Stories from the Qur’an #03
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Stories from the Quran
File Size: 77.77MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
salam Wa alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatu who
are also bIllahi min ash shaytani R rajim Bismillah Al Rahman Al Rahim wa Salatu was Salam are a lot of Sunni Hill Kareem rubbish rally Saudi were silly Emery Wow Hello look that Emily Sani yufka who coldly Allahumma Nickleby was sadly Sani was slowed schemata can be Amenia Robin are the mean.
We will continue with our study of the story of Adam alayhis salam from Sultan Bukhara
in the passage in total Bukhara that we were we were reading about the story of Adam really his son Adam, we learned in the first verse that about the time we learned in the first verse about the time, right before the creation of Adam Alayhis Salam. When Allah subhanaw taala informed the angels of his intention to place a successor on the earth. When Allah subhanaw taala informed the angels off his intention to place a new creation on the earth who would succeed the previously predominant creation and now inhabit the earth. And we learned that the angels expressed their amazement, and they asked why another creation should be placed on Earth, who will create mischief and cause
bloodshed. That why create a creation that will disobey you Oh Allah, and commit sin and commit Schick. When we not only glorify and praise you, we also declare your perfect purity. So we can learn from that, that the angels do not like that Allah is disobeyed, that sin is committed. So Allah subhanaw taala told them that I know what you do not know, I know the benefit and the good in creating Adam. And you do not know that benefit and that good. So in the area that we're going to study today, we will see how Allah subhanaw taala proves to the angels, the good in Adam, and the fact that Adam will not just will not create facade in the earth, and, and cause bloodshed, and his
children will not just do that. They will also do other things. And we see how Allah subhanaw taala put forth before the angels matters, which made clear to them the virtue of Adam, and also Allah subhanaw taala has perfect wisdom and knowledge in the creation of Adam in the creation of mankind. And I hope that insha Allah this discussion helps us
helps us develop clarity on the issue of why Allah subhanaw taala created us because many people wonder, you know, there's so much
chaos on the earth, there's so much wrong and evil on the earth, Why did Allah create humanity? So, I hope that inshallah today's discussion helps us come to terms with that inshallah.
So, we see that Adam Alayhis Salam was given preference over the angels, how through knowledge, Allah subhanaw taala says In ayah, number 31, of saluted Bacara where I lemma Adam a smart Akula some are the whom are learned Mala Iike for color and be only be a smart he has Allah II in quantum Saudi clean.
And He taught Adam the names, all of them. Then he showed them to the angels and said, inform me of the names of these if you are truthful.
Allah subhanaw taala says over here where I lemma, Adam Smith, and He taught Adam the names who taught Adam the names Allah taught, Allah gave knowledge
to them off the names, which names koala, all of them.
And this is Allah subhanaw taala has immense favor upon Adam Abu Bashar the father of humanity that Allah subhanaw taala taught him what he did not know.
Come on a lemma, Kumbh Mela Kokonoe tharla moon, and the other one is Salam was not born with this knowledge. Allah subhanaw taala gave him this knowledge. So it is with knowledge that Allah subhanaw taala has honored humanity over the rest of the creation. And it is knowledge through which Allah subhanaw taala gave preference to Adam over the angels.
Now there is a question What were these things? Whose names Allah subhanaw taala taught to Adam USMA Akula all of these names, these names were of things, right of people or things so so what were these things whose names Allah subhanaw taala taught Adam on insulin off.
Now a SMA a SMA are names and names can be off things, they can be off people, they can be off places of objects. So these were names of things that were present there at the time. Because later on we see that Allah subhanaw taala told the angels that um, be only be a smarty Ha, Allah, tell me the names of these. So these, whatever these things were, they were present over there, there were any before the angels before Adam, which is why Allah subhanaw taala asked the angel to tell me the names of these things. If those things were not there, then the angels would not be able to, to to you any, any Allah subhanaw taala would not ask them a question that that was incomplete. Right? So
I'm the only be a smarty hula.
Now, so these things were present over there, or the Allah Ma said that these were things that Adam and his children would be in immediate need off in order to live in order to have Khilafah on the earth. And even our best sort of the Longhorn, who said that these were, you know, names of things that are well known among people, such as human, animal, earth, Sky, mountain, wet, dry, donkey, etc. So these were basically nouns or different words that Allah subhanaw taala taught Adam Alayhis Salam.
And when you know the names, then that means that you can identify the things and then you are able to recognize their different qualities, their different descriptions, and also their functions. So Adam or Hassan was given some vocabulary, right?
Then it is also said that the names over here refers to the names of the angels, or the names of the children of Adam. All right, and some orlimar say that a smile Aquila, ha, all of the names. This means all of the languages. Okay, all of the languages. And based on this, the Aloma say that all languages are dope Sofia, meaning they have been divinely inspired by Allah to Adam Alayhis Salam, you need the ability to acquire knowledge or the sorry to acquire language, language acquisition. And also to use language, alright to speak, to apply. And you cannot just learn and apply without cognition without understanding. So all of this was given to Adam Alayhis Salam. Now, Allah, Allah
subhanaw taala knows precisely what these things were and what these names in particular were. And at the end of the day, we cannot know what exactly these names were, because Allah subhanaw taala has not informed us of that. So, when Allah subhanaw taala does not inform us of a particular detail in a story that means that there is no benefit for us in knowing that particular detail.
However, we can definitely extract from this that Allah subhanaw taala gave Adam or his salon the knowledge of the names of things. So Adam really salon was able to identify these
things, know these things, and, by extension, then benefit from them.
And other marinas salaam had vocabulary. If you think about it, vocabulary is essential for communication, knowing the name of a thing means that you can identify it, when it comes to processing our feelings, you know, this is something basic that is taught that, in order to process your feelings, first of all, identify what you are feeling, label those feelings, because once you can label them, once you can identify them, then you can process them properly, you can, you know, sit with them, let them pass through your system.
And likewise, when it comes to different things, if you don't know what they are, if you don't identify them, you cannot use them, you cannot do what you want to with them.
So, knowing the names of things is very different from not knowing the names of things, you see, animals are very intelligent, right? We see that animals can be very intelligent, but animals do not know the names of things, you can train them through, through positive reinforcement to recognize certain words, but that is not knowledge of words, it is just conditioning, which is you know, associated with a sound, right. And it can also be associated with an action or even an object. We learned that in the Quran about Manticore played the Monty, the communication of the birds, but it is not the Lisanne it is not the language of the birds. What sets the human being apart from the
rest of the creation is their knowledge of the names of things. It is their ability to communicate, to develop language, to use language, and to have vocabulary. And it is because of this, that humans have Khilafah on Earth and other creatures do not. So this is a huge favor of Allah subhanaw taala upon us. And think about it. If we did not know that bread is bread
that sourdough is sourdough bread? Or that a bagel is a bagel? Or that imperata is a parotta?
Or that French bread is French bread. How would we ask for it?
If we did not know, sad is sad, or happy is happy? How would we process our emotions and communicate our feelings.
So this is a huge favor upon Allah upon us by Allah subhanaw taala that Allah subhanaw taala has given us the knowledge of the names of things. And the thing is that the more words you know, the better it is for you to communicate and to express yourself. Right. And if you ever go to a place where you don't know the language of the people, how hard it is to navigate, right you cannot read road signs, you cannot understand what people are saying you cannot ask for what you are in need off.
And this shows us the importance of knowing the names of different things and also naming important things in your life.
Because when you know the names of different things, when you have a rich vocabulary,
you are able to identify things and you are able to clearly communicate also.
We see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had named the things of his use any of the things that he owned and that he used frequently, he had actually named them.
So for example, we learned that the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam had seven coats of mail, any basically what you were
as as as a protection for your body
in war, and he had actually named each one of them. So we learned about the names of these courts of meal that will follow that will we share that with her where she felt the better Carnac okay, we also learn about the Bose you know, the bow and arrow. So the Bose that he had, they were also named the rock, which are Sephora by law who he had shields and even the shields had names the look Phatak he had swords, and their names were Mathilde they'll call
Hannah the zoo
We'll probably any different names he had for the sorts that he owned. He had names for tents. He had a name for his staff, I'm sure he had a name for his turban, sahab he had a name for his flag, or called, sorry, record. There was a dish we learned in Hadith that was called her rock. Even his donkey was called the roof aid. We learned about different companions of Google Harold de la hora, and who his horse was called Man, Dube, a Buddha, Radi Allahu anhu, his camel was called the moon.
So, sometimes we think that knowing the names of different things is, is unnecessary, it's not unnecessary, this actually makes you better at recognizing things. And also better at understanding things and better at communicating.
a simple thing, for example, people will,
you know, look at cars, and they will be like, yeah, there was a blue car. Okay. And somebody else will say, that was a blue Mazda. Okay. And they will specify, you know, which kind of a blue Mazda it was, right? Now, if you tell someone that, can you go, you know, these are my car keys, can you go to my car? It's a blue car? And can you go get my bed from my car?
Now, if they go outside, and they find three blue cars,
what's going to happen, they're going to have to come back and ask you which blue car? Right? And if you tell them the name of your car?
Yes, you could be very
imaginative or very,
you know, you could have a particular name for your car, that's fine. But the name that the car is known by any the make the model that is something that you should know. Right? And that is something, if you use, your communication will be easier.
It's amazing, any, how do we sometimes refer to different items in our lives? We say, Can you please pass me the thing,
which thing, you know the thing on the thing, or the thing in the thing,
any, if you refer to everything as a thing, then
your communication is not very clear.
So knowing the names of different things requires some kind of effort. And it means that you have a rich vocabulary, which actually improves communication.
And not only do you have faster communication skills, but your communication also becomes simpler, when you have a richer vocabulary, not fancier but richer.
So how can we improve our, our vocabulary, we should read more, we should listen more, we should talk to different types of people, we should study more. And of course, start young. So if you have little children around you any don't talk to them in a baby way, talk to them in a proper way. So that they can hear each sound and repeat the words. So for example, if the pickup a ball say a ball ball, if the pickup a book, say Book, book, point to different things, and name them, this is how you build vocabulary, it has to start young.
And when it comes to the names of different things, or different concepts, like for example, different terminology, even
this is basically knowledge of the dunya. Right, it's worldly knowledge, but think about it. Allah subhanaw taala is the one who is giving Adam the knowledge of the names of different things, right. So when you study in worldly science even and you learn for example, different terminologies in Science in Psychology, then think that you are learning a smart, you are learning the names of things of concepts, all right, which is something good and beneficial. It is not a waste of your time.
So what I lemma addable USMA Kula Allah subhanaw taala taught Adam, all of the names. Now, there is a question how did Allah subhanaw taala teach him these names? How did this learning
happen on the part of Adam Alayhis Salam. Some say that this knowledge was inspired to other that Allah subhanaw taala ingrained this knowledge within the mind of Adam. So it was preserved in the memory of Adam Alayhis Salam, and later on when he needed to use those words, all right, when Allah subhanaw taala told Adam, to tell the angels the names of those things, he was able to retrieve those words from his memory and use them, he was able to recall and say the words and named the things, but you cannot just say words and, and name things without comprehension. Right without cognition, so it shows that it was not just, you know, words, but with the words was also
understanding of what, what those words were referring to. And this is something that the angels did not have the ability to do. So why lemma addable USMA Akula Allah subhanaw taala taught Adam, the names, all of them, throw murottal The home island Mila Iike then he presented them to the angels. He presented what to the angels, those things. All right, whose names Allah subhanaw taala taught Adam
for Tala M B only then Allah subhanaw taala said to the angels that I'm the only inform me be a smart YHA Allah have the names of these in quantum solder pain if you are truthful.
So Allah subhanaw taala taught the names to the Adam, that sorry, to Adam Alayhis Salam, Allah subhanaw taala taught the names to them earlier Salam, but presented those things to the angels.
Why in order to test them?
Why did Allah subhanaw taala test the angels? Because they had raised a question earlier about why Adam was being created to be a successor on Earth. Right? And Allah subhanaw taala told them at that time that I know what you do not know.
But then through this test, through this experience, Allah subhanaw taala showed the angels the wisdom in creating Adam and in making him the Khalifa on Earth and inshallah we'll talk about that later on.
Now, I want you to notice something here last panel, Tyler says some model the home then he presented them
Allah subhanaw taala did not say so. Murata, Allah ha.
Then he presented it okay, there is a difference between him and her.
Whom is a pronoun that is used to refer to intelligent beings or you could say like living things, okay. But also intelligent beings, any living things who have intelligence.
And if had the pronoun How was used then it would be just referring to inanimate things. Okay. So so mandala home shows us that these things whose names Allah subhanaw taala taught Adam or Hassan included
intelligent and unintelligent things, okay, living and nonliving things, but the living the intelligent,
were more the the will recall, were more than they laid the will recall. Okay, and the those of
any, be intelligent beings were more than those who did not have intelligence. So this gives us a hint into you know, what, what those things were, whose names Allah subhanaw taala taught to Adam or the Sunnah.
Then Allah subhanaw taala said to them, and be only be a smart hula, ie in quantum Saudi clean, tell me the names of these things, if you are truthful, if you are truthful in your claim,
that this Khalifa this successor will only create mischief and cause bloodshed on the earth
and that you are superior to him, then, okay, go ahead. Tell me the names of these things.
You see, the angels had assumed that the children of Adam on becoming the successor on Earth would only create mischief and cause bloodshed.
So in order to prove them wrong in their assumption, Allah subhanaw taala made them
Observe the children of Adam. Right? All of the souls were brought forth from Adam or a Salam. And I mentioned that to you yesterday, that how when Allah subhanaw taala, created Adam medicina, he brought out of him, all of the souls of his children, right? Any, all all the people who are going to be born, their souls were taken out. So the angels saw them. And among them were those who are righteous. So in a hadith we learned about how Adam Alayhis Salam noticed that would le Salam among his children, and he asked about who that would was, right who he was going to be, because that will already send him was very, in he looked very handsome. Anyway, we learned in the Hadith about how
other medicine I've noticed that would listen. So, of course, among the children of Adam, were those who are righteous, those who are exceptional, those whose beauty any in terms of their,
their, not just their their physical beauty, but their
beauty in their character in their ibadah.
It was shining, right? So the angels observed the Children of Adam, right. And among those children are those who are righteous leaves of Allah. Of course, among them is Allah Mohamed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So, first of all, Allah subhanaw taala showed them, the children of Adam,
then to further prove to them, that Adam and his children are fit for philosophy on earth. All right, that Adam and his children are not just creatures with physical ability and desire,
no, they are different, they have a mind all right, and they are able to learn any, Allah subhanaw taala demonstrated to the angels, the intelligence of Adam, the cognitive abilities of Adam, which shows us that any from the beginning, the human brain, any
it is, it is extraordinary, right. And any this showed to the angels that Adam is fit for Khilafah because his brain is different, it is far more advanced, especially in cognitive and mental skills. So Allah subhanaw taala, asked the angels tell me the names of these things.
When the angels failed to tell him the names of those things, they realized
that Adam knows what we do not know.
Adam has a skill that we do not have
a skill that we have not seen before.
That we have not witnessed before.
And that skill is of cognitive ability.
All right. And this shows us that for Fila for on Earth, this be and duck these alone are not enough, because the angels did the spear they glorified and praised Allah, right, they will declare the perfect purity of Allah. But that is not enough for Khilafah on Earth.
Knowledge of names is also needed, which Allah subhanaw taala gave to Adam only, and not the angels. The angels are not are not the Khalifa on the earth. And this is why they were not given this knowledge.
The angels were given knowledge of the things that they were supposed to do, that they're supposed to do, and they are excellent at what they do. And they're equipped with those skills.
Right? But other Melissa was made to be Khalifa on Earth. And in order to be Khalifa on earth. You don't just need to know how to worship Allah, you also need to know how to live on the earth, how to know and recognize and identify the different things on earth, to comprehend, to advance in your knowledge in your skill. This is what sets human beings apart from other creatures. And this teaches us that whatever we do, we should do it. Well, whatever we learn, we should learn it well. We should gain proficiency in our knowledge and our skills. Sometimes people think that, you know, the knowledge of the world is unnecessary and it is useless. Or people try to really compartmentalize
between deen and duniya you need to try to separate them. And this is this is not the right approach in our religion. Deen and duniya are not separate. They're together.
Think about it.
If you do A, an act of worship, for example, but for worldly gain, there is no reward. And if you do a worldly thing, like for example, you're eating food, but you do it for religious gain, so that you can worship Allah, there is actually reward.
Right? For example, when you eat through, when you eat if you actually rewarded for what you eat, why because with what you eat, you're going too fast with what you eat, you're breaking your fast, you're completing your fast, so your eating is part of worship Subhan Allah. So
any, don't try to separate being from dunya realize that the knowledge of both is necessary you need to learn how to glorify and praise and worship Allah. And you also need to learn how to live in this world. You need to learn the names of for example, different emotions, different feelings, different parts of your body, right different foods that you eat different, you know, things that you use in your life. You have to know the names of these things, and that requires study.
So, what happened here, Allah subhanaw taala presented those things to the angels for color M B only be a smell e hula e In Kuntum saw the clean he said tell me the names of these if you are truthful. I'm the only now I'm sure if you are any if you are familiar with the verses of the Quran, you have heard the word nub.
nub, a home owner be calm. Okay, you're gonna be home. So there is a word that is Nebraska. And there is another word that is Umba. Like here, I'm the only and there is a difference between the two. It hasn't been said over here for color not be only it has been said ambi only. Okay. And the thing is that basically, when you say no bid, it shows that you need more time in order to inform off, you know of what you're trying to communicate. Okay. And the word unbuilt shows that less time is needed.
So this shows us that I'm the only be a smarty ha Allah the things that were presented before the angels All right whose names they were asked were not a lot of things because a lot of time was not needed to name those things to identify those things.
So for caller I'm the only be a smart Ya Allah, just those few names even tell me all right, in quantum solder clean if you are truthful.
And we learn later on that the angels were not able to,
to say those names they were not able to,
you know, give the answer to tell those names because they did not have that knowledge. So there is a number of things that we can learn from this is first of all, we learned about how Allah subhanaw taala honored Adam or to his Salaam
and Allah subhanaw taala honored the Children of Adam and his salah. How, by giving them preference over the rest of the creatures. And how exactly did Allah subhanaw taala give preference to human beings over the rest of the creatures through knowledge? Primarily through knowledge. Allah subhanaw taala tells us in pseudo Israel what occurred Kolomna Benny Adam wahama now home Phil burry will be what was the opener who may not be bad, well football now whom are like a feed amendment colloquia of Lila and certainly we honored the Children of Adam
and we carried them on land and sea and we provided them with good things and we gave them preference over many among whom we whom we have created. Okay, now there is a number of things Allah's puntata tells us in that in that I have certain verse 71st of all Allah subhanaw taala tells us that certainly we honored children of Adam.
Alright, how that is detailed and well harmala home Phil burry Well, we carry them on land and sea, meaning we gave them the ability to travel through land
NC, while other creatures also managed to travel on Earth, and they're able to go from one place to the other, we learn about elephants how they migrate, right? Different different animals, they, they're constantly on the goal, they're constantly migrating. But the way that people go from one place to another is different. They're able to any hemella, who we carried them, and he, they don't walk on their feet, they have means of transportation, how they're able to domesticate animals, and use them for transportation on land, right? And they're also able to build different things with which they can travel easily from one place to another. Now tell me, how can a person domesticate
animals how can people, train animals, and how can people build you know, different modes of transportation, without and without having cognition, without being able to identify different things and put them together? Know their unique functions? Alright, put them together, and then make cars and things like that.
So, what I'm allowing Phil burry, well, Behar, we carried them on si ne we have given them the ability to travel on C on water right. Now, this also requires what knowledge off of physics right that what materials float, what materials sink and how should boats be built? How should ships be built? So that they don't think and then what should we put on them in terms of sales and engines right and how they how how to navigate on see Subhanallah this requires a lot of understanding a lot of comprehension.
A lot of mental skill.
And this knowledge is unique to human beings Allah subhanaw taala has given it to human beings what is the canal whom in the bath we have provided them with good things we are able to tell between what is good and what is bad.
And he sometimes you see how animals any they're eating garbage rotten food, right because they don't know what is good what is not. Like? I remember when I was little so often, you know under eat when the goats would come
you know children if they would be silly, they would feed paper to the goats. Right?
Uni they don't know. It's not food, what is a canal caminata you but what football now whom Allah cathedra medmen Calacatta of Lila and we have given preference to them meaning to people to human beings over many of those we have created.
So all of the children of Adam, are dignified, are worthy of honor. Whether they are Muslim, or not, wealthy or poor, doesn't matter what their race is, what their what the color of their skin is, how advanced or not they are. Whether they're male or female, any all human beings have been honored by Allah Welaka Columna Benny Adam,
how the last panel Tata has given them in mind, a very advanced brain that can do amazing things that can retain, that has memory that has cognition, that has the ability to acquire language, to use language to understand different things.
Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran, yeah. Are you a nurse otaku? Boko Mala? The halacha comin nevsun Wahida wahala comin, huzzah. Jaha what Bertha mean Houma Regina and Kathy Ron when is
that Allah subhanaw taala created all of you from a single soul. And from that single soul, Allah subhanaw taala created it's made and then from the to Allah subhanaw taala brought out many men and women. So all the men, all the women on the earth, all human beings are who they are the children of Adam, and by virtue of being children of Adam, they are honorable.
So we should show dignity to all human beings.
And then we can learn from this idea that it is through knowledge, right that Allah subhanaw taala has bestowed huge favor upon human beings. And this shows us that when a person is given knowledge that others do not have it
This is a last panel tortoise favor and mercy on them. On our men are ILM Al Quran. Hello Karl insane. Our lemma hula buyer. Rahman the Most Merciful. Our level Quran taught the Quran Hello Collinson created the human being are limited by n and taught him communication expression.
So any knowledge that you have whether it is of the Quran or it is the ability to express yourself and whatever it is that you express yourself with any it shows that you have, you know something in your mind that you are saying, right you have learned something that you are saying. So, whatever knowledge you have, this is Allah subhanaw taala has favor on you. And if you have been given knowledge that others around you don't have, this is truly Allah subhanaw taala has mercy and favor on you, not something to be arrogant about.
And then we see here that other managers Cena was given privilege over the rest of the creatures how, by the fact that Allah gave him knowledge, and this is true with knowledge, a person becomes worth more honor. Allah subhanaw taala tells us in the Quran that eurofer Illa who live in Amman hoomin come while livina otter Alma, Dora, Jad that Allah raises those who believe among you, and those who are given knowledge among you by degrees
you need the more knowledge a person has, the higher the rank is
and knowledge is needed before action. Because Allah subhanaw taala says, no fire let them know that there is no God, but Allah was still vividly the MC and seek forgiveness for your sins. So action comes after knowledge. Right knowledge comes before action.
First, Allah subhanaw taala tells us No. Then he says seek forgiveness
and the benefit of learning, especially sacred knowledge, revealed knowledge is that a person increases in their fear of Allah.
And Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran in nama Yaksha Allah hum and everybody to Allah indeed it is only the knowledgeable among his slaves who fear Allah.
And when you extend this knowledge of Deen to knowledge of dunya right, for example, you learn about the different
ways fish that Allah subhanaw taala has created in the sea.
You learn about how a particular bird migrates, or you learn about a particular system in your body. You learn about how the brain functions, all right, what does that do? It makes you even more appreciative of Allah's pantallas favors. It makes you feel more in all of Allah azza wa jal that How perfect is Allah and how amazing is Allah that He created our brains in such a way.
So in increases us in Russia, and when a person gains knowledge, their path towards paradise becomes easy.
any their ability to do good also increases.
Imam Shafi said that after fulfilling the obligations, there is nothing better than seeking knowledge.
And he it is, it is the best thing that you can do, that you seek knowledge after fulfilling your obligations your duties to Allah azza wa jal and also to the people in your life and it is with knowledge that the life has heart Subhanallah it will claim said that knowledge for the hearts is like rain is for the earth
is rain needed for the Earth to have life absolutely anyone rainfalls then the earth softens, then the seeds are able to sprout, then you have vegetation, then you have different forms of life, birds, insects, etc. And if there is no rain, there is no life on Earth. Just like that, if there is no knowledge, there is no life of the heart
Subhanallah and knowledge includes all types of knowledge here, knowledge of the world and knowledge of the accuracy of the deen.
You know, I haven't said that knowledge any he said that people are
are in need of knowledge
Have more than they need food and drink. People need knowledge more than they need food and drink.
Can you imagine? Why did he say that? He explained, he said, because a man only needs to eat and drink once or twice a day.
Right? But he needs knowledge. Way more than that, as many times as he breeds SubhanAllah. And he think about it, these days that you're fasting, you only need to eat once or twice, right? That's sufficient, you survive.
But when it comes to knowledge, you need it for every little thing that you do
any even for you to take a step for you to climb stairs, for you to fold your clothes, for you to turn on or off the light for you to turn on your phone. Right? And these are just the mundane, the worldly things right that you do on a on a regular basis. Think about
your need of knowledge in order to worship Allah subhanaw taala.
How can you pray? Fajr LaHood Russel Maghrib Isha, if you don't know?
How can you pray them on time? If you don't know
about time, if you don't understand the concept of time, if you're not able to tell time?
Right? How are you able to pray, if you're not able to have a sense of direction, which way the Qibla is.
So all of the skills that we acquire over over time, the ability to move our body a certain way, the ability to you know,
have a sense of time, a sense of direction.
And then the the knowledge of worshipping Allah subhanaw taala, and how to perform salah. All of this is based on what on your alien, and not just a little bit of a lot of different types of L.
So we are in need of m of knowledge, more than we need to eat and drink.
And one of the scholars said, that there is nothing in the world that resembles the blessings of the Hereafter, except for the blessing of Eman and knowledge and in
and not just blessing. It's the it's the it's the pleasure, okay any, any the feeling of faith of having the man and the feeling that you have with knowing different things, these are actually pleasures, the enjoyment of the hereafter. But Allah subhanaw taala has also put them in, in this world Subhan Allah.
And if a person continues to seek knowledge and they die, wild seeking knowledge, then this is actually a sign of a good ending.
And when a person seeks beneficial knowledge, this is something that will not only benefit them now, if they pass on that knowledge to others, then this will continue to benefit them even after they have departed from the world as the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam explained.
And it will Josie said that the first trick of shaitan is to prevent people from learning.
Because knowledge is light. Knowledge is light. So what does shaitan want shaitan wants us to remain in darkness. So he keeps people away from learning sacred knowledge. Because when their lamps are extinguished, they're in the dark, then shaitan can make them wander around in darkness however he wants.
So ignorance is not bliss.
Ignorance is actually very, very dangerous. It's dangerous for you, it's dangerous for your children
in order to have
confidence in order to make right decisions, and in order to keep ourselves safe, we need to have knowledge.
Sometimes, people will keep their children in complete ignorance of, you know, off their bodies of, of, you know, different body parts, for example.
And they think that they're protecting their children. They're not protecting their children. They're, they're making, they're putting their children in danger.
So we learn from this idea about the importance of learning how it benefits us.
on how it is, it is a means of virtue over the rest of the creatures and when we advance in our growth of knowledge, that this is something that will benefit us, not only in the world, but also in the hereafter it is what will bring us dignity and honor in the hereafter.
Now, we see that Allah subhanaw taala gave Adam and his salon the knowledge that he needed to have for a philosopher on Earth.
And this shows us that is Khalifa okay a Khalifa on Earth, any is successful Halifa needs two things, okay, first of all, authority, liberty, free will, all right, the ability to do what he wants, do what he wants, okay. And then secondly, knowledge and skill,
both of these things are required. And this is what made Adam or Sam different from the rest of the creatures.
We see for example,
animals on the earth, they may have the, you know, free will to walk, how they want,
anywhere they want,
you know, fly where they want things like that, but they don't have the ability to,
to, to exert their, any their, their, their choices,
which are based on, on knowledge and skill.
Any, for example, as human beings, we learn different skills, we develop different skills, and then we apply them. And with that is human advancement. If animals were able to do that, they too would be constructing buildings, all right, roads and things like that.
domesticating other creatures, all right, taking over the world, but that's not happening.
Then we also see in this ayah, that Allah subhanaw taala tested the angels, which is something completely permissible, alright. Any it is permissible to test students in order to see where they stand and in order and it's also permissible to challenge people.
Next item is number 32. Allah Subhana Allah says Allah subhana que la l Mallanna. Et la ma alum Tana in Coca Cola Lee will Hakeem.
They said Exalted are you we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed it is you who is the knowing the wise.
The angel said in response to the question and be only be a smarty hula in quantum Saudi clean, inform me of the names of these if you are truthful? The angel said super Hannukah Exalted are you? Oh, Allah La La Mulana. We have no knowledge at all in Loma Olam, Tana, except what You have taught us in NACA until it will, Hakeem indeed, you truly are knowing the wise.
The angels show humility and utmost respect to Allah azza wa jal, because they realized here, that they did not know the names of those things. Right. They did not have the skill that Adam Alayhis Salam had, and they realize the virtue of Adam. They saw the good in him. And they saw the fact that Adam was indeed fit for Philadelphia on the earth.
So very respectfully, they said some Hanukkah, Larry Malena, Ilana Valentina, why would they say subhanallah? What is Subhanak Amin Subhan Allah means that we declare your perfect, your your perfection,
that we declare you free of any weakness, any ignorance, any inability, any need of creation or resemblance to them, any Oh Allah, you are perfect, super Hannukah they are declaring the perfection of Allah. Why? Because what had they done before? They had asked a question seeking clarification that Oh Allah, why create a colleague on Earth who's going to cause mischief and bloodshed.
So now they realize their error in asking that question. So they declare a loss penetrators perfection and then they say La La Mulana in Loma lantana. We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. And He it is not possible for us to know
The knowledge of everything right we are not capable of knowing everything. We are only able to know what Allah subhanaw taala teaches us and this is a very important thing to realize.
Even as human beings, we cannot know everything. Who is the one who knows everything it is only Allah azza wa jal right and Allah subhanaw taala tells us what are you Hey Tony Shea in mineral may he in NaVi Masha, they cannot encompass anything of his knowledge except what He wills. All knowledge belongs to Allah. He is Allah Aleem, he is a Lama who Ube we are not. So if we know anything, it is because Allah subhanaw taala has allowed us to know it Allah subhanaw taala has taught it to us
and the angel sailor in Malena in Mr. Lim, Tana, because this is a fact the angels only know what Allah subhanaw taala has taught them, the angels do not know everything. So for example, the angels who are appointed over the clouds, they know the knowledge of the clouds, right, how to drive them, how to take them different places, how to cause them to, you know, rain down, and things like that the angels that are appointed over taking the souls of the children of Adam, the angel of death, they know their skill, right? So, angels are appointed to do different tasks. And each Angel knows what it is supposed to do and how it is supposed to do it. So the angels don't know everything, they
only know what Allah subhanaw taala has taught them.
the difference between the knowledge of the angels in the knowledge of human beings, the knowledge of Adam is that Adam renesola was given the knowledge of names
and when you
are able to know and identify different things, that means that you can increase in your knowledge, you can expand on your knowledge, through what through observation, through experimentation, through experience, your knowledge will increase All right, it is not stagnant. And this is what happens. This is how the brain works. That when you know something that becomes a,
you know, a stepping stone for knowing something new.
Right? Any and different, you know, methods are used like scaffolding in order to help people learn, and you build on what a person already knows, in order to teach them a new lesson, right in order to give them new knowledge. So this is the difference between the knowledge of Adam and the knowledge of the angels the angels only know what Allah subhanaw taala taught them.
Of course, human beings also only know what Allah subhanaw taala has taught them. But Allah subhanaw taala has also taught human beings the ability to expand on their knowledge. All right, to increase their ill through observation, experimentation and experience and growth.
Allah subhanaw taala told us in the Quran that he brought us forth from the wombs of our mothers
in a in a state that we know nothing right? However he has made for us
eyes and ears and hearts. Why? So that we can learn
well lo ha ha hola Jia calm mumble Minh mumble Tony aromaticum latterly Mona Shayla. Alright, that Allah's puntata brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers when you knew nothing or Tjaarda luck were Darla como summer I will absorb all of EDA and he made for you vision and hearing and hearts why so that you can learn.
So, this is the difference between the knowledge of the angels and the knowledge of the human beings.
The angel say in Intel, Arlene will Hakeem indeed you truly Oh Allah, our Aleem al Hakim, any we are not all knowing we are not all wise, you alone are all knowing all wise. So, Allah subhanaw taala said earlier to the angels that I know what you do not know. And the angels acknowledge that over here that oh Allah you are Aleem, you know everything. You know what we do not know. Right.
And they mentioned two names of Allah Allah Eileen and Al Hakim
Aleem means, the one who is ever knowing any the one who has encompassed everything in his knowledge. So this means that there is nothing that is hidden from Allah, nothing that escapes his knowledge, nothing small, nothing big, not even an atom, somewhere in the sky or somewhere in the earth is hidden or unknown to Allah know, everything small and big is known to Allah. So, Allah subhanaw taala is knowledge is a Shamil al camel, and it is complete, and it is all inclusive and it includes every single thing, every single thing.
And then, Allah subhanaw taala is also al Hakim, be ever wise and he he is perfect in his wisdom. Subhan Allah, ne there is nothing that Allah subhanaw taala does nothing that Allah subhanaw taala creates nothing that our last panel target allows nothing that Allah subhanaw taala decrees, except that it is based on his perfect wisdom.
When we do things, we don't think that far.
Right? And there are many times when we are very unwise in the things that we say and in also what we do.
And we realize our mistake, within a few moments. Right? We have regret immediately after saying something inappropriate.
So we are impulsive.
Right? We don't always have the wisdom to choose the best action to choose the best words.
Because our wisdom is incomplete. Allah azza wa jal is Al Hakim, the ever wise, which means that Allah subhanaw taala does not make a mistake, he does not do anything wrong. He does not do anything useless, or frivolous, or unnecessary, or anything that is not good. The angel said, they asked that will you create someone who is going to cause mischief and bloodshed on the earth.
And then they realize that Adam is different. Adam is not just someone who has been created with desire or physical ability. So he is he's not bound to any he's not. He doesn't just have the potential to cause bloodshed and mischief. No, he also has the potential to do a lot of good.
And the the mental capability of other Melissa, it truly showed to the angels that Adam is superior Adam is different. Human beings are unique, they're extraordinary.
So they realize the wisdom of Allah. And so they said in Nikka, until Arlene will, Hakeem, indeed, you are knowing and you are wise, you do not make mistakes, you do not make any wrong decisions. And this is something that we need to remember also, that there are things in the universe that we understand. And there are other things that we do not understand. We do not comprehend. For example, some people have a lot of difficulty understanding why we were created. Or they ask, Why have I been created, I never chose to be created. Right? I did not get to make that choice. And primarily they asked this question because there's a lot of suffering, either in their personal life or they
witness it. And so they do not like to live, that they do not like the idea of living Subhanallah so, the thing is, you don't understand everything you don't know everything. And that is right. That is that is the case. Who knows everything. Allah azza wa jal, who is all wise in his decisions, Allah azza wa jal in Nica until Arlene will Hakeem. So when we don't know something, then trust Allah's knowledge. When we don't understand something. Trust Allah subhanaw taala has wisdom, because he does not make mistakes.
We learn different lessons from this if we learn that first of all the angels are intelligent beings, right? Because they speak even though they don't know everything. They don't know the knowledge that human beings have, but still, they are intelligent beings. We see that the angels are very humble before Allah, they glorify Allah subhana QCCA and they acknowledge their lack of knowledge. Blair l Milena Elana Olympian, and this is also something that we need to do when we don't know something when we don't understand something. Instead of instead of becoming arrogant, we should become humble over there.
Instead of becoming arrogant, that why is it like this? And why is it like that? And this doesn't make any sense?
What should we do? We should be humble over there. Because arrogance does not fit us. Any imagine if you are cooking something, and let's say, you
know, you mix the ingredients. And you know what, when you're cooking something, it goes through different stages. Right? Any in every stage, it looks different.
Like, let's say you're making bread,
and you make a really nice ball of dough.
Now, what are you going to do to that ball of dough, you're going to let it rise? And it looks perfect. Once risen, it looks perfect. But then what do you do?
You take out all of the air, you punch it, you roll it, you take out all of the air. Now, if a child who doesn't know what you're doing, if they're watching you, they're gonna start criticizing you that you're ruining the ball of dough, it looks so perfect, why are you ruining it?
So you laugh at that, because the child doesn't know what you're doing.
Right? And if the child comes rude over there, and begins to insult you, and criticize you, then this is something very disrespectful. This is actually very foolish behavior on on the part of that child, but you don't give it much importance because it's just a child. If an adult starts to do that, then you say, what's your problem? Right? You don't know what you're talking about. It doesn't. You don't deserve to talk to me like that. You don't deserve to criticize me like that, because you don't know what I'm doing.
So when we don't understand something that's happening in our lives, or in the universe, all right. And we know that everything happens by the will of Allah by the permission of Allah, than that does not mean that we begin to criticize Allah subhanaw taala as decrees, that does not mean that we begin to object. No, that means that we trust Allah subhanaw taala is wisdom.
When we don't know something, trust Allah subhanaw taala has knowledge when we don't understand something. Trust Allah subhanaw taala is wisdom in Nikka Angela Lee will Hakeem. And it's very important that we do not speak without knowledge.
It is actually part of knowledge to say that I don't know. Like what the angel said, right? The angels do not begin to guess, when they were asked the names of those things. They didn't say I'm this, or that any they didn't come up with, you know, random things guessing. No, they just admitted right there. We don't know.
We don't know. So this is part of knowledge, to know, your limits, to know that your knowledge is limited.
Any when a person admits that they don't know everything, that shows that they are an intelligent person. There is an Irishman in which we learned that, you know, there were some people who,
who heard a man talking about the Day of Judgment, all right, and talking about an AI of the Quran that mentions smoke, right.
And that men began to say things like, you know, that that Smoke will come on the day of judgment, and it will
deprive the hypocrites of their ability to hear their ability to see.
And, you know, he began saying things like that. So, the people who were listening, they got a bit surprised any, they had never heard of anything like that. So they went to our beloved was Rudra to the horn, who to ask him to confirm from him, when Abdullah when was Rudra de la morning, who heard what that man had said,
he became very angry, he sat up and he said, He who knows something should say it, but if he does not know, he should say Allah knows best, because it is a part of knowledge to say, I do not know if you do not know a certain thing.
So, I blog and was rude, any, he he knew that the man was saying things of his own mind of his own opinion? And he was just saying things that were made up
right. And any he was he was giving a wrong interpretation of the idea of the Quran. So, our beloved was rude got very upset over there. Likewise, if we are ever asked about something, the answer to which we do not know, then we should not start assuming things or just, you know, talk
In from our imagination, know, Allah subhanaw taala told us in the Quran Allah Takuma Lisa could be here in the summer while bizarro world few other kulula econda and houmous Ola
that when you don't know something, don't pursue it. Don't say that you know it. Don't pretend like you know everything because you're hearing your vision, your heart all of that will be questioned on the Day of Judgment. And your eyes will be asked Did you see your ears will be asked did you hear any On what basis Did you say? You know it if you did not see it? If you did not hear it? If you did not know it?
You will be questioned on the Day of Judgment.
Then what happened in the next IO we learn Carla Yeah, I'm back home be a smart him.
Allah subhanaw taala said, Oh, Adam, inform them of their names for llama Amba home be a smile at him. Then when Adam Alayhis Salam informed them of their names, and the angels of the names of those things. Allah, Allah subhanaw taala said LM Akula calm in the RLM Wahiba summer YT will up what are Allah MUMA to be Duna Wolmar quantum tak to moon. When Adam informed them of their names Allah subhanaw taala said Did I not tell you that I know the unseen aspects of the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.
first of all, we see over here that when the angels failed to tell the names of those things,
Allah subhanaw taala then asked the angels, sorry, then asked Adam or Islam in front of the angels, that you tell the angels the names of these things. And otherwise Sallam told them the names of those things. without making any mistake, he was able to recall, he was able to identify and he was able to use those words and, and inform the angels of the names of every single one of those things. So Adam really has to know, give the answer based on the knowledge that Allah subhanaw taala had taught him
for lumber and better home be a smile at him.
When other Marley's Salam inform them informed the angels of the of those names any Allah subhanaw taala made Adam or Lucena tell the angels of the names of those things. Why? So that the angels would see that Adam knows what we do not know that Adam has a unique ability to learn to grasp.
He, Adam has a unique skill, they would see through this, the superiority of Adam over the rest of the creatures.
Allah subhanaw taala said, Did I not tell you that I know the unseen of the skies and the earth, labor summer, what you will all be unseen of the skies in the earth labor is that which is hidden from us, that which we're not able to observe that which we're not able to reach. All right, because it's it's hidden. It could be something of the past, it could be something of the future, we're not able to reach that or it could be something behind the veil, it could be something that is too distant from us, it could be something that is in a different dimension, all right, or that that is too small for our eyes to observe, or that sound is too low for our ears to grasp, okay, for our
ears to perceive. So,
labor is that which is hidden from us, but nothing is hidden from Allah.
In the Ireland will labor Samoa tea will I know the unseen of the skies and the earth, the angel said about Adam about this Khalifa that this Khalifa will cause will create facade and will cause bloodshed. Right? They did not know what exactly this Khalifa was going to do on the earth. Because they don't know the future. Right? They don't know that within the Children of Adam will be no Alayhis Salam Idris Alayhis Salam, Yusuf alayhi salam, Ibraheem Alehissalaam Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam right? They did not know that. So who has that knowledge? It is only Allah subhanaw taala who has that knowledge? So Allah subhanaw taala told him Did I not tell you that I know the
unseen of the skies and the earth?
So Allah subhanaw taala told them before that in the Arla momella tournament, I know what you do not know.
And here, Allah subhanaw taala says that I told you that I know the unseen of the scars on the earth because the unseen
of the skies in the earth what is hidden from us is part of what
is part of in the Arland Ramallah tournament. I know what you do not know. And then Allah said What are Allah momento buena? Well, my content Dr. Moon, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing what you use to conceal. Now the angels revealed something right? And what is it that they revealed? Their their question that utter joy Luffy have my UFC to fee for your speak with Dima right their assumption that
that the human being this Halifa will create facade and cause bloodshed on the earth they express that they reveal that right. But there is something that they did not reveal they hid that warmer quantum talk to me on what you have been hiding.
All right. And what is it that they were hiding?
What is it that they did not express? They did not say that was that they did not reveal? It was their assumption that Allah would not create a creation that would be more knowledgeable and more honorable than the angels.
Allah subhanaw taala says, I know that also I know that assumption to which you did not reveal all the elements say that will make contact to moon this is actually referring to a bliss alright because it bliss was among the angels. Okay, even though a bliss is a jinn, he was among them, because of his piety, because of his devotion and such. So he was among them, but in a bliss was arrogance, which he was hiding was insincerity, which he was concealing. Right? So, Allah subhanaw taala knew that too. And the arrogance of a bliss had not come out yet. The insincerity of a bliss had not been revealed yet, but Allah subhanaw taala knew it before even it was revealed.
It will be revealed in in in the following verses right. But Allah subhanaw taala knew it before even it came out. So even our basketball the long run was explained that we are unable to do normal quantum tech Timon. This means that I know the hidden just as I know the apparent
Subhanallah any, whether we revealed something or we hide it, we express it or we keep it in Allah subhanaw taala knows everything.
So, a number of things we learned from this ayah first of all, we learned that Adam Alayhis Salam obeyed the Command of Allah, when Allah subhanaw taala told him and beat him, informed them. What did Adam Alayhis Salam do, he informed them right away for nama Umbra home, right, he informed them right away, he obeyed the Command of Allah.
Then, we also learn from this that Allah subhanaw taala knows what the hearts conceal
any, whether it is an assumption or a feeling or an intention, Allah subhanaw taala knows that. We also learned from this that the angels are also rational beings, any they are able to conceal and reveal, right, and they also feel fear, as mentioned in the Quran, Hattah EDA, fuzzy R and columbium.
So fear is removed from their hearts and they also experience fear.
But of course the nature of the angels is different from that of the human beings. The way that human beings think and learn is different from the angels.
Then we also learn from this idea about the complete knowledge of Allah, the vastness of Allah's knowledge that nothing at all is hidden from him. As Allah says in the Quran, in total and around, were in the Houma, fatty who laby lair Allah Maha Illa, who, and with him with Allah are the keys of the unseen, none knows them except he, he knows what is in the land and in the sea and not a leaf fault except that he knows it. And there is no grain in the darkness of the earth and nothing wet or dry, except that it is in a clear record. So not only does Allah know everything, he has also recorded everything Subhanallah
we also learn from this is that the knowledge of the Unseen is only with Allah in the Arland will labor Samoa tea will all the knowledge of the Unseen is only with Allah and not with the creation. And if a person for example, the Prophet sallallahu Ernestina was informed of some matters of the unseen
Not all matters but some matters. He didn't know them because he was all knowing no, he knew those matters because he was informed of them.
Right? absolute knowledge, not including knowledge of the Unseen is only with Allah or Zoda. Can we also learn from these verses that we should not raise objections at Allah subhanaw taala is decrees. Why? Because Allah is knowledge is vast. His decisions are based on his wisdom, and we should surrender to the commands of Allah with Samir, now what Alterna we should not object and why Allah subhanaw taala created us a certain way, why your hair is a certain texture? Why your noses This is a certain shape, why you are tall or short? Why your skin is a certain way? No, these are not things that you should object about. These are things that you accept, because every decision of Allah is
based on his wisdom and some benefit. He does not do anything uselessly Wilma halacha Sama, or will although my Boehner whom Allah He been we did not create the sky and the earth and what is between them two in play. And he this is not useless. This is not frivolous. All right. And we should continue to be obedient to the commands of Allah. And we should also accept the decrees of Allah. And when Allah subhanaw taala decrees something, be pleased with his decree. Don't be unhappy with what Allah subhanaw taala has decreed. When you are happy with Allah subhanaw taala is decree then you will have contentment and you will be able to enjoy life. Because being happy with Allah's
decree means that you are focused on what Allah has given you. All right. And if you are unhappy with that, then what does that mean? You are not looking at what Allah has given you. You're looking at what Allah decided not to give you for a wisdom and a benefit that he knows.
And we learned that those people who are pleased with the decree of Allah will have the highest ranks on the Day of Judgment. Why? Because being pleased with the decree of Allah means that you are focusing on what you can do, what you do have,
and you are forward thinking, you're not stuck in the past, you're not stuck in the whys. The why this and why that.
And being pleased with the decrees of Allah means that you are focused on what you can do, and you are increasing in your good deeds. And that means more high ranks on the Day of Judgment. May Allah subhanaw taala give us the ability to wholeheartedly accept his decrees, to trust his knowledge, to trust his wisdom. And may Allah subhanaw taala give us the ability to increase in our beneficial knowledge and apply that so that the superiority that he has given us over the rest of the creatures in this world becomes a means of real superiority on the Day of Judgment, in a thorough in Adonijah Talulah in high degrees of paradise. I mean, in sha Allah, we will conclude over here for today, the
next class will be on next Friday. So this class is only on Friday, Saturday and Sunday. And next week also we will continue with the story of Adam Alayhis Salam. There's, of course,
the part about when Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate to Adam, and we will talk about how IBLEES refused. And then also when Allah subhanaw taala made Adam really Salam and Hawa to reside in Jana,
and how they were tested over there, and how IBLEES
caused them to slip and then how they were sent to the world. So inshallah we'll talk about that in in the next week. Inshallah. Alright, Subhanak Allah who will be handling a shadow Allah ilaha illa, Anta Stanfield, Cava to buoy lake was salam Wa alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh