Ibn katheer Rahim Allah to Allah He died in the year 774.
In dimished, at the age of 74, and he was buried next to his teacher, shake witness learn even Tamia Allah hi mo lol Tyler.
Now what I'm going to mention to you now is because this is you know, a general introduction. I know I did mentioned test set method, maybe we're expected to go straight into alpha. However, before you pick up any book, and Islamic book that's dealing with any topic,
it's a condition that if you want to benefit from that book, whatever that book is, it's a short it's a condition that you must read the introduction.
It's a must. If you don't read the introduction of that book. You will not benefit from that book. Even though you think that you have benefited.
Why because Elmo Kadima, autumn heed the introduction is the key to this book. How do I understand this book? How to understand it. Why is he done that? Why did he Why is he mentioning so many Hadith
When it was that we'd had to say what's going on there.
It's very important that you understand the
methodology of that author when reading any book.
What I'm going to mention to you now is about 10 different points
as to how even casier Rahim Allah, Allah, how he went through and explained the Ayat of Allah, Allah.
First and foremost, what type of Tafseer is tafsir ibn katheer?
I did mention earlier, there's different types of Tafseer there's types of Tafseer which focus on language
this particular Tafseer would focus much on the language of the Quran
was a mockery
of Kashif which deals a lot on these a lot of logic and has a lot of very strange opinions which which had to be rejected, but deals with a lot of
linguistic issues in the court and you find a tough set of deals was specifies one language and can rulings like alcohol to be
and then you find other Hadith Tafseer books which are built through by narration.
And if you have seen it because it generally comes under that
I'll see it Bill Maher thought it deals with explaining the Quran by narrations.
So, first, the point is that fctm look at it comes under the type of Tafseer which is built for by by narration. So this is very it comes under the same category as other Tafseer is like to have seen a buddy, even jury robbery
and also tafsir atea
and tavsiye A CLT
and also tafsir al Badawi these types of defects here they did with the ayatollahs pantalla. By narration, I'll explain what that means shortly.
The second point is important for us to know regarding tafsir ibn katheer is that
he focuses on when explaining the lost power and he focuses a lot on taking sources from self from the early generations.
Now, this in itself is a very important and long topic,
but many of the elements that they speak about the special
the advantage, if you like they had been very close to the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam those early generations that they had an advantage and a special way and an excellent way of explaining Al Quran.
So therefore, you find when explaining the binary option, you will refer to the early generations. So many, many a time you will find that he Rahim Allah goes about mentioning a Hadith of the prophets I said and then Sahaba and tambourine. And those are Aloma who followed that methodology.
So he would mention narrations concerning explaining that.
And he would also add, because of his great knowledge and Hadith, he would talk about
the authenticity of the hell the Hadith as well at times, he would talk about the authenticity, he'd mentioned Hadith. And he would say, if he heard that Hadith, the novel,
and there's something that we need to relook about that authenticity of that Hadith meaning that there is a weakness in it.
Now before himself before he began going into a surah, Al Fatiha, he has quite a long introduction. He himself wrote an introduction,
what I mentioned in your points, many are taken from that
you will find that the majority of the
principles and points that he mentioned at the beginning of this book are taken from where they're taken from his teacher. They're taken from his teacher Shake what Islam even take me out, I'm allowed to and I'll share what Islam is a well known book, which is
a mocha Dima
sola, here's an introduction into the principles or the science of IFC it
has been translated to English you can find it.
So even Kathy Rama Rotella took many of the principles from his teacher and placed them in his introduction.
That was the third point the fourth point
that this particular tip said that establish
Out in the way that it is organized, and the way that is set out.
And that is that what he will do more Lord tailor whenever he can,
is that he will mention the verse, or a set of verses. It's not just one verse, and then he made an explanation. He may mention a verse, which needs to be explained alone. Or he'll mention a number of verses which complete a particular point, and then he'll go on to explain it, how will you explain it, the first thing he will do is he'll reword it, he reword it.
Okay, you may find that, because this not Clement Bishop, this is not the column or the speech of any man is horrible. And I mean, this is the speech of Allah subhanaw taala. The eloquence is above anything that you can imagine. So at times, it may need to be broken down for you to to absorb it.
We're talking about generations that came to 700 years later now.
For the Sahaba of the alarm, for many of them, it was clear, but for generations that came later, and later and later Later, he intended to give a simpler meaning to that earlier the point that was being made. So that is mentioned and he will say, our loss or penalty earlier your quarterly birdie McLaren that he hit last month and is saying informing us about and then he'll go on to explain and break down the meaning of that area.
Another beautiful test here that does this is the tipsy of shack, Sadie by mo lhota. Allah has a very short texts here, but he breaks down the meaning of the earlier and then it's easy for us to digest unfortunately, is not in English, and solely in Arabic.
So that is the first thing that the Imam even gets here, why Matata he will do after mentioning the area, he would
in a simpler form for us.
At times, after that, he will pull out another idea from another place in the Quran. And say this area is very similar to this idea that we're talking about. Now.
This area is very similar to another area where you find and so on, so place in so and so shorter, and he'll bring them together. And he'll mentioned the similarities between the two of them.
He does this extensively through the Tafseer as we will find inshallah.
Then after he has mentioned it, he's broken down the meaning of the area in his own language. And if there was another verse, which explains that verse, ie, using the Quran to explain the Quran.
Now just a very short benefit,
or you can pay attention to it, that here it is, you have the best of speech, the speech of Allah subhanaw taala, who is the best one to explain the speech of Allah subhanaw taala who's the best one? The one who spoke it, Allah subhanaw taala. For this reason, it's a priority for us. And within the principles of tariffs here, it's a priority that if there was another area, which explains that this is what would the explanation that we're going to use will not use the speech of any man to explain the area of La Jolla.
So the first thing that you're going to do in understanding local and is use the Quran to understand the Quran.
Then the next one who is best in speeches, who and Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So if you do not find another idea, which explains that verse, and you may not find an area, then we will go to a Hadith of the generations of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to explain that.
And that is exactly what happened to him all other what that was what he did, that he would mention a number of narrations of the Prophet sallallahu eddison, in explaining, So step number one is using no code and to explain what an unconscionable code and then secondly,
the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then there was nothing on that, then you would find statements of who the Sahaba rhodiola one in explaining the Quran.
And that if you didn't find anything from the Sahaba themselves, and who would you go to,
you would go to the tab in
but as the point added, that you would go to those tab, the tab button By the way, the tablet you know, the students or the companions,
you would take the statements of those tabs
are the followers who are well known to be students of well known companions who are known for Tafseer
like Elon Musk road, and a bus and olive Numberphile, or the Ola and Uber Yellow Cab,
or Abu hurayrah rhodiola Han, who is a great companions known for Tafseer they had students and these companions are the Allahu anhu. Some of them went to Makkah, some of
them stayed in Medina, some of them went to Baghdad and Iraq. Like given Mr. Widodo the line, they went all over the place and they had students.
Now from the students, there were certain people who stood out
some of them
that they would make
statements and throughout the Tafseer these names that they will come up quite often.
So and So, a crema, so and so makes this statement, okay? So if you don't find something from the companion or go to the tablet one, but those well known scholars from the tablet own and then after that,
what do you do?
Here's a bit of a difference of opinion where you can go something you go back to the local way meaning you go back to the linguistic meaning of the area, if that is what is intended, or you go back to the shadow you meaning you go right to the Islamic meaning that's given to that. Okay, so these are the principles that you can get here are Rahim Allah tala. He followed when explaining Al Quran.
He also the next point
is on occasions, he himself will say, this is what I believe to be the correct understanding the correct opinion on the understanding of this verse. Maybe there's more than one interpretation of the area. But he will say, when Oh, well,
that the first opinion is more authentic. So he himself will put forth
his opinion and to be the strongest opinion. Many times you may find he quotes a poverty, mm of poverty, Rahim Allah who preceded him by a 400 or 400 or so years,
or he will quote from even a three year or even Abby had him to a great scholars who preceded him, he quotes from them quite a lot. In his stuff, he's
also even a theoretical model to other he refutes the young, the wrong usage of Islam, Elliot,
these are generations that have been passed through generations from Venezuela, which have no chain.
But sometimes they're talking about a similar subject that we we know as Muslims. It talks about Adam alayhis salam talks about the beginning of the creation. Sometimes you find these narrations that were passed on.
They can may be used within Tafseer. However, even Quasimodo, at times, he rebukes and says none of the usage of Israelite aliette is wrong. And as we go through if we go to sorta bacara and verse number 67. He talks about some of the Select aliens that were used
in the story of Musa Elisa them when the slaughtering the cow.
Also, another important issue when enabling cause here is that he deals with a few key issues as well.
because inevitably, when you go through the Qur'an, sometimes you need to understand things from a linguistic mean, what is the last telling us here? What is the meaning of it first and foremost? So that will be explained.
At times he will talk about verses which are dealing with Can I can rulings? Hello, hold on.
Hold on, hold on the rulings of divorce, the rulings of marriage, the rulings of traveling the rulings of prayer, the rulings of Hajj, the rulings of inheritance.
even consider IMO law, he talks about some of these very important issues, even though you will find for example, the Tafseer of mmm hole to be
which is far larger, far greater and bigger in size than even casier. He deals with 50 issues in great depth.
Even Cathedral himolla today does deal with 50 issues and mentions the opinions but not as of course as in depth as a meme unquote, to be, however, is very fair. You find his very fair and very just when talking about these opinions.
At times, he doesn't give the wrong idea. It doesn't give the what he believes to be the strongest opinion. He mentions, for example, about the recitation of the best Mullah when there's five different opinions. He mentions a different so he's fair, and he's just, which is one of the reasons and Allah subhanaw taala knows best. That why in particular, you know, tafsir ibn cathedra has had a wall has had acceptance worldwide.
It's one of those Deaf theaters that nobody says, Oh, we don't accept that.
Well, that's a funny to see it has strange opinions and I should advise you to stay away from it. The cinnamon Cassia is like a very all round, all round
type of seed which can benefit everybody.
that was just a brief introduction, what we're going to do now is,
what I would advise you to do
is if you can get hold of Tafseer even case here, it's online. If you want to buy the book, the book is like 10 volumes that may cost you quite a few pounds, you can get it online.
And you can download the the section that you're going to be doing or when the we're going to be doing that particular on that week. So you can follow or if you've got, you know, devices, you can have it in front of you. Okay? If you don't have internet, have it pre loaded, or have it pre you know, saved on your whatever device that you have, so that you can follow the lesson. And it's very important that you stay in contact, do you have contact with what we're doing? I mean, that
all of us, we have the ability to memorize and remember, some of us can remember a lot and memorize a lot others not so much.
However, webshots we're human beings and we forget even Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he forgot sometimes further in the seat of the kirani. If I forget, then remind me on one occasion, and they'll be sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he prayed one of the acid, and he prayed.
He prayed to.
And then he turned around, and he faced the companions.
And then the companions were looking at each other was going on. And it was the man whose name was Julia Dane.
They said, He's the man with the hands because he had big hands. Earlier, then he said, O Messenger of Allah, as the prayer shortened, there was a note, he said, You should pray to,
then the Prophet says askable, because we pray, just to said, Now,
we just pray to so the Prophet nslm got up, they will pray, did the extra to record, and then it was the paid student so and that was over.
Then the professor says that I'm a human being like you that I may forget, if I forget, please remind me.
if you can, if you have the ability to follow what we are doing,
the first person to benefit is who is yourself, that's, you're the first person to benefit, believe me. Any person, any teacher, anyone, whether you're teaching whatever subject, the one who's delivering is the first to benefit. Why, because that person has to prepare has to read has to ensure that that what they're reading and the network, they're going to teach that they understand.
So because I you know, any teacher, you have to make sure that everything that you read, you have to understand it.
It's not conditioned for you to do that.
Because you're not one delivering anything you said, then you may think I understood everything that went in that lesson. And then you walk out. And then somebody comes to you and says, Did you write down? I do remember that Hadith that he mentioned?
He said, you know, no, you don't, you know, that point it was mentioning about you know, wiping over the the shoe or the the sock and the I remember that but I didn't I don't remember anybody's.
According to him or her that they understood and heard everything. However, they understood everything. According to their level of understanding.
They understood everything according to their level of understanding, their level of understanding is what
is maybe quite low. I say this with respect, I don't mean anything by it. But maybe your level of understanding is quite low.
on that particular topic, not in general,
on that particular topic.
So you think have understood everything 80% has flown over your head, you didn't understand it.
So I would advise you that if you can get hold of to CW theater, then try to get it. If you can read Arabic for b1,
then, of course even a greater blessing because you have the origin.
If you can't have that, then you can't read or whatever reason then you can get access to it in English either in the physical form of a book like this, we can get online.
what I will advise you to do inshallah, if you can read the
the mocha demo, you can read the introduction.
The introduction is like 30 or 40 pages, but it is important, read it or read it.
But I encourage you to read it, because this is the key. And I gave you a brief as to what you know the main points in the introduction and the kind of things that he will follow, but please read the introduction.