Tafsir Surah al Baqarah #06 S2 V172-193

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Taimiyyah Zubair

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Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu

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are the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim rubbish. rocklea sorry, were silly MD. Dr. melissani yokocho Kohli Allahumma hadeel Colby economy was said diddly Sani was slow supima Jacobi amin era I mean,

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam encouraged us to recite Surah Al Baqarah. And in that in obedience to His instruction in order to seek the blessing that the suta offers the protection that it brings, we continue with our journey of the study of Surah Surah Baqarah and inshallah Today we will begin from verse number 172. Allah subhanaw taala says yeah, you have levena Manu, all you who have believed kulu min Peggy Bertie, Morocco now comb wash guru Lila, in quantum a Yahoo tar boon that all you who have believed, eat from the good things which we have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah, if it is indeed him that you worship. Previously in total, Bukhara we learned

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that Allah subhanaw taala addresses all people that Yeah, a yohannes all mankind, each of the good things eat the lawful things. And here specifically, the believers are addressed, that all believers you should eat of the good things which we have given you, which we have provided you with shows us that whatever provision we have, and whatever form it is in, it is in fact given to us by Allah subhanaw taala Yes, we try we put in the effort to seek provision, but ultimately it is Allah subhanaw taala who provides us and then it is said wash guru Lila. Be grateful to Allah, if it is him that you worship, meaning that after we eat, we must show gratitude to Allah subhanaw taala why

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because food, the risk the provision that Allah subhanaw taala has given us whether it is in the form of food or drink any form. This is a blessing from Allah. Allah Pousada says in the Quran for kulu Mima Rosa Kakuma Allah who Hillel and Paiva that eat from that which Allah subhanaw taala has provided you that is lawful and good. So be grateful for what for the blessing of food for the blessing that Allah subhanaw taala has given you and a person who eats lawful food, good food and then thanks Allah subhanaw taala after eating the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that Athar image Shakira Beeman Zilla to saw me submit that the person who eats and shows gratitude to

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Allah is at the same position, same status as the person who fasts and is patient. Now the question is, how is it that we show gratitude for or after eating? How is it that we we thank Allah subhanaw taala Ibrahim inaho. He said that chocolate bar army gratitude for food is that you mentioned the name of Allah when you eat, and you thank Allah you praise Allah, after you are done eating. So begin with the name of Allah Bismillah and then after eating, praise, and thank Allah subhanaw taala and what are the best words of showing gratitude to Allah? You know, we can say things like, Thank you Allah, we can say things you know, in our own language, but the best words of expressing

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gratitude, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, what a follow shoukry Alhamdulillah that the best form of gratitude is to say Alhamdulillah all praise, all thanks is only for Allah. And we should thank Allah subhanaw taala for whatever amount of food or drink that we consume in a Hadees we learn that Allah subhanaw taala is pleased with the servant who eats a bite of food and thanks Allah subhanaw taala for it praises Allah subhanaw taala for it or takes a sip of a drink and and thanks and praises Allah subhanaw taala for it. So sometimes you know as you're cooking as you're preparing food, you're just tasting, right? But even as you're tasting than say Bismillah before you

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put that food in your mouth, and on swallowing it, thank Allah say Alhamdulillah sometimes you just take a sip as you're working you take a sip of your coffee, so but

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For you take that sip Bismillah after that Alhamdulillah meaning don't just wait until you know the end of a meal to say Alhamdulillah rather, even if it's, you know, just a bite of food, a sip of a drink, at that time also express gratitude to Allah subhanaw taala. And when a person thanks Allah subhanaw taala praises Allah subhanaw taala then look at the reward. In a head these we learn that whoever eats food, and then says Alhamdulillah he levy up our money had a Brahma was a corny human lady, how limini welaka whoever says this, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that all of his previous sins will be forgiven. Imagine after every meal, every time that you eat, you thank

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Allah subhanaw taala by saying these words you have the opportunity of earning forgiveness for all of your past mistakes. What do these words mean? They mean Alhamdulillah all praise and thanks to Allah, Allah the author, Armani has a thumb, the one who fed me this food was upon he and provided it to me, mean lady holy mini without any, you know, power or effort of mine when a puja or any, you know, strength, meaning if I have this food, this is purely Allah subhanaw taala is favor upon me. And really, if we think about it, you know, these past few months, what they have taught us is that, that we are constantly deceived, we think we have control but in reality, we do not have control.

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All control is with Allah subhanaw taala. So any blessing we receive, it's because Allah subhanaw taala facilitated that for us. So all believers eat of the good things, good things, meaning those things which are lawful for you. And then after you eat, thank Allah, don't forget him. If it is truly him that you worship, then it is said in Namah Hama, la como el Mater. What dama wala Hamel, frenzied, warmer Oh Hill, every Lehigh Rila he has only forbidden to you dead animals blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah. Now, it seems from the wording of this idea, as if only you know, these four things are forbidden, meaning only these

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things are forbidden for consumption, that we heard that he has only forbidden to you, dead animals blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than a lot, but this is not what the ayah means. Remember that this verse is not an exhaustive list of haram foods, but it is given in response you need this list is given in response to the good foods that the mushrikeen had made unlawful for themselves. And this is something that we discussed earlier in the verses. For example, the Arabs, what they would do is that if you know a she camel gave birth to female camels consecutively, what they would do is that they would leave that camel to roam freely for their idols

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and they would not slaughter it and no one was allowed to eat it. So it is clarified over here that when it comes to livestock, then it is only some animals that Allah subhanaw taala has forbidden and what are they? What are those animals or parts of those animals, first of all, Almeda the dead and made that is the animal which dies without having been slaughtered properly. So for example, it dies because of a fall or because of a disease or because of drowning. So when you see an animal that is dead, carrion, you cannot eat it. And then after that blood is mentioned, what is meant by blood is flowing blood. So like, for example, when an animal is slaughtered, and as the blood is coming out,

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sometimes what people do is that they collect that blood and they use that blood, you know, they consume it or they mix it in milk or they cook with it. So, this is something that is not permissible. So whether it is blood that is flowing at the time of slaughter, or for example, an animal is you know, wounded, and then that blood is collected, and that is used for consumption. This is not permissible. However, after an animal has been slaughtered properly, sometimes what happens is that, you know, as you're preparing the meat as you're cooking, then what happens is that you see a little bit of blood, you know, oozing out, that is not flowing blood. So it is it is it

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does, it doesn't make your food unlawful, that that is something permissible because in the Quran, we learned demand must for hand, meaning flowing blood blood that has been shed, that is not permissible. And then the third thing that is listed over here is lamb Elkins eat the flesh of swine. Now, even though it seems as though it's only the flesh that is impermissible. It doesn't mean that the bones are permissible or the fat is permissible. Why is

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The flesh mentioned over here the meat, because it is mainly the meat and especially off the swine, that people go for, right because of, you know, because that is that is the main thing that is consumed. So, a swine have in xid whether it is slaughtered or it dies itself, any all of it is forbidden for consumption. And then fourthly, that which is slaughtered for other than Allah that which has been dedicated to other than Allah. What does it mean by this, this means an animal that is slaughtered for someone other than Allah in the sense that when the animal is being slaughtered than at that time, the name of someone other than Allah is taken. For example, the mushy keen, they

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would dedicate, you know, certain animals when they would slaughter the animals, they would dedicate them to their idols, they would slaughter them in the name of certain idols, or for example, people do that in the name of certain righteous people, or profits or angels. So, this is something that is not permissible. Remember that slaughter is a ritual, it is an act of worship, it is a sacred deed, because a life is being taken, blood is being spilled, and that is only allowable when it is done in dedication to the one who created that animal. Allah subhanaw. taala is the one who created the animal, he owns it. And therefore, when the animal is being slaughtered, it should only be by his

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permission, in the way that he has legislated and dedicated to him, and only him as the virgin in Hades we learn marunong man verba Halle lady Allah, whoever slaughter is an animal for someone other than Allah, meaning dedicating that animal for someone else, then such a person is cursed. Such a person is far removed from the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala. The question is, that why has Allah subhanaw taala made certain foods unlawful? Here, only four things are mentioned but in other places of the Quran and also from the Sunnah, we learn about you know, certain other things which are forbidden. So why is it that foods certain foods are unlawful for consumption, because through these

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commands and prohibitions, we are being tested, Allah subhanaw taala is testing as to who will submit to Allah and who will submit to His own desire. And secondly, when Allah subhanaw taala has made certain foods unlawful, then this is for our own well being for our own benefit for our own safety, any there is a reason there is a wisdom there is a benefit as to why Allah subhanaw taala would prohibit certain things. For example, if an animal has died, because of some disease or infection, and then people consume it, then there is a risk that that you know, people will also get sick and that disease can spread. So it for our own safety for our own protection. Allah subhanaw

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taala has forbidden certain things. And then it is mentioned that femenina thought rahila balin What are odd in Fela, ismar La ilaha furel Rahim. But whoever is forced by necessity, neither desiring it nor transgressing its limit, there is no sin upon him. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. So remember that our Deen our religion is a religion of practicality. And it so happens at times that a person is literally at the verge of death, meaning if they don't eat something, they're gonna die. And they find nothing available for consumption except a food that is unlawful, like for example, a dead animal. So if a person does not eat that, then what's going to happen they will die or at times

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a person is forced by, you know, compulsion, where a person's you know, life is threatened. We see that for example, there are, you know, so many Muslims May Allah subhanaw taala, you know, create ease for them, so many Muslims who are, you know, in certain parts of the world where they are forced to, you know, outwardly or external, or, you know, at least show that they're not Muslim, and they have no choice, they have no choice whatsoever. So, it is mentioned over here that feminie whoever is forced, forced to do what forced to eat that which is unlawful, meaning they have to eat what is haraam? In order to survive? If they don't eat that they will die or they will be killed? So

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then Allah subhana wa tada is Forgiving and Merciful towards such a person. However, there are two conditions. What are those conditions that first of all, lay labelling and secondly, what are the meaning one consuming that Allah

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for food, of course, this will only be in a state of compulsion. But when consuming that unlawful food, a person should not be ballin, who is battling badly is a person who is desiring something, meaning they should only eat out of extreme necessity, not without necessity. And when eating that whole long food, Kenny dish should not desire it that oh, you know, I've always heard that, you know, pork has a certain flavor, and you know it cetera, et cetera. So I like the idea that I get to try it. Finally, a stuffit Allah No, as a person is eating that food, that unlawful food in that state of compulsion, any they should have that, that feeling in their heart that I don't want to do

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this, y'all Allah you forgive me, I do not like to do this, but I have no other choice. Secondly, what are our than our then meaning a person should not transgress the minimum limit. So for example, if a bite or two will allow a person to survive, then they should not go on having, you know, one steak and then another and then another, no, just eat the bare minimum for survival. And this teaches us a very important 50 principle, you know, a principle of our religion, which is a little lot to be heard,

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that when when people are in, in a situation of extreme necessity, than even that which is impermissible, becomes permissible. So, in generally speaking, the meat of a carrion is not lawful. The meat of a swine is not lawful. But if a person is in a situation of extreme necessity, and that is, for example, that if they don't eat something, they're going to die, then in that situation, a little bit of the unlawful is permissible. And then look at how the verse ends, that Allah subhanaw taala is a little fudo Rahim Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Because you see a person of event a person of taqwa will have that guilt, that shame in their heart, that fear in their heart. So it is

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as though Allah subhanaw taala is consoling, you know, the righteous slave that you don't need to worry, Allah is Forgiving, Allah is merciful, it is out of his mercy, that He has given this accommodation and he has given this permissibility and he is forgiving. Yes, because apparently you are breaking the rules, but Allah subhanaw taala is forgiving because of the situation that you are in. Then it is mentioned in the lead in a octomore nama unzila la hoomin Al Kitab, where storeowner be feminine kalila indeed, they will conceal what Allah has sent down of the book and exchange it for a small price. They conceal revealed knowledge, why in order to gain worldly benefit such people

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what are they doing in reality? All a cameo colonna, feeble Tony him ill and now they consume not into their bellies except the fire. When are you Kalima Humala, who Yamal piano What are user key him? Well, a homer I double Aleem, and Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will he purify them, and they will have a painful punishment. Why would someone hide knowledge? Why Why would they hide factual information revealed knowledge, because by keeping people ignorant, you can actually take advantage of them, you can exploit them. So, by hiding facts, people are able to commit many injustices. So it is meant it is clarified over here that whatever a person gains by

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keeping people in the dark, that benefit is only going to result in the fire of hell. So this is a severe warning against hiding the truth and hiding it, especially for some gain for some worldly gain. Because what happens is that when people find out about the truth, they know what, you know what the facts are, they start to demand their rights, they start demanding justice. So a lot of people exploit the masses or exploit even their family members, how by keeping them ignorant, by you know, brainwashing them by, you know, telling them lies. So, this is a great crime. Mohammed bin carb said, that it is not permissible for a knowledgeable person to be quiet with his knowledge,

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meaning when Allah subhanaw taala has given you knowledge, then do not remain silent. You must spread that knowledge you must speak with that knowledge you must inform people about the truth, nor is it permissible for an ignorant person to be quiet about his ignorance, meaning when you don't know about something and people think

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You know, then don't pretend as if you know, you know you should be, you should be clear about you know about telling people as to what you are knowledgeable of and what you are ignorant of, so that people are not in any deception, has an adversary said that whoever knows something should teach it. And I warn you against concealing knowledge, because it is destruction. And we see in this ayah there's a great warning against this. And we see that where there is punishment for hiding knowledge, there is actually great reward for spreading revealed knowledge for spreading religious knowledge. And we see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam even prayed, even made the offer

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such a person, it is said Allah, Allah Dena Sherwood, Allah, Allah Bill houda, while adapa bill ma Farah, those are the ones who have exchanged guidance for error and forgiveness for punishment. Subhan Allah with that knowledge, they actually had the opportunity to be guided to increase in guidance to be a source of guidance for others, they had the opportunity to earn forgiveness from Allah subhanaw taala. But instead of taking that, what did they take, instead, they took instead misguidance error and punishment from our OS bought a home Island now. So how patient they are in pursuit of the fire. What does this mean? This means that the punishment will be so severe for them

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on the Day of Judgment, that those who will see them will be shocked, they will be amazed. And they will say from our ossabaw, whom I learned, how patient they are over the fire, and he's such a tremendous punishment, how are they able to bear it? And then from our sponsor, whom Allah now this is also in a question, that what is it that has made them so patient to bear the fire that has made them so willing to bear the punishment of the Fire? That what is this cause? And that is their greed? Then how tremendous is there agreed that he can be anila nezzer Al Kitab a bill help. Why is such a severe punishment that is deserved by them because Allah has sent down the book in truth,

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Allah subhanaw taala did not reveal the book so that it is hidden away, and people are not informed about it. No, this contains the truth and people have a right to find out about it. What in the levina tele fulfill kitabi Luffy. Shoe coffin buried. But Indeed, those who differ over the book are in extreme dissension, meaning those who differ regarding the book, The truth is there, but still, they are divided regarding it. So they are because of their division. They are in extreme dissension, meaning they are in opposition to one another. Then you see, this kind of division is a disaster. It is not a blessing. differences are inevitable because people think differently,

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differences are inevitable. What is not correct is division. There is a narration which says if Tila for amati, Rama, that the differences within my oma are a mercy. But this narration is actually weak. It is not a Heidi's because Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran, that while I is Luna mortally feed, that people will continue to differ from one another Illa Rahim Allah book except for the one on whom your Lord is merciful to towards whom your Lord is merciful, meaning those who remain united, those who remain united meaning upon the truth. They're the ones who receive a loss of patatas mercy. But those who become stubborn on their opinions, who are not willing to accept the

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truth, to change themselves according to the truth, they would rather leave the truth or alter the truth, but they don't want to change themselves than such stubborn people are deprived from Allah subhanaw taala has mercy. So we should not be amongst such people. We should change ourselves according to the truth that we learn not that we start changing the facts out of our stubbornness. Then it is said lay sabirah unto a loo would you How come people mush up? Well, Muslim, righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west. This is teaches us about the true meaning of piety. It teaches us what religiosity what righteousness, what goodness really

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looks like. And this idea is known as IR to bed. So Fiona 30 said about this verse, that this verse contains all forms of piety. And even Kathy said, that the one who adopts the traits, the qualities that are mentioned in this verse, The

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They have entered into Islam fully. So let us look at this verse and see what religiosity what piety what righteousness truly looks like. So that we can also act upon it. So Allah subhanaw taala says lace and Billa unto Allah Buju How come people and mashiki will Mahara. While alkenyl Billa an arm and a biller, he will do me a favor, while melodica while keytab when nabin righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but true righteousness is in one who believes in Allah, the last day, the angels, the book, and the prophets, you see, when the prayer direction when the Qibla was changed, there was a lot of criticism from the People of the Book. So it was

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clarified earlier, that the reason for the change of Qibla was to see who will follow the Prophet sallallahu or to he was on them and who would turn back on his heels. So it is further clarified over here, that piety is not in facing a certain direction. piety is actually in being submissive to Allah or zoologia. If a person does not surrender to Allah, then facing the east, or facing the West, it has no meaning. Any what's the point of performing outward rituals, if in the heart, a person does not surrender to Allah, if in one's heart, a person is not, you know, submissive before Allah, or if in their, in the rest of their life, they are not obedient to Allah, even our bus

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rhodiola horn who said about this idea, lay Sal below unto solu will act our Malou piety is not that you just pray because you face a certain direction when you're praying Salah. So, piety is not just that you pray Salah, well at Dharma Lu and you do nothing else, because you see after it will be inshallah we will learn about many commands that Allah subhanaw taala has given in the sutra commands related to fasting related to hedge related to law and order inheritance, all of these commands are given. So piety is not in the performance, or outward display of certain rituals, it is not about doing what you feel like and leaving what you don't want to do. It is not in limiting

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religiosity to a certain place or a certain act. And then a person does whatever that they desire. You see, a lot of people what they do is that they think that you know, doing certain things is is extremely important, and that is the most important thing, and everything else doesn't matter. So for example, some people think that the only important thing is to praise Allah. So you just praise Allah and then beyond that, any do whatever right earn your income however you want, treat people however, that you want, you know, use whatever kind of language that you feel like and you know what, eat whatever you want. No, this is not piety. piety is in surrendering to Allah azza wa jal,

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and that includes surrendering yourself in the way that you engage with people in the way that you interact with people. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, lb Rojas, mahalo piety is good character. Not that, you know, you pray, and then you treat people however you want. Sometimes what people do is that the thing, the most important thing, the most important thing is to attack Muslim women. So say whatever you want in the name of hon Maru for now here in Mancha, right, that you're commanding what is right for bidding what is wrong. And so you can say it however, you can pass your judgments, you can, you know, attack their, their character, you can say the most disgusting things,

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and in the most rude in the most, you know, most inappropriate way and you're, you're pious, so you know what you can do whatever you want. So, we have to realize that piety, religiosity is an entire lifestyle, and what is that lifestyle, that we surrender to Allah, we we fully submit to Allah, that we don't just limit Islam, or a bother to certain areas of our lives. No, all in all of our life in every aspect of our life, our surrender our obedience to Allah subhanaw taala should be visible. So it is mentioned over here when that Kindle Billa man am Annabella. So, piety first and foremost isn't the person who has faith in the person who has amen the person who believes because even if a

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person were to be very generous, or you know upgrade service to others, with the best of manners, if they don't believe in Allah, they've missed the plot. Any they haven't, they haven't.

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You know done enough any, their their their goodness is not going to benefit them because that prerequisite that basic The foundation is missing and what is the foundation? What is the foundation of piety belief in Allah Buddha Mattila Horne who asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about a man, that what is it? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited this idea to him. In another Hadees we learn that the Prophet sallallahu, Urdu Sunnah was asked about the best deed a ulama have done. And he said, Amen and Billa he was solely to believe in Allah and His messenger. Why? Because this man is what will ultimately save a person from help. The Prophet sallallahu

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earlier someone was asked that what is it that will save is a servant, a slave of Allah from the fire? And he said, a man who Billa belief in Allah, and what does it mean to believe in Allah, it means that we believe in Allah existence, we believe in his rib obeah the fact that He alone is Rob, the creator, the owner, the provider, we believe in his Ulu here in the fact that He alone is God, the one who is truly worthy of worship, and we believe in his smart will suffer in his perfect, most beautiful, most excellent names and attributes. So true piety is of the person who believes believes in who first of all believes in Allah, and then will your will in the last day, and what does that

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mean that a person believes in all the matters that will happen from the moment of death onwards, till eternity, this includes believing in the questioning in the grave life in the barza, the resurrection, he saw the you know, the account paradise, hell, and the people who don't believe in the hereafter. Allah subhanaw taala says, unless you're on larina kw call Allah, the people who have denied who have rejected the meeting with Allah have suffered immense loss, we learned that there was a man by the name of Ibn to the on who was well known for his kindness towards his relatives, and feeding those in need, and I shall do a lot more on how to ask the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa

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sallam about him, that will his kindness help him in the hereafter. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said no, because he never said Rob bill fairly healthy to Medina that Oh my Lord, forgive me my sins on the Day of Judgment, meaning he did not believe in the Hereafter, so his good deeds will not benefit him. So piety begins with belief in Allah and belief in the hereafter. And then well, mela iica believing in the angels also, which means that we believe in the existence of the angels, their names and the unique roles that Allah subhanaw taala has assigned them and a person who does not believe in the angels we learn will maniac for Billa he will mela iica t workqueue. To be he

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will also he will Yeoman. For cada La La Bella number either that whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, his books, his messengers the last day than such a person has gone far astray, far in his misguidance. And then after belief in the angels well kita believing in the Scriptures, which books, the books that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed. And this means that a person should believe in all of them, those that we know of, like for example, toe rot in jail, and also those that we don't know of, like which book exactly was musar they said, I'm sorry, it was Ibrahim or listen, I'm given any we learn about the surf Ibrahim, the surf of Ibrahim, but what were the contents we don't know. So

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we believe that Allah subhanaw taala sent revelation. And so we believe in the contents of those scriptures, the news that they conveyed, the commands that they contained. But since the previous scriptures, you know, were changed by people, or they were forgotten by them over time, we follow the teachings of the final book, The Quran, and then when they begin pieties in the person who believes in all of the prophets of Allah, not that a person becomes selective, I believe in this prophet, but not in that one. Know, if Allah subhanaw taala sent a prophet, then we believe in that Prophet, we don't have the right to, you know, believe in whoever that we want and reject whoever

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that we want. We should believe in, you know, the unique rank and favor that Allah subhanaw taala blessed each messenger or prophet with, we should believe that they were the best of Allah's worshipers, that there were human, that they were innocent, that they were truthful that they fulfilled their responsibilities. So the foundation of righteousness is what it is, it is a man, it is proper, correct faith. But remember, that email is not just a mere belief, it includes action. So what does piety in action look like? The IR continues, we're at Alma Allahu be the will call by Willie uttama Wilma Sakina

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webinars Seville was set ilina woefully carb, and who gives wealth in spite of love for it to who to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask and for freeing slaves, so pieties and the person who gives their wealth in spite of love for it, meaning they love their money, they love their belongings. And remember, that man is not just cash, it is not just money, it is anything that a person owns. So whatever it is that they own, even though they love it, their love for Allah is greater. Their concern, their compassion, and willingness to benefit people is greater than their love for wealth. And because of that, they're able to spend on others, what they love for

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themselves. And remember that people who give regularly who give every day, then every single day, we learn the two angels, you know, they descend and they say something, one angel says, oh, Allah, give more to the one who spends. And the second angel says, oh, Allah, withhold from the one who is stingy. So a righteous person, a person who has been, what do they do, they spend, but who do they spend on, they spend on the will corba, those who are closely related to them. And this is basically their relatives, both from the both from the paternal side and the maternal side, meaning your relatives through your father's side and your relatives from your mother's side your blood

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relatives. And remember that there is double reward for spending on relatives, why one for spending, and the other for being good to a relative. And the best charity we learn of low sadaqa is that which is given to a relative who is spiteful meaning a relative who has something against you. So think of a think of the people who are related to by blood.

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And ask yourself that, who among my relatives has some problem with me, that I know that they don't like me, that no matter what I do, they're always upset with me, that they're picking a fight with me or they're spreading rumors about me, you know, they have something against me. So now make the intention to give them something and after class in sha Allah, give them something, send something for them, then spending on who well he uttama spending on the orphans also, orphans are children. There are children who have not reached puberty yet, and their father has passed away. So a righteous person will spend on the orphans. Even if those orphan children have guardians, if you

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want to be among the people have been still you should spend on those who are on orphan children. Even if the orphan children are perhaps richer than you because they receive a whole lot of money from the government. And maybe they have inherited a great estate, you should still give them instead of thinking of what you can take from them. You should focus on what you can give them and you see children love gifts. So put a smile on their face while he uttama. Then well masa keen, those in need. Who are they? There are people who have unfulfilled needs. So for example, if they pay rent, they cannot afford to buy clothes for their children. If they pay for their kids

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education, they don't have the means of any transportation. They're barely hand to mouth. So spend on them, and find excuses to give them you know, gifts in order to make their life easy. Because financial constraint is very stressful. It really stresses people out. So bring them relief, but please give them what you would like for yourself, according to your standard of living because the Prophet salallahu earlier center was once offered some food which he refused to eat. So I shall do a lot more on her as that should we not give this to the poor. He said luck to the remote home. mulata Kowloon don't give them to eat what you do not eat yourself, then spend on who webinars Sabine the

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traveler. So righteousness is the one who spends on the travelers, whether you know you are hosting them in your house, or they're traveling through your city, you know, spend on their food on you know something so that they can find rest. Because travel is exhausting. It is stressful. It is expensive, and being stingy with travelers withholding necessities from them is something that is punishable. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned the people with whom Allah will not even speak to nor purify and for whom will be a painful punishment. And one of them is a man who has

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extra water, but he prevents travelers from drinking it, he doesn't allow them to drink it, he withholds it from them. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, this wealth, meaning the wealth of people have, it is green, can eat is beautiful, it is sweet meaning it is enjoyable. So, how excellent is the Muslim owner of wealth, who gives from his wealth to the one in need the orphan and the traveler, meaning where you have wealth, which is beautiful, and it is, you know, enjoyable, you, you have an easy life with it, and you enjoy it, then, from that wealth when you spend on, you know, those in need, when you spend on the orphans, when you spend on the travelers, then that

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wealth, what you own becomes excellent, that is what makes your wealth excellent. And then was sat ilim. Also the righteous spend on those who beg those who ask who asked for themselves? Or who asked on behalf of others, those who asked directly? Or who asked indirectly? Why do they ask because their need or the need of the other has compelled them to ask, so they're seeking financial aid. So for example, you know, to repay a debt, or pay a fine, or they're raising funds for building a mosque or to sustain a good cause. So, so when when someone asks, begs a righteous person, the righteous person will give something the righteous person will not refuse, as the Prophet sallallahu

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wasallam said, that do not return the saddle, the beggar, meaning do not return him empty handed give something then we're fairly carb. So righteousness isn't the one who spends on the freedom of those who are enslaved with it repub in freeing the slaves, and this also includes prisoners, because sometimes, actually, a lot of times there are people who are supine Allah, any sitting in jails, there is no case even against them, no charges against them, and they have no one to to defend them. And why why is that so because they cannot afford a lawyer. So for example, if you, you know, help in that cause, then this is a sign of righteousness. This is a sign of piety. So it is

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not enough for us to just talk about freedom, freedom for all or justice for all, it is necessary that we financially support such causes as well. And then righteousness is further described, what I'll call a slotta, what zecca and who establishes prayer and gives zakat. So righteousness is not just about being charitable, or standing up for justice. Yes, you care for the creation, but you must also fulfill your obligation your duty to Allah. So praise Allah, properly, fulfilling the conditions facing the Qibla pray on time, and then what others is a cat, a righteous person also gives a cat because the cat is what it is the charity that you must give. So a lot of times people

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you know will will focus on doing a lot of extra good deeds, but the primary basic responsibilities are neglected. a righteous person does not do that. a righteous person begins with what is most important, the obligations, and then they go and do extra good deeds also. So gives a cat on time, calculated properly, we learned that even the prophets of Allah were commanded to pray salah and gives a cat and remember not giving a cat to something serious, serious consequences in the Hereafter, while more funa Brd him either I hadoo, those who fulfill their promises when their promise will Sabina fill But sir, he will de la he will handle butts, and those who are patient in

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poverty and hardship and during battle. So here, character is mentioned. righteousness is in one's character also. And out of all the things too are mentioned over here specifically, fulfilling promises and being patient, fulfilling promises, whether those promises are made with Allah or they're made with people. Like for example, a person makes a vow, they make another that Oh Allah, if you if you know that that I have been, you know, freed up from the certain disease you have given me a health so I am going to, you know, go for Hajj. I promised that I'm going to go for Hajj. So that when it when it is time to go for Hajj, and a person finds out Oh, it's so expensive. They say

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oh maybe I will not do it. No, you made a promise with Allah. So now fulfill it. fulfill it

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Well more phone or VR to him either or hadoo same thing promises with people commitments and remember that not fulfilling promises is a trait of hypocrisy, then patients and especially patients when was sabreen A filbert Sir, he will burn raw, he will handle butts, those who are patient in But sir, But sir, is poverty, meaning when they are in need, when they are experiencing financial constraint. And remember, when it comes to financial difficulty, it is something very stressful. So, be patient, when it comes to unemployment, or decline in one's business, or having to shut down one's business to sell one's property, sell one's jewelry, and this is something hard, it is

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something painful. But these matters are beyond one's control. The risk, the provision that is not written for you will not reach you. So be patient with Allah's decree accepted, don't give up on life because of shortage of wealth or because of financial constraint or because of huge financial loss. And don't give up hope either. Keep doing good, whatever that you can, don't let it damage your self esteem your self worth because you are more than just your net worth will Sabrina filbert Sir, what the raw patient in times of the raw. Secondly, the raw is hardship. So for example, when a person is ill, or someone in their family is ill, they get injured, or there's you know, some kind

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of fear. So, a truly righteous person is patient in hard times also, where he Nell backs and in war in battle allama Inanna, local Aafia any, this is a very difficult situation. So a truly righteous person is patient through the ups and downs of life. Even when things go extremely difficult. We see that a lot of people in in EAS they're very good, but as soon as they suffer some kind of decline, illness, or you know, there are some problems in their community, some kind of danger, ie they become so fearful or they begin to question a loss pousadas decree, they begin to lose their faith. So remember that a person's truth, you know, a person's true self, a person's real character is

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revealed. In difficult, unusual situations. There are people whose goodness whose piety shines in such situations, they don't shrink with selfishness and fear. They come forward with courage, with resilience with hope, then they become a source of goodness for those around them also, because they are sabreen they're truly patient. Allah says Allah eco larina Sadako those are the ones who have been true, what Allah eco human with the code, and it is those who are the righteous. These folks are truthful in their faith. They're truly righteous. And these folks are people who are truly God fearing, who live God conscious lives, who don't restrict piety to certain areas in their lives,

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only their consciousness of God. Their taqwa is reflected in every moment, every matter, every interaction, every relationship, every circumstance. Now, after I have to build commands are given. So this is where we test ourselves that how submissive Am I to Allah? subhanaw taala Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, uh, you her levina Manu quotevalet como pisar. So Phil Cutler, all you who have believed prescribed for you is legal retribution for those who have been murdered. And how ruble hurry. Well, Abu Dhabi labadie Well, unser, Bill unser, they're free for the free the slave for the slave and the female for the female. You see, in pre Islamic ignorance, when there was murder,

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people basically did whatever they had the power to do, meaning the powerful oppressed the weak, they took full advantage and the oppressed the weak, only suffered. one form of this oppression was that a murderer would be defended by his tribe. So at times the murderer would go free without being held accountable. Another form was that if there was murder, people would retaliate. And in retaliation, they would not just punish the murderer, but his entire family or his entire tribe, meaning one murder would lead to a war would lead to the death of the entire family, and so many relatives. And sometimes they would demand that if you know a woman from their tribe was killed in

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retaliation. They would want to kill a man as if the worth of a man's life was greater than that of a woman. So here the law of pithos is given that the murderer will be punished

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punished, legal retaliation will be carried out how that the murderer will be charged, not someone else in his place. human life is sacred, whether it is of a man or a woman, a free person or a slave. Some people's lives are not more important just because, you know, they they wear a certain uniform, or because, you know, they're from a certain race, no, every human life is important. So, here it is clarified, that a horrible, horrible abdulhadi that, that it is the guilty person, it is the murder, that will be charged, not someone else in his place. You cannot say that, oh, because someone from our tribe, our family, our people, our community, our race was killed. Right? And we

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are more privileged than you are. Our lives are better than yours. This is why we demand that in retaliation, not one, but two of your should be killed, or someone of a higher status should be killed. No, this is not correct. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that no criminal commits a crime, except that he brings the punishment for that upon himself. No father can bring punishment upon his son by his own crime, meaning a son will not be killed for the crime of his father. And no son can bring punishment upon his father, meaning the father will not be killed for the crime of his son. It is the murderer. It is the person who is guilty, that will be punished. And

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then we see that when it comes to Casals when it comes to retaliation, remember that the heirs of the victim being the person who was killed, his heirs have a few options, what are the options? First of all, they have the option to pardon the murder, if they want to pardon, meaning spare his life, they have the right to do that. Or they have the option to demand pathos. And what is bizarre is that they demand that what was done to the victim is done to the murder, meaning he killed our family member, so we want him to be killed. Why? Why is this because what why is the law of Casals given in Islam, this is so that people have some sense of justice, some sense of you know, that, you

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know that their that their anger or their hurt or their frustration, you know, it is acknowledged basically, because in Islam, we're not just taught to you know, be patient and forgive all the time, that is excellent, that is excellent. If you want to go if you want if you wish to go that path, however, people need a healthy expression or or that or that permission to be able to you know, have a sense of justice, then it is said from an roofie ella whom in a V Shea on fatty bear and Bill Maher roofie, what are their own Eli he be your son, but whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow up and payment to him with good conduct. This is

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referring to the heirs forgiving or pardoning the murder, meaning that they spare the life of the murder, they say that, okay, you killed our family member, we're not going to kill you and in return, we spare your life. However, what we see in this ayah is that in that case, what will happen is that the murderer, the criminal will have to give the blood money

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the criminal has to give the blood money to the heirs of the victim, the family of the victim. So, it is mentioned here that there should be a suitable follow up and payment with good conduct.

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Meaning a person should not just you know, take advantage of that of that situation that Oh, they spared my life. So I better go in hiding, I better escape. No, you have to make the payment of the blood money suitably with good conduct. And that blood money of course it is it is decided. You know, there's different opinions regarding it. But basically the call the the judge gives the ruling. And when it comes to blood money, this is something that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also gave preference to over killing the murder. But I want you to notice something over here, a last parenthesis from an roofie Allahu Minh Effie Shea on sapan. Allah, the murderer is still called a

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brother. Why? Because even though he committed such a huge crime, he's still a brother in faith. And he if he's Muslim, he's still a brother in faith, that bond of of brotherhood of Islam is still there. And this is something that we need to remember. people commit serious mistakes people

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Commit grave offenses don't cancel them altogether. Any. Yes, you have the right to take revenge, but you should acknowledge the goodness that is still in them even if it's if it's very insignificant. It is sad Valley Cudahy for me, Rob become Warhammer. This is an alleviation from your Lord and mercy. What is the option of sparing the life of the murder and the option of taking blood money in its place from an era tada BARDA vatika fella who are the urban and lean but whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment. How could a person transgress after that, that they take the blood money but then the next day, they go and kill the murder as well? Any day

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this is transgression. So remember that when there is murder, there are three offenses. The murder has committed an offense against Allah by committing something.

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The murder has committed offense against Allah, how by committing something unlawful. Allah subhanaw taala has made murder unlawful. So when a person commits murder, first and foremost they have committed a sin against Allah. Secondly, they have committed oppression against the victim against the person whom they killed. And then thirdly, they have also committed injustice against the family, the heirs of the victim. So the law of catharsis, it is for who it is for the family of the victim. Kenny this shows us how how, Rahim Allah subhanaw taala is how merciful Allah subhanaw taala is that the family the friends, any they need to have some sense of closure, a sense of you know

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some justice and for that Allah subhanaw taala has given the law of this house It is said welcome filthy, saucy, higher tone. And there is for you in legal retribution life. Yeah, Lil Al Bab are you people of understanding La La Quinta de Khun that you may become righteous? anyone you think about the love sauce, you know, on the outward, it seems that you know, one person was killed. All right, and now the murder is also going to be killed. So statistically speaking, and you see more loss of life through this law. But in reality, through Casals there is a saving of life. Why? Because when people see the serious consequences of murder, that it's not just a jail term, but it is it is the

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death penalty, right or a whole lot of money. And this is something scary. So this punishment becomes a deterrent. But these days, it's amazing. murderers walk free without any consequences, simply because of their social privilege. Subhan Allah and he This is Jay Hillier. Could you borrow la comida Hello, Heather Komal mode prescribed for you when death approaches any one of you. And now another command is being given and what is prescribed in Kanaka hieron if he leaves wealth, and was the year that he should make a bequest, a bequest for who lil Wiley Dane well a carabin Bill maruf a request for the parents and near relatives according to what is acceptable and this is how can I

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learn with the pain a duty upon the righteous. Now, this is is talking about making a will a request that a person should make it before they die. And this idea is abrogated in one way and not abrogated in another way. How is that? So, it is abrogated in the sense that that initially any this IO was revealed. And then later on the IRS regarding me Roth regarding inheritance were revealed which are in pseudo Nyssa which in which we learned that a person cannot choose you know, how much should go to their parents and other relatives because the legal heirs and their legal shares have been fixed, they have been appointed by Allah and the details of that are in sort of UNICEF, the

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Prophet sallallahu Urdu set him set in the lock on Arthur Kula they have been haka who fella will see utterly wireless that Allah has given every deserver of right has right meaning for every relative that deserves inheritance or last panel tada has appointed a portion. So a person cannot make a will in the favor of an heir.

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So, in that sense, this is abrogated, because in this if a person is being told to, you know make a request for the parents or the parents, that share has been fixed, near relatives, again, the shares of the relatives have been fixed. So in one way, the idea is abrogated. But in another way the eye is not abrogated How? Because in certain cases, we see that parents

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such as

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You know, once adoptive parents are not biological adoptive parents, or an aunt who is like a mother

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or grandparents do not get a legal share. So a person must make a will in their favor, so they get something. And then we see that there are other relatives, such as siblings or nephews and nieces, who also do not always get a share of inheritance, because we see that the presence of certain relatives, like for example, if a person has a child, then their presence will block the shares of other relatives. So in such cases, what should a person do, a person should make a will in favor of those relatives. But remember that the will see the will, can only be up to a third of one's estate, not more than that. And even a third, the prophets of Allah who already have some discretion

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described as Kathy as a lot. So it is better to give less than a third meaning, meaning a person should only make a will of less than a third of their wealth. Why has this allowance been made? We see that you see, in certain matters, we don't have a choice, right? We don't get to choose our heirs or their portions. Allah subhanaw taala has fixed that. But then, almost Pandora has also given us some freedom, that up to a third of your wealth you can give to non heirs, and this is a gift from Allah. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam described this as a means of Ziad that Allah Kofi are Malecon a means of increasing in your deeds, meaning a means of increasing in your reward.

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Because Because it is like a charity, a gift. And remember that when you you know, give a gift, for example, to a good friend, to someone who has, you know, done air sent to you, like for example adoptive parents, or an aunt who has cared for you a nephew in whom you sense you know, a lot of good potential or you know, a righteous cause, then the reward will continue to come for you after your death even. So, from your wealth. In summary, what we learn is that from your wealth, that your estate basically will be divided according to the law of inheritance that our last panel data has revealed. And that law of inheritance is such that the last time Florida has appointed the heirs,

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and they're the legal heirs and their legal shares. However, a person has a choice that before they die, they make a will they make a will, and that will can only be in the favor of whole non heirs, not legal heirs, non heirs, who are they for example, adoptive parents, or for example, you know, a distant relative, someone who, because of the presence of certain relatives, they don't get a share of inheritance or you know, a righteous cause a noble cause. So, when you do that, when you make a will in favor of that, and this is a means of increasing in reward. So, a person should spend, you know, from their wealth in their life in righteous causes, and for after they have died, they should

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leave a will, then it is clarified but it from an badulla who bar them as semirara, who for MMR is more Allah Latina ueber de Luna in the law has Samir and Arlene, then whoever alters the bequest after he has heard it, the sin is only upon those who have altered it. Indeed, Allah is hearing and knowing and this means that a will basically cannot be changed. A will cannot be changed by the IRS. For example, a person makes a will, that, that an eighth of my estate should be given to my nephew. All right, another will is with who with the son, but what does the son do? He he changes the will how that he either hides it, or he erases the name of the nephew, he erases that line completely. He

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changes the name of the nephew. So whoever changes a will, after knowing it, then it then it sin is on the people who change the will who alter the will in the law Samir and arnim Indeed Allah is hearing annoying you can hide from people but you cannot hide from Allah. From an Harpham emotion Jenna fan. Oh isn't for us La Habana home Fela ismar la in the love affordable Rahim. But if one fears from the equator, some error or sin and correct that which is between them, there is no sin upon him. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Because sometimes what happens is that people do leave unfair wills. For example, a person makes a will, that all of their estate should be given to

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their one son

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Nothing for their daughters or that all of it should go in charity, nothing for their family or their children. So, when an unjust will has been left, then what should people do? What should the IRS do, they should alter it, they should change it, why? Because any, because the will is unfair, the person the deceased made a mistake. So, you cannot perpetuate the crime, you have to fix the error. And, and this needs to be done even if a long time has gone by, you see, in certain cultures, women are not given any share of an inheritance, people think that, you know, when when our daughter got married, we got her a whole lot of gold jewelry we spent on her wedding. And so, that was her

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share of inheritance. And now when it comes to our property, our money that will go to our sons, this is not correct, this is a cultural concept, this is an Islamic, your, your inheritance is what is inherited by your family, after you have passed away from the wealth that you leave behind, what you gave in your life as a gift was a gift that that is not inheritance, inheritance is what is divided after, after the death of a person. So if people have made such errors, like for example, you realize that someone in your family made such an error, your parents or your grandparents, then you have children as grandchildren uni it's your responsibility to do is to to make the correction

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to not, you know, let that that sin continue for us to have a new home, you know, brothers, men who have inherited all of their parents wealth, what should they do? They should give the rights of their sisters to them, they should not keep it all with them that Oh, what can I do? This is what my parents did. No, now you have learned you have found out that this was unfair, this was wrong. This is something that contradicts the command of Allah. So you have to be just over here. We learned that a man who had six slaves and that was his that was all of his property. What he did is that just before his death, he set them all free. And what that would mean is that basically his heirs

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have nothing. So when the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam found out, he actually called the slaves and he basically divided them into the, into the rightful heirs, and the Prophet sallallahu ergotism spoke very severely of the man who made this mistake. So, if people make such a mistake, then it is our responsibility to fix that mistake. So remember, Bill, righteousness, piety is not just in doing salah and nothing else, No, you do Salah, but you also have to make sure that there is financial justice that you are following the commands of Allah regarding money also. That it is said yeah, you have Medina, Manu, all you who have believed cookiebot la como cm decreed upon you is

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fasting, come out kuti, Berlin, London, amicably calm as it was, as it was decreed upon those before you. Why has this been decreed La La come to Tacoma, that you may become righteous. So fasting is an act of servitude to Allah subhanaw taala in which a person refrains from certain things a person avoids certain things namely, food, drink and sexual relations from fudger until sunset, and this practice of self restraint or avoidance is for the approval of Allah subhanaw taala. And since it is very effective in the purification of the soul, we see in this idea that it was obligated on the previous nations also, it develops the Aqua in a person which is the foundation of good deeds of

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good character. So fasting has been made obligatory fasting in the words of the Prophet sallallahu Urdu send them his photo alone mosey on, it is an obligation that will suffice a person in the hereafter. And it is a very unique act of worship for in the hula lella There is nothing like it that has no equivalent, and it is a junuh it is a shield from the fire of hell is also a shield against sin. It is a door to goodness among a Webby laid the doors of goodness meaning it is a means of doing a lot of good. And when a person fasts with faith and with expectation of reward than all of his past sins are forgiven. And when a person fasts for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. Right

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with sincerity, we see that the reward for fasting is so great that Allah subhanaw taala says for in the holy what energy Be it is for me and I

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will give reward for it. Because while a person is fasting, they're constantly observing patients. And it's a very private deed between the slave and the Lord, meaning only a las panatela knows whether you really fasting or not. So remember, the purpose of fasting is not to make us physically weak, it is not to hinder our productivity. It is for the purpose of spiritual gain. There is of course, reward for fasting. But fasting produces dakhla, as we see Lai Lacan that the cone so taqwa is the goal, that fasting protects us, it saves us from what from hell, and it also saves us from sin. Because while you're fasting, you're constantly refusing yourself. So it is an exercise of

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refusal, right? You're constantly saying no to yourself, you're building resilience, you're building inner strength. And you need that inner strength to be able to leave sin, to be able to do what is right, and also to be able to say no, to people who invite you to what is wrong. So fasting is an obligation. But this is not just, you know, to torture us. No, it has its benefits. And then it has mentioned a Yama mardu, that fasting for a limited number of days, from an countermine committee alone, Allah suffered in for it the two min a yummy.

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So whoever among you is ill, or on a journey than an equal number of days. So we see here that fasting is obligatory, and at the beginning, it was only obligatory on our shoulder. And then in the second year after digital fasting in Ramadan was made obligatory, and the fasting of our shoulder was made optional.

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And then we see that an allowance is also given. You see, at times, there is a temporary condition because of which a person is not able to fast, like, for example, a person is traveling, or they're unwell, or a woman is menstruating, then in these cases, what should a person do, they should make up there missed fasts later on in the year. And this has mentioned very clearly that so whoever among you was ill or in a journey than an equal number of days, meaning make up those missed fasts later on in the year. And this teaches us a beautiful principle of our religion, which is Alma Sha 230. Liberty said the difficulty begets ease. When things are hard, then allowances are given. So

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when a person is ill, then they can knock fast in the month of Ramadan, they can make up the fasts later. But this is not just every illness, like for example, a person has a headache. So they say, Well, I'm not going to fast No, when it comes to illness, sometimes illness is such that fasting can delay recovery. Why because if you don't take your medication on time, three times a day, then that means that your road to recovery will be longer, right? So you need to take that medication. So fasting could possibly delay the recovery, or fasting could worsen the condition, or at times fasting can even cause death, right. So in all such cases, a person is allowed to not fast, and they

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can make up the fast later, when it comes to travel. Regardless of how long or short the journey is, whether it is by plane or by foot, whether you are, you know, the trip is for business or for, you know, for visiting family, it doesn't matter, because travel in and of itself is a reason for a person to not fast if they choose to not fast, meaning a person has the option. And as for the long run, who said that we used to travel with the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and neither did the fasting persons criticize those who were not fasting, nor did those who are not fasting criticize those who were fasting, meaning some people chose to fast and other people chose to not fast, then

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it is said why larina yokley, akuna, hoof videotron bow miskeen and upon those who are able, meaning too fast, then what should they do? They should give a fifth year a ransom and what is that ransom farmer miskeen feeding a person in need. Now, this is understood in a number of ways. One interpretation is that the that here basically, people are being given an option that those who are able to fast, but choose not too fast, then they can simply give the video. And this choice was actually at the beginning, but later on, it was abrogated by the obligation of fasting later on, it became mandatory to fast. And another interpretation of this idea is that this is referring to those

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who are only able to fast with extreme difficulty because of their long term condition or their invisible condition. They're invisible illness like for example,

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If a person is old, right? If a person is old, then they may be able to fast but fasting can be extremely difficult upon them.

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Why? Because their body has become more frail, it has become more weak, you could say that, well, you're not sick, right? You're not on any medication, you must fast No, the the weakness is invisible. Right? It's the old age, which makes fasting extremely difficult for them. Sometimes there's a chronic health issue, right? Or for example, a person you know is diabetic or a person has an eating disorder or even pregnancy and childbirth, right. So, in these cases, a person may be able to fast but with extreme difficulty, and especially when it comes to you know, a woman who is pregnant or you know, is nursing, then what happens is that fasts of one year, after another year

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after another year are piled up. So, how is a woman able to make up over 100 fast sometimes 200 fasts and even in that, you know, there's a difference of opinion Some say that she should make them up and other say that no, this is and this is based on the opinion of certain companions, that this is under this part of the idea that it is not possible for her to fast during pregnancy, it is not possible for her to fast you know, while she's nursing, and if you know she is obligated to make up the fasts later then this would be impossible for her or it would cause a lot of difficulty because how is she able to you know, have the strength to look after her children and then fast in the

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Ramadan of of the year that she is in and make up the missed fast of that Ramadan. Any there's too much and it's not possible for her to make up the missed fast before the next Ramadan. And it is not possible that a person is given to finds that they give the video and they also have to make up the fasts. No, either person is making up the fasts or they're giving the video, it's there is no double penalty, there is only going to be a single penalty. So in this case, where the where the condition is long term or it is invisible, because of which a person you know they they could fast technically, but with extreme hardship. So in this case, what should be done for videotron Parma

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miskeen then there is a Ranson which is feeding a needy, meaning for every fast feeding a person in need, from an Tupperware ohioan for Hua highroller. And whoever volunteers excess it is better for him, meaning the minimum is that you give one meal or you feed one person in need. But if you want to do more than that, you want to double it, you want to triple it, however, then that is better for you. There is no limit in doing good, be generous. And then it is said well until Sumo highroller combat to fast is better for you in quantum Sarla moon, If you only knew. So for example, you know, a person who has, you know, for instance, reached the age of 60, they should not just assume that,

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Oh, I'm 60 now I shouldn't be fasting. No, give it a try. You never know because of fasting, you know Allah subhanaw taala will give you the energy, you know, because of the blessing of, of you trying to do something good. You might increase in your health and in your strength. A woman who is nursing or is expecting and he shouldn't just assume that Oh, I'm allowed to not fast she should at least try. Likewise, you know if if a woman is nursing, any if she's not able to fast everyday, at least every other day, anyone under Sol highroller calm in quantum tharla Moon at least try because fasting is better for you. And when it comes to, you know, making up the fasts later, in the case of

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temporary condition, then we see that even even though it's perfectly fine, but you will experience this that fasting in the month of Ramadan is way easier than trying to make up the fasts later on at another time of the year. So until Sumo highroller come in kuntum tharla more than ever said Shahada Ramadan a lady on zero feel Quran. The month of Ramadan is that in which was revealed the Quran, Huda lenez a guidance for the people while making it mean alhuda and clear proofs of guidance well for con and criterion. Allah subhanaw taala chose the month of Ramadan for fasting. Why because it is a very special month. In it we receive the greatest gift the Quran, without which we would be

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lost. We would be in ignorance, we would not know the difference between right and wrong good and evil. So to celebrate

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The blessing of the Quran What do we do we fast in the month of Ramadan Allah subhanaw taala chose the month of Ramadan to be the month of fasting. And it is mentioned here that the month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was revealed. So remember that the revelation of the Quran began in the month of Ramadan. So the month of Ramadan is not just the month of fasting, it is also the month of the Quran. So we see that gibreel alayhis salaam would meet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam every night in the month of Ramadan and review the Quran with him. So we should also make it a point that in Ramadan, we recite the Quran, we listen to the Quran, especially in the nights of Ramadan.

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Because the night is the best time for Quran recitation, it is a time of focus. It is a time of sincerity it is a time of closeness to Allah. So Ramadan is for fasting and Ramadan is also with the Quran a month of the Quran. And this way Ramadan becomes a month for all believers, those who are able to fast and also those who are not able to fast that it is that from an shahida minko shout of alia sama so whoever cites the new moon of the month, then let him fasted meaning fasting should only begin after the moon has been cited fully assume who woman cannot marry alone or suffer in ferried the two men a Yemen and whoever is ill or in a journey than an equal number of other days.

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Why Why is this facilitation given? And it's repeated again you read the law who become Will you sir Ah well, are you ready to become a lawyer? Oh sir. Well, it took me a little Allah intense for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and once for you to complete the period any Allah subhanaw taala has made the ways to his approval easy for us, we see that the obligation of fasting itself is easy and he fasting is something that is doable, it is not something that would kill a person. And if and if we are too fast, you need the obligatory fasting is only in the month of Ramadan, not all year round. And even then, if because of a temporary condition a person is not able to fast they can

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make up the number of missed fasts later on in the same year. And if a person is not able to fast at all, then they give the video so they don't lose out on the reward Subhanallah UD the love will be cool Yasser Allah wants is for you. Allah does not want hardship for you. But when he took medullary You should also complete the period, meaning complete the number of fasts. So for example, if the month of Ramadan, of of you know a particular year was 29 days, and let's say a person missed two fasts, then they should make up two fasts later. If the month of Ramadan was a 30 days and they missed three fasts, they should make up three fasts later. So when he took me to read the must

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complete the number one he took up Illa Allah Allah Hadar calm when Allah contact guru and to glorify Allah for that to which he has guided you, and perhaps you will be grateful. See, when you complete something good, when you reach the end of Ramadan, when you have, you know, kept all of these fasts then what is the etiquette that we're taught over here? glorify Allah mentioned his greatness. And this is why undried the day, after the month of fasting and worship, we say Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allah either Illa Allah who Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allah he'll hand we say that that pirot will Allah accomplish guru and thank Allah be grateful to Allah that your Allah, you

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enabled us to fast you enabled us to worship you. And remember when a person is grateful that Allah subhanaw taala gives him the ability to do more good, what he does set, I look everybody around me for in the corrib and when my servants ask you concerning me, then tell them indeed I am near Allah subhanaw taala is corrib he is near his servants, meaning he hears his servants unable, he is Greek meaning he hears them. You see when someone is far from you, and in a different country, any they're not able to hear you. So Allah subhana wa Tada. He is corrib even though he is above his or she is close to his servants closer than the jugular vein. And then he responds to them he is Kareem,

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meaning caribou Java, so he responds to his slaves. Wuji Buddha with a dairy either Darren, I respond to the invocation of the supplicant. When he calls upon me, Allahu Akbar, Allah responds to the DA of the dari Dawa of a dari when either Donnie when he calls upon me, but notice something here. It is not said that Mooji Buddha during that I

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respond to the call of any caller? No, I respond to the call the invocation of Andheri of the certain type of person who makes the meaning when a person makes the are the right way, then it is certainly responded to. The question is, what is the right way? How do we become a dowry? How do we become those people who correctly properly call upon Allah subhanaw taala 10 things. First of all, when we make the law, we should make the law with sincerity with a class, meaning we should purely ask Allah subhanaw taala which means that we worship only him. And we believe that all power all control all resources are with him. We believe that it is his command that prevails that no one can

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give what he withholds and no one can withhold what he gives, it means that we call upon Allah alone a year konar Voodoo yuckiness. 13 that we're not making God to impress people. No, we're making the raw only to Allah, purely for Allah with sincerity, and we avoid all forms of [???]can our lives. Unless prarthana says what the room only seen Allahu Deen. Call upon him, while making your worship sincere to him, meaning sincerely call upon Allah. Secondly, when we make garowe, we should make the all with attention, mean what you say? Because it had these we learned that Allah does not respond to the draw of the heart that is negligent, that is distracted. Meaning when you make God and be

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attentive, be present, and mean what you say. Thirdly, pray with conviction, pray with your pain. As the Prophet sallallahu earlier said, I'm told us that none of you should say that Oh, Allah, forgive me and have mercy on me if you want. No, don't say that. Because nothing is difficult for Allah and no one can compel him. So when you ask, ask with conviction, number four, pray with humility. shed some tears make that miskeen face, you know, break down ask like a beggar. Don't demand like, you know, like, like, like a person who thinks very highly of themselves. No, ask like a beggar. A lost pounds artist has ODU robber come tomorrow. And we're here today in the hula hebbal Murthy. Call

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upon your Lord to learn with humility. So pray with humility. Number five, pray with insistence. Meaning insist and repeat yourself. We learned a Hadees that when a person asks Allah subhanaw taala for Jenna three times. Then even Jenna says that Oh Allah. admit him to Jenna. So ask not once, but again. And again, repeat. Number six, raise your hands. And that means that you spread them open. Sometimes what people do is that they close their hands or they do like this. This is not the correct way. The correct ways that you raise your hands that your hands should, you know, look empty. Yes, you can join them but they should be, you know, empty, and he opened up, don't close

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them up. So raise your hands in Hades we learn that your Lord the Exalted is highly Yun he's shy. He's Kareem, and he's very generous. He feels shy to return. You know the raised hands of his servants empty hand empty, meaning when the servant raises his hands before Allah subhanaw taala. But Allah subhanaw taala does not like to, you know, send that servant away without putting something good in his in his hands. So raise your hands number seven. Make hummed Send blessings on the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam meaning glorify Allah, praise Allah in your da and also send Salatin the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we are in that in the presence of the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam once a man began Dora with sin up by praising Allah, and then he sends out out on the Prophet sallallahu early who is Allah and then he made the offer himself. So the Prophet sallallahu aarnio sent him heard that and he said send Dorota son, daughter, Ask and you shall be given Ask and you shall be given. Number eight, ask through the best words. There are so many comprehensive beautiful doors in the Quran and also in the center, but which we learned that they are accepted supplications like for example, at the end of earlier Milan, there are so many beautiful dogs that are mentioned. And Allah subhanaw taala says first the Geobella home that our

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last panel Tyler responded to them, Allah answered them and those that are that are accepted. So one is that you try to make dry in your broken word.

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Right, and that's perfectly fine, absolutely fine. But along with that, also use the most, you know effective words. And those words can be found in the Quran. Allah tada has taught us many doors through the Quran, and the Prophet sallallahu. Urdu cinema also taught us many doors. So make those doors. Number nine, use a sealer. What is what sealer means of nearness, but use the correct word sealer, meaning use the ways that the Prophet salallahu early Islam taught us in order to make the Torah so that your door is accepted. Like for example, in the Quran, we learn that will allow a smart will Hausner for the Rahu be her that Allah subhanaw taala has the most excellent name, so

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call upon him with them. Meaning when you're making garowe then make Dora by mentioning the names of Allah, or by mentioning your good deeds. Like for example, the three men who got trapped in the cave, right? They mentioned their good deeds as they call upon Allah subhanaw taala. And then finally, number 10 earn lawful wealth. Meaning, if you want your house to be accepted, if you want to be a dowry, then you have to make sure that your your income, right is lawful, what you're wearing is lawful. What you ate is also lawful. The Prophet sallallahu earlier said, I mentioned the state of a person who is you know, traveling and his hair is disheveled, and he's covered in dust,

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and he lifts his hand toward the sky in order to make the right and he says yada Brb, but the Prophet sallallahu earlier said and said that this man's food was unlawful, his drink was unlawful, his clothes were unlawful, right and his nourishment is unlawful, then how can his supplication be accepted? So make sure that you have a lawful income. And when you realize that parts of your income are not lawful, or they have not been lawful, then make Toba because the fall before making draw, ask Allah subhanaw taala to forgive you. So Wuji Buddha dari, either Darren fell yesterday Bulli while you mean ob la Allah whom you're shadowing. So let them respond to me and believe in me, that

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they may be rightly guided Allahu Akbar. If we want our doors to be accepted, then we better accept what Allah subhanaw taala calls us to. Sometimes we complain of how our doors are not accepted, have we reflected on how many times we have not accepted the command of Allah, we have ignored the call of Allah. So we must respond to Allah we must obey Him and worship Him. We should leave disobedience we should leave sin, we should repent. We should seek forgiveness from Allah subhanaw taala for the yesterday Bulli and then we'll you know, be they should believe in me, meaning we should have this trust in Allah, we should believe that Allah subhanaw taala has heard, and he knows what to give me

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when, in what manner we learned in our heads that there is no person who calls upon Allah with a supplication, except that he is answered, either it shall be granted to him in the world, meaning whatever he asked for, is given to him, or reserved for him in the hereafter. So the person continues to make the raw, more and more and more, and all of that reward is being saved for him multiplied for him in the Hereafter, or his sins shall be expiated for it according to the extent that he supplicated Subhana Allah, so fall yesterday, Bulli Will you middleby and this means Lana whom your shoe so that they're rightly guided, meaning we should keep making garowe we should

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continue to call upon Allah subhanaw taala because we need his help. We need right guidance in our lives in you, we have to make so many decisions, so many, you know, different challenges and tests and trials we go through. So we need the help of Allah subhanaw taala. You see, sometimes we complain to people, we we complain to one another, no week we complain in our hearts that oh, this is not working. And this is hard. And you know, my children are like this or my life is a mess. And he if we gave even a fraction of that time, in making our lives would be so much more easier. So remember, there is more than just asking for what you need or desire. When you make the raw. You get

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to process your thoughts. You get to process your feelings. You recognize what you truly want. You recognize why you want it, you acknowledge your weaknesses, you acknowledge your limitations, and your mistakes. So when you make draw, you basically become more self aware. You get to connect with yourself. So it's it's a path to, to self discovery, really. It's a path to self actualization.

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So, ask Allah, you sometimes were shy of asking Allah ask made God because there are certainly helpful. The Prophet sallallahu earlier sent him said Dora helps against what has happened, and also against what has not yet happened. And you whether something happened in the past on you're suffering till today because of it, or something that might happen in the future, the VA can help you against all of these trials. So you must adhere to the and if a person fails to make da the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that the weakest of people is the one who is too weak to make any it doesn't take much to call upon Allah. You don't even have to raise your hands. You don't even have

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to be in a state of woowoo You don't even have to be sitting up. You don't even have to be you know, facing a certain direction. wherever you are. You can call upon Allah subhanaw taala and when a person you know gives up, they despair they don't have any hope. They don't even try then Malema Yes, La La Jolla, La La the person who does not ask Allah than Allah gets angry with him. So never ever feel embarrassed to call upon Allah because of her de sweeter and Lisa Shay on a kilometer and Allah human a dog. There is nothing more noble, near Allah dandora meaning when you when you call upon Allah, you actually increase in your dignity before Allah subhanaw taala it's the exact

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opposite with the creation. When you ask people, you basically lower yourself in their eyes, right? You are sort of embarrassing yourself. But when you ask Allah you're only increasing in your status. So remember, there are is worship adorato who will let me bother. So continue to worship Allah subhanaw taala through by making the art to him. Then it is mentioned where Hey Lola come Laila to see me refer to Isla Nisa, econ hoonah Luba sola comb wa untung libera salon, it has been made permissible for you the night preceding fasting to go to your wives meeting for sexual relations, their clothing for you and you are clothing for them.

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And just as a person is in need of wearing clothes, when it comes to sexual gratification, this is also a need. So here permission has been given that in the night, meaning when you're not fasting, then this is something permissible. And the reason is given hoonah li vassula como uncomely basler Han, that your wives are clothing for you and you are a clothing for your wives, meaning sexual relation is something that you are in need of. Now some people think that in marriage, sexual fulfillment is only for the men. But this idea tells us otherwise. Women also have a need for sexual gratification. So a month A man must be you know, cognizant of that because it is said what untold

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leave us alone, you all men are a clothing for them. So this this analogy that is given here of Libous you see Leber's clothing, it covers a person, right without clothing, a person is naked they're exposed Libous clothing is something that protects a person you know from heat from cold. So, when it comes to this relationship between a husband and wife, there is a psychological emotional physical fulfillment in that and Libous is something that completes a person without it a person feels incomplete, unfulfilled. So there is a certain gratification in this relationship between a husband and wife. So untung hoon, alabaster Lacan, wa untung li basler Han, Ali mala who

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Anakin contant, Dr. Luna and fossa, comfortabele, Kuhn, wherever and come. You see when it comes to our clothing, we all know that our clothing deserve care, right? They need attention. So you treat your clothes with dignity. You iron them, you wash them, you take care of them, you hang them properly. And when it comes to the relationship between a husband and wife, this relationship also deserves attention. It also deserves care. And he don't take it for granted and do not neglect it. And he This is a place of closeness. It's not a place of violence. It is a place of compassion, of tenderness of care. So this relationship should be treated in this way. Then the last panel tada

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says arnim Allahu unknown condom Dr. Luna and fossa comfortabele Kumara Ferran comm Allah knows that you use to deceive yourself so he accepted your repentance and forgave you. But I'll do a lot more. To explain this. He said that when the order of compulsory fasting of Ramadan was revealed, people did not have relations with their wives for the whole month of Ramadan. But some people cheated themselves by violating that restriction. So Allah subhanaw taala revealed this part of the idea and then the permission was given full Anna Bashi ruhuna Roberta Huma Khattab Allah hula comb, sir

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Now have relations with them and seek that which Allah has decreed for you. What kulula shabu had diathermy janela como hypo obeah luminol heightened a sweaty mineral fudger and eat and drink in the night until the white thread of dawn becomes a distinct to you from the black thread of night. So it mostly Emma Elaine then complete the fast until the sunset. So remember that at the beginning, the manner of fasting was such that after a shot if a person slept, meaning after the night prayer, if a person slept, their next fast would basically begin meaning if they woke up in the night, they could not eat, they could not drink and the relationship between husband and wife, I mean, a person could

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not do that. Now one of the companions we learn a place in sliema. We learned that he asked his wife for some food at the time of if thought, but by the time she found something and brought it he had fallen asleep because he was tired from the day's work. And so that meant that he continued to fast he didn't get to eat anything. So, the next day he fainted. And so, this IO was revealed. And this idea brought the companions much needed ease and delight. So it is made clear over here the during the hours of the night there is no fasting, which means that you can eat you can drink the relationship of a man and woman any physical intimacy that is permissible. However, from fudger,

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which is the time that is described as when the white thread of dawn becomes distinct from the black thread of night, until the time of sunset, a person is supposed to fast and it is said eat and drink in the night, which means that we should eat some food, because there is Baraka in it. And then it is clarified what after by Sheila one hour until Marquis fauna filma, Sajid and do not have relations with them as long as you were staying for worship in the mosques. Meaning when a person is making the earth decaf than during ethic, if this is something that is not permissible till the hoodoo de la he Fela, Takara Buddha these are the limits set by Allah so do not approach them

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karateka you obey you know Allah, Who is he leanness, la la mia tahune Thus does Allah make clear his ordinances to the people that they may become righteous, and these clarifications are not to make our life difficult. This is so that we can we can become righteous and we can be protected from from punishment. One of the kulu amwell a convener Campbell belting what to do to be her Elan hook come and do not consume one another as wealth unjustly or send it in bribery to the rulers, why? Lita kulu for your common unwellness you would do that in order that that they might aid you to consume a portion of the wealth of the people. Bill is me insane. We're anthem Darla moon while you

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know that that is unlawful. Right after the verses related to fasting averse is given regarding unlawful wealth. You see, while we're fasting we don't eat or drink we stay away from what we are so used to. Why because we are obeying Allah soprano Torah and fasting proves us that we are stronger than what we think of ourselves. And fasting teaches us that we can definitely survive without certain things. So, when it comes to money, a lot of people become careless, that they don't care about you know, where their are making their money from is it through lawful means or unlawful means, so, it is made clear over here that do not consume one another as wealth unjustly and

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unjustly means any any unlawful way whether it is through the Rebbe through interest or it is through theft or it is you know, lottery etc any there's so many wrong ways. So, do not do that. And then specifically bribe is mentioned what to do to be halal hookah you see to the loo is a very interesting word, it is from Dell Dell is to is basically a bucket of water which a person lowers into a well, why because the water is beyond reach, you cannot reach it by your hand. So you throw a bucket down in order to draw water out. So just like that, sometimes what happens is that there are things that are not legally yours, but then what people do is that they offer a bucket right meaning

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a certain amount of wealth to who certain individuals in power, like for example, judges, why so that they can get the things which are not legally theirs, right when you will offer a bribe to this person in power. What will he do? He will, you know, give you or he will enable you to access what is not rightfully yours. So don't do that neither earn unlawful wealth nor use your money to earn what is unlawful bill isn't because this

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Where you are taking the wealth of people through sin, this is a sin. And you're doing this until Darla moon knowingly you know that this is unlawful, you know that this is unethical. So stay away from it. Again, righteousness is not that you just pray and you do whatever else that you want. righteousness is that you fully surrender to Allah, even when it comes to how you earn your money, and how you spend your money. And remember that if a person earns wealth, unlawfully, unlawfully, and then from that unlawful wealth, they spend in good causes, like for example they spend on their relatives, or for example, they spend, you know, to to help someone earn their freedom, etc. This is

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not rewardable for them, it is actually going to increase them in their sin, we learn in our Hadees that it will only be Islam or LA IE it will only be further burden on him. So not only is the reward not there, that spending actually becomes a liability. So stay away from her on wealth. Yes, aluna. Currently a hill. They ask you about the new moons only yamawaki to the NASS leanness will hedge say they are measurements of time for the people and for Hajj. Subhana Allah.

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When it comes to a healer, a healer, Hillel is a singular, this is the crescent. So the people asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about the new moon, meaning the crescent, not just about, you know, the waxing and waning of the moon, that why is it that it increases and decreases? You see in Jay Lee people had certain superstitious beliefs about the moon, right? That if it's, you know, growing in its size, and this is happening, and now that it is decreasing in its size, and this is happening, now that it has disappeared, this might happen and now that it has appeared that might happen. And we see that this this was not just at that time, even today, in in different cultures,

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different parts of the world, people have superstitious beliefs about the moon, about the sun, about the stars, etc, etc. So this, these myths are being debunked over here that the the crescent is for what purpose molap peterlin ness, it is a means of telling time for people any by looking at the moon, its size, you know, its its growth, its decrease, people are able to make sense of time. And really, the crescent is a universal calendar. Well, hedge and specifically hedge. So most people in the US will hedge What does that show us that through the the natural, you know, calendar, that the that we are able to, you know, figure out through the through the moon, we're able to manage our

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worldly affairs as well as our religious affairs. So for example, when it comes to hedge, you know, you have to make sure that the moon was cited, right of the hedger and then, you know, on a certain day of the hedges, certain rituals of which are to be performed when it comes to Ramadan, the beginning of the month, the ending of the month, all of that is related to the moon. When it comes to your givings a cat that is by lunar calendar when it comes to weaning your child off of breastfeeding, that is also by lunar calendar. When it comes to your children starting to press Allah at the age of seven, that is also by lunar calendar. So you need this is for our religious as

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well as our worldly matters. Now, another myth is is debunked while a Serbia through the untapped Tobu termin. Louie how well I cannot be Rahmani Taka and it is not righteousness to enter houses from the back but righteousness is in one who fears Allah what the hello hello Allah come to flee hoon. And sorry what tollbooth I'm in Abu Dhabi, her and enter houses from their doors. What the Hello Hello and welcome to flee home and fear Allah that you may succeed. Now, the Arabs in pre Islamic

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pre Islamic Arabia. They believe that once you leave for Hajj and for some reason you're not able to continue and that happens you leave for HUD you're not able to continue you have to return home than they thought that you cannot enter your house from the main door. right because you are returning from a good cause. You know, you weren't able to complete it. So you don't enter the house from the main door. What you do is you enter your house from the backdoor you climb over a wall or something. So it is made clear over here that complicating things is not religiosity. Henny, if you're not able to continue your journey of hedge, there is a proper way of exiting the salon. And that is mentioned

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later on in the verses. But here we are taught a very important lesson. That righteousness is about doing things the right way.

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pferd kulula Come on lemma calm. remember Allah as he has taught you, meaning practice religion the way it is supposed to be practiced. Sometimes we invent things in the name of religion just to make things difficult for ourselves and in the name of piety we will make, you know, certain things unlawful for ourselves or we will complicate certain matters. He This is not piety. Deen is clear. Religion is clear. It is simple. Allah subhana wa tada has completed the revelation of Islam, everything that we needed to know the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us that so do things the right way do things according to the way that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed. And this

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also teaches us that adopt the easy way any when you're entering the house, there is no piety in entering the house from the backdoor any you're imposing difficulty upon yourself by climbing over a wall. Why not just go through the main door? Any Why are you making things hard? So be easy. And when you're when you're easy when you're realistic, you're also more effective. And you know, for example, when it comes to commanding what is right for bidding what is wrong. This is something that a lot of people are very passionate about, that we see something that we feel is not correct. So we want to voice our opinion. Well, if you want to do that, make sure you do it the right way. Don't be

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harsh, don't be you know, excessive, because people who make you know their religion hard unnecessarily, and they will only be defeated as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam explained, then it is mentioned while karate roofie Sabina la Hill Medina ukata Luna calm one at our tudu in Allah, Allah you have been martyred in fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors. So the verses of Hajj are basically being mentioned over here and within these verses is the command to fight. What's the connection? You see going for Hajj going for Omar at that time, meant travel as it means today, but travel at that time,

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especially for the Muslims of Medina was not easy at all. Why? Because their lives had been made lawful by their enemies, they were always waiting for that chance for that moment where they could kill a Muslim. So here permission was given to the Muslims that fight those who fight you, but fight in the way of Allah. Fight fee, Sabina Allah, what does that mean, according to the command of Allah for his approval? You see, war is a reality. If it wasn't any no country would have an army. Islam is a realistic, complete way of life. So guidelines pertaining to war, are also given that war should not be out of mere enmity or pride, you know, to take people's resources, no, there there is

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a reason there is a legitimate reason and what is that? To defend your religion to defend yourselves to defend your land to help the oppressed, and war is meant to be a last resort, which is why we see that the ticket has been that before war, people are always offered Islam. Why so that if there is a way of not fighting, we would rather prefer that. And it is clarified even in this verse that do not transgress. What if artha do Why? Because Allah subhanaw taala does not like those people who transgress what is transgression in war? It is that a person fights those who do not fight them. Right? So those who are not your enemies, don't make them your enemies unnecessarily. Right

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transgression is also killing women and children or, or fighting for worldly cause, like for example, in order to show off the Prophet sallallahu earlier sin have clarified we learned that I know when people have went when he would send in a group of people in a certain expedition he would give them instructions and part of those instructions would be that do not betray. Meaning if you say something to your opponents to your enemies, then then do not betray them. Right and do not cheat regarding war booty. Do not mutilate the dead Do not kill children, or religious men as horrible salami meaning monks and you know people who you know whose only concern is to you know,

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worship etc. Don't kill them, don't go after them. Then in the sidewalk to know whom Hayes was okay to redo human height to 100 you come and kill them wherever you overtake them and expel them from wherever they have expelled you. Now this is about a certain people. This is not a general rule, which you know, a lot of people try to present this is this is what to do home them is referring to those who are at war with you. And for the Muslims in Medina was the people of Makkah. So kill them wherever you find them, because that's exactly what the people of Morocco are doing. Right that wherever they found a Muslim, they killed him, or they captured him and killed him later on. So

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you're at war, so walk through the war home and your ultimate goal should be to expel them from where they have expelled you. They did not let you live in Makkah.

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So now you don't let them live in Makkah while pfitzner to Asha dimenticato and fitna is worse than killing what is fitna. It is religious persecution. And this is what the mushrikeen had been doing all along. They did not let Muslims live in peace practice Islam and peace, they persecuted them. Even when the Muslims migrated to Medina, they did not spare them. So we'll fix that to Asher dimenticato went out to call to Homer in the masjidul harami had to you call through confy and do not fight them at all must either haram until they fight you there, meaning there's certain places where fighting is not permissible. And that place is which place that it must either haraam which is

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the Kaaba, its surroundings, war, fighting is not permissible there. And we see that even when the Prophet sallallahu earlier Selim entered Makkah, at the time of the conquest of Makkah, he there was no war, but it is mentioned here Hector you call to go compete, unless they fight you there. Meaning if they initiate the war over there, then you have to defend yourself you have to stop them. So sometimes violence has to be used in order to stop the violent for him Cotonou conflict to lose him but if they fight you, then you should kill them karateka Desert will carefully in such as the recompense of those who disbelieve for in into whoa for in a lot of affordable Rahim and if there

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sees that Indeed Allah is Forgiving and Merciful, meaning of the stop fighting you or if they stop their Cofer their persecution, then you should also not fight them. Remember that Allah is Forgiving and Merciful, will call to whom hasta la takuna fitna Tian Wei akuna Dino Allah, fight them until there is no more fitna until there is no more persecution until you break the power of such oppressors way akuna deanwood Allah and until worship is for Allah, meaning the religion of Allah prevails. People have that freedom to worship Allah for an inter Hoefler or the one Illa Allah volley mean but if they cease, then there is no then there is to be no aggression except against the

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oppressors. So we're given over here the objective of war. The objective is to eliminate fitna to eliminate persecution, not to perpetuate it. We learned that after the death of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam after several years, there were some fitna amongst amongst the people, and some people invited him to remodel the Longhorn who, that why don't you come and fight along with us? Why don't you come and support us? So he said that we fought to eliminate fitna and here you are fighting in order to create fitna any the purpose of war should not be to create greater problems. It should always be to eliminate problems. And this this shows that war is never supposed to be

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impulsive, or an emotional decision. Any it's it's supposed to be thoughtful, deliberate. Any people must be very careful into what they're getting into. Because the goal should be to eliminate fitna and if people are perpetuating it. This is this is completely unfair. A shout out How long will shadow How long will hollow metal Casals fighting in the sacred months. fighting in the sacred month is for aggression committed in the sacred month, meaning fighting in the sacred month is not permissible just as fighting in the sacred place is not permissible. There are certain months which are sacred in which fighting is not permissible. But if someone fights you in them, then you can't

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just stand there you have to defend yourself. Well hold on metal cases and for all violations is legal retribution feminie artha, la comforta to LA Hebei, mithi, Marta de la con what the Pola who are limo anila Marlin with the pain so whoever has assaulted you than assault him in the same way that he has assaulted you and fear Allah and know that Allah is with those who fear Him. Meaning when people are conscious, they're careful. They fear Allah, even in love and in war, then they get the help of Allah. But when people follow their desire, and they do whatever that they wish, and they they violate all limits, then this is something that causes them to be deprived of the help of

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Allah subhanaw taala. So May Allah subhanaw taala enable us to to become truly righteous, to surrender to Him in all aspects of our lives. And your last panel Todd has helped me with us. inshallah, we'll conclude over here so panicle lahoma will be handing a shadow Allah ilaha illa Anta astok Furukawa Tobu la wa salam or Aleikum, wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh