Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 189-196 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 189
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Jim Smith there have recommended for him
lesson number 26 pseudo tobacco. I have 189 to 196
Yes aluna carniola when
they ask you for profits or about your salon, about the new moons
they ask you about the new moon.
Yes, no naka is from Santa Ana seen Hamza land and to Alice to question and there could be different reasons for asking your question. Sometimes it could be to get to know about something. Sometimes it is out of curiosity. Other times it is to objected another. But over here, yes, aluna. They're asking you, meaning the companions are asking the prophets or about the Sunnah.
When they asked the Prophet sallallahu sallam, it was always related to their actions. They wanted to know about something so that they could do what was required, so that they could correct their belief.
It was always a question that was relevant to their situation. It was always a question that would benefit them in such way,
either in their email or in their ama.
So they asked you, what are they asking you on a hill about the crescents.
A Hitler is the plural of the word Helen. And Helen is from her lamb lamb.
hidin is used for the new moon or the crescent, and it is used for the newborn moon, and the word who that is used for the first two days of the month.
After the first two days of the month, then the word Hillel is not used for the moon. The word commonly is used after that.
So yes, I know that kind of a Hitler. They ask you about the questions. As we learned earlier, woman or hillbilly lady La Villa is from Atlanta and Atlanta is to raise one's voice. Remember that meaning?
When the new moon is seen? What do people do?
they announce the sighting of the moon. Why? Because it marks the beginning of the new month.
So Moon is called Hillel. Why? Because it becomes visible. And also because of the stigma because of the announcement that follows.
So they asked you about the crescents. What does it mean by this? they asked you about the new moon? What is it that is a habit as a prophet, sort of artisan about the new moon,
they asked him as to why the moon, the crescent, is very thin. At the beginning, it is very fine at the beginning. And then it increases in its size. And then it reduces again,
isn't it so the crescent is very fine at the beginning, it is very thin at the beginning. And as the month continues, it becomes fuller and fuller to the point that in the middle of the month is completely full, the full moon and then it begins to shrink again until the end of the moon when it becomes invisible. And then you see the question again, which marks the beginning of the new month.
So they asked you about the moon. So basically, they asked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam about the cyclic appearance of the moon. That How come it repeats that cycle?
It is very thin at the beginning it becomes full then it diminishes. And and again, the whole cycle begins.
How come? It's not like the sun, but it's always there? How come it's not like the sun full all the time?
How can we have the crescent and then it increases and then it decreases? What is the deal with the moon?
So this is one reason as to why they asked the Prophet cernavoda sudden about the moon
seconds. Secondly, it is also said that the people they had some superstitious beliefs about the moon. So the Sahaba they wanted clarification with regards to
the Arabs, then in the open desert. And they saw the moon almost every night.
And they noticed the different stages of the moon.
They saw the changes that the moon underwent. And they were curious about those changes.
So we see that the Sahaba they were very observant.
They were curious. They wanted to know they were nyoka. Fine. Yes it is like that. So no big deal. Just accept it as it is. They wanted to know. They were curious.
And we see that the moon especially the crescent is a great sign of Allah.
You have absolutely no control over it.
I mean, sometimes people want the month of Ramadan to begin. And the moon is not like that. The Crescent is nowhere in the sky. They try so hard. They
will spend hours and hours trying to look for the moon, but they can't find the moon.
Similarly, sometimes, with all that technology, you want to have a set calendar,
you want to have a set calendar for the moon, it should be only 29 days or it should only be 30 days life would be so much easier. But every month, you have to psych the moon, in order to know if the month has begun or not.
We have absolutely no control over the moon.
It is completely in the control of
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was sent as a messenger to the people. And sometimes people would ask him questions that were directly related with the theme. And other times they would ask him questions that were not directly related to the apparently the moon, it doesn't seem to have any relation with the dean, if you think of it, it's just the moon. What should it have to do with my praying or with my fasting,
but it does play a major role, even when it comes to the body of the believer.
So this However, they asked the Prophet salallahu Salam about the reality of the stages of the moon, why is it like that? How come the moon has cyclic the periods?
See, the response is given meaning or profits or about a sudden say that here it is what does he refer to that or hinder the crisis? Remember, the land is not just the moon it is a crescent in particular it is the new moon
say that here it is murky to leanness there are means to recognize for the people one hedge and also for the purpose of hedge bollocky is a plural of the word means
and we have got Isreal newsletters, well of them worked, what does work mean time and the word we call it is understood in two ways.
First of all, it is that that
is the tool through which time is known.
It is the tool through which time is known. You see the word is me.
It begins with meme What does that mean?
It's a noun. So Meerkat is a tool through which time is known. Just as fetta means to open and Miss there is a tool through which you open what is a Mr. A key.
So, make up a tool through which time is known, time is determined the date is known.
Secondly, the word mean card is understood as the place of beginning something the starting point of something.
For example, you have the meal card of how much you have the meal card of your home. Why? Because from that point onwards, if you intend to do hedgetrimmer you have to enter the state of Arizona.
So, new card also means the point or the place of beginning something of starting something
and it's also used for meeting It is also used for an appointment limit 14 for our meeting.
So, tell the people that the crescent the new moon, what does it tell you or the moon What does it tell you?
It is a means of determining time
it is a way of determining time it is a way of telling the date of telling the month, which month is it? Which day is it? Is it the beginning of the month is it the end of the month.
So, we see that the moon is described over here as a means of determining the calendar knowing the calendar
it is it natural universal calendar
if it was the same all year round,
imagine if the moon was full all year round, how could you know about the beginning of the month and the ending of the month, the middle of the month sometimes you see the full moon and you know occupied this is the middle of the month
just as in the month of Ramadan every that you will be coming for therapy. If you notice the moon You must have seen it increasing in size
and now it is decreasing.
So it reminds you that the month of Ramadan is now coming to an end do something before it ends.
So the moon is a means of determining time for who Lindner see for the people. What does
For the people for all people, not just Muslims, but also non Muslims.
So, it shows that the moon guidance with regards to time and it helps us tell the time or have a calendar so that we can observe the rituals already. And we can also manage the tasks which are related to our worldly affairs.
So it helps us with regards to the deen and it also helps us with regards to our worldly affairs.
So for example, with regards to Dean, when it comes to certain outcome, we have to look at the lunar calendar. The lunar calendar has to be observed. For example, when it comes to giving Zakat, when do you give Zakat after an entire year which year? lunar year, remember that you have to follow the lunar year.
Similarly, when it comes to counting the return for, let's say, a widow, is she going to follow January, February, March, April? No. What is she going to follow?
The lunar months, four months and 10 days.
Similarly for children, when they turn two years of age, they're not allowed to breastfeed anymore.
So two years of age means what? Which two years, according to the lunar years.
Similarly, when a child turns 10 years old, he must breathe and he must breathe, and he doesn't have a choice after that.
So 10 years, according to what, according to, to do news. Similarly, for the kafala, for the expiation for an accidental murder, a person has to fast for two months consecutively, which two months,
So we see that the moon is a means of determining time of telling the time. Why? Because it is important for us when it comes to acts of worship.
And also with regards to other worldly matters.
So for example, people they determine as to when they're supposed to sow the seeds in the land by the beginning of the month, or the ending of the month, the middle of the month. So all of these things are determined how through the moon,
we might say, okay, fine with the sun. Also, you can determine the time, you can turn the time you can tell the date. Why is the moon so important? If you look at the moon is a much more simpler way.
It's much more simpler. The lunar calendar is easier than the solar calendar.
How many times have you really noticed the sun rising from a different point and setting at a different point?
Maybe you notice in the winter, the sunlight comes from this point in my room in the summer, there is no sunlight. You may have noticed these things, these slight differences. But the moon because it is monthly, it changes every month. That's why this lunar calendar is easier than the solar calendar.
And any person no matter where he is, no matter how educated or uneducated he is, the lunar calendar can guide him
even if he doesn't have anything written with him. Even if he does not have any contact with another person. He can see the moon and he can tell if it's the middle of the month, or if it's the end of the month. Within a few days he can tell.
But especially what has been mentioned over here is when hedge and the hedge. What does this show that the moon tells us about the season of the hedge about the time of hedge about the month of HUD
HUD has mentioned separately over here to show the importance and significance of this act of worship
mulethi leanness Okay, for the for the Nia, that's gender. But hedge has mentioned specifically to show the importance and significance of the special worship
also had just mentioned over here because in the following verses Hajj is mentioned
Ramadan is not mentioned over here Why? Whereas Ramadan the moon is so important when it comes to Ramadan
perhaps the only time when we care about the moon is Ramadan. How can women that is not mentioned over here
because Ramadan was mentioned in the previous verses from an Shay them in coming Shakira failure song.
So here we see that the moon has been mentioned over here and we learned several lessons from this part of the idea. First of all, we learn about the brain
Thinking about the broad mindedness and the observation of the companions of the Prophet sort of
how they used to ponder how they used to reflect how they used to ask questions, how they used to seek clarification. They noticed the moon, and they asked the prophets,
they noticed that some people had superstitions about the moon, because of the cyclic appearance of the moon, with the appearance of the new moon or with the going away of the moon, people had certain superstitions in their, in their customs and their traditions. So they asked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam for clarification.
And we also see that they didn't just ask about matters, which were regarding the dean. But they also asked him what matters which were regarding their dunya.
And we see over here, that a loss of Panasonic gave the answer.
But if you look at it, the answer, it may seem a bit different from the question that was asked. The question was, what is the reason? How come the moon has cyclic appearance? And what was the answer?
It is mobile feed for the people.
So we see that the answer is better. It doesn't just answer the question, but it gives them a benefit.
When they send bill and there is not fire it is not be untapped tollbooth that you come to the houses. Menzel moody here, from their backs. were used as a plural of baits and betas from newsletters back yet.
And the wolf is a plural of the from the roof veterus La Habra
by de righteousness does not lie in entering the houses from the back. What does it mean by this, by he does not lie in entering the houses from the back.
This part of the ayah is disapproving. One of the practices of the pre Islamic Arabs, the Arabs, when they would leave their houses with Iran with the intention of performing Umrah or Hajj then, if they had to return to their house for some reason, for example, you leave for the airport. And you remember you had forgotten something at home. Similarly, if they had to go back home in the state of Iran, they would not enter the house through the main door. Rather, they would jump over the wall, and then they would enter the house. Why did they do that? Because they had some superstitions. They had some incorrect beliefs, just as people had superstitions about the moon. Similarly, they had
incorrect beliefs, or incorrect practices about Hajj and Iran.
They will think that once they had the ham on, there was supposed to be nothing between them and the sky.
That's what they used to think that nothing could come between them and between the sky.
And if something came in between them and the sky. That said, there Iran would become nullified.
So that's what they used to think.
Now obviously, if they would enter to the main door, what would happen, the doorframe or the rest of the wall would be between them and this guy. So they thought if they entered through the door, it would nullify their home. But they had to find a solution to that. So in order to enter the house, they would come from the back and they would jump over the wall.
So this is what they used to do. And they used to consider this act as an act of worship as an act of righteousness. But it had absolutely no basis. It had no evidence whatsoever. They put themselves in difficulty jumping over the wall while we're in Vietnam.
I mean, I'm sure it was very difficult.
And they consider this as an act of piety. What does the law say?
This is not an amplifier it fighty does not lie in fabricating things in having incorrect beliefs in complicating your dean. Dean is easy. Keep it simple. piety is not making your deen difficult for yourselves.
Well, I can tell villa. But true piety isn't who is in the one who many Taka, the one who fears Allah?
What is the core?
The fear that leads you to obeying Allah and it takes you away from disobeying.
So the truth it isn't the one who fears Allah. How?
Because he is the one who will not disobey
He is the one who will not go against the commands that Allah has given, not that he himself has invented.
So where is the quote?
In the heart?
What Toyota and enter your houses from where men from its doors,
enter the house through the proper door, don't make the situation difficult for yourself
this part of the ayah? or What will you tell me about this is understood in another way as well.
there is an Arabic proverb, there's an Arabic expression, which is italic beta, min baby, so and so he entered the house, from the door, this is the literal meaning of this elevator, min baby. And this is an expression. And what it means is that so and so did the action properly. So and so did the right thing with the right approach. He did something as he should have done it.
He entered the house through the door, he didn't jump over the wall.
What does that mean? He entered the house as he should have entered the house with the right approach in the right manner.
So at that time, in Revit, he means to do something in the proper way to adopt the correct manner.
And when you adopt the correct way of doing something, then obviously the result is also good.
But just imagine you have to get into the car to drive the car. Are you going to enter the car from the passenger seat? Or from the back door? No. What are you going to do?
What are you going to do? You're going to enter the car from the driver's door. Right? You're going to open that door and enter from there.
And if you open up the back door and then go inside and then climb towards the front, are you going to make life difficult for yourself? Yes, you are.
So similarly, when there is no such restriction in the deen and if you invent concepts in your religion, what are you doing? You're complicating the religion for yourself.
Remember, innovations? Incorrect practices, they make the deal difficult.
They make the dean unrealistic.
And when we keep the dean as it is, then it's easy.
The thing is, yes, we learned earlier you read the law become a user. Well, are you ready to become an Ursa. So be clear and straightforward. do things the right way, do things the way that they have been prescribed, don't invent your own things. And we see that the following verses are with regards to hedge when it comes to hedge people have invented so many things on their own.
For example, we know that during a normal person is not allowed to cut his hair.
During your home, a person is not allowed to cut his hair.
And when you remove the harm, then it's a ritual to cut your hair.
Now people will not scratch themselves, no matter how itchy they are. Why? Because they will say, Oh, my hair might fall out. But even if you don't cut your hair, even if you don't scratch yourself, you still get rid of your hair.
So when we invent things in the religion, then becomes difficult to observe.
And if you notice, this has gone right after mentioning the new moon, the crescent
we learned earlier. So no little Yachty. Right? Begin fasting when you see the moon. Simple as that.
Why complicate the situation and wait for other people to tell you. Okay, did you cite the moon in that continent, across the Atlantic miles and miles away? 1000s and 1000s of miles away?
The rule is simple. If you see the moon where you are, begin fasting, if you don't see the moon where you are, wait till the next day.
And if a person says that no, okay, the moon was sighted over there. So we should also follow. If you think of it, Dean is for everybody. It is for you. And it is for the person who dwells in the desert. It is for the person who is alone, and is for a person who lives with technology. Yes, we have technology and it helps us communicate faster.
But if you take this ruling, then what we're saying is that before when people did not have technology, and they did not have the means to communicate, and if people began fasting on a different day than other people, then what did that mean?
What does that mean?
What does that mean that before when people did not have technology they did not have the means to communicate. And they were fasting on different days. What does that mean?
One group was wrong, they Ramadan was wrong. That's what that means.
We have been given a simple rule where you are looking at the moon, if you don't see the moon, don't fast, if you see the moon fast, you don't have to look at what other people are doing. You are where you are, just as you look at the sun to determine the time of the, to determine the time of mercury to determine the time of us. Similarly, you look at the moon where you are to determine the beginning of the month or the ending of the month. It's as simple as that. Keep things simple. Don't complicate the situation.
Venus simple, when it is kept as it is.
What the whole law and fear of law.
how should you fear Allah?
Meaning don't disobey Him, learn learn to be home, so that you all are successful.
So what do we see over here that in order to be successful dakoda is necessary.
What the whole law her law I log on to flee Hoon, Fear Allah saw that you're successful.
We saw that in the eye of the court and they were mentioned together as well.
Elsewhere in sort of neither IoT also, Allah says with our new
cooperate overbit antiqua. So we see that bear and taqwa are always together, they complement each other. When a person does bit, he improves in a circle.
When a person has dukkha, he does with both go hand in hand.
And in order to be successful, we need both of these things. We need dukkha and we alternate.
And remember, bid is not just one type of righteousness. It's about looking out for every opportunity to do any good data loss prank data lakes, whether it is belief or it is spending well, or it is fulfilling a promise or it is being patient. So we see that the horse and bear go hand in hand.
That's let's listen to the recitation.
Yes, Luna, can you
ourselves from the ayah? What do the Buddha mean abueva.
If a simple thing, such as entering the house from the proper door is mentioned in the Quran, doing things properly when it comes to even entering the house. What about other matters of our lives? For example, raising children or marriage related issues or anything in life, fasting, Hajj, anything in life? How can we do that
in the proper way? And what is the proper way? The way that Allah and His Messenger have taught us? What else do we learn from this?
Then is easy and innovations? We complicate the religion? What else?
The choir the way to achieve success? What do we learn from what tool we use them in a way?
be straightforward. Do things properly, do things correctly. be straightforward. Many times, we pretend we keep something else in our hearts. And we show something else. We say something else.
Just be straightforward. It doesn't mean you have to be rude to say it. Make your life easy, and make the life of the other person easy.
For example, a person goes to another person's house as a guest. And they asked you what would you like to eat? Or would you like to tea this? Would you like it that way? Like no no. However you want to talk however you want it to be however you want. And just tell them how you like it. Make your life easy. You will get it as you like and they will be satisfied as well.
So do things properly. be straightforward. Make your life easy and make life of other people easy.