Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 62
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 44.11MB
Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala shofar MBIA woman Selena Vienna awkward Latina Muhammad Ali here thought of Salah as go to sleep hola hola and even that'd be my infant on island fatten me mount Island Tana was even in many of the land I mean Sudan when they come on off to La he would work out to everybody welcome Saturday morning beginning classical Arabic. And after this week inshallah we're going to be taking a break from class we're going to let everybody else catch up in some of our students who used to attend are a little bit behind, and we're coming up upon a new school year. So we're going to take a few weeks in sha Allah
to set our reset our schedules, recalibrate everything, and one second.
All right systems join us, I don't want anyone to miss the announcement.
So we're saying that this is the last week of class for a few weeks, we're gonna be taking a short break to recalibrate our schedules for the school year. Okay, so everybody else who's got kids that are going back to school or other things sort of shift, we're going to be taking just a few weeks to reset our schedule, catch up review, if anybody has missed any previous classes,
give an opportunity to some of our other attendees to catch up and then we'll renew our efforts Inshallah, but for today, we're going to keep going in sha Allah with our current lesson, which is on the second person plural.
To be determined, but it will just be a few weeks at some point in September, we're going to resume insha Allah Tada.
Okay, so we have started this exercise. And it is just an exercise the instructions of which epiroc Work tube, read and write. And I'll always take this moment to remind you that writing is an immensely beneficial activity for your language acquisition, if you want to master the poor and you should write the Koran, if you want to master the Arabic language you should write it is. Language is a multi sensory.
Anything with memory is multi sensory. So the more types of senses that you apply, the stronger the connections in your brain are going to be. And the stronger it's going to be remembered. Right? So
speaking is one using one type of sense listening, reading, they're all different types of senses. And then writing takes a different sort of set of skills.
But for now, we're going to just read these out loud and we're going to point out some things and analyze the grammar and go over vocab that we find. So I'm going to have you read
and translate. Okay, I had done number one last class but that's where we will start. So let's go for
the shake family you start us off with number one
no, mostly moolah.
Keep going through the whole one
no Allahu Allahu La buena. Well, Islam or being
the moolah when be you Muhammadan rasul Rasul Luna while Koran Karim mu kita Guna. One, GABA to cabler tuna will
be to lower to local tuna,
masha Allah, so give us a translation.
We are Muslims. Allah is our Lord. Islam is our deen and the prophets Allah Salam is
in Rasul and the Quran is
Quran, Quran, Kareem the
cutting book, and GABA is the fibula and Arabic is our language fantastic Mashallah. So, if you haven't figured it out, until now, they've given you here, the
object, excuse me the subject and possessive pronouns for the first person plural, which is we so NAC new we, which we've seen many times before, but we also have NA everything is Na na na, alright so Na is that possess
of pronoun. And as we know, in Arabic, the possessive pronoun and the object pronoun take the same form okay? So, we have national and we have now fairly easy to remember good and the translations fine nothing really of note to see here except everything is marked at a hover. And so everything is marked for right Rob buena, Allah who are buena and both of those are marked for and everything else in the sentence is not for because it is simply Joomla Ismir more color. Good number two Dr. Z
a name will come
Aina Moodle Kuya Quan
good. What does that mean?
Are you all teachers over others? Are you a teacher? You know, where?
Give them a cup of coffee to stress man. We've already had to.
Yes, good. Where are your teachers? Muda V sukham. Right. Important to have more than a Reese with the castle on the rock. And then sue because it's not for Aina muda risotto. Yeah, Atlanta. Okay, so this is the sentence here. And then we'll that'll be so cool. Where are your teachers? And then yeah, it was just hard for me that and Madatha is just you're calling upon the people that you're talking to.
Normally it'd be well known, but because it is after the hot funny that it's new. Without 10 me? Yep. Oh brothers. Remember if when is the plural or one of the plurals of
Aklan what's the other plural? Do you remember?
Equitana? Platoon. Yes, the counterintuitive one. Okay, so these are the two plurals of f1 brother. How to say brothers you have a clan which is easy to remember. And then the counter intuitive if Watson
so either would be correct. Yeah. Why No? Yeah. To both of them be correct.
Oh, you're not done Dr. Xia there's a second line here, which is the response
we know firstly, was ahava ill?
Odd. Fantastic. Good. translate that for us.
They just now left the classroom and went to the principal. Very good. And notice point out how we use a singular form
of the verb hada. There However, even though we're talking about a plural subject would that'd be so cool.
Oh, actually, no. Scratch that. It's not plural. The people who miss referring to are the people being addressed is plural. And the actual teacher is where is your teacher? One teacher? Okay, nevermind. Forget I went down that road. Though it would have been correct. If it were Aina modality Sunako.
And then hydrogel an amino fasting. That's correct, because it is a Joomla sarolea and that is me but we won't go into that because that's not what the question was. Good. Number three. Brother Mohammed was awesome.
B V. V. SHA ran by to come
by tuna fish Shari in
the Amal math, Machar. Very good. Okay, what does that mean?
In in which,
on which Street, your houses?
Our house is
in the street which is
off the courthouse. Yes, fantastic, very good mac Emma comes from Hakka to rule right to judge a lot as Al Hakim and that Hakim
al Hakim. And so Mac cam Mac Emma is the place where that happens where ruling and judgment happens good notice the difference in reading this required a view when you go from in the question V Shetty or in the bay to come because it's unknown right Shetty Aryan has a ton when it is Nikita. It's indefinite. Because we don't know that's what we're asking what what street could be any street. And now we know and we're referring to
the street where the house is. And so it becomes mowdy For with Elif Lambay tuna fish Sherry fish sherry or a lady right whereas if it were an accurate OB fi Shetty or any lady, right, so that's a nice little reading flourish right there. Good.
Number four, who haven't been caught on yet by the axon.
Are you up for participation?
Buenas Dias, who
our father is your uncle's friend.
Very good. Masha, Allah, our father recall that
is one of the five nouns. Okay, that takes special rulings when it comes to manifesting that grammar so you have
and though those are the five, okay, and so when it's possessed, or part of a possessive construction a boo now it's going to demonstrate its grammar with a letter and not with just a Hanukkah. That's why it has a boo boo and instead of Buena buena, so the call I'm making. So we have a nice little move to the cover here. You'll notice me here this is my four because it is the mantra and this is the subject San Diego I'm making mobile mobile for LA that's why I'm has a camera under the mean. And the common refers to
the plural is the possessive pronoun. Very good. Number five system setup
Sorry, I'm having a hard time hearing you. Oh
it sounds like you're underwater
I can barely hear you
right now. Okay, that's it. Okay. Um, are you teacher? No, we are doctors. Very good. Excellent. And tomography so we're gonna learn
a lot only thing to point out here is that a big battle is not going to solve it will not ever accept 10 win. And it will not ever accept a kestra because it is the phonetic pattern that it is on. And so that's why the grammar would dictate that any other normal now and it would be national one, but no.
Back to the top number six sister s Matt.
I'm sorry. Number seven. No, no, number six.
And seven, but now on moody zero. Moody moody.
No. Happy Herford to who? Good. What's half adder two? What's that mean? That is grandchildren.
Okay, so are you the children of the teachers?
So this is plural. So let's go from the the singular is her feed
right? You can think
Have Hatfield are the names of Allah but it's with a doll at the end her feed and then the plural is
good doctors. Yeah number seven
mother said to be raccoon mother to come. Survey ratoon Very good.
Our school is big and your school is fantastic. Alright, good. Okay, that was fairly straightforward. Moving right along, Brother Mohammed wants lesson number eight
now, Andy, botton Jeremy Don't
be in the telecoil rdrp Good. What's that mean?
car, our garden is beautiful feet in QA
that is in which no, that is
in idea. Village. Yes Korea is village Very good.
Is in the village. Good. Good. The only thing that I would correct for the translation is that this is a move to the harbor right. So this is an is statement. Lana Moqtada have taken up screaming Hadiya khatoun Jamila soon we have right this is a statement of possession. We have a beautiful garden feed tilaka fetal kilocalorie at
notice also we have CIFA mo Sophia, which is a review from last class we had some people stumbling over that. It's the adjective and noun pair.
They match in for things right? So we have feminine feminine, right that's a match and gender had the tone. Jamila tune with tamarind water. We have 10 wean, 10 wean, which means it agrees in definiteness or lack thereof. Right here it's Nikita Nikita, indefinite indefinite we have the fact that it's llama to bump Bulma 10, Bama 10 which means that it's not four so it has to agree in grammatical case.
Right we have nominative case nominative case. And finally, this is singular singular it has to agree in number.
Good number nine brother as
a whole Whoa, now poor level fee. Korea to the
Our brother is a student in
Korea's field. Kalia is the faculty.
Notice very good. So what's going to be I'm going to ask you to tell us what's the ending on Taalib?
What's the Hanukkah on pilot?
I think it's a clinical level. Because it's a specific
one bomber. Yeah. Okay. And then what's the Holika? On tip?
10 When? Which one?
To casters. Yeah. Okay.
Anybody would like to disagree?
Or dispute or contest or when alpha when that question was like, debate. Be one customer. The end. Good. Okay, so let's look, let's look at the first clip. We'll only have one question. Why rather having a test on why? Because fee? No opposition? Nope. It's got nothing to do it. Well, that's why it's Castra. That's why it's tested. But why is it one Kesar not to cast votes.
This is wonderful. Lovely.
Okay, and so what does that mean?
Kalia to be that means it's Castro and not Bama. But why what does that have to do with having one Castro and not two customers?
there you go. Very good. Ally flan and Islam and 10 when it's like seesaw, okay. It can't have both.
So if it has Elif lamb, then it's not going to have 10 We at the end and if it has 10 weaned at the end, then it's not going to have
Elif lamb in the beginning. However, there are certain situations where it can have neither if it is milled off like Kalia to sue excuse me qualia tea in a sentence. qualia tea has no Alif Lam and no turn wheat
and that is because it is possessed by a bib.
So it drops the 10 Wien
because it has mowdy for it is definite, not because of it has an Elif lamb but due to its position in the sentence due to its relationship.
I saw sister was about to have her hand raised and so I'm gonna give her a crack at thought lib
is thought Correct. balibo And if not, then what is the correct one?
The ocean waves are back system started off
sorry, is it better now? Yeah, that's fair. Okay.
It will be funny. Okay, why? You're right. Why?
Yes. And how do we know it's indefinite?
It's, what do you call it?
COVID. Yes. Fantastic. Yes. So that's why you know, Arabic grammar is like building a building or like building a building blocks, right? We start from the beginning. What type of sentence Jonah is me. Okay. gymnasts. Mia has two parts, smoked at Aqaba. And each of those two parts has a default sort of ruling on various things. We know Hakuna ism up to that isn't Maori for? Yes, it is. That's the default for them to that. It's not for? Yes, it is. That's a necessity for the mob to that. And then we have baldeep. Okay, thought it is the habit, it's the information that we want to share about the web today. The default of the hover is that it's not for yes, it's in the dark for the
nominative case. And the default for the hover, especially if it's by itself one word is it is
Nikita, it is Nikita, which means it is indefinite. And if those sorts of like associations and defaults are tough to stick in the memory, then think about it this way.
What thing is specific? And the idea of this sentence, the thing which is specific is the brother, our brother, that's something that is specific. What are we saying about our brother, he is a student, right, which implies that there are other students meaning he is one student among many. And so that is the indefiniteness of the word student in kind of the philosophy of what's going on being said here. Whereas what is who is being talked about is unmistakably definite. We're only referring to one person.
Who have we reached? I think we've reached system was not about to number 10
Can you hear me now? Yes. I'm
like that. Oh, are you I'm Dr. Barguna
with Abouna Mohan
when the Sunnah good. So some of us are doctors and do so please how would you say other?
Either way they're both correct. Okay, and others The rest are
fantastic. Mashallah. Very good. Really, this is really nice because it shows us how different types of words
express different things grammatically. Right? So we have
Right, exactly. So we have like that, which is I'm not going to solve and so that's only going to have a Bama
and now 10 When and then we have more when the sooner
which the sign of it being metaphor is the well
and it's fixed upon its end of life.
The data. Alright, so we see and this because this is Jim with active satem. This is a sound masculine plural, whereas up the bat is a broken plural. So we see how the category of the words the types of words that we have affects how it changes in morphology. And thankfully, there's only a handful of types of words. I think there's eight total types of words in Arabic when it comes to these kinds of morphological considerations. We've already gone through six of them are nouns and two of them are verbs. Right? So we've gone through I think the six nouns we have, except for the dual, the dual is the one that's missing.
There's those three plurals, right there's sound masculine plural sound, feminine plural, and the broken plural. Then we have sing, we have singular nouns, right? I'm trying to put this up to the camera, I only have singular nouns. Okay, number five is the five nouns, vous, AB, etc. And then the last one that we haven't done yet is the duel. Right? So those are six types of nouns. That's it. There's no other surprises when it comes to nouns. If you're thinking about, okay, how does this particular type of word Express grammatical case in the nominative case with this metaphor? Or whether it's monsoon? Or whether it's whether it's Miss ruled? Right? Or how does it is it fixed in
some cases or not? And others? Is Minnesota forever? Or is it I'm not going to stop sometimes, right? Thinking in these categories is very helpful. At least I find it very helpful.
Good number 11. Back to the top with
Sr s mat.
Allahu Rabona. Or
Masha Allah, Allahu Akbar.
Our Lord, and your Lord is Allah. That's right Isola.
Very good. And Dr. Xia bring us home number 12.
The Hub tomb Yeah, eco. The Hub.
Sookie, very good. Excellent. They have not yes, we will be. And that's straightforward. And we get Yes, they did exactly. What I would have liked them to do is that they gave us the last piece of the puzzle. For this lesson, right? We're the whole point of this lesson is the second person plural, you all and we have learned before we've learned and Tom we had a nice big dose of Anthem, which is the subject pronoun. And then we had a nice big dose of comb, which is both the object pronoun and the possessive pronoun. And finally, we get the conjugation of past tense verbs. So remember, we had the hubba Habu, we have the Hepta. And now we have the all important second person plural, the hub
tone. So if we're going to isolate it, tome, is the conjugation. For past tense verbs. second person plural.
If you've been following along with the hand signals, which I recommend, I love the hand signals. That's how I learned how to conjugate verbs in a quick and automatic way. We have for sticking to masculine forms, that hubba that hobble the hub to the hub tone,
right? If you work on those for 10 minutes a day, once in the morning, once at night, in front of a mirror, you will see progress, that hub hub Whoo, that hub to that hub tone. And you can do it with all the verbs that you know, Kata jacada, Jiu courage to homage to him.
One of the things that I left that I do for either to fail
one or the other verbs that we've done, we haven't done a ton of verbs now, because they're trying to get you into the vocab, and things like that. But that's the idea. And there's lots of apps and I had recommended earlier in our Arabic journey, the app Anki A n k i, it's an open source.
flashcard app, not just specific to Arabic, but you can download
different decks that people have uploaded onto the website, and you can go through them. And the nice thing about Anki is that it spaces out for you the words, so the words that are easy for you to remember, you will see them less than less often and the words that you struggle to remember it will space them out for you.
So that you'll see them more often. So it's, it is a time saver than the traditional, right, right, you know, writing out your flashcards by hand. And that's the way that you build your vocab. There's decks that are specifically for verbs and common verbs and you can take those decks and you can apply these patterns to all of those verbs. Right so, Shetty back to drink. Shetty machete Whoo.
Shut up. Shut up Tom, or Aquila to eat, AKA AKA Lou occulta. Kelton, etc, etc. Got to read caught up, thought oh produkter caught on and the cetera et cetera et cetera
any questions before we move on
Okay, we have elderly fill a smile, theater Illa Bama. Yreka Houma WHAT THE HON Phil Mitali AD, AD Letha comes from either offer, which is like mobile fulfill a possession. So, add a smell Attia to the following nouns, either Obama, or like join them, I guess it'd be the better translation with their pronouns come out who have all the hunted mentality as is explained or demonstrated in the example. So we start with a simple noun, they turn right next to
my four. And they want us to in the first column,
add the second person plural, possessive pronoun be to come. And then in the next column to add the
first person, plural possessive pronoun hours, Bay tuna. So we're going to quickly go down this list. And you're going to say both, okay, so just like I did beta, beta one, beta two column beta, and the next one, we're going to say the example word, and then the next blank, and then the next blank for that word. So everyone's going to stick to one word. Well, I'll start at the top. So as Matt laid us off here,
morning, I'm welcome, Mona. Yes, good. Make sure also to make sure we're saying I'm Mona with a short llama instead of on Munna, because that could be something else.
In Arabic as opposed to other languages such as English or romance languages, the duration for which we hold out sounds affects the meaning as we found out, right.
Without a reason, without a resume, right? Well, that every son with a is a 10 wean that means one teacher would that really soon without pronouncing the thoughts at the end is teachers right that that difference in duration between the Bama and the well means something different. Similarly, we learned the feminine form
the hub right the noon with Fetta.
The ladies they went and then if we the difference between that SATA and an LS in duration is a different meaning if we say the hub Na, that means we went alright, so Arabic is a little bit tricky in that sense that duration does matter. And in fact, the vast majority of mistakes that your children make in my Korean classes are mistakes rather instead of pronunciation of letters, or even Tajweed they are duration, duration mistakes, making long letters like wow and Elif and yeah, only last one kind of beats in duration or making them the duration into their how to cats components such as Obama Kassala and vice versa. Making Fattah Obama kestra last longer than they should until
the point where they resemble elephants and Wales. Yes. So just a little food for thought something to keep in mind. Dr. Z next one.
madressa tune mothers come mud
tuna. Okay, the you madrasa tuna is correct, the with calm you dropped the TAM on a Bucha and that's something that's difficult to remember with singular feminine nouns that have a template buta madrasa to come, because we think of madrasa when we pronounce these words. You know colloquially in conversation, we don't pronounce the terminal buta. So we're saying madrasa. Okay, what's the what's the our madrasa med med Rossana No, no then we have to pronounce the timer water. So we madrasa tuna
good. We'll have an awesome next
Nova tune. Lower to come. Lower tuna. Very good, brother. Awesome. Next
one and welcome. I'm gonna good and this is this is one of the exceptions because this here they did a little sneaky thing here. An F
The last two examples in each column are one of two of the five nouns. So this is going to be one of those cases where we are going to stretch it a Boonah.
And, sorry, I'm going to switch it a Bukom
and that's simply and we said this before because it's hard to hear I will not ever come right as something that is difficult to hear and so the Arabic language clarified it with adding the well. Good system was added on top of the column
Very good. Back to the top sister is Matt.
So do you have to come?
So the whole study has to come and study
you know, you changed it to feminine, which is okay, because I'm sure you you know, I have a lot of feminine friends. But yes, the form that they gave us here study upon, so be study Pune. So Saudi cuckoo, and feminine would be so you went the opposite way. Right. There is no Tamar. Bucha here, but you were very
cautious about not forgetting that summer. Bucha. And so you added one, but that's the difference between male and female. So Sadiq Khan, Saudi, Coco, Saudi Hakuna. So the cartoon, so the cartoon, so the Fortuna
Good. Next up, we have Brother Mohammed. Oh, it's awesome.
Oh, I'm sorry. Go to Dr. Zia. Sorry.
Very good. Next up, Brother Mohammed was awesome. The the noon the Luna Dino, the dino calm, Tina. Very good. A congenial calm while at exactly. And last but not least rather acid.
Very good. And listen to how he stretched out because there's a while there was one of the five nouns just like up so uh, who? Abu Anna? Very good.
Yeah. Okay. Let's blow through these. Oh, good. They're going to teach us some calendar things. And some ways of measuring time. So let's start with system of satellites. Could you read the question and the response?
Are you Yeoman haga, which day is it? Tada yo Musa sub t is Saturday. Very good, except comes from Sabbath. Alright, it's the same route as a Sabbath which is a
And we get Saturday in the English tongue from Saturn, because that was the day when the pagans used to worship the planet Saturn.
But the Arabic and we see you know, the funnel and the benefit of the Arabic language over
Islamic calendar over the conventional English calendar, calendar which is dripping with idolatry and ship or we have the Sept. Sabbath. Good. Next up, SR Asmat. Next line.
Are you showering has a has a
has a Shehu Roger.
Very good. So shadowing, or shadowing in a different scenario is month and you should know this from
mean alopecia. Right. And so
there you go. Exactly. Sharon and Donna the for those inserted Bacara Exactly.
So, Sharon or Sharon,
let's um, that reminds me to point out something else that a you Okay, a which means which which we've seen before.
Whatever word comes after au This is a relationship of McLaughlin la la.
Which is why this word only has a llama and not attend me.
And why the word that comes after Yellowman Shatin Kalia team. A madrasa tiene Bella deen is Metro with a Khasra
Next line Brother Mohammed Watson
could only attend Harvey
Cooley added the jar at the Okay. Going in which
faculty? Yes, no? Yes. Okay.
How are they?
In which facility is this?
which facilities this? Yeah like imagine you're at a college campus there's buildings there's this building that building you walk into why like, which department is this or which which faculty is this? This this cycle this department is
the the job that much into?
Yes business business. Yes, exactly. Very good. One one small correction. Well first of all, notice how the heat okay, we've gone into the feminine land because Kalia tune is fine feminine or in the grammar of the sentence Kalia teen. And
in the answer the one correction we have to do is clearly a TJ instead of Kalia to Jerry rather Mahatma Tesam was right in realizing that it had to have no 10 win because this is multiple off eBay This is a possessive construction. However in this sentence there is nothing to make it measurable there is nothing to give it a customer this is a simple not to have a subject and predicate have the he is the subject Kalia to TJ rotten, or Kalia to T GRE use me is the hub, right is the predicate. And the default grammatical present position of the predicates of the hub is more full. Right? So there's nothing to change Kalia to to qulaity But the second part of a possessive construction is
measurable. It is in the genitive case by definition and so, there is something to change the word at TJ to to TJ Alrighty. So just be aware of that. Arabic grammar is like dominoes right to left dominoes dominoes dominance, right. This we know it has to be mowed for this we know it has to be mowed for Oh, most often with awfully this we know it has to be measurable because of what came right before it. Good. Next line brother assets
he meant to be a metro setting and
NFL metros, NFL madrasa dealing with I was
very good. Excellent. Go ahead and translate.
What school What school are you in?
I'm in the
and then the school
if I were to ask you, what's the three letter root of this big long words? What the acidity
what we think is the three letter root every Arabic word can be traced back to three letters. Some four but mostly three.
Yes, yes. Wow. Seen thought Do you know any other words that are from what? We're seeing ba
Surah Surah Baqarah. Jana, come on. Martin was shot on.
On the middle, the middle.
So what is middle? So this is middle school, middle school. And middle school very good.
The woodstar I'm not going to flip the bird I chew but the Woodstock is the middle finger. Okay, so there's many, many things that are derived from these roots. So while seeing thought is the root that means middle move towards theta is the one that's appropriate for a school.
Very good. This is a rich example. But we're over time so I'm not gonna get into it too much. I'll just say that. Checkout, feel madrasa Tillman's, I was CLT motor was C potty. This is all after it's all part of the prepositional phrase and so that's why both of them are majeure. And this is Stefano Souf okay, this is an a noun and it's adjective pair. So that's why we have to agree on four things we have Ali flam Alif Lam, that's definite. We have Castro Castro. That's grammatical case. Maestro, we have feminine feminine with the timer boots is right and we have singular singular last line and this will be the conclusion of lesson inshallah system started
We at Bennett in Antalya
from which our velocity are you are
and I mean
you know I'm from
and you're not as Greece. Okay
good. This isn't the city though.
Sorry. It isn't a city the Bella does not city. Oh, it's more generally land from which land are you?
I know what you're saying because it's so little Bella is often translated as city
but valid strictly doesn't mean city it can also available for you which is one right? Right
so very good. So that's pretty clear. Last little observation here check out the use of a you
Okay? Or you can be more for Right? Which which which, but just like an English it can be part of a a different phrase like a prepositional phrase fee in which right mean a year from which, right and so that's a pretty literal translation but just be aware that au goes to a ye AU is not money, it's not fixed it will reflect grammar. Good any final questions before we dismiss?
Good progress are steaming, steamrolling ahead, almost at the end of the lesson. Okay, very good. I will be in communication with everybody as to when
we will resume classes as I said it'll be sometime in September inshallah Tada.
So stay tuned and please avail yourself of the opportunity to review and to go over any lessons that you missed and especially to build up your vocab. Sometimes the vocab can get lost, and we will see each other soon inshallah Tada Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh