Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 37
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 40.29MB
He handled electronically Alameen wa salatu salam ala
Nabina Muhammad and he of course allow us to sleep a lot from Ireland.
That was it in that element? Yeah. I mean,
Ricardo, everybody, welcome to you're going to classical Arabic Wednesday evening.
We Inshallah, we will try this class to finish up
our current lesson.
And maybe even start the next lesson depending on
how far we get in Charlotte.
So here we go.
We have reached
a new exercise.
Here. They're giving us blanks. Okay. So, previously, previously, we have been looking at so for most of pairs, right adjective and the nouns that they described,
they had all come in
discrete parts of the sentence, right? Recall
the very, very first examples that we had all of the parents in the public, right. And so every one of them was
meant to write
such and such and such was the Mukta that barleywine wants to hear. Right. And so it would agree in the fourth things that had to agree in. And in that particular case, it was Nikita, it was indefinite because it was part of the cover. Okay. And then, and then we saw in the previous exercise, things start to shift to the move to that. So now, we're dealing with CIFA, most hoof pairs that have any thumb, right and that are in the book to that because the month that it has to be definite, it has to be manufactured. So we have, for example, a Barley Barley monster he do fill firstly, okay, we have a set for most of pair. And the hope to that. So now what this exercise is
going to have you do is it's going to have you make a decision
as to basically where is this FMO soothe pair occurring? Is it in the hover? Is it in the mood today? Is it going to need 10 wean? Or is it going to need any thumb?
Right. And so it's having you practice
matching the CIFA to the most Souf in terms of its definite definiteness, it will become very clear once we get going. So let's start with Sr. Oh seven. So what you have here is you have an example and a blank, they give you the adjective in the left column that you're supposed to use, so you don't have to worry about that. But you have to choose the right form of the word in order to match the MO Souf. The noun that you are describing with that adjective. So go ahead, Sister seven. Let's see what we can do. Okay. I know what the result should be do Sharla excellent work. So everybody noticed how first of all she nailed the correct
ending for elementary so it's the mob to that because the actual sentence is elementary school JD do aina.
Where is it? However, we have put forth in the beginning of a sentence the part that we're questioning the where
as a modality, so she knows that the adjective has to match the noun that it's describing in the four things. The first of them here is its definiteness or its Definity. We have Ali flam. We have to have any flat or more precise, this is definite. And so this needs to be definite. And since they're common nouns, they are definite by any plan and modality so the second thing is Elmo, the risotto is singular. Okay, so dedied has to be singular. We haven't learned the plural forms of Jathedar or any other sort of thing. So no worries there. The third thing is that LJ deed has to be masculine because Elementary School is masculine. If it was ain't in the mood that Risa to we would
have to say l j, D, that too.
Right. But we do not have that scenario. And the last thing is that it needs to follow in grammatical case
Since elementary school is in the move to that, that means that LJ d do is part of the move to that as well. And the move to that is more for very good. So that's the idea behind this exercise.
Number two Brother Mohammed was awesome.
dodgen can be RW Daijiro kabhi who fill so Sophie? Very good. Excellent. translate that for us while we're at it.
the copied Dawn right long
is big, big.
March and is in the market. Very good. Excellent work. That is so very good.
Okay, good. Okay. Um, number three, the CFM it's on the CFM
an ad, no.
Loved One, the demon
ba Ligue one or the moon, listen to how she batched it. This time, it's in the Hello. It's in the predicate. So she knew that Follin would have to have a 10 We'd
call them would have to also have a 10 We, I wrote them in the two different ways that you'll see that this little thing is actually a noon. So well known as the same as this reading to bonus Very good. Number four documents.
Jealous. Label Jedi do culpa. Muhammadan Excellent. Very good. translate that for us.
new student said next to Mohammed in front of even better and best yet is behind me.
Behind. Okay, because you got the hard part. Right. The hard part was flipping the word order from Arabic to English because it would be he sat the new students behind. So look at how you know there's a lot that needs to be balanced. When we have a Joomla fair Alia, a sentence that starts with a verb and documentation did very well. The new students sat behind Mohammed and he knew that did he do had to follow a volleyball here? Not because it's part of them up to that. No, no, no. This is a different type of sentence and so it has different parts. We have a Joomla philia the three parts of Joomla three or Nia or Ferret, which is the verb
and method rule. So
got my phone.
So verb, subject object. Okay.
We don't worry about grammar for this one yet. This one is going to be more for With Adama, this one's going to be men so unless there's a prepositional phrase which there is so here we have a balibo is moto four With Adama not because it's moved to that but because it is that
okay, other Jedi who has to follow authority who in its grammatical case, which we which it does, and in the other things singular, singular masculine masculine metaphor, metaphor and Maori for Maori for holophone will have Merlin because Khalifa is a lot of it's a type of preposition. This is a prepositional phrase, which stands in place of the objects and that's
Okay, moving right along tube system was thought about number five.
Many, many will do away Lu.
Money Volador Camilo levy Harada Meenal. Firstly,
yes, very good. Just one word go out of there. That's
what the story
it's, it's an unnecessary word strictly speaking to the sentence. The sentence is completely fine without it. Actually, my book doesn't have it. I was reading from the book. Well, even better, Mashallah.
So many of the while I do poorly who?
Oops, I'm sorry. I misheard you.
I misheard you there. We, we knew the tall boy, who is the tall boy who just came out of the classroom? Very, very good. So what type of I want to ask you a hard question? What type of sentence is this?
I think it's both actually.
Okay, now, strictly speaking, it's not possible to be both at the same time, what can happen? What can happen is we can have a Joomla ischemia as part of the Joomla fairly.
And we can have the opposite, we can have a Joomla purely as for example, the hover the part of the Joomla estimate.
So you can just pick one and then we'll
or so I think, I think the first part, which is who is the tall boy, I think that's
it smell. Good. Yes. So
I'm finished. Sorry. Um
Well, I guess I guess it's a Joomla ischemia, and then the failures part of it, I think it is part of the hover.
Because the subject is, who is the tone of voice? The tone of voice the subject? And then what about him? He's the one who just came out of the class. So very good.
Yes. So if we're breaking this down, okay. This is a Joomla is mean? Where does the move to the end? Remember that if we have a question? How do we find out the answer, we have to straighten it out into a statement? So if this were a statement, it would be a what are the four wheel allele holida, el Amin, and firstly, men.
So you're, you're mostly right. But the hover is simply men. And all of this is, this is the motor that all of that as
and what connects what connects this is a Joomla. On the right here called an anime and philosophy. What is LOD, a relative pronoun?
This is something that we haven't learned strictly in grammar. It's called Silla, and it has an old soul. But this is subordinated under the under the milk today. Because if you come back to the philosophy of what is a subject, what is a predicate? It's who we're talking about, and what we're saying about them. We're not primarily trying to say that he left the classroom. We're primarily trying to say who he is. And so the question is seeking to answer. Who is he? All this other information is clarifying who has the look to that? Making it specific, or as specific as possible, eliminating all other possibilities and ambiguities? And what are the tornadoes? So we add a thought
here, because of the wheel eliminates all the short students and let the horrible air I mean, at first, it eliminates all the students that didn't just leave now from the class.
And that's all the subject.
What do we want to know about the subject? If this were an affirmative sentence or statement, what would we want to say about the subject? We would want to say who is he?
Or he is Mohammed? Or he is nice. Or he is from Syria? Anything, right? That's the actual predicate. And everything else is just a very long, fancy subject.
But the primary exercise, which is just simply filling in the adjective, and making it agree with what it describes was easy enough for you, right? Singular, singular masculine masculine love for metaphor Monteforte because it's looked at that not because it's bad, or hover
and naughty, naughty.
Excellent. Shape family. Number six, and seven.
sorry, Amma. Where am I a modern Walden cathedral
Mashallah. Very good.
Okay, and translate that for us.
Aman is a short boy. Very good. Okay, now I'm going to ask you a tricky question.
What's going on with this sentence? Every single word ends with a 10. We, I thought that if we had a motor and a hub, that it would be mounted on Nikita, we'd have an LED lamp in there somewhere. How can I tell what's going on in the sentence?
A modernist name so he's definitely it's a definite can't be Nikita. Fantastic. Exactly. So where would we draw the line between Malta and copper? Right after a modern Amman is a short boy. Yes, fantastic. So you see that Colosseum here agrees with whether in the four things right they're both part of the hammer singular singular masculine masculine well formed metaphor. Net Iran Natura very good doctors. Yeah, if you're American you need number seven.
Great saloon dubby goon
Very good. translate that for us. So is famous Dr.
Mercola, world famous doctor Feisal and it's the same exact thing as the previous sentence. As far as grammar goes, Don't be thrown off by everything having 10 weeks, not every 10 weeks is Nacua. If we're dealing with a a proper name, a proper masculine name, then this is mouthful, even though it has a ton of weight. Since its mouth effect, we know that the difference or the the border, the border between them the Malta and the neck, you know,
if assuming the border between the motor and the hub, yes, the hover is not a prepositional phrase.
If it's made up of a smack of an essence, is where the Maori foot crosses over to the neck here on the definite crosses over into the indefinite Feisal is definite we know exactly who we're talking about. Bobby wants to hear on a famous doctor. Is he the only famous Doctor No, there's a ton of famous doctors and so it's not you it's not specific it's not definite. So that switch over from Maui for Internet era from definite to indefinite is where you get your
your understanding of is and the difference between them up to that in the house.
Good next up brother Saturday can you do number eight
you have your volume on
it said that you were unmuted but then I didn't hear anything. Okay, sorry. I was talking while I was on mute
Lehman had Lehman had less than max to
good translate that for us
Lehman has had anyone say
I don't know sorry.
Lehman probably the tricky part right? Yeah. Don't worry about that. What has had a severe Olmec tsunami
have this is savvy rune.
Very good. What's my soul?
Like so much so.
Next, sore is broken. Broken. Welcome back. This broken bed is literally this part. This broken bet.
Okay, and that's our
that's our hope today because the actual sentence is how the Soviet or Mexico Lehman is who's okay Li Li here is possessive. It's lemon and Kia. So it means belongs to and men is our old familiar men meeting hope.
Okay, so how the semi automatic solely men this broken bed is who's
In Arabic, we shoot the question up to the front Lehmann how the Saudi and will Mexico
very good and so let's assume that it's me Yeah. This is the month that the cover is the question good brother to me number nine
buy lemon Max Hold on.
This is a broken pen. Fantastic. And this is fairly straightforward how does the multi that
the hover is column on matura and it agrees in the fourth things we have singular singular masculine masculine for mother for natira Very good. Any questions about these before I scroll down
Okay, let's scroll
mashallah, right there. Great.
And perfect. We have two more so sister Aram can you do number 10 for us?
So she's in the clinic. So she is
but I can answer
okay, I in that Sakina Sakina and harden. Okay, now you made this Mizzou. Okay, so, I'm going to ask, what is the thing in the sentence that makes it mental?
Okay, I thought hard the hard then is the word we had them is real, right? Really? That's good. Then let's did that. Oh, sorry. Okay. Yeah.
So I didn't know what had done we had the means.
Done means sharp.
Okay, so let's try it in a sucky No. Do Very good.
My partner and
do exactly. And so a 16 is nine and a half do is short. And notice how they have to agree with singular singular masculine masculine motor Ford Motor for Maori for Maori because that a 16 has le flam. Al had do well also have an excellent and
brother mama tonic was completely right. If it were agenda, then it would always be men soup, right? So notice how you know when it comes to knowing Imagine we have all of these sentences in front of us with no How to cat.
There's two ways to be able to know and understand and decipher the sentence one is by the grammar which mashallah you guys have a nice, healthy, heaping portion up. And the second is vocab, right? If you don't see, if you see a word you've never seen before, it's extremely hard to correctly place it, you might know what comes at the end. If you can figure out the grammar, you might know if it's a download or a casserole, etc. But to know all the other how to cats in the word is almost impossible. If you don't already know the word in some sort of form. So did then is an adverb, not an adjective always been so. And so.
He intuitively, he developed the instincts. If he saw it did then it affected his decision for what a subpoena was going to end with. And once he realized that it was had done it was actually an adjective, not an adverb. He intuitively knew how to change a 16 to having a bomber and he knew that it had to do with follow with a bum as well.
Of course, this is a Joomla Ismailia a 16. And had do is the Muqtada and aina is the cover. It's shot up into the front of the sentence because that's what we are asking about.
Good. Um, and back to the top system was Ross, can you
bring us home with number 11?
Even her the Sayana tool Jedi do
you have to do in your book?
Oh, sorry. Jamila.
I mean, they could both be they're both correct completely. Men had these the IANA. Jimmy, let's
just translate that for us.
whom does this beautiful car belong to? Very good. And it's a gym that this man. Here's the move to have a say heavy
Car to Jamila to
Ella Jamila to has to agree with a car to in the four things we have singular, singular, feminine feminine, right? Definite definite motto for mana for only men is the cupboard. It's a question. And so it makes its way up to the front. Very, very good, everybody. Excellent work. Does anybody have any questions about this lesson about anything else
in the Arabic language at all, because this is pretty much the end of
the lesson that just a little bit, a couple of new sentences to wrap up.
There's just this reading exercise, which we'll do, it looks like this will take us to the end of the
the end of the class period for today. So we'll start with a new lesson next class and show what's on it. I'll point out the ending points right now and then we'll go we'll double back to finish the reading exercise. So notice here how they have a CIFA. Most of pair their recall, they're calling it by the other terminology, which is acceptable not and many routes. However, that becomes difficult to say. And it's sounds a lot like not. And so I avoid it when teaching beginning Arabic. But at the same thing. Bay twinjet Eden Beighton is the word that we're describing. Whereas DisneyToon is the actual adjective. And so this is the opposite order of English. And then we have our word bank here.
Al maktabah to like the office can also be a bookstore, and Anna now, we talked about how this tilde on top of the lamp CV on top of the Elif is actually a
an extended Hamza or an R Hamza with an LF after it. I'll mirror waha to was a fan.
Circular fan, a little stole several was a pharmacy. l madrasa two was a school, l was Earu is a minister or an advisor Shahe rune famous had done sharp and a thinner Ouija to is secondary, as in a madrasa tooth, we are to secondary school.
Good if crop. Last exercise, this is going to solely focus on the first relative pronoun that we have learned. I love the
relative pronouns are connecting words. Okay? He who she who the one who, which, that these sorts of words in English. They are used in order to give a longer descriptive phrase
to elucidates or specify what it is we're talking about, in the first place. Right? So whereas it fulfills a similar purpose to adjectives, except it's longer and clunkier than adjectives, it's a way to link to an entire phrase or sentence instead of just the word we saw in the previous example of what are we you know, okay, we used an already we used one adjective.
In order to specify further who we're talking about, it wasn't enough. The context necessitated that we need more information in order to distinguish whom we're talking about.
So we use relative pronouns in order to make a bridge to a longer phrase that's going to give us even more information
to clarify who's who we're actually talking about. And we saw that a lot so let's just read through these and then we'll call it a day inshallah
the list of participants got jumbled we didn't system Us All right, so now let's have the shape them. Can you read number one on two fours?
Okay, Charlie will see a valuable as he further germinal COVID Nero. Firstly, along mean,
I mean, in Indonesia, new words alone word, Indonesia. Okay, excellent. Very good. Where okay, we know this is a Joomla ischemia. where's the where's the
That's all. Okay, so where's
Where will is fall?
That's the question right?
Oh, no, no, no. Yeah. The other way the whole thing up to is from the mineral.
Indonesia. Very good right there. Okay, so very good. So this allele is translating into the student who left the classroom just now. Okay, that's all up to them. That's all just specifying who we're talking about. What about him? We haven't said anything about him is from Indonesia. Here. This is a prepositional phrase job in muldraugh. Indonesia. It ends with an Elif, and so it's fixed. It's not going to demonstrate the genitive case like other words would after me.
So here we have looked at up covetable Very good.
That is not knocking.
This cover this cover is not
strictly speaking here, because it is a prepositional phrase. And not so.
Good. I'm Dr. Z. Can you do number two for us?
Keita Buthelezi little b. Little mother racy. Very good. Can you tell us where the movie ends?
After Allah after Allah
you know, not every every advisor is worth
the McDouble that worth it. Teachers.
teacher's desk, the is
the book which is on the teachers there isn't what it means. Yes, exactly. The book. That's or which is on the teacher's desk.
What have we said about it? Have we said anything about it yet?
But what the? Yes. The book which is, which is the after Alessi?
After Alavi. Nope. Which is on teacher's desk.
Okay, you caught me on a tactic on a technicality. And that, which is okay. Yes, technically, technically, there's an is there. But have we said what we're driving? Is the sentence complete? If I say an English, the book that is on that we haven't anything, it's just the whole thing is just
we haven't said anything about the book. It's not a it's not a complete sentence, the book that.
What? We're still describing that book, we're not saying anything about it about the is part of it. Right? So where would the most
so at the end of the sentence, then, and we're waiting for the Hubbard parts, right?
Right. That's right. Because, okay, if we translate the entire sentence, it's the book, which is on the desk
belongs to okay, you call me on a technicality? See, we've reached the limits of English translation. I try to give you the translation. So you know, it's a crutch as training wheels. But here we've reached the limits, because the is here comes as part of the relative pronoun which is right.
Here we could say who has, right has is technically a verb, right?
Belongs to is another verb. Okay. So it's more precise. To go with the kind of the philosophical statement of what is the subject what is the predicate? Have we said a complete sentence if we've said Al Kitab, lovey dovey, we have not said a complete sentence, even in English. The book which is on the desk.
Mother, I see the little part of it. Yes. What it is, is the is the Teacher's Guide.
Is longs to the teacher. Right. And that's the hub that has the information about the subject which we are trying to communicate.
Good, excellent. Little bit tricky.
Every crutch. Every analogy between two languages is imperfect.
And forgive me for introducing crutches that might be imperfect. Once we push them push them push them, right? Just like the category of nouns is not the same as the category of Islam.
In Arabic, ism in Arabic is more broad than the category of nouns is some includes adjectives, right? And adverbs and other things like that. So the crush of is has really taken us far it's taken us 54 pages mashallah political, but we found an example here where
it starts to teeter. It starts to teeter a little bit. Good. Ah, let's go with brother say number three.
Lehman had harder Lehman had a horrible Jamie loon lady. I'll make tabby. Very good. So whose pen is whose beautiful. What is on the
roadmap today is all of this. The following with me will lovey dovey. What are we saying about it? Or because it's a question what are we asking about Lehman? Who says it
we don't really care that it's beautiful. We don't really care that it's on the desk. That what we're trying to say. Right? There are only tools that we're using in order to ask what we're really trying to figure out which is whose isn't
your job number four brother to me
lb toll care Bureau lady feed the cash here. Feed early cash
feed early cash Sherry Lee. Lille was easy
enough for us.
The large house which
the large house is the one which
Yeah, the large house is the one.
I'm not sure how these two things connect and then that
street, the street of the principle. Okay, so I'll just ask
what belongs to the Vizier? So the minister what belongs to the minister? The streets or the house?
The house? Good. Good. So right there, we know that our move to that summer split is here. Okay, the whole point of what we're trying to say is Whose house is it?
Right? To whom does the house belong?
What did they do to you? What did they do to you two things they switched up the demonstrative pronoun from how that's a delicate Okay, so how there was Fern near everything else Masha Allah was how to have a habit easy.
Now they use Danica which is their far okay. Then they use the prepositional phrase, but they split it with that than most it's a pronoun. This shot it
is Shetty. Are you me means on the street.
Right on that street. We could perhaps translate this phrase. So it turns out to mean the big house which is on that street
belongs to the Minister.
Okay, everybody, does that make sense? Theme don't get hung up on fee again, as we said, two languages nothing is perfectly analogous. You've been used to thinking as be as in ah, guess what B has more meanings than in. Or sometimes even if B does mean in there might be situations in Arabic that we use the preposition in that we don't use it in English in English, we would never say in the street
to talk about where some things location as we would say on Main Street.
Right we would use on here in Arabic. We're learning we don't use on. We don't use Allah
Talk about the location of a house on a street we use speed which literally means in but
Arabic uses a different so fish shot it means we would translate it is on the street fee that he could shout it is you can imagine the person who's saying this is pointed at the Batum can be it Allah the feed Alec has shot it.
Then it was the big house on that street or the big house that is on that street belongs to the Minister. Oh, we're rolling them we're moving? Mashallah.
Okay, last one. For today, sister. Semin number five
okay, a study it already see little flirty, colleague in Mattoon, can you translate that for us? Okay.
that is in Khalid's room is broken. Mashallah. Well done. Well done.
Well done the end of the month, and the beginning of the summer.
Okay, so as
a cerebral lady the field with with the halogen is the Muqtada.
Yes, exactly. Because all of that is just a prelude. It's not our purpose. Our purpose is not to talk, to tell you that it's in calling. It's our purpose is to tell you it's broken.
That's what we want to tell you. The only thing that we were using all of this other information is so that you know exactly which bed is broken. We don't want you to go up and take out you know, his sister's bed. Thinking that that's the broken one. Nope, the one that's in hot ism Oceti and we'll let the roulette if you want a fancy holiday in Mexico.
Very, very good. Okay.
We've lost our minds enough I think Mashallah. Great job, everybody. Anybody have any questions
everybody also, just a quick reminder, we have a telegram channel for both reminders when classes about to start, and also to give you a direct
link to the classes, the class videos once it's over. So please check your email. If you've registered for the course it's in your email and you'll find it there. Anybody have any other questions about anything that we've done? This is the end of the chapter. Congratulations. So for the most part one done fantastic job. Very, very delicate intro to relative pronouns done company law, and we're gonna move on to a new topic. Next class inshallah Todd.
Okay, that seems like
Fantastic work. I mean, and I will see you next time in sha Allah Allah Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah.