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Issues Pertaining To Fasting And Ramadhan

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Tawfique Chowdhury

Channel: Tawfique Chowdhury

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Spindler, Haman hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah while he was happy woman wa salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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Brothers and sisters, it's great to be back here today to talk to you about a month. That is a very special month in all of the months of the calendar.

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Does anyone remember surah use of the story of use of Allah in Soto Salah.

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What can you tell me about use of

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when you think about use of Allah Salam you think that he is such a beautiful boy.

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He was given half of beauty

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and Subhan Allah He has such a promising future.

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Yet Subhana Allah Unfortunately, the rest of his brothers were treacherous.

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And through use of away

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until poor young, who cried and cried and cried,

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and was in despair for missing Yusuf alayhi salatu salam.

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And this all continued for such a long time until Allah subhanho wa Taala brought back use of to yaku

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and then the prophet of God jacobellis Islam could see again,

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and you could smell Yusuf alayhi salatu salam,

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Al Hamdulillah Allah gave us

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his son Yusuf alayhi salatu salam,

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and uses ascendancy on this earth was established

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such as Ramadan.

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Ramadan is such a special month just like use of

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and just like use of has 11 brothers. Ramadan has 11 brothers

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and just like Ramadan is so innocent, so beautiful.

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Yet the brothers were treacherous to use of the rest of the month are treacherous to Ramadan. Because we build our Ramadan, we are righteous and pious in Ramadan, the shaytan is jailed up in Ramadan. However unfortunately this huge castle that we build in Ramadan we destroyed brick by brick in all other months.

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So May Allah give us back use of

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May Allah give us back Ramadan Allahu mobilenet Ramadan

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so that the law we can build our agenda again. And that we can make another promise that just like use of only went away only once

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to come back forever to yaku balin supersalon let Ramadan be with us forever. Such that Ramadan teaches us that even when the 30 days goes away, we'll hamdulillah we will always cherish Ramadan and enjoy its beauty and continue to be righteous in Ramadan as well as outside of Ramadan.

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And indeed it was narrated by some of the some of the scholars that the brothers have use of later on became prophets

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and that was the meaning of the US bath and the Tafseer of the poor ad. And that happened after Yusuf was righteous to his brothers. So May our Ramadan this Ramadan that is coming up, make the rest of the month righteous as well for us. So that we in the law we increase in so much a bad day and the rest of the months that when Ramadan comes it is not possible to increase in any more a bad day except for the tarawih

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so May Allah subhanho wa Taala make our Ramadan very special. In order to make this Ramadan special, my friends, we must learn a little bit about Ramadan itself and about fasting itself. A actor a better that only comes once a month.

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And it's really important to learn about it because ultimately, it comes once a month. It's a pillar of the deen and but Allah it is so special, that if you miss a day of Ramadan,

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according to many scholars, you cannot make it up even if you fasted all of your lifetime, as in the Hadith or Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam which is of questionable authenticity. However, the meaning is right. That if you intentionally miss a day of Ramadan,

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ultimately, you can never ever make it up later on even though you have to do a follow up. But you can never ever truly make it up. Because the month of Ramadan is so special. Bless at time, beloved by Allah subhanho wa Taala because Allah subhanho wa Taala says in his book, yeah, are you Allah Dena amanu quotevalet Kumasi amo Camacho de la la la la

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la la quinta taco or you will believe the month of Ramadan and cm has been written upon you cm has been written upon you, just as it was written upon those before you so that you may attain piety.

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So here in just a few weeks, we will inshallah experience the month of piety the month of Ramadan piety

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used to mean different things, or could be exemplified by different things in the nations of the past. So in the past, fasting used to be fasting from speaking, and that was a sign of piety in our time, that is not permissible in our time. On the other hand, fasting is fasting, from food and from sexual intercourse, from the morning until the night, and this is what fasting is in our time.

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Now, the month of Ramadan, was made special because of a number of reasons. Number one was to attain taqwa and piety. I will hamdulillah our chef Mohammed already spoke to you about this. He spoke to you about how the month of Ramadan is a month of taqwa. It was ordained so that we maintain piety and piety.

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How do we attain it? Because when we stay away from luxury, and the desires of the private parts of the stomach, then but Allah will remember our Lord.

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Because you see,

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what takes us away from Allah subhanho wa Taala is materialism. this dunya which is called dunya, because it comes from the word Donna, which means to be close and the Akira is called Astra because it comes to the word after the next.

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So dunya is denna dunia is close to us. So when we remember the dunya we forget the alpha just like the pious predecessors said that the love for this world and the love for the hereafter are like two scales in the hearts of a being of a Muslim.

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Closer.

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Can you hear me now? While I'm speaking very loud, they can't hear me still. Can you hear me now?

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Yes or no?

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Yes.

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Five,

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the pious criticisms of the past Allah have mercy upon them. They said, the love for this dunya and the love for the earth are alike two scales. In the heart of a believer, when one side of the scale becomes heavy, the other scale or the side becomes light.

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And when the other side becomes heavy, the other side becomes light. So if you love this dunya love your food, and you love sleeping with your wife.

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By Allah, it becomes difficult to start loving the hereafter.

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But when you can stay away from all of this, and remember Allah the love for the hereafter becomes heavier. And this is why this is why the month of mercy. The month of Ramadan, is a month of attaining taqwa from Allah subhanho wa Taala. The month of Ramadan was also ordained so that we may associate with the poor. Those who have no food at the month of Ramadan was also ordained so that we may associate with those people and understand those people who cannot have their families with them. Like who?

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Who are we talking about? prisoners, Muslim prisoners that are in prison? Have you forgotten them? This is the month to remember them.

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The prisoners that are languishing in various Muslim in various prisons worldwide.

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Whether they are there for a reason that they have earned, or because of an unjust reason, this is the month to remember them. So when you stay away from your family, and you know, it's difficult for you to do so. Remember the ones who have to stay away for years and years and years away from their family. So May this month be a cue for that. Also, the month of Ramadan, was meant to spiritually nourish our hearts, as well as physically cherish our bodies.

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Because medically speaking,

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it's good for the body. It's good for renal function, and it's good for your liver functions to actually have less glucose in your blood.

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It is better for your body. In fact, it delays diabetes. It delays the onset of diabetes and in the Muslim world.

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Most of us are darker individuals. We are dark, the color of our skin is dark. Diabetes incidence goes up by the color of your skin.

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The more darker you are the more higher preponderance for diabetes you have.

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It's an interesting correlation.

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So Alhamdulillah Allah subhanho wa Taala gave us a month of Ramadan so that we may also stay away from a disease that has unfortunately become pandemic within the Muslim population.

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My brothers my sisters Islam.

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Fasting is not only Ramadan but also in the months before Ramadan. And Allah subhanho wa Taala ordained a number of fast which are ready

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commended. Number one being the month of chawan this month the Shabbat that we are in at this point in time, the month of Shabbat and if you think about it just like every Salah we might have a have a prayer before it and a prayer after it. Like for example the whole prayer for Raka prayer before it we have a Sunnah and after we have a Sunnah in the same way, the month of Ramadan has a son of fasting before it and as soon as fasting after it the son of fasting before it is the month of chawan all of the month of chawan and the Sunnah after it is a six days of Shabbat

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I'm confused.

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I'm just checking if you're awake and if I'm awake.

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So just like the month of Shaban momento, one

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month of Ramadan

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It has two months before it one month before it and a month after it. So the month of Shabbat before it and the month of Shabbat with six days in Sha one after it right? Just like we have the Doha prayer with a sooner before and soon after it. Have you thought of the wisdom I learned that the wisdom is so that you can prepare with the first sooner you can prepare for the logic. I would the second sooner you can make up for the deficiencies in the logic that you have done. Beautiful wisdom.

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So from the recommended fasts, we know that there is the month of

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Shabbat I'm pausing so that I say it right.

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And then we have the six days of show well. We also have the three days of MLB which is a 13th and 14th and the 15th of every Islamic month, lunar month, the prophecy silom never used to miss the MLB even when traveling or when he was resident.

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Also from the recommended fasts

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is the

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fasting of moharram, the 10th, the ninth and the 10th of Muharram. As a prophet slim said the 10th of having fasting on that day, expats for the sins of the past year. also recommended is a death out of

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the ninth of the ledger.

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And the prophecies should have said fasting or that they expense for the sins of the year before and the year after.

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also recommend that is a fasting of every second day, which is a fasting of Tao dallisa salam Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said the best of us was a was a fasting of doubt, every second day. And the best of tahajjud prayer is a prayer of Tao Liu Soto Salah, police to pray for half the night, then sleep for one third and then pray for the last one sixth of the night.

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Also, what is recommended is the fasting of either Friday with another day after it or a day before it.

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So Saturday was Friday, or Thursday and Friday

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or Saturday and Sunday. They're all from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

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These are the different types of fasts that are recommended in Islam.

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There are certain days however, which are not recommended to fast those days that are not recommended to fast include days

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of the pagan religions that they take as a special days, like the 25th of December, or the day of Diwali

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or the day of Easter, it is not recommended to fast in those days.

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Also not recommended to fast also it's haram to fast on the days of E

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also it is not recommended.

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Also, it's not recommended to specify certain days in the year only for fasting such as the month of Raja

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and the month so Raja was a time in which the pagan Arabs is to love too fast. Whereas Allah replace Raja with the month of Ramadan for muslimeen

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so these are the days that are not recommended to fast from the fasting rebellion that Allah subhanho wa Taala has made obligatory upon us also not recommended too fast only on Fridays or only on Saturdays.

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Also it is recommended to not fast just immediately prior to Ramadan

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immediately prior to Ramadan like for example two days left for Ramadan to come one day left Ramadan to come in and say you know what Shabbat I'm so fast No. Why not? Because in Islam we like to sharpen our data. Sharp shot where we can move around before sobre la what but no moving around

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a Sarah Monica to la Santa Monica Mottola, the straight away the problem will turn aside

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Turn around Why? To make the data sharp so that you don't add anything to it. You don't dilute the divisions between the data.

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Does that make sense? So this because of this, no fasting immediately before Ramadan, and no fasting immediately after Ramadan, which is the day of eat the first of chawan right. And this is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was very careful about this.

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This is why the Prophet said it was so careful. So, much so, that he said that our oma will not cease to be upon good as long as it hurries up in breaking the fast and delays the support as much as possible. Have you thought about that, logically speaking, it should be the other way around. Logically speaking, if there is that that could be extended and longer, it will be better for the person or started early will be better but no

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no's yada. No extra upon the religion of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, that which was deed at that time is also the deed now it cannot be extended cannot be increased. That is the reason why the prophet SAW Selim said make it sharp.

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keep on eating and drinking until the other four fudger comes sharp eating now suddenly no eating,

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suddenly no eating and then lohagarh straightaway start eating.

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Sharp Do not delay until the other finishes, shop start eating as soon as that starts.

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It is in order to specify exactly the shop endings and the beginnings of your fasting.

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Also my brothers and sisters, it is also incorrect to fast on the day of cloudiness, which is known as a Yama shock, because as we will come to the month of Ramadan is established by the siting of the moon. So if the 30th of Shabbat is a day of cloudiness, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam discouraged fasting on this day, fasting of the Yama shuck except in the middle of the Hannah Bella. And even in the mother of the Hannah Bella, the stronger opinion is to not fast on the day of shock.

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My brothers and sisters before I move on to Ramadan, one important point

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and that is that people consider something special people consider

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the 15th of Shabbat to be something very special to fast. In fact, there is Hadith Rasulullah sallallahu

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where the scholars have differed about not fasting after the 15th of Shabbat.

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And the scholars are divided in the different camps, and the mohabbatein are divided on this point.

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So those scholars who consider the Hadees to be authentic, say you should not fast after the 15th of Shabbat if you haven't fasted before it

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and those who consider to be unauthentic so you can continue on doing so.

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Except if it's just one day or two days before Shabbat before Ramadan starting.

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This is just a point of benefit. So my advice to you all is that we are still What day is it today

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12 the Shabbat right? great time to start fasting Bismillah prepare for it.

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Have you ever gone to a very important soccer match?

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Or badminton match? Or table tennis match? or whatever else we play here.

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Have you ever gone to a really important match like that without warming up? What happens then?

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Have you ever gone to the important badminton match? Or you hit it?

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Or even table tennis you don't warm up and start playing straight away? What happens? Your bounces not right? You hitting is not right.

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Have you ever done that?

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play table tennis without preparing?

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That's what happens to us in the first few days of Ramadan.

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You don't start fasting before you end up losing the benefit benefit and Baraka the first few days. You know why? Because your

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food first, you haven't prepared your body. But even if you prepare your body with one week of fasting beforehand by law, you'll be far better prepared. Ramadan would come and you'd enjoy and enjoy your therapy. You will enjoy your Korea Malaysia you enjoy your fasting because your body is accustomed. Just like remember we don't feel the last few days of Ramadan dewy. We will feel the last few days of Ramadan because that's always a time for a bad break if us already we saved. So that was easy. We say our hunger doesn't even our tummy doesn't even get hungry. So prepare yourselves. Prepare yourselves by fasting now

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So that inshallah we can have a better time in the month of Ramadan can concentrate on those things that are important, like reading Quran in the month of Ramadan. Otherwise we'll just be concentrating on thinking about food and thinking about the thirst that we are trying to overcome.

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My brothers and my sister's

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sighting of the moon is very important in the month of Ramadan. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said an authentic hadith in Bukhari, Sulu, yes, he will have purulia tea fast when you see it, and start fasting when you see it. And the scholars have multiple opinions regarding sighting of the moon. However, living in Islamic country, you are in a lot of Baraka. The reason why is because all the scholars despite the differences on moon sighting, they all agree on one thing, and that is that hoekman hacking.

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The ruling of the ruler removes differences. Meaning even if scholars differ, but if the ruler of a land Islamic ruler of the land, has given the ruling that the month of Ramadan will start on this month, that is obligatory on all Muslims to pass on that month.

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So it's not relevant. In reality, that is the difference. The difference is amongst the scholars on this point. What is important is that a Muslim government has given a ruling on a particular month and so on a particular day, for the month of Ramadan to start to finish, and it is obligatory on all Muslims to start fasting on that day and to break their fast on the day that they say it is the day of e and this is the time of unity and even if it's mistaken, Allah will forgive because you're the law him algebra. The hand of Allah is with the Jamaat

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and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in the authentic hadith,

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Yeoman, Yeoman Ramadan Yamato su moon, Wolfie three Amati rune the day of Ramadan is a day in which you fast and the day of if star which is the day of eat is the day that you all break you fast as well.

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So Allah subhanho wa Taala considers the day of Ramadan the day of ie the day the Muslims consider the day of eat.

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So whatever here in Malaysia you consider the day of even the day of Ramadan, Allah will forgive you all inshallah and consider that day. And it is a mistake, the mistake only goes back to the people who might have done the mistake not upon the oma in general. So you are in a lot of blessing from where I come from, this is still one of the biggest challenges of the Muslim minority communities in the West. When does Ramadan start and when does it finish?

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Moving on brothers and sisters

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on the first day of Ramadan,

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on every day of Ramadan, it is obligatory to have your intention in your heart. And intention is not something that is said by your tongue.

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That which is said by your tongue is for people to hear that which is in your heart is for Allah to know.

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So intention to fast happens by you doing activities that show that you want to fast tomorrow, like getting a foothold is an is an indication that you have intention to fast tomorrow.

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And praying taraweeh at night knows that you are now preparing for Ramadan tomorrow.

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So it is sufficient to have that not that you should start and actually try and tell your heart inside your heart Some think in your head I'm going to fast tomorrow, not required. Because you know towards Ramadan, that is that itself is an intention to fast. So we'll have the Rila.

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As the scholars mentioned, it's not possible for any human being to do any action without intention.

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So if you're going too fast tomorrow, you know that then that is in itself the intention. And the scholars of the vast majority of the schools of thought they say that you should have a new intention for every single day.

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So a new intention every single day is obligatory

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as for non obligatory, soon and fast as we had taken previously, like the other fossils show while at the fastest Shabbat that you can intend from the middle of the day as well. As long as you have not eaten from the beginning of the day. But in the month of Ramadan. That's not that's not permissible. month Ramadan the intention starts from the beginning even before the fasting starts.

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And this is because intention is integral to fasting.

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Who needs to pass the month of Ramadan?

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Every single Muslim who is sane,

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he is post puberty

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and is resident

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who has the ability to fast should fast the month of Ramadan. Let me say it again. Every Muslim, male or female, old or young as long

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He's saying

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as long as he is puberty, post puberty, as long as he is resident in his hometown,

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and as long as he has the ability to fast, then he must he or she must fast the month of Ramadan, no excuse.

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The month of Ramadan initially started off as an optional month for the Muslims, they could either fast or they could feed somebody. But in the second year of hedger, it was made in the second year after hijra, it was made obligatory upon all Muslims to pass the month of Ramadan, as long as they are Muslim saying resident, post puberty enabled.

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So if you are from one of those people, then you must tell people tell them to fast.

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So non Muslims don't have to fast and ask for the pre puberty, then I encourage you to get them to start fasting, even for a little bit of the day, half of the day, perhaps, or more than half of the day. As long as they are more than seven, try to encourage them to start fasting even for a little little bit of the day. I have five children, pre puberty, four of them fast will have to rely even though the youngest one of them is only five years old.

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And that's because he sees his brothers and sisters. And he says I'm not going to miss out on the reward. So I encourage you, inshallah, to make your children like that, it's not going to harm them. Insha, Allah is only going to make them stronger. And if these if you see them being harmed, make sure you buy them or presence.

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Make sure you also keep them hydrated, because children, the main thing about children is that they dehydrate very quickly. And secondly, make sure that they eat a lot of sugary stuff.

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Initially when they're breaking the fast because the thing for children is dehydration. And number two is that the blood sugar level goes down very fast. That doesn't happen with us big people. Because we have big livers. And the liver stores a lot of great glycogen. But children they have small livers small bodies. So they're small, they store very small amounts of glycogen, which is only enough for a few hours. So the food that you eat to hold will give you glucose and energy for six hours. There it goes into glycogenolysis from your liver,

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it will that will last for as long as the glycogen lasts for. So over here, the hours of fasting. How many hours is it

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proximately 1214 hours, it may be possible for a kid who is 10 years to 12 years old too fast the whole day. Someone who was seven years might struggle to do that. But encouraged them to fast half the day at the least. Okay. And remember water is very important. Don't tell them to go to rice straightaway know lots of water and drink with sugar in it something sweet for them to drink that of course dates is the son of the prophets of Salaam to replenish your blood sugar levels straightaway.

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Also brothers and sisters,

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the same

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people who are saved must fast. Those who are not saying they don't have to fast but they can be encouraged to fast. Who are the people that are not saying like people who have Down syndrome

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who are not saying or people who are schizophrenics

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or people who have dementia like your all your parents who've either become old, your grandma who might have become old and she's forgetting things we encourage her to fast. But if she forgets and eats forgive her, or if she can't fast forgive her

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because she has old and she's become old and demented.

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Right? This is saying so there are three levels there is completely sane, partly sane and completely insane.

00:29:06--> 00:29:18

The completely sane, must fast, the partly sane encouraged to fast and the insane. They don't have to fast at all more be encouraged because they are completely cannot comprehend even what you're saying.

00:29:20--> 00:29:51

Also, the non resident does not have to fast and that is from the Baraka and the blessings of our religion, that Allah subhanho wa Taala has allowed the non resident to not fast even if he even if he is traveling or traveling for a short distance only. As long as the distance is forth is 80 kilometers. They must fast in Charlottetown. They must they don't have to fast if you're traveling more than 80 kilometers even if it is by plane.

00:29:52--> 00:29:54

I will come to that in just a bit.

00:29:55--> 00:29:59

Who are those people who don't have to fast There are two types of

00:30:00--> 00:30:07

Number one, are those people who have temporary excuse? And number two are those people who have permanent excuse?

00:30:09--> 00:30:19

Let's take those people who have a temporary excuse. There are different types of people that have temporary excuse. The first type of people that has temporary excuse is the person who's sick.

00:30:20--> 00:31:01

So a person who is sick has a temporary excuse. Why do we call it temporary? Because once he has that excuse, he doesn't have to fast when the excuse is removed. He has to fast and make up for the fact that he has missed as well, because he was only temporary. Why does you have to make it up? Well, because Ramadan only comes once a year. So the Sharia doesn't want us to miss the blessings of the fasting. So it ordains on us too fast. That is why the menstruating woman who has a temporary excuse to not fast because of menstruation is asked to make it back. Why? Because Ramadan comes once a year, whereas Salah she is not asked to make up the Salah. Why? Because Allah comes every day,

00:31:01--> 00:31:07

five times a day. So she is not in danger of missing out the Baraka of Salah makes sense, right?

00:31:08--> 00:31:31

So the temporary excuse the first person is sick. Now the different types of sickness is a paper cut a sickness, no, they call it the vast majority of scholars minus sickness, not sickness, paper cut, a little bit of pain that you get in your leg a little bit of pain was that a bit of a back pain, that's not sickness is to see your back and you should be exercising more.

00:31:33--> 00:32:12

Okay, that's not sickness. The second type of sickness is a sickness, which is not affected by fasting like a broken hand. So when you break your hand and you put your hand in a cast, is that going to affect your fasting? Not really, it's not going to. So to use that as an excuse is not entirely appropriate. However, if you want to, then according to the majority scholars, it is permissible for you to use it as an excuse to break your fast and even though you're fasting or not fasting will not affect your broken hand nor will it make it more difficult upon you to fast your broken hand is something different.

00:32:14--> 00:32:20

The third type of fasting The third type of sickness is the sickness which will get bad if you fast

00:32:21--> 00:32:25

is the sickness or that will get bad or a new sickness will start if you fast.

00:32:27--> 00:32:29

In that case, it is obligatory to not fast.

00:32:30--> 00:32:50

It is obligatory to not fast. What's an example of that? An example of that is people with high levels of diabetes, like our parents will have mercy upon upon them if they have had diabetes for a long time. And they're on insulin. It is dangerous for them to fast. And you should tell them no ma'am you can't fast.

00:32:51--> 00:32:55

And they might say but my son, I'm going to lose the Barack Obama dance. You know, my mom, you will not.

00:32:57--> 00:33:05

It's dangerous for them too fast. If they have high levels of diabetes and they're on insulin supplements. Why is it dangerous? Because they can have hypoglycemia

00:33:07--> 00:33:15

and hyperglycemia is very dangerous for them. So be very, very careful. Muslims who are having insulin shots,

00:33:17--> 00:33:38

type two diabetes, do not fast, do not fast, do not fast. low levels of diabetes. Okay, no problem. Very low levels of diabetes. No problem. But anyone taking insulin shots, that's the one the high level of diabetes, insulin shots are required to keep your blood sugar in control, and you have no insulin in your body anymore.

00:33:40--> 00:33:53

This sort of diabetes must not fast at all. hora Malik. From the medical perspective. It's it's not right. And Islam will condone that. Because Islam doesn't want you to hyperglycemia and die.

00:33:54--> 00:33:58

Okay, remember this point? Other examples

00:33:59--> 00:34:01

of people who must not fast

00:34:02--> 00:34:03

include people

00:34:04--> 00:34:07

who must take medicines. If they don't take the medicine, they'll get very sick.

00:34:09--> 00:34:13

Because they don't take irregularly. What's an example of such people?

00:34:15--> 00:34:17

People who have renal failure, for example,

00:34:18--> 00:34:35

of people who have cardiac conditions that require regular medicine, every so often. Those people are people in hospital that need to take regular medication for them. If they don't take the medication, they will deteriorate for those people. No, they cannot fast it's hard.

00:34:36--> 00:34:38

But remember, this is temporary only.

00:34:39--> 00:35:00

If it is temporary. Once they get better. Later on inshallah get better they can fast. As for those people who will not get better, we'll come to them very soon. We will now just taking the topic of people that have temporary excuse. Also from the people that temporary excuse is the menstruating women which we took already and in the ruling of the menstruating women is a

00:35:00--> 00:35:15

person who has post childbirth, bleeding, childbirth, bleeding, according to Islam starts when the bloody show happens. What is the bloody show before the labor, when you have your water breaking, that is when the fire starts.

00:35:17--> 00:35:39

That is when the fire starts until 40 days after childbirth until fourth a maximum of 40 days after childbirth until the bleeding stops. So these sort of women do not have to fast in the month of Ramadan, but they will need to make it up in other than Ramadan. Also, those people who have a temporary excuses breastfeeding women,

00:35:40--> 00:35:50

I'll call it temporary as well. According to the vast majority of the mothers, according to the four mothers, breastfeeding women need to make up their fasting.

00:35:52--> 00:35:54

breastfeeding women need to make up their fasting.

00:35:56--> 00:36:06

This is important to realize why because it is a temporary excuse on them. Temporary excuse on them, though, what happens if the women keep having children every year?

00:36:07--> 00:36:10

It keeps becoming months and months and months. What happens then?

00:36:12--> 00:36:13

Well, we help them

00:36:14--> 00:36:31

by spreading out the number of years in which they make it up. And if it just if it is too difficult, and they attain old age and they still have a lot of fasting left. Then in that case, we can allow a poor person to be fed for every day.

00:36:32--> 00:36:38

But otherwise was still young. And they've had one kid to kid three kid no problem.

00:36:39--> 00:36:57

Three months of fasting can be sped up over the next few years, seven years, eight years, no problem 10 days a month she can 10 days. In a year, she can make it inshallah so she does not have the excuse of not fasting of just feeding a poor person. She must make up the fast.

00:36:59--> 00:37:32

Also, from those who have an excuse is a traveler. Abby took that the one who travels more than 80 kilometers. When does he start fasting? As soon as he intends to travel? No. When he actually travels out of the city, because until he travels is still hypothetical, it's still not confirmed that you have traveled. So he cannot travel to space with the intention. Say I'm traveling today the hotel. Can I can I not fast in the morning? No, it's not. You must start from the morning. But at the heart when you've left the city, God into the airplane, then you can break your fast.

00:37:33--> 00:38:08

This is important. What about the traveler that comes back? The traveler that comes back into the city is it obligatory according to the vast majority of scholars it is the stronger opinion however, is that publicly he should not eat but privately he can publicly he should not eat but privately he can publicly Why should we? Because in order to preserve the sanctity of Ramadan, but privately he can why can he? Because Allah didn't make the first part obligatory on him, because he was still traveling until a certain time. So why should we make the last part obligatory on him.

00:38:10--> 00:38:17

So this is why it is permissible for him to not fast the rest remaining of the day as long as he doesn't do so openly.

00:38:19--> 00:38:32

As for those people who have certain jobs that are constantly traveling, like taxi drivers, like not taxi drivers, taxi drivers that might be going out of the city, or airplane pilots or air hostesses

00:38:33--> 00:38:36

and stewards or truck drivers. Sorry.

00:38:38--> 00:38:43

These sort of people are allowed to break their fast constantly as well.

00:38:46--> 00:38:54

Also, those people that are excused from not fasting temporarily, are those people who are fighting in a battle in a legitimate jihad

00:38:56--> 00:39:39

is a legitimate jihad, not vigilante violence, but legitimate jihad. These people are excused as well. Also, those people who are excused are those people that have a serious difficulty. If they went too fast, a serious problem would happen, such as, such as a person who is busy chasing after a thief as a scholar as mentioned, or a doctor who is doing a very long operation for 1010 hours, seven hours. If he does not fast, then he will suffer. As for someone whose job is not extremely important to the oma, like a person who bakes the bread, he's not allowed to break his fast even if the heat of the oven is very, very hot and he feels thirsty because of that. But someone like a

00:39:39--> 00:39:53

doctor who is doing a life saving operation, even though he's not traveling. Such a person is excused from fasting because of the nature of the work that he's doing. Also, someone who has super extreme thirst,

00:39:54--> 00:40:00

super extreme thirst. Absolutely you're super light you can open your mouth because

00:40:00--> 00:40:07

So dry, you should break your fast, super extreme thirst. Why? Because you probably have a medical problem,

00:40:08--> 00:40:32

you're probably extremely dehydrated. And it's only going to get worse if you continue on fasting. So if it is super extreme, not just normal First, we all have normal thirst. And we all know what normal thirst is. We all know it. We've been fasting the month of Ramadan, we know what is normal. The difference between the super extreme and the normal type of thirst is taqwa of Allah is fear of God.

00:40:34--> 00:40:42

Because remember, if you have no real excuse than fear, Allah subhanho wa Taala, who will who knows you and knows what's in your hearts.

00:40:44--> 00:40:45

Also,

00:40:46--> 00:40:50

and these are the examples that have just taken of the people that have a temporary excuse.

00:40:51--> 00:41:07

As for people who have a permanent excuse that they are of two types of permanent excuse, because of old age, they become so weak and frail, they can't fast anymore, or permanent excuse because of disease that is permanent, it will never change.

00:41:08--> 00:41:13

Like extreme diabetes, for which you have to continue to take insulin, you will never be able to fast again.

00:41:15--> 00:41:23

Or, for example, someone who is very old age will never be able to fast such a person can feed one person for every single day, what does it feed that person

00:41:24--> 00:41:35

he feeds a minimum of the food that a fasting person would normally eat at the time of breaking is fast and the time was starting is fast a normal meal

00:41:37--> 00:41:40

a normal meal. So what is a normal meal in Malaysia

00:41:41--> 00:41:47

is a 10 minute 20 minute if that is the case that that is what is obligatory for you to give

00:41:49--> 00:42:04

and buy the food with it and feed somebody and if you cannot find that person, then find the organization that will feed on your behalf and agent on your behalf. And that agent needs to be given that amount of money which is sufficient for one person to eat for every single day that you have to make up.

00:42:06--> 00:42:08

One of the things that break your fast

00:42:09--> 00:42:14

what are the things that break your fast? The things that break your fast

00:42:15--> 00:42:25

are those things that are prescribed in the Sharia that breaks your fast that you do willingly having the knowledge that it breaks you fast.

00:42:27--> 00:42:37

You must have knowledge that it breaks your fast that thing must break your fast and you must have done it willingly without coercion without someone forcing you like no one putting a gun to your head.

00:42:39--> 00:42:41

This is the thing that breaks your fast.

00:42:42--> 00:42:51

And Allah subhanho wa Taala has made a number of things that break your fast. What are those things that break your fast? Number one eating and drinking,

00:42:53--> 00:43:03

eating and drinking food. Any type of food eating and drinking from the mouth or through a nasal gastric tube that is put into your tummy.

00:43:04--> 00:43:08

Any sort of eating and drinking will break your fast. Number two

00:43:09--> 00:43:21

anything that isn't the meaning of eating and drinking. What is the meaning of eating and drinking? Meaning anything that nourishes your body or doesn't nourish your body but goes into your body.

00:43:23--> 00:43:25

So for example a stone that you eat

00:43:26--> 00:43:33

or spit if you were to spit in your hand and then suck it up again. This also breaks your fast according to all the formats EPS.

00:43:35--> 00:43:41

According to some scholars that doesn't break your fast. Why doesn't it break your fast because it doesn't nourish you.

00:43:42--> 00:43:51

But the reality is the Prophet sallallahu Sallam forbade us from making Eastern Shaka fubu which is to exaggerate in sniffing water when we make Voodoo.

00:43:53--> 00:44:01

So what if Why did he do that because if you exaggerate you might end up drinking water. So what if you are making do with saltwater sea water?

00:44:02--> 00:44:07

sea water does not provide you an efficient seawater will dehydrate you take water out of you.

00:44:08--> 00:44:31

So therefore if you were to make water with seawater, an exaggerated will still breaking fast. But here you're welcome to fast with something which doesn't benefit you. So ultimately, it is in the same way that anything else that doesn't benefit you if it goes inside you also breaks your fast and this is the opinion of the four budgets. The ally mercy for all the Alibaba staff. Based upon this smoking breaks your fast

00:44:33--> 00:44:44

even though smoke doesn't go inside you, it goes into you and outside of you. It still breaks your fast. Also asthma puffs break your fast

00:44:45--> 00:44:56

and those people who say asthma puffs do not break your fast. Tell them what about smoking. Doesn't smoking break your fast they will all agree does. There is no difference between smoking and asthma puffs.

00:44:57--> 00:44:58

They both go into your lung

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

They both don't provide nutrition

00:45:03--> 00:45:27

but he's smoking breaks your fast sodas asthma puffs break your fast What about injections, injections also break your fast take it for a medical doctor who knows this there is no injection in the world, there is no injection in the world that does not provide some level of nutrition to your body. Because every injection is based in saliva.

00:45:29--> 00:45:31

Every injection has an amount of water in it.

00:45:32--> 00:45:35

So therefore, even if it is

00:45:36--> 00:45:44

a immunisation injection, he will break your fast doesn't matter where the injection is given. Some scholars say injections There are two types.

00:45:45--> 00:46:04

That which gives you a nutrition that doesn't give you the nutrition and this is a medical doctor telling you no such thing. Every injection gives you nutrition doesn't matter where the injection is given if the injection is given into your muscle or into your veins or into your arteries or into your

00:46:05--> 00:46:09

into the space between your knees which is your capsule

00:46:10--> 00:46:14

or provide nutrition at one time or the other.

00:46:15--> 00:46:31

So it is not therefore permissible to take injections during fasting. If you need to take it then that should be considered breaking the fast and if it is obligatory for you to take it because you are sick, then so be it. So what is my advice for Muslims regarding injections and medical medicines?

00:46:32--> 00:47:10

It is to take it after after fasting What about someone who has severe asthma has to take the puff. If you have severe asthma you are someone who has an excuse to break your fast. You have to take the profits break your fast. But my advice to you if you have severe asthma go to your doctor and take preventers once in the morning once at night, which can be taken before starting the past and after studying the past. The preventers will will decrease your requirement for the purpose. So take your preventers in the month of Ramadan. Take your precautions brothers and sisters so you can enjoy the benefits of fasting.

00:47:11--> 00:47:41

Also eyedrops when you taste it in your in the back of your throat. Also break your fasting and also any sort of medicine that is given rectally in your back passage. Also break your fast Why? Because the blood vessels in your rectum supply directly to your liver with supplies to your body. It is a unique system. It is one rectally administered medicines also break your fast. Remember that do not forget it.

00:47:42--> 00:47:51

Another thing that breaks your fast is bloodletting which is blood donation. So if you were to donate blood, it breaks your fast according to the scholars of the Hambling mother,

00:47:53--> 00:47:54

and some scholars of the Shafi mother.

00:47:56--> 00:48:03

But the majority say doesn't break your fast equality those callers who say breaks your fast you cannot donate blood.

00:48:04--> 00:48:13

Whatever blood tests, they call to all scholars, scholars, it's okay. Blood tests because the small test tube, small amount, no problem.

00:48:14--> 00:48:22

They called all scholars no problem with blood tests. problem is if you're giving an injection not taking it out, right? Also nosebleeds no problem.

00:48:24--> 00:48:36

Also remember menstruation breaks your fast and post childbirth bleeding also add miscarriages or break your fast. Also ejaculation. But ejaculation with desire.

00:48:37--> 00:48:39

ejaculation with desire

00:48:40--> 00:48:41

breaks your first

00:48:42--> 00:48:43

one of our pre karma.

00:48:45--> 00:48:50

And what about erection? Does it break your fast answer is no. But it decreases your reward

00:48:51--> 00:49:01

decreases your reward because when the when Allah said to stay away from desires, the private paths, it means totally stay away. Not just

00:49:03--> 00:49:10

not just sleeping with your family but also anything that might lead to that or anything that might arouse you into that. So pre curb

00:49:11--> 00:49:24

will will not break your fast but it will decrease your reward. And ejaculating with desire will break your fasting and sleeping with your wife will also break your fast these are the things that break your fast.

00:49:26--> 00:49:39

If you were to break your fast with sleeping with your wife, then you must make up for that day as well as do one of few things either free or slave. There is no slave at the moment.

00:49:41--> 00:49:44

Or fast 60 days consecutively

00:49:45--> 00:49:46

or feed 64 people

00:49:48--> 00:49:56

because there's no slaves. The only option for us all here is to file 60 days consecutively consecutively.

00:49:58--> 00:49:59

That is for every day that you sleep.

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

device in the month of Ramadan

00:50:02--> 00:50:05

as for if you were to break your fast in any other way

00:50:06--> 00:50:13

of all the other ways that I've said before eating and drinking anything that is the meaning of eating and drinking

00:50:16--> 00:50:30

then all of these things The only thing that you have to do is to make up for that day and tober to Allah subhanho wa Taala that is if you do it intentionally what happens we don't do it intentionally if you don't do it intentionally that this is overlooked and excuse in the Sharia

00:50:32--> 00:50:40

so these are the things that break your fast What are those things that are disliked whilst fasting? There are a few things swimming,

00:50:42--> 00:50:44

exaggerating sniffing water

00:50:45--> 00:50:49

using strong toothpaste that you taste in the back of your throat

00:50:50--> 00:50:54

but toothpaste is okay as long as not very very strong.

00:50:55--> 00:50:57

But if you faced it in the back of your throat

00:50:58--> 00:51:00

that it may have gone in

00:51:01--> 00:51:03

so that is very severely disliked.

00:51:06--> 00:51:25

Why not swimming because you might end up drinking water by mistake. What about shower Okay, no problem. Showers a fight. What are those things that we can do that doesn't break our fast if we have a wet dream, it doesn't break our fast swallowing our own saliva doesn't break your fast please go ahead swallow saliva.

00:51:26--> 00:51:30

Not like most people say oh my god, I can't even swallow my saliva is miskeen.

00:51:32--> 00:51:36

Also vomiting doesn't break your fast as long as Don't eat it back in.

00:51:37--> 00:51:39

Of course you're not going to do that.

00:51:40--> 00:51:48

But vomiting doesn't break your fast, intentional or unintentional vomiting does not break your fast according to the strongest opinion of the former.

00:51:49--> 00:52:13

Chef showering doesn't break your fast using toothpaste. That is low taste doesn't taste the back of your neck doesn't break your fast miswak which is recommended doesn't break your fast even if you were to take some of the splinters and it goes into your into the back of your throat. Also tasting food on the tip of your tongue. tip of your tongue only

00:52:14--> 00:52:33

because the tongue has five different parts. There is the front part, the two sides, the middle and the back. Salt is tasted from the front part, sugar tastes the taste buds for sugar from the two sides. sour taste is in the middle part. And everything can be tasted in the back of your throat.

00:52:34--> 00:52:37

That's what the different taste buds are aligned in our tongue like that.

00:52:38--> 00:52:42

So even a bass used to taste the salt in the food from the tip of the tongue.

00:52:43--> 00:52:45

Then you'd spit it out, obviously not eat it.

00:52:46--> 00:52:55

If you were to do that that is also permissible. Also it is permissible to sleep with your wife in the night or Ramadan and wake up whilst you are still in a state of Geneva.

00:52:57--> 00:53:02

Still haven't had a shower yet that's permissible. The Prophet system did that. Also permissible

00:53:04--> 00:53:16

to kiss your wife without desire. It was the prophet of Islam who kissed his wife was fasting without desire. So it is permissible for us to do the same to kiss our wives without desire.

00:53:17--> 00:53:22

Even if it is on the mouth without obviously exchanging saliva.

00:53:24--> 00:53:33

Also permissible to use the swab and also permissible to use perfume. As long as it is not the one that you have smoke from

00:53:35--> 00:53:44

but some perfumes yes no problems put some perfume on it. In the chef a method it is disliked to use perfumes, but rather still permissible.

00:53:45--> 00:53:47

Still it will not break your fast.

00:53:48--> 00:53:51

What is recommended for the person who fasts

00:53:52--> 00:54:10

First of all, a lot of dough and liquor of Quran because Allah subhanho wa Taala recommended to do that recommended to break the break the fast very very soon. As you break in with the date, it is recommended to make the dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala. What is it?

00:54:11--> 00:54:17

The dua of the person who breaks is fast. The habit of oma obatala

00:54:18--> 00:54:30

was sabato insha Allah. This is the only authentic desire that has been reported for Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam the habit of Dhamma the thirst has gone.

00:54:31--> 00:54:35

rope and the veins have been wetted.

00:54:36--> 00:54:41

We're sebata larger insha Allah and the adjure has become established insha Allah.

00:54:42--> 00:54:54

Also don't forget that though at the time of breaking the fast. The Prophet sallallahu wasallam said for every person who fast is $1 that Allah will never reject and that is the time of breaking fast.

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

And remember, it's recommended you have the food in front of you and you make dua to Allah

00:55:01--> 00:55:24

That Oh Allah ask Allah for anything of Allah will not rejected remember Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said, Allah is ashamed of returning the hands of the slave empty when his hands are raised up to Allah when the slaves hands raised to Allah. Allah is ashamed to return it empty, ashamed

00:55:25--> 00:55:52

and embarrassed to return empty. Can you imagine that? How noble is Allah and how giving is Allah? So do not do not forget that though of Ramadan fasting make it for yourself for your families. For the prophets SLM for the oma Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recommended to read a lot of prayer, and to give a lot of charity, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was the most charitable, so give a lot of charity.

00:55:53--> 00:56:18

Also, stay away from those things that break your fast or decrease the reward of fasting, such as backbiting. backbiting removes the reward of fasting. And according to the VA hurry scholars even hasm used to consider that biting to break your fasting. The reason why is because in the Sunnah of the Prophet says I'm sorry Muslim, two women were backbiting while still fasting. And so the Prophet serum

00:56:19--> 00:56:26

told the Sahaba take a bucket to them and asked them to vomit. And the women started vomiting on the side of vomiting meat and blood.

00:56:27--> 00:56:31

It was the meat on the blood of the people that they were backbiting.

00:56:32--> 00:56:46

Subhan Allah. That is why even as some said backbiting breaks the fast, but the strongest opinion of all the formatters backbiting does not break the fast, but removes the blessings or the rewards of the fast

00:56:48--> 00:56:55

and of course brothers and sisters. Remember the month of Ramadan is the month to increase in every type of reward.

00:56:56--> 00:57:02

Tie the ties of kingship. Make sure you pray your tarawih prayers and your pmla

00:57:03--> 00:57:21

make the Ramadan a time of solitude and prayer. Make the time of Ramadan a time of aitikaf of solitude Allah subhana wa tada because Allah has given you 10 days in the month of Ramadan to make a tea coffee the last 10 days. Your Prophet did it and my Prophet did it.

00:57:22--> 00:57:32

And Rasulullah surah seller made ethical 20 days in the night in the last year in which he passed away. Do you know why? Because the ethical half is a preparation

00:57:33--> 00:57:36

for the day that you'll be alone with Allah in your grave.

00:57:38--> 00:57:39

So Sham the world

00:57:40--> 00:57:48

and remember Allah in the masjid, so that you can be you can prepare how you will be alone with him in the belly of the grave.

00:57:50--> 00:57:59

This is Ramadan. This is the fasting of Ramadan. These are the days of Ramadan. I ask Allah subhana wa Taala in his immense Mercy

00:58:01--> 00:58:09

is tremendous forgiveness, to make it possible for all of us to pass the month of Ramadan and achieve the reward of every single day.

00:58:11--> 00:58:30

And make it a means of safety from the fire for indeed the professor shall have said lilla your Taka Amina was the coffee cool Leila elated, Ramadan. Allah subhanho wa Taala has people that he frees from the fire forever. And that is in every single night in the nights of Ramadan.

00:58:31--> 00:58:37

And of course do not forget, at the end of my talk, do not forget the night of Laila through

00:58:38--> 00:58:41

the night of laser cutter is a very, very special night

00:58:42--> 00:58:44

at three years

00:58:45--> 00:59:08

and eight months 83 years and eight months 1000 months of your life in one night. One minute is equal to one day, one hour is equal two years, one year one month one hour in the drama of life The other is equal to 10 years if not more.

00:59:10--> 00:59:12

So Allah amazing night.

00:59:14--> 00:59:16

How can we know when is the night laser cutter?

00:59:18--> 00:59:26

The night laser cutter the Profit System gave us some science. Number one he said the nine night laser cutter is neither hot nor cold.

00:59:27--> 00:59:30

He also says it is not very windy.

00:59:31--> 00:59:40

He also told us the Niger lead the cutter doesn't have too many doesn't have too many clouds in the sky You can see the the stars.

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He also said that on the night or the morning after let the cuddle the sun appears like a bright silver plate like a bright bronze plate sharp edges no razor sharp edges

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Alhamdulillah bursary Rahim Allah He said

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before I come to the statement, I have some a bursary, which night is the night of the cover?

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The scholars have 30 different opinions.

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Alpha will bury even as you mentioned 46 different opinions 46 opinions about when the ninth lead the cutter is 46 but there's only 3930 days in Amazon.

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Well, guess what? Some of the scholars thought like the cutter is outside of Ramadan as well.

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So Pamela, like who are

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some of the scholars was Jeffrey Mazur as well

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like

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he thought, in one of his opinions was reported that he thought he was not in Ramadan SubhanAllah. So, therefore, some scholar said first Ramadan sunset, second, sunset, third, some third, fourth or fifth 678-910-1112 3040 5060 7080 9020.

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But what is the strongest opinion

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the strongest opinion is one of two opinions, both of them I consider it to be very strong.

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The first opinion says, liner to cover moves around in the last 10 days of Ramadan moves around, what are the moves are out in one night, in one year, it could be 23rd. Now, the year could be 24th, another year could be 27. And it could be 29. This is very strong. Why is this strong? Because of number 31st of all there's a heaviness of in Bukhari, Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam prayed and he saw in his dream that he was prostrating on mud on the lighter lighter color. And in that Hadith, he prostrated on the night of the 23rd on mud and he had mud on his forehead because it had rained.

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So, in that year, there was 23rd in other Hadith in Muslims in the sutra without the prophecies, some said search for Celtic other on the 25th night

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and in 530, he said search for length occur on the 27th night.

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So therefore,

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one opinion says that the cutter moves around which is a very strong opinion and that is his opinion of even

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the second opinion which is also very strong is the opinion that says Lolita Qataris on the 27th might obey the cop said, I swear by Allah by the one in whose whose hands is my soul. That the night of lead the cutter is the 27th night. Also hustler Rahim Allah He said, I follow the sun

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every day.

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And the last 10 nights I followed how the sun would be when it rises up. And for 50 years of my life, I found that the other was on the 27th night.

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So both opinions are strong. What is my advice to you, my brothers and sisters, my practical advice to you all is make HDR on every single night of the last 10 days, whether odd or even.

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Because one group of ladies say odd nights, another group of happy states or from the end. So if it's all from the end is actually even.

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So therefore, my advice to you is the last 10 days everyday struggle very hard.

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And if you're very sick,

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absolutely unable to then struggle at least one night and there is a 27th night.

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This is my practical advice to my brothers and sisters who are love for the sake of Allah. And I hope that may Allah subhanho wa Taala give you the blessings of this month of Ramadan and make use of those people who have truly excelled and May Allah give you this use of never to go away the month of Ramadan and inshallah to Allah you will be from those people who are freed from the final

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walkthrough Tawana al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen