Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 04 – L055C

share this pageShare Page
Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

Series:

Episode Notes

An-Nisa 7-14 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 11-14

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:02--> 00:00:05

I was a bit lame in a ship I never Jean Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

00:00:07--> 00:00:11

lesson number 55. We'll begin from number 11 Surah Nisa

00:00:13--> 00:00:20

the following two ayah, 11 and 12 are known as the ayat of Milos, what does Eros mean?

00:00:21--> 00:00:22

inheritance.

00:00:23--> 00:00:38

And why are they called it Eros. Because the shares of inheritance of all of the heirs, or after the willful the one category of the heirs, they're the ones that are mentioned in these ayat.

00:00:39--> 00:00:49

So before we study these ayat, because in these verses the actual law of inheritance is given. Let's discuss some of the key points with regard to inheritance.

00:00:51--> 00:00:55

First of all, the law of inheritance is known as real money for

00:00:57--> 00:00:58

what is it called?

00:00:59--> 00:01:00

real money for our,

00:01:01--> 00:01:08

for our, from from what is for me, something that is obligatory sermon for you.

00:01:09--> 00:01:11

And it's also known as me, Ross.

00:01:12--> 00:01:19

Me Ross from his inheritance. What is this show? The name Elmo for our

00:01:20--> 00:01:32

This is something important to learn. Is it something necessary? Of course, it is. Why, because it applies to every single person, every single person, every believer,

00:01:33--> 00:02:06

when he or she dies, what has to be done, his wealth has to be distributed amongst the heirs according to this law. So this is a science, which is extremely important. The other scientists of Islam, they're also very important. For instance, limited weed fit. All of these things are very important, very necessary for the Muslims to learn. But this is also something that is essential. Which is why scholars have said that learning this is a funky fire. What does it mean by that?

00:02:07--> 00:02:15

If some people learn, then it's okay. But what does it mean? that some people must learn?

00:02:16--> 00:02:23

Why is it toxified? Because it's not possible for every single person to become skilled in the science.

00:02:24--> 00:02:24

Why?

00:02:26--> 00:02:37

Because it involves a lot of mathematics. And every person is not good at that. So what does it show that those people who are good at mathematics, they must learn the science.

00:02:39--> 00:02:48

All of us have learned fractions and multiplication and statistics, and all of these basic things. And these are a part of a must for it as well.

00:02:50--> 00:02:53

So those people who are good at mathematics, they must learn the science.

00:02:54--> 00:03:03

The prophet SAW, nobody said himself, learn their image, and the Quran yourself, and teach it to others. For soon I will leave this world,

00:03:04--> 00:03:09

learn the science and teach it to others. Why? Because soon I will leave this world,

00:03:10--> 00:03:18

the profits auto bonus that I'm also set, the first type of knowledge that will be lifted away from my oma will be the knowledge of inheritance.

00:03:19--> 00:03:30

The first type of knowledge that will be lifted away from my oma will be what the knowledge of inheritance of new laws will move forward.

00:03:31--> 00:03:48

Because many people don't pay much attention to this, how many people do you know who have learned the science? You know, anybody who has learned the science, who is skilled at the science, maybe you know about one book or two books, one scholar, but generally how many people know about the science

00:03:50--> 00:04:04

also, we learn from another Hadees, which is reported and imagine that knowledge is of three types, and whatever that is, besides that is extra. So, basically, the main knowledge is of three types. And what is that? The first is the knowledge of the mahakam at

00:04:05--> 00:04:08

the knowledge of the Muhammad, Muhammad,

00:04:09--> 00:04:14

Muhammad is on which laws are based. So basically, the knowledge of the Quran

00:04:15--> 00:04:24

Secondly, the established on which is with regards to our day to day life. And thirdly, in moulmein, Los Alamos.

00:04:26--> 00:04:30

Why? Because it deals with other people's rights.

00:04:31--> 00:04:45

Ultimately must remember that just like any other science, any other knowledge, there are differences of opinion. There are different ways of looking at it. Similarly, with this science as well, there are differences of opinion.

00:04:46--> 00:04:55

So for instance, if I tell you about something today in class and you hear something else or you read something else, don't be very surprised, because there are differences of opinion.

00:04:57--> 00:04:59

The primary rules there are agreed upon

00:05:00--> 00:05:02

But with regards to some other issues, there are differences.

00:05:04--> 00:05:06

Now some important terminologies.

00:05:07--> 00:05:09

First of all, the willful group

00:05:10--> 00:05:34

that we it's the plural of Lu, what does do mean? possessor. So the we possessors and alpha ruled from fourth fell, well, what food so the will food Who are they, they are those people who have a false share of inheritance.

00:05:36--> 00:05:45

Meaning their share has been made felt it has been fixed by who, by Allah Subhana, Allah and His Messenger,

00:05:46--> 00:05:52

their shares are fixed, there is no difference of opinion, there's no confusion, their shares are fixed.

00:05:53--> 00:05:57

And as we learn and challenge the eye and asleep, I'm of roba

00:05:58--> 00:06:12

nosleep, a shared, we learned earlier, that literally no sleep and willingness is even at the end of the day, we don't know sleep on the floor, but it's an asleep that is muffled that has been fixed set by who by our last panel.

00:06:14--> 00:06:17

And these basically consists of 12 people

00:06:18--> 00:06:21

that will follow door 12 who are the

00:06:22--> 00:06:25

first of all, the husband and wife

00:06:26--> 00:06:31

then you have the father and the mother, the father and the mother.

00:06:33--> 00:06:36

Then you have grandfather and grandmother,

00:06:37--> 00:06:44

and by grandfather and grandmother What I mean is one's true grandfather, one's true grandmother, like your parents, parents,

00:06:46--> 00:06:48

then your daughter and sons a daughter,

00:06:49--> 00:06:54

your daughter, and sons daughter, not your daughter, his daughter,

00:06:55--> 00:06:58

who doesn't include your daughter and your son's daughter

00:07:00--> 00:07:02

and this is however, higher low.

00:07:03--> 00:07:14

So, for instance person has a daughter and you have a son and from your son, you have his daughter and the daughter has a daughter. So basically, however high or low

00:07:16--> 00:07:19

similarly with the grandparents, however high

00:07:20--> 00:07:23

then this also includes the full sister, the full brother,

00:07:25--> 00:07:31

the full sister, the full brother, those who are related by blood, you share the same father and mother not half

00:07:33--> 00:07:35

full brother and full sister.

00:07:36--> 00:07:43

Now remember that primarily the shares are given to who that they will follow.

00:07:44--> 00:07:48

Primarily, how are they distributed amongst that will follow

00:07:49--> 00:07:51

how we will learn that in the eye

00:07:53--> 00:07:54

and in their absence.

00:07:56--> 00:08:01

So for example, a person doesn't have his parents done alive or he doesn't have children.

00:08:02--> 00:08:06

So in that case, who will that wealth go to? Who will that estate go to?

00:08:07--> 00:08:09

Then it will go to the Asada

00:08:11--> 00:08:14

Asada, I'm sorry, bear Tama Buta

00:08:15--> 00:08:16

Asada.

00:08:17--> 00:08:22

Now the windfall there mentioned in the Quran, but they also have a we learn about them from the center,

00:08:23--> 00:08:24

who I saw that

00:08:25--> 00:08:30

the astronaut of a person are his relatives from his father's side,

00:08:31--> 00:08:31

whether

00:08:33--> 00:08:35

the relatives of a person from his father's side

00:08:36--> 00:08:44

so that is actually from our sub, which is used for nerves for muscles. Why are they called us because they strengthen and defend a person

00:08:46--> 00:08:48

relatives from one's father's side

00:08:49--> 00:08:56

and also primarily consists of the grandchildren, which grandchildren from your son and not your daughter.

00:08:57--> 00:09:00

Then alphabet also includes the grandfather's

00:09:01--> 00:09:01

which one's

00:09:03--> 00:09:03

paternal

00:09:04--> 00:09:07

then it includes paternal uncles.

00:09:08--> 00:09:10

And it also includes paternal nephews.

00:09:12--> 00:09:13

What do you mean by that?

00:09:14--> 00:09:18

That your brothers sons and not your daughters, sons.

00:09:20--> 00:09:26

So basically, Asada refers to those relatives of a person from his father's side.

00:09:28--> 00:09:30

Now, in the absence of that asaba

00:09:31--> 00:09:40

let's say a person, his grandfather is not alive, his uncle's not there. He doesn't even have parents or children, then who will develop go to Julio state go to

00:09:41--> 00:09:44

then it will go to the will of ham.

00:09:45--> 00:09:45

Who will go to

00:09:47--> 00:09:48

the will of ham.

00:09:49--> 00:09:52

The will of ham or who, for the

00:09:53--> 00:09:57

those who are related to a person through the same womb?

00:09:58--> 00:09:59

from Russia. What does that

00:10:00--> 00:10:01

from the womb.

00:10:02--> 00:10:06

So they are related to a person through the same womb. What does it mean?

00:10:07--> 00:10:09

That from the mother's side,

00:10:10--> 00:10:16

so I suffer primarily from the Father side, and the will of Him primarily from the mother's side

00:10:18--> 00:10:22

and the the will or harm or neither from the willful route, nor are they from the Asada.

00:10:24--> 00:10:29

They're neither from the willful road, nor are they founded or solid. Who does it include them, they will.

00:10:31--> 00:10:34

It includes a person's daughters, children,

00:10:35--> 00:10:46

daughters children, for us grandchildren means your daughter's children and your son's children. Correct. But our Saba includes your son's children, and they will include your daughter's children.

00:10:47--> 00:10:52

Similarly, the will of Him includes nieces and nephews from one system.

00:10:53--> 00:10:57

And our Saba refers to nieces and nephews from your brother.

00:10:58--> 00:11:02

They will or have includes maternal siblings, what does it mean by that?

00:11:03--> 00:11:05

Those siblings of yours who are from your mother only,

00:11:06--> 00:11:14

you don't share the same father but you share the same mother. Similarly, they will includes maternal uncles and maternal aunts.

00:11:15--> 00:11:27

Primarily the shares go to the will, for who are the ones immediate family, the parents, the children, the spouse, and in some cases, the siblings

00:11:28--> 00:11:39

in their absence, who will the state go to the US about relatives from one's father's side? And in their absence? Who will go to

00:11:40--> 00:11:45

their will or harm? Who are they primarily relatives from one's mother's side?

00:11:46--> 00:11:56

So the husband and wife, father and mother, grandfather, grandmother, daughter, and sons daughter, full sister.

00:11:57--> 00:12:00

Then you have uterine brother and uterine sister,

00:12:02--> 00:12:07

uterine brother and uterine sister uterine is basically from uterus. So you share the same level.

00:12:08--> 00:12:10

Now the ties of inheritance, what are they?

00:12:12--> 00:12:16

What is it that makes a person eligible for a share in inheritance?

00:12:18--> 00:12:38

We learned the three categories of people. But what are the connections? First of all, it's not as we don't? What is nessa Blood Ties? Who does that include? offspring, your parents, your siblings, your uncles, and in their absence, you know, cousins, so on and so forth? Blood tanks?

00:12:39--> 00:12:41

The second type of inheritances nikka.

00:12:43--> 00:12:44

What does that mean marriage.

00:12:45--> 00:13:06

And this means that at the time of death, only those spouses will be given a share from whom there is an existing relationship. So for instance, if a man and woman were previously married, and the man dies on the ex wife cannot come 20 years later and say, Give me my share of inheritance? No, it has to be existing marriage at the time of death.

00:13:07--> 00:13:10

Now, what about a woman who has been given divorce and she isn't?

00:13:12--> 00:13:13

If a woman is in her,

00:13:15--> 00:13:46

she will, depending on their age, that the divorce, which divorce it is, if it is for lack of a jury, if it's the vocable divorce, which is the first or the second divorce, and in there, it does have that if the man dies, then the woman does get to share. Why? Because she's still living in his house. And he still has the right to do to do. But after that, if the man dies, then no share. Or if it is thought that in if it's the irrevocable divorce, then in that case, no share for the woman.

00:13:48--> 00:14:12

The third type of inheritance is alumina, alumina. And what does that mean? Well, that is basically the relationship between a master and a slave, the relationship between a master and the slave. So how does that work? If a slave previously owned slave who was freed, if he dies, and he doesn't have any relatives?

00:14:13--> 00:14:59

Just imagine, if there is a slave, he is brought into a particular city and he sold over there, he doesn't have any relatives over there. Or the master, he frees him. Now, that slave, he didn't get married, he doesn't have children. He's just working somewhere. Now, if he dies, the little money that he has made, or the few possessions that he has, who did they go to? The axe Master, because remember, that the freed slave, he is also known by the name of his master. As I mentioned to you earlier, that a slave who has been freed, he is known as molar of so and so the freed slave of so and so. So if a slave dies, who was freed, who was a slave and he was freed, he dies and his ex man

00:15:00--> 00:15:03

You will inherit from him if he does not have any relatives.

00:15:04--> 00:15:07

Now there are certain things that prevent inheritance.

00:15:08--> 00:15:21

So for example, a person could be related to another through NASA. There could be nikka, there could be a wallet. But what is it that would come in the middle and will prevent a person from inheriting from the diseased person?

00:15:23--> 00:15:25

First of all, what do you think

00:15:26--> 00:15:28

this belief elk have.

00:15:29--> 00:15:48

So if a person is a disbeliever, even though they are your relatives, they're from the will or hammer, they are from the willful rude or even from the asaba, from any of the categories. If a relative is a disbeliever, then they don't inherit.

00:15:50--> 00:16:13

Similarly, a believer also does not inherit from the disbelief. A believer does not inherit from the disbeliever. And the disbeliever does not inherit from the believer, both ways. Why? The prophets are allowed, as Adam said, the disbeliever does not inherit from the Muslim and the Muslim does not inherit from the disbelievers. There's a hadith that is mentioned in so he.

00:16:15--> 00:16:26

Secondly, murder, murder. What does it mean? That the murder the killer, he cannot inherit from the one who he has murdered.

00:16:27--> 00:16:41

So for instance, if a brother killed a brother, if a father killed the son, or the son killed the father, or the mother, or whoever, then in that case, the person who has killed will not inherit from the person whom he has killed.

00:16:43--> 00:16:51

Many times people kill why to inherit, what does the law the law say? You cannot inherit if you killed

00:16:52--> 00:17:00

then slavery. What does that mean? That a slave does not inherit from the master?

00:17:01--> 00:17:13

The slave he does not inherit from the master. Earlier we write about Allah, what does that mean? That the master the ex master inherits from the slave, if there are no relatives of the slave to inherit from him,

00:17:14--> 00:17:32

then fornication and adultery. What does that mean? That the illegitimate child, he cannot inherit from his biological father, an illegitimate child cannot inherit from his biological father. Why? Because nikka did not take place.

00:17:34--> 00:17:43

Then the stillborn, what does it mean by that, that if a child is born that he does not inherit, nor is he inherited from

00:17:45--> 00:17:58

the for instance, before he when the child is born, the father says, When my child is born, this $5,000 are my child, or the grandfather says, This is this grandchild money. But when the child is born, he's dead, he doesn't even take one breath.

00:17:59--> 00:18:17

Such a child will not inherit, nor is he going to be inherited from. But if the child even takes one breath, or two breaths, and he dies, he was born alive, and he dies, even after a few seconds, then in that case, he will inherit and he will be inherited from.

00:18:19--> 00:18:26

Now, when a person dies, there are four things that must be done with a property that he has left behind. What are they?

00:18:27--> 00:18:30

And this is an order of priority.

00:18:31--> 00:18:57

First of all, the payment of funeral expenses. Now, it doesn't mean that you have to have a grand funeral in which the expenses are so much that all the money goes into this funeral expenses. basic things must be done, which is why a funeral procession and our Dean are very simple, very basic, no need for a feast, no need for any grand party or anything like that. No, just have a simple whistle, and janazah. That's it.

00:18:58--> 00:19:27

So first of all, funeral expenses. Secondly, once the expenses of the funeral have been taken out, then if a person the deceased if he had any loans to pay off, if he had any debts, then they must be paid off. So for instance, if you had some bills to pay, what is that Cyclone. Similarly, he had borrowed some money from someone, then from his estate before the estate is distributed amongst the heirs, what's going to be done, the debt the loan is going to be given.

00:19:29--> 00:19:53

And these debts these loans include those debts which are owed to people. They include, first of all, so for instance, a loan, a wage, or rent, or the amount of if the man was supposed to give them a hug to the wife and he didn't give it and he said he was going to give it then when he dies, what's going to happen? Before the estate is distributed, the amount of the woman is going to be given.

00:19:54--> 00:19:57

The second type of debts are those that are owed to a loss.

00:19:59--> 00:19:59

For example,

00:20:00--> 00:20:08

The person had to give the catalyst one, but he died before he could give it. So, first of all look at is going to be given.

00:20:09--> 00:20:34

Secondly, fasting, that if a person was supposed to keep a number of fasts, and he didn't, then what's going to happen, then the IRS, they have to keep the fast for that deceased person. So for instance, if a man dies, and his children have to fast, and if they don't wish to, then what's going to happen, they're going to give the figure and where's the video going to be given from, from the state that the deceased has left behind.

00:20:35--> 00:21:04

Similarly, hedge if hedge was further on this person who has died, but he never performed it, he wasn't able to he intended to but he wasn't able to, or he didn't even attend, but it was mandatory upon him that in that case, what's going to happen? Before the estate is going to be distributed, the money for the hedge is going to be taken out and somebody else is going to be sent in his place. And what is that hedge called hedge by the meaning it is done by someone else.

00:21:06--> 00:21:09

So first of all, payment of funeral expenses, secondly, payment of debts.

00:21:11--> 00:21:15

Thirdly, execution of the Worsley, what is

00:21:17--> 00:21:32

that before a person dies, he says, that give this wealth of mind to such and such charity or such and such school or such and such poor person or such and such relative. And the maximum that a person can do is how much one third, not more than that.

00:21:33--> 00:21:43

So if a person has said that give this much money to so and so then before the estate is divided, what's going to happen? There, we'll see Yeah, has to be carried out.

00:21:44--> 00:21:56

Then finally comes the distribution of the remaining estate amongst you, amongst the IRS, according to what, according to the laws of inheritance,

00:21:58--> 00:22:05

a few more things. First of all, inheritance can only be distributed among the living members of the family.

00:22:06--> 00:22:24

So for instance, if a person dies, and a few days ago, his mother died. Now the siblings of children are not going to come and say, first of all, his mother's share has to be taken up. No, she died before him. So who are the heirs, the living people, a dead person cannot be in it.

00:22:26--> 00:22:33

Then the air, he is entitled to a share. Even if he dies A few days after the diseased person.

00:22:34--> 00:22:40

Like for example, there's a couple, a husband and wife, they had a car accident,

00:22:41--> 00:22:44

and the husband died immediately. But the wife is in coma.

00:22:45--> 00:23:11

Now just because she's in common, you think that she's gonna die within a week, within a month or so it doesn't mean that you're not going to give her her [???]. No, her share is going to be given to her even if she dies A few hours later. Even if she dies A few moments later, then what's going to happen, you're going to see who died first and who died Second, the person who died first, his inheritance is going to be divided first, a share is going to be given to the person who died second.

00:23:12--> 00:23:20

So even if the heir dies, a few moments later, a few hours later, still, he is entitled to his share.

00:23:22--> 00:23:32

Then inheritance has to be distributed in any circumstance. Whatever the situation is, whatever the circumstances are, the estate has to be distributed.

00:23:34--> 00:23:37

For example, if a man dies leaving behind children and a wife,

00:23:38--> 00:23:44

now he left the house. And that house is a property of who knows all of the years, not just the wife.

00:23:45--> 00:24:00

Now, the children cannot say that our mother, she's going to be living in this house when she passes away, then we're going to divide. No, it has to be divided. Because it doesn't belong to the mother. It doesn't. She has only a share in it.

00:24:01--> 00:24:14

And if let's say all of your say that we don't need this money right now all of us have money. We have enough and our mother needs a place to live. So that we live here. And whenever you know one of us needs some money, then we will divide

00:24:15--> 00:24:23

as long as it is done with a mutual agreement. That's okay. But if even one disagrees, and he says I want my share, then they must be given their share.

00:24:25--> 00:24:33

And the estate must be divided. However big or small it is as we learned earlier on the Minho. Oh ghetto.

00:24:34--> 00:24:44

Another thing that we must remember is that one air can purchase the share of another air. For example, there's a house and do people get a share in

00:24:45--> 00:24:52

that one is that you sell the house and you divide the money. But one person says I really liked the house. I want this house for myself. So what does he do?

00:24:53--> 00:24:55

He buys the share from the other.

00:24:57--> 00:24:59

He says Keep this money I will pay you for it. And let me keep this house

00:25:02--> 00:25:07

Another important thing is that during a person's life, a person can give away anything with his own hands.

00:25:08--> 00:25:17

During one's life, a person can do whatever he wants with his money, he can give it to a relative, you can give it to a child, you can give it to a spouse, you can give it in charity, whatever he wants.

00:25:18--> 00:25:24

And this does not make any difference to the distribution of the inheritance after he dies.

00:25:26--> 00:25:32

So for example, if during the life of a person, he gave a particular amount of wealth to his children,

00:25:33--> 00:25:58

now, after the death of the Father, the relatives cannot come and say you got your share in your father's life. Now it's our turn. No, it doesn't matter. Whatever the man gave in his life, that's different. And after his death, the inheritance will be distributed according to the law. Nobody can come and say, Oh, he already gave you a share in his life, whatever he gave you in his life was not actually your share of inheritance. That was only a gift.

00:26:00--> 00:26:08

One more thing we have to remember is that there will see that a person makes can only be up to one third of his Well, not more than that.

00:26:09--> 00:26:12

And making them asleep is not an obligation.

00:26:13--> 00:26:18

It is not something that is mandatory. It's only if a person wishes to make it. It's only if a person thinks that he should.

00:26:20--> 00:26:33

And in some cases, it would be recommended. Like for instance, if a person has his children and his parents, and he has siblings, and he has some nieces and nephews when he's looking after in his own house.

00:26:35--> 00:26:46

Now those nieces and nephews don't get to share. By law, they don't get to share but they're living in the same house. Now, is it good that the children will get a share, but the nieces and nephews are living in the same house? They don't get a share? Is that fair?

00:26:47--> 00:27:09

we learned earlier that at the FISMA at the division of the state if the old Cobra are present and give them something. So if a person has not made, we'll see and the first place, then the other relatives who are entitled to a share there must give something because if they don't, what's going to happen? Think about it, the relationships are going to be affected.

00:27:10--> 00:27:18

Although we see that the profits out of artisan and he said that it is the duty of a Muslim who has anything to request not to let tonight's pass without writing a will about it.

00:27:20--> 00:27:22

If he has anything to request,

00:27:23--> 00:27:24

so what is it sure

00:27:25--> 00:27:33

that it's not mandatory, but if he has something that he intends to do, we'll see. Then he must do it. Before the passage of tonight.

00:27:35--> 00:27:40

Also, we learned that the musi who is the mercy, the one who is making the overseer,

00:27:41--> 00:27:46

he cannot make a request he cannot make the will so yeah, in favor of who

00:27:47--> 00:27:50

have an air of an inheritor.

00:27:51--> 00:28:11

So, for example, a father cannot say that half of my estate should go to my son, this older son, although I have three sons, but half of it should go to my oldest son, no, he cannot do that. Obviously, it cannot be made in favor of an air of illegal air.

00:28:13--> 00:28:22

The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Allah has appointed for everyone who has a right what is due to him. And no request must be made to an error.

00:28:23--> 00:28:26

No requests must be made to an error. Why?

00:28:27--> 00:28:31

Because the rights, the shares, the portions of the errors are already fixed by a loss.

00:28:33--> 00:28:37

Now what if a person he requests more than one third of his wealth?

00:28:38--> 00:28:43

Or he makes a will in favor of an heir? What's going to happen? Are you going to carry out that well?

00:28:45--> 00:28:45

No.

00:28:46--> 00:28:52

Then the Islamic law will come and it's going to abolish the was the or it's going to alternate whatever is necessary.

00:28:53--> 00:28:55

Now let's look at the ayah.

00:28:56--> 00:29:05

Allah, Allah says, usually come along Viola decom. Allah instructs you concerning your children.

00:29:06--> 00:29:09

Allah instructs you concerning your children,

00:29:10--> 00:29:16

you seek them is their newsletters. Well thought, yeah, from the word was the year.

00:29:18--> 00:29:22

And what was the year literally is an important instruction.

00:29:23--> 00:29:28

And important advice that is given with a lot of emphasis.

00:29:29--> 00:29:31

This is the literal meaning of the word was seen.

00:29:32--> 00:29:51

And found this the word was here also applies to the instruction that a dying person gives before his death concerning as well or concerning his children, concerning his property concerning his work, whatever. But because it is an important instruction, and it's given with a lot of emphasis, this is why it's called whistling.

00:29:52--> 00:29:58

Over here when Allah says use ECAM Allahu Allah gives you a secret. What does it mean? What does it mean

00:29:59--> 00:30:00

that are

00:30:00--> 00:30:17

Law commands you, Allah commands you that you don't have any choice with regards to this. He's making this mandatory upon you. He has fixed this, it's an important instruction that you must carry out. You don't have a choice with regards to this.

00:30:19--> 00:30:35

So first of all, the word will see over here, it gives me enough emphasis, that it's not just an ordinary. It's not just an ordinary command, but rather is we'll see this is something very important. You must be careful about observing this. You must be careful.

00:30:36--> 00:30:48

There were three. What is it? It is the heart of the movie, meaning the movie, the one who is making their will see it is his right to make that was here, isn't it?

00:30:50--> 00:31:11

It's his wealth. It's his estate, he can decide who he wishes to? Well it to. Obviously, the shares are fixed. But beyond that, the one third, it's up to him, it says right. So in the last paragraph, it says, you see come a lot, it is a las pantallas right to command us to instruct us with regards to this.

00:31:13--> 00:31:34

You see Kamala who he advises you He instructs you feola DICOM concerning your children, meaning in the matter of the shares of the children, he instructs you with regards to the portions of inheritance of the children own discipline of wellness.

00:31:35--> 00:31:46

And the word outlet refers to children which includes male and female. So it includes original as well as Anissa however old or young they are,

00:31:47--> 00:32:07

whether they are married or unmarried, whether they are very intelligent and successful in their life or they're not regardless, but what is the primary factor that they are your children. So because they're your children, therefore, this is the instruction that our last panelist is giving you with regards to the issues.

00:32:08--> 00:32:16

Now, as we learned earlier, that the willful the willful root who are the those people whose shares are fixed by a loss

00:32:17--> 00:32:34

and who are included in the windfall 12 members and first of all the children are mentioned Why, why are the children mentioned first and not the parents, because it is the primary responsibility of every person to support his children.

00:32:36--> 00:32:48

Children come first children, they come first he is obligated to spend on them to take care of them. So this is why the children are mentioned first. You'll see come along fee illogical

00:32:49--> 00:32:54

after the mention of the children, then the parents are mentioned and then the spouse as I mentioned,

00:32:55--> 00:32:58

and in their absence, then the siblings are mentioned.

00:33:00--> 00:33:05

Now in the cya, we will read several clauses. And I want you to number them as I tell them

00:33:06--> 00:33:11

first of all, live Zachary myth, Lou Halliwell own saying,

00:33:12--> 00:33:31

first rule live Zachary, for the male meaning for the male child, for the son, every son, what will he have? Miss look similar to equivalent to how we share off once again, of the two females

00:33:32--> 00:34:06

have, as you know, is used for a share a portion, which is of Well, something material, something good, a good luck, a good Chair of something. So over here, the word home has been used. Why? Because we're talking about money. We're talking about wealth. So every male child will have a share. That is equivalent to the share of who I own saying, Do females and once again is a dual off one size female. So what does this mean?

00:34:07--> 00:34:15

That if a person dies, and he leaves behind male and female children, a person dies leaving behind

00:34:17--> 00:34:24

a backup and male and female children then what's going to happen? What's going to happen?

00:34:25--> 00:34:29

The sons share is going to be double of the daughters share.

00:34:31--> 00:34:45

So for instance, if a person leaves behind $100, for example, and he leaves behind three children, one boy and two girls, the boy gets 50 and the girls got 25 each.

00:34:46--> 00:34:59

And if there are two daughters, then what's going to happen? Half of the property is going to be the boys. If there are two daughters, then half of the state is going to be the sons

00:35:00--> 00:35:11

And if he's the only son, if he's the only son, then we learned that he will take all of these things, no other siblings only son and he will get how much all of these things.

00:35:12--> 00:35:17

The question is, why is it the son gets double off the daughter?

00:35:18--> 00:35:19

Why?

00:35:20--> 00:35:38

Because he has to provide, he has been laid with the responsibility to provide for who, for his children, for his wife, and also for his parents, even for siblings in some cases. But the woman, when she inherits, when she gets something issue responsible,

00:35:39--> 00:35:51

it's his hers. Even if she doesn't spend it on herself, and she just keeps it, she's not at fault. The man cannot say you have so much money spend it on yourself, no, he still has to spend on her.

00:35:53--> 00:36:20

And if you look at it, there are different occasions at which people receive wealth, people receive some property. For instance, at the time of marriage, who gets and who gives, the man gives and the woman gets. Similarly at the time of inheritance, who gets both the men and the women, both of them get there is no bias. We learned earlier that the jolliness even willingness or in a sleeper.

00:36:21--> 00:36:45

Similarly, if a woman is getting divorced, we learned that women move on the automaton for all of them have a locker there is a meta, meaning every woman at the time of divorce, she must be given some type of modality from the ex husband from the husband was divorced her does the man get anything, only the case where the woman takes color and even in that what's happening, he was only getting back what he gave.

00:36:46--> 00:36:56

And the woman she's not obligated to spend whereas the man is obligated to spend. And the only time that the man gets something is when

00:36:57--> 00:36:58

inheritance.

00:36:59--> 00:37:12

The only occasion when the man gets something is at the time of inheritance even when we say Why? Well, he's getting it so that he can spend it on you. That's why he's getting it. So let that carry me through how when I'm saying

00:37:13--> 00:37:18

for the boy is a share that is equivalent to the share of two females.

00:37:19--> 00:37:21

This is the first posit leader

00:37:22--> 00:37:30

second for income nanny seven focus nothing further hoonah Sulu sametha

00:37:32--> 00:37:35

an entire sentence. Let's analyze this.

00:37:36--> 00:37:52

For inconel. Then if they were notice the word Kunta ends with a new chapter. What does that mean that it's feminine? So what does it mean? That if the children the Oh, lat, because how did the I begin usually from a low v illogical.

00:37:53--> 00:37:58

So if the O lead if the children are all Nyssa, and are female,

00:38:00--> 00:38:11

how many females focus nothing more than to do and about? Meaning a deceased person leaves behind only daughters?

00:38:12--> 00:38:18

And how many daughters do or more, no sons,

00:38:19--> 00:38:25

only doctors? How many doctors what's the number two or more and no signs?

00:38:27--> 00:38:40

For the home. So for all of the mean for all of those daughters, regardless of their number two or more, whether they're 23456 how many ever they are for the homeless or for them Susa two thirds,

00:38:41--> 00:39:25

soon as there is a dual of solace, solace is one third and third with that is two thirds. So all of these daughters, they will share in how much two thirds of madaraka of what has been left by who? By the father, or the mother, whoever. So for Luna, Susannah torok. What does this mean? That if the deceased leaves behind two or more than two daughters, and no sons, two or more than two daughters and no sons, then what's going to happen? Two thirds of the entire estate is going to be given to who? The doctors and it's going to be divided equally amongst all of them, depending on how many ever they are

00:39:27--> 00:39:51

31 in Canada, and if she is one further harness, then for her is a new path. Meaning if she is the only daughter, she doesn't have a brother, she doesn't have a sister. She's the only daughter. Then what is she going to have further hassle for her is this half of the entire estate

00:39:53--> 00:40:00

and who is the other half going to go to the other relatives. Like for instance, the wife or whoever

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

Depending on which other relatives are alive, so we're in kind of a hidden, felonious

00:40:08--> 00:40:29

fourthly. So this was with regards to the children. What did we learn that the boys share is equivalent to the share of two girls? If there are all daughters, more than two, then they will share and how much? Two thirds? If there's only one daughter, how much will she get? Half.

00:40:30--> 00:40:32

So this is with regards to children.

00:40:33--> 00:40:35

Now, the parents

00:40:36--> 00:40:40

were the other way he and for his parents of a way used to do a lot of

00:40:41--> 00:41:00

it's a dual enough of an Elaine, who does it refer to the mother and the father? Both the parents It doesn't mean two fathers. Unfortunately, there are some people who say look evidence are two fathers. That doesn't make sense. In Arabic language of a Wayne, while Dan is used for who do parents

00:41:02--> 00:41:11

so any other way he and for his parents liquidly were had him in home effort each one of them to is how much so those one six.

00:41:12--> 00:41:41

So this is from sadness, one sixth, what does it mean? That if the deceased leaves behind children and parents, because you see Wali Abba, he and this is connected with the previous clause, the previous part of the I was mentioning about the children. So if a person is leaving behind children, and he's leaving behind parents, then the children, how much will they get? depending on how many ever they are, as we learned two, three cases.

00:41:42--> 00:41:52

But the parents how much will they get for each of the two parents is how much a sixth of the estate one sixth,

00:41:53--> 00:42:01

to each of the parents, the mother will get one sixth, the father will get one sixth and the rest will go to the rest will go to

00:42:02--> 00:42:02

the children.

00:42:03--> 00:42:09

Metal aka from what he left in Canada who wondered if he had a child.

00:42:10--> 00:42:13

So number four, fourth clause, where does it end?

00:42:14--> 00:42:20

and read the fourth clause again, while the other way he liquidity? We're heading in Houma, sudo Su, Mei madaraka, in Canada who will add

00:42:21--> 00:42:31

and although the word what are the singular over here, it's singular. But you know that what it is, isn't genes. What does isn't genes it can be applied to male, female, singular or plural.

00:42:32--> 00:42:42

So if the dying person leaves behind children and parents of children will get whatever their chairs and the parents the mother will get one six, and the father will get one six?

00:42:43--> 00:42:44

Number five,

00:42:45--> 00:43:20

for in the miracle law, who will then if he does not have a child who, who does not have a child, the deceased person? Well, what is the who aboah? Who? Well, what is the who, what and what is the who he inherited from him? who inherited from the man from the dying person of a well who? His two parents meaning his heirs? Or who the mother and the father? Then in that case, family only solace, then for his mother is the one third,

00:43:21--> 00:43:41

a soloist is from phenethyl. What does that mean? Three. So one third? What does it mean? That if the diseased leaves behind only parents and no children, the previous clause was what? That it leaves behind parents and children. This is only parents and no children.

00:43:42--> 00:43:45

then in this case, what's going to happen?

00:43:46--> 00:43:59

What's going to happen? What does he say? That the mother gets one third, the mother gets How much? One third of the entire estate. And the rest goes to the Father.

00:44:00--> 00:44:12

Now, let's say the person who died had a spouse, they were married, they weren't single, that a person was married, they didn't have children, but they have a spouse. So in that case, the spouses share will also be taken out

00:44:13--> 00:44:17

and what is the share of the spouse? It's going to be mentioned in the next time.

00:44:19--> 00:44:22

I want you to keep your mind open and look at all the different different aspects as well.

00:44:24--> 00:44:39

Number six, for in Canada, who is what and then if he has who has the disease the person who died if he has a Horton brothers, what is the plural of?

00:44:40--> 00:44:43

And yes, literally it means brothers but it includes sisters as well.

00:44:45--> 00:44:58

So if the dead person leaves behind brothers and sisters, and obviously no children, so if he leaves behind, brothers and sisters, no children and parents

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

Family omiya. So this then for the mother is how much? One, six,

00:45:06--> 00:45:12

the rest will go to the Father. And if he has a spouse, the spouse this year will also be taken.

00:45:13--> 00:45:16

How is this clause different from the previous one?

00:45:17--> 00:45:47

The previous one mentioned that if the person is leaving behind parents, and no children, then how much does the mother get? one third, and the rest goes to the Father. Now, this is the case where he's leaving behind parents, and siblings. He's leaving behind parents and siblings. In the presence of the siblings, what's going to happen? The share of the mother is going to reduce, and it's going to become one sixth.

00:45:48--> 00:45:59

And the rest is going to go to the Father. Do the siblings inherit anything? Then why does the father get more, because the Father has to provide for those children.

00:46:00--> 00:46:11

See, the justice? Isn't this amazing? That because the father is still responsible for other children, therefore his share will be more. But if there are no other children, then the mother should get more.

00:46:13--> 00:46:20

Now all of this is going to be when mimbar D was creating, after we'll see,

00:46:21--> 00:46:46

which was the which request that was made by the deceased before he died. So if he made it was here, before he died, all of this is going to be done when after the overseer is executed, is carried out. Usually be her he directs with it. Meaning he enjoys with it. He made the overseer,

00:46:48--> 00:46:51

whomever was here, the deceased person he made there was a u.

00:46:52--> 00:46:57

o or deigning adapt. What does they mean?

00:46:58--> 00:47:11

That loan? What does it mean by this outdated meaning after the day after the loan has been returned. So basically, the distribution of the estate is going to be when,

00:47:12--> 00:47:17

after the policy is executed. And secondly, the Dane has also been returned.

00:47:19--> 00:47:27

Now, if you notice that we'll see as mentioned first, and the Dane has mentioned second, but I mentioned to you earlier that the order was different,

00:47:28--> 00:47:52

the Dane is going to be given first and then there was he is going to be executed. So why is the order different over here? To show that there was a you must be taken seriously. Because remember, whatever is mentioned First, it shows the importance of that particular thing. So if they will see, as mentioned first, what does it show? that it must be taken seriously?

00:47:53--> 00:48:29

Because many times we will say, Oh, you know, she was so young. What can she say about her? Well, she doesn't know. Like, for instance, if a girl dies, she's an adult, but she wasn't married. So who's going to inherit, her parents are going to inherit from her she doesn't have any children. She doesn't have a spouse. But she made it we'll see that this gold set of mine that I owned that my mother said when I get married, when I get it, and she has actually given it to me, I want this to go to this institute, for instance of a girl says that. Now at the time of death, the mother cannot say Oh, she didn't know any better, no, there was a year has to be taken seriously.

00:48:31--> 00:49:09

Secondly, there was a as mentioned before the day, because if you look at it, if a person owes money to someone, and if he dies, now the creditor, he will come and he will demand his money. He will say this person or this much money to me Give it to me, but the person for whom they will see it has been made does he know does he know not necessarily the person for whom they will see it has been made in whose favorite he doesn't necessarily know if there was he has been made for him, he cannot come up and demand. So this is why they will see as mentioned first that take it seriously and give it to the person for whom it has been written.

00:49:11--> 00:49:22

The last point it says about your father's webinar and your children, your sons. And remember, that includes grandparents and urbanite includes grandchildren.

00:49:24--> 00:49:30

So, your parents and your grandchildren let alone it You do not know that

00:49:31--> 00:49:48

dalawa Yeah, from the word desire and desire is to know something to comprehend something and basically the word that is used for indirect knowledge. It is to know of something through another which is why the word that I applies to or incomplete knowledge.

00:49:50--> 00:50:00

So you do not know you are not aware that a human which of them which are who, whether it is your father's or your sons that are up

00:50:00--> 00:50:05

crabs that are closer Luckily for you know, I'm in profit. What does it mean by this?

00:50:07--> 00:50:37

You see, when we read these rules when we read these laws, what do we think, but my mother deserves more, she has done more for me, my children, they deserve more. Because my parents, they have enough. I don't want anything to be given to my parents, my children deserve more, they're younger. And if my property goes to my parents, when they die, it's going to be given to my siblings. Whereas Actually, I want that it should go to my children only, because I have worked hard to make this money. I want my children to get it.

00:50:38--> 00:51:23

So when we read these laws, and we learn that there is a share that has been fixed for the parents, there's a share that has been fixed for the spouse for the children, we sometimes object or we defer, we have another opinion. It's constantly bothering us that no, I want it this way. What does Allah say? You don't know who is closer to you and benefit. You don't know that if the money, all of it, if it goes to your children, they might fall into Haram, they might do something that is unlawful. And that same money is a source of harm for you. And if it goes to your parents, and through them, it goes to your siblings, maybe it will save them from heroin. You don't know which

00:51:23--> 00:51:26

relative of yours is going to bring you more benefit in the

00:51:28--> 00:51:34

you don't know, you never really know what's gonna happen. So therefore, trust the division of

00:51:35--> 00:51:37

trust, the loss of a loss of 100

00:51:39--> 00:52:27

because they're based on what on a loss of habitat is wisdom, and knowledge. All of this is for your local minima. It is an obligation from Allah subhanaw taala. All of this is an obligation you don't have any choice. You cannot object. And in Allaha Cana I Lehman hekima. Indeed, Allah is Ever I lean and hacking. What does it mean? That allows the panel data is ever possessed of these attributes are hidden and hikma. He knows. He knew, and he will know. All of his commands are based on his wisdom on his hikma. So if he has given these commands, trust the commands of almost because you don't know what's really going to happen. So don't object.

00:52:29--> 00:52:30

What do we learn from desire?

00:52:31--> 00:52:47

The first thing that we learn is that all of the shares are fixed, whether they're men, or women, sons or daughters, mother or father. They're fixed, and then fixed depending on the relationship and the existence of other relatives.

00:52:49--> 00:53:07

Secondly, we learned that people don't have any say in who inherits from them, and who does not inherit from them. People don't have any say, a person cannot say, I don't like to son of mine, or I like this Daughter of mine, she should get more than my son. No, you don't have any say. It's the law, the law. So

00:53:09--> 00:53:13

another thing that we learned is that all of these shares are based on the knowledge and wisdom of a loss of

00:53:15--> 00:53:30

let's say, a man and woman they were married, and they had children together. Now after some time, they divorced and the man died. Now, are his biological children going to inherit from him? Yes. But is their mother going to inherit? No.

00:53:32--> 00:53:32

Let's listen to the rest.

00:53:37--> 00:53:39

Coffee.

00:54:01--> 00:54:01

Hey, Dr.

00:54:12--> 00:54:12

Tanaka.

00:55:10--> 00:55:37

What a useful method okay as Where do you come in lamea colonna wallet and for you is half of what your wives leave if they have no child the previous is in that we learned about the shares off the children and the parents. Now, in this ayah we will learn about who the shares off the spouses, the husband and the wife and also the shares off the siblings

00:55:38--> 00:55:47

what outcome useful and for you is half this is the first class again there are going to be several clauses in this ayah So, make sure you number them

00:55:49--> 00:56:10

first of all, what a calmness for for you meaning for you men, the husbands, they will inherit Nissel, half of what metal aka whatever left, who left us Why'd you come your wives over here is why it means wives.

00:56:11--> 00:56:31

So, a man will inherit how much half of the estate of the wife when she dies in the case, where in lamea cone if there was not the hoonah for them, for who for the wives, one of them a child.

00:56:32--> 00:56:50

So, if a man marries a woman, and she does not have any children, neither with him nor from before neither with him nor from before that in that case, the husband, he is going to inherit half of the entire state of the woman

00:56:51--> 00:56:55

second case for in Canada who knows a lot.

00:56:56--> 00:57:21

So, if there was for them, meaning for the women, for the wives who have died, whether the child and remember what again, any child male female, one or more funnel content for you, meaning for the husband is a rubber is the one for the quarter metal aka from what they have left.

00:57:22--> 00:57:30

The second case is that if a woman dies leaving behind children and a husband,

00:57:31--> 00:57:44

then how much is the husband going to get one for and these children of the woman can be through which has been the current husband and also previous husband, ex husband.

00:57:45--> 00:57:50

And this wallet, others have said that it also includes grandsons.

00:57:52--> 00:58:43

So let's say if a woman dies My son is not alive at that time, but her son's son is alive, then the same thing will be applied the husband will get only how much a quarter and the rest will go to to the children mattogno from what they have left meaning from what the women have left mimbar they will see it from after was the meaning again this distribution will be when after the Wisteria is carried out. Use Lina behalf that the women may owe deigning or adapt. What does it show that a woman has the right to own property. A woman has the right to own property. And notice it has been sent me metadata from whatever they have left. So how much ever it is, there is no limit.

00:58:45--> 00:58:50

Similarly, we learned that a woman she has a right to make well, so yeah, she has a right to make mostly.

00:58:51--> 00:59:09

And whatever belongs to the woman is actually hers. It does not belong to her husband. It does not belong to her parents. It is actually her property. It's her wealth. And so her estate will also be distributed after the one year that she had made is executed. And after alone, that she owed to someone is returned

00:59:11--> 00:59:59

31 100 ruber and for them is one fourth for who for the women meaning for the wives. Now this is the opposite case where the husband dies leaving behind wives. So the wives they have a robot, the one for men matakohe. From what you have left in lamea cola comm wallet if you don't have a child, meaning if the man dies, leaving behind no children, leaving behind or children whether through his current wives or previous wives. He doesn't have any children, but it leaves behind who wives as much. So these wives How much will they inherit of the four? What does it mean? That if he leaves behind one wife

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

She will get one fourth.

01:00:02--> 01:00:28

If he leaves behind two wives, then they will share in one, four. And if he leaves behind four, then they will share in one fourth. Because it's well 100, for the meaning for all of them, no matter how many they are. But again, it's which wives, current wives and ex wife from five years ago from 20 years ago, cannot come and demand a share of inheritance. And this is in which case, where the husband does not have any children.

01:00:30--> 01:01:04

Number four, for in Canada, comala. Then if there is for you a wallet, meaning the man dies, leaving behind children, find a homeless woman, then for them is 1818. A someone is from Somalia. What does the money I mean? it Do you know, numbers one to 10 in Arabic, you should learn. Sure you find a lot of machines, these forms for children on YouTube and things like that. So this listen to it again and again. And you will learn it's good to know. Because these words, they come over and over again.

01:01:06--> 01:01:08

So for the homeless woman, so for them is one eight.

01:01:09--> 01:01:31

Again, what does it mean? That if a man dies, leaving behind one or more wives, then what's going to happen. And if he has children, then the wives are going to inherit 181 wife, she will keep 182 wives, they will share and 1834, they will share in one.

01:01:32--> 01:01:39

And these children that the man has could be through these wives or could be from previous wives for in Canada.

01:01:40--> 01:01:43

So no matter from what you have left.

01:01:44--> 01:01:47

And the question is, why do the wives inherit less?

01:01:48--> 01:01:55

If you look at the husband, he inherits how much either half or quarter. And when it comes to the wife, how much does she inherit?

01:01:56--> 01:02:06

A quarter or one is Why? Because again, she doesn't have to support anyone. This money that she's getting is only for herself.

01:02:07--> 01:02:13

And if the children inherit, aren't they're responsible for supporting their mothers? Yes, they are.

01:02:15--> 01:02:23

So, if the share of the women has been reduced in the case where the husband leaves behind children, why? Because the children have to look after those mothers.

01:02:25--> 01:02:50

Matter often from what you have left again, remember it was so you get into Sona beholding from after overseer that to sooner behind you all made, meaning you all made the overseer of it before dying after it has been executed, then the estate is going to be divided. Oh deignan or a debt that you owe to someone after that has been paid, then the estate is going to be divided.

01:02:52--> 01:03:08

Number five, what in Canada Rajan and if there is a man, if there is a man who wichman meaning the man who has died, this diseased man, you assume he is inherited? Well,

01:03:10--> 01:03:24

meaning he is being inherited, as who as a color as a color, this man dies and he is being inherited by his heirs as a candidate, meaning he dies as a calella

01:03:25--> 01:03:51

away more often, or there's a woman meaning a woman who dies as a calella. Now the question is, who is a Canada? Canada is a person with no ascendance, or descendants. What does it mean? He or she does not have parents or grandparents, however upwards and he doesn't have any children or grandchildren however downwards.

01:03:52--> 01:03:58

And this word is derived from the root letters, gaff Lam lamb, from the word canal

01:03:59--> 01:04:32

and canal is weakness, fatigue, what is it? weakness, tiredness, when a person is tired and fatigued? Why is the canal called calella because a person who does not have parents does not have children, he will get tired. For example, if there's a young person, let's say she's in her 20s. She's in her teens, and her parents are not alive. Her parents have passed away all of the workforce and who on her isn't you're gonna get tired. Yes.

01:04:34--> 01:04:59

seminary, there's a person who's older, and they don't have children, who's all of the work gonna fall upon them. So obviously that is also going to make them tired. So calella is mon katerra parrafin. Meaning someone who is out there who has cut off from the too far off from above and from below. And the way it clean is also on the same route and he clearly is used for a crown

01:05:00--> 01:05:08

Because if you look under the crown, from above, there's nothing. And below Also there is nothing. There's only the sides, there's only the borders.

01:05:10--> 01:05:17

So Canada is someone who does not have a sentence or descendants, but he has siblings. Who does he have

01:05:18--> 01:05:24

siblings, surroundings, relatives by his side brothers or sisters.

01:05:25--> 01:06:12

So if there is a person of a woman or a man or a woman who dies and he's being inherited, he or she is being inherited, but the die is a calella. Meaning they have no parents, they have no children. So what's going to happen? Wonder who and for him meaning for this Kannada is a one of them. A brother or a sister? This Kannada has a brother or a sister, meaning a brother from the same mother, often, fairly commonly, were hit him in Houma, then for each one of them to each one of them to meaning for each brother and sister is how much a suit of the one sixth?

01:06:14--> 01:06:39

If you look at it over here, the share of the man and the woman is the same. Correct? And what is that? one sixth? In the case of what siblings in the absence of parents and children? Why? Why is it the same? Because they only have to worry about themselves. I mean, they're not obligated to spend on one another. So if I recall, knew I had him in Houma, sodus.

01:06:40--> 01:06:55

Number six, for in Kanu acromegalic, then if they were more than that, who was more than that, the siblings were more than that more than what more than one brother and more than one sister.

01:06:56--> 01:07:29

So for example, if a person leaves behind two or more brothers, two or more sisters, then what's going to happen? For whom should I care if it's true, then all of them, they will be shadowcat partners, which is the plural of the word [???]ty, in how much a third of the one third. So one third of the entire state is going to go to the siblings. If there are more than one brother and one sister, then they're going to equally share in a sort of the winter.

01:07:30--> 01:07:46

And this is going to be when mimbar they will see it in use or be her Oh, the after LLC that the person made after it has been executed. Oh danian or a deck that he ordered has been returned, then this is going to be done.

01:07:47--> 01:08:17

Over here last time, God says Hi, I'm hold off later other than the one that harms Madhavan is from the new Tetris law. And what does that mean? harm madol is one that harms one that harms. What does it mean by this? Meaning the Aasiya should be laid on although there was clear that the person made before he died should be laid on well,

01:08:18--> 01:08:24

meaning it should not be harmful to words, people. What does it mean by that?

01:08:25--> 01:08:36

that a person cannot make such a will before he dies? That all of my estate should go to such and such charity and not to my relatives? If he makes that will? Is that Madonna?

01:08:37--> 01:08:48

Yes, it is. So how would it be Madonna? If the heirs are deprived of their shares, if they will see it as such in which the heirs are deprived of their shares?

01:08:50--> 01:09:03

Thank you think of it. Why is this mentioned after the canal doesn't supply to all of the people think about it. It applies to all the people. But why is this mentioned specifically after the calella?

01:09:04--> 01:09:32

Because many times what happens is that people think I don't have children. I don't have parents, my siblings don't need anything, I should care about them. All of this money that I have all of this wealth that I have, I should instead give it to some charity. Or I should give it to some friend of mine. I should win it for so and so person for a friend of mine. And in this case, many times people tend to neglect their siblings. But the siblings also have a share.

01:09:33--> 01:09:34

The siblings also have a share.

01:09:36--> 01:09:52

Now person might say I haven't met my sister in 15 years happens. I haven't met my sister in 15 years and 10 years. I don't know where she is. I don't know what she does. We don't like each other anymore. We hardly ever talk. So why should she inherit from me? Because she's your blood credit.

01:09:53--> 01:10:00

This isn't so your mahfouda the willful route. This has been made for biological

01:10:00--> 01:10:05

penalty was the year then this is a was a year from who mean a loss from a loss.

01:10:06--> 01:10:10

And you don't have a say in deciding what goes to who

01:10:11--> 01:10:15

will love who are Lehman haleem and allies knowing and he's also highly meaning he is forbearing

01:10:17--> 01:10:18

What do we learn from the cya?

01:10:19--> 01:10:27

First of all, if you look at the two is that we learned, they mentioned that they will foot the shares off who they will for

01:10:28--> 01:10:37

those whose shares have been fixed by a loss of final data, the immediate family, which includes one's parents, children, spouse, as well as siblings.

01:10:38--> 01:10:45

Secondly, we learn from these is that the division of wealth, the division of the state is decided by who by a loss.

01:10:47--> 01:10:51

Secondly, we learn that the division of the state is going to be done when

01:10:53--> 01:10:55

after the name and after that we'll see

01:10:57--> 01:11:16

after the loan has been returned, and after the will has been carried out. Also, we learned that a woman has as much freedom to decide what happens with her wealth as a man does. Meaning she has a right to make a wish Leah, just as a man has a right to make a will see you with regards to her well.

01:11:18--> 01:11:59

Also, we learned that a person should not make a lasagna in order to harm his ears in order to deprive the heirs of his wealth. A person should not make a Wisteria in order to harm in order to deprive his heirs from his money from his estate. Because again, what happens is that people think that no my children need this money more. Or my parents need this money more my siblings don't need it, why should they get it they don't have any share in this. But the fact is that just because somebody is related to you That is why they have a share. And this decision has made by Allah subhanaw taala

01:12:00--> 01:12:13

so a person should not make oversleep in order to deprive an air of his ship. Also we learned that our last panel data's division is based on what allows knowledge and his being highly

01:12:14--> 01:12:21

biased highly mentioned over here hide he was one who does not punish immediately one was tolerant

01:12:23--> 01:12:39

so sometimes because of our differences, because of our disagreements because of our fights, we want to deprive one another of their rights. Correct. But I'll also point out is highly when it comes to rights when it comes to Blood Ties a loss of penetrators, honey, he's not biased like we are

01:12:41--> 01:12:42

recitation

01:13:14--> 01:13:14

to

01:14:31--> 01:14:59

what happens is that when a person dies, first of all it is taken into consideration that which of his relatives are alive, does he have parents does he have siblings as he had children, okay, who are there How are they related to him? And then according to that, the shares are allotting, the shares are given. Because, you see, with the existence of one relationship, one relative even the share of the other is affected, correct by friends

01:15:00--> 01:15:03

In the presence of children, the wives share is reduced.

01:15:05--> 01:15:15

So, this is why what is done is that at the time of death, all of the relatives who are alive at that time they're taken into into consideration and depending on that, the shares are locked in.

01:15:17--> 01:15:29

Think of her do the law. These are the limits set by a law supplemental data. Hello, there's a Florida had an what is had mean an edge a limit a boundary,

01:15:30--> 01:15:32

when a lot of data says Hadoop,

01:15:33--> 01:15:42

Hadoop, it either refers to commands, the omit or it refers to the prohibitions than away

01:15:44--> 01:15:54

either it refers to the commands or the prohibitions. Now, how do you figure out what meaning it is exactly? In the context?

01:15:55--> 01:16:03

You have to see the entire context. Like for instance, over here tilaka Hello de la. In this it has been said, whoever obeys Allah,

01:16:04--> 01:16:22

whoever obeys What does it mean? that whoever follows the commands, whoever follows the commands. So these are the commands these are the awareness that Allah subhanaw taala has given with regards to the law of inheritance.

01:16:23--> 01:16:37

When male barilla or Sula, who, and whoever obeys Allah and the messenger, you Hello, john. He will admit him into gardens. That dream and Danielle and her underneath which rivers flow.

01:16:38--> 01:17:13

Holly Dena, Fie her abiding, they're in eternity, where their legal foes are we and that is the greatest success. So what do we learn from this is that the mores, the laws of inheritance, the designated heirs, and their shares are all from the Hadoop of Allah. They're all of the commands that Allah Subhana Allah has given that just as Allah has commanded us to pray, to give the cat to fast to speak the truth seminar and he has commanded that this share this much must be given to so and so, relative.

01:17:15--> 01:17:19

So, the my worries, they are from the hurt of a loss.

01:17:20--> 01:17:24

And a person who implements this law is going to get reward.

01:17:25--> 01:17:41

Just as a person, when he implements the other laws of Allah subhanaw taala other commands of Allah, he gets rewarded. Similarly, when a person implements this law, he will also get rewarded. What does it show that even this is part of a burger? This is an act of worship.

01:17:42--> 01:17:50

We think that worship is just rituals. It doesn't have anything to do with money. It doesn't have anything to do with shares of inheritance. It does.

01:17:51--> 01:18:07

Because it is of the fruit of a law and a person who follows these hurdles, he will get reward. What does it show that this is an act of worship? Just as we give importance to hedge funds, a cat and Sunnah. Similarly, importance must be given to the laws of inheritance as well.

01:18:08--> 01:18:20

Also, we learn from the side that will eat into the profits that allowed us and them is like obedience to Allah. Because it has been said, one minute a letter word rasuluh and his messenger, but

01:18:21--> 01:18:23

both are important, both are necessary.

01:18:25--> 01:18:30

Why am I here I've seen Rasulullah who and whoever disobeys Allah and His messenger.

01:18:31--> 01:18:39

you're asleep from Earthsea, Masia which is to not do what a person has been commanded, or to do that which is forbidden.

01:18:40--> 01:18:59

So whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, what are the who do the who any transgresses the boundaries? You see? Yes. It is from newsletters. I'm done. Well, same root as the word I do. Who is an enemy? What does he do? He crosses the limits in his enmity in his hatred.

01:19:00--> 01:19:09

So yet the other is to transgress the limits to cross the boundaries to overstep the limits, yet are the hurdle

01:19:10--> 01:19:16

and remember that, as I mentioned to you earlier than Hadoop, either refer to the omit or it refers to the No way.

01:19:17--> 01:19:37

Now, one is that our last pantalla says about the Hadoop file at Aqaba don't even go near the Hadoop don't even approach the limits don't even approach the boundaries. In that case, to Hadoop refers to the prohibitions. In that case, the Hadoop refers to than a where he the prohibitions that we'll have on that

01:19:39--> 01:19:51

and where it has been said that llactapata duha do not transgress them do not overstep them or yet the other who the who, then the Hadoop refers to what the omit the comments.

01:19:52--> 01:19:59

Okay? So at the other hand, who the who meaning he does not care about the commands of Allah, he doesn't imply

01:20:00--> 01:20:08

And the commands of Allah. He learns about the law of inheritance but he says, No, we're just going to do whatever we like, this is my money. I'm going to decide.

01:20:09--> 01:20:29

What does Allah say? Well my ERC lair however Suda who were the WHO THE who he does not obey he does not listen. He doesn't care about the laws that Allah has given you to hit hoonah on, he would admit him into fire, call it and fee her one abiding there eternally. What who are the herbal mahina and for him is a humiliating punishment.

01:20:31--> 01:20:42

Notice over here, that the person being sent to Hellfire is mentioned in the singular, highly then you decided who won or who are the other movie.

01:20:43--> 01:20:52

And in the previous ayah weather award for those people who avail lion is messenger. It was mentioned in the floral. Callie Deena

01:20:54--> 01:20:54

comparing the two

01:20:56--> 01:20:57

turn your page compared to look at the eye.

01:20:59--> 01:21:01

Everybody, what is the previous is a

01:21:02--> 01:21:06

Harley Dena and what is this is a Harley Then

01:21:08--> 01:21:08

why?

01:21:10--> 01:21:13

why what's the difference? Why has this been mentioned in this way?

01:21:14--> 01:21:18

Because a person in general is not going to be alone.

01:21:19--> 01:21:22

A person in general is not going to be alone.

01:21:24--> 01:21:34

Whereas the person in the Hellfire even though Hellfire Johanna was going to be filled and compacted with the people of El fire, still a person is going to be alone.

01:21:35--> 01:21:39

How, why? How will he be alone

01:21:40--> 01:21:45

in his sufferings, he will be alone No one is going to come and share the pain with him.

01:21:46--> 01:22:01

Whereas in general, we learned that people will meet one another they will talk to one another they will be sitting with one another eating together enjoying together in the righteous company. But the people in Hellfire nobody is going to come and share their suffering and punishment with them. They will be alone.

01:22:03--> 01:22:09

They will be alone, not seen by anyone. So that nobody has any compassion for them.

01:22:11--> 01:22:13

Nobody has any compassion for them.

01:22:14--> 01:22:25

So highly than fee her whenever they're booing. And notice the punishment is movie movies when the letters how well known how and what does one mean Hana humiliation disgrace.

01:22:26--> 01:22:33

What does it mean by this? You see, a punishment is humiliating, when it is physical and mental,

01:22:34--> 01:22:35

physical and emotional,

01:22:37--> 01:22:40

physical, like for instance, a person has been beaten up.

01:22:41--> 01:22:55

Is that embarrassing? Is that humiliating? Is that degrading? Of course it is. Similarly, a person's being shouted at a person is being reproached every time he asks for relief. He is turned back is that disgrace. Yes, it is. So whatever there

01:22:57--> 01:23:08

are that that is just me, that is physical. And that is also fun, because it is also Neff see it is ultra mental It is also emotional, whenever that but when he What do we learn from this is

01:23:10--> 01:23:16

that disobedience to Allah, and His Messenger is a cause of punishment.

01:23:17--> 01:23:36

disobedience to Allah and His messenger is a cause of punishment. Because over here it has been said well, mania swindler, hawala Sula, who were the other who do the who, disobeying Allah and the messenger, ignoring the commands that Allah has given. This invites the punishment of Allah upon the person.

01:23:38--> 01:24:17

This AI also teaches us that ignoring or leaving out or not applying the laws of inheritance is not something that is very insignificant, or something that is small, something that is minor? No, it is something that is very serious. This knowledge the scientists called Elmo for you, because this is something fun. It's fotophire. Some people must excel in learning the science, and everybody has to implement it properly. Because if they don't, what are they doing? crossing the limits that have been set by a law which entails punishment, which brings upon the person punishment from a loss of paradigm.

01:24:19--> 01:24:36

We learn from a hadith that is mentioned in a Buddha with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, a man or a woman might perform actions in obedience to Allah for 60 years. Yet, when they are near death, they leave and unfair will. We'll see how that is madol

01:24:37--> 01:24:40

and unfair will and thus acquire the fire.

01:24:41--> 01:24:59

A whole life of obedience is nullified by what is nullified by what? By the final act of disobedience. The last action that a person commits is what disobedience to Allah, which cancels out the previous good deeds, and thus he acquires the fire. What does this show

01:25:00--> 01:25:11

We have to be very careful about Alycia about the laws of inheritance. But making sure that the estate is divided according to the law that Allah subhanaw taala has given

01:25:12--> 01:25:20

to, for instance of a person who's living in a non Muslim land, then he must make our see and you must make a will, that his estate be divided according to

01:25:21--> 01:25:24

Islamic law. He must make this worse.

01:25:25--> 01:25:28

Because if a person does not make this, we'll see what's going to happen.

01:25:29--> 01:25:48

That the law will decide whatever happens. It's possible that the heirs who are designated by the law of the land, they don't care and the actual heirs, the real heirs, they're deprived of their share. This is going to be massiah. Why didn't you do anything from before to make sure that you will be our last panel data even with this metric?

01:25:50--> 01:25:51

recitation of these two

01:25:53--> 01:25:55

deca, fu law?

01:26:14--> 01:26:17

Me?

01:26:39--> 01:27:19

You have questions. I know all of you have a lot of questions. But remember that what we read today was just the act of inheritance. We didn't study about the law of inheritance. Okay. The law of inheritance, yes, it is based on these is the ayatollahs. However, there is much more that we learned from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and also from the statements of the companions, which you can find in different books from different resources. And if there is a need, like you really need to know about something because you are in that situation, or somebody you know, is in that situation, then ask about those issues. Okay, from those people who are

01:27:20--> 01:27:23

knowledgeable, who have knowledge of the science.

01:27:24--> 01:27:40

And also, we learned that the loan has to be paid off even before the janazah. And funeral expenses come after the loan. But sometimes what happens is that, like you have to pay immediately for the funeral. Okay.

01:27:42--> 01:28:07

I know you have questions are so many questions, there's so many possibilities, obviously, this is Mac fractions, a lot of possibilities. And again, I'm reminding you that this is not a class of the law of inheritance. If you have any further questions, you may consult these books, there's two books actually. One is by God. And the other one, I don't remember the name, but it's a very good thick book, a lot of possibilities and scenarios, and you can benefit from that. And

01:28:08--> 01:28:48

making a car is not something mandatory. It's not fun. If a person only wishes to, if he thinks that he has something, then then he can buy for instance, we learned about the Sahaba, who was unwell. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam visited him and he said that I only have a daughter. So can I give my wealth in the way of all of it or half of it, and eventually it came down to one third, but he had only one daughter. But sometimes it happens that a person thinks that he doesn't have many inheritors many years, only one after one child, one distant cousin, one distant relative, then he would rather that some of the wealth also goes to do Eva. So in that situation, a person can do

01:28:48--> 01:28:57

that. Or if a person thinks that he has a lot of money, a lot of wealth, even in that case, he can make up up to one third and not more than that.

01:28:59--> 01:29:03

And remember that we'll see is not just about money, it's about other things as well.

01:29:04--> 01:29:15

So panicle locomobi handicare nashotah a la Ilaha. illa Anta nestos feudo get one or two really, a Salam or aleikum wa rahmatullah warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.