Biography of Salaah al-Din al-Ayubi
Channel: Tariq Appleby
File Size: 14.71MB
Recording: Jumu’ah Khutbah – 8 Dec 17 – by Sh. Tariq Appleby at IIUM Crescent (previously known as ISTAC) Masjid.
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my dear brothers, I'd like to begin my foot by by asking a question. What is it that makes something sacred? What is it that makes something sacred in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala what is it that makes something beloved to each and every one of us as Muslims? Allah subhanho wa Taala is the one that makes something sacred. Allah subhanho wa Taala is the one that bestow sanctity on something or someone or some place. Allah subhana wa Taala says at the beginning of sola, sola, so behind a lady as Ravi Abbe de la Laila mineral mess GDL Hiromi Elon Musk GD x or levy bow lockner Hola, Allah subhanho wa Taala how perfect is he? The one that took his slave Muhammad sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam on a night journey from St. Jude how long to mess up for that place that Allah subhanho wa Taala blessed and he blessed that area and the land around it. So this is why we as Muslims are attached to this place. We are not attached to it because we have agreed that it is sacred. We are not attached to it because Muslims have been living there for more than 1000 years. We are not attached to it because of some feeling and emotion that we have. We are attached to it because a loss of a higher than what Allah has made it sacred that Allah subhanho wa Taala chose to take his profit on a night journey of all of the places in the world. Allah subhanho wa Taala chose
bait to muck this and mess you up saw this is why we love it. This is why we are affected by what happens then. This is why we are concerned. This week we heard this news and of course, the statement of a person of a government does not change the reality of anything in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala. If someone was to say to us tomorrow that mosquito Aqsa is no longer sacred in Islam, we would say that he is a liar. He is a fool he has spoken untruth will be not say that to his face. Nothing changes in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala for he is so behind Allah Allah has decided that this place is blessing that it is important. The personality that I want to discuss
with you is a person who understood this solar for Deen and a UB Rahim Allahu taala, a man who was born in the year 552. Often they hit draw a man that many of us Muslims around the world, we name our children after him. We named hospitals after him. This is a man that no way no matter where you go in the Muslim world He is known but what do we really know about him? I want to look at his life very briefly because a Juma is not enough. We're lucky to spend talking about this man and his achievements, and to talk about how he got to where he to what he achieved, will need much more time for that. But I do want to point out a few things that perhaps Allah subhanho wa Taala might open
our eyes and our hearts to see the reality of our situation and what needs to be done to rectify it to better it. So Salahuddin in a UB he was at a very young age, memorizing the Book of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Learning and memorizing the books of fake and narrow in Arabic grammar, a boy that grew up with the basics. So the first lesson that we learned from this is that if we want to prepare the oma, then we must prepare them with the right preparation. He also learned military affairs from his father from his uncle from those around him. I've spoken about this before in this machine and other massaging that we our approach is to narrow our approach is to specific, there are
different groups calling for different you know, maybe
bids and different actions. But if we look at the life of people like Salah from doing a UB, we see that it is holistic. It is not only about Jihad and military affairs, but it is also about education. It is also about establishing the deen of Allah in every facet in every way. This is important. Each of you who is a father must make sure that he his son, his daughter, his children, grow up with a proper understanding of what it means to be a slave of Allah subhanho wa Taala what it means to be an what it means to be a Muslim. We need to start with that. We also learned from this that he grew up amongst people that you could look up to, and I do Dean zenki know Dean sinky,
his father, his uncle, great military generals and commanders, great statesman. The example that we set for our children is so important. We're lucky when there was some political you know, issue, just the at the time that Sala Dena, UB was born. And his father and his family was forced to flee to Crete. And the baby was crying this baby Salahuddin and his father say to the family, keep him quiet, because he will expose us. This father felt that the birth of this child might cause the harm and the destruction. But someone in the family said, what law he perhaps Allah subhanho wa Taala will raise this boy to become someone great, a great leader, that Allah subhanho wa Taala will do
amazing things, you know, at his hands. And this is exactly what happened. So that was themes. The third lesson I wish to extract from just us birth and his early life, is that we need to become more optimistic. We, we were told at the beginning of this week, that the President of the United States would announce that America would recognize Jerusalem and beta and mark this as the capital of Israel. And we will all filled with anger, disgust with thinking how can this happen? How is it possible that you know they would take this step of the all of these decades of oppression all of these decades of subjugation why at this time now, we will all filled with this these feelings and
emotions. And what I want to talk to you about is that even though things appear to be so bad, that there's enough reason to be pessimistic, and to feel depressed, the life of Salahuddin UB and others before him and we make do either they will be others off to him and our times that we made see them and that they might inspire us you're allowed to make it happen, make it a reality. So that her Deena up, he grew up, he memorize the Book of Allah, He memorized the books of a textbook and fit and other things. But then, as he grew up, he started learning more, and he was given more and more responsibility. We don't know exactly when Salam Dinelli UB Rahim Allah decided that his main goal
in life must be the liberation of beta monkeys from the Crusaders. We know that by the time he was born, the Crusader states had already been established, there was the Kingdom of Jerusalem and Odessa and many other states. So the Crusaders already controlled these, this part of the Muslim world. So in the in the year 1169, of the Common Era, South Africa, UB, he then becomes the governor and he gains control of Egypt. And Allahu RLM, if this is the time, or whether it was before this, that it entered his heart, that he should plan for the liberation of patron Magnus, at this time, after having been given now the responsibility. But one of the things that it is important to
understand is that Salahuddin, as a yogi was also a man who will lead by example, he did not set an order and give commands and wait for things to happen, and for others to do what needed to be done. This perhaps is the fourth lesson we must take, that if things are going to change, you and I as individuals, and as communities and societies, we must take responsibility ourselves. We cannot wait for our leaders to do the work. We cannot wait for people that we hold in high esteem and the authorities to do something we need to do what we can, every one of us as individuals need to work so that you will be when he was out fighting in jihad. He was the one helping the soldiers dig
trenches, like the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam was the Prophet not involved in the building of the masjid was not involved in the digging of the trench. He was there literally in the trenches with the soldiers. And so any person who wishes to wishes to bring about change needs to follow in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his companions and those who came after they were so eager to follow in the footsteps of those who came before them. This is absolutely essential that our leaders need to lead by example, and the best example is the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu
He was Ella.
We also know about him, that he was a person who was very, very humble. And we need that today. A person who's not concerned about his own ego, he's not concerned about his courtesy his throne. He's not concerned about power and wealth. In fact, when Salahuddin in a UB died, imagine a man who controls era, he controls most of us. And he controls Egypt, some of the wealthiest provinces in the Muslim world. And when he died, he left behind no property, no houses, no fancy mansions, he left very few coins behind. This is what how he lived, a life of simplicity, a life dedicated to a noble cause. Each and every one of us needs to decide, are we on this dunya? For the sake of ourselves,
for the sake of Allah? Are we here for something greater than ourselves? Because we do often worship ourselves, we worship our wealth, we worship our careers, we need to step back and take stock of ourselves, do we worship Allah subhanho wa Taala This is why I decided that we should discuss these personalities so we can truly take stock of who we are, and look at the stars in the sky, these personalities and see how in a way how do we measure ourselves. We today measure ourselves in terms of our wealth, in terms of our education, our degrees, etc, etc. But it is so much more important to measure yourself
through the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his biography and the biography of great men and women who came after him. So the third thing that I want to talk to you about is that Salahuddin a UB besides being a great military general and commander, he was also known for his justice. And yeah, a lot how we cry out for that today. And I want to mention three things about him. That when he came to power, he established three things. Number one was the abolishment of oppressive taxes that other people went even though from judge with tax, you want to go from Egypt to muck up pay attacks, you want to come from Damascus to Makkah, you have to pay attacks, when he
came to power, he abolished this, imagine how difficult it is, we know what it's like now, how much more expensive has it become to go for for hygiene or Milan? How much more expensive is it for you to get a visa? Well, I This makes it so difficult. I know family members in Cape Town who have to save for 20 years to go, now that they have to pay more, they might even take longer. I have an aunt, my paternal aunt, she makes this delicacy in Cape Town. She's been doing that for more than 20 years. And only recently she was able to go. So you have no idea how important this is to be able to establish justice and treat people fairly. He would hold twice a week, he would hold an open session
where anyone could come to his court and say, Oh, so thought, oh, money, okay, this person has oppressed me, this person has taken my wealth. This person has done this to me, and he would act as an arbitrator and a judge. We need this. Well, I have stories I could tell you. But we have seen how important it is to have justice where every single citizen in a country feels that he or she has a voice that they will be treated fairly, that if they go to court, it does not matter what the nationality is or how much wealth they have, but that they will be treated fairly. And the third thing he did after he conquered, and he took control of bait and muck this, a Christian woman came
to him and she complained that her son had been taken. He had been taken he said no, we I have not ordered my soldiers to take any one prisoner. So what had happened was he sent out some of his men to find out what has happened to this woman's son.
What had happened was that some bandits had taken her son and had sold her son to the slave market. So what did he do? Did he say oh, no, there's nothing I can do. You know, this is just how it is? No, he went there by himself. And he paid the price of that boy so that he could be returned back to his mother. That was his justice. So he's not only about jihad is not only about fighting for the sake of Allah, but all of these aspects of his life need to be studied, so that we can truly understand what it takes to achieve what he achieved. Allah subhanho wa Taala will law he he will open doors for us. If we can establish justice on Earth. We are so concerned about the material
needs. And one example comes to mind in his life. He was walking with one of his generals through the army camp, and he saw a very old man in tahajud. This man was praying and the general city Why is this man in the army? This man can bolt barely hold up his old stick. Look at this man. Why is he even here? Isn't that what we think that you know?
lie that it has to be someone strong someone muscular someone who can wield a sword and a spear. That is those are the people we are looking for. But so that from being understood what was truly important, you said, well Lonnie, this man's finger
making Vicar of a loss of a Hannah who is more value is more valuable to me than 1000 nights.
Because it is the person that has taqwa and aemon, the person whose connection with Allah subhanho wa Taala is strong. That person will fight and sacrifice whatever needs to be sacrificed for the sake of Allah to achieve the pleasure of Allah. But those people who are not connected with Allah who find Salah difficult, who cannot wake up for Pfizer who cannot pray on time, those people perhaps they will be the first people to flee the battlefield because their hearts are weak, even though their bodies are strong. So that would be a UB understood this. And when he took control of Egypt, remember that Egypt had been under the control of the obey the Shia, a dynasty for more than
200 years. This was that dynasty on whose manorbier and members the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was cursed. Imagine, for more than 200 years, you would go to a Masjid in Egypt, and you would listen to the hood bar and they would curse Abu Bakr and Omar and of man. This is the reality of that situation. So what did he do? He then brought our lemma from Damascus and from a sham he brought him to come in teach to replace that hood with the hood bar that is from the Quran and the Sunnah with love for the Sahaba is taught because of a loss of a hand with the sprays for them, and there's so many reasons why we praise them. But he was known for bringing back
and returning people back to the Quran and the Sunnah. Today, we read on Facebook, in the news, and other social media, sites and platforms that the only way to free Palestine and to free based on mark this is a particular set of things that need to be done diplomacy, others are advocating jihad, others are only advocating education. But if we look at this man's life, we see that every one of these approaches need to be done, and they need to be done all at the same time. It's not either or, it is not either, or, when he can't get all the money control Egypt, he established more than 20 schools where people could learn the Quran and they could learn the Sunnah. Because why are you
going to fight? Why would you join the army to liberate Palestine? If you do not know for that the reason for which you fight? How would you know
why you are fighting? How would you know how to fight? How would you know what to do after the fight, only understanding the religion understanding the Quran and the Sunnah is going to give you those tools that information, that knowledge, then I also wanted
to share with you that's all I heard in a movie was a man who was comfortable with his own identity. Because we seem to not be
a man that understood himself, even though he was Kurdish, even though he was not born into a noble family with pure blood, as they call it. One day, someone came to his court and then try to establish his lineage, you know, through cooperation through his marine. And he said, Well, law, what are you doing? It does not matter whose son you are, it matters what you do.
This is an important point, the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that whoever is held back by his actions, his lineage will not push him forward. It doesn't matter where you come from. You can do great things for Islam. Doesn't matter what country you're from. It doesn't matter what people say about you. It doesn't mean what has been said about you. It doesn't matter what stereotypes have been perpetuated against your people, or people believe these things. Rather, each and every one of us needs to feel comfortable in our identity as Muslims, our identity as slaves of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he was very comfortable, because he understood that a man is not judged
in reality in the sight of Allah, by whose son he is and what tribe he is from, but rather by his actions that were done sincerely for the sake of Allah.
The last thing that I want to discuss with you is that Salahuddin a yogi
when he was granted victory over the Crusaders at the Battle of hetton. And a few months later, when he was laying siege to Jerusalem tbaytel mark this when he had this opportunity to take the city by force, and to take revenge for what the Crusaders had done more than 80 years before.
He didn't do any of those things. Right now, this very week, our hearts have been filled with hatred, disgust, immunity. But so that within a UB when he himself You and I are sitting here in Malaysia, we sitting far very far away from, from, you know the situation on the ground. And yet we feel the sense of disgust it, you know, anger this, we want to take revenge, we want to do something. But when he had that opportunity, while law, he forgave the people, he allowed him to leave the city and to leave with a wealth, the wealthy were only asked to ransom themselves with 10 gold coins.
And when his soldiers came to him, he said, are you allowing these people to leave with 1000s 10s of 1000s of them of the cash in their wealth? He said, we have agreed, and this is another important point I'll get to. But he said we have agreed that this is going to be the ransom and will lie. It is through that keeping of promises that Allah subhanho wa Taala grants victory.
And that's something that I want to talk about.
What's the point? What's the lesson here? That Allah subhanho wa Taala has established upon each and every one of us as Muslims, to be true to our word, to keep our bargains and to agree to if we agree to something we fulfill it wholeheartedly and sincerely. We do not break our treaties, we not break our word. And this is what the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us and we even though others nations and governments are breaking the agreements with us, even though they are treating us unfairly, even they even though they are oppressing us, we must never become like our enemies. We must never become like them. And so that Dean taught us this, that even when he had the
opportunity, he said no, will like to adhere to greater ideals, the ideals and the principles that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed, that is so much more important. Well, luckily, we have not discussed
most of what I wanted to talk about. But I hope, and I make sure that each and every one of you is going to leave this with but today, you are going to read the biography of Salahuddin and a UB is a great book by Sherif Ali Celebi in two volumes, about the biography of Salah Deen and the history of the Crusades. I encourage each and every one of you to read this book, to study this book to understand the reality that we find ourselves in. If you think that the Muslim countries are silent, that the Muslim leaders are complete or complacent or complicit that will lie IE you have not seen anything yet you don't you don't know the reality that Salahuddin had to deal with. Before he was
able to liberate Palestine. He had to deal with the dissent, and the infighting and the disunity amongst all of the different princes in Damascus, Aleppo, and other places before he was in a position to deal with the Crusaders. So if we understand our history, we'll be better positioned to do what Allah subhanho wa Taala wants us to do. That is to establish the dean to free the Muslims from oppression to establish what Allah subhanho wa Taala has revealed. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala on this day of Friday, that Allah subhanho wa Taala liberates beta muchness, that Allah subhanho wa Taala allows each and every one of us to follow in the footsteps of people like
Salahuddin and UB and almost email called pub rhodiola annual madman, we all said Allah subhanahu wa taala if this Nasir and this victory is not something that we can achieve your Allah make it so that our children will be able to see it, that they will be at the forefront of doing something about this situation. Because Salahuddin came to power in 1169 and he only defeated the Crusaders and he deliberated basically mark this almost 20 years later, it will take time knew the dinky he had in his mind that he wanted to conquer and take over and take back rather I should say beta luck this but he died before he could see this reality. And it was Salahuddin who was able to do it. Perhaps
we won't see that day. But I make dua that Allah subhanho wa Taala makes it that each and every one of us sees that they barakallahu li walakum fuchal I love him whenever anyone can be my feminine Aya t vertical Hakeem a holo Mater smartone was the fiddle la honey welcome Melissa Ariel muslimeen I mean Columbian first of Pharaoh who in the who who are looking forward Rahim.
Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah Allah Maryam Bahia. Ano
was the law who was a llama either of the Muslim fania Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi. Germaine a few weeks ago, I was approached after the hookah. And a few weeks ago, the football was 38 minutes long.
And someone approached me who is a experienced khateeb and has been giving the football for many years. And he called me aside and he said, politic I want to speak to you. And I said, Oh, no, what did I say? So behind the law, hope I didn't say anything. So we spoke and then he said, Well, law he I want to give you sincere advice. And as a Hatim and as a person who has been doing this for many years, it is important that you keep your foot short, you keep it as short as possible because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that from the feet of a person is that his hood is short and his Salah is long. So today inshallah huhtala. We are attempting to follow the Sunnah and to
follow the advice of this brother May Allah subhanho wa Taala reward him abundantly. You know, sometimes one becomes so overwhelmed with the topic one wishes to speak, you know, and you want to speak as much as you can, hoping to benefit yourself and those who are listening. But at the same time, all of you have, you know, most of you have to go back to work. Most of you are going to have lunch, you have things places to be so we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to forgive us and to guide us to that which is best. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant victory and Isaiah an honor to the Muslim ummah. Allah is an Islamic one so solid Muslim in Allah. Islam on Sudan Muslim alone, I sell
Islam and Muslim in robina attina dunya Hasina waffleh karate hacer una joaquina either, but not all of them. So one of the Philistine was the story of Wolfie Burma, a lot of them and sort of whom he married frequently because of the European alameen. Allah make us of those who will be able to affect change, affect change, and not only amongst those that we are closest to, but affect change that will leave behind the legacy that we can all enjoy in the year after our banner artina freedonia Hi, Santa Warfield. Hasina joaquina. But now what's Allahu wa salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi igmi
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