Seekers of Knowledge 031 – Tafseer of Surah al-Fajr #03

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Tim Humble

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What?

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What

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah he was sola Nabina Muhammad wa ala Lee he was happy he died.

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So we're continuing with the

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Tafseer of solar to federal.

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We spoke about the first part of the solar will fetch as well as the National chef it will work well lately. It is healthy. radica Casa mon Lee the hedger

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isn't there in this office for a people of intellect and hedger. Here is the intellect

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lm turkeyfoot Allah Booker biard Rama verted Allah Tila mula Miss Lu ha, Philby, lat

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This is where we reached up to last time. And we spoke about the ayah Allah Tila McCulloch, me through Hasselblad and we said that the strongest opinion is the IR refers back to our themselves, and not necessarily the city of add. Some of the scholars of Tennessee they said the city of add, they said, the city of add, there was no city that was known like it in its time. But the word uralic here Usually, it's not a must. But usually, the word halaqa is usually used for a lot of creation of mankind and the heavens and the earth. And it's rare that we use the word Holocaust for a person, we can use the word Holocaust as in someone made it we can, but it's not usual. We don't

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use it very often. There is an example in the Quran. Can you think of the example in the Quran of using in solar

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solar to LA Milan sort of

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Yes, or to Allah Moran if I'm not mistaken sorts of mind as well. So, the Alamin comes to mind using the word

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color car or

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a Hulu

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without non social element, as a person creating something instead of a law creating something

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in the local icon,

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Mina clean he can hate it tight, Raisa

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la sallam, he said I create from you for you from clay, a bird like the shape of a bird. So the word create here, of course, he said did not create the clay. Eliza gel created the clay, but the word loco here I fashioned for you I'm I make the shape of it.

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And then it becomes a bird by the permission of Allah azza wa jal.

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So it can be used allies which I said well,

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if Can

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you invent? ally? So this can also be used for a person but it's not very common. The most common is the word that the word holla aka loco is used for when Eliza gel for the creation of Allah Subhana Allah that Allah azza wa jal creates so we think that the most the strongest opinion about the ayah ality let me walk me through how filby that is that refers to add

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themselves that I'd no one knew anyone like them in their in their country in their place in their time. Nobody knew anyone like that, their strength their power, their you know the the huge forms you know very tall, huge tents that they had the vast city that they built or town that they built, nobody knew anything like it.

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So we came to the statement of Allah azza wa jal

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regarding

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sammut with a more than Latina Jabu Sahabi what

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samode

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sammut are another

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A group of people and other nation who came very, very close to

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art and that's why often in the court and they mentioned together right, they came very, very close. It said that they are thermowood been in Iran

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bin Salman even no way any between them and add is just one

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any thermowood sort of Arabic son of Iran have between them and add?

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Very, very close.

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One forefather one ancestor,

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one ancestor

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or two,

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between them and between

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AD AD were destroyed, had are wiped out. And yet, within one generation that people didn't learn, they went back to the exact same thing that those people were doing from Elko for torian, disbelief and transgression and so on.

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With a more than Latina jervois Sakuraba what Jabu Jabu the word jabel here means to cleave or to split split apart

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jabel soccer, soccer is a vast stone

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like a rock, they used to cleave rocks below word in the wording

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they used to cleave any in other words carve any carve

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holes or you know houses they used to carve from the

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from the mountain.

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Below build word in the word

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the one that is known as Wadi el Cora, the one is known as the Valley of the valley of mood or the Valley of the towns and which is well known where they have the until today. It still exists where they have carved the homes into into the mountains.

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So Allah just said with a Moodle, Edina job was so horrible what they they split open the mountains, they split open the mountains and the rocks they carved them apart

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in that particular Valley

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and they were

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fooled by what they had they were fooled by that strength that they had

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analyzed the geometry mentioned this in different

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in different places where 10 hate on me energy Valley Buta and you call that of the mountains.

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Homes. They went to the mountains and they called their homes out of the mountains, they if you've seen the picture, the pictures are available until Until today, that you can see how they coughed huge homes out of out of the mountain.

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And they were fooled by

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that strength that they had.

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And what allies which had given them from these vast homes in these mountains. And they believe that they would not be seized the way that ad was seized.

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With mo de la Vina jervois Sahara, below what

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this idea of them carving the their homes from the mountains and from the rocks.

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That was what was mentioned by the majority. That was what was mentioned by the majority of the scholars of Tafseer. And that was the opinion of Nigeria Rahim Allah, Allah.

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So Allah azza wa jal mentioned to us

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at

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and he mentioned that they were that were that they were that image that they had these huge,

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vast buildings or vast tents with these huge towering poles in them, and they were very tall people.

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And then allies, which I mentioned some old, who called the homes out of the mountains was your owner, the owner,

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for our own is well known for our own in the first place isn't isn't is a title, not a name, right. For our own is a title, not a name. Sophiatown is a title that is given to every ruler at that time, that dynasty of the rulers of Egypt

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ruler was called for,

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like every ruler in Rome was called, case of Caesar. And every ruler in Persia was called kisara. causal.

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at that particular time that particular Empire every one was called, but the filter on that is mentioned in the Quran is one particular individual and not a group of them. And it's not

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not the Ferghana in all of the rounds, but the one particular around the third round off the time of Moosa, alehissalaam.

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throwdown is described as being attacked,

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as the possessor of altered

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and the word altered.

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The word altered

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here, what it means is pegs you know, the pegs that you you put up a tent with stakes or you don't have to be pegs, even stakes that you can, you can have like metal pegs or you can have wooden, quite strong wooden very sharp sticks, that you hammer into the ground. So any of these are called in Arabic alternate.

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And allies which are described the mountains as they are being as the allies of gel created the mountains as pegs because the mountains hold the earth firm. So Allah azza wa jal created the mountains as altered as pegs. And likewise, Allah subhanaw taala describes for our own as possessing the stakes, or pegs. So what is the meaning of this?

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Here, there are a number of different opinions from the scholars of Tafseer. It's narrated from ebony Ibis.

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With a weak chain of narration, it's not a strong Be careful when we say a lot of times because even our boss is so famous for Tafseer. Many times we say, Our boss said it best it was narrated from the Ibis, while the Allahu and Homer, but you have to you do have to check that it's that narration to a boss is authentic, this one is not. But he said in any case, it's narrated, that they are original,

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the army of around

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because they were the ones who strengthened his reign any further Alan was a tyrant. But how does a tyrant control a country?

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How does fit around control an entire country, he's one person at the end of the day. It's always doing I find that to be amazing how allies are which will decrease matters. That one person, that one person who is the one in some life, any one single person.

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If 10 people from Bani Israel

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come to Him, they can tear him to shreds. He's just one little person.

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But Allah azza wa jal decreed that for our own controlled through what through authority

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through a certain degree of power. So this opinion from the Ibis is the old tired of the Jews, the army of around his vast army by which he controlled the land. And not the reason they're called pegs or steaks, is because they were like the things that held up the tent of around held up the country, the soldiers, the huge army that he had,

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at his disposal, they kind of made his reign firm made his kingdom strong. That's one opinion.

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Some of them took it a little bit similar, but a little bit more literal. They said the soldiers are not the pegs. But this third round had so many soldiers, that when they would come out, they would have, you know, tents as far as the eye can see. And so there would be many, many pegs that would be used to keep the tense these huge tents of all these, you know, this vast army that around us, that they would be kept up with the pigs, that's one

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opinion.

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And

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there are other opinions that are mentioned as well.

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Regarding this statement of

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the other thing, or one of the other opinions, which is mentioned

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is that fear around and this is another mainstream opinion, that fear around

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used to torture people at the stake. I don't know if you've ever heard of her heard of, of that, you know, being burnt at the stake or tortured at the stake. So they they take a huge

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if you like a huge stick, or a huge stake that is, is made like a peg with a sharp end, and they drive it into the ground. And then they crucify the person on it, or they torture them on it, or they stab it through them, or they hang them on it, or they punish them on it. And it said that he had this huge steaks, made of metal,

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or made of

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wood, and that he used to torture the people with these steaks. And so he became known as around the outside around the one who had the steaks and these huge sticks, that were driven into the ground, to crucify the people to torture the people.

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There is an evidence for the existence of that not for the Tafseer of the ayah. But there's an evidence that these that did happen in what a lies, which I'll mentioned about what happened to the magicians And Pharaoh

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that was suddenly been confused World War and

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I'm going to crucify you on the trunks of date palms. So for uncommanded for the magicians, that these big, huge big trunks were driven into the, you know, into the ground or the trees as they were, and that the day that the magicians were crucified on the on the date part. So there is any This is not it's certainly possible, is certainly possible.

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And there are other types of torture that I mentioned that fit around, used to drive steaks into their hands and legs and all kinds of different tortures that surrounded so in effect really what you're looking at with regard to this

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Tafseer of with regard to frown as you're looking at really one of two things, you're either looking at that deal outside refers to his army or it refers to some means of torture that he used to torture the people with with around the outside. Now,

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Shere

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Khan Sept

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mentioned a very, very very beneficial point here.

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He mentioned that non of the self said that the outer Tad refer to the pyramids.

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You might hear this in modern, some people mentioned it you know, like people, everybody loves, you know, al-hurra a bent to tap brightlocal I'm looking for weird opinions that nobody ever said and bringing it out. Look, nobody understood the Quran until today. Any of people love to do that, right? You get you find people who are

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not well grounded in knowledge.

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And they like to bring out things that nobody else knew about, you know, just like to have something unique to them. And this is mine, and nobody else knew about it except me.

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Some of them might bring out and say, the outside here are the pyramids. This huge, big, you know, steaks driven into the ground. I mean, the pyramids, kind of like an upside down peg or something like that, you know, like, it's the pyramids, except and he mentioned this, that you can't find any of the self who connected the pyramids to figure out

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this is very interesting. He said generally the setup we're not typically of the opinion that the pyramids came from Iran in the first place.

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They actually, in the books of history, the general feeling is that the pyramids came before for our

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some of them said they came from Idris or a setup. Some of them said they came just after noon. Some of them said before noon, and various different opinions. But generally speaking the Muslims as a whole that classically the Muslims did not generally believe that the pyramids came from the pharaohs.

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And the shear he suggests that the first people to see that the pyramids came from the pharaohs were the French and British.

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What do they call them?

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What's the name for them?

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archaeologists

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who came from Europe and who uncovered the

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Sphinx and you know that shaytaan idols and all that stuff they they took it out from the ground and then they gave it that pride of place. These French and British archaeologists, they were the ones who said this came from Pharaoh. Now we're not saying for the some of the pharaohs were not buried in them, some of the parents will be buried in them or not. But generally speaking the Muslims typically, and the people in Egypt prior to the French and British occupy, archeologists did not typically believe the pyramids came from around

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them their feeling was that the pyramids were an ancient structure that existed and predated Pharaoh larger or larger john knows best.

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But one thing we know for sure, aside from the who built the pyramids doesn't really concern us, but that the Tafseer of the ayah it was not from the Tafseer of the self to say that the ayah refers to the pyramids. That was not from the that was not how the self understood the Quran wasn't how the people in the time of the Sahaba the tambourine and those after them, they did not understand the core and that Ville outage refers to the the pyramids, some of them said the army of Pharaoh and some of them said it was helpful around torture the people but they didn't see this to refer to

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the pyramids analyze which one was best and Latino pavo Philby let those who transgressed and oppressed the people throughout the lands here who does it refer to? A Latino poco filby that is it for our own? Is it the army around?

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Is it add is it's a mod

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those who transgressed throughout the lands for XL Fie Helfer cert, and they corrupted a vast amount of the earth.

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Who does it refer to?

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Is the chat working today?

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Now we got to give them 10 seconds to answer because it takes 10 seconds for the question to reach them.

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Who is it who caused such great corruption on the earth and harmed the people and

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disobey the command of Allah?

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Was the ad author mode of around

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around the general ad, okay.

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anyone thinks their mood

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all three. Nada Eliza describes thermowood specifically and said, You've Ceduna fill out they cause corruption on the earth. I hope they didn't make things right. There were terrible examples in all of them all three of them. And levena tato will be like those people who are pressed on the earth for EXO Fie Helfer set for sub de la him Rob Booker. so tight up

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here the fat what it tells us the fat in facade

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it tells us that this is the recompense

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of the people who do this action. And whoever does this action, this is what is gonna happen to them.

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And whoever causes tyranny on the earth, oppression on the earth hurts the people just harms the people disobeys Allah azzawajal

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corrupts people

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corrupts the earth corrupts the cities for sub barley roadbook Sol tada Allah is going to send upon them

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Soto added

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his punishment okay.

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However, there is a interesting question.

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When was the last time

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that allies allegedly sent a general destruction upon an entire people?

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Do you see what I mean by General destruction like I'm talking about with the stories you hear in the Quran, right? You know, the destruction of the entire people

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scheffel Islam mentioned that she was then routed via the last time the last cent destruction upon destroyed an entire

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people like Elijah just said for hell Tara coming back here Do you see any remnants of them you see nothing left from them so who has some of the people allies with them just destroyed like that? The people of Norway

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yeah with the flood the people have lived with the

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stones yeah and they turned the city upside down the stones

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add

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some wood

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what what destroyed add

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a mess and Moldova only COVID Talia will imagine felt really cool beauty in salt sorry at Attia ad was destroyed by a violent wind some mood were destroyed by

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that

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what do you call it?

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Can't think of a word now.

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Explain it

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not ice cream maker.

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I can't think of the word I'll find in the translation one

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my English words have all gone or left me today

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a blast that's what I was looking for.

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Looking for

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any they were overpowered instantaneous like a Say hi like a scream or like a blast.

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Okay.

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Okay.

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What was the question? Who is the last?

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Who was the last

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nation that allies that we just sent upon them a general destruction?

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What are the cache on YouTube saying?

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The last nation that Allah sent upon them a general distrust Allah destroyed them all like the people of Norway, we all agree that people have nor is the first can we agree that the first nation that our last cent complete destruction upon was

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the people of nor

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any wipe them out? Call us no one is left that is you are gone all of you.

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The last one?

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Did it happen to Quraysh?

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What did Allah say about correction?

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No, that's yamaki en

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la said he will not punish them. While the Prophet size M will enta Fie him while you are among them.

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Well, Matt, can Allah who

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are at the table who mahonia cellphone and Allah will not punish them while they are asking. While they asked for forgiveness. So if it wasn't correct, we have to go before correct agreed. Has anyone else seen anyone get disrupted an entire nation just get wiped out after cooperation?

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While the

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people have more society? That's the correct answer that people have thrown any

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fear around was the last general destruction that our last sent upon the associated 17 years there's not been there have been examples where lives destroyed one person or a lot has destroyed a group of people or loss of panatela destroyed a any

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like a particular tyrant

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and so on. But there hasn't been a general destruction anywhere Allah sent an ayah to dislike to destroy the people since around and the interesting thing about your own is what that fear around himself the destruction of your own

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is an I

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did a lawsuit about in

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Surah Yunus sorriness

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Lita coonelly man, Carl FACA I saw that you your body we're going to we're going to save your body. We're going to save you and your body

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We're going to preserve your body so that you can be assigned for everyone else who comes after you.

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So, what that means is that Allah azza wa jal destroyed these nations as a sign

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after around what happened is that allies that were gel destroyed individuals like that

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allies which destroyed particular individuals, families, a particular group of people, but an entire nation.

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The last that we know of well anymore in the law analyzer gel knows better is that the last is for for sub barely him. Allah azza wa jal use the word sub

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sub

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it means he sent it down but the word sub bat is like he pulled it upon them.

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It rained down upon them. You will use something when you pour, you pour water on the you know the floor, sub

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drenched it you throw it down upon them. For sub de la him Allah azza wa jal sent down upon them he rained down upon them, so to adapt. Celt is a whip.

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Salt is a whip, it's what we call a whip in Arabic so

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so why did Allah azza wa jal call it the whip of punishment?

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So Tada.

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There are two opinions. the opinion of immaterial Rahim Allah to Allah when I say there are two opinions, there are many opinions but I've just I mean, there are two that I want to highlight here. One is the opinion of God. Rahim Allah to Allah imageready. He said, this is slowburn Minister Libra. This is how the Arab speak Quran was revealed in Arabic and the Arabs they use the word Celt to mean punishment. Yeah, and if you say he was whipped, you know I he was punished. Or he was threatened with the whip.

00:32:10--> 00:32:21

Like they use the word the stick, right? Like we see in English, the carrot and the stick, does that mean you actually hit the person with a stick, you might hit the person with your hand, you might hit the person, you might,

00:32:22--> 00:32:49

you know, do anything to the person but the meaning of the stick is the stick is used as a, like a metaphor for punishment. Even God didn't say it's a metaphor, because in the first place that metaphors in the Quran is a different discussion. But the concept is that the Arabs use the word salt to mean punishment, and it's, it's the word the width of punishment. It's an expression in Arabic, which means punishment.

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The second opinion that I want to highlight is the opinion that the word whip here is because the punishment they received in the dunya is just like one lash of the whip compared to what they will receive in the hereafter.

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So Allah azza wa jal described it as a Celt as a whip.

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Because it will be in comparison to what they will have your milk tiama

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this will just be a

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like the single lash of a whip, and what will happen to them Yokoyama will be far, far, far worse. And there's no doubt there's no doubt about that.

00:33:39--> 00:33:59

So as we said, even Jerry when he said so to Adam, and likewise, even kefir, also, he said, really doesn't mean a semi a punishment from the heavens and the word soltara that is a well known expression used by the Arabs generally to refer to a punishment that descends upon them, a severe punishment descended upon them,

00:34:00--> 00:34:15

but some of them they mentioned this dimension that the word salt is used here, because the punishment they received in this dunya was very, very, very small compared to the punishment that they will receive. Yokoyama

00:34:31--> 00:34:32

in neuro Becker

00:34:34--> 00:34:35

labile Meursault

00:34:36--> 00:34:37

IGNOU adus

00:34:38--> 00:34:40

rhodiola one.

00:34:41--> 00:34:42

When he said,

00:34:44--> 00:34:50

when he when he made Tafseer of this ayah in Arabic, cannibal Mossad, he said, Yes, Morrow. Well,

00:34:51--> 00:34:54

Allah sees everything Allah hears

00:34:55--> 00:34:59

everything that you do and Allah sees

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Everything that you do

00:35:03--> 00:35:04

that's what the word rasa.

00:35:08--> 00:35:20

rasa, that's one of the meanings of the word rassada in in Arabic is to look closely to observe someone closely. So, even your bus,

00:35:21--> 00:35:31

he took it like that, yes mo Ya Allah, Allah sees everything you do, analyzer gel hears everything that you do, but there is something

00:35:32--> 00:35:34

particular to this word.

00:35:36--> 00:35:37

rasa

00:35:41--> 00:35:44

which is I will try my best to, to, to,

00:35:47--> 00:35:48

to explain it

00:35:51--> 00:35:56

one of the meanings of the word recite that is to lie in wait for someone

00:35:57--> 00:36:07

to watch someone waiting for them on the on the path, if that makes sense. Like you know, like they use this for, for for like

00:36:09--> 00:36:19

you have like an ambush or something like that, like an ambush. Someone is waiting for you and watching for you to get to that place and then

00:36:20--> 00:36:46

they hit you. And that is a deeper meaning than just the fact that Allah is or gel is just the fact that Allah Subhana Allah is watching. Yes, there is no doubt Allah azza wa jal is watching you. He He has everything you see. But LeBron millside is like he's watching you and he is ready to send his punishment, down upon you, when you reach a certain position on the path.

00:36:47--> 00:36:50

When you reach a certain place, on the path,

00:36:51--> 00:37:16

the punishment can descend upon you just like that Allah Subhana, Allah is watching you, he sees everything that you are doing. He knows everything that you're doing, he hears everything that you are doing. And your punishment is lying in wait for you on the path that you're treading, if you keep going down this path of a totally an oppression, and transgression and tyranny. If you keep going down this road,

00:37:18--> 00:37:32

there's something waiting for you on that road. In naraba, caliburn Meursault, your Lord is closely observing you, when you come to a certain point that punishment is going to descend is going to descend upon you, I want to see what the translation

00:37:34--> 00:37:39

if there's a better translation, if I just go to the English translation of the Quran for solfeggio.

00:37:44--> 00:37:48

And I bring, as always bring all of the English translations up.

00:37:52--> 00:37:56

See if any of them captured this meaning English, ever watchful

00:38:01--> 00:38:04

on a watchtower ever observing.

00:38:06--> 00:38:10

None of them really captured them that quite captured that meaning,

00:38:11--> 00:38:18

even though the general meaning is ever watchful of us ever observing, but that's not why it was brought here.

00:38:20--> 00:38:31

The fact that a large region is watching you There is no doubt but the reason it's brought here, it's that almost like the punishment is lying in wait to ambush you.

00:38:32--> 00:38:47

That's what you understand by being in the middle slot, that it's waiting for you on the path that Elijah is watching you and you reach a certain point of oppression and transgression Allah is going to send you down this punishment that's going to ambush you on the path.

00:38:49--> 00:38:50

That seems to me to be

00:38:51--> 00:38:56

more of a deeper meaning than just that allies jealous watching you.

00:39:02--> 00:39:13

Look at Rahim Allah, Allah He mentioned that this is both in the dunya and the accurate likewise if I'm not mistaken in Judea Rahim Allah to Allah, if I'm not mistaken, although I don't have the quote,

00:39:14--> 00:39:17

said the same. That he took it as the dunya and

00:39:19--> 00:39:26

that there is punishment waiting for you. The path Allah azza wa jal is watching you is ready to

00:39:28--> 00:39:31

you jazziz ready to punish you or to reward you

00:39:34--> 00:39:35

in the dunya and that

00:39:43--> 00:39:45

and that your path will certainly lead

00:39:47--> 00:39:54

to Allah Subhana Allah and Allah azza wa jal is is just laser gel is the most just and these are some of the points that were mentioned here.

00:39:59--> 00:39:59

Here

00:40:01--> 00:40:02

hasn't worked Lima.

00:40:04--> 00:40:14

They both mentioned level middle side. And the IRA he thought he could be a bad liar for two who hadn't been home that Allah azza wa jal

00:40:16--> 00:41:02

has taken a laser gel is laid out a path for his creation, and none of them will escape. And that's what I really wanted. Actually, that's what I was. That's that's what I was trying to find the word for. Let bill Mossad, Allah is watching you and there is no escape. That's probably the best way we can translate this in Arabic caliber middle Assad. Allies watching you your Lord is watching you and there is no escape. There is no escape like there was no escape for art. There was no escape for thermowood and there was no escape for food for health. Allah hoomin back here, do you see any remnants of them left? Did one even one of them survived to tell the story for health Allah homi

00:41:02--> 00:41:05

Bhabha, do you see anything left from them

00:41:16--> 00:41:39

because that the word are rust, and rassada. It means to observe someone on their road and to seize them suddenly and snatch them suddenly, from the place which from the road that they are walking on, to ambush them, and to snatch them from the place that they are walking on. And so this is an ayah, which tells of

00:41:41--> 00:41:42

the punishment,

00:41:44--> 00:41:57

the punishment that Allah subhanaw taala has prepared for those people who oppress and corrupt on the earth, the way that I then figure out and somewhat did, even with God, he did. So I found a quote from injuries, the imagery, he

00:41:59--> 00:42:05

said, he mentioned imagery. He mentioned in the era, that when the people cross jahannam,

00:42:06--> 00:42:11

in Arabic, Allah bill Meursault, your Lord is watching.

00:42:12--> 00:42:26

And you will not escape the punishment that is assigned for you, if you escape, or if you are saved from it, or escape from it. But if you are saved from it in the dunya, you will not be saved from it in the US.

00:42:29--> 00:42:36

And that allies which ensures all of the actions that they do, and allies are able to punish them, and so on.

00:42:38--> 00:42:59

We talked about the answer the job of custom, we said that this is not the correct opinion this ayah is not the response to well, fetcher while Ellen Asher was chef, I will work through a lady there Yes, sir. The answer to it is not in not available. So that's not the that's not the conclusion of those ayat. This is an AI of punishment, a threat of punishment.

00:43:00--> 00:43:09

Whereas what is understood by the first part of the surah is either that Eliza which I will certainly recompense you for your actions

00:43:10--> 00:43:25

or these actions in themselves, the fetcher and so on and the 10 days, the Eliza gel is raising up the status of those times and those actions that are within and we already explained this.

00:43:28--> 00:43:44

Then a lot so just said that a million son will either Mr. patella horrible warfare economic warfare court or be a corpsman. What is a is another teller who for cuddler Allah here is Kahoot fair Kudo, Robbie Han and Keller, Bella to criminality.

00:43:47--> 00:43:48

allies, which goes on now

00:43:49--> 00:43:55

jela feola to tell us about the situation of mankind.

00:43:56--> 00:44:07

And whenever you hear a negative thing said about mankind, how do we understand it? Does it refer to the Muslim does it refer to the calf or does it refer to both?

00:44:08--> 00:44:29

When Allah says something negative about India who can have a lumen Jia hula, he was extremely oppressive and extremely ignorant. Allah just said about inside about mankind mankind was oppressive. Mankind was ignorant. Is this all of mankind? Or is it the Muslims or the non Muslims only or

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

all of them?

00:44:36--> 00:44:40

What about the profits? What about the profit slice and lumps harbor?

00:44:48--> 00:44:59

Then why use the word insan? If it's not, if it's not, why not say? Why not say for ml, Kufa or for ml careful, either patella hora boo

00:45:00--> 00:45:06

Rama who an AMA who why mentioned in San Juan I mentioned that if it's the disbeliever Why not say the disbeliever

00:45:07--> 00:45:11

there's a lot defense subtle something subtle in this

00:45:14--> 00:45:16

because the Muslims also what about the prophets license?

00:45:18--> 00:45:26

We're not talking about the profit slice I'm good. Beautiful. I agree with you. We're not talking about the process, but you can't then say it's the Muslims but it's not.

00:45:28--> 00:45:30

Not the prophets. Okay, what about Sahaba of Abu Bakr

00:45:32--> 00:45:33

and the companions

00:45:37--> 00:45:38

Well, come on.

00:45:44--> 00:45:47

I'm just Okay, let's be

00:45:48--> 00:46:12

very good. This is very good. This is excellent. Mashallah axon. Allahu Allah. May Allah bless you. Very, very good human nature. When Eliza just says for ml insane he's telling you about the nature of people if they don't purify themselves with a man and Amma sila righteous deeds.

00:46:13--> 00:46:14

Yeah.

00:46:16--> 00:46:24

And so on. That's the situation this is human nature. It's human nature if people don't correct

00:46:26--> 00:46:39

themselves and purify themselves through what what do we call the process of purifying yourself? What do we call it? In Islam? The process of purifying your soul What do we call it?

00:46:40--> 00:47:00

Has kiya twin neffs test Gator nefs. Okay, test kiya to nefs is the process of purifying your soul. And there are some human characteristics and traits that if you don't use Islam to purify them, you'll be one of these people. So this idea could apply to a Muslim.

00:47:02--> 00:47:22

If they haven't absorbed the teachings of Islam properly and implemented the teachings of Islam properly. Some of the scholars of Tafseer they said it applies to this ayah naza literal Kufa it was revealed about the Kufa but actually the word Insan. here it tells us this is human nature. If you don't purify it with Islam,

00:47:24--> 00:47:26

the ml insano either mabetex Taylor, who are

00:47:29--> 00:47:38

one of my teachers used to say, used to recite a little bit of poetry to say yes to liberal manhood, either, man, either, that either

00:47:39--> 00:48:05

he used to sit nice, it's a benefit. But we don't say that either in the Quran. We don't say that either in the Quran, but it's a benefit anyway, whenever you have the word man after either the word mad doesn't change the meaning of the word. Either in the word ma here is not negative for me the word Matt here is an extra emphasis it's it's an extra

00:48:06--> 00:48:32

emphasis outside of the Quran recall exactly that and it's an extra it's extra. But in the Quran we don't say the Quran has nothing which is either bonacasa it has nothing which is too much or too little. But we say that it is extra emphasis but it doesn't change the meaning the word Matt here doesn't change the meaning for a million sign or either mega Taylor horrible. As for mankind, if he is tested

00:48:33--> 00:48:41

Bella patella horrible albula kuno wash it what is Bella in Arabic? Is it for good or bad?

00:48:43--> 00:48:44

Bella

00:48:48--> 00:48:49

Bella

00:48:52--> 00:48:52

but

00:48:53--> 00:48:54

good.

00:48:55--> 00:48:58

Alice accent tumor you both right.

00:49:00--> 00:49:28

vibe and good albula whenever lucam be Sheree will Heidi pfitzner we test you with bad and we test you with good so as for mankind when he is tested by his Lord for a kurama who Anna Anna and his Lord honors him when Anna who and he gives him he showers his blessings upon him makes his life very nice very beautiful life luxurious life.

00:49:29--> 00:49:53

Let me instead of trance train my own translation okay generous and favors him honors him and gifts him honors him and makes his leader easy life. Okay. I thought maybe the translation will be better. Okay. For akadama who wanna Anna who fair cool Robbie Ackerman. He says My Lord has certainly honored me.

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

Rob be acraman here. It doesn't mean my Lord is on me as in

00:50:00--> 00:50:12

This is from the name of Allah. And it means that my Lord, you know, I am his favorite servant. I am just the best person ever.

00:50:13--> 00:50:19

I'm you know, Allah truly loves me. How did he judge that Allah loves him?

00:50:22--> 00:50:24

How did he judge that Allah loves him?

00:50:33--> 00:50:33

In Ayah

00:50:35--> 00:50:45

family insano edema para la boo for a Chroma who, when I met What did Allah give him? Nirvana, blessings across

00:50:46--> 00:50:54

many luxuries, beautiful lifestyle, what did he say? Or be economic My Lord loves me.

00:50:55--> 00:50:55

I

00:50:58--> 00:50:59

write up there with the

00:51:00--> 00:51:09

highest the best of mankind. How did he judge that he that Allah loves him? Because I like gave him from the dunya

00:51:11--> 00:51:14

when he then epithelia hufa cada de la here is Ka

00:51:16--> 00:51:35

and as for if he is tested for Caldera, and he limits his risk, Allah limits his risk he measures because the word Qatar in the first place is to measure something to give something a particular measure. Allah decrees and limits for him His provision. What does he say?

00:51:36--> 00:51:39

What does he say fire kulu Robbie ohana.

00:51:40--> 00:51:51

He says My Lord hates me. He has disgraced me a hand and any hand and he Hannah, he he this he disgraced me.

00:51:52--> 00:51:54

He doesn't like me, he doesn't love me.

00:51:55--> 00:52:09

So he took this insan has a habit of judging his position in the sight of Allah by what he's given from the dunya. But what's the car that when it comes to the dunya

00:52:10--> 00:52:12

what principle Do we have

00:52:13--> 00:52:14

when it comes to the dunya

00:52:16--> 00:52:27

that the dunya Allah gives it to those who he loves, and those who hates but the ahera Allah only gives it to those that he loves.

00:52:28--> 00:52:32

The dunya your Acree Eliza just gives the dunya

00:52:34--> 00:52:38

you are clean Allah. Allah azza wa jal gives the dunia

00:52:39--> 00:52:42

lemon, a happy woman lamb you have

00:52:43--> 00:52:46

to the people that he loves and the people he doesn't love.

00:52:48--> 00:53:03

In other words, Allah gives you from the dunya and Allah you could be the biggest enemy of Allah azza wa jal and Allah give you and give you and give you and give you and this big enemy of Allah when Allah gives him like for our

00:53:04--> 00:53:14

for our own How was his kingdom, like our than our mood analyzer gel gave them and gave them and gave them and what did he they say?

00:53:16--> 00:53:23

This is easy life. A person thinks that means that the punishment will not happen to them.

00:53:25--> 00:53:47

Or a person thinks that this means or I'll be a crime and my Lord loves me. My lord is honored me, I have a special position in the sight of my Lord. And likewise the reverse the person is poor, sick, struggling, what do they say? Rob be a hand and Allah doesn't care about me. Allah doesn't love me Allah will not guide me.

00:53:51--> 00:54:02

They think vanina Billa he oneness so think of a line evil thought. Allah hinda irata so that evil thought comes back against we'll call the beloved

00:54:04--> 00:54:05

and allies angry with them and Allah.

00:54:08--> 00:54:11

Allah prepares for them gentlemen, what an evil destination.

00:54:13--> 00:54:16

So it's not right to do either of those two things.

00:54:18--> 00:54:26

What you are given from the dunya has no relation to your position in the sight of Allah at all.

00:54:27--> 00:54:42

Allah might give you the dunya Omar fee and you are the most hated person to Allah. And Allah azza wa jal might take away everything from you to the point that you don't have clothes to put on your back and you could be the most beloved person to Allah.

00:54:44--> 00:54:49

The dunya has no relation in the sight of Allah to your position

00:54:50--> 00:54:59

as to how you are in the sight of a light switch. So what in this thing? Okay, for Emily in San with Mr. patella hola boo for a Chroma who when I am

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

hufa kurabe acraman

00:55:03--> 00:55:11

tele hufa cada Allah here is Coca Cola be a hanon Okay, if these two things happen to you you get a crom you get near

00:55:13--> 00:55:22

Allah showers his blessings or a lot makes things hard and tough for you what distinguish whether you what makes you close to ally in that situation?

00:55:23--> 00:55:24

If it's not what you've been given?

00:55:26--> 00:55:31

It's my question. If what you've been given doesn't make you close to Allah.

00:55:33--> 00:55:37

Then what you've been given doesn't make you close to Allah or far from Allah.

00:55:39--> 00:55:41

What does make you close to Allah in that situation?

00:55:43--> 00:56:03

No doubt, but in this in the context of the dunya what makes you close to Allah? Allah is just tested you with a severe sickness, you lost all your wealth, you lost your children, you lost your family, la casa de la with Alec, May Allah not make it happen. And how what? What makes you close to Allah

00:56:05--> 00:56:12

patience and gratitude, excellent, a suburb of Chicago. Patience and gratitude, or to be more general, how you react.

00:56:14--> 00:56:23

What is required from here is what Allah said Abel Taylor, who are law tested you.

00:56:25--> 00:56:29

That's what's required from you here in this, a lot tested you

00:56:31--> 00:57:04

a boutella, who Allah put you in a test for good or for bad. Every good that you have in this world is a test from Allah, every bad that happens to you in this world is a test, it's an opportunity for you to get near to Allah. Or it is a danger of you to go far away from Allah. How many people went to jahannam because Allah gave the money. How many people went to Johanna because Allah gave them hardships and poverty, these hardships and poverty and money is not what put them in Johanna. What put them in jahannam is the way they reacted

00:57:05--> 00:57:24

to the hardship and the way they reacted to the money and the luxury. That's what put them in Jannah. Not the money itself or the hardship itself, but how they responded to it. So the believer is the one who trains themselves away from this.

00:57:25--> 00:57:29

This say whatever Allah gives me from the dunya

00:57:32--> 00:58:01

I will do my best to use it for the sake of Allah, I will do my best to be grateful. And I will ask allies to make it of a benefit for me. And whatever hardships Allah puts upon me in this dunya I will do my best to bear it with patients for the sake of Allah, to use it to get near to Allah, I will do what I can. And I will ask Allah to relieve it. Because we don't ask Allah for hardships, right? That's really important. You don't ask Allah for hardships.

00:58:03--> 00:58:06

But hardships are a consequence of

00:58:07--> 00:58:07

Eman.

00:58:09--> 00:58:20

hardships can be because the Prophet sighs them said I said to nurse Ebola and MBA from lm fell for me. The people who are going to be given the worst tests or who

00:58:22--> 00:58:23

around sammut

00:58:24--> 00:58:28

who gets the worst tests, the profits and MBA

00:58:29--> 00:58:43

so many m cell phone, then the best of the people then the best of the people. The profit sighs I'm used to have a fever. That was the fever of men, not the fever of one month.

00:58:44--> 00:58:52

The profits went through such hardships and tests and trials that nobody else could bear it.

00:58:53--> 00:58:56

This is how a lie increases the reward of a person.

00:58:57--> 00:59:31

So you being tested does not make you hated by Allah and you being given riches and luxury does not make you beloved to Allah. But what makes you beloved to Allah or hated to Allah is how you personally respond to those situations. And the reality is that all of us, all of us will live with him. Every one of us in our lives. We go through what, which of those two do we go through? Both?

00:59:32--> 00:59:33

Every one of us

00:59:34--> 00:59:47

one of the what we'll call a monitor will have been a nurse these days we share it out among the people. You have days where you live in in such luxury that you think so Panama

00:59:49--> 00:59:56

or how can I thank Allah for what he's given. And you have days where you going through such a rough time that you think

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

how I'm going to get out of this

01:00:02--> 01:00:06

The reality is neither of those two prove that Allah loves you.

01:00:08--> 01:00:22

But what shows that Allah loves you as if Allah gives you the tofik to survive both of them with your Imani intact. And in fact with your Eman, increasing, and that's where everything that happens to you in this dunya is an opportunity for you.

01:00:24--> 01:00:44

And that is from the courage of a lion soldier from the generosity of Allah, they even his punishment that he gives you will lie even if Allah sends upon you his punishment in this dunya it's still a chance for you. What did you just say to prove I mentioned before you remember that I that proves that

01:00:46--> 01:00:49

many if, for example, went into the economy. I

01:00:51--> 01:00:52

mean, I'll either

01:00:53--> 01:00:57

do one or the other. We'll talk about why laleham

01:01:01--> 01:01:02

Yasujiro,

01:01:04--> 01:01:13

we're going to test them with some of the small punishments instead of the major punishments so that they can return to Allah.

01:01:15--> 01:01:26

Everything that happens to Estonia as a chance to come back to Allah and a chance to get what is with Eliza which at the last point I'm going to mention before we finish the class on this particular issue.

01:01:27--> 01:01:30

will live is something that she had mentioned.

01:01:31--> 01:01:32

Allah bless him Allah for the

01:01:34--> 01:01:40

shift mentioned a very, very beautiful point. Well line is the federal live benefit a benefit from it. So

01:01:41--> 01:01:46

he said, look at the tests, the different people face.

01:01:48--> 01:01:52

And look at how big those tests seem to them.

01:01:54--> 01:02:01

And just thinking about how a lot of tests that ambia but look at any, you know, you see a person go through a test

01:02:03--> 01:02:08

and will lie that test it might be so small and insignificant to you.

01:02:09--> 01:02:15

But to them, it's like they've been tested with the Sirat over Johanna

01:02:17--> 01:02:29

for example, the shock of a beautiful example he says that a woman she has a little baby, the baby's naughty, doesn't behave, totally doesn't behave. She might even want to

01:02:31--> 01:02:54

kill herself from the how much she's stressing over it and panicking over it and just going crazy and this child and I can't live like this and I don't know what I'm gonna do and I'm gonna die. I'm one lucky day somebody who couldn't have children for 4050 years and they're crying Allah who may give me any child.

01:02:56--> 01:03:02

Look how this one has been tested and how this one has been tested.

01:03:03--> 01:03:29

While we complain about things, brothers and sisters will how we complain about things that will lie if the Sahaba went through them they would say this is the meaning of for a colada who went to Allah. Allah has honored you and showered his blessing upon you. We complain what lie we see people complain when the water in the wooded area is cold. There were people who used to make water by walking to the mountains

01:03:30--> 01:03:36

they didn't have a tap that even open the water while we open the tap the water is cold

01:03:38--> 01:03:55

apalla mean a lot I need sobre la la give me suburb upon this, this is a test for me. And Wallah, some people didn't have clean water to drink for months. They drink in from the dirty water. And we're complaining because

01:03:57--> 01:04:03

the water isn't doesn't come out at 45 degrees C or 50 degrees or whatever.

01:04:05--> 01:04:12

Look at how a test for someone and a test for someone else. how some people alive so just test them

01:04:13--> 01:04:20

with insignificant things to be honest with you. Things that really are nothing, nothing.

01:04:21--> 01:04:40

And you feel like it's a test and will lie here if you really examine the situation of other people. You realize, voila, this is not a test. This is just Allah just honored me. Allah just honored me. And Allah bless me. And I can't even call this a test except it's a test of sugar.

01:04:41--> 01:04:53

You know that it's it's a test of sugar. That the biggest problem you have right now for you is so tiny in compared to the problems that people have comparison to the problems that people have.

01:04:55--> 01:04:59

So you need to reflect upon that really and how

01:05:00--> 01:05:20

So just test people and the differences between them. And how we sometimes complain about things that will lie really, really small. And we make them into big tests and trials, we make them as if they are huge, when in reality, to be honest.

01:05:21--> 01:05:25

They're very, very, very small indeed.

01:05:28--> 01:05:29

There's a line of,

01:05:30--> 01:05:31

of poetry but I'm,

01:05:37--> 01:05:40

I've got it on my mind, but it basically the line of poetry I

01:05:42--> 01:05:44

know, anyways, to me too long to find it.

01:05:45--> 01:05:50

What the poet said is, he said, that if hunger can be repelled,

01:05:51--> 01:05:54

with a piece of dry bread,

01:05:55--> 01:06:12

if hunger can be repelled with a piece of dry bread, then why am I what what is this worry and whisperings? What was this worry and whispering come from? Why am I sat here panicking, when if hunger can be repelled by a piece of dry bread.

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And I'm sat here panicking as though the world is going to end and as Lord My life is going to end and as though the whole thing turned upside down. And in all honesty, why are you panicking if the world can be if hunger can be repelled by,

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by a slice of dry bread.

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That's how the seller for him on loudhailer they used to be that's how they used to see things. So maybe one of the things you can take from this ayah is not to over make too much over your problems. And not to see your problems as being too big, but also not to see your problems, meaning that Allah doesn't care for you, or that Eliza gel isn't going to forgive you will why we see people like this emotional, right? Very emotional, and they say Allah will, you know, going through so many things, I think Allah is never gonna forgive me, perhaps support life, you looked at it a different way your problems would disappear.

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In the blink of an eye, not that the problem would go away. But you would see it in a different way, that you don't see that problem as being the Allies never going to forgive me and never going to give me anything in my life that I'm doomed that I'm going to go to Japan. But you start to see that perhaps this is a lot given me opportunity for gender. And suddenly your problems become lighter instantly, by the way that you deal with those problems.

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Then allies, which I said killer, it's not like that any color? It's not like you think it is? It's not like you think it is? I mean, the way you think that if I give someone from the dounia that allows honoring them. And if Allah takes away from them from the dunya, it means that our lives disgracing them color. It's not like you think so that's what allies are made easy for us to mention for this class. Do we have any questions?

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If I know that Ansel mentioned?

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No, there are two situations here that we have to distinguish. You're going to put that on the screen so that we can have saved me repeating the question. So

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there are two situations here. One is where your Eman is decreasing. And one is where you are not able to do a particular act of worship. But you are not. Your Eman is not decreasing. I'll give you an example. someone is injured in a car crash. And la de la valic. They can't walk again.

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So now they can't stand in the prayer.

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They can't stand in the prayer. And allies we just said

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allies which told us about the pro kuhmo or qumola he carnitine stand up in the prayer in a state of silence and submission to Allah. That person who went into a car crash and they can't walk anymore. Is there a man decreasing because of it?

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It's not decreasing. ly you can live alone Epson Ella Vasa. Allah is not asking they're getting the reward of standing while they're sitting on the chair.

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Yes, they're not able to stand. Yes, something got in the way of their a bother. But it didn't cause that Eman to be to decrease and to go away from Allah. As for the other situation, a person gets into a car crash

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and stops praying

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because they don't want

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Pray anymore. If I just I can't bring myself to pray anymore. That person Yes, they're in a trouble because they the way they responded to that test is not the way that Allah commanded them. You don't control what Allah decrees for you. Your job is to respond in the right way. If Allah decrees for me to have a car crash, I don't control that decree. But what my choice is, what do I do with it now? Do I now go and try to worship Allah as much as I can the best way that I could do? Or do I?

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Any turn away and distance myself from Allah? subhanaw taala? So that's the answer to that question. It's not that something bad happens to you and you become unable to do certain about that. That's normal. But it's how you respond. Are you doing the best you can in that situation? Or not? And sometimes, yes, it is true. Like, you get busy with something and you realize this thing just took me away from Allah. That's true. Like sometimes it can be subtle, like, you got busy with a family problem. And we're like, okay to stop reading Quran I stopped coming to the masjid. And you realize it did affect my Eman. And maybe I got my priorities wrong. And yes, it was a crisis. But I should

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have also given my time, or I don't say Should I but I would say if I had the chance, again, it always stuck out to me and remastered but if I got the chance, again, I wouldn't distance myself like that, I would keep going. But I would also have to give more time towards this particular crisis that we were going through at that time. And allies which one was best?

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How do we know that a lot of tests is because He loves us or it's a punishment. We know by how we respond to it, how you respond to it. If you're responding in a positive way, that I hope that this is allies or a gentle blessing you and forgiving you. And if you're responding to it in a way that is negative and thinking evil of Allah and speaking evil of Allah and turning away from Allah, then perhaps this is a punishment, but even the punishment is a chance for you to come back to Allah. The true punishment is the punishment, you don't come back for. You don't come back from

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that punishment, when you don't come back from it. That's the punishment when the when death comes to you. That punishment.

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They see Rob, you know, they say,

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Rob your God, or my Lord, take me back to the dunya.

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You're not going back to the dunya after that. But the punishment in this dunya is either but Edna, it's the small punishment that Allah gives you to make you come back to him. And the last I just want to reflect on your thought about that. Human beings need hardship.

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To be honest with you, human beings too much softness, it destroys you. It destroys your characteristic, it destroys your character, your your manners, your everything, any too much luxury, destroys a person. You need, hardship, and challenges. And anyone I mean will always see some of the pros and MST they went through five hardships in their life for life. Very big hardships in their life.

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And yet, when Eliza gel took him out of that, some of the brothers we know they took that in the best way. But some also didn't write some also didn't. So, at the end of the day, human beings need hardship. It's what builds your character. It's what builds your trust in our lives. What reminds you that you need a live brings you back to Allah?

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That's what a lies which had made easy for me to mention. And Allah azzawajal knows best, or Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad while early he was happy