Taimiyyah Zubair – Taleem al Quran 2012 – P23 238D Tafsir Saad 21-26

Taimiyyah Zubair
AI: Summary © The importance of showing the human nature of the beast and forgiveness is discussed, as well as the history of the beast's name being mentioned and its potential consequences. The speakers emphasize the importance of sharing small small actions and avoidingoppressing others, as well as following one's desires and not letting them affect others. They also stress the need to be fair and following the rules of the house, as well as following laws and following rules.
AI: Transcript ©
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And then an example is given of His judgment of how he made judgment. And we see that in this example, you could say, a mistake of doubt and his name is mentioned. Right? And when we use the word mistake, we use it with the understanding that the prophets of Allah, they were saved, they were protected from committing major sins and all in decencies. However, the prophets of Allah given that they were human, Allah subhanaw taala allowed them He led them around in some places in a very minor capacity. And why is that? So to show their human nature? And secondly, also to give them a chance to turn to Allah? Because if the prophets of Allah were never allowed to sin, what would they

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know what over is what is the heart is, you understand? So remember that the prophets of Allah who are protected from major sins from all in decencies? All right, but at some points, Allah subhanaw taala allowed them to make minor mistakes, while also do reveal their humanity

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and secondly, to give them an opportunity also to turn to Allah because Stober is the heart it brings such pleasure that nothing else can bring. This is a part of Buddha, this is a part of servitude to turn to Allah, begging his forgiveness, because it really shows how much we need Allah that we cannot do without having Allah subhanaw taala happy with us. And for that we need to seek his forgiveness. All right, and remember, each time a prophet of Allah made even the slightest error, he was corrected, like we see in the Sunnah. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he made honey unlawful for himself for a certain reason. He was corrected immediately. Right limit to

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her Remo Mohalla hulak Likewise on the Prophet sallallahu Sallam accepted the false excuses of the hypocrites at the time of the Battle of the book, The expedition to the book and he allowed them to stay behind Allah subhanaw taala advised him off Hola, Ron Lima of internal hum, may Allah pardon you, Allah has pardoned you, why did you give them permission to stay behind meaning you should not have. So over here we see a mistake, a very minor mistake of the wilderness anime is mentioned over here. And why so to show again, the humanity of the wilderness and what a perfect human being he was, in what way that when he made a mistake, he turned to Allah. This teaches us two things. First

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of all, that all perfection is with whom? Allah subhanaw taala the human being is a human being a creation is a creation, no matter what status a human being attains, he will remain a human being, which means that he will make a mistake he will not be perfect.

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divinity is only for who? Allah subhanaw taala. Secondly, in this is a lesson for us that if we make mistakes, then what should we do? We need to follow the example of your profits. And you see Allah subhanaw taala allowed the prophets to make these mistakes. Because when you make mistakes, it keeps you grounded. It keeps you humble, because it's very easy to slip. To start feeling arrogant to become overconfident. It's very easy. We all know that we've all experienced it. So when we make a mistake, even if it's very slight, it helps us stay humble. So we'll help attack another or ha smi is the SunWorld Mihara has the news of the adversaries come to you meaning Have you heard or

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prophets Allah, Allah Allah, so know about this incident, where adversaries disputants they came to the widow on his Sudan but they didn't come in a normal, appropriate way. They climbed over the wall of the prayer chamber is the Hulu Allah, Buddha, fuzzy I mean home when they entered upon the wilderness, and I'm what happened, he was alarmed by them, because he was not expecting them. And they came at a time when he was busy in the worship of Allah and they came in a way that was not appropriate either. So naturally, he was alarmed. Amen that the half day said Do not fear. Now these disputes and some have said that this was these were actually angels that came in the form of human

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beings. And this was just a test for that would earn a salon. But the reason why we cannot say that confidently is because there is no I have the Quran or no Hadith that tells us that these were angels. All right, these versions or these details they come from Israeli yet what are Islam Iliad, the traditions that have been taken from the Jews and the Christians and we have been allowed to refer to them but we cannot affirm them. Correct

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And the thing is that if these were angels that Allah subhanaw taala would have mentioned that the Prophet sallallaahu Selim would have clarified that so is the 100 Allah that woulda for fuzzy Amen hon. Allah the half hos Mani Baba buena and they said we are just to add groceries. You know, one of us is in the wrong. One of us has oppressed the other Falcon bein and I've been happy well attested. What Dena Inasa is slot judge between us with truth and do not exceed meaning do not be unfair. What Dena Eliza is set up and guide us to the middle path meaning the best path the best way, because Allah is middle right that which is in the middle. Because remember, Allah Allah means equal. So

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equal is that which is from the middle meaning when something is divided into two from the middle and two parts are equal. All right, so why Dina ilyasova is Surat meaning guidance to the best course of action? What should we do? Now? What happened in the heather Erkki? So one of them is speaking and it seems like he's the plaintiff, the claimant, he is speaking, that in the habit of he, this brother of mine level discern what this earner Nerja he has 99 sheep. Now sheep are sheep. According to some Israeli traditions, this is referring to 99 wives of the wilderness. And again, there's no basis of this. All right. So we adhere to the words of the Quran, because the Quran is in

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the most eloquent speech. So this is what we refer to. So in the heather Athena, who discern what this own analogy, this brother of mine, he has 99 sheep. Notice something over here, he's calling him, his brother, even though both are coming to the wilderness salaam with a dispute. All right, the plaintiff is referring to the defendant as his brother, that despite the dispute, the Brotherhood through religion is still there. And it's important to remember that, that we might disagree with someone we might have a major dispute with someone. But we cannot forget the fact that there's still some relationship between the two of us and that relationship is through the dean. So

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he has 99 sheep Walia larger than Wahida. And I have one female sheep, he has 99 female sheep, I have one female sheep, for color acvim, Neha, and he who the owner of the 99 sheep is saying, that give me it gives me it, what is it referring to? The one sheep of his brother was Zenni Philhealth hog, and he has overpowered me in speech, meaning he has convinced me in argument, who has convinced to an argument, the owner of the 99 sheep has convinced the owner of the one sheep in argument in what way he convinced him that it's good for you if you hand over your one sheep to me.

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Now, what happened that will blow your mind without listening to the other side? He gave a hasty judgment and he said Allah Allah aka the wala Maka be so early Nara Jotika Ilan Nia RG. Certainly, he has wronged you in demanding your sheep. Your one sheep now Jotika. Ilan, me IG to his near edge, Neeraj is the plural of Nerja. He already has 99 sheep. So he has no right to make this demand that you should hand over your one sheep to him. And then the water is Salam. He commented that we're in Mecca Filomena Hola, Pa Ye, indeed the majority of associates what do they do? Label he bow blue one I know about. Some of them oppress others, meaning majority of associates wrong each other, oppress

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each other. They are unfair to each other. They overstepped the bounds they take from the other what they do not deserve. Hola Hola. Hola is the plural of Cali and who is Hollywood? One whose affair is mixed with the affair of another.

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Like for example, a business is shared one person he invested 50% The other person invested the other 50% So now this business is shared. When the business is shared. Nobody's gonna say that this is my table or no, this is my chair. Based on my 50% This is my right this is my right No, you don't go into such details. All you know is that 50% is one person's and the other. 50% is the other person's and when the affairs are mixed up. It is very, you could say easy

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Take more than what you deserve because this is what barley is to take more than what you deserve to take from the share of the other.

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This statement of the Buddha and his Salaam is this true? Of course it is true. Many times majority of the time. It is very common in a cathedral run. It's very common to oppress those who share something with you.

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When is it that we share something with somebody? Do we share the road when we're driving?

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Is it easy to oppress others when driving? How other drivers? Yes, it's very easy. It happens so so frequently, then give the indicator instantly cut the other off. Right came too close to him. overspent did something you know brakes too hard, too late too soon? Whatever it was, it's very easy. It's very common to oppress those with whom we share something. How about when we are sharing some work? Some responsibility? Does that ever happen that you've been assigned a group project,

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a group project, and then what happens? One person has to do majority of the work or two people out of the five have to do majority of the work and where the other three somewhere else. It's very common.

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Because it's very easy. Because each person is just concerned about his benefit. Each person becomes selfish about his or her benefit, and he forgets the others. So it's very common, that an exception is made. And what is that exception? In the medina Armando? Romulus Sally Hardy hearty, except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, Eman and are not solid, prevent a person protect a person from committing rain upon those that a person is directly dealing with? How so? Because a man makes a person conscious of Allah makes the person conscious of the Hereafter,

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which will inevitably stop a person from oppressing others. Secondly, amen. Follow righteous deeds, makes you focus on giving others and not just taking.

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You understand the difference. One is that we enter a transaction, a business, a work, anything, any work that we're doing with somebody, we enter that with this mindset of I want to give, I want to help. I want to create ease for others. And the other attitude is, what can I get out of here?

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All right, I'll make solid is about giving,

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not about demanding. So when a person is focused on giving, will he be protected from oppressing others? Will he be? Yes, he will be. Now think of some practical situations where when we're sharing something with someone, we end up wronging them and how is it that we can stop ourselves from that?

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Think of some practical situations.

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Okay, before this, think of those matters in which we share some of our affairs with others. Like for example, I gave you sharing a group project or sharing the road. What else do we share?

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Okay, family house, house chores.

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house chores. So one sibling is loading the dishwasher one day. So you're like, oh, they'll do it again at night. Alright, it's okay. If I leave the dishes on the table because somebody else is going to come in, put them in the dishwasher. Why should I bother putting the dishes in the sink? Somebody else will come and do it. Is that fair?

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It's not fair. Amount. Sally is about thinking how can I help others?

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How can I make this easier for someone else? Not about somebody else should come and make things easy for me. Okay, what else? So house chores, any other example where we share our matters with others? Yes.

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Okay, sharing your room with a sibling

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or sharing part of the house with someone else. Like for example, renting a room in a house or sometimes people live in boarding together as a group of friends. They are renting a house or an apartment. The refrigerator is being shared. The stove is being shared the bathroom The bathtub is being shared. So many things are being shared.

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Internet is being shared. So where does the oppression happen?

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How does it happen?

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Like, for example, the internet is being shared. So one person has the account on their name, everybody's supposed to pitch in in order to pay for it, but nobody does except for that person. All right, any other example in this situation?

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invasion of privacy.

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Or, for instance, some people, every time they use of bathroom delivered wet, they don't bother drying the counter. You know, these are little little things that we really need to pay attention, because it's these small actions that hurt others that annoy others. And if we are a constant cause of other for someone else, is that good. It's not. If we can oppress others in these small matters, then we can also oppress them in bigger matters. How about never helping with the cleanup, this is also a problem.

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Any other example, using the internet, constantly using the internet or downloading a lot of stuff so that you run out of data or something, and others are suffering because we overused it.

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Any other example, because majority of the people are a victim of this.

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Sometimes money is shared between spouses. Sometimes, you know, accounts are being shared. Sometimes cars are shared, sometimes secrets are shared. Sometimes passwords are shared, for whatever. And when they're shared. They're done with this understanding that you keep this private to yourself. Don't go on telling the whole world about the internet password, for instance, don't go on taking too much money from this account.

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It's interesting how, you know, in some places, the Wi Fi password. Like for example, at a Hoda, it had to be changed like almost every other day or something, because so quickly, the news would spread. This is the password, this is the password. Now hamdulillah the system is such that even if you know the password, and you connect to the Wi Fi, you cannot really use it unless you're authorized,

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which has added one more step to the system, right, which is a little burdensome for the people who are managing the system. But this is just an example of how easy it is to infringe on the rights of the others because we are selfishly pursuing our own comfort. And we are not concerned about the welfare of other people.

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So this is a very fair statement, and a statement that deserves a lot of reflection. And the exception that's made over here is in the Latina Amanullah Amina Sally hat and look at the detail work Ali lo Mau home and how very few are they?

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Who, firstly those who believe and do righteous deeds and then from among them all to those who do not oppress others. The hoodoo is Salam understood from this incident what he had to understand? And what was that will run no doubt will do. Annamma Fattah now who the wilderness Salam knew he was certain that we had tested him. This was a test. This was not an accident, these people climbing over his wall coming in and asking him the question, and him giving a judgement over here in such a hasty manner. He knew that this was all a test. And he realized his shortcoming over here for so far out of the hole. And immediately he sought forgiveness from his Lord, well, hello, Rocky. Well were

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another and he fell down as rocker meaning as one who was doing ruku meaning one who prayed to Allah and he turned in repentance, another another from the letters known while back, alright, and another is to return

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a again and again

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Merbau the murderer, meaning again, time after time. So if you think about the library, Assange was just busy in Aruba, isn't it? This incident happened? And again, he turned to Allah. What do we think the fact that I prayed the 100 last Ramadan, okay. We don't feel the need to turn back to Allah again and again. What do you see, the example of the prophets is that they repeatedly turned back to Allah, even if they just finished their Salah again, they performed like for example, the Prophet saw a lot of time sometimes after performing his waiters and waitresses, what the last prayer of the night, isn't it? So sometimes after Witter sitting down he would perform to Dakar

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sometimes not always, sometimes, okay. Why sitting down? Of course, he would be tired by then he will perform to Dhaka. You

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One day he just finished praying for her. Why, again to Takara because once a person gets the leather of worshiping Allah subhanaw taala, the comfort that a person finds in turning to Allah, the shelter that a person finds with Allah, it's something that you don't want to keep away from, you really don't want to be away from. So we see the wilderness and I'm also he turned to Allah seeking His forgiveness. This incident was a test for the wilderness salaam, it was the fact that he gave a hasty judgment, or he heard the story of one side and not the other. And the fact that he should have been more available to the people such that they wouldn't find the need to climb over the wall

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to access him. So the wilderness time he learned from this incident, whatever he had to learn and what was that, Allah who are know what exactly it was, Allah knows best. But what we learned for sure is that he understood and he took that as an opportunity to turn to Allah seek his forgiveness. And Allah says, Follow a foreigner, Allah Who Dalek we forgave him for that. So when he's been forgiven for this, we don't need to dwell upon what exactly that mistake was, and how it was and why it was no, it was a mistake. He was a human being and Allah pardon him for that one who are in denial, Azusa, were who snuck up? And indeed Surely he has with us. Surely, nearness to us and a

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good place of return?

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What does this indicate that the wilderness alarm status was now even higher than it was previously, his status increased in the sight of Allah after this incident, it's amazing. A mistake. And that brought him closer to Allah subhanaw taala. Yes, it is our mistakes that bring us closer to Allah. Because when we slip, and we see our deficiencies, and we realize the perfection of Allah and we realize that there's no way except turning to Allah, then this is an opportunity for growth. This is an opportunity to turn to Allah even more, and this is what brings a servant closer to Allah. So this ayah indicates that the liberalism his status increased even more, because of this incident in

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this world. And of course, in the Hereafter, he will have an excellent place of return. We see that the prophets of Allah they fell in frustration, at what times out of gratitude, and also upon realization of mistake. When they realized a mistake had happened. What did they do? They turn to Allah seeking His forgiveness.

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Allah subhanaw taala says Jada will do now with additional favor, additional responsibility and additional guidance. Yeah, that will do all that would Allah subhanaw taala addressed him. Imagine a lack of Khalifa can fill up indeed we have made you we have placed you as a Khalifa in the earth. Your role is that you are a Khalifa who is Califa Califa is one who comes after the other.

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One who comes in succession. Someone who has been given a responsibility or role to perform, they came after someone and somebody else is going to come after them. Every time we think of the word Khalifa bring to mind two things. Firstly, the fact that other money center was a Khalifa and what was the meaning over there that other money Salam, human beings, his children will come generation after generation. Secondly, always bring to mind the Hula, hula or rushing All right, have a bucket of the law I knew as a Khalifa of the Prophet sallallahu Salah after the boycott of the law and who was it Omar Abdullah and who was also the Khalifa after Omar Abdullah one who was at risk Manuel de

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la Horne who so we see Khalifa is someone with a responsibility and someone who has come after someone and will be replaced by another.

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So we have made you Khalifa on the earth. This does not mean that though there isn't was ALLAH is qualified in the sense that Allah is not able to manage the affairs himself. So he has appointed a prophet No, this is a very wrong interpretation because Allah is a well well Arthur. He doesn't need a Khalifa. What this means is that you have been sent to this world you your role upon this world is that you are Khalifa in delivering Allah's messages in delivering Allah's law, in making judgment between people concerning their affairs, and why the word Khalifa because he will

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was a prophet before whom will prophets and asked her whom will be other prophets? Before they would want to send them? Were there any prophets many, after that would only Salaam? Were there any prophets? Of course many, and each prophet did he ever all to perform? Of course he did. And mainly what was it a marble ma roof and the Hannon Mancha. So that

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is being made aware of his responsibility, that you are a prophet, you are a king, you are a Khalifa, you are to judge between people, you are their leader, managing the worldly affairs also.

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Because that is what King is.

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Like Omar Abdullah, who and who he was a Khalifa. And being a Khalifa, being a king, or ruler, doesn't just mean that you enjoy your life in the palace, and you do whatever you want. No, it means you are working for other people, you are helping the people. You know about Omotola one who we learned an incident where one somebody was looking for him, they couldn't find him. And finally they found him in one of the places a yard or something where there were so many camels, and he was treating them, because these camels were diseased with some kind of skin ailment where they get very itchy. And the only way of fixing that of curing that is to put hot tar.

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Because you kind of have to stop the itching because if you don't stop it, it's going to spread. And it doesn't just stay limited to the camel, that particular camel, it spreads within camels. It's contagious. So anyway, this was something that an ordinary person even wouldn't do. Because hot tar I mean, first of all, it smells secondly, it's very hot, and then you're so close to a camel that is suffering from a skin disease. It could even harm you, or letter design who was doing it himself.

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himself even though those camels were not his personal camels, they belong to the ummah. He was doing it himself. Because as a leader, that is what has to be done. So Halifa can fill out. The hedonism has been made aware of his role of his responsibility, that your job is to be a successor upon the earth we have given you honor, with this responsibility for conveying a nasty Bill Huck Finn, console judge Boehner NAS between people have been happy with the truth.

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Well, and do not that debate really, however, do not follow the desire. Meaning when you're passing judgment between people, judge by the truth, what is the truth, what Allah subhanaw taala has revealed?

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And the truth that becomes clear to you based on that pass your judgment, do not pass it based on your desires, was it really expected that that will die as salam would

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judge by his desires and not the truth?

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No, this can never be expected from a prophet of Allah, a prophet of Allah would never follow his desires, when judging between people, he would always adhere to the truth. Why is this mentioned to show us the importance of refraining from following our desires when we're dealing with people?

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Because if you think about it, following our desires, when we are dealing only with ourselves, Is it dangerous to follow our desires over there? For instance, you're eating something, you cook the food, you prepare the food, nobody else is going to eat from it. It's only for you.

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So you follow your desire in just eating, eating and eating and eating?

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Is this going to harm you? Is it going to harm you? Of course, it's going to harm you. You're sleeping, you don't have an appointment, you don't have any work. Nobody's waiting for you to get up and do something. You're just sleeping away? Is this going to harm you? It is going to harm us. So when we follow our desires, this is something that harms us. Think about it, if we follow our desires when dealing with people, it's going to harm them and it's also going to harm us. So the lid on Islam is reminded over here and this only shows the importance of refraining from following our desires that lead to Tiberian holla. Why? Because if you do that, what's going to happen for you be

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like us, so it will misguide you, it will take you away it will lead you astray on civility Allah found the way of Allah

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because when we follow our desires, then you know especially when judging between people, then this is something that makes a person biased and unfair in judgment. So for you didn't knock on Sabina Allah in the Levina indeed those people who you're the Luna and Sabine Allah they go a straying from the Path of Allah La

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Am I there been Chedid for them as a painful punishment? Why be mad because of the fact that they're nesu? They forgot, what did they forget? Yo mal hisab The Day of Account.

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So what do we learn from this following desires, leads a person away from the path of Allah,

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which will lead to painful punishment. Why? Because the person forgot the Day of Judgment.

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So this means that a person would only follow the desires when he has forgotten the Day of Judgment.

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So we see in this is after the test came a blessing. And what was that blessing, a great position of honor, with responsibility that will during this time is made aware of what that responsibility is, what he has to be careful about. And a warning that's given over here that's beneficial for all of us is that when a person pursues his desires, then he forgets the alcohol, and then he ends up doing wrong, which leads to painful punishment in the hereafter. And with regards to judgment, making judgment, again, it's very clear that one should be very careful when passing judgment between people, he should decide by hoc and not let his desires come in the way.

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You see a judge Islamically speaking a judge cannot give judgment, if he's angry, if he's hungry, or he's tired, and there's so many other conditions also.

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Because if you're hungry, you can't be fair. You cannot think rationally. If you're tired, you're angry from something that happened before. You cannot be fair. You cannot think rationally. So you're bound to make an error.

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In total 90 that I have 49 Allah's printout it says what a neat combiner home Bina and Allah wala tuttavia Hua home do not follow their desires, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is told, so judges not to follow his own desires or the desires of other people. Rather, he used to follow the law, the truth when making judgment into the Nyssa 105 in that and Zelner illegal Kitab will help Lita kkOma Dana NASCI Bhima Orok Allah in total neither is number eight. Yeah, you Alladhina amanu chronicle Wamena Lila he shahada Bill kissed with justice. Wala Yejide mana come Shanna Newcomen Isla alert Aarthi Liu, don't let the enmity of a people prevent you from being fair be fair, because that is

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closer to the Aqua into my ADA I have 42 We're in her canta for conveying a humble test. If you pass judgment between people then do so with justice. So we see the Prophet sallallahu sallam was advised in the Quran numerous times to be fair, in His judgment that went on his son was also advised and if somebody advises us be fair, we get offended. We get so offended so easily. And forget about being a big judge even something as small as you know, within the household, within our friends, within our siblings. If somebody advises us to be fair, we got to find it over there. No need to get offended if somebody is advising us to be fair, be happy Alhamdulillah somebody woke you up. Somebody opened

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your eyes. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said judges are of three types. One will go to Paradise and two will go to *. One type of Judge will only make it to Paradise and the other two types will go to *. What are ya the biller? The one who will go to Paradise is a man who knows what is right and gives judgment accordingly. He knows what is right. He knows the law. He knows the truth. He does his research. he investigates and then he passes judgment accordingly.

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But a man who knows what is right. He knows the truth. But still he acts with injustice in his judgment will go to *. So that's the second type of judge. He knows the truth. He knows what the law is. But still he is unfair in his judgment, He is following his desire, such a person will end up in *. And the third, a man who gives judgment for people when he is ignorant.

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He will also go to *. So the third type of judges who who doesn't have a neither have the law nor have the situation. He doesn't do the research the investigation and he makes a judgment such a person is harming himself. In another Hadith we learned the Prophet sallallahu sallam said if a judge passes a judgment, having exerted himself to arrive at what is

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Correct and he is indeed correct, then he will have double reward. Why double reward? One for exerting his effort, and the other for being correct in his judgment?

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And if he passes judgment, having exerted himself to arrive at what is correct, but it was incorrect, then he will have one reward.

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So what do we learn over here? That a person must do his best in investigating the matter in learning about the law in doing the research and then come to a conclusion. One thing for sure is never be hasty. Because if we're being hasty, that means we're not doing the right amount of research that means we're not really giving it enough thought that means we're not doing our part of the investigation. So don't be hasty.

00:35:49 --> 00:35:51

All right, let's listen to the recitation of the verses

00:35:54 --> 00:36:02

or Canada forced me that's a well on is the follow

00:36:06 --> 00:36:11

on tell us, postman Ebell all about more now

00:36:17 --> 00:36:20

two people one and Dina

00:36:23 --> 00:36:27

is all in

00:36:31 --> 00:36:34

this room roll what is Rona Jetta

00:36:38 --> 00:36:41

he that follow me

00:36:42 --> 00:36:53

follow me was anything people on board ball up on the wall and that can be so early now on Jessika in

00:36:55 --> 00:36:56


00:36:59 --> 00:37:03

or the other the bounce

00:37:04 --> 00:37:05

down when

00:37:08 --> 00:37:09

for the

00:37:12 --> 00:37:13

walk only you know

00:37:15 --> 00:37:17

we're one

00:37:21 --> 00:37:23

with a cellphone all I'm

00:37:24 --> 00:37:25

walking on

00:37:33 --> 00:37:33


00:37:41 --> 00:37:41


00:37:45 --> 00:37:46


00:37:50 --> 00:37:53

Massey been happy Walla.

00:37:55 --> 00:37:57

Walla, wa.

00:38:00 --> 00:38:01


00:38:04 --> 00:38:07

In Molina young we know now

00:38:12 --> 00:38:13


00:38:14 --> 00:38:16

be man or woman

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