Stories from the Qur’an #04
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Stories from the Quran
File Size: 71.50MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
along the way
as salam or aleikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakato
Rhoda bIllahi min ash shaytani R rajim Bismillah Al Rahman Al Rahim, WA Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah al Karim rubbish rally Saudi were silly Emery wash Lola rock data melissani of pacu Kohli, along with Matthew Colby was sadly Sani was killed. So him at Colby Amenia Rapala Amin.
Today inshallah we will continue with our story of our study of the story of Adam Alayhis Salam. So far in the story of Adam Alayhis Salam, we learned that Allah subhanaw taala informed the angels of the creation of a Khalifa is successor on the earth. And we learned that the angels expressed their concern that why place a successor on the earth who is going to create mischief and cause bloodshed, like the creation before when we the angels are already worshiping and glorifying You. So Allah subhanaw taala told them that he knew what they do not know. And then we learned that the angel that Allah subhanaw taala proved to the angels that this successor was going to be different from them,
and different from the rest of the creation. And Allah subhanaw taala did that by teaching other values salaam names of certain things, and then asking the angels to tell the names of those things. Or the angels of course, they admitted their lack of knowledge. And then Allah subhanaw taala told Adam alayhis salam to inform the angels of those names. And when he did that, Allah subhanaw taala said to the angels, that alum Akula calm in the airline will labor summer work he will earth did I not tell you that I know the unseen aspects of the heavens and the earth? What are allowable meant to do now I'm a quantum tech Timon, and I know what you reveal and what you have concealed. So this
teaches us that, first of all, there is nothing at all that we can hide from Allah subhanaw taala. Right, the angels expressed their concern that why place a creation upon the earth who is going to cause bloodshed, who's going to create mischief, and they concealed their assumption that no one better than them could be created. And IBLEES was also hiding among them, any hiding his arrogance among them, but none of that was hidden from Allah subhanaw taala. Because Allah subhanaw taala knows our sit, and our Najwa what we do secretly and what we keep in in complete privacy, any whether something is public, or it is private, or it is even personal and even more hidden. Allah
subhanaw taala knows it all. And this shows us that the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala is complete and perfect. Right in the Arlynn will labor summer work you will earn I know the unseen of the skies and the earth, in the nothing hidden is unknown to Allah.
What a person hides in their heart. Yes, it is hidden from people but it is not unknown to Allah. What's going to happen in the future again, it is hidden in the future, but it is not unknown to Allah. So when we do not know something when we do not know what the future holds, when we do not know what is really in the heart of someone for us, when we don't fully comprehend something, then we should take comfort in knowing the fact that Allah subhanaw taala knows it.
Allah subhanaw taala is fully aware of it.
Then we also learn from this that we should never ever criticize the decrees of Our Lord, because he knows what he is doing. Right. He knows what He has commanded us to do. Anyone the angels said
To that, are you going to place upon the earth someone who is going to cause mischief and bloodshed on the earth? And he this, this was not appropriate in the sense that we should not we are not in a position to question Allah subhanaw taala does decrease and doubt His judgment, any we doubt the judgment of who? Someone who is human like us, right, someone who has limited knowledge, but when Allah subhanaw taala has complete knowledge, nothing at all is hidden from him, nothing at all is unknown to him, then, who are we to question? Allah subhanaw taala has judgments, his decisions based on our little knowledge. Sometimes we make the mistake of saying things like, Why did God let
such and such happen in the world? Or we say things like, Why did Allah allow this to happen in my life? The thing is that Allah subhanaw taala does not make a mistake, and he does not do anything that is frivolous, anything that is vain, anything that is wrong. So we should not question God's decree? Yes, we can wonder, but we don't question and criticize. Our role is to surrender to the decree of Allah, whether it concerns religious matters, or it concerns our personal lives.
Our position is of complete surrender to Allah that is what befits us. And when we surrender to Allah subhanaw taala is decree that look at what happens with the RDA or the Allahu Anhu said that the peak of faith.
The peak of Eman is in four things. First, being patient over God's decree. When a person is patient with the decree of Allah, then they experience the peak of faith. Second, being pleased with God's decree, not just being patient, but being pleased that yes, Oh Allah, your plan is really the best plan and I am happy with whatever that you decide. And sometimes that happiness in it, that contentment, it takes time to come, but eventually it comes when you are on the right track. Thirdly, he said, Be sincere in relying upon him. This is also the peak of faith when you when you completely and truly rely upon Allah subhanaw taala 100% And you completely trust him? You know,
sometimes we tell people that yes, I trust you, but then we keep questioning them. That is not complete reliance. complete reliance is that you trust Allah, and then you trust everything that Allah subhanaw taala does, everything that he allows to happen in this is pika faith. And fourthly, he said, accept every command of the Lord and obey Him. Whatever that Allah subhanaw taala commands you to do. Whether you understand or you don't, whether it immediately helps you or it does not. You do it because He is your Lord, and He is the one who has commanded you to do it. So you might not find sweetness in the actual date that you're performing. But you will find sweetness in knowing
that you surrendered to your Lord, and you obeyed your Lord and you accepted his command.
It no I am said that being content with Allah subhanaw taala is decree is a huge gateway to attain closeness to Allah. It is the Jannah of this world. Allahu Akbar, when a person is content with the decree of Allah with the commands of Allah, then they experienced the Jana the paradise of this world. He a lot of people are desperately searching for peace. And they try one thing after the other in order to find happiness in order to find a contentment in their heart. And they don't find that they don't find that in marriage. They don't find that in food. They don't find that in their job. They don't find that in their friends. Why? Because they're missing the real thing. The real
thing is what being content with Allah subhanaw taala is decree that for example, if Allah subhanaw taala has commanded us to pray, this is Allah's decree. I accept it. And when you will pray consistently for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala what will happen you will experience a Jana in this world.
He said it is the repose of worshipers, the coolness of the eye, the comfort of those who are eager for God's reward. He said the one who convinces himself to be pleased with Allah's decree. Then Allah fills his heart with richness and the sense of security. He frees his heart for His love and turning toward him and relying upon him and the one who fails to be fully pleased with Allah's decree. Then Allah filter
Heart with its opposite stuff that Allah, you need the heart now is going to be filled with worries of this world. And you know a person is busy with one thing after the other one anxious thought after another and there is no room for loving Allah. There is no room for trusting Allah there is no room for turning towards Allah.
And then a person is turned away from things in which is his success. So being pleased with the decree of Allah. This is the key to success. And being pleased with the decree of Allah means that we accept His commands that we surrender to Allah. Like we will learn that when Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to make such that to Adam, they prostrated right away. They didn't question they didn't hesitate.
Even was Rudra de la Horne who said that indeed out of his justice and knowledge, Allah subhanaw taala has placed relief and joy in conviction and contentment. And when a person has conviction in Allah and contentment with Allah's decrees, then what will happen? They will find relief a way out from every problem and they will also find joy in their lives. But if a person does not have conviction, does not have contentment with Allah, then what will happen they will find themselves stuck in everything.
Everything and they will find themselves annoyed and unhappy no matter what happens.
so let's continue now with the story of Adam or his sunnah. We will begin from verse number 34 of sutra Bacara where we learn about how Allah subhanaw taala commands the angels to prostrate to Adam, and how IBLEES refused to prostrate to Adam. Allah azza wa jal says, What if called Nandlal Mala egotist Julie Adam Foster Jeju Illa IBLEES Abba was stuck bottle water can aminal caffeine and mentioned when we said to the angels Prostrate before Adam, so they prostrated except for a bliss. He refused, and was arrogant and became off the disbelievers
when Allah subhanaw taala established the superiority of Adam or his sunnah over the angels,
and Allah subhanaw taala proved to the angels that Adam or his Salaam is capable of succession on the earth because of his knowledge.
Then Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate to Adam, why, to demonstrate Adam and his salaam superiority over the angels, and that the angels should accept that superiority.
So we see a loss of panel Tadas immense favors on Adam or his Salam, that first of all, Allah subhanaw taala honored him by creating him by his hand, right? Allah subhanaw taala created Adam or in Islam by his own hands, Allah subhanaw taala put the rule the soul into him. And then Allah subhanaw taala honored other Murni Salam with knowledge. And then Allah subhanaw taala honored other organism even more, by commending the angels to prostrate to him, we learn in through 229 las pantallas says for either some way to who when a female to female Ruhi for a ruler who said he been and when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of my soul, then fall down to him in
We learned that Allah subhanaw taala gave superiority to Adam Alayhis Salam in four ways. All right, first of all, Allah subhanaw taala gave him superiority by creating him by his own hand. Second, by putting by blowing the roof into him. Third, by giving him knowledge of the names of different things and forth by commanding the angels to prostrate to him. And this is the exact thing that people will say to Adam Alayhis Salam on the Day of Judgment, when people will go to other money center in order to ask him to intercede for them so that judgment should begin and that they and that they are sent to their final destinations. They will say to Adam and his son, they will say oh
Adam, you are the father of mankind. Allah created you by his own hand and he blew the roof into you. And he commanded the angels to prostrate to you, and He made you live in paradise. So don't you see the trouble that we are in? Please intercede for us? So these are different ways in which Allah subhanaw taala give preference to
Adam are Lucena over the angels over the rest of the creation. So Allah subhanaw taala says What if called knurl Mala egotist zhu li Adam, and recall any bring to mind. Imagine, think reflect at the time when we said to the angels are duly Adam prostrate to Adam.
Now Allah subhanaw taala had already informed the angels of the fact that they would have to prostrate to Adam,
even before He created Adam or his sunnah. All right, because intuitive hedges verses 28 and 29. Almost Panatela says what it's all sorry what it's all a boo Carl Miller it Kathy in Nikolic commercial mensal Solomon hammer in must noon, and mentioned when your Lord said to the angels, I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud for either some way to who and when I have proportioned him, when in fact to feed him of who he and I have breathed into him of my soul *a ruler who said you dean then fall down to him in frustration.
So Allah subhanaw taala had already informed the angels before even creating Adam Rene Sanam, that when I have proportioned him, and then I have breathed into him of my soul, then you have to fall down in frustration to Adam.
So first he informed them. And then secondly, when He created Adam, or his pseudonym, alright, and gave him the Knowledge of different names. And then, you know, ask the angels to inform of those names, they were not able to, and then Allah subhanaw taala told the advice, memories ran to inform the angels of the names, then Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate. So first he informed them of what they have to do. And then when the time came, he commanded them to do it.
And this is something that is actually very helpful in many situations, that when you want to prepare someone to do something that is very new, very different, very extraordinary, then you have to prepare them in advance. Right, you have to prepare, for example, your children in advance about, you know, for instance, if you're going somewhere, you tell them from before, this is where we're going, and this is what we have to do. All right, so that when they get there, they don't find themselves lost.
So when you get there, then you can tell your children, Okay, time to do this. Right? When you prepare people in advance, then they're able to fully accept what they have to do and they're able to do it properly as well.
Now, Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to do such the, to Adam, what does such that mean? So to their means, to prostrate, which is essentially to bend yourself, you need lower yourself physically, and show humility. And the word Sajida applies to the search that that people do, even the search that the animals do, even though the way that animals do such that is different from the way that human beings do such that the word such also applies to the prostration of inanimate things even because Allah subhanaw taala tells us and sort of the Lord that will Allah He Yes, you do man for some are worth he will early follower and worker Rohan will Lila whom bill will do we will ask
all that whoever is in the skies in the earth prostrates to Allah and even their shadows in the shadows of people make such that to Allah in the morning and in the evening.
So, the subject of the shadow is what that is just laying on the ground, right or whatever, then it falls upon whatever surface that it falls upon. It's different from the way that human beings do such though right. So SETDA essentially means to lower oneself, why to show humility. And this bending and show of humility can be exhibited in different ways. It can be, it can be exhibited in the form of lowering your head slightly, or as we do in salon placing the nose, the forehead on the ground. Right now, in the shed era, when we're talking about Islamic fiqh, for instance, then such that is to place one's nose and forehead on the ground with the intention to worship, right that you
basically put this entire part of your face, any from your from the tip of your forehead to the tip of your nose, this part should be touching the ground, and the complete Sajida is on seven limbs. Right two palms, two knees, two feet, and the forehead no
his area. All right, this is a complete such though, sometimes, you know, we're rushing so much through sulla that we don't even do such the properly, that we just have the tip of the forehead touch the ground, that is not correct, we have to make sure that from the tip of the forehead to the tip of your nose, this entire surface is touching the ground, both the palms should be on the ground, not just your fingertips, all right, your knees should be on the ground, not just one knee, your feet should be on the ground, sometimes people are in such depth with their feet for some reason or one foot is you know is not touching the ground, it has to be on seven bones.
All right. Now here, Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to make such the, to Adam, what kind of such there was that? And he what what exactly was its form? How exactly was it done? We will assume that it was the way that we know how to do such though. Right, like as we do it, any putting the forehead, the nose area on the ground. But of course when we make such the, it is such the off worship. When we prostrate to Allah, it is because we are worshipping Allah subhanaw taala when the angels were commanded to prostrate to Adam, they were not told to worship Adam know, Allah subhanaw taala would never command the angels to worship someone other than Him. Adam is not a deity. He's
not God, no, he's the creation of God. So why did Allah subhanaw taala command the angels to make such that to Adam, in order to show respect and honor to him?
All right. And this is something that Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to do. And this is something that we learn people before us did. For instance, we learn about use of Ernie his Salam All right, in an intuitive use of in fact, we learn about how
will huddle Lajos so Jeddah Okay, any all of the family of use of Bernie Sam his brothers, all right, and his parents, any all of them made such that to him, made such the to use of our listener, and that Sajida is the such the off veneration of showing respect.
All right. So this is something that was permissible in the previous nations. Okay. However, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam forbade us from doing it, any we do not show honor to people by lowering our heads to them, or by placing our heads on the ground. This is something that we are not permitted to do. The Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam clearly forbade us. We are in a narration about how more odd they've been juggling when he returned from Yemen. He said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that I saw people in Yemen, you know, prostrating to one another out of respect and honor. So should we not prostrate to you? Because you are most worthy of that. And the prophets that
Allah who are Islam said that no, do not do that. All right. And he said that if I was going to Command anyone to prostrate to someone out of honor, any in order to show honor and respect, I would command the women to do that for their husbands. Okay. And what this means is that a woman any is to show respect to her husband. It does not befit a Muslim woman that she disrespects and belittled her husband, that she raises her voice at him, that she treats him as if he was a child, or she speaks to him in a condescending way, as if he does not comprehend anything, or that she insults him, or that she yelled at him and that she ridiculed him. This is not correct. This is something that does
not befit a Muslim woman.
Because a Muslim man does not deserve this kind of treatment. And a man should also not treat his wife in a rude and harsh way. That is not correct. He must treat her with kindness and care as Allah subhanaw taala commands the men in the Quran, wha she wouldn't have been maruf live with them in kindness. And she should you need the wife should treat her husband with respect
and honor and give him the dignity that he deserves any, it's possible that he's not the best of husbands. It's possible that he does not fulfill his responsibilities. But it doesn't mean that you have to demean him and you have to treat him in a condescending way and belittle him and look down at him and treat him as if he is nothing. This is not appropriate and fitting behavior. This reflects that a person is arrogant on the inside. And many people are like this. The moment they get upset or disappointed in someone, they begin to treat
them like they're nothing, any they begin to really treat them in a condescending way they use a harsh words, they their body language becomes very disrespectful, they become very demeaning, they begin to very to really belittle the other person. So, this is something that does not befit a Muslim. Anyway, the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam forbade us from be making such the to to the creation all right, even if it is out of respect or to show you know that you really respect the other person and you really have you know, you really admire them and you really look up to them even then you do not make such a to people and I understand that in some cultures This is very
acceptable in fact, it is expected of younger people that as soon as you know their elders for example, walk into the room than the younger is should then the youngsters should you know, stand up and lower their head or you know, touch the feet of the elders. This is this is not correct. Okay. Because we are not to physically lower ourselves before other people in order to show respect to them. We only do that to Allah azza wa jal. So, what happened over here, Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to do the such the off, Tara leam All right. And the angels What did they do? What was their response? Allah subhanaw taala told us for surgery do IBLEES so they prostrated
except a bliss, any, all of them all of the angels made such the except for a bliss right away, they will be at the command of Allah in through tahajjud is number 30. Allah subhanaw taala says for sutra del Mala Iike to Kulu whom he Maroon. So the angels prostrated all of them together.
And what this means is that not even one of the angels remained behind for making Sajida couldn't go home all of them, every single one of them without exception.
And when they did set to the they all did it together a maroon
he they did not make such as to add them in an in a haphazard way. One after the other, no, all of them together, made sense at once. Imagine the scene Subhan Allah, Allah subhanaw taala commands the angels and all of the angels at once. Prostrate
Illa IBLEES except Iblees. There is that one Emily's who is still standing up, not prostrating.
Subhan Allah, how much respect is being shown to other Melissa
Allahu Akbar. Now there is a question, who is Iblees? And why was he there? And why did he not prostrate?
So first of all, we see that Allah has parenthesis for sogetsu Illa bliss, they prostrated except a bliss. Now from this wording, it seems like a bliss was an angel, right? Because Allah commanded the angels to prostrate and they all frustrated accepted bliss. So at least was an angel, and he refused to prostrate and many people make this mistake of thinking that bliss was an angel. And and perhaps this has also come from Christianity or something,
a fallen angel, the concept of a fallen angel. Now was a bliss an angel, no IBLEES was never an angel, not even for a moment. A bliss is actually a jinn and the jinn are a creation that is distinct that is different separate from the angels. Because Allah subhanaw taala tells us that he has created the jinn from fire and that he has created the angels from light. Right? So the angels and jinn are not the same. A bliss is a jinn made from fire and the angels are a creation made from light. So there are two separate distinct creation. All right. Secondly, we see that Allah subhanaw taala Himself tells us that it believes is a jinn in through to calf Allah subhanaw taala tells us
what it's called Al Mala equitas, Julie Adam, for Sergio Illa IBLEES catamenial Jin,
that when we set the angels Prostrate to Adam, so they all prostrated except Iblees who was among the Jin fossa, current, unreal, OB and he disobeyed the command of his Lord. So kind of in Elgin, the wording is very clear.
In the Quran, that bliss is a jinn.
Thirdly, we see that bliss did not prostrate Illa bliss, right, but the angels they prostrated for sogetsu for southern Mala Erica. Alright. So this is the thing the angels never disobey Allah whereas the jinn do disobey Allah, the angels do not have the capacity to disobey Allah. As we learned in Surah, two Tarim that Leia Soon Allah humma Amara, whom we have our Luna Maya maroon, they do not disobey Allah in regard to what he ordered them, and they do exactly what they are commanded.
In total Ambia Allah subhanaw taala tells us about the angels that lay us because no bill Kohli won't be Umbreon Malone. They, they act on his command,
and he they are obedient to Allah, they never ever commit sin.
So then, if bliss is not an angel, and he is a jinn, then how come he is among the angels, and how come he has also been commanded to make such that to Adam. The thing is, that the ordinary explain that bliss was a gin who was Guinea, on the outward very righteous, He was a devout worshiper, and because of that, in order to honor him, he was he would be in the company of the angels.
All right, he would be in the company of the angels. And this is why, even though he was a gem, and he was among the angels and Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate IBLEES was also supposed to to prostrate in he was also given the command to prostrate because he was among the angels.
And in pseudo Aarav, Allah subhanaw taala tells us that color ma'am America uh, let us do that in America took a loss. Panatela said to him, that What prevented you from first from prostrating when I commanded you? I commanded you to make such. So how come you did not do such that? This means that Allah subhanaw taala commanded, commanded IBLEES also to do such that to Adam, and because at least was among the angels. He was supposed to do the same thing that the angels were doing.
So Allah subhanaw taala tells us INLA IBLEES except a bliss. What happened? Abba was the Kabbalah. What can Amin al khair fugene. Abba he refused was stuck Bara and he displayed arrogance. What can aminal caffeine and he became of the deniers or he was of the deniers.
Three things are mentioned over here.
The EBA the refusal of a bliss, the iStick bar, the arrogance of a bliss and the comfort of a bliss catamenial caffeine. Now first of all, about he refused Eva is to strongly refuse something
by one's own choice in a very harsh way.
So to refuse something very strongly by one's own choice, and in a very harsh way. This is Eva, that you know for example, somebody asks you to do something what you feel is beneath you, or what you feel is disgusting or what you feel or what you don't agree with. So you don't just say no thank you. You said no way. Absolutely not. Right. And then some people are even more harsh in the way that they refuse so they start cursing or they you know use body language that is very rude and harsh. So this is Eva was stuck. Bara he was arrogant is stickball is to display arrogance,
any to think that oneself that that a person is in need to think of oneself as greater than the other.
All right, this is stigma. And not just to think that to also exhibit that, okay to exhibit that behavior, in any in one's mannerisms in one's actions. So this is stickball. Now, Kibler pride is when someone is so self absorbed that they think themselves to be greater than others. So Iblees considered himself greater than Adam. Right? And this is why he belittled Adam, and refused the truth, rejected the truth and belittle the truth. And this is the worst form of the Cabal have arrogance that a person refuses to accept the truth and they display arrogance before Allah any this command to prostrate to Adam
was a command from Allah. And when Allah subhanaw taala commands us to do something, it is the truth and He it is a hack it must be done
and it cannot be refused. But keep it is what butler will help welcome to NAS it is to, to reject the truth and to belittle people.
So this is what Iblees did. He rejected the truth, the command from Allah to prostrate to Adam, and he belittled Adam. Right? And he said that Adam is not good enough. He is not as good as me. And he's beneath me. And so it is beneath me that I should prostrate to Adam.
Alright, so about what stack Bara he refused and was extremely arrogant. And is the Kabara the extra that sorry, not extra additional letters means that there's additional meaning. Is that Brahmins extremely arrogant. There's hyperbole over here. And the Caliph also any there's display of arrogance, any Iblees is not actually great. Bliss is not actually mighty and great. No. l Muda. Kabir is only Allah subhanaw taala because the Cabal only buffets Allah. Why because he is truly great. He is the greatest of all.
The cup bowl does not befit us, because we are not great. And no matter how great we are, there's always someone who's greater than us.
So Abba was stuck. Bara what can I mean no caffeine, and he was of the caffeine. Now this means two things. First of all, catamenial carefully means that IBLEES became off the caffeine. And he when he refused to obey the command of Allah and he displayed arrogance, he ended up becoming a coffee.
He ended up becoming an unbeliever.
And this is what happens that a person refuses to obey the command of Allah.
And then a person becomes very arrogant in in justifying their behavior. And that refusal is coming from a place of arrogance. So what's the next step, then?
Cofer or catamenial Caffeine he became of the disbelievers.
Secondly, catamenial Caffeine also means he was of the disbelievers any
bliss was already of the disbelievers and Allah subhanaw taala knew from before that a bliss was actually a disbeliever. And Allah subhanaw taala knew from before that IBLEES was just worshipping Allah on the outward on the external without any faith in his heart. Allah subhanaw taala knew from before the arrogance that was in the heart of bliss. All right. So now, when Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate and bliss was among them and he was also supposed to prostrate and he refused. What happened, that coffered, came out, that cover that he was hiding came out, it was revealed.
you see what's happening over here?
That Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate to Adam, in order to establish Adam's virtue over them.
Right, and to ensure that the angels accept Adam superiority. So this Sajida was off a Crom to Adam and Eve. They were supposed to honor Adam, but rudia servitude to Allah. They were worshipping Allah by prostrating to Adam, right, they were honoring Adam, by by the prostrating to him, but in reality, they were obeying Allah. And this is the reason why the angels frustrated right away, and when it bleeds, did not
this refusal was not just refusal to acknowledge Adam superiority. This refusal was of God's command, and it was arrogance towards Allah.
And so that led him to cover what kind of menial caffeine
so the reason why IBLEES refuse to prostrate to Adam Alayhis Salam was what
it was because he considered himself to be superior to Adam.
If you think about it, Iblees was among the angels, right, apparently doing angelic things like glorifying Allah praising Allah, being very close to Allah. And when Allah subhanaw taala commanded the
Angel to prostrate IBLEES
counted himself one of the angels in that regard, believing that he was supposed to do what the angels are supposed to do. Right? And this is why when Allah subhanaw taala asked him that why did you not prostrate? His reply was not that because I am not an angel and you you only commanded the angels to prostrate?
No, his reply was, I am better than him.
Iblees considered himself worthy of being counted among the angels, yet he did not do what the angels do.
And subhanAllah many people have this disease in their heart, where they think of themselves to be very high and very great.
But when it comes to doing high and great things, they don't want to do them. They want to be counted among the righteous, for example, but they don't want to do the actions of the righteous.
Right? We learned about the hypocrites in sudut, earlier, Enron, that were your hipbones, a Yama Dooby MALAMI of argue, they love to be praised for things that they do not do. Any they want to have a certain image before others that consider me to be very good. Know me as someone who is very nice, but my actions, don't look at them. I will not do many good things, and I will do wrong things. But you should think that I am a good person. This is this is illogical, it doesn't make any sense. So Iblees considered himself worthy of being counted among the angels, yet he did not do what the angels do, which is obey Allah. So Iblees his problem was what he was arrogant.
He was jealous. And all of these feelings he was hiding inside, alright, but now what happened? They came out Subhanallah any he didn't, he never thought that someone would be made superior to him, that someone would be ahead of him that someone would be given superiority above him. So he concealed that pride and that jealousy inside of him. And if you remember earlier we learned Allah subhanaw taala said to the angels, that I know what you reveal warmer quantum tech Timon and what you have been hiding. The angels expressed their concern at the geography Hi, my YouTube CDFI how else we could Dima? Right? They express their concern
but a bliss
who was perhaps among them at the time he he concealed his jealousy, right he concealed his arrogance. So what happened Allah subhanaw taala tested both the angels and the jinn.
Sorry and Iblees first test was the test of the knowledge of the names.
When Allah subhanaw taala asked the angels told me the names of these things. What the angels do, they glorified Allah they said, Subhana lar, l Mallanna. In lemma or limb Fana. They showed their humility. They said, We have no knowledge except what You have taught us.
They didn't say, how could you ask us of something that you have not even taught us about?
This is not fair. You are setting us up for failure.
This is not what the angel said they showed humility, because the angels were humble inside.
Now the second test came, which was off prostrating to Adam, and in this test IBLEES his reality was revealed. Right? Because he believes refuse to prostrate and he blamed Allah. He said that Furby ma have weighed honey, you have misled me. Any you have commanded me to do something that you knew I wouldn't do? Because I am better than Adam.
So he blamed Allah. He showed his arrogance. And his jealousy was revealed. So understand this concept that Allah subhanaw taala knows everything Allah Subhana Allah knows what you're hiding in your heart what I'm hiding in my heart. What you know what what people are on the inside Allah subhanaw taala knows them. But Allah subhanaw taala does not give them any reward or punishment based on just what is in their heart. Allah subhanaw taala tests us time and time again. So that what is inside comes out.
And when it comes out, based on that people will be given their reward or their punishment.
So if bliss, Allah subhanaw taala knew about him from before that at least was insincere, that he was arrogant that he was jealous
But it leaves was not going to be given any consequences until what was inside would be revealed. And how was that revealed? When Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate to Adam?
We learned in the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala tells us and solid solid. That holla Yeah, I believe so, ma'am. And Erica understood the Lima HELOC to be the year I stuck belta and contaminant Eileen Allah's pantallas said oh IBLEES What prevented you from frustrating to that which I created with my hands? Were you arrogant then? Or were you already among the mighty? Those who are high on an Ohio min who IBLEES said I am better than him. halacha Nima natten waka lokta Humann clean You created me from fire and created Adam from clay. So basically I am not going to prostrate to someone who is less than me who is beneath me.
In sudo Aarav we learn Allah ma'am and Erica a let us do the Amar took a loss pantalla said What prevented you from frustrating when I commanded you? How To unhide Roman who shaitan said I am better than him. Conductor NEMA now we'll collect the human thing You created me from fire and created him from clay.
In total Israel What if called knurl Mala equitas, Julie Adam Foster Jeju Illa IBLEES call us Judo lemon collector cleaner and mentioned when we said to the angels Prostrate to Adam, and they prostrated except for Iblees who said should I prostrate to one who created from clay?
Why should I prostrate to someone whom You created from clay? I am not going to do that. He refused. In total hatred Allah's parenthesis Paula yeah I believe so Monica Allah Hakuna Mara sardine all alum a colleague a student labor sharing collector human soul Solomon Hamilton must noon Hello Aqua Allah Subhana Allah said or IBLEES What is the matter with you that you are not with those who prostrate you are among them when I commanded them to make cetera so how come you're not among them when they're making such the Iblees said Never would I prostrate to a human whom You created out of clay from an altered black mud.
Now, we see different wordings right, any the incident is the same, but in every Surah that it is mentioned in the wordings are different. Why is the wording different? Any how come in one place it please is quoted to have said us due to demand, Dr. Tina Shall I should I prostrate to someone whom you made from clay and another place lum Akali as to the labor shedding, I am not going to prostrate to a hoop to a human whom You created out of clay from an altered black mud. Right in another place. He said you made me from fire and you made him from clay. So how can the wordings are different? The thing is that the Quran is the speech of Allah.
It is the words of Allah it is his words. So this is an account of what happened in the words of Allah.
Okay, and the sayings of different individuals are not coated in the Quran. And it's not exactly their words that have been coated. No, Allah subhanaw taala is informing us in His words of what they said.
If you think about it, the previous nations, for example, who are coated in the Quran, they did not speak Arabic. Right, the way it was spoken at the time of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam. So these are the words of Allah that describe to us what happened. And the variation, the differences in you know, what is stated in one place, from what is stated in another place in the Quran. These differences are complementary, not contradictory. Okay, it doesn't mean that Oh, no, no, no. IBLEES said lamb Akali. So the liberation Hello Octoman Sol Sol, not us to remind her Latina these are not contradictory. They're complimentary. Any they get they give us a complete picture of what IBLEES
said, of all that he communicated in his refusal to prostrate Adam. And he, he justified right, he belittled Adam, he He blamed Allah. All right, and he displayed arrogance towards Allah.
So, in essence, what we see is that because he please assumed himself to be better, he refused to prostrate and instead of showing any kind of remorse, or offering some kind of apology, some kind of excuse he
justified, he displayed arrogance and all on the basis of the false assumption that fire is better than clay.
Okay, now when Allah subhanaw taala told us about a bliss that catamenial caffeine that he was at the disbelievers.
What does cover mean? Any generally when we think about disbelief, we think about someone who does not believe in Allah. Right? Did at least not know that Allah exists that Allah is the only God Of course he knew. He wasn't rejecting, in that sense. So the cover of a bliss was not of denial that I don't believe. No, it was actually cool for off Kibber of pride that I refused to surrender even though I know.
Right? And he gave the reason that unafraid womanhood, that I am better than Adam SubhanAllah. And he used his Arkell his intellect in order to refuse the Command of Allah. It's amazing. Allah is the One who gave us our intellects. Not so that we use our minds, our intellect against Allah, or that we use them to reject His commands. No, this is not the reason why Allah subhanaw taala equipped us with intelligence, He equipped us with intelligence so that we willingly
surrender to Him, we understand the wisdom in his commands.
So Iblees says denial was not off, refusal to believe that I don't believe his denial was off Kibber of pride of arrogance. And this shows us that there are different types of kufr there's different types of denial. All right, one type of cover is off tech leave and you heard, which is denial and refusal to believe in Allah and His Messenger, all right, a person refuses to believe. Then there is another type of code which is off EBA was thick bar, which is refusal to surrender, refusal to accept the Command of Allah. And, and it is the comfort of arrogance. Even though one affirms that Allah is there that Allah has commanded, you know, of a certain thing, and this is a couple of
Iblees did not deny Allah did not deny the fact that Allah gave the command. No, he accepted that.
He accepted the fact that Allah is there, he accepted the fact that Allah is worthy of worship, he accepted the fact he knew the fact that Allah is the One who was given this command, but he did not surrender to that command. He did not surrender to Allah. And this type of Cofer of denial is of refusal of arrogance.
Then there is also the cover of check where a person has doubt by for example, they doubt in the existence of the angels and the comfort of the fact of the culture of hypocrisy, where a person believes and shows belief just on the outside, but on the inside, they're hiding denial.
Now Iblees said that I am not going to prostrate to Adam, because you Allah created me from fire, you created Adam from clay. And in another place, I am not going to prostrate to someone to a human whom You created out of clay.
So, basically, he used reasoning he used PS analogical reasoning that because I am made from fire, I am better. And because Adam is made from clay, he is less than me.
Okay, so he compared his condition to that of Adam. He compared his origin and his own origin to the origin of Adam. And he said that fire is better than clay. And so I am better.
Now, the thing is that this kind of reasoning, was it correct? No, it was not. It was faulty reasoning.
Has an arbitrary said that it please was the first one to use analogical reasoning and his reasoning was false. It was wrong, it was faulty.
Why? Because first of all, you don't use reasoning. When the Command of Allah is there.
You only use reasoning when you don't have a clear command, a clear textual proof. All right, then you have to use reasoning to come to some kind of conclusion as to whether something should be done or not. Okay? But when the Command of Allah is there, then you don't need to use any reasoning you need.
This kind of reasoning is is not correct over here.
Secondly, if you think about his PRs, his reasoning it was wrong because fire is not better than clay.
Okay, clay is actually better than fire in a number of ways. And the alumni have listed so many different reasons it will claim has listed so many different reasons. But he also has listed so many reasons
of how clay is actually better than fire. How Allah subhanaw taala has given clay preference over fire in number of ways. And authority said that IBLEES assumed that fire is better than clay and he failed to understand that virtue and superiority is for the one whom Allah gives virtue and superiority to
any if someone has superiority it's not because of their physical body, okay, or how or from what essence they were made, or where they're from. No, someone has superiority because of the fact that Allah subhanaw taala has chosen them.
If you think about it, that would allow his son all right. He was an ordinary soldier in the army of balut.
Okay, he was just a soldier.
And Allah subhanaw taala.
It tells us that how
will Katella will do Jalota will tell Willa, who will MOLKO will hikma Allah subhanaw taala gave kingship and prophethood to the world around his Salaam.
So, if you think about it, Thanos was King already. Allah subhanaw taala did not give prophethood to salute.
Allah subhanaw taala gave prophethood to who an ordinary soldier among them.
And Allah along with prophethood Allah subhanaw taala also gave him kingship
so we don't get to decide who should be given a certain privilege by Allah know Allah Who yarda MOHAI to your god serrulata
right, Allah knows where to place his prophethood and he knows who to give white privilege to so we don't say that someone has status or or someone is better because of the color of their skin or because they were made of a certain material. No, we someone has status when Allah subhanaw taala gives them status. So, Allah subhanaw taala has given clear preference over fire in a number of ways. How first of all, if you think about it, the essence of clay is what it is humility, any it has humility in it any it has a certain peacefulness right and, and forbearance in it any it's moldable right? You you turn dust into clay by adding water, and then you let it sit for some time.
You can you can mold it. Right? There is a certain coolness in it. It's it's humble. It's malleable. Right? And this is the reason why Adam really has Cinna repented. Any clay is not stubborn. You can dig it. You can shape it into different things. Right You can roll it really thin you can make different things out of it. Any it's it's not stubborn. It's not arrogant and other s&m Because he was made from clay. What happened? He repented.
Right? Fire on the other hand.
It is its nature is that it's very rash and very quick. Right like any very quickly it spreads, it gets out of control. It doesn't have that peacefulness and calm in it. As clay does. You touch clay. It's cool. Fire is hot. Right? And you can manage clay, any you can make different things out of it. You can dig it, you can spread it, you can do different things with it, but fire any it's very rash. It's it's out of control, it spreads very quickly. There's like it's unreasonable, you know. And also if you think about it, fire is light. And clay is heavy. Because clay has substance. So when fire is blazing, then what happens the flames rise high. So there's a kind of pride and arrogance in
it. Clay on the other hand, what happens to it, it comes down and it presses down on you when you walk on it over a period of time when you rolled something on it, what happens? It presses down.
So this is why since the nature of fire and clay are so different, right? We see that other money Sam was humble. He repented
Right and Iblees on the other hand was arrogant there was stubbornness in him he refused to repent, he refused the Command of Allah. So, first of all the essence of clay is the nature of clays good and the nature of fire is harmful, it is bad alright. Secondly, we see that clay is used to put things together
to join things together clay is used to build to construct and fire is used to destruct to break things down
right any sometimes you use clay in order to
any people use you know clay in order to make wolves right
but any you are joining one brick with another with clay you are joining one wall with another with clay you're you're putting things together you are joining things you're constructing things fire on the other hand, what does it do? It breaks things down. It's a source of destruction clay constructs and fire destructs
right. And if you ever see a tree on fire, what happens the branches fall apart as they burn they break down.
So, of course clay is better than fire.
Third, thirdly, we see that
clay is a source of subsistence okay for for the creation, any, when you put for example a seed in clay, then it will sprout and it will grow. Right. And it will produce food for animals and also for people. So in clay is the subsistence of the creation. Fire, on the other hand, kills the creation.
Right? You any birds get burned down, animals get burned down, people get burned down, their livelihoods get burned down because of fire. So Clay again, it's a source of subsistence and fire is a source of destruction.
Then we see that in Jannah Subhan Allah we learned that in Jannah there is throb, there is dust there is clay, any that is fragrant like musk, not muddy and dirty. It is it is musk. Okay. But in general there is no fire. In fact, we learned that law Your Honor fee has chanson in Jannah, people will not even see the hot sun.
Because what happens with the hot sun, any there's a certain level, there's a certain point to which you enjoy the sun. But then there comes a point where it begins to burn your skin. Right and and cause you to get overheated. So this will not be in paradise Subhan Allah
fire is a source of torture.
And clay is not right. Another thing is that clay is purification. How that when you're not able to make will do with water. You don't have it or you're you're you're not able to make will do with water. Then what do you do for for the purpose of purification? You use? Clay, right dust that you put your hands on dust, and then you make Tamil Subhanallah and you also prey on clay on ground. Right? But when it comes to fire, neither can you purify yourself with it, nor can you pray on it
because it's going to destroy you.
So Iblees looked at the source from which Adam was made. Alright, and he made the mistake of assuming that since Adam was made from clay he was not good enough.
And at least made the mistake of not looking at the superiority that Allah subhanaw taala gave them
that Allah subhanaw taala created him by his hand and blew the soul into him and commanded the angels to prostrate to him.
this was the arrogance of a bliss Allah's pantherella tells us in solitude curve, what it called NL Mala ICA is Julie Adam sogetsu Iblees can nominal Gini for faster current Amory rugby and mentioned when we set the angels Prostrate to Adam, and they prostrated except for Iblees he was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord.
So he departed from the command of his Lord. Why? Because of his air
against because he thought highly of himself. And let's pause for a moment and reflect on this. Sometimes we make the mistake of thinking ourselves to be better than others. We just assume that because we're older, we're better. Because we're taller, we're better. Because we're fairer in our skin, we're better. Because we speak more, we're better. Because we have more education, we're better. Because we have more wealth, we are better. Because our teeth are straight, we're better, because our hair is thicker, we're better.
Because we're wearing certain clothes, we're better. Because we have certain friends, we're better. Because we live on a certain street in a certain area, we're better. Because we know certain people were better. Because we have more friends on social media, we're better
any on the basis of what petty things and on the basis of so many things, we just assume that we are better than others. Just because someone does not have the exact same thing that we have, does not make us better than them. It's possible that Allah subhanaw taala has given them something else that is far better than what he has given you. For example, you may have a lot of wealth on the basis of which you think very highly of yourself, compared to another individual who does not have that same amount of wealth, but Allah subhanaw taala has enriched them with contentment, with happiness. And so they're actually richer than you. They're actually better off than you. Because they go to bed
happy, they wake up happy. They don't have misery in their heart, and they're not anxious about what they're going to say and how they're going to appear to people. They're not too concerned about these petty things, they have other things in their life, the things that they do, like for example, the the salah that they pray, the good o'clock that they have the benefit that they bring to others, and these things bring them joy and contentment. So they're way better than you.
So do not think that you are better than others, because of certain privileges that Allah subhanaw taala has given you.
And on the surface, it seems like other people don't have that. And so there are less than you. It's possible that Allah subhanaw taala has given them something that is far better than what he has given you.
The other thing is, like our little de la Horne, who said, that real richness and poverty will be determined after being presented before Allah, any after judgment, that after that real richness and poverty will be determined. So for example, right now, you consider yourself to be superior than a certain individual because maybe you have more wealth than them. You are prettier than them.
You have a husband, she does not.
For example, for whatever reason, you think that you are better than someone and so you treat them in a bad way. You belittle them, etcetera.
But she fasts every Monday and Thursday, and you don't
she recites Quran every single day and you don't,
she gives sadaqa from what she has on a regular basis and you you are not consistent in giving sadaqa then tell me on the Day of Judgment, when your deeds and her deeds are presented before Allah, who is going to be more successful.
You because of the wealth that you had, and the husband that you had and the beauty that you had and the power that you had in the world that you left in the world,
or her because of the deeds that she did for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala and the investment investment investments that she made in the ACA, through her sadaqa and through her voluntary fasting and through her recitation of the Quran.
So real richness and real greatness
is in what
it is in surrendering to Allah. It is in the worship of Allah, it is in lowering yourself before Allah.
When you lower yourself before Allah, that Oh Allah, you have commanded this. Your Messenger has commanded this. You will like this deed, I will do it.
I will fast for your sake I will recite Quran for your sake I will give sadaqa for your sake. You're lowering yourself before Allah when you lower yourself before Allah, then you will have real greatness in the hereafter.
thought that he was great, because he was made from fire. And he refused to obey the command of Allah. So what happened, he became the lowest of the low.
So do not make the mistake of thinking highly of yourself, compared to others, do not belittle others, just because they're less than you in terms of age, or in terms of relationship, or in terms of knowledge, or in terms of physical appearance, or in terms of wealth, or in terms of education.
On no or no such basis, consider yourself to be higher than someone, any, you know, sometimes we make fun of others, we get annoyed because someone
just came and said something that we find is disrespectful, or someone is sitting and we cannot find a good place to sit in we get annoyed and irritated over little things. Why? Because we think highly of ourselves, we think that people should give us a lot of importance because we are better than them.
When you look at other people don't, don't get lost in their physical appearance. No, think that maybe this person
is more loved by Allah. Maybe Allah subhanaw taala loves this person more than he loves me. Because this person has certain deeds, certain sacrifices, a certain trust in Allah, because of which Allah subhanaw taala loves the more
if you think about it in the Quran, what kind of people are mentioned in in an honorable way? Is it people who, who had everything of this world know, if you think about it, the prophets of Allah, they were tested more severely. The Korea Salam did not have children for the longest time, Ibrahim Ali Salam did not have children for the longest time.
Right. And we think that if someone does not have a child,
then they're not good enough.
You look at a YouTuber and he sat down, he lost wealth.
He lost his family, he lost his health for such a long period of time.
And if someone is tested with illness, or is tested with the loss of family, the loss of loved ones, they're tested with some form of abandonment by their family, then we think that oh poor them,
I am better than them.
What are you at the villa? So we see that in the Quran, the kind of people that Allah subhanaw taala has praised the kind of people who will attain success in the hereafter. They're not the ones who lived lavish lives. No, in fact, Alladhina Trypho, the Nutrafin the people who lived lavishly in the world, they're actually presented as losers
because the test of wealth, the test of material blessings, the test of privilege, okay, is something very, very difficult. Many people fail this test, they want it yet they fail it.
So Iblees his mistake was that he thought highly of himself and we should not make this mistake we should learn from this example. Because what happened to IBLEES
Allah subhanaw taala evicted him we learned in total out of all the beautiful minha familia corner Lukka and Tata kg Bara fee for hood in the Camino solid in Allah's pantherella said descend from Paradise, for it is not for you to be arrogant here in any you don't have the right to boast and be arrogant here in paradise. So get out Indeed you are of the debased he thought he was very great and he became of the Sol headin
Subhan Allah, he was evicted from Paradise from, from nearness to Allah a bit. And for Raj get out he was removed far away. And this is why shaitan is a regime the accursed.
The Accursed and he is far removed from the Mercy of Allah, removed from the presence of Allah and made lo in a communist solid in encircle Aarav Allah Subhana Allah says Allah Raji minha OMA Madhura GET OUT OF PARADISE reproached and expelled,
expelled into the hedger last parenthesis called a 400 minha for in Nicola Jeem we're in gnarly can
Learn at at Ely yo Medina, he said get out, for indeed you are expelled, and indeed upon you as the curse until the Day of Recompense.
So he is cursed until the day of judgment, and he forever cursed and on the Day of Judgment, what's going to happen he's going to be admitted into fire, where again, he will be cursed forever far removed from the Mercy of Allah.
Now when a bliss was removed, what did he say? He asked Allah subhanaw taala for a favor and look at him.
He knew that Allah subhanaw taala does not mind giving and there is nothing that is too big for Allah to give. So Iblees asks for something exceptional. He asked for respite until the day of judgment. And he he asked to be allowed to live until the day of judgment. We don't answer to our caller and lydney Illa yo Maroubra soon, he said reprieved me until the day of until the day they are resurrected. Allah in the communal month marine Allah said Indeed you are of those reprieved?
He asked for respite, any the ability to have freedom and life until the day that people are resurrected. Or last panel Tara said and sort of saw all of our inner coming and ones are in Ely yo mill worked in Mara loom. So indeed you are of those reprieved until the day of the time well known meaning the Day of Judgment.
So a bliss is alive, and he will continue to live until the Day of Judgment, anyone the trumpet is blown and all the creatures are
in IE they die, that is when IBLEES will die for now, he is allowed to live and he is allowed to do what he wants. So in this time, what is he doing? He is showing his enmity against us the Children of Adam, in an effort to take us with him into his final destination of hellfire.
May Allah subhanaw taala protect us in sha Allah in tomorrow's class, we're going to talk about how IBLEES showed his enmity to Adam and the children of Adam, and how he is
he is he's acting on that enmity now, and how we need to be aware and open our eyes so that we don't get harmed by this enemy of ours. He does not win against us.
Inshallah, we will conclude over here for today's Subhanak Allahumma behenic I shall do Allah ilaha illa Anta Astell Furukawa Tobu Lake wa salam Wa alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh