Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Anam 1-19 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 3-6
Well hello office MLS and He is Allah in the heavens weapon, and also in the earth,
meaning he is the only Lord, and He is the only one who is worthy of worship.
He is the only Lord and the only one who is worthy of worship were in the heavens as well as the earth.
Some people say that what this means is that He is Allah, meaning he is in the heavens, and he is also in the earth, meaning a loss of power that is being his that is everywhere. He's physically present everywhere in the heavens, as well as the earth. And the evidence that they give is this idea, that look, we're long for silhouette, but for now, he is of law, meaning he is in the heavens, and he's also in the earth. So it means a loss of power that is in the earth. However, this is absolutely incorrect.
If you say that a loss of peloton is everywhere, then a person is implying that he is in my closet. He is on the table. He is in this room, he is in the forest and narrow the villa. This is extremely disrespectful.
Allah subhanaw taala is on his house, and his in his everywhere. His knowledge encompasses everything.
It doesn't mean that he's physically present. So never say that Allah is everywhere. Allah is where
on his own
and his knowledge encompasses everything.
And He is worthy of worship everywhere, whether it is the Middle East, or it is Pakistan, or it is North America, meaning he is worthy of worship in the heavens, and He is worthy of worship everywhere, on the face of the earth.
Everywhere. He is worthy of worship, which is why a lot of times artists as well who Allahu, and the name of Allah subhanaw taala Allah, what does it mean and Illa the god meaning the only one who is worthy of worship in the heavens, and also in the earth. In the heavens, he is worshipped by who, by the way, the angels and in the earth is worshipped by who, by the human beings and the jinn, not just them, but the entire creation.
As we learned that, the shade the shadow of every single object Even it is frustrating to to a muscle.
So what we're looking for some outlet will fill up. He is Allah, meaning he is the only one who deserves worship in the heavens and also in the earth. Yana was a local, he knows your secrets. What is it?
Safe is that which a person hates that which a person concealed.
And seal is basically of two types. First of all, said is a straw man knifes meaning what a person hides in himself. What a person hides, and keeps as a secret way in himself.
Meaning a person does not express it, he does not even whisper. He does not even shared with one person. He doesn't even write it. He doesn't even say it. He doesn't express it in any way whatsoever. He conceals it in his heart. It's a secret that he shares only with himself. So who knows about it?
Only him and only a loss of 100. No one, but him and Allah knows about it,
in the sense that no other person knows about it.
The second type of self is Islamorada. What does it mean? That what a person keeps as a secret between himself and between another.
So for example, you have a secret to share and you shared only with your mother.
And no one but you and your mother knows about it. Your father doesn't know your brother doesn't know your sister doesn't know. Nobody knows about it only you and your mother only you and your friend.
So Yana will say Lacan, what does it mean? That he knows all of your secrets, whether it is a secret that you keep in your heart, and you swear that you're never going to tell anyone, or it is a secret that you share with only one person and you tell them you're not going to tell anybody about it. He knows all of your secrets, no matter how much you try to hide something, he knows about it. And he also knows what to do and also your apparent meaning what you do and open what you say and open. What you do in front of people he knows about it. So whatever you hide, and whatever you show, he's fully aware of it when you're on the move, and he knows Mattox, evil and whatever that you earn
anything and everything that you acquire, he knows about it.
Now what are the different things that a person acquires?
It could be something pertaining to the dunya.
So for example, a person earns money, he gets a paycheck, nobody knows about it. For example, some people they make money, they don't tell their spouse about how much money they earn, for instance, this is what my taxable, whatever you acquire, whatever you earn, it could be something worldly. Similarly, a person goes shopping and he buys some things and he doesn't tell anybody about it. So it's something that you have acquired. So, it could be something that is worldly something that is tangible. And it could be also something that is with regards to the so for example, deeds, actions that a person has acquired.
So your animal Maddox even he knows everything and anything that you acquire, whether it is something of the deen or it is something of the dunya or it is something of the metal, whether it is something clean, whether it is something whether it is knowledge that a person has acquired, or it is some money that a person has earned, or it is in love and praise of someone that a person has acquired or it is a title, it is a job position. Anything that a person acquires a lot depends on it says where you are and mo Mattox evil.
And remember that because it includes not just the actions, but it also includes the thoughts, the feelings, intangible as well, as man, knowledge, he knows everything that you acquire.
What do we learn from this ayah First of all, that alasa pilotage as we do here, I mean, he is the only one who deserves worship. It is established in the heavens and the earth.
So no matter where a person is, what is he supposed to worship Allah subhanaw taala?
There is no excuse that all because I'm in this country right now. Because I'm in this building right now. Because I'm in this environment right now. Therefore, I cannot worship Allah subhanaw taala over here, therefore, I have to compromise on my Deen over here. No, he deserves worship anywhere and everywhere.
Everywhere he deserves worship.
Secondly, we also learn from this ayah about their in marvelous
that Allah Subhana God is in encompasses everything.
Because he knows your sin as well as your job. Something you say, or something you don't say? What are you whispering or you shouted out? Whether you send it as a text message to only one person, or you put it on your Facebook so that everybody can see it? Anything and everything that a person hides or he publicizes who knows about it? Allah subhanaw taala knows about it. Therefore, Who should we be mindful of?
If you know that somebody knows about your feelings, how do you feel?
How do you feel?
If they know that this is how you feel about someone? How do you feel
very conscious. And if there is somebody who is constantly analyzing you, like you know that they're looking at you and they're inspecting you, they're literally scanning you top to bottom. How do you feel? How do you feel? Yes, you feel uncomfortable, but at the same time, you also feel very concerned. You feel very conscious, you feel very scared, very worried.
Now, a lot of parents are knows not just our parent, but he also knows what we keep secret in our hearts. Should we not have higher of a law? Should we not be mindful of Allah and keep in our hearts only that with which he will be happy
yamasa Rocco, Rocco. He knows what you hide and what you reveal. So Allah subhanaw taala is in includes everything
we learned so far and 98 in Nima Illa hula, hula de la ilaha illa, who was Sierra cola Shea in
the regard is only Allah except for whom there is no date. And he has encompassed all things in knowledge, everything he has encompassed it in his knowledge.
We also learn from this either Allah subhanaw taala did not just create a human being and leave him on his own Leave him alone. But rather, he is fully aware of everything that a person does. Everything that a person hate and everything that a person acquires every single thing he knows about the human being,
we also learn that Allah subhanaw taala is fully aware of the actions that we perform where animal Mattox evil. He is fully aware of the actions that we perform.
We don't know about what Allah subhanaw taala has created, everything that our last presenter has created, but Allah knows all that we do.
Anything that we do from morning to night,
Meaning he knows about it.
And he knows with what intention we are doing something. Because he knows yourself, what's your near what's your intention?
On the apparent a person may be doing something very righteous, he may be sacrificing, he may be undergoing a lot of hardship showing to people Oh, I'm so patient. Or look, I'm so tolerant, but on the inside what is near, and how he's feeling who knows about it. And also Pantera is fully aware about it.
So he doesn't just know about our outward actions, but he also knows about the intentions, the intentions, because of which we do certain things.
And sometimes we do something and people don't even see, people don't even acknowledge you do something so difficult, you do something so hard, it was so challenging for you to do. And the other person is like, okay,
what's the big deal? And like, no, it's a big deal for me. What should comfort you? Allah knows.
Allah knows my near, Allah knows my actions. The airline was a local.
We also learned from this ayah that if because of embarrassment before people, we reform our actions, then we should reform our actions even more so out of embarrassment before who before our last penalty, because he knows not just the apparent but also the hidden.
He knows our reality. We may be able to fool someone, but we cannot fool Allah. He knows our reality.
whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa.
You see over here.
It says that he knows your city and your job and what you earn from heart, to the body, to what you have acquired, he knows you at every level. He knows your reality inside out.
Sometimes we do something before people, but in private, we abandon those good actions. He knows our reality. What we do before people what we do in private. So because he knows our reality, it's not the fear of people that should drive us. It's the fear of a loss of penalty that should drive us
recitation of these.
What do you mean it and no sign comes to them from the from the signs mean it robbing him from the signs of their Lord in their can or on her mortgage lien? Except that they turn away from them? Why am I 30 over here, the indication is towards the mystic enough Mecca. In front of him the prophets are allowed to set and presented many, many sites, many miracles, to the extent that even the moon was split, was a huge miracle. And the Quran itself was a miracle. So a lot of parents are saying, well Matt, that demon is in there is no ayah that comes to them. And I overhear as I akoni as well as ayesha curry.
What is Kony I like for example,
A physical miracle, such as the splitting of the moon, or the signs of the creation as well, like from the beginning of the solar, we learned about the silhouette, the odd that he is the one who created this and my wife and he is the one who made the darkness and the light. He is the one who made it from clean. All of these are what if there are signs, signs of the creation?
And secondly, I overhear altar refers to Ayesha Curry, meaning revelation, a verse of the Quran.
So what do you mean? I didn't mean it, robbing him of the eyes of their Lord, what does that show that there are many, many ayat the whole creation is what I mean.
But what is their reaction in that except can run home or to lean they turn away from it more lean is a part of more and who is more,
one who turns away? One who turns away from something with his heart, meaning he has no interest in it.
So they turn away from the meaning they're more from what? From the book over the air. They don't reflect on the air they turn away from them, as though they have not even seen the earth.
We learned sort of Yunus 96 Allah subhanaw taala says in Ludhiana Hakata Alaykum Karima, Topeka, la You mean, those people upon whom the word of your Lord has come into effect? They will not believe wallow at home.
Even if they see every single ayah. And this is their behavior. Why? Because they keep turning away from the eye.
So they turn away from the cow with their hearts, as well as their faces.
What does it mean by turning away from something with one's face? Meaning physically turning away from something that you're showing something you're like, No, I'm not going to see your dog come and listen to this or like, No, I'm not going to listen. See this? It's so clear. No, I'm not going to see.
So they turn away from every item that is shown to them and with their heart, that even when the eye is very clear, it is proven. They see it's reality, still, they don't accept
can run home early.
We see that the machine omaka they demand and many if they demanded many miracles, inshallah, we will learn about them. They said, We will never believe in you until you show this to us until you show that to us. And many I add were also shown to them, many miracles were also shown to them. To the point, as I mentioned you that even the moon was split, for them to see, so that they could be certain about the prophethood of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam.
But still their response to all of these items of what of this interest of disbelief that they didn't pay any attention? And if they didn't pay any attention, and if they did see, what would they say, this is not true, this is magic, we're not going to believe in it, they would deny the miracle.
And the reason for this error, the reason for this turning away is that they had made up their mind that they're not going to believe.
It's like when a person doesn't want to do something. And you're trying to convince them, no matter what you say to them. They're not going to accept. For example, if there's a child, and you're telling him in your room, what is he going to say? I can't do it because of this. And this reason, I can't do it because of that, in that reason, one thing after the other, you give them one reason, they will give a justification.
No matter what you say to them, they're not going to accept why because they have made up their mind, I am not going to do it. I am not going to do it. Similarly, this was the behavior of the machine.
That no matter what they were shown, they would not believe they would turn away
a loss of hepatitis as an MBI. Number two, may the human victim never be more nothing. In the summer, whoo hoo hoo meal or boon, no mention comes to them a new from their Lord, except that they listen to it while they are at play.
So the reason behind they're turning away is first of all, their decision to deny their decision to disbelieve. And secondly, it's also their love of the world. Their indulgence in the world because Allah says over here, we're home yet our boon until MBA, that they're so lost in this dunya that they don't have time to look at the ayatollah.
They find the ayatollah so boring. Whether it is I add konia or I chat or you they can watch something for two to three hours you can listen to something for two to three hours. But when it comes to reading the Quran, when it comes to searching through images of the Quran, it's extremely difficult for them they find extremely boring. Why? Because they're so engrossed in the dunya that even in their Salah, what are you thinking about about the dunya
So what is the reason behind a lot behind not paying attention to the eyes of Allah? First of all, it's a person stubbornness, arrogance that I'm not going to believe. And secondly, it's the engrossment in the dunya, that they're so engrossed, they don't have time to look at the ayatollah, when you think about it, you know, for instance, sometimes you go to the downtown area, there are no trees, you cannot see the sun, you cannot see any green grass, till very far away. It happens in some areas. So just imagine a person who is living in an apartment.
He comes down from the building, he walks across the street goes into another building takes us away from underground. I mean, is he going to see any ayah? Is he going to see any training? Is he going to see the sun? Is he going to see the stars, the moon, something to remind him, that he is also a creation, something to remind him to make him realize that there's someone behind all of this. When I see him in it, I mean, it will be a lie can warn him, or at least they turn away. So either physically or with their hearts. What do we learn from this if, first of all, there's severe warning against the heedless attitude towards the ayatollah, whether it is if Kony or it is is
the heedless attitude.
Sometimes, you know, we look at the creation, we look at something very beautiful. We look at the sky, and we're like, oh, so what?
Really, this is the reaction of people. They see something so beautiful, a beautiful scene, for example, they'll go to Niagara Falls, and I've seen it really, what's the big deal? Let's just go to the hotel. Let's just go there. Let's just go to the fun Street and do something over there. Why, you know, stand over here staring at the false It's so boring.
So warning against a heedless attitude towards the ayatollah. Similarly, when we listen to the verses of the Quran, how should we be? How should we be? hitless? No.
Secondly, we also learned from this ayah about the obligation of listening to the obligation of looking at the Ayatollah
Khomeini, as well as
pay attention to them, look at them.
Thirdly, we also learn about the obligation of submitting to the eyes of Allah when a person learns about them.
For the comfortable will have for they had denied the truth, LEM merger when it came to them, which truth?
Which truth is, is this truth refers to everything which the messenger has brought, whether it is a miracle, or it is the ayat of the Quran, or it is his prophethood, or it is the commands, wisdom, teachings, anything and everything that the Prophet has brought, what does it refer to I'll help
for other comfortable will help than certainly they have denied the truth Lumberjack, when it has come to them. For so fighting him, then soon it will come to them, what will come to them. And they're the news and there is a plural of never
which news is going to come to them.
America and will be the owner of that which they used to mock at.
What were they mocking it
the threat of punishment? The threat of punishment Mac and OBS does he own? What does it refer to the threat of punishment? They would market it every time they were told there's a day of judgment coming? Prepare yourself, you're going to be asked, you're going to be questioned. There's just not there is no they would mock. And this is the behavior of not just the people of Macau, but also many people, even today, even amongst Muslims.
So Allah Subhana Allah says today they're mocking. Today, they're denying the truth. Very soon, this news, this very relevant news that was given to them of the punishment of the Day of Judgment of accountability that they're marking out today. It's going to come to them very soon.
So you understand the meaning of for self a team member? What does that refer to? The news of the coming of the Day of Judgment, the threat of punishment, the accountability,
and this news, what are they doing right now with it? They're mocking at it a loss apparently, as soon they will see it. Soon they will come to know.
What do we learn from this? If First of all, we see that Allah subhanaw taala says the other cannibal will help lemma.
They deny the truth when it came to them.
So it shows that denying something after knowledge is much worse, is much worse. One is that a person doesn't know and because of the lack of knowledge, he is heedless. He's not doing what he should be doing because he doesn't know. He doesn't know any better.
But the other is that a person has come to know he has learned about it but despite knowledge, his behavior is not changing. This is much
More worse, and it is punishable, which is why I lost Pandora says that soon the punishment is going to come to them.
So first of all, we see that denying after knowledge is worse and it is punishable. So it is a warning for us that when we have learned something, what is our behavior, it is of acceptance, or it is of denial, it is of heedlessness.
Secondly, we also learn from desire that denying the Ayat of Allah is nothing cool. Nor is it something that is modern, or nor is it something that is of being very progressive. Why? Because Allah subhanaw taala says, The will will help those people of Mecca. They're the ones who denied the Quran.
So if you think that today you have learned so much, and because you become, you know, very knowledgeable, very academic, you become very progressive, anything on who's going to bother to look at it, who's going to bother to read about it. There's nothing progressive about that. Rather, it is backward, because it was those mushrikeen at that time, the illiterate ones people who didn't know how to read and write. They're the ones who denied. So if you're denying thinking that you're very progressive, this is not progressiveness at all.
Thirdly, we also learn from this either that leap with a stay is a denial with mockery,
denial with mockery, it is much more severe and much more sinful because of a hearing.
And at the end of the ayah McCann, up to two crimes are mentioned over here. And when both of them are together, then this definitely brings about the punishment of Allah. Because Allah Subhana Allah says, For self a team and
we also learn from this idea that those people who marketing those people who mock at the people have been the messengers, the followers of the messengers, the Shire of the day, they're worthy of punishment.
They're worthy of punishment because Mac and OBS dancy Oh, they're mocking at the dean at the teachings of the dean What does Allah say for Sofia team and very soon the punishment is going to come to them
and many times we think that mocking at someone making fun of others you know, this is just fun. What's the harm in that? No, it is very harmful.
lm euro have not seen come like naman coverly him how many we have destroyed before them. What have we destroyed before them? Min Carmen many generations.
The word con is from the roof letters of noon. And are on has multiple meanings in the Arabic language.
Literally the word pattern is to join to connect.
What does it mean, to join to connect and according to one of the opinions the word called and is also from the same root foreigner
to join to connect together.
And Iran is is the word meaning to connect two things together. It is a volunteer very long and varied. I joined I tied one camel with the other camel
has gone. Have you heard of hedge get on? What is that hedge in which you do hedge as well as their own book. So both of them are joined together in one trip. One journey.
So on is to join Kareem from the same route as us for a close friend.
Now the word cotton, it means a horn. Secondly, the word on is also used for time, like a time period.
A time period there's a difference of opinion about it some say 100 years, some say 40 years some say 80 years some say 70 Some say 20 Some say 120 Okay, there's a big difference of being with regards to the length of time that the Quran refers to but Quran is also used for a period of time, even a century.
seminar the word cotton also applies to people over time meaning a generation
people are one time a generation.
For example, it is said who are Allah Connie,
who are Allah, meaning he is about the same age as mine. We are of the same generation. We belong to the same generation and people say there's a generation gap. So on has several meanings in the Arabic language over here. Cotton refers to generation
that there are so many generations that we destroyed before them.
So many generations have not seen that there are so many nations before who were completely wiped out completely perished completely eradicated from the surface of the earth.
And these generations of us has a mechanical home. We establish them McCullough from the letters mean calf loan
and Tamkeen is to
Give authority and control for someone
to establish someone firmly, give them authority, give them control, give them security, give them position. So basically this to preserve someone how by establishing them
some mechanism, McConnell fellow, we established them in the earth, how that we populated them. We gave them wealth, we gave them success, we give them prosperity, we give them provision, they had huge numbers, they had armies mcconnelsville Oh, they were fully established in the earth.
There wasn't even one thing that they were missing mcconnelsville up.
And we established them in the earth that meant that Lum numa can we did not establish Lacan for you?
Meaning we established them in a way that we have not established you. We gave them such things that we did not give you who does you refer to the people of macabre, it's not just the people of America, even today, us. So the people before we're given that which we have not been given, for example, longer lives, more physical strength, more freedom. So we give them so much that you don't even have a fraction of it.
And if you look at the seven wonders, for example, the pyramids, you wonder, how did they make them? How did they make them?
I mean, they're people who spend years and years researching about the pyramids about different different seven wonders that are there, that How did people make them what they underwent in order to construct these buildings, what abilities they must have had, and how do they come up with it. Lots of panel data says we gave them that which we haven't even given you
will also listen and we sent the sky I lay him upon the meter on abundantly, pouring.
Meaning we sent a summary over here doesn't mean the sky, but over here in the context of refers to what is in the sky, meaning the rain clouds because the summer is already on top of them.
So all of a sudden last summer, meaning we sent the rain clouds on them, and these rain clouds were mid autumn. They were showering in perfusion, with autism newsletters, Dantewada and data is to flow profusely and continuously. What does it mean to flow profusely continuously?
I don't midriff rain and withdraw? What is i? i? So iron withdrawal is what? an AI that weeps a lot continuously.
You know, someone you just say, something slightly harsh to them. And that's it tears immediately begin to fall from their eyes. Every little thing to start crying? That is what it? Is that a person, he cries and cries.
So I'll send us an early humans at all. What does midroc mean? abundance of rain.
And it gives a sense of consecutively constantly sending rain.
Now, isn't it so that if a particular area, if it gets rain all the time, doesn't that make life difficult for people? Doesn't it
doesn't matter if it's raining all the time, continuously, constantly isn't going to make life difficult, you won't be able to do anything.
medrol over here, meaning we constantly sent rain each time they needed it. Each time they needed the rain. They had it they got it.
Well, son last summer RNA metadata, which I'll inherited him interacting him, and we made rivers flowing beneath them.
What does it mean by this vinita? under their homes, under their trees, from below, meaning on the ground? For like now, but then we destroyed them. Why? Why did we destroy them? Because of their check, because of their denial, because of their disbelief, that when the messenger was sent, they denied when the ad was shown, they morally they turned away. Therefore Allah subhanaw taala destroyed them. Why be lubing and because of their sins, and what were the sins that they committed the sin of denying the prophet and many other sins like for example, the people have looked the people have shaved each and every people who are mentioned the Quran, there are sins are mentioned
as well, that Allah subhanaw taala does not punish without a reason for Allah can be done obeying him while ensuring that and we raised mimbar the African continent are hurting other generations. The same places who is living over there. Other people who don't even care about what they build what they made, while inserting them in Barbadian continent, Africa.
What do we learn from this ayah? First of all, we learned about the warning against those people who deny the messengers in particular who deny Muhammad Sallallahu sallam.
Because Allah Subhana Allah says over here, that the people before they were destroyed, why? Because of there is no an author's and who was denying the messenger.
Secondly, we also learn from this ayah that sins are a means of destruction.
Allah says over here, like never be done will be him, we destroy them because of their sins. So sins are a means of destruction. And remember this halachic this could be Marinelli as well as hursey, it could be intangible as well as tangible, intangible, like for example, can you think of destruction that is intangible
loss of peace, loss of contentment, loss of prestige, skill, knowledge, this is what intangible destruction.
And part of this disruption is also when a person does not get the opportunity to do good.
Like for example, we learn sort of in May that I have 49 for interval Now, if the turn away, Phantom animate, you read a lot. And you see behind the note that Allah wishes to afflict them, be bearable in Zulu be him because of some of their own sins.
So when a person commits sins, then what happens? He suffers from her lack, and this could be manually and it could also be his See, it could also be tangible. Like, for example, deprivation of blessings. Over here, for instance, all of a sudden, so Marlena metadata, the sky, the rain was being sent to them consecutively. Every time they needed the rain, they would have it and they were fully established in the earth, but a loss of habitat completely destroyed them. So sins are a means of destruction. A person is deprived of blessings, things that he was enjoying, why? Because of the wrong that he has committed.
And sometimes a person may have a lot of love, friendship with his relations, but what happens because of the sins that he commits? Because the wrong that he does, he sees that there is no love, there is no friendship, there is no peace, there is no trust between him and his family between him and his friends. Why? What's the reason behind that? How come everything changed all of a sudden? What's the reason? It's the loop.
It's the loop. It's the sense that I like now be the rubidium. So we learn from this I that sins are a means of destruction, tangible, as well as intangible and sends our means of destruction, not just in the ephemera. But even in the dunya.
Even in the dunya.
We also learn from this ayah, about the greatness of Allah subhanaw taala.
And the winner, the richness of the last panel data
that he doesn't need his creation at all. But Allah subhanaw taala gave them so much the previous generations, so much that he didn't even give you what he gave them.
He didn't even give you what he gave them. But still, He punished them. He destroyed them. He didn't care, oh, if they go away, what's going to happen to their civilization? What's going to happen to their skills and their knowledge, and their expertise. And all of these buildings, all these lofty buildings that they have made? no loss of habitat is not impressed by these things at all. He doesn't care when I hover over her.
What does it show a loss of habitat as Obama, his greatness and his richness is linear, that he doesn't care about someone. If that someone if that creation doesn't worship Allah subhanaw taala.
We also know from the side that if a community if a people, if a nation at a collective level, as a whole is involved in sin, then the punishment descends on all the people
because we see that like no one within obey in the entire nation was wiped out the entire nation was destroyed. But what about the children? What about the old people? Maybe they weren't doing wrong? How come they were destroyed?
And you wonder sometimes that there is a natural disaster, okay, there are people who did something wrong, but what about innocent children? What about a person who was not involved in that wrong action What about him, but we see that when a nation as a whole is involved in sin, then even those people who are not directly involved, what happens to them, what happens to them even they are destroyed.
So in this as a warning for us, that we cannot say oh, let them do whatever they want. I am responsible for myself. Yes, you are responsible for yourself. But at the same time, you're also responsible for warning others
Because if you don't then fear the fitna what the perfect nothing that to say
that will not necessarily descend on only those people who have done some presentation of this is
mean to be mean in
down in Oregon.